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  Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 7328 journals)
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MEDICAL SCIENCES (1833 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 3562 Journals sorted alphabetically
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AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
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Aktuelle Ernährungsmedizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal     Open Access  
Alexandria Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
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American Journal of Biomedical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
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American medical news     Free   (Followers: 3)
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Amyloid: The Journal of Protein Folding Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina     Open Access  
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de la República, Uruguay     Open Access  
Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
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Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
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Annual Reports in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
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Annual Review of Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
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Antibiotics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Antibodies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
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Anwer Khan Modern Medical College Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
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Applied Clinical Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applied Clinical Research, Clinical Trials and Regulatory Affairs     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Medical Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Arab Journal of Nephrology and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arak Medical University Journal     Open Access  
Archive of Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Community Health     Open Access  
Archives of Biomedical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
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Archives of Trauma Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archivos de Medicina (Manizales)     Open Access  
ArgoSpine News & Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia     Open Access  
Arquivos de Ciências da Saúde     Open Access  
Arquivos de Medicina     Open Access  
Ars Medica : Revista de Ciencias Médicas     Open Access  
ARS Medica Tomitana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Art Therapy: Journal of the American Art Therapy Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Arterial Hypertension     Open Access  
Artificial Intelligence in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Artificial Organs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Asia Pacific Family Medicine     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asian Bioethics Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asian Journal of Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Medical and Pharmaceutical Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention     Open Access  
ASPIRATOR : Journal of Vector-borne Disease Studies     Open Access  
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Atención Familiar     Open Access  
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Audiology - Communication Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Auris Nasus Larynx     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian Coeliac     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Journal of Medical Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Autopsy and Case Reports     Open Access  
Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Avicenna     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Avicenna Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Bioethics     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Biochemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
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Bangladesh Journal of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Physics     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science     Open Access  
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Basal Ganglia     Hybrid Journal  
Basic Sciences of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
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BC Medical Journal     Free  
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Biologics in Therapy     Open Access  

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Journal Cover Acta Medica Indonesiana
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   ISSN (Print) 0125-9326 - ISSN (Online) 2338-2732
   Published by Indonesian Society of Internal Medicine Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Are We Ready for National Diabetes Prevention Program'

    • Authors: Imam Subekti
      First page: 289
      PubDate: 2018-01-19
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Analysis of Diabetes Mellitus Determinants in Indonesia: A Study from the
           Indonesian Basic Health Research 2013

    • Authors: Haerawati Idris, Hamzah Hasyim, Feranita Utama
      First page: 291
      Abstract: Background: diabetes mellitus is a silent-killer. Its prevalence and impact on health expenses increase from year to year. This study aims to investigate the characteristics and the risk factors that affect  diabetes mellitus in Indonesia.Methods: this is a cross sectional study. Data were obtained from the Basic Health Research (RISKESDAS) in 2013. The samples were individuals aged ≥15 years, whose fasting blood glucose and 2 hours blood glucose after the imposition have been measured. 38.052 individuals were selected for this study. The variables of age, sex, marital status, level of education, employment status, living area, regional status, hypertension, obesity, smoking habit, and dyslipidemia are analyzed as risk factors for diabetes mellitus. Bivariate analysis was using chi-square test with significance level of p<0.05 and confidence interval (CI) of 95%, and multivariate analysis using multiple logistic regression test.Results: our study showed that 13% have diabetes mellitus in 2013. Factors affecting diabetes mellitus were age>55 years (OR=5.10; 95%CI 4.42 to 5.89; p<0.001), female (OR=1.37; 95%CI 1.26 to 1.49; p<0.001), rural (OR=1.16; 95%CI 1.08 to 1.26; p<0.001), married (OR=1.31; 95%CI 1.07 to 1.58; p<0.05), unemployed (OR=1.14; 96%CI 1.05 to 1.23; p<0.05), obesity (OR=1.46; 95%CI 1.35 to 1.58; p<0.001), hypertension (OR=1.68; 95%CI 1.55 to 1.81; p<0.001) and dyslipidemia (OR=1.53; 95%CI 1.39- 1.68; P<0.001).Conclusion: as many as 13% of individuals have diabetes mellitus in 2013. Age, gender, living area, employment status, obesity, hypertension, and dyslipidemia are the contributing factors to diabetes mellitus.
      PubDate: 2018-01-19
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • The Differences in Serum Quantitative Specific IgE Levels Induced by
           Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus, Dermatophagoides farinae and Blomia
           tropicalis Sensitization in Intermittent and Persistent Allergic Asthma

    • Authors: Agus Joko Susanto, Iris Rengganis, Cleopas M Rumende, Kuntjoro Harimurti
      First page: 299
      Abstract: Background: house dust mites (HDM) are an important inhalant allergen in allergic asthma. However, molecular diagnostic study of specific IgE to HDM allergens has not been done in Indonesia. In addition, the association of quantitative specific IgE measurement with asthma severity has not been investigatedd. This study aimed to investigate the difference of serum quantitative specific IgE levels induced by Dermatophagoides (D.) pteronyssinus, D. farinae and Blomia tropicalis sensitization in intermittent and persistent allergic asthma.Methods: this was a cross-sectional study on adult allergic asthma patients who were invited for serum specific IgE testing. This study was a part of a larger study within the Division of Allergy and Immunology, Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital. Asthma severity was defined based on Global Initiative on Asthma (GINA) 2015 criteria and were grouped as intermittent or persistent. Quantitative specific IgE testing was done on blood serum using a multiple allergosorbent test (Polycheck Allergy, Biocheck GmbH, Munster, Germany). The HDM allergens tested were D. pteronyssinus, D. farinae, and Blomia tropicalis. Difference between two groups were analyze using Mann-Whitney test.Results: a total of 87 subjects were enrolled in this study; 69 (79.3%) were women. Mean patients’ age was 40, 2 years. Sixty-three (72.4%) subjects had asthma and allergic rhinitis. Fifty-eight (66.7%) subjects were classified as persistent asthma. The prevalence of sensitization was 62.1% for D. farinae, 51.7% for D. pteronyssinus, and 48.3% for Blomia tropicalis. The median of specific IgE levels were significantly higher in persistent asthma compares to intermittent asthma induced by D. farinae (median 1.30 vs. 0.0 kU/L; p=0.024) and B. tropicalis (median 0.57 vs. 0.0 kU/L; p=0.015) sensitization. Level of Specific IgE  D. pteronyssinus was also to be higher in persistent asthma than the level measured in intermittent asthma (0.67 vs. 0.00 kU/L; p=0.066).Conclusion: Sensitization of HDM allergens was shown to be highest for D. farinae 62.1%, followed by D. pteronyssinus 51.7% and Blomia tropicalis 48.3%. Specific IgE level induced by D. farinae and Blomia tropicalis sensitization were significantly higher in patients with persistent asthma compared to intermittent asthma, whereas specific IgE level induced by D. pteronyssinus sensitization was higher in persistent asthma although not statistically significant.


      PubDate: 2018-01-19
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Effect of Nigella sativa Seed Extract for Hypertension in Elderly: a
           Double-blind, Randomized Controlled Trial

    • Authors: Aulia Rizka, Siti Setiati, Aida Lydia, Esthika Dewiasty
      First page: 307
      Abstract: Background: Nigella sativa (NS) seed extract shows diuretic activity, inhibits sympathetic nervous system overactivity and increases the production of Nitric Oxide in in vivo studies, thus it has a potential use as an adjuvant antihypertensive for elderly population. This study aimed to determine the effect of Nigella sativa seed extract to systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) of elderly patients with hypertension.Methods: a double-blind, randomized controlled trial was conducted on elderly subjects with hypertension in three outpatient clinics in Cipto Mangunkusumo National Hospital Jakarta Indonesia from June to September 2011. Subjects were divided into intervention group given 300 mg Nigella sativa seed extract twice daily for 28 days and into another group which was given placebo. Blood pressure were measured on day 1 and 28. Intention to treat analysis using unpaired t-test to compare blood pressure after intervention between the two groups was performed.Results: of a total of 85 patients, 76 subjects fulfilled the study criteria and were randomized into 2 groups, with 38 subjects in each group. Both groups were comparable in all important prognostic factors. The mean systolic blood pressure of the NS group was decreased from 160.4 (SD 15.7) mmHg to 145.8 (SD 19.8) mmHg, and from 160.9 (16.3) mmHg to 147.53 (SD 22.0) mmHg in the placebo group (p=0.36). The mean diastolic blood pressure in the NS group was decreased from 78.3 (SD 11.9) to 74.4 (SD 8.2) mmHg, and from 79.0 (SD 12.4) to 78.2 (SD 8.9) in the placebo group (p=0.35). Reported adverse events include dyspepsia in 6 subjects (15.7%), nausea in 3 subjects (7.8%), and constipation in 2 subjects (5.2%). No electrolyte abnormalities, liver and renal toxicities, or orthostatic hypotension were observed.Conclusion: although a trend towards a slight decrease in blood pressure was observed, Nigella sativa has not been proven to be effective in reducing blood pressure in elderly patients with hypertension.
      PubDate: 2018-01-19
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Thyroid Dysfunction in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients

    • Authors: Imam Subekti, Laurentius Aswin Pramono, Esthika Dewiasty, Dante Saksono Harbuwono
      First page: 314
      Abstract: Background: thyroid dysfunction is more likely to occur in diabetes mellitus patients than general population. Until now, no study has been done to find prevalence of hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism in Indonesian diabetics. This study aimed to find the proportion and characteristics of thyroid dysfunction in Indonesian type 2 diabetes mellitus patients.Methods: a cross-sectional study was conducted in Endocrine and Diabetes Polyclinic, Department of Internal Medicine, Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital from July to September 2015. This study include type 2 diabetes mellitus patients, age ≥ 18 year-old, willing to undergo thyroid laboratory testing. In this study, hypothyroidism defined as TSH more than 4.0 mIU/L, while hyperthyroidism is defined as TSH less than 0.4 mIU/L with eCLIA.Results: from 364 subjects who were recruited from Endocrine and Diabetes Polyclinic, Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, 303 subjects underwent this study until analysis. Two hundred and three (273) subjects (90.1%) were euthyroid, 7 subjects (2.31%) were hyperthyroid, and 23 subjects (7.59%) were hypothyroid. Majority of the patients had subclinical hypothyroidism (56.5% based on Zulewski and Billewicz Score and 65.2% based on fT4 laboratory result), while 42.9% and 71.4% subjects had clinical hyperthyroidism based on clinical appearance and fT4 laboratory result respectively.Conclusion: proportion of hypothyroidism was 7.59% and hyperthyroidism was 2.31%, while the proportion of total thyroid dysfunction was 9.9% among diabetics. It is suggested that screening for thyroid dyscfunction can be done in high risk condition as a part of comprehensive management in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients.
      PubDate: 2018-01-19
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • The Effect of Ophiocephalus striatus Extract on the Levels of IGF-1 and
           Albumin in Elderly Patients with Hypoalbuminemia

    • Authors: Roza Mulyana, Siti Setiati, Rose D Martini, Kuntjoro Harimurti, Noto Dwimartutie
      First page: 324
      Abstract: Background: a freshwater fish Ophiocephalus striatus or known locally to Indonesian as haruan,can potentially increases IGF-1 and albumin levels in elderly patients with hypoalbuminemia due to the contents of amino acids, fatty acids, vitamins, and minerals. This study was conducted to investigate the effect of Ophiocephalus striatus extract on the level of IGF-1 and albumin in elderly patients with hypoalbuminemia.Methods: the study is a double-blind randomized controlled trial involving malnourished elderly inpatients (≥60 years old) recovering from acute condition before hospital discharge, with Mini Nutritional Assessment score ≤23.5 and albumin level <3.5 g/dL. A total of 109 subjects were randomly divided into two groups: one group received 10 g Ophiocephalus striatus extract per day for 14 days and another group received placebo. Albumin and IGF-1 levels were obtained before and after intervention.Results: ninety subjects completed the study (extract group=45 subjects; placebo group =45 subjects) for 14 days. The median of age were 69 (64;75) years and the male to female ratio were 2 : 3. The changes of IGF-1 and albumin levels from before to after intervention between extract group compared to placebo group were 14.7 (0.30;31.5) ng/mL vs 1.0 (-6;13.15) ng/mL (p=0.002) and 0.5 (0.15;0.70) g/dL vs 0.10 (0.0;0.50) g/dL (p=0.003), respectively. There were significant differences in the improvement of IGF-1 and albumin levels between extract and placebo group.Conclusion: supplementation of Ophiocephalus striatus extract was associated with a significant increase in IGF-1 and albumin levels in elderly patients with hypoalbuminemia.
      PubDate: 2018-01-19
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Improving Diagnostic of Pulmonary Tuberculosis in HIV Patients by
           Bronchoscopy: A Cross Sectional Study

    • Authors: Prayudi Santoso, Arto Y Soeroto, Rianita Juniati, Yovita Hartantri, Rudi Wisaksana, Bachti Alisjabana, Heda M Nataprawira, Ida Parwati
      First page: 330
      Abstract: Background: diagnostic of pulmonary TB in HIV patients is a problem due to non specific clinical features, or radiological appearance. HIV patients with CD4≤200 cells/mL infected with M. tuberculosis have less capacity in containing M. tuberculosis, developing granulomas, casseous necrosis, or cavities. This condition is caused by weakend inflammatory which later reduced sputum production and may cause false negative result. This study aimed to assess differences in the positivity level of acid fast bacilli (AFB) and cultures of M. tuberculosis from non-bronchoscopic sputum (spontaneous and induced sputum) compared to bronchoscopic sputum (bronchoalveolar lavage) in HIV positive patients suspected pulmonary tuberculosis with CD4<200 cells/μL.Methods: this cross sectional study was conducted in adult HIV patients treated in Hasan Sadikin Hospital with CD4≤200 cells/μL suspected with pulmonary tuberculosis by using paired comparative analytic test. All patients expelled sputum spontaneously or with sputum induction on the first day. On the next day, bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) was performed. The two samples obtained from two methods were examined by AFB examination with staining Ziehl Neelsen (ZN) and cultured of M. tuberculosis on solid media Ogawa on all patients. Positivity, sensitivity and increased sensitivity of AFB and culture of M. tuberculosis in the non bronchoscopic and bronchoscopic groups were compared.Results: there were differences in the positivity level of AFB with ZN staining between non-bronchoscopic and bronchoscopic groups which were 7/40 (17.5%) vs 20/40 (50.0%) (p<0.001). The differences between the cultures of non-bronchoscopic and bronchoscopic groups were 16/40 (40.0%) vs 23/40 (57.5%) (p=0.039). Bronchoscopic sputum increased the positivity level of the ZN AFB examination by 32.5% (from 17.5% to 50.0%) as well as on culture examination by 17.5% (from 40.0% to 57.5%).Conclusion: Bronchoalveolar lavage can improve the positivity level of smears and cultures in patients suspected of pulmonary TB in HIV patients with CD4<200 cells/μL.
      PubDate: 2018-01-19
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Clinical Outcomes of Geriatric Care in Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Before
           and After the Implementation of National Health Insurance Program

    • Authors: Czeresna Heriawan Soejono, Retna S Padmawati, Adi Utarini
      First page: 336
      Abstract: Background: the National Health Insurance (NIH/JKN) has been enacted since January 2014. Various outcomes of geriatric patient care, such as improved functional status and quality of life have not been evaluated. Prolonged hospitalization and re-hospitalization are potentially affecting the efficiency care of this vulnarable group. This study aimed to identify the differences of functional status improvement, quality of life improvement, length of stay, and hospitalization of geriatric patients admitted to CMH between prior to and after NHI implementation.Methods: a cohort study with historical control was conducted among geriatric patients admitted to Acute Geriatric Ward CMH Hospital on two periods of time: January-December 2013 (pre-NHI implementation) and June 2014-May 2015 (after NHI implementation). Patients who died within 24 hours of hospital admission, those with APPACHE II score >24, advance stage cancer, transfer to other wards before they were discharged or have incomplete record were excluded from the study. Data on demographical and clinical characteristics, functional status, quality of life, length of stay, and re-hospitalization were taken from patient’s medical record. The differences of studied outcomes were analyzed using t-test or Mann-Whitney test.Results: there were 102 subjects in pre-NHI and 135 subjects in NHI groups included in the study. Median lengths of stay were not different between two groups (12.5 days in pre-NHI and 10 days in NHI groups, p=0.087), although the proportion of patients with in-hospital stay less than 14 days was higher in NHI group. The difference of functional status of discharged patients in pre-NHI and NHI groups were 3 and 3 (p=0.149) respectively, whereas for health-related quality of life, although NHI group in the beginning showed a lower quality of life compared to the pre-NHI (0.163 [0.480] vs. 0.243 [0.550]; p=0.012). However, after incorporating comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) the quality of life improved significantly by the end of in-hospital care in both groups. Re-hospitalization incidence in NHI group was lower compared to pre-NHI (7 [5.2%] vs. 13 [12.7%]; p=0.038).Conclusion: our study shows that there was  no  significant difference regarding length of stay, functional status, and health-related quality of life between prior to and after national health insurance implementation on admitted geriatric patients. Rehospitalization incidence showed better results in NHI group and hence NHI implementation is favored.
      PubDate: 2018-01-19
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • A Rare Case Series of Ischemic Stroke Following Russell’s Viper
           Snake Bite in India

    • Authors: Venkata Krishna Pothukuchi, Alok Kumar, Chennamsetty Teja, Archana Verma
      First page: 343
      Abstract: Snakebite is an important medical problem in India. Among their various manifestations, cerebral complications are uncommonly found in literature. Moreover, Ischemic stroke following snake bite is quite rare. Here we report a case series of two such cases that developed neurological manifestations following Russell’s viper bite. On computerized tomography (CT) scan of brain; cerebral infarcts were revealed. Their likely mechanisms are discussed in present study which include disseminated intravascular coagulation, toxin induced vasculitis and endothelial damage.


      PubDate: 2018-01-19
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • ST Elevation in Lead aVR and Its Association with Clinical Outcomes

    • Authors: Eka Ginanjar, Yulianto Yulianto
      First page: 347
      Abstract: The purpose of this case repots are to evaluate the role of ST elevation in aVR lead and to make analysis between both cases. There are some atypical electrocardiogram (ECG) presentations which need prompt management in patient with ischemic clinical manifestation such as ST elevation in aVR lead. In this case study, we report a 68-year old woman with chief symptoms of shortness of breath and chest discomfort. She was diagnosed with cardiogenic shock, with Killip class IV, and TIMI score of 8. The second case is a 57-year-old man with typical chest pain at rest which could not be relieved with nitrate treatment. He was diagnosed with ST elevation in inferior and aVR lead, and occlusion in left circumflex artery (LCX). Both patients underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI). Subsequently, both cases presented remarkable clinical improvements and improved ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) in aVR lead.


      PubDate: 2018-01-19
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Cancer Stem Cells and Molecular Biology Test in Colorectal Cancer:
           Therapeutic Implications

    • Authors: Rustam Effendi-YS
      First page: 351
      Abstract: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most frequent cancer in males, the second in females, and is the second leading cause of cancer related death worldwide. Within Indonesia’s 250 million population, the incidence rates for CRC per 100,000 population were 15.2 for males and 10.2 for females, and estimated 63,500 cases per year.  More than 50% of colorectal cancer patients will develop metastasis. CRC is still the main cause of tumor-related death, and although most CRC patients are treated with surgery to remove the tumor tissue, some of the CRC patients recurred. Chemotherapy used as adjuvant or neoadjuvant therapy also has several problems, in which these treatments are useless in tumor cells with chemo-resistance. Molecular testing of CRC from tumor tissues has important implications for the selection of treatment. Biomarkers can be used as prognostic value, molecular predictive factors, and targeted therapy. Recent research reported that, cancer stem cells (CSCs) are considered as the origin of tumorigenesis, development, metastasis and recurrence. At present, it has been shown that CSCs existed in many tumors including CRC. This review aims to summarize the issue on CSCs, and the future development of drugs that target colorectal cancer stem cells.


      PubDate: 2018-01-19
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Disseminated Histoplasmosis in an Indonesian HIV-Positive Patient: A Case
           Diagnosed by Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology

    • Authors: Nungki Anggorowati, Rita C Sulistyaningsih, Ahmad Ghozali, Yanri W Subronto
      First page: 360
      Abstract: A 30-year-old Javanese-Indonesian man was admitted with complaints of 3 months persistent fever, weight loss, and fatigue. He had never known his past history of unprotected HIV until the admission. His only risk factor is unsafe sex. The patient seemed well nourished. Physical examination revealed blood pressure 100/60 mmHg, pulse 100 beats per minute, respiratory rate 20 times per minute, and temperature 38.8°C. Multiple cervical and inguinal lymphadenopathies were also found. Electrocardiogram showed anterolateral ischemic finding, whereas chest X-ray were normal. Laboratory test results revealed pancytopenia with hemoglobin of 8.2 g/dL, leucocyte count 2000 cells/mm3, platelet 78000 cells/mm3, hematocrit 25.8%, AST 162 IU/L, ALT 81 IU/L, decreased albumin of 2.72 g/dL. The clinical differential diagnosis were lymphoma or tuberculosis lymphadenopathy.
      PubDate: 2018-01-19
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Efficacy of Curcumin as Adjuvant Therapy to Induce or Maintain Remission
           in Ulcerative Colitis Patients: an Evidence-based Clinical Review

    • Authors: Marcellus Simadibrata, Christopher Christian Halimkesuma, Benedicta Mutiara Suwita
      First page: 363
      Abstract: Background: treatment guidelines for ulcerative colitis (UC) not yet established. Currently, mesalazine, corticosteroids, and immunomodulators are treatment options for UC. However, they are known to have unpleaseant side effects such as nausea, vomiting, headaches, hepatitis, and male infertility. Curcumin is found in Turmeric plants (Curcuma longa L.), which possesses both anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. This study aimed to determine whether curcumin as adjuvant therapy can induce or maintain remission in UC patients. Methods: structured search in three database (Cochrane, PubMed, Proquest) using “Curcumin”, “remission” and “Ulcerative Colitis” as keywords. Inclusion criteria is randomized controlled trials (RCTs), meta-analysis, or systematic review using curcumin as adjuvant therapy in adult UC patients.Results: we found 49 articles. After exclusion, three RCTs were reviewed; two examined curcumin efficacy to induce remission and one for remision maintenance in UC. Curcumin was significantly more effective than placebo in all RCTs. The efficacy of curcumin could be explained by its anti-inflammatory properties, which inhibit NF-kB pathway. Regulation of oxidant/anti-oxidant balance can modify the release of cytokines. However, methods varied between RCTs. Therefore, they cannot be compared objectively. Futhermore, the sample size were small (n= 50, 45, 89) therefore the statistical power was not enough to generate representative results in all UC patients.Conclusion: Available evidence showed that curcumin has the potential to induce and maintain remission in UC patients with no serious side effects. However, further studies with larger sample size are needed to recommend it as adjuvant therapy of ulcerative colitis.
      PubDate: 2018-01-19
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Current and Emerging Therapy on Lupus Nephritis

    • Authors: Lucky Aziza Bawazier
      First page: 369
      Abstract: Lupus nephritis (LN) is involvement of the kidney in patient with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and one of the most common target organ in SLE. The diagnosis of LN will significantly impact the clinical outcome and therapy of the patient. Therapy regiment of LN is divided into two stages, induction and maintenance treatment. The main objective of the induction therapy is to achieve complete or partial remission as soon as possible since it is correlated with better prognosis and fewer relapse incidence. In the maintenance stage, the main aim of the therapy is to maintain the remission status and avoid future relapse. It is also important to evaluate the effectiveness of the therapy as it will affect the duration and the regiment therapy being used. Corticosteroid, cyclophosphamide, mycophenolate mofetil, azathrioprine, cyclosporine and tacrolimus are example of drugs used in LN therapy. Currently, studies are being conducted to evaluate and develop targeted drug therapy to further add treatment options for LN.
      PubDate: 2018-01-19
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 4 (2018)
       
 
 
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