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  Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 7249 journals)
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MEDICAL SCIENCES (1802 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 3562 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access  
AADE in Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ABCS Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Abia State University Medical Students' Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
ACIMED     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 39)
Acta Bio Medica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Bioethica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Bioquimica Clinica Latinoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Facultatis Medicae Naissensis     Open Access  
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Medica Bulgarica     Open Access  
Acta Medica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Medica Indonesiana     Open Access  
Acta medica Lituanica     Open Access  
Acta Medica Marisiensis     Open Access  
Acta Medica Martiniana     Open Access  
Acta Medica Nagasakiensia     Open Access  
Acta Medica Peruana     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Médica Portuguesa     Open Access  
Acta Medica Saliniana     Open Access  
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access  
Acupuncture & Electro-Therapeutics Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Addiction Science & Clinical Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advanced Health Care Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advanced Science, Engineering and Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Bioscience and Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Clinical Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29)
Advances in Life Course Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Lipobiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Medical Education and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Advances in Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Microbial Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Molecular Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Molecular Toxicology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Parkinson's Disease     Open Access  
Advances in Phytomedicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Advances in Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Veterinary Science and Comparative Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Wound Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access  
African Journal of Clinical and Experimental Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African Journal of Laboratory Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Trauma     Open Access  
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
AJOB Primary Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 3)
Aktuelle Ernährungsmedizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal     Open Access  
Alexandria Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Allgemeine Homöopathische Zeitung     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpha Omegan     Full-text available via subscription  
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Biomedical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Biomedicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
American Journal of Chinese Medicine, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Clinical Medicine Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Law & Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Managed Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Medical Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
American Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Medicine Studies     Open Access  
American Journal of Medicine Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of the Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
American Journal on Addictions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
American Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
American medical news     Free   (Followers: 3)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Amyloid: The Journal of Protein Folding Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina     Open Access  
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de la República, Uruguay     Open Access  
Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Analgesia & Resuscitation : Current Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Anatomical Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Anatomical Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Anatomy Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annales de Pathologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Anatomy - Anatomischer Anzeiger     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Annals of Biomedical Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Family Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Fundeni Hospital     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annals of The Royal College of Surgeons of England     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annual Reports in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Annual Reports on NMR Spectroscopy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annual Review of Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Anthropologie et santé     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Antibiotics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Antibodies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Antibody Technology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anuradhapura Medical Journal     Open Access  
Anwer Khan Modern Medical College Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Apparence(s)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Clinical Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applied Medical Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Arab Journal of Nephrology and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arak Medical University Journal     Open Access  
Archive of Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Community Health     Open Access  
Archives of Biomedical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Archives of Medical and Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Medical Laboratory Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Trauma Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archivos de Medicina (Manizales)     Open Access  
ArgoSpine News & Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia     Open Access  
Arquivos de Ciências da Saúde     Open Access  
Arquivos de Medicina     Open Access  
ARS Medica Tomitana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Art Therapy: Journal of the American Art Therapy Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Arterial Hypertension     Open Access  
Artificial Intelligence in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Artificial Organs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Asia Pacific Family Medicine     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asian Bioethics Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asian Journal of Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Medical and Pharmaceutical Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ASPIRATOR : Journal of Vector-borne Disease Studies     Open Access  
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Atención Familiar     Open Access  
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Audiology - Communication Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Auris Nasus Larynx     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian Coeliac     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Journal of Medical Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Autopsy and Case Reports     Open Access  
Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Avicenna     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Avicenna Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Bioethics     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Biochemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Physics     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bangladesh Medical Journal     Open Access  
Bangladesh Medical Journal Khulna     Open Access  
Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin     Open Access  
Basal Ganglia     Hybrid Journal  
Basic Sciences of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
BBA Clinical     Open Access  
BC Medical Journal     Free  
Benha Medical Journal     Open Access  
Bijblijven     Hybrid Journal  
Bijzijn     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bijzijn XL     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bio-Algorithms and Med-Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
BioDiscovery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bioelectromagnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bioengineering & Translational Medicine     Open Access  
Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Bioethics Research Notes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Biologics in Therapy     Open Access  
Biology of Sex Differences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Journal Cover Acta Médica Portuguesa
  [SJR: 0.148]   [H-I: 15]   [0 followers]  Follow
    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 0870-399X - ISSN (Online) 1646-0758
   Published by Ordem dos Médicos Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Physician Involvement in the Activities of the European Medicines Agency

    • Authors: Ivana Silva
      Abstract: For more than two decades of activity, the European Medicines Agency has been operating as part of a network with the national medicines agencies in Europe, bringing together - in its various scientific committees and working groups - European experts on a wide range of topics related to quality assurance, safety and efficacy of medicines. The work carried out within the European Medicines Agency activities and the conclusions reached at European level affect millions of citizens. The European Medicines Agency considers that it is of great importance to maintain, in a sustainable and consistent manner, the active participation of general practitioners, as well as other medical specialists, in the process of medicines’ evaluation and supervision. This article summarizes how the participation of doctors and health professionals in general is promoted in the European Medicines Agency activities.
      PubDate: 2017-11-29
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 11 (2017)
       
  • Breast Cancer: Value-Based Healthcare, Costs and Financing

    • Authors: Ana Harfouche, Silvia Silva, João Faria, Rui Araújo, António Gouveia, Maria Lacerda, Luís D'Orey
      Pages: 762 - 768
      Abstract: Introduction: Breast cancer is the second most common oncological disease worldwide. To analyse the new disease specific funding programme (breast cancer) implemented at the Francisco Gentil Portuguese Institute of Oncology, Lisbon Center (Instituto Português de Oncologia de Lisboa Francisco Gentil), the actual costs of the patients were examined using activity-based costing as a costing methodology. This study addresses the following question: “How much does it cost to treat breast cancer per ‘patient-month’ compared to the monthly fixed ‘funding envelope’'”.
      Materials and Methods: The study cohort consisted of 807 patients, corresponding to all the patients eligible for the new disease specific funding programme and who were enrolled during the first year of implementation. Activity-based costing was used to calculate the total real costs per stage of disease and per ‘patient-month’ as well as the deviation from the monthly fixed ‘funding envelope’.
      Results: The total costs were 6.6 M€, whereas the total funding was 5.2 M€ for a total of 5648 ‘patient-months’. In 2014, the balance difference between the funding obtained and the actual costs was -1.4 €M for the cohort of 807 patients.
      Discussion: The extreme cases of differences in cost per ‘patient-month’ compared to the monthly fixed ‘funding envelope’ were (i) stage 0/Tis, with higher funding at 415.23 € per ‘patient-month’, and (ii) stage IIIC, with lower funding at 1062.79 € per ‘patient-month’.
      Conclusion: The ‘patient-month’ cost, regardless of disease stage was 1170.29 €. The median deviation per ‘patient-month’ was negative (241.21 €) compared to the monthly fixed ‘funding envelope’ of 929.08 € in the first year. Establishing activity-based costing - funding models will be crucial for the future sustainability of the healthcare sector.
      PubDate: 2017-11-29
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 11 (2017)
       
  • Readmission to an Adolescent Psychiatry Inpatient Unit: Readmission Rates
           and Risk Factors

    • Authors: Patricia Mendes, Maria Fonseca, Inês Aguiar, Nuno Pangaio, Luísa Confraria, Otília Queirós, Joana Saraiva, Pedro Monteiro, João Guerra
      Pages: 769 - 774
      Abstract: Introduction: Most mental disorders have a chronic evolution and therefore a certain amount of psychiatric readmissions are inevitable. Several studies indicate that over 25% of child and adolescent inpatients were readmitted within one year of discharge. Several risk factors for psychiatric readmissions have been reported in the literature, but the history of repeated readmissions is the most consistent risk factor. Our aim is to calculate the readmission rates at 30 days and 12 months after discharge and to identify associated risk factors.
      Material and Methods: The authors consulted the clinical files of patients admitted to the Inpatient Unit between 2010 and 2013, in order to calculate the readmission rates at 30 days and at 12 months. The demographic and clinical characteristics of the readmitted patients were analyzed and compared with a second group of patients with no hospital readmissions, in order to investigate possible predictors of readmission.
      Results: A total of 445 patients were admitted to our inpatient unit between 2010 and 2013. Six adolescents were readmitted in a 30 days period (1.3%) and 52 were readmitted in a 12 month period after discharge (11.5%). Duration of the hospitalization and the previous number of mental health admissions were significant predictors of future hospital readmissions (p = 0.04 and p = 0.014).
      Discussion: The low readmission rates may reflect the positive clinical and sociofamilial support being provided after discharge.
      Conclusion: Rehospitalisation is considered a fundamental target for intervention concerning prevention and intervention in mental healthcare. Thus, knowledge regarding their minimisation is crucial.
      PubDate: 2017-11-29
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 11 (2017)
       
  • Reconsidering the ‘Decline’ of Dental Student Empathy within
           the Course in Latin America

    • Authors: Víctor Patricio Díaz-Narváez, Ana María Erazo Coronado, Jorge Luis Bilbao, Farith González, Mariela Padilla, Aracelis Calzadilla-Nuñez, Maria Guadalupe Silva-Vetri, Joel Arboleda, Mirian Bullen, Robert Utsman, Elizabeth Fajardo, Luz Marina Alonso, Marcos Cervantes, Teresa Varela
      Pages: 775 - 782
      Abstract: Introduction: The controversy over the presence of empathic decline within the course in students of medicine, dentistry and health sciences in general, has not fully been studied. This controversy could be partially solved if massive studies of empathy levels are made in similar cultural, social and economic contexts.
      Material and Methods: Empathy levels within the course were studied in eighteen dental schools from six countries in Latin America (2013). The mean of the empathy levels were used to study the behavior between first and fifth academic years. The values of empathy levels within the course were observed by applying the Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy, the Spanish version. All these studies were cross-sectional. The value of means observed, were subjected to regression studies and further adjustment curves were obtained and the coefficient of determination were calculated.
      Results: Six different models of behavior were observed, which found that five of them suffer empathic decline within the course, but with different final results: in some the decline persists until the fifth academic year and in others, this decline ‘recovers’ persistently until the fifth academic year. The sixth model is characterized by a constant and persistent increase of levels of empathy within the course until the last academic year.
      Discussion: There are six different models for the behavior of means of levels of empathy within the course evaluated by a common methodology in eighteen dental schools from six countries of Latin America. These findings support the existence of variability of empathic response and a comprehensive approach is needed to find the causes that give rise to this variability.
      Conclusion: In dental students of Latin America, there is variability in the behavior of the distribution in means between the academic years of the dentistry schools examined in this study.
      PubDate: 2017-11-29
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 11 (2017)
       
  • Cross-Cultural and Psychometric Properties Assessment of the Exercise
           Self-Efficacy Scale in Individuals with Spinal Cord Injury

    • Authors: Fernando Pisconti, Suhaila Mahmoud Smaili Santos, Josiane Lopes, Jefferson Rosa Cardoso, Edson Lopes Lavado
      Pages: 783 - 789
      Abstract: Introduction: The Exercise Self-Efficacy scale (ESES) is a reliable measure, in the English language, of exercise self-efficacy in individuals with spinal cord injury. The aim of this study was to culturally adjust and validate the Exercise Self-Efficacy scale in the Portuguese language.
      Material and Methods: The Exercise Self-Efficacy scale was applied to 76 subjects, with three-month intervals (three applications in total). The reliability was appraised using the intra-class correlation coefficient and Bland-Altman methods, and the internal consistency was evaluated using Cronbach´s alpha. The Exercise Self-Efficacy scale was correlated with the domains of the Quality of life Questionnaire SF-36 and Functional Independence Measure and tested using the Spearman rho coefficient.
      Results: The Exercise Self-Efficacy scale-Brazil presented good internal consistency (alpha 1 = 0.856; alpha 2 = 0.855; alpha 3 = 0.822) and high reliability in the test-retest (intra-class correlation coefficient = 0.97). There was a strong correlation between the Exercise Self-Efficacy scale-Brazil and the SF-36 only in the functional capacity domain (rho = 0.708). There were no changes in Exercise Self-Efficacy scale-Brazil scores between the three applications (p = 0.796).
      Discussion: The validation of the Exercise Self-Efficacy scale questionnaire permits the assessor to use it reliably in Portuguese speaking countries, since it is the first instrument measuring self-efficacy specifically during exercises in individuals with spinal cord injury. Furthermore, the questionnaire can be used as an instrument to verify the effectiveness of interventions that use exercise as an outcome.
      Conclusion: The results of the Brazilian version of the Exercise Self-Efficacy scale support its use as a reliable and valid measurement of exercise self-efficacy for this population.
      PubDate: 2017-11-29
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 11 (2017)
       
  • Portuguese Adaptation and Input for the Validation of the Views on
           Inpatient Care (VOICE) Outcome Measure to Assess Service Users’
           Perceptions of Inpatient Psychiatric Care

    • Authors: João Palha, Filipa Palha, Pedro Dias, Manuel Gonçalves-Pereira
      Pages: 790 - 795
      Abstract: Introduction: Patient satisfaction is an important measure of health care quality. Patients’ views have seldom been considered in the construction of measures addressing satisfaction with inpatient facilities in psychiatry. The Views on Inpatient Care - VOICE - is a first service-user generated outcome measure relying solely on their perceptions of acute care, representing a valuable indicator of service users’ perceived quality of care. The present study aimed to contribute to the validation of the Portuguese version of VOICE.
      Material and Methods: The questionnaire was translated into Portuguese and applied to a sample of eighty-five female inpatients of a psychiatric institution. Data analysis focused on assessing reliability and exploring the impact of demographic and clinical variables on participants’ satisfaction.
      Results: Internal consistency of the questionnaire was high (α = 0.87). Participants’ age and marital status were associated with differences in scores, with older patients and patients who were married or involved in a close relationship presenting higher satisfaction levels.
      Discussion: The questionnaire demonstrated good internal consistency and acceptability, as well as construct validity. Further studies should expand the analysis of the psychometric properties of this measure e.g., test-retest reliability.
      Conclusion: The Portuguese version of VOICE is a promising tool to assess service users’ perceptions of inpatient psychiatric care in Portugal.
      PubDate: 2017-11-29
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 11 (2017)
       
  • Single Centre Prospective Study of Systematic Pain Evaluation in
           Portuguese Patients with Metastatic Prostate Cancer

    • Authors: Maria Inês Sequeira, Nuno Sousa, Maria Fragoso, Alexandra Silva, Filipa Pereira, Luís Azevedo
      Pages: 796 - 804
      Abstract: Introduction: Pain is one of the most common symptoms reported by cancer patients and is associated with decreased quality of life. Assessment of pain with standardized questionnaires reduces variability in its interpretation and may increase effectiveness of medical interventions. Prostate cancer is the most frequent male neoplasm in Portugal. We designed this study to evaluate the impact of a standardized pain questionnaire on pain management in patients with metastatic prostate cancer.
      Material and Methods: Single centre prospective observational study of patients with metastatic prostate cancer. The study was designed to evaluate the benefit of systematically evaluating pain with Brief Pain Inventory-Short Form prior to a scheduled medical oncology consult. Patients reporting pain were reassessed one week later by telephone. To assess the benefit two consecutive cohorts were established based on communication of questionnaire results to the treating physician.
      Results: We recruited 207 patients of which 60% reported pain. Statistically significant decrease in mean pain intensity one week after the scheduled appointment was noted (3.95 vs 3.01; p < 0.001). Patients whose Brief Pain Inventory-Short Form was provided to their oncologist experienced greater reduction in pain, which was non-significant (p = 0.227). Using Brief Pain Inventory-Short Form assessment resulted in a higher probability of pain control (43.5% vs 30.9%; p = 0.193).
      Discussion: The prevalence of pain founded was higher than described in the literature, probably because our sample was less selected than the published in clinical trials. After the scheduled appointment, there was a statistically significant reduction in mean pain intensity, but the explicit use of this questionnaire was not associated with a statistically significant reduction of pain.
      Conclusion: Patients with metastatic prostate cancer have a high prevalence of pain. Evaluation and treatment by medical oncologists is associated with a reduction of mean pain intensity. The use of Brief Pain Inventory-Short Form was associated with a non-significant increased reduction of pain.
      PubDate: 2017-11-29
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 11 (2017)
       
  • Characterization of all Surgical Specimens Provided by a Portuguese
           Department of Ophthalmology over a 13 Year Period

    • Authors: José Ferreira Mendes, Ana Margarida Ferreira, Cristina Freitas
      Pages: 805 - 812
      Abstract: Introduction: We intend to evaluate clinically, topographically and morphologically all surgical specimens sent by the Department of Ophthalmology of Hospital de Braga to the Department of Pathology of the same hospital.
      Material and Methods: Two hundred and fifty eight surgically obtained specimens, from the Department of Ophthalmology of Hospital de Braga, analyzed in the Department of Pathology, from January 2002 to June 2015, were characterized. Data was arranged according to year, age, sex, topography and morphological diagnosis according to the SNOMED® coding system.
      Results: Mean age at time of diagnosis was 54.6 years old; 52.3% were male subjects. The number of specimens was relatively stable until the year 2010, with a significant increase between 2011 and 2013. Most specimens sent corresponded to eyelid (54.7%), followed by conjunctiva (26.7%); the most common pathological diagnosis was malignant epithelial lesions (22.48%), followed by melanocytic tumours (22.09%) and benign epithelial lesions (17.05%).
      Discussion: The results are distinct from previous publications presumably because of differences between the populations submitted to analysis.
      Conclusion: This is the first indexed publication characterizing surgical specimens from a Department of Ophthalmology in Portugal; moreover, it also includes an extensive review of global epidemiological data about ophthalmic surgical specimens.
      PubDate: 2017-11-29
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 11 (2017)
       
  • Metabolic Activity in the Visceral and Subcutaneous Adipose Tissues by
           FDG-PET/CT in Obese Patients

    • Authors: Ana Margarida Monteiro, Gonçalo Ferreira, Hugo Duarte
      Pages: 813 - 817
      Abstract: Introduction: The emerging role of the 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography/computed tomography in the study of the metabolic activity and inflammation in adipose tissue indicates that it might be a reliable tool to complement the risk stratification in obesity. The aims of this study were the evaluation of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose uptake by visceral adipose tissues and subcutaneous adipose tissues and to determine eventual differences in patients with and without obesity.
      Material and Methods: Retrospective study of adult patients who underwent whole body 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography/ computed tomography scanning between July and August of 2016. Statistical analysis: SPSS™ software v.20. Statistical
      significance: p < 0.05.
      Results: We assessed fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography/computed tomography scans from 156 patients (58.3% of males) with a mean age of 61.0 ± 14.1 years. Half of the patients had a body mass index ≥ 25.0 kg/m2 and 15.4% (n = 24) were obese. In both groups, the mean 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose uptake was higher in visceral adipose tissues. There were no differences in 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose uptake in visceral adipose tissues between the groups. Obese patients had lower density of adipose tissue,
      both in subcutaneous adipose tissues and in visceral adipose tissues. Abdominal circumference and density of visceral adipose tissues
      had a positive predictive value in the mean 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose uptake in visceral adipose tissues. 
      Discussion: Through a non-invasive test, this study demonstrated a significant higher metabolic activity in visceral adipose tissues in both obese and non-obese patients. According to our results, abdominal circumference was an important determinant in 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose uptake in visceral adipose tissues. We also demonstrated that obese patients had differences in adipose tissue quality.
      Conclusion: Our findings reinforce the importance of the adipose tissue quality and distribution for metabolic risk stratification.
      PubDate: 2017-11-29
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 11 (2017)
       
  • Pregnancy after Breast Cancer: State of the Art

    • Authors: Helena Guedes, Margarida Figueiredo Dias
      Pages: 818 - 823
      Abstract: Breast cancer survivors have given rise to several issues of major relevance from a clinical and scientific point of view. In fact, breast cancer is the most prevalent malignancy in women of reproductive age. The effect of pregnancy on overall survival and in the recurrence after treatment of breast cancer, as well as the questions related to heredity continue to be matter of the highest timeliness and scientific interest. Most recent studies seem to agree in admitting that pregnancy after breast cancer appears to be potentially safe to both the women and her offspring, although this issue remains complex. Heredity and genetics seem to play an important role in this subject, but the conclusions lack absolute and unequivocal consistency. There is a need for meta-analysis, cohort and case-control studies, translational and prospective studies extended in time, in order to obtain greater safety in the establishment of strategies and guidelines for clinicians and adequate objective information for young breast cancer patients.
      PubDate: 2017-11-29
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 11 (2017)
       
  • Symptomatic Hyponatremia after Bowel Preparation: Report of Two Cases and
           Literature Review

    • Authors: Juliana Moura Costa, João Bruno Soares
      Pages: 824 - 826
      Abstract: Introduction: Bowel preparation for colonoscopy and/or colorectal surgery can cause electrolyte imbalances. The risk of electrolyte imbalances seems to be related to the type of bowel cleansing solution, age of patients and comorbidities.
      Case Report: We report two cases of symptomatic hyponatremia (focal neurological signs and coma) after bowel preparation with sodium picosulfate/magnesium citrate for colonoscopy. In both cases, symptoms related to hyponatremia rapidly disappeared after sodium level correction with intravenous administration of hypertonic saline (3% NaCl).
      Discussion: Electrolyte imbalances are more common with sodium phosphate-based solutions (NaP) and sodium picosulfate/magnesium citrate, in patients older than 65, in patients treated with thiazide diuretics, angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitor, betablockers or antidepressants and in gastrectomized patients. These patients should use macrogol-based solutions (polyethylene glycol).
      Conclusion: In patients at risk (patient > 65 years old, patients taking thiazide diuretics, angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitors, beta-blockers and antidepressants and with previous gastrectomy) we recommend macrogol-based solutions.
      PubDate: 2017-11-29
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 11 (2017)
       
  • Platypnea-Orthodeoxia Syndrome After Complicated Cholecystectomy: An
           Unsuspected Diagnosis

    • Authors: Catarina Queirós, Elsa Francisco, João Almeida
      Pages: 827 - 830
      Abstract: A 65-year-old woman with no significant prior medical history presented, in the postoperative course of a complicated cholecystectomy, several episodes of arterial desaturation. Pulmonary embolism was repeatedly suspected, but there was no evidence of pulmonary thrombus on the chest computed tomography angiographies obtained. As these episodes were mainly induced by postural changes, a platypnea-orthodeoxia syndrome was suspected. A transthoracic echocardiogram was performed and revealed a patent foramen ovale. A transesophageal echocardiography confirmed the presence of a significant right-to-left shunt exacerbated by the Valsalva manouver. The defect was repaired using a percutaneous transcatheter technique with complete resolution of the condition.
      PubDate: 2017-11-29
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 11 (2017)
       
  • Isolated Polycystic Liver Disease

    • Authors: Rita Seara Costa, Bruno Gonçalves, Ana Isabel Rebelo
      Pages: 831 - 831
      Abstract: N/A.
      PubDate: 2017-11-29
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 11 (2017)
       
  • Pneumatosis Cystoides Intestinalis: An Unexpected Cause of Duodenal
           Nodules

    • Authors: Rui Morais, Andreia Albuquerque, Guilherme Macedo
      Pages: 832 - 832
      Abstract: N/A.
      PubDate: 2017-11-29
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 11 (2017)
       
 
 
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