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  Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 7268 journals)
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    - RHEUMATOLOGY (63 journals)
    - SPORTS MEDICINE (68 journals)
    - SURGERY (353 journals)
    - UROLOGY, NEPHROLOGY AND ANDROLOGY (135 journals)

MEDICAL SCIENCES (1810 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 3562 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access  
AADE in Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ABCS Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Abia State University Medical Students' Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
ACIMED     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 39)
Acta Bio Medica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Bioethica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Bioquimica Clinica Latinoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Facultatis Medicae Naissensis     Open Access  
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Medica Bulgarica     Open Access  
Acta Medica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Medica Indonesiana     Open Access  
Acta medica Lituanica     Open Access  
Acta Medica Marisiensis     Open Access  
Acta Medica Martiniana     Open Access  
Acta Medica Nagasakiensia     Open Access  
Acta Medica Peruana     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Médica Portuguesa     Open Access  
Acta Medica Saliniana     Open Access  
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access  
Acupuncture & Electro-Therapeutics Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Addiction Science & Clinical Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advanced Health Care Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advanced Science, Engineering and Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Bioscience and Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Clinical Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29)
Advances in Life Course Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Lipobiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Medical Education and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Advances in Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Microbial Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Molecular Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Molecular Toxicology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Phytomedicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Advances in Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Veterinary Science and Comparative Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Wound Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access  
African Journal of Clinical and Experimental Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African Journal of Laboratory Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African Journal of Trauma     Open Access  
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
AJOB Primary Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 3)
Aktuelle Ernährungsmedizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal     Open Access  
Alexandria Journal of Medicine     Open Access  
Allgemeine Homöopathische Zeitung     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpha Omegan     Full-text available via subscription  
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Biomedical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Biomedicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
American Journal of Chinese Medicine, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Clinical Medicine Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Law & Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Managed Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Medical Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
American Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Medicine Studies     Open Access  
American Journal of Medicine Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of the Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
American Journal on Addictions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
American Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
American medical news     Free   (Followers: 3)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Amyloid: The Journal of Protein Folding Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina     Open Access  
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de la República, Uruguay     Open Access  
Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Analgesia & Resuscitation : Current Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Anatomical Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Anatomical Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Anatomy Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annales de Pathologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Anatomy - Anatomischer Anzeiger     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Annals of Biomedical Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Family Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Fundeni Hospital     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Annals of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annals of The Royal College of Surgeons of England     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annual Reports in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Annual Reports on NMR Spectroscopy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annual Review of Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Anthropologie et santé     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Antibiotics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Antibodies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Antibody Technology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anuradhapura Medical Journal     Open Access  
Anwer Khan Modern Medical College Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Apparence(s)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Clinical Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applied Medical Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Arab Journal of Nephrology and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arak Medical University Journal     Open Access  
Archive of Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Community Health     Open Access  
Archives of Biomedical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Archives of Medical and Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Medical Laboratory Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Trauma Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archivos de Medicina (Manizales)     Open Access  
ArgoSpine News & Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia     Open Access  
Arquivos de Ciências da Saúde     Open Access  
Arquivos de Medicina     Open Access  
ARS Medica Tomitana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Art Therapy: Journal of the American Art Therapy Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Arterial Hypertension     Open Access  
Artificial Intelligence in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Artificial Organs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Asia Pacific Family Medicine     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asian Bioethics Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asian Journal of Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Medical and Pharmaceutical Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ASPIRATOR : Journal of Vector-borne Disease Studies     Open Access  
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Atención Familiar     Open Access  
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Audiology - Communication Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Auris Nasus Larynx     Full-text available via subscription  
Australasian Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Australian Coeliac     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Journal of Medical Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Autopsy and Case Reports     Open Access  
Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Avicenna     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Avicenna Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Bioethics     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Biochemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Physics     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Medical Journal     Open Access  
Bangladesh Medical Journal Khulna     Open Access  
Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin     Open Access  
Basal Ganglia     Hybrid Journal  
Basic Sciences of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
BBA Clinical     Open Access  
BC Medical Journal     Free  
Benha Medical Journal     Open Access  
Bijblijven     Hybrid Journal  
Bijzijn     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bijzijn XL     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bio-Algorithms and Med-Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bioelectromagnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bioengineering & Translational Medicine     Open Access  
Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Bioethics Research Notes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Biologics in Therapy     Open Access  
Biology of Sex Differences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biomarker Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Journal Cover Advances in Therapy
  [SJR: 0.79]   [H-I: 44]   [5 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1865-8652 - ISSN (Online) 0741-238X
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2352 journals]
  • Assessing the Role of Reversible Contraceptives in the Health Care of
           Women as it Pertains to Cancer Prevention
    • Authors: Carolyn M. Ross; Lee P. Shulman
      Abstract: Abstract The use of effective and reversible contraception is characterized by many non-contraceptive benefits distinct from its ability to prevent pregnancy. Notably, the use of hormonal and non-hormonal birth control methods is known to impact the risk for developing certain female genital cancers as well as breast and colon cancers. We present here the current understanding of the role of effective and reversible contraceptives in the prevention and development of female genital cancers along with breast and colon cancers. Despite ongoing but unsubstantiated concerns regarding the use of hormonal and intrauterine contraceptives for a variety of clinical outcomes including cancer, contraceptive use in high- and low-risk reproductive-aged women remains an important part of cancer risk reduction for many malignancies.
      PubDate: 2017-10-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0623-7
       
  • Sepsis: A Review of Advances in Management
    • Authors: Jordi Rello; Francisco Valenzuela-Sánchez; Maria Ruiz-Rodriguez; Silvia Moyano
      Abstract: Abstract Infections represent a common health problem in people of all ages. Usually, the response given to them is appropriate and so little treatment is needed. Sometimes, however, the response to the infection is inadequate and may lead to organ dysfunction; this is the condition known as sepsis. Sepsis can be caused by bacteria, fungi or viruses and at present there is no specific treatment; its management basically focuses on containing the infection through source control and antibiotics plus organ function support. This article reviews key elements of sepsis management, focusing on diagnosis, biomarkers and therapy. The main recent advance in therapy is the strategy of personalized medicine, based on a precise approach using biomarkers to identify specific individuals who are likely to benefit from more personalized attention.
      PubDate: 2017-10-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0622-8
       
  • Effects of Ketoconazole on the Pharmacokinetics of Mifepristone, a
           Competitive Glucocorticoid Receptor Antagonist, in Healthy Men
    • Authors: Dat Nguyen; Sarah Mizne
      Abstract: Introduction Mifepristone, a competitive glucocorticoid receptor antagonist approved for Cushing syndrome, and ketoconazole, an antifungal and steroidogenesis inhibitor, are both inhibitors of and substrates for cytochrome P450 (CYP3A4). This study evaluated the pharmacokinetic effects of concomitant ketoconazole, a strong CYP3A4 inhibitor, on mifepristone. Methods In an open-label, two-period, single-center study, healthy adult men received mifepristone 600 mg orally daily for 12 days (period 1) followed by mifepristone 600 mg daily plus ketoconazole 200 mg orally twice daily for 5 days (period 2). Serial pharmacokinetic blood samples were collected predose and over 24 h postdose on days 12 (period 1) and 17 (period 2). A cross-study comparison (using data on file) further examined whether systemic exposure to mifepristone plus ketoconazole exceeded the exposure following mifepristone 1200 mg orally administered for 7 days. Results Sixteen subjects were enrolled and 14 completed the study. Concomitant administration with ketoconazole increased the systemic exposure to mifepristone, based on geometric least squares mean ratios, by 28% for C max and 38% for AUC0–24. This increase was 85% and 87% of the exposure observed following mifepristone’s highest label dose of 1200 mg/day for C max and AUC0–24, respectively. Adverse events (AEs) were reported in 56.3% (9/16) of subjects during administration of mifepristone alone and in 57.1% (8/14) during combination with ketoconazole. No serious AEs were reported. Conclusion Systemic exposure to mifepristone increased following multiple doses of mifepristone 600 mg daily plus ketoconazole 200 mg twice daily. Little to no increase in AEs occurred. Dose adjustment of mifepristone may be needed when given with ketoconazole. Funding Corcept Therapeutics.
      PubDate: 2017-10-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0621-9
       
  • Pharmacotherapy Choice Is Associated with 2-Year Mortality for Patients
           with Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction
    • Authors: Nancy M. Albert; Dana A. Drzayich Antol; Richard W. DeClue; Adrianne Waldman Casebeer; Yong Li; Stephen Stemkowski; Chun-Lan Chang
      Abstract: Introduction Factors associated with mortality for patients with heart failure and reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) are known; however, the association between initial pharmacotherapy (IPT) and mortality is unclear in real-world settings. Methods Using a retrospective design and claims database, 14,359 Medicare patients with HFrEF from August 2010 to July 2015 were identified. Index date was first HF claim. IPT was mono- or combo-angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI), angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB), beta-blocker (BB), hydralazine–nitrate (HN), and aldosterone antagonist (AA) within 1 year post-index. A multivariable time-dependent Cox model estimated associations between IPT and 2-year all-cause mortality. Results Patients’ median age was 76 (70–82) years; 45.1% were female. Within 1 month post-index, 61.4% had IPT, 6.1% started after the first month, and 32.4% had no IPT in the first year. Of IPTs, 47.5% were mono-vasodilators (ACEI, ARB or HN), 23.3% mono-vasodilator + BB, 16.9% mono-BB, and 3.5% triple therapy [(ACEI or ARB) + BB + (HN or AA)]. Two-year mortality rate was 27.9%. Compared to mono-vasodilator therapy, patients initiating triple therapy had 29.3% lower risk of 2-year mortality; those on mono-BB or no IPT had higher mortality risk. Conclusion IPT was associated with decreased 2-year mortality risk. Timely consideration of triple IPT therapies may be warranted once HFrEF diagnosis is confirmed. Funding Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corp. located in East Hanover, NJ, USA.
      PubDate: 2017-10-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0618-4
       
  • Challenges Associated with Estimating Utility in Wet Age-Related Macular
           Degeneration: A Novel Regression Analysis to Capture the Bilateral Nature
           of the Disease
    • Authors: Robert Hodgson; Timothy Reason; David Trueman; Rose Wickstead; Jeanette Kusel; Adam Jasilek; Lindsay Claxton; Matthew Taylor; Ruth Pulikottil-Jacob
      Abstract: Introduction The estimation of utility values for the economic evaluation of therapies for wet age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a particular challenge. Previous economic models in wet AMD have been criticized for failing to capture the bilateral nature of wet AMD by modelling visual acuity (VA) and utility values associated with the better-seeing eye only. Methods Here we present a de novo regression analysis using generalized estimating equations (GEE) applied to a previous dataset of time trade-off (TTO)-derived utility values from a sample of the UK population that wore contact lenses to simulate visual deterioration in wet AMD. This analysis allows utility values to be estimated as a function of VA in both the better-seeing eye (BSE) and worse-seeing eye (WSE). Results VAs in both the BSE and WSE were found to be statistically significant (p < 0.05) when regressed separately. When included without an interaction term, only the coefficient for VA in the BSE was significant (p = 0.04), but when an interaction term between VA in the BSE and WSE was included, only the constant term (mean TTO utility value) was significant, potentially a result of the collinearity between the VA of the two eyes. The lack of both formal model fit statistics from the GEE approach and theoretical knowledge to support the superiority of one model over another make it difficult to select the best model. Conclusion Limitations of this analysis arise from the potential influence of collinearity between the VA of both eyes, and the use of contact lenses to reflect VA states to obtain the original dataset. Whilst further research is required to elicit more accurate utility values for wet AMD, this novel regression analysis provides a possible source of utility values to allow future economic models to capture the quality of life impact of changes in VA in both eyes. Funding Novartis Pharmaceuticals UK Limited.
      PubDate: 2017-10-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0620-x
       
  • Mechanical Ventilation During Resuscitation: How Manual Chest Compressions
           Affect a Ventilator’s Function
    • Authors: Tillmann Speer; Wolfgang Dersch; Björn Kleine; Christian Neuhaus; Clemens Kill
      Abstract: Introduction Guidelines for resuscitation recommend positive-pressure ventilation with a fixed ventilation rate as provided by an automated transport ventilator during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) with a secured airway. We investigated the influence of manual chest compressions (CC) on the accuracy of ventilator presets and the quality of CC with intermittent positive-pressure ventilation (IPPV), bilevel ventilation (BiLevel), and the novel ventilation mode chest compression synchronized ventilation (CCSV) in a simulation model. Methods Ninety paramedics performed continuous CC for 2 min on a modified advanced life support mannequin with a realistic lung model. IPPV, BiLevel, and CCSV were applied in a randomized order. CCSV is a novel type of pressure-controlled ventilation with short insufflations synchronized with CC, which are stopped before decompression begins. The ventilator presets (tolerance range) were IPPV Vt = 450 (400–500) ml, PEEP = 0 hPa, f = 10/min; BiLevel Pinsp = 19 (17.1–20.9) hPa, PEEP = 5 hPa, f = 10/min; CCSV Pinsp = 60 (54–66) hPa, PEEP = 0 hPa, Tinsp = 205 ms, f = CC rate. Preset values were compared with the measured results. Values were defined as correct within a tolerance range. Quality of CC was evaluated using ERC guidelines (depth >50 mm, CC rate 100–120/min). Results Median (25th/75th percentiles) IPPV V t = 399 (386/411) ml, BiLevel Pinsp = 22.0 (19.7/25.6) hPa, and CCSV Pinsp = 55.2 (52.6/56.7) hPa. Relative frequency of delivering correct ventilation parameters according to ventilation mode: IPPV = 40 (0/100)% vs. BiLevel = 20 (0/100)%, p = 0.37 and vs. CCSV = 71 (50/83)%, p < 0.02. Pinsp was too high in BiLevel = 80 (0/100)% vs. CCSV = 0(0/0)%, p < 0.001. CC depth: IPPV 56 (48/63) mm, BiLevel 57 (48/63) mm, CCSV 60 (52/67) mm; CC rate: IPPV 117 (105/124)/min, BiLevel 116 (107/123)/min, CCSV 117 (107/125)/min. Conclusion When compared to IPPV and BiLevel, CCSV works best with preset values, without exceeding the upper pressure preset during simulated CPR. Quality of CC is not negatively affected by any of the ventilation patterns. Funding Parts of this study were supported by Weinmann Emergency Medical Technology GmbH + Co.KG.
      PubDate: 2017-10-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0615-7
       
  • Rituximab in B-Cell Hematologic Malignancies: A Review of 20 Years of
           Clinical Experience
    • Authors: Gilles Salles; Martin Barrett; Robin Foà; Joerg Maurer; Susan O’Brien; Nancy Valente; Michael Wenger; David G. Maloney
      Abstract: Rituximab is a human/murine, chimeric anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody with established efficacy, and a favorable and well-defined safety profile in patients with various CD20-expressing lymphoid malignancies, including indolent and aggressive forms of B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Since its first approval 20 years ago, intravenously administered rituximab has revolutionized the treatment of B-cell malignancies and has become a standard component of care for follicular lymphoma, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, and mantle cell lymphoma. For all of these diseases, clinical trials have demonstrated that rituximab not only prolongs the time to disease progression but also extends overall survival. Efficacy benefits have also been shown in patients with marginal zone lymphoma and in more aggressive diseases such as Burkitt lymphoma. Although the proven clinical efficacy and success of rituximab has led to the development of other anti-CD20 monoclonal antibodies in recent years (e.g., obinutuzumab, ofatumumab, veltuzumab, and ocrelizumab), rituximab is likely to maintain a position within the therapeutic armamentarium because it is well established with a long history of successful clinical use. Furthermore, a subcutaneous formulation of the drug has been approved both in the EU and in the USA for the treatment of B-cell malignancies. Using the wealth of data published on rituximab during the last two decades, we review the preclinical development of rituximab and the clinical experience gained in the treatment of hematologic B-cell malignancies, with a focus on the well-established intravenous route of administration. This article is a companion paper to A. Davies, et al., which is also published in this issue. Funding F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd., Basel, Switzerland.
      PubDate: 2017-10-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0612-x
       
  • Subcutaneous Rituximab for the Treatment of B-Cell Hematologic
           Malignancies: A Review of the Scientific Rationale and Clinical
           Development
    • Authors: Andrew Davies; Claude Berge; Axel Boehnke; Anjum Dadabhoy; Pieternella Lugtenburg; Simon Rule; Mathias Rummel; Christine McIntyre; Rodney Smith; Xavier Badoux
      Abstract: Rituximab (MabThera®/Rituxan®), a chimeric murine/human monoclonal antibody that binds specifically to the transmembrane antigen CD20, was the first therapeutic antibody to enter clinical practice for the treatment of cancer. As monotherapy and in combination with chemotherapy, rituximab has been shown to prolong progression-free survival and, in some indications overall survival, in patients with various B-cell malignancies, while having a well-established and manageable safety profile and a wide therapeutic window. As a result, rituximab is considered to have revolutionized treatment practices for patients with B-cell malignancies. A subcutaneous (SC) formulation of rituximab has been developed, comprising the same monoclonal antibody as the originally marketed formulation [rituximab concentrate for solution for intravenous (IV) infusion], and has undergone a detailed, sequential clinical development program. This program demonstrated that, at fixed doses, rituximab SC achieves non-inferior serum trough concentrations in patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma and chronic lymphocytic leukemia, with comparable efficacy and safety relative to the IV formulation. The added benefit of rituximab SC was demonstrated in dedicated studies showing that rituximab SC allows for simplified and shortened drug preparation and administration times resulting in a reduced treatment burden for patients as well as improved resource utilization (efficiency) at the treatment facility. The improved efficiency of delivering rituximab’s benefit to patients may broaden patient access to rituximab therapy in areas with low levels of healthcare resources, including IV-chair capacity constraints. This article is a companion paper to G. Salles, et al., which is also published in this issue. Funding F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd.
      PubDate: 2017-10-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0610-z
       
  • Modeled Health Economic Impact of a Hypothetical Certolizumab Pegol
           Risk-Sharing Scheme for Patients with Moderate-to-Severe Rheumatoid
           Arthritis in Finland
    • Authors: Erkki Soini; Christian Asseburg; Maarit Taiha; Kari Puolakka; Oana Purcaru; Riitta Luosujärvi
      Abstract: Purpose To model the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) outcomes, cost-effectiveness, and budget impact of certolizumab pegol (CZP) (with and without a hypothetical risk-sharing scheme at treatment initiation for biologic-naïve patients) versus the current mix of reimbursed biologics for treatment of moderate-to-severe rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in Finland. Methods A probabilistic model with 12-week cycles and a societal approach was developed for the years 2015–2019, accounting for differences in ACR responses (meta-analysis), mortality, and persistence. The risk-sharing scheme included a treatment switch and refund of the costs associated with CZP acquisition if patients failed to achieve ACR20 response at week 12. For the current treatment mix, ACR20 at week 24 determined treatment continuation. Quality-adjusted life years were derived on the basis of the Health Utilities Index. Results In the Finnish target population, CZP treatment with a risk-sharing scheme led to a estimated annual net expenditure decrease ranging from 1.7% in 2015 to 5.6% in 2019 compared with the current treatment mix. Per patient over the 5 years, CZP risk sharing was estimated to decrease the time without ACR response by 5%-units, decrease work absenteeism by 24 days, and increase the time with ACR20, ACR50, and ACR70 responses by 5%-, 6%-, and 1%-units, respectively, with a gain of 0.03 quality-adjusted life years. The modeled risk-sharing scheme showed reduced costs of €7866 per patient, with a more than 95% probability of cost-effectiveness when compared with the current treatment mix. Conclusion The present analysis estimated that CZP, with or without the risk-sharing scheme, is a cost-effective alternative treatment for RA patients in Finland. The surplus provided by the CZP risk-sharing scheme could fund treatment for 6% more Finnish RA patients. Funding UCB Pharma.
      PubDate: 2017-10-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0614-8
       
  • Pharmacological and Non-pharmacological Treatments for Stroke Prevention
           in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation
    • Authors: Laura Ueberham; Nikolaos Dagres; Tatjana S. Potpara; Andreas Bollmann; Gerhard Hindricks
      Abstract: Abstract Atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with significant risk of stroke and other thromboembolic events, which can be effectively prevented using oral anticoagulation (OAC) with either vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) or non-VKA oral anticoagulants (NOACs) dabigatran, rivaroxaban, apixaban, or edoxaban. Until recently, VKAs were the only available means for OAC treatment. NOACs had similar efficacy and were safer than or as safe as warfarin with respect to reduced rates of hemorrhagic stroke or other intracranial bleeding in the respective pivotal randomized clinical trials (RCTs) of stroke prevention in non-valvular AF patients. Increasing “real-world” evidence on NOACs broadly confirms the results of the RCTs. However, individual patient characteristics including renal function, age, or prior bleeding should be taken into account when choosing the OAC with best risk–benefit profile. In patients ineligible for OACs, surgical or interventional stroke prevention strategies should be considered. In patients undergoing cardiac surgery for other reasons, the left atrial appendage excision, ligation, or amputation may be the best option. Importantly, residual stumps or insufficient ligation may result in even higher stroke risk than without intervention. Percutaneous left atrial appendage occlusion, although requiring minimally invasive access, failed to demonstrate reduced ischemic stroke events compared to warfarin. In this review article, we summarize current treatment options and discuss the strengths and major limitations of the therapies for stroke risk reduction in patients with AF.
      PubDate: 2017-09-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0616-6
       
  • Content Validity of a Willingness to Quit Tool for Use with Current
           Smokers in Clinical Practice
    • Authors: Christine L. Baker; Marianna Bruno; Laura Grant; Chloe Johnson; Bryan Bennett; Elaine Brohan; Birol Emir
      Abstract: Introduction Despite reductions in rates of smoking in the past decade, smoking remains one of the most significant public health concerns. Quitting smoking can result in reductions in a number of serious health conditions. The brief Willingness to Quit (WTQ) tool can be used in routine clinical practice to assess current willingness to quit and engage a patient–physician dialogue regarding smoking cessation. The overall aim of this study was to validate the content of a WTQ tool for use with current smokers in clinical practice. Methods In-depth, qualitative interviews were conducted with 12 current smokers and five physicians. The interview was divided into two sections: concept elicitation (CE) followed by cognitive debriefing (CD). During CE, participants were asked questions exploring the different factors that can impact an individual’s willingness to quit smoking. During CD, participants were given a copy of the WTQ tool and asked to comment on their level of understanding and interpretability of the items and the feasibility of completing the tool in clinical practice. Results All of the current smokers (n = 12) and physicians (n = 5) interviewed indicated that the items were understandable and relevant to assess willingness to quit. The tool was considered simple and suitable for use in clinical practice. Conclusion The WTQ tool is a brief tool to assess willingness to quit and to engage communication between patients and physicians. All smokers should be offered smoking cessation support and facilitating a discussion on willingness to quit further supports a personalized quit plan. Funding Pfizer Inc.
      PubDate: 2017-09-22
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0611-y
       
  • Concurrent Improvement in Both Binge Eating and Depressive Symptoms with
           Naltrexone/Bupropion Therapy in Overweight or Obese Subjects with Major
           Depressive Disorder in an Open-Label, Uncontrolled Study
    • Authors: Anna I. Guerdjikova; Brandon Walsh; Kevin Shan; Amy E. Halseth; Eduardo Dunayevich; Susan L. McElroy
      Abstract: Introduction Binge eating disorder (BED) is associated with obesity and major depressive disorder (MDD). Naltrexone extended-release (ER)/bupropion ER (NB) is approved as an adjunct to diet and physical activity for chronic weight management. In a prospectively designed 24-week open-label, single-arm, single-site trial of 25 women with MDD and overweight/obesity, NB reduced weight and depressive symptoms. Methods This post hoc analysis investigated the relationship between change in self-reported binge eating behavior (evaluated with the Binge Eating Scale [BES]) and changes in weight, control of eating, and depressive symptoms. Results At baseline, 91% of subjects had moderate or severe BES scores, suggesting BED. BES scores were significantly improved from week 4, and by week 24, 83% reported “little or no problem.” Improvement in BES scores correlated with improvement in depressive symptoms and control of eating. Conclusion NB may be effective in reducing binge eating symptoms associated with MDD and overweight/obesity. Evaluation of NB in BED appears warranted. Funding Orexigen Therapeutics, Inc.
      PubDate: 2017-09-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0613-9
       
  • Methodological Aspects in Studies Based on Clinical Routine Data
    • Authors: Lieven Nils Kennes
      Abstract: Randomized controlled clinical trials are regarded as the gold standard for comparing different clinical interventions, but generally their conduct is operationally cumbersome, time-consuming, and expensive. Studies and investigations based on clinical routine data on the contrary utilize existing data acquired under real-life conditions and are increasingly popular among practitioners. In this paper, methodological aspects of studies based on clinical routine data are discussed. Important limitations and considerations as well as unique strengths of these types of studies are indicated and exemplarily demonstrated in a recent real-case study based on clinical routine data. In addition two simulation studies reveal the impact of bias in studies based on clinical routine data on the type I error rate and false decision rate in favor of the inferior intervention. It is concluded that correctly analyzing clinical routine data yields a valuable addition to clinical research; however, as a result of a lack of statistical foundation, internal validity, and comparability, generalizing results and inferring properties derived from clinical routine data to all patients of interest has to be considered with extreme caution. Funding Grünenthal GmbH.
      PubDate: 2017-09-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0609-5
       
  • Insulin Resistance and Hunger in Childhood Obesity: A Patient and
           Physician’s Perspective
    • Authors: Wendy Scinta; Harold Bayes; Nicole Smith
      Abstract: Abstract This article is co-authored by the mother of a child with obesity and insulin resistance, who gives her perspective. It is also co-authored by the treating Obesity Medicine clinician and an investigator in obesity clinical research (both certified in Obesity Medicine), who give their perspectives. The discussion focuses upon the potential clinical use of metformin in managing young patients with obesity and insulin resistance. The article integrates what is scientifically known about the mechanisms of actions of metformin and how these mechanisms are reflected in the clinical response of young patients.
      PubDate: 2017-09-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0606-8
       
  • The Impact of Histologic Phenotype in the Treatment of Sinonasal Cancer
    • Authors: Fernando López; Valerie J. Lund; Carlos Suárez; Carl H. Snyderman; Nabil F. Saba; K. Thomas Robbins; Vincent Vander Poorten; Primož Strojan; William M. Mendenhall; Alessandra Rinaldo; Alfio Ferlito
      Abstract: Abstract The management of sinonasal cancer is a challenge due to its low occurrence and anatomical and significant diversity of histological types. The therapeutic modality used should be tailored individually according to the histology, tumour stage, molecular profile and previous treatments. The clinical management of sinonasal cancer has improved greatly owing to developments in endoscopic surgery and precision radiotherapy. Complete surgical resection is the mainstay of sinonasal malignancies' management but multimodality therapy is associated with improved outcomes in certain histologies. The recognition of various histological types with biological behaviours more suitable for non-surgical modalities has allowed treatment protocols to become more tailored to the disease. In this review we aim to describe and to summarise the current data guiding the management of sinonasal cancer with emphasis on phenotypic variation.
      PubDate: 2017-09-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0605-9
       
  • Erratum to: Gluten and Aluminum Content in Synthroid ® (Levothyroxine
           Sodium Tablets)
    • Authors: Ramon Espaillat; Michael F. Jarvis; Cory Torkelson; Brent Sinclair
      PubDate: 2017-08-30
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0608-6
       
  • Erratum to: Multicenter, Randomized, Investigator-Masked Study Comparing
           Brimonidine Tartrate 0.1% and Timolol Maleate 0.5% as Adjunctive Therapies
           to Prostaglandin Analogues in Normal-Tension Glaucoma
    • Authors: Shiro Mizoue; Koji Nitta; Motohiro Shirakashi; Akiyoshi Nitta; Shigeki Yamabayashi; Tairo Kimura; Toshihiko Ueda; Ryuji Takeda; Shun Matsumoto; Keiji Yoshikawa
      PubDate: 2017-08-30
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0607-7
       
  • The Challenge of Assessing Adherence to Subcutaneous Biological Drugs in
           Immune-Mediated Inflammatory Diseases. Letter to the Editor Regarding
           Michetti P, Weinman J, Mrowietz U, et al. Adv Ther (2017);34:91–108.
           doi:10.1007/s12325-016-0441-3
    • Authors: Luis Cea-Calvo; Loreto Carmona; Jaime Calvo-Alén
      PubDate: 2017-08-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0602-z
       
  • Foveal Microstructure Analysis in Eyes with Diabetic Macular Edema Treated
           with Vitrectomy
    • Authors: Jiro Kogo; Akira Shiono; Hiroki Sasaki; Ryo Yomoda; Tatsuya Jujo; Yasushi Kitaoka; Hitoshi Takagi
      Abstract: Introduction The purpose of this study was to evaluate baseline and postoperative factors affecting outcomes after vitrectomy for diabetic macular edema (DME) using optical coherence tomography (OCT). Methods Vitrectomy combined with inner limiting membrane (ILM) peeling and additional laser photocoagulation therapy was performed on 36 eyes of 30 DME patients. Evaluations included the logarithm of the minimal angle of resolution (logMAR), best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and OCT parameters at baseline and 1, 3, 6, and 12 months postoperatively. Correlations between OCT parameters and BCVA were assessed at each follow-up visit. Correlations among postoperative BCVA and preoperative BCVA, foveal macular thickness (FMT), outer foveal thickness (OFT), and photoreceptor outer segment (PROS) length were evaluated using multiple regression analysis. Results BCVA significantly improved from 0.50 ± 0.25 to 0.34 ± 0.26 at 12 months postoperatively (P < 0.001). Mean FMT improved significantly from 526.4 ± 120.4 to 384.6 ± 120.5 at 1 month, 325.2 ± 100.3 at 3 months, 304.1 ± 102.5 at 6 months and 274.2 ± 86.6 μm at 12 months postoperatively (P < 0.001, respectively). OFT 1 month after surgery was significantly decreased 46.5 ± 14.7–40.2 ± 14.4 μm (P = 0.017), although at 3, 6, and 12 months it did not differ from the baseline value. PROS length 1 month after surgery significantly decreased from 31.7 ± 6.9–28.8 ± 6.8 μm (P = 0.015) and that at 3 months and 6 months recovered to the baseline value. PROS length 12 months after surgery was significantly increased to 34.3 ± 7.2 μm from baseline (P = 0.023). Mean FMT was not correlated with BCVA at any time point. Mean OFT and PROS length at 3, 6, and 12 months were correlated with BCVA. In multiple regression analysis, PROS length had the greatest effect on VA 12 months postoperatively (P = 0.0262, standard regression coefficient = −0.366). Conclusion Current surgery helps DME patients to maintain VA and foveal structures. The results suggest that PROS length predicts visual outcome in DME patients following vitrectomy with ILM peeling and additional laser photocoagulation.
      PubDate: 2017-08-14
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0598-4
       
  • Erratum to: Patient Perspectives on Gene Transfer Therapy for Sickle Cell
           Disease
    • Authors: Heather Strong; Monica J. Mitchell; Alana Goldstein-Leever; Lisa Shook; Punam Malik; Lori E. Crosby
      PubDate: 2017-08-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0599-3
       
 
 
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