Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8529 journals)
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MEDICAL SCIENCES (2342 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 201 - 400 of 3562 Journals sorted alphabetically
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Medical and Pharmaceutical Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Medicine and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Research in Medical and Pharmaceutical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention     Open Access  
ASPIRATOR : Journal of Vector-borne Disease Studies     Open Access  
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Atención Familiar     Open Access  
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Atención Primaria Práctica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atti della Accademia Peloritana dei Pericolanti - Classe di Scienze Medico-Biologiche     Open Access  
Audiology - Communication Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Auris Nasus Larynx     Full-text available via subscription  
Australasian Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine (AJUM)     Hybrid Journal  
Australian Coeliac     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Journal of Medical Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Autopsy and Case Reports     Open Access  
Avicenna     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Avicenna Journal of Clinical Medicine     Open Access  
Avicenna Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bangladesh Journal of Bioethics     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Biochemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Medical Journal     Open Access  
Bangladesh Medical Journal Khulna     Open Access  
Basal Ganglia     Hybrid Journal  
Basic Sciences of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Batı Karadeniz Tıp Dergisi / Medical Journal of Western Black Sea     Open Access  
Baylor University Medical Center Proceedings     Hybrid Journal  
BBA Clinical     Open Access  
BC Medical Journal     Free  
Benha Medical Journal     Open Access  
Beni-Suef University Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bijblijven     Hybrid Journal  
Bijzijn     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bijzijn XL     Hybrid Journal  
Bio-Algorithms and Med-Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
BioDiscovery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bioelectromagnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bioelectronic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bioengineering & Translational Medicine     Open Access  
Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Bioethics Research Notes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Biologics in Therapy     Open Access  
Biology of Sex Differences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biomarker Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Biomarkers in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
BioMed Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biomédica     Open Access  
Biomedical & Life Sciences Collection     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Biomedical and Biotechnology Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Biomedical Engineering and Computational Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Biomedical Engineering Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biomedical Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Biomedical Informatics Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Biomedical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biomedical Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Biomedical Microdevices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Biomedical Optics Express     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Biomedical Photonics     Open Access  
Biomedical Reports     Full-text available via subscription  
Biomedical Research Reports     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Biomedical Safety & Standards     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Biomedical Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
BioMedicine     Open Access  
Biomedicine Hub     Open Access  
Biomedicines     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biomedika     Open Access  
Biomolecular and Health Science Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biophysics Reports     Open Access  
BioPsychoSocial Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Biosalud     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biostatistics & Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Birat Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BIRDEM Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Birth Defects Research     Hybrid Journal  
Birth Defects Research Part A : Clinical and Molecular Teratology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Birth Defects Research Part C : Embryo Today : Reviews     Hybrid Journal  
BJR|Open     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BJS Open     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Black Sea Journal of Health Science     Open Access  
BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Blickpunkt Medizin     Hybrid Journal  
BMC Biomedical Engineering     Open Access  
BMC Medical Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
BMC Medical Research Methodology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
BMC Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
BMC Obesity     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
BMC Proceedings     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BMC Research Notes     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation     Open Access   (Followers: 34)
BMH Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
BMI Journal : Bariátrica & Metabólica Iberoamericana     Open Access  
BMJ     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1818)
BMJ Case Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
BMJ Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
BMJ Innovations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
BMJ Leader     Hybrid Journal  
BMJ Open     Open Access   (Followers: 43)
BMJ Open Quality     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
BMJ Open Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BMJ Sexual & Reproductive Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
BMJ Surgery, Interventions, & Health Technologies     Open Access  
Bodine Journal     Open Access  
Boletín del Consejo Académico de Ética en Medicina     Open Access  
Boletín del ECEMC     Open Access  
Boletin Médico de Postgrado     Open Access  
Boletín Médico del Hospital Infantil de México     Open Access  
Bone     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Bone and Tissue Regeneration Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bone Marrow Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bone Reports     Open Access  
Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Bozok Tıp Dergisi / Bozok Medical Journal     Open Access  
Brachytherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Brain and Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Brain Connectivity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Brain Impairment     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access  
Brazilian Journal of Medicine and Human Health     Open Access  
Brazilian Journal of Pain (BrJP)     Open Access  
Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Breastfeeding Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
British Journal of Biomedical Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
British Journal of General Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 39)
British Journal of Hospital Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
British Medical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Buddhachinaraj Medical Journal     Open Access  
Bulletin Amades     Open Access  
Bulletin de la Société de pathologie exotique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Legal Medicine     Open Access  
Bulletin of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Bulletin of the History of Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic     Full-text available via subscription  
Bulletin of The Royal College of Surgeons of England     Free  
Bulletin of the Scientific Centre for Expert Evaluation of Medicinal Products     Open Access  
Bundesgesundheitsblatt - Gesundheitsforschung - Gesundheitsschutz     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Burapha Journal of Medicine     Open Access  
Burns     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Cadernos de Naturologia e Terapias Complementares     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Calcified Tissue International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Bulletin of Medical History     Hybrid Journal  
Canadian Family Physician     Partially Free   (Followers: 13)
Canadian Journal of Pain     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Journal of Rural Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Medical Association Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Canadian Medical Education Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Canadian Prosthetics & Orthotics Journal     Open Access  
Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiac Electrophysiology Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Care Management Journals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports     Open Access  
Case Reports in Acute Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Case Reports in Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Reports in Clinical Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Case Reports in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Case Reports in Transplantation     Open Access  
Case Reports in Vascular Medicine     Open Access  
Case Reports in Women's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Case Study and Case Report     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
CASUS : Revista de Investigación y Casos en Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CBU International Conference Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cell & Bioscience     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cell Adhesion & Migration     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Cell and Molecular Response to Stress     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Cell and Tissue Transplantation and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cell Cycle     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Cell Death and Differentiation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Cell Death Discovery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cell Health and Cytoskeleton     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cell Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cell Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Cell Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
CEN Case Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Central African Journal of Medicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Ceylon Journal of Medical Science     Open Access  
Ceylon Medical Journal     Open Access  
Chattagram Maa-O-Shishu Hospital Medical College Journal     Open Access  
Chiang Mai Medical Journal     Open Access  
ChiangRai Medical Journal     Open Access  
Chimerism     Full-text available via subscription  
Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Chinese Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Chinese Medical Record English Edition     Hybrid Journal  

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
CEN Case Reports
Number of Followers: 0  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Online) 2192-4449
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2626 journals]
  • Novel Asp511Thr mutation in McArdle disease with acute kidney injury
           caused by rhabdomyolysis
    • Abstract: McArdle disease (glycogen storage disease type V) is a rare hereditary metabolic myopathy. It can be overlooked clinically because it often presents as chronic asymptomatic hypercreatine phosphokinasemia (hyperCKemia). However, vigorous exercise or infections can trigger severe rhabdomyolysis. We present the case of a patient with long-term idiopathic hyperCKemia who, after contracting an upper respiratory tract infection, developed severe rhabdomyolysis and acute kidney injury. Upon hemodialysis, his renal function recovered and CK levels fell to below baseline, and maintenance therapy with vitamin B6 was also started. A molecular diagnosis of McArdle disease was subsequently made. Whole-exome sequencing revealed homozygous c1538delG (p.Asp511Thr fs*28) mutations in the PYGM gene, which was a novel mutation. Therefore, when investigating idiopathic hyperCKemia, glycogen storage disorders should also be considered.
      PubDate: 2019-03-21
  • A case of posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome in a patient
           undergoing automated peritoneal dialysis
    • Abstract: A 44-year-old man undergoing automated peritoneal dialysis (PD) developed headache and dizziness with truncal ataxia and ataxic gait. Severe hypertension (systolic blood pressure/diastolic pressure: 193/83 mm Hg) and lower extremity edema were present, and his PD efficiency (weekly KT/V: 1.49) was inadequate. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed diffuse hyperintensities in the brain stem and bilateral cerebellar hemispheres on fluid-attenuated inversion recovery and apparent diffusion coefficient mapping imaging. Based on these findings, the patient was diagnosed with posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome due to hypertension and uremia. He was treated with antihypertensive agents, and we changed the PD prescription to improve PD efficiency. Thereafter, his symptoms gradually improved, and abnormal findings on brain magnetic resonance imaging disappeared in accordance with lowering blood pressure.
      PubDate: 2019-03-04
  • Successful treatment of peritoneal dialysis-related peritonitis caused by
           Dermacoccus nishinomiyaensis
    • Abstract: A 53-year-old man receiving peritoneal dialysis (PD) for 4 months presented with PD-related peritonitis (abdominal pain, turbid peritoneal dialysate effluent, white blood cell in peritoneal dialysate effluent 5350/µL, C-reactive protein 25.56 mg/dL) caused by Dermacoccus (D.) nishinomiyaensis. He was first treated empirically with cefazolin and ceftazidime. After detection of D. nishinomiyaensis in the peritoneal effluent culture collected on the first day of hospitalization, the antibiotics were changed to amoxicillin and vancomycin. After confirming negative-conversion of peritoneal effluent culture, treatment was continued for more than 6 weeks. The peritonitis resolved; he continues peritoneal dialysis without withdrawal from PD or catheter removal. D. nishinomiyaensis is part of resident microbiota of the skin, and its pathogenicity is rarely reported. To date, there is no report of PD-related peritonitis caused by D. nishinomiyaensis. Because it is a slow grower, it may be missed and the peritonitis categorized as culture-negative. Long-term culture is important to detect it. It is difficult to determine the antibiotics that can be used because susceptibility to antibiotics is unknown due to the organism’s rarity. Furthermore, the appropriate treatment period is also unknown. Long-term treatment may be useful in PD-related peritonitis caused by D. nishinomiyaensis because it is a slow grower.
      PubDate: 2019-03-04
  • A case of biopsy-proven oxaliplatin-induced acute tubulointerstitial
           nephritis with thrombocytopenia and anemia
    • Abstract: Oxaliplatin, a third-generation platinum agent, has been used for the treatment of colon, pancreatic, and stomach cancers in recent years. It carries a reduced risk of acute kidney injury (AKI) compared to the previous platinum agents, including cisplatin and carboplatin. Several cases of oxaliplatin-induced acute tubular necrosis (ATN) have been reported; however, only one case has been reported as acute tubulointerstitial nephritis (ATIN) histopathologically. Here, we present a case of biopsy-proven and dialysis-dependent ATIN, which dramatically resolved with steroid therapy. The patient was a 67-year-old male who had undergone chemotherapy for colon adenocarcinoma. He suddenly developed shaking chills, fever, and hot flashes at the end of the 18th 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)/l-leucovorin/oxaliplatin administration, and was admitted to our hospital. On the 4th day of hospitalization, severe renal dysfunction (creatinine 6.5 mg/dL) was observed. As oliguria continued, we initiated hemodialysis therapy on the 6th day of hospitalization. Drug-induced ATIN was strongly suspected due to the history of multiple exposures to oxaliplatin with allergic reaction and sterile pyuria. We began steroid therapy on the 8th day of hospitalization. Subsequently, renal biopsy was performed and the diagnosis of ATIN was made. The patient’s renal function gradually improved, and 6 months later, it had returned to baseline. Our case demonstrates that we should consider not only ATN, but also ATIN, as potential presentations of oxaliplatin-induced AKI.
      PubDate: 2019-03-02
  • Chronological change of renal pathological findings in the proliferative
           glomerulonephritis with monoclonal IgG deposits considered to have
           recurred early after kidney transplantation
    • Abstract: Proliferative glomerulonephritis with monoclonal immunoglobulin G (IgG) deposits (PGNMID) is a rare disease that recently became recognized. Its pathological findings are characterized by the deposition of a single heavy chain subclass and a single light chain isotype. PGNMID has been proven to recur in renal allografts. Herein, the authors describe the case of a 46-year-old man who presented with nephrotic syndrome and progressive kidney injury following kidney transplantation. One month after transplantation, his clinical condition stabilized; however, the protocol biopsy showed depositions of IgG and complement on the glomeruli by immunofluorescence staining. Electron microscopy (EM) revealed granular electron-dense deposits (EDD) in the mesangium. Thereafter, renal biopsy was repeated because his proteinuria level increased. Proliferative glomerulonephritis, mainly in the mesangium, with IgG and complement deposits and mesangial and subendothelial EDD were observed; however, the pathological diagnosis was difficult. Renal dysfunction then became apparent, and renal biopsy was performed again 4 years and 10 months after kidney transplantation. Glomerular deposits on a single IgG subclass and a single light chain isotype (IgG3 kappa) with membranoproliferative features were observed. Abundant subendothelial EDD were detected on EM. Finally, the patient was diagnosed with PGNMID. Since it seemed that PGNMID had already developed at 1 month after transplantation, we considered recurrent PGNMID case in the allograft. The treatment for PGNMID has not been established yet, and even in this case, the graft function was eventually lost. For improving renal prognosis, early diagnosis and further investigation on the treatment are necessary.
      PubDate: 2019-02-25
  • Collapsing glomerulopathy in a child with LCHAD deficiency: a rare
    • Abstract: Metabolic disorders, although rare, can involve multiple organ systems and have a varied presentation. Renal involvement has been reported in several metabolic disorders in the pediatric age group. We report a rare metabolic disorder, long-chain 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency, in a child who developed steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome at the age of 5 years. Renal biopsy showed features of collapsing glomerulopathy. The child had progressive chronic kidney disease. Alternative immunosuppressants including tacrolimus failed to show any clinical improvement. There have been no reports of children with long-chain 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency developing steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome and collapsing glomerulopathy. This case highlights the need to monitor renal function and proteinuria among this group of children.
      PubDate: 2019-02-12
  • Direct oral anticoagulant successfully used to treat an adult nephrotic
           patient complicated with portal vein thrombosis
    • Abstract: Thromboembolism is a major complication of nephrotic syndrome, with the renal vein being the most frequent site. However, the incidence of portal vein thrombosis (PVT) in patients with nephrotic syndrome is rare. We report a case of a relapsed steroid-dependent minimal change disease with incidental PVT. A 38-year-old man presented with anasarca. Elevated liver enzymes were discovered during routine blood testing within days after commencing treatment. Although drug-induced liver injuries are frequently observed with mild aminotransferase abnormality during therapy with steroid or immune-suppressive agents, imaging revealed a massive thrombus of the portal vein, which was treated by anticoagulant therapy with edoxaban. Treatment with anticoagulant therapy could normalize liver function. Two months after the initiation of treatment with edoxaban, the follow-up CT scan and ultrasound showed the disappearance of PVT. Our case suggests that much attention should be paid to PVT as a cause of liver enzyme elevation when treating patients with nephrotic syndrome.
      PubDate: 2019-02-05
  • Remission of light chain proximal tubulopathy in IgG λ-type multiple
           myeloma by lenalidomide and dexamethasone therapy
    • Abstract: Light chain proximal tubulopathy is a rare manifestation of monoclonal gammopathy. A 73-year-old Japanese woman was noted to have urinary protein and hypertension on health examination and visited the regional clinic. She was noted to have IgG λ M protein and suspected of multiple myeloma. She was referred to us with massive proteinuria (7.5 g/g creatinine) and Bence Jones proteinuria without renal dysfunction. A renal biopsy revealed no glomerular abnormalities, but a tubular cast was observed partially in tubules without tubular atrophy or a crystalline structure. Direct Fast Scarlet staining was absent both in glomerulus and vascular wall. Immunofluorescence revealed λ light chain (LC) staining in the proximal tubules. Electron microscopy revealed nonspecific findings including increased lysosomes with irregular contours and mottled appearance. A bone marrow biopsy revealed plasma cell proliferation (35%) and multiple myeloma immunoglobulin G λ type. She showed progressive anemia and decrease of eGFR with elevated level of urinary β-2 microglobulin. She was treated with lenalidomide + dexamethasone (Ld). With Ld therapy, she achieved hematologic and nephrologic remission reducing the free LC, λ/κ ratio, urinary protein level, and urinary β-2 microglobulin level.
      PubDate: 2019-02-05
  • Three months interval therapy of Eculizumab in a patient with atypical
           hemolytic uremic syndrome with hybrid CFHR1/CFH gene
    • Abstract: Pregnancy-associated atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (P-aHUS) is a rare condition. It is characterized by very high maternal mortality and morbidity. Most cases of P-aHUS (79%) manifest in the postpartum period; this is probably due to the complement’s involvement in aHUS pathogenesis. Eculizumab is approved for aHUS treatment, but its use is limited due to cost, unknown duration of treatment, and vague dose intervals to keep patients in remission. In this case report, we present a 26-year-old female with P-aHUS with hybrid CFHR1/CFH gene. Eculizumab was initiated after 5 weeks of being on hemodialysis and plasmapheresis sessions. Full remission successfully achieved after 6th dose of Eculizumab, within 13 weeks of onset of aHUS. Due to financial issues and inability to financially cover the cost, Eculizumab was set in hold. Within 6 months, she suffered recurrence of the disease and Eculizumab was re-instated. After re-inducing full remission, the patient was switched to Eculizumab every 3 months instead of the recommended manufacture dose interval of every 2 weeks. We followed this patient for 3 years and she continued to be in remission based on clinical and laboratory data. In conclusion, achievement of successful and maintenance of remission of P-aHUS in this patient who had limited access to Eculizumab raise the attention of the efficacy of Eculizumab at longer time intervals. However, it is time to consider conducting a long-term study to learn about the safety and efficacy of this approach, which may have a major financial advantage for patients.
      PubDate: 2019-02-04
  • Massive generalized crystal-storing histiocytosis associated with
           extracellular crystalline nephropathy: clinical, immunohistochemical, and
    • Abstract: Crystal-storing histiocytosis (CSH) is a rare disorder characterized by the accumulation of nonneoplastic histiocytes containing intracytoplasmic crystallized immunoglobulins. In most cases, there is an associated underlying lymphoplasmacytic neoplasm expressing Ig kappa light chain. About 131 cases of CSH have been identified. There is a localized and a generalized form of CSH and it can involve several sites including bone marrow, lungs, lymph nodes, liver, spleen, gastrointestinal tract, and kidney. Generalized CSH is less frequent and involves multiple organs and tends to have a worst prognosis than localized CSH. Around 20 cases of renal involvement in CSH have been reported so far. Paraprotein-induced crystalline nephropathy can be divided into two categories based on whether the crystals in the kidney are intracellular (including light chain proximal tubulopathy with crystals and CSH) or extracellular (including the crystalline variant of myeloma cast nephropathy and crystalglobulin-induced nephropathy). The former tends to present with slowly worsening kidney dysfunction and generally has a good prognosis, whereas the latter usually presents with rapidly progressive renal failure and is associated with poor renal outcome. We present a case of generalized CSH associated with extracellular crystalline nephropathy with a fulminant and fatal clinical course. Kappa light-chain crystals were found exclusively extracellularly within the tubular lumen, not within the tubular epithelial cells nor the histiocytes, and the massive presence of those precipitates led to the acute renal failure. Consequently, we review the renal involvement in CSH in the literature and discuss the unique mechanism of renal injury in this case.
      PubDate: 2019-02-02
  • History solves the mystery: an unusual cause of hypercalcemia
    • PubDate: 2019-02-01
  • Granuloma in a glomerulus in anti-glomerular basement disease
    • PubDate: 2019-02-01
  • NDM-1-producing Enterobacter aerogenes isolated from a patient with a JJ
           ureteric stent in situ
    • Abstract: Urinary tract infections after JJ stent insertion are among the most common complications, and the associated microorganisms carry more antibiotic resistance determinants than those found in urine prior to stent insertion. In line with the trends in healthcare epidemiology which implicate multi-resistant microorganisms in a plethora of healthcare-associated infections, prosthetic stent material also represents an ideal milieu for biofilm formation and subsequent infection development with resistant bacterial agents. Here we describe a case of a 73-year-old Caucasian woman presenting with urinary tract infection after JJ ureteric stent insertion due to ureteric obstruction and hydronephrosis of her left kidney. Extensive microbiological work-up and comprehensive molecular analysis identified the putative microorganism as carbapenem-resistant Enterobacter aerogenes carrying New Delhi metallo-beta-lactamase 1 (NDM-1). This is a first literature report implicating such extensively resistant strain of this species in early indwelling ureteric stent complications, and also the first report of NDM-1 in Enterobacter aerogenes in Croatia and Europe.
      PubDate: 2019-02-01
  • TGFBI -associated corneal dystrophy and nephropathy: a novel syndrome'
    • Abstract: Transforming growth factor beta-induced (TGFBI)-associated corneal dystrophies are a group of inherited progressive corneal diseases. One of these TGFBI-associated corneal dystrophies is Avellino corneal dystrophy, an autosomal dominant corneal dystrophy characterized by multiple asymmetric stromal opacities that potentially impair vision. Recently, a case with corneal dystrophy complicated by nephropathy possessing a pathogenic variant of the TGFBI gene was reported for the first time. Here, we report the second case with the same condition and the same mutation in the TGFBI gene. The patient was an 18-year-old male. He and his father had already been diagnosed with corneal dystrophy. Proteinuria was revealed in the patient during urine screening at school. Since his serum creatinine level was raised, a percutaneous renal biopsy was performed. Light microscopy demonstrated oligomeganephronia. Electron microscopy demonstrated an irregular basement membrane. TGFBI was analyzed by direct sequencing. A heterozygous mutation c.371G > A in exon 4, which caused an amino acid substitution from arginine to histidine at codon 124, was identified in the patient and his father. Although only one case of TGFBI-associated corneal dystrophy and nephropathy has been reported, our case’s clinical and pathological findings were almost identical to those in that reported case. Further investigations of this new disease entity should be reported to all nephrologists and ophthalmologists.
      PubDate: 2019-02-01
  • Ascorbic acid-induced oxalate nephropathy: a case report and discussion of
           pathologic mechanisms
    • Abstract: Oxalate nephropathy is associated with hereditary hyperoxaluria, Crohn disease, and previous gastric or intestinal surgery, especially in the setting of increased oxalate intake or ethylene glycol ingestion. We present a patient whose intake of vitamin C supplements (2 g/day), exacerbated by predisposing factors of prior small bowel obstruction and resection, and benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH), resulted in acute kidney injury due to oxalate nephropathy. We review past reports of vitamin C-induced oxalate nephropathy and discuss the underlying precipitating factors.
      PubDate: 2019-02-01
  • Management and outcome of multifetal gestation in a 35-year-old woman with
           childhood-onset membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis type I
    • Abstract: A 35-year-old woman with membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis type I had quintuplet gestation after induced ovulation. Her serum creatinine level and estimated glomerular filtration rate were 0.86 mg/dL and 61.5 mL/min/1.73 m2 before pregnancy. Blood pressure was normal and urinary protein to creatinine ratio was 0.2 g/gCr. Prednisolone 10 mg on alternate-day administration was continued during pregnancy. At 10 weeks of gestation transvaginal selective embryo reduction was performed and five embryos were reduced to twins. Hypertension occurred at 20 weeks of gestation. She developed nephrotic syndrome and serum creatinine level increased to 1.29 mg/dL. Elective cesarean section was performed at 28 weeks of gestation and dichorionic diamniotic twins were born. After delivery blood pressure, serum creatinine level, estimated glomerular filtration rate and serum albumin level in their mother returned to baseline. Her twin infants were well at discharge from neonatal-intensive-care-unit. Incidence of multifetal pregnancies due to the improvement of assisted reproduction technologies and ovulation-inducing hormones has been increasing. Management for multifetal pregnancy in women with chronic kidney disease will be needed further.
      PubDate: 2019-02-01
  • Crohn’s disease following rituximab treatment in a patient with
           refractory nephrotic syndrome
    • Abstract: Rituximab (RTX) is increasingly used for the treatment of refractory nephrotic syndrome due to its inhibitory effect on B cells which extends the period of remission, while lowering the dose of steroids needed for disease management. However, RTX can lead to various side effects, including Crohn’s disease. Herein, we describe a case of a 15-year-old boy with refractory nephrotic syndrome diagnosed at age 9 years who developed Crohn’s disease following RTX treatment. RTX was initiated in this patient at the age of 13 years 6 months due to occurrence of 12 relapses of nephrotic syndrome over a 4-year period, despite treatment using cyclosporine, steroid pulse therapy, and mycophenolate mofetil. The patient received 4 doses of RTX over a 2-year period (dose, 375 mg/m2). Although the treatment was effective in extending the disease-free duration up to 6 months, at the age of 15 years 9 months, the patient developed abdominal pain, associated with frequent watery stools and rapid weight loss. Based on clinical and endoscopic findings, he was diagnosed with Crohn’s disease and treated using infliximab. Remission of Crohn’s disease was achieved with this treatment, with no further relapse of nephrotic syndrome. Infliximab is thought to extend the remission period of nephrotic syndrome. In this case, we propose that Crohn’s disease was caused by an abnormal immune tolerance, secondary to the use of RTX, although the exact underlying mechanism remains to be clarified. Therefore, inflammatory bowel disease should be considered if severe abdominal symptoms with weight loss following RTX administration are observed.
      PubDate: 2019-02-01
  • A case of IgG4-related kidney disease with predominantly unilateral renal
    • Abstract: A 73-year-old Japanese woman was diagnosed with type 1 autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) without kidney lesions. She was treated with prednisolone (PSL) 30 mg/day, and her AIP symptoms promptly improved, after which the PSL dose was gradually tapered to 5 mg/day. Her renal function had remained normal (serum creatinine 0.7 mg/dL) until 1 year before the current admission without any imaging abnormalities in the kidney. However, during this past year her renal function gradually declined (serum creatinine 1.1 mg/dL). Follow-up computed tomography incidentally revealed unilateral renal atrophy, which rapidly progressed during the subsequent 10-month period without left kidney atrophy. A diagnosis of IgG4-RKD probably due to TIN was made, and we increased the dose of prednisolone to 30 mg/day. 1 month after administration, multiple low-density lesions on both kidneys were improved slightly but almost all lesions persisted as atrophic scars. Our case suggested that unilateral renal atrophy can develop in patients with IgG4-related tubulointerstitial nephritis without hydronephrosis caused by retroperitoneal fibrosis, and that monitoring the serum creatinine levels is not always sufficient, thereby highlighting the importance of regular imaging monitoring to detect newly developing kidney lesions.
      PubDate: 2019-02-01
  • Thrombotic microangiopathy associated with anticardiolipin antibody in a
           kidney transplant recipient with polycythemia
    • Abstract: Thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) develops from various etiologies, and it is often difficult to distinguish the etiology of TMA in kidney transplantation. Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is one of the differential diagnoses for TMA that may cause acute loss of graft function or fatal thrombotic complications. This report details a 66-year-old male patient with polycythemia after ABO-incompatible kidney transplantation. Antibody screening tests were negative before transplant. Despite administration of an adequate desensitization therapy including plasmapheresis and rituximab, he developed acute graft dysfunction on postoperative day 112 and graft biopsy revealed prominent microvascular inflammation in the glomerular capillaries without immunoglobulin deposits. Flow cytometric panel-reactive antibody screening failed to detect donor-specific antibodies at both pre-transplant and episode biopsies. Anticardiolipin antibody was repeatedly positive, but neither thrombosis nor previous thrombotic episodes were detected. After excluding several differential diagnoses, the graft dysfunction with unexplained TMA was treated with steroid pulse, plasmapheresis and rituximab re-induction. Anticardiolipin antibody disappeared after this intensive treatment and graft function recovered gradually and stabilized for 52 months. This report suggests that asymptomatic anticardiolipin antibody may be associated with acute graft dysfunction. Even if thrombotic episodes are not observed, an exist of anticardiolipin antibody may be one of the risk factors of renal TMA after kidney transplantation.
      PubDate: 2019-02-01
  • A case of fatal osteolytic hypercalcemia complicated with IgG4-related
           ophthalmic disease leading to renal failure
    • Abstract: A 40-year-old male was hospitalized with renal impairment and severe hypercalcemia. His concentration of serum IgG4 was high, but serum whole PTH, 1–25(OH)2 vitamin D3 and PTHrP were not elevated. Computed tomography showed swelling of the bilateral lacrimal glands and systemic lymphadenopathy. The histological findings of lacrimal gland biopsy fulfilled the diagnostic criteria of IgG4-related ophthalmic disease (IgG4ROD). Bone scintigraphy showed increased ectopic uptake in the stomach, heart, lungs, and kidneys. He died on day 16 of admission, although the therapies for hypercalcemia were continued. Autopsy results showed an increase of osteoclasts in the bone marrow and metastatic calcification in multiple organs, and excluded from the differential diagnosis other disorders which present lymph-node swelling and hypercalcemia such as cancer, lymphoma, Castleman’s disease, and sarcoidosis. He was given a diagnosis of IgG4ROD with osteolytic hypercalcemia.
      PubDate: 2019-02-01
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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