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  Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 7725 journals)
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MEDICAL SCIENCES (1967 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 3562 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access  
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AADE in Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
ABCS Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Abia State University Medical Students' Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
ACIMED     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Acta Bio Medica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Bioethica     Open Access  
Acta Bioquimica Clinica Latinoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Facultatis Medicae Naissensis     Open Access  
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Medica (Hradec Králové)     Open Access  
Acta Medica Bulgarica     Open Access  
Acta Medica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Medica Indonesiana     Open Access  
Acta Medica International     Open Access  
Acta medica Lituanica     Open Access  
Acta Medica Marisiensis     Open Access  
Acta Medica Martiniana     Open Access  
Acta Medica Nagasakiensia     Open Access  
Acta Medica Peruana     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Médica Portuguesa     Open Access  
Acta Medica Saliniana     Open Access  
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acupuncture & Electro-Therapeutics Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Acupuncture and Natural Medicine     Open Access  
Addiction Science & Clinical Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Adıyaman Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi / Health Sciences Journal of Adıyaman University     Open Access  
Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Advanced Biomedical Research     Open Access  
Advanced Health Care Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advanced Science, Engineering and Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Bioscience and Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Clinical Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29)
Advances in Life Course Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Lipobiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Medical Education and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Advances in Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Microbial Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Molecular Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Molecular Toxicology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Parkinson's Disease     Open Access  
Advances in Phytomedicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Advances in Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Regenerative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Skeletal Muscle Function Assessment     Open Access  
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Veterinary Science and Comparative Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Wound Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
African Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African Journal of Clinical and Experimental Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Laboratory Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Trauma     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
AJOB Primary Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 3)
AJSP: Reviews & Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Aktuelle Ernährungsmedizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal     Open Access  
Alexandria Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Allgemeine Homöopathische Zeitung     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpha Omegan     Full-text available via subscription  
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Biomedical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Biomedicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
American Journal of Chinese Medicine, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Clinical Medicine Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Law & Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Managed Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Medical Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
American Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Medicine Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Medicine Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of the Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
American Journal on Addictions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
American medical news     Free   (Followers: 3)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Amyloid: The Journal of Protein Folding Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina     Open Access  
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de la República, Uruguay     Open Access  
Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Analgesia & Resuscitation : Current Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anatolian Clinic the Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Anatomical Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Anatomical Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anatomy Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Ankara Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ankara Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Mecmuası     Open Access  
Annales de Pathologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Anatomy - Anatomischer Anzeiger     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Annals of Biomedical Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Annals of Family Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annals of The Royal College of Surgeons of England     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annual Reports in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Annual Reports on NMR Spectroscopy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annual Review of Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Anthropologie et santé     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Antibiotics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Antibodies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Antibody Technology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anuradhapura Medical Journal     Open Access  
Anwer Khan Modern Medical College Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Apparence(s)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Clinical Research, Clinical Trials and Regulatory Affairs     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Medical Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Arab Journal of Nephrology and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arak Medical University Journal     Open Access  
Archive of Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives Medical Review Journal / Arşiv Kaynak Tarama Dergisi     Open Access  
Archives of Medical and Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Medical Laboratory Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access  
Archives of Trauma Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archivos de Medicina (Manizales)     Open Access  
ArgoSpine News & Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia     Open Access  
Arquivos de Ciências da Saúde     Open Access  
Arquivos de Medicina     Open Access  
Ars Medica : Revista de Ciencias Médicas     Open Access  
ARS Medica Tomitana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Art Therapy: Journal of the American Art Therapy Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Arterial Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Artificial Intelligence in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Artificial Organs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
ASHA Leader     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Family Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asian Bioethics Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Asian Biomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Medical and Pharmaceutical Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention     Open Access  
ASPIRATOR : Journal of Vector-borne Disease Studies     Open Access  
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Atención Familiar     Open Access  
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atti della Accademia Peloritana dei Pericolanti - Classe di Scienze Medico-Biologiche     Open Access  
Audiology - Communication Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Auris Nasus Larynx     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian Coeliac     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Journal of Medical Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Autopsy and Case Reports     Open Access  
Avicenna     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Avicenna Journal of Clinical Medicine     Open Access  
Avicenna Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Bioethics     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Biochemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Physics     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Journal Cover
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences
Number of Followers: 3  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2321-4848 - ISSN (Online) 2321-6085
Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [429 journals]
  • Preserving the passion and the attractions of clinical medicine: Shaping
           the medical students of the future

    • Authors: Bhaskara P Shelley
      Pages: 145 - 153
      Abstract: Bhaskara P Shelley
      Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2017 5(2):145-153

      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2017 5(2):145-153
      PubDate: Fri,15 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/amhs.amhs_120_17
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Trends and opportunities in medical education: Aligning to societal needs
           and expectations

    • Authors: Jerry M Maniate
      Pages: 154 - 156
      Abstract: Jerry M Maniate
      Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2017 5(2):154-156

      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2017 5(2):154-156
      PubDate: Fri,15 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/amhs.amhs_98_17
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Role of different factors as preoperative predictors of conversion of
           laparoscopic cholecystectomy to open cholecystectomy

    • Authors: Ramlah Ghazanfar, Maham Tariq, Haider Ghazanfar, Sara Malik, Mehwish Changez, Jahangir Sarwar Khan
      Pages: 157 - 160
      Abstract: Ramlah Ghazanfar, Maham Tariq, Haider Ghazanfar, Sara Malik, Mehwish Changez, Jahangir Sarwar Khan
      Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2017 5(2):157-160
      Aim: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy has become the gold standard for the treatment of gallstones. Background: The objective of our study was to identify the preoperative predictors of conversion of laparoscopic cholecystectomy into open cholecystectomy. Materials and Methods: We carried out a cross-sectional study in the Surgical Unit 1, Holy Family Hospital, Rawalpindi, from September 2016 to February 2017. All patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy were included in the study. Patients undergoing open cholecystectomy due to the presence of contraindication to laparoscopic cholecystectomy or patients in which laparoscopic cholecystectomy was a part of some other laparoscopic intervention were not included in the study. SPSS version 21 was used to analyze the data. Results: The overall mean age of the patients was 43.67 ± 13.54 years. The male patients were significantly older as compared to the female patients. The conversion rate was higher in patients who had an elevated total leukocyte count and alanine aminotransferase before the operation (P < 0.05). The rate of conversion was significantly higher in male patients aged ≥50 years (P < 0.05). Difficulty in the dissection of the triangle of Calot, difficulty in dissecting the gallbladder fossa, bleeding in gallbladder fossa, presence of duodenal fistula, and autolyzed gangrenous gallbladder were the reasons for the conversion to open cholecystectomy. Conclusion: The rate of conversion of laparoscopic cholecystectomy to open cholecystectomy was found to be 5%. Male patients aged ≥50 years, acalculous acute cholecystitis, acute cholecystitis, elevated preoperative total leukocyte count, and alanine aminotransferase levels were found to be significant predictors of conversion to open cholecystectomy.
      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2017 5(2):157-160
      PubDate: Fri,15 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/amhs.amhs_58_17
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Knowledge and practices of oral health care in final year undergraduate
           nursing students: A cross-sectional study

    • Authors: Suryakant C Deogade, Vinay Suresan
      Pages: 161 - 166
      Abstract: Suryakant C Deogade, Vinay Suresan
      Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2017 5(2):161-166
      Background: Nursing personnel plays a crucial role in promoting health and preventing information dissemination in the community. Aim: to assess and evaluate the oral health knowledge and practices of final year nursing students of Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh (India). Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in five nursing colleges of Jabalpur. A total of 172 students participated in the survey, which were given a questionnaire that comprised 26 questions. The questionnaire were evaluated under four parts such as information on dental and oral health, oral hygiene practices, attitude toward dentist and dentistry, and interest to improve knowledge, after which the data were analyzed to compare the statistical significance among the variables. Results: 84.3% of the participants knew how many teeth we have in our mouth. Many of them were not aware of proper brushing method. However, they revealed an adequate knowledge toward the identification of disease and its relation to general health. They also showed knowledge regarding the effect of diet on oral health, but 83.1% of them were confused with the identification of tooth decay. Approximately 51.7% of participants were unsure about the number of visits a person should make to a dentist. Conclusion: Nursing undergraduates have adequate knowledge on the basic oral structure and identifying oral diseases. However, they are little puzzled with the brushing method, number of visits a person should make to a dentist. They were not updated with the specialties in dentistry. Many of them showed interest toward camps and clinical postings to enhance their knowledge toward oral health care.
      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2017 5(2):161-166
      PubDate: Fri,15 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/amhs.amhs_86_16
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Effect of atorvastatin on high sensitivity c-reactive protein, pulmonary
           function, and quality of life in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease -
           an open-labeled randomized control trial

    • Authors: Manisha Bisht, Jagdish Rawat
      Pages: 167 - 171
      Abstract: Manisha Bisht, Jagdish Rawat
      Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2017 5(2):167-171
      Objective: Beneficial effects of statins on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have been projected in many retrospective studies, but prospective studies were lacking. Hence, this study was done to study the efficacy of atorvastatin in improving the high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP levels), pulmonary functions, and quality of life in COPD patients. Materials and Methods: This was an open-labeled interventional study conducted on sixty stable COPD patients who were having abnormal lipid profile. The patients were randomized into two groups of thirty patients each – one receiving medications for COPD and another receiving 20 mg atorvastatin along with other medications for COPD. The outcome measures were change in hs-CRP levels, pulmonary function test, and health-related quality of life after 12 weeks. Results: A total of sixty participants with COPD were enrolled for the study and divided into two equal groups of thirty patients. There were two and one drop outs in atorvastatin and without atorvastatin group. After 12 weeks follow-up in the atorvastatin group, there was a significant improvement in the levels of hs-CRP levels from 4.82 ± 0.77 to 2.81 ± 0.73 (P < 0.05) as compared to other group without atorvastatin (4.34 ± 0.97–4.04 ± 0.63). Mean force expiratory value in 1 s as a percent of predicted value was similar in the atorvastatin and group without atorvastatin after 12 weeks: 54.2 ± 18.1–55.6 ± 17.9 (P = 0.54) and 55.7 ± 19.1–56.1 ± 18.1 (P = 0.58), respectively. Both treatments had similar improvement in St. George Respiratory Questionnaire total score. No adverse effect was observed in the atorvastatin group. Conclusion: Atorvastatin at a daily dose of 20 mg for 12 weeks has a significant beneficial effect on the levels of hs-CRP in COPD patient in comparison with the other group not receiving atorvastatin. There was no effect on the pulmonary function test and quality of life scores.
      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2017 5(2):167-171
      PubDate: Fri,15 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/amhs.amhs_124_16
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Management of 159 cases of acute cancrum oris: Our experience at the noma
           children hospital, Sokoto

    • Authors: Adebayo Aremu Ibikunle, Semiyu Adetunji Adeniyi, Abdurrazaq Olanrewaju Taiwo, Ramat Oyebunmi Braimah, Olalekan Micah Gbotolorun, Olujide O Soyele, Mike Adeyemi, Abiodun Amoo, Rufai Jaffar, Moh&#39;d Bashir
      Pages: 172 - 176
      Abstract: Adebayo Aremu Ibikunle, Semiyu Adetunji Adeniyi, Abdurrazaq Olanrewaju Taiwo, Ramat Oyebunmi Braimah, Olalekan Micah Gbotolorun, Olujide O Soyele, Mike Adeyemi, Abiodun Amoo, Rufai Jaffar, Moh'd Bashir
      Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2017 5(2):172-176
      Background: Cancrum oris (Noma) is a rapidly progressive gangrenous infection of the oral cavity and its surrounding structures, which typically results in destruction of both soft and hard tissues. It requires urgent intervention, especially while still in the acute phase. We present an overview of our experience in the management of acute cancrum oris at the Noma children hospital, which is a regional referral center for such cases in Nigeria. Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective study of 159 patients managed for acute cancrum oris at the Noma children hospital, Sokoto, Nigeria. Early recognition of the disease, baseline investigations, identification of underlying disease/diseases, resuscitation of the patient, and institution of specific treatment were done. Results: The age range was 1–33 years with a mean (±standard deviation [SD]) of 3.5 (3.23) years. The male:female ratio was 1:1.2. Comorbidities were observed in 148 (93.1%) patients. The most commonly seen comorbidities observed were measles and protein–energy malnutrition, which were seen in 75 (47.2%) and 67 (42.1%) cases, respectively. The mean (±SD) hemoglobin of 8.59 (±2.9) g/dl and 11.38 (±1.5) g/dl were recorded on admission and at discharge, respectively. Leukocytosis of >12,000 cells/mm3 was observed in all patients. The electrolyte urea/creatine results were generally within normal range, while serum urea was raised in 52 (32.7%) patients. The duration of admission was for an average of 13 days. A mortality rate of 18.2% was observed. Conclusion: Acute cancrum oris requires urgent management. For successful management, patients should be evaluated for underlying diseases and systemic causes of immunosuppression.
      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2017 5(2):172-176
      PubDate: Fri,15 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/amhs.amhs_23_17
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Evaluation of tobacco-associated oral lesions in the police personnel from
           Greater Mumbai: A survey with review of literature

    • Authors: Harsha Puri, Abhishek Singh Nayyar
      Pages: 177 - 181
      Abstract: Harsha Puri, Abhishek Singh Nayyar
      Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2017 5(2):177-181
      Context: The police personnel resort to tobacco-associated habits often as a stress buster and consider the nicotine rush will settle their nerves so that they can focus better on their work. Recently, some nongovernmental organizations have taken a note of this and carried out health checkup camps for the police personnel in the city of Mumbai, but similar awareness for oral and dental health is still largely missing. Aim: The present study was carried out with the primary aim to determine the prevalence of tobacco-associated habits and oral lesions in the police personnel from Greater Mumbai. Materials and Methods: All the police personnel included in the study were subjected to a detailed case history elicitation and examination procedure after obtaining their informed written consent. Special stress was given in eliciting history of tobacco-associated habits while care was taken to diagnose tobacco-associated oral lesions such as tobacco pouch keratosis, preleukoplakia, leukoplakia, oral submucous fibrosis, carcinomatous, and other lesions. The data so collected were tabulated and sent for statistical analysis, and objective conclusions were drawn. Results: Use of tobacco with lime was found to be the most common habit present in the police personnel (34.0%), whereas the least common habit found was betel nut chewing (3.9%). In a sample size of 2388 police personnel included in the study, the overall prevalence of leukoplakia was found to be 11.12% with homogenous leukoplakia being the most common sub-type encountered (96.24%) with the second most common subtype encountered being speckled leukoplakia accounting for 2.26% of the cases reported. Conclusion: The results of the present study indicated tobacco-associated habits to be very common in the police personnel from Greater Mumbai which emphasized specific efforts to be made to reduce tobacco usage by police personnel on active duty.
      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2017 5(2):177-181
      PubDate: Fri,15 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/amhs.amhs_55_17
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Perception of oral and maxillofacial surgery specialty among physicians in
           Sokoto, Northwest Nigeria

    • Authors: Ramat Oyebunmi Braimah, Abdurrazaq Olanrewaju Taiwo, Adebayo Aremu Ibikunle, Olalekan Micah Gbotolorun, Mike Adeyemi
      Pages: 182 - 186
      Abstract: Ramat Oyebunmi Braimah, Abdurrazaq Olanrewaju Taiwo, Adebayo Aremu Ibikunle, Olalekan Micah Gbotolorun, Mike Adeyemi
      Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2017 5(2):182-186
      Background: Oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMS) evolves from the anatomical region within the head and neck region. Contrary to common belief, its scope does not start and end with teeth. This study is to assess the awareness of physicians in Sokoto, Northwest Nigeria, about the scope of practice of OMS. Materials and Methods: This is a prospective cross-sectional study carried out during annual general meeting of the Nigerian Medical Association in Sokoto. This is the largest gathering of physicians in the state. Data were stored and analyzed using IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows version 20 (IBM Corp., Armonk, NY, USA) and results presented in simple descriptive statistics and frequencies only. Results: One hundred and twenty-five questionnaires of the 150 distributed were returned and analyzed with a response rate of 83.3%. The analysis showed that there is high awareness of the respondents about the scope of oral and maxillofacial surgeons (OMFS) in facial bone fracture, jaw deformities, orofacial tumors, and temporomandibular joint ankylosis (81.0%, 88.1%, 88.1%, and 82.5%) respectively. There is, however, low awareness about its scope in sinus problems, cleft lip and palate, and esthetic facial surgery (9.5%, 12.7%, and 14.3%) respectively. Conclusion: The awareness of the scope of OMS practices needs to be increased among physicians, especially in cleft lip and palate, sinus problems, and esthetic facial surgeries. It is imperative as OMFS specialty to raise awareness of our specialty among physicians.
      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2017 5(2):182-186
      PubDate: Fri,15 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/amhs.amhs_26_17
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Workplace harassment among employees: An explorative study

    • Authors: Asha P Shetty, BV Nithyashree
      Pages: 187 - 190
      Abstract: Asha P Shetty, BV Nithyashree
      Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2017 5(2):187-190
      Introduction: Workplace harassment is the belittling or threatening behavior directed at an individual worker or a group of workers. Matters of workplace harassment recently gained interest among practitioners and researchers as it is becoming one of the most sensitive areas of effective workplace management. Materials and Methods: Nonexperimental cross-sectional exploratory survey approach with quantitative design was adopted. Samples constituted both male and female employees 20–60 years working for minimum 6 h in an institution selected by random sampling technique. Data were collected using demographic tool and workplace harassment experience tool developed by the investigator. The Institutional Ethics Committee approval and the individual subject consent were also obtained. Results: Data obtained from 210 employees indicated that majority (20%) were between the age group of 30–35 years. Majority, 63.3%, of the employees had occasional harassment, 8.1% had mild harassment, 0.5% had severe harassment, and 28.1% reported no harassment at the workplace. Area-wise analysis indicated that highest possible area among participants was psychological (15.5 ± 7.26) and the lowest harassment was in the area of physical harassment (3.74 ± 1.75). Conclusion: Workplace harassment is a serious concern which requires immediate attention for better outcome. Although majority of the participants experience at least some form of harassment, they hesitate to objectively indicate the same due to fear of consequences of losing the job and facing further ramifications. The issue requires to be addressed with appropriate policies at the workplace. The study will help to plan the strategies to be implemented for building a healthy workplace environment.
      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2017 5(2):187-190
      PubDate: Fri,15 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/amhs.amhs_100_17
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Comparison of two different forms of varnishes in the treatment of dentine
           hypersensitivity: A subject-blind clinical study in Lagos State university
           teaching hospital

    • Authors: Omotola Enere Owoturo, Adolphous Odogun Loto, Adenike Ololade Awotile, Afolabi Oyapero, Sylvanus O Ebigwei
      Pages: 191 - 199
      Abstract: Omotola Enere Owoturo, Adolphous Odogun Loto, Adenike Ololade Awotile, Afolabi Oyapero, Sylvanus O Ebigwei
      Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2017 5(2):191-199
      Background: Dentine hypersensitivity is a significant clinical problem affecting several age groups within a population. Aim: This subject-blind randomized clinical study was designed to determine the clinical outcomes of two different varnishes in the management of dentine hypersensitivity. Materials and Methods: Self-reporting, consenting patients (n = 56) referred to the restorative unit of the dental center, Lagos State University Teaching Hospital (LASUTH), were examined for dentine hypersensitivity using the air jet and tactile probe methods. Enlisted patients were randomly assigned into Duraphat or Cervitec Plus varnish groups in a split-mouth study design. The teeth were assessed for sensitivity, and this procedure was repeated on week(s) 1, 2, and 4 following the initial visit. The data collected were analyzed using SPSS version 20, and statistical significance was done using the Student's t-test. P ≤ 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: The most affected teeth were the first molars (27.8%) followed by the second premolars (17.6%). There was a significant reduction in sensitivity following application of both control and experimental varnishes on day 1 and much further reduction by week 4. At week 4, P value using the tactile method was 0.090 while that of the air jet was 0.101. However, there was no statistically significant difference in the efficacy of the control and experimental varnishes. Conclusion: Duraphat exhibited better efficacy in the reduction of dentinal hypersensitivity, though the difference was not statistically significant. The Duraphat and Cervitec Plus varnishes can be substituted one for the other, though the Duraphat varnish is more readily available in our environment and costs less than Cervitec Plus varnish.
      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2017 5(2):191-199
      PubDate: Fri,15 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/amhs.amhs_47_17
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Effect of vitamin E supplementation on superoxide and malondialdehyde
           generation in acute celphos poisoning

    • Authors: C Biwas, J Bala, Simmi Kharb
      Pages: 200 - 203
      Abstract: C Biwas, J Bala, Simmi Kharb
      Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2017 5(2):200-203
      Introduction: Aluminum phosphide is one of the most commonly used grain fumigants and aluminum phosphide poisoning (ALP) has been reported as the most common cause of acute poisoning in India. Aluminum toxicity has been reported to increase the rate of lipid peroxidation and free radical formation. Materials and Methods: The present study was designed to investigate the role of vitamin E supplementation on free radical generation and lipid peroxidation in acute aluminium phosphide poisoning in rats. Thirty disease free albino rats were taken to study the effect of acute aluminium phosphide poisoning (ALP poisoning) were further divided into 3 subgroups of ten rats each: A, B and C. Group A: given vehicle (Ginni Oil) only. Group B: given 5 ml 'celphos mixture' (or 0.3mg/g body wt.). Group C: rats with acute Celphos poisoning along with vitamin E (1.5 mg vitamin E/g body weight of rat. The MDA levels and superoxide levels (Nitroblue tetrazolium (NBT) reduction) were estimated. Results: MDA levels were significantly higher in the group B as compared to Group A. In group C, administration of vitamin E resulted in decreased MDA level compared to group B. MDA levels in group C still remained significantly higher as compared to group A. NBT reduction was significantly increased in group B as compared to group A. Administration of vitamin E to rats of group C resulted in significant decrease of NBT reduction. Conclusion: Findings of the present study showed that vitamin E via its antioxidant action and anti-inflammatory effects has protective effect on phosphine-induced toxicity in rats.
      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2017 5(2):200-203
      PubDate: Fri,15 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/amhs.amhs_39_17
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Goiter Survey among School Children (6&#8211;12 Years) in Northern
           Himalayan Region

    • Authors: S Muhammad Salim Khan, Inaamul Haq, Sheikh Mohd Saleem, Mehak Nelofar, Rachel Bashir
      Pages: 204 - 207
      Abstract: S Muhammad Salim Khan, Inaamul Haq, Sheikh Mohd Saleem, Mehak Nelofar, Rachel Bashir
      Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2017 5(2):204-207
      Background: Deficiency of iodine results in impairment of thyroid hormone synthesis and abnormalities grouped under the heading of “iodine deficiency disorders (IDDs).” Goiter surveys are conducted to estimate the region's iodine status. In view of this, we conducted this goiter survey among school-going children of district Baramulla, Kashmir division, to see the prevalence of IDD. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 6–12 years children in district Baramulla during the month of March and April 2017. The sample size of 2700 was calculated. The assessment of goiter was performed clinically by inspection and palpation of the thyroid gland. Results: In this study, we studied a total of 2700 school children in the age group of 6–12 years from district Baramulla with a mean age of 9 ± 1.86 years. 50.07% were boys. The age distribution prevalence of goiter among school children (6–12 years) in district Baramulla was observed to be 15.29%. The prevalence of Grade 1 goiter was more than twentyfold higher than Grade 2 goiter. The highest prevalence of Grade 1 and 2 goiter was seen among school children of 12 years age (25.19% and 1.81%, respectively). Females have higher prevalence of Grade 1 and Grade 2 goiter (17.58%). The relationship of goiter prevalence with gender and age was statistically significant. Conclusion: The present study showed mild goiter prevalence in school-aged children of 6–12 years in the district Baramulla of Kashmir valley. There is a dire need of periodic surveys to assess the magnitude of the IDD in the future.
      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2017 5(2):204-207
      PubDate: Fri,15 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/amhs.amhs_83_17
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Impact of multimodal preoperative preparation program on children
           undergoing surgery

    • Authors: Priya Reshma Aranha, Larissa Martha Sams, Prakash Saldanha
      Pages: 208 - 214
      Abstract: Priya Reshma Aranha, Larissa Martha Sams, Prakash Saldanha
      Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2017 5(2):208-214
      Background: The advanced era of technological development in child health care has resulted in more pediatric procedures being performed in various settings. Millions of children undergo surgery every year which is a stressful event. Many nonpharmacological strategies are being used to manage the preoperative fear and anxiety in children. The current study aims to assess the effectiveness of multimodal preoperative preparation program (MPPP) on children undergoing surgery in terms of its effect on the psychophysiological parameters. Objective: The aim of this study is to assess the effectiveness of MPPP on the psychophysiological parameters of children undergoing surgery. Materials and Methods: A quasi-experimental study was conducted in a selected multi-specialty hospital. Using the purposive sampling technique, a total of 110 children aged 8–12 years were assigned to nonintervention (n = 55) and intervention (n = 55) groups, respectively. The MPPP was administered to the intervention group. The children in the nonintervention group received the routine preoperative care. Child's fear and anxiety was assessed on admission, prior to shifting the child to operation theater (OT), 24 and 48 h after surgery, whereas child's pulse, respiration, blood pressure (BP), and oxygen saturation was assessed on admission, prior to shifting the child to OT, 6, 12, 24, and 48 h after surgery and pain was assessed at 24 and 48 h after surgery. Results: The mean fear and anxiety scores of children were significantly lower in the intervention group than that of nonintervention group (P < 0.05). Among the physiological parameters, only pulse, respiration, and BP showed significant difference (P < 0.05) between the groups, whereas oxygen saturation and pain scores did not differ significantly (P > 0.05). This study also found that there is a significant association between the psychophysiological parameters of children with the selected demographic variables (P < 0.05). A positive correlation was found between the psychological and physiological parameters of children undergoing surgery. Conclusion: The MPPP is effective on psychophysiological parameters of children undergoing surgery in terms of decreasing the fear and anxiety, stabilizing the physiological parameters of children and can be used in preparing school-aged children for surgery and can be practiced in the clinical setup.
      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2017 5(2):208-214
      PubDate: Fri,15 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/amhs.amhs_95_17
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Drug promotion in a resource-constrained Nigerian environment: A
           cross-sectional study of the influence of pharmaceutical sales
           representatives on the prescribing behaviors of medical practitioners in
           Abia State

    • Authors: Gabriel Uche Pascal Iloh, Miracle Erinma Chukwuonye
      Pages: 215 - 222
      Abstract: Gabriel Uche Pascal Iloh, Miracle Erinma Chukwuonye
      Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2017 5(2):215-222
      Background: Pharmaceutical drug promotion is an important component of pharmaceutical care and is one of the factors that may lead to unethical drug prescriptions. As the impetus for rational drug use grows, emphasis should also be focused on prescribing behaviors of physicians, particularly in resource-poor settings. Aim: The study was aimed at describing the influence of drug promotion by pharmaceutical sales representatives (PSRs) on the prescribing behaviors of medical practitioners in Abia State, Nigeria. Materials and Methods: A descriptive study was carried out on a cross-section of 185 medical practitioners in Abia State, Nigeria. Data collection was done using a pretested, self-administered questionnaire that elicits information on practice and attitude to drug promotion, types of incentives, frequency of visits, drug promotion methods and information, sources of drug information, and awareness of code of regulation on drug promotion. Results: The age of the participants ranged from 28 to 71 years. There were 166 males and 19 females. The prescribing practices of 47.6% of the medical practitioners were influenced by drug promotion and 66.5% of them had positive attitude to drug promotion. One hundred and sixty-four (88.6%) were visited >12 times in the previous year. The most common incentive received was branded stationeries (100.0%); predominant drug promotional method and information were in-person clinic encounter (100.0%) and brand names of the drugs (100.0%), respectively. The most common source of drug information was calling a colleague/pharmacist (93.5%) while 84.9% of the respondents were aware of code of regulation on drug promotion. The prescribing practice (P = 0.041) and attitude (P = 0.032) to drug promotion were significantly associated with working in public hospitals. Conclusion: Drug promotion by PSRs influenced prescribing practices of medical practitioners with 66.5% of them having positive attitude to drug promotion. The most common incentive, drug promotion method, and information were branded stationeries, in-person clinic encounter, and brand names of products/drug indications, respectively. The most common source of drug information was calling a colleague/pharmacist, and awareness of code of regulation of drug promotion was inadequate.
      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2017 5(2):215-222
      PubDate: Fri,15 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/amhs.amhs_73_17
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Association of impaired sleep, impaired awakening, vitality, and fatigue
           related to dental caries

    • Authors: Shriya Jain, Komal Bhombe, Shravani Deolia, Shreya Patil, Bhavana Rajnalwar, Sourav Sen
      Pages: 223 - 228
      Abstract: Shriya Jain, Komal Bhombe, Shravani Deolia, Shreya Patil, Bhavana Rajnalwar, Sourav Sen
      Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2017 5(2):223-228
      Background: For humans, sleep is a vital indicator of overall health and well-being. It is a major public health problem. Insomnia has effect on oral health. Individuals with greater sleep disturbance or individuals getting less sleep are at higher risk of impaired oral health status and behavior. Aim: To evaluate association between sleep disturbance, vitality, fatigue, and oral health-related quality of life. Materials and Methods: A total of 150 nonmedical participants of age group 18 years and above were selected on the basis of individuals getting sleep ≤6 h. Data were collected using a self-administered questionnaire and standardized sleep disturbance scale (Karolinska Sleep Questionnaire), vitality scale (subjective vitality scale), and fatigue scale (fatigue assessment scale). The participants underwent an oral checkup wherein the decayed-missing-filled teeth (WHO modification) were recorded. The data were analyzed using STATA version 9.2 and ANOVA test was applied. Results: Individuals who perceived their oral health as poor/very poor reported with the highest score for impaired sleep (2.53 ± 1.02), awakening (2.50 ± 0.87), and vitality (3.12 ± 0.63) whereas the lowest score for fatigue (33.61 ± 8.47). Conclusion: An individual's lifestyle, health care habits, and behavior have an impact on overall well-being of the person.
      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2017 5(2):223-228
      PubDate: Fri,15 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/amhs.amhs_105_17
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Vitamin D deficiency and cardiometabolic syndrome: Is the evidence
           solid?

    • Authors: Lubna A.G. Mahmood, Reem Al Saadi, Lorraine Matthews
      Pages: 229 - 236
      Abstract: Lubna A.G. Mahmood, Reem Al Saadi, Lorraine Matthews
      Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2017 5(2):229-236
      Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin which has an important role in bone metabolism with some anti-inflammatory and immune-modulating properties. It is very unique since it can be made in the skin from exposure to sunlight. Cardiometabolic syndrome (CMS) is a group of metabolic abnormalities that can increase the risk of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. It develops in an individual with any three of the following risk factors including obesity, diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and thrombosis. Both dietary and environmental factors, when combined with a sedentary lifestyle, lead to metabolic syndrome (MS) risk factors. The research outcomes propose to increase the current Vitamin D fortification level in foods to reduce the risk factors of the MS. Further researches are needed before clinical practice can recommend a Vitamin D prescription as a treatment for CMS in the general population.
      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2017 5(2):229-236
      PubDate: Fri,15 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/amhs.amhs_80_17
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Prehospital care practices for venomous snakebites in resource-limited
           settings: A narrative review

    • Authors: Godpower Chinedu Michael, Ibrahim Aliyu, Bukar Alhaji Grema, Niongun Lawrence Paul De-Kaa
      Pages: 237 - 241
      Abstract: Godpower Chinedu Michael, Ibrahim Aliyu, Bukar Alhaji Grema, Niongun Lawrence Paul De-Kaa
      Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2017 5(2):237-241
      Venomous snakebite is a medical emergency encountered worldwide, especially in resource-limited communities. It usually leaves victims at the mercy of traditional care, whose effectiveness have come under scrutiny over time. Several of these traditional/ first aid practices have also been reported over time. Controversies over their efficacy often result in confusion among snakebite victims, their caregivers, and sometimes, among health-care providers. This narrative review describes reported prehospital interventions for venomous snakebites highlighting their usefulness, dangers, and/or limitations associated with their use and the currently widely recommended prehospital activities for venomous snakebite.
      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2017 5(2):237-241
      PubDate: Fri,15 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/amhs.amhs_93_17
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Visual rehabilitation with secondary intraocular lens implantation in a
           case of hallermann–streiff syndrome

    • Authors: S Rashmi, Praveen S Alavandi
      Pages: 242 - 244
      Abstract: S Rashmi, Praveen S Alavandi
      Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2017 5(2):242-244
      Hallermann–Streiff syndrome (HSS) is a rare congenital disorder with multiple abnormalities mainly affecting face, skull, hair, eyes, and teeth. We report a case of an 18-year-old Indian girl with HSS having typical physical features and ophthalmological manifestations. She had been operated for bilateral congenital cataract in her infancy, and since then, she had been aphakic in both eyes. She had poor vision in the right eye and irreversible blindness in the left eye. She underwent scleral-fixated (glued) intraocular lens implantation in the right eye with good visual recovery.
      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2017 5(2):242-244
      PubDate: Fri,15 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/amhs.amhs_19_17
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Oral lichen sclerosus in a breast cancer patient on anastrozole therapy: A
           case report with brief review of literature

    • Authors: Chaturbhuj Agrawal, KV Pradeep Babu, Prashanta K Dash, Rajeev Saini
      Pages: 245 - 247
      Abstract: Chaturbhuj Agrawal, KV Pradeep Babu, Prashanta K Dash, Rajeev Saini
      Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2017 5(2):245-247
      Aromatase inhibitors are approved hormonal agents for the treatment of breast cancer since the past few decades. These agents are usually well tolerated except some common side effects seen in day-to-day practice such as arthralgia and mood changes. Some of the side effects of these agents are still very uncommon and must be considered in differential diagnosis while evaluating these patients on follow-up as this therapy is usually taken for prolonged time period and careful risk–benefit assessment must be done before considering discontinuation of therapy. In this conversation, we report the occurrence of lichen sclerosis of oral cavity in an elderly female suffering from breast cancer who developed it while being on anastrozole therapy.
      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2017 5(2):245-247
      PubDate: Fri,15 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/amhs.amhs_17_17
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Van der woude syndrome: A report of four cases

    • Authors: Suchetana Goswami
      Pages: 248 - 251
      Abstract: Suchetana Goswami
      Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2017 5(2):248-251
      Van der Woude Syndrome (VWS) is a rare autosomal dominant disorder with high penetrance and variable expressivity. The condition occurs in about 1:100,000–1:40,000 stillborn or live births and is characterized by lower lip pits, cleft lip, and/or cleft palate. Associated features of VWS include ankyloglossia, high arched palate, limb anomalies, congenital heart defects bifid uvula and syngnathia. We report four interesting cases of VWS with orofacial features. None of the four patients had any family history of lip pits, cleft lip, and/or cleft palate. The first patient with VWS showed a fusion of primary mandibular anterior teeth and the fourth patient demonstrated a supernumerary mandibular incisor. These features are very unusual in patients with VWS.
      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2017 5(2):248-251
      PubDate: Fri,15 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/amhs.amhs_66_17
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Leiomyosarcoma with rhabdoid differentiation arising from leiomyoma: A
           rare entity

    • Authors: Pooja Chauhan, Kavita Mardi, Ganga Rawat, Nidhi Raina
      Pages: 252 - 254
      Abstract: Pooja Chauhan, Kavita Mardi, Ganga Rawat, Nidhi Raina
      Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2017 5(2):252-254
      Leiomyosarcoma (LMS) arising in a leiomyoma (LM) is a rare event. Still rare is rhabdomyoblastic differentiation in leiomyosacoma. We present such a case of LMS uterus with rhabdomyoblastic differentiation arising in an LM in a 60-year-old menopausal woman who presented with lower abdominal pain. An ultrasound scan was suggestive of uterine fibroid. Total abdominal hysterectomy was performed for presumed LM. Grossly, fibroid had variegated appearance along with focal areas having whorling pattern and histopathology showed leiomyosarcomatous change in a benign LM with rhabdomyoblastic differentiation. This is a rare complication of LM and precise diagnosis of LMS is essential since it has an aggressive behavior.
      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2017 5(2):252-254
      PubDate: Fri,15 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/amhs.amhs_81_17
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Inflammatory carcinoma of breast: The chameleon

    • Authors: Indranil Chakrabarti, Amitabha Basu, Nilanjana Ghosh
      Pages: 255 - 257
      Abstract: Indranil Chakrabarti, Amitabha Basu, Nilanjana Ghosh
      Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2017 5(2):255-257
      Inflammatory breast carcinoma is an extremely rare, rapidly progressive breast carcinoma which is a great masquerader and often is mistaken as an inflammatory lesion. This leads to the delay in diagnosis. Here, we report such a case where the mistaken clinical diagnosis led to it being treated with antibiotics. However, fine-needle aspiration cytology of the case saved the day. Histopathological confirmation followed by multimodal therapy was rendered, and the patient responded well to the treatment. Thus, awareness and recognition of this rare entity, which mimics various inflammatory and nonmalignant causes, is of paramount importance for the doctors and patients alike.
      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2017 5(2):255-257
      PubDate: Fri,15 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/amhs.amhs_89_17
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Fusion of a primary mandibular lateral incisor and canine: A rarity

    • Authors: Treville Pereira
      Pages: 258 - 260
      Abstract: Treville Pereira
      Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2017 5(2):258-260
      Fusion is a developmental anomaly of dental hard tissues characterized by the union of two adjacent teeth. It may be complete with the formation of an abnormally large tooth or incomplete with the union of crowns or roots only. The exact cause is still unknown. This report describes a case of unilateral fusion of the primary lateral incisor and canine in a 6-year-old female patient who accompanied her parents for dental treatment and later had a checkup herself during one of the visits to the dental clinic. Medical history was noncontributory while there was no family history of dental anomalies. An intraoral examination revealed that mandibular right primary lateral incisor was fused to the primary canine. The permanent central incisors were erupting lingually. The intraoral periapical radiograph showed a bifid pulp chamber with a normal-sized root canal. Since the tooth was noncarious, a preventive approach with a periodic follow-up was planned.
      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2017 5(2):258-260
      PubDate: Fri,15 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/amhs.amhs_78_17
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • B12 deficiency in India

    • Authors: PK Sasidharan
      Pages: 261 - 268
      Abstract: PK Sasidharan
      Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2017 5(2):261-268
      B12 deficiency is extremely common in India as is Vitamin D, folic acid, or iron deficiency, all because malnutrition is extremely common, even among the rich. The reasons for these are too many and are related to diet, lifestyle, and social and cultural issues. Any one of its varied manifestations can occur in isolation and can be coexisting with other comorbidities. In addition, the symptoms are modified also by the underlying disorder causing its deficiency. In spite of being a common disorder, its recognition is delayed or missed because the manifestations are diverse in nature, affecting all the organs and systems, and is often subclinical. To add to the confusion, laboratory estimations are notoriously unreliable even from the best of centers and doctors tend to rely on laboratory estimate of B12 levels. In this scenario, the doctors in India have to sharpen clinical skill to make a clinical judgment and initiate therapy and advocate a diet plan to give benefit to the patient. The ways and means of picking up those with clinical or subclinical B12 deficiency and the reasons and solutions to the problem are discussed in this article.
      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2017 5(2):261-268
      PubDate: Fri,15 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/amhs.amhs_121_17
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Nail evaluation in internal diseases: An indispensable exercise

    • Authors: Vaishnavi Gopal, Manjunath M Shenoy
      Pages: 269 - 274
      Abstract: Vaishnavi Gopal, Manjunath M Shenoy
      Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2017 5(2):269-274
      Nails are the structures without any vital functions, but their diagnostic significance cannot be undermined. Nail unit constitutes the nail plate, nail bed, and nail folds which exhibit signs of the nail unit and internal disorders. Most nail changes are nonspecific, but some of them have high diagnostic significance. Many such changes have been described since the historic times, and many have been discussed in the recent literature. Diseases of the nail units such as infections may also indicate the presence of immunosuppression or diabetes. Interpretation of the nail changes requires an amount of expertise which any physician can obtain by careful observation. This article emphasizes the important nail signs in internal disorders.
      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2017 5(2):269-274
      PubDate: Fri,15 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/amhs.amhs_124_17
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • History of Medical Imaging

    • Authors: Yousif Mohamed Y. Abdallah
      Pages: 275 - 278
      Abstract: Yousif Mohamed Y. Abdallah
      Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2017 5(2):275-278
      Nowadays, millions of studies perform daily around the world. Medical imaging developed throughout for >100 years. It is used to visualize the different body structure and the functional activities. This information is useful in judgment and management of different pathological conditions. This study aimed to study the historical development of medical imaging modulates. The new technologies decrease the radiation dose to the least levels.
      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2017 5(2):275-278
      PubDate: Fri,15 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/amhs.amhs_97_17
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Ulcerated calcinosis cutis

    • Authors: Ganesh Singh Dharmshaktu, Tanuja Pangtey
      Pages: 279 - 280
      Abstract: Ganesh Singh Dharmshaktu, Tanuja Pangtey
      Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2017 5(2):279-280
      Calcinosis cutis is an uncommon disorder resulting in the deposition of calcium salts underneath the skin and subcutaneous tissues. Asymptomatic, giant lesion is a rare finding and rarer if present bilaterally over iliac bones. Frictional ulceration may at times be presenting feature of a chronic lesion that requires excisional biopsy.
      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2017 5(2):279-280
      PubDate: Fri,15 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/amhs.amhs_103_17
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Ridge guard

    • Authors: Rajiv S Desai, Subraj J Shetty, Raghuram Ganesan, Manish Chauhan
      Pages: 281 - 282
      Abstract: Rajiv S Desai, Subraj J Shetty, Raghuram Ganesan, Manish Chauhan
      Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2017 5(2):281-282

      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2017 5(2):281-282
      PubDate: Fri,15 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/amhs.amhs_77_17
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2017)
       
 
 
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