Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8359 journals)
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MEDICAL SCIENCES (2268 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 3562 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
4 open     Open Access  
AADE in Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
ABCS Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Abia State University Medical Students' Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
AboutOpen     Open Access  
ACIMED     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Acta Bio Medica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Bioethica     Open Access  
Acta Bioquimica Clinica Latinoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Científica Estudiantil     Open Access  
Acta Facultatis Medicae Naissensis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Herediana     Open Access  
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access  
Acta Medica (Hradec Králové)     Open Access  
Acta Medica Bulgarica     Open Access  
Acta Medica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Medica Indonesiana     Open Access  
Acta Medica International     Open Access  
Acta medica Lituanica     Open Access  
Acta Medica Marisiensis     Open Access  
Acta Medica Martiniana     Open Access  
Acta Medica Nagasakiensia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Medica Peruana     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Médica Portuguesa     Open Access  
Acta Medica Saliniana     Open Access  
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acupuncture & Electro-Therapeutics Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Acupuncture and Natural Medicine     Open Access  
Addiction Science & Clinical Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Adıyaman Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi / Health Sciences Journal of Adıyaman University     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Biomedical Research     Open Access  
Advanced Health Care Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advanced Science, Engineering and Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 8)
Advanced Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Bioscience and Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Cell and Gene Therapy     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Clinical Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
Advances in Life Course Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Lipobiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Medical Education and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 32)
Advances in Medical Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Microbial Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Molecular Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Molecular Toxicology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Parkinson's Disease     Open Access  
Advances in Phytomedicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Advances in Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Regenerative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Skeletal Muscle Function Assessment     Open Access  
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Veterinary Science and Comparative Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Wound Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
African Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African Journal of Clinical and Experimental Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
African Journal of Laboratory Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
African Journal of Thoracic and Critical Care Medicine     Open Access  
African Journal of Trauma     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
AJOB Empirical Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
AJSP: Reviews & Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Aktuelle Ernährungsmedizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ALERTA : Revista Científica del Instituto Nacional de Salud     Open Access  
Alexandria Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Allgemeine Homöopathische Zeitung     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Alpha Omegan     Full-text available via subscription  
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Althea Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Biomedical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
American Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Biomedicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
American Journal of Chinese Medicine, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Clinical Medicine Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Law & Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Managed Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Medical Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
American Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Medicine Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Medicine Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of the Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
American Journal on Addictions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American medical news     Free   (Followers: 3)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Amyloid: The Journal of Protein Folding Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina     Open Access  
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de la República, Uruguay     Open Access  
Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Analgesia & Resuscitation : Current Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anatolian Clinic the Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Anatomica Medical Journal     Open Access  
Anatomical Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Anatomical Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Anatomy Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Ankara Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ankara Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Mecmuası     Open Access  
Annales de Pathologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Annales des Sciences de la Santé     Open Access  
Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Anatomy - Anatomischer Anzeiger     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Annals of Biomedical Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Clinical Hypertension     Open Access  
Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Annals of Family Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Annals of Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annals of The Royal College of Surgeons of England     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annual Reports in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Annual Reports on NMR Spectroscopy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Annual Review of Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Anthropologie et santé     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Antibiotics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Antibodies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Antibody Technology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Antibody Therapeutics     Open Access  
Anuradhapura Medical Journal     Open Access  
Anwer Khan Modern Medical College Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Apparence(s)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Clinical Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Clinical Research, Clinical Trials and Regulatory Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applied Medical Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Arab Journal of Nephrology and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives Medical Review Journal / Arşiv Kaynak Tarama Dergisi     Open Access  
Archives of Asthma, Allergy and Immunology     Open Access  
Archives of Medical and Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Medical Laboratory Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Archives of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access  
Archives of Trauma Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archivos de Medicina (Manizales)     Open Access  
ArgoSpine News & Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos de Ciências da Saúde     Open Access  
Arquivos de Medicina     Open Access  
Ars Medica : Revista de Ciencias Médicas     Open Access  
ARS Medica Tomitana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Art Therapy: Journal of the American Art Therapy Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Arterial Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Artificial Intelligence in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Artificial Organs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
ASHA Leader     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Family Medicine Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asian Bioethics Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Asian Biomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asian Journal of Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Medical and Pharmaceutical Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Medicine and Health     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Research in Medical and Pharmaceutical Sciences     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention     Open Access  
ASPIRATOR : Journal of Vector-borne Disease Studies     Open Access  
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Atención Familiar     Open Access  
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atti della Accademia Peloritana dei Pericolanti - Classe di Scienze Medico-Biologiche     Open Access  

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Advances in Therapy
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.075
Citation Impact (citeScore): 3
Number of Followers: 5  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1865-8652 - ISSN (Online) 0741-238X
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2570 journals]
  • Development of a Conceptual Model of Chronic Hand Eczema (CHE) Based on
           Qualitative Interviews with Patients and Expert Dermatologists
    • Abstract: Introduction Chronic hand eczema (CHE) is a relapsing inflammatory dermatologic disease. Signs and symptoms can have a significant impact on patients’ health-related quality of life (HRQoL). The aim of this study is to characterize the core signs, symptoms and impacts of CHE to develop a conceptual model. Methods A structured literature search and qualitative interviews with 20 adult CHE patients in the US and 5 expert dermatologists were conducted to explore the patient experience of CHE signs, symptoms and impacts. Findings were used to support the development of a conceptual model. Results There was a paucity of CHE qualitative research in the literature, supporting the need for the prospective qualitative research. The primary signs and symptoms identified from the literature review and interviews included itch, dryness, cracking, pain, thickened skin and bleeding. The most salient impacts included embarrassment and appearance concerns, frustration, impacts on work and sleep disturbance. Saturation was achieved for all signs, symptoms and impact concepts. Conclusions Findings from this literature review and in-depth qualitative interviews supported the development of a comprehensive conceptual model documenting the signs, symptoms and impacts relevant to CHE patients. Such a model is of considerable value given the lack of existing studies in the literature focused on the qualitative exploration of the CHE patient experience. Limitations included the patient sample being only from the US and not including some CHE subtypes.
      PubDate: 2020-01-19
       
  • Correction to: Co-Creation of a Lanreotide Autogel/Depot Syringe for the
           Treatment of Acromegaly and Neuroendocrine Tumours Through Collaborative
           Human Factor Studies
    • Abstract: In the Original Article, there is an error in the “participants” section of Results. The correct sentence is “A total of 213 participants took part in the studies, including 34 patients with acromegaly and 28 patients with NETs”.
      PubDate: 2020-01-18
       
  • Observational Study of Treatment Patterns in Patients with Epidermal
           Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) Mutation-Positive Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
           After First-Line EGFR-Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors
    • Abstract: Introduction Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations are observed in approximately 15% of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in the USA. Little is known about treatment patterns in EGFR mutation-positive NSCLC following progression on or after first-line (1L) treatment with first- or second-generation EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs). Osimertinib, a third-generation EGFR-TKI, is a treatment option for patients with EGFR T790M-positive NSCLC following progression on 1L EGFR-TKIs. This study analyzed real-world treatment sequencing of EGFR-TKIs, EGFR T790M testing rates, and disposition of patients with EGFR mutations after 1L EGFR-TKI post-FDA approval of osimertinib in patients with EGFR mutation-positive NSCLC. Methods Adult patients with stage IV NSCLC and documented EGFR mutation-positive status were identified between December 1, 2015 and May 31, 2017 from the US Oncology Network iKnowMed™ electronic health record (EHR). Data were abstracted from the EHR database and supplemented by chart review. Results Of 308 patients, 302 (98%) received an EGFR-TKI overall, and 246 patients (80%) received a 1L EGFR-TKI. The most common 1L EGFR-TKI was erlotinib (66%); the remaining 1L regimens were predominantly combination chemotherapies with or without an EGFR-TKI. Only 80 patients (26%) received any 2L therapy. The most common EGFR-TKIs used as 2L monotherapy in patients who received 1L EGFR-TKI were afatinib and osimertinib (n = 7 for both). Among all patients treated with 1L EGFR-TKI (n = 246), 47 (19%) were tested for EGFR T790M [16 patients (34%) were positive], 48 (20%) remained on 1L EGFR-TKI, 29 (12%) received subsequent therapy, 38 (15%) had died on or after their 1L EGFR-TKI therapy, and 131 (53%) stopped their EGFR-TKI with no recorded evidence of having received subsequent therapy at follow-up end. Conclusion Following 1L EGFR-TKI treatment, 19% of patients were tested for EGFR T790M, and most (69%) had no record of receiving any subsequent therapy.
      PubDate: 2020-01-18
       
  • Levothyroxine Treatment of Pregnant Women with Hypothyroidism:
           Retrospective Analysis of a US Claims Database
    • Abstract: Background Approximately 2–4% of women of reproductive age have hypothyroidism. This study characterizes pregnant women with hypothyroidism and examines adherence to guidelines during pregnancy. Methods Women age 18 to 49 who were pregnant in 2014 and identified with hypothyroidism (N = 3448) were included in the retrospective study. The analyses examined differences in characteristics and comorbidities between pregnant women treated with levothyroxine and untreated women and adherence to guidelines by measuring thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) target achievement for women treated with levothyroxine. Results The average age was 32.76 years, and the median TSH value was 1.97 mIU/l. Compared with untreated pregnant women, pregnant women treated with levothyroxine were significantly younger, had a lower Charlson Comorbidity Index score and had lower rates of comorbid type 2 diabetes and migraines. Among women treated with levothyroxine, 52.61% had a last recorded TSH value consistent with American Thyroid Association (ATA) guidelines, 23.85% were undertreated, 1.03% were overtreated, and 22.52% did not have TSH monitored during their pregnancy. Conclusions A large percentage of pregnant women, including many treated with levothyroxine, was not treated in a manner consistent with clinical guidelines. Additionally, there were significant differences in general health and comorbidities between pregnant women treated with levothyroxine and those untreated.
      PubDate: 2020-01-18
       
  • Decreasing the Peril of Antimicrobial Resistance Through Enhanced Health
           Literacy in Outpatient Settings: An Underrecognized Approach to Advance
           Antimicrobial Stewardship
    • Abstract: Abstract Globally, antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a serious problem causing 700,000 deaths annually. By 2050, AMR is expected to cause approximately 10 million deaths globally each year if allowed to increase at the present rate. Many individuals have limited knowledge regarding appropriate antibiotic use and AMR. Most antibiotic use occurs in the outpatient setting, with approximately 30% of antibiotics prescribed deemed unnecessary. Antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) is a means to reduce inappropriate antibiotic use and AMR. While existing AMS efforts generally focus on the inpatient setting, a significant gap is present in the outpatient setting. A common theme across various national action plans to reduce AMR is the need for education and awareness. The importance of communicating information in a manner easily comprehended by the patient in addition to productive clinician–patient dialogue cannot be overestimated. Enhancing the public’s and patients’ AMS health literacy is an underrecognized approach to help address AMR. We describe Four Core Elements of Enhancing AMS Health Literacy in the Outpatient Setting, utilizing the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s framework: (1) leadership commitment, (2) intervention/action, (3) tracking/reporting, and (4) education/expertise. We call upon leaders in outpatient settings to embrace this approach to curb inappropriate antimicrobial use.
      PubDate: 2020-01-17
       
  • Peripheral Vascular Disease and Implication of Nursing Practice: A Brief
           Literature Review
    • Abstract: Abstract Nowadays nurse practitioners are working in several acute hospital settings in different specialized departments. For decades, studies have shown the implications of nurse practice in peripheral vascular disease (PVD) and peripheral vascular intervention (PVI) to have several major benefits. However, there are very limited studies and data on this particular aspect. In this literature review, we briefly discuss the implication of nursing practice in PVD/PVI. This review briefly shows that nursing practice has a major contribution and implication in the treatment of patients with PVD or PVI, especially in patients with diabetes mellitus. From available research, we briefly discuss the implication of nursing practice pre- and postoperatively for PVI. Nurses also contribute significantly in catheter-directed thrombolytic therapy, in smoking cessation programs organized for patients with PVD, and in screening patients for PVD. The vascular nurse practitioners are also involved in providing healthcare advice in order to reduce the risk of disease progression. The major lack of research in this particular field should further inspire scientists to develop and carry out research to further investigate and demonstrate the contribution of nurses in the treatment and management of PVD or PVI, which is gradually becoming a major issue.
      PubDate: 2020-01-17
       
  • Safety and Efficacy of Combined Oral Contraceptive Ethinyl
           Estradiol/Drospirenone (YAZ) in Chinese Women: A Single-Arm, Open-Label,
           Multicenter, Post-Authorization Study
    • Abstract: Introduction The study was conducted to assess the safety and efficacy of a combined oral contraceptive, YAZ, containing 3 mg drospirenone/20 μg ethinyl estradiol administered in a 24/4 regimen. Methods This was a single-arm, open-label, interventional, post-authorization safety surveillance study of YAZ across 6 treatment cycles. Primary objective was assessing its safety profile in Chinese women. Secondary objectives included assessing contraceptive efficacy, cycle control, and bleeding patterns among subjects with and without preceding abortion, along with efficacy in moderate acne vulgaris. Subgroup analyses included assessing efficacy in the dysmenorrhea group using a visual analog scale. All variables were analyzed by descriptive statistical methods. Results Of 1921 women treated with YAZ (mean age: 29.9 ± 5.5 years), 12.9% reported adverse drug reactions. Most frequently reported adverse events were nausea (2.6%), breast pain (2.3%), and breast swelling (1.3%). Unintended pregnancy rate (adjusted Pearl Index) was 0.3 (n = 2 pregnancies, 95% confidence interval 0.1–1.2). Incidence of overall withdrawal bleeding (cycle 2–cycle 5) was 93.3%–95.2%, of which 87.8%–95.1% in post-abortion subjects and 94.0%–95.3% in subjects without preceding abortion. Intra-cyclic bleeding (cycle 2–cycle 6) decreased in the overall population (from 14.9 to 5.5%), post-abortion subgroup (32.4% to 6.9%), and in subjects without preceding abortion (12.4% to 5.3%). Incidence of onset of withdrawal bleeding < 7 days among abnormal uterine bleeding patients at baseline was 85.2% and 87.2% at cycles 2 and 5, respectively, and incidence of intra-cyclic bleeding was 23.5% and 8.0% at cycles 1 and 6, respectively. Mean percent change in total acne lesion count from baseline to cycle 6 was − 79.9% ,and mean change in pain severity due to dysmenorrhea was − 31.2 mm at cycle 6 when compared with baseline. Conclusion The 24/4 YAZ regimen showed good safety profile, contraceptive reliability, good cycle control along with subgroup of patients. Improvements in dysmenorrhea and acne were also observed. No events of venous thromboembolism/arterial thromboembolism were reported. Trial Registration ClinicalTrials.gov identifier, NCT02710708; Center for Drug Evaluation (CDE), China Food and Drug Administration (CFDA) number: CTR20160203.
      PubDate: 2020-01-16
       
  • Correction to: Real-World Predictors of Major Adverse Cardiovascular
           Events and Major Adverse Limb Events Among Patients with Chronic Coronary
           Artery Disease and/or Peripheral Arterial Disease
    • Abstract: In the original article. The third author name is incorrect. The correct name is Nicholas J. Leeper.
      PubDate: 2020-01-13
       
  • Alzheimer’s Diagnosis: Real-World Physician Behavior Across
           Countries
    • Abstract: Introduction Appropriate management of patients with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) helps preserve their independence and time at home. We explored physician behavior in the management of AD, focusing on diagnosis. Methods Online questionnaires and patient record forms (PRFs) were created by an independent market research agency and completed by participating physicians. Physicians were recruited from France, Germany, Japan, the UK, and the USA. A sample of 1086 physicians was recruited, including general practitioners, geriatricians, neurologists, and psychiatrists. Physicians completed an online interview and 2–3 PRFs based on randomly selected records of their patients with AD. Data on triggers and timing of diagnosis were captured. Data were assessed for all countries combined (global) and within each country and physician specialty. Results A total of 3346 PRFs were submitted. Approximately half of patients received diagnosis within 6 months. There were large country differences. In France, only 35% of patients were diagnosed within 6 months compared to 65% in Japan. Physicians in France also reported diagnoses taking > 9 months for a substantial number of patients (39%) compared with other countries (16–29%). Caregivers were the main driver toward diagnosis. Physician suspicion of AD was a trigger for diagnosis in only 20% of cases, globally. Overall, referral rates were low (14–23%). Conclusion This study suggests that detection and timely diagnosis of AD remains suboptimal. This highlights the importance of fostering awareness of early symptoms and education on the benefits of timely diagnosis, a critical step in initiating treatment as early as possible.
      PubDate: 2020-01-13
       
  • Alzheimer’s Treatment: Real-World Physician Behavior Across
           Countries
    • Abstract: Objective Timely initiation of Alzheimer’s disease (AD)-specific treatment may postpone cognitive deterioration and preserve patient independence. We explored real-world physician behavior in the treatment of AD. Methods Online questionnaires and patient record forms (PRFs) were completed by participating physicians. The physicians included general practitioners, neurologists, geriatricians and psychiatrists, recruited from France, Germany, Japan, the UK and the USA. Physicians completed an online interview and two to three PRFs based on selected records of their patients with AD. Data on treatment algorithms and key drivers for therapy were captured. Results A total of 3346 PRFs were submitted and 1086 physicians interviewed. Overall, 44% of patients with mild cognitive impairment/prodromal AD, 71% of patients with mild disease and 76% of patients with moderate disease had already received therapy. The most common reasons for not prescribing therapy were patient refusal (35%) and early disease stage (26%). Except in the USA, the majority of physicians preferred to prescribe monotherapy. Almost 30% of patients at any stage of the disease did not receive AD-specific pharmacotherapy immediately after diagnosis. Conclusions Physicians’ attitudes toward AD treatment could be driven by limited awareness regarding the benefits of early intervention and the modest efficacy of currently available therapies. Efficacious therapies for AD, especially early AD, which could be used alone or in combination with current medications to maximize treatment benefit, are still needed. The availability of more efficacious therapies may improve time to treatment initiation, treatment rates and acceptance of treatment by patients, caregivers and physicians.
      PubDate: 2020-01-13
       
  • Real-World Data and Randomised Controlled Trials: The Salford Lung Study
    • Abstract: Abstract Traditional efficacy double-blind randomised controlled trials (DBRCTs) measure the benefit a treatment produces under near-ideal test conditions in highly selected patient populations; however, the behaviour of patients and investigators in such trials is highly controlled, highly compliant and adherent, and non-representative of routine clinical practice. Pragmatic effectiveness trials measure the benefit a treatment produces in patients in everyday “real-world” practice. Ideally, effectiveness trials should recruit patients as similar as possible to those who will ultimately be prescribed the medicine, and create freedom within the study design to allow normal behaviours of patients and healthcare professionals (HCPs) to be expressed. The Salford Lung Study (SLS) was a world-first, prospective, phase III, pragmatic randomised controlled trial (RCT) programme in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma to evaluate the effectiveness of a pre-licensed medication (fluticasone furoate/vilanterol) in real-world practice using electronic health records and through collaboratively engaging general practitioners and community pharmacists in clinical research. The real-world aspect of SLS was unique, requiring careful planning and attention to the goals of maximising the external validity of the trials while maintaining scientific rigour and securing suitable electronic processes for proper interpretation of safety data. Key learnings from SLS that may inform the design of future pragmatic effectiveness RCTs include: (1) ensuring the trial setting and operational infrastructure are aligned with routine clinical care; (2) recruiting a broad patient population with characteristics as close as possible to patients in routine clinical practice, to maximise the generalisability and applicability of trial results; (3) ensuring that patients and HCPs are suitably engaged in the trial, to maximise the chances of successful trial delivery; and (4) careful study design, incorporating outcomes of value to patients, HCPs, policymakers and payers, and using pre-planned analyses to address scientifically valid research hypotheses to ensure robustness of the trial data.
      PubDate: 2020-01-11
       
  • Analgesic Impact of Single-Shot Versus Continuous Femoral Nerve Block
           After Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
    • Abstract: Introduction Efficient pain management after total knee arthroplasty will accelerate functional recovery and reduce the length of hospital stay. The femoral nerve block is increasingly used in clinical practice owing to its favorable analgesic efficacy. However, the effect of continuous femoral nerve block compared to single-shot femoral nerve block remains controversial. Methods Three databases (Pubmed, Embase and Cochrane Library) were searched for randomized controlled trials up to April 2019. Seven studies with 525 patients were included in this analysis. Results The pooled estimates showed that the continuous femoral nerve block could relieve the pain at rest [standardized mean differences with 95% confidence intervals 1.12 (0.63–1.60), I2 = 57%, p < 0.00001] and physical therapy [standardized mean differences with 95% confidence intervals 1.05 (0.47–1.63), I2 = 71%, p = 0.0004] on postoperative day 1 and reduce total morphine consumption on postoperative day 1 [mean differences with 95% confidence intervals 16.15 (13.75–18.54), I2 = 46%, p < 0.00001] and 2 [mean differences with 95% confidence intervals 7.02 (4.82–9.22), I2 = 35%, p < 0.00001]. There is no significant difference in pain scores at rest and physical therapy on postoperative day 2 and 3, in Western Ontario and McMaster University Arthritis Index scores (p = 0.12), the length of hospital stay (p = 0.94) and the incidence of nausea and vomiting (p = 0.09). Conclusion We conclude that the continuous femoral nerve block is more effective than single-shot femoral nerve block after total knee arthroplasty, which provides objective evidence of pain management for anesthetists.
      PubDate: 2020-01-10
       
  • Evaluation of the Clinical and Economic Burden of Poor Glycemic Control
           Associated with Therapeutic Inertia in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes in
           the United States
    • Abstract: Introduction Therapeutic inertia refers to the failure to initiate or intensify treatment in a timely manner and is widespread in type 2 diabetes (T2D) despite the well-established importance of maintaining good glycemic control. The aim of this analysis was to quantify the clinical and economic burden associated with poor glycemic control due to therapeutic inertia in patients with T2D in the USA. Methods The IQVIA CORE Diabetes Model was used to simulate life expectancy, costs associated with diabetes-related complications, and lost workplace productivity in US patients. Baseline glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels were 7.0% (53 mmol/mol), 9.0% (75 mmol/mol), 11.0% (97 mmol/mol) 13.0% (119 mmol/mol), or 15.0% (140 mmol/mol), with targets of 6.5% (48 mmol/mol), 7.0% (53 mmol/mol), 8.0% (64 mmol/mol), or 9.0% (75 mmol/mol) depending on baseline HbA1c, across several delayed intensification scenarios (values above target were defined as poor control). The burden associated with intensification delays of 1, 2, 3, 5, and 7 years was estimated over time horizons of 1–30 years. Future costs and clinical benefits were discounted at 3% annually. Results In a population of 13.4 million patients with T2D and baseline HbA1c of 9.0% (75 mmol/mol), delaying intensification of therapy by 1 year was associated with a loss of approximately 13,390 life-years and increased total costs of US dollars (USD) 7.3 billion (1-year time horizon). Longer delays in intensification were associated with a greater economic burden. Delaying intensification by 7 years was projected to cost approximately 3 million life-years and USD 223 billion over a 30-year time horizon. Conclusion Therapeutic inertia is common in routine clinical practice and makes a substantial contribution to the burden associated with type 2 diabetes in the USA. Initiatives and interventions aimed at preventing therapeutic inertia are needed to improve clinical outcomes and avoid excess costs.
      PubDate: 2020-01-10
       
  • Critical Differences Between Dietary Supplement and Prescription Omega-3
           Fatty Acids: A Narrative Review
    • Abstract: Introduction Currently available omega-3 (OM-3) fatty acid products in the US are either nonprescription dietary supplements (e.g., fish oils) or prescription (Rx) medications. As such, we aimed to describe critical therapeutic differences among the OM-3 fatty acids, focusing on differences between fish oil supplements and Rx OM-3s. Methods A narrative review of known papers salient to this topic was conducted. Results Despite the multiple purported clinical benefits, the published evidence for OM-3 dietary supplements is generally insufficient, inconsistent, or negative. Rx OM-3 products are indicated as an adjunct to diet to reduce triglycerides (TG) in adults with severe hypertriglyceridemia (TG ≥ 500 mg/dl). Recently, the Rx eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA)-only OM-3, icosapent ethyl, demonstrated cardiovascular (CV) risk reduction among statin-treated patients at high risk of CV disease in a large CV outcomes trial (CVOT), and is now also indicated as an adjunct to maximally tolerated statin therapy to reduce the risk of myocardial infarction, stroke, coronary revascularization, and unstable angina requiring hospitalization in adult patients with elevated TG (≥ 150 mg/dL) and established CVD or diabetes mellitus and ≥ 2 additional risk factors for CVD. In contrast to the rigorous regulatory standards for safety, efficacy, and manufacturing of medications (whether Rx or over the counter), the Food and Drug Administration manages dietary supplements as food. Issues specific to OM-3 dietary supplements include variable content, labeling inconsistencies, and poor product quality/impurity. Given these issues, OM-3 dietary supplements should not be substituted for Rx OM-3 products. The efficacy of the EPA-only Rx OM-3 product in a large CVOT cannot be extrapolated to other OM-3 products. Conclusion Consumers and health care providers need to recognize critical differences between Rx and OM-3 dietary supplements to ensure appropriate use of each OM-3 product.
      PubDate: 2020-01-09
       
  • Screening and Follow-Up of Acute ROP: Reproducibility of Fluorescein
           Angiography
    • Abstract: Introduction Binocular indirect ophthalmoscopy (BIO) is fundamental for screening of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). Digital retinal imaging devices with fluorescein angiography (FA) proved to be useful in screening and management of ROP. FA provides valuable additional information that is not detectable through ophthalmoscopy. FA images are relatively easy to interpret even by personnel without specific experience in ROP. The aim of this study is to evaluate reproducibility of FA for the screening and follow-up of ROP. Methods A total of 106 pairs of FA images of 30 eyes of 15 premature infants with stage II ROP were evaluated by 5 ophthalmologists: 2 experts, 2 non-experts, and 1 expert in reading FA in adult patients. Each operator gave a score to each of following parameters: leakage, ischemic areas, peripheral plus disease and vascular anomalies. The images were reviewed twice. Intra- and inter-concordance between the readers of the FA findings was evaluated by the means of Cohen's kappa coefficient (κ). Results The intra-operator concordance was very good (κ > 0.81) for all FA findings. Inter-operator concordance was good (κ > 0.41) for all operators and all FA findings. Global concordance was: substantial (intra–inter readers: κ > 0.61) for leakage, ischemic areas, and plus disease; almost perfect (κ > 0.81) for vascular anomalies; and moderate (κ = 0.41–0.60) for continuity/discontinuity of the ischemic areas. Total FA score was directly correlated to the percentage of treatment: a score ≥ 7 was correlated with 100% treatment and a score ≤ 3 with no treatment. Treatment timing was inversely correlated to FA score: a score ≥ 8 was correlated with a timely treatment (≤ 6 days), and a score ≤ 7 was correlated with a delayed treatment (< 10 days). Conclusion This study showed that FA represents a reproducible imaging technique. It is useful for detecting ROP progression, and to define the treatment timing and type.
      PubDate: 2020-01-08
       
  • Response Letter to “Letter: Cost-Effectiveness of Alectinib for Patients
           with Untreated ALK-Positive Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer in China”
    • PubDate: 2020-01-04
       
  • Letter: Cost-Effectiveness of Alectinib for Patients with Untreated
           ALK-Positive Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer in China
    • PubDate: 2020-01-04
       
  • Model-Based Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Panitumumab Plus FOLFIRI for
           the Second-Line Treatment of Patients with Wild-Type Ras Metastatic
           Colorectal Cancer
    • Abstract: Introduction The NCT00339183 trial demonstrated that adding panitumumab to fluorouracil, leucovorin and irinotecan (FOLFIRI) as a second-line therapy of wild-type RAS metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) increases the median progression-free survival (PFS). Nevertheless, panitumumab is not yet approved in China, and the costs and outcomes of the therapy are still unclear. We estimated the cost-effectiveness of this intervention from the perspective of Chinese health care systems by constructing two pricing scenarios for panitumumab. Scenario 1: Pricing is based on the price of a similar product (cetuximab) in China. Scenario 2: We estimated the value-based price. Methods A partitioned survival model was created based on the results of the NCT00339183 trial, which evaluated panitumumab plus FOLFIRI versus FOLFIRI. The model simulated the disease progression. We calculated medical costs from the perspectives of the Chinese health care systems. The primary outcome measures were costs, quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) and incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICERs). Results In scenario 1, compared with FOLFIRI alone, FOLFIRI with panitumumab arm had an ICER of ¥1,539,988/QALY. The most influential factors were the mean overall survival (OS), utility before progression and cost of panitumumab. The probability of panitumumab plus FOLFIRI being cost-effective in China was 0% when the willingness-to-pay (WTP) threshold was ¥193,932/QALY. In scenario 2, when the cost of panitumumab was assumed to be ¥4032.61 or ¥5218.96 per cycle, the ICERs approximated the WTP thresholds of ¥193,932/QALY or ¥420,633/QALY, respectively. In this value-based pricing scenario, panitumumab plus FOLFIRI is estimated to be cost-effective. Conclusion We construct two pricing scenarios in China. In scenario 1, panitumumab plus FOLFIRI as a second-line therapy of mCRC provided an incremental benefit, but simultaneously increased costs (at the current price) even further. In scenario 2, when the value-based price was adopted, panitumumab plus FOLFIRI was estimated to be cost-effective. Our study establishes a pricing framework for new anticancer drugs to reflect the economics of drugs. Trial Registration Number NCT00339183.
      PubDate: 2020-01-04
       
  • Correction to: Topical Low Dose Preservative-Free Hydrocortisone Reduces
           Signs and Symptoms in Patients with Chronic Dry Eye: A Randomized Clinical
           Trial
    • Abstract: The article “Topical Low Dose Preservative-Free Hydrocortisone Reduces Signs and Symptoms in Patients with Chronic Dry Eye: A Randomized Clinical Trial”, written by Martin Kallab, Stephan Szegedi, Nikolaus Hommer, Hannes Stegmann, Semira Kaya, René M. Werkmeister, Doreen Schmidl, Leopold Schmetterer, Gerhard Garhöfer was originally published electronically on the publisher’s internet portal (currently SpringerLink) on November 19, 2019 without open access.
      PubDate: 2020-01-01
       
  • The Association Between Potential Opioid-Related Adverse Drug Events and
           Outcomes in Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Retrospective Study
    • Abstract: Introduction Characterization of the clinical and economic impact of opioid-related adverse drug events (ORADEs) after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) may guide provider and hospital system approach to managing postoperative pain after TKA. Our analysis quantifies the rate of potential ORADEs after TKA, the impact of potential ORADEs on length of stay (LOS) and hospital revenue, as well as their association with specific patient risk factors and comorbid clinical conditions. Methods We conducted a retrospective study using the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services administrative database to analyze Medicare discharges involving two knee replacement surgery diagnosis-related groups (DRGs) in order to identify potential ORADEs. The impact of potential ORADEs on mean hospital LOS and hospital revenue was analyzed. Results The potential ORADE rate in patients who underwent TKA was 25,523 out of 316,858 records analyzed (8.0%). The mean LOS for patients who experienced a potential ORADE was 1.04 days longer than those without an ORADE. The mean hospital revenue per day with a potential ORADE was $1334 (USD) less than without an ORADE. Potential ORADEs were significantly associated with poor patient outcomes such as pneumonia, septicemia, and shock. Conclusion Potential ORADEs in TKA are associated with longer hospitalizations, decreased hospital revenue, and poor patient outcomes. Certain risk factors may predispose patients to experiencing an ORADE, and thus perioperative pain management strategies that reduce the frequency of ORADEs particularly in at-risk patients can improve patient satisfaction and increase hospital revenue following TKAs.
      PubDate: 2020-01-01
       
 
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