Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8529 journals)
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MEDICAL SCIENCES (2342 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 3562 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
4 open     Open Access  
AADE in Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
ABCS Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Abia State University Medical Students' Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
AboutOpen     Open Access  
ACIMED     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Acta Bio Medica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Bioethica     Open Access  
Acta Bioquimica Clinica Latinoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Científica Estudiantil     Open Access  
Acta Facultatis Medicae Naissensis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Herediana     Open Access  
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access  
Acta Medica (Hradec Králové)     Open Access  
Acta Medica Bulgarica     Open Access  
Acta Medica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Medica Indonesiana     Open Access  
Acta Medica International     Open Access  
Acta medica Lituanica     Open Access  
Acta Medica Marisiensis     Open Access  
Acta Medica Martiniana     Open Access  
Acta Medica Nagasakiensia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Medica Peruana     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Médica Portuguesa     Open Access  
Acta Medica Saliniana     Open Access  
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acupuncture & Electro-Therapeutics Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Acupuncture and Natural Medicine     Open Access  
Addiction Science & Clinical Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Adıyaman Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi / Health Sciences Journal of Adıyaman University     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Biomedical Research     Open Access  
Advanced Health Care Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advanced Science, Engineering and Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 9)
Advanced Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Bioscience and Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Cell and Gene Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Clinical Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Advances in Clinical Radiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Life Course Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Lipobiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Medical Education and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 32)
Advances in Medical Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Microbial Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Molecular Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Molecular Toxicology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Parkinson's Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Phytomedicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Advances in Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Regenerative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Skeletal Muscle Function Assessment     Open Access  
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Traditional Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Veterinary Science and Comparative Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Wound Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
African Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African Journal of Clinical and Experimental Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
African Journal of Laboratory Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
African Journal of Thoracic and Critical Care Medicine     Open Access  
African Journal of Trauma     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
AJOB Empirical Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
AJSP: Reviews & Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Aktuelle Ernährungsmedizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Al-Qadisiah Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alerta : Revista Científica del Instituto Nacional de Salud     Open Access  
Alexandria Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Allgemeine Homöopathische Zeitung     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Alpha Omegan     Full-text available via subscription  
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Althea Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Biomedical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
American Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Biomedicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
American Journal of Chinese Medicine, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Clinical Medicine Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Law & Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
American Journal of Managed Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Medical Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
American Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Medicine Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Medicine Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of the Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
American Journal on Addictions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American medical news     Free   (Followers: 3)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Amyloid: The Journal of Protein Folding Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina     Open Access  
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de la República, Uruguay     Open Access  
Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Analgesia & Resuscitation : Current Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anatolian Clinic the Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Anatomica Medical Journal     Open Access  
Anatomical Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Anatomical Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Anatomy Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Ankara Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ankara Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Mecmuası     Open Access  
Annales de Pathologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Annales des Sciences de la Santé     Open Access  
Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Anatomy - Anatomischer Anzeiger     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Annals of Biomedical Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Clinical Hypertension     Open Access  
Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Annals of Family Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Annals of Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Musculoskeletal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of the College of Medicine, Mosul     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annals of The Royal College of Surgeons of England     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annual Reports in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Annual Reports on NMR Spectroscopy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Annual Review of Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Anthropologie et santé     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Antibiotics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Antibodies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Antibody Reports     Open Access  
Antibody Technology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Antibody Therapeutics     Open Access  
Anuradhapura Medical Journal     Open Access  
Anwer Khan Modern Medical College Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Apparence(s)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Clinical Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Clinical Research, Clinical Trials and Regulatory Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applied Medical Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Arab Journal of Nephrology and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Biomedical Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives Medical Review Journal / Arşiv Kaynak Tarama Dergisi     Open Access  
Archives of Asthma, Allergy and Immunology     Open Access  
Archives of Clinical Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Medical and Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Medical Laboratory Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Archives of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access  
Archives of Organ Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Pulmonology and Respiratory Care     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Renal Diseases and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Trauma Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Archivos de Medicina (Manizales)     Open Access  
ArgoSpine News & Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos de Ciências da Saúde     Open Access  
Arquivos de Medicina     Open Access  
Ars Medica : Revista de Ciencias Médicas     Open Access  
ARS Medica Tomitana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Art Therapy: Journal of the American Art Therapy Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Arterial Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Artificial Intelligence in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Artificial Organs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
ASHA Leader     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asia Pacific Family Medicine Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asian Bioethics Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Asian Biomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asian Journal of Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Medical and Pharmaceutical Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 2)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Advances in Therapy
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.075
Citation Impact (citeScore): 3
Number of Followers: 5  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1865-8652 - ISSN (Online) 0741-238X
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2624 journals]
  • Efficacy and Treatment Burden of Intravitreal Aflibercept Versus
           Intravitreal Ranibizumab Treat-and-Extend Regimens at 2 Years: Network
           Meta-Analysis Incorporating Individual Patient Data Meta-Regression and
           Matching-Adjusted Indirect Comparison
    • Abstract: Purpose To compare visual outcomes and treatment burden between intravitreally administered aflibercept (IVT-AFL) and ranibizumab (RBZ) treat-and-extend (T&E) regimens in patients with wet age-related macular degeneration (wAMD) at 2 years. Methods A systematic literature review was carried out in Medline, EMBASE, and CENTRAL in October 2018. Matching-adjusted indirect comparison (MAIC) and/or individual patient data meta-regression was used to connect ALTAIR (assessing IVT-AFL T&E) with other studies, adjusting for between-trial differences in baseline visual acuity and age or baseline visual acuity, age, and polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) status. Sensitivity analyses were conducted to test the robustness of the results, including direct MAIC between IVT-AFL T&E (ALTAIR) and RBZ T&E (CANTREAT and TREX-AMD trials). Results Six randomized controlled trials (RCTs) (ALTAIR, VIEW 1 and 2, CATT, CANTREAT, and TREX) were included in the analysis. IVT-AFL T&E was assessed in one study, ALTAIR (n = 255), while RBZ T&E was assessed in two trials (n = 327). At 2 years, the median difference (95% credibility interval) between IVT-AFL T&E and RBZ T&E regarding the numbers of Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) letters gained was not significant (M1: − 2.29 [− 8.10, 3.58]; M2: − 0.55 [− 6.34, 5.29]). IVT-AFL T&E was associated with significantly fewer injections than RBZ-T&E (M1: − 6.12 [− 7.60, − 4.65]; M2: − 5.93 [− 7.42, − 4.45]). Results of the sensitivity analyses were consistent with the main scenarios. Conclusion Patients with wAMD receiving an IVT-AFL T&E regimen achieved and maintained improvement in visual acuity with fewer injections over 2 years compared with RBZ T&E. IVT-AFL T&E may therefore serve as the optimal therapy for wAMD, as it was associated with clinical efficacy and minimized treatment burden.
      PubDate: 2020-03-28
       
  • Management of Patients with Coronary Artery Disease in Lithuania: a
           Comparison with Other Central Eastern European Countries Based on Data
           From the International CLARIFY Registry
    • Abstract: Introduction Lithuania has one of the highest mortality rates from coronary heart disease (CHD) among European countries. Most CHD are preventable, but when they occur, the management of these patients is important in secondary prevention. The purpose of the present analysis was to describe the demographics, clinical profile, and contemporary management of patients with stable CHD in the Lithuanian population and to compare data with other Central Eastern European countries. Methods CLARIFY (prospective observational longitudinal registry of patients with stable CHD) is an international cohort study in outpatients with stable CHD. Treated outpatients with established CHD from the CLARIFY registry in Lithuania (214 patients) were compared with those from the rest of Central Eastern Europe (2794 patients). Results Lithuanian patients were younger (p = 0.0275), had a higher body mass index (p = 0.0003), and more frequently received treatment for hypertension (p < 0.0001). Prevalence of dyslipidemia (p < 0.0001) was higher in Lithuanian patients but a smaller group of people had diabetes (p < 0.0001). The total cholesterol (p < 0.0001), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (p < 0.0001), and blood pressure (p < 0.0001) were higher in the Lithuanian population. A smaller proportion of Lithuanian patients were physically inactive, and the majority of patients in Lithuania were engaged in light physical activity compared with Central Eastern European patients (p = 0.0018). Conclusion The data analysis shows that management of hypertension, dyslipidemia, smoking, and obesity in patients with CHD in Lithuania is insufficient and needs further improvement.
      PubDate: 2020-03-27
       
  • Proportion of High-Risk/Very High-Risk Patients in Europe with Low-Density
           Lipoprotein Cholesterol at Target According to European Guidelines: A
           Systematic Review
    • Abstract: Objective Assess achievement of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) targets in European Society of Cardiology (ESC)/European Atherosclerosis Society (EAS) guidelines. Design Systematic literature review. Data Sources Medline, EMBASE, Cumulated Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature. Eligibility Criteria Observational studies reporting LDL-C levels/target attainment, measured between 1 August 2006 to 31 August 2017, in European adults with established cardiovascular disease (CVD), diabetes with target organ damage, familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH) or 10-year risk of fatal CVD ≥ 5% (assessed by Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation [SCORE]). Data Extraction and Synthesis Two reviewers independently extracted relevant studies and assessed study quality using the Risk of Bias for Non-Randomised Studies–Interventions (ROBINS-I) tool. Primary outcome was the proportion of patients achieving LDL-C targets in the 2011/2016 ESC/EAS guidelines. Where available, patient characteristics were presented as means weighted by sample size. The proportions of patients achieving LDL-C targets in the 5 years before and after publication of the 2011 guidelines were compared using a chi-square test. Results Across 81 eligible studies (303,534 patients), achievement of LDL-C < 1.8 mmol/L was poor among patients with established CVD (16%; range 9–56%) and at very high risk of CVD (SCORE ≥ 10% [18%; 14–25%]). In individuals with FH, SCORE 5–10%, or diabetes and target organ damage, LDL-C < 2.5 mmol/L was achieved by 15% (9–22%), 46% (21–55%) and 13% (6–34%), respectively. Comparing the 5 years before/after publication of the 2011 guidelines, target achievement increased significantly over time but remained suboptimal (LDL-C < 1.8, 22% versus 15%; LDL-C < 2.5, 68% versus 61%; both p < 0.001; established CVD group only). Conclusions These data show suboptimal LDL-C control among European patients at high risk of CVD. Those at greatest overall risk (clinically established CVD or at least a 10% 10-year risk of fatal CVD) had the lowest achievement of 2011/2016 EAS/ESC LDL-C targets. With lower LDL-C targets advocated in 2019 ESC/EAS guidelines, this unmet need will increase. Protocol Registration PROSPERO registration number; CRD77844
      PubDate: 2020-03-21
       
  • New Perspectives for Mucolytic, Anti-inflammatory and Adjunctive Therapy
           with 1,8-Cineole in COPD and Asthma: Review on the New Therapeutic
           Approach
    • Abstract: The mucolytic monoterpene 1,8-cineole (eucalyptol), the major constituent of eucalyptus species, is well known for its anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, bronchodilatory, antiviral and antimicrobial effects. The main protective antiviral, anti-inflammatory and mucolytic mechanisms of 1,8-cineole are the induction of interferon regulatory factor 3 (IRF3), the control of nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB) along with decreasing mucin genes (MUC2, MUC19). In normal human monocytes direct inhibition was shown of reactive oxygen species (ROS)-mediated mucus hypersecretion and of steroid resistence inducing superoxides (O2·−) and pro-inflammatory hydrogen peroxides (H2O2) with partial control of superoxide dismutase (SOD), which enzymatically metabolizes O2·− into H2O2. By inhibition of NF-κB, 1,8-cineole, at relevant plasma concentrations (1.5 µg/ml), strongly and significantly inhibited in normal human monocyte lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated cytokines relevant for exacerbation (tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNFα), interleukin (IL)-1β and systemic inflammation (IL-6, IL-8). Infectious agents and environmental noxa have access via TNFα and IL-1β to the immune system with induction of bronchitis complaints and exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), asthma and asthma–COPD overlap. In lymphocytes from healthy human donors 1,8-cineole inhibited TNFα, IL-1β, IL-4 and IL-5 and demonstrated for the first time control of Th1/2-type inflammation. 1,8-Cineole at relevant plasma levels increased additively in vitro the efficacy of inhaled guideline medications of budesonide (BUD) and budesonide + formoterol ,and preliminary data also showed increased efficacy of long-acting muscarinic receptor antagonist (LAMA)-mediated cytokine inhibition in vitro. On the basis of the preclinical data, earlier randomised controlled studies with adjunctive therapy of 1,8-cineole (3 × 200 mg/day) for 6 months showed improvement of uncontrolled asthma by significant improvement of lung function, nocturnal asthma and quality of life scores and in COPD decrease of exacerbations (− 38.5%) (during wintertime). This review reports an update with reference to the literature of 1,8-cineole, also as adjunctive therapy, as a therapeutic agent for the protection and control of inflammatory airway diseases.
      PubDate: 2020-03-21
       
  • Discrepancy Between Fasting Flow-Mediated Dilation and Parameter of Lipids
           in Blood: A Randomized Exploratory Study of the Effect of Omega-3 Fatty
           Acid Ethyl Esters on Vascular Endothelial Function in Patients With
           Hyperlipidemia
    • Abstract: Introduction Omega-3 fatty acid ethyl esters (omega-3), an eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid preparation (Lotriga®, Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited), are approved in Japan to treat triglyceridemia. We investigated the effects of omega-3 on vascular endothelial function, measured by flow-mediated dilation (FMD). Methods Patients with dyslipidemia receiving 3-hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaryl-coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors were randomized 1:1 to receive omega-3 at 2 g (QD) or 4 g (2 g BID) for 8 weeks. The primary end point was the change from baseline of fasting  %FMD in each treatment group. Secondary end points included the 4-h postprandial  %FMD and 4-h postprandial triglyceride (TG) level. Results Thirty-seven patients were randomized to receive omega-3 at 2 g (n = 18) or 4 g (n = 19). Mean fasting %FMD did not increase from baseline to week 8 in the 2-g group (− 1.2%) or 4-g group (− 1.3%). Mean 4-h postprandial %FMD did not change from baseline to week 8 in the 2-g group (0.0%), but increased in the 4-g group (1.0%). Mean 4-h postprandial TG level decreased by 34.7 mg/dl from baseline over week 8 in the 2-g group, with a significantly larger decrease in the 4-g group of 75.9 mg/dl (p < 0.001). No new safety concerns were identified. Conclusions Fasting %FMD did not improve after 8 weeks of omega-3 treatment at 2 g or 4 g. After 8 weeks, 4-h postprandial TG levels showed improvement at both doses, with a greater reduction in the 4-g group. Trial Registration ClinicalTrials.gov, ID: NCT02824432.
      PubDate: 2020-03-21
       
  • Fertility Outcomes After Laparoscopic Cystectomy in Infertile Patients
           with Stage III–IV Endometriosis: a Cohort with 6–10 years of
           Follow-up
    • Abstract: Introduction Ovarian endometriosis is the most common type of endometriosis (EM), affecting more than 40% of women with EM. Currently, surgical intervention is still controversial in infertile patients with ovarian endometriosis, especially in those with stage III–IV EM. Very few studies have been done to analyze long-term pregnancy results in patients with endometrioma more than 5 years after surgery. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore the pregnancy outcomes and the related factors in patients with endometrioma and stage III–IV endometriosis during a long-term follow-up postoperatively. Methods We collected 347 patients with ovarian endometriosis, which included 59 infertile patients with stage III–IV endometriosis who had a minimum of 5 years of postoperative follow-up after undergoing laparoscopic excision of ovarian endometriomas performed by a single doctor at the Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 2009 to April 2013. Results A total of 59 infertile patients were recruited. The mean age was 31.8 ± 3.6 years. The mean size of the endometriomas was 6.8 ± 3.3 cm. Before surgery, dysmenorrhea was present in 88.1% (52/59) of the cases, while chronic pelvic pain was reported in nine cases (15.3%). A total of 20.3% (12/59) of cases were concurrent with leiomyoma, 52.5% (31/59) with deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE), and 39.0% (23/59) with adenomyosis. During laparoscopy, 21 cases were diagnosed as stage III (35.6%) and 38 as stage IV (64.4%) EM according to the revised American Fertility Society (AFS) classification. After laparoscopic cystectomy, 38 (64.4%) patients became successfully pregnant by the 5th year. All the patients were divided into two groups according to the postoperative pregnancy outcomes. In univariate analysis, the higher mean age and concurrent diagnosis of adenomyosis were seen to be related to poor postoperative pregnancy outcomes (p < 0.05). In multivariate analysis, however, the mean age, chronic pelvic pain (CPP), and adenomyosis were independent risk factors of pregnancy outcomes between the two groups (p < 0.05). With a minimum follow-up of 6 years, 23.7% (14/59) of recurrence was observed in the entire study cohort. Conclusion Infertile patients with endometrioma and stage III–IV EM may have lower pregnancy rates after laparoscopic cystectomy if they are older and present with CPP and adenomyosis. Our data showed a lower rate of recurrence but a higher rate of pregnancy after surgery.
      PubDate: 2020-03-21
       
  • XEN Gel Stent Open Conjunctiva Technique: A Practical Approach Paper
    • Abstract: The Xen Gel Stent lowers intraocular pressure by shunting aqueous humor to the subconjunctival space. While published studies include both open conjunctiva and closed conjunctiva approaches, most publications feature a closed conjunctiva, ab interno approach. While this approach is widely used, other approaches may be preferred for some patients. This paper provides details on surgical steps and tips for enhancing outcomes for an open conjunctiva technique for the implantation of the Xen Gel Stent, as well as reasoning as to when this approach should be used.
      PubDate: 2020-03-21
       
  • A Longitudinal Assessment of the Impact of Endometriosis on Patients’
           Salary Growth and Risk of Leaving the Workforce
    • Abstract: Introduction This retrospective cohort study evaluated the impact of endometriosis on the risks of work loss events and salary/growth over a 5-year period. Methods Women aged 18–49 years with ≥ 1 endometriosis diagnosis were identified in a claims database and matched 1:1 to women without endometriosis (controls). The index date was the first endometriosis diagnosis date (endometriosis cohort) or a random date during the period of continuous eligibility (controls). Baseline characteristics were compared between cohorts descriptively. Average annual salaries were compared over the 5 years post-index using generalized estimating equations accounting for matching. Time-to-event analyses assessed risk of short-term disability, long-term disability, leave of absence, early retirement, and any event of leaving the workforce (Kaplan-Meier curves with log-rank tests). Results A total of 6851 matched pairs (mean age at index date: 38.7 years) were included in the salary growth analysis, with a subset of 1981 pairs in the risk of leaving the workforce analysis. In year 1, the endometriosis cohort had a lower average annual salary ($61,322) than controls ($64,720); salaries were lower in years 2–5 by $3697–$6600 (all p < 0.01). The endometriosis cohort experienced smaller salary growth than controls in all years, ranging from $438 vs. $1058 in year 1 to $4906 vs. $7074 in year 5 (all p < 0.05). In the Kaplan-Meier analyses, patients with endometriosis were significantly more likely than controls to leave the workforce for any reason, take a leave of absence, and use short-term disability (all log-rank tests p < 0.001). Additionally, the median number of years to each of these events was lower for the endometriosis cohort relative to the matched controls. Sensitivity analyses among patients with moderate-to-severe endometriosis and by salary brackets confirmed the primary analyses. Conclusions Patients with endometriosis experienced lower annual salary and salary growth, as well as higher risks of work loss events, compared with matched controls.
      PubDate: 2020-03-20
       
  • Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Atezolizumab Plus Chemotherapy in the
           First-Line Treatment of Metastatic Non-Squamous Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
           
    • Abstract: Introduction The purpose of this study was to estimate the cost-effectiveness of atezolizumab plus chemotherapy in patients with metastatic non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) from the United States (US) payers’ perspective in the first-line treatment. Methods A mathematical Markov model was developed to estimate cost and effectiveness of atezolizumab combination therapy versus carboplatin plus nab-paclitaxel alone in the first-line therapy of metastatic non-squamous NSCLC from the data of IMpower130. Costs, quality-adjusted life years (QALYs), and incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICERs) were analyzed, and model robustness was assessed by sensitivity analysis. Additional subgroup analyses were performed as well. Results Compared to chemotherapy, treatment with atezolizumab plus chemotherapy yields an increase of 0.16 QALYs with an increase in cost of $109,809.13, resulting in an ICER of $670,309.66 per QALY. The most influential factor in this model was the cost of atezolizumab. Probabilistic sensitivity analysis showed that there was 0% probability that atezolizumab plus chemotherapy was cost-effective at willingness-to-pay (WTP) values of $150,000 per QALY. The results of subgroup analyses showed that the ICER remained greater than $150,000/QALY across the all patient subgroups. Conclusion First-line treatment with atezolizumab in combination with carboplatin plus nab-paclitaxel is not a cost-effective option in patients with metastatic non-squamous NSCLC.
      PubDate: 2020-03-19
       
  • Persistence, Dose Titration, and Health Care Resource Utilization Among
           Crohn’s Disease Patients Treated With Ustekinumab: A Real-World Analysis
           in the United States
    • Abstract: Introduction Crohn’s disease (CD) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the gastrointestinal tract. This real-world study evaluated persistence, dose titration, health care resource utilization (HCRU) and associated costs, and medication use among CD patients treated with ustekinumab (UST) in several pooled US commercial database populations. Methods CD patients aged ≥ 18 years with medical or pharmacy claims for UST were selected from pooled data from 3 large, national commercial databases. The first observed medical or pharmacy claim for UST was the index date. Patients were required to have had ≥ 1 medical claim with a CD diagnosis during the 12 months prior to the index date and continuous health plan enrollment for a minimum of 12 months prior to and 12 months after the index date. Comparisons of outcomes during the baseline and follow-up periods were conducted using inferential statistical tests. Results A total of 214 eligible UST patients were selected. The majority (74.8%) were biologic experienced (mean age: 41 years), and 83.6% remained treatment persistent during the 12-month post-index period. Among discontinuers, 25.7% restarted UST, and 8.6% switched from UST in the 12-month observation period. The mean treatment duration was 329 days. Most patients (77%) used the recommended UST dose, as defined as being within a 20% dose variation from label (90 mg/8 weeks ± 20%), 17.9% experienced dose escalation, and 5.1% experienced dose reduction. Post-index immunomodulator and corticosteroid use reduced by 20% and 28%, respectively, as compared with pre-index use among CD patients using UST. Annual all-cause ER visits and inpatient stays decreased by 20.5% and 30.3%, respectively, with similar downward trends for annual CD-related HCRU. Conclusions The majority of CD patients prescribed UST were biologic experienced, and persistence was high over the 1-year follow-up. UST treatment initiation was associated with reductions in ER visits, inpatient stays, and steroid and other medication use.
      PubDate: 2020-03-19
       
  • Methemoglobinemia in the Operating Room and Intensive Care Unit: Early
           Recognition, Pathophysiology, and Management
    • Abstract: The objectives of this review are to describe the acquired and hereditary causes of methemoglobinemia, to recommend the most sensitive diagnostic tests, and to enable critical care clinicians to rapidly detect and treat methemoglobinemia. To meet these objectives, Internet search engines were queried with the keywords to select articles for review that included case reports, case series, observational, longitudinal, and surveillance studies. The most common causes of methemoglobinemia include oxidizing reactions to cocaine-derived anesthetics, such as benzocaine and lidocaine, to antibiotics, such as dapsone and other sulfonamides, and to gases, such as nitric oxide. Additionally, CO-oximetry is superior to standard pulse oximetry in detecting methemoglobinemia. Finally, effective treatments for methemoglobinemia include intravenous administration of methylene blue, ascorbic acid, and riboflavin. In this manuscript we will discuss methemoglobinemia, how it occurs, and how to treat it.
      PubDate: 2020-03-19
       
  • New Therapeutic Strategy and Innovative Lubricating Ophthalmic Solution in
           Minimizing Dry Eye Disease Associated with Cataract Surgery: A Randomized,
           Prospective Study
    • Abstract: Introduction To evaluate the effects of a new lubricating, antioxidant solution (VisuEvo®) on dry eye disease (DED) in patients undergoing cataract surgery. Methods Patients requiring cataract surgery with either healthy ocular surface or mild DED (tear break-up time, TBUT > 7, Schirmer I test > 15 mm/5 min) were enrolled in this multicenter, open-label, randomized, prospective study. Scheduled visits were 2 weeks before surgery (screening), day of surgery (V0), week 1 (V1), and 2 (V2) after surgery. VisuEvo® was self-administered three times daily for the whole study duration (group A); the control group (group B) had no tear substitute administration. The primary endpoint was the change in TBUT over time; the secondary endpoints were changes in Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI), ocular surface staining, the Schirmer I test, and osmometry. Results A total of 45 patients were included (group A, 23; group B, 22; age 74 ± 8 years). At the screening, TBUT was similar between the groups (group A, 8.5 ± 1.8 s; group B, 7.8 ± 0.7, p = 0.11). At the scheduled visits, TBUT increase vs screening visit was significantly higher in group A: +1.2 s at V0, +1.4 s at V1, and +1.9 s at V2 (p < 0.01). Also, OSDI was significantly lower in group A at V0, V1, and V2 (p < 0.027). After surgery, corneal staining was absent in 65–78% of group A compared with 54–59% in group B. The two groups did not show any significant differences of osmometry and the Schirmer I test. Conclusions The ocular surface was more protected and quickly restored from surgery when VisuEvo® was used from 2 weeks preoperatively to 2 weeks postoperatively. Trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov identifier, NCT03833908
      PubDate: 2020-03-17
       
  • Cellular Senescence as a Therapeutic Target for Age-Related Diseases: A
           Review
    • Abstract: Life expectancy has increased substantially over the last few decades, leading to a worldwide increase in the prevalence and burden of aging-associated diseases. Recent evidence has proven that cellular senescence contributes substantially to the development of these disorders. Cellular senescence is a state of cell cycle arrest with suppressed apoptosis and concomitant secretion of multiple bioactive factors (the senescence-associated secretory phenotype—SASP) that plays a physiological role in embryonic development and healing processes. However, DNA damage and oxidative stress that occur during aging cause the accumulation of senescent cells, which through their SASP bring about deleterious effects on multiple organ and systemic functions. Ablation of senescent cells through genetic or pharmacological means leads to improved life span and health span in animal models, and preliminary evidence suggests it may also have a positive impact on human health. Thus, strategies to reduce or eliminate the burden of senescent cells or their products have the potential to impact multiple clinical outcomes with a single intervention. In this review, we touch upon the basics of cell senescence and summarize the current state of development of therapies against cell senescence for human use.
      PubDate: 2020-03-17
       
  • Citicoline and Vitamin B 12 Eye Drops in Type 1 Diabetes: Results of a
           3-year Pilot Study Evaluating Morpho-Functional Retinal Changes
    • Abstract: Introduction This study aimed to evaluate the effect of treatment with eye drops containing citicoline and vitamin B12 on changes in function of the inner retina, morphology of the inner and outer retina, and microvascular condition in patients with type 1 diabetes (DM1) with mild signs of non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR) during 3 years of follow-up. Methods A pilot study with prospective, randomized, and double-masked design was conducted to address the aims. Twenty patients with DM1 were enrolled and randomly divided into two groups: the DC group comprising patients treated with citicoline and vitamin B12 eye drops (10 patients; mean age ± standard deviation, 46.86 ± 8.78 years) and the DP group comprising those treated with placebo (10 patients; mean age ± standard deviation, 47.89 ± 7.74 years). In the DC group, one eye of each patient was treated with citicoline and vitamin B12 eye drops (OMK2®, Omikron Italia srl, Italy, 3 drops/day), while in the DP group, it was treated with placebo (eye drops containing hypromellose 0.3%, 3 drops/day) for a 3-year period. In both groups, Humphrey Matrix frequency doubling technology (FDT), spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and OCT angiography (OCTA), and adaptive optics (AO) were applied at baseline and 12, 24, and 36 months of the follow-up period. Results In the results of follow-up evaluation, the DC and DP groups were significantly different: Significant reduction in function in terms of 10-2 FDT mean sensitivity and in morphology reflected by an increase in inner nuclear layer thickness and decrease in other plexiform layer thickness and foveal vessel density were observed in the DP group, while no such significant changes were observed in the DC group in the long term. Conclusions This pilot study indicated that patients with DM1 with mild signs of diabetic retinopathy (DR) who underwent treatment with citicoline and vitamin B12 eye drops for a 3-year duration achieved stabilization or decreased rate of functional impairment, neuroretinal degeneration, and microvascular damage. Trial Registration ClinicalTrials.gov identifier, NCT04009980.
      PubDate: 2020-03-16
       
  • Response to “Comment on Retrospective Claims Analysis Indirectly
           Comparing Medication Adherence and Persistence Between Intravenous
           Biologics and Oral Small-Molecule Therapies in Inflammatory Bowel
           Diseases”
    • PubDate: 2020-03-15
       
  • Comment on: “Retrospective Claims Analysis Indirectly Comparing
           Medication Adherence and Persistence Between Intravenous Biologics and
           Oral Small-Molecule Therapies in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases”
    • PubDate: 2020-03-15
       
  • HER2-Positive Metastatic Breast Cancer: A Retrospective Cohort Study of
           Healthcare Costs in the Targeted-Therapy Age
    • Abstract: Introduction Claims data (IBM MarketScan Commercial and MarketScan Medicare Supplemental databases) from June 30, 2011 to September 30, 2017 were used to evaluate the cost impact of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive metastatic breast cancer (MBC) in this retrospective cohort study. Methods The primary analysis compared short-term costs for patients diagnosed with HER2+ MBC at least 180 days after the end of first HER2-targeted treatment (MBC+ cohort) versus a propensity score matched cohort of patients with breast cancer who did not develop MBC (MBC− cohort). A pseudo-post period for patients in the HER2+ MBC− cohort was defined by indexing to the HER2+ treatment completion–MBC diagnosis time interval of the matched pair in the HER2+ MBC+ cohort; we then compared average monthly cost differences between these groups for the year preceding and following MBC diagnosis. In secondary analyses, we estimated medium-term aggregate and categorical healthcare costs for patients with HER2+ MBC up to 3 years post-diagnosis. Results In the short-term primary analysis, costs for the HER2+ MBC+ and HER2+ MBC− cohorts were largely comparable in the year preceding MBC diagnosis. Monthly direct costs were significantly higher for the HER2+ MBC+ cohort in the months immediately preceding MBC diagnosis, with differences in the range of $500–5000. Following diagnosis, total monthly costs were $13,000–34,000 higher for patients in the HER2+ MBC+ cohort vs. the HER2+ MBC− cohort. In the medium-term secondary analysis, mean per patient total costs were $218,171 [standard error (SE) $5450] in the first year following MBC diagnosis and $412,903 (SE $13,034) cumulatively over 3 years following diagnosis (among patients with complete follow-up). Primary cost contributors were outpatient visits ($195,162; SE $8043) and HER2-targeted therapy drug costs ($177,489; SE $8120). Conclusions HER2+ MBC is associated with high short-term and medium-term direct healthcare costs. These could be alleviated with early diagnosis and optimal standard-of-care treatment for early breast cancer, which can significantly reduce the risk of recurrence.
      PubDate: 2020-03-14
       
  • Fixed-Dose Combination of Netarsudil and Latanoprost in Ocular
           Hypertension and Open-Angle Glaucoma: Pooled Efficacy/Safety Analysis of
           Phase 3 MERCURY-1 and -2
    • Abstract: Introduction New open-angle glaucoma (OAG) and ocular hypertension (OHT) therapies that reduce treatment burden and improve outcomes relative to currently available agents are needed. Netarsudil, a novel Rho kinase inhibitor approved by the US Food and Drug Administration, reduces intraocular pressure (IOP) by increasing trabecular outflow. Two phase 3 superiority studies compared a fixed-dose combination (FDC) of netarsudil and the prostaglandin latanoprost with each active component for IOP-lowering efficacy. Methods Pooled efficacy and safety data were analyzed from MERCURY-1 and -2 studies in patients with OAG or OHT. Patients instilled one drop of netarsudil (0.02%)/latanoprost (0.005%) FDC (n = 483), netarsudil (0.02%, n = 499), or latanoprost (0.005%, n = 486) into each eye once-daily between 20:00 and 22:00. IOP was measured at 08:00, 10:00, and 16:00 at weeks 2, 6, and the primary endpoint at month 3. Results Baseline mean diurnal IOP was 23.6, 23.6, and 23.5 mmHg in netarsudil/latanoprost FDC, netarsudil, and latanoprost groups, respectively. Mean diurnal IOP in each group was 15.3, 18.1, and 17.5 mmHg at week 2, 15.7, 18.4, and 17.4 mmHg at week 6, and 15.8, 18.4, and 17.3 mmHg at week 12. The netarsudil/latanoprost FDC met criteria for superiority compared with each active component (p < 0.0001 for all nine time points). At month 3, among patients randomized to netarsudil/latanoprost FDC or latanoprost, 58.4% vs 37.3% (p < 0.0001) achieved IOP ≤ 16 mmHg. Among patients randomized to netarsudil/latanoprost FDC or netarsudil or latanoprost, 30.9% vs 5.9% (p < 0.0001) vs 8.5% (p < 0.0001) achieved at least a 40% reduction from baseline in mean diurnal IOP. Pooled safety results were consistent with individual MERCURY studies. Conclusion Once-daily netarsudil/latanoprost FDC produced statistically significant and clinically relevant reductions in mean IOP that were statistically superior to IOP reductions achieved by netarsudil and latanoprost monotherapy. Results of the pooled efficacy and safety analyses were consistent with the individual studies. Trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov identifiers, NCT02558400 and NCT02674854.
      PubDate: 2020-03-12
       
  • Evaluation of Nurse Preferences Between the Lanreotide Autogel New Syringe
           and the Octreotide Long-Acting Release Syringe: An International
           Simulated-Use Study (PRESTO)
    • Abstract: Introduction Somatostatin analogues are used to treat symptoms and slow tumour progression in patients with neuroendocrine tumours (NETs) and carcinoid syndrome and to reduce hormone secretion and pituitary tumour volume in patients with acromegaly. A new syringe for lanreotide autogel/depot (LAN) was developed following feedback from a human factors study to improve ease of injection compared with previous syringes. PRESTO aimed to assess preferences of nurses between the LAN new syringe and the octreotide long-acting release (LAR) syringe. Methods PRESTO, a multinational, multicentre, prospective, noninterventional, simulated-use study, enrolled nurses with ≥ 2 years’ experience injecting LAN and/or octreotide LAR in patients with NETs and/or acromegaly. Nurses administered injections into pads using the LAN new syringe and octreotide LAR syringe in a randomised sequence. In an anonymous web-based questionnaire, nurses reported their overall preference (‘strong’ or ‘slight’; primary endpoint) and rated and ranked the importance of nine attributes for each syringe (1 [not at all] to 5 [very much]). Results Overall, 90 nurses attended sessions and completed valid questionnaires. Most nurses (97.8%) expressed a preference (85.6% ‘strong’, 12.2% ‘slight’) for the LAN new syringe versus the octreotide LAR syringe (P < 0.0001). Attribute performance ratings (1 [not at all] to 5 [very much]) were consistently higher for the LAN new syringe versus the octreotide LAR syringe, with the greatest differences in ‘fast administration’ and ‘confidence the syringe will not be clogged’ (mean difference [SD]: 2.6 [1.2] and 2.3 [1.5], respectively; P < 0.0001). The attribute ranked most important was ‘confidence the syringe will not be clogged’ (24.4%); least important was ‘convenience of syringe format, including packaging, from preparation to injection’ (34.4%). Conclusions Nurses preferred the user experience of the LAN new syringe compared with the octreotide LAR syringe, with a particular preference for attributes related to product delivery with the LAN new syringe. Graphical
      PubDate: 2020-03-11
       
  • Efficacy of Zotarolimus-Eluting Stents in Treating Diabetic Coronary
           Lesions: An Optical Coherence Tomography Study
    • Abstract: Background Diabetes mellitus (DM) plays an important role in restenosis and late in-stent thrombosis (ST). The current study using optical coherence tomography (OCT) aims to compare target lesion neointima in patients with or without diabetes after zotarolimus-eluting stent (ZES) treatment. Methods OCT images of 90,212 struts and quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) in 62 patients (32 with DM and 30 without DM) with 69 de novo coronary lesions (34 DM and 35 non-DM) both after ZES implantation and 12 ± 1 month angiographic follow-up were recorded. Patient characteristics, lesion characteristics, clinical outcomes, and OCT findings including neointimal thickness, coverage, malapposition, and intimal morphology were analyzed. Results Baseline patient characteristics and lesion characteristics data were similar between the two groups. Higher neointimal thickness (0.14 ± 0.09 mm vs. 0.09 ± 0.04 mm, p = 0.021), more neovascularization (3.03 ± 6.24 vs. 0.52 ± 1.87, p = 0.017) and higher incidence of layered signal pattern (12.19 ± 19.91% vs. 4.28 ± 9.02%, p = 0.049) were observed in diabetic lesions comparing with non-diabetic lesions. No differences were found in malapposition, uncovered percentage, and thrombus between the two groups (all p > 0.05). Occurrence of clinical adverse events was also similar during the follow-up period (p > 0.05). Conclusion Although more neointimal proliferation and more neovascularization were found in diabetic coronary lesions when compared with non-diabetic lesions, treatment with ZES showed similar stent malapposition rate at 1-year follow-up. The data indicated that ZES treatment could possibly be effective in treating diabetic coronary lesions. Trial Registration ClinicalTrials.gov identifier, NCT01747356.
      PubDate: 2020-03-07
       
 
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