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Showing 1 - 200 of 3562 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access  
AADE in Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ABCS Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Abia State University Medical Students' Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
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ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 42)
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Acta Bioquimica Clinica Latinoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
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Advances in Parkinson's Disease     Open Access  
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Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
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Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Wound Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
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African Journal of Laboratory Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Trauma     Open Access  
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
AJOB Primary Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 3)
Aktuelle Ernährungsmedizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal     Open Access  
Alexandria Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Allgemeine Homöopathische Zeitung     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpha Omegan     Full-text available via subscription  
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Biomedical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Biomedicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
American Journal of Chinese Medicine, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Clinical Medicine Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Law & Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Managed Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Medical Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
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American Journal of Medicine Studies     Open Access  
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American Journal of the Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
American Journal on Addictions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American medical news     Free   (Followers: 3)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Amyloid: The Journal of Protein Folding Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina     Open Access  
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de la República, Uruguay     Open Access  
Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Analgesia & Resuscitation : Current Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Anatomical Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Anatomical Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Anatomy Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annales de Pathologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Anatomy - Anatomischer Anzeiger     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
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Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Annals of Family Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Fundeni Hospital     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annals of The Royal College of Surgeons of England     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annual Reports in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Annual Reports on NMR Spectroscopy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annual Review of Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Anthropologie et santé     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Antibiotics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Antibodies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Antibody Technology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anuradhapura Medical Journal     Open Access  
Anwer Khan Modern Medical College Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Apparence(s)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Clinical Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applied Clinical Research, Clinical Trials and Regulatory Affairs     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Medical Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Arab Journal of Nephrology and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arak Medical University Journal     Open Access  
Archive of Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Community Health     Open Access  
Archives of Biomedical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Archives of Medical and Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Medical Laboratory Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Trauma Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archivos de Medicina (Manizales)     Open Access  
ArgoSpine News & Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia     Open Access  
Arquivos de Ciências da Saúde     Open Access  
Arquivos de Medicina     Open Access  
Ars Medica : Revista de Ciencias Médicas     Open Access  
ARS Medica Tomitana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Art Therapy: Journal of the American Art Therapy Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Arterial Hypertension     Open Access  
Artificial Intelligence in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Artificial Organs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Asia Pacific Family Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asian Bioethics Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asian Journal of Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Medical and Pharmaceutical Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention     Open Access  
ASPIRATOR : Journal of Vector-borne Disease Studies     Open Access  
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Atención Familiar     Open Access  
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Audiology - Communication Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Auris Nasus Larynx     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian Coeliac     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Journal of Medical Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Autopsy and Case Reports     Open Access  
Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Avicenna     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Avicenna Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Bioethics     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Biochemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Physics     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Medical Journal     Open Access  
Bangladesh Medical Journal Khulna     Open Access  
Basal Ganglia     Hybrid Journal  
Basic Sciences of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
BBA Clinical     Open Access  
BC Medical Journal     Free  
Benha Medical Journal     Open Access  
Bijblijven     Hybrid Journal  
Bijzijn     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bijzijn XL     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bio-Algorithms and Med-Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
BioDiscovery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bioelectromagnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bioengineering & Translational Medicine     Open Access  
Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Bioethics Research Notes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Biologics in Therapy     Open Access  

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Journal Cover Advances in Life Course Research
  [SJR: 0.764]   [H-I: 15]   [8 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1040-2608
   Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3177 journals]
  • The labour market intentions and behaviour of stay-at-home mothers in
           Western and Eastern Europe
    • Authors: Anne H. Gauthier; Tom Emery; Alzbeta Bartova
      Pages: 1 - 15
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2016
      Source:Advances in Life Course Research, Volume 30
      Author(s): Anne H. Gauthier, Tom Emery, Alzbeta Bartova
      Despite recent increases in female labour force participation across Europe, a non-negligible proportion of women continue to remain out of the labour force for short or longer periods of time. Among the six countries included in this paper, stay-at-home mothers represent on average 33% of all mothers with children under the age of 12. Using two waves of data from the Generations and Gender Survey, we examine cross-national differences in the labour market intentions and behaviour of stay-at-home mothers. In particular, we ask the questions of what individual- and societal-level factors influence stay-at-home mothers’ intention to join the labour force, and what factors allow (or prevent) them from realizing their intentions. The results reveal that traditional personal attitudes towards working mothers deter stay-at-home mothers from intending to join the labour force. Moreover, such traditional personal attitudes, combined with financial security, further boost mothers’ realization of negative work intention (i.e. the intention to stay at home). We also found some evidence of the role of societal context but only in the realization of negative intention.

      PubDate: 2018-01-02T21:24:34Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alcr.2015.12.002
      Issue No: Vol. 30 (2018)
  • How does parenthood affect life satisfaction in Russia'
    • Authors: Malgorzata Mikucka
      Pages: 16 - 29
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2016
      Source:Advances in Life Course Research, Volume 30
      Author(s): Malgorzata Mikucka
      The literature on life satisfaction dynamics during parenthood relies largely on data from Western countries. This paper tests if previously described empirical patterns and theoretical models are general by confronting them with estimates from Russia. We apply fixed effect regression for panel data to the Russia Longitudinal Monitoring Survey data covering the period 1994–2015. We estimate the long-term dynamics of life satisfaction during parenthood and we investigate the moderating effect of age at first birth, income, and education. The results show that in Russia parental life satisfaction increases during a first birth, but the increase is stronger at a second birth. The effect of parenthood on life satisfaction is positive in the long run. Moreover, younger age at first birth temporarily (but not in the long run) suppresses the long-term positive effect of parenthood on life satisfaction. These results provide little support to the set-point theory of happiness, but are consistent with selection to parenthood and with the demands and rewards approach.

      PubDate: 2018-01-02T21:24:34Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alcr.2016.03.004
      Issue No: Vol. 30 (2018)
  • Towards a socio-structural framework for life course analysis
    • Authors: René Levy; Felix Bühlmann
      Pages: 30 - 42
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2016
      Source:Advances in Life Course Research, Volume 30
      Author(s): René Levy, Felix Bühlmann
      In spite of several decades of development, the theoretical underpinnings of life course research go rarely beyond the five general principles formulated by Elder. This article proposes a socio-structural framework based on a definition of the life course as an individual movement through social space. It integrates structural and cultural aspects, but gives priority to the former, and considers social space to be defined by three basic dimensions of differentiation: hierarchical ranks, specialisation, and system levels. In a second part, we discuss how Elder’s principles relate to and can be used in the framework we propose. Since several disciplines are interested in this topic, our approach includes a series of docking points not only for other theoretical perspectives from sociology, but also from other disciplines such as social psychology or political science.

      PubDate: 2018-01-02T21:24:34Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alcr.2016.03.005
      Issue No: Vol. 30 (2018)
  • Are leisure activity and health interconnected after retirement:
           Educational differences
    • Authors: Martin Wetzel; Oliver Huxhold
      Pages: 43 - 52
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2016
      Source:Advances in Life Course Research, Volume 30
      Author(s): Martin Wetzel, Oliver Huxhold
      Objectives Retirement is a critical life event accompanied by profound changes in life circumstances to which people have to actively adapt. Two important dimensions for the success of adjustment are health and activity. Therefore, we examined developments of physical health and leisure activity over the first 12-years of retirement and their bi-directional interconnections. In this study, we questioned whether all retirees have the same chances for successful aging. Methods We used longitudinal data of the German Ageing Survey (DEAS) and identified 2897 retirees. We estimated a bivariate dual change score model simultaneously for retirees who have more and retirees who have less education. Physical health was assessed via the number of self-reported chronic conditions and leisure activity via the number of hobbies engaged in at least monthly. Results At the transition into retirement, retirees with less education showed a slightly lower level in health and a distinctly lower level in leisure activity than retirees with more education. These mean level differences persisted over 12 years since an increase of educational difference was neither found for leisure activities nor for physical health. Furthermore, level of activity did not predict changes in physical health. Additionally, only retirees who had less education were sensitive to their levels of health. For those, worse health predicted a reduction in leisure activity. Discussion Illness seem to limit leisure activities only for less educated individuals. We discussed these findings under a cumulative inequality perspective. Retirees who have less education are double-jeopardized. They report not only lower levels in health and activity, they are also dependent in their activity on their physical health status. This shows that people have unequal chances for successful aging in retirement.

      PubDate: 2018-01-02T21:24:34Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alcr.2016.03.007
      Issue No: Vol. 30 (2018)
  • Does family matter for recent immigrants’ life satisfaction'
    • Authors: Claudia Masferrer
      Pages: 53 - 71
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2016
      Source:Advances in Life Course Research, Volume 30
      Author(s): Claudia Masferrer
      Using the Longitudinal Survey of Immigrants to Canada, a nationally representative survey of recent immigrants, this paper explores the influence of coresidents on satisfaction with life in Canada. Results of cross-sectional logistic regression models indicate that except for living with young children shortly after arrival, living arrangements have a null influence on life satisfaction, when taking into account explanatory factors of demographic characteristics and modes of incorporation. To study how living arrangements influence changes in life satisfaction over time, I estimate fixed- and random-effects logistic regression models. Results from longitudinal analyses show that coresidents and changes in coresidents have null effects on changes in life satisfaction. Putting together results from cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses, findings suggest that characteristics of family living arrangements may be significant for interpersonal comparisons of satisfaction, but not for intrapersonal comparisons. This indicates that time-constant characteristics including personality, a key factor influencing satisfaction, as well as immigrant entry status and ethnicity may be selecting individuals into types of living arrangements. Overall, findings show large and significant influences of indicators of economic integration on satisfaction in the destination country, while coresidents and living arrangements have a small influence.

      PubDate: 2018-01-02T21:24:34Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alcr.2016.03.008
      Issue No: Vol. 30 (2018)
  • Income trajectories after graduation: An intergenerational approach
    • Authors: Outi Sirniö; Timo M. Kauppinen; Pekka Martikainen
      Pages: 72 - 83
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2016
      Source:Advances in Life Course Research, Volume 30
      Author(s): Outi Sirniö, Timo M. Kauppinen, Pekka Martikainen
      Labor-market outcomes depend on educational attainment, but parental background also plays a role. By applying sociological perspective to income and combining the classical intergenerational approach with a study of intragenerational mobility, we analyze the direct association between parental background and achieved labor-market outcomes. We focus on income trajectories within the same level of achieved education by parental income. Using register-based data covering the whole Finnish population, we analyze those who graduated in 1995–2000 for eight years after graduation by means of repeated-measures linear regression. The results show that following entry into the labor market higher parental income is associated with higher incomes even after adjustment for education, labor market status, and childbearing. The effects of parental income are observed within all education groups except for those with highest education, and for men and women. We further demonstrate that parental income is associated with either higher starting level or faster growth of incomes within most education groups. The implication is that intergenerational associations are complex processes that are shaped across the whole life course.

      PubDate: 2018-01-02T21:24:34Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alcr.2016.04.001
      Issue No: Vol. 30 (2018)
  • Life course similarities on social networking sites
    • Authors: T. Dávid-Barrett; I. Behncke Izquierdo; J. Carney; K. Nowak; J. Launay; A. Rotkirch
      Pages: 84 - 89
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2016
      Source:Advances in Life Course Research, Volume 30
      Author(s): T. Dávid-Barrett, I. Behncke Izquierdo, J. Carney, K. Nowak, J. Launay, A. Rotkirch
      Dyadic social relations are known to exhibit homophily – attraction and bonding between similar individuals – and recent studies have detected homophily also on the social network level. Here, we investigate whether social media networks exhibit signs of homophily with regards to life stages. Using a large and global database (N=111,863) of social media profile pictures, we investigate proportions of picture types in an individual’s social network. Typical stages of young adulthood include peer group formation, mate searching, union formation, and parenting. We studied to what extent different association categories with pictures of one or several individuals correlated with each other. Results showed that users with a profile picture of a single individual were more likely to have other profile pictures of single individuals of the opposite sex, but not of the same sex, in their social media network. Profile pictures of heterosexual couples were more likely to appear with other heterosexual couple pictures, and profiles with baby pictures were strongly associated with the frequency of other baby pictures within the same network; both of these types were negatively associated with the frequency of pictures of singles. Pictures of two females together were positively linked with the largest number of other association types. The results probably reflect both selection and contagion effects. We conclude that contemporary social media networks appear to exhibit homophily in displays related to mate searching, pair bonds, and the transition to parenthood.

      PubDate: 2018-01-02T21:24:34Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alcr.2016.04.002
      Issue No: Vol. 30 (2018)
  • Employment trajectories of German baby boomers and their effect on
           statutory pension entitlements
    • Authors: Silke Tophoven; Anita Tisch
      Pages: 90 - 110
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2016
      Source:Advances in Life Course Research, Volume 30
      Author(s): Silke Tophoven, Anita Tisch
      Increasing disruptions and heterogeneity in employment biographies, a growing number of unemployment experiences, later labour market entries, and an increase in atypical forms of employment lead to declines of statutory pension entitlement accumulation over the life course. Moreover, in accordance with Easterlin (1987), significant economic disadvantages can be expected for large generations. In fact, the German baby boomers born in the 1950s and 1960s, the next generation of pensioners, will have to accept several additional pension cuts due to pension reforms. Against this background, we ask how different employment patterns are related to disproportional statutory pension entitlements for German baby boomers in the middle of their working life. We examine work trajectories and their implications for accrued statutory pension entitlements by the age of 42 for two baby boomer cohorts in comparison to two older cohorts. For our analyses, we employ the Biographical Data of Selected Insurance Agencies in Germany (BASiD) for those born in 1947, 1953, 1959 and 1965 (N=25,863). In the first step, we summarise the most important employment patterns of the cohorts under study. In the second step, we test the influence of these employment patterns on the accumulation of individual statutory pension entitlements until the age of 42 and compare the baby boomer cohorts to previous cohorts. We find that late entries to employment as well as diversified and unstable employment are related to lower levels of statutory pension entitlements for particular groups of German baby boomers.

      PubDate: 2018-01-02T21:24:34Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alcr.2016.04.003
      Issue No: Vol. 30 (2018)
  • Residential mobility across the life course: Continuity and change across
           three cohorts in Britain
    • Authors: Jane Falkingham; Jo Sage; Juliet Stone; Athina Vlachantoni
      Pages: 111 - 123
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2016
      Source:Advances in Life Course Research, Volume 30
      Author(s): Jane Falkingham, Jo Sage, Juliet Stone, Athina Vlachantoni
      Although a buoyant literature has emerged examining residential mobility across sections of the life course, a full life course perspective has remained lacking. This paper exploits an as yet under-used data source – the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing – to achieve this. The lifetime residential mobility trajectories of older men and women in three birth cohorts born between 1918 and 1947 are compared, examining how these are associated with changes in cohort members’ socio-historical contexts, and life course events in the domains of employment, partnership and fertility. Results indicate that change in residential mobility between cohorts is gendered, with persistent continuity between male cohorts, and marked change between female cohorts. Such gender differentials are particularly notable during young adulthood, highlighting the significance of de-standardising pathways to adulthood and the changing role of women in society. Generalised mobility pathways from birth to age 60 for men and women are identified using sequence analysis, and the paper discusses how these may be associated with contextual changes and life course characteristics. In conclusion, the research reflects on the benefits of the life course perspective for understanding the complexities of residential mobility, and the importance of socio-historical context in understanding trends and patterns in this area.

      PubDate: 2018-01-02T21:24:34Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alcr.2016.06.001
      Issue No: Vol. 30 (2018)
  • Turning points in the lives of lesbian and gay adults age 50 and over
    • Authors: Anna Muraco; Karen I. Fredriksen-Goldsen
      Pages: 124 - 132
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2016
      Source:Advances in Life Course Research, Volume 30
      Author(s): Anna Muraco, Karen I. Fredriksen-Goldsen
      Little is known about how lesbians and gay men perceive the turning points that define their life trajectories. This study uses qualitative interview data to understand which experiences lesbian women and gay men age 50 and older identify as turning points and explore gender differences. In depth, face-to-face qualitative interviews were conducted with a subset of participants (n=33) from the Caring and Aging with Pride survey. The most common turning points identified were relationship and occupation-related. Lesbians more frequently identified the break-up of a relationship and occupational and educational related experiences as turning points. Gay men more commonly indicated that the beginning of a relationship and HIV/AIDS related experiences were turning points. The turning points were analyzed according to principles of the life course theory and narrative analysis.

      PubDate: 2018-01-02T21:24:34Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alcr.2016.06.002
      Issue No: Vol. 30 (2018)
  • Cumulative disadvantages of non-employment and non-standard work for
           career patterns and subjective well-being in retirement
    • Authors: Valentina Ponomarenko
      Pages: 133 - 148
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2016
      Source:Advances in Life Course Research, Volume 30
      Author(s): Valentina Ponomarenko
      This paper investigates how cumulative disadvantages of non-employment and non-standard work are affecting careers and subjective well-being of older Europeans from 13 countries. In previous research, unemployment, labour market inactivity and part-time work had negative effects, however they were seldom addressed in a common study and over the whole career. In two complementary analyses, first, the employment history of older Europeans is analysed with sequence analysis methods to show how non-employment and part-time work shape careers and to illustrate gender differences. In a second step, adverse career components are used to exemplify cumulative disadvantages on subjective well-being in old age. Data from the Survey of Health, Aging and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) is used for the analyses. After optimal matching and clustering of the retrospective employment history, the results indicate that women experience more turbulent careers with more periods of non-employment and part-time employment. The analyses of subjective well-being show that labour market inactivity and unemployment have negative effects in old age for men, but less for women. Part-time employment has a differentiated effect for women, however not for men.

      PubDate: 2018-01-02T21:24:34Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alcr.2016.06.003
      Issue No: Vol. 30 (2018)
  • Introduction to special issue on work and family from a life course
    • Authors: Silke Aisenbrey; Anette E. Fasang
      Pages: 1 - 4
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2016
      Source:Advances in Life Course Research, Volume 29
      Author(s): Silke Aisenbrey, Anette E. Fasang

      PubDate: 2018-01-02T21:24:34Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alcr.2016.03.002
      Issue No: Vol. 29 (2018)
  • Economic instability and mothers’ employment: A comparison of
           Germany and the U.S.
    • Authors: Daniela Grunow; Silke Aisenbrey
      Pages: 5 - 15
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2016
      Source:Advances in Life Course Research, Volume 29
      Author(s): Daniela Grunow, Silke Aisenbrey
      Do economic fluctuations change the labour market attachment of mothers' How is the reentry process into the labour market after childbirth dependent on the country context women live in' Are these processes affected by occupational status' We address these questions using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Youth and the German Life History Study. Event history analyses demonstrate that in Germany and the United States, mothers who work in high occupational status jobs before birth return more quickly to their jobs and are less likely to interrupt their careers. During legally protected leave periods, mothers return at higher rates, exemplifying that family leaves strengthen mothers’ labour force attachment. Economic fluctuations mediate this latter finding, with different consequences in each country. In the United States, mothers tend to return to their jobs faster when unemployment is high. In Germany, mothers on family leave tend to return to their jobs later when unemployment is high. The cross-national comparison shows how similar market forces create distinct responses in balancing work and care.

      PubDate: 2018-01-02T21:24:34Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alcr.2015.09.005
      Issue No: Vol. 29 (2018)
  • What mothers want: The impact of structural and cultural factors on
           mothers’ preferred working hours in Western Europe
    • Authors: Matthias Pollmann-Schult
      Pages: 16 - 25
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2016
      Source:Advances in Life Course Research, Volume 29
      Author(s): Matthias Pollmann-Schult
      This study investigates how social policies, gender norms, and the national working time regime shape mothers’ preferred working hours. Using data from the European Social Survey (ESS) for 15 countries across Western Europe, the study reveals that generous public child care and cultural support for gender equality are associated with smaller gaps in the preferred working hours between mothers and childless women. High levels of financial support for families, in contrast, predict larger gaps in preferred working hours. The analysis also indicates that a low prevalence of non-standard work and high levels of work-time flexibility reduce the differences in preferred employment hours between mothers and non-mothers. Individual characteristics such as education, gender ideology, and the partners’ socioeconomic status greatly impact women's preferred employment hours; however, they do not modify the effect of motherhood. This study concludes that the impact of parenthood on women's employment hours is highly contingent upon various institutional and cultural factors.

      PubDate: 2018-01-02T21:24:34Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alcr.2015.11.002
      Issue No: Vol. 29 (2018)
  • Parental leave and careers: Women’s and men’s wages after
           parental leave in Sweden
    • Authors: Marie Evertsson
      Pages: 26 - 40
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2016
      Source:Advances in Life Course Research, Volume 29
      Author(s): Marie Evertsson
      Persistent gender differences in caretaking and the parental leave length have been proposed as one important reason why the gender wage and income gap has remained stable in Sweden for a long period of time. In this article, we study whether and how parental leave uptake (PL) affects mothers’ and fathers’ earned income and wages during a period of up to eight years after the first child is born. Focusing on those who had their first child in 1999, the descriptive results based on Swedish population registers show that social transfers compensate for a large part of the loss in earned income for mothers. Multivariate analyses of fixed effect models indicate small wage effects of PL. PL results in greater wage reductions (or the loss of wage increases) for the higher educated than for others. For women, the longer their leaves are, the more their wages suffer. For men, the negative wage effect is more immediate but increases less with time in parental leave, which leads to the conclusion that human capital depreciation most likely is not the main reason for the wage decreases that fathers experience. Instead, it seems that men’s leave taking is perceived as a signal of work commitment by employers, given that the negative wage effect appears already at very short leaves.

      PubDate: 2018-01-02T21:24:34Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alcr.2016.02.002
      Issue No: Vol. 29 (2018)
  • Multidimensional and fluctuating experiences of loneliness from childhood
           to young adulthood in Northern Finland
    • Authors: Anna Reetta Rönkä; Anja Taanila; Arja Rautio; Vappu Sunnari
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 January 2018
      Source:Advances in Life Course Research
      Author(s): Anna Reetta Rönkä, Anja Taanila, Arja Rautio, Vappu Sunnari
      Loneliness is a negative, involuntary experience, common among children and adolescents. It has been recently suggested that young adults are especially prone to loneliness, as they experience many transitions while establishing their own lifestyles; however, there is a lack of research on the experience of loneliness among this age group. In the present study, the lived experiences of past and current loneliness from childhood to young adulthood in people (aged 27–28 years) born in Northern Finland were examined. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 35 participants who self-reported that they were very lonely in adolescence. Their responses were analyzed with a theory-guided, qualitative content analysis method, in which the meanings of loneliness over their life courses were explored. As a result, loneliness experiences of young adults are described using five dimensions: Personal, Relational, Physical context, Life event, and Sociocultural. These dimensions revealed the entangled ways in which loneliness is experienced; how it emerges, intensifies, and is alleviated; and what consequences it carries. The duration and intensity of loneliness experienced by the participants fluctuated over the course of their lives, and six distinct trajectories of loneliness were constructed from the data. Loneliness had a variety of causes and detrimental consequences; chronic loneliness was developed through the entangled effects of self and other related adversities over time, and matters related to the Sociocultural dimension of loneliness. (Hetero)gender(ed)norms centrally affected intensification of loneliness. To reduce the risk of chronic loneliness and improve wellbeing and health, early and multilevel interventions – individual, relational, communal, and societal – are warranted.

      PubDate: 2018-01-09T21:48:10Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alcr.2018.01.003
  • The effect of an early-career involuntary job loss on later life health in
    • Authors: Jonas Voßemer; Michael Gebel; Olena Nizalova; Olga Nikolaieva
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 5 January 2018
      Source:Advances in Life Course Research
      Author(s): Jonas Voßemer, Michael Gebel, Olena Nizalova, Olga Nikolaieva
      Recent years have witnessed an increase in interest towards the long-term health consequences of early-career job loss and youth unemployment. Relying on detailed retrospective data from the third wave (2008/09) of the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) this paper investigates whether an involuntary job loss in the first 10 years after labour market entry has lasting negative effects on health more than 30 years later. The results show that an early-career involuntary job loss due to a layoff or plant closure increases the probability of fair or poor self-rated health in late life by about 6 percentage points. Moreover, examining the mechanisms behind this relationship, the analysis reveals that the subsequent unemployment risks and employment instability only explain a small share of the total effect. In line with previous studies, these findings highlight the importance of early career experiences for workers’ later life health.

      PubDate: 2018-01-09T21:48:10Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alcr.2018.01.001
  • Stressful Life Events in Early Life and Leukocyte Telomere Length in
    • Authors: Michael J. McFarland; John Taylor; Terrence D. Hill; Katherine L. Friedman
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 December 2017
      Source:Advances in Life Course Research
      Author(s): Michael J. McFarland, John Taylor, Terrence D. Hill, Katherine L. Friedman
      Background Exposure to stressful life events (SLEs) in early life is associated with higher rates of morbidity and mortality from age-related chronic disease. In this study, we considered whether these general patterns extend to leukocyte telomere length (TL), an indicator of cellular aging. We also explored potential subgroup variations by race and age. Methods Using cross-sectional data from the Nashville Stress and Health Study (2011–2014), a probability sample of 1,108 adults (558 blacks and 550 whites) ages 22–69, we tested whether SLEs experienced in early life were associated with shorter telomeres in adulthood. Leukocyte TL was measured using the monochrome multiplex quantitative polymerase chain reaction method with albumin as the single-copy reference sequence. An index of 32 potentially traumatic events experienced before the age of 18 was employed. An abbreviated index of seven events that are frequently used in telomere research was also employed. Results The complete SLEs index was unrelated to TL in the full sample (b = −0.003; p = 0.058) and for blacks (b = −0.003; p = 0.28), whites (b = −0.004; p = 0.18), and adults aged 45 or older (b = 0.001; p = 0.68). The complete SLEs index was inversely associated with telomere length (b = −0.007; p = 0.002) for those adults under the age of 45. Each additional SLE experienced before the age of 18 was associated with a reduction in TL equivalent to one additional year of age. The association between the complete SLEs index and TL for those under the age of 45 was statistically different from those aged 45 or older (t = 2.02; p = 0.04). In no case, was the abbreviated SLEs index related to TL. Conclusion This study confirms that the long-term health consequences of SLEs in early life can extend to shorter leukocyte telomeres in adults aged 22–44, but not adults aged 45–69. Our analyses also showed that the association between SLEs and TL is sensitive to the precise measurement of SLEs. We discuss the substantive and methodological implications of our findings for research on SLEs and cellular aging.

      PubDate: 2018-01-02T21:24:34Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alcr.2017.12.002
  • IFC. Editorial Board / Aims and Scope
    • Abstract: Publication date: December 2016
      Source:Advances in Life Course Research, Volume 30

      PubDate: 2018-01-02T21:24:34Z
  • Acknowledgment of Reviewers 2016
    • Abstract: Publication date: December 2016
      Source:Advances in Life Course Research, Volume 30

      PubDate: 2018-01-02T21:24:34Z
  • IFC. Editorial Board / Aims and Scope
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2016
      Source:Advances in Life Course Research, Volume 29

      PubDate: 2018-01-02T21:24:34Z
  • Residential mobility and dynamic neighborhood change during the transition
           to adulthood
    • Authors: Noli Brazil; William A.V. Clark
      Pages: 1 - 10
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Advances in Life Course Research, Volume 33
      Author(s): Noli Brazil, William A.V. Clark
      This article examines the neighborhood attainment outcomes of individuals transitioning out of adolescence and into adulthood. Given the dynamic nature of this period, we may expect significant upward and downward changes in young adult residential environments relative to the adolescent neighborhood. Using U.S. data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, we examined movement across matrices of neighborhood poverty and quality. While, as expected, there is stickiness on the diagonal, that is movement which extends inequality, we found large groups of young adults making upward and downward moves, particularly Hispanics. The study points to life course events related to human capital, income and household formation as important factors shaping significant movement up and down the neighborhood poverty and quality distributions.

      PubDate: 2017-09-06T00:52:51Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alcr.2017.06.001
      Issue No: Vol. 33 (2017)
  • A life course model for a domains-of-life approach to happiness: Evidence
           from the United States
    • Authors: Anthony R. Bardo
      Pages: 11 - 22
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Advances in Life Course Research, Volume 33
      Author(s): Anthony R. Bardo
      A great deal of methodological attention has been given to identifying age patterns in happiness. Yet, few studies have questioned why any specific age pattern should exist, and researchers have tended to focus on socio-psychological rather than socio-structural mechanisms. Thus, I blend life course and subjective well-being theories and utilize multiple waves of nationally representative cross-sectional data from the United States to throw light on the important role of socio-structural mechanisms. Specifically, the age pattern in happiness is driven by distinct patterns in levels, and importance, of satisfaction with specific areas of life. These distinct patterns, which are grounded in the successful aging paradigm, largely explain the slightly increasing quadratic age pattern in American’s happiness that researchers have become familiar with. These findings have broad implications for developing initiatives aimed at improving quality of life, and they draw attention to the need for more life course research on subjective well-being.

      PubDate: 2017-09-06T00:52:51Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alcr.2017.06.002
      Issue No: Vol. 33 (2017)
  • Family Planning under Financial Constraints
    • Authors: Petra Buhr; Laura Castiglioni
      Pages: 12 - 20
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 2 March 2017
      Source:Advances in Life Course Research
      Author(s): Petra Buhr, Laura Castiglioni
      International evidence shows that contraceptive behavior depends, among other things, on socio-economic factors such as income and education. The aim of this paper is to analyze the relationship between low-income status and contraceptive behavior in Germany in more detail. As an indicator of low income we use the receipt of a means-tested benefit called “Unemployment Benefit II” (UB II). We assume that the transition into this benefit program is related to a change in women's contraceptive choices, in favor of using unpaid methods or no contraceptives at all. Using data from the German Family Panel pairfam, we focused on the use of any contraceptive method which involves costs to the user, as opposed to the use of methods which do not incur monetary costs (e.g., natural contraception) or the disuse of any contraceptives. Our bivariate logistic model on the pooled dataset shows that women receiving UB II without the intent to have children in the next two years are less likely to use paid contraceptives than non-recipients. However, this appears to be a spurious correlation, as the longitudinal hybrid model shows no relation between intrapersonal changes regarding UB II and the use of contraceptives subject to cost. This model also provides evidence that women with a migration background and lower education are less likely to use paid contraceptives.

      PubDate: 2017-03-07T07:55:06Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alcr.2017.02.001
      Issue No: Vol. 32 (2017)
  • Development is a life-long process
    • Authors: Laura Bernardi; Juho Härkönen
      Pages: 68 - 69
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2017
      Source:Advances in Life Course Research, Volume 31
      Author(s): Laura Bernardi, Juho Härkönen

      PubDate: 2017-03-31T12:41:42Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alcr.2017.03.002
      Issue No: Vol. 31 (2017)
  • Working, Parenting and Work-Home Spillover: Gender Differences in the
           Work-Home Interface across the Life Course
    • Authors: Katherine Y. Lin; Sarah A. Burgard
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 24 December 2017
      Source:Advances in Life Course Research
      Author(s): Katherine Y. Lin, Sarah A. Burgard
      In this study, we bring a life course approach to work-family research and ask how work-home spillover changes as men and women move through different parenting stages. We use two waves of the Mid-Life in the United States Study (MIDUS I and II, 1996-2004, N = 1,319) and estimate change-score models to document the association between five parenting transitions (becoming a parent, starting to parent a school-aged child, an adolescent, young adult, or adult child) and changes in both positive and negative work-to-home (WHS) and home-to-work (HWS) spillover, testing for gender differences in these associations. We find that moving through parenting stages is related to within-person changes in reports of work-home spillover, and that mothers and fathers encounter changes in spillover at different points in the life course. Our findings detail how transitions through parenthood produce a gendered life course, and speaks to the need for policies to support working parents throughout the life course.

      PubDate: 2017-12-26T20:57:25Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alcr.2017.12.003
  • The Class Attainment and the Career Mobility of Southern Italians in
           Northern Italy and in West Germany. A Comparison Between Internal and
           International Migrants.
    • Authors: Nazareno Panichella
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 16 December 2017
      Source:Advances in Life Course Research
      Author(s): Nazareno Panichella
      This paper studies the class attainment of a single group of migrants, the Southern Italians, to two destinations: Northern Italy and West Germany. It analyses whether the labour market trajectories vary among institutional contexts or follow the same integration pathway across different receiving societies. In doing so, this study expands the literature in two directions. On the one hand, it stresses the importance of macro-features of the host society for studying migrants' integration processes. On the other hand, it highlights similarities and differences between internal and international migration. The paper reports empirical analyses based on the Longitudinal Survey on Italian Households (ILHS) and the German Socio-Economic Panel (GSOEP). The results show that the inclusion of Southern migrants, both internal and international, took place at lower levels of the class structure. The greater rigidity and the strong emphasis on vocational training of the German labour market pushed Southern migrants into the unskilled urban working class. In Northern Italy, by contrast, the possibility of entering the public sector facilitated their inclusion in the middle classes. Despite those differences, in both destinations, Southern migrants had fewer opportunities of upward social mobility than the native population.

      PubDate: 2017-12-23T07:56:16Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alcr.2017.12.001
  • Precocious Life Course Transitions, Exits From, and Returns to the
           Parental Home
    • Authors: Cody Warner; Jason N. Houle
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 27 November 2017
      Source:Advances in Life Course Research
      Author(s): Cody Warner, Jason N. Houle
      Residential independence has long been considered a core feature of the transition to adulthood in contemporary American society. But in recent years a growing share of young adults are living in their parents’ household, and many of these have returned home after a spell of residential independence. Recent research on exits and returns to the parental home has focused on the role of concurrent life-course transitions, young adult social and economic status, family background, and family connectivity. We know little, however, about how precocious, or early, life course transitions during adolescence affect leaving or returning home. We use longitudinal data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (1997 Cohort) to examine the association between precocious transitions to adult roles during adolescence and home-leaving (n=8,865) and home-returning (n=7,704) in the United States. Some, but not all, precocious transitions are tied to residential transitions, and often in competing ways. Our findings contribute to growing research on young adults living in the parental home, and shows how adolescent experiences can contribute to inequality in the transition to adulthood.

      PubDate: 2017-12-03T03:47:35Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alcr.2017.11.001
  • IFC. Editorial Board / Aims and Scope
    • Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Advances in Life Course Research, Volume 34

      PubDate: 2017-11-22T02:54:17Z
  • Later-life employment trajectories and health
    • Authors: Peggy McDonough; Diana Worts; Laurie M. Corna; Anne McMunn; Amanda Sacker
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 18 September 2017
      Source:Advances in Life Course Research
      Author(s): Peggy McDonough, Diana Worts, Laurie M. Corna, Anne McMunn, Amanda Sacker
      Background Despite the recent policy push to keep older adults in the labour force, we know almost nothing about the potential health consequences of working longer. Drawing on a life course approach that considers stability and change in employment patterns, this study examines the relationship between long-term labour market involvement in later life and self-rated health. Methods Our data are from the Health and Retirement Study (1992-2012) for the cohort born 1931-1941 (N=6,522). We used optimal matching analysis to map employment trajectories from ages 52-69, and then logistic regression to examine associations between these trajectories and self-rated health in the early 70s, net of socio-demographics, household resources and prior health. Findings Women prevail in groups characterized by a weak(er) attachment to the labour market and men, in groups signifying a strong(er) attachment. Men who downshifted from full-time to part-time work around age 65 were the least likely to report poor health in their early 70s.Women had the best health if they remained employed, either full-time or part-time. However, unlike men, they appeared to benefit most in health terms when part-time hours were part of a longer-term pattern. Conclusion While our study findings show that continuing to work in later life may be positively associated with health, they also suggest the need for flexible employment policies that foster opportunities to work part-time.

      PubDate: 2017-09-22T01:59:02Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alcr.2017.09.002
  • Wastage of Talent'
    • Authors: Bukodi Mollie; Bourne Bastian Betthaeuser
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 18 September 2017
      Source:Advances in Life Course Research
      Author(s): Erzsébet Bukodi, Mollie Bourne, Bastian Betthaeuser
      The extent to which societies suffer ‘wastage of talent’ due to social inequalities in educational attainment is a longstanding issue. The present paper contributes to the relevant literature by examining how social origins and early-life cognitive ability are associated with educational success across three British birth cohorts. We address questions of over-time change, bringing current evidence up-to-date. Our findings reinforce the well-established trend that the importance of cognitive ability declined for cohorts born between 1958 and 1970, but we show that for a cohort born in the early 1990s this trend has reversed. We further show that the relative importance of family background has not seen a corresponding decline. In distinguishing between different components of social origins, we show that family economic resources have become somewhat less important for children’s educational success, while socio-cultural and educational resources have become more important. Even high ability children are unable to transcend the effects of their social origins. The problem of ‘wastage of talent’ remains; young people from disadvantaged backgrounds are still lacking the opportunity to fully realise their potential within the British educational system.

      PubDate: 2017-09-22T01:59:02Z
  • Intergenerational determinants of joint labor market and family formation
           pathways in early adulthood
    • Authors: Outi Sirniö; Timo M. Kauppinen; Pekka Martikainen
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 11 September 2017
      Source:Advances in Life Course Research
      Author(s): Outi Sirniö, Timo M. Kauppinen, Pekka Martikainen
      Early adulthood life courses have become diversified in recent decades, but little is known about how different dimensions of early life courses (i.e., education, labor market participation and family formation) co-evolve and are associated with parental background. This study describes the most typical joint labor market and family formation pathways of young adults and assesses whether belonging to these pathway groups is associated with parental origin. We use annually updated register-based data and analyze Finnish men and women born between 1972 and 1975 with follow-up until their mid-30s. By using multichannel sequence analyses, we identified six distinct pathway types to adulthood that are defined by educational attainment, labor market participation, and family formation, and demonstrate that these pathways are primarily dominated by the educational achievements of young adults. Educational choices and trajectories, thus, also strongly shape the patterns of other life paths and events in early adulthood. Gender differences were particularly evident for pathways characterized by low education, women entering pathways dominated by early partnership and motherhood, and men remaining without a partner or any children. We further show that parental resources – particularly parental income – predict the paths upon which the young adults embark. Parental resources in particular are most strongly linked with the educational differentiation between the paths.

      PubDate: 2017-09-17T01:39:39Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alcr.2017.09.001
  • IFC. Editorial Board / Aims and Scope
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Advances in Life Course Research, Volume 33

      PubDate: 2017-09-17T01:39:39Z
  • Education delayed but not denied: The Chinese Cultural Revolution cohort
           returning to school
    • Authors: Wen Fan
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 29 September 2016
      Source:Advances in Life Course Research
      Author(s): Wen Fan
      Schooling decisions made in later life tend to be overlooked in conventional studies of educational attainment. Even when they are examined, too often focus is placed on individual biographies, while the roles of historical timing and the state are neglected. This paper adds to the literature by investigating to what extent cohort membership is directly associated with returning to school and intersects with social origins, gender, and political credentials to shape one’s returning-to-school decision. I compare three Chinese cohorts who turned age 19 in different historical periods. Coming of age during the turbulent decade of the Culture Revolution (1966–76, CR), members of the CR cohort lost the chance to receive a higher education “on time” and were subject to a state intervention that deliberately demolished early-life advantages conferred by families, whereas adjacent cohorts (pre-CR and post-CR cohort) were largely able to climb the educational ladder “on time.” Drawing on detailed life history data from the 2003 Chinese General Social Survey, Cox proportional hazards models show that members of the CR cohort are more likely to return to school from their mid-20s on compared with adjacent cohorts, thereby narrowing but not closing their educational gap. Cohort membership is also a contingency factor. Parental education does not predict college reentry rates for members of the pre- and post-CR cohorts, but does for members of the Cultural Revolution cohort, reflecting their early-life discrimination during the Cultural Revolution and their regained resources following it. Women are less likely to return compared with men, and the gender gap is particularly large for the CR cohort at the associate college level. Party members are more apt to return, suggesting party-sponsored patronage, and their advantages are most pronounced among members of the CR and post-CR cohorts. Taken together, this study highlights the roles of the state and historical timing in the shaping of decisions around returning to school.

      PubDate: 2017-09-11T01:22:11Z
  • First a job, then a child' Subgroup variation in women’s
           employment-fertility link
    • Authors: Jonas Wood; Karel Neels
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 20 September 2016
      Source:Advances in Life Course Research
      Author(s): Jonas Wood, Karel Neels
      Both macro and micro level research exhibits signs of a turnaround in the relation between female labour force participation and fertility. However, it can be expected that this association varies considerably between population subgroups. Drawing on 2001 Belgian census data combined with birth registers for first, second and third births for the period 2002–2005, we assess within-state differences in the female employment-fertility link by education and ethnic origin. In line with the theory of the value of children, our results indicate that groups with limited labour market opportunities are more likely to have a child in response to unemployment or inactivity. Women with low education or a migrant background are more likely to adopt childbearing strategies as an alternative to labour market participation, whereas for Belgian women or highly educated women labour market participation is more positively related to childbearing.

      PubDate: 2017-09-11T01:22:11Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alcr.2016.09.003
  • His way, her way: Retirement timing among dual-earner couples
    • Authors: Jonathan Jackson
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 19 September 2016
      Source:Advances in Life Course Research
      Author(s): Jonathan Jackson
      This article examines how the retirement timing of husbands and wives has evolved in the face of women’s rising economic resources. Using 11 waves of data from the Health and Retirement Study, I trace individuals into retirement, examining how spousal employment characteristics may facilitate or hinder one’s own ability to retire and if such spousal influences have changed across cohorts. Results from event history models indicate that the retirement trajectories have changed for the leading baby boom cohort, as evidence implies they are delaying retirement longer than previous cohorts. Despite women’s rising labor force attachment, the findings do not generally support the notion that wives are influencing their husbands’ retirement timing more or that the influence of husbands on wives’ retirement timing has declined across cohorts.

      PubDate: 2017-09-11T01:22:11Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alcr.2016.09.002
  • Cross-sibling effects on divorce in the Netherlands
    • Authors: Elise de Vuijst; Anne-Rigt Poortman; Marjolijn Das; Ruben van Gaalen
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 30 August 2017
      Source:Advances in Life Course Research
      Author(s): Elise de Vuijst, Anne-Rigt Poortman, Marjolijn Das, Ruben van Gaalen
      Parental divorce has repeatedly been shown to increase the risk of divorce for offspring, but research on the influence of other social ties is scarce. This study examines the association of divorce between siblings and whether such an association varies under specific sibship characteristics. Hypotheses were tested using event history models on five complete Dutch birth cohorts (1970–1974), derived from register data. Married individuals (N=64677) and their sibling were followed from 2000 up to 2012. Results show that individuals with a divorced sibling had a higher risk of divorce even after correcting for a number of shared background factors, including parental divorce. The divorce of a younger sibling had a weaker association with an individual’s divorce risk than the divorce of an older sibling, and the effect of sibling divorce weakened over time.

      PubDate: 2017-09-06T00:52:51Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alcr.2017.06.003
  • IFC. Editorial Board / Aims and Scope
    • Abstract: Publication date: June 2017
      Source:Advances in Life Course Research, Volume 32

      PubDate: 2017-06-04T08:10:28Z
  • IFC. Editorial Board / Aims and Scope
    • Abstract: Publication date: March 2017
      Source:Advances in Life Course Research, Volume 31

      PubDate: 2017-03-31T12:41:42Z
  • The transition to adulthood and pathways out of the parental home: A
           cross-national analysis
    • Authors: Katrin Schwanitz
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 22 March 2017
      Source:Advances in Life Course Research
      Author(s): Katrin Schwanitz
      This study uses the second Wave of the Generations and Gender Survey (GGS) to examine young adults’ transition to adulthood in eight European countries (Austria, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, France, Georgia, Hungary, Lithuania, and the Netherlands). I use reconstructed life courses from age 18 to 34 (N=21,696) to simultaneously study key life course trajectories employing multichannel sequence analysis. In doing so, I adopt a comparative framework which specifically addresses cross-national differences in young adults’ life course trajectories and cross-national differences in the educational gradient of life course trajectories. The aim of this paper is to provide a holistic picture of young adults’ different pathways out of the parental home and their transition to adulthood in contemporary Europe. The main results indicate that young adults’ life course trajectories differ by education, country and sex, but also that the educational gradient is highly context-specific across European countries.

      PubDate: 2017-03-25T12:09:33Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.alcr.2017.03.001
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