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Publisher: Sabinet Online Ltd   (Total: 184 journals)

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Showing 1 - 184 of 184 Journals sorted alphabetically
ACCORD Occasional Paper     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Academica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.124, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.133, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Criminologica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Juridica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Acta Patristica et Byzantina     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
AFFRIKA J. of Politics, Economics and Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Africa Conflict Monitor     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Africa Insight     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Africa Institute Occasional Paper     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
AfricaGrowth Agenda     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
African Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.374, CiteScore: 1)
African Finance J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.184, CiteScore: 0)
African J. for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
African J. of Business and Economic Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
African J. of Democracy and Governance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
African J. of Herpetology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.468, CiteScore: 1)
African J. of Research in Mathematics, Science and Technology Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.178, CiteScore: 0)
African J. of Rhetoric     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
African J. of Wildlife Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.411, CiteScore: 1)
African Plant Protection     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Renaissance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
African Safety Promotion     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
African Yearbook of Rhetoric     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Africanus     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Agriprobe     Open Access  
Akroterion     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Annals of the Ditsong National Museum of Natural History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Ars Nova     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Article 40     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
BER : Architects and Quantity Surveyors' Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
BER : Building and Construction : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
BER : Building Contractors' Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Building Sub-Contractors' Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Capital Goods Industries Survey     Full-text available via subscription  
BER : Consumer Confidence Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Consumer Goods Industries Survey     Full-text available via subscription  
BER : Economic Prospects : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription  
BER : Economic Prospects : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Intermediate Goods Industries Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Manufacturing Survey : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Motor Trade Survey     Full-text available via subscription  
BER : Retail Sector Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Retail Survey : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Building and Construction : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Manufacturing : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Retail : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Trends : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Wholesale Sector Survey     Full-text available via subscription  
Building Women     Full-text available via subscription  
Bulletin of Statistics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Business Tax and Company Law Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Cabo     Full-text available via subscription  
Cardiovascular J. of Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.494, CiteScore: 1)
Cardiovascular J. of South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Child Abuse Research in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Civil Engineering = Siviele Ingenieurswese     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Clean Air J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Clean Air J. = Tydskrif vir Skoon Lug     Full-text available via subscription  
Climate Summary of South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Commonwealth Youth and Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Communicare : J. for Communication Sciences in Southern Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Comparative and Intl. Law J. of Southern Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Conflict Trends     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Conspectus : The J. of the South African Theological Seminary     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Current Allergy & Clinical Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.145, CiteScore: 0)
De Arte     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
De Rebus     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Die Kerkblad     Full-text available via subscription  
Educare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Emergency Services SA     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
English in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Ergonomics SA : J. of the Ergonomics Society of South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
ESR Review : Economic and Social Rights in South Africa     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Evidence Based Summaries in Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
FarmBiz     Full-text available via subscription  
Farmer’s Weekly     Full-text available via subscription  
Farmlink Africa     Full-text available via subscription  
Food Manufacturing Africa     Full-text available via subscription  
French Studies in Southern Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Fundamina : A J. of Legal History     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Gender and Behaviour     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Gender Questions     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ghanaian J. of Economics     Full-text available via subscription  
HR Future     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
IFE Psychologia : An Intl. J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Image & Text : a J. for Design     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
IMFO : Official J. of the Institute of Municipal Finance Officers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
IMIESA     Full-text available via subscription  
Indilinga African J. of Indigenous Knowledge Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Inside Mining     Full-text available via subscription  
Institute for Security Studies Papers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Interim : Interdisciplinary J.     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. for Religious Freedom     Full-text available via subscription  
J. for Christian Scholarship = Tydskrif vir Christelike Wetenskap     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
J. for Contemporary History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
J. for Islamic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
J. for Juridical Science     Full-text available via subscription  
J. for Language Teaching = Tydskrif vir Taalonderrig     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
J. for New Generation Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
J. for Semitics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
J. of African Elections     Full-text available via subscription  
J. of African Foreign Affairs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
J. of African Union Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
J. of Contemporary Management     Full-text available via subscription  
J. of Gender, Information and Development in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
J. of Minimum Intervention in Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription  
J. of Public Administration     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
J. of Somali Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
J. of Strategic Studies : A J. of the Southern Bureau of Strategic Studies Trust     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Kleio     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Learning and Teaching Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Litnet Akademies : 'n Joernaal vir die Geesteswetenskappe, Natuurwetenskappe, Regte en Godsdienswetenskappe     Open Access  
Management Dynamics : J. of the Southern African Institute for Management Scientists     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Medical Technology SA     Full-text available via subscription  
Meditari : Research J. of the School of Accounting Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
MNASSA : Monthly Notes of the Astronomical Society of South Africa     Full-text available via subscription  
Monographs of the Transvaal Museum     Full-text available via subscription  
Musicus     Full-text available via subscription  
Neotestamentica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.119, CiteScore: 0)
New Coin Poetry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
New Voices in Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Obiter     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Obstetrics and Gynaecology Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.111, CiteScore: 0)
Occupational Health Southern Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Old Testament Essays     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Personal Finance Newsletter     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Perspectives in Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.137, CiteScore: 0)
Politeia     Full-text available via subscription  
Professional Accountant     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Professional Nursing Today     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Progressio     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Psycho-analytic Psychotherapy in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Quest     Open Access  
ReSource     Full-text available via subscription  
Retail and Marketing Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Rostrum : Newsletter of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
SA Irrigation = SA Besproeiing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.283, CiteScore: 1)
SA Mercantile Law J. = SA Tydskrif vir Handelsreg     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
SABI Magazine - Tydskrif     Full-text available via subscription  
Scriptura : Intl. J. of Bible, Religion and Theology in Southern Africa     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Scrutiny2     Full-text available via subscription  
Servamus Community-based Safety and Security Magazine     Full-text available via subscription  
Shakespeare in Southern Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
South African Actuarial J.     Full-text available via subscription  
South African Computer J.     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.264, CiteScore: 1)
South African Food Review     Full-text available via subscription  
South African Gastroenterology Review     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.104, CiteScore: 0)
South African Health Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
South African J. for Research in Sport, Physical Education and Recreation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.164, CiteScore: 0)
South African J. of Art History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
South African J. of Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.216, CiteScore: 1)
South African J. of Criminal Justice     Full-text available via subscription  
South African J. of Cultural History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
South African J. of Diabetes and Vascular Disease     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
South African J. of Economic History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
South African J. of Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.416, CiteScore: 1)
South African J. of Higher Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
South African J. of Labour Relations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
South African J. of Sports Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
South African J. of Wildlife Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
South African J. on Human Rights     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.117, CiteScore: 0)
South African Music Studies : SAMUS     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
South African Ophthalmology J.     Full-text available via subscription  
South African Pharmaceutical and Cosmetic Review     Full-text available via subscription  
South African Radiographer     Full-text available via subscription  
Southern African Business Review     Open Access  
Southern African Forestry J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Southern African Humanities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.659, CiteScore: 1)
Southern African J. of Accountability and Auditing Research     Full-text available via subscription  
Southern African Review of Education with Education with Production     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Stilet : Tydskrif van die Afrikaanse Letterkundevereniging     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Studies in Economics and Econometrics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.11, CiteScore: 0)
Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif vir Natuurwetenskap en Tegnologie     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Tax Breaks Newsletter     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
TAXtalk     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
The Dairy Mail     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Transport World Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Unisa Latin American Report     Full-text available via subscription  
Veld & Flora     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Water & Sanitation Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Without Prejudice     Full-text available via subscription  
Word and Action = Woord en Daad     Full-text available via subscription  

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Journal Cover
South African Journal for Research in Sport, Physical Education and Recreation
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.164
Number of Followers: 6  
 
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 0379-9069
Published by Sabinet Online Ltd Homepage  [184 journals]
  • Active video dancing game provides high-intensity exercise for hip-hop
           dancers and non-dancers
    • Authors: Cihan Aygün; Bircan Dokumaci Hayriye Çakir-Atabek
      Abstract: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of active video game dancing (AVG dancing) on physiological variables in hip-hop dancers. The AVG dancing was performed using the Xbox Kinect, and the physiological variables included oxygen consumption (VO2), heart rate (HR), energy expenditure (EE), metabolic equivalent (MET), respiratory exchange ratio (RER), and the percentage of maximum oxygen consumption (VO2max%). Thirteen hip-hop dancers (dance experience 5.4±3.2 years) and 16 recreationally active young non-dancers participated in the study. VO2max was measured at baseline. A few days later, following 15 min of rest in a supine position, the participants performed the AVG dancing. The mean VO2max values in the dancers and non-dancers were 47.7±1.8 mL/min/kg and 46.6±1.9 mL/min/kg, respectively. No significant difference in VO2max was observed between the groups. However, the percentage (%) of VO2max and percentage of HRmax values were significantly higher in the dancer group during the AVG dancing (p<0.01). Furthermore, the VO2 AVG Dance, HRAVG Dance, EEAVG_Dance and METAVG_Dance values were significantly higher in the dancer group (p<0.01). These findings demonstrate that while previous dance experience may affect the playability of the game, thus causing improved physiological responses, AVG dancing provides high-intensity exercise to both dancers and non-dancers (>6 MET).
      PubDate: 2018-08-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Anthropometric variables and physical fitness characteristics of male
           South African semi-professional footballers
    • Authors: Marc J. Booysen; David Bentel, Khavish Harry Philippe J-L. Gradidge
      Abstract: The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to gain an understanding of the anthropometric and physical fitness characteristics of a group of competitive, semi-professional footballers during their pre-season training period. One hundred and twenty-four Division Two footballers from the ABC Motsepe League, Gauteng, South Africa, participated in this study. Body mass index (BMI) and performance data (upper body explosive strength, counter-movement jump, Illinois agility test [with ball], 30m-sprint, and intermittent endurance running were collected. Goalkeepers were heavier (p<0.001), had greater BMI (p<0.05) and had greater absolute upper body power values (p<0.001) than outfield positions. Strikers were shorter than defenders and goalkeepers (p<0.05). Additionally, outfield positions ran further than goalkeepers in the intermittent running test (p<0.001). Midfielders tended to be slower over the 30m-sprint compared to other positions (p=0.07). A few anthropometric and physical fitness characteristics according to playing position varied, some of which are similar to other studies on male football populations. Compared to elite professional footballers from South Africa, semi-professional footballers need to increase their lean muscle mass and the power production of their lower limbs.
      PubDate: 2018-08-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Lessons learned from gamification of a learning experience : a case study
    • Authors: Chrisna Botha-Ravyse; Anita Lennox Dawid Jordaan
      Abstract: The use of gamification principles can be valuable to motivate students and enhance their learning experience. A gamification initiative making use of a mobile app to prepare students for their summative assessment was evaluated for its usefulness and successful application to meet the objective. At the time of the study it was the second year that this learning activity was incorporated into the course. Hundred and three students (N=103) enrolled for a degree and diploma in Sport and Recreation Management and Sport Science at a residential university in South Africa participated. Students were divided in teams of no more than five. Participation was voluntary, most students participated (85%). The app was quantitatively evaluated for ease of use. Students found the app easy to use. The gamification approach was qualitatively evaluated. Three themes emerged; usefulness of app, examination preparation and enjoyment. Valuable lessons were learned regarding designing and developing of game-based learning activities and the incorporation of technology. It is concluded that the further development of this initiative should be nested in a solid design framework and the use of technology must be carefully considered.
      PubDate: 2018-08-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Difference between visual-motor integration status of typically developed
           learners and learners with learning-related problems
    • Authors: Dané Coetzee; Barry Gerber
      Abstract: Proficiency in visual-motor integration, visual perception and motor coordination plays an important role in academic skills of learners during the early school years. The purpose of this study was to determine the difference between the visual-motor integration status of typically developed learners and learners with learning-related problems between 7 and 8 years of age through a cross-sectional study design. Sixty-eight learners (boys=45; girls=23) were divided into a group with learning-related problems (LP; n=31) with a mean age of 7.58±0.43 years, and typically developed learners (TP; n=37) with a mean age of 7.54±0.31 years. The VMI-4 evaluated the learners' visual-motor integration, visual perception and motor coordination skills. The results indicated that the TP performed statistically and practically significantly better with regard to visual-motor integration (p≤0.001; d=0.81) and visual perception (p≤0.001; d=1.21) compared to the LP group. The highest percentage of learners in both the groups was in the average category in terms of visual-motor integration (LP: 74.19%; TP: 70.27%). More learners from the LP group were in the below ‘average category’ (25.58%) and the ‘well-below average’ category (3.23%). The results confirmed that learners with learning-related problems experience more visual-related difficulties than typically developed children.
      PubDate: 2018-08-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Is social support during physical education lessons associated with body
           mass index status, gender and age'
    • Authors: Agata Korcz; Malgorzata Bronikowska, Ida Laudanska-Krzeminska, Joanna Borowiec, Mateusz Ludwiczak Michal Bronikowski
      Abstract: There are findings suggesting that social support could impact the physical activity (PA) levels of adolescents, depending on age and biological gender. Simultaneously, some studies report the relationship between social support and Body Mass Index (BMI) status. Because of the limited information available regarding the influence of social support regarding students of different ages, BMI status and gender, this study examined the associations between two social support sources (classmates and physical education [PE] teachers) and BMI status among the youth in Poznan, Poland. Body mass and height of 284 adolescents (girls=136; boys=148) aged 10-17.5 years were measured. BMI was used to classify participants as underweight, normal weight and overweight. Classmate and Teacher Support Scales were used to determine the level of social support. Descriptive statistics, a three-way ANOVA, and Tuckey’s HSD post hoc test were applied. Findings indicated a statistically significant two-way interaction effect of age and BMI status on classmate support (p<0.002) and also on PE teacher support (p<0.03). The results provide a better understanding of age-related and BMI status-related changes in social support received by students during PE lessons and might provide a basis for the future teaching context of PE students.
      PubDate: 2018-08-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Effect of a group multimodal anxiety management programme on competitive
           state anxiety and self-confidence of amateur golfers
    • Authors: Heinrich W. Grobbelaar; Kirsten R. Duthie E. Ryan Fanton
      Abstract: Competitive state anxiety can be detrimental to golf performance. The effect of a group multimodal anxiety management programme on the intensity and direction of anxiety and self-confidence among amateur golfers was investigated. The directionally modified Competitive State Anxiety Inventory-2 was completed 10 minutes before two competitive rounds of golf six weeks apart. Sixteen male participants (age: 20.37±1.08 years) were randomly divided into equal-sized experimental and control groups. The experimental group attended five 60-minute group sessions; three psycho-educational sessions on breathing control, muscle relaxation, imagery, positive self-talk and affirmations, stopping and reappraising negative thoughts were integrated into pre-competition and pre-shot routines during two sessions on the driving range and practice green. Repeated measures two-way ANOVA revealed a time X group interaction effect for cognitive anxiety direction (F1,12=5.740, p=0.034), with significant improvements among the experimental group (p=0.046, d=0.63). The control group perceived their self-confidence to be less facilitative towards their performance than before (p=0.050, d=0.85), whereas the perceptions of the experimental group did not change. The programme enhanced cognitive anxiety direction and prevented debilitative changes in self-confidence direction, thereby demonstrating its efficacy. These findings add to the existing literature on the positive effect of multimodal interventions on restructuring competitive anxiety.
      PubDate: 2018-08-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Conceptual framework for strategic destination branding through leveraging
           home-grown sport events
    • Authors: Janice Hemmonsbey; Tembi M. Tichaawa Brendon Knott
      Abstract: The destination branding discourse remains widely contested among academics and practitioners, as there is, as yet, no commonly accepted framework for the destination branding theory. Moreover, the theory underpinning sport event leveraging towards informed branding practices, especially in the developing destination context, is lacking. This paper conceptualises the leveraging of home-grown sport event leveraging for the South African destination brand. Empirical findings of an in-depth qualitative study conducted with key industry stakeholders is presented. The findings reveal the significant effect of home-grown sport on destination branding through competitive brand positioning. It further conceptualises the role of leveraging strategies and activities of stakeholders during the hosting of a sport event to achieve augmented destination branding benefits. Although the above applies to both the developed and the developing contexts, distinguishing socio-economic factors affecting developing nations has led to the adaptation of a sport event leveraging framework. The paper makes a contribution from a developing country’s perspective on topics investigated largely in the developed, global north contexts. Further research questions are identified to inform future destination branding studies that wish to derive more definitive concepts on strategic destination branding informed by sport event leveraging.
      PubDate: 2018-08-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Two-year changes in body composition, physical activity and selected
           metabolic risk factors among adolescents living in Tlokwe municipality
           area, North West province, South Africa : the Pahl study
    • Authors: Vincent Masocha; Stanisław H. Czyż, Sarah J. Moss Andries M. Monyeki
      Abstract: The increase of childhood obesity in low- to middle-income countries is linked to both individual and clustered metabolic risk factors. This study determined the changes, after two years, in body composition, physical activity (PA) and selected metabolic risk factors among adolescents from the Tlokwe Municipality district in the North West Province of South Africa. A total of 289 adolescents (boys=116; girls=173) aged 14 years participated in the study. Body composition was measured according to the ISAK standard procedures. PA level was measured using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire-Short version (IPAQ-S). Abdominal obesity was determined using waist circumference measurements (WC) and resting BP. Overweight increased by 7.6% and was higher among the girls (12.2%) compared to the boys (2.2%), (p≤0.001). Participation in low physical activity (LPA) increased by 8.2% for the whole group and moderate PA decreased (15.2%). With regard to the metabolic risk factors, boys had significantly higher WC at every measurement point (p≤0.001) compared to girls. The percentage in the pre-hypertensive/ hypertensive category increased (5%) and was greater for girls than boys (p≤0.001). The girls were more overweight, obese and less physically active. The boys had greater waist circumference and SBP compared to the girls.
      PubDate: 2018-08-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Patellar tendinopathy : an international e-Delphi perspective
    • Authors: Sanell Morgan; Elizabeth C. Janse van Vuuren Frederik F. Coetzee
      Abstract: Patellar tendinopathy is a chronic pathology of the anterior knee related to overloading of the patellar tendon. The purpose of the study was the formulation of a rehabilitation framework for patellar tendinopathy based on data from South African and international experts in the medical field. An e-Delphi survey was conducted with a mixed methods study design to obtain the opinions of eight experts. The e-Delphi survey consisted of three rounds, where the first two rounds focused on collecting opinions from the experts as a basis for the development of a rehabilitation framework that were evaluated in the third and final round. Consensus was reached regarding load tolerance, addressing individual athletes' needs, response to load progression principle, rest from activity, lower limb flexibility, hip and core strengthening, proprioception training, sport-specific skills training, return to sport assessment and functional ability of the athletes. Partial consensus was gained regarding isometric training, eccentric exercise, cardiovascular training and adapting rehabilitation for out and in season. Patella strapping was important during rehabilitation, as well as the expectations from the trainer and/or coach influencing rehabilitation. This research revealed a unique and collated perspective of internationally recognised experts regarding a patellar tendinopathy rehabilitation framework.
      PubDate: 2018-08-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Patellar tendinopathy : a rehabilitation intervention in elite rugby union
           players
    • Authors: Sanell Morgan; Elizabeth C. Janse van Vuuren Frederik F. Coetzee
      Abstract: Patellar tendinopathy is a chronic pathology with a prevalence of 10% to 15% in professional rugby union players. The aim of this study was to determine the outcomes of a 12-week rehabilitation intervention, as proposed by an international e-Delphi panel, in elite rugby union players in South Africa. A pre-test, post-test pilot clinical trial was performed on 16 male participants with patellar tendinopathy. Subjective and objective measurements were performed at baseline and 12 weeks upon completion of the rehabilitation intervention, which included a subjective questionnaire, the Victorian Institute of Sports Assessment – Patella (VISA-P) questionnaire, Visual Analog Scale (VAS) and electromyography (EMG) measurement of three muscles of the quadriceps femoris muscle group. The mean age of the participants was 21.8±1.7 years, with the majority having patellar tendinopathy for the first time and a 75% dominant leg involvement. The duration of symptoms varied between four weeks and six months, with the mechanism of injury identified as jumping, running, change in direction, with increased intensity, frequency and duration aggravating the symptoms. The mean VAS score for pain (p=0.001), quadriceps femoris EMG (p=0.002) and VISA-P score (p=0.001) improved significantly over the 12-week period. The intervention showed a statistically significant improvement in pain and functionality.
      PubDate: 2018-08-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Association between social capital and self-rated health in small and
           large secondary school classes in Croatia
    • Authors: Dario Novak; Lovro Štefan, Branislav Antala, Dean Dudley Ichiro Kawachi
      Abstract: The purpose of the present study was to determine the associations between social capital domains on self-rated health in small (≤22 students/class) and large (≥23 students/class) secondary school classes. Participants were 3427 secondary school students (50.7% females/49.3% males) aged 17-18 years. The main focus was self-rated health. The social capital domains that were explored comprised of family, neighbourhood and school social capital. The associations between these social capital domains and self-rated health were examined by using multiple logistic regression analysis. In small classes, self-rated health was positively associated with family and neighbourhood trust, informal social control, vertical and horizontal school trust and reciprocity at school In large classes, self-rated health was only associated with family trust, neighbourhood trust and reciprocity at school. Schools, clubs and teaching centres may apply the findings of this study to inform decisions based on the class size where health and social capital are important learning outcomes.
      PubDate: 2018-08-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Discriminative validity of a novel, high-intensity, netball-specific
           circuit test in elite female netball players
    • Authors: Aaron T. Scanlan; Paula Peralta, Gregory C. Gass Sean F. Mungovan
      Abstract: Limited dedicated field-tests exist assessing sport-specific qualities in netball. This study aimed to determine the discriminative validity of a novel, high-intensity, netball-specific fitness test. Fourteen female netball players from the same team participated, consisting of seven players with international experience and seven players with national experience only. All players completed the Net-Test, which closely replicates movement patterns experienced during modern netball game-play. Performance times, heart rate, and rating of perceived exertion were compared between international- and national-level players to assess discriminative validity. International-level players exhibited a significantly faster defensive shuffle time (p=0.001, effect size (ES)= -2.49, very large, very likely lower), superior total time (ES=-1.11, moderate, very likely lower), and quicker sidestep shuffle (ES=-0.89, moderate, likely lower) and dodge (ES=-0.88, moderate, possibly lower) times compared to national-level players. Differences in other performance times, heart rate and rating of perceived exertion were unclear or possibly to very likely similar. The discriminative sensitivity for specific outcome measures supports the use of the Net-Test to select players into team squads, monitor progress in players aiming to compete at elite playing level and identify players with requisite qualities likely to benefit from further training.
      PubDate: 2018-08-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Adventure activity preferences in South African national parks
    • Authors: Martinette Kruger; Petrus van der Merwe, Zacharias J. Bosch Melville Saayman
      Abstract: Tourism is a key income generator and plays an important role in the financial sustainability of South African National Parks (SANParks), with accommodation currently being the greatest source of income. SANParks are presently operating at a 70-80% occupancy level, leaving little room for improvement or for generating more income from accommodation. Current estimations are that by 2022 operational costs will exceed tourism profits due to the unremitting increases in conservation expenses and management costs. A feasible solution to this problem was identified in the development of new adventure activities. This paper identifies the influence of tourists’ socio-demographic and behavioural profile on adventure preferences in national parks in South Africa. An electronic survey was applied where the link to the questionnaire was posted on SANParks’ website. Statistically significant differences were found for socio-demographic (for example age, gender, language) aspects that affect tourists’ preferences for adventure activities. Behavioural aspects regarding these preferences were whether they are Wild Card holders, whether they participate in adventure and their view on whether there are sufficient adventure activities in parks. This study contributes to the development of new adventure activities for SANParks based on tourists’ socio-demographics and behaviour.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Developing a measure of user-perceived universal design for sport
           facilities
    • Authors: Taehee Kim; Kyungro Chang
      Abstract: Various universal design evaluation tools are in existence, however, very few, and insubstantial guidelines are available specifically for sport facilities. Moreover, most tools developed in previous studies focus on the standard for facility design excluding user perspectives. This study developed and validated a measuring tool to assess user perceptions of universal design in sport facilities. Literature review and expert consultations were conducted to generate items. A questionnaire comprising these items was completed by 197 users. Using exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis, a 27-item measure based on the six principles (equitability, usability, convenience, aesthetics, safety and pleasantness) of universal design from user perspectives was formulated.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Effects of a psychological skills training programme for underserved Rugby
           Union players
    • Authors: Heinrich W. Grobbelaar
      Abstract: The development of psychological skills is an important, but often neglected part of sport. This study aimed to determine the effects of a psychological skills training (PST) programme delivered to underserved club rugby players. Twenty-four (n=24) rugby union players (Age: M=27.02 years) shared their views about psychological skills development in rugby and completed the Psychological Skills Inventory (PSI) and the Peak Performance Profile (PPP). A quasi-experimental research design was used in which 11 participants took part in a six-week PST programme, with 13 participants acting as non-attentional controls. Repeated measures two-way ANOVAs revealed significant main time effects, with paired t-tests showing statistically significant pre- to post-test improvements for 10 of the 11 psychological skills among the experimental group. The programme’s effectiveness was further validated by the experimental group’s feedback. Recommendations are made for future research, as well as practical application within existing rugby development programmes in South Africa.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Prevention of hamstring injuries in sport : a systematic review
    • Authors: Leon Lategan; Charlene P. Gouveia
      Abstract: Hamstring strains are one of the most prevalent and recurrent injuries in sport. The main mechanism of hamstring injuries involves the eccentric muscle loading associated with the terminal swing-phase during sprinting. Risk factors for hamstring strains can be divided into intrinsic risk and extrinsic factors. The main aim of this study was to develop strategies for the prevention of hamstring injuries in sport. A systematic review methodology was used to analyse evidence-based strategies for preventing hamstring injuries in sport. The search strategies used online database searching, hand searching, snowballing and keyword searches. Only articles published between 2000 and 2013 were considered. Strict inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied. Of the 1153 articles reviewed, 32 articles were evaluated in depth. Finally, only four studies were analysed. Three of the four studies used interventions consisting of Nordic eccentric hamstring exercise training, while the fourth study used a variety of eccentric exercises. All reported a significant decrease in hamstring injuries (p<0.05). Two studies identified significant risk factors for hamstring injuries, namely increasing age (>24 years), previous hamstring injury (within the last 12 months) and thigh muscle imbalances. The performance of eccentric hamstring exercises has a preventative effect on hamstring injuries in sport.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Satisfaction of Spanish high school students with physical education :
           gender, age, physical activity level and body type
    • Authors: Jose E. Moral-García; Alberto Ruiz-Ariza, Alberto Grao-Cruces, Manuel J. De La Torre-Cruz Emilio J. Martínez-López
      Abstract: The aim was to examine the degree of satisfaction with Physical Education (PE) of Spanish teenagers and to determine whether there are differences according to gender, age, physical activity or body type. A total of 2293, 12–16 year-old adolescents participated in this cross-sectional study. The data collection instruments were the School Questionnaire and the Adolescent Physical Activity Measure (MVPA). Participants were categorised as normal-weight or overweight (including obese). Results showed that 62% of participants reported a high level of liking for PE and 69.2% showed high enjoyment levels. Girls and younger students showed higher satisfaction with PE. Being overweight had a more negative impact on PE satisfaction than physical inactivity itself. Normal-weight teenagers were more widely accepted than their overweight classmates in PE lessons. Physically inactive normal-weight boys and girls were more likely to perceive that teachers had a favourable opinion of them than their physically active overweight classmates.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Assessment of sprinting skill of soccer players based on straight and
           zig-zag sprint tests
    • Authors: Paweł Chmura; Maya M. van Gent, Andrzej Rokita Jan Chmura
      Abstract: The mastery of maximal and high-intensity physical activities is key for successful performance in football. The aim of this study was to compare respective sprinting skills of Polish and South African soccer players by conducting straight and zig-zag sprint tests. The study sample comprised a total of 40 college level soccer players, 20 from Poland and 20 from South Africa. The sprint tests included a 30m-straight sprint test and a 30m-Zig-zag sprint test. ANOVA, followed by Fisher’s LSD as a post-hoc test, were used for statistical analysis. The study found that the Polish players were significantly faster by a margin of 0.117 seconds (p≤0.001) than their South African counterparts, and developed a significantly higher running speed with a corresponding margin of 0.198m/s (p≤0.001) after 30 metres. In the 30m-Zig-zag sprint test, the Polish players also exhibited a significantly higher level of speed skills than the South African players, with a difference in a running time of 0.939 seconds (p≤0.001) and in a running speed of 0.307m/s (p≤0.001) that represented greater differences than those found in the 30m straight sprint test.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Personality traits of competitive athletes according to type of pressure
           exerted on opponents
    • Authors: Paweł Piepiora; Kazimierz Witkowski
      Abstract: This study attempted to create the psychological profiles of the personality of athletes practising individual and team disciplines, according to the type of pressure exerted on the opponent in a competitive situation. The selected criterion for division into the types of pressure exerted on the opponent was physical contact with the opponent during a competition. Polish competitive male athletes (n=120) were purposefully selected for the study from four sport disciplines: bodybuilding (n=30), WKF karate (n=30), volleyball (n=30) and football (n=30). Their age ranged between 20 and 29 years. The personality tests were performed using the NEO-FFi method. There are differences between the sport disciplines where pressure is exerted indirectly on the opponent and those practising disciplines with pressure exerted directly on the rivals in the neuroticism and conscientiousness scales. The groups studied, except for the comparison of volleyball players and footballers, differ among each other in the neuroticism scale, while volleyball players are less agreeable and conscientious than other athletes. The results show the personality of the athletes depend on the type of pressure exerted on the opponent in relation to individual and team disciplines. This approach allows building profiles of the personality of successful players.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Causes of customer dropouts in fitness and wellness centres : a
           qualitative analysis
    • Authors: Sergio Rodríguez-Cañamero; Leonor Gallardo, Esther Ubago-Guisado, Jorge García-Unanue José L. Felipe
      Abstract: The aim of this study was to identify which factors have an influence on customer dropoutsin fitness and wellness centres in Spain based on the opinion of the agents involved in theirmanagement (managers, employees and customers). For that purpose, an interview wasdesigned for each of the key agents to analyse aspects related to the economic situation ofthe sports centres, their experience, satisfaction and dropout management strategies. Atotal of 111 interviews were conducted in 37 sports centres (37 managers, 37 employeesand 37 customers). The results show the necessity of implementing management strategiesoriented towards clients to prevent their dropout. Strategies to build customers’ loyaltyfocused on providing individual services and creating emotional links are essential toprevent high rates of customer dropouts, which will result in a competitive advantage.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Personal and ecological factors in school sport : a multilevel approach
    • Authors: Artur J. Santos; Humberto M. Carvalho Carlos E. Gonçalves
      Abstract: Ecologies of practice are seen as a major factor that fosters positive experiences of young athletes. The development assets theory, grounded in Bronfenbrenner’s bio-ecological theory, provided a useful framework. This study aimed to describe the effects of a sport season-long exposure to development assets, sources of enjoyment and attitude of school sport athletes. The Developmental Assets Profile, Sources of Enjoyment in Youth Sport Questionnaire and Sport Attitudes Questionnaire were administered to 325 participants (249 males, 76 females) aged 13-17 years, pre- and post- season. Multilevel and path analysis were performed. The magnitude of the changes was modest, but younger athletes and girls presented more significant changes. No predicting role of assets was found, although there were significant associations between external assets and enjoyment and pro-social attitudes. The findings suggest that pro-social contents of sport participation, like respect for opponents and being fair in victory and defeat, must be nurtured inside and outside pitches. Ecological climates, where coaches and peers play a decisive role, affect and shape the experiences of young people. Youth coaches and educators must be aware of these possible effects that take place in order to promote a healthy citizenship through sport.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Muscular coordination of movements associated with arrow release in
           archery
    • Authors: Deniz Simsek; Ali O. Cerrah, Hayri Ertan Ruhi A. Soylu
      Abstract: The aim of this study was to examine the muscular activation strategy of archers with different levels of expertise. Twenty-seven (27) male archers volunteered to participate in the current study. The activation of nine forearm and shoulder girdle muscles were analysed. Statistically significant differences were observed among the archery groups in the activation of muscles (flexor digitorum superficialis, extensor digitorum communis, deltoids middle, deltoids posterior, trapezius pars ascendens, trapezius pars transversa, and trapezius pars descendens) (p<0.05). The results of this study, indicated that in order to pull the bowstring, the elite archers used distal (forearm) muscles less, but used proximal (shoulder) and axial (trapezius) muscles more, while the mid-level and novice archers used distal muscles more. This differential muscle use was interpreted as the most important factor affecting the horizontal oscillation of the bowstring. To minimise horizontal oscillation, it is suggested that archers carry the weight with their axial and proximal muscles. The findings of the present study could be used as a reference to pave the way for the development of effective archery training, which would include visual or audial feedback methods.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Adaptation to physical activities by international students at a Russian
           university
    • Authors: Dmitrii Tumakov; Elena Fazleeva, Roald Akberov Alsu Valeeva
      Abstract: The problem of adaptation by international students to studying at a Russian university was addressed. The conditions under which the physical education and physical activity classes at the University exert influence on adaptation of first-year international students were examined. The dynamics of the adaptation potential of first-year international students experiencing different types of motor activity while studying at a Russian university was investigated. The initial psycho-emotional state, physical and functional fitness of the international students before Semester 1 were measured and compared to those of first-year Russian students. It was concluded that initial adaptation reserves of the first-year international students were lower than those of the first-year Russian students. The international students were divided into four groups based on the level of their physical activity. It was found that the international students attending only mandatory physical education classes could adapt to a new cultural environment within one academic year, whereas the international students attending additional non-mandatory classes or sports clubs could accelerate their adaptation by half.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • “Soldiers of paint” : relationship between leisure adventure combat
           sport and quality of life
    • Authors: Dewald Venter; Stefan Kruger
      Abstract: Adventure sports tourism has shown consistent growth during the last several decades as a leisure activity that stands as an antithesis of traditional leisure tourism. This emerging tourism trend has revealed a field of research still in its infancy. Paintball as an adventure (combat) sport has developed over the past three decades as a growing leisure time activity across the globe. The purpose of this research was to determine what influenced these ‘soldiers of paint’ to participate in paintball during their leisure time and the subsequent impact on their quality of life. The electronic measuring instrument, applying a five-point Likert scale, was made available via social media. A total of 506 respondents from across the globe participated in this research. An exploratory factor analysis on the leisure aspects of paintball, positive sport lifestyle, leisure and recreation life domain positive/negative effect and quality of life was conducted. The identified factors obtained acceptable reliabilities and medium to high correlations between the factors are evident.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01T00:00:00Z
       
 
 
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