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Showing 1 - 200 of 3562 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access  
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access  
AADE in Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
ABCS Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Abia State University Medical Students' Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
ACIMED     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 41)
Acta Bio Medica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Bioethica     Open Access  
Acta Bioquimica Clinica Latinoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Facultatis Medicae Naissensis     Open Access  
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Medica (Hradec Králové)     Open Access  
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Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
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Acta Medica International     Open Access  
Acta medica Lituanica     Open Access  
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Acta Medica Nagasakiensia     Open Access  
Acta Medica Peruana     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Médica Portuguesa     Open Access  
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Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acupuncture & Electro-Therapeutics Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
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Addiction Science & Clinical Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Adıyaman Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi / Health Sciences Journal of Adıyaman University     Open Access  
Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Advanced Biomedical Research     Open Access  
Advanced Health Care Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advanced Science, Engineering and Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Bioscience and Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Clinical Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28)
Advances in Life Course Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
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Advances in Medical Education and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
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Advances in Parkinson's Disease     Open Access  
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Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Advances in Skeletal Muscle Function Assessment     Open Access  
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Veterinary Science and Comparative Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Wound Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access  
African Journal of Clinical and Experimental Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African Journal of Laboratory Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Trauma     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
AJOB Primary Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 3)
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Aktuelle Ernährungsmedizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal     Open Access  
Alexandria Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Allgemeine Homöopathische Zeitung     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpha Omegan     Full-text available via subscription  
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Biomedical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Biomedicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
American Journal of Chinese Medicine, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Clinical Medicine Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Law & Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Managed Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Medical Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
American Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Medicine Studies     Open Access  
American Journal of Medicine Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of the Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
American Journal on Addictions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
American medical news     Free   (Followers: 3)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Amyloid: The Journal of Protein Folding Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina     Open Access  
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de la República, Uruguay     Open Access  
Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Analgesia & Resuscitation : Current Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anatolian Clinic the Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Anatomical Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Anatomical Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Anatomy     Open Access  
Anatomy Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Ankara Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ankara Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Mecmuası     Open Access  
Annales de Pathologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Anatomy - Anatomischer Anzeiger     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Annals of Biomedical Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Annals of Family Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Fundeni Hospital     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annals of The Royal College of Surgeons of England     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annual Reports in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Annual Reports on NMR Spectroscopy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annual Review of Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Anthropologie et santé     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Antibiotics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Antibodies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Antibody Technology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anuradhapura Medical Journal     Open Access  
Anwer Khan Modern Medical College Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Apparence(s)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Clinical Research, Clinical Trials and Regulatory Affairs     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Medical Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Arab Journal of Nephrology and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arak Medical University Journal     Open Access  
Archive of Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives Medical Review Journal / Arşiv Kaynak Tarama Dergisi     Open Access  
Archives of Medical and Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Medical Laboratory Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access  
Archives of Trauma Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archivos de Medicina (Manizales)     Open Access  
ArgoSpine News & Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia     Open Access  
Arquivos de Ciências da Saúde     Open Access  
Arquivos de Medicina     Open Access  
Ars Medica : Revista de Ciencias Médicas     Open Access  
ARS Medica Tomitana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Art Therapy: Journal of the American Art Therapy Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Arterial Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Artificial Intelligence in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Artificial Organs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
ASHA Leader     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Family Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asian Bioethics Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Medical and Pharmaceutical Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention     Open Access  
ASPIRATOR : Journal of Vector-borne Disease Studies     Open Access  
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Atención Familiar     Open Access  
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atti della Accademia Peloritana dei Pericolanti - Classe di Scienze Medico-Biologiche     Open Access  
Audiology - Communication Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Auris Nasus Larynx     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian Coeliac     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Journal of Medical Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Autopsy and Case Reports     Open Access  
Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Avicenna     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Avicenna Journal of Clinical Medicine     Open Access  
Avicenna Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Bioethics     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Biochemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Physics     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Medical Journal     Open Access  

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Journal Cover
Acta Médica Costarricense
Number of Followers: 2  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0001-6002
Published by SciELO Homepage  [715 journals]
  • Sal mediterránea, yogur, genética e inmunoterapia

  • Update of the effect of antihyperglycemic agents on renal function in type
           2 diabetes mellitus

    • Abstract: Resumen La diabetes mellitus tipo 2 es una de las enfermedades metabólicas que afecta a diferentes órganos, uno en el cual es el riñón. Una de las principales complicaciones microvasculares es la nefropatía diabética, siendo la principal causa de insuficiencia renal crónica a nivel mundial. De ahí la importancia de las recomendaciones en la utilización o no de los fármacos antihiperglicemiantes, basadas en sus efectos beneficiosos a nivel de la función renal en relación con la tasa de filtración glomerular estimada y la relación albumina/creatinina en pacientes con diabetes mellitus tipo 2 y enfermedad renal. En estudios recientes se han evaluado antihiperglicemiantes con un impacto beneficioso a nivel de desenlaces cardiovascular y renal. En el presente artículo se revisan las acciones y los efectos de los diferentes grupos de medicamentos como la metformina, los inhibidores de la dipeptidil peptidasa 4, los agonistas de la GLP-1, tiazolidinedionas, sulfonilureas, inhibidores del cotransportador de sodio-glucosa tipo 2 e insulinas en la función renal en cuanto a las dosis de cada fármaco, tanto el uso de dosis establecidas, disminución de la dosis o el no uso del medicamento con base en el empeoramiento de la tasa de filtración glomerular estimada. Con respecto a la metodología aplicada para el desarrollo del artículo, se seleccionó artículos a partir de palabras claves como diabetes mellitus tipo 2, antihiperglicemiantes en la función renal, tasa de filtración glomerular estimada y relación albumina/creatinina; se emplearon artículos de revistas reconocidas que no superaran 5 años en su publicación, sin embargo, se utilizaron artículos que superaran este tiempo, dado que aportaban datos importantes para el artículo de revisión. Type 2 diabetes mellitus is one of the metabolic diseases that affects different organs, one of which is the kidney. One of the main microvascular complications is diabetic nephropathy, being the main cause of chronic renal failure worldwide. Hence the importance of recommendations on the use or non-use of antihyperglycemic drugs based on their beneficial effects on kidney function, expressed by the estimated glomerular filtration rate and the albumin / creatinine ratio in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and kidney disease. Recent studies have shown antihyperglycemic agents with beneficial impact in cardiovascular and renal endpoints. In the present article we will review the actions and effects of different groups of drugs such as metformin, inhibitors of dipeptidyl peptidase 4, GLP-1 agonists, thiazolidinediones, sulfonylureas, SGLT-2 inhibitors and insulins in renal function in relation to the doses of each drug, both the use of established doses, reduction of the dose or non-use of the drug based on the worsening of the estimated glomerular filtration rate. With respect to the methodology applied for the development of the article, a selection of articles was made based on key words such as type 2 diabetes mellitus, antihyperglycemic agents in renal function, estimated glomerular filtration rate and albumin/ creatinine ratio. Prestigious journal articles were used with less than 5 years since its publication, however articles that exceed this time were used as they provided important data in the review article.
  • New Delhi Metallo-β-lactamase in Enterobacteriaceae species isolated from
           hospitalized patients, Managua Nicaragua

    • Abstract: Resumen Objetivo: determinar la frecuencia de metalo-β lactamasa tipo Nueva Delhi (NDM), en aislados de enterobacterias provenientes de pacientes hospitalizados con diferentes procesos infecciosos. Método: se realizó una investigación descriptiva transversal, agosto 2015 - octubre 2016, en el Hospital Alemán Nicaragüense. Se estudiaron 249 cepas en vigilancia activa a los carbapenémicos. La identificación y perfil de resistencia se efectuó en Vitek2; la sospecha de resistencia a los carbapenémicos se tomó cuando la CMI de Imipenem y Meropenem 2-4 μg/mL y Ertapenem 2 μg/mL, se determinó mediante Kirby Bauer, el test de sinergia triple disco (carbapenémicos y EDTA 10µg); se hizo la reacción en cadena de la polimerasa para metalo-β-lactamasa Nueva Delhi. Resultados: se analizaron 249 cepas, entre estas se identificó 45 cepas resistentes a los carbapenémicos, correspondiendo al 18%. De estas cepas, 43 dieron positivo para el test de sinergia con EDTA; 21 portaban el gen de Nueva Delhi. El 66% de metalo-β-lactamasa Nueva Delhi se encontró en aislamientos de Klebsiella pneumoniae, seguida de Escherichia vulneris en un 14%, Escherichia coli en un 5%, Providencia rettgeri en un 5%, Pantoea agglomerans en un 5% y Kluyvera cryocrescens en un 5%.19 Conclusiones: el hallazgo del presente estudio es una advertencia clara sobre la circulación de cepas de metalo-β-lactamasa tipo Nueva Delhi que codifican la resistencia a los carbapenémicos en el hospital analizado. Objective: to determine the frequency of New Delhi-type metallo-β-lactamase (NDM) in isolates of enterobacteria from patients hospitalized with different infectious processes. Method: a cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out between August 2015 and October 2016 at Alemán Nicaragüense Hospital. A total of 249 strains were studied in active surveillance of carbapenems resistance. The identification and resistance profile was carried out in Vitek2. Suspected resistance to carbapenems was considered when the MIC of Imipenem and Meropenem was 2-4 μg/mL and for Ertapenem of 2 μg/mL, determined by Kirby Bauer, the triple disc synergy test (carbapenems and EDTA 10μg). A polymerase chain reaction test was made to determinate New Delhi metallo-β lactamase. Results: a total of 249 strains were analyzed, among which 45 strains resistant to carbapenems were identified, corresponding to 18%. Of these strains, 43 were positive for the synergy test with EDTA; 21 carried the New Delhi gene. Of the New Delhi metallo-β lactamase. 66% were found in isolates of Klebsiella pneumoniae, followed by Escherichia vulneris in 6 isolates, Escherichia coli in 2, Providencia rettgeri in 2, Pantoea agglomerans in 2 and Kluyvera cryocrescens by 2. Conclusions: the results of the present study are a clear warning about the circulation of New Delhi-type metallo-β-lactamase strains that codify for the resistance to carbapenems in the hospital analyzed.
  • Prevalence of parasitosis in children aged 1 to 7 years in vulnerable
           condition in the South Central Region of Costa Rica

    • Abstract: Resumen Objetivo: Actualizar la información sobre la prevalencia de parasitosis en niños en Costa Rica y la relación de esta con factores socioeconómicos. Metodología: se realizó un estudio para determinar la prevalencia de parásitos y comensales intestinales en niños de 1-7 años, de 13 centros que cuentan con dos modalidades de programas de alimentación. A los padres se les administró un cuestionario estructurado (n=2514; 96,8% de los padres invitados a participar accedieron). Se recolectaron muestras de heces de los niños (n=1368, 54,0%), que fueron analizadas por frotis directo y montaje de Kato. Se corrieron pruebas de chi cuadrado, se calcularon las razones de probabilidades (OR) y se realizó un modelo de regresión logística binaria para examinar las asociaciones entre las características socioeconómicas de las familias de los niños y su probabilidad de desarrollar parasitosis. Resultados: la prevalencia de protozoarios comensales, protozoarios patógenos, helmintos o una combinación de los anteriores (CPH) fue del 24,1% (IC 95%: 21,9-26,4). La prevalencia de parásitos patógenos y la de helmintiasis fue del 8,5% (IC 95%: 7,5-10,5) y 0,7% (IC 95%: 0,1-1,5), respectivamente. El protozoario patógeno más frecuente fue Giardia intestinalis (8,0%), el comensal fue Endolimax nana (7,7%) y el helminto fue Ascaris lumbricoides (0,4%). No se observaron diferencias significativas en la prevalencia de CPH o parasitosis según sexo o programa de alimentación. Las prevalencias más altas de CPH y parasitosis se observaron en La Uruca (46,9% y 17,2%, respectivamente) y las más bajas en Paso Ancho (7,7% y 0%, respectivamente). Tener una edad >5 años, vivir en una casa con paredes construidas con material de desecho o zinc, habitar en una vivienda no adecuada (i.e., vivienda indígena, cuarto en cuartería, tugurio, casa móvil, pensión o convento) y tener una familia con más de 4 miembros, fueron identificados como posibles factores de riesgo para CPH. Conclusiones: la prevalencia de comensales, patógenos, helmintos encontrada en este estudio fue menor a la observada en la última Encuesta Nacional de Nutrición de Costa Rica (32,6%), realizada en 2008-2009. Sin embargo, el estudio muestra que existen condiciones permisivas para la trasmisión de enteroparásitos, y que resulta necesario darle seguimiento a las medidas preventivas y de tratamiento de las parasitosis. Objective: to determine the prevalence of parasitosis in children in Costa Rica and its association with socioeconomic factors. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study to assess the prevalence of intestinal parasites and commensals in children aged 1-7 years old, from 13 centers with two types of food distribution programs. We administered a structured questionnaire, which included some questions from the 2014 Costa Rican National Home Survey, to most of the parents who consented for their children to participate in the study (n=2435 out of 2514). We collected stool samples from children (n=1368; 54,0%) and then analyzed them using a direct smear and Kato assembly. Odds ratios (OR) and chi-square tests were calculated and a binary logistic regression model was fitted to assess the associations between socioeconomic characteristics of the children’s families and the probability of having an intestinal parasitic infection. Results: The prevalence of commensal protozoans, pathogenic protozoans, helminthes, or a combination of them (referred to henceforth as CPH) was 24.1% (95% CI: 21.9-26.4), whereas prevalences of pathogenic parasites and helmithiasis were 8.5% (95% CI: 7.5-10.5) and 0.7% (95% CI: 0.1-1.5), respectively. The most prevalent pathogenic parasite was Giardia intestinalis (8.0%), the most frequent commensal protozoan was Endolimax nana (7.7%), and the most prevalent helminth was Ascaris lumbricoides (0.4%). There were no significant differences in the prevalence of CPH or parasitosis by sex or nutritional program. The highest prevalences of CPH and parasitosis were observed in La Uruca (46.9% and 17.2%, respectively) and the lowest in Paso Ancho (7.7% and 0%, respectively). Being 5 years old or above, living in a house with walls made up of waste material or zinc, having a non-suitable house (i.e., indigenous housing, living in a small room inside a quartery house, slums, mobile housing, pension, or convent), and having more than 4 family members were identified as risk factors for having a CPH. Conclusions: The CPH prevalence found in this study was lower than the one observed in the Costa Rican National Nutritional Survey 2008-2009 (32.6%). However, this study shows that there are several permissive conditions that allow the transmission of intestinal parasites and that it is necessary to improve the preventive and treatment measures of intestinal parasites.
  • Acute pancreatitis as an adverse side effect of L-asparaginase in the
           treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia

    • Abstract: Resumen La leucemia linfocítica aguda es la enfermedad oncológica con mayor incidencia en la población pediátrica, tanto a nivel mundial como en Costa Rica. Para su tratamiento requiere protocolos de quimioterapia complejos, lo que representa un reto constante para los médicos, ya que deben equilibrar los riesgos y beneficios del manejo. Es necesario tomar en cuenta los factores de riesgo de cada paciente, el grado de severidad de la enfermedad y los potenciales efectos adversos del tratamiento. A continuación, se reporta un caso de pancreatitis aguda edematosa no biliar, secundaria al uso de L-asparginasa, en un paciente con diagnóstico de leucemia linfocítica aguda, atendido en el Hospital Nacional de Niños “Dr. Carlos Sáenz Herrera”. El paciente, quien se encontraba cumpliendo el régimen poliquimioterapeútico AHOPCA 2008, presentó clínica sugestiva de pancreatitis aguda en el día 50 de este, por lo que se decidió no colocar la quimioterapia indicada e inmediatamente se trasladó al Servicio de Emergencias. El cuadro clínico estaba asociado a laboratorios y ultrasonido anormales, por lo que fue tratado interdisciplinariamente y su pronóstico fue favorable; actualmente continúa con tratamiendo quimioterapeútico, como fue indicado. The acute lymphocytic leukemia is the oncological disease with the highest incidence in the pediatric population both worldwide and in Costa Rica. It requires complex chemotherapy protocols, which confers a constant challenge on physicians to balance the risks and benefits of management. Therefore, it is necessary to take into account the risk factors of each patient, the degree of severity of the disease and the potential adverse effects of the treatment. A case report is presented with an acute non-biliary edematous pancreatitis, secondary to the use of L-asparaginase in a patient diagnosed with acute lymphocytic leukemia, seen at the National Children’s Hospital “Dr. Carlos Sáenz Herrera”. The patient who was started on the AHOPCA 2008 polychemotherapy regimen presented symptoms suggestive of acute pancreatitis on the day 50 of the same, so it was decided not to apply the indicated chemotherapy and transfer the patient to the Emergency Room. The clinical picture was associated with abnormal laboratories and ultrasound, so it was immediately treated interdisciplinarily, which is why its prognosis was favorable and currently he continues with chemotherapy treatment as indicated.
  • Rheumatoid vasculitis: about two cases

    • Abstract: Resumen La vasculitis reumatoide constituye una complicación inusual, pero severa, de la artritis reumatoide, caracterizada por un proceso inflamatorio que compromete vasos sanguíneos de pequeño y mediano calibre, asociada o no a manifestaciones extraarticulares. Algunos factores predisponentes descritos incluyen ciertos haplotipos de antígenos leucocitarios humanos, fumado y enfermedad de larga data. Una disminución en la incidencia ha sido notada desde los años 90 y confirmada en estudios recientes, asociada en particular a un diagnóstico precoz de artritis reumatoide y estrategias terapéuticas que incluyen un aumento en la prescripción de metotrexate. La vasculitis reumatoide se asocia a tasas de mortalidad hasta del 40% a los 5 años y morbilidad importante. Se presentan dos pacientes con diagnóstico previo de artritis reumatoide, con un cuadro crónico de úlceras y disestesias en miembros inferiores, asociado a síndrome anémico. Los estudios histológicos revelaron vasculitis de mediano vaso compatible con vasculitis reumatoide. Se inició manejo con inmunosupresores más esteroides, con resolución del cuadro clínico inicial. Rheumatoid vasculitis remains a rare but serious complication of rheumatoid arthritis characterized by an inflammatory process that primarily affects small to medium-sized blood vessels, it can be associated with other extra-articular manifestations. A number of predictor or predisposing factors including certain human leukocyte antigen haplotypes, smoking and long-standing disease. A declining trend in the incidence of rheumatoid vasculitis has been noted since the 1990s and reconfirmed in recent studies, related to early diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis, and widespread use of methotrexate. Rheumatoid vasculitis is associated with high rates of premature mortality with up to 40% of patients dying by 5 years, as well as a significant morbidity. We present two patients with diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis with a chronic condition of ulcers and dysesthesias on legs associated with anemic syndrome; the histological study revealed medium size vasculitis. Treatment with inmunosuppresants and steroids was given with resolution of symptoms.
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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