Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8690 journals)
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MEDICAL SCIENCES (2415 journals)            First | 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 | Last

Showing 1201 - 1400 of 3562 Journals sorted alphabetically
Journal of Evaluation In Clinical Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Evidence-Based Healthcare     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Evidence-Based Integrative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Evidence-Based Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Exercise Science & Fitness     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Journal of Experimental and Clinical Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Family and Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Foot and Ankle Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Forensic Science and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Gandaki Medical College-Nepal     Open Access  
Journal of Generic Medicines     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Geographical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Hand Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Head & Neck Physicians and Surgeons     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Health & Medical Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 62)
Journal of Health and Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Health Design     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Health Economics and Outcomes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Health Promotion and Behavior     Open Access  
Journal of Health Research and Reviews     Open Access  
Journal of Health Science and Medical Research     Open Access  
Journal of Health Science Research     Open Access  
Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of health sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Health Sciences / Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Journal of Health Sciences and Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Health Sciences and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Health Sciences and Surveillance System     Open Access  
Journal of Health Sciences Scholarship     Open Access  
Journal of Health Specialties     Open Access  
Journal of Health Studies     Open Access  
Journal of Healthcare Informatics Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Heavy Metal Toxicity and Diseases     Open Access  
Journal of Helminthology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Herbs Spices & Medicinal Plants     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of HIV for Clinical and Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Hospital Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology [Medical Sciences]     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Human Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Human Rhythm     Open Access  
Journal of Human Transcriptome     Open Access  
Journal of Ideas in Health     Open Access  
Journal of Inflammation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Inflammation Research     Open Access  
Journal of Injury and Violence Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Institute of Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Insulin Resistance     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Interactional Research in Communication Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of International Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Interventional Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Investigative Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Islamabad Medical & Dental College     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Istanbul Faculty of Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Karnali Academy of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Kathmandu Medical College     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of King Abdulaziz University : Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Laboratory Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Laryngology and Voice     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Legal Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Limb Lengthening & Reconstruction     Open Access  
Journal of Lumbini Medical College     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Manmohan Memorial Institute of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Marine Medical Society     Open Access  
Journal of Materials Science : Materials in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Maternal and Child Health     Open Access  
Journal of Mechanics in Medicine and Biology     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Medical and Biological Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Medical and Biomedical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Medical Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Medical Cases     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Medical Colleges of PLA     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Medical Disorders     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Medical Education and Curricular Development     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Medical Ethics     Partially Free   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Medical Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Journal of Medical Hypotheses and Ideas     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Imaging and Health Informatics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Medical Investigation and Practice     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Laboratory and Diagnosis     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Law and Ethics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Medical Microbiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Screening     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Medical Signals and Sensors     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Medical Society     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Systems     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Medical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Medical Ultrasound     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Medicinal Botany     Open Access  
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 208)
Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Medicine and Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Medicine and Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Medicine and the Person     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Medicine in Scientific Research     Open Access  
Journal of Medicine in the Tropics     Open Access  
Journal of Medicine Research and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Medicine, Physiology and Biophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Medicines Development Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Metabolomics & Systems Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Molecular Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Movement Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Multidisciplinary Research in Healthcare     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Muscle Research and Cell Motility     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Nanotechnology in Engineering and Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Nanotheranostics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Natural Medicines     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Natural Science, Biology and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Nature and Science of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Negative and No Positive Results     Open Access  
Journal of Nepalgunj Medical College     Open Access  
Journal of Neurocritical Care     Open Access  
Journal of Neurodegenerative Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Neurorestoratology     Open Access  
Journal of Neuroscience and Neurological Disorders     Open Access  
Journal of Nobel Medical College     Open Access  
Journal of Obesity and Bariatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Occupational Health     Open Access  
Journal of Occupational Therapy Education     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Ocular Biology, Diseases, and Informatics     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Oral Health and Craniofacial Science     Open Access  
Journal of Orofacial Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Otorhinolaryngology, Hearing and Balance Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Ovarian Research     Open Access  
Journal of Ozone Therapy     Open Access  
Journal of Palliative Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Journal of Paramedical Sciences & Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Journal of Parkinsonism and Restless Legs Syndrome     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Parkinson’s Disease and Alzheimer’s Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Participatory Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Patan Academy of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Pathogens     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Patient Experience     Open Access  
Journal of Patient Safety and Risk Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews     Open Access  
Journal of Patient-Reported Outcomes     Open Access  
Journal of Periodontal Research     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Personalized Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Pest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Physiobiochemical Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Physiology-Paris     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Pioneering Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Postgraduate Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Pregnancy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Prevention & Intervention Community     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health     Open Access  
Journal of Primary Prevention     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Prosthodontic Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Prosthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Receptor, Ligand and Channel Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Regenerative Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Research in Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Science and Applications : Biomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Science and Technology (Ghana)     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Scientific Innovation in Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Scientific Perspectives     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Sensory Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Shaheed Suhrawardy Medical College     Open Access  
Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Arthroplasty     Open Access  
Journal of Sleep Disorders : Treatment & Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of South American Earth Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Spinal Disorders & Techniques     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Sports Medicine and Allied Health Sciences : Official Journal of the Ohio Athletic Trainers Association     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Stem Cell Therapy and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Stomal Therapy Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 77)
Journal of Substance Use     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Surgical Academia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Surgical and Clinical Research     Open Access  
Journal of Surgical Case Reports     Open Access  
Journal of Surgical Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Surgical Technique and Case Report     Open Access  
Journal of Systemic Therapies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of The Academy of Clinical Microbiologists     Open Access  
Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Journal of the American College of Certified Wound Specialists     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the American College of Clinical Wound Specialists     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the American Medical Directors Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association : JAMIA     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of the Anatomical Society of India     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of the Anus, Rectum and Colon     Open Access  
Journal of The Arab Society for Medical Research     Open Access  

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Journal of Medical Society
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.165
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0972-4958 - ISSN (Online) 2321-662X
Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [427 journals]
  • Forensic nursing: An evolving specialty

    • Authors: Thounaojam Meera, Khangembam Pradipkumar Singh
      Pages: 141 - 142
      Abstract: Thounaojam Meera, Khangembam Pradipkumar Singh
      Journal of Medical Society 2017 31(3):141-142

      Citation: Journal of Medical Society 2017 31(3):141-142
      PubDate: Thu,17 Aug 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/jms.jms_43_17
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Cannabis and its associated psychopathology

    • Authors: Mary Haobam, Rakesh Mohanty, Gojendra Senjam, Ningombam Heramani
      Pages: 143 - 146
      Abstract: Mary Haobam, Rakesh Mohanty, Gojendra Senjam, Ningombam Heramani
      Journal of Medical Society 2017 31(3):143-146
      Cannabis has been used by humanity since a long time ago and the common belief by general population is that it is an innocuous drug. The prevalence of its use has been increased in many countries. It has been observed that the use of cannabis has been associated with various psychopathologies since its origin. The study of cannabis use and its consequences remains an interesting area both from the academic and clinical point of view. The various psychopathological syndromes associated with cannabis use that have been researched extensively include cannabis and psychotic disorders, especially, schizophrenia and mood disorders and not uncommon anxiety disorders and cognitive impairment. The association between cannabis and schizophrenia has received much attention. Various epidemiological, clinical, and experimental evidence show an association between the effects of cannabis on the brain and psychopathological disorders including schizophrenia. However, the association is often not clear. Cannabis use might be casually related to the later development of schizophrenia in an indirect way in a few heavy users, but commonly, its use may increase the risk in a person with a preexisting vulnerable to developing psychosis and may worsen the course of the disorder.
      Citation: Journal of Medical Society 2017 31(3):143-146
      PubDate: Thu,17 Aug 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/jms.jms_110_16
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Sociodemographic profile and treatment outcome of tuberculosis patients
           registered under directly observed treatment short course in East Sikkim
           with reference to defaulters

    • Authors: Leona Sonam Lepcha, Amit Kumar Jain, Parvati Nandy
      Pages: 147 - 151
      Abstract: Leona Sonam Lepcha, Amit Kumar Jain, Parvati Nandy
      Journal of Medical Society 2017 31(3):147-151
      Background: India has the highest burden of tuberculosis (TB) despite it being one of the oldest diseases. Defaulting from antitubercular therapy is one of the challenges in the control of TB. Objectives: To study the sociodemographic profile and outcome of TB patients registered under Directly Observed Treatment Short course (DOTS) in East Sikkim from 2009 to 2011, with reference to defaulters. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, primary data were obtained by interviewing defaulters (only 32 out of total 46 defaulters). Secondary data for all defaulters were obtained from district TB registers. Data were entered into excel sheet and analyzed (Limitation of the study: All 46 defaulters could not be interviewed). Results: The defaulters were more commonly from category II of DOTS with an equal male:female ratio with most common age group of defaulters being 20–39 years. The most common timing of default was the early intensive phase and the early continuation phase. The reasons for default were usually multiple in most with consumption of alcohol, relief of symptoms, and migration being the most common. Out of the 46 defaulters, 10 patients were retrieved back, 5 patients were started on non-DOTs therapy, 7 patients expired, 8 patients migrated out, 10 patients were lost to follow-up, and rest 6 patients could not be traced. Conclusions: Causes of default are usually multiple, and most cases are preventable/rectifiable. Some flexibility with respect to drug administration and strengthening in DOTS program by reviewing it at regular intervals will go a long way in further.
      Citation: Journal of Medical Society 2017 31(3):147-151
      PubDate: Thu,17 Aug 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/0972-4958.211100
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Evaluation of autonomic neuropathy in alcoholic liver disease in Manipur

    • Authors: SA Rajeev, Robinson Ningshen, RK Bikramjit Singh, O Punyabati, S Bhagyabati Devi
      Pages: 152 - 157
      Abstract: SA Rajeev, Robinson Ningshen, RK Bikramjit Singh, O Punyabati, S Bhagyabati Devi
      Journal of Medical Society 2017 31(3):152-157
      Context: The prevalence of autonomic neuropathy in alcoholic liver disease and its correlation with severity of liver disease is not known in Manipur population.Aims: The aim of this study was to study the prevalence of autonomic dysfunction in patients with chronic alcoholic liver disease and to determine the degree of severity of alcoholic liver disease by Child–Turcotte-Pugh scoring and its correlation with autonomic profile.Settings and Design: A cross-sectional study involving eighty adult patients with chronic alcoholic liver attending Medicine out patient's Department in a tertiary care teaching hospital in Imphal, from October 2011 to September 2013.Subjects and Methods: Autonomic profile included a preformed questionnaire and five autonomic function tests (3 parasympathetic and 2 sympathetic). Parasympathetic tests (heart rate variation to [1] deep and slow breathing, [2] Valsalva maneuver, and [3] standing) and sympathetic tests (blood pressure response to [1] postural change and [2] sustained isometric hand grip) were performed. Autonomic neuropathy detected was graded as normal, early, definite, severe, and atypical.Results: Autonomic dysfunction was observed in 58 (72.5%) patients (early 30 [37.5%], definite 10 [12.5%], severe 18 [22.5%], normal 22 [27.5%]). Heart rate response to standing (30:15 ratio) was the most altered parasympathetic test in 39 (67.2%). The parameters that correlated with the severity of autonomic dysfunction were Child–Pugh scoring (P = 0.000), platelet count (P = 0.000, cirrhosis (P = 0.001), varices (P = 0.02), and portal hypertension (P = 0.000).Conclusions: Screening of alcoholic liver disease patients with autonomic function tests directly correlated with the severity of alcoholic liver disease. Autonomic tests should be a part of patient work in alcoholic liver disease so that early intervention can be performed.
      Citation: Journal of Medical Society 2017 31(3):152-157
      PubDate: Thu,17 Aug 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/jms.jms_31_14
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Comparison of the risk of smoking on proprotein convertase
           subtilisin/kexin level in the plasma membrane of human sperm

    • Authors: D Dahril, A Aulanni'am, VK Mutiawati
      Pages: 158 - 161
      Abstract: D Dahril, A Aulanni'am, VK Mutiawati
      Journal of Medical Society 2017 31(3):158-161
      Context: Smoking is an abhorrent habit mostly performed by some people in developing countries like Indonesia. Cigarette smoke is believed to cause respiratory disorders and diseases as well as problems of reproduction and infertility, especially for men. Previous research has studied about proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 4 (PCSK4) that plays a role in the reproduction system.Aims: The present study is aimed at investigating the correlation between cigarette and disorder in PCSK4 molecule in the human sperm during fertilization process.Settings and Design: The study was conducted in Indonesia, one of developing countries where the number of smokers keeps increasing. The prospective study employs cross-sectional approach to compare the PCSK4 level in the spermatozoa of male smokers and nonsmokers.Materials and Methods: Spermatozoa ejaculation from ten individuals from both groups at productive age is collected. The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) is carried out to compare the PCSK4 activity in both sample data.Statistical Analysis Used: The Shapiro–Wilk Method is employed to analyze the data distribution. Moreover, t-test is also used to investigate equality of means.Results: The finding indicates that based on ELISA, the PCSK4 level of male smokers is lower than that of nonsmokers.Conclusions: It is concluded that smoking can decrease the PCSK4 activities in sperm which eventually influence the fertilization process.
      Citation: Journal of Medical Society 2017 31(3):158-161
      PubDate: Thu,17 Aug 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/jms.jms_57_16
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Comparative study of multidetector computed tomography and magnetic
           resonance cholangiopancreatography in obstructive jaundice

    • Authors: Shoibam Subhaschandra Singh, Farooq Shafi, Nongthombam Roshan Singh
      Pages: 162 - 168
      Abstract: Shoibam Subhaschandra Singh, Farooq Shafi, Nongthombam Roshan Singh
      Journal of Medical Society 2017 31(3):162-168
      Background: Accurate diagnosis of the cause is crucial in the management of obstructive jaundice. Multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) play the pivotal roles in the diagnosis.Objective: The objective of this study is to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of MDCT in determining the level and cause of biliary obstruction in patients with obstructive jaundice and correlates MDCT findings with that of MRCP.Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in the Department of Radiodiagnosis of a tertiary hospital in Manipur after obtaining the Institutional Ethical Committee approval. Fifty-seven patients with obstructive jaundice, age ranging 20–80 years, were subjected to MDCT and MRCP. Final definite diagnosis was made from operative or histopathological findings. Data and findings of MDCT and MRCP were correlated and statistically analyzed.Results: Maximum numbers of cases were seen to occur in the fourth to sixth decades. The female-to-male ratio was 1.4:1. Both MDCT and MRCP could correctly determine the level of obstruction in all the cases. The most common level of obstruction was at the suprapancreatic level. The most common cause of obstruction was choledocholithiasis (45.61%). Benign causes constituted 68% and malignant causes constituted 32%. MDCT could correctly determine the cause in 85.96% of cases, compared to 75.44% by MRCP. Kappa statistics showed fair agreement between MDCT and MRCP in diagnosing the cause of biliary obstruction. MDCT showed comparable sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive value, in diagnosing the causes of obstruction.Conclusion: Overall performance of the MDCT was comparable or better than that of MRCP.
      Citation: Journal of Medical Society 2017 31(3):162-168
      PubDate: Thu,17 Aug 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/jms.jms_70_16
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Factors influencing obesity among school-going children in Sambalpur
           district of Odisha

    • Authors: Amit Kumar Mishra, Himansu Prasad Acharya
      Pages: 169 - 173
      Abstract: Amit Kumar Mishra, Himansu Prasad Acharya
      Journal of Medical Society 2017 31(3):169-173
      Background: Overweight and obesity are the resultant of excess consumption and less utilization of calorie resulting in storage of fat in the body. Obesity may have an adverse effect on health, leading to increased health problems and/or reduced life expectancy. It is the precursor of large number of fatal noncommunicable diseases such as diabetes, coronary heart disease, cancers, and osteoarthritis in later stages of life.Materials and Methods: The objectives were to estimate the prevalence and determinants of overweight and obesity among schoolchildren aged 10–12 years. The study was conducted in the year 2012–2013. It was a cross-sectional study among 300 school-going children of 10–12 years. A stratified multistage random sampling method was used to select students for the study, and a pretested predesigned questionnaire was used to collect data from the students.Results: The prevalence of overweight and obesity was 6.3% and 3.3%, respectively. The prevalence of overweight and obesity among boys was 5.6% and 3.4%, respectively, and among girls, the prevalence was 7.4% and 3.3%, respectively. The outdoor activities, cycling, activities after school hours and mode of transportation to school, hours of television viewing, or computer use, all are significantly associated with body mass index status of schoolchildren.Conclusion and Recommendations: The present study shows that overweight and obesity among schoolchildren aged 10–12 years are an emerging health problems in this part of Odisha. The overnutrition problem (overweight/obesity) was reported higher among female students than male students. Health education to students regarding the ill effects of overweight and obesity is the most important step in the prevention of overnutrition. A well-designed, well-implemented school program can effectively promote physical activity and healthy eating behavior among children.
      Citation: Journal of Medical Society 2017 31(3):169-173
      PubDate: Thu,17 Aug 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/jms.jms_73_16
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • A comparative study between propofol and propofol plus dexamethasone as
           antiemetic during cesarean section under spinal anesthesia

    • Authors: Hage Nado, N Ratan Singh, PKS Laithangbam, RK Shanti Devi, O Alemwapang, Feiga Luckson Gangmei
      Pages: 174 - 177
      Abstract: Hage Nado, N Ratan Singh, PKS Laithangbam, RK Shanti Devi, O Alemwapang, Feiga Luckson Gangmei
      Journal of Medical Society 2017 31(3):174-177
      Background: Some of the common problems observed during cesarean section under regional anesthesia are nausea, retching, and vomiting. In this study, the effects of subhypnotic dose of propofol (1.0 mg/kg/h) alone and a combination of propofol with dexamethasone (8 mg) were compared for prevention of nausea and vomiting during cesarean delivery under spinal anesthesia. Materials and Methods: A randomized, double-blind study was carried out on 100 parturients by allocating them into two groups using computer-generated randomization method. Group I (n = 50) received intravenous (IV) saline and Group II (n = 50) received (IV) dexamethasone 8 mg respectively, followed by continuous infusion of propofol (1.0 mg/kg/h). Intraoperative emetic episodes were observed, and safety assessments were performed by an investigator, and propofol infusion was stopped at the end of surgery. Chi-square test and independent Student's t-test were used for statistical analysis wherever appropriate and P < 0.05 was considered significant. Results: The maternal demographics and operative management were comparable in the two groups. The incidence of nausea, retching, and vomiting in the intraoperative, postdelivery period were: Group I: Versus Group II: Nausea 26% (13/50) versus 8% (4/50) P = 0.014; retching 24% (12/50) versus 4% (2/50) P = 0.004; vomiting 20% (10/50) versus 4% (2/50) P = 0.014, respectively. No clinically significant adverse events were observed in both groups.Conclusion: The sub hypnotic-dose propofol 1 mg/kg/h combined with dexamethasone 8 mg was more effective than propofol alone for reducing the incidence of intraoperative emetic symptoms in parturient undergoing cesarean delivery under spinal anesthesia.
      Citation: Journal of Medical Society 2017 31(3):174-177
      PubDate: Thu,17 Aug 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/0972-4958.211102
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Serum testosterone and insulin resistance in type 2 male diabetics
           attending University of Calabar teaching hospital, Nigeria

    • Authors: Ayu Agbecha, Chinyere AO Usoro
      Pages: 178 - 184
      Abstract: Ayu Agbecha, Chinyere AO Usoro
      Journal of Medical Society 2017 31(3):178-184
      Background of Study: Besides reproductive and sexual function, testosterone is reported to regulate metabolism, cardiovascular health, body composition, and enhancement cognitive function.Objective: The aim is to determine the impact of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) on serum testosterone, in a relationship with insulin resistance in men.Materials and Methods: This was a case-control study comprised 63 male type 2 diabetics (T2Ds) and sixty anthropometrically matched nondiabetic controls that fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Type 2 diabetes was diagnosed based on history and the WHO criteria.Results: There was a significantly lowered testosterone (P = 1 × 10-13) in the diabetics compared to the matched controls. A significantly elevated (P < 0.0005) fasting plasma glucose (FPG), glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), and (P = 0.015) homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA IR) was observed in the diabetics compared with the matched controls. A significantly elevated (P = 0.001) testosterone and lowered (P = 0.009) HOMA-IR was observed in diabetics with good glycemic control compared to poor glycemic control. There was a significant (P < 0.05) inverse correlation (r = –0.421) between testosterone and connecting peptide (C peptide), testosterone and HOMA IR (r = –0.396), testosterone and HbA1c (r = –0.402), testosterone and FPG (r = –0.270) in male T2Ds.Conclusions: In this study, the low testosterone observed is a consequence of T2DM. Testosterone production seems to be impaired by elevated insulin that accompanies insulin resistance. Normalization of testosterone in controlled diabetes points at diabetic control instead of testosterone replacement therapy in the management of hypogonadism in male T2Ds.
      Citation: Journal of Medical Society 2017 31(3):178-184
      PubDate: Thu,17 Aug 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/jms.jms_84_16
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Effect of Syzygium cumini (jamun) seed powder on glycemic control: A
           double-blind randomized controlled trial

    • Authors: S Sidana, VB Singh, BL Meena, S Beniwal, K Singh, D Kumar, R Singla
      Pages: 185 - 189
      Abstract: S Sidana, VB Singh, BL Meena, S Beniwal, K Singh, D Kumar, R Singla
      Journal of Medical Society 2017 31(3):185-189
      Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is an endocrinal disorder characterized by chronic hyperglycemia. Managing DM without side effects is a challenge till date that attracts researchers toward plant-based new products. In some studies, seeds of Syzygium cumini were found to have anti-diabetic and anti-hyperlipidemic properties, attributed to saponins, glycosides, and flavonoids. Hence, it should be further explored for its benefits.Aims and Objectives: To study the effect of jamun seed powder on glycemic control in type 2 DM.Materials and Methods: Patients with type 2 DM and uncontrolled blood sugar (n = 99) were randomly divided into two groups - Group A (n = 50) was supplemented with 10 g/day jamun seed powder and Group B (n = 49) was given placebo powder. Oral hypoglycemic agents (OHAs) were continued as before. Patients and investigators were blinded about the treatment allocated. Fasting plasma glucose (F.P.G.) and post-prandial plasma (P.P.) glucose were noted at baseline and 30th, 60th, and 90th day and HbA1c on 0 and 90th day.Observations and Results: In Group A, F.P.G. decreased by 9%, 18%, and 30% and P.P. glucose by 8%, 15%, and 22% after 30, 60, and 90 days, respectively. In Group B, F.P.G. increased by 3% and P.P. glucose by 2% after 90 days. HbA1c in Group A reduced from 8.99 ± 1.39% to 8.31 ± 1.40% on 90th day (P < 0.05), while a nonsignificant rise from 8.70 ± 1.17% to 9.03 ± 1.31% was noted in Group B.Conclusion: Supplementation with jamun seed powder improves glycemic control significantly in type 2 DM with poorly controlled glycemic levels on diet and OHA. However, before recommendation, multicentric trial with larger sample size, dose, and duration should be planned.
      Citation: Journal of Medical Society 2017 31(3):185-189
      PubDate: Thu,17 Aug 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/jms.jms_62_16
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Study to correlate clinical and histopathological characteristics of
           pterygium in predicting its recurrence

    • Authors: Iqra Mushtaq, Renu Magdum, Archana Buch, Banyameen Mohamad Iqbal, Spriha Arun, Jyotsna Malhotra
      Pages: 190 - 194
      Abstract: Iqra Mushtaq, Renu Magdum, Archana Buch, Banyameen Mohamad Iqbal, Spriha Arun, Jyotsna Malhotra
      Journal of Medical Society 2017 31(3):190-194
      Background: Pterygium is a fleshy, triangular, or wing-shaped growth of the conjunctiva that encroaches onto the cornea. It is an active, invasive, inflammatory process associated with cellular proliferation, connective tissue remodeling, and angiogenesis.Materials and Methods: It is a prospective 2-year study. One hundred eyes with pterygium presenting in ophthalmology department in a tertiary care hospital in Western Maharashtra, India, were selected. Clinical and histopathological characteristics of pterygia were noted. Statistical analysis of the obtained results was carried out by a statistical program package (SPSS, version 15 and Epi Info, version 7).Results: Out of 100 pterygia, 93% were nasally located, 17% were seen in bilateral eyes, 91% of the pterygia were ≤4 mm in size, and 75% were progressive in nature. Stocker's line was seen in 25% of cases whereas Fuchs spots were seen in only 4% of cases. Thirty-four percent of pterygia were having Grade 1 inflammation whereas 18% were having Grade 0 and Grade IV inflammation each. Similarly 36% pterygia were showing grade II vascularization and 35% were showing grade III fibrinoid necrosis. A total number of pterygia that recurred in our study (n = 3) were showing high grades of inflammation, vascularization, and fibrinoid change (Grade IV each).Conclusion: All the pterygia were surgically removed with conjunctival autograft technique, and the pterygia which recurred in our study (n = 3) were all nasally located, progressive in nature, and > 4 mm in size with positive Fuchs spots and negative Stocker's line. All were showing high-grade (Grade IV) inflammation, vascularization, and fibrinoid change.
      Citation: Journal of Medical Society 2017 31(3):190-194
      PubDate: Thu,17 Aug 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/jms.jms_104_16
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • A study on development and morphogenesis of parathyroid gland in the
           developing human embryo

    • Authors: Supriya Mallik, Prerana Aggarwal, Y Ibochouba Singh, M Matum Singh, N Saratchandra Singh
      Pages: 195 - 200
      Abstract: Supriya Mallik, Prerana Aggarwal, Y Ibochouba Singh, M Matum Singh, N Saratchandra Singh
      Journal of Medical Society 2017 31(3):195-200
      Background: Development of parathyroid gland starts at 5 week of intra-uterine life but it is visible histologically only after 14 weeks.Objectives: To study the histological changes of the developing parathyroid gland in human fetus at different periods of gestations. Methods: Parathyroid from 50 fresh human fetuses belonging to both sex and gestational age ranging from 14-40 weeks were studied using Hematoxylin- Eosin, and Masson Trichrome stains.Results: Early developing parathyroid gland is visible between trachea and oesophagus as small collection of cells invaded by blood vessels and surrounded by loosely arranged connective tissue at 14th week. It is found between trachea and thyroid gland at 16th week with uniformly arranged round cells having vesicular nuclei and pale cytoplasm. A solid nodule with groups and cords of chief cells is visible at 18th week. Blood filled sinusoidal capillaries appear at 24th week. A definite capsule is well visualized at 26th week. A supernumerary parathyroid is also present. Parathyroid can be differentiated from the surrounding adipose tissue, thymus and thyroid follicles at 32nd, 36th and 40th weeks respectively. Conclusion: Due to diffuse and variable growth, parathyroid gland is not visible on naked eye examination. Histologically it is first observed at 14th week of gestation as small collection of fibroblastic cells which finally form well-defined encapsulated and vascular parathyroid gland. It maybe present near thyroid as its organisation occurs side by side with folliculogenesis of thyroid gland. It maybe present within thymus as both develop from same source. Early division of the primordium may lead to the supernumerary parathyroid.
      Citation: Journal of Medical Society 2017 31(3):195-200
      PubDate: Thu,17 Aug 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/jms.jms_88_14
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • A study on chromoblastomycosis in a tertiary care hospital of eastern
           Odisha

    • Authors: Gitanjali Sarangi, Muktikesh Dash, Bimoch Projna Paty, Dharitri Mohapatra, Subasini Majhi, Nirupama Chayani
      Pages: 201 - 204
      Abstract: Gitanjali Sarangi, Muktikesh Dash, Bimoch Projna Paty, Dharitri Mohapatra, Subasini Majhi, Nirupama Chayani
      Journal of Medical Society 2017 31(3):201-204
      Background: Chromoblastomycosis, a chronic subcutaneous mycosis, is caused by several dematiaceous Fungi, the most common being Fonsecaea pedrosoi. A majority of cases from India have been reported from the sub-Himalayan belt and South India.Aim: The aim was to study chromoblastomycosis in the eastern coastal parts of Odisha including demographic and clinicomycological profile.Materials and Methods: This report is a retrospective hospital record-based analysis of all cases of chromoblastomycosis who presented to the dermatology outpatient department of our tertiary care hospital during the past 5 years.Results: A total of 11 cases of chromoblastomycosis were diagnosed during the above period. The disease was seen predominantly in middle-aged male farmers from a rural background. The lower extremity (72.7%) was more commonly affected. Verrucous and nodular lesions are the common clinical presentation. Sclerotic bodies are demonstrated in potassium hydroxide mount and histopathological section in 81.8 and 90.9% cases, respectively. The causative fungus was isolated in 90.9% of cases with F. pedrosoi, as the most common species.Conclusion: Chromoblastomycosis mostly affects male agriculturalists, especially from a rural background. Early etiological diagnosis helps in effective management of the condition.
      Citation: Journal of Medical Society 2017 31(3):201-204
      PubDate: Thu,17 Aug 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/jms.jms_78_16
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Multilocular cystic renal cell carcinoma: A rare case report with review
           of literature

    • Authors: Shirish S Chandanwale, Rahul Shamkant Jadhav, Ruby Rao, Archana Buch, Sanjyot Nikam
      Pages: 205 - 207
      Abstract: Shirish S Chandanwale, Rahul Shamkant Jadhav, Ruby Rao, Archana Buch, Sanjyot Nikam
      Journal of Medical Society 2017 31(3):205-207
      Multilocular cystic renal cell carcinoma (MCRCC) is a rare adult cystic tumor of the kidney and is considered as a distinct type of clear cell renal cell carcinoma. Most patients are asymptomatic and they are detected incidentally. MCRCC is consistently low nuclear grade and has an excellent prognosis. Concern still persists regarding its true malignant potential. Although surgical resection is curative, lymph node metastasis has been reported recently. There are very few reports on large series of cases and limited available follow-up. We report a case of MCRCC in a 60-year-old male patient who presented with abdominal distention. Careful follow-up is essential in these patients for better prognosis.
      Citation: Journal of Medical Society 2017 31(3):205-207
      PubDate: Thu,17 Aug 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/jms.jms_66_16
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Xanthogranulomatous appendicitis: A rare histopathological entity

    • Authors: Angelica Laiphrakpam, Keisham Lokendra Singh, Laitonjam Sushila Devi, GS Moirangthem
      Pages: 208 - 210
      Abstract: Angelica Laiphrakpam, Keisham Lokendra Singh, Laitonjam Sushila Devi, GS Moirangthem
      Journal of Medical Society 2017 31(3):208-210
      Xanthogranulomatous inflammation is a chronic inflammatory process most commonly described in the kidney and gallbladder. There are few reports in literature of this process occurring in the vermiform appendix. In this case, a 36-year-old male patient presented with typical signs and symptoms of acute appendicitis necessitating an emergency appendectomy. Histopathological examination revealed typical features of xanthogranulomatous inflammation in the appendix. We report this case in view of the rarity of its occurrence.
      Citation: Journal of Medical Society 2017 31(3):208-210
      PubDate: Thu,17 Aug 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/jms.jms_16_17
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Nocardia keratitis: A case report from tertiary care hospital of Punjab,
           India

    • Authors: Sheevani Sheemar, Kailash Chand, Jaspal Kaur, Tanya Moudgill
      Pages: 211 - 213
      Abstract: Sheevani Sheemar, Kailash Chand, Jaspal Kaur, Tanya Moudgill
      Journal of Medical Society 2017 31(3):211-213
      Keratitis due to Nocardia species is a rare clinical presentation. We present a case report of Keratitis caused by Nocardia asteroides in an immunocompetent 23-year-old male without any history of trauma or previous ocular intervention. Clinical picture of the patient indicated fungal pathology but good collaboration between the clinical and diagnostic departments helped in timely diagnosis and appropriate management of the patient.
      Citation: Journal of Medical Society 2017 31(3):211-213
      PubDate: Thu,17 Aug 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/jms.jms_79_16
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Utility of cell block preparation for preoperative diagnosis of scar
           endometriosis

    • Authors: Preeti Rai, Shabnam Karangadan
      Pages: 214 - 216
      Abstract: Preeti Rai, Shabnam Karangadan
      Journal of Medical Society 2017 31(3):214-216
      Endometriosis is a condition where endometrial glands and stroma are ectopically located in sites other than the uterine cavity. Cesarean scar endometriosis is rare with an incidence varying from 0.03% to 0.5%. Fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) can be a valuable diagnostic aid in the evaluation of these subcutaneous abdominal masses which are often misdiagnosed. We report a case of cesarean scar endometriosis presenting as a tender abdominal nodule which was diagnosed by FNAC and confirmed by cell block preparation with progesterone receptor and CD10 positivity on immunohistochemistry. The use of cell blocks has been widely advocated in the diagnostic workup of patients with masses amenable to fine-needle aspiration (FNA) since they provide diagnostic architectural information which complement FNA smears.
      Citation: Journal of Medical Society 2017 31(3):214-216
      PubDate: Thu,17 Aug 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/jms.jms_63_16
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Strengthening primary prevention interventions to tackle the problem of
           congenital anomalies

    • Authors: SR Shrivastava, PS Shrivastava, J Ramasamy
      Pages: 217 - 218
      Abstract: SR Shrivastava, PS Shrivastava, J Ramasamy
      Journal of Medical Society 2017 31(3):217-218
      Worldwide, childbirth has been acknowledged as a significant and a delightful event for the families and the society. However, the birth of a congenitally malformed child poses a major challenge for the parents, their families, society, and the health system. The current global estimates suggest that almost 0.27 million newborns die within the neonatal period due to congenital anomalies each year. If not all, some of the anomalies can be prevented through appropriate primary prevention interventions. Moreover, the early detection of the condition through screening will offer multiple benefits and can be done before the conception, during conception, and through neonatal screening. To conclude, congenital anomalies tend to cast a significant burden on the families, communities, and the health sector. The need of the hour is to strengthen the primary prevention interventions and expand the reach of care and supportive services to ensure the welfare of the affected people.
      Citation: Journal of Medical Society 2017 31(3):217-218
      PubDate: Thu,17 Aug 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/jms.jms_51_16
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 3 (2017)
       
 
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