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  Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 7797 journals)
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MEDICAL SCIENCES (2005 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 3562 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access  
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AADE in Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
ABCS Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Abia State University Medical Students' Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
ACIMED     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Acta Bio Medica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Bioethica     Open Access  
Acta Bioquimica Clinica Latinoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Facultatis Medicae Naissensis     Open Access  
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Medica (Hradec Králové)     Open Access  
Acta Medica Bulgarica     Open Access  
Acta Medica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Medica Indonesiana     Open Access  
Acta Medica International     Open Access  
Acta medica Lituanica     Open Access  
Acta Medica Marisiensis     Open Access  
Acta Medica Martiniana     Open Access  
Acta Medica Nagasakiensia     Open Access  
Acta Medica Peruana     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Médica Portuguesa     Open Access  
Acta Medica Saliniana     Open Access  
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acupuncture & Electro-Therapeutics Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Acupuncture and Natural Medicine     Open Access  
Addiction Science & Clinical Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Adıyaman Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi / Health Sciences Journal of Adıyaman University     Open Access  
Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Advanced Biomedical Research     Open Access  
Advanced Health Care Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advanced Science, Engineering and Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Bioscience and Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Clinical Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29)
Advances in Life Course Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Lipobiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Medical Education and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Advances in Medical Ethics     Open Access  
Advances in Medical Research     Open Access  
Advances in Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Microbial Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Molecular Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Molecular Toxicology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Parkinson's Disease     Open Access  
Advances in Phytomedicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Advances in Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Regenerative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Skeletal Muscle Function Assessment     Open Access  
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Veterinary Science and Comparative Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Wound Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
African Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African Journal of Clinical and Experimental Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Laboratory Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Trauma     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
AJOB Primary Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 3)
AJSP: Reviews & Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Aktuelle Ernährungsmedizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal     Open Access  
Alexandria Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Allgemeine Homöopathische Zeitung     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpha Omegan     Full-text available via subscription  
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Biomedical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Biomedicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
American Journal of Chinese Medicine, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Clinical Medicine Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Law & Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Managed Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Medical Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
American Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Medicine Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Medicine Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of the Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
American Journal on Addictions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
American medical news     Free   (Followers: 3)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Amyloid: The Journal of Protein Folding Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina     Open Access  
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de la República, Uruguay     Open Access  
Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Analgesia & Resuscitation : Current Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anatolian Clinic the Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Anatomica Medical Journal     Open Access  
Anatomical Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Anatomical Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anatomy Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Ankara Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ankara Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Mecmuası     Open Access  
Annales de Pathologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Anatomy - Anatomischer Anzeiger     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Annals of Biomedical Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Annals of Family Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annals of The Royal College of Surgeons of England     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annual Reports in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Annual Reports on NMR Spectroscopy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annual Review of Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Anthropologie et santé     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Antibiotics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Antibodies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Antibody Technology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anuradhapura Medical Journal     Open Access  
Anwer Khan Modern Medical College Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Apparence(s)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Clinical Research, Clinical Trials and Regulatory Affairs     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Medical Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Arab Journal of Nephrology and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arak Medical University Journal     Open Access  
Archive of Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives Medical Review Journal / Arşiv Kaynak Tarama Dergisi     Open Access  
Archives of Medical and Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Medical Laboratory Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access  
Archives of Trauma Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archivos de Medicina (Manizales)     Open Access  
ArgoSpine News & Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia     Open Access  
Arquivos de Ciências da Saúde     Open Access  
Arquivos de Medicina     Open Access  
Ars Medica : Revista de Ciencias Médicas     Open Access  
ARS Medica Tomitana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Art Therapy: Journal of the American Art Therapy Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Arterial Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Artificial Intelligence in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Artificial Organs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
ASHA Leader     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Family Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asian Bioethics Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Asian Biomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Medical and Pharmaceutical Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention     Open Access  
ASPIRATOR : Journal of Vector-borne Disease Studies     Open Access  
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Atención Familiar     Open Access  
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atti della Accademia Peloritana dei Pericolanti - Classe di Scienze Medico-Biologiche     Open Access  
Audiology - Communication Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Auris Nasus Larynx     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian Coeliac     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Journal of Medical Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Autopsy and Case Reports     Open Access  
Avicenna     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Avicenna Journal of Clinical Medicine     Open Access  
Avicenna Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Bioethics     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Biochemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Physics     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science     Open Access  

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Journal Cover
Advances in Life Course Research
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.682
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 8  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1040-2608
Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3162 journals]
  • What Autobiographical Narratives Tell Us About the Life Course.
           Contributions of Qualitative Sequential Analytical Methods
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 9 October 2018Source: Advances in Life Course ResearchAuthor(s): Betina Hollstein The paper discusses the benefits of certain qualitative approaches to data collection and analysis for research into the life course. These methods of data collection (i.e., the extempore narrative interview by Schütze) and sequential analytical approaches of data analysis (i.e., narration analysis by Schütze and documentary analysis by Bohnsack and Nohl) provide unique insight that can address some of the current challenges and open questions of life course research. This is because the sequential analysis of autobiographical narrative interviews makes it possible to distinguish between reported and experienced life history and to reconstruct tacit knowledge and action orientations, which are partly unconscious. In particular, autobiographical extempore narrations offer unique avenues to understanding biographical decision-making and the layers of biographical experiences and planning, to investigating the question of how individuals link different spheres of life, and to exploring different types of agency and thus driving forces of a person’s life course. To illustrate the potential of these methods, data from a project on modes of living in the German middle class are presented that illuminate biographical decision-making in the transition to the labor market.
       
  • A Multi-Disciplinary Model of Life-Course Canalization and Agency
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 27 September 2018Source: Advances in Life Course ResearchAuthor(s): Jutta Heckhausen, Marlis Buchmann This article integrates life-course sociological insights and perspectives with the conceptions of agency and individual motivation formulated as the motivational theory of life-span development. We use Waddington’s epigenetic landscape as a metaphor for how life courses are shaped jointly by societal structure and individual agency. Social structure imposes constraints and institutions provide the transitions and pathways that together constitute critical scaffolding for life-course timing and path dependency (“canalization”). The building blocks from developmental and motivational psychology as well as from life-course sociology are introduced first. Then we address the dynamic interplay of individual agent and society in terms of life-span timing and life-course canalization (i.e., path-dependency) effects. The proposed conceptual framework moves beyond previous accounts of agent-society interplay in two distinct ways. First, we develop a systematically organized set of specific phenomena of developmental canalization on the one hand, and of institutionalized or social-structure based canalization on the other. Secondly, we offer a discussion of a set of scenarios that show how these specific psychological and society-generated processes may play together to shape individuals’ life courses and life-span development.
       
  • A Cohort Comparison of Predictors of Young Adult Union Formation and
           Dissolution in the US
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 15 September 2018Source: Advances in Life Course ResearchAuthor(s): Claire M. Kamp, Bohyun Jang, Anastasia R. Snyder The theory of the second demographic transition argues that as educated Americans began valuing self-actualization and individual autonomy, delays in union formation spread through the US. The accelerated adulthood theory suggests that socioeconomic disadvantage distinguishes young adulthood such that those with fewer resources have shorter, more informal (i.e. cohabitation) unions, and those with more resources delay but achieve marriage and have greater union stability. We use two large, nationally representative samples of young adults collected about twenty years apart, the National Longitudinal Surveys of Youth 1979 and 1997 cohorts to examine cohort differences in union formation and dissolution and test interaction effects in demographic and socioeconomic correlates. We found that the NLSY97 cohort 1) entered into unions earlier than the NLSY79 cohort, 2) entered direct marriage (marriage without premarital cohabitation) later than the NLSY79 cohort, and 3) entered cohabiting unions earlier than the NLSY79 cohort. A greater proportion of young adults in the NLSY97 cohort dissolved their first union between ages 16 and 30. We found that socioeconomically disadvantaged young adults had earlier unions by some indicators (e.g. lower maternal education) and later unions by other indicators (e.g. unemployment) in both cohorts. We also found that in both cohorts, socioeconomic disadvantage undermined union stability. We also found evidence for interaction effects; some indicators of socioeconomic disadvantage (e.g. income, employment, and maternal education) had exacerbated effects on union formation and stability in the NLSY97 as compared to the NLSY79 cohorts perhaps because inequality grew over the twenty years between cohorts.
       
  • Ill-Timed: The Effects of Timing of Chronic Illness Onset on Depressive
           Symptoms among Multiage Adults
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 8 September 2018Source: Advances in Life Course ResearchAuthor(s): Eundria A. Hill-JosephABSTRACTFramed by a life course perspective and the stress process, this study examines how life stage at chronic illness onset contributes to mental health disparities among adults with particular attention to the moderating role of personal mastery. Using secondary data from waves 1-4 of the American Changing Lives survey, this study uses multilevel modeling analyses to examine if the life stage (early adulthood, midlife, and late life) in which an adult becomes ill is associated with his/her depressive symptoms across a 16-year period and how the relationship is moderated by mastery. The results confirm that becoming chronically ill early in the adult life course (before 36) is particularly detrimental to the mental health of adults when compared to illness onset at late life (65+), which is due in part to younger adults yielding less psychological protection from the mastery they possess than adults who become ill as older adults. Thus, this study’s findings support that life stage, like race, socioeconomic status and other individual contexts, differentially position people to experience the negative psychological effects of the stressor of chronic illness.
       
  • Grandparenting after divorce: variations across countries
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 8 September 2018Source: Advances in Life Course ResearchAuthor(s): Zuzana Žilinčíková, Martin Kreidl We analyze the effect of grandparental divorce on the odds of providing grandparental childcare and investigate the variation of this effect across countries. The analysis is based on three-level hierarchical linear models, using data collected between 2004 and 2011 in 18 European countries as a part of the SHARE project. Being divorced is clearly associated with a significant reduction in the odds of providing any grandparental childcare in the past 12 months as well as in the odds of providing intensive (at least once a week) childcare. There is, however, significant variation in the divorce effect across countries. Looking at any grandparental childcare, we see that the negative effect of divorce is significantly weaker at higher divorce rates. The disruptive effect of divorce declines by almost 30 per cent when crude divorce rate increases by one standard deviation. We conclude that the level of conflict typically associated with divorce is lower when family disruption is more common, and its disruptive effect is weaker: intergenerational contact is thus preserved more often, and grandparental childcare provision is more common. Moreover, social institutions related to divorce and post-divorce arrangements may be more developed in countries with a higher incidence of divorce and thus they partially mitigate the negative effect of divorce. We do not confirm the same pattern when studying intensive grandparental childcare. Despite the low statistical significance, the trend seems to be the opposite: the effect of divorce becomes stronger with growing incidence of divorce. We attribute this latter trend to a complex re-organization of the lives of the divorcees that constrain their availability for intensive caregiving.
       
  • The life course in a migrating world: Hybrid scripts of ageing and
           imaginaries of care
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 1 September 2018Source: Advances in Life Course ResearchAuthor(s): Bjarke Oxlund More and more people across the globe are ageing in countries and regions other than the one they were born in. The increased level of transnational migration has become a social fact that challenges scholars to go beyond models that understand ageing and the life course from a national or a mono-cultural perspective. One of the main themes or challenges that have come to the fore at the policy level is that of care. This is often embedded in a global “ageist discourse,” whereby the concerns about care services needed for ageing migrants add to the already negative understandings of an elder burden brought about by the longevity of the baby boom generation. At the same time, questions of care often become a critical site for the concrete negotiation of what it means to age well according the wide range of social norms and values represented in diverse migrant populations or so-called host societies. This underscores the need for the cross-fertilization of the conceptual frameworks of social science studies of ageing and migration with a view to care, since the combined explanatory power of life course studies and migration studies make it possible to grasp the multiplicity of experiences concerning ageing and the life course in the context of specific power relations and legal frameworks. This theoretical article argues that in a globalizing world, culturally informed scripts of ageing are taking on more and more hybrid forms, while imaginaries of care are rapidly changing as a consequence of this hybridity. In order to make sense of the nexus of ageing, migration and care these developments must be addressed in a theoretically informed vocabulary that pays due attention to the intermediary processes related to how intimate ageing lives are intertwined with globalization in an age of migration.
       
  • Long-Term Relationships between Adolescent Intense Work and Deviance: Are
           There Differences by Social Class'
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 28 August 2018Source: Advances in Life Course ResearchAuthor(s): Gregory C. Rocheleau An abundance of research has examined relationships between work and delinquency in adolescence, yet few have considered if adolescent work is associated with long-term deviant outcomes. This is unfortunate as work may constitute an early exit of adolescence and lead youth down deviant pathways by limiting the development of social and human capital in school and family domains. This study uses data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health) (N = 3,749) to examine relationships between intense adolescent work and several deviant outcomes in adulthood using logistic regression. This study also incorporates interactions to test for moderation by social class. Results find that those who consistently worked intense hours in adolescence report more binge drinking in young adulthood than others, and that this relationship is weaker for those from higher social class backgrounds.
       
  • Gender and mathematics: Pathways to mathematically intensive fields of
           study in Australia
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 27 July 2018Source: Advances in Life Course ResearchAuthor(s): Helen Law Women in Australia have gone from being under-represented to being over-represented in university education, but they are still far less likely than men to engage in mathematically intensive science fields including engineering, information technology and the physical sciences. I aim to contribute to the literature by examining the extent to which secondary school educational experiences and occupational expectations explain the gender gap in the choice of a mathematically intensive university major. I used logistic regression models and the KHB method to analyse the data from the 2003 cohort of the Longitudinal Survey of Australian Youth. Overall, I found that about 28 percent of the gender gap could be explained by students’ expectations of a mathematically oriented career while in secondary school, self-assessed mathematical competence in adolescence and engagement in advanced mathematics and physical science subjects in the final year of secondary school. The results of the KHB method demonstrate that the expectation of a mathematically oriented career has the greatest potential to bridge the gender gap.
       
  • Less Trusting and Connected' Social Trust and Social Integration Among
           Young Adults During the Recession
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 27 July 2018Source: Advances in Life Course ResearchAuthor(s): Jack K. Day, Richard A. Settersten The transition to adulthood became more precarious in the United States and many other countries during the Great Recession of the late 2000s. We investigate perceived social trust and social integration – and the relationship between the two – among young people during this period. We draw on longitudinal data from the U.S. Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID) to examine social trust and social integration among young adults (aged 18 to 25; n = 728) before, during, and after the nadir of the recession. Cross-lagged models are estimated to assess the reciprocal relationship between a variety of concepts related to social trust and social integration among young adults at four time points: 2005; 2007; 2009; and 2011. Findings indicate that social trust and social integration fluctuated over time but surprisingly did not uniformly decrease during the economic recession. Rather, social trust was highest among young adults during the recession, and was especially predictive of feeling connected to a community and having greater confidence that one has something of value to contribute to society. Additionally, stronger feelings of self-worth were associated with higher social trust and greater confidence in society. Results highlight that investments in social trust and social integration may be mutually beneficial, and that social trust and social integration are robust and were not jeopardized as youth entered adulthood during a significant recession.
       
  • Smoking, education and the ability to predict own survival probabilities
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: Advances in Life Course Research, Volume 37Author(s): Bruno Arpino, Valeria Bordone, Sergei Scherbov Subjective survival probabilities (SSPs) are a good predictor of mortality, go beyond the aggregate description of survival defined by life tables, and are important for individuals’ decision-making in later life. However, despite the well-known mortality differentials by education as well as by characteristics such as smoking, little investigation has focused on SSPs by population sub-groups defined as a combination of these two characteristics.We use data on individuals aged 50–89 from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) carried out in the USA between 2000 and 2012 (N = 23,895). Respondents were asked to assess the probability to survive to a given target age according to their age at the time of the survey. We assess how individuals’ SSPs and estimated objective survival probabilities (OSPs) vary by education and smoking and calculate, for each respondent, the gap between them.Consistently with real mortality patterns, smokers report the lowest SSPs in each of the three considered education groups. When comparing SSPs and OSPs we find that all groups tend to underestimate survival. Within each education group, past smokers better predict their survival probability. Current smokers with low education show the highest probability to overestimate their survival.Smokers are aware of their lower life expectancy. Still, a considerable proportion of them overestimate their survival probabilities, independently of their level of education.
       
  • Positive self-concept predicts youth staying in school longer in India
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: Advances in Life Course Research, Volume 37Author(s): Renee Ryberg Research based on youth in the United States and Europe has established the importance of noncognitive skills for successful transitions to adulthood. The influence of noncognitive skills may vary by social and economic contexts, though, and nine in ten youth worldwide live in developing countries where noncognitive skills have not been rigorously studied. I specifically examine the role that self-concept plays in predicting education/work status in the transition to adulthood among youth in Andhra Pradesh, India. Using data from the Young Lives study, I investigate the measurement properties of positive self-concept and use structural equation modeling to examine whether this competence in early adolescence (age 11–12) predicts whether youth (age 18–19) are in school, work, both, or are not currently in education, employment, or training (NEET). Findings suggest that positive self-concept is associated with youth staying in school rather than working, and young women staying in school rather than being NEET, and its effect size is comparable to those of cognitive skills. The present study contributes to the field’s understanding of a noncognitive skill, self-concept, in a new setting and points to the importance of future work investigating the role noncognitive skills play in the lives of young people in diverse settings, and the conditions under which these skills are influential.
       
  • Motherhood and mental well-being in Germany: Linking a longitudinal life
           course design and the gender perspective on motherhood
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 25 June 2018Source: Advances in Life Course ResearchAuthor(s): Marco Giesselmann, Reinhard Schunck, Martina Hagen Based on considerations of societal mothering ideologies, qualitative gender studies suggest detrimental effects of motherhood on women’s mental well-being. However, numerous quantitative life course analyses find no such effect. This dissonance may originate in the measurement of well-being usually employed in longitudinal quantitative designs, which does not capture the dimensions of well-being identified as relevant in gender studies (i.e., stress, anxiety, depression, and social detraction). Using an indicator of well-being based on the Short Form 12 health questionnaire (SF-12), whose items correspond closely to these dimensions, this study integrates the gender perspective on maternal well-being in a longitudinal life course design. Using data on 1,885 mothers and a control group of 6,283 childless women from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP), longitudinal analyses reveal a significant and steady decrease in average maternal mental well-being after first childbirth. When contrasted with the development in a matched control group of childless women, a smaller, but still statistically significant decline is predicted. Thus, our results are consistent with arguments of a detrimental effect of motherhood.
       
  • Social mobility and family expansion in Poland and Russia during socialism
           and capitalism
    • Abstract: Publication date: June 2018Source: Advances in Life Course Research, Volume 36Author(s): Sunnee Billingsley, Anna Matysiak We explore whether social mobility influences fertility behavior, using multiple comparative layers to better observe structural and individual-level mechanisms at work. We locate this study in Poland and Russia during periods of socialism and capitalism. Applying event-history analysis techniques to longitudinal micro-data, we find evidence of a relationship between mobility and second birth risks for women only. Status enhancement aims seem the most plausible link between mobility and childbearing. The relationship appears moderated by the economic context, which we interpret as being related to differential selection into upward and downward mobility based on labor market opportunities. In general, the suppressing effect of upward mobility on second birth risks was stronger in the poorer economic context of Russia, whereas the increased second birth risks related to downward mobility were heightened in Poland’s more prosperous context.
       
  • Secondary traumatization, relationship problems, and adult children’s
           well-being: Long-term effects of World War II in the Netherlands
    • Abstract: Publication date: June 2018Source: Advances in Life Course Research, Volume 36Author(s): Matthijs Kalmijn The hypothesis of secondary traumatization argues that children raised by parents who were traumatized by war, have more mental health problems than other children. Past evidence for this hypothesis is not consistent. This paper re-examines the hypothesis by analyzing a large nationally representative survey of adult children in the Netherlands in 2002–2003 (n = 3,413) with retrospective information on parental trauma caused by the experience of World War II. Using regression models with an elaborate set of controls, it is found that adult children whose parents suffered from World War II, had poorer mental health and experienced more negative life events. About a third of these long-term effects was mediated by the problems traumatized parents had in maintaining secure relationships with their spouse and children when they were raising their children. Echoing this finding, it is found that traumatized parents have poorer relationships with their children when the children are adult.
       
  • Do women’s pre-birth relative wages moderate the parenthood effect on
           gender inequality in working hours'
    • Abstract: Publication date: June 2018Source: Advances in Life Course Research, Volume 36Author(s): Jonas Wood, Tine Kil, Leen Marynissen Although young couples increasingly divide paid and ​unpaid work equally, the transition to parenthood is associated with the production of gender inequality. Given the rising prevalence of female breadwinner households in Europe, this paper assesses whether the parenthood effect on gender inequality in employment is counteracted in couples where women were the main income providers before the onset of family formation. Using longitudinal micro-data (1999–2010) from the Belgian Crossroads Bank for Social Security and the National Register, population-averaged logit models assess the effect of pre-birth relative earnings on parental employment strategies following the transition to parenthood. Results indicate that a female main earner constellation positively relates to egalitarian and female-oriented employment strategies. Although pre-birth relative earnings affect the magnitude of the negative relationship between parenthood and gender inequality in paid work, male-oriented parental employment strategies continue to occur most, even among female main earner couples. Hence, variation in pre-birth relative earnings cannot fully account for the rise in gender inequality in employment following the transition to parenthood, suggesting that cultural as well as structural factors limit parents to opt for an egalitarian employment division.
       
  • Internal migration over young adult life courses: Continuities and changes
           across cohorts in West Germany
    • Abstract: Publication date: June 2018Source: Advances in Life Course Research, Volume 36Author(s): Sergi Vidal, Katharina Lutz This study examines internal migration as part of unfolding life courses, scrutinizing stability and change across socio-historical contexts from post-war Germany. We inquire whether the structure of family and labour market life courses intersect with migration experience in early adult ages for men and women born around 1939–41, 1949–51, 1964 and 1971. We then establish how recent changes in the transition to adulthood are reflected in the life courses of internal migrants. We accomplish this using exploratory mining of event histories on retrospective monthly records of life events occurring between ages 16 and 30 from the West German samples of the German Life History Study. Our descriptive analyses reveal that the structure of young adults’ life courses intersects with internal migration experience. Differences in the life courses of movers and stayers have increased across socio-historical periods, and are more apparent in the labour market trajectory than in the family trajectory. Diversity in internal migrants’ trajectories reflect the complex ways in which young adults negotiate life courses, and align with the generalized protraction of school-to-work transitions and the delay of family projects. Our research adds to recent studies that underline the value of situating migration events in the wider biographical and structural contexts. Findings contribute to map in efficient ways the full complexity of individual life courses.
       
  • Adults who co-reside and the young adulthood factors that lead them there
    • Abstract: Publication date: June 2018Source: Advances in Life Course Research, Volume 36Author(s): Michael J. Merten, Amanda L. Williams, Ashley N. Harvey, Leslie Haughey It has become common for young people to continue living with their parents into adulthood. While there are a number of social, economic, and cultural factors contributing to this dynamic, less is known about how individual behaviors, mental health, and family relationships across the life course contribute to parent/adult child coresidence. The present study used data from 9268 participants of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health to examine pathways connecting early economic hardship and “rushing to adulthood” during the teenage years with young adult constrained resources, mental health, and parent-child relationships to predict adult residency with parents. Results suggest that family economic hardship sets into motion cumulative disadvantages through adolescent precocious events that constrain resources in young adulthood, deteriorate mental health through increased depressive symptoms, and damage relationships with parents contributing to indirect pathways leading to parent-adult child coresidence.
       
  • Pathways between socioeconomic status and health: Does health selection or
           social causation dominate in Europe'
    • Abstract: Publication date: June 2018Source: Advances in Life Course Research, Volume 36Author(s): Rasmus Hoffmann, Hannes Kröger, Eduwin Pakpahan Health differences which correspond to socioeconomic status (SES) can be attributed to three causal mechanisms: SES affects health (social causation), health affects SES (health selection), and common background factors influence both SES and health (indirect selection). Using retrospective survey data from 10 European countries (SHARELIFE, n = 20,227) and structural equation models in a cross-lagged panel design, we determine the relative importance in terms of explanatory power of social causation and health selection in the life course from childhood to old age. Both SES and health heavily depend on their prior status, albeit more for SES than health. During the transition from childhood to working ages, social causation and health selection are equally weak. Turning to the second phase (transition from working ages to old age) causation increases while selection decreases which makes causation the dominant mechanism in older age. While the contribution of common background factors remains difficult to assess, this study shows that both social causation and health selection are responsible for health inequalities; however, their relative importance changes with age. Life course modelling can complement causal analysis by revealing interactions between the processes of SES and health and their contribution to health inequality.
       
  • Pathways to commitment in living-apart-together relationships in the
           Netherlands: A study on satisfaction, alternatives, investments and social
           support
    • Abstract: Publication date: June 2018Source: Advances in Life Course Research, Volume 36Author(s): Roselinde van der Wiel, Clara H. Mulder, Ajay Bailey The non-institutionalised, flexible nature of living-apart-together (LAT) raises questions about partner commitment in the context of the debate about the individualisation of society. We explored how partner commitment in LAT relationships in the Netherlands is shaped by individuals’ satisfaction with, alternatives to, investments in and social support for their relationship. The underlying theoretical framework is an extended version of the Investment Model of Commitment. We conducted 22 semi-structured, in-depth interviews with men and women. The major themes that were addressed in the analysis were commitment, satisfaction, alternatives, investments, social support, relationship history and future plans. Participants were emotionally highly attached to their partner, but they doubted their commitment to maintaining their relationship in the future. Satisfaction with the current partner and intrinsic investments, such as emotions and effort, were described as contributing the most to feelings of commitment. Social support, quality of alternatives and extrinsic investments, such as material ties, were felt to contribute the least. Relationship history and life experience played an important role in how middle-aged and older individuals, of whom many were divorced, perceived the four determinants and experienced commitment. In this context, the LAT arrangement expressed fear of commitment and getting hurt, which was further reflected in limited investments. The paper concludes that although emotional attachment appears to be high among people in LAT relationships, they may have a relatively limited belief and interest in life-long partnerships.
       
  • Understanding trends in family formation trajectories: An application of
           Competing Trajectories Analysis (CTA)
    • Abstract: Publication date: June 2018Source: Advances in Life Course Research, Volume 36Author(s): Matthias Studer, Aart C. Liefbroer, Jarl E. Mooyaart Over the past 50 years, family formation trajectories have undergone major changes in the events that occur as well as in the timing and order of these events. Whereas previous studies showed when and how these shifts occur, not much research has been conducted to test why these changes have taken place. This paper tests two possible explanations, namely cultural (secularization) and economic (youth unemployment) change using the Fertility and Family survey of the Netherlands conducted in 2008. We also employed a new method, Competing Trajectories Analysis (CTA), which combines features of sequence analysis and event history analysis, to examine the relationship between secularization and youth unemployment and pathways into adulthood. Our results show that the start of family formation is postponed in times of high secularization and youth unemployment, when pathways including early marriage and parenthood become less popular, and cohabiting without having children becomes more popular.
       
  • Ethnic differences in timing and duration of exposure to neighborhood
           disadvantage during childhood
    • Abstract: Publication date: June 2018Source: Advances in Life Course Research, Volume 36Author(s): Tom Kleinepier, Maarten van Ham, Jaap Nieuwenhuis This paper examines ethnic differences in childhood neighborhood disadvantage among children living in the Netherlands. In contrast to more conventional approaches for assessing children’s exposure to neighborhood poverty (e.g., point-in-time and cumulative measures of exposure), we apply sequence analysis to simultaneously capture the timing and duration of exposure to poor neighborhoods during childhood. Rich administrative microdata offered a unique opportunity to follow the entire 1999 birth cohort of the Turkish, Moroccan, Surinamese, and Antillean second generation and a native Dutch comparison group from birth up until age 15 (N = 24,212). Results indicate that especially Turkish and Moroccan children had higher odds than native Dutch children to live in a poor neighborhood at any specific stage during childhood, but particularly throughout the entirety of childhood. Although ethnic differences in neighborhood income trajectories became smaller after adjusting for parental and household characteristics, a substantial proportion of the differences remained unexplained. In addition, the impact of household income on children’s neighborhood income trajectories was found to be weaker for ethnic minority children than for native Dutch children. We discuss our findings in relation to theories on spatial assimilation, place stratification, and residential preferences.
       
  • Educational assortative mating and couples’ linked late-life
           employment trajectories
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 30 April 2018Source: Advances in Life Course ResearchAuthor(s): Mark Visser, Anette Eva Fasang In the context of population aging and growing numbers of older workers and older couples, this study examines how educational assortative mating earlier in life is associated with the division of paid work later in life between partners of opposite-sex couples in the Netherlands. We observe 20 years of linked partners’ employment trajectories, when the male partners were aged 45–65. This longitudinal and dyadic perspective enables us to examine long-term patterns in couples’ division of paid work, including the timing of retirement, beyond snapshots of the division of paid work between partners at specific ages. We consider labor supply and labor demand factors for older workers in connection to cumulative (dis)advantage over the life course and argue that educational assortative mating earlier in life reinforces social inequality between couples later in life. We innovatively apply multichannel sequence and cluster analysis using retrospective data from four waves of the Family Survey Dutch Population (FSDP) for the 1916–1957 birth cohorts. Findings support a typology of five groups of older couples: 1) high-status dual-earners, 2) low-status dual-earners, 3) high-status male breadwinners, 4) low-status male breadwinners and 5) dual-jobless/disabled couples. The male breadwinner clusters are more prevalent overall (53%), but even among these relatively old birth cohorts, a substantial share of couples is in a long-term, stable dual-earner arrangement later in life (41%). The majority of dual-earner couples consists of two high-status earners (24%). Multinomial logistic regression analysis supports that educational assortative mating earlier in life is associated with a polarization into resource-rich high-status dual-earners and resource-poor low-status male breadwinner couples later in life. We conclude that educational assortative mating sets in processes of cumulative (dis)advantage over the life course that leave an enduring imprint on couples’ late-life employment trajectories.
       
 
 
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