Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8359 journals)
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MEDICAL SCIENCES (2268 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 201 - 400 of 3562 Journals sorted alphabetically
Audiology - Communication Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Auris Nasus Larynx     Full-text available via subscription  
Australasian Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine (AJUM)     Hybrid Journal  
Australian Coeliac     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Journal of Medical Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Autopsy and Case Reports     Open Access  
Avicenna     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Avicenna Journal of Clinical Medicine     Open Access  
Avicenna Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bangladesh Journal of Bioethics     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Biochemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Medical Journal     Open Access  
Bangladesh Medical Journal Khulna     Open Access  
Basal Ganglia     Hybrid Journal  
Basic Sciences of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Batı Karadeniz Tıp Dergisi / Medical Journal of Western Black Sea     Open Access  
Baylor University Medical Center Proceedings     Hybrid Journal  
BBA Clinical     Open Access  
BC Medical Journal     Free  
Benha Medical Journal     Open Access  
Beni-Suef University Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Bijblijven     Hybrid Journal  
Bijzijn     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bijzijn XL     Hybrid Journal  
Bio-Algorithms and Med-Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
BioDiscovery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bioelectromagnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bioelectronic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bioengineering & Translational Medicine     Open Access  
Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Bioethics Research Notes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Biologics in Therapy     Open Access  
Biology of Sex Differences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biomarker Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Biomarkers in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
BioMed Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biomédica     Open Access  
Biomedical & Life Sciences Collection     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Biomedical and Biotechnology Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Biomedical Engineering and Computational Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Biomedical Engineering Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biomedical Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Biomedical Informatics Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Biomedical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Biomedical Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Biomedical Microdevices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Biomedical Optics Express     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Biomedical Photonics     Open Access  
Biomedical Reports     Full-text available via subscription  
Biomedical Research Reports     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Biomedical Safety & Standards     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Biomedical Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
BioMedicine     Open Access  
Biomedicine Hub     Open Access  
Biomedicines     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biomedika     Open Access  
Biomolecular and Health Science Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biophysics Reports     Open Access  
BioPsychoSocial Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Biosalud     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biostatistics & Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Birat Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BIRDEM Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Birth Defects Research     Hybrid Journal  
Birth Defects Research Part A : Clinical and Molecular Teratology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Birth Defects Research Part C : Embryo Today : Reviews     Hybrid Journal  
BJR|Open     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BJS Open     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Black Sea Journal of Health Science     Open Access  
BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Blickpunkt Medizin     Hybrid Journal  
BMC Biomedical Engineering     Open Access  
BMC Medical Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
BMC Medical Research Methodology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
BMC Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
BMC Obesity     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
BMC Proceedings     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BMC Research Notes     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation     Open Access   (Followers: 34)
BMH Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
BMI Journal : Bariátrica & Metabólica Iberoamericana     Open Access  
BMJ     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1750)
BMJ Case Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
BMJ Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
BMJ Innovations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
BMJ Leader     Hybrid Journal  
BMJ Open     Open Access   (Followers: 42)
BMJ Open Quality     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
BMJ Open Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BMJ Sexual & Reproductive Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
BMJ Surgery, Interventions, & Health Technologies     Open Access  
Bodine Journal     Open Access  
Boletín del Consejo Académico de Ética en Medicina     Open Access  
Boletín del ECEMC     Open Access  
Boletin Médico de Postgrado     Open Access  
Boletín Médico del Hospital Infantil de México     Open Access  
Bone     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Bone and Tissue Regeneration Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bone Marrow Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bone Reports     Open Access  
Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Bozok Tıp Dergisi / Bozok Medical Journal     Open Access  
Brachytherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Brain and Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Brain Connectivity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Brain Impairment     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access  
Brazilian Journal of Medicine and Human Health     Open Access  
Brazilian Journal of Pain (BrJP)     Open Access  
Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Breastfeeding Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
British Journal of Biomedical Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
British Journal of General Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 38)
British Journal of Hospital Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
British Medical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Buddhachinaraj Medical Journal     Open Access  
Bulletin Amades     Open Access  
Bulletin de la Société de pathologie exotique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Legal Medicine     Open Access  
Bulletin of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Bulletin of the History of Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic     Full-text available via subscription  
Bulletin of The Royal College of Surgeons of England     Free  
Bulletin of the Scientific Centre for Expert Evaluation of Medicinal Products     Open Access  
Bundesgesundheitsblatt - Gesundheitsforschung - Gesundheitsschutz     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Burapha Journal of Medicine     Open Access  
Burns     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Cadernos de Naturologia e Terapias Complementares     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Calcified Tissue International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Bulletin of Medical History     Hybrid Journal  
Canadian Family Physician     Partially Free   (Followers: 13)
Canadian Journal of Pain     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Journal of Rural Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Medical Association Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Canadian Medical Education Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Canadian Prosthetics & Orthotics Journal     Open Access  
Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiac Electrophysiology Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Care Management Journals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports     Open Access  
Case Reports in Acute Medicine     Open Access  
Case Reports in Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Case Reports in Clinical Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Case Reports in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Reports in Transplantation     Open Access  
Case Reports in Vascular Medicine     Open Access  
Case Reports in Women's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Case Study and Case Report     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
CBU International Conference Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cell & Bioscience     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cell Adhesion & Migration     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Cell and Molecular Response to Stress     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Cell and Tissue Transplantation and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cell Cycle     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Cell Death and Differentiation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Cell Death Discovery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cell Health and Cytoskeleton     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cell Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cell Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Cell Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
CEN Case Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Central African Journal of Medicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Ceylon Journal of Medical Science     Open Access  
Ceylon Medical Journal     Open Access  
Chattagram Maa-O-Shishu Hospital Medical College Journal     Open Access  
Chiang Mai Medical Journal     Open Access  
ChiangRai Medical Journal     Open Access  
Chimerism     Full-text available via subscription  
Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Chinese Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Chinese Medical Record English Edition     Hybrid Journal  
Chinese Medical Sciences Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Chisholm Health Ethics Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Christian Journal for Global Health     Open Access  
Chronic Diseases and Translational Medicine     Open Access  
Chronic Illness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Chronic Wound Care Management and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Chronobiology International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
ChronoPhysiology and Therapy     Open Access  
Chulalongkorn Medical Bulletin     Open Access  
Chulalongkorn Medical Journal     Open Access  
Ciencia e Innovación en Salud     Open Access  
Ciencia e Investigación Medico Estudiantil Latinoamericana     Open Access  
Ciencias Clínicas     Open Access  

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Journal Cover
Chinese Medical Journal
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.52
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 10  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0366-6999 - ISSN (Online) 2542-5641
Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [425 journals]
  • Short-term therapeutic outcomes of robotic-assisted laparoscopic radical
           prostatectomy for oligometastatic prostate cancer: a propensity score
           matching study

    • Authors: Chen; Huan; Qu, Min; Lian, Bi-Jun; Wang, Hai-Feng; Wang, Yan; Dong, Zhen-Yang; Zhu, Feng; Shi, Zhen-Kai; Jia, Ze-Peng; Sun, Ying-Hao; Gao, Xu
      Abstract: imageBackground The role of local treatment in oligometastatic prostate cancer (PCa) is gaining interest with the oligometastases hypothesis proposed and the improvement of various surgical methods and techniques. This study aimed to compare the short-term therapeutic outcomes of robotic-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALP) for oligometastatic prostate cancer (OPC) vs. localized PCa using propensity score matching.Methods Totally 508 consecutive patients underwent RALP as a first-line treatment. The patients were divided into two groups according to oligometastatic state: the OPC group (n = 41) or the localized PCa group (n = 467). Oligometastatic disease was defined as the presence of two or fewer suspicious lesions. The association between the oligometastatic state and therapeutic outcomes of RALP was evaluated, including biochemical recurrence (BCR) and overall survival (OS). A Cox proportional hazards model was used to assess the possible risk factors for BCR.Results Totally 41 pairs of patients were matched. The median operative time, the median blood loss, the overall positive surgical margin rate, the median post-operative hospital stays, and the post-operative urinary continence recovery rate between the two groups showed no statistical significance. The 4-year BCR survival rates of the OPC group and localized PCa group were 56.7% and 60.8%, respectively, without a significant difference (P = 0.804). The 5-year OS rates were 96.3% and 100%, respectively (P = 0.326). Additionally, the results of Cox regression showed that oligometastatic state was not an independent risk factor for BCR (P = 0.682).Conclusions Our findings supported the safety and effectiveness of RALP in OPC. Additionally, oligometastatic state and sites did not have an adverse effect on BCR independently.
      PubDate: Mon, 20 Jan 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Initial experience with ablation of the innervation surrounding sinus and
           atrioventricular nodes to treat paroxysmal bradyarrhythmia

    • Authors: Lu; Chun-Shan; Guo, Cheng-Jun; Fang, Dong-Ping; Hao, Peng; He, Dong-Fang; Xu, Ai-Guo
      Abstract: imageBackground The symptomatic bradyarrhythmia is Class I indication for pacing therapy which is not a radical cure. The present study aimed to assess the feasibility and to present the initial results of the restricted ablation of the parasympathetic innervation surrounding sinus and atrioventricular (AV) nodes for treating patients with bradyarrhythmia.Methods A total of 13 patients with cardiogenic syncope were included from May 2008 to June 2015. Under the guidance of fluoroscopy and /or three-dimensional geometry by 64-slice spiral computed tomography, atrial activation sequence in sinus rhythm was mapped. Chamber geometry was reconstructed manually or automatically using the Niobe II magnetic navigation system integrated with the CARTO-remote magnetic technology (RMT) system. Cardioneuroablation was targeted at the high-amplitude fractionated electrograms surrounding the regions of His bundle and the site with the earliest activation in sinus rhythm. Areas surrounding the sinus node, AV node, and the phrenic nerve were avoided.Results Thirteen patients completed the studies. Ablation was successfully performed in 12 patients and failed in one. The high-frequency potential was recorded in atrial electrograms surrounding the sinus or AV nodes in all the patients and disappeared in 15 s after radiofrequency applications. The vagal reaction was observed before the improvement of the sinus and AV node function. No complications occurred during the procedures. Patients were followed up for a mean of 13.0 ± 5.9 months. During the follow up ten patients remained free of symptoms, and two patients had a permanent cardiac pacemaker implanted due to spontaneous recurrence of syncope. The heart rate of post-ablation was higher than pre-ablation (69.0 ± 11.0 vs. 49.0 ± 10.0 beats/min, t  = 4.56, P = 0.008). The sinus node recovery time, Wenckebach block point, and atrium-His bundle interval were significantly shorter after ablation (1386.0 ± 165.0 vs. 921.0 ± 64.0 ms, t  = 7.45, P = 0.002; 590.0 ± 96.0 vs. 464.0 ± 39.0 ms, t  = 2.38, P = 0.023; 106.0 ± 5.0 vs. 90.0 ± 12.0 ms, t  =  9.80, P = 0.013 before and after ablation procedure, respectively).Conclusions Ablation of sinoatrial and AV nodal peripheral fibrillar myocardium electrical activity might provide a new treatment to ameliorate paroxysmal sinus node dysfunction, high degree AV block, and vagal-mediated syncope.
      PubDate: Mon, 20 Jan 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Cardiac electrical and mechanical synchrony of super-responders to cardiac
           resynchronization therapy

    • Authors: Li; Ke-Bei; Qian, Zhi-Yong; Qian, Xue-Song; Zhou, Yong; Zhu, Di-Di; Qiu, Yuan-Hao; Wang, Yao; Hou, Xiao-Feng; Zou, Jian-Gang; Sheng, Yu-Feng
      Abstract: imageBackground Super-responders (SRs) to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) regain near-normal or normal cardiac function. The extent of cardiac synchrony of SRs and whether continuous biventricular (BIV) pacing is needed remain unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the cardiac electrical and mechanical synchrony of SRs.Methods We retrospectively analyzed CRT recipients between 2008 and 2016 in 2 centers to identify SRs, whose left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction was increased to ≥50% at follow-up. Cardiac synchrony was evaluated in intrinsic and BIV-paced rhythms. Electrical synchrony was estimated by QRS duration and LV mechanical synchrony by single-photon emission computed tomography myocardial perfusion imaging.Results Seventeen SRs were included with LV ejection fraction increased from 33.0 ± 4.6% to 59.3 ± 6.3%. The intrinsic QRS duration after super-response was 148.8 ± 30.0 ms, significantly shorter than baseline (174.8 ± 11.9 ms, P = 0.004, t = −3.379) but longer than BIV-paced level (135.5 ± 16.7 ms, P = 0.042, t = 2.211). Intrinsic LV mechanical synchrony significantly improved after super-response (phase standard deviation [PSD], 51.1 ± 16.5° vs. 19.8 ± 8.1°, P 
      PubDate: Mon, 20 Jan 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Aryl hydrocarbon receptor expression in serum, peripheral blood
           mononuclear cells, and skin lesions of patients with atopic dermatitis and
           its correlation with disease severity

    • Authors: Hu; Yu-Qing; Liu, Ping; Mu, Zhang-Lei; Zhang, Jian-Zhong
      Abstract: imageBackground The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) is a ligand-activated transcription factor, which is critically involved in the pathogenesis of a variety of skin diseases. The aim of this study was to detect AhR and its downstream regulators including cytochrome P450 (CYP1A1), AhR nuclear translocation (ARNT), and aryl hydrocarbon receptor repressor (AhRR) in serum, peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), and skin lesions in patients with atopic dermatitis (AD).Methods Twenty-nine AD patients defined according to the criteria of Hanifin and Rajka and Chinese criteria of AD were included. Subjects without allergic and chronic diseases were recruited as controls. Patients and controls were selected from the dermatology outpatient clinic of Peking University People's Hospital from August 1 to December 31 in 2018. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was performed to detect serum AhR level. The mRNA of AhR, AhRR, ARNT, and CYP1A1 in PBMCs were measured by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction. AhR expression in skin lesions was measured by immunohistochemistry.Results AhR was significantly higher expressed in serum (41.26 ± 4.52 vs. 33.73 ± 2.49 pmol/L, t = 6.507, P 
      PubDate: Mon, 20 Jan 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Casein kinase 2 interacting protein 1 positively regulates caudal-related
           homeobox 1 in intestinal-type gastric cancer

    • Authors: Ma; Liang; Cao, Ying; Hu, Jian-Jun; Chu, Ming-Liang
      Abstract: imageBackground Gastric cancer (GC) is one of the most common malignancies, and intestinal-type GC is the main histopathologic type of GC in China. We previously reported that casein kinase 2 interacting protein 1 (CKIP-1) acts as a candidate tumor suppressor in intestinal-type GC. CKIP-1 participates in the regulation of multiple signaling pathways, including the Wnt/β-catenin pathway, of which caudal-related homeobox 1 (CDX1) may be a downstream target gene. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between CKIP-1 and CDX1 in intestinal-type GC.Methods Sixty-seven gastroscopy biopsy specimens and surgically resected gastric specimens were divided into four groups: gastric mucosa group, intestinal metaplasia (IM) group, dysplasia group, and intestinal-type GC group. The expression levels of CKIP-1 and CDX1 were detected in these groups and GC cell lines, and the correlations between these expression levels were analyzed. SGC7901 and BGC823 cells were divided into CKIP-1 shRNA groups and CKIP-1 over-expression groups, and CDX1 expression was detected. β-Catenin expression was detected in intestinal-type GC tissue samples and CKIP-1 shRNA and CKIP-1 over-expression SGC7901 cells, and its correlation with CKIP-1 expression in intestinal-type GC tissue was analyzed. The Wnt/β-catenin pathway inhibitor DKK-1 and activator LiCl were incubated with SGC7901 cells, BGC823 cells, and CKIP-1 shRNA and CKIP-1 over-expression SGC7901 and BGC823 cells, following which CDX1 and Ki-67 expression were detected.Results The expression levels of CKIP-1 and CDX1 were lower in patients with intestinal-type GC than in patients with IM and dysplasia (both P 
      PubDate: Mon, 20 Jan 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • A modified posterior wedge osteotomy with interbody fusion for the
           treatment of thoracolumbar kyphosis with Andersson lesions in ankylosing
           spondylitis: a 5-year follow-up study

    • Authors: Wei; Hong-Yu; Dong, Chun-Ke; Zhu, Yu-Ting; Zhou, Jun; Yi, Ping; Yang, Feng; Tan, Ming-Sheng
      Abstract: imageBackground Andersson lesions (ALs), also known as spondylodiscities, destructive vertebral lesions and spinal pseudarthrosis, usually occur in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Inflammatory and traumatic causes have been proposed to define this lesion. Different surgical approaches including anterior, posterior, and combined anterior and posterior procedure have been used to address the complications, consisting of mechanical pain, kyphotic deformity, and neurologic deficits. However, the preferred surgical procedure remains controversial. The aim of this study was to illustrate the safety, efficacy, and feasibility of a modified posterior wedge osteotomy for the ALs with kyphotic deformity in AS.Methods From June 2008 to January 2013, 23 patients (18 males, 5 females) at an average age of 44.8 years (range 25–69 years) were surgically treated for thoracolumbar kyphosis with ALs in AS via a modified posterior wedge osteotomy in our department. All sagittal balance parameters were assessed by standing lateral radiography of the whole spine before surgery and during the follow-up period. Assessment of radiologic fusion at follow-up was based on the Bridwell interbody fusion grading system. Ankylosing spondylitis quality of life (ASQoL) and visual analog scale (VAS) scores were performed to evaluate improvements in daily life function and back pain pre-operatively and post-operatively. Paired t tests were used to compare clinical data change in parametric values before and after surgery and the Mann-Whitney U test was employed for non-parametric comparisons. The radiographic data change was evaluated by repeated measure analysis of variance.Results The mean operative duration was 205.4 min (range 115–375 min), with an average blood loss of 488.5 mL (range 215–880 mL). Radiographical and clinical outcomes were assessed after a mean of 61.4 months of follow-up. The VAS back pain and ASQoL scores improved significantly in all patients (7.52 ± 1.31 vs. 1.70 ± 0.70, t = 18.30, P 
      PubDate: Mon, 20 Jan 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Long non-coding RNA HOTAIRM1 promotes proliferation and inhibits apoptosis
           of glioma cells by regulating the miR-873-5p/ZEB2 axis

    • Authors: Lin; Yi-Hai; Guo, Liang; Yan, Feng; Dou, Zhang-Qi; Yu, Qian; Chen, Gao
      Abstract: imageBackground Glioblastoma is one of the most common malignant brain tumors. Conventional clinical treatment of glioblastoma is not sufficient, and the molecular mechanism underlying the initiation and development of this disease remains unclear. Our study aimed to explore the expression and function of miR-873a-5p in glioblastoma and related molecular mechanism.Methods We analyzed the most dysregulated microRNAs from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database and examined the expression of miR-873-5p in 20 glioblastoma tissues compared with ten normal brain tissues collected in the Zhejiang Tongde Hospital. We then overexpressed or inhibited miR-873-5p expression in U87 glioblastoma cell lines and analyzed the phenotype using the cell counting kit-8 assay, wound healing assay, and apoptosis. In addition, we predicted upstream and downstream genes of miR-873-5p in glioblastoma using bioinformatics analysis and tested our hypothesis in U87 cells using the luciferase reporter gene assay and Western blotting assay. The differences between two groups were analyzed by Student's t test. The Kruskal-Wallis test was used for the comparison of multiple groups. A P 
      PubDate: Mon, 20 Jan 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Intra-operative cell salvage for cesarean delivery: a retrospective study
           using propensity score matched analysis

    • Authors: Wu; Xi; Yao, Shang-Long; Wu, Jing; Li, Cheng-Ying; Xia, Lei-Ming
      Abstract: imageBackground: Obstetric hemorrhage is a major cause of maternal death during cesarean delivery. The objective of this retrospective observational study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of intra-operative cell salvage (IOCS) in cesarean section.Methods: We included a total of 361 patients diagnosed with central placenta previa who underwent cesarean section from May 2016 to December 2018. In this study, 196 patients received autologous transfusion using IOCS (IOCS group) and 165 patients accepted allogeneic blood transfusion (ABT group). Propensity score matched analysis was performed to balance differences in the baseline variables between the IOCS group and ABT group. Patients in the IOCS group were matched 1:1 to patients in the ABT group.Results: After propensity score matching, 137 pairs of cases between the two groups were successfully matched and no significant differences in baseline characteristics were found between the IOCS group and ABT group. Patients in the IOCS group were associated with significantly shorter length of hospital stay, compared with ABT group (8.9 ± 4.1 days vs. 10.3 ± 5.2 days, t = −2.506, P = 0.013). The postoperative length of hospital stay was 5.3 ± 1.4 days for patients in the IOCS group and 6.6 ± 3.6 days for those in the ABT group (t = −4.056, P 
      PubDate: Mon, 20 Jan 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Pulsed radiofrequency alleviated neuropathic pain by down-regulating the
           expression of substance P in chronic constriction injury rat model

    • Authors: Wang; Jing-Ai; Niu, Shao-Ning; Luo, Fang
      Abstract: imageBackground Pulsed radiofrequency (PRF), as a non-invasive treatment of neuropathic pain (NP), has been widely administered clinically. Previous studies have shown that PRF has the potential to improve hyperalgesia in animal models of NP. However, there have been few reports to clarify whether the mechanism of PRF treatment of NP involves intervention in the expression of substance P (SP). Therefore, this study administered PRF treatment to chronic constriction injury (CCI) model rats and observed the sciatic nerve mechanical pain threshold and SP expression in the spinal cord to explore the mechanism of PRF treatment.Methods A total of 96 Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into the sham-surgery-sham-treatment group (S-S group), the sham-surgery-PRF group (S-P group), the CCI-sham-treatment group (C-S group), and the CCI-PRF group (C-P group). The C-S group and the C-P group underwent sciatic nerve CCI, while the other groups received a sham operation. At 14 days after the operation, the C-P group and the S-P group were treated with PRF for 300 s. We recorded the hindpaw withdrawal threshold (HWT) and the thermal withdrawal latency (TWL) of rats in the various groups at baseline, before treatment (0 days), and at 1, 7, 14, and 28 days after treatment. L4 to L6 spinal cord tissues were taken before treatment (0 days) and 1, 7, 14, and 28 days after treatment. The transcription and translation of SP were measured by quantitative polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting, respectively.Results The HWT and the TWL in the C-P group 28 days after PRF treatment were significantly higher than those in the C-S group (95% confidence interval [CI]: 5.84–19.50, P 
      PubDate: Mon, 20 Jan 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Role of dihydroceramides in the progression of acute-on-chronic liver
           failure in rats

    • Authors: Li; Fang-Fang; Liu, Ning; Liu, Wei; Li, Mei; Zhang, Fan; Dong, Zhen; Zhang, Jin-Lan; Sun, Hua
      Abstract: imageBackground Previously, dihydroceramide (d18:0/24:0) (dhCer (d18:0/24:0)) was reported to be a potential biomarker for acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) prognosis. In this study, we further explored the role of dhCer (d18:0/24:0) in the progression of ACLF to validate the biomarker using ACLF rat model.Methods ACLF rats were sacrificed at 4 and 8 h post-D-galactosamine (D-gal)/lipopolysaccharide (LPS) administration to investigate the liver biochemical markers, prothrombin time and liver histopathology. Change in dhCer and other sphingolipids levels were investigated by high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS). Rats were treated with N-(4-hydroxyphenyl) retinamide (4-HPR) to examine the mortality rate and its role in improving ACLF.Results LPS/D-gal administration resulted in significant elevation in alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) levels. Prothrombin time was prolonged and histopathological examination showed abnormality. HPLC-MS/MS results showed total dhCer levels in ACLF group (64.10 ± 8.90 pmol/100 μL, 64.22 ± 6.78 pmol/100 μL for 4 and 8 h, respectively) were decreased significantly compared with control group (121.61 ± 23.09 pmol/100 μL) (P 
      PubDate: Mon, 20 Jan 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • In vivo longitudinal and multimodal imaging of hypoxia-inducible factor
           1α and angiogenesis in breast cancer

    • Authors: Tang; He-Wen; Feng, Hai-Liang; Wang, Ming; Zhu, Qing-Li; Liu, Yu-Qin; Jiang, Yu-Xin
      Abstract: imageBackground Angiogenesis and hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α) play major roles in solid tumors. This study aimed to establish a longitudinal and multimodal imaging model for in vivo evaluation of HIF1α and angiogenesis in breast cancer.Methods By transfection of a 5 hypoxia-responsive element (HRE)/green fluorescent protein (GFP) plasmid, the cell line Ca761-hre-gfp was established, which emitted green fluorescence triggered by HIF-1α under hypoxia. The cells were subjected to CoCl2-simulated hypoxia to confirm the imaging strategy. We grew Ca761-hre-gfp cells in the left rear flanks of twelve 615 mice. Experiments were conducted on days 4, 9, 15, and 19. For in vivo analysis, Ca761-hre-gfp subcutaneous allografted tumors were imaged in vivo using contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) and fluorescence imaging (FLI) during tumor development. The tumor size, CEUS peak intensity, and FLI photons were measured to evaluate tumor growth, angiogenesis, and HIF-1α activity, respectively. After each experiment, three mice were randomly sacrificed and tumor specimens were collected to examine HIF-1α activity and the microvessel density (MVD).Results In vitro, both green fluorescence and HIF-1α expression were detected in Ca761-hre-gfp cells treated with CoCl2, indicating the suitability of the cells to detect HIF-1α activity. In vivo, HIF-1α activity first increased and then decreased, which was significantly correlated with angiogenic changes (r = 0.803, P = 0.005). These changes were confirmed by immunohistochemical staining of HIF-1α and MVD.Conclusions The findings validated the Ca761-hre-gfp murine allograft model for reliable evaluation of HIF-1α activity and angiogenesis longitudinally using both molecular and pre-clinical non-invasive imaging modalities. The cell line may be useful for studies of anti-HIF pathway therapies.
      PubDate: Mon, 20 Jan 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Assessment of prophylactic antibiotics administration for acute
           pancreatitis: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

    • Authors: Ding; Nan; Sun, Yong-Hui; Wen, Li-Mei; Wang, Jian-Hua; Yang, Jian-Hua; Cheng, Kun; Lin, Hai; Chen, Qi-Long
      Abstract: imageBackground: Recent evidence has shown that prophylactic antibiotic treatment in patients with acute pancreatitis is not associated with a significant decrease in mortality or morbidity. The use and efficacy of prophylactic antibiotic treatment in acute pancreatitis remain controversial. This meta-analysis was conducted to assess whether antibiotic prophylaxis is beneficial in patients with acute pancreatitis.Methods: We searched randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of prophylactic use of antibiotics using Medline (PubMed), Embase, the Cochrane Library, and Web of Science. The data were analyzed using Review Manager 5.3 software. We performed pooled analyses for infected pancreatic necrosis, mortality, surgical intervention, and non-pancreatic infection. Odds ratios (ORs) from each trial were pooled using a random or fixed effects model, depending on the heterogeneity of the included studies. Sub-group analysis or sensitivity analysis was conducted to explore potential sources of heterogeneity, when necessary.Results: Totally, 11 RCTs involving 747 participants were included, with an intervention group (prophylactic use of antibiotics, n = 376) and control group (n = 371). No significant differences were found regarding antibiotic prophylaxis with respect to incidence of infected pancreatic necrosis (OR, 0.74; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.50–1.09; P  = 0.13), surgical intervention (OR, 0.92; 95% CI, 0.62–1.38; P  = 0.70), and morality (OR, 0.71; 95% CI, 0.44–1.15; P  = 0.16). However, antibiotic prophylaxis was associated with a statistically significant reduction in the incidence of non-pancreatic infection (OR, 0.59; 95% CI, 0.42–0.84; P  = 0.004).Conclusions: Prophylactic antibiotics can reduce the incidence of non-pancreatic infection in patients with AP.
      PubDate: Mon, 20 Jan 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Significance of alternative splicing in cancer cells

    • Authors: Qi; Fei; Li, Yong; Yang, Xue; Wu, Yan-Ping; Lin, Lian-Jun; Liu, Xin-Min
      Abstract: imageObjective Alternative splicing can generate various structural and functional protein isoforms. Recently, accumulating evidence shows a relationship between alternative splicing and cancer. Cancer is a complex and chronic disease that involves malignant transformation. In this review, we consider alternative splicing events in relation to the hallmarks of cancer cells, and discuss current therapies to treat cancer-related to alternative splicing.Data sources Data cited in this article are from the PubMed and Embase database, primarily focusing on research published from 2000 to 2018.Study selection Articles were selected with the search terms “alternative splicing,” “cancer cell,” “tumor microenvironment,” and “therapy.”Results Alternative splicing plays an important role in tumorigenesis, development, and escape from cell death. Taking this trait of cancer cells into consideration will allow more definite diagnoses of cancer, and allow the development of more effective medicines to intervene in cancer that could focus on controlling alternative splicing or competitively binding to the final products.Conclusions Alternative splicing is common in cancer cells. Consideration of alternative splicing may allow different strategies for cancer therapy or the identification of novel biomarkers for cancer diagnosis.
      PubDate: Mon, 20 Jan 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Oxygen reserve index, a new method of monitoring oxygenation status: what
           do we need to know'

    • Authors: Chen; Shu-Ting; Min, Su
      Abstract: imageThe oxygen reserve index (ORI) is a new technology that provides real-time, non-invasive, and continuous monitoring of patients’ oxygenation status. This review aimed to discuss its clinical utility, prospect and limitations. A systematic literature search of PubMed, MEDLINE, Google Scholar, and ScienceDirect was performed with the keywords of “oxygen reserve index,” “ORI,” “oxygenation,” “pulse oximetry,” “monitoring,” and “hyperoxia.” Original articles, reviews, case reports, and other relevant articles were reviewed. All articles on ORI were selected. ORI can provide an early warning before saturation begins to decrease and expands the ability to monitor the human body's oxygenation status noninvasively and continuously with the combination of pulse oximetry so as to avoid unnecessary hyperoxia or unanticipated hypoxia. Although the technology is so new that it is rarely known and has not been applied to routine practices in hospitals, it shows good prospects for critical care, oxygen therapy, and intraoperative monitoring.
      PubDate: Mon, 20 Jan 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • A case of multiple pulmonary metastasizing pleomorphic adenomas of the
           salivary gland

    • Authors: He; Kai-Xin; Peng, Meng-Meng; Li, Xin; Li, Wei; Ma, De-Dong
      Abstract: imageNo abstract available
      PubDate: Mon, 20 Jan 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Intra-operative molecular diagnosis of sentinel lymph node and prediction
           of non-sentinel lymph node metastasis in breast cancer patients

    • Authors: Sun; Xiao; Zhang, Yan; Wu, Shuang; Fu, Li; Yun, Jing-Ping; Wang, Yong-Sheng
      Abstract: imageNo abstract available
      PubDate: Mon, 20 Jan 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Germ-cell tumors of the central nervous system in Peking Union Medical
           College Hospital: A 20-year clinicopathologic review

    • Authors: Huo; Zhen
      Abstract: imageNo abstract available
      PubDate: Mon, 20 Jan 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Pulmonary capillary hemangiomatosis or hepatopulmonary syndrome in a
           patient with calcinosis, Raynaud's phenomenon, esophageal dysmotility,
           sclerodactyly and telangiectasia syndrome'

    • Authors: Shrestha; Bijaya Laxmi; Jin, Ying-Kang
      Abstract: imageNo abstract available
      PubDate: Mon, 20 Jan 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Remote video lecture education improves anesthesiology residency training
           in Tibet of China

    • Authors: Li; Xu; Labaciren, ; Zhang, Yue-Lun; Shen, Le; Huang, Yu-Guang
      Abstract: imageNo abstract available
      PubDate: Mon, 20 Jan 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Validation of Angiostrongylus cantonensis combined with herpes simplex
           virus type 1 in cerebrospinal fluid by next-generation sequencing

    • Authors: Zhang; Yong-Fang; Wang, Sheng-Nan; Wang, Dong-Mei; Huang, Kai-Bin; Hu, Ya-Fang
      Abstract: imageNo abstract available
      PubDate: Mon, 20 Jan 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Pre-operative misdiagnosis of pediatric schwannomas as hemangioblastomas

    • Authors: Xiao; Xiong; Meng, Lan; Wang, Tao
      Abstract: imageNo abstract available
      PubDate: Mon, 20 Jan 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
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