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Showing 1 - 200 of 3562 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access  
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access  
AADE in Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
ABCS Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Abia State University Medical Students' Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
ACIMED     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 41)
Acta Bio Medica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Bioethica     Open Access  
Acta Bioquimica Clinica Latinoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Facultatis Medicae Naissensis     Open Access  
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Medica (Hradec Králové)     Open Access  
Acta Medica Bulgarica     Open Access  
Acta Medica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Medica Indonesiana     Open Access  
Acta Medica International     Open Access  
Acta medica Lituanica     Open Access  
Acta Medica Marisiensis     Open Access  
Acta Medica Martiniana     Open Access  
Acta Medica Nagasakiensia     Open Access  
Acta Medica Peruana     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Médica Portuguesa     Open Access  
Acta Medica Saliniana     Open Access  
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acupuncture & Electro-Therapeutics Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Acupuncture and Natural Medicine     Open Access  
Addiction Science & Clinical Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Adıyaman Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi / Health Sciences Journal of Adıyaman University     Open Access  
Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Advanced Biomedical Research     Open Access  
Advanced Health Care Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advanced Science, Engineering and Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Bioscience and Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Clinical Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28)
Advances in Life Course Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Lipobiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Medical Education and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Advances in Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Microbial Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Molecular Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Molecular Toxicology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Parkinson's Disease     Open Access  
Advances in Phytomedicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Advances in Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Advances in Skeletal Muscle Function Assessment     Open Access  
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Veterinary Science and Comparative Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Wound Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access  
African Journal of Clinical and Experimental Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African Journal of Laboratory Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Trauma     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
AJOB Primary Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 3)
AJSP: Reviews & Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Aktuelle Ernährungsmedizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal     Open Access  
Alexandria Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Allgemeine Homöopathische Zeitung     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpha Omegan     Full-text available via subscription  
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Biomedical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Biomedicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
American Journal of Chinese Medicine, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Clinical Medicine Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Law & Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Managed Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Medical Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
American Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Medicine Studies     Open Access  
American Journal of Medicine Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of the Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
American Journal on Addictions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
American medical news     Free   (Followers: 3)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Amyloid: The Journal of Protein Folding Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina     Open Access  
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de la República, Uruguay     Open Access  
Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Analgesia & Resuscitation : Current Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anatolian Clinic the Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Anatomical Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Anatomical Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Anatomy     Open Access  
Anatomy Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Ankara Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ankara Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Mecmuası     Open Access  
Annales de Pathologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Anatomy - Anatomischer Anzeiger     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Annals of Biomedical Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Annals of Family Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Fundeni Hospital     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annals of The Royal College of Surgeons of England     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annual Reports in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Annual Reports on NMR Spectroscopy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annual Review of Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Anthropologie et santé     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Antibiotics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Antibodies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Antibody Technology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anuradhapura Medical Journal     Open Access  
Anwer Khan Modern Medical College Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Apparence(s)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Clinical Research, Clinical Trials and Regulatory Affairs     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Medical Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Arab Journal of Nephrology and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arak Medical University Journal     Open Access  
Archive of Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives Medical Review Journal / Arşiv Kaynak Tarama Dergisi     Open Access  
Archives of Medical and Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Medical Laboratory Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access  
Archives of Trauma Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archivos de Medicina (Manizales)     Open Access  
ArgoSpine News & Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia     Open Access  
Arquivos de Ciências da Saúde     Open Access  
Arquivos de Medicina     Open Access  
Ars Medica : Revista de Ciencias Médicas     Open Access  
ARS Medica Tomitana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Art Therapy: Journal of the American Art Therapy Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Arterial Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Artificial Intelligence in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Artificial Organs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
ASHA Leader     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Family Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asian Bioethics Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Medical and Pharmaceutical Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention     Open Access  
ASPIRATOR : Journal of Vector-borne Disease Studies     Open Access  
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Atención Familiar     Open Access  
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atti della Accademia Peloritana dei Pericolanti - Classe di Scienze Medico-Biologiche     Open Access  
Audiology - Communication Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Auris Nasus Larynx     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian Coeliac     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Journal of Medical Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Autopsy and Case Reports     Open Access  
Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Avicenna     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Avicenna Journal of Clinical Medicine     Open Access  
Avicenna Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Bioethics     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Biochemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Physics     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Medical Journal     Open Access  

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Journal Cover Advances in Therapy
  [SJR: 0.79]   [H-I: 44]   [5 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1865-8652 - ISSN (Online) 0741-238X
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2350 journals]
  • Correction to: Combination Glucose-Lowering Therapy Plans in T2DM:
           Case-Based Considerations
    • Authors: Lawrence Blonde; Susana Dipp; Daniel Cadena
      Abstract: The article “Combination Glucose-Lowering Therapy Plans in T2DM: Case-Based Considerations”.
      PubDate: 2018-06-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-018-0729-6
  • Development of a Comprehensive Dataset of Hepatitis C Patients and
           Examination of Disease Epidemiology in the United States, 2013–2016
    • Authors: Viktor V. Chirikov; Steven E. Marx; Shivaji R. Manthena; John P. Strezewski; Sammy Saab
      Abstract: Introduction Chronic infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a leading cause of liver disease and infectious disease deaths. While recent and emerging treatment options for HCV patients have enabled higher rates of sustained virologic response (SVR), the demographic, clinical, geographic, and payer characteristics of the estimated 3.4 million chronic HCV patients in the USA are poorly understood. The goal of this study was to create a dataset describing the current HCV patient landscape in the USA. Methods Data from two large national laboratory companies representing the majority of US patients screened for HCV antibody and/or tested for HCV RNA from 2013 through 2016 were organized into the present study dataset. Age, gender, payer channel, 3-digit ZIP code and ordering physician specialty, and 3-digit ZIP code information were available for all patients. Among RNA-positive patients, additional clinical characteristics included HCV genotype, fibrosis stage, renal function, and HIV status. Initiating treatment and attaining cure were imputed using data-driven algorithms based on successive RNA viral load measurements. Results The number of RNA-positive HCV patients increased from 200,066 patients in 2013 to 469,550 in 2016. The availability of clinical data measurements and rates of treatment initiation increased over the study period, indicating improved care engagement for HCV patients. Treatment and cure rates varied by age, disease severity, geographic location, and payer channel. Sensitivity and specificity of the cure prediction algorithms were consistently above 0.90, validating the robustness of the data imputation approach. Conclusion This is the largest, most comprehensive dataset available to describe the current US HCV patient landscape. Our results highlight that the epidemiology of HCV is evolving with an increasing number of patients who are younger and have milder disease than described in previous years. Results of this study should help guide efforts toward the elimination of HCV in this country. Future work will focus on factors associated with varying treatment and cure patterns and describing recent changes in the HCV patient landscape. Funding AbbVie. Plain Language Summary Plain language summary available for this article.
      PubDate: 2018-06-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-018-0721-1
  • Correction to: Multinational Consensus: Insulin Initiation with Insulin
           Degludec/Aspart (IDegAsp)
    • Authors: Sanjay Kalra; Stephen Atkin; Antonio Cervera; Ashok Kumar Das; Ozgur Demir; Tevfik Demir; Md. Fariduddin; Khoa Tuan Vo; Bon Jeong Ku; Ajay Kumar; Zafar A. Latif; Rachid Malek; Bien J. Matawaran; Roopa Mehta; Nam Quang Tran; Araceli Panelo; Sundeep Ruder; Joel Rodriquez Saldana; Khalid A. Shaikh; Amit Shakya; Dina Shrestha; A. G. Unnikrishnan
      Abstract: Unfortunately, the fifth author name was incorrectly published in the original publication. The correct name should read as ‘Ozgur Demir’.
      PubDate: 2018-06-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-018-0728-7
  • Multicenter, Randomized, Controlled Study Comparing Tafluprost/Timolol
           Fixed Combination with Latanoprost/Timolol Fixed Combination in Primary
           Open-Angle Glaucoma and Ocular Hypertension
    • Abstract: Introduction This was the first exploratory randomized controlled study to compare the efficacy and safety of a preserved tafluprost/timolol fixed combination (TAF/TIM) with a preserved latanoprost/timolol fixed combination (LAT/TIM). Methods This prospective, randomized, open-label study was conducted in Japanese patients with primary open-angle glaucoma, including normal-tension glaucoma or ocular hypertension. Following a 4-week LAT/TIM run-in period, eligible patients entered a 12-week treatment period, during which they received either LAT/TIM or TAF/TIM. The efficacy endpoint was the change in intraocular pressure (IOP) from baseline to week 12 and the safety endpoints included the changes from baseline to week 12 in superficial punctate keratopathy (SPK) score, tear breakup time (TBUT), and hyperemia score, as well as adverse events (AEs). At week 6, ocular symptoms were evaluated using a questionnaire. Results In total, 131 patients provided informed consent. Of these, 115 completed the run-in period and were assigned to receive TAF/TIM (n = 60) or LAT/TIM (n = 55). At week 12, there were no significant differences between the TAF/TIM and LAT/TIM groups in the change from baseline in trough IOP and IOP at 4–6 h after instillation. There were no significant differences between the two groups in the change from baseline to week 12 in SPK score, TBUT, and hyperemia score. However, only in the TAF/TIM group, the total SPK score and the inferior cornea SPK score were significantly lower at week 12 compared with baseline. Eye irritation and eye pain were significantly decreased in the TAF/TIM group compared with the LAT/TIM group. Two treatment-related AEs were reported in the TAF/TIM group (3.3%) and none in the LAT/TIM group, while no serious AEs were reported in either group. Conclusion TAF/TIM is as effective as LAT/TIM in terms of IOP-reducing effect, with fewer ocular symptoms. TAF/TIM was associated with a significant improvement in SPK scores. Trial Registration UMIN Clinical Trials Registry Identifier, UMIN000023862. Funding Santen Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., Osaka, Japan.
      PubDate: 2018-06-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-018-0718-9
  • Safety and Efficacy of High Versus Standard Starting Doses of Insulin
           Glargine in Overweight and Obese Chinese Individuals with Type 2 Diabetes
           Mellitus Inadequately Controlled on Oral Antidiabetic Medications (Beyond
           VII): Study Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial
    • Abstract: Background Treatment with basal insulin in Chinese populations is currently sub-optimal, with delayed initiation of insulin treatment and inadequate dose titration. Increasing the initial dose of insulin may be a practicable and effective solution to the problem of titration. A higher initial dose will be helpful for patients to achieve the blood glucose target and improve treatment satisfaction and compliance as well require fewer steps to titrate. Considering that overweight and obese patients usually require higher insulin doses because of insulin resistance, a higher initial dose of the basal insulin is feasible in overweight and obese patients with type 2 diabetes. However, safety is an important issue needing to be considered for higher initial dose treatment. The aim of this study is to assess the safety and efficacy of higher (0.3 U/kg) compared with standard (0.2 U/kg) starting doses of basal insulin in overweight and obese Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes who have failed to achieve glycaemic control using oral antidiabetic drugs (OADs). Methods This is a phase IV, randomized, non-inferiority, open-label trial that will be conducted at approximately 50 centers in China. Eight hundred eighty overweight and obese adult Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes will be randomized to receive higher (0.3 U/kg) or standard (0.2 U/kg) starting doses of basal insulin glargine (100 U/ml) during a 16-week period. The primary endpoint is whether a higher initial dose of basal insulin (0.3 U/kg) is non-inferior to a standard initial dose (0.2 U/kg) based on the percentage of patients with at least one episode of hypoglycaemia (≤ 3.9 mmol/l or severe) over 16 weeks. Secondary endpoints include evaluation of glycosylated haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), fasting blood glucose, postprandial blood glucose, insulin dose and safety. Discussion This study is the first randomized-controlled study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of basal insulin treatment with a higher starting dose versus standard starting dose in overweight and obese Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes. Results of this study could generate evidence to support the feasibility of a higher starting dose of basal insulin in diabetes management of overweight and obese Chinese patients, therefore providing an easy approach to improve diabetes management. Trial Registration identifier, NCT02836704. Registered on July 7th 2016. Funding Sanofi China.
      PubDate: 2018-06-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-018-0717-x
  • Pooled Aquablation Results for American Men with Lower Urinary Tract
           Symptoms due to Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia in Large Prostates
           (60–150 cc)
    • Abstract: Introduction To present short-term safety and efficacy data of men with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) treated with Aquablation. Methods Men with LUTs secondary to BPH (60–150 cc) underwent Aquablation treatment from February 2016 to December 2017 across 17 investigational sites in the USA from two contemporary investigational device exemption (IDE) studies called WATER (NCT02505919) and WATER II (NCT03123250). Results One hundred seven males with mean age of 67.3 ± 6.5 years were treated with Aquablation; mean prostate volume was 99.4 ± 24.1 cc. The pooled results show that large prostates have an average procedure time of less than 36 min and discharge on average 1.6 ± 1 days. The IPSS decreased by 16.7 ± 8.1 points at 3 months and Qmax increased by 11.2 ± 12.4 ml/s. The Clavien-Dindo (CD) grade 2 or higher event rate at 3 months was 29%. A non-hierarchical breakdown for CD events yielded 18% grade 2 and 19% grade 3 or higher. Conclusion Men with LUTS secondary to BPH (60–150 cc) in a pooled analysis were treated safely and effectively with Aquablation up to 3 months postoperatively. Trial Registration identifiers, NCT02505919 and NCT03123250. Funding PROCEPT BioRobotics.
      PubDate: 2018-06-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-018-0722-0
  • Comparison of Outcomes of Different Postoperative Hormone Therapy in the
           Treatment of Ovarian Endometriosis: A Brief Report
    • Abstract: Introduction Hormone therapy is widely used in the treatment of patients with ovarian endometriosis after surgery, and progestin and gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) are two of the most widely used hormones. This study aimed to compare the outcomes of progestin and GnRH in the treatment of ovarian endometriosis after surgery. Methods A total of 399 patients with ovarian endometriosis were included and divided into four groups to receive different treatments. Group A received no postoperative hormone therapy; patients in group B1 and B2 were treated with different doses of norethindrone (progestin, 1.2 and 5 mg/day, respectively); patients in group C were treated with GnRH (2.0 mg every 2 weeks). Treatment outcomes including menstrual bleeding profiles, cumulative recurrence rate, incidence of complications, and endometrioma diameter in the case of recurrence were recorded and compared between groups. Results Compared with group A, group B1, B2 and C showed significantly improved menstrual bleeding profiles and reduced cumulative recurrence rate and endometrioma diameter after recurrence. In addition, compared with group C, menstrual bleeding profiles were significantly improved and cumulative recurrence rate and endometrioma diameter were significantly reduced in group B1 and B2. No significant differences in incidence of complications during treatment were found among groups. After treatment, recurrence rate and endometrioma diameter were significantly increased in group B1, B2, and C. Conclusion Both progestin and GnRH can significantly improve the conditions of patients with ovarian endometriosis after surgery, but progestin may be a better choice. Both therapies are challenged by the increased recurrence rate and endometrioma diameter after treatment.
      PubDate: 2018-06-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-018-0715-z
  • To See or NOsee: The Debate on the Nocebo Effect and Optimizing the Use of
    • Abstract: In addition to the general clinical benefit offered, biosimilars may not only generate savings for healthcare budgets but also improve patient access to biologic products. Since the first biosimilar was approved in Europe in 2006, a further 36 different biosimilar drugs have been approved for several indications. Despite the wealth of experience gained and the reported data supporting the use of biosimilars, both in naïve and biologic-experienced patients, some healthcare professionals continue to express doubt regarding the rigorous approval process for biosimilars and uncertainty with how to incorporate them into daily clinical practice. These opinions can be transferred to patients through poor or lack of communication, meaning that patients may lack confidence in treatment quality and, as a result, be susceptible to the nocebo effect. At the 2017 American College of Rheumatology/Association of Rheumatology Health Professionals annual meeting, during a debate the question was asked as to whether the nocebo effect was in fact being used to describe “any result you don’t agree with”. Here, we detail that the nocebo effect has been demonstrated in a number of clinical trials, and that this effect may negatively affect acceptance in patients switching from an originator product to a biosimilar. Awareness of the potential for the nocebo effect and adoption of enhanced communication techniques may be useful in mitigating the nocebo effect. Effective healthcare professional–patient dialogue is key in transferring confidence to the patient, and has been shown to reduce nocebo effects in patients when switching from an originator to a biosimilar. Funding Biogen International GmbH.
      PubDate: 2018-06-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-018-0719-8
  • The Prevalence of Suicidal Ideation in Adolescents and Associated Risk
           Factors: An Example from Turkey
    • Abstract: Introduction Identifying risk factors is important in intervening in suicide, which is a preventable cause of death in adolescents. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of suicidal ideation and risk factors for suicidal thought in high school students aged 15–18 years. Methods The data were obtained from questionnaire forms administered to 2438 high school students aged 15–18 years. Risk factors that might be associated with suicidal thought were identified using logistic regression analysis. Results The prevalence of suicidal ideation in adolescents in the last 12 months was 17.9%. Being female [OR 1.95, (CI 95% 1.47–2.59)], use of alcohol [OR 2.44, (CI 95% 1.63–3.68)] and addictive drugs [OR 1.78, (CI 95% 1.07–2.97)], being in physical fights [OR 1.76, (CI 95% 1.34–2.32)], having no close friends [OR 2.17, (CI 95% 1.34–3.52)], bullying(victimization) [OR 1.99, (CI 95% 1.43–2.77)], and other psychosocial distress were significant risk factors in the development of suicidal ideation. Conclusions Solutions for decreasing risky behaviors for health, particularly the use of alcohol and addictive drugs, prevention of violence between peers, and strengthening of social relationships, must be developed.
      PubDate: 2018-06-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-018-0720-2
  • Luteal Phase Ovarian Stimulation May Improve Oocyte Retrieval and Oocyte
           Quality in Poor Ovarian Responders Undergoing In Vitro Fertilization:
           Preliminary Results from a Single-Center Prospective Pilot Study
    • Authors: Li-Te Lin; Salvatore Giovanni Vitale; San-Nung Chen; Zhi-Hong Wen; Hsiao-Wen Tsai; Chyi-uei Chern; Kuan-Hao Tsui
      Abstract: Introduction Luteal phase ovarian stimulation (LPOS) has been proven a feasible protocol for infertile patients. High progesterone level in the luteal phase could physiologically inhibit premature luteinizing hormone surge, from which poor ovarian responders (PORs) could obtain benefits. Therefore, we aimed to compare clinical outcomes between LPOS and follicular phase ovarian stimulation (FPOS) protocol in PORs undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF). Methods This prospective pilot study was performed at one tertiary center from January 2016 to October 2017. A total of 60 PORs who met Bologna criteria and undergoing IVF were enrolled. Thirty PORs were allocated to the LPOS group and 30 PORs were allocated to the FPOS group. Basic characteristics, cycle characteristics, and pregnancy outcomes were compared between the two groups. Results The length of stimulation was significantly longer in the LPOS group than in the FPOS group. The numbers of retrieved oocytes, metaphase II oocytes, fertilized oocytes, and day-3 embryos were significantly higher in the LPOS group than in the FPOS group. Conversely, we could not find any significant difference for clinical pregnancy rate, ongoing pregnancy rate, abortion rate, and cancellation rate. The multivariate analysis showed that only LPOS (p = 0.007) was significantly associated the possibility to retrieve three or more oocytes, whereas basal follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) < 8 IU/l (p = 0.103) and antral follicle count (AFC) ≥ 3 (p = 0.143) did not significantly affect this event. Conclusion LPOS allows improved oocyte retrieval and oocyte quality in PORs with respect to FPOS, despite comparable pregnancy outcomes. LPOS may be considered a feasible option for oocytes accumulation in PORs. Trial Registration identifier, NCT03238833
      PubDate: 2018-06-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-018-0713-1
  • Dosing Patterns and Economic Burden of Palbociclib Drug Wastage in
           HR+/HER2− Metastatic Breast Cancer
    • Authors: Anand A. Dalal; Patrick Gagnon-Sanschagrin; Rebecca Burne; Annie Guérin; Geneviève Gauthier; Tania Small; Polly Niravath
      Abstract: Introduction Targeted therapies have revolutionized the treatment of hormone receptor positive/human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 negative (HR+/HER2−) metastatic breast cancer (mBC). However, as for many oncology drugs, the dose of targeted therapies may need to be adjusted over time, leading to drug wastage when a dose modification is needed but the dose cannot be split or saved. This has been shown to be the case for palbociclib and has led to concerns among payers. This study described palbociclib dosing patterns and estimated the economic burden of the drug wastage associated with palbociclib dose modifications in postmenopausal women with HR+/HER2− mBC. Methods A large US claims database was used to identify postmenopausal women with HR+/HER2− mBC who received a palbociclib-based therapy during one of their first three lines of therapy for mBC between February 2015 (palbociclib approval) and December 2015. Dosing patterns (dosing modifications and sequences) were reported; a dose modification was defined as an increase/decrease of at least 25 mg daily compared to the preceding dose. Estimates of drug wastage costs were based on days with overlap in prescription fills for different palbociclib doses. Results A total of 473 postmenopausal palbociclib-treated women with HR+/HER2− mBC were included (first line 214; second line 157; third line 120). Over an average duration of line of therapy of approximately 4 months, dose modification was observed in 17.8%, 31.2%, and 35.0% of patients in first, second, and third line. Average overlap in prescription fills was 9.2, 9.9, and 5.4 days in first, second, and third line. This potential drug wastage resulted in an average cost of $4376, $4740, and $2592 per patient in first, second, and third line. Conclusions This study showed that drug wastage due to palbociclib dose modification results in substantial costs. Treatment options with more flexible dosing may help reduce the costs of drug wastage. Funding Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation.
      PubDate: 2018-06-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-018-0701-5
  • Effects of the SGLT-2 Inhibitor Empagliflozin on Renal Tissue Oxygenation
           in Non-Diabetic Subjects: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled
           Study Protocol
    • Abstract: Introduction Empagliflozin is an SGLT-2 inhibitor (SGLT-2i) which belongs to a new class of hypoglycemic drugs with the unique property of decreasing blood glucose independently from insulin, through an increase in glycosuria. In addition to decreasing cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, empagliflozin has nephroprotective properties in high cardiovascular risk patients with type 2 diabetes. Decreased hyperfiltration and shifting towards more favorable renal fuel energetics with improved renal oxygenation may explain some of these properties. With this study, we propose to explore the effects of empagliflozin on renal tissue oxygenation using blood oxygenation level-dependent magnetic resonance imaging (BOLD-MRI). Methods This is a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study examining the acute and chronic renal effects of empagliflozin 10 mg. The primary outcome is the effects of empagliflozin on renal tissue oxygenation as measured by BOLD-MRI. The secondary outcomes include the effects of empagliflozin on tubular function, 24 h blood pressure control, and the influence of body mass index (BMI) on the renal response to empagliflozin. Fifteen normal weight, 15 overweight, and 15 obese non-diabetic subjects (men and women) will be recruited. Each participant will undergo 24 h urine collections and blood pressure measurements on day − 1, followed by an investigation day at the study center with blood and urine sampling and renal BOLD-MRI measurements before and 180 min after the administration of 10 mg empagliflozin or placebo. This sequence of measurements will be repeated after 1 month of a daily empagliflozin or placebo intake. To investigate renal oxygenation, the renal cortical and medullary R2*, as a marker of oxygenation, will be assessed by BOLD-MRI under standardized hydration conditions: the higher R2*, the lower oxygenation. Conclusion SGLT-2 inhibitors have a profound effect on renal physiology. This is an important study that will explore for the first time whether inhibiting SGLT-2 with empagliflozin in healthy volunteers affects renal tissue oxygenation as determined by BOLD-MRI. Funding Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma GmbH & Co. Trial registration identifier, NCT03093103.
      PubDate: 2018-05-25
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-018-0708-y
  • Multinational Consensus: Insulin Initiation with Insulin Degludec/Aspart
    • Abstract: Insulin degludec/aspart (IDegAsp) is the first soluble insulin co-formulation, combining a long-acting insulin degludec (IDeg) and rapid-acting insulin aspart (IAsp). In type 2 diabetes patients with oral antidiabetes agent (OAD) inadequacy, insulin initiation with IDegAsp once daily provides superior long-term glycemic control compared to insulin glargine, with similar fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and insulin doses, and numerically lower rates of overall and nocturnal hypoglycemia. Furthermore, in patients with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes previously treated with insulins, IDegAsp twice daily effectively improves glycated hemoglobin and FPG, with fewer hypoglycemic episodes versus premix insulins and basal bolus therapy. In patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus, IDegAsp once daily with two doses of IAsp is a convenient, yet effective, regimen as compared to the conventional 4–5 injection-based basal bolus therapy. IDegAsp is an appropriate and reasonable option for initiation of insulin therapy in both type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
      PubDate: 2018-05-23
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-018-0712-2
  • Safety of Polysorbate 80 in the Oncology Setting
    • Abstract: Polysorbate 80 is a synthetic nonionic surfactant used as an excipient in drug formulation. Various products formulated with polysorbate 80 are used in the oncology setting for chemotherapy, supportive care, or prevention, including docetaxel, epoetin/darbepoetin, and fosaprepitant. However, polysorbate 80, like some other surfactants, is not an inert compound and has been implicated in a number of systemic and injection- and infusion-site adverse events (ISAEs). The current formulation of intravenous fosaprepitant has been associated with an increased risk of hypersensitivity systemic reactions (HSRs). Factors that have been associated with an increased risk of fosaprepitant-related ISAEs include the site of administration (peripheral vs. central venous), coadministration of anthracycline-based chemotherapy, number of chemotherapy cycles or fosaprepitant doses, and concentration of fosaprepitant administered. Recently, two polysorbate 80-free agents have been approved: intravenous rolapitant, which is a neurokinin 1 (NK-1) receptor antagonist formulated with the synthetic surfactant polyoxyl 15 hydroxystearate, and intravenous HTX-019, which is a novel NK-1 receptor antagonist free of synthetic surfactants. Alternative formulations will obviate the polysorbate 80-associated ISAEs and HSRs and should improve overall management of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting. Funding Heron Therapeutics, Inc.
      PubDate: 2018-05-23
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-018-0707-z
  • Combination Glucose-Lowering Therapy Plans in T2DM: Case-Based
    • Authors: Lawrence Blonde; Susana Dipp; Daniel Cadena
      Abstract: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a complex disease, and while lifestyle interventions remain the cornerstone of therapy, most patients will also require pharmacotherapy. Current diabetes treatment guidelines and algorithms recommend an individualized approach to setting glycemic goals and selecting treatment. Although a single antihyperglycemic agent may be appropriate as the initial T2DM pharmacotherapy, the progressive nature of the disease due to declining pancreatic β-cell function will result in the vast majority of T2DM patients eventually requiring two or more antihyperglycemic agents. The American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists/American College of Clinical Endocrinology T2DM management algorithm recommends initial dual agent combination therapy when a single agent is unlikely to achieve their target glycemia, i.e., for those patients with an HbA1c ≥ 7.5 and an individualized HbA1c target of < 7.5%. The American Diabetes Association Standards of Care recommend combination pharmacotherapy for those patients presenting with very elevated HbA1c levels (e.g., ≥ 9% and < 10%). Metformin (if well tolerated and not contraindicated) is the initial pharmacologic choice for most patients; selection of another antihyperglycemic agent to the regimen will depend on the presence of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease and other patient-specific factors (e.g., age, known duration of T2DM, history of or risk for hypoglycemia and/or adverse consequences from hypoglycemia, other comorbidities, and available resources), along with drug-specific factors (e.g., risk for hypoglycemia, potential effects on weight, drug adverse event profiles, and cost). Combination therapy may be administered as a multi-pill regimen, a single-pill combination (i.e., fixed-dose combination oral therapy), or as a combination of oral and/or injectable therapies. This paper provides two illustrative case presentations to demonstrate how current treatment recommendations and algorithms can be used to guide the selection of non-insulin-based combination therapy for patients with T2DM in primary care settings and discusses the relative merits of several possible approaches for each patient. Funding: Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
      PubDate: 2018-05-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-018-0694-0
  • An Early View of Real-World Patient Response to Sacubitril/Valsartan: A
           Retrospective Study of Patients with Heart Failure with Reduced Ejection
    • Authors: Dana Drzayich Antol; Adrianne Waldman Casebeer; Richard W. DeClue; Stephen Stemkowski; Patricia A. Russo
      Abstract: Introduction Sacubitril/valsartan has been established as an effective treatment for heart failure (HF) with reduced ejection fraction based on clinical trial data; however, little is known about its use or impact in real-world practice. Methods This study included data from medical and pharmacy claims and medical records review for patients (n = 200) who initiated sacubitril/valsartan between August 2015 and March 2016 preceding issuance of American College of Cardiology (ACC)/American Heart Association (AHA)/Heart Failure Society of America (HFSA) focused update on new pharmacological therapy for HF (May 2016), which included recommendations for sacubitril/valsartan. A within-subject analysis compared symptoms and healthcare resource utilization before and after treatment initiation. Results Patients treated with sacubitril/valsartan had multiple comorbidities, and nearly all had previous treatment for HF. Most patients initiated sacubitril/valsartan at the lowest dose of 24/26 mg twice a day (BID), which remained unchanged during the observation period for half of the patients. During the first 6 weeks of treatment, few patients discontinued sacubitril/valsartan treatment (5.5%), and only 17% achieved the target dose of 97/103 mg BID after 4 months of treatment. The proportion of patients with ≥ 1 all-cause inpatient stay decreased significantly between the pre-initiation period (27.5%) and the post-initiation period (17.0%), P = 0.009. Fatigue was noted in 51.8% of patients pre-initiation and 39.5% post-initiation, P = 0.027. Shortness of breath was documented for 66.7% of patients pre-initiation and 51.8% post-initiation, P = 0.008. Conclusion The findings of this real-world investigation suggest sacubitril/valsartan is associated with symptom improvements and a reduction in hospitalizations within 4 months of treatment for patients with HF and reduced ejection fraction. Funding Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation.
      PubDate: 2018-05-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-018-0710-4
  • Impact of Insulin Degludec in Hospitalized Patients With and Without Type
    • Authors: Giuseppe Fatati; Agnese Di Donato; Ilenia Grandone; Pina Menicocci; Eva Mirri; Giuseppe Prosperini; Marco Scardapane; Maria Chiara Rossi; Mariangela Palazzi
      Abstract: Introduction Hyperglycemia in inpatients is a major problem, especially when nutritional support is required. This study aims to assess the impact of treatment with insulin degludec (IDeg) on mean blood glucose (BG) and glycemic variability in noncritical hospitalized patients with and without type 2 diabetes (T2DM) receiving enteral and/or parenteral nutrition (EN, PN). Methods Mean BG and glycemic variability from admission up to 7 days of hospitalization were evaluated in consecutive cases with and without T2DM. Percentage of coefficient of variation (CV) for glucose was used to express glycemic variability. Results Overall, 26 patients (13 with and 13 without T2DM) were admitted to the hospital for any cause. Subjects were 65.4% men and they were mainly elderly (mean age 66.3 ± 13.4 years). PN was administered in 88.5% of patients and EN in 19.2%. At admission, mean HbA1c level was 5.9 ± 0.7% in patients without diabetes and 9.1 ± 2.5% in patients with T2DM. During hospitalization, mean daily BG levels changed from 151 ± 47.3 mg/dl (day 1) to 157 ± 66.7 mg/dl (day 7) in patients without diabetes and from 210 ± 66.5 mg/dl to 192 ± 48.6 mg/dl in patients with T2DM. CV decreased from 14% (day 1) to 11% (day 7) in patients without diabetes and from 20% (day 1) to 9% (day 7) in patients with T2DM. No symptomatic or severe hypoglycemia occurred. Conclusions Despite the small sample size and the lack of control group, this study represents the first proof-of-concept that IDeg in hospitalized patients with or without T2DM who require nutritional support has the potential to maintain stable levels of BG and reduce glycemic variability. Funding Novo Nordisk S.p.A. grant.
      PubDate: 2018-05-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-018-0709-x
  • Application of Cu-64 NODAGA-PSMA PET in Prostate Cancer
    • Authors: Sabina Sevcenco; Hans Christoph Klingler; Klaus Eredics; Alexander Friedl; Jenifer Schneeweiss; Peter Knoll; Thomas Kunit; Lukas Lusuardi; Siroos Mirzaei
      Abstract: Introduction The high diagnostic potential of 64Cu-PSMA PET–CT imaging was clinically investigated in prostate cancer patients with recurrent disease and in the primary staging of selected patients with advanced local disease. The aim of our study is to assess the uptake behavior in the clinical setting of 64Copper Prostate-Specific Membrane Antigen (64Cu PSMA) Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography (PET/CT) in prostate cancer. Methods A retrospective study was performed in 23 patients with intermediate, high risk and progressive disease at primary staging of prostate cancer. All patients underwent 64Cu-PSMA PET. Overall, 250 MBq (4 MBq per kg bodyweight, range 230–290 MBq) of 64Cu-NODAGA PSMA was intravenously applied. PET images were performed 30 min (pelvis and abdomen) and 1–2 h post-injection (skull base to mid-thigh). Maximum standardized uptake values (SUVmax) were measured in the organs with high physiological uptake such as liver and kidney, and, additionally, background activity was measured in the gluteal area and in suspected tumor lesions using a HERMES workstation. Results PSMA uptake was detected in prostate bed in nine patients, in six patients in distant metastases (bone, lung and liver) and in nine patients in lymph nodes. Of 23 patients, 5 (20.8%) did not show any focal pathological uptake in the whole body. The number of sites (prostate bed, lymph nodes, distant metastases) with positive PSMA uptake was significantly associated with PSA values before imaging (P = 0.0032). The 64Cu PSMA uptake increased significantly from 30 min to 1–3 h post-injection (Wilcoxon signed rank test, P = 0.002). Conclusions 64Cu NODAGA-PSMA PET is a promising imaging tool in the detection of residual disease in patients with recurrent or primary progressive prostate cancer. Furthermore, the increased tracer uptake over time indicates in vivo stability of the diagnostic radiopharmaceutical.
      PubDate: 2018-05-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-018-0711-3
  • Relationship of Eating Patterns and Metabolic Parameters, and
           Teneligliptin Treatment: Interim Results from Post-marketing Surveillance
           in Japanese Type 2 Diabetes Patients
    • Authors: Takashi Kadowaki; Masakazu Haneda; Hiroshi Ito; Kazuyo Sasaki; Sonoe Hiraide; Miyuki Matsukawa; Makoto Ueno
      Abstract: Introduction Healthy eating is a critical aspect of the prevention and management of type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Disrupted eating patterns can result in poor glucose control and increase the likelihood of diabetic complications. Teneligliptin inhibits dipeptidyl peptidase-4 activity for 24 h and suppresses postprandial hyperglycemia after all three daily meals. This interim analysis of data from the large-scale post-marketing surveillance of teneligliptin (RUBY) in Japan examined eating patterns and their relationship with metabolic parameters and diabetic complications. We also examined whether eating patterns affected safety and efficacy of teneligliptin. Methods We analyzed baseline data from survey forms collected in RUBY between May 2013 and June 2017, including patient characteristics, metabolic parameters, and eating patterns (eating three meals per day or not; timing of evening meal) before teneligliptin treatment was initiated. Safety and efficacy of 12 months’ teneligliptin (20–40 mg/day) treatment was assessed. Results Data from 10,532 patients were available for analysis. Most patients who did not eat three meals per day (n  =757) or who ate their evening meal after 10 PM (n  =206) were 64 years old or younger. At baseline, glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), fasting blood glucose, triglycerides, total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, body mass index, alanine aminotransferase, and aspartate aminotransferase levels were higher in those patients who did not eat three meals per day (p < 0.05) or who ate their evening meal late (p < 0.05). Diabetic complications were more common in patients who did not eat three meals per day. Treatment with teneligliptin reduced HbA1c over 6 or 12 months across all eating patterns, with a low incidence of adverse drug reactions. Conclusions Eating patterns may be associated with altered metabolic parameters and diabetic complications among Japanese patients with T2DM. Teneligliptin may be well tolerated and improve hyperglycemia in patients with T2DM irrespective of eating patterns. Funding Mitsubishi Tanabe Pharma Corporation and Daiichi Sankyo Co. Ltd. Trial Registration Number Japic CTI-153047.
      PubDate: 2018-05-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-018-0704-2
  • The Effectiveness of Trimetazidine Treatment in Patients with Stable
           Angina Pectoris of Various Durations: Results from the CHOICE-2 Study
    • Authors: Maria Glezer; on behalf of the CHOICE-2 study investigators
      Abstract: Introduction Trimetazidine (TMZ) has been shown to reduce angina symptoms and to increase exercise capacity in randomized clinical trials, but more extensive data would be useful to assess its effects in real-world clinical practice and in patients with different durations of disease. Methods CHOICE-2 was a Russian, multicenter, 6-month, open-label, prospective observational study that assessed the effect of adding TMZ modified release 35 mg bid to antianginal treatment in a real-world setting. The present analysis of CHOICE-2 results explored the effects of adding TMZ to background antianginal therapies with regard to the duration of stable angina. Results A total of 741 patients with known durations of disease were divided into four groups according to stable angina pectoris (AP) duration, ranging from less than 1 year to more than 9 years. Addition of TMZ led to a significant decrease in the frequency of angina attacks and in the use of short-acting nitrates in all groups. In patients with recently diagnosed angina (AP duration < 1 year), the average number of angina attacks per week decreased significantly from 3.75 ± 4.63 to 0.67 ± 1.51 and in those with advanced disease (AP duration > 9 years) from 5.63 ± 5.24 to 1.32 ± 2.07. Angina-free walking distance also improved significantly. Addition of TMZ also improved patient well-being. Results were achieved rapidly (within 2 weeks), were maintained over 6 months, and were obtained in all patient groups regardless of angina duration. Conclusion TMZ added to other antianginal therapies proved to be effective for reducing angina attacks and short-acting nitrate use, increasing angina-free walking distance, and improving patient well-being in a real-life setting, irrespective of angina duration, including patients with recently diagnosed angina. This provides an opportunity for intensification of treatment early on in the disease process, with the aim of decreasing angina burden and improving patient quality of life. Funding Servier. Trial Registration ISRCTN identifier ISRCTN65209863.
      PubDate: 2018-05-15
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-018-0674-4
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