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MEDICAL SCIENCES (1808 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 3562 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access  
AADE in Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ABCS Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Abia State University Medical Students' Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
ACIMED     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 39)
Acta Bio Medica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Bioethica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Bioquimica Clinica Latinoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Facultatis Medicae Naissensis     Open Access  
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Medica Bulgarica     Open Access  
Acta Medica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Medica Indonesiana     Open Access  
Acta medica Lituanica     Open Access  
Acta Medica Marisiensis     Open Access  
Acta Medica Martiniana     Open Access  
Acta Medica Nagasakiensia     Open Access  
Acta Medica Peruana     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Médica Portuguesa     Open Access  
Acta Medica Saliniana     Open Access  
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access  
Acupuncture & Electro-Therapeutics Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Addiction Science & Clinical Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advanced Health Care Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advanced Science, Engineering and Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Bioscience and Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Clinical Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29)
Advances in Life Course Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Lipobiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Medical Education and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Advances in Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Microbial Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Molecular Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Molecular Toxicology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Parkinson's Disease     Open Access  
Advances in Phytomedicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Advances in Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Veterinary Science and Comparative Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Wound Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access  
African Journal of Clinical and Experimental Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African Journal of Laboratory Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Trauma     Open Access  
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
AJOB Primary Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 3)
Aktuelle Ernährungsmedizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal     Open Access  
Alexandria Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Allgemeine Homöopathische Zeitung     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpha Omegan     Full-text available via subscription  
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Biomedical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Biomedicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
American Journal of Chinese Medicine, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Clinical Medicine Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Law & Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Managed Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Medical Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
American Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Medicine Studies     Open Access  
American Journal of Medicine Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of the Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
American Journal on Addictions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
American Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
American medical news     Free   (Followers: 3)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Amyloid: The Journal of Protein Folding Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina     Open Access  
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de la República, Uruguay     Open Access  
Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Analgesia & Resuscitation : Current Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Anatomical Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Anatomical Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Anatomy Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annales de Pathologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Anatomy - Anatomischer Anzeiger     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Annals of Biomedical Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Family Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Fundeni Hospital     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annals of The Royal College of Surgeons of England     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annual Reports in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Annual Reports on NMR Spectroscopy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annual Review of Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Anthropologie et santé     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Antibiotics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Antibodies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Antibody Technology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anuradhapura Medical Journal     Open Access  
Anwer Khan Modern Medical College Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Apparence(s)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Clinical Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applied Medical Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Arab Journal of Nephrology and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arak Medical University Journal     Open Access  
Archive of Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Community Health     Open Access  
Archives of Biomedical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Archives of Medical and Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Medical Laboratory Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Trauma Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archivos de Medicina (Manizales)     Open Access  
ArgoSpine News & Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia     Open Access  
Arquivos de Ciências da Saúde     Open Access  
Arquivos de Medicina     Open Access  
ARS Medica Tomitana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Art Therapy: Journal of the American Art Therapy Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Arterial Hypertension     Open Access  
Artificial Intelligence in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Artificial Organs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Asia Pacific Family Medicine     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asian Bioethics Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asian Journal of Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Medical and Pharmaceutical Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ASPIRATOR : Journal of Vector-borne Disease Studies     Open Access  
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Atención Familiar     Open Access  
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Audiology - Communication Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Auris Nasus Larynx     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian Coeliac     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Journal of Medical Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Autopsy and Case Reports     Open Access  
Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Avicenna     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Avicenna Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Bioethics     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Biochemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Physics     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bangladesh Medical Journal     Open Access  
Bangladesh Medical Journal Khulna     Open Access  
Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin     Open Access  
Basal Ganglia     Hybrid Journal  
Basic Sciences of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
BBA Clinical     Open Access  
BC Medical Journal     Free  
Benha Medical Journal     Open Access  
Bijblijven     Hybrid Journal  
Bijzijn     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bijzijn XL     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bio-Algorithms and Med-Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
BioDiscovery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bioelectromagnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bioengineering & Translational Medicine     Open Access  
Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Bioethics Research Notes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Biologics in Therapy     Open Access  
Biology of Sex Differences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Journal Cover Afrimedic Journal
  [2 followers]  Follow
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 2141-162X
   Published by African Journals Online Homepage  [266 journals]
  • Editorial: Harmony in Nigerian health sector

    • Authors: B Eze
      Abstract: No
      PubDate: 2014-10-31
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2014)
  • The Role of Oxidative Stress in Diabetes Mellitus: A 24-year Review

    • Authors: CC Ilechukwu, UE Ebenebe, CF Ubajaka, AL Ilika, OF Emelumadu, SA Nwabueze
      Abstract: Background: Diabetes mellitus is a widespread and devastating disease. Diabetes is associated with several mechanisms of tissue damage, one of which is oxidative stress. Oxidative stress and oxidative damage to tissues are common end points to chronic diseases such as atherosclerosis, diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. Oxidative stress plays an important role in the pathogenesis of and the complications of diabetes. Hyperglycaemia results in overproduction of oxygen free radicals which contributes to the progression of diabetes.
      Objective: This review aims at determining the role of oxidative stress in diabetes and diabetic complications.
      Method: Relevant literatures were reviewed from medical journals, library search, Pub Med search, Google search and other internet search engines (Google Scholar, Hinarii, from 1987 to 2011.
      Results: Several studies demonstrated that oxidative stress plays a role in the progression of diabetes and also in the development and progression of diabetic complications.
      Conclusion: Increasing evidence has implicated a role for oxidative stress in progression of diabetes and diabetes associated complications. Antioxidant therapy has been effective in management of diabetes and diabetic complications. In addition, physical exercise and insulin therapy can also improve diabetes through the reduction of oxidative stress.Keywords: Oxidative stress, free radicals, antioxidants, diabetes, diabetic complications.
      PubDate: 2014-10-31
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2014)
  • Germ Cell Tumours in Children: A Twenty-year Retrospective Study (January
           1988 - December 2007) in Ibadan, South-West Nigeria

    • Authors: FO Edegbe, CO Okani, GO Ogun, EE Akang
      Abstract: Background: There is a significant lack of studies of germ cell neoplasms in the paediatric age group from Nigeria and other parts of Africa.
      Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the histological pattern of paediatric germ cell tumours in Ibadan, Nigeria.
      Method: This is a retrospective study of cases of germ cell neoplasms histologically diagnosed at the Department of Pathology, University College Hospital (UCH), Ibadan between January 1988 and December 2007 among children aged 0-14 years. Haematoxylin and eosin stained slides were reviewed and where necessary, the paraffin blocks were recut and stained. The World Health Organization Histological Classification of paediatric germ cell tumours of 2004 was used in this study.
      Result: Paediatric germ cell tumours comprised 0.05% of all surgical pathology specimens in the study period. There were 10 (25.6%) male and 29 (73.4%) female patients, giving a male to female gender ratio of 1:2.9. Extragonadal germ cell tumours constituted 25 (64.1%) and gonadal germ cell tumours 14 (35.9%) cases. Benign neoplasms accounted for 26 (66.7%) and malignant neoplasms accounted for 13 (33.3%) cases. Thirty-one (79.5%) of the 39 cases were teratomas, 7 (17.9%) were yolk sac tumours and one (2.6%) was a mixed germ cell tumour. The most common sites were the ovary (33.3%), sacrococcygeal region (20.5%) and neck (10.3%). There was a bimodal age distribution, with a first peak in infancy and a second peak between >5-10 years of age.
      Conclusion: In view of the paucity of studies on germ cell tumours from Nigeria and other parts of Africa, further studies of this unique group of neoplasms are required in order to validate the findings of this study.Keywords: Germ cell tumours, Children, Pathology, Nigeria.
      PubDate: 2014-10-31
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2014)
  • HIV/TB Co-infection Among HIV Positive Children Attending Clinics In Imo
           State University Teaching Hospital Orlu, Imo State, Nigeria

    • Authors: CB Duru, KA Uwakwe, KC Diwe, CC Nnebue, S Onah, HN Chineke, C Abejega
      Abstract: Background: Human Immunodeficiency Syndrome and tuberculosis are among the leading causes of death from infectious diseases worldwide. The resurgence of tuberculosis in children is partly attributed to the coexisting burden of human immunodeficiency virus infection, which is most pronounced in sub Saharan Africa.
      Aim: To determine the prevalence and pattern of HIV/TB co-infection among HIV positive children attending clinics at Imo State University Teaching Hospital.
      Method: This is a retrospective review of HIV/AIDS children attending HIV clinics at Imo State University Teaching Hospital, Orlu, Imo State, Nigeria from January, 2011- December, 2012.
      Results: Of the total of 128 HIV infected children reviewed during the 24 months period, 16(12.5%) were coinfected with tuberculosis, (95% CI, 10.7% - 14.3%). Among these 16 patients, TB co-infection was diagnosed before commencement of ART in 93.7% of them. Majority of the TB cases (87.5%) presented with pulmonary TB amongst whom only 25.0% were sputum positive. The factors found to affect TB development significantly were stage of HIV disease (p=0.000) and CD4 count level (P=0.021) of patients. The factor with the highest influence on TB development was the clinical stage of HIV disease (Odds ratio =6.013) and that of least influence was sex of patient (Odds ratio= 0.8319).
      Conclusion: The study revealed a moderately high TB/HIV co-infection rate. Low CD4 count level below 200cell/ml and late clinical stages of HIV disease contribute significantly to the development of TB disease.Key Words: HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, co-infection, children.
      PubDate: 2014-10-31
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2014)
  • Determinants of Treatment Outcome of Public-Private Mix Tuberculosis
           Control Programme in South-Eastern Nigeria

    • Authors: HA Efegbere, AE Anyabolu, AN Onyeyili, EK Efegbere, N Sani-Gwarzo, A Omoniyi, RC Okonkwo, OP Eze, MU Oguwuike, EH Enemuo, PO Adogu, AL Ilika, AO Igwegbe, IC Oyeka
      Abstract: Background: Determinants for non-compliance to antituberculosis treatment range from a poor correlation between patient and programme needs and priorities among other socio-economic factors.
      Objectives: This is to assess determinants of treatment outcome of public private mix tuberculosis control programme in South-Eastern Nigeria.
      Methods: A retrospective cohort study design using Multivariate Logistic Regression to analyze secondary data set (2007-2010) of patients to assess determinants of TBDirectly Observed Treatment Short course Treatment outcomes in public and private facilities in Anambra State.
      Results: A total of 2,018 patients (1,899 patients in public health facilities and 119 in private health facilities) were reviewed. The mean ages in public and private facilities were 34.0±4.2 years and 32±3.7 years. Males were 60.0% (1100 patients) and 75%(90 patients) at public and private health facilities respectively. Cure rates of 37.6%(714 patients) and 48.7%(61patients);Defaulter rates of 28.2%(532 patients) and 7.6%(9 patients); Interruption rates of 3.9%(74 patients) and 0%(0 patients); Transfer-out rates of 3.2%(61 patients) and 1.7% (2 patients);Failure rates of 1.9%(36 patients) and 0.8%(1 patient);Death rates of 4.1%(78 patients) and 0.8%(1 patient); and treatment completion rates of 19.7%(375 patients) and 6.7%(8 patients) were found at public and private health facilities respectively.
      Conclusion: Determinants that affected treatment outcome for public facilities were year, HIV status of patients, category of treatment, sex and age of patients. The determinant for private facilities was only year. Future research should focus on identifying factors that influence health seeking behaviour to accessing care in private facilities.Key words: Tuberculosis, Determinants, Treatments Outcome, Public-Private Mix.
      PubDate: 2014-10-31
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2014)
  • Papanicolaou Smear in Abuja Revisited

    • Authors: AY Isah, JA Adaji, GO Akaba, OP Oluwole
      Abstract: Background: Papinicolaou smear has been established as a cost effective screening method for Carcinoma of the cervix and had been used with celebrated successes in developed societies. Its utilization has remained abysmally low in Africa with attendant alarming rate of overt advanced cancer among her female population. Recent government public outreach programs abound and there is need to evaluate the effectiveness of these campaigns on the outcome of smear results with a view of future adjustment in outreach strategy.
      Objectives: To review the results of Pap smears conducted in University of Abuja Teaching Hospital with a view of documenting the prevalence of positive smears among the study population.
      Materials and Method: A three year retrospective study of Pap smears that were carried out at the University of Abuja Teaching Hospital between January 1, 2010 and December 31, 2012. The records of the patients were retrieved from medical record Department and analysed for age of the patient, parity, educational status, marital status, findings on vaginal examination, indication for pap smear and Pap smear results. The results were presented and discussed using simple percentages.
      Results: One thousand two hundred and seventy four (1274) women had cervical smears during the study period. Ninety eight percent of patients were having their cervical screening for the first time at the mean age of 39.13±9.7 years. Positive Pap smear result was obtained in 39.5% of symptomatic and 24.4% of asymptomatic patients while Negative smears were recorded in 63.8% of the patients. Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) changes occurred in 5.7%, while atypical cells of undetermined significance (ASCUS) were observed in 4.9% of the patients. Low grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (LSIL) were the commonest cervical smear abnormality observed in 9.6% of the patients.
      Conclusion: The mean age at first screening remain high with corresponding high rate of abnormal smear in both symptomatic and asymptomatic patients. The provider initiated counseling and testing is encouraged for early identification and treatment of precancerous lesions of Carcinoma of Cervix. Development and strict adherence of a National guideline for free routine screening of all women of reproductive life may increase the uptake.Key words: Cervical cancer, Screening, Pap smear, Utilization.
      PubDate: 2014-10-31
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2014)
  • Prevalence of Anaemia Among Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Positive
           Pregnant Women at Booking in Orlu, South-Eastern Nigeria

    • Authors: C Okeudo, BU Ezem, EC Ojiyi, FC Anolue, EI Dike
      Abstract: Background: Anaemia is the most commonly encountered haematological abnormality in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive patients with estimates climbing as high as 95% depending on clinical settings. The twin effects of HIV infection and anaemia in pregnancy is associated with adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes.
      Objective: To determine the prevalence of anaemia among HIV positive pregnant women at booking at Orlu, South-East Nigeria.
      Methods: A retrospective analysis of the case records of women who were screened for Human Immunedeficiency Virus and anaemia at the Imo State University Teaching Hospital from 1st March 2008 to 28th February 2010 was done. Data on age, parity, educational status, marital status, haemoglobin concentration and retroviral status were collected and analyzed using SPSS version 13.
      Results: Nine hundred and twenty one pregnant women were screened at booking within the study period. The age range of the women was  8-39years with a mean age of 28.22 ± 5.04years. One hundred and six (11.5%) of the women tested and were confirmed positive to HIV 1 & 2 antibodies. Anaemia was significantly higher among HIV positive pregnant women than in HIV negative pregnant women (75.5% vs 57.9%; P=0.001). Seventy seven point three percent (75/97) of women ≤ 20 years were anaemic. This was shown to be significant (P=0. 000). Three hundred and thirty three (69.2%) of the women that had only secondary education were significantly (P=0.000} more anaemic than those that had postsecondary education.
      Conclusion: There was a high prevalence of anaemia among HIV positive pregnant women at booking at the Imo State University Teaching Hospital (IMSUTH, Orlu. Anaemia was also more significant in younger age (≤20years} and lesser educated women (only secondary
      .school}Key Words: Anaemia, HIV, Pregnancy, Booking, Orlu
      PubDate: 2014-10-31
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2014)
  • Antenatal Care Services Utilization among Women of Reproductive Age in
           Urban and Rural Communities of South East Nigeria: A Comparative Study

    • Authors: CB Duru, NO Eke, CO Ifeadike, KC Diwe, KA Uwakwe, BO Nwosu, HN Chineke
      Abstract: Background: Antenatal care is an evidence based intervention that improves maternal and perinatal outcome. Assessment and re-assessment of its utilization by rural and urban women in Nigeria is necessary for planning healthcare programmes and interventions.
      Aim: This study aims to assess urban – rural differences in antenatal care services utilization among women in South-East Nigeria and factors that influence such.
      Methodology: This is a cross-sectional study carried out among women of reproductive age in Anambra State, South-East Nigeria. Participants were selected using multistage sampling technique. Data was collected using pre-tested, semi-structured questionnaires which were interviewer-administered. Data obtained was analyzed using SPSS version 17. Tests of significance were done using Chi square test and student T test at 95% confidence intervals.
      Results: Six hundred women were included in the study; 300 respectively, from urban and rural settings. The mean age of respondents was 33.9+2.7 years. The average month at booking was higher in the rural areas (5.2 months) when compared to the urban (4.4) months, with more respondents in the urban areas booking earlier (P=0.000). More respondents in the urban, 140 (50.8%), attended ANC up to 4 times when compared to their rural counterparts, 102(37.0%) (p= 0.000). Women in the urban areas were more likely to have deliveries supervised by skilled birth attendants (p= 0.000). The estimated cost of antenatal care was higher in the urban areas than the rural (p= 0.000). Satisfaction received from antenatal and delivery services was also higher in the urban settings (p= 0.000).
      Conclusion: Rural-urban differences exist in the utilization of antenatal care services, with a higher proportion of urban women utilizing these services.
      Increased health education of women, especially in the rural areas, is advocated.Key Words: Antenatal utilization, Rural, Urban, Women, Nigeria.
      PubDate: 2014-10-31
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2014)
  • Knowledge of Breast Cancer and Need for its Screening Among Female
           Healthcare Workers in Oshimili South Local Government Council Area of
           Delta State, Nigeria

    • Authors: AO Eguvbe, N Akpede, NE Arua
      Abstract: Background: Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer among women worldwide and the most common among African women. The WHO, recent global cancer statistics indicate a rising global incidence of breast cancer in populations of the developing countries that previously enjoyed a low incidence of the disease. Early detection through mammogram, clinical breast examination (CBE), and breast self examination (BSE) is critical to reducing breast cancer related morbidity and mortality.
      Objectives: To assess the knowledge, awareness, perception and behavior of female healthcare workers in Oshimili South LGA of Delta State towards breast cancer and its screening.
      Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study done from January to March 2014. Multistage sampling technique was used in the selection of the LGA and study participants. Data was collected using a semi-structured questionnaire and were analyzed using SPSS version 17.
      Results: A total of 424 female healthcare workers were interviewed. The mean age was 35.4 years and ranged from 21 to 58 years. A total of 406 respondents (97.1%) were aware of breast cancer; 340(81.3%) practice breast self examination (BSE); 117(41.9%) knew about breast mammography. The commonest source of information about breast cancer was from fellow healthcare workers (45.3%), followed by school (16.5%), and newspaper (14.8%).
      Conclusion: The study shows a high level of awareness of breast cancer and BSE but a low level of awareness of breast mammography. The level of awareness of breast cancer, the practice of BSE and awareness of breast mammography were all found to increase with increase in age of respondents. The married respondents were more aware of breast cancer and also of breast mammography. Higher educational level was not found to increase awareness of breast cancer, practice of BSE and knowledge of breast mammography.Key words: Breast cancer, knowledge, screening
      PubDate: 2014-10-31
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2014)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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