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MEDICAL SCIENCES (2415 journals)            First | 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 | Last

Showing 1201 - 1400 of 3562 Journals sorted alphabetically
Journal of Evaluation In Clinical Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Evidence-Based Healthcare     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Evidence-Based Integrative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Evidence-Based Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Exercise Science & Fitness     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Journal of Experimental and Clinical Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Family and Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Foot and Ankle Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Forensic Science and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Gandaki Medical College-Nepal     Open Access  
Journal of Generic Medicines     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Geographical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Hand Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Head & Neck Physicians and Surgeons     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Health & Medical Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 62)
Journal of Health and Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Health Design     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Health Economics and Outcomes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Health Promotion and Behavior     Open Access  
Journal of Health Research and Reviews     Open Access  
Journal of Health Science and Medical Research     Open Access  
Journal of Health Science Research     Open Access  
Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of health sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Health Sciences / Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Journal of Health Sciences and Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Health Sciences and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Health Sciences and Surveillance System     Open Access  
Journal of Health Sciences Scholarship     Open Access  
Journal of Health Specialties     Open Access  
Journal of Health Studies     Open Access  
Journal of Healthcare Informatics Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Heavy Metal Toxicity and Diseases     Open Access  
Journal of Helminthology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Herbs Spices & Medicinal Plants     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of HIV for Clinical and Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Hospital Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology [Medical Sciences]     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Human Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Human Rhythm     Open Access  
Journal of Human Transcriptome     Open Access  
Journal of Ideas in Health     Open Access  
Journal of Inflammation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Inflammation Research     Open Access  
Journal of Injury and Violence Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Institute of Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Insulin Resistance     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Interactional Research in Communication Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of International Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Interventional Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Investigative Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Islamabad Medical & Dental College     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Istanbul Faculty of Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Karnali Academy of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Kathmandu Medical College     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of King Abdulaziz University : Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Laboratory Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Laryngology and Voice     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Legal Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Limb Lengthening & Reconstruction     Open Access  
Journal of Lumbini Medical College     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Manmohan Memorial Institute of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Marine Medical Society     Open Access  
Journal of Materials Science : Materials in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Maternal and Child Health     Open Access  
Journal of Mechanics in Medicine and Biology     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Medical and Biological Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Medical and Biomedical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Medical Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Medical Cases     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Medical Colleges of PLA     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Medical Disorders     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Medical Education and Curricular Development     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Medical Ethics     Partially Free   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Medical Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Journal of Medical Hypotheses and Ideas     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Imaging and Health Informatics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Medical Investigation and Practice     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Laboratory and Diagnosis     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Law and Ethics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Medical Microbiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Screening     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Medical Signals and Sensors     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Medical Society     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Systems     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Medical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Medical Ultrasound     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Medicinal Botany     Open Access  
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 209)
Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Medicine and Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Medicine and Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Medicine and the Person     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Medicine in Scientific Research     Open Access  
Journal of Medicine in the Tropics     Open Access  
Journal of Medicine Research and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Medicine, Physiology and Biophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Medicines Development Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Metabolomics & Systems Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Molecular Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Movement Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Multidisciplinary Research in Healthcare     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Muscle Research and Cell Motility     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Nanotechnology in Engineering and Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Nanotheranostics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Natural Medicines     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Natural Science, Biology and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Nature and Science of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Negative and No Positive Results     Open Access  
Journal of Nepalgunj Medical College     Open Access  
Journal of Neurocritical Care     Open Access  
Journal of Neurodegenerative Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Neurorestoratology     Open Access  
Journal of Neuroscience and Neurological Disorders     Open Access  
Journal of Nobel Medical College     Open Access  
Journal of Obesity and Bariatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Occupational Health     Open Access  
Journal of Occupational Therapy Education     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Ocular Biology, Diseases, and Informatics     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Oral Health and Craniofacial Science     Open Access  
Journal of Orofacial Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Otorhinolaryngology, Hearing and Balance Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Ovarian Research     Open Access  
Journal of Ozone Therapy     Open Access  
Journal of Palliative Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Journal of Paramedical Sciences & Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Journal of Parkinsonism and Restless Legs Syndrome     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Parkinson’s Disease and Alzheimer’s Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Participatory Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Patan Academy of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Pathogens     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Patient Experience     Open Access  
Journal of Patient Safety and Risk Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews     Open Access  
Journal of Patient-Reported Outcomes     Open Access  
Journal of Periodontal Research     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Personalized Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Pest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Physiobiochemical Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Physiology-Paris     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Pioneering Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Postgraduate Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Pregnancy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Prevention & Intervention Community     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health     Open Access  
Journal of Primary Prevention     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Prosthodontic Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Prosthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Receptor, Ligand and Channel Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Regenerative Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Research in Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Science and Applications : Biomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Science and Technology (Ghana)     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Scientific Innovation in Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Scientific Perspectives     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Sensory Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Shaheed Suhrawardy Medical College     Open Access  
Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Arthroplasty     Open Access  
Journal of Sleep Disorders : Treatment & Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of South American Earth Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Spinal Disorders & Techniques     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Sports Medicine and Allied Health Sciences : Official Journal of the Ohio Athletic Trainers Association     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Stem Cell Therapy and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Stomal Therapy Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 77)
Journal of Substance Use     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Surgical Academia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Surgical and Clinical Research     Open Access  
Journal of Surgical Case Reports     Open Access  
Journal of Surgical Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Surgical Technique and Case Report     Open Access  
Journal of Systemic Therapies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of The Academy of Clinical Microbiologists     Open Access  
Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Journal of the American College of Certified Wound Specialists     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the American College of Clinical Wound Specialists     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the American Medical Directors Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association : JAMIA     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of the Anatomical Society of India     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of the Anus, Rectum and Colon     Open Access  
Journal of The Arab Society for Medical Research     Open Access  

  First | 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Journal of Experimental and Clinical Anatomy
Number of Followers: 2  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1596-2393
Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [427 journals]
  • The laboratories of anatomy and the standard practices therein

    • Authors: Ahmad Adekilekun Tijani, Joshua Oladele Owolabi, Damilare Adedayo Adekomi
      Pages: 1 - 6
      Abstract: Ahmad Adekilekun Tijani, Joshua Oladele Owolabi, Damilare Adedayo Adekomi
      Journal of Experimental and Clinical Anatomy 2017 16(1):1-6
      A laboratory is a facility that is equipped for carrying out scientific experiments or procedures for the purposes of research, teaching, or analysis for service provision under controlled and optimal working conditions. Anatomy is the basic essential science of medicine, laboratories of anatomy are those facilities equipped for carrying out such scientific experiments to understand the structures and functions of human and animal bodies. The laboratories of anatomy, as generally required, for any conventional laboratory, do serve three known basic functions. Each could be a teaching, research, or service laboratory or perform two or three of the functions. Common laboratory units in the department of anatomy include anatomy museum and workshop, animal cell and tissue culture laboratory, biological anthropology and forensic anatomy laboratory, clinical embryology and andrology laboratory, cytogenetic laboratory, histology and histochemistry laboratory, mortuary and gross anatomy laboratory, and radiological anatomy laboratory.
      Citation: Journal of Experimental and Clinical Anatomy 2017 16(1):1-6
      PubDate: Wed,9 Aug 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/jeca.jeca_44_16
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • A cadaveric study on morphological variations of fissures and lobes in the
           human lungs and its clinical significance

    • Authors: K Gopalakrishna, S Deepalaxmi, SC Somashekara, BS Rathna
      Pages: 7 - 11
      Abstract: K Gopalakrishna, S Deepalaxmi, SC Somashekara, BS Rathna
      Journal of Experimental and Clinical Anatomy 2017 16(1):7-11
      Background: Knowledge of the anatomy and variations of the major fissures are essential to recognize pulmonary abnormalities, for segmental lung resection and radiological interpretations. Objective: To study the morphological variations of fissures and lobes in the human cadaveric lungs. Materials and Methods: One hundred specimens of formalin-fixed adult lungs of unknown gender were studied and the following parameters were measured bilaterally: (a) presence or absence of complete or incomplete fissure, (b) presence of accessory fissure, and (c) length of fissures. The observations and measurements were recorded, compiled, and tabulated and the result was compared with the other studies. Results: Length of oblique fissure was 29.36 ± 5.61cm with range of 17.9 - 42.0 cm on the right side and 26.81 ± 8.18 cm with range of 10.8–38.9 cm on the left side. Length of horizontal fissure was 10.2 ± 8.4 cm with range of 6.1–12.8 cm on the right side. Oblique fissure was complete in 84.0% cases on the right side and was in 82.0% cases on the right side. It was incomplete or absent in 16% (R) and 18% (L) cases. Horizontal fissure was complete in 74% and incomplete or absent in 26% of cases. Accessory fissure was found in a total of eight lung specimens. Conclusions: The knowledge of anatomy of fissures of the lung provides information on lobar anatomy with variations. The present study result and its comparison with other researches confirmed that lobar architecture is not constant. It emphasizes its usefulness in the diagnostic and surgical field.
      Citation: Journal of Experimental and Clinical Anatomy 2017 16(1):7-11
      PubDate: Wed,9 Aug 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/jeca.jeca_9_16
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • The effect of intake of palm wine on body weight and testicular
           microarchitecture in adult wistar rats

    • Authors: Ubi Essien Isaac, Frank Chinedu Akpuaka, Godwin Unukpai Ndukwe
      Pages: 12 - 17
      Abstract: Ubi Essien Isaac, Frank Chinedu Akpuaka, Godwin Unukpai Ndukwe
      Journal of Experimental and Clinical Anatomy 2017 16(1):12-17
      Background: The growing concerns about male reproductive dysfunction as well as obesity have necessitated the present study.Objective: The aim of this research was to investigate the effect of intake of palm wine on body weight, testis weight and microarchitecture of the testis in adult Wistar rats.Materials and Methods: Ten mature male rats weighing between 101 g and 180 g were assigned into two groups of A and B, consisting of five animals each that all had access to rat chow and water ad libitum. Fresh undiluted palm wine gotten as sap (juice) from oil palm trees was collected from a local palm wine tapper at every three days interval and often conserved in a refrigerator after every use before being replaced with a fresh collection on the 4th day. While group A served as control, group B animals were orally administered with 10ml/kg body weight per day of the palm wine for twenty-one days. The G&G(R) Electronic Scale (JJ1000 Capacity) was the instrument used for the assessment of the weight parameters. The analysis of variance was the statistical tool used to determine the weight differences between the two groups and P < 0.05 was taken as the statistically significant value; with the data presented as Mean ± SEM.Results: The outcome of the research on weight parameters showed non significant changes as the means for the initial and final body weights in group A were 108 g and 136 g ± 0.28 while those in group B were 138 g and 165 g ± 0.29 respectively. The testis mean weight of group A animals was 3.3 g ± 0.05 while that of group B was 3.8 g ± 0.07. Following routine histological processing, the micro-anatomic studies of testicular tissue samples from group B revealed focal disordered arrangement of sperm–producing cells.Conclusion: The findings therefore show that regular intake of fermented palm sap popularly known as palm wine may not significantly affect body weight nor testis weight, but can gradually distort testicular tissue architecture with abnormally structured cells.
      Citation: Journal of Experimental and Clinical Anatomy 2017 16(1):12-17
      PubDate: Wed,9 Aug 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/jeca.jeca_16_16
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Associations between birthweight, birth order, and age at menarche of
           schoolgirls in Niger Republic

    • Authors: Abdou Kaka Aboubacar Katiella, Monday Nwankwo, Barnabas Danborno
      Pages: 18 - 24
      Abstract: Abdou Kaka Aboubacar Katiella, Monday Nwankwo, Barnabas Danborno
      Journal of Experimental and Clinical Anatomy 2017 16(1):18-24
      Background: Few data are available on the association between birthweight, birth order (BO), and age at menarche. Previous studies have indicated a significant association between birthweight, BO, and age at menarche. Aim: this cross-sectional study examines the association between birthweight, BO, and age at menarche of Nigerien schoolgirls. Materials and Methods: Sociodemographic and anthropometric data were collected with questionnaires from a total of 487 adolescent schoolgirls aged 12–27 years. Results: Schoolgirls with low birthweight reach menarche earlier than those with normal birthweight (13.59 years vs. 13.94 years, P= 0.004). BO showed statistically significant impact on age at menarche with the first-born girls reaching menarche earlier than the later-born girls (F = 5.17,P< 0.001). Age at menarche was positively related to all the measured anthropometrics at P< 0.01. Multiple regression analyses revealed that only BO is a significant predictor of age at menarche (P < 0.000). Conclusion: Our results suggest an association between birthweight, BO, and age at menarche.
      Citation: Journal of Experimental and Clinical Anatomy 2017 16(1):18-24
      PubDate: Wed,9 Aug 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/jeca.jeca_27_16
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Cigarette smoke alters testicular and epididymal histology in adult Wistar
           rats

    • Authors: Gabriel Olaiya Omotoso, Oluwatoyin Zoe Hambolu, Ade Stephen Alabi
      Pages: 25 - 28
      Abstract: Gabriel Olaiya Omotoso, Oluwatoyin Zoe Hambolu, Ade Stephen Alabi
      Journal of Experimental and Clinical Anatomy 2017 16(1):25-28
      Background: Cigarette smoking is a major public health problem. Different disease conditions have been linked to smoking as a risk factor, including infertility, with most studies focusing on semen quality. Aim: The current study aimed at determining the effects of cigarette smoking on the histology of both the testes and epididymis in animal models. Materials and Methods: Sixteen adult male Wistar rats were grouped into four groups: Control Group A and 3 treated Groups B, C, and D, exposed to 1, 2, and 3 sticks of cigarette, respectively. Smoking chambers, made of cylindrical containers, were constructed indigenously and used for the exposure procedure. Each stick was suspended within the chamber and allowed to completely burn for about 10 min. Cigarette exposure was carried out for 28 consecutive days. Both the testes and caudal epididymis were examined histologically. Results: There was distortion of the testicular and epididymal architecture and varying degrees of structural degeneration, especially in the group exposed to the highest concentration of cigarette smoke; spermatogenic cells appeared to decrease in population and there was a reduction in the density of mature spermatozoa in the lumen of the epididymis and seminiferous tubules. Conclusion: The architectural changes in the testes and epididymis explain the reasons for low or poor semen quality in subjects exposed to cigarette smoke, and possible impaired reproduction.
      Citation: Journal of Experimental and Clinical Anatomy 2017 16(1):25-28
      PubDate: Wed,9 Aug 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/jeca.jeca_31_16
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Does settlement and season of birth influence body size? A cross-sectional
           study of school children and adolescents in Republic of Niger

    • Authors: Abdou Kaka Aboubacar Katiella, Barnabas Danborno, Monday Nwankwo
      Pages: 29 - 35
      Abstract: Abdou Kaka Aboubacar Katiella, Barnabas Danborno, Monday Nwankwo
      Journal of Experimental and Clinical Anatomy 2017 16(1):29-35
      Background: The objective of the present study was to examine the effect of season of birth and settlement on body dimensions of children and adolescents from Niger Republic. The study group comprises 1547 boys and 1660 girls from Niger Republic. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted in rural, urban, and semi-urban regions in the Southeast Region of Niger Republic. Data were collected with structured questionnaire followed by anthropometric measurements of stature and weight. Others are head, hip, waist, leg, and mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC). Biceps, triceps, subscapular, and supra-iliac skinfolds were also measured. Statistical analyses included Student's t- test, one-way analysis of variance. Results: Birth weight, weight, stature, and body mass index showed little sexual dimorphism across various age groups. There were significant differences in all anthropometric variables based on settlements (P < 0.01) except menstrual cycle and duration (P > 0.05). Individuals residing in semi-urban area have significantly higher body dimensions than those from the other two settlements except for stature, weight, and MUAC. Individuals born in dry season have higher body dimensions than their counterparts born in wet season. Marked significant differences in body dimensions based on the season of birth were observed among boys than girls. Conclusion: The present study reveals difference in body sizes based on settlements while the magnitude of the impact of season of birth is more among boys than girls.
      Citation: Journal of Experimental and Clinical Anatomy 2017 16(1):29-35
      PubDate: Wed,9 Aug 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/jeca.jeca_40_16
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Does populational difference influence the size of adult human coronary
           arteries?

    • Authors: Arun Dhakal, Sushma Pandey, Arun Maskey, Shekhar Yadav
      Pages: 36 - 40
      Abstract: Arun Dhakal, Sushma Pandey, Arun Maskey, Shekhar Yadav
      Journal of Experimental and Clinical Anatomy 2017 16(1):36-40
      Introduction: Many articles have measured the coronary artery size and compared with similar studies to verify the differences between populations. This study also compares its finding with other identical studies with an attempt to integrate them to evaluate earlier conclusions made on population differences. Materials and Methods: Normal coronary angiograms from the preexisting database of patients who underwent cardiac catheterization were analyzed for their sizes using catheter tip as calibrating object. Results: The measurements of left main coronary artery, left anterior descending artery, circumflex artery (CX), and right coronary artery (RCA) were 2.53 ± 0.26 mm, 1.86 ± 0.19 mm, 1.77 ± 0.27 mm, and 1.80 ± 0.22 mm, respectively, after being adjusted to body surface area. Coronary vessel sizes were compared between Indians, Nepalese, and the Caucasians. The RCA was significantly larger in the Indians as compared to Nepalese and Caucasians whereas Nepalese left anterior descending and CX arteries were significantly larger than both Indians and Caucasians while the left main artery was significantly larger among Nepalese than Indians. Conclusion: After evaluating our findings with various other similar studies, this study concludes that coronary artery diameter varies with populations.
      Citation: Journal of Experimental and Clinical Anatomy 2017 16(1):36-40
      PubDate: Wed,9 Aug 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/jeca.jeca_25_16
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Effects of rauvolfia vomitoria on the cerebellar histology, body and brain
           weights of albino wistar rats

    • Authors: Aquaisua Nyong Aquaisua, Christopher Chiedozie Mbadugha, Enobong Ikpeme Bassey, Moses Bassey Ekong, Theresa Bassey Ekanem, Monday Isaiah Akpanabiatu
      Pages: 41 - 45
      Abstract: Aquaisua Nyong Aquaisua, Christopher Chiedozie Mbadugha, Enobong Ikpeme Bassey, Moses Bassey Ekong, Theresa Bassey Ekanem, Monday Isaiah Akpanabiatu
      Journal of Experimental and Clinical Anatomy 2017 16(1):41-45
      Background: Rauvolfia vomitoria is a medicinal plant used in the treatment of hypertension and mental disorders. The effects of the ethanolic root bark extract of R. vomitoria were determined in this study. Materials and Methods: Eighteen male and female young albino Wistar rats weighing 100–160 g were randomly assigned to three Groups 1, 2, and 3 of 6 rats each. The control (Group 1) received 0.1 ml of 20% solution of Tween 80, while Groups 2 and 3 received 200 mg/kg and 300 mg/kg of the root bark extract of R. vomitoria, respectively, for 14 days. The rats were sacrificed on the 15th day; the cerebellum of each rat was harvested, processed, and then stained using the hematoxylin and eosin method and immunohistochemical staining technique for glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP). Results: The results showed swelling and atrophy of Purkinje cells, proliferation of reactive astrocytes and increased expression of GFAP, a significant reduction in the body weight of experimental animals, but no difference in brain weight compared with the control. Conclusion: The ethanolic root bark extract of R. vomitoria has a deleterious effect on the cerebellum and body weight of young albino Wistar rats but does not affect brain weight.
      Citation: Journal of Experimental and Clinical Anatomy 2017 16(1):41-45
      PubDate: Wed,9 Aug 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/jeca.jeca_35_16
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Relationship of orbital dimensions and facial angles with thumbprints
           ridge count among hausa ethnic group of Nigeria

    • Authors: Lawan Hassan Adamu, Samuel Adeniyi Ojo, Barnabas Danborno, Samuel Sunday Adebisi, Magaji Garba Taura
      Pages: 46 - 52
      Abstract: Lawan Hassan Adamu, Samuel Adeniyi Ojo, Barnabas Danborno, Samuel Sunday Adebisi, Magaji Garba Taura
      Journal of Experimental and Clinical Anatomy 2017 16(1):46-52
      Background: Higher level of uniqueness exhibited by fingerprints and face across different individuals, sex, and population may suggest that there could be some mechanisms that control the two simultaneously.Objectives: The objectives of the study were to determine the correlation between thumbprint ridge counts with facial distances and angles and to predict the facial distances and angles from thumbprints ridge counts among Hausa Ethnic Group.Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study. The study population comprises 457 participants. The ridged count was determined from ulnar, radial, and proximal areas of the thumbs. The facial distances and angles were measured from two-dimensional images. Pearson's correlation and stepwise multiple regression analyses were used for relationship and prediction, respectively.Results: It was observed that in males, a significant negative correlation was observed between left orbital height and radial ridge counts. The right and left proximal ridge counts were found to correlate negatively with interocular distances and left orbital width, respectively. The nasion angle significantly correlated negatively with right ulnar ridge counts and proximal ridge counts, whereas the left proximal ridge count correlated positively with proximal ridge counts. In females, only the right and left ulnar ridge counts correlated negatively and positively with nasomental angle and right orbital width, respectively. Facial angles were predicted from ulnar ridge counts in both sexes. In females, the left ulnar ridge count predicts the right orbital height and width. The left and right orbital heights were best predicted by left proximal ridge count.Conclusion: The thumbprint ridge count correlates with facial distances and angles. Different types of facial dimensions and angles can be predicted from thumbprint ridge counts.
      Citation: Journal of Experimental and Clinical Anatomy 2017 16(1):46-52
      PubDate: Wed,9 Aug 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/jeca.jeca_41_16
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Alcohol-induced male infertility: Is sperm DNA fragmentation a
           causative?

    • Authors: Edidiong Nnamso Akang, Ademola Ayodele Oremosu, Abraham Adewale Osinubi, Ayorinde Babatunde James, Ifechukwude Joachim Biose, Simon Ifeanyichukwu Dike, Kennedy Madaki Idoko
      Pages: 53 - 59
      Abstract: Edidiong Nnamso Akang, Ademola Ayodele Oremosu, Abraham Adewale Osinubi, Ayorinde Babatunde James, Ifechukwude Joachim Biose, Simon Ifeanyichukwu Dike, Kennedy Madaki Idoko
      Journal of Experimental and Clinical Anatomy 2017 16(1):53-59
      Background: There is a passionate desire for couples to own their own biological children. Unfortunately, infertility index has been increasing with about 50% attributed to male factor infertility. Sperm DNA fragmentation (SDF) has been suggested as one of the causes of infertility in men; however, there have been controversies as regards its relationship with the successful management of infertility.Aim: This study is aimed at determining the impact of SDF on fertility potentials in a rat model.Materials and Methods: Twenty adult male Sprague–Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into four groups of five rats each. Groups A1(distilled water) and B1 (2 g/kg of 30% v/v ethanol) lasted for 4 weeks while Groups A2(control; distilled water) and B2 (2 g/kg of 30% v/v ethanol) lasted for 8 weeks. At the end of each treatment, the animals were introduced to female SD rats on the proestrous day of their cycle. The testis was harvested and tested for oxidative stress while the cauda epididymis was harvested to test for epididymal sperm Parameters and SDF.Results: The sperm count, sperm motility, and the number of fetuses sired by the animals that received alcohol decreased significantly (P < 0.05). There was also a significant increase in malondialdehyde and SDF and a concomitant decrease in testicular superoxide dismutase and reduced glutathione levels in animals that received alcohol compared to controls.Conclusion: Alcohol Increased oxidative stress and SDF altering the ability of spermatozoa to fertilize oocytes.
      Citation: Journal of Experimental and Clinical Anatomy 2017 16(1):53-59
      PubDate: Wed,9 Aug 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/jeca.jeca_14_16
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Microanatomical evaluation of flavonoid-rich fraction of Musa paradisiaca
           in Aspirin-induced gastric lesion

    • Authors: Margaret Olutayo Alese, Stephen Olarinde Adewole, Oluwole Ojo Alese
      Pages: 60 - 70
      Abstract: Margaret Olutayo Alese, Stephen Olarinde Adewole, Oluwole Ojo Alese
      Journal of Experimental and Clinical Anatomy 2017 16(1):60-70
      Aim: This study investigated the healing effects of a flavonoid-rich fraction of Musa paradisiaca (MP) fruit on the histomorphology and histomorphometry of the gastric corpus in Wistar rats following aspirin-induced gastric lesion. This was with a view to providing information on the alternative therapies of treating gastric ulcers using unripe fruits of MP.Materials and Methods: Ninety adult male Wistar rats were randomly assigned into 6 groups of 15 rats each. Aspirin at a dose of 400 mg/kg was dissolved in distilled water and administered as a single oral dose to induce gastric lesions in the test groups of rats. After 24 h, flavonoid fraction of MP was administered to groups C, D, and E at graded doses for 21 days, whereas group F rats received omeprazole at 1.8 mg/kg. On days 14, 21, and 28, five rats from each group were sacrificed. The pH value of the gastric contents was determined, gastric tissues were processed using paraffin wax embedding method; sections were stained with hematoxylin and eosin and Alcian blue/PAS. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics.Results: Histomorphological and histomorphometric studies showed a restorative effect of flavonoid fraction of MP in all the treated groups of rats as there was a significant (P = 0.0001) (P = 0.0001) increase in the total mucosal and glandular mucosal layers when compared with the test control. There was a progressive and dose-dependent improvement in staining for mucus-secreting cells in the treated groups as well as a significant (P = 0.0001) increase in a number of cells in the treatment groups when compared with the control.Conclusion: MP attenuated the deleterious effects of aspirin on the stomach by strengthening mucosa defensive factors.
      Citation: Journal of Experimental and Clinical Anatomy 2017 16(1):60-70
      PubDate: Wed,9 Aug 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/jeca.jeca_5_17
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Evaluation of the comparative effects of antihypertensive drugs:
           Methyldopa and Moringa oleifera leaves on the
           hypothalamic–pituitary–gonadal axis in male Wistar rat

    • Authors: Opeyemi Samson Adeleke, Benedict Abiola Falana, Gbenga Stephen Babawale, Tope G Atere, Taiwo A Abayomi, Olorunfemi Samuel Tokunbo
      Pages: 71 - 76
      Abstract: Opeyemi Samson Adeleke, Benedict Abiola Falana, Gbenga Stephen Babawale, Tope G Atere, Taiwo A Abayomi, Olorunfemi Samuel Tokunbo
      Journal of Experimental and Clinical Anatomy 2017 16(1):71-76
      Background: Antihypertensive drugs have been reported to induce reproductive toxicity, and hypothalamic–pituitary–gonadal axis (HPG) is responsible for the control of reproductive functions. Hence, there is a need to compare the effects of taken commonly used synthetic and natural antihypertensive drugs (Methyldopa and Moringa oleifera) on HPG-axis. Aim: This study was aimed to determine the hypothalamic–pituitary–gonadal responses to the administration of methyldopa and aqueous extract of Moringa oleifera leaves in male Wistar rats. Methodology: Twenty-five male adult Wistar rats weighed between 150 and 200 g were divided into five groups (A–E), with each group comprising fi ve rats. Group E was designated as the control group which received physiological saline while rats of Group A and B received 200 and 400 mg/kg body weight of M. oleifera, respectively. Rats of Group C and D received 500 and 1000 mg/kg body weight of methyldopa, respectively, for 30 days. Results: Andrological parameters (sperm count, sperm morphology, sperm motility, serum testosterone, follicle-stimulating hormone, and luteinizing hormone concentration) in Group B rats showed significant increase when compare with the methyldopa-treated group (C and D) and control group E rats. Group D rats showed slight abnormalities in sperm morphology and slight decrease in sperm motility when compare with the control group E. Histoarchitecture of the testes of Group A, B, and E rats showed normal seminiferous tubules with full maturation of the germinal cell layers and only Group B rats contained more spermatozoa in their lumen. Group C and D rats showed some of their seminiferous tubules with incomplete maturation of germinal cell layers with their lumens contained fat deposit with no spermatozoa. Conclusion: The aqueous extract of M. oleifera leaves as an antihypertensive drug showed high beneficiary effects on male fertility over methyldopa.
      Citation: Journal of Experimental and Clinical Anatomy 2017 16(1):71-76
      PubDate: Wed,9 Aug 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/jeca.jeca_6_17
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 1 (2017)
       
 
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