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  Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 7655 journals)
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MEDICAL SCIENCES (1946 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 3562 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access  
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access  
AADE in Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
ABCS Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Abia State University Medical Students' Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
ACIMED     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 41)
Acta Bio Medica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Bioethica     Open Access  
Acta Bioquimica Clinica Latinoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Facultatis Medicae Naissensis     Open Access  
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Medica (Hradec Králové)     Open Access  
Acta Medica Bulgarica     Open Access  
Acta Medica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Medica Indonesiana     Open Access  
Acta Medica International     Open Access  
Acta medica Lituanica     Open Access  
Acta Medica Marisiensis     Open Access  
Acta Medica Martiniana     Open Access  
Acta Medica Nagasakiensia     Open Access  
Acta Medica Peruana     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Médica Portuguesa     Open Access  
Acta Medica Saliniana     Open Access  
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acupuncture & Electro-Therapeutics Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Acupuncture and Natural Medicine     Open Access  
Addiction Science & Clinical Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Adıyaman Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi / Health Sciences Journal of Adıyaman University     Open Access  
Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Advanced Biomedical Research     Open Access  
Advanced Health Care Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advanced Science, Engineering and Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Bioscience and Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Clinical Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28)
Advances in Life Course Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Lipobiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Medical Education and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Advances in Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Microbial Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Molecular Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Molecular Toxicology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Parkinson's Disease     Open Access  
Advances in Phytomedicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Advances in Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Advances in Skeletal Muscle Function Assessment     Open Access  
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Veterinary Science and Comparative Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Wound Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access  
African Journal of Clinical and Experimental Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African Journal of Laboratory Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Trauma     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
AJOB Primary Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 3)
AJSP: Reviews & Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Aktuelle Ernährungsmedizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal     Open Access  
Alexandria Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Allgemeine Homöopathische Zeitung     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpha Omegan     Full-text available via subscription  
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Biomedical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Biomedicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
American Journal of Chinese Medicine, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Clinical Medicine Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Law & Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Managed Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Medical Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
American Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Medicine Studies     Open Access  
American Journal of Medicine Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of the Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
American Journal on Addictions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
American medical news     Free   (Followers: 3)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Amyloid: The Journal of Protein Folding Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina     Open Access  
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de la República, Uruguay     Open Access  
Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Analgesia & Resuscitation : Current Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anatolian Clinic the Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Anatomical Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Anatomical Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Anatomy     Open Access  
Anatomy Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Ankara Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ankara Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Mecmuası     Open Access  
Annales de Pathologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Anatomy - Anatomischer Anzeiger     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Annals of Biomedical Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Annals of Family Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Fundeni Hospital     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annals of The Royal College of Surgeons of England     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annual Reports in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Annual Reports on NMR Spectroscopy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annual Review of Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Anthropologie et santé     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Antibiotics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Antibodies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Antibody Technology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anuradhapura Medical Journal     Open Access  
Anwer Khan Modern Medical College Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Apparence(s)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Clinical Research, Clinical Trials and Regulatory Affairs     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Medical Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Arab Journal of Nephrology and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arak Medical University Journal     Open Access  
Archive of Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives Medical Review Journal / Arşiv Kaynak Tarama Dergisi     Open Access  
Archives of Medical and Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Medical Laboratory Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access  
Archives of Trauma Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archivos de Medicina (Manizales)     Open Access  
ArgoSpine News & Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia     Open Access  
Arquivos de Ciências da Saúde     Open Access  
Arquivos de Medicina     Open Access  
Ars Medica : Revista de Ciencias Médicas     Open Access  
ARS Medica Tomitana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Art Therapy: Journal of the American Art Therapy Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Arterial Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Artificial Intelligence in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Artificial Organs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
ASHA Leader     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Family Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asian Bioethics Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Medical and Pharmaceutical Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention     Open Access  
ASPIRATOR : Journal of Vector-borne Disease Studies     Open Access  
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Atención Familiar     Open Access  
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atti della Accademia Peloritana dei Pericolanti - Classe di Scienze Medico-Biologiche     Open Access  
Audiology - Communication Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Auris Nasus Larynx     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian Coeliac     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Journal of Medical Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Autopsy and Case Reports     Open Access  
Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Avicenna     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Avicenna Journal of Clinical Medicine     Open Access  
Avicenna Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Bioethics     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Biochemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Physics     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Medical Journal     Open Access  

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Journal Cover
African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences
Number of Followers: 2  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2384-5589
Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [429 journals]
  • Clinical evaluation of acellular dermal matrix allograft (Alloderm®)
           with coronally advanced flap in the treatment of multiple gingival
           recessions: A clinical study

    • Authors: Gayathri Somasheker, Alampalli Viswanathamurthy Ramesh, K Roopa, Chinni Doraiswamy Dwarakanath
      Pages: 81 - 88
      Abstract: Gayathri Somasheker, Alampalli Viswanathamurthy Ramesh, K Roopa, Chinni Doraiswamy Dwarakanath
      African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences 2017 16(2):81-88
      Aims: The purpose of this study was to clinically evaluate the efficacy of Alloderm® with the coronally positioned flap in the treatment of multiple gingival recessions and to assess the esthetic and hypersensitivity evaluation from patient's perspective using visual analog scale (VAS). Subjects and Methods: A total of 10 systemically healthy male and female patients aged 18–50 years with Miller's class I and class II gingival recessions, who had dentin hypersensitivity and esthetic concern were selected for the study. Root coverage (RC) was done using coronally advanced flap with Alloderm®. Statistical Analysis: Descriptive statistical analysis was performed in the present study. Significance was assessed at 5% level of significance. Student's t-test was conducted to find the pairwise significance of the study parameters. Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used to find the significance of percentage of linear RC and percentage of volumetric RC (% of VRC) between 3 and 6 months. Results: A total 31 defects were treated with mean volumetric percentage RC (%RC) at 3 months of 35.21%. This remained the same at 6 months (P = 1.000). There was no statistically significant difference in the volumetric and Linear percentage of root coverage. Dentine hypersensitivity and esthetics were evaluated from patient's perspective using VAS ranging from a score of 0–10. Where 0 indicates very low and score of 10 indicates very high score. VAS indicated a decrease in the sensitivity after treatment. VAS mean score before treatment was 6.22 ± 0.83 with a mean score of 3.90, standard deviation (SD) of ± 1.37 after treatment and mean score of 5.10, SD of ± 0.57 for esthetic evaluation. Conclusions: The use of Alloderm® with coronally positioned flap provided a significant improvement in all the clinical parameters, but did not result in favorable outcome in terms of root coverage of facial gingival recessions of multiple adjacent teeth.
      Citation: African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences 2017 16(2):81-88
      PubDate: Thu,18 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ajmhs.ajmhs_37_17
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Framingham risk assessment of metabolic syndrome patients at a tertiary
           hospital in Nigeria

    • Authors: Ifeyinwa Dorothy Osegbe, Adeyemi Dada, Oyetunji Soriyan
      Pages: 89 - 93
      Abstract: Ifeyinwa Dorothy Osegbe, Adeyemi Dada, Oyetunji Soriyan
      African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences 2017 16(2):89-93
      Background: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is an increasingly important cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Combination of risk factors for CVD can be seen in the metabolic syndrome (MS), which can be computed to get an assessment of an individual's risk for future cardiovascular events. Aims: We aimed to determine the Framingham risk assessment of MS patients at the Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Nigeria. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of newly diagnosed patients with MS using the International Diabetes Federation criteria. Anthropometry and clinical data were obtained, and fasting blood glucose and lipid concentrations were also determined. Framingham risk assessment was calculated and categorized as <10%: low risk, 10–20%: intermediate risk, and >20%: high risk for future CVD. Results: There were 120 patients (females 82, males 38) with mean ages of 52 ± 13.5 years and 54 ± 14.2 years, respectively (P = 0.46). Framingham risk assessment showed 56 (47%) patients comprising of 42 females and 14 males had low risk; 31 (26%) patients comprising of 24 females and 7 males had intermediate risk while 32 (27%) patients comprising of 16 females and 16 males had high risk for CVD. The risk assessment significantly correlated with age, systolic blood pressure, and total and high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Majority of the males had high 10-year risk for CVD while most of the females had low risk. Men may need to intensify strategies to reduce modifiable risk factors for CVD.
      Citation: African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences 2017 16(2):89-93
      PubDate: Thu,18 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ajmhs.ajmhs_35_17
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Predictive significance of low maternal serum cholesterol concentrations
           in early pregnancy on low birth weight in term neonates

    • Authors: Kehinde Sharafadeen Okunade, Ayodeji Ayotunde Oluwole
      Pages: 94 - 98
      Abstract: Kehinde Sharafadeen Okunade, Ayodeji Ayotunde Oluwole
      African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences 2017 16(2):94-98
      Background: Low- birthweight (LBW) is the single most powerful predictor of mortality in the first few months of life, especially in most developing countries. The physiologic hypercholesterolemia of later pregnancy suggests an adaptive function for pregnancy maintenance or fetal growth. Decreased levels of maternal total cholesterol have been reported in association with intrauterine growth restriction. Aim: The aim of this study is to assess the association between low maternal serum cholesterol during early pregnancy and LBW in term neonates. Patients and Methods: This was a prospective cohort study in which eligible participants were enrolled at the gestational age of 14–20 weeks over a period of 12 months. Blood samples were taken to measure the total serum cholesterol concentrations, and the sera were then analyzed enzymatically by the cholesterol oxidase: p-aminophenazone method. Association between low maternal serum cholesterol and LBW was tested by using Chi-square. All significances are reported at P < 0.05. Results: The present study showed an incidence of 13.4% for delivery of LBW babies in the low-risk study patients. LBW was 2.05 times more common with low total maternal cholesterol than with normal midrange maternal cholesterol levels (21.1% vs. 10.3%, P = 0.039). Conclusion: We can infer from the study that the low maternal serum cholesterol is associated with LBW in term neonates. We can, therefore, recommend that the concept of an optimal range for maternal serum cholesterol during pregnancy may have merit and pregnant women should be encouraged to follow a healthy, balanced diet, and ensure regular antenatal visit to their health-care provider.
      Citation: African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences 2017 16(2):94-98
      PubDate: Thu,18 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ajmhs.ajmhs_50_17
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Adverse drug event following self-medication among ambulatory care
           patients in a tertiary Hospital in Ebonyi State

    • Authors: Chihurumnanya Alo, Nneamaka Chikerenma Alo, Nnaemeka C Oguejiofor, Ifeyinwa Chizoba Akamike
      Pages: 99 - 103
      Abstract: Chihurumnanya Alo, Nneamaka Chikerenma Alo, Nnaemeka C Oguejiofor, Ifeyinwa Chizoba Akamike
      African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences 2017 16(2):99-103
      Background: An adverse drug event (ADE) is defined as any injury, including physical harm, mental harm, or loss of function due to medication. Little is known about ADEs in ambulatory care settings. Self-medication by definition is the practice of taking medicines by individuals to treat self-recognized symptoms or illness. Aim: The objective of this study was to find out the prevalence of ADEs that occurred as a result of self-medication among ambulatory care patients in our center. Methodology: A cross-sectional study where a paper-based, pretested, semi-structured interviewer administered questionnaire was used to gather information from 398 adult patients attending the general outpatient clinic of a tertiary hospital. Data analysis was performed using Epi Info 7 and all statistical significance was set at P < 0.05. Results: The study had 398 respondents of which 161 (40.45%) and 237 (59.55%) were males and females, respectively. Mean age and the standard deviation was 37.17 ± 14.91. The frequency of self-medication was 375 (89.7%) and the frequency of those who have had at least one episode of ADE following self-medication was 88 (22.11%). Females, (207) significantly practiced self-medication than males (150), Z = 4.19, confidence interval (8.45, 23.49), P = 0.00002. ADE following self-medication occurred more in females (50) than in males, (38) and was not associated with self-medication. The majority of the symptoms reported were itching (47.73%), blurring of vision (14.77%), and abdominal pain. Conclusion: ADEs happen following self-medication among ambulatory patients, especially in women and among the married.
      Citation: African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences 2017 16(2):99-103
      PubDate: Thu,18 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ajmhs.ajmhs_45_16
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Microbial isolates from endoscopic middle meatal swab in patients with
           chronic rhinosinusitis in Kaduna, Nigeria

    • Authors: Emmanuel Musa, Aliyu Mohammed Kodiya, Abdullahi Musa Kirfi, Onyekwere George B. Nwaorgu
      Pages: 104 - 108
      Abstract: Emmanuel Musa, Aliyu Mohammed Kodiya, Abdullahi Musa Kirfi, Onyekwere George B. Nwaorgu
      African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences 2017 16(2):104-108
      Background: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a common disease in otorhinolaryngologic practice. Traditionally, the standard criterion for isolation of pathogens in CRS is the nonendoscopic maxillary sinus puncture through invasive procedures with well-documented hazards. Objectives: To evaluate the pathogens associated with CRS in patients with CRS from endoscopically guided middle meatal swab. Methodology: A prospective cross-sectional study in which endoscopically guided middle meatal swab was aseptically taken from patients with diagnostic criteria of CRS and healthy volunteers. The samples were sent to the laboratory for qualitative and semi-quantitative analysis. Data collected were analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences version 16 (SPSS Inc., 233 South Wacker Drive, Chicago, Illinois, USA). Results: A total of 110 microbial isolates were recovered from 82 (63.08%) of the 130 patients with CRS while 46 recorded among 54 (51.92%) of the 104 healthy volunteers. There were 74 (56.92%) bacterial growth out of which 55 (74.32%) were aerobic and 19 (25.68%) anaerobic isolates among the test participants with fungal growth seen in 36 (27.7%) of them while about 18% yielded a mixed growth of aerobic, anaerobic, and/or fungal isolates. Among the control group, however, the 54 people with positive isolates had 21 fungal and 25 aerobic bacteria. Conclusion: Mixed growth of aerobes, anaerobes, and fungal isolates was observed in patients with CRS. Endoscopically guided middle meatal swab is a safe and practical means for collecting samples for microbial culture.
      Citation: African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences 2017 16(2):104-108
      PubDate: Thu,18 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ajmhs.ajmhs_15_17
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Oral hygiene status of elderly population in Port Harcourt, Rivers State,
           Nigeria

    • Authors: Omoigberai Bashiru Braimoh, Modupe Omotunde Soroye
      Pages: 109 - 114
      Abstract: Omoigberai Bashiru Braimoh, Modupe Omotunde Soroye
      African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences 2017 16(2):109-114
      Background: The value of good oral hygiene practices has increased over the years, and the removal of bacteria plaque and other deposits from the teeth is essential for the prevention of dental caries and periodontal disease. Aims: The objectives of this study were to assess the oral hygiene status of the elderly population in Port Harcourt, Rivers State and investigate the influence of sociodemographic variables on oral hygiene. Subjects and Methods: The research was cross-sectional study. A total of 543 old people were selected by systematic random sampling. Data were collected with a self-developed oral health assessment questionnaire designed in two sections (A and B) and analyzed using SPSS version 20 (IBM SPSS Armonk, New York, USA). The relationship between variables was established using independent t-test and analysis of variance, and significance determined at 0.05 alpha level. Results: The overall mean oral hygiene score for the sample was 2.55 (standard deviation = 0.85). Most of the respondents had poor 245 (45.1%) and fair 254 (46.8%) oral hygiene. Females had significant better oral hygiene than males, while there was a significant increase in the oral hygiene score with increasing age. Educational status and retirement grade level were inversely and significantly associated with the oral hygiene score of the pensioners. Conclusion: The oral hygiene score recorded among the pensioners in this study was inadequate; therefore, the study participants need to be educated on the role of plaque in the development of dental caries and periodontal diseases, and the need to keep good oral hygiene.
      Citation: African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences 2017 16(2):109-114
      PubDate: Thu,18 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ajmhs.ajmhs_39_17
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Traumatic ulcerative granuloma with stromal eosinophilia: Review of the
           literature and case report

    • Authors: Olujide Soyele, Olufunlola Adesina, Adeola Ladeji, Kanmi Kuye, Foluso Owotade
      Pages: 115 - 119
      Abstract: Olujide Soyele, Olufunlola Adesina, Adeola Ladeji, Kanmi Kuye, Foluso Owotade
      African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences 2017 16(2):115-119
      Traumatic ulcerative granuloma with stromal eosinophilia (TUGSE) is an ulcerative condition of the oral mucosa with a chronic course and delayed healing. It is a reactive lesion that commonly affects the tongue. TUGSE is a relatively uncommon mucosal lesion that presents as an ulcer or an indurated submucosal mass and may cause diagnostic dilemma for the dental surgeon as it mimics a traumatic or neoplastic ulcer the pathogenesis of this lesion is obscure; however, chronic irritation from traumatic agents is considered to be a major initiating factor. The lesion is also known to undergo resolution following incisional biopsy. Histopathologically, it is characterized by eosinophilic inflammatory infiltrate penetrating into the underlying muscle. It is important to recognize this mucosal lesion as it mimics malignant ulcers and other ulcerative conditions of the oral cavity; however, the condition tends to resolve on its own. The lesion is also known to undergo resolution following incisional biopsy. Immunohistochemical positivity to CD30 found in nonneoplastic cutaneous conditions rich in neutrophils and eosinophils suggest CD30 cells as components of a reactive process. This is a review and report of a 37-year-old Nigerian woman who with an ulceroproliferative growth in the left side of the mouth. The aim of this article is to describe the presentation of TUGSE so as to enhance prompt diagnosis and rule lesions such as traumatic ulcer or squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue that may present in a similar way.
      Citation: African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences 2017 16(2):115-119
      PubDate: Thu,18 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ajmhs.ajmhs_8_17
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • A rare case of thymic hyperplasia in a 6-month-old HIV-exposed infant with
           signs of airway compression

    • Authors: Alemayehu Gezmu
      Pages: 120 - 122
      Abstract: Alemayehu Gezmu
      African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences 2017 16(2):120-122
      This is report of a rare case of thymic hyperplasia in a 6-month-old female child with significant compression effect on the airways and shift of the mediastinum. Timely imaging study and tissue biopsy play an important role in identifying cause of anterior mediastinal mass in this age group.
      Citation: African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences 2017 16(2):120-122
      PubDate: Thu,18 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ajmhs.ajmhs_24_17
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • A case report of significant congenital depressed skull fracture after
           cesarean section delivery

    • Authors: Alemayehu Mekonnen Gezmu, Loeto Mazhani
      Pages: 123 - 125
      Abstract: Alemayehu Mekonnen Gezmu, Loeto Mazhani
      African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences 2017 16(2):123-125
      We report a case of depressed skull fracture in an hour old newborn delivered by cesarean section for breech presentation. The depression was surgically corrected as a spontaneous resolution did not occur after some interval. Surgical correction of depressed skull fracture may be indicated depending on the depth of depression and thickness of the bone at involved part of the skull.
      Citation: African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences 2017 16(2):123-125
      PubDate: Thu,18 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ajmhs.ajmhs_28_17
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Impalement abdominal injury in a 6-year-old child

    • Authors: Chigbundu Collins Nwokoro, EA Emmanuel, OM Fatungase, BA Salami, IO Ogundele, LO Amosu
      Pages: 126 - 128
      Abstract: Chigbundu Collins Nwokoro, EA Emmanuel, OM Fatungase, BA Salami, IO Ogundele, LO Amosu
      African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences 2017 16(2):126-128
      Penetrating abdominal injuries in children usually result from accident or nonintentional means. They are not as common as in adults. Impalement abdominal injuries in children are very rare and have been scarcely reported in the literature. An impalement abdominal injury with a pencil in a child is an unusual event which requires reporting. This case report is on a 6-year-old boy who sustained an impalement abdominal injury with a pencil, he was rushed to the Olabisi Onabanjo University Teaching Hospital, Sagamu with the impaled object (pencil) in situ. He was admitted to the children emergency room of the hospital, stabilized and had exploratory laparotomy and removal of the impaled object under direct vision.
      Citation: African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences 2017 16(2):126-128
      PubDate: Thu,18 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ajmhs.ajmhs_6_17
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Salt abrasion: Is it possible?

    • Authors: Treville Pereira
      Pages: 129 - 130
      Abstract: Treville Pereira
      African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences 2017 16(2):129-130
      Abrasion is the physical wearing of a tooth surface which can involve the presence of a foreign object repeatedly being in contact with the tooth. A 58-year-old male patient patient visited the dental clinic with discolored teeth. A detailed history revealed that the patient used mishiri mixed with powdered rock salt to brush his teeth daily which had severely abraded his teeth. Conditions such as abrasion may need active restorations. A general dental practitioner should be able to accurately identify the cause and treat the aesthetic and functional impairment as required.
      Citation: African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences 2017 16(2):129-130
      PubDate: Thu,18 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ajmhs.ajmhs_21_17
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Live birth following abdominal cervical cerclage in a woman with recurrent
           pregnancy losses

    • Authors: Samuel Obozegie Egbaname Aigere, Ovoke Egagifo, Gabriel Oseremen Igberase
      Pages: 131 - 132
      Abstract: Samuel Obozegie Egbaname Aigere, Ovoke Egagifo, Gabriel Oseremen Igberase
      African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences 2017 16(2):131-132
      We present a case of abdominal cervical cerclage with live birth. She was a 40-year-old woman with a history of recurrent second-trimester pregnancy losses and preterm deliveries. A cervicoisthmic cerclage was applied through the abdominal route at 16 weeks of gestation and the pregnancy progressed to 35 weeks and 4 days when she developed preterm contractions necessitating an emergency cesarean delivery of a set of healthy twins. Only few centers in Nigeria offer abdominal cerclage because of paucity in skills. This case is presented as a reminder that such cases still exist, and the skill must be maintained and taught resident doctors as it may become useful when such cases present.
      Citation: African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences 2017 16(2):131-132
      PubDate: Thu,18 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ajmhs.ajmhs_68_17
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 2 (2018)
       
 
 
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