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  Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8250 journals)
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MEDICAL SCIENCES (2224 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 3562 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
4 open     Open Access  
AADE in Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
ABCS Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Abia State University Medical Students' Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
ACIMED     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Acta Bio Medica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Bioethica     Open Access  
Acta Bioquimica Clinica Latinoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Científica Estudiantil     Open Access  
Acta Facultatis Medicae Naissensis     Open Access  
Acta Herediana     Open Access  
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Acta Medica (Hradec Králové)     Open Access  
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Acupuncture & Electro-Therapeutics Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
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Addiction Science & Clinical Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Adıyaman Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi / Health Sciences Journal of Adıyaman University     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
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Advanced Biomedical Research     Open Access  
Advanced Health Care Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advanced Science, Engineering and Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Bioscience and Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Clinical Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
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Advances in Parkinson's Disease     Open Access  
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Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Regenerative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Skeletal Muscle Function Assessment     Open Access  
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Veterinary Science and Comparative Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Wound Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
African Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African Journal of Clinical and Experimental Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Laboratory Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
African Journal of Thoracic and Critical Care Medicine     Open Access  
African Journal of Trauma     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
AJOB Primary Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 3)
AJSP: Reviews & Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Aktuelle Ernährungsmedizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ALERTA : Revista Científica del Instituto Nacional de Salud     Open Access  
Alexandria Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Allgemeine Homöopathische Zeitung     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Alpha Omegan     Full-text available via subscription  
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Althea Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Biomedical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
American Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Biomedicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
American Journal of Chinese Medicine, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Clinical Medicine Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Law & Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Managed Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Medical Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
American Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Medicine Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Medicine Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of the Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
American Journal on Addictions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American medical news     Free   (Followers: 3)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Amyloid: The Journal of Protein Folding Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina     Open Access  
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de la República, Uruguay     Open Access  
Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Analgesia & Resuscitation : Current Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anatolian Clinic the Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Anatomica Medical Journal     Open Access  
Anatomical Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Anatomical Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Anatomy Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Ankara Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ankara Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Mecmuası     Open Access  
Annales de Pathologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Annales des Sciences de la Santé     Open Access  
Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Anatomy - Anatomischer Anzeiger     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Annals of Biomedical Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Clinical Hypertension     Open Access  
Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Family Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Annals of Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annals of The Royal College of Surgeons of England     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annual Reports in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Annual Reports on NMR Spectroscopy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Annual Review of Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Anthropologie et santé     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Antibiotics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Antibodies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Antibody Technology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Antibody Therapeutics     Open Access  
Anuradhapura Medical Journal     Open Access  
Anwer Khan Modern Medical College Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Apparence(s)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Clinical Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Applied Clinical Research, Clinical Trials and Regulatory Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applied Medical Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Arab Journal of Nephrology and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives Medical Review Journal / Arşiv Kaynak Tarama Dergisi     Open Access  
Archives of Asthma, Allergy and Immunology     Open Access  
Archives of Medical and Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Medical Laboratory Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Archives of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access  
Archives of Trauma Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archivos de Medicina (Manizales)     Open Access  
ArgoSpine News & Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos de Ciências da Saúde     Open Access  
Arquivos de Medicina     Open Access  
Ars Medica : Revista de Ciencias Médicas     Open Access  
ARS Medica Tomitana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Art Therapy: Journal of the American Art Therapy Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Arterial Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Artificial Intelligence in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Artificial Organs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
ASHA Leader     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Family Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asian Bioethics Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Asian Biomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Medical and Pharmaceutical Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention     Open Access  
ASPIRATOR : Journal of Vector-borne Disease Studies     Open Access  
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Atención Familiar     Open Access  
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atti della Accademia Peloritana dei Pericolanti - Classe di Scienze Medico-Biologiche     Open Access  
Audiology - Communication Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Auris Nasus Larynx     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian Coeliac     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Journal of Medical Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)

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Acta Bioethica
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.196
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0717-5906 - ISSN (Online) 1726-569X
Published by SciELO Homepage  [737 journals]
  • El cuerpo, la autonomía y las profesiones sanitarias. Debate
           permanente

    •  
  • The acts of free disposal of the human body

    • Abstract: Resumen: El cuerpo es la estructura biológica del ser humano. Determina al hombre en su existencia físico material. Los sujetos de derechos individuales tienen un cuerpo sobre el cual pueden decidir qué hacer, de forma directa o consentida, incluso cabe la posibilidad de actos de injerencia corporal indirectos o impuestos. La persona puede aspirar a un cuerpo mejor o utilizarlo en beneficio de los demás. El cuerpo humano, como base fisiológica de la personalidad, está protegido en el marco del núcleo duro de dignidad que le es atribuida per se. El derecho a los actos de libre disposición del cuerpo humano es la facultad de hacer con nuestro cuerpo lo que mejor creamos conveniente, siempre que no vaya contra las normas de orden público, las buenas costumbres o implique una disminución de la integridad y salud.Resumo: O corpo é a estrutura biológica do ser humano e determina o homem em sua existência física material. Os sujeitos de direitos individuais têm um corpo sobre o qual podem decidir o que fazer, de forma direta ou consentida, incluso cabe a possibilidade de atos de ingerência corporal indireta ou imposta. A pessoa pode aspirar a um corpo melhor, ou usá-lo em benefício de demais. O corpo humano, como base fisiológica da personalidade, está protegido no marco do núcleo rígido da dignidade que a ele é atribuído per se. O direito aos atos de livre disposição do corpo humano é a faculdade de fazer com nossos corpos o que melhor entendemos que seja conveniente, sempre que isso não seja contra as normas de ordem pública, os bons costumes ou implique uma diminuição na integridade e saúde. : The body is the biological structure of the human being. It determines man in his natural physical existence. Individual law subjects have a body over which they can decide what to do, directly or consensually, including the possibility of acts of indirect or imposed corporal interference. The person can aspire to a better body or use it for the benefit of others. The human body, as the physiological basis of personality, is protected within the framework of the hard core of dignity attributed to it per se. The right to acts of free disposal of the human body is the ability to do with our bodies what we believe best, provided that it does not go against the rules of public order, good manners or implies a decrease in integrity and health.
       
  • Legal provision for the right of life of minors: a necessary discussion
           about euthanasia and assisted suicide in Chile

    • Abstract: Resumen: Tanto la eutanasia como el suicidio asistido no han sido temas suficientemente explorados por la doctrina chilena, falta de tratamiento que se agudiza al referirse a los menores de edad. El presente artículo tiene por objetivo dejar en evidencia que las principales disposiciones de derechos fundamentales relacionadas con la eutanasia y el suicidio asistido en menores de edad —el derecho a la vida y los derechos de los niños, niñas y adolescentes— admiten diversas interpretaciones y, en consecuencia, pueden ser utilizadas para argumentar a favor y en contra de la legalización de dichos fenómenos. Tras una breve definición de los conceptos a los que se hace alusión y un panorama general de la regulación comparada, se abordan los principales derechos involucrados, dejando en evidencia que los supuestos impedimentos jurídicos para la despenalización de la eutanasia y suicidio asistido son interpretaciones de los derechos involucrados, las cuales no resultan del todo concordantes con las actuales tendencias de la teoría de los derechos fundamentales y que, por ello, la sola variación en esta interpretación permitiría abrir la posibilidad de una regulación que, al menos, no sancione en todos los casos la eutanasia y/o el suicidio asistido de los menores de edad en Chile.Resumo: Tanto a eutanásia como o suicídio assistido não tem sido temas suficientemente explorados pela doutrina chilena, falta de tratamento que se agudiza ao referir-se aos menores de idade. O presente artigo tem por objetivo deixar em evidência que as principais normas de direitos fundamentais relacionadas com a eutanásia e o suicídio assistido em menores de idade - o direito à vida e os direitos dos meninos, meninas e adolescentes - admitem diversas interpretações e, em consequência, podem ser utilizadas para argumentar a favor ou contra a legalização de tais fenômenos. Depois de uma breve definição dos conceitos a se faz alusão e um panorama geral da regulação comparada, abordam-se os principais direitos envolvidos, deixando em evidência que os supostos impedimentos jurídicos para a descriminalização da eutanásia e do suicídio assistido, são interpretações dos direitos envolvidos, as quais não resultam completamente concordantes com as atuais tendências da teoria dos direitos fundamentais y que por isto, só esta variação na interpretação permitiria abrir a possibilidade de uma regulação que, ao menos, não sancione em todos os casos a eutanásia e/ou o suicídio assistido de menores de idade no Chile. : Both euthanasia and assisted suicide have not been sufficiently explored by Chilean experts, lack of reflection heightened when referring to minors. This article aims to make clear that the main provisions of fundamental rights related to euthanasia and assisted suicide in minors, that is the right to life and the rights of children and adolescents, admit diverse interpretations and, therefore, they may be used to argue in favor or against the legalization of such issues. After a brief definition of the concepts considered and a general view of compared legislation, the main rights involved are addressed, making clear that the supposed legal impediments to decriminalization of euthanasia and assisted suicide, are interpretations of rights involved, which they are not completely concordant with current tendencies about the theory of fundamental rights and, therefore, the only variation in interpretation will allow to open the possibility of a regulation that, at least, will not penalize all cases of euthanasia and assisted suicide of minors in Chile.
       
  • The principle of reliance as a criterion for delimiting the criminal
           responsibility of physicians

    • Abstract: Resumen: En el presente artículo el autor analiza los presupuestos y límites del principio de confianza como criterio de concreción del cuidado debido exigible a los médicos. Para ello, se distingue entre división horizontal y vertical del trabajo. En el ámbito de la división horizontal, se destaca la relevancia que tiene una clara delimitación de ámbitos de responsabilidad para la vigencia del principio de confianza. En el plano de la división vertical, se explica la delegación de actividades médicas en enfermeras y auxiliares paramédicos (contemplada en el inc. 2º del art. 113 del Código Sanitario), así como los deberes de elección, instrucción y supervigilancia que han de cumplirse para que los facultativos puedan confiar en la correcta ejecución de las tareas delegadas.Resumo: No presente artigo o autor analisa os pressupostos e limites do princípio da confiança como critério de materialização do cuidado devido exigido dos médicos. Para isso se distingue entre divisão horizontal e vertical do trabalho. No âmbito da divisão horizontal se destaca a relevância que tem uma clara delimitação de âmbitos de responsabilidade para a vigência do princípio da confiança. No plano vertical se explica a delegação de atividades médicas para enfermeiras e auxiliares paramédicos (contemplada no parágrafo 2º do artigo 113 do Código Sanitário), assim como os deveres de eleição, instrução e supervigilância que se tem de cumprir para que os médicos possam confiar na correta execução das tarefas delegadas. : In the present article, the author analyzes the pre-requisites and boundaries of the principle of reliance as a criterion for determining the due care that can be demanded from physicians. For that purpose, a distinction is made between horizontal and vertical division of labour. Regarding horizontal division, the relevance of a clear delimitation of scopes of responsibility for the principle of reliance to apply is highlighted. Regarding vertical division, an explanation about delegation of medical activities to nurses and paramedic auxiliaries (contemplated in indent 2 of article 113 of the Sanitary Code) is offered, as well as one about the duties of selection, instruction and supervision that must be fulfilled for the physicians to be allowed to trust in the correct execution of the delegated tasks.
       
  • Bioethical approximations to the case of Charlie Gard

    • Abstract: Resumen: El litigio que enfrentó a los padres del niño Charlie Gard contra el Great Ormond Street Hospital de Londres, primero, y contra el propio Reino Unido, después, generó efectos mediáticos a nivel mundial pero escaso debate desde la perspectiva bioética. En el presente artículo se resumen algunos aspectos relevantes de la controversia que permiten analizar tres de las lecciones formuladas por Wilkinson y Savulescu al respecto. Se plantean además dos reflexiones bioéticas: la primera en relación a la dificultad en la aplicación de principios para examinar el caso, y la segunda referida a la interdisciplinariedad requerida para su análisis.Resumo: O litigio que enfrentou os pais do menino Charlie Gard contra o Great Ormond Street Hospital de Londres, primeiro contra o próprio Reino Unido, gerou depois efeitos midiáticos mundiais porém escasso debate sob uma perspectiva bioética. No presente artigo se resume alguns aspectos relevantes da controvérsia, que permitem analisar três das lições formuladas por Wilkinson e Savulescu a respeito. Além disto, se propõe duas reflexões bioéticas: a primeira em relação à dificuldade na aplicação de princípios para examinar o caso e a segunda no que se refere à interdisciplinaridade requerida para sua análise. : The litigation that confronted the parents of the child Charlie Gard against the Great Ormond Street Hospital in London, first, and against the United Kingdom itself, later, generated media effects worldwide but little debate from a bioethical perspective. This article summarizes some relevant aspects of the controversy that allow analyzing three of the lessons formulated by Wilkinson and Savulescu in this regard. Two bioethical reflections are also proposed: the first in relation to the difficulty in the application of principles to examine the case, and the second referred to the interdisciplinarity required for its analysis.
       
  • Genetic resources and indigenous peoples: the thesis of indigenous
           cultural property in the face of public domain

    • Abstract: Resumen: El artículo analiza la posición de los pueblos indígenas y sus fundamentos ético-políticos respecto de la protección debida a los recursos genéticos vinculados a los conocimientos tradicionales. Dicha posición ha reivindicado la propiedad cultural de índole colectiva respecto de dichos recursos, diferenciándose explícitamente de la solución que entiende que estos deberían caer en el dominio público. Para ello, se esboza una concepción de propiedad que tiene otras determinaciones respecto de la propiedad occidental. La postura de los pueblos indígenas ha sido sostenida de manera amplia y consistente durante décadas, y ha llegado a plasmarse en el régimen internacional de derechos humanos a través de la Declaración de Derechos de los Pueblos Indígenas de la ONU; pero, en las negociaciones en la OMPI, no ha logrado abrirse paso frente a sus críticos y a los intereses de las empresas y los Estados.Resumo: O artigo analisa a posição dos povos indígenas e seus fundamentos ético-políticos a respeito da proteção devida aos recursos genéticos vinculados aos conhecimentos tradicionais. Dita posição reivindicou a propriedade cultural de índole coletiva a respeito de tais recursos, diferenciando-se explicitamente da solução que entende que deveriam cair em domínio público. Para isso, se esboça uma concepção de propriedade que tem outras determinações a respeito da propriedade ocidental. A postura dos povos indígenas tem sido mantida de maneira ampla e consistente durante décadas e chegou a se refletir no regime internacional de direitos humanos através da Declaração de Direitos dos Povos Indígenas da ONU; porém nas negociações na OMPI não conseguiu se impor diante de seus críticos e aos interesses das empresas e dos Estados. : The article analyzes the position of indigenous peoples and their ethical-political foundations regarding due protection of genetic resources linked to traditional knowledge. This position has claimed cultural property of a collective nature with respect to these resources, differing explicitly from the solution that understands that these should fall into the public domain. For this purpose, a conception of property with other determination factors, compared to Western property, is outlined. The position of indigenous peoples has been widely and consistently sustained for decades and has come to be included in the international human rights regime, through the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples; but, in the negotiations at WIPO, it has not managed to break past its critics and the interests of companies and states.
       
  • “Brain death”, autonomy, and the future of organ
           transplantation

    • Abstract: : Autonomy and its companion, informed consent is regarded as fundamental in contemporary medical ethics. Still, the individuals are deprived of the possibility to make a genuinely informed choice with respect to organ donation in the event of “brain death”. It can be easily argued, scientifically speaking, that the status of the “brain dead” patients is that of living beings, able to process nutrients and drugs and even to harbour and nourish their progeny into the womb. A philosophical, not scientific distinction between the “un-meaningful” lives of the “brain dead” and “meaningful” human life underlines the “brain death” concept. Yet, the public is told that the “brain dead” are dead, i. e. lacking life. Not only that this situation collides with the principle of autonomy, but it also poses a risk for public trust in organ transplantation. It is obvious that people have certain expectancies from health care professionals and the decision makers, and finding out about such inconsistences might drive the public reject organ transplantation, with the recourse to the “brain death” concept ultimately leading to the aggravation of the organ shortage, instead of the alleviation that it was expected to bring.Resumen: La autonomía y su manifestación en el consentimiento informado es considerada fundamental en la ética médica contemporánea. Sin embargo, a los individuos se les priva de la posibilidad de realizar una elección informada genuina cuando se trata de donación de órganos en el caso de “muerte cerebral”. Puede fácilmente argumentarse, científicamente hablando, que el estatuto de paciente con “muerte cerebral” es el de un ser vivo, capaz de procesar nutrientes y fármacos, incluso mantener y nutrir la progenie en el útero. El concepto de “muerte cerebral” está basado en una distinción filosófica, no científica, entre la vida “sin significado” del que tiene el “cerebro muerto” y la vida “con sentido”. Sin embargo, a las personas se les dice que las personas con el “cerebro muerto” están muertas, carecen de vida. Esta situación no solamente colisiona con el principio de autonomía, sino que también supone un riesgo para la confianza pública en el trasplante de órganos. Es obvio que las personas tienen ciertas expectativas acerca de la toma de decisiones de los profesionales de la salud, y el conocer tales inconsistencias podría llevar a que las personas rechacen el trasplante de órganos con el recurso de “muerte cerebral”, conduciendo a la agravación en el bajo suministro de órganos, en vez del alivio que se espera conseguir.
       
  • Corneal transplant: bioethical aspects

    • Abstract: Resumen: Este trabajo aborda los aspectos bioéticos del trasplante de córnea, desde la donación y los tipos de la misma, incluyendo el comercio de órganos y tejidos, así como la metodología del trasplante y el uso de tratamientos inmunosupresores, además del consentimiento informado y la participación del paciente en las decisiones. Se analizan las técnicas actuales, la efectividad y las circunstancias en las que se puede aplicar cada una de ellas así como los estudios emergentes basados en la terapia celular. Algunos de los estudios emplean células troncales derivadas de embriones humanos, y otras de tejidos adultos y células troncales pluripotentes inducidas (iPS). Se propone un análisis bioético de las consecuencias que pueden derivarse de las distintas opciones clínicas disponibles. Por último, se valora en qué medida el paciente participa como actor en su proceso de tratamiento, y la información de que dispone acerca de su enfermedad y del tratamiento que está recibiendo. El paciente debe ser parte activa en su proceso de curación y debe existir un proceso deliberativo en el que sea guiado por el personal facultativo en la elección de su tratamiento, teniendo en cuenta los principios éticos del paciente y del personal sanitario.Resumo: Este trabalho aborda os aspectos bioéticos do transplante de córnea como a doação e os tipos da mesma (incluindo o comércio de órgãos e tecidos), a metodologia do transplante e uso de tratamentos imunossupressores, além do consentimento informado e a participação do paciente nas decisões. Analisam-se as técnicas atuais, a efetividade e as circunstancias nas quais se pode aplicar cada uma delas, assim como os estudos emergentes baseados na terapia celular. Se propõe uma análise bioética das consequências que podem ser derivadas das distintas opções clínicas disponíveis. Por último, se avalia em que medida o paciente participa como ator em seu processo de tratamento e a informação de que dispõe sobre sua doença e do tratamento que está recebendo. O paciente deve ser parte ativa em seu processo de cura e ser orientado pela equipe médica no processo deliberativo da eleição de seu tratamento, tendo em conta os princípios éticos do paciente e do pessoal de saúde. : This paper addresses the bioethical aspects of corneal transplantation, from donation and types of donation, including the trade of organs and tissues, as well as the methodology of transplantation and use of immunosuppressive treatments, in addition to informed consent and patient participation. in decisions. The current techniques are analyzed, the effectiveness and the circumstances in which each of them can be applied as well as the emergent studies based on cell therapy. Some of the studies use stem cells derived from human embryos, and others from adult tissues and induced pluripotent stem cells (iPS). A bioethical analysis of the consequences may arise from the different clinical options available. A bioethical analysis of the consequences that can be derived from the different clinical options available is proposed. Finally, it is assessed to what extent the patient participates as an actor in their treatment process, and the information they have about their illness and the treatment they are receiving. The patient must be an active part in his healing process and there must be a deliberative process in which he is guided by the medical staff in the choice of his treatment, taking into account the ethical principles of the patient and the health personnel.
       
  • Ethical conflicts detected by psychologists of Primary Health Care

    • Abstract: Resumen: Objetivo: Identificar la detección de conflictos éticos por parte de los psicólogos/as en el contexto de la atención primaria de salud (APS); determinar su compresión y analizar la descripción de cada uno. Diseño la investigación: Estudio cualitativo, tipo exploratorio-descriptivo. Participantes: 25 psicólogas/os de un universo total de 28 profesionales. Método: El instrumento de recolección de información fue la entrevista semiestructurada, y la técnica de análisis de resultados el análisis narrativo de contenido. Resultados: Los informantes detectan un total de treinta y ocho conflictos éticos claramente diferenciados, argumentando a catorce de ellos como críticos. La categorización permitió diferenciar tres categorías distintas desde las que se establecen y representan: a) atención a consultantes; b) relación entre colegas y con otros profesionales de salud, y c) contexto de trabajo en salud pública. Conclusiones: El estudio permitió acceder a las problemáticas percibidas por los informantes, coincidiendo en que varios de estos conflictos han permanecido naturalizados y normalizados en el tiempo. Surge la necesidad de revisar y visibilizar los cuestionamientos identificados para que establezcan los mínimos necesarios que permitan ser garantes de intervenciones de calidad y excelencia requerida en la salud mental del nivel primario de atención.Resumo: Objetivo: Identificar a detecção de conflitos éticos por parte dos Psicólogos/as no contexto da APS, determinar sua compreensão e analisar a descrição de cada um. Desenho da pesquisa: Estudo qualitativo, tipo exploratório-descritivo. Participantes: 25 Psicólogos/as, de um universo total de 28 profissionais. Método: O instrumento de coleta de informações foi uma entrevista semiestruturada e a técnica de análise de resultados, a análise narrativa de conteúdo. Resultados: Os informantes detectam um total de trinta e oito conflitos éticos claramente diferenciados, considerando quatorze deles como críticos. A categorização permitiu diferenciar três categorias distintas de onde eles estão estabelecidos e representam: a) atenção a pessoa em consulta; b) relação entre colegas e com outros profissionais da saúde; e c) contexto de trabalho em saúde pública. Conclusões: O estudo permitiu acessar as problemáticas percebidas pelos informantes, coincidindo em que vários destes conflitos permaneceram naturalizados e padronizados no tempo. Surge a necessidade de revisar e visibilizar os questionamentos identificados para que se estabeleçam os padrões* mínimos necessários que permitam ser garantidores de intervenções de qualidade e excelência requeridas na saúde mental do nível primário de atenção. : Objectives: To identify the detection of ethical conflicts by psychologists in the context of PHC, determine their understanding and analyze the description of each one. Design: Qualitative study, exploratory-descriptive type. Participants: 25 psychologists, from a total universe of 28 professionals. Method: The data collection instrument was the semi-structured interview and the results analysis technique was the narrative analysis of content. Results: The informants detected a total of thirty-eight clearly differentiated ethical conflicts, arguing fourteen of them as critics. The categorization allowed differentiating three different categories from where they are established and represent: a) attention to consultants; b) relationship between colleagues and with other health professionals; and c) work context in public health. Conclusions The study allowed access to the problems perceived by the informants, agreeing that several of these conflicts have remained naturalized and normalized over time. The need arises to review and make visible the identified questions in order to establish the minimums necessary to be guarantors of quality interventions and excellence required in the mental health of the primary level of care.
       
  • The relationship of homeless, autonomy and vulnerability: a challenge for
           bioethics

    • Abstract: Resumen: El propósito de este artículo es identificar las relaciones entre vulnerabilidad y autonomía que ha desarrollado la literatura académica en relación con los habitantes de calle. Para el cumplimiento del objetivo se desarrolló búsqueda bibliográfica en distintas bases de datos bajo los criterios de habitante de calle, autonomía, toma de decisiones, vulnerabilidad, bioética. Como conclusión es claro que los problemas mentales que pueden presentar aquel grupo poblacional evidencian las dificultades para dirimir la falsa dicotomía bioética entre autonomía y vulnerabilidad. Se identifica entonces una nueva tarea para la bioética, como es superar la dicotomía presentada que pueda aportar elementos sustanciales que ayuden a sobrepasar las dificultades para la atención de habitantes de calle.Resumo: O objetivo deste artigo é identificar as relações entre vulnerabilidade e autonomia elaboradas pela literatura acadêmica em relação aos moradores de rua. Para alcançar este objetivo realizou-se uma pesquisa bibliográfica em diferentes bases de dados, utilizando-se como critérios morador de rua, autonomia, tomada de decisões, vulnerabilidade, boiética. Como conclusão, ficou claro que os problemas mentais que aquele grupo populacional pode apresentar evidenciam as dificuldades que existem para dirimir a falsa dicotomia bioética entre autonomia e vulnerabilidade. Identifica-se, então, uma nova tarefa para a bioética, a de superar a dicotomia apresentada de forma a fornecer elementos substanciais que ajudem a superar as dificuldades que se apresentam para a atenção aos moradores de rua. : The purpose of this article is to identify the relationships between vulnerability and autonomy that academic literature has developed in relation to homeless. For the fulfillment of the objective, a bibliographic search was developed in different databases under the criteria of homeless, autonomy, decision making, vulnerability, bioethics. As a conclusion, it is clear that the mental problems that this population group can present demonstrate the difficulties that exist to resolve the false bioethical dichotomy that exists between autonomy and vulnerability. A new task for bioethics is identified, such as overcoming the presented dichotomy that can provide substantial elements that help to overcome the difficulties that arise for the attention of homeless.
       
  • Bioethical models

    • Abstract: Resumen: La bioética ya es una ciencia madura que admite el uso del metalenguaje para afrontar el reto del pluralismo. En este trabajo de metabioética se pretende, en primer lugar, comparar algunas de las más importantes propuestas de modelos bioéticos. En segundo lugar, mediante una metodología analítica, se expondrán los dos grandes grupos de resultados. Por una parte, los tres tipos de criterios utilizados para la construcción de modelos: antropológico, ético y biofilosófico. Por otra parte, se sacará a la luz las precomprensiones que subyacen a los discursos bioéticos que explican el pluralismo y dificultan el diálogo.Resumo: A bioética já é uma ciência madura, que admite o uso da metalinguagem para entrentar o desafio do pluralismo. Neste trabalho de metabioética pretende-se, em primeiro lugar, comparar algumas das propostas mais importantes de modelos bioéticos. Em segundo lugar, mediante uma metodologia analítica, expor os dois grandes grupos de resultados; de um lado, os três tipos de critérios utilizados para a construção de modelos – antropológico, ético e biofilosófico -; por outro, “se sacará” à luz das “precomprensiones” que subjacem aos discursos bioéticos que explicam o pluralismo e dificultam o diálogo. : Bioethics is a mature science that allows for the use of metalanguage in order face the challenge of pluralism. In this work on metabioethics, the aims are, firstly, to compare some of the most important proposals of bioethic models. Secondly, by means of an analytical methodology two large groups of results will be presented: on the one hand, in terms of the three types of criteria used for the construction of models (anthropological, ethical and biophilosophical); and on the other hand, the presuppositions that underlie the bioethical discussions that explain pluralism and make the dialogue more difficult will be brought to light.
       
  • A conceptual model for ethics committees: preliminary sociological
           syntheses

    • Abstract: Resumen: El texto propone un acercamiento conceptual inicial a la investigación sociológica empírica sobre los comités de ética, la cual se comprende como un campo de estudio actualmente subdesarrollado. El modelo pretende dar sustento a investigaciones cualitativas, cuantitativas o mixtas sobre la temática sobre la base de un conjunto de dimensiones y conceptos seleccionados de las obras más importantes de los sociólogos Émile Durkheim, Max Weber, Talcott Parsons, Jürgen Habermas y Niklas Luhmann. El texto concluye con una definición sociológica preliminar para los comités de ética y con sugerencias metodológicas para la investigación empírica.Resumo: O texto propõe uma aproximação conceitual inicial à pesquisa sociológica empírica sobre os comitês de ética, a qual se compreende como um campo de estudo atualmente subdesenvolvido. O modelo pretende dar sustento a pesquisas qualitativas, quantitativas ou mistas sobre a temática, sobre a base de um conjunto de dimensões e conceitos selecionados das obras mais importantes dos sociólogos Émile Durkheim, Max Weber, Talcott Parsons, Jürgen Habermas e Niklas Luhmann. O texto conclui com uma definição sociológica preliminar para os comitês de ética e com sugestões metodológicas para a pesquisa empírica. : The text proposes an initial conceptual approach to empirical sociological research on ethics committees, which is understood as a currently underdeveloped field of study. The model aims to support qualitative, quantitative or mixed researches on the subject based on a set of dimensions and concepts selected from the most important works of sociologists Émile Durkheim, Max Weber, Talcott Parsons, Jürgen Habermas and Niklas Luhmann. The text concludes with a preliminary sociological definition for the ethics committees and also methodological suggestions for empirical research.
       
  • Patient satisfaction on nursing care: the case of gynecology and
           obstetrics clinics

    • Abstract: : Nursing care is an effective factor to allow the quality of health care services to be at a desired level. The ethical principles of justice and honesty are important for improving the quality of nursing care and patient satisfaction. This study determined satisfaction levels for nursing care of patients hospitalized in gynecology and obstetrics clinics of different types of hospitals providing health care services. This is a descriptive and cross-sectional study. The sample consisted of 420 female patients hospitalized in gynecology and obstetrics clinics. The data were collected using the “Patient Socio-demographics Form” and “Newcastle Nursing Care Satisfaction Scale.” The nursing care satisfaction level of the participants according to hospital were as follows: Hospital A 70.68±15.51, Hospital B 70.65±15.17, Hospital C 65.41±16.48, Hospital D 71.39±14.66, and in total 67.2±16.13. There were statistically significant relationships between nursing satisfaction levels of participants based on the hospital, marital status, age, income level, and length of hospital stay. Satisfaction levels of the participants regarding nursing care were above average. While the satisfaction levels were similar based on hospitals, the satisfaction levels for the private hospital, training and research hospital, and university hospital were higher than that of the public hospital.Resumen: El cuidado de enfermería es un factor efectivo en lograr la calidad al nivel deseado en el servicio del cuidado de salud. Los principios éticos de justicia y honestidad son importantes para mejorar la calidad del cuidado de enfermería y la satisfacción del paciente. El presente estudio determina los niveles de satisfacción del cuidado de enfermería de pacientes hospitalizados en clínicas de obstétrica y ginecología de diferentes tipos de hospitales que proporcionan servicios de cuidado de salud. Se trata de un estudio descriptivo y transversal. La muestra consistió de 420 mujeres pacientes hospitalizadas en clínicas de obstetricia y ginecología. Los datos se recolectaron usando el “Formulario sociodemográfico de pacientes” y la “Escala de satisfacción de cuidado de enfermería de Newcastle”. Los niveles de satisfacción de cuidado de enfermería de los participantes de acuerdo a cada hospital fueron los siguientes: Hospital A 70.68±15.51, Hospital B 70.65±15.17, Hospital C 65.41±16.48, Hospital D 71.39±14.66, y el total 67.2±16. La relación entre los niveles de satisfacción del cuidado de enfermería de los pacientes basado en el hospital, estado marital, edad, nivel de salario y duración de estadía en el hospital fue estadísticamente significativa. Los niveles de satisfacción de los participantes respecto a los cuidados de enfermería se encontraron por encima del promedio. Mientras que los niveles de satisfacción eran similares basándose en hospitales, los niveles de satisfacción de los hospitales privados, de entrenamiento, investigación y universitarios fueron mayores que los de los hospitales públicos.
       
  • Declaración de San Juan en la XII edición de Felaibe en Puerto Rico, San
           Juan, 15 de abril de 2019

    • Abstract: : Nursing care is an effective factor to allow the quality of health care services to be at a desired level. The ethical principles of justice and honesty are important for improving the quality of nursing care and patient satisfaction. This study determined satisfaction levels for nursing care of patients hospitalized in gynecology and obstetrics clinics of different types of hospitals providing health care services. This is a descriptive and cross-sectional study. The sample consisted of 420 female patients hospitalized in gynecology and obstetrics clinics. The data were collected using the “Patient Socio-demographics Form” and “Newcastle Nursing Care Satisfaction Scale.” The nursing care satisfaction level of the participants according to hospital were as follows: Hospital A 70.68±15.51, Hospital B 70.65±15.17, Hospital C 65.41±16.48, Hospital D 71.39±14.66, and in total 67.2±16.13. There were statistically significant relationships between nursing satisfaction levels of participants based on the hospital, marital status, age, income level, and length of hospital stay. Satisfaction levels of the participants regarding nursing care were above average. While the satisfaction levels were similar based on hospitals, the satisfaction levels for the private hospital, training and research hospital, and university hospital were higher than that of the public hospital.Resumen: El cuidado de enfermería es un factor efectivo en lograr la calidad al nivel deseado en el servicio del cuidado de salud. Los principios éticos de justicia y honestidad son importantes para mejorar la calidad del cuidado de enfermería y la satisfacción del paciente. El presente estudio determina los niveles de satisfacción del cuidado de enfermería de pacientes hospitalizados en clínicas de obstétrica y ginecología de diferentes tipos de hospitales que proporcionan servicios de cuidado de salud. Se trata de un estudio descriptivo y transversal. La muestra consistió de 420 mujeres pacientes hospitalizadas en clínicas de obstetricia y ginecología. Los datos se recolectaron usando el “Formulario sociodemográfico de pacientes” y la “Escala de satisfacción de cuidado de enfermería de Newcastle”. Los niveles de satisfacción de cuidado de enfermería de los participantes de acuerdo a cada hospital fueron los siguientes: Hospital A 70.68±15.51, Hospital B 70.65±15.17, Hospital C 65.41±16.48, Hospital D 71.39±14.66, y el total 67.2±16. La relación entre los niveles de satisfacción del cuidado de enfermería de los pacientes basado en el hospital, estado marital, edad, nivel de salario y duración de estadía en el hospital fue estadísticamente significativa. Los niveles de satisfacción de los participantes respecto a los cuidados de enfermería se encontraron por encima del promedio. Mientras que los niveles de satisfacción eran similares basándose en hospitales, los niveles de satisfacción de los hospitales privados, de entrenamiento, investigación y universitarios fueron mayores que los de los hospitales públicos.
       
  • SACK, M.Von der Neuropathologie zur Phänomenologie. Alfred Prinz
           Auersperg und die Geschichte der Heidelberger Schule

    • Abstract: : Nursing care is an effective factor to allow the quality of health care services to be at a desired level. The ethical principles of justice and honesty are important for improving the quality of nursing care and patient satisfaction. This study determined satisfaction levels for nursing care of patients hospitalized in gynecology and obstetrics clinics of different types of hospitals providing health care services. This is a descriptive and cross-sectional study. The sample consisted of 420 female patients hospitalized in gynecology and obstetrics clinics. The data were collected using the “Patient Socio-demographics Form” and “Newcastle Nursing Care Satisfaction Scale.” The nursing care satisfaction level of the participants according to hospital were as follows: Hospital A 70.68±15.51, Hospital B 70.65±15.17, Hospital C 65.41±16.48, Hospital D 71.39±14.66, and in total 67.2±16.13. There were statistically significant relationships between nursing satisfaction levels of participants based on the hospital, marital status, age, income level, and length of hospital stay. Satisfaction levels of the participants regarding nursing care were above average. While the satisfaction levels were similar based on hospitals, the satisfaction levels for the private hospital, training and research hospital, and university hospital were higher than that of the public hospital.Resumen: El cuidado de enfermería es un factor efectivo en lograr la calidad al nivel deseado en el servicio del cuidado de salud. Los principios éticos de justicia y honestidad son importantes para mejorar la calidad del cuidado de enfermería y la satisfacción del paciente. El presente estudio determina los niveles de satisfacción del cuidado de enfermería de pacientes hospitalizados en clínicas de obstétrica y ginecología de diferentes tipos de hospitales que proporcionan servicios de cuidado de salud. Se trata de un estudio descriptivo y transversal. La muestra consistió de 420 mujeres pacientes hospitalizadas en clínicas de obstetricia y ginecología. Los datos se recolectaron usando el “Formulario sociodemográfico de pacientes” y la “Escala de satisfacción de cuidado de enfermería de Newcastle”. Los niveles de satisfacción de cuidado de enfermería de los participantes de acuerdo a cada hospital fueron los siguientes: Hospital A 70.68±15.51, Hospital B 70.65±15.17, Hospital C 65.41±16.48, Hospital D 71.39±14.66, y el total 67.2±16. La relación entre los niveles de satisfacción del cuidado de enfermería de los pacientes basado en el hospital, estado marital, edad, nivel de salario y duración de estadía en el hospital fue estadísticamente significativa. Los niveles de satisfacción de los participantes respecto a los cuidados de enfermería se encontraron por encima del promedio. Mientras que los niveles de satisfacción eran similares basándose en hospitales, los niveles de satisfacción de los hospitales privados, de entrenamiento, investigación y universitarios fueron mayores que los de los hospitales públicos.
       
  • PATEL, R. & MOORE, J.W.A History of the World in Seven Cheap Things: A
           Guide to Capitalism, Nature, and the Future of the Planet

    • Abstract: : Nursing care is an effective factor to allow the quality of health care services to be at a desired level. The ethical principles of justice and honesty are important for improving the quality of nursing care and patient satisfaction. This study determined satisfaction levels for nursing care of patients hospitalized in gynecology and obstetrics clinics of different types of hospitals providing health care services. This is a descriptive and cross-sectional study. The sample consisted of 420 female patients hospitalized in gynecology and obstetrics clinics. The data were collected using the “Patient Socio-demographics Form” and “Newcastle Nursing Care Satisfaction Scale.” The nursing care satisfaction level of the participants according to hospital were as follows: Hospital A 70.68±15.51, Hospital B 70.65±15.17, Hospital C 65.41±16.48, Hospital D 71.39±14.66, and in total 67.2±16.13. There were statistically significant relationships between nursing satisfaction levels of participants based on the hospital, marital status, age, income level, and length of hospital stay. Satisfaction levels of the participants regarding nursing care were above average. While the satisfaction levels were similar based on hospitals, the satisfaction levels for the private hospital, training and research hospital, and university hospital were higher than that of the public hospital.Resumen: El cuidado de enfermería es un factor efectivo en lograr la calidad al nivel deseado en el servicio del cuidado de salud. Los principios éticos de justicia y honestidad son importantes para mejorar la calidad del cuidado de enfermería y la satisfacción del paciente. El presente estudio determina los niveles de satisfacción del cuidado de enfermería de pacientes hospitalizados en clínicas de obstétrica y ginecología de diferentes tipos de hospitales que proporcionan servicios de cuidado de salud. Se trata de un estudio descriptivo y transversal. La muestra consistió de 420 mujeres pacientes hospitalizadas en clínicas de obstetricia y ginecología. Los datos se recolectaron usando el “Formulario sociodemográfico de pacientes” y la “Escala de satisfacción de cuidado de enfermería de Newcastle”. Los niveles de satisfacción de cuidado de enfermería de los participantes de acuerdo a cada hospital fueron los siguientes: Hospital A 70.68±15.51, Hospital B 70.65±15.17, Hospital C 65.41±16.48, Hospital D 71.39±14.66, y el total 67.2±16. La relación entre los niveles de satisfacción del cuidado de enfermería de los pacientes basado en el hospital, estado marital, edad, nivel de salario y duración de estadía en el hospital fue estadísticamente significativa. Los niveles de satisfacción de los participantes respecto a los cuidados de enfermería se encontraron por encima del promedio. Mientras que los niveles de satisfacción eran similares basándose en hospitales, los niveles de satisfacción de los hospitales privados, de entrenamiento, investigación y universitarios fueron mayores que los de los hospitales públicos.
       
 
 
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