Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8697 journals)
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MEDICAL SCIENCES (2419 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 3562 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
4 open     Open Access  
AADE in Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
AAS Open Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ABCS Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Abia State University Medical Students' Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
AboutOpen     Open Access  
ACIMED     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Acta Bio Medica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Bioethica     Open Access  
Acta Bioquimica Clinica Latinoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Científica Estudiantil     Open Access  
Acta Facultatis Medicae Naissensis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Herediana     Open Access  
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Medica (Hradec Králové)     Open Access  
Acta Medica Bulgarica     Open Access  
Acta Medica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Medica Indonesiana     Open Access  
Acta Medica International     Open Access  
Acta medica Lituanica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Medica Marisiensis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Medica Martiniana     Open Access  
Acta Medica Nagasakiensia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Medica Peruana     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Médica Portuguesa     Open Access  
Acta Medica Saliniana     Open Access  
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acupuncture & Electro-Therapeutics Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Acupuncture and Natural Medicine     Open Access  
Addiction Science & Clinical Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Adıyaman Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi / Health Sciences Journal of Adıyaman University     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Biomedical Research     Open Access  
Advanced Health Care Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advanced Science, Engineering and Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 9)
Advanced Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Bioscience and Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Cell and Gene Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Clinical Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Advances in Clinical Radiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Life Course Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Lipobiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Medical Education and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 32)
Advances in Medical Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Microbial Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Molecular Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Molecular Toxicology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Parkinson's Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Phytomedicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Regenerative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Skeletal Muscle Function Assessment     Open Access  
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Traditional Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Veterinary Science and Comparative Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Wound Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
African Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African Journal of Clinical and Experimental Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
African Journal of Laboratory Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
African Journal of Thoracic and Critical Care Medicine     Open Access  
African Journal of Trauma     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
AJOB Empirical Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
AJSP: Reviews & Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aktuelle Ernährungsmedizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Al-Qadisiah Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alerta : Revista Científica del Instituto Nacional de Salud     Open Access  
Alexandria Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Allgemeine Homöopathische Zeitung     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Alpha Omegan     Full-text available via subscription  
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Althea Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Biomedical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
American Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Biomedicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
American Journal of Chinese Medicine, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Clinical Medicine Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Law & Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
American Journal of Managed Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Medical Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
American Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Medicine Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Medicine Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of the Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
American Journal on Addictions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
American medical news     Free   (Followers: 3)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Amyloid: The Journal of Protein Folding Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina     Open Access  
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de la República, Uruguay     Open Access  
Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Analgesia & Resuscitation : Current Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Anatolian Clinic the Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Anatomica Medical Journal     Open Access  
Anatomical Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Anatomical Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Anatomy Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Androgens : Clinical Research and Therapeutics     Open Access  
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Ankara Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ankara Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Mecmuası     Open Access  
Annales de Pathologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Annales des Sciences de la Santé     Open Access  
Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Anatomy - Anatomischer Anzeiger     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Annals of Biomedical Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Clinical Hypertension     Open Access  
Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Annals of Family Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Annals of Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Medicine and Surgery Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Medicine and Surgery Protocols     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Musculoskeletal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of the College of Medicine, Mosul     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annals of The Royal College of Surgeons of England     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of the RussianAacademy of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annual Reports in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Annual Reports on NMR Spectroscopy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Annual Review of Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Anthropologie et santé     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Antibiotics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Antibodies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Antibody Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Antibody Technology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Antibody Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anuradhapura Medical Journal     Open Access  
Anwer Khan Modern Medical College Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Apparence(s)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Clinical Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Applied Clinical Research, Clinical Trials and Regulatory Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applied Medical Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Arab Journal of Nephrology and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arabian Journal of Scientific Research / المجلة العربية للبحث العلمي     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Biomedical Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives Medical Review Journal / Arşiv Kaynak Tarama Dergisi     Open Access  
Archives of Asthma, Allergy and Immunology     Open Access  
Archives of Clinical Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Medical and Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Medical Laboratory Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Organ Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Pulmonology and Respiratory Care     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Renal Diseases and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Trauma Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Archivos de Medicina (Manizales)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ArgoSpine News & Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos de Ciências da Saúde     Open Access  
Arquivos de Medicina     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ars Medica : Revista de Ciencias Médicas     Open Access  
ARS Medica Tomitana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Art Therapy: Journal of the American Art Therapy Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Arterial Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Artificial Intelligence in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Artificial Organs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
ASHA Leader     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asia Pacific Family Medicine Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Number of Followers: 3  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1307-8798 - ISSN (Online) 1308-8459
Published by Ege Üniversitesi Homepage  [9 journals]
  • Hypertrophy of the transverse ligament caused by os odontoideum: a case

    • Authors: Seda Avnioğlu; Vaner Köksal, Tolga Ertekin
      Abstract: Os odontoideum is a small oval or round shaped bone fragment observed as the most common congenital anomaly of theodontoid process. Since it causes a slowly increasing mobility or instability in the atlanto-axial joint, sudden death, tetraplegia,chronic neck pain, headache, torticollis and myelopathy may develop. The spinal canal widens initially at the craniocervicaljunction and symptoms can occur at a very late stage. In this case, clinical complaints emerged after the age of 35.There was no other neurological finding and no history of recent trauma in this case presenting with severe neck pain. Thiscase report shows how ligaments, the supporting connective tissue elements, can be thickened to maintain stability whenthe stability of the cervical spine is impaired. Since it may cause sudden death even when asymptomatic, it is important torecognize this pathology and to distinguish os odontoideum from odontoid fractures in trauma patients.
      PubDate: Sat, 30 Dec 2017 00:00:00 +030
  • Dose-dependent effect of black mustard seeds (Brassica nigra) extract on
           the prefrontal cortex of adult Wistar rats

    • Authors: Tolulope Timothy Arogundade; Bernard Ufuoma Enaibe, Oluwaseun Olaniyi Adigun, Foyeke Munirat Adigun, Ismail Temitayo Gbadamosi
      Abstract: Objectives: Mustard seeds, apart from being a culinary essential, have had medicinal applications dating back to the time of Hippocrates. It has in fact been once mentioned as the greatest herb ever. We explored the dose dependent effects of the crude aqueous extract of Brassica nigra (Black mustard seeds) on the prefrontal cortex of adult Wistar rats.Methods: 20 adult female rats weighing an average of 180±20 g were used. They were split into 4 groups (n=5); Group A(received extract at 200 mg/kg body weight), Group B (received extract at 100 mg/kg body weight), Group C (received extract at 50 mg/kg body weight), and Group D (received distilled water ad libitum). All of the animals were subjected to the Y-maze spontaneous alternation test for neurobehavioural analyses following 28-day administration of the extracts. Animals were sacrificed 24 hours after taking the last day of administration.Results: Our results showed that neurobehavioural analyses are significantly hampered in animals receiving 200 mg/kg extract in comparison to the control group. In treatment groups, increased dose of extract elevated the level of MDA, but reduced the level of SOD. LDH levels were also significantly increased in the 200 mg/kg treated group when comparing with the control. General microarchitecture in the prefrontal cortex of 200 mg/kg Brassica nigra treated group showed signs of karyolysis and pyknosis.Conclusion: Brassica nigra (black mustard) is not innocuous and therefore it should be consumed in moderation.
      PubDate: Fri, 15 Dec 2017 00:00:00 +030
  • Single dose ketamine injection affects activation of cells in the nucleus
           accumbens of prenatally stressed rats

    • Authors: Elif Polat Çorumlu; Osman Özcan Aydın, Emel Ulupınar
      Abstract: Objectives: The nucleus accumbens (NAc) has recently been implicated in the pathophysiology of depression. In animals displaying depressive-like behavior following chronic stress exposure, glutamatergic transmission increases in the NAc. NMDA receptor antagonist ketamine act as an antidepressant, especially in treatment-resistant cases. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effects of single-dose ketamine application in the activation of cells in the NAc of prenatally stressed rats.Methods: Sprague-Dawley dams were exposed to immobilization stress during the last week of pregnancy for 3 hours. Male offspring were divided into four groups at postnatal day 40. Prenatal stress and control groups received either a single dose of ketamine (10 mg/kg, i.p.) or same doses of saline injections. Immediate gene activation was stimulated by forced swim for 6 minutes and assessed by c-Fos immunohistochemistry. The total number of activated cells in the core and shell subregions was estimated by optical fractionator method.Results: The total number of activated cells in the shell subregion significantly decreased in prenatally stressed rats. Ketamine administration reversed their activation level similar to those of control group. Although activation of cells did not change in the core region following prenatal stress, ketamine treatment enhanced the activation of cells in this region both control and prenatally stressed animals.Conclusion: These results suggest that prenatal stress influences the activation of NAc in a subdivision specific manner, but ketamine treatment could act on both core and shell regions by affecting glutamatergic limbic information that flows from shell to core subregion of the NAc.
      PubDate: Fri, 15 Dec 2017 00:00:00 +030
  • The functional and surgical relevance of the iliocapsularis muscle: an
           anatomical review

    • Authors: Faizullah Mashriqi; Anthony V. D’Antoni, Charlotte Wilson, Florence Unno, Cara Beth Lee, Keith Mayo, R. Shane Tubbs
      Abstract: The iliocapsularis muscle covers the anterior aspect of the hip joint capsule. Although its anatomy has been describedthrough cadaveric and radiologic studies, its true function is unknown. The iliocapsularis could be involved in preventinganterior synovial impingement, a possibility supported by electromyography studies. Moreover, hypertrophy of the iliocapsulariscaused by hip dysplasia supports the proposal that it stabilizes the anterior aspect of the joint capsule. This review discussesthe clinical relevance of the iliocapsularis.
      PubDate: Fri, 15 Dec 2017 00:00:00 +030
  • A unique muscle bridge between sternohyoid and sternothyroid muscles

    • Authors: Murat Çetkin; Mustafa Orhan, İlhan Bahşi, Piraye Kervancıoğlu
      Abstract: During cadaveric dissection, a unique muscle bridge on the left anterior cervical region of male cadaver was detected andmorphometric measurements were performed. The unique muscle bridge was between the sternohyoid and sternothyroidmuscles. Ipsilateral sternohyoid muscle started from the lower back surface of the sternal extremity of the clavicula and fromcostoclavicular ligament, but it had no fibers starting from the sternum. Three nerve branches were observed separating fromansa cervicalis on the lateral of that muscle bridge; the top and the lowest nerve branches went to the sternothyroid muscle,the median branch innerved the muscle bridge. As a result of the thorough literature review made, no case similar tothe variation detected in this study was encountered. During the surgical interventions such as tracheostomy, thyroidectomyand trachea resections, knowing the presence of this muscle bridge can reduce the iatrogenic injuries to this structure.
      PubDate: Fri, 15 Dec 2017 00:00:00 +030
  • An abnormally positioned and morphologically variant sigmoid colon: case

    • Authors: Dawit Habte Woldeyes; Abebe Ayalew Bekel, Shibabaw Tedila Tiruneh, Yibeltal Wubale Adamu Adamu
      Abstract: The sigmoid colon is about 40 cm in length and begins below the pelvic inlet and ends at the rectosigmoid junction. It normallylies in the lesser pelvis. Anatomical variations of the sigmoid colon were described by various authors. The length andform of sigmoid colon are the most variable of all colonic segments. In this case, the sigmoid colon was found covering theleft half of the transverse colon, hiding the spleen and in contact with the left lobe of the liver. In addition, it had no visibletaeniae coli and sacculations. The sigmoid colon was 66 cm in length, 7 cm in lumen width, and in suprapelvic position.Awareness of the possible variation of colon especially of the sigmoid is necessary for adequate clinical, surgical and radiologicalmanagement.
      PubDate: Fri, 15 Dec 2017 00:00:00 +030
  • The accessory obturator nerve: an anatomical study with literature

    • Authors: Mehmet Turgut; Matthew Protas, Brady Gardner, Rod J. Oskouian, Marios Loukas, R. Shane Tubbs
      Abstract: Objectives: The accessory obturator nerve (AON) is often underrepresented in the literature and unknown to many surgeons.As this variant nerve has been mistaken for other regional nerves e.g., obturator nerve, nerve injury has occurred.Therefore, the current study was undertaken to better understand the surgical anatomy of the AON.Methods: In the supine position, 20 adult fresh frozen cadavers (40 sides) underwent an anterior approach to the retroperitonealspace. When present, the length and diameter of the AON were measured with microcalipers. The position, course andorigin of each AON were documented.Results: The AON was identified on 12 sides (30%). The origin was found to be L2–L3 on four sides; L3 on two sides, L3–L4from three sides, from the obturator nerve on two sides, and from the femoral nerve on three sides. The average lengthfrom the origin to the superior pubic ramus was 14.5 cm. The average diameter was found to be 1.2 mm. All AON werefound to lie medial to the psoas major muscle. Additionally, on all sides, the AON was medial to the femoral nerve and lateralto the obturator nerve. Two left sides anastomosed with the anterior division of obturator nerve at its exit from the obturatorforamen. Eight sides terminated deep (two) or superficial (six) to the origin of pectineus; two of these had demonstrablebranches to the hip joint.Conclusion: The AON is a normal anatomical variant and there are many variations in its origin and terminal branches canbe “strong” or “weak.” Knowing the normal anatomy and variations of the AON is important for surgeons including neurosurgeons,orthopaedic surgeons, and urologists who deal with the pathologies of this area.
      PubDate: Fri, 15 Dec 2017 00:00:00 +030
  • The atlanto-occipital joint: a concise review of its anatomy and injury

    • Authors: Gergely Bodon; Paul J. Choi, Joe Iwanaga, R. Shane Tubbs
      Abstract: The atlanto-occipital joint (AOJ) is an important transitional region, which supports and stabilizes the cranium to the spinewith its surrounding ligamentous structures. An injury to this joint is often accompanied by brain injury and may be fatal. Agood understanding of the anatomy of this joint is required to timely diagnose an AOJ instability and intervene via the meansof an immediate fixation. We discuss the normal anatomy of and anatomical variations within the occipito-atlantoaxial complex,the classification systems to describe its disruption, and its clinical significance.
      PubDate: Fri, 15 Dec 2017 00:00:00 +030
  • Bologna Process: elective lectures and internships in medical curriculum
           and the role of anatomy electives

    • Authors: Mustafa F. Sargon
      Abstract: Objectives: Due to objectives of Bologna Process, updated programs of School of Medicine, Hacettepe University were putinto practice in 2013–2014 academic years. Progress of elective lectures and internships in undergraduate medical educationand the role of anatomy were discussed. The outcomes of all data were obtained from the experiences of three academicyears.Methods: Before Bologna Process, electives were present in the curriculums of Phase I and VI. Beginning with this process; twoelective committees were added to curriculums of Phase I–III. In Phase IV and V, electives were organized as being part of internship.The new approach to elective lectures and internships were discussed both from point of medical students and lecturers.Results: Phase I-III students showed two major tendencies: choosing elective lectures related to medicine and choosing the oneswhich were in same campus. They also had two major complaints: difficulty of some electives and some undesired electives dueto packaging system or related to extreme number of students. From the point of anatomy, students preferred to choose anatomyelectives which were useful for anatomy curriculum. Lecturers complained from the extreme number of students, low numberof electives and decreased number of theoretical hours. The extreme number of students and low number of electivesseemed the major problems. Therefore, decreasing the number of elective lectures can be a solution. Additionally, the remainingtime from these electives can be added to basic medical lectures.Conclusion: Excited lecturers with ideal number of students can perform the best education. From the point of anatomy,many elective clinical anatomy lectures are essential for drawing the attention.
      PubDate: Fri, 15 Dec 2017 00:00:00 +030
  • The zona orbicularis of the hip joint: anatomical study and review of the

    • Authors: Alexandra Fayne; Peter Collin, Melissa Duran, Helena Kennedy, Kiran Matthews, R. Shane Tubbs, Anthony V. D’Antoni
      Abstract: Objectives: Although it is used as a landmark during various orthopedic procedures of the hip, few studies have focusedon the anatomy of the zona orbicularis. Therefore, the purpose of the present research was to study its morphology toimprove our understanding of its structure and potential variation.Methods: Ten adult cadavers (four males and six females) underwent dissection of the left and right hip joints to observe themorphology and location of the zona orbicularis. A digital caliper was used to measure the length and width of the zona orbicularis.Results: We found a zona orbicularis on all sides and that when present anteriorly, many of the inferior fibers of the zona orbiculariswere confluent with the fibers of the iliofemoral ligament. The mean length for right sides was 35.95 mm and the meanlength for left sides was 43.93 mm. The mean width for right sides was 3.74 mm and the mean width for left sides was 4.4 mm.There were no significant differences between the right and left sides for zona orbicularis length or width. There was no significantassociation between age and sex but a statistically significant correlation (r=0.959) between right and left zona orbicularislengths (p=0.041). However, there was no significant correlation between the right and left zona orbicularis widths (p>0.05). Thefibers of the zona orbicularis were found to be thicker and more visible along the posterior aspect of the femoral neck.Conclusion: Anatomically, the zona orbicularis is a consistent structure of the hip joint capsule. This structure can be seen on highresolution imaging such as MRI and magnetic resonance arthrography. The lengths of this structure may differ between sides,although based on our study, there were no differences between left and right side widths or between sexes or among ages.
      PubDate: Fri, 15 Dec 2017 00:00:00 +030
  • Standardization of sternocleidomastoid for botulinum toxin applications*

    • Authors: Bilge Ipek Torun; Simel Kendir, Aysun Uz
      Abstract: Objectives: Botulinum toxin is frequently applied to the sternocleidomastoid muscle (SCM) for torticollis treatment. Duringthis application, bulb of the jugular vein located under SCM makes the interventions unsafe. Also, injecting the botulinumtoxin into the infrahyoid muscles which lie under SCM may cause hoarseness and swallowing disorders. The aim of this studywas to describe the most reliable and appropriate botulinum toxin injection sites to the SCM to avoid injury to neighboringneurovascular structures and adjacent muscles.Methods: In ten male cadavers, SCM was evaluated in three equal segments (upper, middle and lower). Muscle width and thicknessat the center of each segment were measured. In one male cadaver, colored latex was injected according to the results ofthe measurements.Results: The respective mean width of upper, medial and lower segments were 33.15 (23–41) mm, 36.45 (28–45) mm and,39.35 (15–50) mm, respectively. The mean thickness of upper, medial and lower segments were 5.29 (3.87–7.68) mm, 5.89(3.56–8.32) mm and 3.60 (0.69–7.75) mm, respectively. There was no significant difference between the right and left sides.The thickest part of the muscle was the middle part, and the lower part was the thinnest. When the colored latex injected cadaverwas dissected, the center of the muscle was observed as colored, while the neighboring structures were avoided. The thickestand safest part of SCM for the botulinum toxin injections was the middle part.Conclusion: Knowing the thickness of SCM will make the botulinum toxin applications to this muscle safer and easier.
      PubDate: Fri, 15 Dec 2017 00:00:00 +030
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762

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