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Journal Cover IFE Psychologia : An International Journal
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   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
   ISSN (Print) 1117-1421
   Published by Sabinet Online Ltd Homepage  [223 journals]
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Editorial
    • Authors: Olowu; A.A.
      Abstract: In this issue of our journal Ife PsychologIA, we have nineteen assorted articles on many areas of applied psychology from every corner of the world. We believe that you will enjoy reading them.
      PubDate: 2016-02-01T13:40:14Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Antecedents of risky sexual
           practices among adolescents in military secondary schools in Oyo State,
           Nigeria
    • Authors: Ofole; Ndidi M.
      Abstract: The crux of this study is to examine the predictive influence of peer pressure, sexual communication and parental influence as antecedents of risky sexual practices among adolescents in Oyo State military barracks secondary schools. Five hundred and one representative samples of adolescents with age range of 10 - 23 years and mean years of 17 ± 2.1 drawn using simple random sampling technique participated in the study. Respondents filled four standardized self-report scales. Results of the Pearson Product Moment Correlation analysis revealed that sexual communication and parental influence have inverse relationship (p
      PubDate: 2016-02-01T13:40:13Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Comparative assessment of
           social engagement, cognitive function and their relationship in rural- and
           urban-dwelling elderly Nigerians
    • Authors: Ejechi; Eucharia O.
      Abstract: The social engagement and cognitive function of a sample of elderly people (≥50 years) living in rural and urban areas of Delta State, Nigeria were investigated. Structured questionnaire with Likert scales were used to measure social engagement (social participation, leisure, religion and contacts) while assessment of cognitive function was by self-rated memory and the short portable mental status scale. Social engagement levels were above average (median, 38.0-58.0; max. points=84), but declined with age and varied with other socio-demographic characteristics. Cognitive function followed a similar trend (median, 6.5-14.0; max. points=15). Urban-dwelling elders were better in social engagement (median, 58.0 vs 51.5; P0.05). Although social engagement was related to cognitive function in both group of elders, the strength varied with socio-demographic background (rs=0.28-0.45, P
      PubDate: 2016-02-01T13:40:12Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: A content analysis of required
           factors for attitudinal change among military personnel in the Nigerian
           Army
    • Authors: Samuel; Remi
      Abstract: One of the basic issues confronting the Nigerian Army is that the military must assess how the 33 years of military involvement in politics have affected the understanding of what it means to be a professional soldier. There is a general concern that the military has lost its traditions and professionalism and left with a battered image both locally and internationally. Part of the strategy to reposition the army was a purge of all officers with politically tainted career and a drive for attitude change. A major concern was whether the change program as conceived by the political and military leadership was adequately communicated and imbibed by military personnel, which is fundamental to its success. Discussed within the framework of consistency theory, which is premised upon the assertion that there must be consistency in a program communication and the understanding by the target for change to occur, we propose that if change is to occur in the Nigerian Army, the change propositions identified by military personnel will reflect the objectives and goals of the change project. This study therefore adopts the thematic content analysis method without a priori assumptions of what constitute attitude change. This method allows respondents to discuss the topic in their own words, free of constraints from fixed-response questions found in quantitative studies. Attitude themes and change themes found in the content are further analyzed by SPSS to establish within the group distribution and the statistical relationships. The findings show that welfare, promotions and compensation issues were top concerns while institutional factors necessary to promote professionalism in the army such as loyalty of the institution, selfless service, candor and courage are either absent or sparingly mentioned. Leadership problems were reported with minority calls for EFCC probe and a revolution. We also found a latent conflict between the military personnel and the civilian population expressed in terms of removal of civilians from barracks and non-fraternization with them. The study concludes that there was no sufficient reason to believe that the attitudinal change program in the Nigerian Army achieve the required consistency between message and soldiers aspirations and therefore may not likely be adequate in its implementation [and possibly conception] to deliver a professionally combat ready army that honors the traditional code of military conduct.
      PubDate: 2016-02-01T13:40:11Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: A content analysis of the
           structure and cognitive complexity of pre-service science teachers'
           formulated behavioural objectives
    • Authors: Okanlawon; Ayoade E., Olorundare, Adekunle S.
      Abstract: The present study was undertaken to analyse the structure and cognitive complexity of pre-service science teachers' formulated behavioural objectives. The sample for the study consisted of 13 pre-service science teachers in a faculty of education. These prospective teachers voluntarily submitted their lesson note booklets on researchers' request for analysis. From each lesson note booklet submitted, three lesson notes were randomly selected for content analysis. Using coding, a total number of 39 lesson notes were analysed. The findings emerged from the study indicate that pre-service science teachers were capable of constructing well written behavioural objectives. Majority of the formulated behavioural objectives failed to describe: (a) the conditions under which learners are expected to demonstrate the achievement of the objectives (b) the standard or levels to which learners should be able to demonstrate their achievement of the objectives. It was also revealed that large proportion of the formulated objectives stressed lower-level cognitive behaviours. Furthermore, the findings of the study indicate the fact that the average number of behavioural objectives formulated per a period of science lesson by the sample is relatively low considering the duration of instructional time and the cognitive complexity of objectives. Implications for the teaching of science are discussed.
      PubDate: 2016-02-01T13:40:10Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Analysis of changes in
           perceived personality dispositions across adult age groups
    • Authors: Ojo; Adesola A.
      Abstract: Human development has often been conceptualized as a life-long process characterized by changes at the different stages of the lifespan. However, the literature has given conflicting reports about personality changes after young adulthood. This study sought to investigate age-related changes in the personality dispositions of identity certainty, generativity, confident power and concern about aging which characterize individuals in adulthood. This cross-sectional study employed a sample of 504 (50.3% males) participants in three adult age groups (age range 30-78 years) selected across Lagos metropolis. In the sample 110 are early adults (39 years and below), 289 were middle adults (40-59 years) and 105 were late adults (60 years and above). Participants responded to a 'Feelings About Life Scale' which covered the four personality dispositions earlier mentioned. Results obtained indicated that individuals reported significantly higher levels of identity certainty, generativity, and concern about aging from early through middle to late adulthood. Although confident power increased steadily through the stages of adulthood, this was not remarkably so. The results were discussed within the context of existing literature on changes in personality dispositions in adulthood. It was concluded that further studies are required to extend these findings especially to explore the areas in which adults perceive themselves as having confident power and those in which they feel powerless as well as the factors that could contribute to these changes and their effects on the aging process.
      PubDate: 2016-02-01T13:40:09Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Influence of transactional
           leadership style on administrative effectiveness in sports organisations
           in Ghana
    • Authors: Tetteh-Opai; Anthony A., Omoregie, Philip O.
      Abstract: Leadership style is an important issue in present day organisations with the impact on function as evidence of performance. Leadership research within sport management has yielded inconsistent results when examining transactional leadership styles. Yet, studies have examined leadership styles on administrative effectiveness; however, research has not been well substantiated in sports organisations. The study investigates influence of transactional leadership style on administrative effectiveness in sports organisations. Descriptive survey research design was employed. One thousand six hundred and twenty-two respondents (1, 622) (Male = 1217 & Female = 406) were sampled using Stratified and purposive sampling techniques. Two instruments: Transactional Leadership Questionnaire (α = 0.89) and Administrative Effectiveness Questionnaire (α = 0.87) was used for data collection. One research questions and two hypotheses were tested. Multiple regression was used to analysed data at 0.05 level of significance. There was a significant joint influence of transactional leadership styles on administrative effectiveness effects (F (4, 1618) = 43.741, P < .01) with 9.8% of variance. The relative contribution shows significant influence of the independent variables on the dependent variable, expressed as beta (β) weights: Management-by-exception (passive) (β = .189, P
      PubDate: 2016-02-01T13:40:08Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Stress type and death anxiety
           as predictors of job performance among some police personnel in Lagos
           State
    • Authors: Odunayo; Oluwafemi O., Austines, Akika, Kolawole, Aderibigbe J.
      Abstract: The need to evaluate police personnel's perceived performance in the face of several challenges which includes stress and the fear of dying geared up the present study. Using a self-report methodology, a sample of two hundred and four (204) police officers filled questionnaires that tapped variables of interest. Data collected were analyzed and three hypotheses were tested using multiple hierarchical regressions, the t-test of independence and t-test related. Results indicate that police organizational and operational stress, and death anxiety accounted for significant variation in the perceptions of performance [R2= .426, F= (3, 204) = 28.899, p
      PubDate: 2016-02-01T13:40:06Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Socio-economic benefits
           derived by participants from Justice Development and Peace Commission
           (JDPC) Programme in Oyo State, Nigeria
    • Authors: Folaranmi; Olufunmilayo O.
      Abstract: This study investigated some of the socio-economic benefits derived from Rural Community Development Programme of Justice, Development and Peace Commission in Ibarapa North Local Government Area of Oyo-State. This was carried out by assessing participants involvement in various activities of the programme, benefits derived, attitude towards the programme and constraint faced by participants. Ninety eight respondents are young adults, male, married and had functional education. Majority always participate fully in JDPC activities, which include soil and water conservation, livestock production and training alternative income generating activity among others. Benefits derived from the programme include ability to use animal traction for cultivation, leadership training, extension services and land management practice which contributed immensely to their wellbeing. Most of the respondents had a favourable altitude towards the programme, but their most serious constraint in participation is inadequate infrastructural facilities and fund to support their present activities. It is therefore recommended that Justice Development Commission should form a link with the Agricultural and Rural Development Cooperative Bank so that soft loan will be available, register with the Youth division of the Ministry of Women Affairs, Community Development and Social Welfare and likewise encourage self-help projects to provide and maintain basic infrastructural facilities.
      PubDate: 2016-02-01T13:40:05Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Psychological determinants of
           treatment adherence among people living with HIV and AIDS in Ibadan,
           Nigeria
    • Authors: Atibioke; O.P., Osinowo, H.O.
      Abstract: The study examined psychological determinants of treatment adherence among people living with HIV and AID in Ibadan, Nigeria. The study was conducted in University college hospital Ibadan. Validated questionnaire with 78 items was administered to 548 participants among people accessing care for minimum of one year comprising 154 males and 394 females. Participants were selected through systematic sampling technique. The psychological variable considered includes; stigma and discrimination, social supports, self-efficacy, depression and anxiety. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and chi square. The results revealed that stigma and discrimination though a serious factor in HIV management, it was not strong enough to stop people from following treatment instruction especially adherence to medication (x2= 2.293: P > 0.05). Social support was found to influence treatment adherence (x2 = 25.901: P < 0.05). Also, self-efficacy, depression and anxiety were found to influence adherence (x2= 20.920: P < 0.05), (x2= 41.104: P < 0.05) and (x2= 8.514: P < 0.05) respectively. It could therefore be concluded that psychological factors have key implications for Adherence to HIV/AIDS treatment. Attention should therefore be paid to ensuring that all individuals accessing HIV/AIDS treatment are supported to attain psychological stability which will unequivocally enhance their adherence to treatment with better outcomes.
      PubDate: 2016-02-01T13:40:04Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Psychological distress among
           Nigerian undergraduate students
    • Authors: Adayonfo; Ehigiator O., Akanni, Oluyemi O.
      Abstract: No one including undergraduate students can be healthy in the absence of mental health. We need to begin to address the relative neglect of students' mental health. The study determined the prevalence of general psychiatric morbidity among undergraduate students of University of Benin, Nigeria and socio-demographic factors that may put students at its risk. Four hundred and eighty two students completed an instrument that consisted of socio-demographic characteristics and the 28-item version of the General Health Questionnaire. The prevalence of general psychiatric morbidity was 36.9%. The prevalence was highest among students from the Faculty of Education, those who always had financial difficulty and those who were not religious. Students with financial constraint may need financial support which may be in the form of bursary, grants, soft loans e.t.c. Private form of religiosity, specifically personal prayer devotion should be encouraged among students; these may protect against psychiatric morbidities.
      PubDate: 2016-02-01T13:40:04Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Patients' perception of health
           care delivery system in a tertiary and secondary health institutions in
           Edo State, Nigeria
    • Authors: Vincent-Osaghae; Gloria N.
      Abstract: The growing concern of the importance of patients' perception as an important tool in assessing the quality of care is a recent trend in the health sector in Nigeria. Health institutions in developed countries of the world are patient-centered. The same cannot be said of developing countries like Nigeria, Ghana and others. This study evaluated patients perception of health care delivery in a tertiary and secondary health institution in Edo State. It was a quantitative and qualitative study carried out on 200 in-patients and out-patients from February 2013 to November 2013. Data were collected using pretested structured questionnaire, Focus Group Discussions and Non-participant Observation. Data from the quantitative study were analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) Version 20 in form of frequencies, percentages and chi-square for determining association among variables. Reports of focus Group Discussion and Observations were written in summary paragraphs. Findings revealed that patients perception of waiting time and workers' attitude neither deterred them from complying with treatment process; nor to continue with the use of health facilities and recommendation of health units to others.
      PubDate: 2016-02-01T13:40:03Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: The efficacy of authentic
           assessment and portfolio assessment in the learning of social studies in
           junior secondary schools in Osun State, Nigeria
    • Authors: Adeyemi; B.A.
      Abstract: The study investigated the significant difference in students' achievement between Authentic assessment and Portfolio achievement as well determined students' attitude towards authentic and portfolio assessments. The study also verified whether there would be a significant relationship between students' achievement and their attitude towards authentic assessment as well as portfolio assessment. These were with a view of enhancing the effective use of authentic and portfolio assessments in the learning of Social Studies in junior secondary schools in Osun State. The study employed two group pre-test only non-randomized experimental research design. The population for the study consisted of students in J.S.S. two classes in Osun State. The sample consisted of 480 Social Studies students that were purposively selected in two secondary schools in Osun State. Three research instruments were developed by the researcher. Four research hypotheses were raised. The t-test and chi-square statistical analyses were utilized for data analysis. Two hypotheses were accepted while the remaining two were rejected. It was recommended among others, that more studies on the mode of assessment were needed in Nigeria so that efforts at improving educational system could be goal oriented especially in this dispensation of educational reform.
      PubDate: 2016-02-01T13:40:02Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Worker-supervisor relationship
           and pay satisfaction : influence on turnover intention among primary
           school teachers in Ado, Nigeria
    • Authors: Ucho; Aondoaver, Ngbea, Kwasedoo M., Sunday, Ogoro A., Banje, Yakubu M.
      Abstract: This study investigated the influence of worker-supervisor relationship and pay satisfaction on turnover intentions among primary school teachers in Ado in Benue State, Nigeria. The study was a survey and worker-supervisor relationship was assessed using Benjamin Rose Relationship with Supervisor Scale. Pay Satisfaction Questionnaire was used in measuring satisfaction with pay. Turnover intentions were assessed using Turnover Intention Scale adopted from the work of Lee (2008). A total of 299 primary school teachers who were randomly sampled took part in the study. The participants were made up of 179 (59.87%) males and 120 (40.13%) females. The result showed that worker-supervisor relationship do not significantly influenced turnover intention of teachers (F(1, 298)= .042, p>0.05). The result equally indicated that pay satisfaction was statistically significant on turnover intention of teachers (F(1, 298) = 4.131, p0.05). The study recommended that the remuneration at the basic level of education in Nigeria should be made attractive in order to raise the satisfaction of teachers as this will bring about their retention.
      PubDate: 2016-02-01T13:40:02Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Leadership style and
           organisational citizenship behaviour among employees of private companies
           in Abia State, Nigeria
    • Authors: Ndubueze; K.I., Akanni, A.A.
      Abstract: This paper examined the relationship between leadership style and Organisational Citizenship Behaviour among employees of selected private companies in Abia state. A total of 262 respondents that were randomly selected from four private companies in Abia state participated in the study. Data were collected using two standardized psychological scale viz: Supervisory Behaviour Description Questionnaire (SBDQ) and Organisational Citizenship Behaviour Scale (OCBS). Data were subjected to multiple Regression analysis. Results showed that there is significant relationship between leadership style and organisational citizenship behaviour {F(2, 259)=97.99, R2 =0.43}. It further showed that the democratic leadership style independently and positively predicted Organisational Citizenship Behaviour (r(260)=0.609, p
      PubDate: 2016-02-01T13:40:01Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Relationship between school
           principals' leadership styles and teachers' job performance in Ondo State,
           Nigeria
    • Authors: Okoji; Olufemi O.
      Abstract: Leadership style in an organization is one of the factors that play significant role in enhancing or retarding the interest and commitment of the individuals in the organization. The population of the study comprised of 300 respondents who were selected through simple random sampling technique from Ondo south senatorial district, this comprised of 250 teachers and 50 school principals and their vice. Principals' Leadership Assessment Inventory was administered to the school principals and their vice with the reliability (PLAI, r= 0.72) and Teachers' Job Performance Assessment Scale was administered to the teachers with reliability (TJPAS r = 0.86). Two hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. Data collected were analyzed with correlation statistical analysis. The result shows that there was significant relationship between democratic leadership style and teachers' job performance (r =.118,N= 300, p
      PubDate: 2016-02-01T13:40:01Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Influence of job demand and
           job status on job involvement among non-burnout employees
    • Authors: Olusa; Abayomi O.
      Abstract: The study examined the influence of job demand and job status on job involvement of non-burnout employees. From the 347 randomly selected respondents, 158 non-burnout employees were extracted (male=106; females= 52), with ages ranging between 17 and 50 years (mean=28.85; SD=7.97). They responded to validated measure of occupational burnout (α=.71), job demand (α=.74) and job involvement (α=.68). Using 2X3 ANOVA to test hypotheses, findings revealed that job involvement of non-burnout employees decreases with increase in their job demand [F(1, 152) =26.51,p
      PubDate: 2016-02-01T13:40:00Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Development of Employee
           Restiveness Predictive Scale (ERPS)
    • Authors: Ogbeide; Davies E.O., Anyaegbunam, Emenike N., Anazonwu, Charles O.
      Abstract: This study established the psychometric property of Employee Restiveness Predictive Scale (ERPS) using faculty members of tertiary institutions in Nigeria. Imo State University (IMSU), Federal Polytechnic, Oko, and Institute of Management and Technology (IMT), Enugu, were used at various stages of the study. Relevant literatures and trade press articles reviewed generated 25 initial items which were evaluated using Delphi technique, and 21 items crystallized out. These 21 items were consequently factor-analyzed using varimax rotation. While the factor analysis revealed 6 factors, the Scree plot indicated a one-factor solution. The KMO and the Bartlett's Tests were subsequently conducted resulting in confirmation of the instrument as one-dimensional (KMO = 0.44; Bartlett's Test = 748.04). Eighteen items finally emerged from the factor analysis. The instrument proved robust to measure restive behaviour among faculty members in tertiary education system used in this study.
      PubDate: 2016-02-01T13:39:59Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Self-concept and intimacy :
           influence on elderly's sexual behaviour in Ile-Ife
    • Authors: Ekundayo; Opeyemi O., Oyinlola, Funmi F., Sunmola, Adebayo K.
      Abstract: This study examined the influence of self-concept and intimacy on the sexual behaviour of middle and older adults. The study was a cross sectional survey that collected data from middle and older adults in Ife Central Local Government Area using a multi-stage sampling technique. The sample consisted of 375 adults. Three instruments namely: Sexual Behaviour Scale, Sexual Intimacy Scale, and Tennesse Self-Concept Scale, were used to collect data from the respondents. The results showed that self concept had a significant influence on the sexual behaviour of middle and older adults (r=0.24, p
      PubDate: 2016-02-01T13:39:58Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Language and madness : very
           germane areas of collaboration among linguists and psychiatrists
    • Authors: Akinbode; Oluwole
      Abstract: Language use and communication among psychiatric patients and their caretakers are a very interesting and extra-ordinary research interest in linguistics. It requires a great knowledge of psycholinguistics, neurolinguistics, pragmatics and psychoanalysis, Madness, inevitably, involves language. It has been observed by many psychologists and psychiatrists that the ability to speak coherently enough to respond appropriately to, and help create, recognizable social contexts helps to defuse human beings sense of full humanness. Also, radical deviation from normal speech interaction can cause interlocutors to judge one not only insane but less than completely human. The research methods used to gather data for this study was observation and interviewing. It was gathered that the use of language and communication are strongly connected with sanity or insanity. Sanity or insanity could be determined by how reasonable an utterance made by an interactant is, in a speech context. It was recommended that psychiatrists should collaborate regularly with linguists especially during diagnosis and treatment of psychiatric patients.
      PubDate: 2016-02-01T13:39:58Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Editorial
    • Authors: Olowu; A.A.
      Abstract: In this Volume 23 Number 1, 2015, we have published twenty five manuscripts that touched on all areas of applied psychology. The papers will enhance the knowledge and practice of our readers. We are grateful for your unflinching support to this journal.
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:56Z
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2015)
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: The efficiency of the
           implementation of the physical education curriculum in Nairobi county and
           Nyeri county preschools, Kenya
    • Authors: Kahiga; Ruth M., Gatumu, Jane C., Rintaugu, Elijah G.
      Abstract: This paper is based on a cross-sectional survey on the efficiency of the implementation of the Physical Education (PE) curriculum in Nairobi County and Nyeri County preschools in Kenya. The paper focuses on the PE teaching policy, PE learning facilities and equipments, and the teachers' efficiency in preschool PE curriculum implementation. Nairobi and Nyeri Counties were purposively sampled to provide a geographical comparison. The survey involved 99 preschools selected using stratified random and simple random sampling. The respondents included 60 head teachers, 99 teachers, 60 parents and 4 DICECE officers who were selected using stratified and simple random sampling. Data was collected using questionnaires, interviews, observation schedules, resource checklists and documentary analysis. The data was analysed using content analysis and descriptive statistics such as; frequency and percentages. It was found out that the implementation of the preschool PE curriculum was not efficiently done since PE lessons were used to teach other activity areas and teachers mostly supervised children playing instead of giving instructions. PE learning facilities were found to be fairly adequate. PE equipment and materials were found to be inadequate and this was mostly attributed to lack of funds. The teachers were found to be professionally trained thus competent to implement the PE curriculum though professional development programmes such as seminars and workshops were lacking. Recommendations made were that PE should be taught like all other activity areas and the Ministry of Education inspectorate unit should ensure that this is adhered to in all preschools. Provision of adequate PE learning facilities and equipment should be a requirement for all preschools. All preschool stakeholders should be sensitized on the importance of PE and seminars and workshops should be held regularly for the preschool teachers.
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:55Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Topographic anterograde and
           retrograde memory for spatial behaviour effects of haloperidol treatments
           in Long Evan rats
    • Authors: Ucheagwu; Valentine, Jesse, Ossai
      Abstract: The present study was on the effects of haloperidol injection on anterograde and retrograde topographic memories for spatial behaviours in Long Evan rats. Twelve Long Evan albino rats weighing 0.5 - 0.8 kg (6 males, 6 females) were used for the study. Complex Maze Box of 14 unit T Alley from the Royal Institute of Psychologists, Nigeria were used for spatial learning trials while Haloperidol injection treatment from AGILA SPECLTS Company was used. The subjects were divided into 2 groups: retrograde and anterograde groups. The Mann Whitney U test and Wilcoxon Rank sum statistics were used for data analysis. The findings showed significant differences between retrograde group: before injection and after injection on time spent to run the maze. Similarly significant difference was seen between the retrograde group (before injection) and anterograde group at P
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:55Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Development and validation of
           prison Inmates Self-Harm Urges Scale (IS-HUS) : a psychometric study
    • Authors: Ineme; Mfon E., Osinowo, Helen O.
      Abstract: The rate of self-harm among prison inmates tends to be on the increase globally, often resulting in ultimate self-harm (suicide)if not checked. Such behaviours are often premeditated and may have been nursed as urges in the mind for some time. This study aimed at developing a psychological instrument that would help detect such urges before their full manifestation. Focus group discussions (FGD) were held with 32 purposively selected inmates and open-ended questions administered to 97 randomly selected inmates from Agodi prison. In-depth interview (IDIs) were conducted with 4 purposively selected prison staff. Initial items were validated by 2 clinical psychologists, 1 social psychologist, and 1 sociologist. Themes emerged from their responses which aided the development of the initial 23 items; these items were further scrutinized by 2 clinical psychologists and then administered to 120 inmates randomly selected from Agodi prison. Their responses were analyzed using SPSS version 20.0, giving rise to a valid and reliable 19-item scale - IS-HUS with three sub-scales. Sub-scale 1 measures physical self-harm urges, sub-scale 2 measures verbal self-harm urges, sub-scale 3 measures transferred self-harms. The scale was translated to Yoruba language and retranslated to English language.
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:54Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Achievement goals and
           performance in English and Mathematics of senior secondary schools
           students in Borno State, Nigeria
    • Authors: Musa; Alice K.J., Hartley, Peter
      Abstract: The study investigated the relationships between achievement goals and measures of academic performance in English and Mathematics of senior secondary school students in Borno State, Nigeria. The objectives of the study were to determine the relationships between achievement goals and performances in English and Mathematics, and the contribution of each goal type to the variance of academic performance in English and Mathematics. Eight hundred and twenty-seven (827) students randomly selected from 18 senior boarding secondary schools in Borno State responded to "A hierarchical Model of Approach and Avoidance Achievement Motivation" scale as measure of achievement goals and English and Mathematics tests as measured of academic performance. Hierarchical multiple regression was used to analyse the data. The results reveal significant relationships: among the goals, between learning and performance-avoidance goals with English and overall academic performance; but non with mathematics. Learning goals and performance-approach goals account for the variance in academic performance differently.
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:54Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Formation of national identity
           among children in southern Nigeria and the analysis of their attitude of
           in-group/out-group : an experimental study
    • Authors: Asekun; Wakil A.
      Abstract: The paper examined the dynamics of socializing southern Nigerian children amidst prevailing ethno-religious conflicts claiming lives and properties in the northern Nigeria; the consequences of the realities on in-group attitude and out-group attitude of the children were analysed. The study adopted an experimental design and was conducted in a classroom among 55 primary school pupils in Lagos, Southern Nigeria. Results suggested that Southern Nigerian children hold favourable attitudes towards their in-group, but showed unfavourable attitudes towards their fellow children in northern Nigeria (out-group), essentially, due to the prevailing crises in the area; consequently, they expressed a negative national identity. The implication of these findings on the quest for a cohesive national life in Nigeria and other African countries was discussed.
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:53Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Development and
           standardization of Military Stress Inventory (MSI)
    • Authors: Osa-Afiana; Damian D.
      Abstract: Over the years, the Nigerian Military has participated in many peace keeping operations throughout the world. In each of these cases, the men of the Armed Forces who participated in these operations were never evaluated or screened both before and after the operations to determine their psychological state with regard to their stress levels. The impact of stress on military personnel is a known fact. In view of the highly stressful nature of military operations, this study is to develop an instrument that could screen those soldiers who might be proned to stress before operation and also to evaluate the stress levels of those who have returned after military operations. In the Development and Standardisation of Military Stress Inventory (MSI) an item pool created from a list of situations related to military operation and profession was used to obtain 36 item inventory which was administered to 600 participants made up 150 Army, 150 Navy, 150 Air Force personnel and 150 Civilians (not working in any military setting). A total mean score for MSI of 89.30 with a standard deviation of 24.13 was obtained. The mean score and standard deviation for military personnel was 88.71 and 22.08 respectively. Analyzing data with Cronbach alpha, Guttman's split-half and Pearson Product Moment statistics, the reliability coefficients, both coefficient alpha and split-half range in the 80's. The concurrent validity of MSI is satisfactory with .64. The results were discussed in terms of how the development of MSI met the objective of the study. The values of MSI in detecting stress in military personnel were highlighted.
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:52Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Mobility and gender aspects of
           hospital trips of the urban elderly in Ilesa, Nigeria
    • Authors: Olawole; Moses O.
      Abstract: Accessibility to health care facilities is one characteristic that have the potential to impact the health and well-being of the elderly. Using data from a multistage sample survey of 378 elderly, this study examines intra-urban mobility and gender differences in hospital trips of elderly in the city of Ilesa, South-western, Nigeria. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics, Chi-square and ANOVA. The analysis reveals similarity in gender trip rates to hospitals - 63.14% of elderly men and 66.29% of elderly women of the samples visited hospitals for medical treatment during the period under study. Overall, occasional trips frequency accounts for 96.71% of the trips to hospitals. The findings show significant gender differences in trip frequencies, travel distance and mode choices of the elderly. The research results reinforce the importance of intra-urban and gender variations in travel characteristics of the elderly to hospitals.
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:52Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Rethinking gender equity,
           democratic governance and Millennium Development Goals in Nigeria
    • Authors: Kolawole; Taiwo O., Abubakar, Muhammed B., Owonibi, Elizabeth, Zaggi, Hilary
      Abstract: This paper examine the possibility of attaining the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) without gender equity in Nigeria as a society bearing in mind that most of the MDGs are women centered or put differently, they affects mostly the women than the men counterparts. The paper concluded that women are badly treated in Nigeria, it then become extremely difficult to attain the MDGs without putting a total end to undue evil treatment of women in Nigeria. It must be emphasized that while it is important to meet short-term practical of needs of women (a process and usually time consuming and epileptics), it is only when significant proportion of women hold public offices and are given opportunities to initiate, mould and execute public policy and legislation, can they begin to effectively address the other problems faced by women.
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:51Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Knowledge, attitude and
           barriers towards children immunization among women in selected rural
           primary health centres
    • Authors: Adekeye; Olujide A., Chenube, Olufunke O., Ahmadu, Fred, Adekeye, Bosede T.
      Abstract: This study explored the knowledge, attitude and barriers to children immunization among women in four selected Rural Primary Health Centres. Immunization coverage rates in Nigeria have remained very poor especially in rural communities despite a plethora of programs and strategies. A survey research questionnaire made up of three trajectories (Attitude, knowledge and barriers to childhood immunization) was used in this study (n= 79, mean= 33 +/-6.9years). This study made use of descriptive and inferential statistic. The SPSS software was used to analyze the data. The study indicates that about 80% of the respondents are aware that immunization services are available at primary healthcare centres, but less than half are aware that immunization against polio is meant for children who are 5 years and below. For barriers, about 53% reported they have no confidence in the quality and safety of vaccines being used while 62% reported that health workers are not sufficiently trained. For attitude, most agreed that immunization make children grow healthy (66%). In this study, knowledge of immunization was a better predictor of barriers to immunization (β = 0.633; t = 2.108; p < 0.05). Mothers could be motivated to have their children immunized by doubling efforts at enlightening them and by reiterating the benefits of child immunization to pregnant women during ante-natal clinics. Good healthcare facilities and improve personnel services will encourage more uptakes of immunization services.
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:50Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Performance appraisal
           knowledge : an implication on workplace commitment in a selected
           commercial bank in Lagos, Nigeria
    • Authors: Arogundade; Odunayo T., Olasunkanmi-Alimi, Temitope H., Arogundade, Ayodeji B.
      Abstract: Performance appraisal is a central component of any performance management system that serves as a tool for measuring and achieving performance expectation. This study therefore explored the impact of performance appraisal knowledge on employees' commitment to their workplace. Data for this study were obtained from a sample of 275 bankers in a selected commercial bank in Lagos Nigeria using a battery of psychological tests, namely: Organizational Commitment Scale (OCS) and Performance Appraisal Scale (PAS). The data collected were analyzed by Spearman correlation, linear regression and independent t-test analyses with aim of testing the three hypotheses proposed in this study at 0.05 level of significant. The findings revealed that a significant positive relationship exists between performance appraisal knowledge and organizational commitment (r = 0.18; P < 0.05), performance appraisal knowledge accounted for 3% variation in organizational commitment and finally there exist a significant difference between participants with good performance appraisal knowledge and their counterparts with poor performance appraisal knowledge in their report of organizational commitment. Based on these findings, the study recommended that management should enhance employees' awareness of performance appraisal system in their organizations so as to improve their workplace commitment.
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:50Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Perceived impact of terrorism
           on Nigerian youths and society
    • Authors: Akinsola; Esther F., Ojo, Adebusola
      Abstract: Terrorism is a hydra-headed global phenomenon but it has recently become a recurring menace in Nigeria, unleashing trauma, fear and psychological disorientation on individuals and the Nigerian society. Currently the news of any terrorist attack sends shock waves through the spines of Nigerians followed by apathy. The terrorists' strategies draw the attention of the local populace, the government, and the world to their cause. Such strategies which include acts of violence and wanton destruction of lives and properties, abduction and sexual violence are accompanied by traumatic effects on the victims, the general populace and Nigerian youths in particular. This study assessed the impact of persistent terrorist attacks on the individuals and the society. In doing this a Terrorism conceptualization and impact questionnaire was developed, factor-analysed and administered to 531 youths and older adults with age ranging between 15 and 75years. In the sample 307 are youths (15-24yrs) while 224 are older adults (25-75), with 279 males and 252 females. After the factor analysis of the questionnaire items 20 out of the 34 items in the questionnaire assessed the impact of terrorist attacks on Nigerian youths and adults. The impact factors assessed are social impact, psychological impact divided into psychological distress and helplessness, intervention impact and cognitive impact. Results obtained indicated that older adults experience higher levels of psychological distress and helplessness than the youths. Older adults also demonstrated higher level of intervention initiation than the youths. However there were no significant differences in the cognitive and social impact of terrorism between the youths and the older adults studied. The results were discussed within the existing literature on effect of terrorist activities on people in general and Nigerians in particular. It was concluded that further research is needed in which the items for social, cognitive and intervention impact will be increased to boost the validity of the research results.
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:49Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Counselling intervention in
           the provision of psycho-social support for widows : empirical evidence
           from Nigeria
    • Authors: Adebowale; Titilola A.
      Abstract: Everyone needs adjustment to get along or survive ones social and physical environment. The widows in this part of the world need it more than anyone due to the hardship culture has placed on them. The study examined the psychological and social support being rendered to the widows for adjustment. One hundred and twenty widows were randomly selected within the randomly selected local government areas in Ibadan. Psychosocial Support for Widows Adjustment Questionnaire (PSSWAQ), self-structured, with the validity α=0.74 was administered on 120 widows in six local government areas of Oyo state. Two hypotheses were postulated and tested at 0.05 level of significance, Data were analyzed using Pearson Product Moment Correlation and t-test. The study revealed that there is a relationship between psychosocial support given widows and adjustment to life. Secondly, the age of the widows did not affect their adjustment with psychosocial support. It was found that psychosocial support can modify the behaviour of the widows when faced with social and environmental challenges. It was also found that the age of the widows does not affect the support they receive from the populace. Therefore, government, family members, co-workers, business associate and non-governmental organizations should rally round widows in helping them to get out of their fears, have the ability to adjust, remove stigmatization and reduce the rate in which their children indulge in crime.
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:48Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Role of waste management in
           wealth creation in Nigeria - evidences from Lagos state waste management
           authority (LAWMA)
    • Authors: Akinbola; Olufemi A., Ojo, Olugbenga A., Hakeem, Adeniyi A.
      Abstract: The concept of entrepreneurship as it relates to waste to wealth by private sector participation (PSP) franchise is considered to have assisted the government create jobs and new businesses for many in contemporary economies, This study essentially try to access whether PSP franchise operators aid in the creation of jobs and how waste recycling affects the creation of small or large business ventures in Lagos State. The data required for this study was gotten through the instrument of questionnaire from the Lagos state waste management authority (LAWMA) franchise operators. One hundred and forty five (145) questionnaires were administered out of which one hundred and twelve (112) were returned for analysis. Two hypotheses were formulated from the structure of research questions. Regression analysis was used to test the hypotheses through the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS 18.0). The result showed that PSP franchise operations have significant influence on the creation of jobs (R2 = 0.132, at P < 0.05) and that waste recycling affects the creation of small or large business ventures in Lagos State (R2 = 0.550, at P < 0.05). The study therefore recommends among others that Waste management authorities should endeavour to provide franchising opportunities to entrepreneurs to create more jobs for the populace and that waste recycling should be regulated and controlled efficiently to encourage more individuals to participate in the processes as this would help to create business for entrepreneurs.
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:48Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Alcohol consumption, peer
           influence and secondary school students' attitudes towards school in
           Katsit, Kaduna State, Nigeria
    • Authors: Anyio; Bahago T.
      Abstract: This study investigated the influences of Alcohol Consumption peer influence and secondary school students attitudes towards school in some selected secondary schools in Katsit, Kafanchan, Kaduna State. The study adopted a correlational research design and the population of this study was 200 senior students from four (4) secondary school out of 18 Government Secondary Schools in Katsit, Kafanchan. The students were selected using simple random sampling technique. Spearman's Rank Order Correlation was used to test the Hypotheses. The instrument used for Data Collection was Rutgers Alcohol Problem Index (RAPI), Feeling About School Instrument (FASI) and Peer Pressure Inventory (PPI). The findings reveals that there is no significant relationship between peer group influence and students attitudes towards school (P=.178=.100) and there was a positive significant relationship between Alcohol Consumption and students attitudes towards school (P=.001; rho=.339). Based on their findings, it was recommend that parents, school administrators, ministry of education who are partners and stakeholders in the education of children mostly adolescents school be involved more in the affairs of the schools.
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:47Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Cognitive therapy,
           psychosocial variables and immune system functioning of persons with
           HIV/AIDS
    • Authors: Anyaegbunam; Emenike N.
      Abstract: This study examined the effect of cognitive therapy on psychosocial variables (stigma consciousness and social support) and immune system functioning of People Living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). One hundred and eighty-seven PLWHA (85 men & 102 women) took part in this study. Stigma consciousness questionnaire and provision of social relation scale were used to collect information from the participants. Immune system functioning was measured using CD4 counts. Repeated measures ANOVA revealed that there were significant main effects of cognitive therapy on stigma consciousness and social support. Similarly, significant main effect was found of cognitive therapy on immune system functioning. Stigma consciousness, social support and immune system functioning of PLWHA varied with application of cognitive therapy. The outcome provides framework for understanding the link among psychosocial variables, immune system functioning and cognitive therapy, and has practical application to HIV/AIDS management.
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:46Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Educational gender-equality
           and women empowerment as determinants of national transformation :
           implication for curriculum development
    • Authors: Ajasa; Folorunso A., Salako, Adebayo A.
      Abstract: This study examined educational gender equality and women empowerment on National Transformation. The study adopted a correlational research design; three hundred (300) educated women were purposely selected in Oyo State. Two research instruments were used to pilot the study. The instrument are Educational Gender Equality Questionnaire (EGEQ) (r = 0.78) and Women Empowerment Questionnaire (WEQ) (r = 0.82) multiple regression were used for data analysis. The study raised two research questions viz: what is the relative effect of gender inequality and women empowerment and their joint contributions on national development. The results showed that the independent variables have significant influence on National Transformation. It was recommended that; gender issues should be a National concern; also the curriculum developers should take cognizance of both boys and girls during curriculum planning. Lastly education should be a right to all citizens.
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:46Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Enhancing friendship-making
           ability of peer rejected adolescents through social skills training
    • Authors: Ikporukpo; A.B.
      Abstract: The study assesses the effectiveness of social skills training (SST) in enhancing friendship-making ability of peer-rejected adolescents in Ibadan, Nigeria. A 2x2 pretest-posttest, control group true experimental design was utilized. Eighty four (84) peer-rejected students from two secondary schools in Ibadan, Oyo state whose ages ranged from 11 to 17 years with a mean of 13 were randomly assigned to the treatment and control groups. The treatment group was exposed to eight-week training in SST while participants in the control group received placebo training. The participants responded to a validated Peer Attachment Inventory at both pre and post intervention sessions. The results indicated that the intervention group performed significantly better than the control group and also social skills training predicted friendship making ability among the female and the male participants. The researcher recommends social skills training to be introduced in the schools programme.
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:45Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Forensic index and substance
           abuse among psychiatric patients
    • Authors: Abiama; Emmanuel E., Ifeagwazi, Chuka M., Chukwuorji, JohnBosco C.
      Abstract: Although forensic index and substance use are crucial issues in clinical work among mentally ill patients, studies emanating from psychiatric facilities in nonwestern cultures have been relatively scarce. This paper examines this issue in a tertiary health institution. Participants were 259 mentally ill patients (124 inpatients and 135 out-patients) drawn from University of Uyo Teaching Hospital, Uyo (UUTH) in Nigeria. Using a mixed method design, data were derived from a self-report questionnaire adapted from World Health Organization guidelines for substance use surveys, hospital folders and interviews. 169 (65.26%) patients used psychoactive substances while 90 (34.74%) not substance users. Reasons identified for drug use by the patients were to enhance performance (16%), ignorance of the risks involved (12.4%), due to the availability of substances (11.8%), because they are cheap (10.7%), and because many other patients use it (10.7%). Alcohol (14.20%) and cannabis (14.20%) were the most frequently used substances. Of the 169 drug users, 96.44% were brought by family members for treatment while others were brought by Nigerian Drug Law Enforcement Agency for rehabilitation (1.77%) and Court/Federal Road Safety Corps (.59%) for psychiatric rehabilitation. Thirty (17.8%) of the 169 patients with drug-related problems engaged in drug-related crimes but only 4 (13.3%) were reported and only 1 (3.3%) was prosecuted and punished. Intervention programmes in mental health facilities should include strategies for helping patients cope with drug use problems and proper attention should be paid to rehabilitation so as to wean such patients off substance misuse.
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:44Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Patients satisfaction with
           nursing care in a maternity unit in South-Western Nigeria : relationship
           with self esteem
    • Authors: Eegunranti; Adekunle B., Akinsulore, Adesanmi, Ibigbami, Olanrewaju I., Olowookere, Samuel A., Ibigbami, Adebukola
      Abstract: The purpose of health care institution is to satisfy the health care needs of their patients. Measuring patient satisfaction has improved services provided by health care institutions. Among factors that influence patient satisfaction, self-esteem of the clients has not received much attention in research. The aim of this study was to assess patient satisfaction with nursing care in a maternity unit and its relationship with self-esteem. A descriptive cross-sectional study in which 100 women were interviewed at the immunization clinic of the Wesley Guild Hospital within six weeks post-delivery was used. Respondents completed socio-demographic questionnaire, the modified La Monica-Oberst Patient Satisfaction Scale (LAOPSS) and the Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale. The mean age of respondents was 29.9 years while mean satisfaction score was 97.98 (SD-15.3; Range-79) with mean self-esteem being 30.15 (SD-6.59; Range-38). Factors associated with higher levels of patient satisfaction were having tertiary education, having 1-3 children, being employed, higher income, higher levels of self-esteem and longer duration of hospital stay. Predictors of patient satisfaction were self-esteem and duration of hospital stay. Self-esteem of women has a strong influence on their satisfaction with nursing care in maternity units. Measures towards enhancing their understanding of the care given to them and promoting their self-esteem are strong components of improving their satisfaction with nursing care.
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:44Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Age at first birth and social
           dimensions of under-5 child mortality in Yoruba society : the case of Osun
           State, Nigeria
    • Authors: Oyefara; John L.
      Abstract: Central to Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) is the reduction of under-five mortality by two-third between 1990 and 2015. At the end of MDGs, child mortality is still very high in Nigeria. This necessitates the urgent needs to have clear understanding about the dynamics of child mortality in different societies of the country. This paper examines the nexus between maternal age at first birth and level of childhood mortality most especially within the socio-economic structure of Yoruba society in Nigeria. The understanding of this relationship is of direct relevance to governments and non-State actors working on child health with the aim to achieve the stated MDGs goal and its associated targets. To achieve the objective of the study, quantitative data were generated from 1,000 women in one of the six Yoruba speaking States in Nigeria: Osun State. A multistage random sampling technique was adopted to select the respondents, while percentages, means, standard deviation, Pearson chi square, t-test, analysis of variance and post hoc test of homogeneous were adopted to analyze generated data. Findings of the study show significant relationships between maternal age at first birth and childhood mortality level within the socio-demographic characteristics of women (such as place of residence, current age, occupational status, educational level, marital status, form of marriage and number of children ever born). Specifically, women who had their first birth below age 20 years exhibit significant higher number of childhood mortality in comparison with women who had their first birth by age 20 years and above at P
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:43Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Locus of control, death
           anxiety and length of service of electricity workers in Nigeria
    • Authors: Aboh; James U., Nwankwo, Barnabas E., Agu, Solomon A., Chikwendu, Chimezie E., Obi, Tobias C.
      Abstract: This study investigated the relationship between locus of control and death anxiety among staff of an electricity company (Power Holding Company of Nigeria, Plc). Enugu. The participants were 80 workers drawn from Power Holding Company of Nigeria, Plc Okpara Avenue, Enugu 40 long serving staff, 40 short serving staff. Rotter (1966) locus control and Templer (1970) death anxiety questionnaires were used to collect the responses for the study. Correlation research design and Pearson Product-Moment Correlation Coefficient Statistics was used with age ranging from 22-53 years. The findings indicated, that there was a statistically significant relationship between internal locus of control and death anxiety among short serving staff of Power Holding Company Nigeria, (r= 0.84, 38, P
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:42Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Career prospects of youths and
           tourism participation in selected host communities in Ekiti State, Nigeria
           
    • Authors: Bakare; Oyebisi K.
      Abstract: The study examined career prospects of youths and tourism participation in selected host communities in Ekiti State, Nigeria. Three communities (Ikogosi-Ekiti, Ikere-Ekiti, and Ipole-Iloro-Ekiti) were purposively selected for the study considering their possession of idyllic tourist resources of national and international reputes, Ikogosi warm-spring, Olosunta festival, and Arinta waterfalls respectively. The population for the study comprised the inhabitants of the three communities. Purposive sampling technique was employed to select 120 youths from each community summing to 360 respondents. Data were collected using interview guided questions. The mean age of the respondents was 19.3 years. The results showed that high percentage (70.8%) of the respondents falls between 16 and 25 years. A high percentage (75.6%) of the respondents had no exposure (never lived elsewhere). Majority (66.7%) earned their living (self upkeep) from tourism business in the locality. The findings revealed that there was a significant relationship between career prospects of youths and age (X2=32.168; p
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:42Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Passengers' variables as
           predictors of risky driving behaviour of intercity commercial bus driver
           in Osun State
    • Authors: Olonade; Zaccheaus O.
      Abstract: The study examined the influence of passengers' attitude, age, and gender on the risky driving behaviour of intercity commercial bus drivers in Osun state. This was with a view to assessing the roles played by the passengers in the overall service delivery of commercial bus drivers. Primary data were used in the study. It involved systematic observation and the use of questionnaire. Participatory observation was conducted, and questionnaire administered on passengers of commercial buses travelling in and out of Ile-Ife, Ilesa, and Osogbo. A multi-stage sampling procedure was used. A total of 283 passengers were used for the study. The data collected were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Results showed that the attitude of passengers have no significant influence on the driving behaviour of intercity commercial bus drivers. However, gender had a significant influence on the risky driving behaviour of intercity commercial bus drivers [F(1,282)=5.27,P
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:41Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Entrepreneurial intention and
           entrepreneurial abilities
    • Authors: Jayeoba; Foluso I.
      Abstract: The study examined entrepreneurial intention of 668 undergraduates from two South West Nigerian Universities. The participants who indicated intention to 'start their own business' differ in entrepreneurial abilities by a higher mean score (x = 126.70) on Entrepreneurial Ability Scale (EAS) compared with those who indicated 'seek employment' (x = 121.42) and those who are not sure of their post-graduation activities (x = 123.56). One-way analysis of variance shows that no significant difference exist between 'seek employment' and those who are not sure about their future choice between 'seek employment' and 'start own business'. The study is an important indication of the role of and correlation between ability and intentions. It will be of practical benefit to conduct a follow-up/longitudinal study on future work preferences of the undergraduates who score high in entrepreneurial abilities scale as well as those who has entrepreneurial intention.
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:40Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Paternal influences and
           adolescents' sexual risky behaviours
    • Authors: Oladeji; D.
      Abstract: The study established the influence of paternal roles on adolescents' sexual risky behaviour. A total of two hundred (200) married men drawn from Ibadan metropolis constituted the sample for the study. Their ages ranged from 30 years to 49 years with a mean age of 36.5 years and standard deviation of 8.21. The two instruments used were author-constructed interview guide inventories with 0.62 and 0.67 reliability coefficient respectively. The data obtained were analyzed using multiple regression, correlation and chi-square statistics. The results obtained from the study indicated that, a combination of the six independent variables significantly predicted the dependent variable F=(7,192) =21.193; R= .786, R2 = .617, Adj. R2= .586; P
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:39Z
       
 
 
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