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Publisher: Sabinet Online Ltd   (Total: 184 journals)

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Showing 1 - 184 of 184 Journals sorted alphabetically
ACCORD Occasional Paper     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Acta Academica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.124, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.133, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Criminologica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Acta Juridica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Acta Patristica et Byzantina     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
AFFRIKA J. of Politics, Economics and Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Africa Conflict Monitor     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Africa Insight     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Africa Institute Occasional Paper     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
AfricaGrowth Agenda     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
African Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.374, CiteScore: 1)
African Finance J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.184, CiteScore: 0)
African J. for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
African J. of Business and Economic Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
African J. of Democracy and Governance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
African J. of Herpetology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.468, CiteScore: 1)
African J. of Research in Mathematics, Science and Technology Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.178, CiteScore: 0)
African J. of Rhetoric     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
African J. of Wildlife Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.411, CiteScore: 1)
African Plant Protection     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Renaissance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
African Safety Promotion     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
African Yearbook of Rhetoric     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Africanus     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Agriprobe     Open Access  
Akroterion     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Annals of the Ditsong National Museum of Natural History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Ars Nova     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Article 40     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
BER : Architects and Quantity Surveyors' Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
BER : Building and Construction : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
BER : Building Contractors' Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Building Sub-Contractors' Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Capital Goods Industries Survey     Full-text available via subscription  
BER : Consumer Confidence Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Consumer Goods Industries Survey     Full-text available via subscription  
BER : Economic Prospects : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription  
BER : Economic Prospects : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Intermediate Goods Industries Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Manufacturing Survey : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Motor Trade Survey     Full-text available via subscription  
BER : Retail Sector Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Retail Survey : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Building and Construction : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Manufacturing : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Retail : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Trends : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Wholesale Sector Survey     Full-text available via subscription  
Building Women     Full-text available via subscription  
Bulletin of Statistics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Business Tax and Company Law Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Cabo     Full-text available via subscription  
Cardiovascular J. of Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.494, CiteScore: 1)
Cardiovascular J. of South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Child Abuse Research in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Civil Engineering = Siviele Ingenieurswese     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Clean Air J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Clean Air J. = Tydskrif vir Skoon Lug     Full-text available via subscription  
Climate Summary of South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Commonwealth Youth and Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Communicare : J. for Communication Sciences in Southern Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Comparative and Intl. Law J. of Southern Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Conflict Trends     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Conspectus : The J. of the South African Theological Seminary     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Current Allergy & Clinical Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.145, CiteScore: 0)
De Arte     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
De Rebus     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Die Kerkblad     Full-text available via subscription  
Educare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Emergency Services SA     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
English in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Ergonomics SA : J. of the Ergonomics Society of South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
ESR Review : Economic and Social Rights in South Africa     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Evidence Based Summaries in Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
FarmBiz     Full-text available via subscription  
Farmer’s Weekly     Full-text available via subscription  
Farmlink Africa     Full-text available via subscription  
Food Manufacturing Africa     Full-text available via subscription  
French Studies in Southern Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Fundamina : A J. of Legal History     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Gender and Behaviour     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Gender Questions     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ghanaian J. of Economics     Full-text available via subscription  
HR Future     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
IFE Psychologia : An Intl. J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Image & Text : a J. for Design     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
IMFO : Official J. of the Institute of Municipal Finance Officers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
IMIESA     Full-text available via subscription  
Indilinga African J. of Indigenous Knowledge Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Inside Mining     Full-text available via subscription  
Institute for Security Studies Papers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Interim : Interdisciplinary J.     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. for Religious Freedom     Full-text available via subscription  
J. for Christian Scholarship = Tydskrif vir Christelike Wetenskap     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
J. for Contemporary History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
J. for Islamic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
J. for Juridical Science     Full-text available via subscription  
J. for Language Teaching = Tydskrif vir Taalonderrig     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
J. for New Generation Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
J. for Semitics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
J. of African Elections     Full-text available via subscription  
J. of African Foreign Affairs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
J. of African Union Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
J. of Contemporary Management     Full-text available via subscription  
J. of Gender, Information and Development in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
J. of Minimum Intervention in Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription  
J. of Public Administration     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
J. of Somali Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
J. of Strategic Studies : A J. of the Southern Bureau of Strategic Studies Trust     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Kleio     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Learning and Teaching Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Litnet Akademies : 'n Joernaal vir die Geesteswetenskappe, Natuurwetenskappe, Regte en Godsdienswetenskappe     Open Access  
Management Dynamics : J. of the Southern African Institute for Management Scientists     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Medical Technology SA     Full-text available via subscription  
Meditari : Research J. of the School of Accounting Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
MNASSA : Monthly Notes of the Astronomical Society of South Africa     Full-text available via subscription  
Monographs of the Transvaal Museum     Full-text available via subscription  
Musicus     Full-text available via subscription  
Neotestamentica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.119, CiteScore: 0)
New Coin Poetry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
New Voices in Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Obiter     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Obstetrics and Gynaecology Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.111, CiteScore: 0)
Occupational Health Southern Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Old Testament Essays     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Personal Finance Newsletter     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Perspectives in Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.137, CiteScore: 0)
Politeia     Full-text available via subscription  
Professional Accountant     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Professional Nursing Today     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Progressio     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Psycho-analytic Psychotherapy in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Quest     Open Access  
ReSource     Full-text available via subscription  
Retail and Marketing Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Rostrum : Newsletter of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
SA Irrigation = SA Besproeiing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.283, CiteScore: 1)
SA Mercantile Law J. = SA Tydskrif vir Handelsreg     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
SABI Magazine - Tydskrif     Full-text available via subscription  
Scriptura : Intl. J. of Bible, Religion and Theology in Southern Africa     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Scrutiny2     Full-text available via subscription  
Servamus Community-based Safety and Security Magazine     Full-text available via subscription  
Shakespeare in Southern Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
South African Actuarial J.     Full-text available via subscription  
South African Computer J.     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.264, CiteScore: 1)
South African Food Review     Full-text available via subscription  
South African Gastroenterology Review     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.104, CiteScore: 0)
South African Health Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
South African J. for Research in Sport, Physical Education and Recreation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.164, CiteScore: 0)
South African J. of Art History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
South African J. of Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.216, CiteScore: 1)
South African J. of Criminal Justice     Full-text available via subscription  
South African J. of Cultural History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
South African J. of Diabetes and Vascular Disease     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
South African J. of Economic History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
South African J. of Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.416, CiteScore: 1)
South African J. of Higher Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
South African J. of Labour Relations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
South African J. of Sports Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
South African J. of Wildlife Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
South African J. on Human Rights     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.117, CiteScore: 0)
South African Music Studies : SAMUS     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
South African Ophthalmology J.     Full-text available via subscription  
South African Pharmaceutical and Cosmetic Review     Full-text available via subscription  
South African Radiographer     Full-text available via subscription  
Southern African Business Review     Open Access  
Southern African Forestry J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Southern African Humanities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.659, CiteScore: 1)
Southern African J. of Accountability and Auditing Research     Full-text available via subscription  
Southern African Review of Education with Education with Production     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Stilet : Tydskrif van die Afrikaanse Letterkundevereniging     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Studies in Economics and Econometrics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.11, CiteScore: 0)
Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif vir Natuurwetenskap en Tegnologie     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Tax Breaks Newsletter     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
TAXtalk     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
The Dairy Mail     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Transport World Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Unisa Latin American Report     Full-text available via subscription  
Veld & Flora     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Water & Sanitation Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Without Prejudice     Full-text available via subscription  
Word and Action = Woord en Daad     Full-text available via subscription  

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Journal Cover
Journal for Juridical Science
Number of Followers: 0  
 
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 0258-252X
Published by Sabinet Online Ltd Homepage  [184 journals]
  • Practical challenges relating to the supervision of small estates
    • Authors: C. Muller-Van der Westhuizen; Z. Nhlapo
      Abstract: Previously, the supervision of the administration of deceased estates was divided along racial lines. Law reform has, however, seen the establishment of a single system that is fair to all South Africans - or is it? Following a brief contextualisation of the legal position on the supervision of deceased estates prior to, and following the definitive Moseneke judgement of 6 December 2000, this article sets out to examine whether the equality envisaged by that judgement and recent legislation pertaining to the supervision of small estates is actually being achieved. The research reveals some practical challenges, including poor service delivery at service points; banks renouncing their nomination as executor of small estates for a lack of sufficient financial benefit; the non-registration of customary marriages; the poor protection currently afforded to vulnerable minor beneficiaries of deceased estates, and the lack of a more affordable, accessible way than lengthy and costly court procedures to challenge a decision of the Master of the High Court.To address these challenges, it is recommended that service point infrastructure be strengthened; that banks be required to communicate more openly with their clients; that extensive awareness campaigns be launched on the urgent need for all customary marriages to be registered; that the agreement between government and Legal Aid South Africa, which is supposed to serve minor beneficiaries of deceased estates, be revisited, and that the possibility of an estate ombudsman be explored.Praktiese uitdagings in verband met toesig oor klein boedelsToesig oor die administrasie van bestorwe boedels is voorheen volgens rasselyne verdeel. Tog het regshervorming sedertdien 'n enkele stelsel tot stand gebring wat billik is teenoor alle Suid-Afrikaners - of is dit? Na 'n kort uiteensetting van die regstandpunt oor toesig oor bestorwe boedels voor en na die rigtinggewende Moseneke-uitspraak van 6 Desember 2000, ondersoek hierdie artikel of die gelykheid wat daardie uitspraak en onlangse wetgewing met betrekking tot toesig oor klein boedels beoog, werklik bereik word. Die navorsing bring sekere praktiese uitdagings aan die lig. Dit sluit in swak dienslewering by dienspunte; banke wat hul benoeming as eksekuteur van klein boedels laat vaar by gebrek aan voldoende finansiële voordeel; die nie-registrasie van gewoonteregtelike huwelike; die huidige swak beskerming van kwesbare minderjarige begunstigdes van bestorwe boedels, en die gebrek aan 'n meer bekostigbare, toeganklike metode as uitgerekte en duur hofverrigtinge om 'n besluit deur die Meester van die Hooggeregshof te betwis. Om hierdie uitdagings te hanteer, word daar aanbeveel dat die infrastruktuur van dienspunte versterk word; dat banke verplig word om meer openlik met hul kliënte te kommunikeer; dat uitgebreide bewusmakingsveldtogte van stapel gestuur word oor die dringende behoefte om alle gewoonteregtelike huwelike te registreer; dat die ooreenkoms tussen die regering en die Regshulpraad van Suid-Afrika, wat veronderstel is om minderjarige begunstigdes van bestorwe boedels te dien, hersien word, en dat die moontlikheid van 'n ombudsman vir boedels verken word.
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Customs searches : past, present and future
    • Authors: C. Fritz
      Abstract: The South African Revenue Service is afforded the power to conduct customs searches in order to verify compliance. This article deals with the development of this power, taking into consideration a taxpayer's constitutional rights. It discusses the customs search provisions prior to the Tax Administration Law Amendment Act, and thereafter, as well as the customs search provisions in terms of the Customs Control Act. The article addresses whether these developments can be considered constitutionally sound. In order to evaluate constitutionality, a constitutional search framework is developed within which searches should be conducted to pass constitutional muster. Comparing this framework with the present customs search provisions leads to the conclusion that the present customs search provisions are a substantial improvement on the previous provisions and that the provisions are constitutional. The same conclusion can, however, not be reached with regard to future customs search provisions in terms of the Customs Control Act.Doeanesoektogte - Die verlede, hede en toekomsDie Suid-Afrikaanse Inkomstediens het die mag om doeanesoektogte uit te voer ten einde nakoming te kontroleer. Hierdie artikel handel oor die ontwikkeling van hierdie mag deur die belastingbetaler se grondwetlike regte in ag te neem. Die doeanesoektog-bepalings voor die Wysigingswet Op Belastingadministrasiewette (Tax Administration Law Amendment Act) en daarna, sowel as die doeanesoektogbepalings kragtens die Wet op Doeanebeheer word bespreek. Hierdie artikel spreek die grondwetlikheid van hierdie ontwikkelinge aan. Ten einde die grondwetlikheid te evalueer, word 'n grondwetlike soektogte-raamwerk ontwikkel waaraan soektogte voldoen moet word ten einde grondwetlik geag te word. Met die vergelyking van hierdie raamwerk met die huidige doeanesoektog-bepalings word die gevolgtrekking gemaak dat daar 'n aansienlike verbetering is in vergelyking met die vorige bepalings. Die huidige bepalings word as grondwetlik beskou. Dieselfde gevolgtrekking kan egter nie bereik word ten opsigte van die toekomstige doeanesoektogte kragtens die Wet op Doeanebeheer nie.
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Engagement of prosecutors not in the employ of the National Prosecuting
           Authority
    • Authors: B. Tshehla
      Abstract: This article focuses on the engagement of prosecutors not in the employ of the National Prosecuting Authority (NPA) to prosecute certain cases. Such prosecutors are appointed in terms of section 38 of the National Prosecuting Authority Act 32 of 1998. The article starts by presenting a number of recent court decisions that dealt with the application of this section and contextualises the decision of the Supreme Court of Appeal (SCA) in Moussa v S. Given that it was in Moussa that the constitutionality of the section was challenged, the approach of the SCA and the reasons for its decision are discussed. It is submitted that the SCA's decision is a welcome step, in that the court has pronounced itself definitively on the constitutionality of the section and also outlined the approach to be used in determining which appointments of prosecutors, in terms of the section, are acceptable and which are not. In particular, the article explains the test to be used in making that decision.Aanklaers aangestel van buite die geledere van die Nasionale VervolgingsgesagHierdie artikel fokus op die aanstelling van aanklaers van buite die geledere van die Nasionale Vervolgingsgesag om as aanklaers op te tree in sekere sake ingevolge artikel 38 van die Wet op die Nasionale Vervolgingsgesag 32 van 1998. Die artikel verwys na 'n aantal onlangse hofbeslissings wat gehandel het oor die toepassing van artikel 38 en toon aan dat regsonsekerheid geheers het tot en met die besluit in Moussa v S. Die benadering van die Hoogste Hof van Appèl (HHA) en die redes vir die beslissing word bespreek, omdat die grondwetlikheid van die artikel aangeval is in die Moussa-saak. Dit word geopper dat die besluit van die HHA 'n welkome stap is omdat die hof gesaghebbend uitspraak gelewer het oor die grondwetlikheid van die wetsartikel en ook die benadering uitgestip het wat gevolg behoort te word om die besluit te kan neem wanneer aanstellings van aanklaers in terme van artikel 38 aanvaarbaar is al dan nie. In besonder word die toets wat toepaslik is om hierdie besluite te neem uiteengesit.
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Prosecuting "hate" : an overview of problem areas relating to hate crimes
           and challenges to criminal litigation
    • Authors: K. Naidoo; M.G. Karels
      Abstract: Several calls, from a wide spectrum of sectors for the enactment of hate-crime legislation in South Africa, suggest that there is limited knowledge about the theoretical underpinnings of this area of criminal law and of the practical problems associated with the implementation of hate-crime laws. This submission briefly examines the origins of hate-crime laws and attempts, by using existing American sources, to provide a conceptual framework for hate crimes. The different models of hate-crime laws, definitional issues and the controversies associated with hate-crime laws are considered. These controversies include disagreements about the use of the term 'hate', the inclusion of victim categories, and the consideration of motive as a requirement of hate crimes. The article also considers practical problems associated with the implementation of hate-crime laws. These problems could commence at the complaint stage when evidence of bias has to be established by law-enforcement officers, and extend to the trial stage, when the role of victims must be considered, when plea bargaining is a possibility and when bias has to be proved in court."Haatvervolging" : 'n Oorsig van probleemareas wat betrekking het op haatmisdade en uitdagings tot straflitigasie Verskeie beroepe wat vanuit 'n wye spektrum ontvang is vir die daarstelling van Suid-Afrikaanse wetgewing op haatmisdaad veronderstel dat daar beperkte kennis is oor die teoretiese grondslae van hierdie area van strafreg, asook oor die praktiese probleme wat met die implementering van wetgewing op haatmisdaad verband hou. Hierdie bydrae ondersoek bondig die ontstaan en pogings van wetgewing op haatmisdaad deur gebruik te maak van bestaande Amerikaanse bronne ten einde 'n begripsgrondslag vir haatmisdade daar te stel. Die verskillende modelle van haatmisdaadwetgewing, omskrywingskwessies, asook die twispunte wat met hierdie wetgewing verband hou word oorweeg. Hierdie polemiek sluit verdeeldheid in oor die gebruik van die terminologie 'haat', die insluiting van kategorieë van slagoffers, asook die oorweging van motief as 'n vereiste vir haatmisdade. Hierdie artikel oorweeg ook praktiese probleme wat verband hou met die implementering van haatmisdaadwetgewing. Hierdie probleem mag ontstaan op die stadium waarop die aanklag aanhangig gemaak word wanneer wetstoepassers getuienis van vooroordeel moet vasstel. Dit kan ook uitgebrei word na die verhoorstadium wanneer die rol van die slagoffers oorweeg word, waar pleitonderhandelinge 'n moontlikheid is, asook wanneer vooroordeel in 'n hof bewys moet word.
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Die strafregtelike aanspreeklikheid van regspersone : lesse uit Kanada
    • Authors: P.G. Du Toit
      Abstract: Hierdie bydrae ondersoek die grondslag vir die strafregtelike aanspreeklikheid van regspersone in Kanada in 'n poging om moontlike lesse vir die Suid-Afrikaanse reg daaruit te neem. Die Kanadese benadering gee erkenning aan die gefragmenteerde aard van korporatiewe besluitneming én aan die realiteit dat die kollektiewe gedrag van verskeie persone op verskillende vlakke van die korporatiewe hiërargie die misdadige gedrag kan veroorsaak. Voorts hoef die gedrags - en skuldelemente nie aan 'n enkeling toegeskryf te word nie. Die gedrag van die korporatiewe verteenwoordiger kan die handelingselement vorm, terwyl die skuldelement by die bestuur kan lê. Hierdie benadering, hoewel nie volkome 'realisties' van aard nie, verreken tog die aard van moderne regspersone heelwat beter as tradisionele individualistiese benaderings tot die strafregtelike aanspreeklikheid van regspersone.The criminal liability of juristic persons: Lessons from CanadaThis contribution investigates the basis for the criminal liability of juristic persons in Canada in an attempt to gain lessons for South Africa. The Canadian position acknowledges both the fragmented nature of corporate decision-making and the reality that the collective efforts of a number of corporate role players may cause criminal conduct. Furthermore, the conduct and fault elements of corporate criminal misconduct do not have to be found in one individual. The conduct of a representative of the corporate entity may be regarded as the conduct of the corporation, whilst the fault requirement may be found to be the level of management. This approach, although not entirely 'realistic', takes into account the nature of modern corporate entities much better than traditional individualistic approaches to corporate criminal liability.
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Die interpretasiereël in die Suid-Afrikaanse kontraktereg (Deel 1)
    • Authors: T. Bekker
      Abstract: Die ekstrinsieke getuienis-reël in die Suid-Afrikaanse kontraktereg bestaan uit twee verskillende onderafdelings. Die een onderafdeling handel met die mate waarin 'n skriftelike kontrak as die enigste uiteensetting van sy bedinge ("sole memorial of its terms") beskou kan word, waarna daar in hierdie artikel as die "integrasiereël" verwys word. Nou verwant aan die integrasiereël is die sogenaamde "interpretasiereël". Die eng definisie van hierdie reël bepaal dat geen getuienis aangebied mag word om die duidelike en ondubbelsinnige betekenis van 'n ooreenkoms, hetsy mondeling of skriftelik, te verander nie. Daar is egter ook 'n wyer definisie wat aan die interpretasiereël toegedig kan word, naamlik dat dit bepaal wanneer en tot watter mate ekstrinsieke getuienis aangewend mag word om die bewoording van 'n kontrak te verduidelik of te verander. In die voorafgaande aantal dekades of so het daar 'n ontwikkeling plaasgevind in die toepassing van die interpretasiereël in die Suid-Afrikaanse kontraktereg vanaf 'n streng formalistiese tekstuele benadering tot en met 'n meer liberale kontekstuele benadering op grond waarvan meer ekstrinsieke getuienis toelaatbaar is om die skriftelike kontrak van die partye uit te lê. In die eerste deel van hierdie artikel sal die subjektiewe en objektiewe benaderings tot uitleg gekontrasteer word en sal daar 'n kortlikse bespreking wees van die geskiedkundige agtergrond van die interpretasiereël. Daar sal vervolgens 'n kritiese analise van die ontwikkeling, en die huidige toepassing van die interpretasiereël in die Suid-Afrikaanse kontraktereg plaasvind.The interpretation rule in the South African law of contract (Part 1) The parol evidence rule in the South African law of contract consists of two different subrules. The one subrule deals with the extent to which a written contract may be regarded as the sole memorial of its terms and will be referred to as the "integration rule" in this article. Closely related to the integration rule is the so-called "interpretation rule". The narrow definition of this rule entails that no evidence may be adduced to alter the clear and unambigious meaning of a written or verbal agreement. There is, however, also a wider definition that may be attributed to the interpretation rule, namely that it entails when and to what extent extrinsic evidence may be adduced to explain or alter the wording of a contract. In the past decades, there has been a development in the application of the interpretation rule in the South African law of contract from a strict formalistic textual approach to a more liberal contextual approach in terms of which more extrinsic evidence is allowed in order to interpret the written contract between the parties. In the first part of this article, the subjective and objective approaches to interpretation will be contrasted and the historical background of the interpretation rule will be briefly discussed. There will also be a critical analysis of the development and current application of the interpretation rule in the South African law of contract.
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Perspectives on the law of partnerships in South Africa, J.J. Henning :
           review
    • Authors: Barry Rider; Barry Rider, Barry Rider, Barry Rider Barry Rider
      Abstract: The last word (well almost) on partnership!As Judge Frederick Brand observes in the preface to Perspectives on the law of partnership in South Africa, given the significance of partnership law, it is surprising that the contribution of scholars has been, with one very notable exception, somewhat limited. The exception being, as judge Brand points out, Professor Johan Henning. The learned judge also observes that Johan Henning's contribution to scholarly writing on the law of partnership, especially in southern Africa, but also internationally has been second to none. His most recent contribution follows a long and distinguished list of publications ranging from substantial practitioner-oriented works to perceptive focused treatises on particular aspects of the law. In many ways, the present work has the advantage of drawing together this vast array of informed comment and analysis refined over a long and highly distinguished academic career - in which Professor Henning has made significant contributions to far more than the law of partnership!
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Editorial / Redaksie
    • Abstract: The Journal for Juridical Science is an IBSS accredited national professional journal which publishes original research articles in law in Afrikaans and English. Multi- and interdisciplinary contributions which bridge the gap between legal scholarship and other pertinent academic disciplines, are welcomed. All published contributions were submitted for refereeing by peers and successful articles qualify for subsidy by the National Department of Higher Education and Training. The Journal is published two times per year by the Faculty of Law, University of the Free State. For purposes of reference the title of the Journal may be abbreviated to JJS. Die Tydskrif vir Regswetenskap is 'n IBSS geakkrediteerde nasionale tydskrif wat oorspronklike navorsingsartikels in die regsgeleerdheid in Afrikaans en Engels publiseer. Multi- en interdissiplinêre bydraes van regswetenskaplike belang, word ook verwelkom. Alle gepubliseerde artikels is deur vakgenote gekeur en beoordeel. Artikels wat in die tydskrif verskyn, kwalifiseer vir subsidiedoeleindes by die Departement Hoëronderwys en Opleiding. Die Tydskrif word twee keer per jaar deur die Fakulteit Regsgeleerdheid van die Universiteit van die Vrystaat uitgegee. Vir verwysing kan die titel van die Tydskrif tot TRW afgekort word.
      PubDate: 2015-06-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Socrates and student protest in post-apartheid South Africa - Part Two
    • Authors: S. Pete
      Abstract: During recent years, various South African universities have fallen victim to student protest. The degree of violence involved in, as well as the frequency and duration of such protest action have varied from university to university. This article focuses on student protest action at the University of KwaZulu-Natal between 2012 and2014. It examines such protest action through the lens of Plato's text Crito, which describes the events leading up to the death of Socrates. The question at the core of this article is whether or not the opinions of the ancient Greeks - Socrates, in particular - on the issue of obedience to law are in any way useful to South African law students when considering this issue in the context of the society in which they live. The article is divided into two parts. Part One examines the attitudes of the ancient Greeks to the issue of obedience to law and highlights points of possible relevance to the politics of protest in post-apartheid South Africa. Part Two of the article examines student protests between 2012 and 2014 at the University of KwaZulu-Natal. It also analyses two competing narratives about the nature of law in post-apartheid South Africa, which may assist in explaining the intimidatory tone of much of the protest action examined.
      PubDate: 2015-06-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Socrates and student protest in post-apartheid South Africa - Part One
    • Authors: S. Pete
      Abstract: During recent years, various South African universities have fallen victim to student protest. The degree of violence involved in, as well as the frequency and duration of such protest action have varied from university to university. This article focuses on student protest action at the University of KwaZulu-Natal between 2012 and2014. It examines such protest action through the lens of Plato's text Crito, which describes the events leading up to the death of Socrates. The question at the core of this article is whether or not the opinions of the ancient Greeks - Socrates, in particular - on the issue of obedience to law are in any way useful to South African law students when considering this issue in the context of the society in which they live. The article is divided into two parts. Part One examines the attitudes of the ancient Greeks to the issue of obedience to law and highlights points of possible relevance to the politics of protest in post-apartheid South Africa. Part Two of the article examines student protests between 2012 and 2014 at the University of KwaZulu-Natal. It also analyses two competing narratives about the nature of law in post-apartheid South Africa, which may assist in explaining the intimidatory tone of much of the protest action examined.
      PubDate: 2015-06-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Identifying the structure envisioned for closely held incorporated
           business entities under the new statutory dispensation
    • Authors: J.J. Henning
      Abstract: In the process of company law reform, the official belief was expressed that the regime provided in the new Companies Act 71 of 2008 for forming and maintaining a structure that reflects the characteristics of a close corporation had been sufficiently simplified so as to obviate the need to retain the Close Corporations Act 69 of 1984 as an avenue for new incorporations. The question arises as to whether such a structure is indeed provided for under the new Companies Act and, if so, what its salient features are. This contribution briefly addresses these questions.
      PubDate: 2015-06-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • The series limited liability company : innovative, flexible...and
           complicated
    • Authors: M. Hauman; E. Snyman-Van Deventer
      Abstract: Since the introduction of the limited liability company (LLC) in the United States of America, various states have recognised the need to experiment with ways of improving the limited liability this structure offers. Of particular interest in this regard is the development of the series LLC. The series LLC was intended to provide a more flexible manner for businesses to conduct their activities, while preventing the risks of liability from affecting the entire LLC enterprise. However, uptake of the series LLC has been slow. This can allegedly be ascribed to uncertainty about how this structure may be utilised for commercial purposes, as its relation to business law remains, to a large extent, unresolved. This article examines these uncertainties, including the "separateness" of the series LLC, the recognition of the limited liability it affords, the application of bankruptcy law, taxation, as well as the fiduciary duties attached to the structure. Certain recommendations are made to ease the way forward, while further legal development is awaited. First, series LLC statutes need to specifically provide for all the rights of each series as well as the rights reserved for the master LLC. Secondly, these statutes must specify a default rule for the measure of "separateness" between the master LLC and each series. Finally, series statutes ought to provide for notice of the limited liability of each series to creditors of the LLC.
      PubDate: 2015-06-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Waiver of counsel in South African child justice : an autonomous exercise
           of rights
    • Authors: M Karels
      Abstract: The Child Justice Act 75 of 2008 created many unique procedural mechanisms for the processing of children in conflict with the law. One such procedure relates to mandatory legal representation, and the appointment of such to assist the court in terms of regulation 48, where the child refuses to co-operate with the appointed representative. This submission is a theoretical evaluation of section 35(3)(f) of the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996, juxtaposed against section 83 of the Child Justice Act and its associated regulations. It posits that obligatory legal representation is an infringement of a child offender's constitutional right to choose to be represented, and to select a representative of choice. The submission concedes that the focus of the Act is the protection of child offenders. It, however, argues that the insertion of a legal hearing phase into the current preliminary inquiry stage of the child justice process would be an improved response to rights protection than mandatory representation. The author uses waiver processes applicable in selected American states to demonstrate the suggested alternative. The author concludes that waiver is an issue deserving of attention at the pre-trial stage and that therein a child offender is guaranteed both the protection of the best interest standard and the autonomy to exercise the constitutional right to choose to be represented at trial.
      PubDate: 2015-06-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • South Africa's obligation as member state of the International Criminal
           Court : the Al-Bashir controversy
    • Authors: C.F. Swanepoel
      Abstract: This article is a commentary on the judgement of the North Gauteng High Court on 24 June 2015 in the matter of The Southern Africa Litigation Centre v Minister of Justice and Constitutional Development, which dealt with the recent controversy surrounding the South African government's failure to arrest Mr Omar Hassan Ahmed al-Bashir, president of the Republic of Sudan, to be prosecuted by the International Criminal Court (ICC). This judgement will be analysed with particular reference to the ICC's Pre-Trial Chamber Decision on the Cooperation of the Democratic Republic of the Congo Regarding Omar Al Bashir's Arrest and Surrender to the Court, to which the North Gauteng court referred. The judgement of 24 June was preceded by an order of the court on 14 June, which declared the state's conduct constitutionally invalid, having failed to take steps to arrest and/or detain Mr Bashir. The state was ordered to take all reasonable steps to "prepare to arrest President Bashir without a warrant in terms of section 40 (1) (k) of the Criminal Procedure Act, 51 of 1977 and detain him, pending a formal request for his surrender from the International Criminal Court". The judgement under discussion is the court's reasons for this order.
      PubDate: 2015-06-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Clinical legal education : identifying required pedagogical components
    • Authors: M.A. Du Plessis
      Abstract: Clinical legal education is mainly a practical course, although it includes training in the substantive law. University law clinics generally have to satisfy two main objectives, namely teaching of students and service to the community. Clinical teaching methods can make distinctive contributions to student learning. Clinical pedagogy consists of three main categories, namely the clinic experience, classroom instruction and tutorial sessions. These, as well as specialised clinical units, are discussed. Clinic duties expose students to real consultations with live clients posing with real problems, ensuring a sustainable platform for teaching and learning. Classroom instructions are required for substantive law review and teaching in fields such as professionalism and ethics. Tutorials are the most focused form of instruction, where the clinical experiences and classroom instructions are transferred into legal practice.
      PubDate: 2015-06-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • The law of divorce and dissolution of life partnerships in South Africa,
           Jacqueline Heaton : book review
    • Authors: Helen Kruuse
      Abstract: Jackie Heaton's latest contribution to the family law domain is formidable - 777 pages of carefully crafted opinions and discussions of the law affecting divorce and dissolution of life partnerships. Given the range, diversity and depth of issues in this area, it is no wonder that she calls on those being among the best in their field to assist her in writing up the book. The book consists of five parts. Part 1 deals with the dissolution of a civil marriage or civil union by divorce (with contributions by JA Robinson, JC Sonnekus, J Heaton, T Boezaart and M de Jong). Parts 2 and 3 explore the dissolution of a customary marriage and religious (Muslim and Hindu) marriages by divorce written by C Himonga (Part 2) and N Moosa and C Rautenbach (Part 3), respectively. In Part 4, B Smith discusses the dissolution of a life or domestic partnership, and Part 5 covers a miscellany of issues from domestic violence (E Bonthuys) to jurisdiction, procedure and costs (A Catto) to mediation and other appropriate forms of alternative dispute resolution upon divorce (M de Jong) and conflict of laws (C Schulze).
      PubDate: 2015-06-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • School discipline and the delictual negligence test for teachers - a case
           in point
    • Authors: J.M. Potgieter
      Abstract: Peet Gouws v Laerskool Lynnwood & MEC for Education, Gauteng case no. 3223/11(24 October 2012) (GP)
      PubDate: 2015-06-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Critical cross-field outcomes : a Rortian view on why and how to teach
           jurisprudence in South Africa in the 2010s
    • Authors: R. Roos
      Abstract: Higher education authorities strive towards a transformed, democratic, non-racist, non-sexist system which will, inter alia, promote a democratic ethos and human rights culture through educational programmes and practices that will foster creative thinking, cultural tolerance and a collective commitment to reach the ideals of a humane, non-sexist and non-racist society. The critical cross-field outcomes that must be demonstrably achieved by any programme approved in terms of the National Qualifications Framework echo these ideals. Law faculties typically refer to their Jurisprudence modules to demonstrate compliance with the requirements that students should understand the world as a set of related systems and be sensitive to different cultures, meanings and perceptions across a range of social contexts. However, the design and presentation of such modules should be reconsidered. It is argued that the ideas of the liberal pragmatist Richard Rorty (1931-2007) provide valuable insights into these aspects and that a new justification for inclusion of Jurisprudence in law curricula is, in fact, established through it.Kritieke kruisvelduitkomste : 'n Rortiaanse siening oor waarom en hoe om Regsfilosofie te doseer in Suid-Afrika in die 2010'sHoëronderwysowerhede moet streef na 'n getransformeerde, demokratiese, nie-rassistiese, nie-seksistiese stelsel wat onder meer 'n demokratiese etos moet bevorder deur opvoedkundige programme en praktyke wat kreatiewe denke, kulturele verdraagsaamheid en 'n kollektiewe verbondenheid tot 'n nie-rassistiese, nie-seksistiese samelewing sal kweek. Hierdie ideale word herhaal in die kritieke kruisvelduitkomste waarvan die bereiking gedemonstreer moet word alvorens enige program ingevolge die Nasionale Kwalifikasieraamwerk goedgekeur word. Regsfakulteite verwys tipies na hul Regsfilosofie-modules wanneer daar bewys moet word dat studente die wêreld verstaan as 'n stel verwante sisteme en dat hulle sensitief is teenoor verskillende kulture, menings en persepsies in verskillende sosiale kontekste. Die ontwerp en aanbieding van sodanige modules moet egter heroorweeg word. Daar word geargumenteer dat die idees van die liberale pragmatis Richard Rorty (1931-2007) waardevolle insigte bied in hierdie verband en dat daar inderdaad 'n nuwe regverdiging bestaan vir die insluiting van Regsfilosofie in regskurrikula.
      PubDate: 2014-12-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Cautioning the careless writer : the importance of accurate and ethical
           legal writing
    • Authors: S. Van der Merwe
      Abstract: Legal professionals are required to write ethically, skilfully and accurately. Growing concerns over the quality of graduated students entering the profession has led to an increased sensitivity about the teaching of writing skills. This article will not consider the how to, but instead focus on the issue of why legal writers should be vigilant in guarding against the proclivity to write in a careless manner. It will be argued that the results of careless legal writing could have devastating consequences for the legal professional's career as well as his client's wallet. Legal writing has to be professional and ethical and reflect the writer's respect for his or her own workmanship as well as for the intended recipient. Careful legal writing aims to avoid misunderstandings and litigation and aids in developing and clarifying legal analysis. It recognises the permanent nature of what is being written and the persuasive potential innate to legal drafting. Responsible legal writers are mindful of the specific legal consequences of their writing and recognise that they have, in their writing, the ability to appeal to the aesthetic sensibilities of the reader.Waarskuwing aan die onverskillige skrywer : die belang van akkurate en etiese regtelike skryfwerkProfessionele regsgeleerdes is verplig om eties, vaardig en akkuraat te skryf. Toenemende kommer oor die kwaliteit van gegradueerde studente wat by die professie aansluit, het gelei tot 'n verhoogte sensitiwiteit oor die onderrig van skryfvaardighede. Hierdie artikel sal nie aandag gee aan die hoe nie, maar sal eerder fokus op die kwessie van hoekom regsgeleerdes moet waak teen die geneigdheid om op 'n onverskillige manier te skryf. Daar sal geargumenteer word dat sorgelose regsskrywery vernietigende gevolge vir die professionele regsgeleerde se loopbaan sowel as sy kliënt se beursie kan inhou. Regsskryfwerk moet professioneel en eties wees en die skrywer se respek vir sy of haar eie werksproduk sowel as vir die ontvanger daarvan reflekteer. Versigtige regsskryfwerk het ten doel om misverstande en litigasie te vermy en dra by tot die ontwikkeling en verheldering van regsanalise. Dit erken die permanente aard van wat geskryf word en die oorredende potensiaal eie tot regsskryfwerk. Verantwoordelike regsskrywers is bedag op die spesifieke regsgevolge van hul skryfwerk en besef ook dat hulle oor die vermoë beskik om deur hul skrywery tot die estetiese ontvanklikheid van die leser deur te dring.
      PubDate: 2014-12-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Some manifestations of the statutory recognition of a partnership as an
           entity
    • Authors: J.J. Henning
      Abstract: The general rule in South African law is that a partnership has no existence in itself distinct from the partners of which it is composed. A brief analysis of South African legislation, however, reveals a significant number of instances departing from the general rule to some extent. This leads to a conclusion that, notwithstanding the general rule, whether or not a partnership can be treated as a mere aggregate of individuals or a "juristic person", "entity", "person", "private body" or the like for purposes of a particular statutory provision is a matter of careful interpretation.Etlike verskyningsvorms van die statutêre erkenning van 'n vennootskap as 'n entiteitDie algemene reël in die Suid-Afrikaanse reg is dat 'n vennootskap geen afsonderlike bestaan het van die vennote nie. 'n Bondige ontleding van Suid-Afrikaanse wetgewing toon egter 'n beduidende getal gevalle waar van die algemene reël, in die een of ander opsig, afgewyk word. Dít kan 'n gevolgtrekking regverdig dat, ondanks die algemene reël, dit telkens 'n sorgvuldige uitleg vereis om vas te stel of 'n vennootskap vir die doeleindes van 'n sekere statutêre bepaling as 'n blote versameling individue of eerder as 'n "regspersoon", "entiteit", "persoon", "privaat liggaam" of iets soortgelyks beskou moet word.
      PubDate: 2014-12-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Clinical legal education : the assessment of student collaboration and
           group work
    • Authors: M.A. Du Plessis
      Abstract: Clinical legal education (CLE) should be a mandatory or core course in the LLB curriculum and the focus of a university law clinic must be CLE, namely student training. A recurring assessment challenge is large student numbers. The best solution was found in grouping students together in student firms for collaborative work; this also has strong educational benefits. When assessing students working in collaboration, a fair assessment strategy must be employed, as all group members receive the same mark. Clinicians must develop and implement clear grading criteria, in the form of rubrics, which will enable them to grade numerous assignments consistently and fairly. Peer and self-assessment are considered to allow for individual marks in addition to the group mark. Models of firm and group-work assessment and marking criteria are suggested. The use of both collaboration and rubrics can simplify the grading process, which allows clinicians to conduct multiple assessments and feedback consistently and fairly. Samples of a number of rubrics and surveys are provided.Kliniese regsopleiding : die assessering van studente se span- en groepswerkKliniese regsopleiding (KR) behoort 'n verpligte kursus in the LLB leerplan te wees en die fokus van die universiteitsregskliniek moet op KR wees, naamlik studente-opleiding. 'n Assesseringsuitdaging wat gereeld opduik, is hoë studentegetalle. Die beste oplossing blyk te wees om studente in studentefirmas te groepeer vir samewerking; hierdie bied ook sterk opvoedkundige voordele in. Wanneer samewerking tussen studente geassesseer word, moet 'n regverdige assesseringstrategie aangewend word, aangesien al die groepslede dieselfde punte kry. Kliniese instrukteurs moet duidelike graderingskriteria ontwikkel en aanwend, in tabelvorm, wat hulle in staat sal stel om talle werksopdragte regverdig en konsekwent te evalueer. Vriend- en selfassessering word bespreek om voorsiening te maak vir individuele punte addisioneel tot die groepspunt. Modelle van firma- en groepswerkassessering en kriteria vir nasien word voorsien. Die gebruik van beide samewerking en tabelle kan die graderingsproses vereenvoudig, wat die kliniese instrukteurs in staat sal stel om veelvuldige assesserings en terugvoer konsekwent en regverdig te doen. Voorbeelde van 'n aantal tabelle word voorsien.
      PubDate: 2014-12-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • The phenomenon of weight-based discrimination in South African employment
    • Authors: D. Viviers; D. Smit
      Abstract: South African labour law is forever evolving to address new issues in the modern workplace. One such new consideration is weight-based discrimination. With obesity increasing worldwide, it permeates every aspect of life, not least of which the workplace. A range of preconceived notions about the overweight and the obese often cause employers' appearance prejudices to influence their employment decisions and practices, as is evident from the numerous court decisions worldwide dealing with weight-based discrimination in employment. This article first deconstructs the concept of 'weight discrimination', and then investigates the possible status of weight as a ground of unfair discrimination in South Africa. Even though South Africa is among the three most overweight nations in the world, and the country's judicial forums have already had to deal with a number of cases involving elements of weight-related bias in the workplace, no specific legislation or other measure exists to address this phenomenon. The right to dignity and equality is vehemently protected in the South African Constitution; yet, the legislature chose not to include weight in the specific prohibited grounds of discrimination. Thus, the article explores the possibility of bringing claims of weight-based discrimination under section 6(1) of the amended Employment Equity Act, as well as that of obesity being protected as a disability. Following a comparative overview of the legal positions in the United States of America, Australia, the European Union and the United Kingdom, the article concludes by suggesting possible solutions and recommendations to fill the void in South African labour law to effectively deal with weight-based discrimination in the workplace.Die verskynsel van gewigsgebaseerde diskriminasie in die Suid-Afrikaanse werkplekDie Suid-Afrikaanse arbeidsreg ontwikkel voortdurend om nuwe kwessies in die moderne werkplek te hanteer. Een so 'n nuwe oorweging is gewigsgebaseerde diskriminasie. Met vetsug wêreldwyd aan die toeneem, dring dit deur tot elke aspek van die lewe, veral ook die werkplek. Verskeie vooropgestelde idees oor oorgewig persone en vetsug beteken dikwels dat werkgewers se voorkomsvooroordele hul indiensnemingsbesluite en -praktyke beïnvloed, soos duidelik blyk uit al die hofuitsprake wêreldwyd wat met gewigsgebaseerde diskriminasie in die werkplek verband hou. Hierdie artikel ontleed eerstens die konsep van 'gewigsdiskriminasie' en ondersoek dan die moontlike status van gewig as 'n grond vir onbillike diskriminasie in Suid-Afrika. Al is Suid-Afrika onder die drie mees oorgewig nasies ter wêreld en moes die land se regsforums reeds 'n aantal sake rakende elemente van gewigsverwante vooroordeel in die werkplek aanhoor, bestaan daar geen spesifieke wetgewing of ander maatreël om die verskynsel te hanteer nie. Die reg op waardigheid en gelykheid word vurig beskerm in die Suid-Afrikaanse Grondwet; tog het die wetgewer gekies om nie gewig by die spesifieke verbode gronde vir diskriminasie in te sluit nie. Die artikel ondersoek dus die moontlikheid om eise van gewigsgebaseerde diskriminasie ingevolge artikel 6(1) van die gewysigde Diensbillikheidswet in te stel, sowel as om vetsug as 'n gestremdheid te beskerm. Na 'n vergelykende oorsig van die regstandpunt in die Verenigde State van Amerika, Australië, die Europese Unie en die Verenigde Koninkryk, sluit die artikel af deur moontlike oplossings en aanbevelings voor te stel om die leemte in die Suid-Afrikaanse arbeidsreg te vul om gewigsgebaseerde diskriminasie in die werkplek doeltreffend te hanteer.
      PubDate: 2014-12-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Die bekostigbaarheid van 'n aktiewe verdedigingsreg in die Suid-Afrikaanse
           strafregstelsel
    • Authors: Inez Bezuidenhout; Michelle Karels
      Abstract: Die borgaansoek van Oscar Pistorius het kommentaar ontlok wat gelykheid voor die reg, asook gelyke beskerming en genieting van die reg in die weegskaal plaas. Dien hierdie grondwetlike waarborge alle borgapplikante ewewigtig en/of is Jan Alleman uitgelewer aan die staatsmasjienerie se spreekwoordelike almoese van getuienis? Hierdie bydrae is 'n regsteoretiese evaluasie van 'n beskuldigde se grondwetlike reg tot gelykheid voor die reg en gelyke genieting en beskerming van die reg in die Suid-Afrikaanse strafregstelsel. Die fokus van hierdie bydrae is op bestrede aansoeke waar die applikant die hof moet oortuig dat hy of sy op borg vrygelaat moet word. Teen hierdie agtergrond sal die grondwetlike regte van 'n borgapplikant tweeledig ondersoek word, naamlik: of die borgapplikant op gelyke voet is met die staat waar hy of sy die bewyslas dra; asook of 'n ekonomiese onderskeid tussen borgapplikante grondwetlike beskerming beïnvloed? Die bevinding word bereik dat die ekonomiese onderskeid tussen borgapplikante inbreuk kan maak op 'n beskuldigde se grondwetlike regte. Daar word aan die hand gedoen dat regshulp aan 'n beskuldigde uitgebrei moet word om te voldoen aan die vereistes van die Grondwet en dat die inkwisitoriese aard van 'n borgaansoek 'n moontlike oplossing kan bied om hierdie oënskynlike skuiwergat te oorbrug.The affordability of an active defence right in South African criminal processOscar Pistorius' bail application highlighted equality concerns within criminal justice. In essence, it demonstrated an imbalance of the right to equality before the law, and its associated right to equal protection and benefit of the law, within adjectival procedure and, more specifically, pre-trial release. Whether section 9(1) rights are equally applied to bail applicants of little or no notoriety is the concern of this research. This submission is a theoretical evaluation of an accused person's constitutional right to equality before the law in the South African criminal justice system and queries whether bail applicants, who do not have the infamy or financial resources of Pistorius, are reliant solely on the machinery of the state and therein the evidential capability of the prosecution service? The focus is on opposed applications where the burden of proof shifts to the applicant. Against this background, constitutional rights are approached in two lines of inquiry, namely: does the bail applicant enjoy equality of arms with the state where the applicant carries the onus of proof, and do economic differences between bail applicants influence constitutional equality rights? The authors conclude that economic differences have the potential to infringe constitutional guarantees in the bail process, and therein influence both equality of arms and active defence rights. The authors posit that legal aid should be extended to prevent rights infringement and that the inquisitorial nature of the South African bail process provides the ideal avenue to bridge equality concerns in criminal justice.
      PubDate: 2014-12-01T00:00:00Z
       
 
 
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