Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8690 journals)
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MEDICAL SCIENCES (2415 journals)            First | 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 | Last

Showing 1201 - 1400 of 3562 Journals sorted alphabetically
Journal of Evaluation In Clinical Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Evidence-Based Healthcare     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Evidence-Based Integrative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Evidence-Based Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Exercise Science & Fitness     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Journal of Experimental and Clinical Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Family and Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Foot and Ankle Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Forensic Science and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Gandaki Medical College-Nepal     Open Access  
Journal of Generic Medicines     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Geographical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Hand Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Head & Neck Physicians and Surgeons     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Health & Medical Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 62)
Journal of Health and Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Health Design     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Health Economics and Outcomes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Health Promotion and Behavior     Open Access  
Journal of Health Research and Reviews     Open Access  
Journal of Health Science and Medical Research     Open Access  
Journal of Health Science Research     Open Access  
Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of health sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Health Sciences / Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Journal of Health Sciences and Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Health Sciences and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Health Sciences and Surveillance System     Open Access  
Journal of Health Sciences Scholarship     Open Access  
Journal of Health Specialties     Open Access  
Journal of Health Studies     Open Access  
Journal of Healthcare Informatics Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Heavy Metal Toxicity and Diseases     Open Access  
Journal of Helminthology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Herbs Spices & Medicinal Plants     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of HIV for Clinical and Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Hospital Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology [Medical Sciences]     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Human Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Human Rhythm     Open Access  
Journal of Human Transcriptome     Open Access  
Journal of Ideas in Health     Open Access  
Journal of Inflammation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Inflammation Research     Open Access  
Journal of Injury and Violence Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Institute of Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Insulin Resistance     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Interactional Research in Communication Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of International Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Interventional Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Investigative Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Islamabad Medical & Dental College     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Istanbul Faculty of Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Karnali Academy of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Kathmandu Medical College     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of King Abdulaziz University : Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Laboratory Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Laryngology and Voice     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Legal Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Limb Lengthening & Reconstruction     Open Access  
Journal of Lumbini Medical College     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Manmohan Memorial Institute of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Marine Medical Society     Open Access  
Journal of Materials Science : Materials in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Maternal and Child Health     Open Access  
Journal of Mechanics in Medicine and Biology     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Medical and Biological Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Medical and Biomedical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Medical Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Medical Cases     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Medical Colleges of PLA     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Medical Disorders     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Medical Education and Curricular Development     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Medical Ethics     Partially Free   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Medical Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Journal of Medical Hypotheses and Ideas     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Imaging and Health Informatics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Medical Investigation and Practice     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Laboratory and Diagnosis     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Law and Ethics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Medical Microbiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Screening     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Medical Signals and Sensors     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Medical Society     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Systems     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Medical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Medical Ultrasound     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Medicinal Botany     Open Access  
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 208)
Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Medicine and Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Medicine and Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Medicine and the Person     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Medicine in Scientific Research     Open Access  
Journal of Medicine in the Tropics     Open Access  
Journal of Medicine Research and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Medicine, Physiology and Biophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Medicines Development Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Metabolomics & Systems Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Molecular Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Movement Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Multidisciplinary Research in Healthcare     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Muscle Research and Cell Motility     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Nanotechnology in Engineering and Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Nanotheranostics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Natural Medicines     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Natural Science, Biology and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Nature and Science of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Negative and No Positive Results     Open Access  
Journal of Nepalgunj Medical College     Open Access  
Journal of Neurocritical Care     Open Access  
Journal of Neurodegenerative Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Neurorestoratology     Open Access  
Journal of Neuroscience and Neurological Disorders     Open Access  
Journal of Nobel Medical College     Open Access  
Journal of Obesity and Bariatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Occupational Health     Open Access  
Journal of Occupational Therapy Education     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Ocular Biology, Diseases, and Informatics     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Oral Health and Craniofacial Science     Open Access  
Journal of Orofacial Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Otorhinolaryngology, Hearing and Balance Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Ovarian Research     Open Access  
Journal of Ozone Therapy     Open Access  
Journal of Palliative Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Journal of Paramedical Sciences & Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Journal of Parkinsonism and Restless Legs Syndrome     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Parkinson’s Disease and Alzheimer’s Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Participatory Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Patan Academy of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Pathogens     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Patient Experience     Open Access  
Journal of Patient Safety and Risk Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews     Open Access  
Journal of Patient-Reported Outcomes     Open Access  
Journal of Periodontal Research     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Personalized Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Pest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Physiobiochemical Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Physiology-Paris     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Pioneering Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Postgraduate Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Pregnancy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Prevention & Intervention Community     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health     Open Access  
Journal of Primary Prevention     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Prosthodontic Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Prosthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Receptor, Ligand and Channel Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Regenerative Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Research in Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Science and Applications : Biomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Science and Technology (Ghana)     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Scientific Innovation in Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Scientific Perspectives     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Sensory Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Shaheed Suhrawardy Medical College     Open Access  
Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Arthroplasty     Open Access  
Journal of Sleep Disorders : Treatment & Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of South American Earth Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Spinal Disorders & Techniques     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Sports Medicine and Allied Health Sciences : Official Journal of the Ohio Athletic Trainers Association     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Stem Cell Therapy and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Stomal Therapy Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 77)
Journal of Substance Use     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Surgical Academia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Surgical and Clinical Research     Open Access  
Journal of Surgical Case Reports     Open Access  
Journal of Surgical Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Surgical Technique and Case Report     Open Access  
Journal of Systemic Therapies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of The Academy of Clinical Microbiologists     Open Access  
Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Journal of the American College of Certified Wound Specialists     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the American College of Clinical Wound Specialists     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the American Medical Directors Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association : JAMIA     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of the Anatomical Society of India     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of the Anus, Rectum and Colon     Open Access  
Journal of The Arab Society for Medical Research     Open Access  

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.217
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1658-3612
Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3200 journals]
  • Managing post-traumatic gunshot thoraco-abdominal bleeding by intervention
           embolisation: A case report

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 20 March 2019Source: Journal of Taibah University Medical SciencesAuthor(s): Anas Rafik M. Elshaer, Abdelsalam A. Abdelsalam, Fathi A. Elgeyoushi, Abdullah Allam
       
  • Chromatographic and computational studies of ligands associated with
           bilharziasis

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 15 March 2019Source: Journal of Taibah University Medical SciencesAuthor(s): Abdulazeez A. Abubakar, Temidayo D. Adeniyi, Ismaila O. Nurain, Ayoade B. Olanrewaju, Kareemat E. UthmanAbstractObjectiveRapid diagnostic techniques that do not depend on microscopic analysis are urgently needed for rapid diagnosis and management of bilharziasis. Specific ligands that are excreted through urine in bilharziasis may serve as rapid diagnostic biomarkers to replace microscopy, which is cumbersome and time-consuming. The aim of this study was to identify ligands associated with bilharziasis.MethodsMicroscopy was employed to detect ova of Schistosoma haematobium in urine specimens obtained from 1032 subjects. Pooled positive urine samples and pooled normal urine samples were separately prepared in triplicates and analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrophotometry (GC-MS). Ligands identified in each pool were noted. Computational analysis was performed between the schistosome receptors and ligands.ResultsGC-MS revealed that the level of indole in bilharziasis sample was higher than that in normal urine. Indole was the ligand with the highest (28.63%) concentration in the pooled positive urine sample, while ethyl phenazone level was the highest (69.64%) in the pooled normal sample. Computational analysis depicted perfect docking with indole and all other ligands identified in positive urine samples.ConclusionThis study identified some ligands associated with bilharziasis some unique to normal (negative) urine samples.
       
  • An unusual case of colonic intussusception in old age

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 15 March 2019Source: Journal of Taibah University Medical SciencesAuthor(s): Sultan A. Alshoabi, Osamah M. AbdulaalAbstractIntussusception refers to the invagination of a bowel segment into the lumen of an adjacent distal bowel. It is a rare entity and an uncommon cause of intestinal obstruction in adults. Approximately 90% of cases of intussusception in adults have an organic cause as a lead point. Usually, the patient presents with signs of acute abdomen with a short history. Although it is difficult to diagnose colonic intussusception clinically, medical imaging by ultrasonography and computed tomography can easily detect this rare but clinically important disease. This case report describes an uncommon location of intussusception in the colon in a 70-year-old female patient.
       
  • Nursing students' stress and coping strategies during clinical training in
           KSA

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 March 2019Source: Journal of Taibah University Medical SciencesAuthor(s): A. Waled Ahmed, M. Badria AbdelhameedAbstractObjectiveNursing students are exposed to several stressors during their studies and training. The aim of this study is to assess the degree of stress experienced by nursing students at Albaha University, KSA and the coping strategies they subsequently employ.MethodsA descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted by a simple random sampling technique on 125 nursing students during their clinical practice. The data were collected by a self-administered questionnaire consisting of demographic variables, the Perceived Stress Scale, and the Coping Behavior Inventory.ResultsOf the 125 participants, 48% were male and 52% were female. The mean age was 21 ± 1.56 years, and they were mostly single 110 (88%). Approximately 65 (52%) were very satisfied and 41 (32.8%) were satisfied with their clinical practice. The main stressors were noise (20; 16%), moving location (nine; 7.2%), social interaction (seven; 5.6%), and personal illness (seven; 5.6%). The perceived stress provoking factors included taking care of patients (1.56 ± 0.45), assignments and workload (1.60 ± 043), lack of professional knowledge and skills (1.24 ± 0.45), field of practice (1.47 ± 0.49), peers and daily life (1.89 ± 0.67), and teachers and nursing staff at hospitals (1.45 ± 079). The strategies used by students to minimise stress included taking a problem-solving approach (1.84 ± 067), staying optimistic (1.56 ± 076), transference (1.34 ± 1.20), and avoidance (1.23 ± 056).ConclusionThe nursing students in the study cohort were exposed to moderate stress due to different stressors. In response, they frequently used a problem-solving approach and avoidance. However, a standard protocol by institutions is required to help reduce stress among nursing students.
       
  • Factors associated with adherence to Mediterranean diet among Saudi
           non-diabetic patients attending primary health care centers: A
           cross-sectional study

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 8 March 2019Source: Journal of Taibah University Medical SciencesAuthor(s): Mydaa K. Aljabri, Rajaa Al-Raddadi, Suhad M. Bahijri, Jawaher Al Ahmadi, Ghada Ajabnoor, Hanan A. Jambi
       
  • Using telementoring and augmented reality in surgical specialties

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 8 March 2019Source: Journal of Taibah University Medical SciencesAuthor(s): Salman Y. Guraya
       
  • Are we giving proper feedback to medical students' Experience from a
           Saudi Medical College

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 16 February 2019Source: Journal of Taibah University Medical SciencesAuthor(s): Mohammed A. Zolaly
       
  • Antihyperglycaemic and tissue-repair effects of Myrmeleon formicarius
           extract in streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice'

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 February 2019Source: Journal of Taibah University Medical SciencesAuthor(s): Jekti Prihatin, Erlia Narulita, Lailatul Mufidah, Alief Kurniawan, Dwi Wulandari, Slamet Hariyadi
       
  • By-products of lithotripsy: Are they related to abdominal fat and wave
           characteristics'

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 5 February 2019Source: Journal of Taibah University Medical SciencesAuthor(s): Raed S.M. Al-Naemi, Haval Y.Y. Aldosky, Bayan S.A. Shukri
       
  • Dimensionality and reliability of USM pre-clinical medical students'
           guidance and counselling needs questionnaire

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 4 February 2019Source: Journal of Taibah University Medical SciencesAuthor(s): Zarawi M.Z.M.N. Nor, Najib N.M. Yaacob, Jamilah A.M. MohammadAbstractObjectiveThere is no standard mechanism for empathy guidance and counselling for medical students. This study aimed to determine the dimensionality and reliability of a questionnaire developed for establishing guidance and counselling for pre-clinical medical students at Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM).MethodsA cross-sectional study was conducted among undergraduate medical students of the School of Medical Sciences of USM. The proposed USM Medical Students' Guidance and Counselling Needs (USM-MSGCN) questionnaire is a self-administered instrument that consists of 68 initial items developed from the recommendation of medical students, counsellors, and lecturers in the medical education department. To determine the dimensionality (construct validity) and reliability of the questionnaire, exploratory factor analysis and Cronbach's alpha internal consistency reliability analysis were conducted.ResultsA total of 208 students participated in the study. Factor analysis revealed that the items were not unidimensional; four potential constructs could be extracted from the questionnaire, namely, self-leadership (7 items), communication (5 items), learning (5 items), and psychological coping skills (3 items), with factor loading ranges of 0.56–0.82, 0.56–0.88, 0.65–0.84, and 0.79–0.80, respectively. These domains had the following internal consistency reliability (Cronbach's alpha): 0.89, 0.90, 0.87, and 0.87, respectively; the overall alpha value was 0.93.ConclusionFour factors, with 20 items in the USM-MSGCN questionnaire had good validity and reliability values when administered among the pre-clinical medical students.
       
  • Comparison of body weight among hormonal and non-hormonal users in a
           Malaysian cohort

    • Abstract: Publication date: February 2019Source: Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences, Volume 14, Issue 1Author(s): Hafizah Ibrahim, Tengku Alina Tengku Ismail, Noran HashimAbstractObjectivesWeight gain remains an issue for contraceptive users due to the high prevalence of obesity. This retrospective study compares the weight gain between hormonal and non-hormonal contraceptive users in government health clinics in Kota Bharu, Kelantan, Malaysia.MethodsA total of 380 women who had used the same contraceptive method for at least twelve months were recruited in this study. Covariance analysis was done to compare the weight gain between hormonal and non-hormonal contraceptive users, while studying the same confounders [age, household income, number of pregnancies, and baseline body mass index (BMI)].ResultsHormonal methods were more commonly used. The mean weight gain among hormonal users (adjusted mean 2.85, 95% CI 2.45, 3.24) was significantly higher than non-hormonal users (adjusted mean 0.46, 95% CI -0.73, 1.65; p-value
       
  • Repair of surgical bone defects grafted with hydroxylapatite + β-TCP
           combined with hyaluronic acid and collagen membrane in rabbits:
           A histological study

    • Abstract: Publication date: February 2019Source: Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences, Volume 14, Issue 1Author(s): Wafaa K. Abid, Yusra H. AL MukhtarAbstractObjectivesThis study aimed to assess the repair of bone defects with or without grafts using biphasic synthetic micro-granular hyaluronic acid (HA) with β-TCP and bovine type I collagen (Osteon II Collagen) with or without either hyaluronic acid or a collagen membrane in surgically created bone defects in the tibia of rabbits.MethodsFifteen male rabbits were divided into 3 groups, each with 5 rabbits. Two bone defects were made in each tibia. In the right tibia, the defects were either filled with clot as a control or grafted with Osteon II Collagen and hyaluronic acid. In the left tibia, the other two defects were filled with Osteon II Collagen alone or with Osteon II Collagen and a collagen membrane. The specimens were observed one, two, and four weeks after surgery. Histological examinations were used to evaluate the degree of healing according to the amount of newly formed bone.ResultsThe combination of the bone grafting biomaterial with hyaluronic acid was found to develop into the most advanced stages of the bone repair process at the second and fourth week only (p ≤ 0.05), compared to the biomaterial with a collagen membrane, as well as the other groups. On the other hand, the biomaterial in combination with a collagen membrane showed significantly more bone formation than the biomaterial alone or the control group by the fourth week.ConclusionsThe local application of hyaluronic acid and collagen membranes made a greater contribution to the bone repair process in the tibia of rabbits than the bone graft substitute (Osteon II Collagen) alone.
       
  • Protective effect of green tea on tunica adventitia and endothelial
           changes resulting from depot medroxy progesterone acetate

    • Abstract: Publication date: February 2019Source: Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences, Volume 14, Issue 1Author(s): Nora Veri, Emilda AS, Cut Mutiah, Irma Seriana, Risnati MalindaAbstractObjectiveThis study aimed to analyse the effects of green tea in inhibiting uterine atrophy and vascular changes due to the use of depot medroxy progesterone acetate (DMPA).MethodsTwenty-five female Wistar rats aged one to two months were randomly assigned to five treatment groups: control group, DMPA-induced group, and DMPA-induced group orally treated with green tea extract (at 10.8 mg/day, 21.6 mg/day, or 43.2 mg/day). Histologic analysis of uterine and vascular tissues was performed with haematoxylin-eosin staining.ResultsDMPA decreased the thickness of endometrium and tunica adventitia, as well as significantly decreased endothelial cell count (p 
       
  • Prevalence and associated factors of undiagnosed glycaemic disorders in
           men with erectile dysfunction attending a primary care clinic

    • Abstract: Publication date: February 2019Source: Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences, Volume 14, Issue 1Author(s): Yoke Lan Ng, Soo Huat Teoh, A. Rashid Mohd Radzniwan, Mohd Hashim SyahnazAbstractObjectivesUndiagnosed glycaemic disorders remain a major health concern as in such cases the opportunity for early interventions that can potentially prevent complications is missed. Erectile dysfunction (ED) has been suggested as a predictor for glycaemic disorders in men. However, data on men with ED having undiagnosed glycaemic disorders is limited, especially in the Malaysian context. This study aimed to identify prevalence and associated factors of undiagnosed glycaemic disorders in men with ED.MethodsWe applied a cross-sectional purposive sampling technique on a group of 114 men with ED without underlying glycaemic disorders. They underwent a 2-h oral glucose tolerance test and the cases were then classified into two groups: normal and undiagnosed glycaemic disorders groups. The glycaemic disorders group consisted of patients with diabetes mellitus (DM), impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), and impaired fasting glucose (IFG). The patients were interviewed, and their medical records were reviewed for their sociodemographic and clinical profiles.ResultsPrevalence of undiagnosed glycaemic disorders in men with ED was 41.2%. Higher age (adjusted OR = 1.10, 95% CI: 1.03, 1.17, p = 0.002) and BMI (adjusted OR = 1.16, 95% CI: 1.05, 1.29, p = 0.003) were found to be significantly associated with undiagnosed glycaemic disorders.ConclusionThis study found that men with ED had a high prevalence of undiagnosed glycaemic disorders. ED was associated with advancing age and higher BMI. Further research to validate the findings of this study is needed to increase the prevalence of DM screening among men with ED.
       
  • Failure of faculty to fail failing medical students: Fiction or an actual
           erosion of professional standards'

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 1 February 2019Source: Journal of Taibah University Medical SciencesAuthor(s): Salman Y. Guraya, Walther N.K.A. van Mook, Khalid I. Khoshhal
       
  • Vitamin D supplementation: An innovative way to prevent asthma
           exacerbation in developing countries'

    • Abstract: Publication date: February 2019Source: Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences, Volume 14, Issue 1Author(s): Muhammad Zohair H.A. Lilani, Rabbia T. Elahi, Afrinah Ahmed, Muhammad M. Alam, Syedah S. Batool
       
  • Molecular docking of genistein on estrogen receptors, promoter region of
           BCLX, caspase-3, Ki-67, cyclin D1, and telomere activity

    • Abstract: Publication date: February 2019Source: Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences, Volume 14, Issue 1Author(s): Hariadi Yuseran, Edi Hartoyo, Tatit Nurseta, Handono KalimAbstractObjectivesThis study aims to investigate the modulation of estrogen receptors by estrogen and the role of genistein in the transcriptional process that regulates genes involved in the proliferation, apoptosis, and telomere activity.MethodsThe research was conducted in silico, wherein docking, the most important method, was carried out using Hex 8.0 software and HADDOCK web server. Interaction analysis was subsequently done to observe the interactions between genistein and several related proteins and BCLX, Casp3, Ki-67, CyclinD1, hTERT, and POT1 genes using Discovery Studio, LigPlus, and NUCPLOT.ResultsThe interaction between ERα with genistein was not found to form a single bond. Thus, the interaction that may occur will not be effective because it is not stable. Conversely, when interacting with ERβ, two hydrogen bonds and four hydrophobic bonds, MPP dihydrochloride interacted with ERα via two hydrogen bonds and three hydrophobic bonds. The ERβ/eNOS complex will be comparatively easier to induced by the transcriptional activation of BCLX, Casp3, Ki-67, CyclinD1, hTERT and POT1 genes.ConclusionsAdministration of genistein can increase the genomic activities of the estrogen-eNOS receptor complexes related to apoptosis, proliferation, and telomere activity.
       
  • Evaluation of satisfaction and internet self-efficacy of inquirers using
           an internet-based drug information centre

    • Abstract: Publication date: February 2019Source: Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences, Volume 14, Issue 1Author(s): Fikret V. İzzettin, Zekiye K. Yılmaz, Betül Okuyan, Mesut SancarAbstractObjectivesThis study aimed to evaluate the satisfaction level of inquirers of an internet-based drug information centre along with the internet usage abilities and habits of individuals who had previously utilised services from an internet-based drug information centre in Turkey.MethodsThe first 100 individuals who received medication consultancy from the webpage entitled “www.ilacpedia.com” and consented to participate in the study were included in this study. This website is an internet-based drug information centre. Participants' data were collected using a participant data form and the Internet Self-efficacy Scale.ResultsThe mean age of participants was 37.92 ± 12.32 years (71 female). It was found that 89% of the individuals who received pharmaceutical consultation from the internet-based drug information service believed that the information that they received was enough to solve their problem. The internet self-efficacy scale scores indicated the highest score on the decomposition subscale (20.94 ± 6.18) and the lowest on the communication subscale (9.77 ± 3.57).ConclusionsThe present study revealed that the internet-based drug information service provided by clinical pharmacists contributed positively to users' satisfaction, thus indicating the importance of the involvement of clinical pharmacists in this process.
       
  • Psychosocial stress factors among mental health nursing students in KSA

    • Abstract: Publication date: February 2019Source: Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences, Volume 14, Issue 1Author(s): Seham M. AlyousefAbstractObjectivesAlthough existing evidence suggests that nurses may experience significant stress during their training, less is known about the key elements responsible for the distress experienced by mental-health nursing students. This study has examined the psychosocial stress factors that influence mental-health nursing students in a Saudi University.MethodsThis study has adopted a qualitative interpretive approach, using semi-structured interviews with 10 female fourth-year mental-health nursing students. After the interviews were digitally recorded and transcribed, they underwent content analysis using the NVIVO 10.1 application, generating the themes that emerge in this study.ResultsThe results of the present study make it possible to conceptualise the dynamics that impede the progress of students nearing the end of their final academic year. The analysis focuses on four main themes: (a) the clinical learning context; (b) discrimination against nurses; (c) interpersonal relationships; and (d) social challenges. The statements made by students were analysed for emerging themes; their experiences were subsequently grouped into eight sub-themes.ConclusionsThe study findings highlight the importance of encouraging students to strengthen peer relationships, improve their own psychological wellbeing, and embrace strategies for managing both personal and academic stress levels. They also reveal that understanding the expectations of students can provide a platform for recognising stressors. Effective interventions can be adopted to improve understanding of stress factors and subsequent stress responses among mental-health nursing students. These results may help to improve students' clinical, social, and academic outcomes.
       
  • Pyogenic granuloma of the upper lip: A common lesion in an uncommon
           location

    • Abstract: Publication date: February 2019Source: Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences, Volume 14, Issue 1Author(s): Pratibha Poudel, Nitesh Chaurasia, Vinay Marla, Ritesh SriiAbstractPyogenic granuloma is a non-neoplastic reactive lesion that commonly occurs in gingiva. It is rarely found in other locations such as the lips, tongue, palate and buccal mucosa. Lesions affecting the upper lip are even rarer and very few cases have been reported in the literature. In such situations, the lesion may mimic other conditions such as minor salivary gland tumours, mesenchymal tumours, and infectious lesions, which may create diagnostic difficulty. This case report describes an uncommon location of pyogenic granuloma occurring on the upper lip in a 49-year-old male patient.
       
  • Prevalence of and risk factors for poor sleep quality among residents
           in training in KSA

    • Abstract: Publication date: February 2019Source: Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences, Volume 14, Issue 1Author(s): Haytham I. AlSaifAbstractObjectivesThis study aimed to identify the prevalence of and risk factors for poor sleep quality among medical residents in KSA.MethodsA cross-sectional study was conducted on residents in programmes supervised by the Saudi Commission for Health Specialties. An anonymous, self-administered, web-based survey using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) was done. The study received ethical approval from the institutional review board of the King Saud University College of Medicine, Riyadh, KSA.ResultsA total of 1205 residents responded to the survey. A high prevalence of 86.3% of poor sleep quality was recorded. When grouped by specialty, anaesthesia residents had the highest prevalence of poor sleep quality (96%), whereas pathology residents had the lowest prevalence (68.7%). Increased sleep latency was the most common contributor to poor sleep quality, observed in 68.4% of residents at least once a week. Poor sleep quality was further stratified based on median PSQI scores into stages 1 (46.9%) and 2 (39.4%). Using multivariate logistic regression, the age group of those between 27 and 29 years (p = 0.012) covering on-call cases (p ≤ 0.01) or working shifts (p 
       
  • Types of polymerisation units and their intensity output in private dental
           clinics of twin cities in eastern province, KSA; a pilot study

    • Abstract: Publication date: February 2019Source: Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences, Volume 14, Issue 1Author(s): Theeb Alquria, Mohammed Al Gady, Abdul Khabeer, Saqib AliAbstractObjectivesLight-cured resin-based composites (RBCs) are the preferred option to restore teeth. Dental light-curing units (LCUs) should deliver adequate light energy to ensure good mechanical properties, dimensional stability, and biocompatibility of the RBC. The aim of this study was to determine the types of LCUs and their intensity output in private dental clinics.MethodsA form was developed to record information related to the type of curing lights and their intensity output. A total of 400 curing devices were evaluated using a digital radiometer in 58 private dental clinics. For each device, three separate 10-s readings were taken and the average was calculated. For quartz tungsten halogen (QTH) units, a light intensity below 300 mW/cm2 was considered unsatisfactory, whereas for light-emitting diode (LED) units, a reading below 600 mW/cm2 was considered unsatisfactory.ResultsOut of 400 curing lights, 354 were LEDs and 46 were QTH units. A total of 13% of the lights were considered unsatisfactory. Of the LED units, 12.4% had a light intensity of less than 600 mW/cm2, whereas QTH had 17.3% units with an intensity of less than 300 mW/cm2.ConclusionThe frequency of LCUs showed a trend towards LED units in private dental clinics, whereas the mean intensity value from the LED was higher than that from QTH units. Overall, the radiometer is a good tool to assess the intensity output of LCUs.
       
  • Urinary incontinence among pregnant women attending an antenatal clinic at
           a tertiary teaching hospital in North-East Malaysia

    • Abstract: Publication date: February 2019Source: Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences, Volume 14, Issue 1Author(s): Dariah Mohd Yusoff, Sharizan Awang, Yee C. KuehAbstractObjectivesUrinary incontinence (UI) is common among pregnant women. This growing health problem affects physical, emotional, and social well-being. This study determined the prevalence of UI and associated factors, and evaluated screening needs.MethodsA total of 330 pregnant women visiting the antenatal clinic in Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM) were surveyed. Data were collected through a self-administered questionnaire and analysed with SPSS software version 22.0.ResultsOverall, 84.5% (n = 279) of the pregnant women had experienced UI. Multiple logistic regression identified body mass index (BMI), presence of other illness, and consumption of coffee as major risk factors for UI. The majority of pregnant women preferred early screening for UI.ConclusionA great majority of pregnant women in this study experienced UI. Higher BMI and the presence of other medical conditions are significant risk factors for UI and early screening is required. The need for universal education about UI and pelvic floor muscle exercise is warranted and can potentially prevent postnatal UI and UI later in life.
       
  • Mapping the perceptions of trainees for promoting surgical competence at
           the Sharjah clinical training centre

    • Abstract: Publication date: February 2019Source: Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences, Volume 14, Issue 1Author(s): Nabil Sulaiman, Salman Guraya, Ahmed HasswanAbstractObjectivesDespite the pressing need for a standard, worldwide surgical training program, there is a dearth of accredited surgical training centres that harmonize learning experiences. Following concerns about patient safety and the long learning curve in surgical training, the role of accredited surgical training centres is being emphasized. This research reports on the perceptions of surgical trainees at an accredited training centre in the UAE.MethodsWe used a questionnaire with 10 close-ended statements about demographic data and the quality of course contents in dry and wet labs as well as in theoretical training sessions. Quantitative and qualitative analyses were conducted using SPSS software, and NVIVO was used to identify common themes.ResultsOf 2124 respondents who attended 934 courses, 1866 (87.6%) were men and 258 (12.1%) were women. Most respondents (1848; 87%) represented the Middle East, and 1093 (51.5%) of them worked in hospitals. Although most attendees were satisfied with the quality of the contents and materials used for surgical training, they were dissatisfied for ‘Would you prefer to have more surgical training by lectures, oral interactive sessions, or videos’' A significant number of respondents proposed more hands-on surgical training and did not like theoretical sessions (p ˂ 0.05). Furthermore, there were great variations in responses in terms of the participants' regional and workplace profiles.ConclusionThis study underlines the need for more hands-on surgical training. These findings urge educators to modify surgical training programs to embed more practical and hands-on surgical training.
       
  • Surgical palliation of univentricular heart disease in children with
           Down's syndrome: A systematic review

    • Abstract: Publication date: February 2019Source: Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences, Volume 14, Issue 1Author(s): Saad Q. KhoshhalAbstractObjectivesNo standard protocol is available for the management of children with Down's syndrome (DS) and a functional single ventricle. This review attempts to determine the outcomes of the single ventricular surgical palliation pathway in high-risk children with DS.MethodsSeveral databases were searched using the following MeSH terms: ‘Congenital heart disease’, ‘Atrioventricular septal defect’, ‘Balanced AVSD’, ‘Unbalanced AVSD’, ‘Down's syndrome’, ‘Univentricular repair’, ‘bidirectional Glenn procedure’, and ‘Fontan procedure’. A structured algorithm was used for the selection of studies for an in-depth analysis.ResultsThere was no universal agreement on the best surgical approach for unbalanced atrioventricular septal defect in DS. The majority of paediatric cardiac surgeons did not recommend the complete Fontan procedure; conversely, the use of a Glenn shunt (superior cavopulmonary connection) was preferred.ConclusionsCareful assessment of the suitability for Fontan surgery, including the absence of elevated pulmonary vascular resistance, pulmonary arterial anatomy, and function of the dominant ventricle, is mandatory. A staged surgical procedure ending with complete Fontan repair provides acceptable medium-term results.
       
  • Prevalence of dyslipidemia among students of a Yemeni University

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 30 January 2019Source: Journal of Taibah University Medical SciencesAuthor(s): Mohammed A. Al-Duais, Yahya S. Al-AwthanAbstractObjectivesTo estimate the prevalence of dyslipidemia and patterns of lipid profile and associated factors among Yemeni university students.MethodsThis cross-sectional study included 240 Yemeni students (116 males and 124 females) at Ibb University. The students were randomly selected from various faculties of the university. Demographic and clinical data were obtained from all participants. Fasting blood specimens were collected from all students for measurement of serum levels of total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C). The criteria of the National Cholesterol Education Program-Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP-ATP III) were used.ResultsThe mean age of the studied cohort was 19.8 ± 1.8 years; 48.3% were men and 51.7% were women. About 56.7% of the participants were from rural areas. Qat chewers and cigarette smokers comprised 63.3% and 6.7% of the cohort, respectively. No obese students were found in this study; however, 11.7% were overweight. The overall prevalence of dyslipidemia, hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia, high LDL-C, and low HDL-C among the participating students were 86.7%, 21.7%, 23.8%, 31.7%, and 81.7%, respectively. Mixed hyperlipidemia was present in 8.8% of the students. The prevalence of isolated hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia, and low HDL-C was 12.9%, 15%, and 70%, respectively. Dyslipidemia was significantly associated with male sex, increasing age, urban residence, and medical and natural science faculties. In contrast, smoking, qat chewing, physical activity, and the consumption of fast food, fruits and vegetables, and fish were not significantly associated with dyslipidemia.ConclusionTo our knowledge, this is the first human study conducted at Ibb University during wartime in Yemen. Dyslipidemia was highly prevalent among healthy Yemeni university students in Ibb city. Low HDL-C was the most prevalent type of dyslipidemia, followed by increased levels of LDL-C. Gender, age, residence, and type of faculty were also closely related to dyslipidemia. These results indicate the need for specialized programs to determine blood lipid levels and initiate intervention programs to reduce the prevalence and prevent the complications of dyslipidemia among Yemeni university students.
       
  • Is there a relationship between children's behaviour and food cravings
           during pregnancy'

    • Abstract: Publication date: December 2018Source: Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences, Volume 13, Issue 6Author(s): Lama M. Al-Mehaisen, Naser A. Al-Husban, Alaa I. Matalka, Oqba A. Al-KuranAbstractObjectivesFood craving is a well-known phenomenon during pregnancy that is driven by nutritional requirements for optimal foetal development. This mechanism plays a vital role in ensuring normal prenatal and postnatal development. The goal of the present study is to assess whether cravings experienced during pregnancy are related to children's behaviour.MethodsA retrospective study was conducted in the gynaecology outpatient unit of a local hospital on healthy non-pregnant women, with children aged between 18 months and 5 years. Eligible women completed a questionnaire regarding their child's behaviours and cravings experienced during their pregnancy. Chi-square tests were used to examine relationships between cravings and behaviour.ResultsA total of 336 women were included in the study (child mean age = 44.11 ± 15.65 months; 55.7% females). Food cravings were experienced by 83.1% (n = 304/366) of the participants. The most commonly reported food craving was for fruit (n = 112, 33.3%). Other cravings included salty crackers (n = 40, 10.9%), sweets (n = 35, 9.6%), meat (n = 32, 8.7%), and vegetables (n = 29, 7.9%). There was variation in frequency of the children's behavioural problems: always (more than 50% of the occasions), sometimes (10–50% of the occasions), and none.ConclusionsOur analyses showed that most behavioural issues were not associated with cravings during pregnancy. Further investigation into how diet and foetal development may impact childhood behaviour is warranted.
       
  • Efficacy of chitosan derivative films versus hydrocolloid dressing on
           superficial wounds

    • Abstract: Publication date: December 2018Source: Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences, Volume 13, Issue 6Author(s): Ahmad S. Halim, Fatimah M. Nor, Arman Z. Mat Saad, Nur A. Mohd Nasir, Bachok Norsa'adah, Zanariah UjangAbstractObjectivesChitosan, the N-deacetylated derivative of chitin, has useful biological properties that promote haemostasis, analgesia, wound healing, and scar reduction; chitosan is bacteriostatic, biocompatible, and biodegradable. This study determined the efficacy of chitosan derivative film as a superficial wound dressing.MethodsThis multicentre randomised controlled trial included 244 patients, of whom 86 were treated with chitosan derivative film and 84 with hydrocolloid. The percentage of epithelisation, as well as patient comfort, clinical signs, and patient convenience in application and removal of the dressings were assessed.ResultsThe primary outcome of this study was the percentage of epithelisation. Except for race (p = 0.04), there were no significant differences between groups in sex, age, antibiotic usage, or initial wound size (p > 0.05). There was no significant difference in the mean epithelisation percentage between groups (p = 0.29). Patients using chitosan derivative film experienced more pain during removal of dressing than those in the hydrocolloid group (p = 0.007). The chitosan derivative film group showed less exudate (p = 0.036) and less odour (p = 0.024) than the control group. Furthermore, there were no significant differences between groups in terms of adherence, ease of removal, wound drainage, erythema, itchiness, pain, and tenderness. No oedema or localised warmth was observed during the study.ConclusionThis study concluded that chitosan derivative film is equivalent to hydrocolloid dressing and can be an option in the management of superficial and abrasion wounds.Clinical trial No.NMRR-11-948-10565.
       
  • Acknowledgement to Reviewers

    • Abstract: Publication date: December 2018Source: Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences, Volume 13, Issue 6Author(s):
       
  • Correlation among smartphone addiction, craniovertebral angle, scapular
           dyskinesis, and selected anthropometric variables in physiotherapy
           undergraduates

    • Abstract: Publication date: December 2018Source: Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences, Volume 13, Issue 6Author(s): Ashiyat K. Akodu, Sunday R. Akinbo, Queen O. YoungAbstractObjectivesSmartphone addiction has been indicated to reduce the craniovertebral angle, thereby causing a forward head posture and increasing scapular dyskinesis. This study determined the correlation among smartphone addiction level, craniovertebral angle, scapular dyskinesis, and selected anthropometric variables in physiotherapy undergraduates.MethodsSeventy-seven participants were recruited from the Department of Physiotherapy, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, through a purposive sampling technique. The smartphone addiction level was assessed with the short version Smartphone Addiction Scale (English version). Craniovertebral and scapular dyskinesis were assessed using the photographic method. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyse the data at an alpha level of 0.05.ResultsThe analysis in this study revealed that many undergraduates are addicted to using smartphones. There was no significant difference in the addiction level (p = 0.367) and in scapular dyskinesis (p = 0.129) between male and female participants. However, there was a significant difference in craniovertebral angle (p = 0.032) between male and female participants. There was a significant relationship among smartphone addiction, craniovertebral angle (r = 0.306, p = 0.007), and scapular dyskinesis (r = 0.363, p = 0.007) in male and female participants.ConclusionA high level of smartphone addiction reduces the craniovertebral angle and increases scapular dyskinesis. Therefore, the smartphone addiction level should be assessed in all patients with neck and shoulder pain to plan appropriate management.
       
  • Effects of honey supplementation on safety profiles among postmenopausal
           breast cancer patients

    • Abstract: Publication date: December 2018Source: Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences, Volume 13, Issue 6Author(s): Zaida Zakaria, Zairos F. Zainal Abidin, Siew H. Gan, Wan Z. Wan Abdul Hamid, Mahaneem MohamedAbstractObjectivesIn this study, we aimed to determine the effect of honey supplementation on the safety profiles of postmenopausal breast cancer patients.MethodsSeventy-two postmenopausal women with stage I, II, or III breast cancer from the Oncology Clinic, Universiti Sains Malaysia Hospital were treated with anastrozole (1 mg/day). Patients were randomly assigned to one of the two groups (n = 36/group): a control group (no honey) and a honey group (20 g/day of honey for 12 weeks). Fasting blood samples were obtained pre- and post-intervention to investigate differences in the haematological, renal, and liver profiles of patients in both the groups.ResultsPost-intervention, alanine aminotransferase levels were significantly higher in the control group than in the honey group. In the honey group, white blood cell counts, platelet counts, and creatinine levels were significantly higher following honey supplementation for 12 weeks. Nevertheless, the values were still within normal ranges.ConclusionsThe present study suggests that honey supplementation of 20 g/day for 12 weeks is safe and beneficial for postmenopausal breast cancer patients.
       
  • Effectiveness of a reminder card system versus a mobile application to
           improve medication adherence among asthma patients in a tertiary care
           hospital

    • Abstract: Publication date: December 2018Source: Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences, Volume 13, Issue 6Author(s): Panakkal L. Mohan, Swaliha Shaji, Thameesa Ashraf, Vettan U. Anas, Bismi BasheerAbstractObjectivesAsthma is a major public health problem affecting a large number of individuals worldwide. The effectiveness of medications depends on adherence to the instructions of the prescriber. This study aimed to assess and compare the effectiveness of a reminder card system versus a mobile application to improve the medication adherence of asthma patients in a tertiary care hospital.MethodsThis prospective interventional study was conducted at a tertiary care hospital. The scores were obtained from the Morisky medication adherence scale.ResultsIn the card group, comparison of the baseline and follow-up scores for medication adherence showed a mean difference of 3.44, p = 0.001. The application group showed a mean difference of 4.02, p = 0.001, which reflects a highly significant association. Comparison of the effectiveness of reminder cards and the mobile application showed a mean difference of 0.72, p = 0.088 (>0.05) at baseline, showing no significant difference in adherence status before intervention. After intervention there was a mean difference of 0.86 (p = 0.001 
       
  • The outcomes that an interview-based medical school admission process has
           on academic performance, psychological health, personality traits, and
           emotional intelligence

    • Abstract: Publication date: December 2018Source: Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences, Volume 13, Issue 6Author(s): Muhamad S.B. YusoffAbstractObjectivesThis study investigated the outcomes that an interview-based medical school admission process has on academic performance, psychological health, personality traits, and emotional intelligence.MethodsA comparative cross-sectional study was conducted on the interviewed and non-interviewed cohorts. Their examination marks were obtained from the academic office, psychological health was measured by DASS-21, personality traits were measured by USMaP-15, and emotional intelligence was measured by USMEQ-17.ResultsThe interviewed cohort performed significantly better in the clinical examination than the non-interviewed cohort. Conversely, the non-interviewed cohort performed significantly better in the theoretical examination. Depression, anxiety, and stress level between the two cohorts showed no difference. The interviewed cohort demonstrated more desirable personality traits, higher emotional intelligence, and social competence than the non-interviewed cohort.DiscussionThis study provides evidence to support the claim that the interview-based admission process has favourable outcomes on clinical performance, emotional intelligence, and personality traits. Several insights gained as a result of this study are discussed.
       
  • Effects of date fruit consumption on labour and vaginal delivery in Tabuk,
           KSA

    • Abstract: Publication date: December 2018Source: Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences, Volume 13, Issue 6Author(s): Izzaddinn E. Ahmed, Hyder O. Mirghani, Mohammed A. Mesaik, Yassin M. Ibrahim, Tehreen Q. AminAbstractObjectivesThe date fruit has been shown to possess several health benefits. This study aims to determine the effects of date fruit consumption on the onset and progression of labour.MethodsA randomised controlled clinical study was conducted on 89 participants to assess the effects of date fruit consumption on the onset and progression of labour. Twenty-six participants consumed date fruits alone, and 32 consumed date fruits followed by drinking of water. Thirty-one served as controls.ResultsThere was a significant positive impact of consuming (rutab) date fruits on maternal outcomes in both the first and third stages of labour (p 
       
  • Profile of isokinetic rotator cuff muscle performance in adolescent
           state-level weightlifters

    • Abstract: Publication date: December 2018Source: Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences, Volume 13, Issue 6Author(s): Mohamad Faiz Abdul Rahim, Shazlin ShaharudinAbstractObjectivesThis study aimed to determine isokinetic profiles of rotator cuff muscle strength and power in adolescent state-level weightlifters.MethodsNineteen young state-level weightlifters performed concentric strength tests of the upper limbs using an isokinetic dynamometer. Peak torque/body weight was measured for each weightlifter in dominant and non-dominant limbs.ResultsPeak torque/body weight was significantly different in external rotation (p  0.05). Time to peak torque in external rotation was less in the dominant than in the non-dominant limb. However, opposite results were obtained in external rotation, whereby time to peak torque was longer in the dominant limb compared to the non-dominant limb. Similarly, no significant difference was found between dominant and non-dominant limbs in terms of average power (p > 0.05).ConclusionsThe findings of this study may help in establishing potential imbalance in variables of muscular contractions between dominant and non-dominant limbs of weightlifters. This may help to maximise performance and minimise potential shoulder injury.
       
  • Effects of the standard physiotherapy programme on pain and isokinetic
           ankle strength in individuals with grade I ankle sprain

    • Abstract: Publication date: December 2018Source: Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences, Volume 13, Issue 6Author(s): Nor S. Mohd Salim, Muhammad A. Umar, Shazlin ShaharudinAbstractObjectivesThe isokinetic evaluation of the ankle joint is important in determining the effectiveness of the rehabilitation programme for the management of ankle sprains. This study aimed to determine the effects of physiotherapy programme on isokinetic variables in individuals with grade I ankle sprains.MethodsSeven patients with acute grade 1 ankle sprain (15 days of ankle sprain) were recruited. They were provided with 7 days of protection, optimal loading, ice, compression, and elevation (POLICE) treatment, and the standard physiotherapy programme consisted of towel stretching and balancing exercises on one leg. Pain scale score was recorded daily during the physiotherapy programme. The isokinetic ankle strengths of the patient's injured and uninjured legs were compared before and after the physiotherapy programme. Isokinetic tests were conducted in painless range of motion for the injured leg.ResultsPain was significantly reduced after the patients underwent the standard physiotherapy programme. No significant differences were observed in terms of the ankle peak torque, time to peak torque, and ankle plantar flexion-to-dorsiflexion ratio of the injured and uninjured legs. The injured leg showed significant improvement in terms of ankle eversion-to-inversion ratio (E:I) after 7 days of performing the standard physiotherapy programme.ConclusionPerforming the standard physiotherapy programme for 1 week reduces pain and improves the ankle E:I in patients with grade 1 ankle sprain.
       
  • First Aid Guideline (FAG): A first aid education application for children
           aged 11–14 years in Indonesia

    • Abstract: Publication date: December 2018Source: Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences, Volume 13, Issue 6Author(s): Feri Ekaprasetia, Heri Kristianto, Tantut SusantoAbstractObjectivesIn Indonesia, the prevalence of injuries among children aged 5–14 years is high. Such injuries are generally caused by unsafe school-related factors and a lack of education about first aid. Thus, it is necessary to optimize the role of children by introducing first aid education using the First Aid Guideline (FAG) application. The purpose of this study was to develop a first aid education application for Indonesian children based on the Android operating system.MethodsThe application was developed in several stages. The initial stage was the selection of the content that would be included in the application. The second and third stages were the making and testing of the application, respectively. The researchers worked with information technology experts during the development of this application. The application feasibility test included experts in the fields of emergency and medical-surgical medicine as well as information technology. The experts assessed the application by completing a questionnaire on learning media. The results were then analysed by kappa tests to assess the experts' perceptions.ResultsThe application contains emergency call menus, and information on the treatment of choking, burns, wounds, and bleeding. The application provides pictures and video tutorials, making it easier for users to learn about first aid. Statistical analysis showed a sufficient match between Experts 1 and 3 (mean 3.85 ± SD 0.369; kappa = 0.615; p = 0.035) and Experts 1 and 2 (mean 3.85 ± SD 0.369; kappa = 0.615; p = 0.035). Experts 2 and 3 showed good suitability (mean 3.80 ± SD 0.422; kappa = 0.615; p = 0.035).ConclusionsFAG is a breakthrough application for first aid education for children aged 11–14 years. This application can be used as a medium for learning about first aid. However, further research in larger populations is required.
       
  • Factors affecting the transfer of training to the workplace after a
           faculty development programme: What do trainers think'

    • Abstract: Publication date: December 2018Source: Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences, Volume 13, Issue 6Author(s): Muhammad Z. Iqbal, Mona H. AlSheikhAbstractObjectivesFaculty development plays a pivotal role in developing competent and effective teachers. The eventual goal of faculty development is to transfer newly acquired knowledge, skills, and attitudes to the workplace to positively influence students’ learning. However, the transfer of training skills is a complex phenomenon, and not much has been reported about the factors affecting this process, especially in the health sciences. This study aims to explore the factors hindering or aiding the transfer of training (newly learned competencies) to the workplace.MethodsThis cross-sectional qualitative study employed a purposive sampling technique and incorporated seven programme developers. The data were collected through semi-structured interviews, and then analysed using thematic analysis.ResultsThe interviews with programme developers and faculty trainers revealed that the transfer of training to educational practices is a complex and multidimensional process. Primarily, such transfer is influenced by many variables that can be broadly categorised into three groups: trainee characteristics, training design features, and environmental factors.ConclusionThe current study has implications for understanding learning transfer after a faculty development programme. It provides a brief overview of the individual, programmatic, and environmental factors that influence the transfer of training to an educational setup.
       
 
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