Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8359 journals)
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MEDICAL SCIENCES (2268 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 3562 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
4 open     Open Access  
AADE in Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
ABCS Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Abia State University Medical Students' Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
AboutOpen     Open Access  
ACIMED     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Acta Bio Medica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Bioethica     Open Access  
Acta Bioquimica Clinica Latinoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Científica Estudiantil     Open Access  
Acta Facultatis Medicae Naissensis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Herediana     Open Access  
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access  
Acta Medica (Hradec Králové)     Open Access  
Acta Medica Bulgarica     Open Access  
Acta Medica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Medica Indonesiana     Open Access  
Acta Medica International     Open Access  
Acta medica Lituanica     Open Access  
Acta Medica Marisiensis     Open Access  
Acta Medica Martiniana     Open Access  
Acta Medica Nagasakiensia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Medica Peruana     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Médica Portuguesa     Open Access  
Acta Medica Saliniana     Open Access  
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acupuncture & Electro-Therapeutics Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Acupuncture and Natural Medicine     Open Access  
Addiction Science & Clinical Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Adıyaman Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi / Health Sciences Journal of Adıyaman University     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Biomedical Research     Open Access  
Advanced Health Care Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advanced Science, Engineering and Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 8)
Advanced Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Bioscience and Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Cell and Gene Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Clinical Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
Advances in Life Course Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Lipobiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Medical Education and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 32)
Advances in Medical Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Microbial Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Molecular Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Molecular Toxicology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Parkinson's Disease     Open Access  
Advances in Phytomedicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Advances in Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Regenerative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Skeletal Muscle Function Assessment     Open Access  
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Veterinary Science and Comparative Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Wound Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
African Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African Journal of Clinical and Experimental Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
African Journal of Laboratory Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
African Journal of Thoracic and Critical Care Medicine     Open Access  
African Journal of Trauma     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
AJOB Empirical Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
AJSP: Reviews & Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Aktuelle Ernährungsmedizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Al-Qadisiah Medical Journal     Open Access  
ALERTA : Revista Científica del Instituto Nacional de Salud     Open Access  
Alexandria Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Allgemeine Homöopathische Zeitung     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Alpha Omegan     Full-text available via subscription  
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Althea Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Biomedical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
American Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Biomedicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
American Journal of Chinese Medicine, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Clinical Medicine Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Law & Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Managed Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Medical Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
American Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Medicine Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Medicine Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of the Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
American Journal on Addictions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American medical news     Free   (Followers: 3)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Amyloid: The Journal of Protein Folding Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina     Open Access  
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de la República, Uruguay     Open Access  
Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Analgesia & Resuscitation : Current Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anatolian Clinic the Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Anatomica Medical Journal     Open Access  
Anatomical Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Anatomical Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Anatomy Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Ankara Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ankara Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Mecmuası     Open Access  
Annales de Pathologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Annales des Sciences de la Santé     Open Access  
Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Anatomy - Anatomischer Anzeiger     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Annals of Biomedical Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Clinical Hypertension     Open Access  
Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Annals of Family Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Annals of Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of the College of Medicine, Mosul     Open Access  
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annals of The Royal College of Surgeons of England     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annual Reports in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Annual Reports on NMR Spectroscopy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Annual Review of Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Anthropologie et santé     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Antibiotics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Antibodies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Antibody Technology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Antibody Therapeutics     Open Access  
Anuradhapura Medical Journal     Open Access  
Anwer Khan Modern Medical College Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Apparence(s)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Clinical Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Clinical Research, Clinical Trials and Regulatory Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applied Medical Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Arab Journal of Nephrology and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives Medical Review Journal / Arşiv Kaynak Tarama Dergisi     Open Access  
Archives of Asthma, Allergy and Immunology     Open Access  
Archives of Medical and Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Medical Laboratory Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Archives of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access  
Archives of Trauma Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archivos de Medicina (Manizales)     Open Access  
ArgoSpine News & Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos de Ciências da Saúde     Open Access  
Arquivos de Medicina     Open Access  
Ars Medica : Revista de Ciencias Médicas     Open Access  
ARS Medica Tomitana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Art Therapy: Journal of the American Art Therapy Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Arterial Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Artificial Intelligence in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Artificial Organs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
ASHA Leader     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asia Pacific Family Medicine Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asian Bioethics Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Asian Biomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asian Journal of Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Medical and Pharmaceutical Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Medicine and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Research in Medical and Pharmaceutical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention     Open Access  
ASPIRATOR : Journal of Vector-borne Disease Studies     Open Access  
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Atención Familiar     Open Access  

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

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Asian Journal of Medical Sciences
Number of Followers: 2  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2091-0576 - ISSN (Online) 2091-0576
Published by Nepal Journals Online Homepage  [129 journals]
  • The effect of synbiotics supplement on alcohol use disorders
           identification test and biochemical parameters, gamma glutamyl
           transferase, lipopolysaccharide and immunoglobulin a levels, in high risk
           alcoholics

    • Authors: Vachrintr Sirisapsombat, Parama Pratummas, Phuttharaksa Phucharoen, Thamthiwat Nararatwanchai, Chaiyavat Chaiyasut, Sasithorn Sirilun, Phakkharawat Sittiprapaporn
      Pages: 1 - 6
      Abstract: Background: Alcohol consumption does not result in dependence or abuse among most people. Nevertheless, a significant group of the population as a whole unavoidably is troubled by chronic alcoholism.Alcohol is involved in a number of diseases, disorders, and injuries, and several social problems. Aims and Objective: To investigate the possible effects of synbiotics supplement affecting to gut-brain axis in high risk alcohol drinkers through alterations between improving of gut related parameters and changes of alcohol use disorders identification test (AUDIT). Materials and Methods: Single group, pre- and post-test study. Participants: 24 male patients, alcohol use disorders identification test at 8 or above. Exclusions included clinical diagnosis of cirrhosis, immunodeficiency, autoimmune disorder, use of drugs other than alcohol, pregnancy and lactation, use of antibiotics and herbs during the course of study. Intervention: Synbiotics containing probiotics 7 species and prebiotic 3 types once a day before bedtime for 8 weeks. Main outcome measures: Primary outcome- the efficacy of synbiotics supplement improving subjective AUDIT score. Secondary outcome- changes on gut related biochemical parameters (lipopolysaccharide and immunoglobulin A levels). Results: Twenty high risk alcoholic subjects (with an average age of 46.14 ± 18.34 years) were supplemented with synbiotics contained 25 billion cells of probiotics per day for 8 weeks. After the end of intervention, there was significantly improved total AUDIT score (p=0.001). The changes in gamma glutamyl transferase (GGT), lipopolysaccharide and immunoglobulin A level was calculated. GGT (from 90.62 ± 56.65 U/l to 67.67 ± 57.00 U/l), lipopolysaccharide (from 23.19 ± 9.57 to 16.67 ± 4.52 mg/ml) and immunoglobulin A (from 377.13 ± 229.88 to 484.16 ± 290.98 ng/ml) levels were significantly changed when compared to the baseline value. Conclusion: The results of the current study suggested that the consumption of synbiotics significantly improved subjective and objective parameters in high risk alcoholic patients, and further studies are mandatory to reveal the effects of synbiotics on gut health link to central neurological system.
      PubDate: 2020-01-01
      DOI: 10.3126/ajms.v11i1.26497
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Effect of Lactobacillus paracasei HII01 on lipid profile and blood
           parameters in hypercholesterolemic patients: A preliminary study

    • Authors: Chaiyavat Chaiyasut, Bhagavathi Sundaram Sivamaruth, Sasithorn Sirilun, Yaowalak Tirawat, Phakkharawat Sittiprapaporn
      Pages: 7 - 11
      Abstract: Background: Probiotics are live microbes that when administered in suitable amounts, confer a health benefit on the host. Probiotics are considered as a complementary and supportive therapeutic agent for the treatment of several diseases and for the management of several disorders. Hypercholesterolemia is a major risk factor for the incidence of cardiovascular (CV) diseases. Several pharmacological and dietary approaches are proposed and used to improve the cholesterol profile. Aims and Objective: The objective of the current study was to study the effect of probiotic supplementation (Lactobacillus paracasei HII01) on high-density lipoprotein (HDL), and low-density lipoprotein (LDL), lipopolysaccharide (LPS), and immunoglobulin A (IgA) levels in hypercholesterolemic patients. Materials and Methods: Ten hypercholesterolemic subjects were supplemented with 12.5 × 109 CFU of HII01 per day for 12 weeks. Blood samples were collected at baseline and after the intervention period. The LDL-C, HDL-C, LPS, and IgA content were assessed by outsourcing and ELISA methods. Results: After 12 weeks of intervention, HDL (from 61.14 ± 9.65 to 67.29 ± 7.99 mg/DL), LDL (from 141.57 ± 31.95 to 126.29 ± 36.23 mg/DL), IgA  (446.31 ±262.00 to  939.62 ± 758.52 ng/ml), and LPS (113.53 ± 40.07 to  72.78 ± 32.39 pg/ml) levels were significantly changed in the probiotic-supplemented group when compared to the baseline value. Conclusion: The supplementation of L. paracasei HII01 may help to improve the lipid profile, reduce the endotoxin level and have the impact of immune activation in hypercholesterolemic subjects. Additional studies are mandatory to disclose the favorable effect of the probiotic strain L. paracasei HII01.
      PubDate: 2020-01-01
      DOI: 10.3126/ajms.v11i1.26498
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • The effect of supplementation of Lactobacillus paracasei HII01 on salivary
           cortisol, and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-S) levels

    • Authors: Ekasit Lalitsuradej, Bhagavathi Sundaram Sivamaruthi, Sasithorn Sirilun, Phakkharawat Sittiprapaporn, Sartjin Peerajan, Chaiyavat Chaiyasut
      Pages: 12 - 15
      Abstract: Background of the study: Fatigue is one of the serious health issues, and stress is the main factor that induces chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). The dysregulation of stress management pathway may account for the development of CFS. The human body comprises several neurobiological networks to manage physical and emotional insults. Hypothalamic-pituitary- adrenal (HPA) axis is one of the important neuroendocrine networks involved in the neurophysiological activity of the host system. The response of HPA axis depends on the physical and psychological state of stress and other factors like time and duration of stress. The probiotic supplements are proved as an adjuvant therapeutic agent for several diseases.   Aims and Objective: The aim of the current study was to evaluate the effect of Lactobacillus paracasei HII01 supplementation on salivary cortisol and DHEA-S levels of fatigue subjects.   Materials and Methods: After 12-weeks of probiotic intervention significantly reduced the salivary cortisol level, while DHEA-S level was not affected. The ratio of cortisol: DHEA-S was reduced after probiotic intervention.   Results: The results concluded that L. paracasei HII01 has the ability to reduce the stress level in fatigue subjects by reducing the salivary cortisol level. Conclusion: The results evidently to recommend that the ingestion of 12.5 billion cells of L. paracasei HII01 per day for 12 weeks significantly amended HPA-Axis by lowering salivary cortisol and ratio cortisol: DHEA-S in fatigue subjects.
      PubDate: 2020-01-01
      DOI: 10.3126/ajms.v11i1.26500
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Effects of synbiotic supplement on LPS level in Thai smokers: A
           preliminary study

    • Authors: Parama Pratummas, Vachrintr Sirisapsombat, Phuttharaksa Phucharoen, Thamthiwat Nararatwanchai, Chaiyavat Chaiyasut, Sasithorn Sirilun, Phakkharawat Sittiprapaporn
      Pages: 16 - 21
      Abstract: Background: The impacts of smoking on the intestinal microbiome piece and arranged assortment have been appeared in different arranged controlled and observational clinical trials in individuals. Synbiotics are utilized not fair for the progressed survival of beneficial microorganisms included to food, however in expansion for the prompting of the duplication of specific nearby bacterial strains display within the gastrointestinal tract. Aims and Objective: This research proposes the impact of synbiotic supplement on gut-brain axis in Thai smokers in the realm of gut-related biochemical parameters and cognition. Materials and Methods: We directed a single gathering, pre-and post-test study; 20 patients lived in Mahasarakham, Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence at 4 or above, and no history of cerebrovascular diseases, brain and abdominal surgery, and not taking hormones or medications impacted brainwaves or utilizing antibiotics inside about fourteen days prior. Subjects were allocated to synbiotic supplement containing 3 kinds of prebiotics and 7 types of probiotics prior to sleep every day for about two months. Results:Results were estimated in gut-related biochemical parameters change and alternation in cognition. The present outcomes have indicated essentially decline in the scores of Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence and also the scores of craving for smoke after intervention. In additions, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in plasma significantly decreased after the intervention. Conclusion: Further researches are obligatory to lead in finding a propensity to improve in gut-related biochemical parameter and cognition after admission of synbiotic supplement.
      PubDate: 2020-01-01
      DOI: 10.3126/ajms.v11i1.26495
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • An introductory report on the effect of use of dextranase-containing
           mouthwash on oral health status of human volunteers

    • Authors: Nucharee Juntarachot, Bhagavathi Sundaram Sivamaruthi, Sasithorn Sirilun, Piyachat Tongpong, Phakkharawat Sittiprapaporn, Duangporn Kantachote, Chaiyavat Chaiyasut
      Pages: 22 - 25
      Abstract: Background: Dextran is a branched polysaccharide and one of the polymers, present in the biofilm matrix. The dextran plays a perilous role in dental plaque formation, which is involved in the development of some common oral diseases like dental caries. The dextran-hydrolyzing enzymes are under investigation to treat and manage the dental plaques. Aims and Objective: The present study reporting the preliminary observations on the effect of the use of dextranase-containing mouthwash (DMW) on dental plaque and oral health. Materials and Methods: DMW was prepared with food-grade dextranase, preservatives, gellingagents, and water as detailed. Four weeks of experimental design was employed in fourteen healthy volunteers. The selected volunteers were recommended to use DMW for at least twice a day. The plaque index (PI), probing depth (PD), gingival index (GI) and bleeding on probing (BOP) of the volunteer's teeth have been assessed before and after four weeks of DMW use. Results:The volunteers were insisted to use a DMW solution twice a day for four weeks. The PI, PD, GI, and BOP was measured before and after the treatment. The plaque index of the subject at baseline and after treatment was 2.22 ± 0.48, and 1.88 ± 0.50, respectively. PI was significantly reduced after the use of DMW solution for four weeks. The value of PD was 2.00 and 2.00 at baseline and after the use of DMW, respectively. The value of PD was not changed when compared to the baseline values. The sensory evaluation of DMW was performed using questionnaires. Conclusion: The preliminary study results suggested that the use of DMW solution for four weeks (twice a day) notably reduced the PI without any change in PD. However, GI and BOP values were not affected after the use of DMW. The participants, based on the sensory evaluation, accepted the prepared DMW solution. Additional detailed research on the impact of DMW on oral hygiene is needed to confirm the beneficial effects of DMW.
      PubDate: 2020-01-01
      DOI: 10.3126/ajms.v11i1.26499
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • The effect of Plukenetia Volubilis residue on Omega-3 enriched eggs

    • Authors: Phakkharawat Sittiprapaporn
      Pages: 26 - 32
      Abstract: Background: Omega-3 DHA-enriched eggs provide the consumer with a value-added product that delivers a clear, functional benefit for an increasingly health conscious population. Human requires an omega-6: omega-3 ratio of 4:1. The typical Thai diet which use a lot of vegetable oil for cooking provides a dramatically high 20:1 ratio. Lowering this ratio may reduce the risk of many chronic diseases including cardiovascular disease, coronary heart disease, Alzheimer's disease and some cancers. A healthy omega-6:omega-3 ratio promotes the health benefits. The increased levels of DHA provides much needed nutrient essential to human brain functions e.g. brain activities. Aims and Objective: The purpose of this study was to study the Omega-3,6,9 concentration in raw and boiled eggs feeding with Plukenetia Volubilis residue. Materials and Methods: A sample was selected from raw and boiled eggs feeding with Plukenetia Volubilis residue. Results: The result showed that total level of Omega-3 with 37869.65 mg/100mL and Omega-6 with 38490.67 mg/100mL which was not much different in Plukenetia Volubilis oil. However total Omega-9 is only 8394.74 mg/100mL compared to 37869.65 (Omega-3) and 38490.67 (Omega-6) which is almost 5 times lower than Omega-3,6.In addition, the comparison of Omega-3,6,9 concentration between raw and boiled eggs from hen feeding by Plukenetia Volubilis Oil. The total level of Omega-3,6,9 in boiled eggs was higher than in raw eggs (Omega-3: 122.85 mg/100g (raw egg), 158.12 mg/100g (boiled eggs); Omega-6: 1479.18 mg/100g (raw egg), 1766.53 mg/100g (boiled eggs); Omega-9: 3009.16 mg/100g (raw egg), 3375.23 mg/100g (boiled eggs)). Conclusion: There is constantly growing demand from consumers for food products of superior health quality. We can increase the omega-3 content of eggs through the enrichment of the layers’ diet with Plukenetia Volubilis. However, the relationship of Plukenetia Volubilis residue in chicken egg is still needed for further study.
      PubDate: 2020-01-01
      DOI: 10.3126/ajms.v11i1.26525
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Electroencephalographical investigation of drinking green tea to the human
           brain

    • Authors: Anjaly Srimanothip, Phakkharawat Sittiprapaporn
      Pages: 33 - 36
      Abstract: Background: Nowadays green tea has become one of the most popular drinks all over the world. Evidences suggest that green tea become second most consumer following regular drinking water. Green tea contains Theanine, an amino acid primarily found in green tea and black tea. The content is generally found 1-2% of dried tea or around 60 milligrams per 200 milliliters of tea drink. In particular, this substance is found in the form of L-theanine that can be absorbed to the blood system and then to the brain within 30 minutes, which causes relaxation and reducing stress. Aims and Objective: The objective was to examine the effect of green tea consumption on electroencephalographic (EEG) activities. Materials and Methods: This study was an experimental design. The participants were twelve Thai healthy, aged between 21-55 years old. During the experiment, all participants were asked to drink green tea every 10 minutes. Results: The influence to brainwave and attentive process were tested by experimental design. The study indicated that alpha brainwave was shown after drinking green tea. Frequency of alpha brainwave along cumulative drinking of green tea was shown significantly since the 10th minute. However, spectrum of the alpha brainwave changed significantly after drinking green tea, after 30th minutes. Conclusion: The benefit of this study was to provide the guideline for planning and campaigning green tea consumption for the purpose of stress reduction resulting in relaxation.
      PubDate: 2020-01-01
      DOI: 10.3126/ajms.v11i1.26530
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • How Gendhing Gamelan reduced anxiety in pregnancy

    • Authors: Dr Djohan, Fortuna Tyasrinestu, Phakkharawat Sittiprapaporn
      Pages: 37 - 41
      Abstract: Background: Listening to music will not only have a soothing and uplifting effects on someone but also a positive influence on the unborn baby. The positive vibes that will be acquired from listening to music will create a prenatal stimulation that will help pregnant mother to bond with their unborn baby. It will enable them to lower their stress and anxiety levels and also reduce any stress that the unborn baby may feel in the womb. Previous researches claimed the ability of music, especially western music, in reducing anxiety and stress toward pregnant woman. Aims and Objective: Instead of using western music, the present study investigated the effect of listening to gamelan music toward the reducing of anxiety on pregnancy. Materials and Methods: In a pilot experiment, 60 healthy volunteers (mean age = 29.0; SD = 5.0) evaluated their anxiety responses to a Javanese traditional musical piece using a Slendro Sanga scale. Results: The research shows significant effect (p<0.05; F=5.340) of Javanese traditional music to reduce anxiety in pregnant woman thus the hypotheses are accepted. Conclusion: Trust toward pregnant woman is important to be built because it can be the foundation of self-confidence and preventing stress. That is why, external situation is important since it has impact in internal situation.
      PubDate: 2020-01-01
      DOI: 10.3126/ajms.v11i1.26517
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Mind mapping tool increased critical thinking through blended learning

    • Authors: Yunike Juniarti Fitria, Tri Wahyuni Floriasti, Dr Djohan, Phakkharawat Sittiprapaporn
      Pages: 42 - 50
      Abstract: Background: The process of learning creates interaction and coordination and finding solution. Students who are engaged in that process will find themselves useful as they have shared ideas. Sharing ideas is a significant part. Aims and Objective: This study aims to describe the application of mind mapping in music learning as an effort to increase students' critical thinking. It has not been commonly applied in practical music learning processes. Materials and Methods: This research was conducted with a total of 75 students of music education who took violin subject. Initially, they discussed the issue that related with a song, and it was followed by mind mapping to find the ideas. Results: Through this process, students are expected to get a comprehensive understanding, and obtain effectively relevant guidelines regarding the material that must be trained. Conclusion: Exceedingly students can generate critical thinking, which later give influence in song interpretation.
      PubDate: 2020-01-01
      DOI: 10.3126/ajms.v11i1.26516
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Intellectual character of metacognition in thinking strategies

    • Authors: Ayu Niza Machfauzia, Dr Djohan, Phakkharawat Sittiprapaporn
      Pages: 51 - 56
      Abstract: Background: Metacognition is one aspect of intellectual character about a concept that has been used to refer to a variety of epistemological processes. Metacognition essentially means cognition about cognition; that is, it refers to second-order cognitions: thoughts about thoughts, knowledge about knowledge or reflections about actions. Previous research explained that metacognition is useful in many educational settings and can be transferred from the music classroom to other subject areas. Aims and Objective: This study aims to reveal aspects of student metacognition as a strategy used in playing music. Materials and Methods: In this observational study, the spontaneous metacognitive behavior of students during guitar lessons in guitar classroom was analyzed. Results: Data from interviews revealed that students were weak in metacognitive behavior, so that students do not use thinking ways of thinking. This is because the lecturer cannot promote metacognition by designing and implementing instructional strategies that encourage music students to engage in reflection, self-assessment, and thinking critically.Based on the results of research that has been obtained, it can be said that in playing music, especially in the guitar class, it is important to know what is known about the music that will be played. Conclusion: Lecturers need to promote metacognitive awareness in students, so that students are able to develop their thinking strategies well in playing music, especially in guitar classes.
      PubDate: 2020-01-01
      DOI: 10.3126/ajms.v11i1.26519
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Cognitive skills improved by BrainWare SAFARI training program:
           Electroencephalographic study

    • Authors: Phakkharawat Sittiprapaporn
      Pages: 57 - 62
      Abstract: Background: Executive functions have been shown to be related to academic achievement and the ability to learn. Understanding the role of executive function may offer new learning opportunities for children. The 2018-2019 implementation of BrainWare SAFARI pilot study started with primary school students achieving an average improvement in cognitive skill development. Aims and Objective: This study was set to find spatial ability and cognitive skill abilities done by letting students who performed spatial ability tasks after BrainWare SAFARI training exercises and also investigated by using the effectiveness of commercially available lightweight EEG device. Materials and Methods: Participants were selected to participate in the 2018-2019 pilot based on their average learning abilities. Results: All participants were able to complete the targeted number of sessions of BrainWare SAFARI. All participants showed significantly mean improvement of cognitive skills such as speed, memory, spatial ability, and problem solving, respectively. The cognitive performance increased statistically significant implying that all participants gained experienced significant improvements in multiple areas of cognitive processing. The attention and mediation levels as well as cognitive performance or cognitive skill improvement were changed with statistically significant at 0.05 level. The findings also showed that all brainwaves were increased with statistically significant while performing cognitive skills ability tasks. Conclusion: It is no doubt that all participants were able to complete all sessions of BrainWare SAFARI program. Practicing cognitive skills improvement games as BrainWare SAFARI could significantly increase alpha, theta and beta frequency bands. BrainWare SAFARI cognitive skills training could significantly improve cognitive performance in Thai children indexed by the electroencephalographic activities.
      PubDate: 2020-01-01
      DOI: 10.3126/ajms.v11i1.26526
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Electroencephalographic changes as neuroscience-based cognitive skill
           training program

    • Authors: Phakkharawat Sittiprapaporn
      Pages: 63 - 68
      Abstract: Background: Brain is an organ that is easily affected by the physical changes.Abnormalities are known to occur with the brain in terms of memory, eyesight, intellect, and balance as the brain is an organ that is easily affected by the physical changes. Executive functions have been shown to be related to academicachievement and the ability to learn, as well as a range of a neurodevelopmental disorders. The failure of many traditional educational interventions for students with specific learning disabilities may be attributed to large deficits in executive functions, including working memory and inhibition. Aims and Objective: This study examined how BrainWare SAFARI, a computer-based training, aid students with specific learning disabilities in enhancing their executive functions and specific learning disabilities. Materials and Methods: The present experimental study examined the effectiveness of a specific 12-week neuroscience-based, cognitive skills computer-training program, BrainWare SAFARI, on the cognitive processing of elementary students with specific learning disabilities. Results:The results of this study showed that all students Participants were able to complete a sufficient number of sessions in BrainWare SAFARI experienced significant improvements in multiple areas of cognitive processing. The results showed that the attention level changed with statistically significant while the meditation level was not changed. Conclusion: Thus, this neuroscience-based, cognitive skills computer-training program, BrainWare SAFARI, could result in increased academic performance.
      PubDate: 2020-01-01
      DOI: 10.3126/ajms.v11i1.26527
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Brain exercise in elderly: NeuroSky smarter Kit investigation

    • Authors: Tinnaphol Chaipakornwong, Phakkharawat Sittiprapaporn
      Pages: 69 - 74
      Abstract: Background: The measurement analysis of the brainwaves can show whether or not human’s mental or cognitive status is in a sober state. The speed of the computer signal processing technology increased until it could sufficiently process the complex brainwave signals measured in real-time. Therefore, the information about the mental status thus gradually revealed a research in information science called affective computing. Aims and Objective: The purpose of this study was to study the use of NeuroSky Smarter Kit in brain exercise training program by Brainwave Cloud Classroom (BCC) system, on both attention and meditation levels’ changes in elderly. Materials and Methods: The sample of this study were fifteen participants, which were four men and ten women, aged 61-84 years old. All participants were measured their attention and meditation levels by NeuroSky Smarter Kit prior to the brain training program. During the brain exercise training program by Brainwave Cloud Classroom (BCC) system, should any participant could not proceed to the next session, he/she was measured their attention and meditation levels again. They were allowed to break for fifteen to thirty minutes or as much as they needed. Then, the second brain training was done and that participants were measured their attention and meditation levels again. Results: The result showed that attention and meditation levels were gradually increased with no statistically significant. Both theta and alpha brainwaves were increased statistically significant. Conclusion: The attention level increased while the meditation level was sustained similar to before brain exercise training. Some electroencephalographic activities including theta and alpha brainwaves were gradually increased with statistically significant while gamma brainwave did not change.
      PubDate: 2020-01-01
      DOI: 10.3126/ajms.v11i1.26528
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Electroencephalographic study of auditory system while listening to Ohm
           chanting

    • Authors: Sasithorn Sachdev, Phakkharawat Sittiprapaporn
      Pages: 75 - 79
      Abstract: Background: World Health Organization defined that we must have Physical, Mental, Social and Spiritual Well-Being. The methods of building a healthy body and develop a strong immune are food, exercising, walking, running, yoga, swimming, Tai Shi Shuan and all types of sports. In spiritual well-being, the implementations are practice the dharma, compassionate prayer and meditation. These will make our mental status always in good state, greed, anger and infatuation will be decreased. Aims and Objective: This study aimed to investigate the effect of listening to Om chanting on human brain waves. Materials and Methods: The samples were twelve healthy Thai citizens with the age ranged between twenty-five and sixty years old. All participants listened to Ohm chanting for thirty minutes, with rest time in between. During the experiment, the participants were asked to open their eyes. In addition, their brain wave activities were recorded before, during and after listening to the Ohm chanting by the Electroencephalogram (EEG) at precise intervals. All data were tabulated to find mean and standard deviation. The changes in brain waves and subjective changes were also compared by applying paired t-test. People listening to Ohm chanting had subjective changes through electroencephalographic (EEG) fluctuations. Results: The exposed participants displayed statistically significant increases in delta and theta brainwaves at 0.05 after listening to Ohm chanting. This study revealed that participants were trained with the listening to Ohm chanting causing probably the stress level went down. There was an increase in delta and theta brainwaves while listening to Ohm chanting. Conclusion: The result might be nominated for health promotion to be used in conjunction with conventional medicine.
      PubDate: 2020-01-01
      DOI: 10.3126/ajms.v11i1.26529
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • The relationship between dextranase enzyme in mouthwash and dental caries

    • Authors: Piyachat Tongpong, Sasithorn Sirilun, Chaiyavat Chaiyasut, Phakkharawat Sittiprapaporn
      Pages: 80 - 84
      Abstract: Background: Several studies reported that Thai people have oral health problems as a major problem. Therefore, care and treatment of oral health is an issue to be attentive. At the present, there are many products for oral and dental health care in many forms such as toothpaste, mouthwash, spray, deodorizing and inhibiting bacteria etc. Aims and Objective: This study investigated the effect of mouthwash containing Dextranase enzyme which affected to the changes of dental plaque (Plague Index) in eighteen dental caries volunteers by two mouthwash formulas; Formula I contained only Dextranase enzyme whereas Formula II contained a mixture of Nisin and Dextranase enzymes. Materials and Methods: This study was a single blind randomized clinical trial study. All participants were divided into two equal number of groups received mouthwash containing Dextranase enzyme or mouthwash containing a mixture of Nisin and Dextranase enzyme after using mouthwash. The study allowed participants to use mouthwash continuously for at least four weeks. The participants received oral examination, oral digital imaging and proximal radiographs using Bitewing oral Imaging method, respectively. Results: Both before and after using mouthwash were found to have dental caries. The study found that plague index in participants were decreased.Although the results of this study show that using mouthwash containing Dextranase enzymeeffect to decreased plaque accumulation on teeth volunteers were found to have dental caries but there are other factors besides the plaque on the teeththat causes dental cariese.g. susceptible tooth surface, Acidic product and pH change. Conclusion: Using mouthwash containing Dextranase enzyme help to reduce plaque formation.
      PubDate: 2020-01-01
      DOI: 10.3126/ajms.v11i1.26531
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Preattentive detection of auditory memory representations in accumulative
           drinker

    • Authors: Phakkharawat Sittiprapaporn
      Pages: 85 - 89
      Abstract: Background: Chinese and English listeners did not show the same left-hemisphere (LH) lateralization as Thai listeners when making perceptual judgments of Thai tones. Although the left hemisphere is selectively employed for processing linguistic information irrespectively of acoustic cues or subtype of phonological unit, the right-hemisphere (RH) is employed for prosody-specific cues. Aims and Objective: As both hemispheres are lateralized for speech and language, the objective of this study is to extend the investigation of how the pre-attentive processing of contour tone changes of Thai monosyllabic words in alcoholic drinkers. Materials and Methods: Forty healthy right-handed adults participated in this study. Results: This study found that both rising-to-falling and falling-to-rising tone changes perception elicited Mismatch Negativity (MMN) between 217-264 msec with reference to the standard-stimulus Event-Related Potentials (ERPs). The rising-to-falling and falling-to-rising tone changes elicited a strong MMN for both groups. Source localization was obtained in the Middle Temporal Gyrus (MTG) of the right hemisphere (RH) for both groups. Conclusion: Automatic detection of changes in contour tones is a useful index of language universal auditory memory traces.
      PubDate: 2020-01-01
      DOI: 10.3126/ajms.v11i1.26579
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2020)
       
 
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