Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8529 journals)
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MEDICAL SCIENCES (2342 journals)            First | 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 | Last

Showing 1201 - 1400 of 3562 Journals sorted alphabetically
Journal of health sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Health Sciences / Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Journal of Health Sciences and Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Health Sciences and Surveillance System     Open Access  
Journal of Health Sciences Scholarship     Open Access  
Journal of Health Specialties     Open Access  
Journal of Health Studies     Open Access  
Journal of Healthcare Informatics Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Heavy Metal Toxicity and Diseases     Open Access  
Journal of Helminthology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Herbs Spices & Medicinal Plants     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of HIV for Clinical and Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Hospital Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology [Medical Sciences]     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Human Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Human Rhythm     Open Access  
Journal of Human Transcriptome     Open Access  
Journal of Ideas in Health     Open Access  
Journal of Inflammation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Inflammation Research     Open Access  
Journal of Injury and Violence Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Institute of Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Insulin Resistance     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Interactional Research in Communication Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of International Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Interventional Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Investigative Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Islamabad Medical & Dental College     Open Access  
Journal of Istanbul Faculty of Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Karnali Academy of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Kathmandu Medical College     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of King Abdulaziz University : Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Laboratory Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Laryngology and Voice     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Journal of Legal Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Limb Lengthening & Reconstruction     Open Access  
Journal of Lumbini Medical College     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Manmohan Memorial Institute of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Marine Medical Society     Open Access  
Journal of Materials Science : Materials in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Maternal and Child Health     Open Access  
Journal of Mechanics in Medicine and Biology     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Medical and Biological Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Medical and Biomedical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Medical Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Medical Cases     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Medical Colleges of PLA     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Medical Disorders     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Medical Education and Curricular Development     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Medical Ethics     Partially Free   (Followers: 25)
Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Medical Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Journal of Medical Hypotheses and Ideas     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Imaging and Health Informatics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Medical Investigation and Practice     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Laboratory and Diagnosis     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Law and Ethics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Medical Microbiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Screening     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Medical Signals and Sensors     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Medical Society     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Systems     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Medical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Medical Ultrasound     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Medicinal Botany     Open Access  
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 197)
Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Medicine and Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Medicine and Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Medicine and the Person     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Medicine in Scientific Research     Open Access  
Journal of Medicine in the Tropics     Open Access  
Journal of Medicine Research and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Medicine, Physiology and Biophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Medicines Development Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Metabolomics & Systems Biology     Open Access  
Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Molecular Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Movement Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Muscle Research and Cell Motility     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Nanotechnology in Engineering and Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Natural Medicines     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Natural Science, Biology and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Nature and Science of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Negative and No Positive Results     Open Access  
Journal of Nepalgunj Medical College     Open Access  
Journal of Neurocritical Care     Open Access  
Journal of Neurodegenerative Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Neurorestoratology     Open Access  
Journal of Neuroscience and Neurological Disorders     Open Access  
Journal of Nobel Medical College     Open Access  
Journal of Obesity and Bariatrics     Open Access  
Journal of Occupational Health     Open Access  
Journal of Occupational Therapy Education     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Ocular Biology, Diseases, and Informatics     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Oral Health and Craniofacial Science     Open Access  
Journal of Orofacial Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Otorhinolaryngology, Hearing and Balance Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Ovarian Research     Open Access  
Journal of Ozone Therapy     Open Access  
Journal of Palliative Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Journal of Paramedical Sciences & Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Journal of Parkinsonism and Restless Legs Syndrome     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Parkinson’s Disease and Alzheimer’s Disease     Open Access  
Journal of Participatory Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Patan Academy of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Pathogens     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Patient Experience     Open Access  
Journal of Patient Safety and Risk Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews     Open Access  
Journal of Patient-Reported Outcomes     Open Access  
Journal of Periodontal Research     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Personalized Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Pest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Physiobiochemical Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Physiology-Paris     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Pioneering Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Postgraduate Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Pregnancy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Prevention & Intervention Community     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health     Open Access  
Journal of Primary Prevention     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Prosthodontic Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Prosthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Receptor, Ligand and Channel Research     Open Access  
Journal of Regenerative Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Research in Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Science and Applications : Biomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Science and Technology (Ghana)     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Scientific Innovation in Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Scientific Perspectives     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Sensory Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Shaheed Suhrawardy Medical College     Open Access  
Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Arthroplasty     Open Access  
Journal of Sleep Disorders : Treatment & Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of South American Earth Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Spinal Disorders & Techniques     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Sports Medicine and Allied Health Sciences : Official Journal of the Ohio Athletic Trainers Association     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Stem Cell Therapy and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Stomal Therapy Australia     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 73)
Journal of Substance Use     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Surgical Academia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Surgical and Clinical Research     Open Access  
Journal of Surgical Case Reports     Open Access  
Journal of Surgical Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Surgical Technique and Case Report     Open Access  
Journal of Systemic Therapies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of The Academy of Clinical Microbiologists     Open Access  
Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of the American College of Certified Wound Specialists     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the American College of Clinical Wound Specialists     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the American Medical Directors Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association : JAMIA     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of the Anatomical Society of India     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of the Anus, Rectum and Colon     Open Access  
Journal of The Arab Society for Medical Research     Open Access  
Journal of the Australasian College of Nutritional and Environmental Medicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of the Australasian Society of Aerospace Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Ceylon College of Physicians     Open Access  
Journal of the Chinese Medical Association     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the College of Community Physicians of Sri Lanka     Open Access  
Journal of The Egyptian Public Health Association     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Formosan Medical Association     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the Ghana Science Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the Grodno State Medical University     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of the International Society for Telemedicine and eHealth     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the Learning Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of the Medical Library Association     Open Access   (Followers: 283)
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala ilmu Kedokteran)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the National Medical Association     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of the Peripheral Nervous System     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the Postgraduate Institute of Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of the Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the Ruhunu Clinical Society     Open Access  
Journal of the Scientific Society     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Siena Academy of Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Therapeutic Ultrasound     Open Access  
Journal of Thyroid Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Tissue Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Tissue Viability     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Topology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Toxicology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)

  First | 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Journal of Marine Medical Society
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0975-3605 - ISSN (Online) 2589-1235
Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [425 journals]
  • Medical challenges of women combatants: Looking to the future

    • Authors: Sheila S Mathai, Ravi Kalra
      Pages: 1 - 3
      Abstract: Sheila S Mathai, Ravi Kalra
      Journal of Marine Medical Society 2018 20(1):1-3

      Citation: Journal of Marine Medical Society 2018 20(1):1-3
      PubDate: Mon,9 Jul 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jmms.jmms_37_18
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Vascular closure device in cardiac cath laboratory: A retrospective
           observational study

    • Authors: Ravi Kalra, R Ananthakrishnan, Sudhir Joshi, Jnanaprakash B Karanth
      Pages: 4 - 8
      Abstract: Ravi Kalra, R Ananthakrishnan, Sudhir Joshi, Jnanaprakash B Karanth
      Journal of Marine Medical Society 2018 20(1):4-8
      Objective: This study is to share our experience of using vascular closure device (VCD) after anterograde femoral arterial access at cardiac cath lab. Background: Vascular access site management is crucial to safe, efficient, comfortable, and cost-effective diagnostic or interventional percutaneous cardiac procedures. As per the literature, femoral artery access site complications following angiographic procedures range from 1% to 5%. The Angioseal VCD has been shown to be safe and effective in reducing the time to hemostasis following angiographic or other cardiac interventional procedures. Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective, observational study carried out at a tertiary care hospital of the Armed Forces. All patients in whom Angioseal (St. Jude Medical) were deployed after undergoing either diagnostic coronary angiography or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) through common femoral artery access. All patients from January 2011 to December 2016 in whom VCD was either deployed or attempted were included in the study. Results: A total of 16245 patients were taken up for femoral access for diagnostic procedures and PCI from 2011 to 2016. We observed 98.52% success rate with Angioseal and a mere 1.48% complication rate. Out of the complications observed, only 2 (0.13%) patients had the serious complication of limb ischemia rest were all minor complications. Conclusion: Our observations and experience with the Angioseal VCD are a safe, efficient, and resulting in more favorable patient outcomes.
      Citation: Journal of Marine Medical Society 2018 20(1):4-8
      PubDate: Mon,9 Jul 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jmms.jmms_21_18
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Effect of drill noise on contralateral hearing after mastoidectomy in
           cases of unilateral Chronic Otitis Media

    • Authors: Varun Jerath, Dilip Raghavan
      Pages: 9 - 12
      Abstract: Varun Jerath, Dilip Raghavan
      Journal of Marine Medical Society 2018 20(1):9-12
      Introduction: The mainstay of treatment of Chronic Otitis Media (COM) is Tympanoplasty with or without Mastoidectomy. This study was conducted in patients undergoing Tympanoplasty with Mastoidectomy to assess Sensorineural Hearing Loss (if any) due to drill noise on the contralateral ear. Materials and Methods: A total of 25 patients with unilateral COM scheduled to undergo Mastoidectomy and Tympanoplasty who fulfilled inclusion criteria were recruited in the study, and a prospective, observational pilot study was carried out. Pure Tone Audiometry (PTA) and Transient Evoked Otoacoustic Emissions (TEOAE) were recorded preoperatively and postoperatively to assess hearing loss if any on the contralateral side. Results: There was no change in bone-conduction thresholds in the contralateral ear by PTA postoperatively. However, there was a significant worsening in the values of signal-to-noise ratio of TEOAE at all the frequencies in the postoperative period. The mean TEOAE recordings were, however, above 3 dB SPL. Conclusion: There are statistically significant effects of drill noise on the inner ear function on the contralateral ear as detected by TEOAE; however, the effects are not detectable on PTA. Larger studies with a longer follow-up period will be required to determine if the early postoperative effects on TEOAE are reversible or persist.
      Citation: Journal of Marine Medical Society 2018 20(1):9-12
      PubDate: Mon,9 Jul 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jmms.jmms_11_18
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Role of otoacoustic emissions in the early detection and prevention of
           ototoxicity

    • Authors: Anil Kaul, Tarun Malhotra, Shazia Khan
      Pages: 13 - 17
      Abstract: Anil Kaul, Tarun Malhotra, Shazia Khan
      Journal of Marine Medical Society 2018 20(1):13-17
      Introduction: Evaluating Otoacoustic Emissions (OAEs) is one of the audiological methods for ototoxicity monitoring. The absence of OAEs indicates cochlear damage. The aim of this study was to study the usefulness of OAEs in early detection and prevention of ototoxicity. Materials and Methods: A prospective, comparative study was conducted to evaluate Transient-Evoked OAEs (TEOAEs) and Distortion-Product OAEs (DPOAEs) as they relate to Pure Tone Audiometry (PTA) in cases of ototoxicity. Hearing assessments of study group of 55 individuals exposed to ototoxic drugs were evaluated and compared at regular intervals, within the group and with control group of 25 individuals using PTA, TEOAEs, and DPOAEs. The abnormal OAE responses were calculated as predictive of significant changes in PTA thresholds. Student's t-test (independent samples, two-tailed) and ANOVA used for analysis. Results: PTA thresholds in the study group remained unaffected in the first three follow-ups whereas TPOAEs and DPOAEs were both found affected at the third follow-up, in significant number of ears in the study group. Significantly lower PTA thresholds were found in study group only at the fourth follow-up. Conclusions: Changes in TEOAEs and DPOAEs precede changes in PTA thresholds in ototoxicity and have high sensitivity and specificity in predicting hearing loss in such cases.
      Citation: Journal of Marine Medical Society 2018 20(1):13-17
      PubDate: Mon,9 Jul 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jmms.jmms_38_17
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Comparison of flange slide pack technique using macintosh laryngoscope
           

    • Authors: Abhijit A Karmarkar, Deepak Dwivedi, Vidhu Bhatnagar, Vibhu P. S. Raghuvanshi, Ashish Chauhan, Shatabdi Chakraborty
      Pages: 18 - 22
      Abstract: Abhijit A Karmarkar, Deepak Dwivedi, Vidhu Bhatnagar, Vibhu P. S. Raghuvanshi, Ashish Chauhan, Shatabdi Chakraborty
      Journal of Marine Medical Society 2018 20(1):18-22
      Context: An analytical pilot study was conducted prospectively to ascertain the efficacy of a new method of throat packing “Flange Slide Pack Technique” (FSPT) in patients undergoing nasal, faciomaxillary, and oral surgeries. Aim: To compare the conventional technique of throat packing guided by direct laryngoscopy with FSPT where the Macintosh laryngoscope blade is used as aid for throat packing. Settings and Design: A comparative observational pilot study was conducted at a tertiary care hospital. Subjects and Methods: Subjects were randomly allocated into two groups based on the technique for throat packing by computer-generated random numbers as Group A (conventional technique) and Group B (FSPT). Primary outcomes measured were total time duration taken for packing the throat with a standardized length of ribbon gauze and changes in heart rate and change in Mean Arterial Pressure (MAP) from baseline. Secondary outcomes measured were incidence of postoperative sore throat (POST) at 6 h postoperatively and ease of insertion of the throat packs. Statistical Analysis: Parametric data were analyzed using “unpaired t-test.” Comparison of proportions and data were analyzed using Chi-square test. SPSS Version 17 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA) was used for statistical analysis. Results: The time taken to pack the throat was shorter in Group B; percentage increase of MAP from baseline was higher in Group A. Ease of insertion of throat pack was more in Group B. POST results were insignificant. Conclusions: FSPT can prove to be an alternative technique to the conventional method of packing the throat by minimizing duration of laryngoscopy and thereby limiting the stress response.
      Citation: Journal of Marine Medical Society 2018 20(1):18-22
      PubDate: Mon,9 Jul 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jmms.jmms_65_17
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Knowledge of anti-retroviral therapy among people living with HIV/AIDS: A
           cross-sectional study

    • Authors: Ravishekar N Hiremath, Renuka Kunte, Atul Kotwal, Sandhya Ghodke, DR Basannar, Arun Kumar Yadav, Summena Basundra
      Pages: 23 - 26
      Abstract: Ravishekar N Hiremath, Renuka Kunte, Atul Kotwal, Sandhya Ghodke, DR Basannar, Arun Kumar Yadav, Summena Basundra
      Journal of Marine Medical Society 2018 20(1):23-26
      Background: Anti-retroviral therapy (ART) has substantially improved the survival of people living with HIV-AIDS (PLHAs). The individual and public health responsiveness to ART is, in turn, determined by ART-related knowledge of PLHAs. Objective: To study the knowledge of HIV positive individuals regarding ART and also to study its association with education and duration of HIV positivity. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted at a tertiary level hospital. The study participants were 102 PLHAs who were not yet started on ART and data were collected using a face-to-face interview. Results: The mean age was 35.5 years and 58.8% were educated to 10th standard. About 92.2% were married, and more than 70% belonged to rural areas. Nearly 11.8% felt that there is no treatment available. Surprisingly, 60.8% of the participants had incorrect knowledge about the correct time of initiating ART while 60 (58.8%) participants were aware that ART needs to be taken lifelong. 26.5% said that antiretroviral drugs were associated with side effects. As per predetermined knowledge scores, 79.4% had satisfactory knowledge regarding the treatment. A statistically significant (P = 0.03) relationship was observed between the knowledge scores regarding ART among the study participants and educational status while it was not statistically significant (P = 0.56) as regards duration of HIV positivity. Conclusion: There still exists a considerable gap in knowledge regarding treatment options for HIV/AIDS among the PLHA of this region. Hence, there is a need to increase the awareness regarding the same and implement the same into practice. Periodic counseling is necessary to increase awareness and to clear misconceptions about ART among PLHA.
      Citation: Journal of Marine Medical Society 2018 20(1):23-26
      PubDate: Mon,9 Jul 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jmms.jmms_54_17
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Role of urine cytology in bladder neoplasm – Cytopathological
           correlation and review of literature

    • Authors: Naveen Chawla, Ritu Mehta, Kunal Tewari
      Pages: 27 - 30
      Abstract: Naveen Chawla, Ritu Mehta, Kunal Tewari
      Journal of Marine Medical Society 2018 20(1):27-30
      Background: Urinary bladder tumors are the second most common tumors affecting males. The aim of the study was to evaluate the various histopathological findings in various bladder tumors and their correlation with exfoliative urine cytology. Design: This is an observational study carried out over a period of 7 years at a tertiary care hospital between January 2010 and January 2017. Materials and Methods: Tumors were divided into invasive and noninvasive urothelial carcinoma and were further classified into high-grade or low-grade urothelial cancer. Urine cytology smears from all these patients were also were studied. Cytological findings were correlated with histopathological findings. Result showed that bladder tumors were commonly seen in males with average age of presentation being the sixth decade. The most common type of carcinoma seen was low-grade urothelial carcinoma-noninvasive type. Urine cytology was positive in 47.46% patients. Sample Size: In our study, 113 cystoscopic biopsies were included over a period of 7 years (85 males and 28 females). Conclusion: Accuracy of diagnosing malignancy in urine cytology varies, and it depends on the presence of diagnostic yield in the urine cytology, processing of the sample, and experience of the cytopathologist. Urine cytology should be reported in a background of detailed clinical information and should always be followed by histopathological examination.
      Citation: Journal of Marine Medical Society 2018 20(1):27-30
      PubDate: Mon,9 Jul 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jmms.jmms_31_17
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Investigation of in vitro cytotoxic activity of pigment extracted from
           Salinicoccus sp. isolated from Nellore sea coast

    • Authors: V Srilekha, G Krishna, P Mahender, MA Singara Charya
      Pages: 31 - 33
      Abstract: V Srilekha, G Krishna, P Mahender, MA Singara Charya
      Journal of Marine Medical Society 2018 20(1):31-33
      Objective: To investigate the in vitro cytotoxic activity of pigment extracted from Salinicoccus sp. isolated from Nellore sea coast. Materials and Methods: In the present study, pigment-forming bacteria were isolated from samples collected from Nellore coast, Andhra Pradesh. Among different pigmented isolates obtained on Zobell agar medium, the pinkish orange bacterium was selected for the study. The bacterium was cultured in Zobell broth medium and incubated in an orbital shaker at 120 rpm for 6 days at 25°C. After incubation, the culture broth was centrifuged at 10,000 rpm for 10 min to obtain a pellet, and the pellet was extracted using the solvent methanol and acetone (5:1). The crude pigment extract was evaluated for cytotoxic potential and was found to exhibit cytotoxic effect on A549 (human lung cancer) and MCF-7 (breast cancer) cell lines. The cell lines A549 cells, MCF-7, were cultured in Dulbecco's Modified of Eagle medium with L-glutamine and 1000 mg/L glucose supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum, penicillin G (100 units/ml), and streptomycin sulphate (0.1 mg/ml) in a humidified atmosphere consisting of 5% CO2at 37°C. Results: The results of the present study revealed that the crude pigment extract has a strong anticancer potential, especially toward the A549 (Lung cancer cell lines) and MCF-7 (Breast cancer cell lines), respectively. Conclusion: This study clearly indicated that the pigment extract of marine Salinicoccus sp. has a strong cytotoxic activity against A549 (lung) and MCF-7 (breast) cancer cell lines which may be utilized for the drug development.
      Citation: Journal of Marine Medical Society 2018 20(1):31-33
      PubDate: Mon,9 Jul 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jmms.jmms_56_17
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Effectiveness of evaporative desert cooler mounted with fabricated metal
           mesh in preventing Aedes mosquito breeding in a North Indian City

    • Authors: Archana Singh, Reema Mukherjee, Atul Kotwal, Rajiva
      Pages: 34 - 37
      Abstract: Archana Singh, Reema Mukherjee, Atul Kotwal, Rajiva
      Journal of Marine Medical Society 2018 20(1):34-37
      Context: We modified conventional metal body evaporative desert coolers by covering the water sump with fabricated metal mesh. Aedes mosquito breeding in these modified desert coolers was then tested during dengue transmission season. Aim: This study was carried out with the aim of providing an effective modification which can be carried out locally in evaporative metal body desert room coolers, to prevent Aedes mosquito breeding. The authors also compared the effectiveness of such desert coolers mounted with fabricated metal mesh against the standard National Centre for Disease Control, mosquito proof coolers (NCDC-MPC). Settings and Design: This study was carried out from October 2015 to 2016 in a large military cantonment area of North India. The data collection for larval breeding was done during late summer and monsoon months, namely May–October 2016. Subjects and Methods: Conventional metal body evaporative desert cooler was modified by covering its sump water tank with a fine mesh. These modified coolers were then monitored for larval breeding and compared with the NCDC-MPC, and conventional nonmodified routinely used desert coolers. Statistical Analysis Used: A database was created in MS Excel and observations were recorded analyzed and tabulated. Results: No breeding was detected in the NCDC coolers and the coolers mounted with fabricated metal mesh. Conclusion: The conventional desert cooler locally modified by mounting a fabricated metal mesh to cover sump water tank of the cooler, was found to be effective in preventing Aedes breeding. It offers the advantage of simplicity, low cost, and improved availability.
      Citation: Journal of Marine Medical Society 2018 20(1):34-37
      PubDate: Mon,9 Jul 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jmms.jmms_19_18
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • An outbreak of varicella among troops on the move: A challenge in field
           epidemiology

    • Authors: Kunal Chatterjee, Rajesh Kunwar, Gaurav Taneja, Samrat Mitra, V Srinivas
      Pages: 38 - 43
      Abstract: Kunal Chatterjee, Rajesh Kunwar, Gaurav Taneja, Samrat Mitra, V Srinivas
      Journal of Marine Medical Society 2018 20(1):38-43
      Background: Military population, by virtue of peculiarities of service conditions, such as congregation in living barracks or during exercises present a vulnerability to spread of contagious diseases. Institution of control measures during outbreaks becomes a challenge in Field areas due to operational commitments. The present paper highlights an outbreak investigation conducted in field and some lessons learnt. Methods: This investigation was conducted among troops who had arrived at a new location and soon after took part in training and area familiarisation and among whom chicken pox occurred. Constant troop movement resulted in challenges to institute control measures, which had to be tailored to suit the situation. Aggressive intervention measures such as segregation, contact tracing and strict surveillance resulted in control of the outbreak. Results: A non-immunised military population reported its first two cases during travel in military special train to the battalion's new location. Subsequently cases kept occurring over two months and the constant movement of troops propagated the outbreak, resulting in total of twenty cases. Timely prevention measures successfully broke its runaway nature and controlled the outbreak. Conclusion: Early identification of cases and aggressive intervention measures were successful in effective control of outbreak.
      Citation: Journal of Marine Medical Society 2018 20(1):38-43
      PubDate: Mon,9 Jul 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jmms.jmms_10_18
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • A study of neurocognitive and executive function of divers

    • Authors: Nikita D Shah, Sunil Goyal
      Pages: 44 - 49
      Abstract: Nikita D Shah, Sunil Goyal
      Journal of Marine Medical Society 2018 20(1):44-49
      Background: Extant literature suggests that due to a variety of factors, diving causes long-term neurological sequelae. Effects on cognitive functions have been assessed in previous studies; however, the presence and extent of resultant cognitive impairment is still unclear. This study was done to test the presence of cognitive deficits in divers. Further, the deficits were correlated with the years and depth of diving. Materials and Methods: In this comparative study carried out at a tertiary care hospital, 46 healthy divers were exposed to neuropsychological tests to evaluate their attention, concentration, visuospatial processing, memory, and executive functions. Their performance was compared to that of 46 healthy-matched nondiving sailors. Their performance was also correlated to the years and depth of diving. Results: The study found that the divers performed worse than nondivers in the following indices in the psychometric tests; Stroop Word Component (P = 0.035), Trail A (P = 0.045), number of categories completed in Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (P = 0.007); and in delayed recall (P = 0.007) and visual recognition (P = 0.031) in the Memory Scale. It is inferred that the cognitive domains of visuospatial processing, executive function, and verbal and visual memory are affected. Increase in depth of diving showed worse performance in digit backward (P = 0.032) and verbal memory (P = 0.048) that points to impaired attention, concentration, working memory, and verbal memory. Conclusion: The study suggests that residual cognitive effects are seen in divers. Worsening of the cognitive function is correlated with depth of dives but not total years of diving. The study recommends that further research in the field of cognitive effects of diving is warranted.
      Citation: Journal of Marine Medical Society 2018 20(1):44-49
      PubDate: Mon,9 Jul 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jmms.jmms_68_17
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • War and epidemics: A chronicle of infectious diseases

    • Authors: Kaushik Roy, Sougat Ray
      Pages: 50 - 54
      Abstract: Kaushik Roy, Sougat Ray
      Journal of Marine Medical Society 2018 20(1):50-54
      Disease transmission occurs with a perfect balance of the epidemiological triad consisting of an external agent, a susceptible host, and an environment that brings the agent and host together. Conflict situation is an ideal platform that creates this confluence of agent and host in perfect environmental conditions, for pathogens to tear through soldiers and refugees alike. Classically during armed conflicts, soldiers and displaced population get exposed to unsanitary and overcrowded barracks, trenches, refugee shelters, and concentration camps with disruptive health-care services. Many get susceptible to diseases prevalent in the relocated region and some may introduce pathogens in the native population. The earlier wartime epidemics were considered as divine interventions and wrath of God. As medicinal knowledge advanced, prevention strategies evolved from isolation and quarantine to sanitary measures against miasma and further to chemoprophylaxis and immunization against the pathogen. The advent of antivector chemicals and antibiotics revolutionized the control of epidemics during the World War II. Although not infectious in origin, modern-day outbreaks are mostly health events such as posttraumatic stress disorders in postwar or war-like scenario. This article chronicles the epidemiology of the better-known wartime epidemics.
      Citation: Journal of Marine Medical Society 2018 20(1):50-54
      PubDate: Mon,9 Jul 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jmms.jmms_34_18
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Update in military medicine

    • Authors: Rohit Verma
      Pages: 55 - 56
      Abstract: Rohit Verma
      Journal of Marine Medical Society 2018 20(1):55-56

      Citation: Journal of Marine Medical Society 2018 20(1):55-56
      PubDate: Mon,9 Jul 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jmms.jmms_36_18
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Recent update: Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis

    • Authors: Vivek Hande, Jnanaprakash B Karanth, PC Hande
      Pages: 57 - 62
      Abstract: Vivek Hande, Jnanaprakash B Karanth, PC Hande
      Journal of Marine Medical Society 2018 20(1):57-62
      Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease has been traditionally conceptualized as a histological disease spectrum which progresses from simple steatosis or pure fatty liver through liver fibrosis or Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis (NASH) to cirrhosis and eventually hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). NASH can progress to cirrhosis, has very high cardiovascular mortality and is a leading cause of HCC worldwide. Recently, the role of various genetic and environmental factors in pathogenesis and progression of the disease have evolved. The lifestyle modifications such as weight reduction, dietary changes, and few drugs with sensitization or antioxidant are available as treatment options. Several newer pharmacological agents are in different stages of clinical trial, and individualized therapy might be a reality in the near future. In view of increasing prevalence of NASH, even in a developing country like ours, a literature search was conducted in PubMed and EMBASE to identify recent publications. We intend to present the epidemiology, and recent inroads made into the pathogenesis, and management of NASH.
      Citation: Journal of Marine Medical Society 2018 20(1):57-62
      PubDate: Mon,9 Jul 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jmms.jmms_75_17
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Acute compartment syndrome of forearm without facture in a toddler

    • Authors: Jai Prakash Khatri, Munish Sood, Ajaydeep Sud, Manoj Kumar
      Pages: 63 - 66
      Abstract: Jai Prakash Khatri, Munish Sood, Ajaydeep Sud, Manoj Kumar
      Journal of Marine Medical Society 2018 20(1):63-66
      Acute compartment syndrome is an orthopedic emergency. In pediatric population, there should be a high index of suspicion for its early detection, especially when it is not associated with a fracture. We present here a case of a toddler, who developed acute compartment syndrome of forearm following a trivial trauma without fracture. Pain out of proportion and increased analgesic requirement are fairly reliable signs and should raise the suspicion of compartment syndrome for the treating surgeon. Despite various methods being available for measurement of intracompartment pressure, the diagnosis largely remains clinical. Ability to actively contract the muscle in the presence of elevated compartment pressure is an indicator of the viability of muscle. The case has been presented to sensitize the young surgeons regarding the possibility of compartment syndrome following simple fall without fracture. The clinical condition was timely diagnosed, and immediate surgical decompression resulted in good functional recovery.
      Citation: Journal of Marine Medical Society 2018 20(1):63-66
      PubDate: Mon,9 Jul 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jmms.jmms_58_17
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • A case of Hansen's disease presenting with sulfone syndrome and
           hemolytic anemia

    • Authors: Preema Sinha, Pankaj Das, Nikita Sharma, Saikat Bhattacharjee
      Pages: 67 - 69
      Abstract: Preema Sinha, Pankaj Das, Nikita Sharma, Saikat Bhattacharjee
      Journal of Marine Medical Society 2018 20(1):67-69
      Dapsone (4,4'-diaminodiphenylsulfone) is a drug commonly used to treat various infectious, immunological, granulomatous, and hypersensitivity disorders. It can cause varied adverse effects, including sulfone syndrome which can have a potentially fatal outcome. We report a case of a female diagnosed as a case of Hansen's disease with Type II lepra reaction, who developed sulfone syndrome and hemolytic anemia as adverse drug effects to dapsone. The case is presented to stress on the importance of timely diagnosis and institution of early treatment in the management of a rare complications of a commonly used drug with a favorable outcome.
      Citation: Journal of Marine Medical Society 2018 20(1):67-69
      PubDate: Mon,9 Jul 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jmms.jmms_7_18
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Chryseobacterium indologenes: Case report of an emerging pathogen

    • Authors: Gurpreet Singh Bhalla, Shilpi Gupta, Manbeer Singh Sarao, Dinesh Kalra
      Pages: 70 - 72
      Abstract: Gurpreet Singh Bhalla, Shilpi Gupta, Manbeer Singh Sarao, Dinesh Kalra
      Journal of Marine Medical Society 2018 20(1):70-72
      Chryseobacterium indologenes thrives well in the environment and does not contribute to the human flora. It is recently being reported to cause a plethora of diseases in humans and has been shown to destroy antimicrobial agents and tissues. We report a case of catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) in an immunocompromised male who was treated successfully with appropriate oral antibiotics. Also presented is a review, though not an exhaustive one, of the various case reports from India, proving the organism to be an important, emerging, and potentially dangerous nosocomial pathogen.
      Citation: Journal of Marine Medical Society 2018 20(1):70-72
      PubDate: Mon,9 Jul 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jmms.jmms_60_17
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Blaschkolinear lichen nitidus: A rare presentation

    • Authors: Rajeshwari Dabas, Manasa Shettisara Janney, Sandeep Arora, Radhakrishnan Subramaniyan
      Pages: 73 - 75
      Abstract: Rajeshwari Dabas, Manasa Shettisara Janney, Sandeep Arora, Radhakrishnan Subramaniyan
      Journal of Marine Medical Society 2018 20(1):73-75
      Lichen nitidus is an uncommon, chronic, usually asymptomatic papulosquamous dermatosis of unknown etiology, originally described by Felix Pinkus, a dermatopathologist in 1901. It generally presents as multiple, tiny, discrete, flesh-colored, dome-shaped papules most commonly on the extremities, genitalia, chest, and abdomen. We hereby report an uncommon and atypical presentation of “Blaschkolinear lichen nitidus” involving the trunk. A 15-year-old boy presented with a 1-year history of gradually progressive, multiple, small, raised lesions on the left side of the trunk. On examination, there were multiple, skin-colored to erythematous, discrete to confluent papules on the left side of the trunk in a curvilinear fashion. Dermoscopy, histopathology, and immunohistochemistry supported the clinical diagnosis of Blaschkolinear lichen nitidus. The patient was treated with topical steroid with good response.
      Citation: Journal of Marine Medical Society 2018 20(1):73-75
      PubDate: Mon,9 Jul 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jmms.jmms_3_18
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Prader–Willi syndrome: A syndromic cause of morbid obesity

    • Authors: Ankur Rawat, Subhash Chandra Shaw, Suprita Kalra, Rakesh Gupta
      Pages: 76 - 78
      Abstract: Ankur Rawat, Subhash Chandra Shaw, Suprita Kalra, Rakesh Gupta
      Journal of Marine Medical Society 2018 20(1):76-78
      Prader–Willi syndrome (PWS) is a complex multisystem genetic disorder with a prevalence of about 1/10,000–1/30,000. It is also the first known disorder of human genomic imprinting. We report a case of a child with PWS presenting with hypotonia and feeding difficulty in the neonatal period and infancy with characteristic facial features, hyperphagia, early onset of morbid obesity, short hands and feet, intellectual disability, and other behavioral problems.
      Citation: Journal of Marine Medical Society 2018 20(1):76-78
      PubDate: Mon,9 Jul 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jmms.jmms_69_17
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Staged total penile reconstruction using flap prefabrication and
           arteriovenous loop

    • Authors: Pauline Babu, Pallab Chatterjee, Parli Raghavan Ravi
      Pages: 79 - 82
      Abstract: Pauline Babu, Pallab Chatterjee, Parli Raghavan Ravi
      Journal of Marine Medical Society 2018 20(1):79-82
      Loss of penis due to injury or disease is physically and psychologically devastating to any male. While the technique of penile reconstruction continues to evolve in conjunction with the evolution of flaps in reconstructive surgery, the free tissue transfer using radial artery forearm flap (RAFF) in a single stage is recognized as the most preferred method at present. However, to avoid the complications often seen in such single-stage method, we used a novel two-stage technique for total penile reconstruction in two cases after penile loss. We prefabricated the neophallus in the forearm and constructed saphenofemoral arteriovenous loop in the groin in the first stage to allow all the suture lines to heal and provide for easy and reliable recipient vessels. The neophallus was transferred after 4 weeks and vessel anastomoses done conveniently in the groin with adequate sized vessels with robust inflow. Both the patients recovered well without any need for urinary diversion and quickly attained the ability to pass urine in standing position. We offer that the two-stage method of penile reconstruction using free RAFF is reliable, easy to perform and can avoid many of the complications seen with single-stage reconstruction.
      Citation: Journal of Marine Medical Society 2018 20(1):79-82
      PubDate: Mon,9 Jul 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jmms.jmms_14_18
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 1 (2018)
       
 
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