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  Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8279 journals)
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MEDICAL SCIENCES (2235 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 3562 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
4 open     Open Access  
AADE in Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
ABCS Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Abia State University Medical Students' Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
AboutOpen     Open Access  
ACIMED     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Acta Bio Medica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Bioethica     Open Access  
Acta Bioquimica Clinica Latinoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Científica Estudiantil     Open Access  
Acta Facultatis Medicae Naissensis     Open Access  
Acta Herediana     Open Access  
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access  
Acta Medica (Hradec Králové)     Open Access  
Acta Medica Bulgarica     Open Access  
Acta Medica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Medica Indonesiana     Open Access  
Acta Medica International     Open Access  
Acta medica Lituanica     Open Access  
Acta Medica Marisiensis     Open Access  
Acta Medica Martiniana     Open Access  
Acta Medica Nagasakiensia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Medica Peruana     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Médica Portuguesa     Open Access  
Acta Medica Saliniana     Open Access  
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acupuncture & Electro-Therapeutics Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Acupuncture and Natural Medicine     Open Access  
Addiction Science & Clinical Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Adıyaman Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi / Health Sciences Journal of Adıyaman University     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Advanced Biomedical Research     Open Access  
Advanced Health Care Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advanced Science, Engineering and Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 8)
Advanced Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Bioscience and Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Cell and Gene Therapy     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Clinical Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
Advances in Life Course Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Lipobiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Medical Education and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 32)
Advances in Medical Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Microbial Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Molecular Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Molecular Toxicology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Parkinson's Disease     Open Access  
Advances in Phytomedicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Advances in Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Regenerative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Skeletal Muscle Function Assessment     Open Access  
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Veterinary Science and Comparative Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Wound Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
African Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African Journal of Clinical and Experimental Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
African Journal of Laboratory Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
African Journal of Thoracic and Critical Care Medicine     Open Access  
African Journal of Trauma     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
AJOB Empirical Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
AJSP: Reviews & Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Aktuelle Ernährungsmedizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ALERTA : Revista Científica del Instituto Nacional de Salud     Open Access  
Alexandria Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Allgemeine Homöopathische Zeitung     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Alpha Omegan     Full-text available via subscription  
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Althea Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Biomedical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
American Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Biomedicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
American Journal of Chinese Medicine, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Clinical Medicine Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Law & Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Managed Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Medical Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
American Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Medicine Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Medicine Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of the Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
American Journal on Addictions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American medical news     Free   (Followers: 3)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Amyloid: The Journal of Protein Folding Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina     Open Access  
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de la República, Uruguay     Open Access  
Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Analgesia & Resuscitation : Current Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anatolian Clinic the Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Anatomica Medical Journal     Open Access  
Anatomical Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Anatomical Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Anatomy Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Ankara Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ankara Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Mecmuası     Open Access  
Annales de Pathologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Annales des Sciences de la Santé     Open Access  
Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Anatomy - Anatomischer Anzeiger     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Annals of Biomedical Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Clinical Hypertension     Open Access  
Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Annals of Family Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Annals of Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annals of The Royal College of Surgeons of England     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annual Reports in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Annual Reports on NMR Spectroscopy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Annual Review of Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Anthropologie et santé     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Antibiotics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Antibodies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Antibody Technology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Antibody Therapeutics     Open Access  
Anuradhapura Medical Journal     Open Access  
Anwer Khan Modern Medical College Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Apparence(s)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Clinical Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Clinical Research, Clinical Trials and Regulatory Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applied Medical Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Arab Journal of Nephrology and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives Medical Review Journal / Arşiv Kaynak Tarama Dergisi     Open Access  
Archives of Asthma, Allergy and Immunology     Open Access  
Archives of Medical and Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Medical Laboratory Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Archives of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access  
Archives of Trauma Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archivos de Medicina (Manizales)     Open Access  
ArgoSpine News & Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos de Ciências da Saúde     Open Access  
Arquivos de Medicina     Open Access  
Ars Medica : Revista de Ciencias Médicas     Open Access  
ARS Medica Tomitana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Art Therapy: Journal of the American Art Therapy Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Arterial Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Artificial Intelligence in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Artificial Organs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
ASHA Leader     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Family Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asian Bioethics Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Asian Biomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Medical and Pharmaceutical Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention     Open Access  
ASPIRATOR : Journal of Vector-borne Disease Studies     Open Access  
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Atención Familiar     Open Access  
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atti della Accademia Peloritana dei Pericolanti - Classe di Scienze Medico-Biologiche     Open Access  
Audiology - Communication Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Auris Nasus Larynx     Full-text available via subscription  

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

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Anuradhapura Medical Journal
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2279-3771
Published by Sri Lanka Journals Online Homepage  [71 journals]
  • Mental health of children from a war affected border village: a cross
           sectional comparative study

    • Abstract: BackgroundSri Lankan government had a war against terrorism for thirty years in North and East of Sri Lanka. There were villages in the North-East border that the LTTE held territory and the community living in those villages faced frequent attacks during those three decades. The present study was conducted to compare the mental health of children in a war affected border village, with the mental health of same aged children from a village not directly affected by the war.  MethodsGrade 8 and 9 students (n=148) from a government school were selected as subjects and a self-administered questionnaire and the validated Sinhalese version of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) were completed. Age matched 138 students were selected as the comparison group, from an area which is socioeconomically similar but not affected by the war as a border village. Same questionnaires were completed by the comparison group.  ResultsSubject group consisted of 76 (51%) males and 72 (49%) females. Age ranged from 12-16 years (median 14, IQR 13-14). Majority (n=85, 57.0%) of children living in the border village experienced some kind of an extremely terrifying incident related to the war. Nearly one fifth (n=26, 17.6%) living in the border village, had lost at least one immediate family member due to terrorist attacks. Majority of the border village children (n=94, 63.5%) believed that the war produced a significant negative impact on their lives. Children living in the border village showed 2.5 fold excess risk for a mental health problem (OR 2.5, 95% CI 1.4 to 4.5.   Living in a border village carried 3 times excess risk for conduct problems (OR 3.1, 95% CI 1.6 to 6.0). Children living in the border village showed 2 fold excess risk for peer relationship problems (OR 1.9, 95% CI 1.1 to 3.2). Living in a border village carried 2 fold excess risk for hyperactivity/inattention problems (OR 2.3, 95% CI 1.2 to 4.2). ConclusionsMajority of the children living in border village reported different exposures related to the civil war that can cause considerable and long-lasting psychological impact. Children from the border village had a significantly higher risk of showing borderline abnormal values on the SDQ, compared to children not from a border village. It is probable that this is due to the effect of war and its impact on the mental health of the children of the border village. Published on 2018-12-27 00:00:00
       
  • Mutlicentric Castleman’s disease presenting in a young patient

    • Abstract: Multicentric Castleman's disease (MCD) is a rare lymphoprofilerative disease and Its presentation in a young age population is unusual. Here, we report the case of a 28 year old Sri Lankan, male who was evaluated for lower limb edema and sensory type neuropathy along with skin thickening and pigmentation. He was found to have generalized lymphadenopathy and hepatosplenomegaly. His investigations revealed evidence of demyelinating type sensory- motor polyneuropathy, pulmonary hypertension, hypothyroidism. However studies conducted for HIV viruses and monoclonal gammopathy were negative. An excision biopsy of an Inguinal lymph node of his right side axila revealed changes supportive of a diagnosis of multicentric Castleman's disease. Despite being a rare disease and even rarer in a young population, diagnosis of MCD/POEMS syndrome should be suspected in patients' presenting with similar features described above. MCD is associated with many malignancies and has poor prognosis. Published on 2018-12-27 00:00:00
       
  • Prevalence of incidental thyroid carcinoma (ITC) among total
           thyroidectomies performed by PSU-UOR on multinodular goiters; how accurate
           is the diagnosis and how rational is the treatment'

    • Abstract: BackgroundFNAC is regarded as a accurate, safe, and economical technique in identifying thyroid cancer in Mulitnodular goiter (MNG). The aim of our study was to detect the accuracy of FNAC in detecting thyroid cancer among patients undergoing total thyroidectomy at Professorial surgical unit, Teaching Hospital-Galle (PSU-THK).  MethodsIndications for total thyroidectomy at PSU-THK include Thy 3-5 on FNAC, retrosternal goiters, those presenting with symptoms suggestive of obstruction or infiltration and cosmesis. However thy1-2 are also offered depending on the situation. Patients who had undergone total thyroidectomy for MNG with FNAC reporting Thy1-2, as well as those with Thy-3 FNAC, from 1st April 2014 to 31st march 2016 were analyzed.  ResultsThree hundred and forty two patients completed selection criteria for the study and 299 of them were females. Forty five point six percent belonged to the 20-39 age group and 38.89% belonged to the 39-64 age group. Two hundred ad eighty-four had Thy1-2 FNAC while 58 had Thy-3. Of the Thy 1-2 group, 212 had colloid goiter on FNAC and 54 had thyroiditis. Histology revealed malignancy in 14 female patients, 9 papillary and 4 follicular. Among the 58 patients of Thy 3, 15 had confirmed malignancy with 10 papillary and 4 follicular. The policy practiced by PSU-UOR in offering total thyroidectomy to MNGs in Thy1- 2 group is justified as the study shows them to have 4.93% risk of ITC. A similarly policy of offering total thyroidectomy to all the cases with Thy3 MNGs is recommended as the requirement of a second operation is high.  ConclusionFurther research need to be carried out to identify thyroid cancer in MNGs with Thy 1-3 cytology, allowing clinicians to offer total thyroidectomy for more solid indications. Published on 2018-12-27 00:00:00
       
  • Teaching life skills through arts; an option for adolescent health
           promotion in resource poor settings

    • Abstract: BackgroundLife skills prepare teenagers to face challenges in daily life. This study describes a novel art based life skills training programme that takes vulnerabilities and available opportunities for individual participant into account, to promote health of adolescents in resource poor settings. MethodsA 2 hour session with two drawing activities followed by facilitated discussion was conducted for 42 students aging 13 to 16 years at a rural school. Drawings of the students were observed and themes were identified. Observation memos were documented during discussions and drawing activities. Anonymous written Feedback obtained at the end was analyzed thematically and triangulated with observations. ResultsEnthusiastic participation across all age groups was observed. The programme was described as interesting, clear and motivating. Students getting an understanding on applicability of life skills to overcome their personal challenges were observed during discussion and through feedback. ConclutionThe programme requires minimum resources and can provide an individualized active life skill learning opportunity to adolescents in low resource settings. Long term outcomes need to be assessed objectively. Published on 2018-12-27 00:00:00
       
  • Thyrotoxicosis presenting with pancytopenia: a case report

    • Abstract: Thyrotoxicosis can present with a wide array of clinical manifestations, among which pancytopenia is a rare entity. The disease itself, as well the treatment, can result in pancytopenia which makes the diagnosis more difficult and crucial. The mechanisms underlying are poorly understood currently. Antithyroid drugs which are well known to produce cytopenias as a side effect can safely be implemented in the management. Pancytopenia of thyrotoxicosis should completely reverse with the establishment of euthyroid state. We report a rare case of thyrotoxicosis presenting with pancytopenia which completely resolved with antithyroid treatment. Published on 2018-12-27 00:00:00
       
  • Analysis of gaps in the correct diagnosis of leishmaniasis at primary care
           level; socio-demographic and environmental risk factors of leishmaniasis
           transmission in Anuradhapura

    • Abstract: BackgroundThe leishmaniasis is an emerging health problem in dry zone of Sri Lanka. The multiplicity of factors involved in the transmission of leishmaniasis constitutes a challenge to its control. Knowledge of such factors may contribute to identify the control strategies. Although Medical officers have been given training on leishmaniasis, still patients with leishmaniasis had been diagnosed incorrectly. Aim of the study was to analysis of the diagnosis pattern of leishmaniasis patients by the primary care medical officers and to identify potential socio demographic and environmental risk factors of leishmaniasis transmission. MethodsA descriptive cross sectional study conducted among the leishmaniasis patients attending to the Dermatology clinic, Teaching Hospital Anuradhapura during November 2015 to November 2016 using interviewer administered questionnaire.  Results The study sample was 300 leishmaniasis patients .Male to female ratio was 2:1.The commonest affected age group was 20 to 40 years .Lesser number (33%) had heard about leishmaniasis. Nearly one forth (23%) of patients had been diagnosed incorrectly at the primary health care level. Nearly 50%of patients got leishmaniasis due to occupation related activities. Most (75%) of patients had paddy fields, large number of Banana bushes, Manna bushes and large wild area near their residence. Nearly 50% of patients had water channel near their residence. All most all (96%) patients use bed nets. ConclusionNearly one forth of patients missed diagnosis at the primary health care level. Paddy fields, Banana bushes, Manna bushes, large wild area and water channels close to residence may play role in leishmaniasis transmission. Published on 2018-12-27 00:00:00
       
  • Is Cancer Screening a Priority among Adult Females in Sri Lanka'

    • Abstract: We assessed the use of well women clinics (WWC) screening services for cervical and breast cancer prevention in a sample of females attending the largest religious festival in Sri Lanka. Of the 3,116 women studied, 2, 874(92.2%) were aware on breast cancer and 2, 609(83.7%) on cervical carcinoma. Of them only 1,895 (60.8%) were aware of the WWC services, but only 578 (18.5%) had ever used the services. Of the 217 professionals or associate professionals in the study sample, 190 (87.6%) were aware of the WWC compared to only 58.8% among the 2,899 women falling under the categories of other occupations and housewives. Clinic attendance was also significantly higher amongst professionals and associate professionals compared to women in other occupational categories and housewives (40.1% versus 16.9%). Use of cancer screening services are low and new strategies needed to improve the secondary prevention of these cancers in Sri Lanka. Published on 2018-09-18 22:11:53
       
  • A rare presentation of Guillain -Barre syndrome:
           Pharyngeal-cervical-brachial variant

    • Abstract: Guillain-Barre syndrome is characterized by acute onset symmetrical , generalized, ascending weakness with areflexia. It has wide variety of subtypes according to the involvement of muscle and nerve groups. We describe a case of 70 year old lady developing a rare form of GBS, the pharyngeal-cervical-brachial variant of the disease. Published on 2018-09-17 00:40:26
       
  • Lung function assessment in preschool children; a review of the utility of
           basic spirometry, interrupter technique and forced oscillation technique

    • Abstract: Objective lung function assessment in preschool children is a challenge; the mechanics of the lungs are changing rapidly with advancing age and maturation, the population is too old to ethically justify routine sedation prior to lung function assessment, as in infants, and also, they are too young to be able to focus sufficiently and perform elaborate respiratory manoeuvers required by commonly used lung function tests in older children and adults. But, clinically, a clear evidence based demarcation between isolated non-significant episodes of respiratory symptoms and pathognomonic symptoms is vital for the management. Even though many different lung function techniques are commonly used in the assessment of preschool children, the purpose of this review is to evaluate three commonly used pulmonary function tests, viz. basic spirometry, interrupter technique and forced oscillation technique in order to assess their usefulness in preschool children. We conclude that contrary to common misbelief, ample evidence exists that preschool children are capable of performing lung function tests. Basic spirometry, which stood the test of time, remains one of the most commonly used lung function tests. The interrupter technique and the forced oscillation techniques are quickly gathering reputation as reliable alternatives for lung function assessment in preschool children, especially due to the minimal co-operation required from the subject and the versatility of the test. These techniques will enable definitive diagnosis, assessment of severity and the therapeutic response of multiple, complex and often challenging clinical respiratory conditions to enable efficient management Published on 2018-09-06 00:40:52
       
  • Factors affecting respiratory function of rice millers in Anuradhapura
           district

    • Abstract: IntroductionRice is the most important crop cultivated in Sri Lanka and rice milling is the largest agro-based industry in the country.ObjectivesTo compare lung functions of rice millers and controls with predicted normal values for Sinhalese and to determine the effects of rice husk dust on lung functions of rice millers in relation to length (years) of exposure.MethodsRice millers (male: 84, female: 84) and controls (male: 84, female: 84) were selected and matched for determinants of lung functions. Data were collected via a validated questionnaire and spirometry. Observed mean lung functions were compared with lung function norms published for non-smoking Sinhalese.ResultsMost of the male millers and controls were smokers while none of the females were. All mean lung functions tested FVC, FEV1, PEFR and FEF25-75%, were significantly lower than the predicted values among male millers. While some lung functions were significantly reduced in female millers and male controls, all were comparable with predicted values in female controls. Duration of employment in rice mills was significantly and inversely related to FVC and FEV1 of millers.ConclusionsObserved deficiencies in lung functions of rice millers were probably caused by occupational exposure to rice husk dust and tobacco smoke. The cumulative effect of the two were found to be more harmful than each alone. Wearing face masks, worker education and adequate ventilation in mills are recommended. Advantages of cessation of smoking should be further stressed to communities of lower socioeconomic and educational backgrounds. Published on 2018-09-04 15:58:33
       
 
 
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