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  Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 7268 journals)
    - ALLERGOLOGY AND IMMUNOLOGY (198 journals)
    - ANAESTHESIOLOGY (104 journals)
    - CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES (306 journals)
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    - INTERNAL MEDICINE (134 journals)
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    - MEDICAL GENETICS (59 journals)
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    - RHEUMATOLOGY (63 journals)
    - SPORTS MEDICINE (68 journals)
    - SURGERY (353 journals)
    - UROLOGY, NEPHROLOGY AND ANDROLOGY (135 journals)

MEDICAL SCIENCES (1810 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 3562 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access  
AADE in Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ABCS Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Abia State University Medical Students' Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
ACIMED     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 39)
Acta Bio Medica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Bioethica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Bioquimica Clinica Latinoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Facultatis Medicae Naissensis     Open Access  
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Medica Bulgarica     Open Access  
Acta Medica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Medica Indonesiana     Open Access  
Acta medica Lituanica     Open Access  
Acta Medica Marisiensis     Open Access  
Acta Medica Martiniana     Open Access  
Acta Medica Nagasakiensia     Open Access  
Acta Medica Peruana     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Médica Portuguesa     Open Access  
Acta Medica Saliniana     Open Access  
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access  
Acupuncture & Electro-Therapeutics Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Addiction Science & Clinical Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advanced Health Care Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advanced Science, Engineering and Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Bioscience and Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Clinical Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29)
Advances in Life Course Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Lipobiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Medical Education and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Advances in Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Microbial Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Molecular Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Molecular Toxicology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Phytomedicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Advances in Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Veterinary Science and Comparative Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Wound Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access  
African Journal of Clinical and Experimental Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African Journal of Laboratory Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African Journal of Trauma     Open Access  
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
AJOB Primary Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 3)
Aktuelle Ernährungsmedizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal     Open Access  
Alexandria Journal of Medicine     Open Access  
Allgemeine Homöopathische Zeitung     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpha Omegan     Full-text available via subscription  
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Biomedical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Biomedicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
American Journal of Chinese Medicine, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Clinical Medicine Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Law & Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Managed Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Medical Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
American Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Medicine Studies     Open Access  
American Journal of Medicine Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of the Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
American Journal on Addictions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
American Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
American medical news     Free   (Followers: 3)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Amyloid: The Journal of Protein Folding Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina     Open Access  
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de la República, Uruguay     Open Access  
Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Analgesia & Resuscitation : Current Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Anatomical Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Anatomical Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Anatomy Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annales de Pathologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Anatomy - Anatomischer Anzeiger     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Annals of Biomedical Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Family Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Fundeni Hospital     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Annals of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annals of The Royal College of Surgeons of England     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annual Reports in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Annual Reports on NMR Spectroscopy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annual Review of Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Anthropologie et santé     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Antibiotics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Antibodies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Antibody Technology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anuradhapura Medical Journal     Open Access  
Anwer Khan Modern Medical College Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Apparence(s)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Clinical Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applied Medical Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Arab Journal of Nephrology and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arak Medical University Journal     Open Access  
Archive of Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Community Health     Open Access  
Archives of Biomedical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Archives of Medical and Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Medical Laboratory Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Trauma Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archivos de Medicina (Manizales)     Open Access  
ArgoSpine News & Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia     Open Access  
Arquivos de Ciências da Saúde     Open Access  
Arquivos de Medicina     Open Access  
ARS Medica Tomitana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Art Therapy: Journal of the American Art Therapy Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Arterial Hypertension     Open Access  
Artificial Intelligence in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Artificial Organs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Asia Pacific Family Medicine     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asian Bioethics Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asian Journal of Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Medical and Pharmaceutical Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ASPIRATOR : Journal of Vector-borne Disease Studies     Open Access  
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Atención Familiar     Open Access  
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Audiology - Communication Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Auris Nasus Larynx     Full-text available via subscription  
Australasian Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Australian Coeliac     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Journal of Medical Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Autopsy and Case Reports     Open Access  
Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Avicenna     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Avicenna Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Bioethics     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Biochemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Physics     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Medical Journal     Open Access  
Bangladesh Medical Journal Khulna     Open Access  
Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin     Open Access  
Basal Ganglia     Hybrid Journal  
Basic Sciences of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
BBA Clinical     Open Access  
BC Medical Journal     Free  
Benha Medical Journal     Open Access  
Bijblijven     Hybrid Journal  
Bijzijn     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bijzijn XL     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bio-Algorithms and Med-Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bioelectromagnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bioengineering & Translational Medicine     Open Access  
Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Bioethics Research Notes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Biologics in Therapy     Open Access  
Biology of Sex Differences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biomarker Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Journal Cover Acta Médica Portuguesa
  [SJR: 0.148]   [H-I: 15]   [0 followers]  Follow
    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 0870-399X - ISSN (Online) 1646-0758
   Published by Ordem dos Médicos Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Neonatal Morbidity and Gestational Diabetes: Coincidence or Consequence of
           the 2011 Protocol

    • Authors: Gabriela Mimoso, Guiomar Oliveira
      Pages: 589 - 598
      Abstract: Introduction: Gestational diabetes is one of the diseases associated with pregnancy with higher rate of complications. Despite being a transitory condition, short and long term complications related to gestational diabetes have been described. There is scientific evidence to say that good metabolic control decreases perinatal complications. In 2011, new criteria was proposed for its diagnosis, which made possible its diagnosis during the 1st trimester of pregnancy. The aim of this study is to compare neonatal morbidity in two groups of women with gestational diabetes diagnosis before and after the latest Portuguese guidelines for diabetes and pregnancy were published (February 2011).
      Material and Methods: We included all newborns born in Maternidade Bissaya Barreto whose mother, followed at our maternity between 2008 and 2013, had unifetal pregnancy complicated by diabetes. We used a perinatal database and analysed the impact of the new guidelines in perinatal morbidity over two periods of three years.
      Results: There were 774 women who met the inclusion criteria. We found that gestational diabetes was diagnosed earlier, insulin therapy was more frequent. Neonatal morbidity was increased, and there were more cases of neonatal hypoglycemia and congenital anomalies, and newborns became smaller for gestational age.
      Discussion: The increase in neonatal morbidity was associated with early diagnosis and rigorous metabolic control.
      Conclusion: To analyse national data will be fundamental to understand this unexpected increase in morbidity.
      PubDate: 2017-09-29
      DOI: 10.20344/amp.8033
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 9 (2017)
       
  • Translation and Validation of the FOUR Scale for Children and its Use as
           Outcome Predictor: A Pilot Study

    • Authors: Sofia Simões Ferreira, Daniel Meireles, Alexandra Pinto, Francisco Abecasis
      Pages: 599 - 607
      Abstract: Introduction: The Full Outline of UnResponsiveness - FOUR scale has been previously validated to assess impaired consciousness in the adult population. The aim of this study is the translation into Portuguese and validation of the FOUR scale in the pediatric population. The study also compares the FOUR scale and Glasgow coma scale score ratings and the clinical outcome of patients hospitalized in Pediatric Intensive Care Units.
      Material and Methods: This study prospectively rated patients admitted to the Pediatric Intensive Care Units with impaired consciousness during one year. Both scales were applied daily to patients by three types of examiners: intensivists, residents and nurses, from the moment of admission until clinical discharge. Neurological sequelae was evaluated using the King’s Outcome Scale for Childhood Head Injury - KOSCHI.
      Results: Twenty seven patients between one and 17 years of age were included. Both scales are reliable and inter-rater reliability was greater for the FOUR score. Glasgow coma scale showed a minimum score in eight evaluations, whereas the FOUR scale obtained the minimum score in only two of these evaluations. In both scales there was a strong association between the admission score and the patient’s outcome (area under curve FOUR = 0.939, versus Glasgow coma scale = 0.925).
      Discussion: The FOUR scale provides more neurological information than Glasgow coma scale in patients with impaired consciousness and has prognostic interest.
      Conclusion: The FOUR scale can be applied in patients admitted with impaired consciousness in Pediatric Intensive Care Units. We think that a multicenter study would be very beneficial for confirming and generalizing these results.
      PubDate: 2017-09-29
      DOI: 10.20344/amp.8052
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 9 (2017)
       
  • Hospital-Acquired Urinary Tract Infections: Results of a Cohort Study
           Performed in an Internal Medicine Department

    • Authors: Maria João Lobão, Paulo Sousa
      Pages: 608 - 614
      Abstract: Introduction: Urinary tract infections are the most frequent healthcare associated infections, being related to both high costs and morbidity. Our intention was to carry out an epidemiological characterization of hospital acquired urinary tract infections that occurred in an internal medicine department of a Portuguese hospital.
      Material and Methods: Retrospective cohort study (historic cohort). Data were analysed from a systematic random sample of 388 patients, representative of the 3492 admissions occurred in 2014 in that department.
      Results: One in four patients underwent the placement of a bladder catheter [24.7% (n = 96); 95% CI: 20% - 29%], 36.5% (95% CI: 33% - 48%) of which in the absence of clinical criteria for that procedure. The global cumulative incidence rate for nosocomial urinary tract infections was 4.6% (95% CI: 2.5% - 6.7%). Most hospital acquired urinary tract infections (61.1%) were related to bladder catheter use. We quantified 3.06 infections / 1000 patient-days and 14.5 infections / 1000 catheter-days. Catheter associated urinary tract infection occurred at an early stage of hospitalization. The vast majority of patients (66.7%) that developed a catheter associated urinary tract infection were subjected to bladder catheter placement at emergency department. Seventy one per cent of catheter associated urinary tract infection occurred in patients that were subjected to bladder catheter placement without criteria.
      Discussion: These results point to an excessive and inadequate use of urinary catheters, highlighting the need for judicious use taking into account the formal clinical indications. The incidence of catheter associated urinary tract infection is similar to what we found in other studies. Nevertheless we found a very high incidence density per catheter-days that may foresee a problem probably related to the absence of early withdrawal of the device, and to both bladder catheter placement and maintenance practices. A significant part of catheter associated urinary tract infection occurred in patients that had the bladder catheter placed in the emergency department, before the admission to the internal medicine ward, which highlights the need to assess the urinary catheterization practices in those departments.
      Conclusion: The high rate of catheter associated urinary tract infection that occurred in the absence of bladder placement indication reinforces the need to implement prevention strategies that contemplate the reduction of its use. Emergency departments should be part of quality improvement projects in this area. Causes for the early onset of catheter associated urinary tract infection in this cohort should be investigated.
      PubDate: 2017-09-29
      DOI: 10.20344/amp.8606
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 9 (2017)
       
  • Being a Mother After 35 Years: Will it be Different'

    • Authors: Bárbara Marques, Francisca Palha, Edgar Moreira, Sandra Valente, Margarida Abrantes, Joana Saldanha
      Pages: 615 - 622
      Abstract: Introduction: Advanced maternal age is defined as maternity after 35 years old and is associated with more complications during pregnancy and neonatal period as well as decreased fertility. This study aims to examine the relationship between advanced maternal age and their maternal and fetal consequences, as well as maternal perception of the risk of pregnancy after 35 years old.
      Material and Methods: Observational, retrospective and comparative study, between two groups: advanced maternal age group (aged ≥ 35 years) and non-advanced maternal age group (age < 35 years),  onducted between March and June 2015. Chi-square test and Fisher’s exact test were used and considered significant if p < 0.05.
      Results: Of the 736 women admitted to the hospital (32.2% with advanced maternal age), 306 were included in the study (153 in each group). In the non-advanced maternal age group there was a greater number of primiparous women (p < 0.01). In the advanced maternal age group, more previous miscarriages were observed (p < 0.001), as well as a higher use of assisted reproductive techniques (p < 0.01), preformed of amniocentesis (p < 0.001) and dystocia, including caesarean sections (p < 0.001). No association was found regarding the presence of maternal complications in pregnancy, birth defects, need for neonatal resuscitation or prematurity. As for the perception of risk in pregnancy, the non-advanced maternal age group considered it to be superior (p < 0.05).
      Discussion: Most women of advanced maternal age have term deliveries without complications. Neonatal outcomes seem not to have been influenced by the advanced maternal age.
      Conclusion: The consequences of an advanced maternal age pregnancy in this sample did not have the same clinical expression as described in the literature. In the future, advanced maternal age will possibly be considered after age 40.
      PubDate: 2017-09-29
      DOI: 10.20344/amp.8319
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 9 (2017)
       
  • Evaluation of the Function and Quality of Life after Total Hip
           Arthroplasty by Different Approaches

    • Authors: Paulo Araújo, Luís Machado, Duarte Cadavez, Lisete Mónaco, Filipa Januário, Lisete Luís, Mafalda Bártolo
      Pages: 623 - 627
      Abstract: Introduction: To assess the function and quality of life in patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty distinguishing two surgical approaches (posterior / anterolateral) used by the Orthopedics department of Centro Hospitalar de Leiria.
      Material and Methods: Retrospective study of 94 patients subject to unilateral hip replacement surgery, using the ‘Hip Osteoarthritis Outcome Score’ (HOOS LK 2.0) questionnaire, the Trendelenburg test and evaluation of muscle strength of the hip abductor muscles with dynamometer. Patients were evaluated at six months, 12 months, 18 months and 24 months after surgery.
      Results: The study revealed that 97.9% patients completed the rehabilitation program. The postoperative evolution (six to 24 months) does not appear to have any differences in results when comparing both approaches. At six months the patient operated by the anterolateral approach showed worse results when compared with the posterior approach, in particular in Hip Osteoarthritis Outcome Score pain, in Hip Osteoarthritis Outcome Score symptoms and Hip Osteoarthritis Outcome Score activities of daily living. After 24 months, no differences between the two surgical approaches were found. Of the 94 patients evaluated, the Trendelenburg test was positive in 31% of patients of which 81.9% corresponds to patients operated by the anterolateral approach. Muscle strength of the abductors of the operated hip was clearly lower in the anterolateral approach at six months, 12 months, and 24 months.
      Discussion: This study showed that, in the first six months after total hip arthroplasty, the patients operated by the posterior approach were, according to the HOOS questionnaire, less symptomatic, and presented with better quality of life and less impact on activities of daily living and in sport and leisure when compared with the patients operated by the anterolateral approach. However, these differences were matched over the 24 months. Moreover, the results of muscle strength of the abductor muscles of the hip were clearly superior in patients operated by the posterior approach at six months, at 12 months and at 24 months compared to the patients operated by the anterolateral approach.
      Conclusion: After 24 months post total hip arthroplasty there are no differences between the two approaches with regard to function or quality of life. However, the patients operated by the anterolateral approach had greater muscle strength deficits and higher percentage of positive Trendelenburg test.
      PubDate: 2017-09-29
      DOI: 10.20344/amp.7834
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 9 (2017)
       
  • Volume or Value' The Radiologist Role in Managing Radiological Exams

    • Authors: Carlos Francisco Silva, Teresa Guerra
      Pages: 628 - 632
      Abstract: Introduction: The purpose of this study was to understand the reasons and quantify the number of ultrasounds and computed tomographies that are potentially wasted in the hospital emergency in our institution, and the importance that the radiologist can have in the management and screening of these exams.
      Material and Methods: It was defined that urgent tests that were pending for more than seven days would be the object of analysis as to why they were not performed, consulting the electronic medical records. Six causes were used to cancel the requests: ‘Changing the patient’s status’, ‘Patient’s withdrawal, refusal or abandonment’, ‘Patient’s death’; ‘No criteria or contraindicated’, ‘Lack of human resources’ and ‘Mistaken request’.
      Results: In the year 2015 we obtained 1211 canceled exams, since they were pending more than a week ago. The first four causes totaled 602 exams (sum of 283, 94, 41 and 184). The last two, 609 (sum of 29 and 580).
      Discussion: It was verified that the 602 exams corresponding to the sum of the first four causes reflected a potential waste in clinical tests since they were not determinant in the approach of the Emergency episode nor on the final destiny of the patient. Under the tip of the iceberg may exist further examinations and patients who have not escaped inadequate or unjustified examinations.
      Conclusion: The radiologist can better manage the required radiological examinations, effectively screening within a multidisciplinary team environment, promoting the development and supporting the respect of guidelines, and potentially reducing requests through opinions or second opinions.
      PubDate: 2017-09-29
      DOI: 10.20344/amp.8253
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 9 (2017)
       
  • Intensive Follow-Up After Curative Surgery for Colorectal Cancer

    • Authors: Rita Vale Rodrigues, João Pereira da Silva, Isadora Rosa, Isabel Santos, Nuno Pereira, Carla Soares, António Dias Pereira
      Pages: 633 - 641
      Abstract: Introduction: The purpose of postoperative surveillance programs after curative treatment for colorectal cancer is to detect asymptomatic recurrences with the premise that an important rate will be eligible for curative resection, improving overall survival. We have implemented a surveillance program for patients with colorectal cancer, stages II-III, with periodic clinical, carcinoembryonic antigen and cancer antigen-19-9 assessment, computed tomography and colonoscopy. The aim of this study was to assess the rate of curative treatment of recurrence, colorectal cancer mortality and clinical characteristics associated with non-resectable recurrence.
      Material and Methods: Open cohort study, single center. All patients on the intensive surveillance program between March 2008 and January 2015 were included. Statistics: chi-square, Wilcoxon rank sum test, logistic regression, Kaplan-Meier log-rank test (SPSS20®).
      Results: We had a total 404 patients evaluated; 59.6% male; mean age of 65 ± 10 years; 50.7% rectal tumor; 56.2% stage III. The average time of follow-up was 37 months and the recurrence rate was 12.9% (n = 52), mostly detected in the first three years (88.4%). The pattern of recurrence was associated with the site of the primary tumor (p < 0.001). Twenty-one patients underwent curative resection. Factors associated with non-resectable recurrence were aged ≥ 70 years (p = 0.022), disease location in the colon (p = 0.033) and cancer antigen-19-9-9 elevation (p = 0.024). The overall rate of cancer-specific mortality was 2.2% (n = 9).
      Discussion: The association between colon cancer and non-resectable recurrence is explained by the higher rate of disseminated disease in these patients. Cancer antigen-19-9 added no benefit to the surveillance program.
      Conclusion: This intensive real-world postoperative surveillance program allowed performing curative surgery to 40.3% of patients with recurrence.
      PubDate: 2017-09-29
      DOI: 10.20344/amp.7889
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 9 (2017)
       
  • Endocrinology in Portugal - Census 2016. Board of the Portuguese College
           of Endocrinology and Nutrition of the Portuguese Medical Association

    • Authors: Joana Guimarães, António Afonso, Davide Carvalho, Ana Paula Marques, Teresa Martins, Mário Rui Mascarenhas, Conceição Pereira, Dírcea Rodrigues, Catarina Saraiva, Helena Cardoso
      Pages: 642 - 651
      Abstract: Introduction: On September 2016, the Board of the College of Endocrinology and Nutrition of the Portuguese Medical Association carried out a national survey, about all Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism Departments of the public hospitals included in the Portuguese National Health Service and a simplified version of this survey was sent to all endocrinologists working in Portugal and registered with the Portuguese Medical Association.
      Material and Methods: Data related to organizational and human resources were collected, reporting the situation by the end of year 2015. The census registered 107 individuals and 27 Departments.
      Results: The ratio of endocrinologists-population was 1.4, much lower than in the other European countries (varies between 2 to 4), resulting in alarming shortages of services in some areas of Portugal and in worse quality indicators.
      Discussion: These data suggest that actions should be taken to increase the number of endocrinologists and departments in the country.
      Conclusion: In recent years, the number of residents has significantly increased, which will make it possible to correct this situation.
      PubDate: 2017-09-29
      DOI: 10.20344/amp.8379
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 9 (2017)
       
  • Conflict of Interest Disclosure in a Top-Tier Portuguese Medical Journal

    • Authors: Nuno Moreira Fonseca
      Pages: 652 - 655
      Abstract: Introduction: Scientific medical publications are considered to be a source of unbiased and independent information.
      Authors are required to disclose relationships with the pharmaceutical industry for transparency purposes. The aim of this work was to assess conflict of interest disclosure in a Portuguese top-tier medical journal by comparing authors’ self-reported conflicts of interest with payments listed in the official database of Portuguese Ministry of Health.
      Material and Methods: All articles published in the Portuguese Journal of Cardiology from December 2015 to May 2016 were reviewed. Articles based on clinical images, with authors affiliated to foreign institutions, editorials, letters to the editor, or submitted before January 1st 2015 were excluded.
      Authors were categorized on concordance between self-reported disclosures and payments listed in the database.
      Authors who authored multiple articles were counted as new authors, since each paper offered a new opportunity for financial disclosure.
      Results: Of the 155 authors surveyed, 82 (53%) were in perfect concordance with the sunshine database, while 73 authors (47%) had one or more undisclosed payments. Undisclosed payments totaled over € 210 000. Four (17%) articles mentioned a conflict of interest, 24 articles (96%) had at least one author with undisclosed payments.
      Discussion: None of the payments listed in the database was acknowledged in self-reported conflicts of interest. This might indicate that authors do not consider their financial relationships with the industry to be relevant.
      Conclusion: The lack of concordance between self-reported conflicts of interest and payments found in the database raises concerns about incomplete disclosure.
      PubDate: 2017-09-29
      DOI: 10.20344/amp.8458
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 9 (2017)
       
  • Negative βhCG and Molar Pregnancy: The Hook Effect

    • Authors: Isabel Lobo Antunes, Joana Curado, Ana Quintas, Alcides Pereira
      Pages: 656 - 658
      Abstract: Molar pregnancy, included in gestational trophoblastic disease, is a benign pathology with ability to metastasize, usually occurring with excessively high βhCG levels. Clinical scenario is usually a woman in extremes of reproductive age presenting with amenorrhoea, pain and vaginal blood loss; signs derived from high βhCG levels may be present (hyperthyroidism, hyperemesis). Diagnosis is based on a positive pregnancy test – usually a qualitative urinary test. The limitation of this test results from its inability to become positive in presence of markedly high levels of βhCG, saturating the antigens used – known as the ‘hook effect’. With the widespread use of gynaecological ultrasound cases of molar pregnancy have been diagnosed in timely fashion. We describe a case referred as a degenerating fibroid, with a negative urinary pregnancy test. Transvaginal ultrasound was highly suggestive of molar pregnancy, which was confirmed with a quantitative βhCG test, allowing for timely treatment. The importance of a high index of suspicion for this pathology is tremendous to avoid the devastating consequences of a delayed diagnosis.
      PubDate: 2017-09-29
      DOI: 10.20344/amp.8603
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 9 (2017)
       
  • Endovascular Treatment of a Gastroduodenal Artery Pseudoaneurysm Rupture
           after a Car Accident

    • Authors: Sofia Dutra, Filipe Veloso Gomes, Tiago Bilhim, Élia Coimbra
      Pages: 658 - 661
      Abstract: The authors present a case of a 39-year-old man with alcoholic chronic pancreatitis that was admitted in the emergency department after a car accident, complaining of abdominal pain and looking pale. The patient was hemodinamically unstable, requiring blood transfusions. He underwent computed tomography angiogram of the abdomen and pelvis, showing a pseudoaneurysm of the gastroduodenal artery and a hemoperitoneum. He was referred to our interventional radiology unit and submitted to endovascular treatment, consisting of ‘backdoor’ and ‘frontdoor’ embolization of the gastroduodenal artery and pseudoaneurysm neck with coils, with total exclusion in control angiography. With this case description we intend to highlight the rarity of the pseudoaneurysm rupture of the gastroduodenal artery and to emphasize the importance of an interventional radiology response that had a fundamental role in the endovascular treatment, in an emergency context.
      PubDate: 2017-09-29
      DOI: 10.20344/amp.8561
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 9 (2017)
       
  • Umbilical Cord Hemangioma with Pseudocyst: An Exceptional Finding

    • Authors: Ana Rocha, Maria do Céu Rodrigues, Jorge Braga
      Pages: 662 - 662
      Abstract: N/A.
      PubDate: 2017-09-29
      DOI: 10.20344/amp.9274
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 9 (2017)
       
  • Foreign Bodies in Pediatrics: A Case to Say “Hello Kitty”

    • Authors: Marlene Rodrigues, Liliana Abreu
      Pages: 663 - 663
      Abstract: N/A.
      PubDate: 2017-09-29
      DOI: 10.20344/amp.9189
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 9 (2017)
       
  • Letter to the Editor: Medication-Overuse Headache is Common in Portuguese
           Migraineurs

    • Authors: Marcelo Duarte Mendonça, André Caetano, Manuel Salavisa, Miguel Viana-Baptista, Rita Miguel, Miguel Pinto, Raquel Barbosa, Filipa Ladeira, Francisca Sá, Rita Pelejão
      Pages: 664 - 665
      Abstract: N/A.
      PubDate: 2017-09-29
      DOI: 10.20344/amp.9076
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 9 (2017)
       
  • Letter to the Editor: Maternally Inherited Diabetes and Deafness is Not
           Only Biorgan but Multiorgan

    • Authors: Josef Finsterer, Sinda Zarrouk-Mahjoub
      Pages: 665 - 666
      Abstract: N/A.
      PubDate: 2017-09-29
      DOI: 10.20344/amp.9716
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 9 (2017)
       
 
 
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