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MEDICAL SCIENCES (1946 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 3562 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access  
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access  
AADE in Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
ABCS Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Abia State University Medical Students' Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
ACIMED     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 41)
Acta Bio Medica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Bioethica     Open Access  
Acta Bioquimica Clinica Latinoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Facultatis Medicae Naissensis     Open Access  
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Medica (Hradec Králové)     Open Access  
Acta Medica Bulgarica     Open Access  
Acta Medica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Medica Indonesiana     Open Access  
Acta Medica International     Open Access  
Acta medica Lituanica     Open Access  
Acta Medica Marisiensis     Open Access  
Acta Medica Martiniana     Open Access  
Acta Medica Nagasakiensia     Open Access  
Acta Medica Peruana     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Médica Portuguesa     Open Access  
Acta Medica Saliniana     Open Access  
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acupuncture & Electro-Therapeutics Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Acupuncture and Natural Medicine     Open Access  
Addiction Science & Clinical Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Adıyaman Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi / Health Sciences Journal of Adıyaman University     Open Access  
Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Advanced Biomedical Research     Open Access  
Advanced Health Care Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advanced Science, Engineering and Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Bioscience and Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Clinical Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28)
Advances in Life Course Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Lipobiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Medical Education and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Advances in Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Microbial Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Molecular Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Molecular Toxicology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Parkinson's Disease     Open Access  
Advances in Phytomedicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Advances in Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Advances in Skeletal Muscle Function Assessment     Open Access  
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Veterinary Science and Comparative Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Wound Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access  
African Journal of Clinical and Experimental Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African Journal of Laboratory Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Trauma     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
AJOB Primary Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 3)
AJSP: Reviews & Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Aktuelle Ernährungsmedizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal     Open Access  
Alexandria Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Allgemeine Homöopathische Zeitung     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpha Omegan     Full-text available via subscription  
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Biomedical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Biomedicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
American Journal of Chinese Medicine, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Clinical Medicine Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Law & Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Managed Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Medical Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
American Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Medicine Studies     Open Access  
American Journal of Medicine Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of the Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
American Journal on Addictions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
American medical news     Free   (Followers: 3)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Amyloid: The Journal of Protein Folding Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina     Open Access  
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de la República, Uruguay     Open Access  
Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Analgesia & Resuscitation : Current Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anatolian Clinic the Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Anatomical Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Anatomical Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Anatomy     Open Access  
Anatomy Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Ankara Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ankara Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Mecmuası     Open Access  
Annales de Pathologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Anatomy - Anatomischer Anzeiger     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Annals of Biomedical Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Annals of Family Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Fundeni Hospital     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annals of The Royal College of Surgeons of England     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annual Reports in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Annual Reports on NMR Spectroscopy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annual Review of Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Anthropologie et santé     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Antibiotics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Antibodies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Antibody Technology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anuradhapura Medical Journal     Open Access  
Anwer Khan Modern Medical College Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Apparence(s)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Clinical Research, Clinical Trials and Regulatory Affairs     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Medical Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Arab Journal of Nephrology and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arak Medical University Journal     Open Access  
Archive of Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives Medical Review Journal / Arşiv Kaynak Tarama Dergisi     Open Access  
Archives of Medical and Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Medical Laboratory Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access  
Archives of Trauma Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archivos de Medicina (Manizales)     Open Access  
ArgoSpine News & Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia     Open Access  
Arquivos de Ciências da Saúde     Open Access  
Arquivos de Medicina     Open Access  
Ars Medica : Revista de Ciencias Médicas     Open Access  
ARS Medica Tomitana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Art Therapy: Journal of the American Art Therapy Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Arterial Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Artificial Intelligence in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Artificial Organs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
ASHA Leader     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Family Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asian Bioethics Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Medical and Pharmaceutical Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention     Open Access  
ASPIRATOR : Journal of Vector-borne Disease Studies     Open Access  
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Atención Familiar     Open Access  
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atti della Accademia Peloritana dei Pericolanti - Classe di Scienze Medico-Biologiche     Open Access  
Audiology - Communication Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Auris Nasus Larynx     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian Coeliac     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Journal of Medical Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Autopsy and Case Reports     Open Access  
Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Avicenna     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Avicenna Journal of Clinical Medicine     Open Access  
Avicenna Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Bioethics     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Biochemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Physics     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Medical Journal     Open Access  

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Journal Cover
Advances in Life Course Research
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.682
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 8  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1040-2608
Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3163 journals]
  • Understanding trends in family formation trajectories: An application of
           Competing Trajectories Analysis (CTA)
    • Authors: Matthias Studer; Aart C. Liefbroer; Jarl E. Mooyaart
      Pages: 1 - 12
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Advances in Life Course Research, Volume 36
      Author(s): Matthias Studer, Aart C. Liefbroer, Jarl E. Mooyaart
      Over the past 50 years, family formation trajectories have undergone major changes in the events that occur as well as in the timing and order of these events. Whereas previous studies showed when and how these shifts occur, not much research has been conducted to test why these changes have taken place. This paper tests two possible explanations, namely cultural (secularization) and economic (youth unemployment) change using the Fertility and Family survey of the Netherlands conducted in 2008. We also employed a new method, Competing Trajectories Analysis (CTA), which combines features of sequence analysis and event history analysis, to examine the relationship between secularization and youth unemployment and pathways into adulthood. Our results show that the start of family formation is postponed in times of high secularization and youth unemployment, when pathways including early marriage and parenthood become less popular, and cohabiting without having children becomes more popular.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T15:36:13Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alcr.2018.02.003
      Issue No: Vol. 36 (2018)
  • Pathways to commitment in living-apart-together relationships in the
           Netherlands: A study on satisfaction, alternatives, investments and social
    • Authors: Roselinde van der Wiel; Clara H. Mulder; Ajay Bailey
      Pages: 13 - 22
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Advances in Life Course Research, Volume 36
      Author(s): Roselinde van der Wiel, Clara H. Mulder, Ajay Bailey
      The non-institutionalised, flexible nature of living-apart-together (LAT) raises questions about partner commitment in the context of the debate about the individualisation of society. We explored how partner commitment in LAT relationships in the Netherlands is shaped by individuals’ satisfaction with, alternatives to, investments in and social support for their relationship. The underlying theoretical framework is an extended version of the Investment Model of Commitment. We conducted 22 semi-structured, in-depth interviews with men and women. The major themes that were addressed in the analysis were commitment, satisfaction, alternatives, investments, social support, relationship history and future plans. Participants were emotionally highly attached to their partner, but they doubted their commitment to maintaining their relationship in the future. Satisfaction with the current partner and intrinsic investments, such as emotions and effort, were described as contributing the most to feelings of commitment. Social support, quality of alternatives and extrinsic investments, such as material ties, were felt to contribute the least. Relationship history and life experience played an important role in how middle-aged and older individuals, of whom many were divorced, perceived the four determinants and experienced commitment. In this context, the LAT arrangement expressed fear of commitment and getting hurt, which was further reflected in limited investments. The paper concludes that although emotional attachment appears to be high among people in LAT relationships, they may have a relatively limited belief and interest in life-long partnerships.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T15:36:13Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alcr.2018.03.001
      Issue No: Vol. 36 (2018)
  • Pathways between socioeconomic status and health: Does health selection or
           social causation dominate in Europe'
    • Authors: Rasmus Hoffmann; Hannes Kröger; Eduwin Pakpahan
      Pages: 23 - 36
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Advances in Life Course Research, Volume 36
      Author(s): Rasmus Hoffmann, Hannes Kröger, Eduwin Pakpahan
      Health differences which correspond to socioeconomic status (SES) can be attributed to three causal mechanisms: SES affects health (social causation), health affects SES (health selection), and common background factors influence both SES and health (indirect selection). Using retrospective survey data from 10 European countries (SHARELIFE, n = 20,227) and structural equation models in a cross-lagged panel design, we determine the relative importance in terms of explanatory power of social causation and health selection in the life course from childhood to old age. Both SES and health heavily depend on their prior status, albeit more for SES than health. During the transition from childhood to working ages, social causation and health selection are equally weak. Turning to the second phase (transition from working ages to old age) causation increases while selection decreases which makes causation the dominant mechanism in older age. While the contribution of common background factors remains difficult to assess, this study shows that both social causation and health selection are responsible for health inequalities; however, their relative importance changes with age. Life course modelling can complement causal analysis by revealing interactions between the processes of SES and health and their contribution to health inequality.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T15:36:13Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alcr.2018.02.002
      Issue No: Vol. 36 (2018)
  • Adults who co-reside and the young adulthood factors that lead them there
    • Authors: Michael J. Merten; Amanda L. Williams; Ashley N. Harvey; Leslie Haughey
      Pages: 37 - 44
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Advances in Life Course Research, Volume 36
      Author(s): Michael J. Merten, Amanda L. Williams, Ashley N. Harvey, Leslie Haughey
      It has become common for young people to continue living with their parents into adulthood. While there are a number of social, economic, and cultural factors contributing to this dynamic, less is known about how individual behaviors, mental health, and family relationships across the life course contribute to parent/adult child coresidence. The present study used data from 9268 participants of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health to examine pathways connecting early economic hardship and “rushing to adulthood” during the teenage years with young adult constrained resources, mental health, and parent-child relationships to predict adult residency with parents. Results suggest that family economic hardship sets into motion cumulative disadvantages through adolescent precocious events that constrain resources in young adulthood, deteriorate mental health through increased depressive symptoms, and damage relationships with parents contributing to indirect pathways leading to parent-adult child coresidence.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T15:36:13Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alcr.2018.03.002
      Issue No: Vol. 36 (2018)
  • Internal migration over young adult life courses: Continuities and changes
           across cohorts in West Germany
    • Authors: Sergi Vidal; Katharina Lutz
      Pages: 45 - 56
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Advances in Life Course Research, Volume 36
      Author(s): Sergi Vidal, Katharina Lutz
      This study examines internal migration as part of unfolding life courses, scrutinizing stability and change across socio-historical contexts from post-war Germany. We inquire whether the structure of family and labour market life courses intersect with migration experience in early adult ages for men and women born around 1939–41, 1949–51, 1964 and 1971. We then establish how recent changes in the transition to adulthood are reflected in the life courses of internal migrants. We accomplish this using exploratory mining of event histories on retrospective monthly records of life events occurring between ages 16 and 30 from the West German samples of the German Life History Study. Our descriptive analyses reveal that the structure of young adults’ life courses intersects with internal migration experience. Differences in the life courses of movers and stayers have increased across socio-historical periods, and are more apparent in the labour market trajectory than in the family trajectory. Diversity in internal migrants’ trajectories reflect the complex ways in which young adults negotiate life courses, and align with the generalized protraction of school-to-work transitions and the delay of family projects. Our research adds to recent studies that underline the value of situating migration events in the wider biographical and structural contexts. Findings contribute to map in efficient ways the full complexity of individual life courses.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T15:36:13Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alcr.2018.03.003
      Issue No: Vol. 36 (2018)
  • Do women’s pre-birth relative wages moderate the parenthood effect on
           gender inequality in working hours'
    • Authors: Jonas Wood; Tine Kil; Leen Marynissen
      Pages: 57 - 69
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Advances in Life Course Research, Volume 36
      Author(s): Jonas Wood, Tine Kil, Leen Marynissen
      Although young couples increasingly divide paid and ​unpaid work equally, the transition to parenthood is associated with the production of gender inequality. Given the rising prevalence of female breadwinner households in Europe, this paper assesses whether the parenthood effect on gender inequality in employment is counteracted in couples where women were the main income providers before the onset of family formation. Using longitudinal micro-data (1999–2010) from the Belgian Crossroads Bank for Social Security and the National Register, population-averaged logit models assess the effect of pre-birth relative earnings on parental employment strategies following the transition to parenthood. Results indicate that a female main earner constellation positively relates to egalitarian and female-oriented employment strategies. Although pre-birth relative earnings affect the magnitude of the negative relationship between parenthood and gender inequality in paid work, male-oriented parental employment strategies continue to occur most, even among female main earner couples. Hence, variation in pre-birth relative earnings cannot fully account for the rise in gender inequality in employment following the transition to parenthood, suggesting that cultural as well as structural factors limit parents to opt for an egalitarian employment division.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T15:36:13Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alcr.2018.04.002
      Issue No: Vol. 36 (2018)
  • Secondary traumatization, relationship problems, and adult children’s
           well-being: Long-term effects of World War II in the Netherlands
    • Authors: Matthijs Kalmijn
      Pages: 70 - 79
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 April 2018
      Source:Advances in Life Course Research
      Author(s): Matthijs Kalmijn
      The hypothesis of secondary traumatization argues that children raised by parents who were traumatized by war, have more mental health problems than other children. Past evidence for this hypothesis is not consistent. This paper re-examines the hypothesis by analyzing a large nationally representative survey of adult children in the Netherlands in 2002-2003 (n = 3,413) with retrospective information on parental trauma caused by the experience of World War II. Using regression models with an elaborate set of controls, it is found that adult children whose parents suffered from World War II, had poorer mental health and experienced more negative life events. About a third of these long-term effects was mediated by the problems traumatized parents had in maintaining secure relationships with their spouse and children when they were raising their children. Echoing this finding, it is found that traumatized parents have poorer relationships with their children when the children are adult.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T15:36:13Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alcr.2018.04.004
      Issue No: Vol. 36 (2018)
  • Social mobility and family expansion in Poland and Russia during socialism
           and capitalism
    • Authors: Sunnee Billingsley; Anna Matysiak
      Pages: 80 - 91
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Advances in Life Course Research, Volume 36
      Author(s): Sunnee Billingsley, Anna Matysiak
      We explore whether social mobility influences fertility behavior, using multiple comparative layers to better observe structural and individual-level mechanisms at work. We locate this study in Poland and Russia during periods of socialism and capitalism. Applying event-history analysis techniques to longitudinal micro-data, we find evidence of a relationship between mobility and second birth risks for women only. Status enhancement aims seem the most plausible link between mobility and childbearing. The relationship appears moderated by the economic context, which we interpret as being related to differential selection into upward and downward mobility based on labor market opportunities. In general, the suppressing effect of upward mobility on second birth risks was stronger in the poorer economic context of Russia, whereas the increased second birth risks related to downward mobility were heightened in Poland’s more prosperous context.

      PubDate: 2018-05-28T14:33:23Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alcr.2018.04.001
      Issue No: Vol. 36 (2018)
  • Ethnic differences in timing and duration of exposure to neighborhood
           disadvantage during childhood
    • Authors: Tom Kleinepier; Maarten van Ham; Jaap Nieuwenhuis
      Pages: 92 - 104
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Advances in Life Course Research, Volume 36
      Author(s): Tom Kleinepier, Maarten van Ham, Jaap Nieuwenhuis
      This paper examines ethnic differences in childhood neighborhood disadvantage among children living in the Netherlands. In contrast to more conventional approaches for assessing children’s exposure to neighborhood poverty (e.g., point-in-time and cumulative measures of exposure), we apply sequence analysis to simultaneously capture the timing and duration of exposure to poor neighborhoods during childhood. Rich administrative microdata offered a unique opportunity to follow the entire 1999 birth cohort of the Turkish, Moroccan, Surinamese, and Antillean second generation and a native Dutch comparison group from birth up until age 15 (N = 24,212). Results indicate that especially Turkish and Moroccan children had higher odds than native Dutch children to live in a poor neighborhood at any specific stage during childhood, but particularly throughout the entirety of childhood. Although ethnic differences in neighborhood income trajectories became smaller after adjusting for parental and household characteristics, a substantial proportion of the differences remained unexplained. In addition, the impact of household income on children’s neighborhood income trajectories was found to be weaker for ethnic minority children than for native Dutch children. We discuss our findings in relation to theories on spatial assimilation, place stratification, and residential preferences.

      PubDate: 2018-05-28T14:33:23Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alcr.2018.04.003
      Issue No: Vol. 36 (2018)
  • Marital status, gender, and material hardship: Evidence from Israel
    • Authors: Alisa C. Lewin; Haya Stier
      Pages: 46 - 56
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:Advances in Life Course Research, Volume 35
      Author(s): Alisa C. Lewin, Haya Stier
      There is growing evidence that some of the detrimental effects of divorce carry over in the long term. This study compares the long- and short-term experiences of poverty and material hardship, among divorced, married, and remarried men and women. The study draws on Israel’s 2013 Social Survey, conducted by Israel’s Central Bureau of Statistics. The sample is limited to ever-married Jewish men and women (n = 5618). Arabs and Ultra-orthodox Jews were excluded because divorce is rare in these communities. Our findings reveal the different vulnerabilities men and women face following divorce, especially in the long term. Those long divorced were worse off than those who remained married whereas those who remarried did not differ from those who remained married in terms of poverty and economic hardship. Women were more likely than men to experience poverty and hardship following divorce, but men may also encounter a divorce penalty, as they experience some measures of hardship without falling into poverty. We conclude that measures of hardship emphasize vulnerability, insecurity and exposure to risk, aspects that may become more evident over time.

      PubDate: 2018-05-31T14:48:31Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alcr.2018.01.002
      Issue No: Vol. 35 (2018)
  • Early neighborhood conditions and trajectories of depressive symptoms
           across adolescence and into adulthood
    • Authors: Peter B. Barr
      Pages: 57 - 68
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:Advances in Life Course Research, Volume 35
      Author(s): Peter B. Barr
      Early life conditions, including childhood socioeconomic status (SES) or exposure to adverse conditions, can have long-term consequences on mental health. However, relatively little has examined the long-term influence of exposure to adverse neighborhood conditions in early life. Both neighborhood disadvantage and neighborhood disorder have been consistently linked to mental health outcomes, especially depression. The current analysis uses data from all waves of the National Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health) to determine the influence of neighborhood context on trajectories of depressive symptoms from adolescence into adulthood. We find that neighborhood disadvantage has no influence on initial levels or change over time in depressive symptoms after adjusting for individual level covariates. However, neighborhood disorder is associated with greater initial levels of depressive symptoms during adolescence and this difference persists throughout the early life course. Additionally, while female respondents had greater levels of depressive symptoms across time, the effect of neighborhood conditions did not vary by sex. Our results demonstrate that early neighborhood conditions are an important risk factor for long-term patterns of depressive symptoms, above and beyond important proximal factors such as family SES, family composition, and race-ethnicity.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T15:36:13Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alcr.2018.01.005
      Issue No: Vol. 35 (2018)
  • Micro-level experiences of macro-level change: A cohort perspective on
           China’s shift away from state-sector employment
    • Authors: Wen Fan; Fangsheng Zhu; Phyllis Moen
      Pages: 77 - 86
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:Advances in Life Course Research, Volume 35
      Author(s): Wen Fan, Fangsheng Zhu, Phyllis Moen
      An expanding and more lucrative private sector characterizes China’s economic transition over the last four decades. But have these labor market opportunities been equally distributed, or does historical timing of labor force entries matter' Drawing on a life-course, cohort perspective and nationally representative occupational histories (2003 and 2008 Chinese General Social Surveys), we examine the odds of a private-sector first job and of shifts from state- to private-sector jobs for two reform cohorts entering the labor market between 1978 and 2008. We find cohort variations in the impact of structural location (education and party affiliation) in predicting sector of first job and sector shifts. The least educated (high school dropouts) from the Late Reform cohort are most impacted by the expanding private sector, in terms of their first job (in private/hybrid firms and self-employment). Party membership takes on a different meaning over time, promoting Early Reform cohort members’ private-sector entry, but being a deterrent for Late Reform cohort members. A key potential consequence of Chinese economic reform based on our cohort comparisons: increasing transfer of those with less educational and political credentials from the state to the private sector, either through first-job availability or through (forced) self-employment following layoffs. The China case demonstrates the value of a cohort and life-course perspective grounded in careful institutional and historical analysis for capturing the impact of historical timing in shifting opportunity structures shaping individuals’ work lives and for understanding social change.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T15:36:13Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alcr.2018.01.006
      Issue No: Vol. 35 (2018)
  • Without the ties that bind: U.S. young adults who lack active parental
    • Authors: Caroline Sten Hartnett; Karen L. Fingerman; Kira S. Birditt
      Pages: 103 - 113
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:Advances in Life Course Research, Volume 35
      Author(s): Caroline Sten Hartnett, Karen L. Fingerman, Kira S. Birditt
      Parents are an important source of affection and support for young adults in the U.S., so those who lack parental relationships are a potentially vulnerable group. This study outlines how common it is for young adults to report lacking an active parental tie and provides a portrait of these young adults. Analysis of the 2008–2009 National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (N = 5090) reveals that the vast majority of young adults ages 25–32 in the U.S. – 97.6% – have an active relationship with at least one parent figure. Only a small share of young adults lack a relationship with a mother figure (6%), due primarily to early maternal death. A larger share of young adults lack a relationship with a father figure (20%), usually because their father figure is deceased or they never had a father figure (rather than having become estranged over time). Young adults who are Black or from lower socioeconomic backgrounds are more likely to lack parental ties in young adulthood. In addition, prior events such as parental separation or incarceration are associated with an elevated likelihood of being estranged in early adulthood (though these events are rarely followed by estrangement with an existing parent figure).

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T15:36:13Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alcr.2018.01.004
      Issue No: Vol. 35 (2018)
  • Extended working lives and late-career destabilisation: A longitudinal
           study of Finnish register data
    • Authors: Aart-Jan Riekhoff
      Pages: 114 - 125
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:Advances in Life Course Research, Volume 35
      Author(s): Aart-Jan Riekhoff
      This article analyses whether the trend of extending working lives has coincided with a destabilisation of late careers in Finland. On one hand, reforms that eliminate alternative exit pathways typically have been aimed at simplifying the transition from work to retirement. On the other hand, the need to work longer might entail a risk of increasing transitions between work and non-employment, as well as between jobs. Destabilisation is defined as the process of increasing complexity within individual life-course patterns over time. Using register-based Finnish Linked Employer-Employee Data, complexity within individual sequences of annual labour-market statuses between ages 51 and 65 is calculated for the Finnish population born between 1937 and 1948 (N = 238,099). Distinction is made between sequences that only include transitions between employment and non-employment and sequences that include transitions between different jobs as well. Results show that the average late-career complexity has decreased when only transitions between work, unemployment, and pension types are considered, especially among women and the higher-educated. Less change is observed among the lower-educated. When transitions between jobs are included, the results show a slight late-career destabilisation among men and lower-educated, but a decrease in complexity among women and higher-educated. The findings suggest that late-career complexity was increasingly determined by transitions between jobs rather than between spells of employment and non-employment. However, lower-educated older workers continued to be at greater risk of early exit, while at the same time experiencing destabilising employment careers.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T15:36:13Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alcr.2018.01.007
      Issue No: Vol. 35 (2018)
  • Early childhood attachment and suicidal ideation among young Kenyan men
    • Authors: Michael L. Goodman; Derrick Gibson; Thiennga T. Vo; Aaron Wang; Stanley Gitari; Ben Raimer
      Pages: 126 - 134
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:Advances in Life Course Research, Volume 35
      Author(s): Michael L. Goodman, Derrick Gibson, Thiennga T. Vo, Aaron Wang, Stanley Gitari, Ben Raimer
      The interpersonal theory of suicide posits that suicide behavior is driven by two interpersonal dynamics – perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness. Attachment theory posits that one’s sense of belonging may stem from social attachments during childhood. In this study, we investigate whether these two theories may be meaningfully combined to provide a life course perspective on suicide ideation among young Kenyan men (age 18–34 years). We find that respondents who recalled childhood attachments that were less safe and warm were significantly more likely to report suicide ideation, a pathway that was significantly mediated by present loneliness. Consistent with the interpersonal theory of suicide, the association between loneliness and suicide ideation was significantly mediated by less meaning in life and hope. Suicide ideation in adulthood may be prevented by promoting more secure attachments during childhood.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T15:36:13Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alcr.2018.02.001
      Issue No: Vol. 35 (2018)
  • Positive self-concept predicts youth staying in school longer in India
    • Authors: Renee Ryberg
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 May 2018
      Source:Advances in Life Course Research
      Author(s): Renee Ryberg
      Research based on youth in the United States and Europe has established the importance of noncognitive skills for successful transitions to adulthood. The influence of noncognitive skills may vary by social and economic contexts, though, and nine in ten youth worldwide live in developing countries where noncognitive skills have not been rigorously studied. I specifically examine the role that self-concept plays in predicting education/work status in the transition to adulthood among youth in Andhra Pradesh, India. Using data from the Young Lives study, I investigate the measurement properties of positive self-concept and use structural equation modeling to examine whether this competence in early adolescence (age 11-12) predicts whether youth (age 18-19) are in school, work, both, or are not currently in education, employment, or training (NEET). Findings suggest that positive self-concept is associated with youth staying in school rather than working, and young women staying in school rather than being NEET, and its effect size is comparable to those of cognitive skills. The present study contributes to the field’s understanding of a noncognitive skill, self-concept, in a new setting and points to the importance of future work investigating the role noncognitive skills play in the lives of young people in diverse settings, and the conditions under which these skills are influential.

      PubDate: 2018-05-28T14:33:23Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alcr.2018.05.002
  • Educational assortative mating and couples’ linked late-life
           employment trajectories
    • Authors: Mark Visser; Anette Eva Fasang
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 30 April 2018
      Source:Advances in Life Course Research
      Author(s): Mark Visser, Anette Eva Fasang
      In the context of population aging and growing numbers of older workers and older couples, this study examines how educational assortative mating earlier in life is associated with the division of paid work later in life between partners of opposite-sex couples in the Netherlands. We observe 20 years of linked partners’ employment trajectories, when the male partners were aged 45–65. This longitudinal and dyadic perspective enables us to examine long-term patterns in couples’ division of paid work, including the timing of retirement, beyond snapshots of the division of paid work between partners at specific ages. We consider labor supply and labor demand factors for older workers in connection to cumulative (dis)advantage over the life course and argue that educational assortative mating earlier in life reinforces social inequality between couples later in life. We innovatively apply multichannel sequence and cluster analysis using retrospective data from four waves of the Family Survey Dutch Population (FSDP) for the 1916–1957 birth cohorts. Findings support a typology of five groups of older couples: 1) high-status dual-earners, 2) low-status dual-earners, 3) high-status male breadwinners, 4) low-status male breadwinners and 5) dual-jobless/disabled couples. The male breadwinner clusters are more prevalent overall (53%), but even among these relatively old birth cohorts, a substantial share of couples is in a long-term, stable dual-earner arrangement later in life (41%). The majority of dual-earner couples consists of two high-status earners (24%). Multinomial logistic regression analysis supports that educational assortative mating earlier in life is associated with a polarization into resource-rich high-status dual-earners and resource-poor low-status male breadwinner couples later in life. We conclude that educational assortative mating sets in processes of cumulative (dis)advantage over the life course that leave an enduring imprint on couples’ late-life employment trajectories.

      PubDate: 2018-05-28T14:33:23Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alcr.2018.04.005
  • Multidimensional and fluctuating experiences of loneliness from childhood
           to young adulthood in Northern Finland
    • Authors: Anna Reetta Rönkä; Anja Taanila; Arja Rautio; Vappu Sunnari
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 January 2018
      Source:Advances in Life Course Research
      Author(s): Anna Reetta Rönkä, Anja Taanila, Arja Rautio, Vappu Sunnari
      Loneliness is a negative, involuntary experience, common among children and adolescents. It has been recently suggested that young adults are especially prone to loneliness, as they experience many transitions while establishing their own lifestyles; however, there is a lack of research on the experience of loneliness among this age group. In the present study, the lived experiences of past and current loneliness from childhood to young adulthood in people (aged 27–28 years) born in Northern Finland were examined. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 35 participants who self-reported that they were very lonely in adolescence. Their responses were analyzed with a theory-guided, qualitative content analysis method, in which the meanings of loneliness over their life courses were explored. As a result, loneliness experiences of young adults are described using five dimensions: Personal, Relational, Physical context, Life event, and Sociocultural. These dimensions revealed the entangled ways in which loneliness is experienced; how it emerges, intensifies, and is alleviated; and what consequences it carries. The duration and intensity of loneliness experienced by the participants fluctuated over the course of their lives, and six distinct trajectories of loneliness were constructed from the data. Loneliness had a variety of causes and detrimental consequences; chronic loneliness was developed through the entangled effects of self and other related adversities over time, and matters related to the Sociocultural dimension of loneliness. (Hetero)gender(ed)norms centrally affected intensification of loneliness. To reduce the risk of chronic loneliness and improve wellbeing and health, early and multilevel interventions – individual, relational, communal, and societal – are warranted.

      PubDate: 2018-01-09T21:48:10Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alcr.2018.01.003
  • The effect of an early-career involuntary job loss on later life health in
    • Authors: Jonas Voßemer; Michael Gebel; Olena Nizalova; Olga Nikolaieva
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 5 January 2018
      Source:Advances in Life Course Research
      Author(s): Jonas Voßemer, Michael Gebel, Olena Nizalova, Olga Nikolaieva
      Recent years have witnessed an increase in interest towards the long-term health consequences of early-career job loss and youth unemployment. Relying on detailed retrospective data from the third wave (2008/09) of the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) this paper investigates whether an involuntary job loss in the first 10 years after labour market entry has lasting negative effects on health more than 30 years later. The results show that an early-career involuntary job loss due to a layoff or plant closure increases the probability of fair or poor self-rated health in late life by about 6 percentage points. Moreover, examining the mechanisms behind this relationship, the analysis reveals that the subsequent unemployment risks and employment instability only explain a small share of the total effect. In line with previous studies, these findings highlight the importance of early career experiences for workers’ later life health.

      PubDate: 2018-01-09T21:48:10Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alcr.2018.01.001
  • Working, Parenting and Work-Home Spillover: Gender Differences in the
           Work-Home Interface across the Life Course
    • Authors: Katherine Y. Lin; Sarah A. Burgard
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 24 December 2017
      Source:Advances in Life Course Research
      Author(s): Katherine Y. Lin, Sarah A. Burgard
      In this study, we bring a life course approach to work-family research and ask how work-home spillover changes as men and women move through different parenting stages. We use two waves of the Mid-Life in the United States Study (MIDUS I and II, 1996-2004, N = 1,319) and estimate change-score models to document the association between five parenting transitions (becoming a parent, starting to parent a school-aged child, an adolescent, young adult, or adult child) and changes in both positive and negative work-to-home (WHS) and home-to-work (HWS) spillover, testing for gender differences in these associations. We find that moving through parenting stages is related to within-person changes in reports of work-home spillover, and that mothers and fathers encounter changes in spillover at different points in the life course. Our findings detail how transitions through parenthood produce a gendered life course, and speaks to the need for policies to support working parents throughout the life course.

      PubDate: 2017-12-26T20:57:25Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alcr.2017.12.003
  • The Class Attainment and the Career Mobility of Southern Italians in
           Northern Italy and in West Germany. A Comparison Between Internal and
           International Migrants.
    • Authors: Nazareno Panichella
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 16 December 2017
      Source:Advances in Life Course Research
      Author(s): Nazareno Panichella
      This paper studies the class attainment of a single group of migrants, the Southern Italians, to two destinations: Northern Italy and West Germany. It analyses whether the labour market trajectories vary among institutional contexts or follow the same integration pathway across different receiving societies. In doing so, this study expands the literature in two directions. On the one hand, it stresses the importance of macro-features of the host society for studying migrants' integration processes. On the other hand, it highlights similarities and differences between internal and international migration. The paper reports empirical analyses based on the Longitudinal Survey on Italian Households (ILHS) and the German Socio-Economic Panel (GSOEP). The results show that the inclusion of Southern migrants, both internal and international, took place at lower levels of the class structure. The greater rigidity and the strong emphasis on vocational training of the German labour market pushed Southern migrants into the unskilled urban working class. In Northern Italy, by contrast, the possibility of entering the public sector facilitated their inclusion in the middle classes. Despite those differences, in both destinations, Southern migrants had fewer opportunities of upward social mobility than the native population.

      PubDate: 2017-12-23T07:56:16Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alcr.2017.12.001
  • Precocious Life Course Transitions, Exits From, and Returns to the
           Parental Home
    • Authors: Cody Warner; Jason N. Houle
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 27 November 2017
      Source:Advances in Life Course Research
      Author(s): Cody Warner, Jason N. Houle
      Residential independence has long been considered a core feature of the transition to adulthood in contemporary American society. But in recent years a growing share of young adults are living in their parents’ household, and many of these have returned home after a spell of residential independence. Recent research on exits and returns to the parental home has focused on the role of concurrent life-course transitions, young adult social and economic status, family background, and family connectivity. We know little, however, about how precocious, or early, life course transitions during adolescence affect leaving or returning home. We use longitudinal data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (1997 Cohort) to examine the association between precocious transitions to adult roles during adolescence and home-leaving (n=8,865) and home-returning (n=7,704) in the United States. Some, but not all, precocious transitions are tied to residential transitions, and often in competing ways. Our findings contribute to growing research on young adults living in the parental home, and shows how adolescent experiences can contribute to inequality in the transition to adulthood.

      PubDate: 2017-12-03T03:47:35Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alcr.2017.11.001
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