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  Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 7249 journals)
    - ALLERGOLOGY AND IMMUNOLOGY (196 journals)
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    - CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES (308 journals)
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    - INTERNAL MEDICINE (135 journals)
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    - MEDICAL GENETICS (59 journals)
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    - RHEUMATOLOGY (63 journals)
    - SPORTS MEDICINE (68 journals)
    - SURGERY (347 journals)
    - UROLOGY, NEPHROLOGY AND ANDROLOGY (132 journals)

MEDICAL SCIENCES (1802 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 3562 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access  
AADE in Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ABCS Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Abia State University Medical Students' Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
ACIMED     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 39)
Acta Bio Medica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Bioethica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Bioquimica Clinica Latinoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Facultatis Medicae Naissensis     Open Access  
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Medica Bulgarica     Open Access  
Acta Medica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Medica Indonesiana     Open Access  
Acta medica Lituanica     Open Access  
Acta Medica Marisiensis     Open Access  
Acta Medica Martiniana     Open Access  
Acta Medica Nagasakiensia     Open Access  
Acta Medica Peruana     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Médica Portuguesa     Open Access  
Acta Medica Saliniana     Open Access  
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access  
Acupuncture & Electro-Therapeutics Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Addiction Science & Clinical Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advanced Health Care Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advanced Science, Engineering and Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Bioscience and Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Clinical Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29)
Advances in Life Course Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Lipobiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Medical Education and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Advances in Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Microbial Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Molecular Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Molecular Toxicology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Parkinson's Disease     Open Access  
Advances in Phytomedicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Advances in Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Veterinary Science and Comparative Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Wound Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access  
African Journal of Clinical and Experimental Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African Journal of Laboratory Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Trauma     Open Access  
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
AJOB Primary Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 3)
Aktuelle Ernährungsmedizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal     Open Access  
Alexandria Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Allgemeine Homöopathische Zeitung     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpha Omegan     Full-text available via subscription  
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Biomedical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Biomedicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
American Journal of Chinese Medicine, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Clinical Medicine Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Law & Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Managed Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Medical Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
American Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Medicine Studies     Open Access  
American Journal of Medicine Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of the Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
American Journal on Addictions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
American Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
American medical news     Free   (Followers: 3)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Amyloid: The Journal of Protein Folding Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina     Open Access  
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de la República, Uruguay     Open Access  
Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Analgesia & Resuscitation : Current Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Anatomical Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Anatomical Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Anatomy Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annales de Pathologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Anatomy - Anatomischer Anzeiger     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Annals of Biomedical Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Family Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Fundeni Hospital     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annals of The Royal College of Surgeons of England     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annual Reports in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Annual Reports on NMR Spectroscopy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annual Review of Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Anthropologie et santé     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Antibiotics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Antibodies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Antibody Technology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anuradhapura Medical Journal     Open Access  
Anwer Khan Modern Medical College Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Apparence(s)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Clinical Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applied Medical Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Arab Journal of Nephrology and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arak Medical University Journal     Open Access  
Archive of Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Community Health     Open Access  
Archives of Biomedical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Archives of Medical and Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Medical Laboratory Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Trauma Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archivos de Medicina (Manizales)     Open Access  
ArgoSpine News & Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia     Open Access  
Arquivos de Ciências da Saúde     Open Access  
Arquivos de Medicina     Open Access  
ARS Medica Tomitana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Art Therapy: Journal of the American Art Therapy Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Arterial Hypertension     Open Access  
Artificial Intelligence in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Artificial Organs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Asia Pacific Family Medicine     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asian Bioethics Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asian Journal of Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Medical and Pharmaceutical Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ASPIRATOR : Journal of Vector-borne Disease Studies     Open Access  
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Atención Familiar     Open Access  
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Audiology - Communication Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Auris Nasus Larynx     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian Coeliac     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Journal of Medical Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Autopsy and Case Reports     Open Access  
Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Avicenna     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Avicenna Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Bioethics     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Biochemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Physics     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bangladesh Medical Journal     Open Access  
Bangladesh Medical Journal Khulna     Open Access  
Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin     Open Access  
Basal Ganglia     Hybrid Journal  
Basic Sciences of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
BBA Clinical     Open Access  
BC Medical Journal     Free  
Benha Medical Journal     Open Access  
Bijblijven     Hybrid Journal  
Bijzijn     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bijzijn XL     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bio-Algorithms and Med-Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
BioDiscovery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bioelectromagnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bioengineering & Translational Medicine     Open Access  
Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Bioethics Research Notes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Biologics in Therapy     Open Access  
Biology of Sex Differences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Journal Cover Advances in Therapy
  [SJR: 0.79]   [H-I: 44]   [5 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1865-8652 - ISSN (Online) 0741-238X
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2354 journals]
  • A Review of Chronic Granulomatous Disease
    • Authors: Danielle E. Arnold; Jennifer R. Heimall
      Pages: 2543 - 2557
      Abstract: Abstract Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is a primary immunodeficiency caused by defects in any of the five subunits of the NADPH oxidase complex responsible for the respiratory burst in phagocytic leukocytes. Patients with CGD are at increased risk of life-threatening infections with catalase-positive bacteria and fungi and inflammatory complications such as CGD colitis. The implementation of routine antimicrobial prophylaxis and the advent of azole antifungals has considerably improved overall survival. Nevertheless, life expectancy remains decreased compared to the general population. Inflammatory complications are a significant contributor to morbidity in CGD, and they are often refractory to standard therapies. At present, hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HCT) is the only curative treatment, and transplantation outcomes have improved over the last few decades with overall survival rates now > 90% in children less than 14 years of age. However, there remains debate as to the optimal conditioning regimen, and there is question as to how to manage adolescent and adult patients. The current evidence suggests that myeloablative conditioning results is more durable myeloid engraftment but with increased toxicity and high rates of graft-versus-host disease. In recent years, gene therapy has been proposed as an alternative to HCT for patients without an HLA-matched donor. However, results to date have not been encouraging. with negligible long-term engraftment of gene-corrected hematopoietic stem cells and reports of myelodysplastic syndrome due to insertional mutagenesis. Multicenter trials are currently underway in the United States and Europe using a SIN-lentiviral vector under the control of a myeloid-specific promoter, and, should the trials be successful, gene therapy may be a viable option for patients with CGD in the future.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0636-2
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 12 (2017)
       
  • Dispensing Patterns of Ranibizumab and Aflibercept for the Treatment of
           Neovascular Age-Related Macular Degeneration: A Retrospective Cohort Study
           in Australia
    • Authors: Adrian Skelly; Hans-Joachim Carius; Vladimir Bezlyak; Fred K. Chen
      Pages: 2585 - 2600
      Abstract: Introduction Anti-vascular endothelial growth factor therapy is the standard of care for neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD). The dosage of two licensed agents, ranibizumab and aflibercept, was established through clinical trials; however, it is unclear if either agent is administered as recommended in routine clinical practice. Using pharmacy claims data, we investigated if the dispensing patterns of ranibizumab differ from those of aflibercept 6 and 12 months after treatment initiation. Methods Prescription data retrieved from the Australian IMS® AUS LRx database were used to identify nAMD patients with one or more claims for ranibizumab or aflibercept between December 1, 2012, and March 31, 2015, with follow-up of at least 6 months. The number of ranibizumab and aflibercept units dispensed was adjusted for baseline patient Medication-Based Disease Burden Index (MBDBI) scores. No difference in the number of ranibizumab versus aflibercept units dispensed was concluded if the 95% confidence interval (CI) limits of the adjusted mean difference between the study cohorts were 1.00 unit or less. Results Baseline patient MBDBI scores were similar for the ranibizumab (N = 1235) and aflibercept (N = 959) cohorts. The adjusted mean (standard deviation) number of units dispensed was 5.3 (1.3) versus 5.1 (1.4) at month 6 and 8.9 (2.2) versus 8.9 (2.3) at month 12. The 95% CI limits of the adjusted mean difference did not exceed 1.00 unit dispensed at either time point: 95% CI of 0.09 to 0.32 for an adjusted mean difference of 0.20 at month 6 and −0.23 to 0.30 for an adjusted mean difference of 0.04 at month 12. Mean (standard deviation) dispensing intervals were comparable for both cohorts: 35.3 (19.2) days versus 36.8 (20.0) days at month 6 (adjusted mean difference −1.59 days; 95% CI –2.51 to −0.67 days) and 41.2 (20.9) days versus 41.6 (20.4) days at month 12 (adjusted mean difference −0.40 days; 95% CI −1.70 to 0.91 days). Conclusions Ranibizumab and aflibercept are dispensed in a similar manner by Australian pharmacies during the first year of treatment. Funding Novartis Pharma AG.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0624-6
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 12 (2017)
       
  • The Effect of Phacoemulsification on Intraocular Pressure in Eyes with
           Hyperfiltration Following Trabeculectomy: A Prospective Study
    • Authors: Ivano Riva; Andreas Katsanos; Francesco Oddone; Luciano Quaranta
      Abstract: Introduction The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of visually non-significant cataract extraction in patients with hypotony maculopathy and reduced visual acuity due to over-filtering blebs after trabeculectomy. Methods Patients with intraocular pressure (IOP) < 6 mmHg and documented hypotony maculopathy due to over-filtering blebs after trabeculectomy were prospectively recruited. Eligible patients underwent visually non-significant cataract phacoemulsification, no earlier than 12 weeks from the diagnosis of hypotony maculopathy. IOP and visual acuity before and after phacoemulsification were compared at 1 and 3 months from surgery. Correlations between age, time interval between surgeries, baseline IOP, bleb type and IOP and visual acuity changes at 3 months after phacoemulsification were investigated. Results From January 2010 to September 2014, 20 consecutive adult patients met the inclusion criteria. Before phacoemulsification, mean IOP was 3.1 ± 1.6 mmHg. Following phacoemulsification, mean IOP increased to 8.6 ± 4.1 mmHg at 1 month (p < 0.01) and to 9.1 ± 4.3 mmHg at 3 months (p < 0.01). IOP elevation following phacoemulsification was observed in 16 of 20 eyes (80%). Mean visual acuity improved from Snellen 0.5 ± 0.1 to 0.6 ± 0.1 at 1 month (p < 0.01) to 0.7 ± 0.2 at 3 months (p < 0.01) after phacoemulsification. In 4 eyes in which the IOP was not elevated, surgical revision of the previous trabeculectomy was performed. No significant correlations between investigated variables, visual acuity and IOP changes at 3 months after phacoemulsification were found. Conclusion Phacoemulsification of visually non-significant cataract appears to be a safe and effective technique for managing chronic ocular hypotony with deep anterior chamber due to over-filtering blebs.
      PubDate: 2017-12-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0646-0
       
  • Using Patient Feedback to Optimize the Design of a Certolizumab Pegol
           Electromechanical Self-Injection Device: Insights from Human Factors
           Studies
    • Authors: Barbara Domańska; Oliver Stumpp; Steven Poon; Serkan Oray; Irina Mountian; Clovis Pichon
      Abstract: Introduction We incorporated patient feedback from human factors studies (HFS) in the patient-centric design and validation of ava®, an electromechanical device (e-Device) for self-injecting the anti-tumor necrosis factor certolizumab pegol (CZP). Methods Healthcare professionals, caregivers, healthy volunteers, and patients with rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, or Crohn’s disease participated in 11 formative HFS to optimize the e-Device design through intended user feedback; nine studies involved simulated injections. Formative participant questionnaire feedback was collected following e-Device prototype handling. Validation HFS (one EU study and one US study) assessed the safe and effective setup and use of the e-Device using 22 predefined critical tasks. Task outcomes were categorized as “failures” if participants did not succeed within three attempts. Results Two hundred eighty-three participants entered formative (163) and validation (120) HFS; 260 participants performed one or more simulated e-Device self-injections. Design changes following formative HFS included alterations to buttons and the graphical user interface screen. All validation HFS participants completed critical tasks necessary for CZP dose delivery, with minimal critical task failures (12 of 572 critical tasks, 2.1%, in the EU study, and 2 of 5310 critical tasks, less than 0.1%, in the US study). Conclusion CZP e-Device development was guided by intended user feedback through HFS, ensuring the final design addressed patients’ needs. In both validation studies, participants successfully performed all critical tasks, demonstrating safe and effective e-Device self-injections. Funding UCB Pharma. Plain Language Summary Plain language summary available on the journal website.
      PubDate: 2017-12-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0645-1
       
  • The Role of Trypsin:Chymotrypsin in Tissue Repair
    • Authors: Dilip Shah; Kushal Mital
      Abstract: Abstract Tissue damage of all types, such as surgical or accidental injuries, fractures, and burns, stimulates a well-orchestrated, physiological process of healing, which ultimately leads to structural and functional restoration of the damaged tissues. The tissue repair process can be broadly divided into four continuous and overlapping phases—hemostasis and coagulation, inflammation, proliferation, and remodeling. If the process is interrupted or halted during any stage, it leads to impaired healing and formation of a chronic wound. Chronic wounds are associated with significant morbidity, mortality, and poor quality of life. Therefore, prompt and effective management of acute tissue injury is necessary to prevent it from progressing to a chronic wound. Proteolytic enzymes have been used to facilitate tissue repair since ancient times. Trypsin:chymotrypsin is an oral proteolytic enzyme preparation which has been in clinical use since the 1960s. It provides better resolution of inflammatory symptoms and promotes speedier recovery of acute tissue injury than several of the other existing enzyme preparations. This review article revisits the role and clinical utility of trypsin:chymotrypsin combination in tissue repair. Funding: Torrent Pharmaceuticals Limited.
      PubDate: 2017-12-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0648-y
       
  • Predictors for the Treatment Effect of Sodium Glucose Co-transporter 2
           Inhibitors in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
    • Authors: Shusuke Yagi; Ken-ichi Aihara; Takeshi Kondo; Kiyoe Kurahashi; Sumiko Yoshida; Itsuro Endo; Daiju Fukuda; Yutaka Nakaya; Kin-ichiro Suwaki; Takashi Takeji; Toshihiro Wada; Hotimah Masdan Salim; Saori Hama; Tomomi Matsuura; Takayuki Ise; Kenya Kusunose; Koji Yamaguchi; Takeshi Tobiume; Hirotsugu Yamada; Takeshi Soeki; Tetsuzo Wakatsuki; Munehide Matsuhisa; Michio Shimabukuro; Masashi Akaike; Masataka Sata
      Abstract: Introduction Predictors for the effect of sodium glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors at lowering hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients remain unclear. We therefore aimed to elucidate these predictors in type 2 diabetes patients after 3 months of SGLT2 treatment. Methods A total of 302 consecutive type 2 diabetes patients who had been treated with SGLT2 inhibitors as monotherapy or add-on therapy to existing antidiabetic treatments were enrolled retrospectively. After excluding 27 patients whose HbA1c levels could not be evaluated 3 months after treatment, the glucose-lowering effects of SGLT2 inhibitors were assessed in 275 patients by measuring HbA1c levels before and 3 months after treatment. The predictors for changes in HbA1c levels after 3 months of treatment were evaluated. Results SGLT2 inhibitor treatment for 3 months decreased HbA1c levels from 7.8 ± 1.2% to 7.4 ± 1.0% (p < 0.0001). A multiple regression analysis showed that the independent determinants for SGLT2 inhibitor treatment effect included decreased HbA1c levels after 1 month of treatment, high baseline HbA1c levels, and a high estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). Conclusion We show that type 2 diabetes patients who received the greatest glucose-lowering effect with SGLT2 inhibitor treatment were those with preserved renal function (high baseline eGFR) and high baseline HbA1c levels. Moreover, SGLT2 inhibitor treatment efficacy could be predicted by the patients’ initial response to treatment.
      PubDate: 2017-11-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0639-z
       
  • Update on the Treatment of Uveitis in Patients with Juvenile Idiopathic
           Arthritis: A Review
    • Authors: Ioannis Asproudis; Andreas Katsanos; Nikolaos Kozeis; Alexandra Tantou; Anastasios G. Konstas
      Abstract: Abstract Chronic uveitis is a common extra-articular manifestation of juvenile idiopathic arthritis. The classic clinical picture is one of chronic anterior uveitis, which usually remains asymptomatic until ocular complications arise. The risk of uveitis is increased in girls with an early onset of oligoarthritis and positive antinuclear antibodies. Even though the inflammation in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis is initially limited in the anterior part of the eye, chronic active inflammation may eventually cause significant damage to the posterior pole. Complications may include band keratopathy, cataract, secondary glaucoma, posterior synechiae, cystoid macular edema, and hypotony. The cooperation of ophthalmologists with rheumatologists may help define the best treatment plan. The ophthalmic therapeutic regimen includes topical corticosteroids and mydriatics, while in severe cases immunosuppressive and biological agents are introduced. Surgical management of complications might be needed.
      PubDate: 2017-11-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0635-3
       
  • Prolonging Time to Flare in Pediatric Atopic Dermatitis: A Randomized,
           Investigator-Blinded, Controlled, Multicenter Clinical Study of a
           Ceramide-Containing Moisturizer
    • Authors: Lin Ma; Ping Li; Jianping Tang; Yifeng Guo; Chunping Shen; Jing Chang; Nabil Kerrouche
      Abstract: Introduction Delaying or preventing flares is important in atopic dermatitis (AD) management. The objective of the study was to evaluate whether using a ceramide-containing moisturizer in addition to a body wash during latent AD can delay flares. Methods This was a randomized, investigator-blinded, parallel-group, controlled study among Chinese children with a history of mild to moderate AD, within 1 week of successful treatment with a topical corticosteroid. Subjects were randomized to receive moisturizer twice daily and body wash once daily, or body wash alone once daily for 12 weeks. The primary efficacy endpoint was time to flare [necessitating medical therapy and/or Investigator Global Assessment (IGA) > 1 (at least mild AD)]. Other efficacy endpoints were AD characteristics and emollient effects. The patient-reported outcome comprised satisfaction at week 12. The safety endpoint was incidence of undesirable events. Results A total of 64 subjects aged 2–12 years were randomized. Median time to flare was delayed by nearly 2 months for moisturizer/body wash compared to body wash alone (89 vs. 27 days, respectively). A significantly earlier onset of action in terms of fewer flares favoring moisturizer was found at week 4 (31 vs. 59%, respectively, p = 0.022), and after 12 weeks, fewer flares occurred (50 vs. 72%). At week 12 for flare-free subjects, nearly half in both groups had clear IGA, and an emollient effect in terms of less dryness or burning was more marked for moisturizer/body wash. Both products led to high patient satisfaction and were well tolerated. Conclusion A regimen incorporating a moisturizer plus body wash delayed AD flares by nearly 2 months compared to body wash alone, and yielded high patient satisfaction. Funding Galderma R&D. Trial Registration ClinicalTrials.gov identifier, NCT02589392.
      PubDate: 2017-11-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0640-6
       
  • Systematic Literature Review of the Impact of Endocrine Monotherapy and in
           Combination with Targeted Therapy on Quality of Life of Postmenopausal
           Women with HR+/HER2− Advanced Breast Cancer
    • Authors: Zhou Zhou; Derek H. Tang; Jipan Xie; Rajeev Ayyagari; Eric Wu; Polly A. Niravath
      Abstract: Introduction A major treatment goal for advanced breast cancer (ABC) is to maintain or ideally improve patient quality of life (QoL). Given the changing disease landscape, this systematic literature review (SLR) aims to assess the impact of endocrine therapies (ET), including ET monotherapy (ET mono) and ET combined with targeted therapy (ET + TT), on QoL of women with HR+/HER2− ABC. Methods A SLR was conducted to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) meeting the following criteria: (1) included ET mono or ET + TT, (2) reported QoL outcomes, (3) focused on women with HR+/HER2− ABC, and (4) published after 2007 (when standardized HER2 testing became available). The databases searched included MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and key conference proceedings from 2013 to 2016. QoL outcomes for ET mono, ET + TT, and comparisons between the two were summarized from the identified trials. Results A total of 11 studies (representing 6 RCTs) were identified. The study populations included first-line (5 studies) and ET-failure settings (6 studies). Across settings, global health status (GHS) maintained or deteriorated slightly on these treatments during the trial period. Time to deterioration (TTD) in QoL measured by GHS was analyzed in 6 studies and 4 RCTs. In the first-line setting, reported median TTD in GHS was similar between ET mono and ET + TT (7.2–13.8 months in ET mono; 11.1 months in ET + TT). In the ET-failure setting, ET + TT showed significantly longer TTD vs. ET mono in GHS (median 5.6–8.4 months in ET mono and 8.3–11.7 months in ET + TT) and some additional domains. Conclusions ET + TT users experienced similar QoL in the first-line and ET-failure setting relative to patients on ET mono. Moreover, ET + TT users experienced better QoL outcomes in some domains in the ET-failure setting relative to ET mono users. Funding Novartis.
      PubDate: 2017-11-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0644-2
       
  • Overall Survival of Patients with Locally Advanced or Metastatic
           Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma Treated with Nimotuzumab in the Real
           World
    • Authors: Yaimarelis Saumell; Lizet Sanchez; Sandra González; Ramón Ortiz; Edadny Medina; Yaima Galán; Agustin Lage
      Abstract: Introduction Despite improvements in surgical techniques and treatments introduced into clinical practice, the overall survival of patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma remains low. Several epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitors are being evaluated in the context of clinical trials, but there is little evidence of effectiveness in real-world conditions. This study aimed at assessing the effectiveness of nimotuzumab combined with onco-specific treatment in Cuban real-life patients with locally advanced or metastatic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. Methods A comparative and retrospective effectiveness study was performed. The 93 patients treated with nimotuzumab were matched, with use of propensity score matching, with patients who received a diagnosis of locally advanced or metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus in three Cuban provinces reported between 2011 and 2015 to the National Cancer Registry. The Kaplan–Meier method was used to estimate event–time distributions. Log-rank statistics were used for comparisons of overall survival between groups. A two-component mixture model assuming a Weibull distribution was fitted to assess the effect of nimotuzumab on short-term and long-term survival populations. Results There was an increase in median overall survival in patients treated with nimotuzumab (11.9 months versus 6.5 months without treatment) and an increase in the 1-year survival rate (54.0% versus 21.9% without treatment). The 2-year survival rates were 21.1% for patients treated with nimotuzumab and 0% in the untreated cohort. There were statistically significant differences in survival between groups treated and not treated with nimotuzumab, both in the short-term survival population (6.0 months vs 4.0 months, p = 0.009) and in the long-term survival population (18.0 months vs 11.0 months, p = 0.001). Conclusions Our study shows that nimotuzumab treatment concurrent with chemoradiotherapy increases the survival of real-world patients with locally advanced or metastatic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. Further prospective studies are required to confirm the therapeutic effectiveness of nimotuzumab in esophageal cancer.
      PubDate: 2017-11-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0631-7
       
  • Pharmacokinetics and Safety of Amenamevir in Healthy Subjects: Analysis of
           Four Randomized Phase 1 Studies
    • Authors: Tomohiro Kusawake; James J. Keirns; Donna Kowalski; Martin den Adel; Dorien Groenendaal-van de Meent; Akitsugu Takada; Yoshiaki Ohtsu; Masataka Katashima
      Abstract: Introduction Amenamevir (ASP2151) is a nonnucleoside antiherpesvirus compound available for the treatment of varicella–zoster virus infections. In this article we summarize the findings of four phase 1 studies in healthy participants. Methods Four randomized phase 1 studies investigated the safety and pharmacokinetics of single and multiple doses of amenamevir, including the assessment of age group effect (nonelderly vs elderly), food effect, and the relative bioavailability of two formulations. Amenamevir was administered orally at various doses as a single dose (5–2400 mg) or daily (300 or 600 mg/day) for 7 days. Results Following single and multiple oral doses, amenamevir demonstrated a less than dose proportional increase in the pharmacokinetic parameters area under the plasma drug concentration versus time curve from time zero to infinity (AUCinf) and C max. After single and multiple oral 300-mg doses of amenamevir, no apparent differences in pharmacokinetics were observed between nonelderly and elderly participants. In contrast, with the amenamevir 600-mg dose both the area under the plasma drug concentration versus time curve from time zero to 24 h and C max were slightly increased and renal clearance was decreased in elderly participants. The pharmacokinetics of amenamevir was affected by food, with AUCinf increased by about 90%. In the bioavailability study, AUCinf and C max were slightly lower following tablet versus capsule administration (decreased by 14 and 12%, respectively), with relative bioavailability of 86%. The different amenamevir doses and formulations were safe and well tolerated; no deaths or serious adverse events were reported. Conclusion Amenamevir had less than dose proportional pharmacokinetic characteristics. Age may have an influence on amenamevir pharmacokinetics; however, the effect was considered minimal. The pharmacokinetics of amenamevir were affected by food, with AUCinf almost doubling when amenamevir was administered with food. The concentration versus time profile of the tablet was slightly lower than that of the capsule; the relative bioavailability of the tablet versus the capsule was 86%. Amenamevir was safe and well tolerated in the dose range investigated. Funding Astellas Pharma. Trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov identifiers NCT02852876 (15L-CL-002) and NCT02796118 (15L-CL-003).
      PubDate: 2017-11-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0642-4
       
  • The Influence of Hepatic and Renal Impairment on the Pharmacokinetics of a
           Treatment for Herpes Zoster, Amenamevir (ASP2151): Phase 1, Open-Label,
           Single-Dose, Parallel-Group Studies
    • Authors: Tomohiro Kusawake; Donna Kowalski; Akitsugu Takada; Kota Kato; Masataka Katashima; James J. Keirns; Michaelene Lewand; Kenneth C. Lasseter; Thomas C. Marbury; Richard A. Preston
      Abstract: Introduction Amenamevir (ASP2151) is a nonnucleoside human herpesvirus helicase-primase inhibitor that was approved in Japan for the treatment of herpes zoster (shingles) in 2017. This article reports the results of two clinical trials that investigated the effects of renal and hepatic impairment on the pharmacokinetics of amenamevir. Methods These studies were phase 1, open-label, single-dose (oral 400 mg), parallel-group studies evaluating the pharmacokinetics, safety, and tolerability of amenamevir in healthy participants and participants with moderate hepatic impairment and mild, moderate, and severe renal impairment. Results In the hepatic impairment study, the pharmacokinetic profile of amenamevir in participants with moderate hepatic impairment was generally similar to that of participants with normal hepatic function. In the renal impairment study, the area under the amenamevir concentration versus time curve from the time of dosing up to the time of the last sample with extrapolation to infinity of the terminal phase was increased by 78.1% in participants with severe renal impairment. There was a positive relationship between creatinine clearance and oral and renal clearance for amenamevir in the renal impairment study. In both studies, amenamevir was safe and well tolerated. Conclusion The findings of the hepatic impairment study indicate that no dosing adjustment is required in patients with moderate hepatic impairment. In the renal impairment study, systemic amenamevir exposure was increased by renal impairment. However, it is unlikely that renal impairment will have a significant effect on the safety of amenamevir given that in previous pharmacokinetic and safety studies in healthy individuals amenamevir was safe and well tolerated after a single dose (5–2400 mg, fasted condition) and repeated doses for 7 days (300 or 600 mg, fed condition), and the amount of amenamevir exposure in the renal impairment study was covered by those studies. These findings suggest that amenamevir does not require dosage reduction in accordance with the creatinine clearance Funding Astellas Pharma.
      PubDate: 2017-11-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0643-3
       
  • Evaluation of the Efficiency of Single-Inhaler Combination Therapy with
           Budesonide/Formoterol Fumarate in Patients with Bronchial Asthma in Daily
           Clinical Practice
    • Authors: Michał Pirożyński; Piotr Hantulik; Agnieszka Almgren-Rachtan; Jerzy Chudek
      Abstract: Introduction The effectiveness of single-inhaler budesonide/formoterol fumarate combination therapy for asthma has been previously shown for the original product. The aim of this nonrandomized, open-label, postauthorization efficacy study (PAES) real-life clinical assessment was to evaluate the clinical effectiveness of a second product (Bufomix Easyhaler®) in the daily clinical practice of asthma therapy. Methods This multicenter PAES was conducted by 220 unselected allergologists and pulmonologists who enrolled 2200 adult outpatients (age 49.8 ± 17.9 years) with asthma treated with Bufomix Easyhaler® for at least 14 days before enrolment. Asthma control was assessed during three subsequent visits with 8–12-week intervals on the basis of the Asthma Control Test (ACT). Adherence was assessed with the Medication Adherence Questionnaire. In addition, patient satisfaction with Bufomix Easyhaler® was scored, and adverse drug reactions were recorded. Results The percentage of patients with well-controlled asthma or total control of asthma (ACT score 20-25 points) increased from 46.6% at the first visit to 90.8% at the third visit (p < 0.001). In addition, the percentage of patients with poor control of asthma (ACT score less than 15 points) decreased from 14.9% to 1.2% (p < 0.001). The adherence rate increased from 88% at the first visit to 95.3% at the third visit. Patient satisfaction with the use of this dry powder inhaler increased with the duration of its use. Only one adverse drug reaction was reported. Conclusion The results obtained confirm the effectiveness of Bufomix Easyhaler® in the treatment of asthma in outpatient adults in daily clinical practice. Funding Orion Corporation
      PubDate: 2017-11-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0641-5
       
  • The Concomitant Use of Diuretics, Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs,
           and Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors or Angiotensin Receptor
           Blockers (Triple Whammy), Extreme Heat, and In-Hospital Acute Kidney
           Injury in Older Medical Patients
    • Authors: Arduino A. Mangoni; Feruza Kholmurodova; Lidia Mayner; Paul Hakendorf; Richard J. Woodman
      Abstract: Introduction We investigated whether the concomitant use of diuretics, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors/angiotensin receptor blockers (triple whammy, TW) predicts in-hospital acute kidney injury (AKI) and whether admission during recorded periods of extreme heat influences this association. Methods We retrospectively collected data on patient characteristics and use of TW/non-TW drugs on admission, AKI (increase in serum creatinine ≥ 27 µmol/l either within the first 48 h of admission or throughout hospitalization, primary outcome), length of stay (LOS), and mortality (secondary outcomes) in medical patients ≥65 years admitted (1) during five consecutive heat waves (HWs) between 2007 and 2009 (n = 382) or (2) either before or after each HW, matched for HW period, age, and admission day of the week (non-HW, controls, n = 1339). Results Number of TW and non-TW drugs, co-morbidities, number of daily admissions, incidence of in-hospital AKI, LOS, and mortality were similar in the HW and non-HW groups. After adjusting for clinical and demographic confounders, logistic regression showed that TW use did not predict AKI within 48 h of admission either during non-HW periods (OR 0.79, 95% CI 0.34–1.83, P = 0.58) or during HWs (OR 1.02, 95% CI 0.21–2.97, P = 0.97). Similar results were observed when AKI was captured throughout hospitalization. TW use did not predict LOS or mortality irrespective of environmental temperature on admission. Conclusions TW use on admission did not predict in-hospital AKI, LOS, or mortality in older medical patients admitted either during periods of normal environmental temperature or during HWs.
      PubDate: 2017-11-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0629-1
       
  • The Better Understanding and Recognition of the Disconnects, Experiences,
           and Needs of Patients with Chronic Idiopathic Constipation (BURDEN-CIC)
           Study: Results of an Online Questionnaire
    • Authors: Lucinda A. Harris; John Horn; Michele Kissous-Hunt; Leslie Magnus; Eamonn M. M. Quigley
      Abstract: Introduction There is limited literature comparing the experiences and attitudes of patients with chronic idiopathic constipation (CIC) to those of healthcare professionals (HCPs) treating CIC patients. The BURDEN-CIC study was conducted to better understand the experiences and ongoing needs of CIC patients and to assess their alignment versus disconnection with the perceptions and needs of HCPs who treat CIC patients. Methods The BURDEN-CIC study was an author-developed, online questionnaire that used KnowledgePanel® to survey individuals with CIC (n = 1223). HCPs who treat CIC patients were recruited separately and participated in a complementary online questionnaire (n = 331). Results Most patients had used (58%) or were using (51%) over-the-counter treatments for their CIC, with only 16% currently on prescription therapy. More than half (59%) of current CIC prescription users were not satisfied/completely satisfied with their current chronic treatment. Many patients (42%) felt frustrated regarding their CIC, and a similar percentage (40%) expressed acceptance that CIC was part of their daily life. The majority of HCPs agreed that CIC patients were frustrated (72%), stressed (50%), or fed up (43%) with current treatment options but were relatively unaware (21%) that patients were accepting of their CIC. HCPs reported the greatest challenges in treating CIC patients as response rates to current therapies (55%), treatment adherence (55%), management of treatment-related diarrhea (34%), and lack of treatment options (34%). Conclusion BURDEN-CIC identified that many patients and HCPs are frustrated and not satisfied with current CIC treatments due to lack of efficacy and side effects, such as diarrhea. The survey identified that many patients are “accepting” of their disease, potentially compromising treatment outcomes. More dialogue is needed between HCPs and CIC patients, especially regarding management of treatment expectations and side effects. Further, additional treatment options would be useful for both patients and HCPs. Funding Synergy Pharmaceuticals Inc.
      PubDate: 2017-11-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0633-5
       
  • Muscle Relaxants as a Risk Factor for Vis-à-tergo During Penetrating
           Keratoplasty: A Prospective Interventional Study
    • Authors: Miltiadis Fiorentzis; Emanuela Morinello; Anja Viestenz; Hanna Zuche; Berthold Seitz; Arne Viestenz
      Abstract: Introduction This study aimed to investigate the influence of three muscle relaxants on intraocular pressure (IOP), ocular pulse amplitude (OPA), and vis-à-tergo (VAT) in patients undergoing penetrating keratoplasty (PKP) under general anesthesia. Methods Ninety-five patients undergoing PKP were included in this prospective single-center interventional study. IOP and OPA were measured with a dynamic contour tonometer before and 5 min after onset of general anesthesia. Mivacurium (n = 30), atracurium (n = 35), and rocuronium (n = 30) were administered as nondepolarizing muscle relaxants. VAT was assessed 15 min after surgery had begun. Results When mivacurium was used, IOP decreased by 2.2 mmHg [standard deviation (SD) ±2.2 mmHg; p < 0.001]. Atracurium decreased the IOP by an average of 5.8 mmHg (SD ±1.8 mmHg; p < 0.001) and rocuronium caused an IOP reduction of 7.2 mmHg (SD ±2 mmHg; p < 0.001). The relative IOP decrease was 12% with mivacurium, 29% with atracurium, and 37% with rocuronium (p < 0.001). OPA decreased by 0.6 mmHg with mivacurium (SD ±0.6 mmHg; 26%; p < 0.001), 1.3 mmHg with atracurium (SD ±1.3 mmHg; 40%; p < 0.001), and 1.2 mmHg with rocuronium (SD ±0.7 mmHg; 42%; p < 0.001). The relative OPA decrease was 26% with mivacurium, 40% with atracurium, and 42% with rocuronium (p < 0.001). VAT occurred in 36% of cases. Mivacurium was used in 77% of these cases, atracurium in 26%, and rocuronium in 6.6% (p < 0.001). Conclusions Mivacurium is associated with a higher risk of VAT during PKP. Therefore, atracurium or rocuronium may minimize complications in ocular surgery with large incisions.
      PubDate: 2017-11-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0637-1
       
  • Exploring the Diabetic Gastroparesis Patient Experience: Patient Exit
           Interviews
    • Authors: Claire M. Ervin; David S. Reasner; Jennifer T. Hanlon; Sheri E. Fehnel
      Abstract: Introduction To improve understanding of the diabetic gastroparesis (DGP) patient experience and inform the patient-reported outcome measurement strategy for future trials in DGP, qualitative interviews were conducted with participants in a phase 2 clinical trial of a novel DGP treatment. Methods Trial participants were invited to participate in interviews at both the pretreatment visit (PTV) and the end-of-treatment visit (EOTV). The interviews were conducted by experienced qualitative researchers and followed a semistructured interview guide. The PTV interviews focused on patients’ DGP symptoms and the impact of DGP on their lives, and the EOTV interviews focused on any symptom changes patients experienced during the trial. Results Of 90 enrolled trial participants, 78 (86.7%) opted to participate in the interview study. Bloating, stomach fullness, upper abdominal pain, vomiting, constipation, and heartburn or reflux were each reported spontaneously by a majority of the 73 PTV interview participants with evaluable data. These patients commonly reported bloating (n = 20), upper abdominal pain (n = 12), and nausea (n = 11) as their most bothersome DGP symptom. Of 51 EOTV interview participants, 44 (86.3%) reported improvement in at least one DGP symptom either spontaneously or when asked about specific symptoms reported during their PTV interview. Conclusion Bloating, abdominal pain, nausea, constipation, stomach fullness, vomiting, and heartburn were frequently reported by patients as the most bothersome and important-to-treat symptoms. These results support the assessment of these symptoms in future DGP clinical trials, whether for symptom improvement or worsening. Funding Ironwood Pharmaceuticals. Trial Registration ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT02289846.
      PubDate: 2017-10-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0632-6
       
  • Pharmacokinetic Evaluation of the Interactions of Amenamevir (ASP2151)
           with Ketoconazole, Rifampicin, Midazolam, and Warfarin in Healthy Adults
    • Authors: Tomohiro Kusawake; Martin den Adel; Dorien Groenendaal-van de Meent; Alberto Garcia-Hernandez; Akitsugu Takada; Kota Kato; Yoshiaki Ohtsu; Masataka Katashima
      Abstract: Introduction Amenamevir is a nonnucleoside antiherpes virus compound available for treating herpes zoster infections. Four studies aimed to determine any potential interactions between amenamevir and ketoconazole, rifampicin, midazolam, or warfarin in healthy male participants. Methods Two studies were open-label studies that evaluated the effects of multiple doses of ketoconazole (400 mg) and rifampicin (600 mg) on the pharmacokinetics of a single oral dose of amenamevir. The other two studies were randomized, double-blind, parallel-group studies that evaluated the effects of multiple doses of amenamevir on the pharmacokinetics of a single dose of midazolam (7.5 mg) and warfarin (25 mg). A drug interaction was considered to occur if the 90% confidence interval (CI) of the least squares geometric mean ratio (GMR) of amenamevir to the comparator was outside the prespecified interval of 0.80–1.25. Results Interactions were observed between amenamevir and ketoconazole, rifampicin, and midazolam, but not between amenamevir and warfarin. After a single 400-mg dose of amenamevir, the GMRs of amenamevir plus ketoconazole or rifampicin versus amenamevir alone for C max and the area under the plasma concentration–time curve from time zero to infinity (AUCinf) were 1.30 (90% CI 1.17–1.45) and 2.58 (90% CI 2.32–2.87), respectively, for ketoconazole and 0.42 (90% CI 0.37–0.49) and 0.17 (90% CI 0.15–0.19), respectively, for rifampicin. Following multiple doses of amenamevir (400 mg), the GMRs of midazolam plus amenamevir versus midazolam alone for AUCinf and C max were 0.53 (90% CI 0.47–0.61) and 0.63 (90% CI 0.50–0.80), respectively. After a single dose of warfarin, the (S)-warfarin and (R)-warfarin mean C max increased and mean AUCinf decreased in the presence of amenamevir; however, the 90% CIs of the GMRs for these parameters remained within the predefined limits. Conclusion These findings confirm that amenamevir (as a cytochrome P450 3A4 substrate) can interact with ketoconazole or rifampicin, and (as a cytochrome P450 3A4 inducer) can interact with midazolam; however, no interaction between amenamevir and (S)-warfarin was observed, indicating that amenamevir is not an inducer of cytochrome P450 2C9. Funding Astellas Pharma. Trial registration EudraCT2007-002227-33 (study 15L-CL-008), EudraCT2007-002228-14 (study 15L-CL-009), EudraCT2007-002761-13 (study 15L-CL-010), and EudraCT2007-002779-14 (study 15L-CL-018).
      PubDate: 2017-10-26
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0634-4
       
  • Prevalence of Co-existing Autoimmune Disease in Rheumatoid Arthritis: A
           Cross-Sectional Study
    • Authors: Teresa A. Simon; Hugh Kawabata; Nitesh Ray; Anagha Baheti; Samy Suissa; John M. Esdaile
      Abstract: Introduction Many autoimmune diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis (RA), share common mechanisms; however, population-based studies of the magnitude of multiple autoimmune diseases in patients with RA have not been performed. Methods We conducted a cross-sectional study using a US administrative healthcare thcare claims database to screen for prevalence of multiple autoimmune diseases in patients with RA and osteoarthritis (OA). Each patient diagnosed with RA between January 1, 2006 and September 30, 2014 was age- and sex-matched with five patients with OA. The prevalence of 37 pre-specified autoimmune diseases during the 24-month period before and after RA or OA diagnosis was compared. Results Overall, 286,601 patients with RA and 992,838 matched patients (from 1,421,624 records) with OA were evaluated. During the baseline period, at least one and more than one autoimmune diseases were identified in 24.3% and 6.0% of patients with RA compared with 10.5% and 1.4% of patients with OA, respectively. Highest prevalence rates for patients with RA were for systemic lupus erythematosus (3.8% versus 0.7% for OA) and psoriatic arthritis (3.2% versus 0.4%). Highest odds ratios (ORs) comparing RA with OA were for the prevalence of ankylosing spondylitis (OR 8.0; 95% CI 7.6, 8.5) and psoriatic arthritis (OR 7.8; 95% CI 7.6, 8.1). Conclusion Patients with RA have more concurrent autoimmune diseases than patients with OA. These data suggest that the interrelationship between RA and other autoimmune diseases, and outcomes associated with the occurrence of multiple autoimmune diseases, may play an important role in disease understanding, management, and treatment decisions. Funding Bristol-Myers Squibb.
      PubDate: 2017-10-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0627-3
       
  • Assessing the Role of Reversible Contraceptives in the Health Care of
           Women as it Pertains to Cancer Prevention
    • Authors: Carolyn M. Ross; Lee P. Shulman
      Abstract: Abstract The use of effective and reversible contraception is characterized by many non-contraceptive benefits distinct from its ability to prevent pregnancy. Notably, the use of hormonal and non-hormonal birth control methods is known to impact the risk for developing certain female genital cancers as well as breast and colon cancers. We present here the current understanding of the role of effective and reversible contraceptives in the prevention and development of female genital cancers along with breast and colon cancers. Despite ongoing but unsubstantiated concerns regarding the use of hormonal and intrauterine contraceptives for a variety of clinical outcomes including cancer, contraceptive use in high- and low-risk reproductive-aged women remains an important part of cancer risk reduction for many malignancies.
      PubDate: 2017-10-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0623-7
       
 
 
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