Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8529 journals)
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MEDICAL SCIENCES (2342 journals)            First | 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 | Last

Showing 1201 - 1400 of 3562 Journals sorted alphabetically
Journal of health sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Health Sciences / Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Journal of Health Sciences and Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Health Sciences and Surveillance System     Open Access  
Journal of Health Sciences Scholarship     Open Access  
Journal of Health Specialties     Open Access  
Journal of Health Studies     Open Access  
Journal of Healthcare Informatics Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Heavy Metal Toxicity and Diseases     Open Access  
Journal of Helminthology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Herbs Spices & Medicinal Plants     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of HIV for Clinical and Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Hospital Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology [Medical Sciences]     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Human Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Human Rhythm     Open Access  
Journal of Human Transcriptome     Open Access  
Journal of Ideas in Health     Open Access  
Journal of Inflammation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Inflammation Research     Open Access  
Journal of Injury and Violence Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Institute of Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Insulin Resistance     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Interactional Research in Communication Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of International Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Interventional Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Investigative Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Islamabad Medical & Dental College     Open Access  
Journal of Istanbul Faculty of Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Karnali Academy of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Kathmandu Medical College     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of King Abdulaziz University : Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Laboratory Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Laryngology and Voice     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Journal of Legal Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Limb Lengthening & Reconstruction     Open Access  
Journal of Lumbini Medical College     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Manmohan Memorial Institute of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Marine Medical Society     Open Access  
Journal of Materials Science : Materials in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Maternal and Child Health     Open Access  
Journal of Mechanics in Medicine and Biology     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Medical and Biological Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Medical and Biomedical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Medical Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Medical Cases     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Medical Colleges of PLA     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Medical Disorders     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Medical Education and Curricular Development     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Medical Ethics     Partially Free   (Followers: 25)
Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Medical Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Journal of Medical Hypotheses and Ideas     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Imaging and Health Informatics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Medical Investigation and Practice     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Laboratory and Diagnosis     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Law and Ethics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Medical Microbiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Screening     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Medical Signals and Sensors     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Medical Society     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Systems     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Medical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Medical Ultrasound     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Medicinal Botany     Open Access  
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 197)
Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Medicine and Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Medicine and Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Medicine and the Person     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Medicine in Scientific Research     Open Access  
Journal of Medicine in the Tropics     Open Access  
Journal of Medicine Research and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Medicine, Physiology and Biophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Medicines Development Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Metabolomics & Systems Biology     Open Access  
Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Molecular Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Movement Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Muscle Research and Cell Motility     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Nanotechnology in Engineering and Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Natural Medicines     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Natural Science, Biology and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Nature and Science of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Negative and No Positive Results     Open Access  
Journal of Nepalgunj Medical College     Open Access  
Journal of Neurocritical Care     Open Access  
Journal of Neurodegenerative Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Neurorestoratology     Open Access  
Journal of Neuroscience and Neurological Disorders     Open Access  
Journal of Nobel Medical College     Open Access  
Journal of Obesity and Bariatrics     Open Access  
Journal of Occupational Health     Open Access  
Journal of Occupational Therapy Education     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Ocular Biology, Diseases, and Informatics     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Oral Health and Craniofacial Science     Open Access  
Journal of Orofacial Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Otorhinolaryngology, Hearing and Balance Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Ovarian Research     Open Access  
Journal of Ozone Therapy     Open Access  
Journal of Palliative Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Journal of Paramedical Sciences & Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Journal of Parkinsonism and Restless Legs Syndrome     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Parkinson’s Disease and Alzheimer’s Disease     Open Access  
Journal of Participatory Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Patan Academy of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Pathogens     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Patient Experience     Open Access  
Journal of Patient Safety and Risk Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews     Open Access  
Journal of Patient-Reported Outcomes     Open Access  
Journal of Periodontal Research     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Personalized Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Pest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Physiobiochemical Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Physiology-Paris     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Pioneering Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Postgraduate Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Pregnancy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Prevention & Intervention Community     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health     Open Access  
Journal of Primary Prevention     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Prosthodontic Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Prosthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Receptor, Ligand and Channel Research     Open Access  
Journal of Regenerative Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Research in Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Science and Applications : Biomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Science and Technology (Ghana)     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Scientific Innovation in Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Scientific Perspectives     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Sensory Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Shaheed Suhrawardy Medical College     Open Access  
Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Arthroplasty     Open Access  
Journal of Sleep Disorders : Treatment & Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of South American Earth Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Spinal Disorders & Techniques     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Sports Medicine and Allied Health Sciences : Official Journal of the Ohio Athletic Trainers Association     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Stem Cell Therapy and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Stomal Therapy Australia     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 73)
Journal of Substance Use     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Surgical Academia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Surgical and Clinical Research     Open Access  
Journal of Surgical Case Reports     Open Access  
Journal of Surgical Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Surgical Technique and Case Report     Open Access  
Journal of Systemic Therapies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of The Academy of Clinical Microbiologists     Open Access  
Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of the American College of Certified Wound Specialists     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the American College of Clinical Wound Specialists     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the American Medical Directors Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association : JAMIA     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of the Anatomical Society of India     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of the Anus, Rectum and Colon     Open Access  
Journal of The Arab Society for Medical Research     Open Access  
Journal of the Australasian College of Nutritional and Environmental Medicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of the Australasian Society of Aerospace Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Ceylon College of Physicians     Open Access  
Journal of the Chinese Medical Association     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the College of Community Physicians of Sri Lanka     Open Access  
Journal of The Egyptian Public Health Association     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Formosan Medical Association     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the Ghana Science Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the Grodno State Medical University     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of the International Society for Telemedicine and eHealth     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the Learning Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of the Medical Library Association     Open Access   (Followers: 283)
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala ilmu Kedokteran)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the National Medical Association     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of the Peripheral Nervous System     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the Postgraduate Institute of Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of the Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the Ruhunu Clinical Society     Open Access  
Journal of the Scientific Society     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Siena Academy of Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Therapeutic Ultrasound     Open Access  
Journal of Thyroid Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Tissue Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Tissue Viability     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Topology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Toxicology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Journal of Orofacial Sciences
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.139
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0975-8844
Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [425 journals]
  • Dentists as Vanguard of Oral Health

    • Authors: Rooban Thavarajah
      Pages: 57 - 58
      Abstract: Rooban Thavarajah
      Journal of Orofacial Sciences 2018 10(2):57-58

      Citation: Journal of Orofacial Sciences 2018 10(2):57-58
      PubDate: Wed,2 Jan 2019
      DOI: 10.4103/jofs.jofs_147_18
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Clinical Complications in Procedures for Horizontal Bone Augmentation
           Through Autologous Onlay Grafts Obtained From the Mandibular Ramus: An
           Observational Study

    • Authors: Daniel R.B de Resende, Aline Siqueira, Eduardo Rosas, Eduardo Borie Echevarría
      Pages: 59 - 62
      Abstract: Daniel R.B de Resende, Aline Siqueira, Eduardo Rosas, Eduardo Borie Echevarría
      Journal of Orofacial Sciences 2018 10(2):59-62
      Aim and Objective : The aim of this study was to describe clinically the prevalence of postsurgical complications in a group of patients treated with autologous bone grafts obtained from the mandibular ramus. Materials and Methods: Data were obtained from a sample of 76 adults, who were subjected to a surgical procedure of horizontal bone augmentation through autologous onlay bone grafts obtained from the oblique line of mandible. A total of 113 onlay grafts were removed and placed in 152 recipients’ area, previously fitted to the receptor site and stabilized through two fixation screws. All complications were recorded in relation to the recipient and donor sites, and the follow-up time of the sample was of 2 years. Results: Of the entire sample studied, 69.7% did not show any type of postsurgical complication; however, 30.3% of them exhibited a type of complication, with temporary paresthesia being the most prevalent (7.9%). Conclusion: More than 30% of the patients that received horizontal bone augmentation through autologous onlay bone grafts obtained from the oblique line according to the conventional technique showed some type of postsurgical complication.
      Citation: Journal of Orofacial Sciences 2018 10(2):59-62
      PubDate: Wed,2 Jan 2019
      DOI: 10.4103/jofs.jofs_119_17
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Age Estimation by Modified Demirjian’s Method in Children and
           Adolescents of Hyderabad Population—A Panoramic Study

    • Authors: M. Priyanka, G. Kiran, R. Poornima, R. Shravani, K. C. Shobhita, P. Preethi
      Pages: 63 - 68
      Abstract: M. Priyanka, G. Kiran, R. Poornima, R. Shravani, K. C. Shobhita, P. Preethi
      Journal of Orofacial Sciences 2018 10(2):63-68
      Introduction: Human identification is one of the most important tasks of forensic practitioner. Estimation of age is one of the essential factors which play a significant role in each aspect of life, including forensic medicine and dentistry, wherein race, age, and sex determination are used in person identification. Aims and Objectives: To correlate the relationship between chronological age (CA) with dental age (DA) using modified Demirjian’s method and to establish the applicability of modified Demirjian’s method in Hyderabad population. Materials and Methods: Our study samples consist of 113 randomly selected samples (39 males and 74 females) of age ranging from 8 to 20 years of Hyderabad population for children and adolescents. Panoramic radiographs of these patients were evaluated based on the modified Demirjian’s method. The obtained data were tabulated and analyzed using SPSS version 20.0. Results: The present study showed a significant correlation between CA and DA in both females (r = 0.84) and males (r = 0.882). The overall mean difference between the DA and CA for females and males was +1.14 and +0.86, respectively. In the whole sample, DA was found to be over estimated by +1.04 with CA. Conclusion: DA overestimated the CA by +1.04 years. According to the present study, there was a difference and overestimation of DA in comparison with CA in Hyderabad population and hence population specific formula for each area is necessary.
      Citation: Journal of Orofacial Sciences 2018 10(2):63-68
      PubDate: Wed,2 Jan 2019
      DOI: 10.4103/jofs.jofs_61_18
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Comparison of the Shear Bond Strength of Treated and Untreated Brackets on
           Treated and Untreated Enamel Surfaces in Rebonding

    • Authors: Delal Dara Kilinc, Gülşilay Sayar
      Pages: 69 - 74
      Abstract: Delal Dara Kilinc, Gülşilay Sayar
      Journal of Orofacial Sciences 2018 10(2):69-74
      Aim and Objective: This study aimed to compare the shear bond strength (SBS) of treated and untreated brackets on treated and untreated enamel surfaces in rebonding. The null hypothesis was that there was no difference between the SBS of the treated and untreated rebonded brackets on treated and untreated enamel surfaces. Materials and Methods: Fifty extracted premolars were bonded by the same conventional bonding method and then debonded, and the SBS of each tooth was recorded. The debonded brackets and teeth were divided into two equal groups. In the first group, the debonded brackets were recycled by direct flaming followed by alumina oxide sandblasting, and the teeth were treated with a tungsten carbide bur applied with a low-speed hand piece. In the second group, neither the teeth surfaces nor the bracket bases were treated. Rebonding was performed followed by debonding, and the SBS of each tooth was recorded again. Results: Both rebonded bracket groups showed lower SBS results than that of the first debonding tests. A statistically significant difference was found within the untreated bracket groups between the first and second debonding test (P < 0.001). Conclusion: The rebonding of treated enamel surfaces and treated bracket bases showed higher SBS values compared to the untreated ones. The null hypothesis was rejected.
      Citation: Journal of Orofacial Sciences 2018 10(2):69-74
      PubDate: Wed,2 Jan 2019
      DOI: 10.4103/jofs.jofs_39_18
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Association of Maternal and Child Dental Anxiety With Dental Caries
           Experience and Dental Attendance Pattern of the Child

    • Authors: Shruti Balasubramanian, Suprabha B Shrikrishna, Ramya Shenoy, Arathi Rao
      Pages: 75 - 79
      Abstract: Shruti Balasubramanian, Suprabha B Shrikrishna, Ramya Shenoy, Arathi Rao
      Journal of Orofacial Sciences 2018 10(2):75-79
      Introduction: Children with early childhood caries may have dental anxiety. Maternal anxiety can influence the child dental anxiety. Aims and Objective: To explore the association of maternal and child dental anxiety with the dental caries experience and the dental attendance pattern of the child. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study involved 227 mother–child dyads with children aged between 3 and 6 years. Mothers answered a questionnaire on dental attendance pattern. Corah’s dental anxiety scale was used to assess maternal anxiety, and facial image scale was used to assess dental anxiety in children. The “dmft” index of the child was recorded by a calibrated dentist. Statistical tests (Chi-square and Student’s t-tests) were employed to analyze the data, and P < 0.05 was considered significant. Result: Maternal anxiety was significantly associated with the mean number of missing and filled teeth in children (P = 0.005; P < 0.001, respectively). Child anxiety was significantly associated with the mean number of missing teeth (P < 0.001), increased frequency of missed dental appointments (P = 0.003), and decreased the frequency of dental visits (P = 0.008). Conclusion: Both maternal and child dental anxiety can influence the dental caries experience of the child. The dental anxiety of the child can influence the dental attendance pattern.
      Citation: Journal of Orofacial Sciences 2018 10(2):75-79
      PubDate: Wed,2 Jan 2019
      DOI: 10.4103/jofs.jofs_7_18
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Assessment of Sagittal Skeletal Base Relationship of Maxilla and Mandible
           by Horizontal Appraisal Method—A Comparative and Reliability Study

    • Authors: Paoulomi Roy, Supriya Nambiar, B. Unnikrishnan, Asavari Desai, C. Suresh
      Pages: 80 - 85
      Abstract: Paoulomi Roy, Supriya Nambiar, B. Unnikrishnan, Asavari Desai, C. Suresh
      Journal of Orofacial Sciences 2018 10(2):80-85
      Introduction: The evaluation of antero-posterior apical base relationship is crucial before orthodontic diagnosis and treatment planning. Aim and Objectives: The present study is aimed to compare the credibility of five cephalometric measurements in assessing the antero-posterior jaw relationship and to assess the correlation between various measurements used for antero-posterior discrepancy, including ANB, Yen angle, Beta angle, Wits appraisal, and horizontal appraisal. Materials and Methods: A total of 99 patients aged 16 years and above patients were subdivided into skeletal Classes I, II, and III groups of 33, each based upon the ANB angle derived from the pretreatment cephalogram. Results: The results showed that AH/BH and ANB had very high sensitivity and specificity to discriminate a Class II from Class I and Class III from Class I. Wits, YEN, and Beta showed lower specificity to differentiate Class II from Class I and Wits and Yen to differentiate Class III from Class I except Beta which had 100% sensitivity to differentiate Class III from Class I. Conclusion: The horizontal appraisal method enriches the current cephalometric tools available for the clinician to assess the antero-posterior jaw relationship accurately and reproducibly.
      Citation: Journal of Orofacial Sciences 2018 10(2):80-85
      PubDate: Wed,2 Jan 2019
      DOI: 10.4103/jofs.jofs_14_18
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • A Study on Drug-Induced Tardive Dyskinesia: Orofacial Musculature
           Involvement and Patient’s Awareness

    • Authors: Arunachalam M Anusa, Rooban Thavarajah, Dinesh Nayak, Elizabeth Joshua, Umadevi Krishnamohan Rao, Kannan Ranganathan
      Pages: 86 - 95
      Abstract: Arunachalam M Anusa, Rooban Thavarajah, Dinesh Nayak, Elizabeth Joshua, Umadevi Krishnamohan Rao, Kannan Ranganathan
      Journal of Orofacial Sciences 2018 10(2):86-95
      Aim and Objective: Schizophrenia is a psychiatric disorder that requires long-term treatment. Long-term antipsychotic treatment is often associated with the emergence of tardive dyskinesia (TD), the severity of which is measured by Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale (AIMS). This study examined the relationship among TD, orofacial musculature activity, and patient’s awareness of Abnormal Involuntary Movement (AIM). The knowledge would help dentists to deliver oral care for schizophrenics with TD. Materials and Methods: We identified 317 patients from a standard, data sharing initiative, of whom 38.3% exhibited AIM score of 2 to 15. The patient demographics, drug history, details of AIMS were subjected to descriptive and inferential statistical analysis using SPSS with P ≤ 0.05 as significance. Results: The mean of only orofacial features (n = 56) was 3.43 ± 2.68. Muscles of facial expression was involved in nine (7.9% of all TD), lip/perioral area in 27 (23.68%), jaw in 52 (45.61%), and tongue in 77 (67.54%). The patient’s perception of AIM precipitated stress when involving jaw, tongue, limbs, and trunk was statistically significant (P ≤ 0.05). The multiple regression model statistically significantly predicted TD for factors considered. Conclusion: Around 1% of global population is being diagnosed with schizophrenia, carry an inherent risk of developing TD. They might have orodental care requirements, including prosthodontic and restorative services. Primary physicians and dentists need to be aware of TD and its mechanism for appropriate patient management.
      Citation: Journal of Orofacial Sciences 2018 10(2):86-95
      PubDate: Wed,2 Jan 2019
      DOI: 10.4103/jofs.jofs_82_18
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Effect of Orthodontic Sealant Containing Antimicrobial Selenium on the
           Shear Bond Strength of Orthodontic Bracket

    • Authors: Pinandi S Pudyani, Fibriana Safitri, Ananto A Alhasyimi
      Pages: 96 - 100
      Abstract: Pinandi S Pudyani, Fibriana Safitri, Ananto A Alhasyimi
      Journal of Orofacial Sciences 2018 10(2):96-100
      Intoduction: Fixed orthodontic treatment has a high risk of enamel demineralization. Sealant containing selenium is a material that has been developed to prevent enamel demineralization and stated to be applicable as a primer bracket adhesion. Aim and Objective: This aim of this study was to investigate the shear bond strength (SBS) of an orthodontic bracket after application of sealant containing selenium as a primer. Materials and Methods: A total of 100 extracted human premolars were used in this study, which were randomly divided into two groups. Group I consisted of 50 teeth as the control group, to which a conventional primer (CP) was applied, whereas for group II comprising 50 teeth, a sealant containing selenium selenium primer (SP) was applied. SBS of the orthodontic brackets was measured using a universal testing machine. The adhesive remnant index (ARI) scores were calculated to determine the location of the bond failure using a stereomicroscope. A t test was used for analyzing the SBS data, whereas the Mann–Whitney test was used for analyzing the ARI scores. Results: There was no significant SBS difference (P > 0.05) between CP and SP groups. CP groups showed slightly higher SBS [9.05 ± 3.10 megapascal (MPa)] than that in the SP groups (8.21 ± 3.78 MPa). The bond failures of both the groups occurred at the adhesive–adhesive interface. Conclusion: The results showed that sealant containing selenium can be used as a primer within orthodontic adhesive material, as the physical–mechanical properties remained unchanged.
      Citation: Journal of Orofacial Sciences 2018 10(2):96-100
      PubDate: Wed,2 Jan 2019
      DOI: 10.4103/jofs.jofs_16_18
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Does Darkening of Roots or Loss of White Line on Panoramic Radiographs
           Pose a Risk for Inferior Alveolar Nerve Damage? A CBCT Evaluation

    • Authors: Chintan M Savani, Kishan Panicker, B. Sarat Ravi Kiran, Uday Kiran Uppada
      Pages: 101 - 107
      Abstract: Chintan M Savani, Kishan Panicker, B. Sarat Ravi Kiran, Uday Kiran Uppada
      Journal of Orofacial Sciences 2018 10(2):101-107
      Introduction: Surgical removal of impacted mandibular third molars may cause dysesthesia due to damage to the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN), and the risk increases when there is direct contact between the nerve and the tooth root. An accurate preoperative radiographic examination using Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) provides precise information pertaining the relationship between the third molar roots and the inferior alveolar canal. Aim & Objective: This study was intended to correlate the two panoramic radiographic findings in predicting the absence of corticalization between the mandibular canal and the third molar on cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images and to evaluate the possibility of inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) injury. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted on 60 patients, who were divided into two groups of 30 each. Group I included 30 patients whose panoramic radiographic findings showed darkening of the root of impacted mandibular third molar. Group II included 30 patients whose panoramic radiographic findings showed interruption of white line of mandibular canal. The patients whose panoramic radiographic findings showed darkening of the root or interruption in the white line of the canal were subjected to CBCT examination. Surgical removal of impacted mandibular third molar in all the patients was performed under local anesthesia (LA). Evaluation for any nerve injury was performed and recorded as presence or absence of paresthesia at regular postoperatively. Results: The results of this study showed that 46.7% patients had absence of cortication in Group I (darkening of roots), whereas it was absent in 33.3% of patients in Group II (loss of white lines). Presence of cortication was seen in 53.3% of patients in Group I when compared to 66.7% in Group II. The difference between the groups was not found to be statistically significant. Conclusion: Darkening of roots and interruption of white line observed on panoramic radiographs, both as isolated findings and in association, were effective in determining the risk relationship between the tooth roots and the mandibular canal necessitating CBCT evaluation.
      Citation: Journal of Orofacial Sciences 2018 10(2):101-107
      PubDate: Wed,2 Jan 2019
      DOI: 10.4103/jofs.jofs_98_18
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Cytological Method of Barr Body Expression in Dental Pulp Tissue at
           Varying Temperature

    • Authors: Ambika Murugesan, Sekar Balakrishnan, Indra Priyadharshini Kumaresan, Arun Jayakumar, Jayashree Mohan, Bharath Champakesan
      Pages: 108 - 111
      Abstract: Ambika Murugesan, Sekar Balakrishnan, Indra Priyadharshini Kumaresan, Arun Jayakumar, Jayashree Mohan, Bharath Champakesan
      Journal of Orofacial Sciences 2018 10(2):108-111
      Introduction: Natural disasters in large population need major attention in person identification. It can be performed by means of simple techniques that are easier to use. Aim: To identify the Barr body in female dental pulp by cytological method, after exposing at varying temperature. Objective: The expression of Barr bodies was compared among different age groups, various temperature, and two types of stain. Materials and Methods: Teeth obtained from 60 female individuals were divided into two groups based on their age. In each group, 30 teeth were exposed at three different temperatures (200°C, 300°C, and 400°C), 10 teeth in each temperature. The pulp tissue obtained from teeth was centrifuged and stained with hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) and Papanicolaou stain (PAP). Presence of visible sex chromatin in the nuclear periphery was considered positive for Barr chromatin test. The results obtained were analyzed by both descriptive analysis and independent t-test. Result: The peripherally condensed Barr body in hyperchromatic nuclear outline was clearly visible in younger individuals at 200°C and is more accurately expressed in H&E stain. Conclusion: In our study, based on the results obtained from the smear of pulp tissue, expression of Barr bodies’ decreases as age and temperature increases. Further study with increase in sample size is mandatory to confirm the above conclusion.
      Citation: Journal of Orofacial Sciences 2018 10(2):108-111
      PubDate: Wed,2 Jan 2019
      DOI: 10.4103/jofs.jofs_102_18
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • The Effect of Platelet-Rich Fibrin on Soft Tissue and Crestal Bone in
           One-Stage Implant Placement in Fresh Extraction Sockets: A Randomized
           Controlled Clinical Trial

    • Authors: Kishore K Avula, Uma D Rayavaram, Sravanthi Gujjula, Siva Sai Prasad R Dandu, Prasuna Egatela, Ravindra R Nagireddy
      Pages: 112 - 116
      Abstract: Kishore K Avula, Uma D Rayavaram, Sravanthi Gujjula, Siva Sai Prasad R Dandu, Prasuna Egatela, Ravindra R Nagireddy
      Journal of Orofacial Sciences 2018 10(2):112-116
      Introduction: The goal of modern dentistry is to prevent tooth loss and provide a healthy dentition with optimal functional efficiency, structural balance, and aesthetic harmony. The placement of an implant immediately after tooth extraction helps to maintain the bone crest and leads to ideal implant positioning from a prosthetic point of view and has the potential of decreasing the total treatment time for patients. Aim and Objective: To evaluate the platelet rich fibrin with or without bone ceramic on soft issue and crestal bone in one stage implant placement in fresh extraction socket. Materials and Methods: A total of 30 patients were randomly assigned into two groups—each group comprising 15 patients based on platelet-rich fibrin with and without bone ceramic and one-stage implant placement in fresh extraction socket. All patients were prospectively evaluated clinically and radiographically. All the data were analyzed using a software statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) version 11.5 (Chicago, Illinois, USA). Results: During the 6-month interval, no implant was lost; the mean bone level at the implants increased in platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) with bone ceramic group and decreased in PRF group and papillary index increased in both the groups, whereas modified sulcus bleeding index and probing pocket depth (PPD) decreased in both the groups. Conclusion: It can be concluded that mean crestal bone levels increased in PRF with bone ceramic group, whereas decrease in PRF group and both the groups are statistically significant. When the papillary levels are compared between the two groups, there was no statistical significance, but increased papillary levels were found in both the groups. The mean PPD was decreased in both the groups, but there was no statistical significance between the two groups.
      Citation: Journal of Orofacial Sciences 2018 10(2):112-116
      PubDate: Wed,2 Jan 2019
      DOI: 10.4103/jofs.jofs_132_18
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Two Different Methods for Collection of Gingival Crevicular Blood to
           Estimate Random Blood Glucose Levels—A Comparative Study

    • Authors: Aarthi Nisha Venkatesan, Julius Amaldas, Mohan Valiathan, Vidya Jayaram, Parthiban Jayaraman
      Pages: 117 - 120
      Abstract: Aarthi Nisha Venkatesan, Julius Amaldas, Mohan Valiathan, Vidya Jayaram, Parthiban Jayaraman
      Journal of Orofacial Sciences 2018 10(2):117-120
      Aim and Objective: The present study was done to validate a reliable method for collection of gingival crevicular blood (GCB) and to use it as an alternative to routinely collected venous blood (VB) to estimate random blood glucose (RBS) levels. Materials and Methods: The study group comprised of 50 type 2 diabetic patients (n = 50), aged between 21 and 80 years attending the outpatient department of Sree Balaji Dental College and Hospital, Chennai. The study was a cross-sectional observational study that comprised of thorough clinical evaluation and estimation of RBS levels from GCB by two different methods, namely, direct glucometric method and collection through capillary tube method. Results: Out of the 50 patients, 27 (54%) were females and 23 (46%) were males. All the patients were among 20 to 70 years of age. On comparing the RBS levels from gingival crevicular obtained by direct intraoral method and capillary tube method, a statistically significant correlation of P < 0.05 was obtained proving statistically significant results. Further on comparing the results with VB glucose levels, there was no statistically significant difference found among the methods. Conclusion: The above study concludes that GCB collected by both capillary tube and direct intraoral method yielded almost similar blood glucose results which conclude either of the methods can be used to collect the sample.
      Citation: Journal of Orofacial Sciences 2018 10(2):117-120
      PubDate: Wed,2 Jan 2019
      DOI: 10.4103/jofs.jofs_141_18
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Is the Intention Being Realized in Execution: Evaluation of Oral Health
           Promotion Program at a South Indian University

    • Authors: Viswa C Chandu, Srinivas Pachava, Viswanath Vadapalli, Suresh Sanikommu
      Pages: 121 - 126
      Abstract: Viswa C Chandu, Srinivas Pachava, Viswanath Vadapalli, Suresh Sanikommu
      Journal of Orofacial Sciences 2018 10(2):121-126
      Introduction: There are accessibility problems for rural Indian population with respect to oral health care. Dental Council of India envisioned that establishment of satellite clinics would be a beneficial strategy for rural population to have better access to oral health care, curtailing the accessibility problems and financial barriers for oral health care utilization to some extent. Aim and Objective: The aim of this study was to procure data on the functioning of these satellite clinics and evaluate an oral health promotion program in a satellite clinic located in a South Indian university. Materials and Methods: A total of 301 participants were selected through two-stage random sampling to evaluate the functioning of a dental satellite clinic located in a South Indian university. The data collected include demographics, utilization of services at the satellite clinics, and self-reported oral and general health status. Results: The utilization of services was only 9.3%, and a majority of the participants were not aware of the existence of the clinic. Promotion of available services and provision of oral health education were the major suggestions received from the study participants. Conclusion: Evaluation of satellite clinics both from the students’ perspective and with regard to oral health status of concerned populations must be seriously undertaken.
      Citation: Journal of Orofacial Sciences 2018 10(2):121-126
      PubDate: Wed,2 Jan 2019
      DOI: 10.4103/jofs.jofs_140_18
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Bone Cells and Mast Cells Express MMP-9 During Tooth Eruption In Vivo

    • Authors: Nayra S.C Lima, Isabela R Magalh&#227;es, L&#237;via F Lima-Pansini, Let&#237;cia N Gama-de-Souza, Marcos S Pacheco, Karla L.A Coburn
      Pages: 127 - 133
      Abstract: Nayra S.C Lima, Isabela R Magalhães, Lívia F Lima-Pansini, Letícia N Gama-de-Souza, Marcos S Pacheco, Karla L.A Coburn
      Journal of Orofacial Sciences 2018 10(2):127-133
      Context: Tooth development takes place inside a bony crypt in the alveolar bones. Tooth eruption requires, therefore, the removal of bone and lamina propria to establish the eruptive pathway. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) belong to a family of enzymes responsible for the degradation of the extracellular matrix (ECM). MMP-9 is a member of this family and is secreted by a variety of cells, including mast cells. Both have been identified as possible collaborators for tissue remodeling during tooth eruption. Aims: The aim of this study is to analyze the bone remodeling, MMP-9 expression, and the prevalence of mast cells throughout the eruptive process of rat molars. Materials and Methods: Twenty-eight rats (4–17 days old) were used in this study. Histomorphometric analyses were performed to determine the bone area in the basal and coronal regions of the bony crypt and the prevalence of mast cells at the lamina propria along the eruptive process. Immunohistochemistry was performed to detect MMP-9 expression in the lamina propria and alveolar bone. Results: Increased bone apposition at the base of the bony crypt was observed at 14 days and increased resorption of the coronal bone was detected after 9 days. An elevated number of mast cells was observed in 9-day-old rats, and MMP-9 was strongly expressed in mast cells and osteoclasts. Conclusion: Taken together, we suggest that mast cells may contribute to the recruitment of osteoclast precursors during tooth eruption and that MMP-9 is possibly involved in the removal of the ECM during the eruptive process.
      Citation: Journal of Orofacial Sciences 2018 10(2):127-133
      PubDate: Wed,2 Jan 2019
      DOI: 10.4103/jofs.jofs_122_18
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2019)
       
 
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