Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8359 journals)
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MEDICAL SCIENCES (2268 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 201 - 400 of 3562 Journals sorted alphabetically
Audiology - Communication Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Auris Nasus Larynx     Full-text available via subscription  
Australasian Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine (AJUM)     Hybrid Journal  
Australian Coeliac     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Journal of Medical Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Autopsy and Case Reports     Open Access  
Avicenna     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Avicenna Journal of Clinical Medicine     Open Access  
Avicenna Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bangladesh Journal of Bioethics     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Biochemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Medical Journal     Open Access  
Bangladesh Medical Journal Khulna     Open Access  
Basal Ganglia     Hybrid Journal  
Basic Sciences of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Batı Karadeniz Tıp Dergisi / Medical Journal of Western Black Sea     Open Access  
Baylor University Medical Center Proceedings     Hybrid Journal  
BBA Clinical     Open Access  
BC Medical Journal     Free  
Benha Medical Journal     Open Access  
Beni-Suef University Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Bijblijven     Hybrid Journal  
Bijzijn     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bijzijn XL     Hybrid Journal  
Bio-Algorithms and Med-Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
BioDiscovery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bioelectromagnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bioelectronic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bioengineering & Translational Medicine     Open Access  
Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Bioethics Research Notes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Biologics in Therapy     Open Access  
Biology of Sex Differences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biomarker Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Biomarkers in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
BioMed Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biomédica     Open Access  
Biomedical & Life Sciences Collection     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Biomedical and Biotechnology Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Biomedical Engineering and Computational Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Biomedical Engineering Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biomedical Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Biomedical Informatics Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Biomedical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Biomedical Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Biomedical Microdevices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Biomedical Optics Express     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Biomedical Photonics     Open Access  
Biomedical Reports     Full-text available via subscription  
Biomedical Research Reports     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Biomedical Safety & Standards     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Biomedical Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
BioMedicine     Open Access  
Biomedicine Hub     Open Access  
Biomedicines     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biomedika     Open Access  
Biomolecular and Health Science Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biophysics Reports     Open Access  
BioPsychoSocial Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Biosalud     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biostatistics & Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Birat Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BIRDEM Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Birth Defects Research     Hybrid Journal  
Birth Defects Research Part A : Clinical and Molecular Teratology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Birth Defects Research Part C : Embryo Today : Reviews     Hybrid Journal  
BJR|Open     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BJS Open     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Black Sea Journal of Health Science     Open Access  
BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Blickpunkt Medizin     Hybrid Journal  
BMC Biomedical Engineering     Open Access  
BMC Medical Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
BMC Medical Research Methodology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
BMC Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
BMC Obesity     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
BMC Proceedings     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BMC Research Notes     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation     Open Access   (Followers: 34)
BMH Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
BMI Journal : Bariátrica & Metabólica Iberoamericana     Open Access  
BMJ     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1750)
BMJ Case Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
BMJ Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
BMJ Innovations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
BMJ Leader     Hybrid Journal  
BMJ Open     Open Access   (Followers: 42)
BMJ Open Quality     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
BMJ Open Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BMJ Sexual & Reproductive Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
BMJ Surgery, Interventions, & Health Technologies     Open Access  
Bodine Journal     Open Access  
Boletín del Consejo Académico de Ética en Medicina     Open Access  
Boletín del ECEMC     Open Access  
Boletin Médico de Postgrado     Open Access  
Boletín Médico del Hospital Infantil de México     Open Access  
Bone     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Bone and Tissue Regeneration Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bone Marrow Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bone Reports     Open Access  
Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Bozok Tıp Dergisi / Bozok Medical Journal     Open Access  
Brachytherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Brain and Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Brain Connectivity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Brain Impairment     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access  
Brazilian Journal of Medicine and Human Health     Open Access  
Brazilian Journal of Pain (BrJP)     Open Access  
Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Breastfeeding Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
British Journal of Biomedical Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
British Journal of General Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 38)
British Journal of Hospital Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
British Medical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Buddhachinaraj Medical Journal     Open Access  
Bulletin Amades     Open Access  
Bulletin de la Société de pathologie exotique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Legal Medicine     Open Access  
Bulletin of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Bulletin of the History of Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic     Full-text available via subscription  
Bulletin of The Royal College of Surgeons of England     Free  
Bulletin of the Scientific Centre for Expert Evaluation of Medicinal Products     Open Access  
Bundesgesundheitsblatt - Gesundheitsforschung - Gesundheitsschutz     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Burapha Journal of Medicine     Open Access  
Burns     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Cadernos de Naturologia e Terapias Complementares     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Calcified Tissue International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Bulletin of Medical History     Hybrid Journal  
Canadian Family Physician     Partially Free   (Followers: 13)
Canadian Journal of Pain     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Journal of Rural Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Medical Association Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Canadian Medical Education Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Canadian Prosthetics & Orthotics Journal     Open Access  
Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiac Electrophysiology Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Care Management Journals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports     Open Access  
Case Reports in Acute Medicine     Open Access  
Case Reports in Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Case Reports in Clinical Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Case Reports in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Reports in Transplantation     Open Access  
Case Reports in Vascular Medicine     Open Access  
Case Reports in Women's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Case Study and Case Report     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
CBU International Conference Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cell & Bioscience     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cell Adhesion & Migration     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Cell and Molecular Response to Stress     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Cell and Tissue Transplantation and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cell Cycle     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Cell Death and Differentiation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Cell Death Discovery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cell Health and Cytoskeleton     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cell Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cell Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Cell Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
CEN Case Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Central African Journal of Medicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Ceylon Journal of Medical Science     Open Access  
Ceylon Medical Journal     Open Access  
Chattagram Maa-O-Shishu Hospital Medical College Journal     Open Access  
Chiang Mai Medical Journal     Open Access  
ChiangRai Medical Journal     Open Access  
Chimerism     Full-text available via subscription  
Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Chinese Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Chinese Medical Record English Edition     Hybrid Journal  
Chinese Medical Sciences Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Chisholm Health Ethics Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Christian Journal for Global Health     Open Access  
Chronic Diseases and Translational Medicine     Open Access  
Chronic Illness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Chronic Wound Care Management and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Chronobiology International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
ChronoPhysiology and Therapy     Open Access  
Chulalongkorn Medical Bulletin     Open Access  
Chulalongkorn Medical Journal     Open Access  
Ciencia e Innovación en Salud     Open Access  
Ciencia e Investigación Medico Estudiantil Latinoamericana     Open Access  
Ciencias Clínicas     Open Access  

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Journal Cover
Biologics in Therapy
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2195-5840 - ISSN (Online) 2190-9164
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2570 journals]
  • Publisher’s Note

    • Authors: Helen Fowler
      Pages: 1 - 2
      PubDate: 2015-11-23
      DOI: 10.1007/s13554-015-0021-0
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1-2 (2015)
  • One-Year Data from a Long-Term Phase IV Study of Recombinant Human Growth
           Hormone in Short Children Born Small for Gestational Age

    • Authors: Hans-Peter Schwarz; Dorota Birkholz-Walerzak; Mieczyslaw Szalecki; Mieczyslaw Walczak; Corina Galesanu; David Metreveli; Jasmin Khan-Boluki; Ellen Schuck
      Pages: 1 - 13
      Abstract: Background This prospective, open-label, non-comparative, multicentre, long-term phase IV study is examining the efficacy and safety of somatropin [recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH)] in short children born small for gestational age (SGA) and its impact on the incidence of diabetes. This report is the first interim analysis of patients who have completed 1 year of treatment. Methods A total of 278 pre-pubertal patients were enrolled. Key eligibility criteria included height standard deviation score (HSDS) <−2.5; parental adjusted SDS <−1; birth weight and/or length <−2 SD and failure to show catch-up growth by ≥4 years of age. Patients were treated with rhGH 0.035 mg/kg/day. The primary objective was to evaluate the long-term effect of rhGH on carbohydrate metabolism [including fasting glucose, stimulated glucose (2-h oral glucose tolerance test, OGTT) and glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c)]. Secondary objectives included evaluation of height parameters [body height, HSDS, height velocity (HV), HVSDS]; insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-I) and insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 3 (IGFBP-3) serum levels during treatment; and incidence and severity of adverse events (AEs). Results None of the children developed diabetes mellitus within the first year of treatment. Mean levels of fasting glucose, HbA1c and 2-h OGTT values remained stable during the study period. Treatment with rhGH was effective, as documented by all height parameters. Mean HSDS improved from −3.39 at baseline to −2.57 at Year 1. Mean HV increased markedly from 4.25 cm/year at baseline to 8.99 cm/year during the first year. Similarly, mean peak-centred HVSDS increased from −2.13 at baseline to +4.16 at Year 1. Mean IGF-I SDS and IGFBP-3 SDS also increased within the first year (by +1.80 and +0.41, respectively). 13 patients (4.7%) did not respond adequately to treatment (HVSDS <1); they were withdrawn from the study. In total, 192 children (69.3%) experienced treatment-emergent AEs; most (98.7%) were mild-to-moderate, and the majority (96.5%) were unrelated to study treatment. Conclusion This interim analysis shows that short children born SGA can be effectively and safely treated with rhGH and that rhGH treatment has no major impact on carbohydrate metabolism after the first year of treatment.
      PubDate: 2014-01-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s13554-014-0014-4
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1-2 (2014)
  • Isoagglutinin Reduction in Human Immunoglobulin Products by Donor

    • Authors: Brigitte Siani; Katharina Willimann; Sandra Wymann; Adriano A. Marques; Eleonora Widmer
      Pages: 15 - 26
      Abstract: Introduction Hemolysis is considered a class effect and a rare adverse event that can occur following therapy with human normal immunoglobulin for intravenous administration [i.e., intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG)]. Anti-A/B isoagglutinins (also referred to as isohemagglutinins) originating from donor plasma are present in polyvalent immunoglobulin G (IgG) products and are considered a probable risk factor for hemolysis. We hypothesized that, by excluding plasma from donors with high isoagglutinin titers, the final IVIG product would have a meaningful reduction in anti-A/B isoagglutinin titers. Methods A method for screening donor plasma for anti-A isoagglutinins using an automated indirect agglutination test (IAT) was developed. A cut-off for donor plasma exclusion was defined. Industry-scale donor plasma pools and final IVIG product were prepared according to the manufacturing process of Privigen® (CSL Behring, Berne, Switzerland; human 10% liquid IVIG). Anti-A/B isoagglutinin content in pooled plasma and final IVIG product was measured by IAT, direct agglutination test, and a flow cytometry-based assay [fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) anti-A]. Results Screening of plasma from 705 donors identified 48 (6.8%) donors with high anti-A isoagglutinin titers in plasma (IAT agglutination score ≥2+ in a 1:200 pre-dilution). Exclusion of plasma from these donors resulted in a one-titer-step reduction of anti-A isoagglutinin in pooled plasma, confirmed by a twofold anti-A isoagglutinin concentration reduction measured by FACS anti-A (1,352 vs. 2,467 µg/g IgG). When the same screening and exclusion were applied to industrial-scale plasma pools (resulting in the exclusion of plasma from 5% of donors), anti-A isoagglutinins were reduced by one titer step in the final IVIG product. Anti-B isoagglutinins were also reduced by one titer step, as many donors with high anti-A isoagglutinins also have high anti-B. Conclusion Reduction of anti-A/B isoagglutinin titers in IVIG products on an industrial scale is feasible through implementation of anti-A donor screening, which may reduce the risk of hemolysis following IVIG therapy.
      PubDate: 2014-05-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s13554-014-0016-2
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1-2 (2014)
  • Switching to Omnitrope® from Other Recombinant Human Growth Hormone
           Therapies: A Retrospective Study in an Integrated Healthcare System

    • Authors: Nazia Rashid; Paul Saenger; Yi-Lin Wu; Heike Woehling; Matthew Frankel; Fima Lifshitz; Michael Muenzberg; Robert Rapaport
      Pages: 27 - 39
      Abstract: Introduction This study was conducted using an integrated retrospective database to evaluate the effectiveness of Omnitrope® (Sandoz) on children with growth hormone deficiency (GHD), idiopathic short stature (ISS), and Turner Syndrome (TS) who switched from a non-Omnitrope recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) preparation during routine clinical care. Methods This was a retrospective study which identified patients with GHD, ISS, and TS during the study time period of January 1, 2006 and July 31, 2011. Patients were included if they switched to Omnitrope from another non-Omnitrope rhGH therapy during the study time period, were <18 years of age at time of switch, and on a prior rhGH therapy for at least 15 months pre-switch and on Omnitrope for 15 months post-switch. Auxological parameters (height, height standard deviation score [HSDS], height velocity [HV], and height velocity standard deviation score [HVSDS]) were evaluated during post-switch. Results One hundred and three patients were identified: GHD (n = 57), ISS (n = 26), and TS (n = 20). There was continuous growth in height for all 103 patients with an average rate of 6.52 cm over the 15-month post-switch period. Patients with GHD grew an average rate of 6.30 cm, patients with ISS grew an average rate of 6.58 cm, and patients with TS grew an average rate of 6.52 cm over the 15-month post-switch period. The average rate of HSDS was increased by 0.04 for all patients. The HV and HVSDS demonstrated the expected decline with advancing age and prolonged duration of treatment. Conclusions The growth trajectories of rhGH-treated patients were not negatively impacted by switching to Omnitrope and growth rates remained as expected prior to the switch.
      PubDate: 2014-08-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s13554-014-0017-1
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1-2 (2014)
  • Enhancing Patient Flexibility of Subcutaneous Immunoglobulin G Dosing:
           Pharmacokinetic Outcomes of Various Maintenance and Loading Regimens in
           the Treatment of Primary Immunodeficiency

    • Authors: Jagdev Sidhu; Mikhail Rojavin; Marc Pfister; Jonathan Edelman
      Pages: 41 - 55
      Abstract: Introduction Standard treatment for patients with primary immunodeficiency (PID) is monthly intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG), or weekly/biweekly subcutaneous immunoglobulin (SCIG) infusion. We used population pharmacokinetic modeling to predict immunoglobulin G (IgG) exposure following a broad range of SCIG dosing regimens for initiation and maintenance therapy in patients with PID. Methods Simulations of SCIG dosing were performed to predict IgG concentration–time profiles and exposure metrics [steady-state area under the IgG concentration–time curve (AUC), IgG peak concentration (C max), and IgG trough concentration (C min) ratios] for various infusion regimens. Results The equivalent of a weekly SCIG maintenance dose administered one, two, three, five, or seven times per week, or biweekly produced overlapping steady-state concentration–time profiles and similar AUC, C max, and C min values [95% confidence interval (CI) for ratios was 0.98–1.03, 0.95–1.09, and 0.92–1.08, respectively]. Administration every 3 or 4 weeks resulted in higher peaks and lower troughs; the 95% CI of the AUC, C max, and C min ratios was 0.97–1.04, 1.07–1.26, and 0.86–0.95, respectively. IgG levels >7 g/L were reached within 1 week using a loading dose regimen in which the weekly maintenance dose was administered five times in the first week of treatment. In patients with very low endogenous IgG levels, administering 1.5 times the weekly maintenance dose five times in the first week of treatment resulted in a similar response. Conclusions The same total weekly SCIG dose can be administered at different intervals, from daily to biweekly, with minimal impact on serum IgG levels. Several SCIG loading regimens rapidly achieve adequate serum IgG levels in treatment-naïve patients.
      PubDate: 2014-08-14
      DOI: 10.1007/s13554-014-0018-0
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1-2 (2014)
  • Healthcare Resource Utilization in Patients Receiving Omalizumab for
           Allergic Asthma in a Real-World Setting

    • Authors: Gert-Jan Braunstahl; Janice Canvin; Guy Peachey; Chien-Wei Chen; Panayiotis Georgiou
      Pages: 57 - 67
      Abstract: Introduction Inadequately controlled asthma is associated with increased healthcare resource utilization. The eXpeRience registry was initiated to evaluate real-world outcomes in patients receiving omalizumab for uncontrolled persistent allergic asthma. The current analysis of data from the eXpeRience registry focuses on healthcare resource utilization and on absences from work or school. Methods The eXpeRience was a 2-year, multinational, non-interventional, observational registry conducted to investigate real-world outcomes among patients receiving omalizumab in accordance with country-specific prescribing criteria for the treatment of uncontrolled persistent allergic asthma. Asthma-related healthcare resource utilization (hospitalizations, emergency room visits or unscheduled-asthma-related doctor visits or interventions) and absences from work or school were assessed pre-treatment (12-month data were collected retrospectively at baseline) and at months 12 and 24 after the initiation of omalizumab treatment. Serious adverse event (SAE) data were also assessed. Results A total of 943 patients (mean age 45 years; female 65%) were enrolled in the registry. Overall, the mean (standard deviation [SD]) number of asthma-related medical healthcare uses per patient decreased from 6.2 (6.97) during the pre-treatment period to 1.0 (1.96) and 0.5 (1.28) at months 12 and 24, respectively. The mean (SD) number of work or school days missed due to asthma was also lower at months 12 (3.5 [17.28] and 1.6 [4.28], respectively) and 24 (1.0 [4.66] and 1.9 [5.46], respectively) compared with the pre-treatment period (26.4 [49.61] and 20.7 [27.49], respectively). The nature and frequency of SAEs in the eXpeRience registry were comparable to that seen in interventional clinical trials with omalizumab. Conclusion The results of the eXpeRience registry indicate that omalizumab is associated with reductions in healthcare utilization, and in the number of days of absence from work or school, in patients with uncontrolled persistent allergic asthma in the real-world setting. Funding Novartis Pharma AG, Basel, Switzerland.
      PubDate: 2014-11-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s13554-014-0019-z
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1-2 (2014)
  • To the Editor; A Commentary on “Switching From Originator to Biosimilar
           Human Growth Hormone Using a Dialogue Teamwork: Single-Center Experience
           From Sweden”

    • Authors: Mats Ekelund; Christopher Bidad; Roy Gomez
      Pages: 69 - 71
      PubDate: 2014-04-23
      DOI: 10.1007/s13554-014-0015-3
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1-2 (2014)
  • Weekly Teriparatide for Delayed Unions of Atypical Subtrochanteric Femur

    • Authors: Fumio Fukuda; Naoaki Kurinomaru; Akihiko Hijioka
      Pages: 73 - 79
      Abstract: Introduction The occurrence of atypical femur fractures (AFFs) in patients on prolonged bisphosphonate treatment has been gaining medical attention, but the use of pharmacotherapy for these fractures has not been explored in detail. The authors describe a case of AFFs successfully treated with once-weekly administration of 56.5 μg teriparatide (TPTD). Case Presentation The patient was a 74-year-old female patient who had been taking alendronate for approximately 6 years and who suffered with a fall while walking. X-rays revealed a subtrochanteric right femur fracture. The contralateral femur showed cortical thickening and a transverse radiolucent fracture line. Based on these specific features, the patient was diagnosed with AFF. The patient underwent osteosynthesis with intramedullary nailing for the right fracture. Alendronate treatment was discontinued. Low-intensity pulsed ultrasonography therapy did not affect the healing of the fracture with delayed union, even after 3 months of application. Prophylactic osteosynthesis was performed for the subtrochanteric left femur. Bone tissue collected from the left fracture site during surgery showed severe suppression of bone turnover. Union of bilateral femurs was achieved after 3 months of a once-weekly administration of TPTD. Conclusion Once-weekly TPTD treatment is shown to be beneficial for improving the healing of AFFs showing delayed union.
      PubDate: 2014-01-29
      DOI: 10.1007/s13554-014-0013-5
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1-2 (2014)
  • Erratum to: Switching to Omnitrope ® from Other Recombinant Human Growth
           Hormone Therapies: A Retrospective Study in an Integrated Healthcare

    • Authors: Nazia Rashid; Paul Saenger; Yi-Lin Wu; Heike Woehling; Matthew Frankel; Fima Lifshitz; Michael Muenzberg; Robert Rapaport
      Pages: 81 - 81
      PubDate: 2014-11-19
      DOI: 10.1007/s13554-014-0020-6
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1-2 (2014)
  • The Role of Biological and Small Molecule Therapy in the Management of
           Psoriatic Arthritis

    • Authors: Laura J. Savage; Dennis G. McGonagle
      Pages: 61 - 81
      Abstract: Abstract The therapy of psoriatic arthritis (PsA) has blossomed in the past decade. Inhibition of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) has been at the fore of this approach and has paved the way for the investigation of many other potential pro-inflammatory and signaling pathways. Most of the initial studies of TNF inhibitors in PsA have been conducted in specific populations, largely focusing on those with established, peripheral joint disease. That said, in excess of 10 years’ worth of real world clinical experience has led to increased confidence in the wider use of these agents. We are now faced with an exciting time of discovery of many new molecules; these not only include new, large protein biological agents, but also smaller synthetic chemical molecules, many of which can be administered orally. Those currently under development are discussed within this article. Whilst there is scarce data about their real world efficacy and safety profile, it is evident that the therapeutic armamentarium for treating PsA will greatly increase in the foreseeable future and this is anticipated to improve patient outcomes.
      PubDate: 2013-07-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s13554-013-0010-0
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 2 (2013)
  • Golimumab: A Novel Anti-Tumor Necrosis Factor

    • Authors: Maurizio Rossini; Salvatore De Vita; Clodoveo Ferri; Marcello Govoni; Giuseppe Paolazzi; Carlo Salvarani; Silvano Adami
      Pages: 83 - 107
      Abstract: Abstract Rheumatoid arthritis (RA), psoriatic arthritis (PsA), and ankylosing spondylitis (AS) are chronic immune-mediated rheumatic diseases that cause joint destruction and/or ankylosis, with resulting disability and diminished quality of life. Golimumab is the first human monoclonal antibody to tumor necrosis factor (TNF) administered monthly by subcutaneous injection. It is approved by the US Food and Drug Administration and by the European Medicines Agency for the treatment of RA, PsA, and AS. It is produced by a murine hybridoma cell line with innovative recombinant DNA technology, which minimizes immunogenicity of the antibody after injection. This paper reviews the main studies on the efficacy and safety of golimumab in these disease settings, illustrates the latest clinical updates, and analyzes the pharmacoeconomic aspects. Golimumab is effective in improving the physical function of patients in both the short and long term, and its safety profile is in keeping with that of other anti-TNF agents; the use of golimumab is cost-effective, simple, and convenient for the patient.
      PubDate: 2013-12-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s13554-013-0012-y
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 2 (2013)
  • Pediatric Ulcerative Colitis: The Therapeutic Road to Infliximab

    • Authors: Pamela R. Puthoor; Edwin F. de Zoeten
      Pages: 1 - 14
      Abstract: Abstract Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease that has significant morbidities in the pediatric population. Goals of medical therapy include induction and maintenance of remission while preserving the colon and it’s function, while minimizing the risk of treatment related morbidities. For those children who do not respond to initial therapies and progress to develop moderately-to-severely active UC, there has been a dearth of available treatments to help induce remission, necessitating long-term corticosteroid usage, with associated comorbidities of chronic steroid treatment. Significant advances have been made in medical management, including the use of biologic therapies, specifically anti-tumor necrosis factor-α monoclonal antibodies. With the Food and Drug Administration’s recent approval of the use of infliximab, a chimeric anti-tumor necrosis factor-α antibody, for children ≥6 years of age with moderately-to-severely active UC, care providers now have a new treatment regimen to offer this pediatric population.
      PubDate: 2013-01-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13554-012-0006-1
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2013)
  • Brentuximab Vedotin in CD30+ Lymphomas

    • Authors: Guilherme Fleury Perini; Barbara Pro
      Pages: 15 - 23
      Abstract: Abstract Monoclonal antibodies (mAb) have become an effective treatment strategy for hematologic malignancies. CD30 is a rational target for therapy due to its limited expression on normal tissues and the strong and uniform expression on malignant cells in classical Hodgkin’s lymphoma (cHL) and anaplastic large-cell lymphoma (ALCL). Brentuximab vedotin, an anti-CD30 antibody-drug conjugate, utilizes the targeting properties of mAb to deliver a cytotoxic agent inside the malignant cell. Brentuximab vedotin has significant clinical activity in patients with relapsed or refractory cHL and relapsed or refractory ALCL, and has the potential to represent a significant advance in modern oncology.
      PubDate: 2013-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13554-013-0008-7
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2013)
  • Current and Novel Treatment Options for Metastatic Colorectal Cancer:
           Emphasis on Aflibercept

    • Authors: Maria H. P. Dietvorst; Ferry A. L. M. Eskens
      Pages: 25 - 33
      Abstract: Abstract Worldwide, colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most frequently diagnosed cancer in men and the second in women. Metastatic disease develops in more than half of the patients and carries a poor prognosis. Over the past three decades, significant advances have been made in the treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). The development of new cytotoxic agents and the incorporation of target-specific agents in first-, second-, third-, and nowadays even fourth-line treatment has prolonged median overall survival up to 24–28 months. However, 5-year survival rates remain disappointingly low. This review summarizes the currently available cytotoxic treatment options for mCRC, and highlights the further emerging role of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-inhibiting strategies, emphasizing the role of aflibercept. Aflibercept is a recombinant fusion protein with high VEGF affinity, and is the second antiangiogenic agent to obtain registration in the treatment of mCRC.
      PubDate: 2013-02-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s13554-013-0009-6
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2013)
  • Switching From Originator to Biosimilar Human Growth Hormone Using
           Dialogue Teamwork: Single-Center Experience From Sweden

    • Authors: Carl-Erik Flodmark; Katarina Lilja; Heike Woehling; Kajsa Järvholm
      Pages: 35 - 43
      Abstract: Introduction A new treatment plan was implemented at Skåne University Hospital, on economic grounds, for children requiring recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) treatment. This involved switching patients from treatment with originator rhGHs to treatment with a biosimilar rhGH, somatropin (Omnitrope®), using a Dialogue Teamwork approach. The feasibility of using this approach to implement the switch of treatment was assessed, as well as the impact of the switch on treatment efficacy and cost of therapy. Methods As part of the Dialogue Teamwork approach, patients/parents received several opportunities for dialogue and sources of information, including discussions with the Head of Department, the responsible physician and a specialized endocrinology nurse. Height and height standard deviation score (HSDS) data were plotted for each individual patient (N = 98). A modeling approach was also used, to predict growth after switching to biosimilar rhGH; the predictions were then compared to the actual observed height after the switch. Costs to the clinic of rhGH therapy were calculated between May–August 2009 and May–August 2012. Results Of the 102 patients offered the switch, 98 accepted. Height and HSDS data indicated there was no negative impact on growth velocity after the switch to biosimilar rhGH. Modeling demonstrated that observed growth following the switch was consistent with predicted growth based on data before patients were switched. There were no reports of serious or unexpected adverse drug reactions following the switch to biosimilar rhGH. Following the switch, the cost to the clinic of rhGH treatment decreased from approximately 6 million SEK (May–August 2009) to approximately 4 million SEK (May–August 2012). This corresponds to an annual saving of 6 million SEK (€650,000). Conclusion Patients were successfully switched from originator to biosimilar rhGH (somatropin), with no negative impact on growth, and no serious or unexpected adverse drug reactions. The switch from originator to biosimilar rhGH is associated with substantial cost savings.
      PubDate: 2013-05-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s13554-013-0011-z
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2013)
  • Cost-Effectiveness of Infliximab for the Treatment of Acute Exacerbations
           of Ulcerative Colitis in the Netherlands

    • Authors: Mohammad A. Chaudhary; Tao Fan
      Pages: 45 - 60
      Abstract: Introduction Infliximab is registered for the treatment of moderate-to-severe active ulcerative colitis (UC) adult patients who have had an inadequate response, or are intolerant, or have medical contraindications to therapy including corticosteroids and 5-aminosalicylates or thiopurines (6-mercaptopurine [6-MP] or azathioprine [AZA]). The authors estimate the costs and effects and evaluate the cost-effectiveness of infliximab at the licensed dose of 5 mg/kg versus cyclosporine or surgery for the treatment of adult Dutch patients hospitalized with acute exacerbations of UC, refractory to intravenous steroids. Method An existing decision analytical model was updated to simulate disease progression of hospitalized UC patients in the Netherlands, refractory to intravenous corticosteroids, and to estimate the costs and benefits associated with infliximab compared to cyclosporine and surgery over a 1-year time horizon. Colectomy rates were derived from infliximab and cyclosporine randomized trials and synthesized using multiple treatment comparison methods. The utility estimates associated with health states of ulcerative colitis patients were obtained from the literature. Resource use and drug use frequencies as well as unit costs were obtained from Dutch sources. The primary effectiveness measure used in the analysis was quality-adjusted life years (QALYs). Results For a typical UC patient with body weight of 70 kg, the costs of treatment with infliximab, cyclosporine, and surgery over a 1-year treatment period were €17,062, €14,784, €13,979, respectively. The associated numbers of QALYs were 0.80, 0.70, and 0.58 for infliximab, cyclosporine, and surgery respectively. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio for infliximab was €24,277 per QALY gained compared to cyclosporine, and €14,639 per QALY gained compared to surgery. Conclusions Infliximab induction regimen appears to be a cost-effective treatment option in comparison to cyclosporine and surgery for hospitalized patients with acute exacerbations of UC, refractory to intravenous corticosteroids in the Netherlands.
      PubDate: 2012-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13554-012-0007-0
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2012)
  • Axitinib in Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

    • Authors: Kriti Mittal; Laura S. Wood; Brian I. Rini
      Abstract: Abstract Targeted agents have revolutionized the management of metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Axitinib, an inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR), has been an important addition to currently available therapies for advanced RCC. Its ability to inhibit VEGFRs at nanomolar concentrations distinguishes it as a potent tyrosine kinase inhibitor, with increased selectivity for VEGFR-1, 2, and 3 at clinically applicable concentrations. The phase 3 AXIS trial has established its superiority in prolonging progression-free survival (PFS) in previously treated RCC patients (median PFS 6.7 months for axitinib vs. 4.7 months for sorafenib). Common toxicities of axitinib include hypertension, diarrhea, nausea, hand-foot syndrome, fatigue, and hypothyroidism. Axitinib-induced diastolic blood pressure elevation may be associated with improved clinical outcome, likely reflecting the “on-target” effect of axitinib. Dose escalation to achieve therapeutic plasma drug levels is of considerable clinical interest. Although axitinib has established efficacy in patients treated with one previous agent, its use in the frontline setting is currently the subject of ongoing research.
      PubDate: 2012-10-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s13554-012-0005-2
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 1 (2012)
  • Erratum to: Human Plasma-Derived, Nanofiltered C1-Inhibitor Concentrate
           (Cinryze®), a Novel Therapeutic Alternative for the Management of
           Hereditary Angioedema Resulting From C1-Inhibitor Deficiency

    • Authors: Henriette Farkas; Lilian Varga
      PubDate: 2012-06-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s13554-012-0004-3
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 1 (2012)
  • Aflibercept: a Potent Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Antagonist for
           Neovascular Age-Related Macular Degeneration and Other Retinal Vascular

    • Authors: Raafay Sophie; Abeer Akhtar; Yasir J. Sepah; Mohamed Ibrahim; Millena Bittencourt; Diana V. Do; Quan Dong Nguyen
      Abstract: Introduction In the western hemisphere, age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of visual loss in the elderly. Currently approved therapies for AMD include argon laser, photodynamic therapy, and antivascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) therapy. The index review discusses aflibercept (VEGF Trap-Eye) in the context of current anti-VEGF therapies for neovascular AMD and other retinal vascular diseases. It highlights important differences between VEGF Trap-Eye and currently used anti-VEGF therapies for neovascular AMD; and discusses the efficacy of these treatments utilizing information from landmark clinical trials. Methods A systematic search of literature was conducted on PubMed, Science Direct, and Scopus with no limitations of language or years of publication. Results Preclinical studies have shown that VEGF Trap-Eye binds to VEGF-A with a higher affinity than other anti-VEGF molecules; and that it also binds to placental growth factor (PlGF). In clinical trials, VEGF Trap-Eye has been shown to be as effective in the treatment of neovascular AMD as other anti-VEGF therapies and possibly to have a longer duration of drug activity. Conclusion VEGF Trap-Eye has enhanced the treatment options currently available for the management of neovascular AMD. The comparable efficacy of VEGF Trap-Eye (to other anti-VEGF agents) coupled with its longer dosing interval may decrease the number of annual office visits for patients with AMD and their caregivers.
      PubDate: 2012-05-29
      DOI: 10.1007/s13554-012-0003-4
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 1 (2012)
  • Human Plasma-Derived, Nanofiltered, C1-Inhibitor Concentrate (Cinryze®),
           a Novel Therapeutic Alternative for the Management of Hereditary
           Angioedema Resulting from C1-Inhibitor Deficiency

    • Authors: Henriette Farkas; Lilian Varga
      Abstract: Abstract Hereditary angioedema resulting from the deficiency of the C1 inhibitor (HAE-C1-INH) is a rare, but potentially life-threatening disorder characterized by paroxysmal episodes of subcutaneous or submucosal edema. Early diagnosis is essential. Management is aimed at the prompt elimination of full-fledged attacks, as well as at the prevention of edematous episodes. The most straightforward means for therapy is supplementation with the deficient C1-INH protein. Placebo-controlled and open clinical studies have established that nanofiltered, human C1-INH concentrate, Cinryze® (ViroPharma Inc., Exton, PA, USA) (C1-INHCi), administered in 1,000 U doses is an effective and safe remedy for edematous episodes of HAE-C1-INH, regardless of the localization of the attack. Clinical manifestations rapidly improve and then resolve completely following treatment with this medicinal product. Additionally, C1-INHCi is also appropriate for pre-procedural or for routine prophylaxis. The administration of 1,000 U C1-INHCi before the (dental, surgical, or interventional diagnostic) procedure reduced the incidence of edematous episodes compared with placebo, and this reduction proved significant during routine prophylaxis with the administration of this dose every 3–4 days. Relapses did not occur, and repeated dosing had no influence on the efficacy of the preparation. Patients also tolerated treatment with C1-INHCi well. The safety of this preparation was confirmed by the absence of viral transmission as well as by the lack of antibody formation against C1-INH during treatment. Nowadays, C1-INHCi for intravenous use is the only medicinal product indicated both for the prevention and management of edematous attacks.
      PubDate: 2012-05-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s13554-012-0002-5
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 1 (2012)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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