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  Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8036 journals)
    - ALLERGOLOGY AND IMMUNOLOGY (205 journals)
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    - SPORTS MEDICINE (74 journals)
    - SURGERY (380 journals)
    - UROLOGY, NEPHROLOGY AND ANDROLOGY (146 journals)

MEDICAL SCIENCES (2127 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 3562 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access  
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
AADE in Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
ABCS Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Abia State University Medical Students' Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
ACIMED     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Acta Bio Medica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Bioethica     Open Access  
Acta Bioquimica Clinica Latinoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Científica Estudiantil     Open Access  
Acta Facultatis Medicae Naissensis     Open Access  
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Medica (Hradec Králové)     Open Access  
Acta Medica Bulgarica     Open Access  
Acta Medica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Medica Indonesiana     Open Access  
Acta Medica International     Open Access  
Acta medica Lituanica     Open Access  
Acta Medica Marisiensis     Open Access  
Acta Medica Martiniana     Open Access  
Acta Medica Nagasakiensia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Medica Peruana     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Médica Portuguesa     Open Access  
Acta Medica Saliniana     Open Access  
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acupuncture & Electro-Therapeutics Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Acupuncture and Natural Medicine     Open Access  
Addiction Science & Clinical Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Adıyaman Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi / Health Sciences Journal of Adıyaman University     Open Access  
Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Advanced Biomedical Research     Open Access  
Advanced Health Care Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advanced Science, Engineering and Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Bioscience and Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Clinical Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
Advances in Life Course Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Lipobiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Medical Education and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Advances in Medical Ethics     Open Access  
Advances in Medical Research     Open Access  
Advances in Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Microbial Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Molecular Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Molecular Toxicology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Parkinson's Disease     Open Access  
Advances in Phytomedicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Advances in Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Regenerative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Skeletal Muscle Function Assessment     Open Access  
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Veterinary Science and Comparative Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Wound Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
African Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African Journal of Clinical and Experimental Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Laboratory Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Trauma     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
AJOB Primary Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 3)
AJSP: Reviews & Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Aktuelle Ernährungsmedizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal     Open Access  
Alexandria Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Allgemeine Homöopathische Zeitung     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Alpha Omegan     Full-text available via subscription  
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Althea Medical Journal     Open Access  
American Journal of Biomedical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Biomedicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
American Journal of Chinese Medicine, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Clinical Medicine Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Law & Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Managed Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Medical Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
American Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Medicine Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Medicine Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of the Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
American Journal on Addictions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
American medical news     Free   (Followers: 3)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Amyloid: The Journal of Protein Folding Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina     Open Access  
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de la República, Uruguay     Open Access  
Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Analgesia & Resuscitation : Current Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anatolian Clinic the Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Anatomica Medical Journal     Open Access  
Anatomical Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Anatomical Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anatomy Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Ankara Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ankara Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Mecmuası     Open Access  
Annales de Pathologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Anatomy - Anatomischer Anzeiger     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Annals of Biomedical Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Clinical Hypertension     Open Access  
Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Family Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Annals of Health Research     Open Access  
Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annals of The Royal College of Surgeons of England     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annual Reports in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Annual Reports on NMR Spectroscopy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Annual Review of Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Anthropologie et santé     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Antibiotics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Antibodies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Antibody Technology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Antibody Therapeutics     Open Access  
Anuradhapura Medical Journal     Open Access  
Anwer Khan Modern Medical College Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Apparence(s)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Clinical Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Applied Clinical Research, Clinical Trials and Regulatory Affairs     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Medical Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Arab Journal of Nephrology and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives Medical Review Journal / Arşiv Kaynak Tarama Dergisi     Open Access  
Archives of Asthma, Allergy and Immunology     Open Access  
Archives of Medical and Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Medical Laboratory Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access  
Archives of Trauma Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archivos de Medicina (Manizales)     Open Access  
ArgoSpine News & Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos de Ciências da Saúde     Open Access  
Arquivos de Medicina     Open Access  
Ars Medica : Revista de Ciencias Médicas     Open Access  
ARS Medica Tomitana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Art Therapy: Journal of the American Art Therapy Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Arterial Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Artificial Intelligence in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Artificial Organs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
ASHA Leader     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Family Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asian Bioethics Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Asian Biomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Medical and Pharmaceutical Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention     Open Access  
ASPIRATOR : Journal of Vector-borne Disease Studies     Open Access  
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Atención Familiar     Open Access  
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atti della Accademia Peloritana dei Pericolanti - Classe di Scienze Medico-Biologiche     Open Access  
Audiology - Communication Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Auris Nasus Larynx     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian Coeliac     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Journal of Medical Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Autopsy and Case Reports     Open Access  
Avicenna     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Avicenna Journal of Clinical Medicine     Open Access  
Avicenna Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Advances in Bioscience and Clinical Medicine
Number of Followers: 6  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2203-1413
Published by Australian International Academic Centre Homepage  [8 journals]
  • miR-193a-5p Inhibits Migration and Invasion of Colorectal Cancer Cells Via
           Targeting Vimentin

    • Authors: Saeed Noorolyai, Behzad Baradaran
      Pages: 1 - 5
      Abstract: Background and Purpose: Colorectal cancer is the third leading cause of cancer death worldwide. MicroRNAs are a group of post-transcription regulators whose expression are altered in various cancers and affect the expression of different genes and contribute to cancer progression. According to studies, the expression of miR-193a-5p in some cancers, including colorectal cancer, is reduced. But so far, the main effects and mechanisms of miR-193a-5p in colorectal cancer are ambiguous and unknown. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of miR-193a-5p mimic transfection on HT-29 cell line and investigate the expression of vimentin molecule on these cells. Materials and Methods: First, the HT-29 cell line from colorectal cancer was cultured in RPMI-1640 culture media. Then, miR-193a-5p was transfected with Jet-PEI reagent and using the qRT-PCR technique, the expression of miR-193a-5p and vimentin gene was evaluated in miR-193a-5p transfected HT-29 cells and control group. Statistical analyzes were performed using GraphPad Prism 6 statistical software. Results: In this study, the simultaneous effect of miR-193a-5p mimic on HT-29 cells was investigated. Expression levels of miR-193a-5p was increased after transfection, and then, vimentin expression was altered, which was evaluated by using qRT-PCR. Conclusion: The results of this study revealed that miR-193a-5p may act as a tumor-suppressor by affecting the molecules such as vimentin. This microRNA has an important role in tumor metastasis. Therefore, it may be suggested as a potential therapeutic target in the treatment of colorectal cancer.
      PubDate: 2019-01-31
      DOI: 10.7575/aiac.abcmed.v.7n.1p.1
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • The Effectivity of Mirror Therapy on Arm Motoric Improvement in Acute
           Ischemic Stroke Patients

    • Authors: Jumraini Tammasse, Machyono Andi Kurnia Bintang
      Pages: 6 - 11
      Abstract: Cerebrovascular diseases (stroke) ranked the second cause of death worldwide. This research aimed at investigating the effectiveness of mirror therapy on artery therapy by ARAT (ARAT) score. The research was carried out by the clinical trials study towards 32 acute ischemic stroke patients who were divided into an experimental group got the combination of mirror therapy and standard therapy, and the control group only got the standard therapy. The level of the motor action was tested by Action Research Arm Test (ARAT) score. The research then compared the ARAT score difference between the two groups. The result of the research reveals that the ARAT score differences on the group who gets the combination of mirror therapy and standard therapy (15.56±4.38) higher than the group who only gets the standard therapy (7.69±1, 66). By using T-test, it is obtained the significant difference of P <0.05 (0.001).
      PubDate: 2019-01-31
      DOI: 10.7575/aiac.abcmed.v.7n.1p.6
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • Effect of Intravenous Acetaminophen on Pain and Peritoneal Irritation
           

    • Authors: Mahboub Pouraghaei, Peiman Imamverdizadeh, Payman Moharramzadeh, Samad Shams Vahdati
      Pages: 12 - 15
      Abstract: Introduction: Acute surgery abdomen was one of the most common causes of emergency surgery in worldwide and a major cause of severe abdominal pain and sometimes harrowing and intolerable patients are presenting to the emergency department. The duty of every physician especially Emergency physician reduction of pain of patients that is considered as a major priority in new emergency medical treatment. The aim of this study was evaluation of effect IV Acetaminophen on abdominal pain in patients referred to emergency ward. Methods: In a double blind clinical trial that performed in emergency department on patients with abdominal pain, effect IV Acetaminophen on abdominal pain in patients referred to emergency ward evaluated. Results and Conclusion:155 of patients were male and 85 of them were female. Mean age of patients in acetaminophen group was 45.45 ± 20.47 and in Morphine group was 50.99 ± 19.40 year(P=0.0054). Mean of pre injection pain score in male was 8.69 ± 1.29 and in female patients was 9.17 ± 1.27(P=0.848). Mean of pre injection pain score in Morphine group patients was 8.80 ± 1.35 and Mean of post injection pain score in Morphine group patients was 4.06 ± 1.71(P<0.001). Mean of pre injection pain score in acetaminophen group patients was 8.92 ± 1.25 and Mean of post injection pain score in acetaminophen group patients was 6.46 ± 2.25(P<0.001). Mean of post injection pain score in acetaminophen group patients was significantly higher than patient’s of Morphine group. Significant liner direct correlation was found between pre injection and post injection pain score in the studied patients.
      PubDate: 2019-01-31
      DOI: 10.7575/aiac.abcmed.v.7n.1p.12
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • Knowledge of Senior Dental Students on Odontogenic Infections

    • Authors: Seyed Ahmad Arta, Javad Yazdani, Milad Ghanizadeh, Shahrzad Seyvani, Mohamad Ali Ghavimi
      Pages: 16 - 18
      Abstract: Odontogenic infections are the most common infections that require early diagnosis and proper treatment. Given the sensitivity of the issue, the dental community needs to have correct information about the current status. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the knowledge of students in Tabriz University of Medical Sciences about the treatment of odontogenic infections in 2017. In this descriptive‒analytical study, all the senior students of Tabriz Faculty of Dentistry were evaluated. Data were collected using a questionnaire consisting of 20 questions related to students’ awareness about the treatment of odontogenic infection. Data were analyzed with descriptive statistics and chi-squared test. The results indicated that the mean knowledge score of the students was 8.64±2.6. Knowledge of 77.4 % of students was low, 20.8 % had moderate knowledge and 1.8 % had a high level of knowledge. There were no significant differences in knowledge between male and female students. Knowledge of senior dental students in Tabriz University of Medical Sciences was poor, with no difference between male and female students.
      PubDate: 2019-01-31
      DOI: 10.7575/aiac.abcmed.v.7n.1p.16
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • Assessing Experience and Perception of Patients about OPD Services

    • Authors: Yakubu H. Yakubu, Adams Shamsu-deen Mahama, Nkacheba Amina Abu, Habibu Issah
      Pages: 19 - 26
      Abstract: Background: Healthcare is constantly changing for this reason, healthcare administrators and other players in this scenario need dynamic dimensions intended to get reports about patients’ experiences and perceptions about the services they provide at the Outpatient department. This is because patients define the satisfactions experienced at this section of the hospital to be the overall output of the hospital. Discontent of services received at this facility is a judgment on the quality of care provided by the hospital. Aim: The aim of this study is to assess experience and perception of patients about OPD Services. Methods: The study employed a quantitative cross sectional descriptive method. Data was collected by a structured questionnaire at the outpatient department of Tamale Teaching Hospital Ghana. A total of 100 patients were included in the study. Results: The study had a response rate of 100% and with the mean age of respondents of (Mean±SD) 30.57 ±10.11. More than half of respondents (n = 68, 68%) were females and 51% had tertiary education. The minimum and maximum time respondents had to wait to be examined by a Doctor was between ≤ 30 and > 300 minutes respectively. Majority (61%) of the patients had good satisfaction with nurses as they treated patients’ with respect and good lighting at the hospital (66%). There was however, a poor satisfaction in relation to doctor services (59%), registration services, pharmacy services, inadequate physical examination rooms and chairs at waiting area, unclean toilet facility, expenses on laboratory test(70%, highest dissatisfaction), and poor ventilation of facility. Conclusion: The study findings suggested that, maximum number of respondents had very good experience in relation to the nurses’ respectful treatment for patients, the lighting system of the hospital and cleanliness of the environment. The following measures were recommended by respondents for policy-makers and hospital administrators to improve the patient satisfaction and quality of care to gain and maintain market share and clients good experience. These included, reducing the waiting time at the OPD consultation, providing enough chairs, and good communication and friendliness of the OPD registration officers.
      PubDate: 2019-01-31
      DOI: 10.7575/aiac.abcmed.v.7n.1p.19
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • Pulmonary Complications and Related Consequences in Patients with
           Traumatic Injuries

    • Authors: Ali Tagizadieh, Payman Moharamzadeh, Alireza Ala, Elham Salami, Kavous Shahsavari Nia
      Pages: 27 - 35
      Abstract: Background and Purpose: Trauma is considered to be one of the main causes of death in the world and the number of deaths caused by traumatic incidents has experienced an annual increase of 15%. Despite this fact that comprehensive information on the incidence of pulmonary complications in traumatic patients, the patients’ fate in the country and factors affecting it is not available, the present study was conducted to determine the incidence of these complications and the main factors causing them in patients with traumatic injuries visiting the emergency room of the largest medical, educational, and research center in the province, which is considered to be the most important transfer center for traumatic patients from other medical centers in the region. Methods: This is a cross-sectional prospective study conducted on the injured people who visited the emergency room of Imam Reza Hospital in Tabriz in 2015. The incidence of pulmonary complications and factors affecting them were recorded in a valid and reliable researcher-developed checklist that included demographic information and information related to the incident. The significance level was set at p < 0.05. Results: Of all the 482 traumatic patients, 63.5% were men with a mean age of 41.6±15.4, with pulmonary complications reported in 48.1% of them. Pneumonia was the most common complication among these patients which was reported in 161 (33.4%) patients, and pneumothorax and ARDS were the second and third most common complications with the frequencies 41 (8.5%) and 39 (8.1%), respectively. The main causes of the incidence of pulmonary complications were reported to be an age of above 45 (p < 0.001), reduced consciousness level based on GCS criterion (p = 0.01), single trauma to the chest (p < 0.001), synchronous trauma to the chest and other organs (p < 0.001), hospitalizations of longer than one week (p < 0.001), intubation (p < 0.001) and finally transfer of the patient to the operation room (p < 0.001). It should be noted that a pulse rate of more than 100 beats in a minute was accompanied by a decrease in the incidence of pulmonary complications (p = 0.01). In the evaluation of the patients’ fate, it was found out that only 15 (3.1%) patients were discharged from the emergency room. Finally, 34 patients (7.05%) died during the study, with the age group 15-29 years accounting for one third of the patients investigated. Pneumonia (33.4%) was the most common pulmonary complication. For 152 patients (34.8%) the duration of hospitalization was longer than seven days. Conclusion: The fact that the incidence of pulmonary complications in traumatic patients visiting the Location of research was 48.1% highlights the need for further attention to and proper management of complications in these patients. Delayed pulmonary complications are more common among traumatic patients, since the most common complication in this study was reported to be delayed pneumonia. Therefore, given the significance of such a high incidence, further studies and taking effective preventive and medical measures are strongly suggested.
      PubDate: 2019-01-31
      DOI: 10.7575/aiac.abcmed.v.7n.1p.27
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • Comparison of Spleen, Liver and Kidney Volume and Span using Multiplanar
           CT Scan vs. Ultrasonography in 1-12 year-old Patients

    • Authors: Hasan Mohamad Rezaie, Parisa Hajalioghli, Amirreza Jahanshahi, Iman Yazdani Nia, Armin Zarrintan, Mohammad Mirza Aghazadeh
      Pages: 36 - 40
      Abstract: Background: Evaluating of internal organs of abdomen in clinical assessments especially in children is so important. Ultrasonography is useful, safe, and available method for evaluation of size of abdomen internal organs. Also computerized tomography (CT) scan is accurate method in evaluation of children problem. The aim of present study was to compare of spleen volume and span and liver and kidney span using multiplanar CT scan vs. ultrasonography in 1-12 years old patients at Tabriz Children Hospital. Methods and Materials: In a descriptive analytical study, 35 children whom candidate for pelvic & abdomen CT scan and referred to Children Educational Medical Center of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, were included the study and evaluated. Children were evaluated also by ultrasound modality. Age, sex, spleen span, spleen width, spleen thickness, length of right & left kidney, liver span in midclavicular line, and spleen volume based on ultrasonography & CT scan findings, were evaluated. Results: Based on CT scan report, spleen span, liver span, and spleen width were 101.31±32.28 mm, 101.57±29.25 mm, and 70.28±23.14 mm respectively, and based on ultrasonography report were 99.65±31.77 mm. 102.02±29.47 mm, & 68.31±22.04 mm. There were no significant differences in spleen span (P=0.063), liver span (P=0.609), and spleen width (P=0.082) between ultrasonography & CT scan findings. Conclusion: Based on the findings of present study; due to no significant differences between ultrasonography & CT scan findings in evaluating right and left kidney, liver & spleen span, and spleen width, they can use alternatively.
      PubDate: 2019-01-31
      DOI: 10.7575/aiac.abcmed.v.7n.1p.36
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • Systematic Review on Knowledge and Awareness of Breast Cancer and Risk
           Factors Among Young Women

    • Authors: Aeshah Hamdan Almutairi, Rahmita Wirza, Norliza Binti Ahmad, Shamsul Bahri Bin Md Tamrin
      Pages: 41 - 47
      Abstract: Introduction: Breast cancer is considered the primary cancer to affect women according to the global context. Due to its crucial escalation, it has become vital to inform the general population regarding breast cancer symptoms, risk factors and earlier detection methods. The main aim of the present study is to conduct a systematic review of breast cancer and the risk factors affecting young adult women. Methods: A systematic literature review was carried out to garner global studies on breast cancer risk factors as well as to understand the degree to which breast cancer and its associated risk factors are understood. The primary study included the exploration of databases and journal websites, PubMed, Google Scholar and Medline. The articles studied for the review was focused on the printed original English articles from the year 2008 to December, 2017. This review highlights the necessity for further studies regarding knowledge of breast cancer and its risk factors among young adult women are understood. Conclusion: Knowledge about breast cancer and its risk factors among young women was inadequate. Furthermore, cultural sensitivities should be adjusted to ensure optimal awareness among the public, in particular teenagers and young adult women. Intensive educational campaigns should be planned to increase breast cancer awareness in order to minimize the observed deficit of knowledge. The role of prevention and procedures to screen breast examinations in clinics as well as mammography should all be highlighted in order to achieve these goals and obtain the required data.
      PubDate: 2019-01-31
      DOI: 10.7575/aiac.abcmed.v.7n.1p.41
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • Thyroid Hormone Replacement Therapy in Critically Ill Patients: Lack of
           Promising Evidence for Physiologically Sound Approaches

    • Authors: Tara Sabzevari, Masoumeh Emamvidri
      Pages: 48 - 48
      Abstract: The sick euthyoid syndrome, also known as nonthyroidal illness syndrome, refers to changes seen in patient thyroid function tests administered in the medical intensive care unit during episodes of critical illness(1). Low serum T3 is the most common abnormality in euthyroid sick syndrome. Both low T3 and low T4 syndrome are reported in critically ill patients and low serum T4 is related with worst outcome. These features in laboratory findings of sick euthyroid patients have been explained by circulating thyroid binding hormone inhibitor (2). Thyroid hormone signalling regulates crucial biological functions, including energy expenditure, thermogenesis, development and growth. Fliers et al. (3), in their review “Thyroid function in critically ill patients”, concluded that routine thyroid hormone replacement therapy is not recommended in non-thyroid illness syndrome in critically ill patients. As we know, decreased plasma concentrations of thyroid hormones, especially T3, in critically ill patients represent the severity of the disorder and are associated with poor outcomes. On the other hand, thyroid hormone administration has been reported to be associated with improved hemodynamics, increased cardiac output, decreased ICU length of stay, reduced need for inotropic agents and mechanical devices, decreased incidence of myocardial ischaemia and decreased incidence of atrial fibrillation and pacemaker therapy (4-6). There are some studies reported the link between low levels of thyroid hormone and sarcopenia which leads to critical ill weakness (7.8). So it may be a rational to use hormone replacement therapy in selected critically ill patients with sick euthyroid syndrome.
      Not to implement physiologically sound approaches just because “evidence is lacking” might be disadvantageous for these patients over time as it might probably take years until clinical evidence become available. Subsequently, based on previous trials that have introduced effectiveness or at least no effects of hormone replacement therapy for non-thyroid illness syndrome, it seems that critically ill patients without limiting conditions such as advanced age or cardiac dysfunction (e.g. CHF or ACS) might benefit from thyroid replacement therapy and depriving these patients from what they might have benefited seems unethical.As we mentioned sick euthyroid syndrome occurs with different faces in critically ill patients with some good and some bad characteristics. Tolerating the early onset hibernation response with its concomitant changes in thyroid hormone parameters seems to be beneficial and safe. But the other type of sick euthyroid syndrome which develops later during prolong ICU admission may have a different face and needs some interventions as it has impact on patients outcome.
      PubDate: 2019-01-31
      DOI: 10.7575/aiac.abcmed.v.7n.1p.48
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • Multi-nodular Desmoplastic Medulloblastoma in a Child: A Rare Radiological
           Physiognomy

    • Authors: Songping Zheng, Seidu A. Richard, Yiyun Fu, Yan Ju, Chao You
      Pages: 49 - 53
      Abstract: Introduction: Nodular desmoplastic variant of medulloblastoma although very common, can present with very challenging radiological feature that mimics others lesions in the inferior and lower vermis in children. We present a case of rare radiological appearance of desmoplastic medullobastoma. Case Presentation: A one year and nine months old male presented with unstable walking and projectile vomiting of two weeks’ duration. He was apparently walking well prior this illness. The vomiting was usually in the morning and associated with headaches. Radiological imaging revealed very unusual masses in the cerebellum vermin region with obvious bilateral ventricular enlargement as well as the third ventricle, indicating hydrocephalus. Surgery was successful carried out and microscopic as well as immunohistochemistry confirmed desmoplastic medullobastoma. Conclusion: Desmoplastic medulloblastoma although not very rare can be very problematic in terms of radiological diagnosis. We are of the option that our imaging finding will throw more light on the radiological features of this tumor.
      PubDate: 2019-01-31
      DOI: 10.7575/aiac.abcmed.v.7n.1p.49
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2019)
       
 
 
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