Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8447 journals)
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MEDICAL SCIENCES (2307 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 201 - 400 of 3562 Journals sorted alphabetically
Atención Familiar     Open Access  
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Atención Primaria Práctica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atti della Accademia Peloritana dei Pericolanti - Classe di Scienze Medico-Biologiche     Open Access  
Audiology - Communication Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Auris Nasus Larynx     Full-text available via subscription  
Australasian Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine (AJUM)     Hybrid Journal  
Australian Coeliac     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Journal of Medical Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Autopsy and Case Reports     Open Access  
Avicenna     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Avicenna Journal of Clinical Medicine     Open Access  
Avicenna Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bangladesh Journal of Bioethics     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Biochemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Medical Journal     Open Access  
Bangladesh Medical Journal Khulna     Open Access  
Basal Ganglia     Hybrid Journal  
Basic Sciences of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Batı Karadeniz Tıp Dergisi / Medical Journal of Western Black Sea     Open Access  
Baylor University Medical Center Proceedings     Hybrid Journal  
BBA Clinical     Open Access  
BC Medical Journal     Free  
Benha Medical Journal     Open Access  
Beni-Suef University Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Bijblijven     Hybrid Journal  
Bijzijn     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bijzijn XL     Hybrid Journal  
Bio-Algorithms and Med-Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
BioDiscovery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bioelectromagnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bioelectronic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bioengineering & Translational Medicine     Open Access  
Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Bioethics Research Notes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Biologics in Therapy     Open Access  
Biology of Sex Differences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biomarker Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Biomarkers in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
BioMed Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biomédica     Open Access  
Biomedical & Life Sciences Collection     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Biomedical and Biotechnology Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Biomedical Engineering and Computational Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Biomedical Engineering Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biomedical Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Biomedical Informatics Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Biomedical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biomedical Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Biomedical Microdevices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Biomedical Optics Express     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Biomedical Photonics     Open Access  
Biomedical Reports     Full-text available via subscription  
Biomedical Research Reports     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Biomedical Safety & Standards     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Biomedical Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
BioMedicine     Open Access  
Biomedicine Hub     Open Access  
Biomedicines     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biomedika     Open Access  
Biomolecular and Health Science Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biophysics Reports     Open Access  
BioPsychoSocial Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Biosalud     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biostatistics & Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Birat Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BIRDEM Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Birth Defects Research     Hybrid Journal  
Birth Defects Research Part A : Clinical and Molecular Teratology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Birth Defects Research Part C : Embryo Today : Reviews     Hybrid Journal  
BJR|Open     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BJS Open     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Black Sea Journal of Health Science     Open Access  
BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Blickpunkt Medizin     Hybrid Journal  
BMC Biomedical Engineering     Open Access  
BMC Medical Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
BMC Medical Research Methodology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
BMC Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
BMC Obesity     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
BMC Proceedings     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BMC Research Notes     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation     Open Access   (Followers: 34)
BMH Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
BMI Journal : Bariátrica & Metabólica Iberoamericana     Open Access  
BMJ     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1784)
BMJ Case Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
BMJ Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
BMJ Innovations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
BMJ Leader     Hybrid Journal  
BMJ Open     Open Access   (Followers: 43)
BMJ Open Quality     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
BMJ Open Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BMJ Sexual & Reproductive Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
BMJ Surgery, Interventions, & Health Technologies     Open Access  
Bodine Journal     Open Access  
Boletín del Consejo Académico de Ética en Medicina     Open Access  
Boletín del ECEMC     Open Access  
Boletin Médico de Postgrado     Open Access  
Boletín Médico del Hospital Infantil de México     Open Access  
Bone     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Bone and Tissue Regeneration Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bone Marrow Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bone Reports     Open Access  
Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Bozok Tıp Dergisi / Bozok Medical Journal     Open Access  
Brachytherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Brain and Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Brain Connectivity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Brain Impairment     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access  
Brazilian Journal of Medicine and Human Health     Open Access  
Brazilian Journal of Pain (BrJP)     Open Access  
Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Breastfeeding Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
British Journal of Biomedical Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
British Journal of General Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 39)
British Journal of Hospital Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
British Medical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Buddhachinaraj Medical Journal     Open Access  
Bulletin Amades     Open Access  
Bulletin de la Société de pathologie exotique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Legal Medicine     Open Access  
Bulletin of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Bulletin of the History of Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic     Full-text available via subscription  
Bulletin of The Royal College of Surgeons of England     Free  
Bulletin of the Scientific Centre for Expert Evaluation of Medicinal Products     Open Access  
Bundesgesundheitsblatt - Gesundheitsforschung - Gesundheitsschutz     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Burapha Journal of Medicine     Open Access  
Burns     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Cadernos de Naturologia e Terapias Complementares     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Calcified Tissue International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Bulletin of Medical History     Hybrid Journal  
Canadian Family Physician     Partially Free   (Followers: 13)
Canadian Journal of Pain     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Journal of Rural Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Medical Association Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Canadian Medical Education Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Canadian Prosthetics & Orthotics Journal     Open Access  
Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiac Electrophysiology Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Care Management Journals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports     Open Access  
Case Reports in Acute Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Case Reports in Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Reports in Clinical Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Case Reports in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Case Reports in Transplantation     Open Access  
Case Reports in Vascular Medicine     Open Access  
Case Reports in Women's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Case Study and Case Report     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
CASUS : Revista de Investigación y Casos en Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CBU International Conference Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cell & Bioscience     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cell Adhesion & Migration     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Cell and Molecular Response to Stress     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Cell and Tissue Transplantation and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cell Cycle     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Cell Death and Differentiation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Cell Death Discovery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cell Health and Cytoskeleton     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cell Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cell Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Cell Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
CEN Case Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Central African Journal of Medicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Ceylon Journal of Medical Science     Open Access  
Ceylon Medical Journal     Open Access  
Chattagram Maa-O-Shishu Hospital Medical College Journal     Open Access  
Chiang Mai Medical Journal     Open Access  
ChiangRai Medical Journal     Open Access  
Chimerism     Full-text available via subscription  
Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Chinese Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Chinese Medical Record English Edition     Hybrid Journal  
Chinese Medical Sciences Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Chisholm Health Ethics Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Christian Journal for Global Health     Open Access  
Chronic Diseases and Translational Medicine     Open Access  
Chronic Illness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Chronic Wound Care Management and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Chronobiology International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
ChronoPhysiology and Therapy     Open Access  

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Journal Cover
Calcified Tissue International
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.07
Citation Impact (citeScore): 3
Number of Followers: 2  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1432-0827 - ISSN (Online) 0171-967X
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2570 journals]
  • Evaluation of a Panel of MicroRNAs that Predicts Fragility Fracture Risk:
           A Pilot Study
    • Abstract: The assessment of fragility fracture risk based on bone densitometry and FRAX°, although commonly used, has shown some limitations. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are promising biomarkers known to regulate post-transcriptional gene expression. Many studies have already shown that microRNAs are involved in bone homeostasis by modulating osteoblast and osteoclast gene expression. In this pilot study, we investigated the ability of an miRNA panel (namely, the OsteomiR° score) to predict fragility fracture risk in older people. miRNAs were extracted from the sera of 17 persons who developed a fracture within 3 years of collecting the serum and 16 persons who did not experience fractures in the same period. Nineteen miRNAs known to be involved in bone homeostasis were assessed, and 10 miRNAs were employed to calculate the OsteomiR° score. We found a trend towards higher OsteomiR° scores in individuals who experienced fractures compared to control subjects. The most suitable cut-off that maximized sensitivity and specificity was determined by ROC curve analysis, and a positive predictive value of 68% and a sensitivity of 76% were obtained. The OsteomiR° score was higher in osteopenic and osteoporotic subjects compared to subjects with a normal T score. Additionally, the OsteomiR° score predicted more fracture events than the recommended “need-to-treat” thresholds based on FRAX° 10-year probability. miRNAs reflect impairments in bone homeostasis several years before the occurrence of a fracture. The OsteomiR° score seems to be a promising miRNA panel for fragility fracture risk prediction and might have added value compared to FRAX°. Given the limited cohort size, further studies should be dedicated to validating the OsteomiR° score.
      PubDate: 2020-03-01
  • Psychometric Properties of the Spanish Version of the Sarcopenia and
           Quality of Life, a Quality of Life Questionnaire Specific for Sarcopenia
    • Abstract: The Sarcopenia and Quality of Life questionnaire (SarQol®) is a self-administered multidimensional sarcopenia-specific tool designed for community-dwelling subjects aged 65 years and older. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the SarQoL®. A total of 252 participants aged ≥ 65 years voluntarily participated in this cross-sectional study. Handgrip strength and bioelectrical impedance analysis were used for sarcopenia screening. Discriminative power, internal consistency, test–retest reliability, and floor and ceiling effects were analyzed. The generic 36-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36), the European Quality of Life 5-Dimension-3 Level (EQ-5D-3L), and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) were also used for convergent and divergent validity. Significant differences between sarcopenic (n = 66) and non-sarcopenic participants were observed for SarQoL® total score (p = 0.008) and for all domains except D2—locomotion. A high internal consistency of SarQoL® total score (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.904) was found, and significant domain-to-total score correlations were obtained (all p < .001). Test–retest data showed excellent reliability for SarQoL® total score (ICC = 0.99; 95%CI 0.98–0.99) and in all dimensions, except for D6—leisure and D7—fears activities (substantial). No floor and ceiling effects were observed for SarQoL® total score. SarQoL® total score showed good and acceptable correlations(p < 0.001) with the selected domains of the SF-36 and EQ-5D-3L which have similar dimensions (convergent validity). Low and non-significant correlations existed with anxiety, depression, and EQ-5D-3L self-care and pain/discomfort domains (divergent validity). The Spanish SarQoL® shows satisfactory general psychometric properties in Spanish-speaking older adults from Spain and is able to discriminate between older adults with and without sarcopenia.
      PubDate: 2020-03-01
  • Hypophosphatasia in Japan: ALPL Mutation Analysis in 98 Unrelated Patients
    • Abstract: Hypophosphatasia (HPP) is highly variable in clinical expression and is generally classified into six subtypes. Although it would be beneficial to be able to predict the clinical course from the ALPL genotype, studies on this issue are limited. Here, we aimed to clarify the features of Japanese HPP and the relationships between genotype and clinical manifestations. We analyzed 98 unrelated Japanese patients to investigate the percentage of each clinical form, frequently detected mutations, and the relationship between the genotype and phenotype. Some of the identified mutants were characterized by transfection experiments. Perinatal severe form was the most frequent (45.9%), followed by perinatal benign form (22.4%). Among the 196 alleles, p.Leu520ArgfsX86 (c.1559delT) was detected in 89 alleles, and p.Phe327Leu (c.979T>C) was identified in 23 alleles. All of the homozygotes for p.Leu520ArgfsX86 were classified into perinatal severe form, and patients carrying p.Phe327Leu in one of the alleles were classified into perinatal benign or odonto HPP. Twenty of the 22 patients with perinatal benign HPP were compound heterozygous for p.Phe327Leu and another mutation. Most patients with odonto HPP were found to be monoallelic heterozygotes for dominant-negative mutations or compound heterozygotes with mutants having residual activity. The high prevalence of p.Leu520ArgfsX86 and p.Phe327Leu mutations might underlie the high rate of perinatal severe and perinatal benign forms, respectively, in Japanese HPP. Although ALPL genotyping would be beneficial for predicting the clinical course to an extent, the observed phenotypical variability among patients sharing the same genotypes suggests the presence of modifiers.
      PubDate: 2020-03-01
  • WNT16 Requires Gα Subunits as Intracellular Partners for Both Its
           Canonical and Non-Canonical WNT Signalling Activity in Osteoblasts
    • Abstract: In the past years, WNT16 became an interesting target in the field of skeletal research, as it was identified as an essential regulator of the cortical bone compartment, with the ability to increase both cortical and trabecular bone mass and strength in vivo. Even though there are indications that these advantageous effects are coming from canonical and non-canonical WNT-signalling activity, a clear model of WNT signalling by WNT16 is not yet depicted. We, therefore, investigated the modulation of canonical (WNT/β-catenin) and non-canonical [WNT/calcium, WNT/planar cell polarity (PCP)] signalling in human embryonic kidney (HEK) 293 T and SaOS2 cells. Here, we demonstrated that WNT16 activates all WNT-signalling pathways in osteoblasts, whereas only WNT/calcium signalling was activated in HEK293T cells. In osteoblasts, we therefore, additionally investigated the role of Gα subunits as intracellular partners in WNT16′s mechanism of action by performing knockdown of Gα12, Gα13 and Gαq. These studies point out that the above-mentioned Gα subunits might be involved in the WNT/β-catenin and WNT/calcium-signalling activity by WNT16 in osteoblasts, and for Gα12 in its WNT/PCP-signalling activity, illustrating a novel possible mechanism of interplay between the different WNT-signalling pathways in osteoblasts. Additional studies are needed to demonstrate whether this mechanism is specific for WNT16 signalling or relevant for all other WNT ligands as well. Altogether, we further defined WNT16′s mechanism of action in osteoblasts that might underlie the well-known beneficial effects of WNT16 on skeletal homeostasis. These findings on WNT16 and the activity of specific Gα subunits in osteoblasts could definitely contribute to the development of novel therapeutic approaches for fragility fractures in the future.
      PubDate: 2020-03-01
  • Associations Between Breastfeeding History and Early Postmenopausal Bone
    • Abstract: This study aimed to evaluate associations of parity and breastfeeding history with postmenopausal bone loss. Early postmenopausal women from the Canadian Multicentre Osteoporosis Study were divided into three groups based on their reproductive histories: nulliparous (NP, n = 10), parous with < 6 months breastfeeding (P-NBF, n = 14), and parous with > 6 months breastfeeding (P-BF, n = 21). Women underwent dual X-ray absorptiometry and high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography imaging at baseline and after 6 years to evaluate bone mineral density (BMD), bone microstructure, and finite element-estimated failure load. Average age at baseline was 57 years. Baseline density, microstructure, and failure load were not different among groups. In all women, total and cortical BMD decreased significantly at the tibia and radius. P-BF women only experienced a significant decline in tibial trabecular BMD, with a greater magnitude of change for P-BF than NP women (p = 0.002). Overall, results suggest that early postmenopausal bone health did not differ based on parity or breastfeeding history. Over the 6-year follow-up period, postmenopausal bone loss was evident in all women, with subtle differences in the rate of postmenopausal change among women with varying breastfeeding histories. Parous women who had breastfed for at least 6 months showed an elevated rate of trabecular BMD loss at the tibia. Meanwhile, correlation analyses suggest that longer durations of breastfeeding may be associated with reduced cortical bone loss at the radius. The lack of differences among groups in FE-derived failure load suggests that parity and breastfeeding history is unlikely to significantly affect postmenopausal risk of fracture.
      PubDate: 2020-03-01
  • Evaluating the Correlations Between Osteoporosis and Lifestyle-Related
           Factors Using Transcriptome-Wide Association Study
    • Abstract: Osteoporosis (OP) is a multi-factorial bone disease influenced by genetic factors, age, and lifestyles. The aim of this study is to evaluate the genetic correlations between OP and multiple lifestyle-related factors, and explore the genes underlying the detected genetic correlations. Linkage disequilibrium score regression (LDSC) analysis was applied to evaluate the genetic correlations of total body bone mineral density (TB-BMD) of different ages (including 15–30 years, 30–45 years, 45–60 years, and over 60 years) with four common lifestyle/environment-related factors (including serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D, cigarette smoking, alcohol dependence, and caffeine metabolites). Transcriptome-wide association studies (TWAS) of TB-BMD (30–45 years) and smoking were conducted in peripheral blood (PB), whole blood (WB), and adipose tissues. The identified candidate genes were also subjected to gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA). Genetic correlation was only observed between TB-BMD (30–45 years) and cigarette smoking status (P = 0.01, LD score = 0.11 ± 0.04). No significant genetic correlation was detected for other lifestyle/environmental factors, including serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D, alcohol dependence, and caffeine metabolites for TB-BMD within all of the four age groups. TWAS identified 85 genes in PB and 163 genes in WB for TB-BMD, as well as 123 genes in PB and 257 genes in WB for smoking. Multiple common candidate genes shared by both TB-BMD and smoking were detected, such as MAP1LC3B (PTB-BMD-PB = 1.00 × 10–3, Psmoking-PB = 9.62 × 10–3, PTB-BMD-WB = 2.99 × 10–2) and SLC23A3 (PTB-BMD-WB = 1.48 × 10–2, Psmoking-WB = 8.76 × 10–3). GSEA detected one GO terms for TB-BMD (cytosol) in WB, one GO term for smoking (mitochondrion) in PB, and one pathway (oocyte meiosis) for smoking in WB.
      PubDate: 2020-03-01
  • Relationship of COL9A1 and SOX9 Genes with Genetic Susceptibility of
           Postmenopausal Osteoporosis
    • Abstract: As one of the most common types of osteoporosis, postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMOP) is caused by both genetic and environmental factors. Previous studies have indicated that SOX9 activity is tightly regulated to ensure normal bone mineral density (BMD) in the adult skeleton, and the COL9A1 promoter region can be transactivated by SOX9. In this study, we aimed to investigate the potential association between PMOP and the COL9A1 and SOX9 genes. A total of 10,443 postmenopausal women, including 2288 patients and 3557 controls in the discovery stage and 1566 patients and 3032 controls in the validation stage, were recruited. Forty-three tag SNPs (36 in COL9A1 and 7 in SOX9) were selected for genotyping to evaluate the association of the SOX9 gene with PMOP and BMD. Association and bioinformatics analyses were performed for PMOP. BMD and serum level of SOX9 were also utilized as quantitative phenotypes in further analyses. SNP rs73354570 of SOX9 was significantly associated with PMOP in both discovery stages (OR 1.24 [1.10–1.39], P = 3.56 × 10−4, χ2 = 12.75) and combined samples (OR 1.25 [1.15–1.37], P = 5.25 × 10−7, χ2 = 25.17). Further analyses showed that the SNP was also significantly associated with BMD and serum levels of the SOX9 protein. Our results provide further supportive evidence for the association of the SOX9 gene with PMOP and of the SOX9 gene with the variation of BMD in postmenopausal Han Chinese women. This study supports a role for SOX9 in the etiology of PMOP, adding to the current understanding of the susceptibility of osteoporosis.
      PubDate: 2020-03-01
  • Sequential Treatment of Estrogen Deficient, Osteopenic Rats with
           Alendronate, Parathyroid Hormone (1–34), or Raloxifene Alters Cortical
           Bone Mineral and Matrix Composition
    • Abstract: Anti-resorptive and anabolic treatments can be used sequentially to treat osteoporosis, but their effects on bone composition are incompletely understood. Osteocytes may influence bone tissue composition with sequential therapies because bisphosphonates diffuse into the canalicular network and anabolic treatments increase osteocyte lacunar size. Cortical bone composition of osteopenic, ovariectomized (OVX) rats was compared to that of Sham-operated rats and OVX rats given monotherapy or sequential regimens of single approved anti-osteoporosis medications. Adult female Sprague–Dawley rats were OVX (N = 37) or Sham–OVXd (N = 6). After 2 months, seven groups of OVX rats were given three consecutive 3-month periods of treatment with vehicle (V), h-PTH (1–34) (P), alendronate (A), or raloxifene (R), using the following orders: VVV, PVV, RRR, RPR, AAA, AVA, and APA. Compositional properties around osteocyte lacunae of the left tibial cortex were assessed from Raman spectra in perilacunar and non-perilacunar bone matrix regions. Sequential treatments involving parathyroid hormone (PTH) caused lower mean collagen maturity relative to monotherapies. Mean mineral:matrix ratio was 2.2% greater, mean collagen maturity was 1.4% greater, and mean carbonate:phosphate ratio was 2.2% lower in the perilacunar than in the non-perilacunar bone matrix region (all P < 0.05). These data demonstrate cortical bone tissue composition differences around osteocytes caused by sequential treatment with anti-osteoporosis medications. We speculate that the region-specific differences demonstrate the ability of osteocytes to alter bone tissue composition adjacent to lacunae.
      PubDate: 2020-03-01
  • Recurrent Femoral Fractures in a Boy with an Atypical Progeroid Syndrome:
           A Case Report
    • Abstract: Mutations in the gene LMNA cause a wide spectrum of diseases that are now referred to laminopathies, such as muscular dystrophies, cardiomyopathies, and progeroid syndromes. Atypical progeroid syndrome (APS) is a type of progeroid syndrome mainly associated with LMNA mutations. Abnormal skeletal features associated with APS, such as osteoporosis and acroosteolysis, are rarely reported, and recurrent fractures have never been documented. We present a 16-year-old Chinese male patient with the typical features of APS, such as progeroid manifestations, cutaneous mottled hyperpigmentation, generalized lipodystrophy, and severe metabolic complications. The patient has also been detected with some rare and severe skeletal features, such as severe osteoporosis, generalized thinning of cortical bone, and recurrent femoral fractures. Genetic mutation detection in the LMNA gene revealed a de novo heterozygous mutation, the c. 29C>T (p. T10I).
      PubDate: 2020-03-01
  • Associations of Iron Intake, Serum Iron and Serum Ferritin with Bone
           Mineral Density in Women: The National Health and Nutrition Examination
           Survey, 2005–2010
    • Abstract: The relationship between iron and bone mineral density (BMD) is still poorly understood. We investigated the associations of iron intake, serum iron and serum ferritin with BMD. This cross-sectional study identified 4000 females aged 12 to 49 years with complete and valid data on iron intake, serum iron, serum ferritin, and femoral neck and lumbar spine BMD from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2005–2010. Daily iron intake was the mean intake of iron nutrient ascertained from two consecutive 24-h dietary recalls; serum iron and serum ferritin were directly measured with established methods. Femoral neck and lumbar spine BMD were measured by Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). After adjusting for multiple covariates (i.e., age, body mass index and race), we used linear regression and generalized additive models (GAMs) to test the linear and non-linear associations of iron intake, serum iron and serum ferritin with BMD. The mean age of this study was 27.70 years (SD = 11.88 years). Higher serum ferritin was associated with lower femoral neck and lumbar spine BMD (all adjusted P < 0.05); iron intake and serum iron were not associated with femoral neck and lumbar spine BMD. Similar results were found when iron levels were classified as iron deficiency, normal iron and iron overload. There were no obvious non-linear relationships between the above three iron variables and BMD in the GAM analyses. There was a negative and linear association between serum ferritin and BMD; iron intake and serum iron were not associated with BMD. Serum ferritin appeared to be a better iron variable than iron intake and serum iron in relation to BMD.
      PubDate: 2020-03-01
  • Long Term Ovariectomy-Induced Osteoporosis is Associated with High
           Stearoyl-CoA Desaturase Indexes in Rat Femur
    • Abstract: Osteoporosis is characterized by a bone loss associated to an increased bone marrow adiposity; however, it is still unclear what kind of lipids are involved. Therefore, the main purpose of this study was to see if there is any local bone lipid changes related to osteoporosis, by using the ovariectomy-induced osteoporosis (OVX) rat model. Female SD rats (operated at 6 months of age for skeletal maturity) were divided in control SHAM and OVX groups (n = 6/group) and maintained for 9 month post-surgery. Lipids were analyzed in two compartments of femoral diaphyses: bone marrow (BM) and mineralized tissue (MT), by chromatographic methods. As expected, osteoporotic femurs had a larger BM mass associated with a two-fold increase of lipid content. The MT had a similar lipid enrichment, indicating that adiposity affected the mineral part as well. The main lipids concerned were triglycerides, sphingomyelin, phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylserine in BM, and triglycerides and cholesterol esters in MT. The increase of both energy-storage and membrane-associated lipids in BM suggested that cell number and/or size was enhanced to allow more triglyceride storage. Interestingly, in MT of osteoporotic femurs, sphingomyelin was decreased, suggesting that its catabolism could be linked to osteoporosis. In both femoral compartments, fatty acid profiles were enriched in 14:0 and 16:1, lowered in 18:0 and 20:4 n-6, and two-fold higher stearoyl-CoA desaturase indexes (16:1/16:0 and 18:1/18:0 ratios), suggesting an increased de novo lipogenesis in osteoporotic femurs. Thus, the present study is first to report local changes of individual lipids in rat osteoporotic femurs and suggests that osteoporosis is a pathologic condition associated with an enhanced de novo lipogenesis. Further studies will be needed to better understand the consequences of these lipid changes in osteoporotic bones.
      PubDate: 2020-03-01
  • Loss of Lgals3 Protects Against Gonadectomy-Induced Cortical Bone Loss in
    • Abstract: Sex hormone deprivation commonly occurs following menopause in women or after androgen-depletion during prostate cancer therapy in men, resulting in rapid bone turnover and loss of bone mass. There is a need to identify novel therapies to improve bone mass in these conditions. Previously, we identified age- and sex-dependent effects on bone mass in mice with deletion of the gene encoding the β-galactoside binding lectin, galectin-3 (Lgals3-KO). Due to the influence of sex on the phenotype, we tested the role of sex hormones, estrogen (β-estradiol; E2), and androgen (5α-dihydroxytestosterone; DHT) in Lgals3-KO mice. To address this, we subjected male and female wild-type and Lgals3-KO mice to gonadectomy ± E2 or DHT rescue and compared differential responses in bone mass and bone formation. Following gonadectomy, male and female Lgals3-KO mice had greater cortical bone expansion (increased total area; T.Ar) and reduced loss of bone area (B.Ar). While T.Ar and B.Ar were increased in response to DHT in wild-type mice, DHT did not alter these parameters in Lgals3-KO mice. E2 rescue more strongly increased B.Ar in Lgals3-KO compared to wild-type female mice due to a failure of E2 to repress the increase in T.Ar following gonadectomy. Lgals3-KO mice had more osteoblasts relative to bone surface when compared to wild-type animals in sham, gonadectomy, and E2 rescue groups. DHT suppressed this increase. This study revealed a mechanism for the sex-dependency of the Lgals3-KO aging bone phenotype and supports targeting galectin-3 to protect against bone loss associated with decreased sex hormone production.
      PubDate: 2020-03-01
  • Clinical Significance of Hypophosphatasemia in Children
    • Abstract: Abstract Low serum alkaline phosphatase (sALP)—hypophosphatasemia—is a characteristic of hypophosphatasia (HPP), but related to several clinical conditions. Here, we evaluated the frequency, persistency and the etiology of hypophosphatasemia in children. In retrospective analyses of sALP measurements from children, evaluated according to in-house constructed age- and sex-specific reference ranges, patients with no normal sALP measurement (Unresolved hypophosphatasemia) were invited for reanalysis. Prospectively, ALP substrates, pyridoxal-5-phosphate (PLP), and phosphoethanolamine (PEA) were measured in patients with persistent hypophosphatasemia. Radiographs and ALPL gene sequencing for HPP were performed to the cases with elevated PEA and/or PLP. From 130,340 sALP measurements of 93,162 patients, hypophosphatasemia was detected in 1404 samples from 867 patients (0.9%). Among them, 745 had at least one normal sALP values in laboratory records, grouped as transient hypophosphatasemia. 75 out of 122 patients with unresolved hypophosphatasemia could be reanalyzed for sALP, of whom PLP and PEA measurements were required in 37 due to persistent hypophosphatasemia. Both PEA and PLP were elevated in 4 patients, and ALPL gene analysis showed heterozygous mutations in 3 patients and homozygous in 1 patient. Elevated PEA with normal PLP were detected in 3 patients, and one had a heterozygous ALPL mutation. Anemia was the most common diagnosis, and upper respiratory tract infections and chronic diseases were more common in transient and unresolved hypophosphatasemia, respectively. In conclusion, reflected persistent hypophosphatasemia frequency was 1/1552 (0.06%) in this large pediatric cohort and, ALPL gene mutations were detected in 13.5% (5/37) of the studied cases. Although biochemical hypophosphatasemia is not uncommon, clinically significant HPP is rare.
      PubDate: 2020-02-22
  • High-Level Expression of Alkaline Phosphatase by Adeno-Associated Virus
           Vector Ameliorates Pathological Bone Structure in a Hypophosphatasia Mouse
    • Abstract: Abstract Hypophosphatasia (HPP) is a systemic skeletal disease caused by mutations in the gene encoding tissue-nonspecific alkaline phosphatase (TNALP). We recently reported that survival of HPP model mice can be prolonged using an adeno-associated virus (AAV) vector expressing bone-targeted TNALP with deca-aspartate at the C terminus (TNALP-D10); however, abnormal bone structure and hypomineralization remained in the treated mice. Here, to develop a more effective and clinically applicable approach, we assessed whether transfection with TNALP-D10 expressing virus vector at a higher dose than previously used would ameliorate bone structure defects. We constructed a self-complementary AAV8 vector expressing TNALP driven by the chicken beta-actin (CBA) promoter (scAAV8-CB-TNALP-D10). The vector was injected into both quadriceps femoris muscles of newborn HPP mice at a dose of 4.5 × 1012 vector genome (v.g.)/body, resulting in 20 U/mL of serum ALP activity. The 4.5 × 1012 v.g./body-treated HPP mice grew normally and displayed improved bone structure at the knee joints in X-ray images. Micro-CT analysis showed normal trabecular bone structure and mineralization. The mechanical properties of the femur were also recovered. Histological analysis of the femurs demonstrated that ALP replacement levels were sufficient to promote normal, growth plate cartilage arrangement. These results suggest that AAV vector-mediated high-dose TNALP-D10 therapy is a promising option for improving the quality of life (QOL) of patients with the infantile form of HPP.
      PubDate: 2020-02-19
  • Hyponatremia, Hypokalemia, and Fragility Fractures in Old Patients: More
           than an Association'
    • Abstract: Purpose Hyponatremia and hypokalemia are common among elderly and have been associated with osteoporosis, we evaluate the role of these electrolytes as risk for fragility fractures. Methods This study is divided in two parts: one retrospective and one prospective. We retrospectively collected data on urgently admitted patients for femoral fragility fractures (Fx) or for acute myocardial infarction (AMI), and patients admitted for elective hip/knee replacement surgery for osteoarthrosis (OA). Age, sex, serum sodium, potassium, creatinine, and comorbidities were recorded. We enrolled prospectively in-patients from our unit: age, sex, comorbidities, drugs, and fragility fractures were recorded. Blood electrolytes were measured. Cognitive function, nutrition, muscular strength, and balance were evaluated by standard tests. The mortality rate was recorded with a follow-up after hospital discharge. Results The retrospective study included 2166 subjects: 702 Fx and 1464 controls (907 AMI, 557 OA): the prevalence of hyponatremia was similar in Fx and AMI, whereas it was higher in Fx with respect to OA (p < 0.001) as well as hypokalemia (p < 0.001). Sodium decrease was associated with higher fracture risk. Among the 284 subjects included in the prospective study, 50 patients were hyponatremic, more likely malnourished, and presented a higher prevalence of fragility fractures (p = 0.008). They had a higher mortality after hospital discharge (HR = 1.80, p = 0.005), however, this association disappears after correction for confounding variables. Conclusions We suggest that hyponatremia and hypokalemia have to be considered as a marker of poor health more than an independent fracture risk.
      PubDate: 2020-02-19
  • Models of Osteoarthritis: Relevance and New Insights
    • Abstract: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a progressive and disabling musculoskeletal disease affecting millions of people and resulting in major healthcare costs worldwide. It is the most common form of arthritis, characterised by degradation of the articular cartilage, formation of osteophytes, subchondral sclerosis, synovial inflammation and ultimate loss of joint function. Understanding the pathogenesis of OA and its multifactorial aetiology will lead to the development of effective treatments, which are currently lacking. Two-dimensional (2D) in vitro tissue models of OA allow affordable, high-throughput analysis and stringent control over specific variables. However, they are linear in fashion and are not representative of physiological conditions. Recent in vitro studies have adopted three-dimensional (3D) tissue models of OA, which retain the advantages of 2D models and are able to mimic physiological conditions, thereby allowing investigation of additional variables including interactions between the cells and their surrounding extracellular matrix. Numerous spontaneous and induced animal models are used to reproduce the onset and monitor the progression of OA based on the aetiology under investigation. This therefore allows elucidation of the pathogenesis of OA and will ultimately enable the development of novel and specific therapeutic interventions. This review summarises the current understanding of in vitro and in vivo OA models in the context of disease pathophysiology, classification and relevance, thus providing new insights and directions for OA research.
      PubDate: 2020-02-15
  • Effect of Low-Dose Vitamin K2 Supplementation on Bone Mineral Density in
           Middle-Aged and Elderly Chinese: A Randomized Controlled Study
    • Abstract: Previous studies indicated a positive effect of vitamin K2 (VK2) supplementation on bone turnover biomarkers and bone mineral density (BMD), but the doses varied, and few studies have focused on the difference between VK2 supplementation alone and in combination with calcium and vitamin D3. The aim of this study was to explore a low and effective dose of VK2 for improving BMD, and to examine whether the co-supplementation of VK2, calcium and vitamin D3 would bring greater effects. In this trial, a total of 311 community-dwelling men and postmenopausal women aged 50 and 75 years were randomly assigned to four groups, receiving placebo, 50 µg/day, 90 µg/day or co-supplementation with calcium (500 mg/day) and vitamin D3 (10 µg/day) for 1 year. At the endpoint, the bone loss of femoral neck was significantly lower in postmenopausal women in the two 90 µg groups (treatment × time, p = 0.006) compared with placebo, but no effects in men. Serum biomarkers cOC/ucOC ratio increased in the intervention groups (treatment × time, p < 0.001). VK2 supplementation in dose of 90 µg/day performed a significant effect on reducing bone loss in postmenopausal women, but in combination with calcium and vitamin D3 brought no additional effects. Trial registration This trial was registered at as chiCTR1800019240.
      PubDate: 2020-02-14
  • The Impact of Different Modes of Exercise Training on Bone Mineral Density
           in Older Postmenopausal Women: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
    • Abstract: Effectiveness of exercise on bone mass is closely related to the mode of exercise training regimen, as well as the study design. This study aimed to determine the effect of different modes of exercise training on lumbar spine and femoral neck bone mineral density (BMD) in older postmenopausal women (PMW). PubMed, CINAHL, Medline, Google Scholar, and Scopus databases and reference lists of included studies were searched up until March 25, 2019 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that evaluated the effectiveness of various modes of exercise training in PMW. Sixteen RCTs with 1624 subjects were included. Our study found no significant change in both lumbar spine and femoral neck BMD following exercise training (MD: 0.01 g/cm2; 95% confidence interval (CI) [− 0.01, 0.02] and MD: 0.00 g/cm2; 95% CI [− 0.01, 0.01], respectively). However, subgroup analysis by type of exercise training revealed that lumbar spine BMD (MD: 0.01; 95% CI [0.00, 0.02]) raised significantly when whole-body vibration (WBV) was employed as intervention compared with RCTs that utilized aerobic (MD: − 0.01; 95% CI [− 0.02, − 0.01]), resistance (MD: 0.01; 95% CI [− 0.04, 0.06]), and combined training (MD: 0.03; 95% CI [− 0.01, 0.08]). On the other hand, lumbar spine BMD (MD: − 0.01; 95% CI [− 0.02, − 0.01]) reduced significantly when aerobic exercise training was used as intervention compared with RCTs that utilized resistance training, combined training, and WBV. By contrast, these analyses did not have significant effect on change in femoral neck BMD. WBV is an effective method to improve lumbar spine BMD in older PMW.
      PubDate: 2020-02-13
  • Prospects for Therapies in Osteoarthritis
    • Abstract: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic, debilitating disease affecting millions of people worldwide. Management of OA involves pharmacological and non-pharmacological approaches. Conventional pharmacological treatments have limited efficacy and are associated with a number of side-effects, restricting the number of patients who can use them. New pharmacological therapies for managing OA are required and a number have been developed targeting different tissues in OA: bone and cartilage, synovium and nerves. However, there has been overall limited success. Disease-modifying osteoarthritis drugs (DMOADs) are a putative class of therapies aimed at improving OA structural pathologies and consequent symptoms. Recent DMOAD studies have demonstrated some promising therapies but also provided new considerations for future trials.
      PubDate: 2020-02-13
  • Fragile Bones Secondary to SMURF1 Gene Duplication
    • Abstract: Studies on mice have shown that the Smad Ubiquitin Regulatory Factor-1 (SMURF1) gene negatively regulates osteoblast function and the response to bone morphogenetic protein in a dose-dependent fashion (Chan et al. in Mol Cell Biol 27(16):5776–5789,, 2007; Yamashita et al. in Cell 121(1):101–113,, 2005). In addition, a tumorigenic role for SMURF1 has been implicated due to the interference with apoptosis signals (Nie et al. in J Biol Chem 285(30):22818–22830,, 2010; Wang et al. in Nat Commun 5:4901,, 2014). A 10-year-old girl with a history of severe developmental delay, infantile seizures, and B-cell lymphoma, in remission for approximately 3.5 years, was referred to the metabolic bone clinic for fractures and low bone mineral density. Array comparative genomic hybridization revealed a pathogenic microduplication in chromosome 7 at bands 7q21.3q22.1 that encompasses the SMURF1 gene. The clinical features of this child are congruous with the phenotype as ascribed excess Smurf1 mutations in mice. This is the first case description of osteoporosis in a child secondary to a microduplication involving SMURF1 gene.
      PubDate: 2020-02-10
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Heriot-Watt University
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