Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8359 journals)
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    - RHEUMATOLOGY (76 journals)
    - SPORTS MEDICINE (78 journals)
    - SURGERY (393 journals)

MEDICAL SCIENCES (2268 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 3562 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
4 open     Open Access  
AADE in Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
ABCS Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Abia State University Medical Students' Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
AboutOpen     Open Access  
ACIMED     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Acta Bio Medica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Bioethica     Open Access  
Acta Bioquimica Clinica Latinoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Científica Estudiantil     Open Access  
Acta Facultatis Medicae Naissensis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Herediana     Open Access  
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access  
Acta Medica (Hradec Králové)     Open Access  
Acta Medica Bulgarica     Open Access  
Acta Medica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Medica Indonesiana     Open Access  
Acta Medica International     Open Access  
Acta medica Lituanica     Open Access  
Acta Medica Marisiensis     Open Access  
Acta Medica Martiniana     Open Access  
Acta Medica Nagasakiensia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Medica Peruana     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Médica Portuguesa     Open Access  
Acta Medica Saliniana     Open Access  
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acupuncture & Electro-Therapeutics Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Acupuncture and Natural Medicine     Open Access  
Addiction Science & Clinical Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Adıyaman Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi / Health Sciences Journal of Adıyaman University     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Biomedical Research     Open Access  
Advanced Health Care Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advanced Science, Engineering and Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 8)
Advanced Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Bioscience and Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Cell and Gene Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Clinical Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
Advances in Life Course Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Lipobiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Medical Education and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 32)
Advances in Medical Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Microbial Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Molecular Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Molecular Toxicology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Parkinson's Disease     Open Access  
Advances in Phytomedicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Advances in Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Regenerative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Skeletal Muscle Function Assessment     Open Access  
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Veterinary Science and Comparative Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Wound Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
African Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African Journal of Clinical and Experimental Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
African Journal of Laboratory Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
African Journal of Thoracic and Critical Care Medicine     Open Access  
African Journal of Trauma     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
AJOB Empirical Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
AJSP: Reviews & Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Aktuelle Ernährungsmedizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ALERTA : Revista Científica del Instituto Nacional de Salud     Open Access  
Alexandria Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Allgemeine Homöopathische Zeitung     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Alpha Omegan     Full-text available via subscription  
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Althea Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Biomedical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
American Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Biomedicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
American Journal of Chinese Medicine, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Clinical Medicine Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Law & Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Managed Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Medical Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
American Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Medicine Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Medicine Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of the Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
American Journal on Addictions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American medical news     Free   (Followers: 3)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Amyloid: The Journal of Protein Folding Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina     Open Access  
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de la República, Uruguay     Open Access  
Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Analgesia & Resuscitation : Current Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anatolian Clinic the Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Anatomica Medical Journal     Open Access  
Anatomical Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Anatomical Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Anatomy Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Ankara Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ankara Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Mecmuası     Open Access  
Annales de Pathologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Annales des Sciences de la Santé     Open Access  
Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Anatomy - Anatomischer Anzeiger     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Annals of Biomedical Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Clinical Hypertension     Open Access  
Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Annals of Family Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Annals of Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annals of The Royal College of Surgeons of England     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annual Reports in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Annual Reports on NMR Spectroscopy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Annual Review of Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Anthropologie et santé     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Antibiotics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Antibodies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Antibody Technology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Antibody Therapeutics     Open Access  
Anuradhapura Medical Journal     Open Access  
Anwer Khan Modern Medical College Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Apparence(s)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Clinical Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Clinical Research, Clinical Trials and Regulatory Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applied Medical Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Arab Journal of Nephrology and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives Medical Review Journal / Arşiv Kaynak Tarama Dergisi     Open Access  
Archives of Asthma, Allergy and Immunology     Open Access  
Archives of Medical and Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Medical Laboratory Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Archives of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access  
Archives of Trauma Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archivos de Medicina (Manizales)     Open Access  
ArgoSpine News & Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos de Ciências da Saúde     Open Access  
Arquivos de Medicina     Open Access  
Ars Medica : Revista de Ciencias Médicas     Open Access  
ARS Medica Tomitana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Art Therapy: Journal of the American Art Therapy Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Arterial Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Artificial Intelligence in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Artificial Organs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
ASHA Leader     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asia Pacific Family Medicine Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asian Bioethics Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Asian Biomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asian Journal of Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Medical and Pharmaceutical Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Medicine and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Research in Medical and Pharmaceutical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention     Open Access  
ASPIRATOR : Journal of Vector-borne Disease Studies     Open Access  
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Atención Familiar     Open Access  
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atti della Accademia Peloritana dei Pericolanti - Classe di Scienze Medico-Biologiche     Open Access  

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Advances in Therapy
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.075
Citation Impact (citeScore): 3
Number of Followers: 5  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1865-8652 - ISSN (Online) 0741-238X
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2570 journals]
  • SABINA: An Overview of Short-Acting β 2 -Agonist Use in Asthma in
           European Countries
    • Abstract: Introduction Globally, individuals with asthma tend to overrely on short-acting β2-agonists (SABAs) and underuse inhaled corticosteroids, thereby undertreating the underlying inflammation. Such relief-seeking behavior has been reinforced by long-standing treatment guidelines, which until recently recommended SABA-only use for immediate symptom relief. We aimed to describe the current burden of SABA use among European individuals with asthma within the SABA use IN Asthma (SABINA) program. Methods Prescription and/or dispensing data during 2006–2017 from electronic medical records and/or national patient registries in the United Kingdom (UK), Germany, Italy, Spain, and Sweden were analyzed. Individuals aged at least 12 years old with a current asthma diagnosis and no other chronic respiratory conditions were included. Asthma treatment step and severity were based on treatment guidelines in use in each individual country. The proportion of individuals prescribed SABA was measured during a 12-month period. SABA overuse was defined as at least three SABA canisters per year. Results More than one million individuals with asthma were included across five European countries. Overall, the majority of individuals were over 45 years of age, except in Sweden (mean age 27.6 years) where individuals aged over 45 years were excluded to avoid a potential chronic obstructive pulmonary disease co-diagnosis. The study population was predominantly female (55–64%), except in the UK (46%). The prevalence of SABA overuse was 9% in Italy, 16% in Germany, 29% in Spain, 30% in Sweden, and 38% in the UK. In the UK, SABA overuse was greater in individuals with moderate-to-severe asthma versus individuals with mild asthma (58% versus 27%, respectively), while SABA overuse was similar in individuals with both mild (9–32%) and moderate-to-severe (8–31%) asthma in the other European countries. Conclusions The findings of this study from the SABINA program show that SABA overuse (at least three canisters per year) is common across Europe, despite the different healthcare and reimbursement policies of each country.
      PubDate: 2020-01-24
  • Early Stages of Chronic Venous Disease: Medical Treatment Alone or in
           Addition to Endovenous Treatments
    • Abstract: Abstract Chronic venous disease (CVD) is one of the most prevalent diseases worldwide. The health condition of most patients with early stage CVD will worsen over time, and this progression increases the burden as well as the costs of treatment and reduces patient quality of life (QoL). This highlights the importance and the likely cost-effectiveness of treatment of patients with early stage CVD. Options for managing the early stages of CVD include lifestyle changes together with venoactive drugs (VAD); VADs may be used alone or in conjunction with interventional treatment of varices such as sclerotherapy, surgery, or endovenous treatments. Micronized purified flavonoid fraction (MPFF; Daflon®) is a well-studied VAD which has anti-inflammatory activities, reduces endothelial activation and leukocyte adhesion, and increases capillary resistance and integrity, to eventually improve venous tone, CVD symptoms and QoL. This article is based on previously conducted studies and does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by the author.
      PubDate: 2020-01-24
  • Effects of Netarsudil and Latanoprost Alone and in Fixed Combination on
    • Abstract: Introduction To describe the changes in endothelial cell density (ECD), the coefficient of variation (CV), the percentage of hexagonal cells (%HEX), and central corneal thickness (CCT) following 3 months of therapy with netarsudil 0.02%/latanoprost 0.005% fixed combination, and to compare these changes with those seen with netarsudil 0.02% or latanoprost 0.005% in eyes with ocular hypertension or open-angle glaucoma. Methods A subset of subjects enrolled in a Phase 3 evaluation of the intraocular pressure-lowering efficacy and safety of netarsudil 0.02%/latanoprost 0.005% fixed combination once daily (QD) versus each of its individual components underwent corneal endothelial cell imaging by specular microscopy and ultrasound pachymetry at baseline and following 3 months of therapy. Images were evaluated in masked fashion at an independent reading center. Changes from baseline to 3 months in ECD, CV, %HEX, and CCT were compared between treatment groups. Results Data from 415 subjects obtained at both baseline and Month 3 were included in this post hoc analysis. Changes from baseline to Month 3 in ECD, CV, and %HEX were clinically insignificant in all three groups, and the changes in the netarsudil/latanoprost fixed combination group demonstrated no statistical difference from those seen in the netarsudil and latanoprost groups. Mean CCT decreased more in the fixed combination group (− 6.4 µm) than in either the netarsudil group (− 3.3 µm, p = 0.0248) or the latanoprost group (− 1.2 µm, p < 0.0001). Conclusions Netarsudil 0.2%/latanoprost 0.005% fixed combination QD for 3 months in eyes with ocular hypertension or open-angle glaucoma had no clinically significant effects on endothelial cell density or morphology. The significant decrease in CCT in the fixed combination group compared to the two individual component groups may indicate that the potential effects of each drug on CCT are additive, although the magnitude of the observed effects is likely of negligible clinical significance. Identifier NCT02674854.
      PubDate: 2020-01-24
  • Prognostic Performance of SOFA, qSOFA, and SIRS in Kidney Transplant
           Recipients Suffering from Infection: A Retrospective Observational Study
    • Abstract: Introduction The prognostic performance of scoring systems for illness severity in infectious kidney transplant recipients (KTRs) is rarely reported. We investigated the ability of the scores for the quick Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (qSOFA), Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) and Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS) to predict in-hospital mortality, intensive care unit (ICU) admission and mechanical ventilation (MV) requirement. Methods This was a second analysis of a retrospective observational study. Scores for SIRS, SOFA and qSOFA were calculated upon hospitalization (infection onset was before hospitalization) or on the day of infection onset (infection episodes were during hospitalization). The primary outcome was in-hospital mortality. The secondary outcomes were ICU admission and MV requirement. Binary logistic regression and area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) were employed to assess prognostic performance. Results A total of 161 infectious episodes occurred in 97 KTRs. Forty patients (41%) experienced more than one episode. The SOFA score was available in 161 infections, and scores for qSOFA and SIRS were available in 160 infections. The SIRS score was not different between KTRs with opposite outcomes. The qSOFA score was higher in infections necessitating MV. The SOFA score was significantly higher in the deceased, those needing ICU admission, MV, and for those with positive etiology results. The SOFA score was the only independent predictor of in-hospital mortality, ICU admission, and MV requirement, and the AUCs were 0.879, 0.815, and 0.784, respectively. The optimum cutoff value of predicting the three outcomes was SOFA score ≥ 3. Conclusions The SOFA score (but not those for SIRS and qSOFA) independently predicted in-hospital mortality, ICU admission, and MV requirement in infectious KTRs.
      PubDate: 2020-01-24
  • Advanced Stages of Chronic Venous Disease: Evolution of Surgical
           Techniques and Advantages of Associated Medical Treatment
    • Abstract: Abstract Contemporary interventional treatment of primary chronic venous disease (CVD) is mainly focused on the treatment of venous reflux. The long-term results of endovenous ablation (EVA) and high ligation and stripping are not different with respect to varicose vein recurrence, and this recurrence appears to be a manifestation of disease progression. Since inflammation is one of the key mechanisms of CVD development and progression, efforts to minimize inflammation and angiogenic potential in endovenous and surgical procedures are worthwhile. As techniques continue to be refined, surgery remains a valid option; in particular, the techniques that minimize trauma can be beneficial regarding recurrence. Medical treatment with venoactive drug therapy such as micronized purified flavonoid fraction (MPFF; Daflon®), which has proven clinical benefits in patients with CVD, can be used before and after EVA or surgery to minimize inflammation, pain, hemorrhage, and reduce CVD symptoms.
      PubDate: 2020-01-24
  • The Most Severe Stage of Chronic Venous Disease: An Update on the
           Management of Patients with Venous Leg Ulcers
    • Abstract: Abstract Venous leg ulcers (VLUs) are the most severe manifestation of chronic venous disease (CVD). Due to their chronic nature, high recurrence rate and slow healing time, VLUs account for 80% of all leg ulcers seen in patients with CVD. VLUs impose a heavy burden on patients that reduces their quality of life; VLUs also represent a major socioeconomic impact due to the cost and duration of care. The primary medical approach to treating VLUs is local compression therapy in combination with venoactive drug (VAD) pharmacotherapy to promote the reduction of the inflammatory reaction initiated by venous hypertension. Micronized purified flavonoid fraction (MPFF; Daflon®) is the most widely prescribed VAD. MPFF counteracts the pathophysiologic mechanisms of CVD and ulceration and has proven to be an effective adjunct to compression therapy in patients with large and chronic VLUs. Two other non-VAD drugs, pentoxifylline and sulodexide, have also been shown to improve VLU healing and are also recommended in addition to compression therapy. However, MPFF is the only VAD with the highest strength of recommendations in the 2018 guidelines for the healing of VLUs.
      PubDate: 2020-01-22
  • The Benefits of Micronized Purified Flavonoid Fraction (MPFF) Throughout
           the Progression of Chronic Venous Disease
    • Abstract: Abstract At the 2019 European Venous Forum in Zurich Switzerland, a symposium entitled “State of the art: benefits of MPFF throughout CVD progression” was held to discuss the developing treatment strategies for patients at all stages of chronic venous disease (CVD). At the early stages of CVD, management should be focused on preventing disease progression through lifestyle changes and conservative treatment; treatment can also include venoactive drugs (VAD) such as micronized purified flavonoid fraction (MPFF; Daflon®), which is the most well-known and most widely prescribed VAD in Europe. As the disease progresses, patients who require interventional procedures (e.g., endovenous procedure or sclerotherapy) can also benefit from MPFF treatment in the recovery period after the procedure, as MPFF has been shown to reduce periprocedural pain and bleeding (hematoma), and to improve CVD symptoms during this period. Management of CVD in patients with venous leg ulcers (VLU) is the most challenging; in these patients, recommended adjunct therapies to be combined with standard compression therapy include VAD (MPFF) and non-VAD drugs (pentoxifylline and sulodexide) which have been shown to speed VLU healing in comparison with compression therapy alone.
      PubDate: 2020-01-22
  • Impact of Endometriosis Diagnostic Delays on Healthcare Resource
           Utilization and Costs
    • Abstract: Introduction Endometriosis symptoms are nonspecific and overlap with other gynecologic and gastrointestinal diseases, leading to long diagnostic delays. The burden of endometriosis has been documented; however, little is known about the impact of diagnostic delays on healthcare costs leading up to diagnoses. The purpose of this study was to examine the economic impact of diagnostic delays on pre-diagnosis healthcare utilization and costs among patients with endometriosis. Methods This was a retrospective database study of adult patients with a diagnosis of endometriosis from 1 January 2004 to 31 July 2016. Patients had continuous health plan enrollment 60 months prior to and 12 months following the earliest endometriosis diagnosis and ≥ 1 pre-diagnosis endometriosis symptom (dyspareunia, generalized pelvic pain, abdominal pain, dysmenorrhea, or infertility). Patients were assigned to short (≤ 1 year), intermediate (1–3 years), or long (3–5 years) delay cohorts based on the length of their diagnostic delay (time from first symptom to diagnosis). Healthcare resource utilization and costs were calculated and compared by cohort in the 60-month pre-diagnosis period. Results A total of 11,793 patients were included in the study, of which 37.7% (4446/11,793), 27.0% (3179/11,793), and 35.3% (4168/11,793) had short, intermediate, and long delays, respectively. Patients with intermediate or long diagnostic delays had consistently more all-cause and endometriosis-related emergency visits and inpatient hospitalizations in the pre-diagnosis period than patients with short delays. Pre-diagnosis all-cause healthcare costs were significantly higher among patients with longer diagnostic delays, averaging $21,489, $30,030, and $34,460 among patients with a short, intermediate, and long delay, respectively (p < 0.001 for all pairwise comparisons). Endometriosis-related costs accounted for 12.5% ($3553/$28,376) of all-cause costs and followed a similar pattern. Conclusion Patients with endometriosis who had longer diagnostic delays had more pre-diagnosis endometriosis-related symptoms and higher pre-diagnosis healthcare utilization and costs compared with patients who were diagnosed earlier after symptom onset, providing evidence in support of earlier diagnosis.
      PubDate: 2020-01-20
  • Development of a Conceptual Model of Chronic Hand Eczema (CHE) Based on
           Qualitative Interviews with Patients and Expert Dermatologists
    • Abstract: Introduction Chronic hand eczema (CHE) is a relapsing inflammatory dermatologic disease. Signs and symptoms can have a significant impact on patients’ health-related quality of life (HRQoL). The aim of this study is to characterize the core signs, symptoms and impacts of CHE to develop a conceptual model. Methods A structured literature search and qualitative interviews with 20 adult CHE patients in the US and 5 expert dermatologists were conducted to explore the patient experience of CHE signs, symptoms and impacts. Findings were used to support the development of a conceptual model. Results There was a paucity of CHE qualitative research in the literature, supporting the need for the prospective qualitative research. The primary signs and symptoms identified from the literature review and interviews included itch, dryness, cracking, pain, thickened skin and bleeding. The most salient impacts included embarrassment and appearance concerns, frustration, impacts on work and sleep disturbance. Saturation was achieved for all signs, symptoms and impact concepts. Conclusions Findings from this literature review and in-depth qualitative interviews supported the development of a comprehensive conceptual model documenting the signs, symptoms and impacts relevant to CHE patients. Such a model is of considerable value given the lack of existing studies in the literature focused on the qualitative exploration of the CHE patient experience. Limitations included the patient sample being only from the US and not including some CHE subtypes.
      PubDate: 2020-01-19
  • Correction to: Co-Creation of a Lanreotide Autogel/Depot Syringe for the
           Treatment of Acromegaly and Neuroendocrine Tumours Through Collaborative
           Human Factor Studies
    • Abstract: In the Original Article, there is an error in the “participants” section of Results. The correct sentence is “A total of 213 participants took part in the studies, including 34 patients with acromegaly and 28 patients with NETs”.
      PubDate: 2020-01-18
  • Observational Study of Treatment Patterns in Patients with Epidermal
           Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) Mutation-Positive Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
           After First-Line EGFR-Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors
    • Abstract: Introduction Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations are observed in approximately 15% of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in the USA. Little is known about treatment patterns in EGFR mutation-positive NSCLC following progression on or after first-line (1L) treatment with first- or second-generation EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs). Osimertinib, a third-generation EGFR-TKI, is a treatment option for patients with EGFR T790M-positive NSCLC following progression on 1L EGFR-TKIs. This study analyzed real-world treatment sequencing of EGFR-TKIs, EGFR T790M testing rates, and disposition of patients with EGFR mutations after 1L EGFR-TKI post-FDA approval of osimertinib in patients with EGFR mutation-positive NSCLC. Methods Adult patients with stage IV NSCLC and documented EGFR mutation-positive status were identified between December 1, 2015 and May 31, 2017 from the US Oncology Network iKnowMed™ electronic health record (EHR). Data were abstracted from the EHR database and supplemented by chart review. Results Of 308 patients, 302 (98%) received an EGFR-TKI overall, and 246 patients (80%) received a 1L EGFR-TKI. The most common 1L EGFR-TKI was erlotinib (66%); the remaining 1L regimens were predominantly combination chemotherapies with or without an EGFR-TKI. Only 80 patients (26%) received any 2L therapy. The most common EGFR-TKIs used as 2L monotherapy in patients who received 1L EGFR-TKI were afatinib and osimertinib (n = 7 for both). Among all patients treated with 1L EGFR-TKI (n = 246), 47 (19%) were tested for EGFR T790M [16 patients (34%) were positive], 48 (20%) remained on 1L EGFR-TKI, 29 (12%) received subsequent therapy, 38 (15%) had died on or after their 1L EGFR-TKI therapy, and 131 (53%) stopped their EGFR-TKI with no recorded evidence of having received subsequent therapy at follow-up end. Conclusion Following 1L EGFR-TKI treatment, 19% of patients were tested for EGFR T790M, and most (69%) had no record of receiving any subsequent therapy.
      PubDate: 2020-01-18
  • Levothyroxine Treatment of Pregnant Women with Hypothyroidism:
           Retrospective Analysis of a US Claims Database
    • Abstract: Background Approximately 2–4% of women of reproductive age have hypothyroidism. This study characterizes pregnant women with hypothyroidism and examines adherence to guidelines during pregnancy. Methods Women age 18 to 49 who were pregnant in 2014 and identified with hypothyroidism (N = 3448) were included in the retrospective study. The analyses examined differences in characteristics and comorbidities between pregnant women treated with levothyroxine and untreated women and adherence to guidelines by measuring thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) target achievement for women treated with levothyroxine. Results The average age was 32.76 years, and the median TSH value was 1.97 mIU/l. Compared with untreated pregnant women, pregnant women treated with levothyroxine were significantly younger, had a lower Charlson Comorbidity Index score and had lower rates of comorbid type 2 diabetes and migraines. Among women treated with levothyroxine, 52.61% had a last recorded TSH value consistent with American Thyroid Association (ATA) guidelines, 23.85% were undertreated, 1.03% were overtreated, and 22.52% did not have TSH monitored during their pregnancy. Conclusions A large percentage of pregnant women, including many treated with levothyroxine, was not treated in a manner consistent with clinical guidelines. Additionally, there were significant differences in general health and comorbidities between pregnant women treated with levothyroxine and those untreated.
      PubDate: 2020-01-18
  • Decreasing the Peril of Antimicrobial Resistance Through Enhanced Health
           Literacy in Outpatient Settings: An Underrecognized Approach to Advance
           Antimicrobial Stewardship
    • Abstract: Abstract Globally, antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a serious problem causing 700,000 deaths annually. By 2050, AMR is expected to cause approximately 10 million deaths globally each year if allowed to increase at the present rate. Many individuals have limited knowledge regarding appropriate antibiotic use and AMR. Most antibiotic use occurs in the outpatient setting, with approximately 30% of antibiotics prescribed deemed unnecessary. Antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) is a means to reduce inappropriate antibiotic use and AMR. While existing AMS efforts generally focus on the inpatient setting, a significant gap is present in the outpatient setting. A common theme across various national action plans to reduce AMR is the need for education and awareness. The importance of communicating information in a manner easily comprehended by the patient in addition to productive clinician–patient dialogue cannot be overestimated. Enhancing the public’s and patients’ AMS health literacy is an underrecognized approach to help address AMR. We describe Four Core Elements of Enhancing AMS Health Literacy in the Outpatient Setting, utilizing the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s framework: (1) leadership commitment, (2) intervention/action, (3) tracking/reporting, and (4) education/expertise. We call upon leaders in outpatient settings to embrace this approach to curb inappropriate antimicrobial use.
      PubDate: 2020-01-17
  • Peripheral Vascular Disease and Implication of Nursing Practice: A Brief
           Literature Review
    • Abstract: Abstract Nowadays nurse practitioners are working in several acute hospital settings in different specialized departments. For decades, studies have shown the implications of nurse practice in peripheral vascular disease (PVD) and peripheral vascular intervention (PVI) to have several major benefits. However, there are very limited studies and data on this particular aspect. In this literature review, we briefly discuss the implication of nursing practice in PVD/PVI. This review briefly shows that nursing practice has a major contribution and implication in the treatment of patients with PVD or PVI, especially in patients with diabetes mellitus. From available research, we briefly discuss the implication of nursing practice pre- and postoperatively for PVI. Nurses also contribute significantly in catheter-directed thrombolytic therapy, in smoking cessation programs organized for patients with PVD, and in screening patients for PVD. The vascular nurse practitioners are also involved in providing healthcare advice in order to reduce the risk of disease progression. The major lack of research in this particular field should further inspire scientists to develop and carry out research to further investigate and demonstrate the contribution of nurses in the treatment and management of PVD or PVI, which is gradually becoming a major issue.
      PubDate: 2020-01-17
  • Safety and Efficacy of Combined Oral Contraceptive Ethinyl
           Estradiol/Drospirenone (YAZ) in Chinese Women: A Single-Arm, Open-Label,
           Multicenter, Post-Authorization Study
    • Abstract: Introduction The study was conducted to assess the safety and efficacy of a combined oral contraceptive, YAZ, containing 3 mg drospirenone/20 μg ethinyl estradiol administered in a 24/4 regimen. Methods This was a single-arm, open-label, interventional, post-authorization safety surveillance study of YAZ across 6 treatment cycles. Primary objective was assessing its safety profile in Chinese women. Secondary objectives included assessing contraceptive efficacy, cycle control, and bleeding patterns among subjects with and without preceding abortion, along with efficacy in moderate acne vulgaris. Subgroup analyses included assessing efficacy in the dysmenorrhea group using a visual analog scale. All variables were analyzed by descriptive statistical methods. Results Of 1921 women treated with YAZ (mean age: 29.9 ± 5.5 years), 12.9% reported adverse drug reactions. Most frequently reported adverse events were nausea (2.6%), breast pain (2.3%), and breast swelling (1.3%). Unintended pregnancy rate (adjusted Pearl Index) was 0.3 (n = 2 pregnancies, 95% confidence interval 0.1–1.2). Incidence of overall withdrawal bleeding (cycle 2–cycle 5) was 93.3%–95.2%, of which 87.8%–95.1% in post-abortion subjects and 94.0%–95.3% in subjects without preceding abortion. Intra-cyclic bleeding (cycle 2–cycle 6) decreased in the overall population (from 14.9 to 5.5%), post-abortion subgroup (32.4% to 6.9%), and in subjects without preceding abortion (12.4% to 5.3%). Incidence of onset of withdrawal bleeding < 7 days among abnormal uterine bleeding patients at baseline was 85.2% and 87.2% at cycles 2 and 5, respectively, and incidence of intra-cyclic bleeding was 23.5% and 8.0% at cycles 1 and 6, respectively. Mean percent change in total acne lesion count from baseline to cycle 6 was − 79.9% ,and mean change in pain severity due to dysmenorrhea was − 31.2 mm at cycle 6 when compared with baseline. Conclusion The 24/4 YAZ regimen showed good safety profile, contraceptive reliability, good cycle control along with subgroup of patients. Improvements in dysmenorrhea and acne were also observed. No events of venous thromboembolism/arterial thromboembolism were reported. Trial Registration identifier, NCT02710708; Center for Drug Evaluation (CDE), China Food and Drug Administration (CFDA) number: CTR20160203.
      PubDate: 2020-01-16
  • Correction to: Real-World Predictors of Major Adverse Cardiovascular
           Events and Major Adverse Limb Events Among Patients with Chronic Coronary
           Artery Disease and/or Peripheral Arterial Disease
    • Abstract: In the original article. The third author name is incorrect. The correct name is Nicholas J. Leeper.
      PubDate: 2020-01-13
  • Alzheimer’s Diagnosis: Real-World Physician Behavior Across
    • Abstract: Introduction Appropriate management of patients with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) helps preserve their independence and time at home. We explored physician behavior in the management of AD, focusing on diagnosis. Methods Online questionnaires and patient record forms (PRFs) were created by an independent market research agency and completed by participating physicians. Physicians were recruited from France, Germany, Japan, the UK, and the USA. A sample of 1086 physicians was recruited, including general practitioners, geriatricians, neurologists, and psychiatrists. Physicians completed an online interview and 2–3 PRFs based on randomly selected records of their patients with AD. Data on triggers and timing of diagnosis were captured. Data were assessed for all countries combined (global) and within each country and physician specialty. Results A total of 3346 PRFs were submitted. Approximately half of patients received diagnosis within 6 months. There were large country differences. In France, only 35% of patients were diagnosed within 6 months compared to 65% in Japan. Physicians in France also reported diagnoses taking > 9 months for a substantial number of patients (39%) compared with other countries (16–29%). Caregivers were the main driver toward diagnosis. Physician suspicion of AD was a trigger for diagnosis in only 20% of cases, globally. Overall, referral rates were low (14–23%). Conclusion This study suggests that detection and timely diagnosis of AD remains suboptimal. This highlights the importance of fostering awareness of early symptoms and education on the benefits of timely diagnosis, a critical step in initiating treatment as early as possible.
      PubDate: 2020-01-13
  • Alzheimer’s Treatment: Real-World Physician Behavior Across
    • Abstract: Objective Timely initiation of Alzheimer’s disease (AD)-specific treatment may postpone cognitive deterioration and preserve patient independence. We explored real-world physician behavior in the treatment of AD. Methods Online questionnaires and patient record forms (PRFs) were completed by participating physicians. The physicians included general practitioners, neurologists, geriatricians and psychiatrists, recruited from France, Germany, Japan, the UK and the USA. Physicians completed an online interview and two to three PRFs based on selected records of their patients with AD. Data on treatment algorithms and key drivers for therapy were captured. Results A total of 3346 PRFs were submitted and 1086 physicians interviewed. Overall, 44% of patients with mild cognitive impairment/prodromal AD, 71% of patients with mild disease and 76% of patients with moderate disease had already received therapy. The most common reasons for not prescribing therapy were patient refusal (35%) and early disease stage (26%). Except in the USA, the majority of physicians preferred to prescribe monotherapy. Almost 30% of patients at any stage of the disease did not receive AD-specific pharmacotherapy immediately after diagnosis. Conclusions Physicians’ attitudes toward AD treatment could be driven by limited awareness regarding the benefits of early intervention and the modest efficacy of currently available therapies. Efficacious therapies for AD, especially early AD, which could be used alone or in combination with current medications to maximize treatment benefit, are still needed. The availability of more efficacious therapies may improve time to treatment initiation, treatment rates and acceptance of treatment by patients, caregivers and physicians.
      PubDate: 2020-01-13
  • Real-World Data and Randomised Controlled Trials: The Salford Lung Study
    • Abstract: Abstract Traditional efficacy double-blind randomised controlled trials (DBRCTs) measure the benefit a treatment produces under near-ideal test conditions in highly selected patient populations; however, the behaviour of patients and investigators in such trials is highly controlled, highly compliant and adherent, and non-representative of routine clinical practice. Pragmatic effectiveness trials measure the benefit a treatment produces in patients in everyday “real-world” practice. Ideally, effectiveness trials should recruit patients as similar as possible to those who will ultimately be prescribed the medicine, and create freedom within the study design to allow normal behaviours of patients and healthcare professionals (HCPs) to be expressed. The Salford Lung Study (SLS) was a world-first, prospective, phase III, pragmatic randomised controlled trial (RCT) programme in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma to evaluate the effectiveness of a pre-licensed medication (fluticasone furoate/vilanterol) in real-world practice using electronic health records and through collaboratively engaging general practitioners and community pharmacists in clinical research. The real-world aspect of SLS was unique, requiring careful planning and attention to the goals of maximising the external validity of the trials while maintaining scientific rigour and securing suitable electronic processes for proper interpretation of safety data. Key learnings from SLS that may inform the design of future pragmatic effectiveness RCTs include: (1) ensuring the trial setting and operational infrastructure are aligned with routine clinical care; (2) recruiting a broad patient population with characteristics as close as possible to patients in routine clinical practice, to maximise the generalisability and applicability of trial results; (3) ensuring that patients and HCPs are suitably engaged in the trial, to maximise the chances of successful trial delivery; and (4) careful study design, incorporating outcomes of value to patients, HCPs, policymakers and payers, and using pre-planned analyses to address scientifically valid research hypotheses to ensure robustness of the trial data.
      PubDate: 2020-01-11
  • Analgesic Impact of Single-Shot Versus Continuous Femoral Nerve Block
           After Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
    • Abstract: Introduction Efficient pain management after total knee arthroplasty will accelerate functional recovery and reduce the length of hospital stay. The femoral nerve block is increasingly used in clinical practice owing to its favorable analgesic efficacy. However, the effect of continuous femoral nerve block compared to single-shot femoral nerve block remains controversial. Methods Three databases (Pubmed, Embase and Cochrane Library) were searched for randomized controlled trials up to April 2019. Seven studies with 525 patients were included in this analysis. Results The pooled estimates showed that the continuous femoral nerve block could relieve the pain at rest [standardized mean differences with 95% confidence intervals 1.12 (0.63–1.60), I2 = 57%, p < 0.00001] and physical therapy [standardized mean differences with 95% confidence intervals 1.05 (0.47–1.63), I2 = 71%, p = 0.0004] on postoperative day 1 and reduce total morphine consumption on postoperative day 1 [mean differences with 95% confidence intervals 16.15 (13.75–18.54), I2 = 46%, p < 0.00001] and 2 [mean differences with 95% confidence intervals 7.02 (4.82–9.22), I2 = 35%, p < 0.00001]. There is no significant difference in pain scores at rest and physical therapy on postoperative day 2 and 3, in Western Ontario and McMaster University Arthritis Index scores (p = 0.12), the length of hospital stay (p = 0.94) and the incidence of nausea and vomiting (p = 0.09). Conclusion We conclude that the continuous femoral nerve block is more effective than single-shot femoral nerve block after total knee arthroplasty, which provides objective evidence of pain management for anesthetists.
      PubDate: 2020-01-10
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
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