Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8529 journals)
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MEDICAL SCIENCES (2342 journals)            First | 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 | Last

Showing 1201 - 1400 of 3562 Journals sorted alphabetically
Journal of health sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Health Sciences / Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Journal of Health Sciences and Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Health Sciences and Surveillance System     Open Access  
Journal of Health Sciences Scholarship     Open Access  
Journal of Health Specialties     Open Access  
Journal of Health Studies     Open Access  
Journal of Healthcare Informatics Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Heavy Metal Toxicity and Diseases     Open Access  
Journal of Helminthology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Herbs Spices & Medicinal Plants     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of HIV for Clinical and Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Hospital Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology [Medical Sciences]     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Human Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Human Rhythm     Open Access  
Journal of Human Transcriptome     Open Access  
Journal of Ideas in Health     Open Access  
Journal of Inflammation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Inflammation Research     Open Access  
Journal of Injury and Violence Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Institute of Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Insulin Resistance     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Interactional Research in Communication Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of International Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Interventional Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Investigative Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Islamabad Medical & Dental College     Open Access  
Journal of Istanbul Faculty of Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Karnali Academy of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Kathmandu Medical College     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of King Abdulaziz University : Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Laboratory Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Laryngology and Voice     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Journal of Legal Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Limb Lengthening & Reconstruction     Open Access  
Journal of Lumbini Medical College     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Manmohan Memorial Institute of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Marine Medical Society     Open Access  
Journal of Materials Science : Materials in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Maternal and Child Health     Open Access  
Journal of Mechanics in Medicine and Biology     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Medical and Biological Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Medical and Biomedical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Medical Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Medical Cases     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Medical Colleges of PLA     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Medical Disorders     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Medical Education and Curricular Development     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Medical Ethics     Partially Free   (Followers: 25)
Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Medical Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Journal of Medical Hypotheses and Ideas     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Imaging and Health Informatics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Medical Investigation and Practice     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Laboratory and Diagnosis     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Law and Ethics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Medical Microbiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Screening     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Medical Signals and Sensors     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Medical Society     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Systems     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Medical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Medical Ultrasound     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Medicinal Botany     Open Access  
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 197)
Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Medicine and Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Medicine and Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Medicine and the Person     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Medicine in Scientific Research     Open Access  
Journal of Medicine in the Tropics     Open Access  
Journal of Medicine Research and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Medicine, Physiology and Biophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Medicines Development Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Metabolomics & Systems Biology     Open Access  
Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Molecular Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Movement Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Muscle Research and Cell Motility     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Nanotechnology in Engineering and Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Natural Medicines     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Natural Science, Biology and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Nature and Science of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Negative and No Positive Results     Open Access  
Journal of Nepalgunj Medical College     Open Access  
Journal of Neurocritical Care     Open Access  
Journal of Neurodegenerative Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Neurorestoratology     Open Access  
Journal of Neuroscience and Neurological Disorders     Open Access  
Journal of Nobel Medical College     Open Access  
Journal of Obesity and Bariatrics     Open Access  
Journal of Occupational Health     Open Access  
Journal of Occupational Therapy Education     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Ocular Biology, Diseases, and Informatics     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Oral Health and Craniofacial Science     Open Access  
Journal of Orofacial Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Otorhinolaryngology, Hearing and Balance Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Ovarian Research     Open Access  
Journal of Ozone Therapy     Open Access  
Journal of Palliative Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Journal of Paramedical Sciences & Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Journal of Parkinsonism and Restless Legs Syndrome     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Parkinson’s Disease and Alzheimer’s Disease     Open Access  
Journal of Participatory Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Patan Academy of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Pathogens     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Patient Experience     Open Access  
Journal of Patient Safety and Risk Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews     Open Access  
Journal of Patient-Reported Outcomes     Open Access  
Journal of Periodontal Research     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Personalized Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Pest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Physiobiochemical Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Physiology-Paris     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Pioneering Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Postgraduate Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Pregnancy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Prevention & Intervention Community     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health     Open Access  
Journal of Primary Prevention     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Prosthodontic Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Prosthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Receptor, Ligand and Channel Research     Open Access  
Journal of Regenerative Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Research in Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Science and Applications : Biomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Science and Technology (Ghana)     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Scientific Innovation in Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Scientific Perspectives     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Sensory Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Shaheed Suhrawardy Medical College     Open Access  
Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Arthroplasty     Open Access  
Journal of Sleep Disorders : Treatment & Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of South American Earth Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Spinal Disorders & Techniques     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Sports Medicine and Allied Health Sciences : Official Journal of the Ohio Athletic Trainers Association     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Stem Cell Therapy and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Stomal Therapy Australia     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 73)
Journal of Substance Use     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Surgical Academia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Surgical and Clinical Research     Open Access  
Journal of Surgical Case Reports     Open Access  
Journal of Surgical Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Surgical Technique and Case Report     Open Access  
Journal of Systemic Therapies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of The Academy of Clinical Microbiologists     Open Access  
Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of the American College of Certified Wound Specialists     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the American College of Clinical Wound Specialists     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the American Medical Directors Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association : JAMIA     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of the Anatomical Society of India     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of the Anus, Rectum and Colon     Open Access  
Journal of The Arab Society for Medical Research     Open Access  
Journal of the Australasian College of Nutritional and Environmental Medicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of the Australasian Society of Aerospace Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Ceylon College of Physicians     Open Access  
Journal of the Chinese Medical Association     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the College of Community Physicians of Sri Lanka     Open Access  
Journal of The Egyptian Public Health Association     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Formosan Medical Association     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the Ghana Science Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the Grodno State Medical University     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of the International Society for Telemedicine and eHealth     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the Learning Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of the Medical Library Association     Open Access   (Followers: 283)
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala ilmu Kedokteran)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the National Medical Association     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of the Peripheral Nervous System     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the Postgraduate Institute of Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of the Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the Ruhunu Clinical Society     Open Access  
Journal of the Scientific Society     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Siena Academy of Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Therapeutic Ultrasound     Open Access  
Journal of Thyroid Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Tissue Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Tissue Viability     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Topology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Toxicology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Journal of Universal College of Medical Sciences
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2091-2846
Published by Nepal Journals Online Homepage  [129 journals]
  • Dengue - Past, Present And Future

    • Authors: Nagendra Chaudhary, V. K. Pahwa
      Pages: 1 - 2
      Abstract: Not available.Journal of Universal College of Medical Sciences (2017) Vol.05 No.02, Issue 16, page: 1-2
      PubDate: 2018-02-08
      DOI: 10.3126/jucms.v5i2.19154
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Clinico-Laboratory Observations and Outcome of Dengue Infection In a
           Tertiary Care Hospital of Western Nepal: An Observational Cross-Sectional
           Study

    • Authors: Niraj Kumar Jaiswal, Shatdal Chaudhary, Nagendra Chaudhary
      Pages: 3 - 7
      Abstract: INTRODUCTION: Dengue fever (DF) is highly prevalent in tropical and subtropical countries all over the world. This study was done to study the clinico-laboratory profile of DF patients and their outcomes in a tertiary care hospital of western Nepal.MATERIAL & METHODS:  A prospective observational cross-sectional study conducted over 6 months (October 2016 to March 2017) in patients admitted to medical inpatient ward of a tertiary care referral hospital located at south west Nepal. All febrile patients underwent dengue antibody (IgM) testing. Patient details, clinical manifestations and laboratory parameters were recorded. Descriptive analysis was done as mean and percentage.RESULTS: Out of total 2653 hospital admissions, 1274 patients (male: 780, female: 494) presented with fever. Forty patients between 17 years to 84 years (Mean age ± SD: 40.3±17 years) were diagnosed as DF. All the age groups were almost equally affected. The average duration of hospital stay was 5.4±3.2 days. Fever (n=40, 100%), body ache (n=29, 74.4%) and headache (n=28, 70%) were three leading complaints in dengue patients. Only 22.5% (n=9) of the patients had thrombocytopenia (mild and moderate). Severe thrombocytopenia was not noticed. Only 10% of total dengue cases received platelet transfusion. The mean platelet count increased from day one to day seven gradually. All the patients recovered.CONCLUSION: DF is a well-established vector-borne disease in south west Nepal; may be due to rapid urbanization and poor hygiene facility. Appropriate disease control programme emphasizing on vector surveillance and control, early clinical diagnosis and treatment reduces the dengue-related deaths.Journal of Universal College of Medical Sciences (2017)Vol.05 No.02 Issue 16, page: 3-7
      PubDate: 2018-02-08
      DOI: 10.3126/jucms.v5i2.19155
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Comparison of Antimicrobial Efficacy of Calcium Hydroxide and 2%
           Chlorhexidine as Medicaments

    • Authors: Rupan Tripathi, Vanita Gautam, V. K. Pahwa, Vikas Agrhari, Manu Batra, Hemant Kumar
      Pages: 8 - 11
      Abstract: INTRODUCTION: The use of intracanal medicaments help in elimination of bacteria that remain even after cleaning and shaping. This study isdone to compare the antimicrobial efficacy of2% chlorhexidine gel and calcium hydroxide as an intracanal medicament against E.faecalis.MATERIAL  & METHODS: Sixty extracted single-rooted human teeth were prepared with standard method. After contaminating the canals with E. Faecalis and incubated for seven days, the samples were divided into four groups (n=15). Normal saline was used as control group. The teeth in each group were treated with normal saline, calcium hydroxide and 2% chlorhexidine gel. Microbial samples were obtained from the dentinal shavings of root and colony forming units (CFU) of E.faecalis were recorded after 24hrs, 72hrs and 7 days.RESULTS: To determine the significance of the differences between the different groups, ANOVA(Analysis of variance) and Tukeys Honestly significant Difference (HSD) Post hoc test were performed. Mean CFU of calcium hydroxide group and 2% chlorhexidine group was statistically significantly different from CFU of all other groups (p<0.01).CONCLUSION: Mean CFU of calcium hydroxide was found to increase at 24 hrs and decreases at 72 hrs and 7 days.The antimicrobial efficacy 2% chlorhexidine gel was better than calcium hydroxide paste.Journal of Universal College of Medical Sciences (2017)Vol.05 No.02 Issue 16, Page: 8-11
      PubDate: 2018-02-08
      DOI: 10.3126/jucms.v5i2.19156
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Medical Students' Attitude to wards Anatomy Dissection: A Study from
           Nepal

    • Authors: Nitasha Sharma, S Subedi, R Pandit
      Pages: 12 - 17
      Abstract: INTRODUCTION: Among medical education institutions worldwide, the time allotted for anatomy instruction has decreased without any reasonable time optimization suggestions. In addition, the utility of cadaver dissection has long been debated.MATERIAL & METHODS: This study was conducted to determine the attitudes of preclinical students to cadaver dissection in the study of human anatomy. A collection of questionnaire was introduced to 290 preclinical students, including both MBBS and BDS of Universal College of Medical Sciences, Nepal. For each question, the students were to choose one of the three possible responses: “yes”, “no” or “undecided”. Out of the 290 students (162 female and 128 male) involved in the study.RESULTS: Fifty five percentage said they were curious, 41% experience of anatomy dissection hall was interesting, 3% said it was enj oyable and remaining 1% said it was boring. An analysis of the questionnaire showed that a vast majority of the students (93%) considered cadaver dissection as important and indispensable in the study of human anatomy, on the issue of replacing cadaver dissection with plastic models in the near future, majority of the students under study (73%) didn't favored such a replacement, while 24% did. In the present study, 29% of students mentioned there was not enough chances of dissection for every individual students and 40% of students said the time allocated for dissection classes was not enough.CONCLUSION: From the results of the present study, one might confidently infer that cadaver dissection is still considered important and indispensable in the study of human anatomy.Journal of Universal College of Medical Sciences, Vol. 5, No, 2, 2017, Page: 12-17                                
      PubDate: 2018-02-08
      DOI: 10.3126/jucms.v5i2.19157
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Awareness Regarding Health Effects of Pesticides Use among Farmers in a
           Municipality of Rupandehi District

    • Authors: Saraj Gurung, M Kunwar
      Pages: 18 - 21
      Abstract: INTRODUCTION: Pesticides are natural or synthetic agents that are used to kill unwanted plant or animal pests. Pesticides use is the most attractive method of controlling pest which involves less labour and characterised higher outcome per hector of land. Extensive use of such pesticides results in substantial health and environmental threats.MATERIAL & METHODS: Descriptive cross-sectional design was used for the study to find out awareness regarding health effects of pesticides use. Fifty vegetable farmers were selected as the study sample by non purposive and snow ball sampling technique. Pretested structured interview schedule was used for data collection and analyzed by using descriptive statistics.RESULTS: The findings of the study revealed that respondents were aware that skin irritation (96%), dermatitis (92%), dizziness (98%), headache (96%) as poisoning symptoms in skin and nervous system. Respondents were aware nausea (84%), vomiting (96%), dyspnoea (88%), and throat itching (76%) as poisoning symptoms in gastro-intestinal and respiratory system. Respondents were also aware that eye irritation (96%) and burning (90%), and tachycardia (90%) as poisoning symptoms of pesticide use in eye and cardio vascular system. They were aware that use of pesticides may cause cancer (88%), foetal death (74%), infertility (66%), birth defects (66%) and miscarriage (56%) as long term effects. Cent percent of respondents were aware that washing exposed part with soap water, taking bath and changing clothes asimmediate actions after pesticides contact with bodyCONCLUSION: Based on the findings of the study more than half of respondents had low level of awareness regarding health effects of pesticides use. So, it is recommended to organize awareness program to the farmers regarding health effects of pesticides use.Journal of Universal College of Medical Sciences, Vol. 5, No, 2, 2017, Page: 18-21
      PubDate: 2018-02-08
      DOI: 10.3126/jucms.v5i2.19158
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Antibiogram of Salmonella Spp Isolates in Kathmandu, Nepal

    • Authors: Damodar Gajurel, Rabi Prakash Sharma, Krishna Dhungana, Samir Neupane, Kamal Lamsal, Prasant Karki, Sudikshya Acharya
      Pages: 22 - 25
      Abstract: INTRODUCTION: Drug resistant Salmonella spp. is endemic in several Asian countries. Nalidixic acid-resistant Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi and Salmonella enterica serovar Paratyphi A show reduced susceptibility to fluoroquinolones and have resulted in a rise in treatment failures. Over the past few decades, nalidixic acid-resistant Salmonella spp have emerged in Nepal as well.
      MATERIAL & METHODS: This is a retrospective study that aims to provide a more recent antibiogram of S. Typhi and S. Paratyphi A isolates in Kathmandu. Between Poush, 2071 and Ashwin, 2072 (December 16, 2014 to October 17, 2015), 186 culture positive cases of enteric fever were diagnosed at the Civil Service Hospital. Upon isolation of S. Typhi or S. Paratyphi A, antimicrobial susceptibility testing was performed with amoxicillin, azithromycin, ceftriaxone, chloramphenicol, ciprofloxacin, cotrimoxazole, nalidixic acid, ofloxacin and tetracyciline.
      RESULTS: This study shows a much higher frequency of nalidixic acid-resistance in Kathmandu than previously reported; 95.7% in Salmonella enterica serovar Paratyphi A and 86.5% in Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi.The rates of ciprofloxacinand ofloxacin-resistance were over 50% in both serovar.
      CONCLUSION: In Nepal, it is necessary to reevaluate the use of fluoroquinolone therapy and introduce feasible alternatives so as to curb treatment failures.Journal of Universal College of Medical Sciences (2017) Vol. 5, No, 2, Page: 22-25
      PubDate: 2018-02-08
      DOI: 10.3126/jucms.v5i2.19159
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Occupational Overuse Syndrome and its Severities in Software Professionals
           of Rupandehi District, Nepal

    • Authors: Indra Dhakal, Shanta Sharma
      Pages: 26 - 30
      Abstract: INTRODUCTION: Prevalence of occupational overuse syndrome (OOS) is not new in computer professionals. Occupational overuse syndromes are diseases of the modern era and rank first among the health problems in the frequency with which they affect the quality of life. As the IT has been developed in a rapid way the different health problems are emerging in the same way which is of great concern. Some are caused by occupational exposures, and are marked with direct professional relation, or the action of harmful effects in the workplace.MATERIAL & METHODS: A descriptive study was conducted in software professionals of Rupandehi district, Nepal. Data was collected as per pretested structured Performa from 270 respondents randomly and analyzed by using SPSS, MS-excel and Chi-square test to determine associations between categorical variables.RESULTS: The results of the study showed that majority of respondents belonged to 20-30 years of age, 74.4 per cent of respondents were male and 25.6 per cent were female, major occupational overuse syndrome was headache, back pain and neck pain. Majority of respondent's (56.3%) working duration was 3-6 years and increased health problems are observed with increase in work duration.CONCLUSION: The present study concluded that majority of respondents had health problems and the major occupational overuse syndromes were headache, back pains, neck pain. Study also concludes that there is a relation between working duration and health problems, and the problems increase as the duration at work increases.Journal of Universal College of Medical Sciences, Vol. 5, No, 2, 2017, Page: 26-30
      PubDate: 2018-02-08
      DOI: 10.3126/jucms.v5i2.19160
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • A Descriptive Analysis of the Indications for Caesarean Section in Lumbini
           Zonal Hospital, Butwal

    • Authors: Shreedhar Acharya, Bhaktabatsal Raut
      Pages: 31 - 34
      Abstract: AIM: This study was done to find out the incidence and to analyse the various indications for caesarean sections at Lumbini Zonal Hospital.MATERIALS & METHODS: This was a hospital based retrospective study done at Lumbini Zonal Hospital, Butwal. The case files of all the women who had caesarean delivery over the period of one year from 2071/4/1 to 2072/3/32 were reviewed. Various indications of caesarean sections were analysed for the incidence, age, parity, elective vs emergency caesareans.RESULTS: Out of 7589 deliveries, 1316 (17.34%) had caesarean section. Most common indications were previous caesarean 275 (20.89%), non progress of labour 245 (18.61%), cephalopelvic disproportion 222 (16.86%), fetal distress 215 (16.33%), etc. Majority of caesarean 1226 (93.16%) was done in the age group of 20-30yrs, primipara 702 (53.34%), and elective caesarean sections 766 (58.2%).CONCLUSION: Caesarean section rate at Lumbini Zonal Hospital was optimal. Most common indication was repeat caesarean. The overall reduction in caesarean section rate can be met through reduction of elective caesarean with the promotion of trial of labour.Study also concludes that there is a relation between working duration and health problems, and the problems increase as the duration at work increases.Journal of Universal College of Medical Sciences, Vol. 5, No, 2, 2017, Page: 31-34
      PubDate: 2018-02-08
      DOI: 10.3126/jucms.v5i2.19161
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Epidemiology of Hand Injuries in a Tertiary Care Center

    • Authors: Suraj Bajracharya, S Shrestha
      Pages: 35 - 39
      Abstract: INTRODUCTION: This retrospective review was performed to identify the incidence, causes, and details of hand injuries in patients presenting to a tertiary hospital of Kathmandu.  MATERIAL & METHODS: Records of all patients who had sustained hand injuries for last 5 years were collected from the Medical Record section. 832 injuries of the hand in 484 patients were reported in this review. These patients were reviewed for a geat the time of injury, gender, location of the incident, mechanism of injury, and fracture specifics.RESULTS: Majority (85.5%) of patients were males with a mean age of 28.79±12.81years and the rest were females with a mean age- of 30.43 ±17.13 yrs. Machinery injuries (25.2%) were the most common cause of injuries followed by road traffic accidents (14.5%). Metacarpal bone fractures (34.6%) were the common estinjuries of the hand. Most of the patients were treated with open reduction and fixation with Kwires.CONCLUSION: The study revealed the aetio-epidemiological and clinical profile of hand injuries, and its burden in eastern Nepal.Journal of Universal College of Medical Sciences, Vol. 5, No. 2, 2017, Page: 35-39
      PubDate: 2018-02-08
      DOI: 10.3126/jucms.v5i2.19162
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Clinico-Radiological and Pathological Correlation of Breast Lesions in
           Patients Presenting to a Tertiary Hospital in Western Nepal

    • Authors: Prakash Sharma, Elina Shrestha, Prabhat Kumar Tiwari
      Pages: 40 - 44
      Abstract: INTRODUCTION:
      Breast masses are frequently encountered problem, especially in females. Mammography and ultrasound are considered the standard imaging techniques for detection and evaluation of breast disease. The study was done to discuss the role of mammography and ultrasound in evaluation of breast mases with cytological correlation and to compare the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of ultrasonography6 with mammography in breast masses in different age groups and in patients with different breast density.MATERIALS AND METHODS:
      It was a non randomized prospective study carried out in Manipal teaching hospital Pokhara. The data for study was collected from patients with breast lump who attended the department of Radiology during the period from October 2013 to October 2014. Mammography and ultrasonography were performed on all cases presented with breast lump. A Fine needle aspiration cytology correlation was then performed with formed the basis for definitive judgement.RESULTS:
      The study analyzed 50 total numbers of patients presented to Radiology department who had breast lumps. Patients were aged between 20 and 75 years. Maximum numbe3r of patients were between 40 and 49 yrs constituting 40%. The mean age was 39.8 years ± 12.85 yrs. Ultrasound was significantly more sensitive than mammography in age less than 40 years. Mammogram had a significantly higher sensitivity than ultrasound in age group of more than 40 yrs. By using combined modalities (ultrasonography combined with mammogram), all benign cases were diagnosed correctly. For malignant breast masses, 10% were diagnosed as false negative but no cases were diagnosed false positive by combined modalities. Ultrasound was more sensitive than mammography in dense and heterogeneously dense breast whereas mammography was more sensitive than ultrasound in predominantly fatty breast.CONCLUSION:
      Combination of ultrasound and mammogram is more sensitive than other modality alone.Journal of Universal College of Medical Sciences, Vol. 5, No. 2, 2017, Page: 40-44
      PubDate: 2018-02-08
      DOI: 10.3126/jucms.v5i2.19164
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Management of Posterior Segment Intraocular Foreign Body with Vitrectomy;
           Visual and Anatomical Outcome

    • Authors: Ritesh Kumar Shah, Raghunandan Byanju, Sangeeta Pradhan
      Pages: 45 - 48
      Abstract: AIM: To evaluate the anatomical and visual outcome following removal of intraocular foreign body (IOFB) through pars planavitrectomy.MATERIAL & METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 11 cases of retained posterior segment foreign body that underwent pars planavitrectomy for removal of foreign body during the period of January 2013 to August 2017 was conducted. Demographics of patients, mechanism and details of injury, Snellen best corrected visual acuity, examination results at presentation and after surgery, any diagnostic imaging and surgical procedure were recorded and analysed.RESULTS: Out of eleven eyes of eleven patients (mean age= 25.4}8.6, range 22 50 years; all male) preoperative retinal detachment and endophthalmitis was seen in 27.3% and 36.4% of cases respectively. Eighty-two percent of cases presented within 17 days of sustaining injury. Foreign body size ranged from 2mm to 8 mm and all were magnetic metal. After vitrectomy and removal of foreign body, the number of eyes with vision of hand motion or worse decreased from 72.7% to 27.3%. Similarly 45.5% of eyes gained best corrected postoperative visual acuity of better than 6/60. Anatomical success could be achieved in 81.8% of eyes.CONCLUSION: Anatomical outcome following vitrectomy in eyes with retained posterior segment IOFB in terms of retinal attachment is sufficient; however, visual outcome can be affected by other collateral ocular injuries and their sequelae.Journal of Universal College of Medical Sciences, Vol. 5, No. 2, 2017, Page: 45-48 
      PubDate: 2018-02-08
      DOI: 10.3126/jucms.v5i2.19165
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Unusual Case of Retropancreatic Mass Involving Portal Vein

    • Authors: Rajesh Poudel, Subodh K Adhikari, Surendra Basnet, Arjun Acharya, Sarad Pokhrel
      Pages: 49 - 52
      Abstract: Retroperitoneal Tumors are relatively rare and usually present in locally advanced stage. They present special therapeutic challenges because of their location and frequent intimate association with major vessels in retroperitoneum. Herein, we present a case report of a patient with retropancreatic mass along with features of portal hypertension in CT scan. Intraoperatively tumor was adhered to portal vein, resection and anastomosis of Portal Vein with excision of tumor was done. Leiomysarcoma was diagnosed after histopathology and immunohistochemistry report.Journal of Universal College of Medical Sciences, Vol. 5, No. 2, 2017, Page: 49-52
      PubDate: 2018-02-08
      DOI: 10.3126/jucms.v5i2.19166
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • A Rare Root Canal Configuration of Maxillary Canine: A Case Report

    • Authors: Deepa Kunwar, Bhawana Adhikari, Vanita Gautam, Chetna Arora, Snigdha Subham, Rupam Tripathi
      Pages: 53 - 56
      Abstract: To report a case of endodontic treatment of a maxillary canine in which an extra canal was located and successfully treated. Endodontic therapy is essentially a micro neurologic surgical procedure involving complete debridement and three dimensional obturation of the root canal system to obtain a fluid impervious seal. The foundation of the procedure is based on the intimate knowledge and thorough understanding of the anatomy of both the pulp chamber and the root-canal system. A tooth exhibit variations in their root canal anatomy and poses a challenge in diagnosis and treatment. In the teeth particularly with additional root canals or anatomical variations, root canals are often left untreated and that would be the main reason for unfavourable outcome of the treatment. Maxillary canine are statistically more commonly single rooted, single canal but rarely may have single root with two root canals.Journal of Universal College of Medical Sciences, Vol. 5, No. 2, 2017, Page: 53-56 
      PubDate: 2018-02-08
      DOI: 10.3126/jucms.v5i2.19167
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2018)
       
 
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