Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8529 journals)
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MEDICAL SCIENCES (2342 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 3562 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
4 open     Open Access  
AADE in Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
ABCS Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Abia State University Medical Students' Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
AboutOpen     Open Access  
ACIMED     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Acta Bio Medica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Bioethica     Open Access  
Acta Bioquimica Clinica Latinoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Científica Estudiantil     Open Access  
Acta Facultatis Medicae Naissensis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Herediana     Open Access  
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access  
Acta Medica (Hradec Králové)     Open Access  
Acta Medica Bulgarica     Open Access  
Acta Medica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Medica Indonesiana     Open Access  
Acta Medica International     Open Access  
Acta medica Lituanica     Open Access  
Acta Medica Marisiensis     Open Access  
Acta Medica Martiniana     Open Access  
Acta Medica Nagasakiensia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Medica Peruana     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Médica Portuguesa     Open Access  
Acta Medica Saliniana     Open Access  
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acupuncture & Electro-Therapeutics Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Acupuncture and Natural Medicine     Open Access  
Addiction Science & Clinical Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Adıyaman Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi / Health Sciences Journal of Adıyaman University     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Biomedical Research     Open Access  
Advanced Health Care Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advanced Science, Engineering and Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 9)
Advanced Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Bioscience and Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Cell and Gene Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Clinical Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Advances in Clinical Radiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Life Course Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Lipobiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Medical Education and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 32)
Advances in Medical Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Microbial Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Molecular Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Molecular Toxicology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Parkinson's Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Phytomedicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Advances in Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Regenerative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Skeletal Muscle Function Assessment     Open Access  
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Traditional Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Veterinary Science and Comparative Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Wound Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
African Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African Journal of Clinical and Experimental Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
African Journal of Laboratory Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
African Journal of Thoracic and Critical Care Medicine     Open Access  
African Journal of Trauma     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
AJOB Empirical Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
AJSP: Reviews & Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Aktuelle Ernährungsmedizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Al-Qadisiah Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alerta : Revista Científica del Instituto Nacional de Salud     Open Access  
Alexandria Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Allgemeine Homöopathische Zeitung     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Alpha Omegan     Full-text available via subscription  
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Althea Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Biomedical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
American Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Biomedicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
American Journal of Chinese Medicine, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Clinical Medicine Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Law & Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
American Journal of Managed Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Medical Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
American Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Medicine Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Medicine Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of the Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
American Journal on Addictions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American medical news     Free   (Followers: 3)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Amyloid: The Journal of Protein Folding Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina     Open Access  
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de la República, Uruguay     Open Access  
Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Analgesia & Resuscitation : Current Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anatolian Clinic the Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Anatomica Medical Journal     Open Access  
Anatomical Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Anatomical Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Anatomy Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Ankara Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ankara Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Mecmuası     Open Access  
Annales de Pathologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Annales des Sciences de la Santé     Open Access  
Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Anatomy - Anatomischer Anzeiger     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Annals of Biomedical Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Clinical Hypertension     Open Access  
Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Annals of Family Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Annals of Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Musculoskeletal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of the College of Medicine, Mosul     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annals of The Royal College of Surgeons of England     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annual Reports in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Annual Reports on NMR Spectroscopy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Annual Review of Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Anthropologie et santé     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Antibiotics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Antibodies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Antibody Reports     Open Access  
Antibody Technology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Antibody Therapeutics     Open Access  
Anuradhapura Medical Journal     Open Access  
Anwer Khan Modern Medical College Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Apparence(s)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Clinical Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Clinical Research, Clinical Trials and Regulatory Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applied Medical Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Arab Journal of Nephrology and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Biomedical Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives Medical Review Journal / Arşiv Kaynak Tarama Dergisi     Open Access  
Archives of Asthma, Allergy and Immunology     Open Access  
Archives of Clinical Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Medical and Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Medical Laboratory Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Archives of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access  
Archives of Organ Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Pulmonology and Respiratory Care     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Renal Diseases and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Trauma Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Archivos de Medicina (Manizales)     Open Access  
ArgoSpine News & Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos de Ciências da Saúde     Open Access  
Arquivos de Medicina     Open Access  
Ars Medica : Revista de Ciencias Médicas     Open Access  
ARS Medica Tomitana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Art Therapy: Journal of the American Art Therapy Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Arterial Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Artificial Intelligence in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Artificial Organs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
ASHA Leader     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asia Pacific Family Medicine Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asian Bioethics Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Asian Biomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asian Journal of Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Medical and Pharmaceutical Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 2)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research
Number of Followers: 5  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2411-4472 - ISSN (Online) 2412-5571
Published by Bangladesh Journals Online Homepage  [107 journals]
  • Antimicrobial activity of some medicinal plant extracts against Gram
           positive and Gram negative bacteria in Bangladesh

    • Authors: Md Mizanur Rahman, Md Raquib Shahriar, Nigar Sultana Meghla, Tasneema Ishika, Pravas Chandra Roy, Md Kamruzzaman
      Pages: 405 - 411
      Abstract: Antibacterial active compounds isolated from higher plants appear to be one of the most important alternative approaches to contain antibiotic resistance and the management of disease. The present study was aimed at to investigate the antibacterial activity of some medicinal plant species including seeds namely Centella asiatica, Oxalis corniculata, Phoenix dactylifera, Clitoria ternatea and Nigella sativa. The methanolic and ethanolic extract of Centella asiatica, Oxalis corniculata, Phoenix dactylifera and Clitoria ternatea was investigated for antimicrobial activity at different concentrations by using disc diffusion method against some bacterial strains with standard antibiotic cephachlore (10 μg). The result demonstrated that all the extracts showed antibacterial activities against the isolates, which were dose dependent. The ethanolic extract of Oxalis corniculata at a concentration of 50 μl/disc had the highest effect on the test organism B. subtilis, Salmonella typhi and E. coli with 9.3, 9.7 and 10.8 mm diameter of zone of inhibition respectively while at the same concentration the extract of Clitoria ternatea had a higher antimicrobial activity on Bacillus cereus with 11.3 mm diameter of zone of inhibition. The activities of the plant extracts on the tested pathogens were not as effective as the standard commercial antibacterial disc but was significant. In case of Nigella sativa, Pseudomonas aeruginosa was sensitive to both the ethanolic extract and oils at different concentration. Salmonella typhi shows the same degree of inhibition for ethanolic extract as Bacillus cereus, but greater inhibition for oils. Of all the bacteria, Pseudomonas aeruginosa was the most sensitive bacteria against ethanolic extract and oils, while Bacillus cereus was the most resistant bacteria. Generally, the oils of Nigella sativa sample had higher antibacterial activity against bacteria than ethanolic extract. All the extracts are inhibitory to most common human pathogen S. typhi. The results suggest that the different plant extracts has a significant scope to develop a novel broad spectrum of antibacterial herbal formulations.Asian J. Med. Biol. Res. December 2017, 3(4): 405-411
      PubDate: 2018-01-30
      DOI: 10.3329/ajmbr.v3i4.35329
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2018)
  • Study on clinical diseases and disorders of cattle and goat at Gopalgonj
           District in Bangladesh

    • Authors: Nidra Boti Khan, Dipa Rani Pal, Mohammad Lalmoddin Mollah
      Pages: 412 - 418
      Abstract: This clinical study was undertaken at the sadar Upazilla Livestock Office, Gopalgonj, Bangladesh to determine the general clinical prevalence of clinical diseases and disorders in cattle and goats during the study period from September to December 2016. Total animals were 105, among them cattle were 60 and goats were 45. Diagnosis was performed on the basis of general examination, physical examination and clinical examination. Clinical examinations were detected 60 (48.38% of total animals) different types of diseases and disorders in cattle. Whereas fever 3, anorexia 5, bloat 2, dysentery 3, diarrhoea 4, fascioliasis 2, myiasis 5, FMD 2, papillomatosis 2, ephemeral fever 3, pneumonia 5, mastitis 4, black quarter 1 were recorded. Age wise occurrence in young and adult cattle were 35 (58.33%) & 25 (41.66%) respectively. In goat 45 (36.29% of total animal) different types of diseases and disorders were found. Whereas fever 4, anorexia 4, bloat 1, dysentery 2, diarrhoea 3, corneal opacity 2, mange 3, myiasis 4, PPR 10, pneumonia 8, tetanus 1, mastitis 3 were recorded. Age wise occurrence in young and adult goat were 20 (44.44%) and 15 (33.33%) respectively. Diseases and disorders of cattle and goats which were recorded more or less present in both young and adult animals but some of the specific diseases and disorders were in animals due to age susceptibility such as black quarter in young cattle and PPR in goat. From this study it can be said that proper vaccination, treatment and management should be given to minimize the diseases and disorders of cattle and goat.Asian J. Med. Biol. Res. December 2017, 3(4): 412-418
      PubDate: 2018-01-30
      DOI: 10.3329/ajmbr.v3i4.35330
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2018)
  • Isolation and identification of bacterial pathogens from cloacal swabs of
           turkeys and their antimicrobial sensitivity patterns

    • Authors: Polash Chandra Roy, Md Khaled Hossain, Nazmi Ara Rumi, Md Shajedur Rahman, Md Shahin Mahmud, Ishaq Hossion
      Pages: 419 - 425
      Abstract: The present study was carried for the isolation, identification of bacterial pathogens from cloacal swabs of turkeys during the period from January-June, 2016. The entire research work was conducted in the Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Science, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University (HSTU), Dinajpur. The study was performed with 48 cloacal swab samples. The cloacal swab samples were collected carefully from three different Turkey Farms randomly and transferred aseptically to the laboratory. On the basis of morphology, staining, cultural and biochemical characteristics it was found that among the isolates 25(52.08%) samples were positive E. coli, 10(20.83%) samples were positive for Salmonella spp., 9(18.76%) samples were positive for both E. coli and Salmonella spp. and 4(8.33%) samples shown no growth in subculture media. Antibiogram profiles indicate that E. coli isolated were 100% sensitive to Azithromycin, Kanamycin and Ciprofloxacin, 80% sensitive to Cefradine, Vancomycin and Levofloxacin, 60% sensitive to Cefotetan and Nitrofurantoin and 40% sensitive to Erythromycin. The isolates were 100% resistant to Cloxacillin and Cefixime. On the other hand, Salmonella spp. were 100% sensitive to Azithromycin, Kanamycin, Levofloxacin and Ciprofloxacin, 80% sensitive to Nitrofurantoin and Teicoplanin, 60% sensitive to Vancomycin, Erythromycin and Cefixime and 20% sensitive to Cefotetan. The isolates were 100% resistant to cefradine and cloxacillin. So, for E. coli Azithromycin, Kanamycin and Ciprofloxacin were more sensitive and for Salmonella spp. Azithromycin, Kanamycin, Ciprofloxacin and Levofloxacin were highly sensitive. Diversified bacterial species were present in cloacal swabs of Turkeys. However, E. coli, Salmonella spp. infection might make the birds vulnerable for easy access of infection. It could be concluded that E. coli and Salmonella spp. may pass through the feces to the environment. It causes a potential human health hazards and can cause illness.Asian J. Med. Biol. Res. December 2017, 3(4): 419-425
      PubDate: 2018-01-30
      DOI: 10.3329/ajmbr.v3i4.35331
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2018)
  • Knowledge and attitude on cardiovascular diseases among women in selected
           areas of Dhaka city

    • Authors: Kazi Md Obaydul Hoq, Marufa Jerin, Md Shafayet Uddin, Zahid Hasan Khan
      Pages: 426 - 431
      Abstract: Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality not only in Bangladesh but also all over the world. In Bangladesh, Women are more vulnerable group in all socio economic indexes. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 300 women from Dhaka City. Samples were chosen purposively Data were collected by semi structured self administered questionnaire. Questionnaire was based on Likert scale. Data analysis was performed by using Statistical Package for Social Science - 17.0 for windows. 75.4% respondent were in the age group of 18-35 years (Mean 30.56, Min:18 years and Max: 68 years). Majority (89%) were married & Muslim (99%) by religion, half of the participant (49.3%) were completed only primary education which indicate the poor status of women education in Bangladesh. The family size of most of the respondent (58%) are 4-6. Very few respondent have large family. It was found that 56.7 % of respondents had good knowledge, 8.3 percent had satisfactory knowledge, 1.7% had excellent knowledge and the remaining 29 percent had poor knowledge regarding cardiovascular diseases. The study revealed that among the total respondent, 99.7% women showed negative attitude & told that they would never involved in smoking. On the other hand 27.7% women show negative attitude & told that the take non smoke tobacco. Among women 56.67% respondent attitude were Moderately Favorable followed by 29% respondents were Favorable followed. Remaining 14.33% respondent attitude were favorable attitude. This study revealed that good knowledge as well as positive attitude towards major risk factors of cardiovascular diseases among the women is unsatisfactory. Socio-demographic factors for good knowledge and good knowledge for the development of positive attitude play vital role. The problem of cardiovascular diseases cannot be solved by Government alone. For effective prevention and control of cardiovascular disease, Govt. & private organization need to make integrated initiative in order to minimize the problem.Asian J. Med. Biol. Res. December 2017, 3(4): 426-431
      PubDate: 2018-01-30
      DOI: 10.3329/ajmbr.v3i4.35332
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2018)
  • Developmental trajectory of the prenatal lymphoid organs in native
           chickens: a macro anatomical study

    • Authors: Md Nabiul Islam, Md Zahirul Islam Khan, Mir Rubayet Jahan, Koh Shinoda
      Pages: 432 - 436
      Abstract: Native chickens of Bangladesh are scavenging in nature. In our previous studies, we have histologically and immunohistochemically examined the ontogeny of lymphoid organs of native chickens of Bangladesh in prenatal stages. To date, the study on gross anatomical development of prenatal lymphoid organs is lacking. In the present study, detailed macro-anatomical development of prenatal lymphoid organs of native chickens were examined during different embryonic stages of development, which was conducted in the laboratory of the department of Anatomy and Histology, Bangladesh Agricultural University. In the present study, thymus was first identified by the 10 days of incubation (ED 10) as a chain at the both side of the neck. Bursa of Fabricius and spleen were also first found to develop at ED 10. While comparing with the prenatal development of lymphoid organs of native chickens with that of previously studied hybrid chickens, the native chickens’ lymphoid organs were found to develop earlier. Taken together with our previous results, the developmental trajectory data of the present study are first to clarify that the immune system of native chickens are being prepared earlier to face the scavenging environment after hatching.Asian J. Med. Biol. Res. December 2017, 3(4): 432-436
      PubDate: 2018-01-30
      DOI: 10.3329/ajmbr.v3i4.35333
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2018)
  • Microbial assessment of different samples of ostrich (Struthio camelus)
           and determination of antimicrobial susceptibility profiles of the isolated

    • Authors: Israt Jahan, Nazmi Ara Rumi, Md Khaled Hossain, Md Shajedur Rahman, Md Fakhruzzaman, Samina Akter, Abdul Gaffar Miah
      Pages: 437 - 445
      Abstract: The study was conducted to monitor the microbial assessment in oropharyngeal swab, cloacal swab and faecal samples of ostrich and also update knowledge on antimicrobial sensitivity of isolated organisms. The study was performed at Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science & Technology University (HSTU) ostrich farm from January to June, 2016. A total 75 samples were randomly collected from 8 ostriches at different age of which 25 oropharyngeal, 25 cloacal swabs sample and 25 were faeces samples. The organisms were isolated by using standard microbiological method. The result revealed that the average microbial load in plate count agar was highest in faeces (1.48×109±0.27 CFU) than oropharyngeal swab (1.36×109±0.38 CFU) and cloacal swab (1.28×109±0.34 CFU). Among 75 samples, 29 (38.66%) Escherichia coli, 21 (28%) Salmonella spp., 20 (26.67%) Staphylococcus spp. and 5(6.6%) Bacillus spp. were identified. In 25 oropharyngeal swab samples, Staphylococcus spp. was found highest 15 (60%) than other organisms but Escherichia coli were found highest both in cloacal 11(44%) and faecal 12(48%) samples. On antibiogram study Escherichia coli, Salmonella spp., Staphylococcus spp. and Bacillus spp. were more sensitive to Levofloxacin, Azithromycin, Nalidixic Acid and Amoxicillin respectively. While more resistant to Azithromycin, Penicillin, Chloramphenicol and Erythromycin respectively. The obtained results indicated that ostrich excreta are one of the most important sources of Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus spp., Salmonella spp., Bacillus spp. in ostrich farms. Finally, it may be concluding that the logical use of antibiotics must be adopted in ostrich farms reared in Bangladesh for prevention of the appearance of multidrug resistance bacteria. Moreover, proper measures should be taken to aware off zoonotic diseases in peoples who are involved in ostrich farming.Asian J. Med. Biol. Res. December 2017, 3(4): 437-445
      PubDate: 2018-01-30
      DOI: 10.3329/ajmbr.v3i4.35334
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2018)
  • Study on prevalence of bovine diseases at sadar upazila in dinajpur
           district of Bangladesh

    • Authors: Moktar Omar Mohammed, Md Shajedur Rahman, Md Fazlul Hoque, Nazmi Ara Rumi, Osman Hassan Afrah
      Pages: 446 - 453
      Abstract: The study was conducted to investigate the status of cattle diseases with relation to seasonal variation in Dinajpur district of Bangladesh. A total of 11402 clinical cases were registered for the clinical diagnosis and therapeutic purposes at sadar upazila veterinary hospital in Dinajpur district of Bangladesh during the period of March, 2016 to February, 2017. Disease diagnosis was made on the basis of owner’s statement, general examination and clinical signs. Diagnosed diseases were categorized as general clinical disorders, parasitic diseases, viral diseases, bacterial diseases, venereal disease, and metabolic disorders. According to study the highest (64.15%) prevalence was by parasitic disease followed by bacterial diseases (10.67%), viral diseases (8.97%), metabolic disease (7.61%), and venereal disease (6.60%). In respect of seasons, the prevalence of both bacterial diseases and viral diseases were significantly (p<0.01) higher (13.88%) and (12.10%) in summer season respectively. Whereas the parasitic diseases were significantly (p<0.01) higher (68.65%) in winter season. On the basis of season, it was found that the overall prevalence of diseases was highest in summer season (47.87%) followed by rainy season (30.10%) and comparatively lower in winter season (22.03%).Asian J. Med. Biol. Res. December 2017, 3(4): 446-453
      PubDate: 2018-01-30
      DOI: 10.3329/ajmbr.v3i4.35335
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2018)
  • Effect of deep placement of N fertilizers on nitrogen use efficiency and
           yield of BRRI dhan29 under flooded condition

    • Authors: Md Rafiqul Islam, Mahthir Been Mohammad, Mst Tazmin Akhter, Md Moyeed Hasan Talukder, Kawsar Hossen
      Pages: 454 - 461
      Abstract: An experiment was conducted at the Soil Science Field Laboratory of Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh during boro season of 2016 to evaluate the effect of deep placement of nitrogen (N) fertilizers on N use efficiency and yield of BRRI dhan29 under continuous flooded condition. The soil was silt loam in texture having pH 6.27, organic matter content 1.95%, total N 0.136%, available P 3.16 ppm, exchangeable K 0.095 me%, available S 10.5 ppm and EC 348 μS cm-1. The experiment was laid out in a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with eight treatments and three replications. The treatments were T1 [Control], T2 [Prilled Urea, 130 kg N ha-1] , T3 [USG, 130 kg N ha-1], T4 [USG, 104 kg N ha-1], T5 [USG, 78 kg N ha-1], T6 [NPK briquette , 129 kg N ha-1], T7 [NPK briquette, 102 kg N ha-1] and T8 [NPK briquette, 78 kg N ha-1]. All the treatments except T6, T7 and T8 received 25 kg P and 64 kg K ha-1 as TSP and MoP, respectively. In T6, T7 and T8 treatments, P and K were supplied from NPK briquettes. Prilled urea was applied in three equal splits. USG and NPK briquettes were applied at 10 DAT and were placed at 8-10 cm depth between four hills at every alternate row. The results demonstrate that all the yield components except 1000-grain weight and yields of BRRI dhan29 responded significantly to the deep placement of N in the form of USG and NPK briquettes under continuous flooded condition. The highest grain yield of 6561 kg ha-1 was recorded in T3 [USG, 130 kg N ha-1] which was statistically similar to that ofT4 [USG, 104 kg N ha-1].The highest straw yield of 6876 kg ha-1 was obtained in T3 [USG, 130 kg N ha-1]. The lowest grain yield (3094 kg ha-1) and straw yield (3364 kg ha-1) were found for T1 (Control). The deep placement of USG and NPK briquettes enhanced the recovery of applied N and N use efficiency in comparison with the broadcast application of PU. The highest value of NUE (32.05 kg grain increase per kg N applied) was obtained in T5 [USG, 78 kg N ha-1] followed by T4 [30.75 kg grain increase per kg N applied) and the lowest value was found in T8 [130 kg N ha-1 from PU]. Based on yield, N use efficiency and cost-benefit analysis, an application of 104 kg N ha-1 as USG can be recommended as the best treatment for achieving satisfactory yield of boro rice (cv. BRRI dhan29) at BAU farm and at adjacent areas under AEZ 9 (Old Brahmaputra Floodplain).Asian J. Med. Biol. Res. December 2017, 3(4): 454-461
      PubDate: 2018-01-30
      DOI: 10.3329/ajmbr.v3i4.35336
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2018)
  • Socio-economic condition of fish farmers of Jhikargachha upazila in
           Jessore district, Bangladesh

    • Authors: Abdulla Al Asif, Md Ahsan Bin Habib
      Pages: 462 - 475
      Abstract: The present study was conducted to assess the livelihood status of fish farmers and socioeconomic condition in the Jhikargachha upazila, Jessore, Bangladesh. Data were collected from 50 fish farmers for a period of six months from June 2016 to November 2016. The study indicated that 38% of the farmers were in age structure of 50-60 years, 44 farmers (88%) were Muslims and others Hindu (12%). About 82% farmers had a primary occupation of agriculture and others were involved in business (8%), service (4%) and politics (4%). It was found that, 66% farmers had joint family and others lived in separated family (34%). Majority (44 farmers) respondents had concrete house and rest of (6 farmers) had semi-concrete house. Almost (44%) farmers used concrete toilet and rest of farmers used semi-concrete (56%). All the respondents used to drink tube well water for drinking and other household works. Out of 50 fish farmers, 4% had no education (illiterate), 36% had primary education, 42% secondary level (Up to X), 10% S.S.C., 4% H.S.C. and 4% bachelor level of education. In the study area, 32% of the farmers had ponds of 34-66 dec, 28% had pond of 15-33 dec, 14% had ponds of up to 100 dec, 22% had ponds of 101-330 dec and 4% had ponds of 330-above dec. It was found that, 62% farmers had training on fish farming and rest 38% farmers had no training on fish farming. Among 50 farmers 64% farmers were found used to invest their own credit and rest 36% farmers took loan from bank, NGO, money lender and broker agency. Most of the farmers were interested to stock rui, catla and mrigal and other species. In the study area, cow dung was used by 50 (100%) of farmers, 47 farmers used urea, 40 farmers used TSP and 34 farmers used MoP. It was found that, 40% farmers produced fish between 1001 kg – 2000 kg/year and 17 (34%) farmers produced 3001 kg-above/year. The highest income was 3,30,75,000Tk/Year and the lowest income from a pond was 20000 Tk/Year. In the study area, every farmer had at least one mobile phone. Almost 96% farmers were used to go MBBS doctor and only 4% to homeopathic treatment.Asian J. Med. Biol. Res. December 2017, 3(4): 462-475
      PubDate: 2018-01-30
      DOI: 10.3329/ajmbr.v3i4.35337
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2018)
  • Effects of chemotherapeutics against experimentally injured stinging
           catfish Heteropneustes fossilis

    • Authors: Md Sharif Neowajh, M Mamnur Rashid, Abdulla Al Asif, Md Abu Zafar, Amir Hossain
      Pages: 476 - 487
      Abstract: Effects of different chemotherapeutics were examined against experimentally infected stinging catfish Heteropneustes fossilis. Fish were collected from a fish market in Mymensingh, acclimatized for 7 days in laboratory condition from January to February, 2016 in aquaria at Fish Clinic of Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, experimentally injured by using forceps and knife and waited seven days for the establishment of infection. Before starting chemotherapeutic trial, it was confirmed that the fish were infected with microorganisms by clinical diagnosis in laboratory condition. They showed hemorrhages and ulcerative lesions over the infected area. A total of 80 such experimentally infected stinging catfish having average body weight of 18 g were used for the experiment. Two chemotherapeutics: antibiotic, Eryvet (erythromycin thiocyanate INN, sulphadiazine (NaUSP) & trimithoprim BP) and antifungal, methylene blue were used in separate and combined treatment with three different doses of antibiotic. The same dose of methylene blue, 0.2 mg/l, was used for separate and combined treatment by antibiotic. Doses of antibiotic (Eryvet) were 0.8 g/10 kg body weight of fish, 1g/10 kg body weight of fish and 1.2 g/10 kg body weight of fish as lower dose, recommended dose and higher dose respectively. For combined treatment the above different doses of antibiotic and the same dose of antifungal were used. Water was exchanged regularly. The chemotherapeutic trial was conducted for 7 days and observation was continued for another 8 days to observe the effect of treatment. Combined treatment with the recommended dose of the antibiotic and methylene blue showed the best result where 90% fish were recovered. By the treatment with the higher dose of the antibiotic 70% fish were recovered. Antifungal treatment showed that 20% fish were recovered. All the fish in negative control aquarium died.Asian J. Med. Biol. Res. December 2017, 3(4): 476-487
      PubDate: 2018-01-30
      DOI: 10.3329/ajmbr.v3i4.35338
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2018)
  • Comparative overview of different fish feed industries in Noakhali region
           of Bangladesh

    • Authors: Sabiha Khatun, Md Mofizur Rahman, Chayan Chandra Sarkar
      Pages: 488 - 493
      Abstract: Aqua feeds have been considered as a major subsector in aquaculture. About 25 commercial fish feed industries in Bangladesh are now formulating over 1 million tones of commercial pelleted feed for the use by aquaculture farmers. A survey of different fish feed industries, their produced feed, used raw materials, machineries, distribution and marketing channel was carried out in 2015 at Noakhali of Bangladesh. Four fish feed industries were found having legal permission to produce fish feed in Noakhali. These were Globe-agro vet Ltd, Partex agro fish feed Ltd, Setu feed mills and R.P (Rasulpur) fish feed Ltd with an area of 9, 3, 2 and 3.5 acre, respectively. They used different types of machineries. Maximum machineries were found in Globe-agro vet Ltd. They used 19 types of raw materials where some were local and some were imported. Maximum raw materials were found in Globe-agro vet Ltd and they used 16 types of raw materials. Four types of fish feed were being produced in four fish feed industries and these are nursery, starter, grower, finisher. Square company was common of different raw materials supplier. Feed companies were linked with other business and take loan from local NGO and foreign organization. Their production capacity was not same rate all round the year. They like to produce feed from March to October. There was not so far difference in proximate composition of surveyed feed industries. Protein ranged at 28-35%, Lipid 5-8 %, moisture 10-12 % and Ash 12-18 %. The government should move forward with financial as well as technical support for the expansion and modernization of fish feed industries with a view to protecting the nature from incursive pollutants generated during feed manufacturing process.Asian J. Med. Biol. Res. December 2017, 3(4): 488-493
      PubDate: 2018-01-30
      DOI: 10.3329/ajmbr.v3i4.35339
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2018)
  • Toxic effects of agro-pesticide cypermethrin on histological changes of
           kidney in Tengra, Mystus tengara

    • Authors: Shahroz Mahean Haque, Chayan Chandra Sarkar, Sabiha Khatun, Kaizar Ahmed Sumon
      Pages: 494 - 498
      Abstract: Cypermethrin, the synthetic pyrethroid commonly used as a pesticide, contaminates the aquatic ecosystem as a toxic pollutant from agricultural and domestic washouts. An experiment was conducted to carry out an empirical study to investigate the sub-lethal effects of LC50 value of a pyrethroid pesticide, cypermethrin 10EC on histological changes of kidney in Tengra, Mystus tengara at wet laboratory of the Faculty of Fisheries, Bangladesh Agricultural University (BAU), Mymensingh. The LC50 value of cypermethrin 10EC was calculated by probit analysis and LC50 value for 96 hours was found 0.133 ppm. The experiment was conducted with four treatments, each with three replications. Treatment one (T1) was used as control (0 ppm) and three concentrations, such as 0.026 ppm (20% of 96 h LC50), 0.052 ppm (40% of 96 h LC50) and 0.104 ppm (80% of 96 h LC50) were used as Treatment two (T2), Treatment three (T3) and Treatment four (T4), respectively. For histological study kidney of studied fish were collected from control and experimental group at 7, 14 and 28 days interval up to the end of experiment of 28 days. The physical reactions observed in the treated fish were erratic swimming, discolorations of the skin, loss of reflex, hyperactivities, motionless state and these effects increased with increasing concentration of the toxicants and duration of exposure. The changes observed in the kidney tissues were vacuolation, necrosis, ruptured kidney tubules, Cellular degeneration and karyolysis were recorded. Cypermethrin 10 EC has adverse effects on the organs of fish, so it should not be used indiscriminately in agriculture and aquaculture.Asian J. Med. Biol. Res. December 2017, 3(4): 494-498
      PubDate: 2018-01-30
      DOI: 10.3329/ajmbr.v3i4.35340
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2018)
  • Study on growth traits at weaning and yearling stages of indigenous and F1
           crossbred buffalo in Bangladesh

    • Authors: Md Shahjahan, Asma Khatun, Sumya Khatun, Md Mahbubul Hoque, Sohrab Hossain, Quazi M Emdadul Huque, Tabith M Awal, Abdul Awal Mintoo
      Pages: 499 - 503
      Abstract: This study was planned to clarify the variation of body weight and average daily gain traits in both indigenous and F1 crossbreed (Local×Mediterranean) buffalo at weaning (sixth month) and yearling stages (twelfth month). Data were collected from 33 indigenous and 35 F1 crossbred buffalo progeny during the period of 2011 to 2014 with intensive management system at Research and Development farm of Lal Teer Livestock Limited in Bangladesh. The gathered data were analyzed using general linear model (GLM) and independent sample t test. The effect of parity, sex, season and breeding year on body weight and average daily gain were observed where significant values found in breeding period (p <0.01) of crossbred buffalo for body weight. It might be the reason of crossbreeding to indigenous buffalo cows using imported semen with better genetic merit. The parity (p <0.05), season (p <0.05) and breeding period (p <0.01) were also significant for average daily gain measurement which suggesting environmental adaptability beside additive genetic effects. Body weights were measured at weaning and yearling stages for both local (113 to 195 kg) and F1 crossbred (144 to 220 kg) buffalo progeny to screen the elite offspring for the Genetic Farm and Bull station. Similarly, average daily gain observed 469 to 457 g and 600 to 506 g at the previously mentioned two stages for both local and F1 buffalos, respectively. It was observed that studied traits were comparatively better in F1 buffalo progeny than indigenous. The comparison of average daily weight gains between indigenous and F1 buffalos at weaning and yearling periods showed significant differences for body weight (p <0.001) and average daily gain (p <0.05), respectively. It is concluded that genetic gain might be possible in local buffalo population by grading up process which could switch the traditional buffalo rearing to commercial level as well as meeting the nutritional demand of country people.Asian J. Med. Biol. Res. December 2017, 3(4): 499-503
      PubDate: 2018-01-30
      DOI: 10.3329/ajmbr.v3i4.35341
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2018)
  • Effects of stocking density on the growth rate of gold fish fry reared in

    • Authors: Md Saroar Hossain Shajib, Baadruzzoha Sarker, Abdulla Al Asif, Md Mizanur Rahman, Md Abu Zafar, Amir Hossain
      Pages: 504 - 515
      Abstract: The present study was conducted to investigate effects of stocking density on growth performances of gold fish (Carassius auratus) in hapas. Experiment was conducted for a month with three treatments where three stocking densities were T1 (10 fry/hapa), T2 (15 fry/hapa) andT3 (20 fry/hapa) each having three replications which were selected randomly. In the present experiment hapa (3ft × 2ft × 2ft) with 1 mm mesh net was used. Gold fish fry having a mean body weight of 0.007 g were used in all treatments. Fishes were fed at the rate of 10% of their body weight containing 34.11% protein. Water quality parameters were monitored at 10 days interval and the ranges were –temperature 24.75 to 27.75 oC, dissolved oxygen 3.68 to 4.09 mg/L, pH 7.3 to 8.16, ammonia 0.3 to 1 mg/L, nitrite 0.01 to 0.03 mg/L, phosphate 0.6 to 1 mg/L and alkalinity 119 to 187 mg/L. At the growth performances were evaluated by comparing mean final body weight, specific growth rate and food conversion ratio. The present study showed that the gold fish fry in T1 resulted the best mean final weight gain (1.188 g) followed by T2 (0.834 g) and T3 (0.686 g). The SGR ranged between 6.64 and 7.43% per day and FCR ranged between 3.56 and 4.12 with T1 showing the lowest FCR. The survival rate (%) ranged between 76.67% to 85.67%. From the present experiment it was found that individual fish growth rate was decreased with the increase of stocking density.Asian J. Med. Biol. Res. December 2017, 3(4): 504-515
      PubDate: 2018-01-30
      DOI: 10.3329/ajmbr.v3i4.35342
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2018)
  • Supplementation of 9-cis retinoic acid in the in vitro maturation medium
           increase blastocyst development rate and quality

    • Authors: Rabiul Islam, Gautam Kumar Deb, Md Ahsanul Kabir, Md Faizul Hossain Miraz, Talukder Nurun Nahar, SM Jahangir Hossain, Sudip Paul
      Pages: 516 - 520
      Abstract: The 9-cis retinoic acid (9-cisRA) enhances early embryonic development in both in vitro and in vivo conditions. This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of supplementation of 9-cisRA in the in vitro maturation (IVM) medium on embryo development efficiency and embryo quality. For this purpose, immature cumulus oocyte complexes (COC) collected from slaughterhouse derived bovine ovaries were matured in three different IVM media (control group, DMSO group and DMSO+RA group). In the control group, base IVM medium were used without supplementation of 9-cisRA and DMSO. In the DMSO group, base IVM medium was supplemented with 0.5 μl DMSO per ml IVM medium without 9-cisRA. In DMSO+RA group, base medium was supplemented with 5 nm 9-cisRA dissolved in 0.5 μl DMSO. Data were analyzed using one way ANOVA method and means were compared using Duncan’s multiple range test. Results showed that, supplementation of 9-cisRA in the maturation medium has no effect on embryonic development uptocleavage stage. However, blastocyst development rates (P>0.01), total blastomere number (P> 0.01), number of apoptotic blastomere per blastocyst (P>0.05) and percent of apoptotic blastomere per blastocyst (P>0.05) were significantly influences by 9-cisRA. In conclusion, 9-cisRA may be supplemented into the maturation medium for increasing bovinein vitro blastocyst development efficiency and blastocyst quality.Asian J. Med. Biol. Res. December 2017, 3(4): 516-520
      PubDate: 2018-01-30
      DOI: 10.3329/ajmbr.v3i4.35343
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2018)
  • Effect of supplementation of vitamin E and selenium from Lolyvit-ES on the
           performance of broiler

    • Authors: Mohammad Salahuddin, Zahirul Haque Khandaker, Mohammad Mohiuddin, Md Mostain Billah
      Pages: 521 - 528
      Abstract: An experiment was conducted in the poultry rearing unit of Sahjalal Animal Nutrition Field Laboratory, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh for a period of 30 days by using 108 one week aged straight run Starbro broiler chicks to find out the effect of vitamin E and selenium as feed supplement for the performance of broiler. Chicks were distributed into 4 dietary treatment groups each having three replications (R1, R2, R3) and each replication contains 9 chicks. Dietary treatment groups were T0 (Control i.e. without supplemental vitamin E and Selenium), T1 (Control + 50 mg vitamin E 0.11 mg selenium per kg diet), T2 (Control + 100 mg vitamin and 0.22 mg Selenium per kg diet and T3 (Control + 150 mg vitamin E and 0.33 mg Selenium per kg diet). At end of the feeding trail the body weight of birds were 1238.28, 1231.85, 1272.59, and 1218.33 gm/bird in treatment groups T0, T1, T2 and T3 respectively which differ significantly (p<0.05) where highest body weight observed in T2 group . Body weight gain was highest in T2 (control+100mg vitamin E and 0.22 mg Selenium per kg diet) and lowest in T0 (control). Total Feed consumption during the experimental period was 2480.30, 2523.80, 2564.56 and 2555.39 g for T0, T1, T2 and T3 respectively. At 2nd and 3rd week of age, weekly feed conversion ratio were significantly (p<0.05) higher in T2 group than the other groups including control. Meat yield parameter of broilers showed significant (P<0.05) differences in dressing weight, breast weight and shank weight. Based on the above findings, the result suggest that supplementation of Vitamin E 100 mg and 0.22 mg Selenium per kg diet from ‘‘Lolyvit-ES’’ as a source of Vitamin E and Selenium may be used in broiler rations.Asian J. Med. Biol. Res. December 2017, 3(4): 521-528
      PubDate: 2018-01-30
      DOI: 10.3329/ajmbr.v3i4.35344
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2018)
  • Incidence of Peste des Petits Ruminants in Rangpur sadar of Bangladesh

    • Authors: Md Mamunur Rahman, Md Zakir Hassan, Salma Sultana, Md Karim Uddin, SM Sarwar Hossain
      Pages: 529 - 533
      Abstract: This epidemiological study was conducted to find out the incidence of Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR) in goat and sheep at Upazilla Veterinary Hospital, Rangpur sadar, Rangpur during the period of January to April, 2014. In this period, 236 clinically infected goat and sheep were examined in which 22 (9.32%) PPR cases were diagnosed on the basis of history, clinical signs and gross pathological lesions. High fever (104-107 oC), mucopurulent oculo-nasal discharge, rapid and labored breathing, mouth lesion and diarrhea were the common clinical sign of PPR infected goat and sheep. The postmortem examination findings were dark red areas and congestion in different lobes of lungs, enlargement of spleen and lymph nodes, erosion of abomasums and characteristics zebra striping in the mucosa of colon. This present study reveals that about 7-12 months aged group of goats were more prone (40.91%) to PPR compare to adult (above 1 year) and Black Bengal goat was more susceptible (72.32%) than Jamunapari (27.78%) goat where the occurrence of PPR disease was more in goat (81.82%) than sheep (18.18%).Asian J. Med. Biol. Res. December 2017, 3(4): 529-533
      PubDate: 2018-01-30
      DOI: 10.3329/ajmbr.v3i4.35345
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2018)
  • Antibiotic resistance pattern of Salmonella spp. isolated from stool
           samples of hospitalized diarrheal patients in Bangladesh

    • Authors: Mohammad Sharif Uddin, Md Imranul Hoq, Mohammad Shaokat Ali, Md Mijanur Rahman, KM Shariful Islam
      Pages: 534 - 538
      Abstract: This study was carried out to investigate the drug resistance pattern of Salmonella spp. from diarrheal patients of under 5 years of age. Collected stool samples from the hospitalized diarrheal patients were analyzed for the presence of Salmonella spp. Among 350 stool samples from diarrheal patients, 15 (4%) were positive for the Salmonella spp. Antibiotic susceptibility test of the identified Salmonella spp. was performed according to Kirby-Bauer disc diffusion method. Eight commonly used antibiotics including azithromycin (15 μg), chloramphenicol (30 μg), Sulphamethaxole-trimethoprim (25 μg), metronidazole (50 μg), tetracycline (30 μg), doxycycline (30 μg), erythromycin (15 μg) and ciprofloxacin (5 μg) used to determine drug resistance pattern of the identified Salmonella spp. Majority of the isolates were multidrug resistant showed resistance against more than three drugs. 73% of Salmonella spp. was resistant to 2-4 drugs and 20% showed resistance to more than 5 drugs. We found that 100% Salmonella showed resistance to metronidazole and 87% were resistant to erythromycin. 7% isolates were resistant to chloramphenicol and doxycycline and 20% were resistant to ciprofloxacin. Antibiotic resistance is a serious public health problem worldwide and a leading cause of mortality and morbidity. This kind of situation, leads to great socioeconomic losses from the perspective of the patient, the hospital, and the whole society. To get rid form the drug resistance problem unnecessary, over and misuse of antibiotics should immediately prohibited and policy of judicious use of antibiotics should be strengthened.Asian J. Med. Biol. Res. December 2017, 3(4): 534-538
      PubDate: 2018-01-30
      DOI: 10.3329/ajmbr.v3i4.35346
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2018)
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