Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8697 journals)
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MEDICAL SCIENCES (2419 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 3562 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
4 open     Open Access  
AADE in Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
AAS Open Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ABCS Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Abia State University Medical Students' Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
AboutOpen     Open Access  
ACIMED     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Acta Bio Medica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Bioethica     Open Access  
Acta Bioquimica Clinica Latinoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Científica Estudiantil     Open Access  
Acta Facultatis Medicae Naissensis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Herediana     Open Access  
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Medica (Hradec Králové)     Open Access  
Acta Medica Bulgarica     Open Access  
Acta Medica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Medica Indonesiana     Open Access  
Acta Medica International     Open Access  
Acta medica Lituanica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Medica Marisiensis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Medica Martiniana     Open Access  
Acta Medica Nagasakiensia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Medica Peruana     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Médica Portuguesa     Open Access  
Acta Medica Saliniana     Open Access  
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acupuncture & Electro-Therapeutics Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Acupuncture and Natural Medicine     Open Access  
Addiction Science & Clinical Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Adıyaman Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi / Health Sciences Journal of Adıyaman University     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Biomedical Research     Open Access  
Advanced Health Care Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advanced Science, Engineering and Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 9)
Advanced Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Bioscience and Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Cell and Gene Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Clinical Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Advances in Clinical Radiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Life Course Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Lipobiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Medical Education and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 32)
Advances in Medical Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Microbial Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Molecular Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Molecular Toxicology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Parkinson's Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Phytomedicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Regenerative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Skeletal Muscle Function Assessment     Open Access  
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Traditional Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Veterinary Science and Comparative Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Wound Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
African Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African Journal of Clinical and Experimental Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
African Journal of Laboratory Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
African Journal of Thoracic and Critical Care Medicine     Open Access  
African Journal of Trauma     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
AJOB Empirical Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
AJSP: Reviews & Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aktuelle Ernährungsmedizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Al-Qadisiah Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alerta : Revista Científica del Instituto Nacional de Salud     Open Access  
Alexandria Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Allgemeine Homöopathische Zeitung     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Alpha Omegan     Full-text available via subscription  
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Althea Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Biomedical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
American Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Biomedicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
American Journal of Chinese Medicine, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Clinical Medicine Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Law & Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
American Journal of Managed Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Medical Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
American Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Medicine Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Medicine Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of the Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
American Journal on Addictions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
American medical news     Free   (Followers: 3)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Amyloid: The Journal of Protein Folding Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina     Open Access  
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de la República, Uruguay     Open Access  
Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Analgesia & Resuscitation : Current Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Anatolian Clinic the Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Anatomica Medical Journal     Open Access  
Anatomical Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Anatomical Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Anatomy Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Androgens : Clinical Research and Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Ankara Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ankara Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Mecmuası     Open Access  
Annales de Pathologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Annales des Sciences de la Santé     Open Access  
Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Anatomy - Anatomischer Anzeiger     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Annals of Biomedical Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Clinical Hypertension     Open Access  
Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Annals of Family Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Annals of Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Medicine and Surgery Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Medicine and Surgery Protocols     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Musculoskeletal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of the College of Medicine, Mosul     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annals of The Royal College of Surgeons of England     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of the RussianAacademy of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annual Reports in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Annual Reports on NMR Spectroscopy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Annual Review of Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Anthropologie et santé     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Antibiotics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Antibodies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Antibody Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Antibody Technology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Antibody Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anuradhapura Medical Journal     Open Access  
Anwer Khan Modern Medical College Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Apparence(s)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Clinical Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Applied Clinical Research, Clinical Trials and Regulatory Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applied Medical Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Arab Journal of Nephrology and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arabian Journal of Scientific Research / المجلة العربية للبحث العلمي     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Biomedical Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives Medical Review Journal / Arşiv Kaynak Tarama Dergisi     Open Access  
Archives of Asthma, Allergy and Immunology     Open Access  
Archives of Clinical Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Medical and Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Medical Laboratory Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Organ Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Pulmonology and Respiratory Care     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Renal Diseases and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Trauma Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Archivos de Medicina (Manizales)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ArgoSpine News & Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos de Ciências da Saúde     Open Access  
Arquivos de Medicina     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ars Medica : Revista de Ciencias Médicas     Open Access  
ARS Medica Tomitana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Art Therapy: Journal of the American Art Therapy Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Arterial Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Artificial Intelligence in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Artificial Organs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
ASHA Leader     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asia Pacific Family Medicine Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Addictive Behaviors Reports
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.755
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 9  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2352-8532
Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3201 journals]
  • “Have a little less, feel a lot better”: Mixed-method evaluation of an
           alcohol intervention

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 1 October 2020Source: Addictive Behaviors ReportsAuthor(s): Nina Lockwood, Richard de Visser, John Larsen
       
  • Reliability and validity of a short Japanese version of the UPPS-P
           Impulsive Behavior Scale

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 1 October 2020Source: Addictive Behaviors ReportsAuthor(s): Tomoko Hasegawa, Ikko Kawahashi, Kazuhiko Fukuda, Sumio Imada, Yuichi Tomita
       
  • Dimensions of childhood trauma and their direct and indirect links to
           PTSD, impaired control over drinking, and alcohol-related-problems

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 23 September 2020Source: Addictive Behaviors ReportsAuthor(s): Julie A. Patock-Peckham, Daniel A. Belton, Kimberlee D'Ardenne, Jenn-Yun Tienn, Dylan C. Bauman, Frank J. Infurna, Federico Sanabria, John Curtis, Antonio A. Morgan-Lopez, Samuel M. McClure
       
  • Associations between Affect, Craving, and Smoking in Korean Smokers: An
           Ecological Momentary Assessment study

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 September 2020Source: Addictive Behaviors ReportsAuthor(s): R.G. Gunter, E.H. Szeto, S. Suh, Y. Kim, S-H. Jeong, A.J. Waters
       
  • Latent Class Trajectories: U.S. Adolescents’ Nicotine Use and its
           Association with Nicotine Dependence

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 9 September 2020Source: Addictive Behaviors ReportsAuthor(s): Carol J. Boyd, Philip Veliz, Rebecca Evans-Polce, Andria B. Eisman, Sean Esteban McCabe
       
  • Patterns and temporal change of psychopathological symptoms among
           inpatients with alcohol use disorder undergoing a twelve-step based
           treatment

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 8 September 2020Source: Addictive Behaviors ReportsAuthor(s): Zsolt Horváth, Mariann Tremkó, Zsolt Fazekas, András Tóth, Zsolt Petke, Judit Farkas, Mark D. Griffiths, Zsolt Demetrovics, Róbert Urbán
       
  • Signs and Customer Behaviors at Vape Shops: Multivariate Multilevel Model
           Analysis

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 4 September 2020Source: Addictive Behaviors ReportsAuthor(s): Jimi Huh, Leah Meza, Ellen Galstyan, Artur Galimov, Sheila Yu, Jennifer B. Unger, Lourdes Baezconde-Garbanati, Steve Sussman
       
  • Personalized normative feedback interventions targeting hazardous alcohol
           use and alcohol-related risky sexual behavior in Swedish University
           students: A randomized controlled replication trial

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 4 September 2020Source: Addictive Behaviors ReportsAuthor(s): Claes Andersson
       
  • High school sport participation and of substance use: a cross-sectional
           analysis of students from the COMPASS Study

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 15 August 2020Source: Addictive Behaviors ReportsAuthor(s): Gillian C. Williams, Kathleen E. Burns, Kate Battista, Margaret de Groh, Ying Jiang, Scott T. Leatherdale
       
  • Problematic mobile phone use: Validity and reliability of the Problematic
           Use of Mobile Phone (PUMP) Scale in a German sample

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 15 August 2020Source: Addictive Behaviors ReportsAuthor(s): Katharina Graben, Bettina K. Doering, Franziska Jeromin, Antonia Barke
       
  • Metacognitions and emotion recognition in Internet Gaming Disorder among
           adolescents

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 August 2020Source: Addictive Behaviors ReportsAuthor(s): Orkun Aydın, Merve Güçlü, Pınar Ünal-Aydın, Marcantonio M. Spada
       
  • Desire thinking promotes decisions to game: The mediating role between
           gaming urges and everyday decision-making in recreational gamers

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 August 2020Source: Addictive Behaviors ReportsAuthor(s): Annika Brandtner, Elisa Wegmann, Matthias Brand
       
  • Alcohol Mixed With Energy Drinks: Expectancies of Use and Alcohol-Related
           Negative Consequences Among a Young Adult Sample

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 11 July 2020Source: Addictive Behaviors ReportsAuthor(s): Gregory Powers, Lisa Berger
       
  • Snapchat vs. Facebook: Differences in problematic use, behavior change
           attempts, and trait social reward preferences

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 8 July 2020Source: Addictive Behaviors ReportsAuthor(s): Dar Meshi, Ofir Turel, Dan Henley
       
  • Association of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and substance use
           disorders (SUDs) in a multi-site safety net healthcare setting

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 3 July 2020Source: Addictive Behaviors ReportsAuthor(s): Daniel J. Bryant, Emil N. Coman, April Joy Damian
       
  • Developing a Health Communication Campaign for Disposal of Unused Opioid
           Medications

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 18 June 2020Source: Addictive Behaviors ReportsAuthor(s): Kathleen L Egan, Mark Wolfson, Kaylee M Lukacena, Carina M Zelaya, Monique S McLeary, Donald W Helme
       
  • Framing pregnancy-related smoking cessation messages for women of
           reproductive age

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 June 2020Source: Addictive Behaviors ReportsAuthor(s): Elizabeth G. Klein, Joseph Macisco, Allison Lazard, Audrey Busho, Austin Oslock, Brett Worly
       
  • Using Prescribing and Toxicology Data to Determine Non-Medical
           Prescription Drug Overdose

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 8 June 2020Source: Addictive Behaviors ReportsAuthor(s): Philip Huynh, Grant Victor, Brad Ray
       
  • Adolescent problematic internet use and parental mediation: A Bangladeshi
           structured interview study

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 1 June 2020Source: Addictive Behaviors ReportsAuthor(s): Rubaiya Matin Chandrima, Kagan Kircaburun, Humyan Kabir, Baizid Khoorshid Riaz, Daria J. Kuss, Mark D. Griffiths, Mohammed A. Mamun
       
  • Hispanic Participants in the National Institute on Drug Abuse’s Clinical
           Trials Network: A Scoping Review of Two Decades of Research

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 1 June 2020Source: Addictive Behaviors ReportsAuthor(s): Brittany H. Eghaneyan, Katherine Sanchez, Angela M. Haeny, LaTrice Montgomery, Teresa Lopez-Castro, A. Kathleen Burlew, Afsaneh Rezaeizadeh, Michael O. Killian
       
  • Factors associated with quality of life trajectories among inpatients
           treated for alcohol use disorders: A prospective cohort study

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 20 May 2020Source: Addictive Behaviors ReportsAuthor(s): Helle Wessel Andersson, Trond Nordfjærn
       
  • “I’m using cigarettes to quit JUUL”: An analysis of Twitter posts
           about JUUL cessation

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 19 May 2020Source: Addictive Behaviors ReportsAuthor(s): Jennifer B. Unger, Christopher Rogers, Jessica Barrington-Trimis, Anuja Majmundar, Steve Sussman, Jon-Patrick Allem, Daniel W. Soto, Tess Boley Cruz
       
  • Potions for Emotions: Do self-reported individual differences in
           negative-emotional drinking predict alcohol consumption in the laboratory
           following exposure to a negative experience'

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 24 December 2019Source: Addictive Behaviors ReportsAuthor(s): Henry R.T. Austin, Lies Notebaert, Reinout W. Wiers, Elske Salemink, Colin MacLeod
       
  • Parenting paused: Pathological video game use and parenting outcomes

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 23 December 2019Source: Addictive Behaviors ReportsAuthor(s): Laura Stockdale, Sarah M. Coyne
       
  • Emerging insights on internet gaming disorder: Conceptual and measurement
           issues

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 11 December 2019Source: Addictive Behaviors ReportsAuthor(s): Halley M. Pontes, Vasileios Stavropoulos, Mark D. Griffiths
       
  • Opioid prescribing and opioid-overdose deaths in Michigan: Urban-rural
           comparisons and changes across 2013–2017

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 15 November 2019Source: Addictive Behaviors ReportsAuthor(s): Jamey J. Lister, Jennifer D. Ellis, Miyoung Yoon
       
  • Problematic social media use: Conceptualization, assessment and trends in
           scientific literature

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 5 May 2020Source: Addictive Behaviors ReportsAuthor(s): Silvia Casale
       
  • Alternative flavored and unflavored tobacco product use and cigarette quit
           attempts among current smokers experiencing homelessness

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 4 May 2020Source: Addictive Behaviors ReportsAuthor(s): Natalie M. Alizaga, Marlena Hartman-Filson, Holly Elser, Bonnie Halpern-Felsher, Maya Vijayaraghavan
       
  • A Transdiagnostic Examination of Affective Motivations for Drug Use

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 29 April 2020Source: Addictive Behaviors ReportsAuthor(s): Rickie Miglin, Nadia Bounoua, Jeffrey M. Spielberg, Naomi Sadeh
       
  • Common Elements Treatment Approach (CETA) for unhealthy alcohol use among
           persons with HIV in Zambia: Study protocol of the ZCAP randomized
           controlled trial

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 29 April 2020Source: Addictive Behaviors ReportsAuthor(s): Jeremy C. Kane, Anjali Sharma, Laura K. Murray, Geetanjali Chander, Tukiya Kanguya, Molly E. Lasater, Stephanie Skavenski, Ravi Paul, John Mayeya, Carla Kmett Danielson, Jenala Chipungu, Chipo Chitambi, Michael J. Vinikoor
       
  • Vaping for weight control: findings from a qualitative study

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 28 April 2020Source: Addictive Behaviors ReportsAuthor(s): Fiona Dobbie, Isabelle Uny, Sarah E. Jackson, Jamie Brown, Paul Aveyard, Linda Bauld
       
  • Risk and Protective Factors for Whoonga use among adolescents in
           South Africa

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 April 2020Source: Addictive Behaviors ReportsAuthor(s): Teresa DeAtley, Catherine Mathews, Dan J. Stein, David Grelotti, Larry K. Brown, Danielle Giovenco, Millicent Atujuna, William Beardslee, Caroline Kuo
       
  • Smoking Cessation Methods Among Homeless Youth in a Midwestern City

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 19 April 2020Source: Addictive Behaviors ReportsAuthor(s): Allison M. Glasser, Joseph M. Macisco, Lauren M. Miller, Ellen M. Garbsch, Amy Wermert, Julianna M. Nemeth
       
  • The role of negative urgency in risky alcohol drinking and binge-eating in
           United Kingdom male and female students

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 8 April 2020Source: Addictive Behaviors ReportsAuthor(s): Christina Ralph-Nearman, Jennifer L. Stewart, Katy A Jones
       
  • The Buffer Effect of Physical Activity: Why Does Parental Marital
           Satisfaction Affect Adolescents’ Problematic Internet Use

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 3 April 2020Source: Addictive Behaviors ReportsAuthor(s): Xintong Zheng, Jianwen Chen, Yafei Guo, Qing Xiong, Yiqiu Hu, Shuping Shi, Congcong li, Quanlei Yu
       
  • The impact of a comprehensive tobacco product flavor ban in San Francisco
           among young adults

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 1 April 2020Source: Addictive Behaviors ReportsAuthor(s): Yong Yang, Eric N. Lindblom, Ramzi G. Salloum, Kenneth D. Ward
       
  • Clinical characteristics distinguishing tramadol-using adolescents from
           other substance-using adolescents in an out-patient treatment setting

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 31 March 2020Source: Addictive Behaviors ReportsAuthor(s): A. Holmstedt, M.O. Olsson, A. Håkansson
       
  • Discretionary Spending Priorities of Unemployed, Job-Seeking Adults Who
           Smoke Cigarettes

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 20 March 2020Source: Addictive Behaviors ReportsAuthor(s): Sarah Stinson, Amy Chieng, Judith J. Prochaska
       
  • Adverse childhood experiences, dissociation, and anxious attachment style
           as risk factors of gaming disorder

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 3 March 2020Source: Addictive Behaviors ReportsAuthor(s): Piotr Grajewski, Małgorzata Dragan
       
  • Exposure to adverse childhood experiences and early initiation of
           electronic vapor product use among middle school students in Nevada

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 19 February 2020Source: Addictive Behaviors ReportsAuthor(s): Lauren Marie Williams, Kristen Clements-Nolle, Taylor Lensch, Wei Yang
       
  • Selfie-engagement on social media: Pathological narcissism, positive
           expectation, and body objectification – Which is more influential'

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 19 February 2020Source: Addictive Behaviors ReportsAuthor(s): Valentina Boursier, Francesca Gioia, Mark D. Griffiths
       
  • Smoking cessation in inpatient psychiatry treatment facilities: A review

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 30 January 2020Source: Addictive Behaviors ReportsAuthor(s): Robert Kagabo, Adam J. Gordon, Kola Okuyemi
       
  • Factors related to an increase of cannabis use among adolescents in Chile:
           National school based surveys between 2003 and 2017

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 30 January 2020Source: Addictive Behaviors ReportsAuthor(s): Nicolás Libuy, Carlos Ibáñez, Adrian P. Mundt
       
  • Effects of frequent marijuana use on risky decision-making in young adult
           college students

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 28 January 2020Source: Addictive Behaviors ReportsAuthor(s): Jorie L. Casey, Anita Cservenka
       
  • E-cigarette and hookah adoption patterns: Is the harm reduction theory
           just so much smoke'

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 20 January 2020Source: Addictive Behaviors ReportsAuthor(s): Eric W. Ford, Kitty S. Chan, Megha Parikh, Kevin B. Lowe, Timothy R. Huerta
       
  • Prevalence of e-cigarette use among tobacco smokers in six states and
           regions of Myanmar

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 17 January 2020Source: Addictive Behaviors ReportsAuthor(s): Ye Phyo, Ajay M.V. Kumar, Khine Wut Yee Kyaw, Kyaw Kan Kaung, Mya Lay Nwe, Thida, Tharaphi
       
  • Socioeconomic differences in the motivation to stop using e-cigarettes and
           attempts to do so

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 January 2020Source: Addictive Behaviors ReportsAuthor(s): Tina Jahnel, Stuart G. Ferguson, Timea Partos, Leonie S. Brose
       
  • How maladaptive cognitions contribute to the development of problematic
           social media use

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 February 2020Source: Addictive Behaviors ReportsAuthor(s): Giulia Fioravanti, Gordon Flett, Paul Hewitt, Laura Rugai, Silvia Casale IntroductionThe current study investigates the effects of perfectionism discrepancies (PD) and social hopelessness (SH) on problematic social media use as conceptualized by the cognitive-behavioral model. Methods: A sample of 400 university students (52.3% women; mean age = 22.01 ± 1.99) completed measures assessing PD, SH, and problematic social media use. Results: Structural equation modeling showed that both social hopelessness and feeling discrepant from personal and prescribed standards predicted the preference for online social interactions (POSI). POSI predicted the motivation to use online social media as a means of alleviating distressing feelings, the inability to regulate social media use and the negative outcomes resulting from use of SNS. Conclusions: In line with the cognitive-behavioral model of problematic Internet use, the present study suggests the primary importance of maladaptive cognitions about the self (i.e. perfectionism discrepancies) and the world (i.e. social hopelessness) for the development of a preference for online social interactions. In particular, the present study shows that individuals are likely to opt for online social interactions as a function of their pessimistic social expectancies and the sense of inadequacy that comes from perceptions of falling short of expectations.
       
  • The relationship between narcissism, intensity of Facebook use, Facebook
           flow and Facebook addiction

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 February 2020Source: Addictive Behaviors ReportsAuthor(s): Julia Brailovskaia, Hans-Werner Bierhoff, Elke Rohmann, Friederike Raeder, Jürgen Margraf IntroductionThe present study investigated mechanisms that may contribute to the enhanced risk of narcissistic individuals to develop Facebook addiction.MethodsIn a sample of 449 Facebook users (age: M(SD) = 31.07(9.52), range: 18–65) the personality trait narcissism, Facebook flow, intensity of Facebook use, and Facebook addiction were assessed by an online survey.ResultsIn a moderated mediation analysis, the positive relationship between narcissism and Facebook addiction was positively mediated by the level of flow experienced on Facebook. Intensity of Facebook use moderated the positive association between Facebook flow and Facebook addiction.ConclusionsExcessive Facebook use may cause psychological dependence. Narcissistic individuals are at enhanced risk for this form of dependence that is fostered by experience of flow during Facebook use and intensity of Facebook use. Current results should be taken into account, when assessing individuals at risk for pathological Facebook use and when planning specific interventions to deal with it.
       
  • Personality associations with Facebook Use and Tendencies towards Facebook
           Use Disorder

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 19 February 2020Source: Addictive Behaviors ReportsAuthor(s): Cornelia Sindermann, Éilish Duke, Christian Montag IntroductionThe present study sought to address core issues in the association between personality and the putative disordered use of Facebook. First, to redress the issue of generalisation from samples solely recruited from Facebook, we sought to explore personality differences between users and non-users of Facebook. Second, we aimed to investigate associations between personality and Facebook Use Disorder. The present study contributes a novel perspective to extant research on this topic by moving beyond the broad Big Five of personality, to explore possible relationships between Facebook use and sub-facets of the Big Five; all analyses were additionally controlled for confounding effects of demographic variables.Methods3,835 (n=2,366 males) participants completed socio-demographic variables, the Big Five Inventory and stated their user status on Facebook (i.e. user versus non-user). Facebook-users also completed a Facebook Use Disorder scale assessing addictive tendencies towards Facebook use.ResultsFacebook users reported higher levels of extraversion and lower levels of conscientiousness compared to non-users. Tendencies towards Facebook Use Disorder correlated negatively with conscientiousness and positively with neuroticism in both males and females. Conclusions: The present results indicate that research samples drawn from Facebook users may be biased with regard to personality (extraversion, conscientiousness). Moreover, certain personality traits – conscientiousness and neuroticism – which may increase a tendency towards Facebook Use Disorder are discussed.
       
  • A Brief Review of Choice Bundling: A Strategy to Reduce Delay Discounting
           and Bolster Self-Control

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 5 February 2020Source: Addictive Behaviors ReportsAuthor(s): Melinda L. Ashe, Stephen J. Wilson Choice bundling is a behavioral economic strategy designed to reduce excessive delay discounting and bolster self-control. Choice bundling entails aggregating a series of individual, identical intertemporal decisions (e.g., should I smoke today') into a single choice (e.g., should I smoke this month'). In this brief review, we succinctly summarize delay discounting and how it has been linked to lapses in self-control, using substance use as an exemplar. Next, we describe how choice bundling may theoretically work to counter excess discounting rates. Finally, we review the extant empirical research on choice bundling and offer recommendations for future research.
       
  • Parenting styles and metacognitions as predictors of Cannabis use

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 4 February 2020Source: Addictive Behaviors ReportsAuthor(s): Thomas Brosnan, Daniel C. Kolubinski, Marcantonio M. Spada Metacognitions, the beliefs held about internal mental processes and the strategies aimed at controlling such processes, are known to play a significant role in the development and maintenance of addictive behaviours. Specifically, lack of cognitive confidence and beliefs about the need to control thoughts have been implicated across addictive behaviours. No research to date, though, has explored the role of metacognitions in cannabis use. Research has also shown that an authoritarian parenting style (where a parent uncompromisingly enforces their own ideas regardless of the will of the child) may be correlated with addictive behaviours. However very limited research has investigated the role of parenting styles in cannabis use. In the current study we aimed to investigate the relative contribution of parenting styles and metacognitions to cannabis use. A sample of 85 participants completed a series of online questionnaires, measuring negative affect, parenting styles, metacognitions and cannabis use. Spearman correlations indicated that cannabis use was positively correlated with each of the metacognitions and both permissive and authoritarian parenting styles. Regression analyses demonstrated that a combination of the physically coercive aspects of the authoritarian parental style and lack of cognitive confidence predicted cannabis use when controlling for negative affect. The implications of the current findings are discussed.
       
  • Gaming Addiction and Perceived Stress among Saudi Adolescents

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 4 February 2020Source: Addictive Behaviors ReportsAuthor(s): Ahmad Mamoun Rajab, Mohamed Saddik Zaghloul, Saed Enabi, Tawfik Mamoun Rajab, Abdullah Murhaf Al-Khani, Abdulrahman Basalah, Sara Wafik Alchalati, Joud Enabi, Saadi Aljundi, Syed Baqui Billah, Juliann Saquib, AbdulRahman AlMazrou, Nazmus Saquib IntroductionAdolescents (age: 10 -19 years) make up 15% of the Saudi population and have easy access to electronic gadgets and the Internet, yet data on gaming addiction among adolescents are negligible. We aimed to determine the prevalence of gaming addiction and its association with stress among Saudi school students.MethodsIn this cross-sectional survey, 2675 school students (grades 7-12) from 40 randomly selected schools in four main cities of Al-Qassim province in Saudi Arabia participated. The questionnaire inquired about demography, lifestyle, gaming addiction (7-item Game Addiction Scale), and stress (10-item Perceived Stress Scale). Multinomial logistic regression assessed the association between gaming addiction (yes, no) and stress (high, moderate, low).ResultsParticipants’ mean age was 16.1 (SD = 1.6) years; 50% were female; 64% reported>3 hours of daily screen time; 5% were addicted to gaming; 11.4% had high-level stress. Addiction to gaming was strongly associated with stress in the adjusted analysis (moderate OR=6.7, 95% CI = 2.9 -15.5; high OR=11.9, 95% CI = 4.7 -30.1). Additionally, those who were older, female, had poor grades, unhealthy dietary habits, an inactive lifestyle, and smoked were more likely to experience high stress.ConclusionsGaming addiction is strongly associated with stress among Saudi adolescents.
       
  • Problematic Facebook Use and Anxiety Concerning Use of Social Media in
           Mothers and Their Offspring: An Actor–Partner Interdependence Model

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 29 January 2020Source: Addictive Behaviors ReportsAuthor(s): Stefano Ruggieri, Gianluca Santoro, Ugo Pace, Alessia Passanisi, Adriano Schimmenti Previous research has shown significant and positive associations between social anxiety of parents and their adolescent offspring. The main aim of this study was to investigate this relationship in the social media (SM) context. We tested one hundred and fifty-two couples comprising mothers and their adolescent offspring (12–14 years old) on their levels of problematic Facebook use (PFU) and social anxiety concerning SM use. An actor–partner interdependence model highlighted the positive relationship between the PFU scores of mothers and their offspring on the levels of SM social anxiety in the offspring. We discuss the results in the context of intergenerational transfer of problematic technology use and social anxiety.
       
  • Narcissism and problematic social media use: A systematic literature
           review

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 28 January 2020Source: Addictive Behaviors ReportsAuthor(s): Silvia Casale, Vanessa Banchi IntroductionThe relationship between narcissism and social media use has been a topic of research since the advent of the first social media website. While numerous meta-analyses have been conducted to synthesize empirical evidence on the association between narcissism and typical online behaviors (e.g., uploading photos and usage frequency), evidence on the association between narcissism and Problematic Social Media Use (PSMU) has not yet been systematized. The current study represents the first systematic review on this topic.MethodsElectronic literature databases, including the Web of Science, MEDLINE, PsychINFO, and EMBASE, were searched to identify studies that examined the relationship between narcissism and PSMU. We found 14 empirical studies on narcissism and PSMU. Additionally, seven studies focused on the association with Problematic Facebook Use (PFU).ResultsConsistent results were reported regarding the positive and significant association between grandiose narcissism and PFU (0.13< r
       
  • Passive objective measures in the assessment of problematic smartphone
           use: A systematic review

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 27 January 2020Source: Addictive Behaviors ReportsAuthor(s): Francesca C. Ryding, Daria J. Kuss Research focussing on problematic smartphone use has predominantly employed psychometric tests which cannot capture the automatic processes and behaviours associated with problematic use. The present review aimed to identify passive objective measures that have been used or developed to assess problematic smartphone use. A systematic search was conducted using Web of Science, Scopus, PsychInfo and PubMed databases to identify passive objective measures that have been employed to assess problematic smartphone use, resulting in 18 studies meeting the inclusion criteria. Objective data that were monitored predominantly focussed on general screen usage time and checking patterns. Findings demonstrate that passive monitoring can enable smartphone usage patterns to be inferred within a relatively short timeframe and provide ecologically valid data on smartphone behaviour. Challenges and recommendations of employing passive objective measures in smartphone-based research are discussed.
       
  • The association between meaning in life and harmful drinking is mediated
           by individual differences in self-control and alcohol value

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 27 January 2020Source: Addictive Behaviors ReportsAuthor(s): Amber Copeland, Andrew Jones, Matt Field IntroductionThe adoption of adult roles that provide meaning in life is associated with reduced harmful drinking. The current study examined whether this relationship is mediated by increased self-control and reduced value of alcohol.MethodsCross-sectional design. 1,043 adults (786 females) ≥18 years old completed an online survey. The outcome variable was scores on the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT), predictor variables were presence of and search for meaning in life (Meaning in Life Questionnaire), and mediating variables were trait self-control (Brief Self-Control Scale) and the value of alcohol (Brief Assessment of Alcohol Demand).ResultsPresence of meaning in life had a significant negative association (B = -.01, SE = .00, 95% CI -.02 to -.00, p=.015), whilst search for meaning in life had a significant positive association (B = .01, SE = .00, 95% CI .01 to .02, p=.001) with AUDIT scores. The negative association was mediated by increased self-control (B = -.09, SE = .01, 95% CI -.12 to -.06) and decreased value of alcohol (B = -.02, SE = .01, 95% CI -.04 to .00), whilst the positive association was mediated by decreased self-control (B = .05, SE = .01, 95% CI .03 to .07) and increased value of alcohol (B = .02, SE = .01, 95% CI .00 to .04), thereby supporting our hypotheses.ConclusionsThe relationships between presence and search for meaning in life and harmful drinking are mediated by individual differences in both trait self-control and the value of alcohol.
       
  • Assessing Comprehension and Perceptions of Modified-Risk Information for
           Snus Among Adult Current Cigarette Smokers, Former Tobacco Users, and
           Never Tobacco Users

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 24 January 2020Source: Addictive Behaviors ReportsAuthor(s): Janine L. Pillitteri, Saul Shiffman, Mark A. Sembower, Michael R. Polster, Geoffrey M. Curtin IntroductionSnus, a low nitrosamine smokeless tobacco product, presents less risks to health than cigarettes. Effectively communicating such risk information could facilitate smokers switching completely to snus, thereby benefiting public health.MethodsThis study assessed comprehension and perceptions of modified-risk information regarding snus. Adult cigarette smokers, former tobacco users, and never tobacco users (N=3,922) from a US internet panel viewed an advertisement stating that smokers who switched completely to snus could greatly reduce risk of lung cancer, respiratory disease, heart disease, and oral cancer. Respondents answered questions regarding the modified-risk information and rated perceived risks of snus relative to cigarettes and other smokeless tobacco products.ResultsAcross the four diseases mentioned in the advertisement, most respondents (49.7%-68.6%, across tobacco user groups) understood that snus presents less risk than cigarettes but is not completely safe. Some indicated snus presents the same risk as cigarettes; this was highest for oral cancer (33.7%-42.02%) and lowest for lung cancer (15.4%-23.1%) and respiratory disease (15.6%-23.4%). Majorities understood snus is addictive (77.7%-87.9%), quitting all tobacco is the best option for smokers (83.6%-93.1%), and non-users of tobacco should not use snus (80.4%-87.8%). Only 2.1%-5.8% indicated smokers would receive a health benefit if they continued to smoke while using snus.ConclusionsThe modified-risk information, conveying that snus presents less risk than cigarettes but is not completely safe, was understood by majorities of respondents. Differential risk beliefs across diseases suggest responses were shaped not only by the modified-risk information, but also by intuitions and pre-existing beliefs about tobacco products.
       
  • Social norms and e-motions in problematic social media use among
           adolescents

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 January 2020Source: Addictive Behaviors ReportsAuthor(s): Claudia Marino, Gianluca Gini, Federica Angelini, Alessio Vieno, Marcantonio M. Spada IntroductionBeing constantly connected on social media is a “way of being” among adolescents. However, social media use can become “problematic” for some users and only a few studies have explored the concurrent contribution of social context and emotion regulation to problematic social media use. The current study aimed to test: (i) the influence of friends (i.e., their social media use and group norms about social media use); and (ii) the effects of difficulties in emotion regulation and so-called “e-motions” on adolescents’ problematic social media use.MethodsA cross-sectional study was conducted in Italian secondary schools. An online questionnaire was administered to 761 adolescents (44.5% females; Mage = 15.49 years; SDage = 1.03).ResultsPath analysis showed that social norms were directly associated with problematic social media use and friends’ social media use was associated with the frequency of social media use, which, in turn, was associated with problematic use. Difficulties in emotion regulation were directly and indirectly linked to problematic social media use via frequency of use and facilitating use of e-motions.ConclusionsThese findings provide support for the importance of both peer influence and emotion regulation in this context. Social norms and emotion regulation should be considered in prevention programs addressing problematic social media use in adolescents.
       
  • Sensitivity and specificity of a commercial urinary ethyl glucuronide
           (ETG) test in heavy drinkers

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 17 January 2020Source: Addictive Behaviors ReportsAuthor(s): Erica N. Grodin, Xuan-Thanh Nguyen, Diana Ho, Spencer Bujarski, Lara A. Ray IntroductionTo advance the use of alcohol metabolites as biomarkers in the context of alcohol research, the present study tested the sensitivity and specificity of a commercially available urinary ethyl glucuronide (uEtG) test (DrugConfirm Advanced 80hr EtG) in a clinical research context.MethodsA community sample of heavy drinkers (N=68) completed the 30-day Timeline Follow-Back (TLFB) interview and provided a urine sample for uEtG analysis. Analyses of sensitivity and specificity of the uEtG assay were conducted using the following outcomes: (a) past day drinking, (b) past day binge drinking (defined as ≥4 drinks for women and ≥5 drinks for men), (c) past 3-day drinking, and (d) past 3-day binge drinkingResultsThe majority of participants reported past-3-day drinking (80.9%) and a sizeable minority reported past day drinking (33.8%). While uEtG-based detection of past day drinking and binge drinking was acceptable (sensitivity = 73.91%, and 83.33%; specificity = 80.00% and 66.13%, respectively), detection of any drinking and binge drinking in the past 3 days was poor (sensitivity and specificity of 43.64% and 84.62%, and 39.39% and 62.86%, respectively).ConclusionsThis study contributes to the mixed findings on the validity of EtG tests, which suggest that commercial uEtG tests with conservative detection thresholds are not a reliable alcohol biomarker without corroborating self-report data. Lower detection thresholds are recommended when using uEtG as an alcohol biomarker. Efforts to reach acceptable levels of sensitivity and specificity with commercial assays hold potential to advance the measurement of alcohol intake, overcoming the pitfalls of self-report data.
       
  • Once online poker, always online poker' Poker modality trajectories
           over two years

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 17 January 2020Source: Addictive Behaviors ReportsAuthor(s): Magali Dufour, Adèle Morvannou, Émélie Laverdière, Natacha Brunelle, Sylvia Kairouz, Marc-Antoine Nolin, Louise Nadeau, Frédéric Dussault, Djamal Berbiche Online poker is considered more at-risk than land-based poker in terms of intense gambling behaviors and gambling problems. The development of many online gambling sites has raised public health concerns about the potential increase in online poker players. Longitudinal studies are useful to better understand the evolution of gambling behaviors; however, very few consider online poker players. Using a prospective design, this study aims to identify online and land-based trajectories over a two-year period and the factors influencing those trajectories.Results are based on data collected at three time-points over the course of a prospective cohort study conducted in Quebec (n=304). A latent class growth analysis was performed to determine trajectories based on the main poker modality played, either online or land-based poker. Multinomial multivariable logistic regression analyses were conducted to determine the correlates of poker playing trajectories.Over two years, three poker playing trajectories were identified, comprising two stable trajectories [stable land-based (51.5%) and stable online (36.3%)] and an unstable trajectory [unstable online land-based (12.1%)]. The second trajectory included online poker players at baseline who transitioned to land-based poker. Number of gambling activities increased the odds of being in the first trajectory as compared to the others. Severity of gambling problems was a significant predictor of the second “unstable” or the third “stable online” trajectories, but not for the first “stable land-based” poker trajectory.The majority of poker players remained in either the land-based or online trajectories over two years. No poker players transitioned from land-based to online poker.
       
  • Trauma in childhood and adolescence and impaired executive functions are
           associated with uncertain reflective functioning in mothers with substance
           use disorder

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 30 December 2019Source: Addictive Behaviors ReportsAuthor(s): Vidar Roald Kristiansen, Tore Bergby Handeland, Bjørn Lau, Kerstin Søderstrøm, Ulrika Håkansson, Merete Glenne Øie AimsImpairments in reflective functioning are known to have adverse effects on the ability to display sensitive parenting as a caregiver. Several factors are associated with impairments in reflective functioning, such as impaired executive functioning and experienced trauma. We investigated how these factors contribute to an impaired reflective functioning style, such as pathological certain or uncertain reflective functioning. Extreme scores on these two subscales reflect two kinds of impairments in reflective functioning. We assessed executive functions, reflective functioning, and trauma in 43 mothers diagnosed with substance use disorders (SUD).MethodsCertain or uncertain reflective functioning were assessed using the Reflective Functioning Questionnaire 8 (RFQ-8). Executive functions and trauma were assessed by administering various questionnaires, interviews and neuropsychological tests.ResultsHigh uncertain reflective functioning was more than six times as common (odds ratio) in mothers reporting high amounts of trauma in childhood compared with mothers reporting low amounts of trauma. Impaired executive functions were also significantly associated with high uncertain reflective functioning. Certain reflective functioning did, however, not show any significant associations.ConclusionWhen the SUD mothers give information about relational trauma in childhood, it might therefore be worth investigating and addressing the potential tendency to have an uncertain reflective functioning style.
       
  • Effect of Hypnotic Suggestion on Cognition and Craving in Smokers

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 26 November 2019Source: Addictive Behaviors ReportsAuthor(s): Bollinger J.W., Beadling C.W., Waters A.J Cigarette smoking remains an important public health concern, and novel smoking cessation interventions are needed. Craving for cigarettes is a well-established target for intervention. Recent research has identified cognitive processes associated with craving, such as attentional bias to smoking cues, as targets for intervention. One intervention that may be effective in reducing attentional bias is hypnotic suggestion. Using a counterbalanced within-subjects design in a sample of active smokers (N=33), this laboratory study examined if hypnotic suggestion can modify attention, assessed by the classic and smoking Stroop tasks, and craving. Hypnotic susceptibility was assessed using the Stanford Scale of Hypnotic Susceptibility. There was no evidence that hypnotic susceptibility moderated the effect of hypnotic suggestion on the classic or smoking Stroop effects. However, hypnotic susceptibility did moderate the effect of hypnotic suggestion on craving, such that hypnotic suggestion reduced craving in individuals with high levels of susceptibility. Further research into the mechanisms by which hypnotic suggestion reduces craving is warranted.
       
 
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