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Publisher: Sabinet Online Ltd   (Total: 223 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 223 Journals sorted alphabetically
ACCORD Occasional Paper     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Acta Academica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.123, h-index: 3)
Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.14, h-index: 1)
Acta Criminologica     Full-text available via subscription  
Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa     Full-text available via subscription  
Acta Juridica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Acta Patristica et Byzantina     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
AFFRIKA J. of Politics, Economics and Society     Full-text available via subscription  
Africa Conflict Monitor     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Africa Insight     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Africa Institute Occasional Paper     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Africa J. of Nursing and Midwifery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.128, h-index: 3)
AfricaGrowth Agenda     Full-text available via subscription  
African Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 18)
African Finance J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
African J. for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
African J. of Business and Economic Research     Full-text available via subscription  
African J. of Democracy and Governance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
African J. of Farm Child and Youth Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
African J. of Herpetology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.51, h-index: 9)
African J. of Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 1)
African J. of Research in Mathematics, Science and Technology Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
African J. of Rhetoric     Full-text available via subscription  
African J. of Wildlife Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
African Markets Overview     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
African Plant Protection     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
African Renaissance     Full-text available via subscription  
African Safety Promotion     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
African Yearbook of Rhetoric     Full-text available via subscription  
Africanus     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Agriprobe     Full-text available via subscription  
Akroterion     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of the Ditsong National Museum of Natural History     Full-text available via subscription  
Annual Survey of South African Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Arms Control : Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Ars Nova     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Article 40     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Architects and Quantity Surveyors' Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
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BER : Consumer Confidence Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
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BER : Economic Prospects : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription  
BER : Economic Prospects : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Intermediate Goods Industries Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
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BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Building and Construction : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Manufacturing : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Retail : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Trends : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Wholesale Sector Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Building Women     Full-text available via subscription  
Bulletin of Statistics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Business Tax and Company Law Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Cabo     Full-text available via subscription  
Cardiovascular J. of Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.3, h-index: 19)
Child Abuse Research in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Civil Engineering = Siviele Ingenieurswese     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Clean Air J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Clean Air J. = Tydskrif vir Skoon Lug     Full-text available via subscription  
Climate Summary of South Africa     Full-text available via subscription  
CME : Your SA J. of CPD     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Codicillus     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Commonwealth Youth and Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Communicare : J. for Communication Sciences in Southern Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Comparative and Intl. Law J. of Southern Africa     Full-text available via subscription  
Conflict Trends     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Conspectus : The J. of the South African Theological Seminary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Crime Research in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Current Allergy & Clinical Immunology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.126, h-index: 4)
Dairy Mail Africa : Publication for the Dairy Industry in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
De Arte     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
De Rebus     Full-text available via subscription  
Die Kerkblad     Full-text available via subscription  
Educare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Emergency Services SA     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
English in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Enterprise Risk     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ergonomics SA : J. of the Ergonomics Society of South Africa     Full-text available via subscription  
ESR Review : Economic and Social Rights in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Evidence Based Summaries in Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
FarmBiz     Full-text available via subscription  
Farmer’s Weekly     Full-text available via subscription  
Farmlink Africa     Full-text available via subscription  
Food Manufacturing Africa     Full-text available via subscription  
French Studies in Southern Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Fundamina : A J. of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Gender and Behaviour     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Gender Questions     Full-text available via subscription  
Ghanaian J. of Economics     Full-text available via subscription  
HR Future     Full-text available via subscription  
HR Highway     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
IFE Psychologia : An Intl. J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Image & Text : a J. for Design     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
IMFO : Official J. of the Institute of Municipal Finance Officers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
IMIESA     Full-text available via subscription  
Indilinga African J. of Indigenous Knowledge Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Injury and Safety Monitor     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Inside Mining     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Institute for Security Studies Papers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Interim : Interdisciplinary J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. for Religious Freedom     Full-text available via subscription  
Intl. SportMed J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.182, h-index: 8)
Investment Analysts J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.223, h-index: 4)
J. for Christian Scholarship = Tydskrif vir Christelike Wetenskap     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
J. for Contemporary History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
J. for Estate Planning Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
J. for Islamic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
J. for Juridical Science     Full-text available via subscription  
J. for Language Teaching = Tydskrif vir Taalonderrig     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
J. for New Generation Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
J. for Semitics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
J. of African Elections     Full-text available via subscription  
J. of African Foreign Affairs     Full-text available via subscription  
J. of African Union Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
J. of Contemporary Management     Full-text available via subscription  
J. of Gender, Information and Development in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
J. of Marketing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
J. of Minimum Intervention in Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription  
J. of Public Administration     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
J. of Somali Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
J. of Strategic Studies : A J. of the Southern Bureau of Strategic Studies Trust     Full-text available via subscription  
Juta's Business Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Kleio     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Learning and Teaching Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Litnet Akademies : 'n Joernaal vir die Geesteswetenskappe, Natuurwetenskappe, Regte en Godsdienswetenskappe     Full-text available via subscription  
Local Government Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
M&J Retail     Full-text available via subscription  
Malawi Law J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Management Dynamics : J. of the Southern African Institute for Management Scientists     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Management Today     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Medical Technology SA     Full-text available via subscription  
Meditari : Research J. of the School of Accounting Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Missionalia : Southern African J. of Mission Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.115, h-index: 3)
MNASSA : Monthly Notes of the Astronomical Society of South Africa     Full-text available via subscription  
Monographs of the Transvaal Museum     Full-text available via subscription  
Musicus     Full-text available via subscription  
Nafu Farmer     Full-text available via subscription  
Neotestamentica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.124, h-index: 1)
New Coin Poetry     Full-text available via subscription  
New Voices in Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Obiter     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Obstetrics and Gynaecology Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.111, h-index: 2)
Occupational Health Southern Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Old Testament Essays     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Personal Finance Newsletter     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Perspectives in Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.242, h-index: 10)
Politeia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Practical Theology in South Africa = Praktiese Teologie in Suid-Afrika     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Professional Accountant     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Professional Nursing Today     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Progressio     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Psycho-analytic Psychotherapy in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Quest     Full-text available via subscription  
ReSource     Full-text available via subscription  
Retail and Marketing Review     Full-text available via subscription  
Rostrum : Newsletter of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
SA Horseman     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
SA Irrigation = SA Besproeiing     Full-text available via subscription  
SA Mercantile Law J. = SA Tydskrif vir Handelsreg     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
SABI Magazine - Tydskrif     Full-text available via subscription  
Scriptura     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Scrutiny2     Full-text available via subscription  
Servamus Community-based Safety and Security Magazine     Full-text available via subscription  
Shakespeare in Southern Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Slavic Almanac : The South African J. for Slavic, Central and Eastern European Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
South Africa Rural Development Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
South African Actuarial J.     Full-text available via subscription  
South African Computer J.     Full-text available via subscription  
South African Food Review     Full-text available via subscription  
South African Gastroenterology Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.101, h-index: 1)
South African Health Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
South African Human Rights Yearbook     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
South African J. for Research in Sport, Physical Education and Recreation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.123, h-index: 3)
South African J. of African Languages     Full-text available via subscription  
South African J. of Art History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
South African J. of Business Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.16, h-index: 5)
South African J. of Chemical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
South African J. of Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.177, h-index: 13)
South African J. of Criminal Justice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
South African J. of Cultural History     Full-text available via subscription  
South African J. of Diabetes and Vascular Disease     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
South African J. of Economic History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
South African J. of Education     Open Access   (SJR: 0.376, h-index: 9)
South African J. of Higher Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
South African J. of Labour Relations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
South African J. of Sports Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
South African J. of Wildlife Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.389, h-index: 21)
South African J. on Human Rights     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.166, h-index: 5)
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South African Music Studies : SAMUS     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
South African Ophthalmology J.     Full-text available via subscription  
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South African Radiographer     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)

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Journal Cover IFE Psychologia : An International Journal
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   ISSN (Print) 1117-1421
   Published by Sabinet Online Ltd Homepage  [223 journals]
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Editorial
    • Authors: Olowu; A.A.
      Abstract: This is the first product of ours in the year, 2011. It is the Volume 19 Number 1, and has thirty-five articles.
      PubDate: 2016-04-07T10:56:53Z
      Issue No: Vol. 19 (2016)
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Emotional well-being of
           orphans and vulnerable children in Ogun State orphanages Nigeria :
           predictors and implications for policy
    • Authors: Adejuwon; G.A., Oki, S.
      Abstract: Previous research has found strong links between the emotional well-being of children and young people to their personal, social development and academic performance. This study examined stigmatisation, sexual involvement and school enrolment as predictors of emotional well-being of orphans and vulnerable children Ogun State orphanages, Nigeria.. A survey design was used and convenience sampling technique was used to select participants for the study. A total of 100 respondents (59 males and 41 females) who had lost one or both parents to AIDS participated in the study by completing self-report questionnaires. A 2x2 analysis of variance (ANOVA) and independent sample T-test statistical analyses were utilized to analyze the data collected. Findings indicate that 46% of the OVC reported having scary dreams or nightmares, 44% often have trouble falling asleep, 65% often feel unhappy, 11% always feel happy, while 51% are sometimes happy. 68% often prefer being alone, 57% always feel worried while 49% often engage in fighting. However, 48% of the OVC are always hopeful. 35 participants -16 boys and 19 girls (35%) of the OVC have been involved in sexual intercourse. Of the OVC that have had sexual experience 11 (11%), 6 males and 7 females were involved in sexual intercourse against their will. OVC who were sexually involved experience more emotional distress than OVC who were not sexually involved. Also OVC who are high on stigmatization also experience more emotional distress than OVC who are low on stigmatization. The implications of these findings were discussed and recommendations made in the study.
      PubDate: 2016-04-07T10:56:53Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Restructuring the Nigerian
           state for sustainable development: the value challenge
    • Authors: Egharevba; M.E.
      Abstract: This paper seek to argue that the underlie maxim behind any reform in any given social structure is to provide a sound collective framework that will lead to improvements in the social welfare of the aggregate people in the society. Thus, the role of the state as constituting the engine of growth and development of the country in this regard cannot be overemphasized. States like social system is an entity made up of interconnected and interrelated parts, be it political, economic, cultural, family, educational etc, in which each part affect the other in some way and the system as a whole. It therefore follows that if the state must survive and be an active catalyst in driving development, its various parts must have some degree of fit or compatibility on the basis of value consensus, where every members of society agree on certain definable ethos of individual liberty, freedom, discipline, probity, accountability etc enshrined in the various parts of the social structure of the society to shape and guide our collective behaviours, attitude and motivation. The paper further emphasizes that development that is sustainable can only arise when there is a revolutionary change in the institutions of society and economy that brings about change in attitudes and behaviours of the state in promoting and protecting the public good and not one bent on regulating the status-quo. The paper finally concludes on the premise that for development to thrive, a nation must be driven by a philosophy of internalized, pragmatic collective values that is highly supportive of hard-work and enterprise and a developmental state that is manned by a highly skilled technocratic bureaucracy and a close cooperation between major economic groupings such as agriculture, business and labour, and not values that reflect goals and aspirations formulated by the governing class for society at large.
      PubDate: 2016-04-07T10:56:52Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Dimensions of emotional
           maltreatment of school adolescents at home : implications for counselling
           practice
    • Authors: Gesinde; A.M.
      Abstract: Human beings at birth are naturally bequeathed to express their pleasant and unpleasant dispositions to people and life events around them. Unpleasant feeling is an indication of emotional maltreatment by significant others. The emotional maltreatment originating from parents/guardian was the subject of investigation of this study. The frequency of occurrence of seven dimensions of emotional abuse and their influence on gender and family type bases were examined among four hundred and eighty (215 males and 265 females) adolescents purposively selected from fifteen private secondary schools in Ota, Nigeria. Questionnaire on Seven Dimensions of Emotional Maltreatment at Home (QSDEMH) developed and validated by the researcher was employed for data generation. Two research questions and two research hypotheses guided the direction of the study. The results indicated that in order of pervasiveness isolating tops the list of emotional dimensions (x=9.62) while corrupting (x=7.15) was the least. Further analysis showed that there was no significance difference on gender basis (t-cal =1.56<t-cri =1.96; df =478, P>0.05); while there was a significant difference on family type (monogamy and polygamy) basis (t-cal =-5.74<t-cri=-1.96; df =478, P<0.05). The implications of these findings on counselling profession were discussed.
      PubDate: 2016-04-07T10:56:51Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Population growth :
           implications for environmental sustainability
    • Authors: Orimoogunje; O.O., Adegboyega, S.A., Banjo, O.O., Funmilayo, O.A.
      Abstract: The impact of population growth on environment and its implication for survival is an important issue. Although considerable attention has been paid to this problem but systematic studies have been inadequate. Rapid population growth and economic development and daily demand for natural resources for domestic and industrial use are growing at an increasing rate, especially in an urban centre. This has led to the disruption of natural cycles of land resources which is undermining the sustainability of the ecosystems. Thus, sustainable development can only be pursued if population size and growth are in harmony with the changing productive potentials of the ecosystem. The purpose of this study is to discuss the implication of Nigerian population growth on environmental sustainability.
      PubDate: 2016-04-07T10:56:50Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Relationship between
           psycho-demographic factors and perception of corruption by local
           government civil servants in Osun State, Nigeria
    • Authors: Adejumo; A.O., Ogbewe, C.
      Abstract: Even though global, corruption is assuming a worrisome dimension in Nigeria. This study investigated the relationship between psychological and demographic factors in predicting the perception of corruption. The cross-sectional correlational study included 600 civil servants; 320 males and 280 females following multi-stage sampling. A 67-item questionnaire was used for data collection. Data analysis included Pearson Product Moment Correlation and regression. Results showed that there was significant positive relationship between fraudulent intent (r = 0.671, P<.05), personality (r = 0.631, P<.05), fear of crime (r = 0.491, P<.05), need for achievement (r = 0.486, P<.05), and perception of corruption. There was significant relationship between age of the respondents (r = 0.385, P<.05) and perception of corruption. There was no significant relationship between level of education (r = 0.049, P>.05), socio-economic status (r = 0.041, P>.05), length of service (r = 0.020, P>.05), and perception of corruption. This highlights the importance of fraudulent intent, personality and age as factors critical to the understanding of an individual's perception of corruption, suggesting the need for national re-orientation and mobilization to re-awaken positive cognitive appraisal and response to corruption.
      PubDate: 2016-04-07T10:56:49Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Influence of personality types
           and academic procastination on the academic achievements of senior
           secondary school adolescents in Ibadan Metropolis
    • Authors: Adesina; O.J.
      Abstract: This study examined the influence of personality type and academic procrastination on the Academic Achievement of Senior Secondary School students in Ibadan metropolis. Sample consisted of 200 senior secondary school students in Ibadan metropolis. Two research instruments were used: namely academic procrastination scale and the Big - 5 factor scale. The reliability co-efficient of the instruments were 0.76 and 0.72 and validated by the authors respectively. Three null hypotheses were formulated and tested at 0.05 level of significant. The results revealed in H01 that there is a significant difference in the personality types and academic procrastination of senior secondary school adolescent students. Also H02 revealed a significant difference in the gender academic achievement and H03 also revealed a significant difference in age. Recommendations and conclusion were made based on the findings.
      PubDate: 2016-04-07T10:56:48Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Influence of academic
           procrastination and personality types on academic achievement and efficacy
           of in-school adolescents in Ibadan
    • Authors: Aremu; A.O., Williams, T.M., Adesina, F.
      Abstract: The study examined the influence of academic procrastination and personality types on the academic achievement and efficacy of In-school adolescents in Ibadan, Oyo state. Two hundred participants were randomly selected from four schools in Akinyele Local Government area of Oyo state. Multiple regression analysis was employed to determine the relationship among the variables as well as the joint and relative contributions of the independent variables to the prediction of the dependent variables. The results showed positive relationship between extraversion, openness, agreeableness, conscientiousness and academic achievement of the students. Extraversion, openness, agreeableness, and conscientiousness were also found to correlate with the efficacy of in-school adolescents. A joint contribution of the independent variables on the dependent variables was recorded for this study. This study, also conclusively found that conscientiousness, openness, extroversion and agreeableness contributed relatively to the prediction of academic achievement and efficacy of the in-school adolescents. Implications for adolescent counseling are discussed in the study.
      PubDate: 2016-04-07T10:56:47Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Religiosity as correlates of
           some selected psychological disorders among psychiatric outpatients in
           Lagos State
    • Authors: Ayeni; O.B., Ayenibiowo, K.O., Ayeni, E.A.
      Abstract: This study investigated Religious correlates of some selected Psychological Distress (Depression, Anxiety, Somatization, Paranoid Ideation and Psychotic Disorder) using Psychiatric outpatients in Lagos State Hospital, Lagos. It also examined gender differences in the level of selected psychological distress and religiosity. Analysis of the data gathered through the use of four questionnaires: Biographical Information Questionnaire, SCL-90, Religious Affiliation Scale (RAS) and Religious Trust Scale (RTS) with Pearson's product moment statistics; t-test and one-way Analysis of Variance found that that Somatization (SCL_a), paranoid ideation (SCL_h) and Psychoticism (SCL_i) have positive significant association with RTS, RAS and Religiosity(RAS and RTS) while depression (SCL_d), and anxiety (SCL_e) have negative significant correlation with Religiosity and its two dimensions. In addition, the result of the analysis showed that females obtained higher scores than males in the measures of anxiety, depression, somatisation and paranoid ideation. However, the mean difference is not statistically significant in the measures of anxiety; high Religious group was also found to have lower mean scores than their counterparts with low levels of Religiosity in all the selected measures of psychological distress (i.e. Somatization-SCL_a, depression-SCL_d, anxiety -SCL_e, paranoid ideation -SCL_h and Psychoticism SCL_i).. Thus, this finding established that religiosity is associated with improved psychological health, and lower incidence of psychological distress.
      PubDate: 2016-04-07T10:56:47Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: The place of interest in
           pre-service English teachers' choice of occupation : a study of selected
           Nigerian college of education students
    • Authors: Faniran; A.O., Olatunji, S.O.
      Abstract: The study was carried out on the basis of the fact established in extant literature that the impact of well motivated teachers right from the Universal Basic Education level can stop to the evil of perennial mass failure of Nigerian candidates in English language examinations. Two hundred pre-service English language teachers were randomly sampled from four colleges of education in southwestern Nigeria. A self-constructed thirteen-item questionnaire was validated and used to collect data. The analysis of the data revealed that (i) a much greater percentage of the pre-service teachers in the colleges of education in the southwestern part of Nigeria do not see teaching as a profession (ii) most Nigerian pre-service English teachers in colleges of education found themselves in teacher preparation programmes as a result of frustration rather than interest (iii) majority of the English language teachers would opt out of the profession at the next available opportunity (iv) the pre-service teachers do not believe in their prospective students (v) most of the pre-service teachers do not have adequate interest in teaching English language. These imply that when such people get into actual classroom practice, they cannot effect the much-needed positive change.
      PubDate: 2016-04-07T10:56:46Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Relationship between
           organizational culture, leadership style and job satisfaction in a
           Nigerian manufacturing organization
    • Authors: Olasupo; M.O.
      Abstract: This study investigated the relationship between organizational culture, leadership style and job satisfaction in a Nigerian private manufacturing organization. The study population consisted of employees of International Brewery Plc, Ilesha and the study sample consisted of 80% of the workforce at the Brewery comprising 150 respondents in ratio 5:9:1 of the junior staff cadre, senior staff cadre and management cadre respectively. Three standardized psychological instruments namely: Organizational Culture Scale, Supervisory Behaviour Description Questionnaire and Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire were used to collect data from the respondents.. The results showed that the level of employees' job satisfaction in the brewery was high as there were more satisfied employees at the brewery than dissatisfied ones. The dominant culture was competitive, and the prevailing leadership style was democratic. Results showed no significant relationship between organizational culture and job satisfaction (R2 = .006; p>.05). It also found no significant relationship between leadership style and job satisfaction (R2 = .012; p>.05.). The study concluded that organizational culture and leadership style had no influence on job satisfaction.
      PubDate: 2016-04-07T10:56:45Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Mental health variables and
           sexual risk behaviour among young people in Nigeria
    • Authors: Lawal; A.M.
      Abstract: There is no doubt that many groups are becoming a great concern in the spread of HIV infection in Nigeria. Young people still remains a high risk group in the spread of HIV and AIDS in the country. High sexual risk behaviours have been reported among young people in spite of the various interventions being put in place in the country. It becomes a great concern if mental health status has something to do with high sexual risk behaviour in this population. For a more specific and dynamic intervention in reducing cases of HIV and AIDS in Nigeria, the study therefore examines depression, anxiety and stress as mental health variables influencing sexual risk behaviours among young people.. A structured questionnaire was used for data collection. Using ex-post facto design, 450 (258 males & 192 females) young people in Ibadan were sampled in the study. Data were analyzed using t-test for independent samples to examine how depression, anxiety and stress levels directly influence sexual risk behaviours among young people in Nigeria.. For the Nigerian young people, results showed that those who are low in depression are less involved in sexual risk behaviour (t=4.71; df=361; P<.05). Young people who are less anxious are found to be low in sexual risk behaviour (t=2.89; df=369; P<.05). Similarly, young people who are less stressed tend to engage less in sexual risk behaviours (t=2.26; df=363; P<.05). However, there is no gender difference in sexual risk behaviours of young males and females in Nigeria (t=0.56; df=448; P>.05).. Young males and females in Nigeria still engage in high sexual risk behaviour; and this could be connected to their mental health status. A more dynamic STD/HIV/AIDS intervention programme should consider mental health variables such as depression, anxiety and stress associated with sexual risk behaviours among young people in Nigeria.
      PubDate: 2016-04-07T10:56:45Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Role of effort in stimulating
           luck : its parapsychology implications for achievement
    • Authors: Nwankwo; O.C., Ugokwe-Ossai, I., Nweke, C.C.
      Abstract: The study was on the role of effort in stimulating luck. And its parapsychology implications for achievement were also examined. The Senior Football World Tournament organized by the Federation of International Football Association (FIFA) in South Africa from 11th June 2010 to 11th July 2010 was used for the study. Consequently, the study investigated the null hypothesis that "luck is not a chance event, but an achieved resultant effect of goal-directed effort". The design of the study was an observational design, while the statistics was Chi-square. The data attained ordinal measurement by counting the number of shots on target as efforts, and goals scored from such efforts as luck. The data were of primary source from two independent categories of matches. One category was made up of teams that made higher efforts on the target (goalpost) to score goals. The other category was made up of teams that made lesser efforts on the target (goal post) to score goals. The unwanted variables in the study were controlled through quality control, as only the matches watched by the researcher were sampled for the study. This helped the researcher to have first-hand information of the matches. Again, elimination was use to control for poor officiating as controversial matches were not used in the study. These control measures helped to vouch the influence of efforts in achieving luck (goal scoring). The null hypothesis, which was tested at the critical values of df =1, X2 = 1.1728< 3.84 @ P<.05, was accepted. This confirmed that luck is effort induced, and not a chance event. This entails that luck is an achieved resultant effect of goal-directed efforts. In essence, the more efforts people make to be successful, the more luck opportunities they stimulate. It is therefore recommended that individuals should develop the cognition for making and depending more on efforts than luck. Again, individuals should support hope, faith, and prayer with well motivated efforts.
      PubDate: 2016-04-07T10:56:44Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Symptoms of psychopathology
           among street hawkers in Enugu Metropolis Nigeria
    • Authors: Ezenwa; M.
      Abstract: The study investigated the incidence of of psychopathology among street hawkers in Enugu metropolis, capital of Enugu State, Nigeria. 200 randomly drawn participants aged between 12 and 17 years, made of 100 hawkers (50 male and 50 female) as the experimental group and 100 non-hawkers (50 male and 50 female) as the control were measured on Awaritefe Psychological Index form C. This is a 51 item personality inventory designed to screen psychopathological symptoms in normal population and has a positive correlation coefficient of .49 at P. < 05 with Maudsley Personality Inventory. The hawkers were drawn from four major layouts namely New Haven, Obiagu, Abakpa- Nike and Uwani all in Enugu while the non-hawkers were senior secondary 1, 2 & 3 students of University of Nigeria Secondary School Enugu Campus. Results showed a significant difference, P< .001, between hawkers and non-hawkers in manifestation of psychopathology but this did not differ according to gender. The implications of the findings were discussed.
      PubDate: 2016-04-07T10:56:43Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Confirmatory factor analysis
           of the Enugu Somatization Scale
    • Authors: Igbokwe; D.O.
      Abstract: Somatization of emotional distress, the manifestation of psychological problems in somatic form, is widespread in Nigeria and there are shortcomings in the use of foreign methods to assess this disorder in Nigeria (Ebigbo & Ihezue, 1981). Ebigbo developed the Enugu Somatization Scale (ESS) in 1982 to measure this but there was need for a factorial examination of the scale. 1204 participants with ages between 10 to 79 years with mean age of 29.83 years and a standard deviation of 11.44 of which 635 are stressed normal participants and 569 are hospital patients were selected using the 65 item ESS. The data was subjected to the Statistical analysis using Principal Component Analysis and Oblim Rotation. One valid factor with 51 items emerged making the ESS a one-dimensional (unidimentional) scale which measures somatization only. The reliability analysis yielded a Cronbach Alpha coefficient of 0.932, and a standardized item alpha of 0.936 estimated its internal consistency. Also, an intrinsic validity of 0.9654 was observed. This study reduced the items on the ESS from 65 to 51 valid items and established the factorial validity of the ESS.
      PubDate: 2016-04-07T10:56:41Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Early intervention as a
           catalyst for effective early childhood education in Ghana - how can this
           work?
    • Authors: Ackar; F.R., Appiah, J.
      Abstract: Early childhood intervention is an essential contributor and catalyst for the development of a culture of positive attitudes towards children with disabilities in a country like Ghana. Intervention could begin at the early years or early childhood education level. Does early intervention make a difference in the lives of children whose development is delayed or abnormal in Ghana? How would we respond if our children required early intervention to fare well at the early childhood centre? The urgency or disconcerting feeling is that something is wrong and something responsive must be done! As Ghana strides towards mainstreaming early childhood education in the quest to attain Education For All (EFA) and Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), an integrated, inclusive and effective early intervention programme becomes inevitable for children with disabilities. This would provide mutual benefits for children with disabilities, parents and families, educators and professionals and the society at large. How can this work in Ghana?
      PubDate: 2016-04-07T10:56:41Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Impact of locus of control,
           religiosity and exercise on depression in Northern Nigerian Teaching
           Hospital. Leaders in Lagos State, Nigeria
    • Authors: Adekeye; O.B., Olisah, V.O.
      Abstract: The study assesses the combined effects of locus of control, religiosity, and physical exercise constructs on the global health outcome in depressed patients at the Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital Shika, Zaria.. A cross-sectional study design was used; fifteen (15) participants were purposively selected from diagnosed depressed patients attending follow up clinic at the department of Psychiatry, Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital Shika, Zaria.There is a positive relationship between all measures, religiosity and locus of control (.62), Becks depression inventory and locus of control (.92), Becks depression inventory and religiosity (.67). the mean BDI score dropped to 10.67 after treatment, a high internal LOC to 11.0 also after treatment and an increase in REL to 11.30 after treatment.
      PubDate: 2016-04-07T10:56:40Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Attribution patterns, attitude
           and knowledge of HIV/AIDS on sexual behavioural change among students of
           Covenant University Ota, Nigeria
    • Authors: Adekeye; O.A., Adeusi, S.O.
      Abstract: Sexual behavioural change is central to HIV/AIDS control programme. This study was carried out among students (n = 603; average age = 18.9) of Covenant University, Nigeria. The study was designed to examine the impact of attribution patterns, attitude and knowledge of HIV/AIDS on sexual behavioural change. Three hypotheses were raised. Regression analysis, analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Pearson's r were used to analyze the data. The results show that attribution patterns and attitude towards HIV did not influence sexual behavioural change. In effect, knowledge of HIV was the best predictor of sexual behavioural change of respondents. The study also revealed that there was a significant effect of gender on sexual behavioural change of respondents while there was no significant effect of age. Another result shows that there was a strong correlation between perceived benefits and all the other variables. Fourteen percent (14%) of the respondents are sexually active, 520 or 86% indicated they are not sexually active. Eighty-nine percent (89%) of the respondents do not know of anyone who is HIV positive or died from AIDS while 11% knows someone who is HIV positive or had died from AIDS related complications. This study shows that young people using the perceived benefits variable in the Health Belief Model (HBM) coupled with adequate knowledge of HIV knowledge have the power and ability to change their risky sexual behaviour.
      PubDate: 2016-04-07T10:56:39Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Effects of two psychological
           techniques in improving academic performance of secondary school students
           in mathematics
    • Authors: Salman; M.F., Esere, M.O., Abdullahi, O.E., Omotosho, J.A., Oniyangi, S.O.
      Abstract: Poor academic performance of students in Mathematics has been of great concern to educationists, researchers, parents and teachers and calls for a concerted effort at remediation. The study set to determine the efficacy of goal-setting and cognitive restructuring in improving the academic performance of secondary school students in Mathematics. The design was a pre-test, post-test control group quasi-experimental design. The sample consisted of 120 students aged 15 to 18 years purposively sampled from a randomly selected co-educational public secondary school in Ilorin metropolis. Participants were randomly assigned to three experimental groups: Goal-Setting; Cognitive Restructuring (treatment groups) and Control Programme (placebo). A validated Mathematics Ability Test (MAT) was administered to the three groups before and after the experimental programme which was packaged into 8 weekly workshop sessions. Analysis of covariance with Scheffe post-hoc measure was employed for the data analysis. When the treatment group was compared with the control group in an attempt to treat analysis, there were significant differences in the Mathematics performance ability of the three groups. Those in the treatment groups reported improved Mathematics performance ability than their counterparts in the control group. Lack of behavioural effect on the control group could be linked to differential quality of delivery of intervention. The treatment gain was however not mediated by participants' gender. Both male and female students benefited maximally from the intervention programmes. The result is an indication that students' Mathematical ability can be improved using psychological strategies and these should be factored in secondary school Mathematics curriculum.
      PubDate: 2016-04-07T10:56:39Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: A socio-psychological
           exploration of Dostoyevsky's Crime and Punishment
    • Authors: Uwasomba; C.
      Abstract: Using a socio-psychological approach, the essay explores Fyodor Dostoyevsky's Crime and Punishment. The exploration highlights Dostoyevsky's heavy reliance on the use of psychological realism, showing in the process the intricate interplay between psychology, sociology and literature. In the novel, the reader comes across the merging of the philosophies of Hegel, Nietzsche, Sartre, Kierkegaard, Heidegger and Marx.. The essay concludes that Crime and Punishment is a mixture of four novels: the psychological novel, the novel of detection, the novel of character, and the philosophical Four voices, namely: voices of the existentialists, Marxian, Freudian, and Christianity are intertwined in the novel. Fyodor appears to be saying that the world is meaningless but it is through the Christian faith meaning could come to life.
      PubDate: 2016-04-07T10:56:38Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Influence of small and medium
           building engineering entrepreneurship on the actualization of vision
           20:2020 in Kebbi State, Nigeria
    • Authors: Bala; H.
      Abstract: This study investigated the influence of small and medium building engineering entrepreneurship for the actualization of vision 20:2020 in Kebbi State, Nigeria. The study was conducted in Birnin Kebbi, Zuru and Argungu Local Government Areas of Kebbi State. The data were obtained from both primary and secondary source. A multi-stage random sampling technique was used in selecting 180 respondents for the study comprising 100 small-sized building engineering enterprises and 80 medium-sized building engineering enterprises from a study population of 2,569. The questionnaire was validated by a panel of experts using Likert Scale. The data generated were subjected to both descriptive and inferential statistical techniques. The results revealed that building engineering entrepreneurship variables were correlated with vision 20:2020 variables indicated by Pearson Correlation Analysis. A significant relationship was revealed between building engineering entrepreneurship and actualization of vision 20:2020 (r = 0.731 P<0.001) The study concluded that building engineering entrepreneurship have significant influence on vision 20:2020 which will affect the development of commerce and industries.
      PubDate: 2016-04-07T10:56:37Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: An evaluation of instructional
           strategies used in HIV/AIDS preventive education in Lagos Island schools
    • Authors: Alhassan; A.B.
      Abstract: The article reports the findings of an investigation into the effects of eight HIV/AIDS instructional strategies on JSS and SSS Students' knowledge, attitude and intentions about future sexual behaviour. Construct validity of the 12-item attitude scale was tested using factor analysis. Cronbach's alpha was utilised to determine the internal reliability of the scale. The alpha level was 0.8. The responses were analysed using one-way analysis of variance. In addition, the analysis for dichotomous variable was essentially a t-test. Significance among groups was assessed using Turkey when variables were not dichotomous.. The HIV/AIDS preventive education provided to students was very effective in increasing levels of knowledge, tolerant attitudes and healthy future behavioural intention of JSS and SSS Students in Lagos Island, Lagos State. In all cases, the post-treatment group had significantly higher knowledge; attitude and future intended sexual score than did other groups. In the light of the findings, appropriate suggestions were made to remedy the situation and implications for further research were generated.
      PubDate: 2016-04-07T10:56:37Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Current state of the economy
           and Obafemi Awolowo University students' assessment of the image of the
           Nigerian Civil Service
    • Authors: Adisa; A.L.
      Abstract: The objectives of this paper were three-fold. One, to examine the students' perceptions of civil service employment in Nigeria; two, to assess influence of their perception on attitudes toward the civil Service; and three, to examine implications of emerging attitude for civil service jobs on economic development. The study adopted qualitative research technique of focus group discussion. The study revealed variations in the work plans of the students, and notably, aversion towards civil service jobs. It also examined the sustainability of the students' negative attitude towards civil service employment. The paper concluded that the students had negative perception and image of the civil service and the emerging negative attitude could be sustained by the availability of job opportunities made possible by improvement in Information and Communication Technology (ICT).
      PubDate: 2016-04-07T10:56:36Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: High school students'
           perception of computer laboratory learning environments in Ghana
    • Authors: Ahiatrogah; P.D., Adane, M.
      Abstract: This study focused on senior high school students' perception of their computer laboratory learning environment and how the use of computers affects their learning in urban and community senior high schools. Data was obtained with the Computer Laboratory Environment Inventory questionnaire, administered to 278 second year senior high school students. The data was analyzed using SPSS to find how frequent students experience a particular factor that affect them when in the computer laboratory and also the difference in how male and female students perceive their computer laboratory learning environment as measured using the t-test. Four factors, supply material environment, integration, supervision and reliable material environment, were found to influence students' perception of their computer laboratory environment. The findings revealed that students' general perception of their computer laboratory environments in both school types were positive but significantly different in favour of those in urban schools. The findings suggest that serious efforts must be made by the Ministry of Education (MOE) to improve the material environment, particularly, in Community schools.
      PubDate: 2016-04-07T10:56:36Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Perceived availability of
           guidance and counselling services among tertiary institutions students in
           selected south-west universities in Nigeria
    • Authors: Adebowale; T.A.
      Abstract: Education is very vital in the development of any nation, more importantly higher education. Unfortunately, the same higher education is faced with great challenges and difficulties ranging from individual personal problem, to institution and to general problems. The study investigated the perception of the students about the guidance services available to them. The study adopted descriptive survey twelve (12) universities consisting federal, state, and private universities from south-west geopolitical zone of Nigeria, 50 students comprises of male and female including undergraduates and post graduates were randomly selected from each of the universities. Five hypotheses were postulated and tested at 0.05 level of significance. Data were collected with the use of "Available Guidance Services Questionnaire" (AGSQ) a =0.73 and analyzed with t-test. The students from sample universities had the same perception about the guidance services that were not in operation as they should be utilized. The findings will help each university authority and National University commission (NUC) to recommend the establishment and the functioning of guidance and counselling unit, staffing it with adequate professionals. They also should be monitored in order to fulfill its goals and the higher educational goals that would develop the nation and Africa as a whole.
      PubDate: 2016-04-07T10:56:35Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Demographic and dispositional
           characteristics as predictors of organizational citizenship behaviour
    • Authors: Akinbode; G.A.
      Abstract: The study examined workers' personal factors and personality characteristics as predictors of Organizational Citizenship Behaviour (OCB). The study employed Ex-Post-Facto within-participants randomized group design. Data were collected from five hundred and four employees of private and public human service organizations in Nigeria. It was hypothesized that employees' demographic factors and personality characteristics would significantly predict Organizational Citizenship Behaviour. Logistic regression showed that personal factors were not significant predictors of (OCB). Results indicated that personality traits of extraversion and openness significantly predict workers' Organizational Citizenship Behaviour (OCB). The F-ratio associated with the R2 = 0.755 shows a significant joint prediction of OCB (p<0.05) indicating that a total of 75.5% of the variance in OCB can be accounted for by the combination of the personality variables, while about 25.5% of workers' OCB is accounted for by other variables other than personality or dispositional factors. Based on these results, greater OCB was observed in individuals who score high on extraversion and openness to experience. Personality factors were revealed as important predictors of OCB. The study identified some future directions for personality research in industrial, work, and organizational psychology and concludes with some caveats and directions for future research.
      PubDate: 2016-04-07T10:56:34Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Micro-credit : an amelioration
           of poverty for small scale entrepreneurs in Nigeria
    • Authors: Adebowale; A.
      Abstract: Since the formal sector of Nigerian economy cannot fully employ the Nation's active population, degeneration of human condition in the society becomes inevitable and this leads to poverty in all ramifications. The immanent condition has spurred creative and innovative individuals to embrace entrepreneurial endeavours as a sanctuary from nascent unemployment, underemployment and the general economic quagmire. This is so as small-scale enterprises is believed to provide easy entry into entrepreneurship as it may require relatively little financial capital especially when put against the travails of securing favourable employment in the formal sector of Nigeria. The poor, unemployed and the retrenched in both developed and developing nations have continually embraced entrepreneurship as a means of job creation and income generation. Nonetheless, of the several challenges confronting Nigerian entrepreneurs, access to micro-credit constitutes the biggest problem as it is crucial to the economic empowerment of small business entrepreneurs. Thus, this paper explores the significance of micro-credit support in poverty amelioration among entrepreneurs and the overall impact of inaccessibility of credit to entrepreneurship development in Nigeria as a whole. It also examines other forms of capital needed for an enterprise to succeed or fail if entrepreneurs lack them. The paper however adopted an eclectic theoretical approach in explaining the subject matter with Marxist and Weberian postulations. It concludes by proffering action-oriented recommendations.
      PubDate: 2016-04-07T10:56:33Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: An assessment of mathematics
           self-efficacy of secondary school students in Osun State, Nigeria
    • Authors: Tella; A.
      Abstract: The study examined an assessment of mathematics self-efficacy of secondary school students in Osun State. It drawn on 500 students comprising 250 males and 250 females randomly selected from 5 secondary schools in Osogbo. Their ages range between 11-17 years with a mean age of 14 years and a standard deviation of 4. A self-efficacy instrument developed by (Morgan & Jinks 1995) was adapted with mathematics achievement test with r= 0.72 developed by the researcher were used for data collection. Three hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance using student-t test, Pearson Product Moment Correlation and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) statistical tools. The results indicated that significant difference exists in the mathematics self-efficacy of the subjects based on gender and age groups, and that of mathematics achievement. Based on the findings, it was recommended that Secondary School teachers should always make mathematics class more interesting as this will go a long way to improve the student's self efficacy and achievements in the subjects.
      PubDate: 2016-04-07T10:56:33Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Self-efficacy as predictor of
           job performance of public secondary school teachers in Osun State
    • Authors: Olayiwola; I.O.
      Abstract: The study investigated the level of job performance and self-efficacy of public secondary school teachers in Osun State. It also examined self-efficacy as a predictor of teachers' job performance with a view to enhancing job productivity.The study adopted survey design. The population consisted of public secondary school teachers in Osun State. Fifteen public secondary schools were purposively selected from three randomly selected Local Government Areas (LGAs) of the state out of which 574 teachers and Heads of Departments (H.O.Ds) were selected. The teachers were selected randomly, while all the HODs participated in the study. Two research instruments were used for data collection. These are "Teachers Efficacy Scale" (TES) and "Job Performance Scale" (JPS). The TES elicited information on teachers' ability to influence students' learning, ability to enlist parental support, persistence and resilience. The JPS contained items that measured teachers' job performance. The instruments were subjected to test-retest reliability with coefficients of 0.88 for TES and 0.81 for JPS. Data were analyzed using percentages, correlation and linear regression analysis.. The results showed that 95% of the teachers were rated low on job performance while 90.4% were rated low on self-efficacy. The study further revealed that there were significant correlations between job performance and self-efficacy (r = .849 p < .05). The results also showed that self-efficacy significantly predicted job performance (R = .721, F(1,572) = 1477.214; p < .05). The study concluded that teachers would perform very well on their jobs if they have high self-efficacy.
      PubDate: 2016-04-07T10:56:32Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Assessing knowledge, attitude
           and practice of vital registration system in South-West Nigeria
    • Authors: Adedini; S.A., Odimegwu, C.O.
      Abstract: Vital registration system has a very poor performance in all the sub-Saharan African countries. The most accurate vital statistics are found in countries that are in an advanced stage of economic development. One of the key issues that have kept the sub-Saharan African countries in the state of underdevelopment is the unavailability of accurate statistical data for social and economic planning purposes. This study utilizes the data collected in Ile-Ife, Osun State, Southwest Nigeria to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of vital registration system. The results showed that more than 8 in 10 respondents claimed to have the knowledge about vital registration system, almost 7 in 10 respondents (69 percent) approved of vital registration system. Of all the respondents that were knowledgeable about vital registration system, 68.4 percent reported to have ever registered birth while 61.3 percent had ever registered death. More females than males reported registering births and deaths. There is likelihood that most of the respondents had regarded various places of birth like hospitals, clinics, maternity homes etc as a well established vital registration centers. The study concludes by discussing the need for a reliable and accurate vital registration system if Nigeria's vision of becoming one of the top 20 economies in the world in 2020 would be realized.
      PubDate: 2016-04-07T10:56:31Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Assessment of rural children
           in agricultural production activities in Ogbomosho Zone of Oyo State,
           Nigeria : a vocational concept
    • Authors: Olujide; M.G., Ojo, O.D.
      Abstract: This study assessed the participation of rural children in agricultural production activities in Ogbomoso zone of Oyo state, Nigeria with a focus on the vocational concept, belief and development of the youth from the environment in tandem with the realities of the modern day in comparison with the occupation of the old inhabitants. The variable considered include the demographic characteristics of rural children, types of agricultural production activities rural children are involved, factors influencing the participation of rural children in agricultural activities, constraints faced by rural children and the attitude of rural children toward future participation. One hundred and eighty rural children were randomly selected from three local government area. The selected local governments are Ogo-Oluwa, Surulere and Oriire Local Government Area. The result shows that (55.56%) were male (36%) fall within the age range 16 - 17 years about (37%) of them are in Senior Secondary School, while (22%) are in Primary School and (6%) had no formal education. Rural Children agricultural activities were found to be extensive in the study area. The various agricultural activities carried out include land clearing (43%) making ridges 36% and among others. However, they participated in all agricultural production activities viz-a-viz production of crops such as maize, cassava, vegetables, pepper and also livestock production. The study attempts to unveil factors that influence level of participation in agricultural production as a constant vocation of those from that area of Nigeria and also the constraints that hindered rural children level of participation in agricultural production activities in spite of the vocational interest and development.
      PubDate: 2016-04-07T10:56:31Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: A study of self perception and
           academic performance of students with special needs into mainstreamed
           public secondary schools in Nigeria
    • Authors: Fareo; D.O.
      Abstract: The study investigated the influence of types of exceptionality on the self perception of students with special needs. It examined the influence of sex of students with special needs on their self perception. It also compared the academic performance of male and female students with special needs. One instrument named Self Perception of Students with Special Needs (SPSSN) and the Examination Records (ER) were used fir the collection of data. The results showed exceptionality types of students with special needs had influence on their self perception. However, the result revealed that sex of students with special needs had no significant influence on their self perception. Also, there was no significant difference between academic performance of male and female students with special needs. The study concluded that students with special needs were yet to be integrated into public secondary schools, and this could affect their self perception and academic performance.
      PubDate: 2016-04-07T10:56:30Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Perceived psycho-emotional
           influence of aesthetics, affluence and environmental sophistication on
           employees' theft behaviours in the workplace
    • Authors: Iboro; F.A.
      Abstract: This study examined employees' perception of workplace theft in six industrial organizations at different situations where aesthetics, affluence and environmental sophistication were presented. Participants were one hundred and forty-four employees (72 males and 72 males) selected from Shell, Mobil, Altec, NBC, Peacock and Safeway Ventures in the south-south and south Eastern parts of Nigeria. A questionnaire was used in collecting data about workplace theft as may be influenced by aesthetics, affluence and environmental sophistication. The Chi-Square Goodness of Fit and Test of Independence were used in analyzing data. Results showed that employees were perceived to engage in workplace theft under the influence of aesthetics (χ2 = 18.86, 3df, P <0.01); were also perceived to steal when wealth was present (χ2 = 47.64, 3df, P <0.01) and were also perceived to be assisted by sophisticated technologies to steal (χ2 = 78.84, 3df, P <0.01). Moreover, other results showed a statistically significant difference between perceived organizational theft behaviour across the three variables (χ2 = 109.93, df = 25, P <0.01); a statistically significant difference in the perception of employee theft between junior and senior employees (χ2 = 26.39, df = 9, P <0.01) and a statistically significant difference in the perceived theft behaviour of male and female employees (χ2 = 586.057, df = 5 P <0.01). These findings were discussed in line with supporting evidence of previous studies. Implications of the findings were discussed and recommendations provided for policy.
      PubDate: 2016-04-07T10:56:29Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Primary health care as the
           bedrock of the MDGs : community sensitization, mobilization, and education
           on communication for positive health change
    • Authors: Aibinuomo; F.A.
      Abstract: Recognizing the internal strength of Communities, facilitating the development of community self esteem and helping individuals believe in themselves is in conformity with the Alma Ata declaration of Primary Health Care. In Nigeria, antenatal delivery, children and postnatal experiences for women usually take place in communities rather than health facilities. Strategies for improvement should therefore involve the community as a complement to any facility-based intervention.. Primary Health Care (PHC) is the bedrock to achieving the MDGs hence Health workers has a role to play to get this done by 2015; they need to re-strategize, that is, deviate from the usual practice and involve community mobilizers for effective behavioural change to health interventions for survival of the citizenry
      PubDate: 2016-04-07T10:56:29Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Influence of perceived
           co-worker involvement and supervisory support on job satisfaction
    • Authors: Okediji; A.A., Etuk, A.S.
      Abstract: This study investigated the influence of perceived co-worker involvement and Supervisory Support on Job Satisfaction among Staff of Champion Brewery, Uyo. One hundred and fifty (150) participants were drawn as participant using simple randomization. The participants were ninety five males and fifty five females whose age ranged between 18-40 years with the mean age of 27.5years. Two hypotheses were formulated and tested. The first hypothesis predicted that "there will be a statistically significant influence of co worker involvement on job satisfaction". The second hypothesis predicted that "there will be a statistically significant influence of supervisory support on job satisfaction". A 2 x 2 factorial design was used to collect data and a 2 way ANOVA was used to analyze data. The results of the findings relating to the first hypothesis indicated that perceived co-workers involvement have a significant influence on job satisfaction [F(1,146) = 137.38, p< .05]. The results also revealed that the second hypothesis was confirmed, Supervisory support was shown to significantly influence job satisfaction [F(1,146) = 20.63, p< .05, thus the researchers accepted the hypothesis. The interaction of perceived co-worker involvement and supervisory support on job satisfaction was also significant. [F(1,146) = 44.66, p< .05]. The researchers discussed the findings in this study in relation to the existing empirical studies.
      PubDate: 2016-04-07T10:56:28Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Utilization of information and
           communication technologies in teaching in polytechnics
    • Authors: Azuka; M.O.
      Abstract: The primary purpose of this study was to examine the status and utilization of information and communication technologies in polytechnics in South Eastern States of Nigeria. The population of the study consisted of 120 Secretarial Studies teachers. Questionnaire was used as instrument for gathering data for the study. Data collected were analyzed using mean scores, percentage and frequency tables. The null hypothesis established for the study was tested using t-test for paired samples as reported from computer-generated analysis. Results of the study showed that: (a) most Information and communication technologies were not available meaning that rate of utilization of ICT is low. It was found that ICT posed very serious challenges to Secretarial Studies Teachers in the polytechnics. Given the present low utilization rate of ICT in Polytechnics, the administration of Polytechnic should encourage private sector funding of polytechnic education by appealing to industries that are the direct beneficiaries of polytechnic education to make donation to the polytechnics. (f) The Association of Business Education of Nigeria (ABEN) as its contribution to professional development should organize regular mandatory training programmes for members as is practice by other professional bodies.
      PubDate: 2016-04-07T10:56:28Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Editorial
    • Authors: Olowu; A.A.
      Abstract: In this issue of our journal Ife PsychologIA, we have nineteen assorted articles on many areas of applied psychology from every corner of the world. We believe that you will enjoy reading them.
      PubDate: 2016-02-01T13:40:14Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Antecedents of risky sexual
           practices among adolescents in military secondary schools in Oyo State,
           Nigeria
    • Authors: Ofole; Ndidi M.
      Abstract: The crux of this study is to examine the predictive influence of peer pressure, sexual communication and parental influence as antecedents of risky sexual practices among adolescents in Oyo State military barracks secondary schools. Five hundred and one representative samples of adolescents with age range of 10 - 23 years and mean years of 17 ± 2.1 drawn using simple random sampling technique participated in the study. Respondents filled four standardized self-report scales. Results of the Pearson Product Moment Correlation analysis revealed that sexual communication and parental influence have inverse relationship (p
      PubDate: 2016-02-01T13:40:13Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Comparative assessment of
           social engagement, cognitive function and their relationship in rural- and
           urban-dwelling elderly Nigerians
    • Authors: Ejechi; Eucharia O.
      Abstract: The social engagement and cognitive function of a sample of elderly people (≥50 years) living in rural and urban areas of Delta State, Nigeria were investigated. Structured questionnaire with Likert scales were used to measure social engagement (social participation, leisure, religion and contacts) while assessment of cognitive function was by self-rated memory and the short portable mental status scale. Social engagement levels were above average (median, 38.0-58.0; max. points=84), but declined with age and varied with other socio-demographic characteristics. Cognitive function followed a similar trend (median, 6.5-14.0; max. points=15). Urban-dwelling elders were better in social engagement (median, 58.0 vs 51.5; P0.05). Although social engagement was related to cognitive function in both group of elders, the strength varied with socio-demographic background (rs=0.28-0.45, P
      PubDate: 2016-02-01T13:40:12Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: A content analysis of required
           factors for attitudinal change among military personnel in the Nigerian
           Army
    • Authors: Samuel; Remi
      Abstract: One of the basic issues confronting the Nigerian Army is that the military must assess how the 33 years of military involvement in politics have affected the understanding of what it means to be a professional soldier. There is a general concern that the military has lost its traditions and professionalism and left with a battered image both locally and internationally. Part of the strategy to reposition the army was a purge of all officers with politically tainted career and a drive for attitude change. A major concern was whether the change program as conceived by the political and military leadership was adequately communicated and imbibed by military personnel, which is fundamental to its success. Discussed within the framework of consistency theory, which is premised upon the assertion that there must be consistency in a program communication and the understanding by the target for change to occur, we propose that if change is to occur in the Nigerian Army, the change propositions identified by military personnel will reflect the objectives and goals of the change project. This study therefore adopts the thematic content analysis method without a priori assumptions of what constitute attitude change. This method allows respondents to discuss the topic in their own words, free of constraints from fixed-response questions found in quantitative studies. Attitude themes and change themes found in the content are further analyzed by SPSS to establish within the group distribution and the statistical relationships. The findings show that welfare, promotions and compensation issues were top concerns while institutional factors necessary to promote professionalism in the army such as loyalty of the institution, selfless service, candor and courage are either absent or sparingly mentioned. Leadership problems were reported with minority calls for EFCC probe and a revolution. We also found a latent conflict between the military personnel and the civilian population expressed in terms of removal of civilians from barracks and non-fraternization with them. The study concludes that there was no sufficient reason to believe that the attitudinal change program in the Nigerian Army achieve the required consistency between message and soldiers aspirations and therefore may not likely be adequate in its implementation [and possibly conception] to deliver a professionally combat ready army that honors the traditional code of military conduct.
      PubDate: 2016-02-01T13:40:11Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: A content analysis of the
           structure and cognitive complexity of pre-service science teachers'
           formulated behavioural objectives
    • Authors: Okanlawon; Ayoade E., Olorundare, Adekunle S.
      Abstract: The present study was undertaken to analyse the structure and cognitive complexity of pre-service science teachers' formulated behavioural objectives. The sample for the study consisted of 13 pre-service science teachers in a faculty of education. These prospective teachers voluntarily submitted their lesson note booklets on researchers' request for analysis. From each lesson note booklet submitted, three lesson notes were randomly selected for content analysis. Using coding, a total number of 39 lesson notes were analysed. The findings emerged from the study indicate that pre-service science teachers were capable of constructing well written behavioural objectives. Majority of the formulated behavioural objectives failed to describe: (a) the conditions under which learners are expected to demonstrate the achievement of the objectives (b) the standard or levels to which learners should be able to demonstrate their achievement of the objectives. It was also revealed that large proportion of the formulated objectives stressed lower-level cognitive behaviours. Furthermore, the findings of the study indicate the fact that the average number of behavioural objectives formulated per a period of science lesson by the sample is relatively low considering the duration of instructional time and the cognitive complexity of objectives. Implications for the teaching of science are discussed.
      PubDate: 2016-02-01T13:40:10Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Analysis of changes in
           perceived personality dispositions across adult age groups
    • Authors: Ojo; Adesola A.
      Abstract: Human development has often been conceptualized as a life-long process characterized by changes at the different stages of the lifespan. However, the literature has given conflicting reports about personality changes after young adulthood. This study sought to investigate age-related changes in the personality dispositions of identity certainty, generativity, confident power and concern about aging which characterize individuals in adulthood. This cross-sectional study employed a sample of 504 (50.3% males) participants in three adult age groups (age range 30-78 years) selected across Lagos metropolis. In the sample 110 are early adults (39 years and below), 289 were middle adults (40-59 years) and 105 were late adults (60 years and above). Participants responded to a 'Feelings About Life Scale' which covered the four personality dispositions earlier mentioned. Results obtained indicated that individuals reported significantly higher levels of identity certainty, generativity, and concern about aging from early through middle to late adulthood. Although confident power increased steadily through the stages of adulthood, this was not remarkably so. The results were discussed within the context of existing literature on changes in personality dispositions in adulthood. It was concluded that further studies are required to extend these findings especially to explore the areas in which adults perceive themselves as having confident power and those in which they feel powerless as well as the factors that could contribute to these changes and their effects on the aging process.
      PubDate: 2016-02-01T13:40:09Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Influence of transactional
           leadership style on administrative effectiveness in sports organisations
           in Ghana
    • Authors: Tetteh-Opai; Anthony A., Omoregie, Philip O.
      Abstract: Leadership style is an important issue in present day organisations with the impact on function as evidence of performance. Leadership research within sport management has yielded inconsistent results when examining transactional leadership styles. Yet, studies have examined leadership styles on administrative effectiveness; however, research has not been well substantiated in sports organisations. The study investigates influence of transactional leadership style on administrative effectiveness in sports organisations. Descriptive survey research design was employed. One thousand six hundred and twenty-two respondents (1, 622) (Male = 1217 & Female = 406) were sampled using Stratified and purposive sampling techniques. Two instruments: Transactional Leadership Questionnaire (α = 0.89) and Administrative Effectiveness Questionnaire (α = 0.87) was used for data collection. One research questions and two hypotheses were tested. Multiple regression was used to analysed data at 0.05 level of significance. There was a significant joint influence of transactional leadership styles on administrative effectiveness effects (F (4, 1618) = 43.741, P < .01) with 9.8% of variance. The relative contribution shows significant influence of the independent variables on the dependent variable, expressed as beta (β) weights: Management-by-exception (passive) (β = .189, P
      PubDate: 2016-02-01T13:40:08Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Stress type and death anxiety
           as predictors of job performance among some police personnel in Lagos
           State
    • Authors: Odunayo; Oluwafemi O., Austines, Akika, Kolawole, Aderibigbe J.
      Abstract: The need to evaluate police personnel's perceived performance in the face of several challenges which includes stress and the fear of dying geared up the present study. Using a self-report methodology, a sample of two hundred and four (204) police officers filled questionnaires that tapped variables of interest. Data collected were analyzed and three hypotheses were tested using multiple hierarchical regressions, the t-test of independence and t-test related. Results indicate that police organizational and operational stress, and death anxiety accounted for significant variation in the perceptions of performance [R2= .426, F= (3, 204) = 28.899, p
      PubDate: 2016-02-01T13:40:06Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Socio-economic benefits
           derived by participants from Justice Development and Peace Commission
           (JDPC) Programme in Oyo State, Nigeria
    • Authors: Folaranmi; Olufunmilayo O.
      Abstract: This study investigated some of the socio-economic benefits derived from Rural Community Development Programme of Justice, Development and Peace Commission in Ibarapa North Local Government Area of Oyo-State. This was carried out by assessing participants involvement in various activities of the programme, benefits derived, attitude towards the programme and constraint faced by participants. Ninety eight respondents are young adults, male, married and had functional education. Majority always participate fully in JDPC activities, which include soil and water conservation, livestock production and training alternative income generating activity among others. Benefits derived from the programme include ability to use animal traction for cultivation, leadership training, extension services and land management practice which contributed immensely to their wellbeing. Most of the respondents had a favourable altitude towards the programme, but their most serious constraint in participation is inadequate infrastructural facilities and fund to support their present activities. It is therefore recommended that Justice Development Commission should form a link with the Agricultural and Rural Development Cooperative Bank so that soft loan will be available, register with the Youth division of the Ministry of Women Affairs, Community Development and Social Welfare and likewise encourage self-help projects to provide and maintain basic infrastructural facilities.
      PubDate: 2016-02-01T13:40:05Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Psychological determinants of
           treatment adherence among people living with HIV and AIDS in Ibadan,
           Nigeria
    • Authors: Atibioke; O.P., Osinowo, H.O.
      Abstract: The study examined psychological determinants of treatment adherence among people living with HIV and AID in Ibadan, Nigeria. The study was conducted in University college hospital Ibadan. Validated questionnaire with 78 items was administered to 548 participants among people accessing care for minimum of one year comprising 154 males and 394 females. Participants were selected through systematic sampling technique. The psychological variable considered includes; stigma and discrimination, social supports, self-efficacy, depression and anxiety. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and chi square. The results revealed that stigma and discrimination though a serious factor in HIV management, it was not strong enough to stop people from following treatment instruction especially adherence to medication (x2= 2.293: P > 0.05). Social support was found to influence treatment adherence (x2 = 25.901: P < 0.05). Also, self-efficacy, depression and anxiety were found to influence adherence (x2= 20.920: P < 0.05), (x2= 41.104: P < 0.05) and (x2= 8.514: P < 0.05) respectively. It could therefore be concluded that psychological factors have key implications for Adherence to HIV/AIDS treatment. Attention should therefore be paid to ensuring that all individuals accessing HIV/AIDS treatment are supported to attain psychological stability which will unequivocally enhance their adherence to treatment with better outcomes.
      PubDate: 2016-02-01T13:40:04Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Psychological distress among
           Nigerian undergraduate students
    • Authors: Adayonfo; Ehigiator O., Akanni, Oluyemi O.
      Abstract: No one including undergraduate students can be healthy in the absence of mental health. We need to begin to address the relative neglect of students' mental health. The study determined the prevalence of general psychiatric morbidity among undergraduate students of University of Benin, Nigeria and socio-demographic factors that may put students at its risk. Four hundred and eighty two students completed an instrument that consisted of socio-demographic characteristics and the 28-item version of the General Health Questionnaire. The prevalence of general psychiatric morbidity was 36.9%. The prevalence was highest among students from the Faculty of Education, those who always had financial difficulty and those who were not religious. Students with financial constraint may need financial support which may be in the form of bursary, grants, soft loans e.t.c. Private form of religiosity, specifically personal prayer devotion should be encouraged among students; these may protect against psychiatric morbidities.
      PubDate: 2016-02-01T13:40:04Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Patients' perception of health
           care delivery system in a tertiary and secondary health institutions in
           Edo State, Nigeria
    • Authors: Vincent-Osaghae; Gloria N.
      Abstract: The growing concern of the importance of patients' perception as an important tool in assessing the quality of care is a recent trend in the health sector in Nigeria. Health institutions in developed countries of the world are patient-centered. The same cannot be said of developing countries like Nigeria, Ghana and others. This study evaluated patients perception of health care delivery in a tertiary and secondary health institution in Edo State. It was a quantitative and qualitative study carried out on 200 in-patients and out-patients from February 2013 to November 2013. Data were collected using pretested structured questionnaire, Focus Group Discussions and Non-participant Observation. Data from the quantitative study were analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) Version 20 in form of frequencies, percentages and chi-square for determining association among variables. Reports of focus Group Discussion and Observations were written in summary paragraphs. Findings revealed that patients perception of waiting time and workers' attitude neither deterred them from complying with treatment process; nor to continue with the use of health facilities and recommendation of health units to others.
      PubDate: 2016-02-01T13:40:03Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: The efficacy of authentic
           assessment and portfolio assessment in the learning of social studies in
           junior secondary schools in Osun State, Nigeria
    • Authors: Adeyemi; B.A.
      Abstract: The study investigated the significant difference in students' achievement between Authentic assessment and Portfolio achievement as well determined students' attitude towards authentic and portfolio assessments. The study also verified whether there would be a significant relationship between students' achievement and their attitude towards authentic assessment as well as portfolio assessment. These were with a view of enhancing the effective use of authentic and portfolio assessments in the learning of Social Studies in junior secondary schools in Osun State. The study employed two group pre-test only non-randomized experimental research design. The population for the study consisted of students in J.S.S. two classes in Osun State. The sample consisted of 480 Social Studies students that were purposively selected in two secondary schools in Osun State. Three research instruments were developed by the researcher. Four research hypotheses were raised. The t-test and chi-square statistical analyses were utilized for data analysis. Two hypotheses were accepted while the remaining two were rejected. It was recommended among others, that more studies on the mode of assessment were needed in Nigeria so that efforts at improving educational system could be goal oriented especially in this dispensation of educational reform.
      PubDate: 2016-02-01T13:40:02Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Worker-supervisor relationship
           and pay satisfaction : influence on turnover intention among primary
           school teachers in Ado, Nigeria
    • Authors: Ucho; Aondoaver, Ngbea, Kwasedoo M., Sunday, Ogoro A., Banje, Yakubu M.
      Abstract: This study investigated the influence of worker-supervisor relationship and pay satisfaction on turnover intentions among primary school teachers in Ado in Benue State, Nigeria. The study was a survey and worker-supervisor relationship was assessed using Benjamin Rose Relationship with Supervisor Scale. Pay Satisfaction Questionnaire was used in measuring satisfaction with pay. Turnover intentions were assessed using Turnover Intention Scale adopted from the work of Lee (2008). A total of 299 primary school teachers who were randomly sampled took part in the study. The participants were made up of 179 (59.87%) males and 120 (40.13%) females. The result showed that worker-supervisor relationship do not significantly influenced turnover intention of teachers (F(1, 298)= .042, p>0.05). The result equally indicated that pay satisfaction was statistically significant on turnover intention of teachers (F(1, 298) = 4.131, p0.05). The study recommended that the remuneration at the basic level of education in Nigeria should be made attractive in order to raise the satisfaction of teachers as this will bring about their retention.
      PubDate: 2016-02-01T13:40:02Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Leadership style and
           organisational citizenship behaviour among employees of private companies
           in Abia State, Nigeria
    • Authors: Ndubueze; K.I., Akanni, A.A.
      Abstract: This paper examined the relationship between leadership style and Organisational Citizenship Behaviour among employees of selected private companies in Abia state. A total of 262 respondents that were randomly selected from four private companies in Abia state participated in the study. Data were collected using two standardized psychological scale viz: Supervisory Behaviour Description Questionnaire (SBDQ) and Organisational Citizenship Behaviour Scale (OCBS). Data were subjected to multiple Regression analysis. Results showed that there is significant relationship between leadership style and organisational citizenship behaviour {F(2, 259)=97.99, R2 =0.43}. It further showed that the democratic leadership style independently and positively predicted Organisational Citizenship Behaviour (r(260)=0.609, p
      PubDate: 2016-02-01T13:40:01Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Relationship between school
           principals' leadership styles and teachers' job performance in Ondo State,
           Nigeria
    • Authors: Okoji; Olufemi O.
      Abstract: Leadership style in an organization is one of the factors that play significant role in enhancing or retarding the interest and commitment of the individuals in the organization. The population of the study comprised of 300 respondents who were selected through simple random sampling technique from Ondo south senatorial district, this comprised of 250 teachers and 50 school principals and their vice. Principals' Leadership Assessment Inventory was administered to the school principals and their vice with the reliability (PLAI, r= 0.72) and Teachers' Job Performance Assessment Scale was administered to the teachers with reliability (TJPAS r = 0.86). Two hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. Data collected were analyzed with correlation statistical analysis. The result shows that there was significant relationship between democratic leadership style and teachers' job performance (r =.118,N= 300, p
      PubDate: 2016-02-01T13:40:01Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Influence of job demand and
           job status on job involvement among non-burnout employees
    • Authors: Olusa; Abayomi O.
      Abstract: The study examined the influence of job demand and job status on job involvement of non-burnout employees. From the 347 randomly selected respondents, 158 non-burnout employees were extracted (male=106; females= 52), with ages ranging between 17 and 50 years (mean=28.85; SD=7.97). They responded to validated measure of occupational burnout (α=.71), job demand (α=.74) and job involvement (α=.68). Using 2X3 ANOVA to test hypotheses, findings revealed that job involvement of non-burnout employees decreases with increase in their job demand [F(1, 152) =26.51,p
      PubDate: 2016-02-01T13:40:00Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Development of Employee
           Restiveness Predictive Scale (ERPS)
    • Authors: Ogbeide; Davies E.O., Anyaegbunam, Emenike N., Anazonwu, Charles O.
      Abstract: This study established the psychometric property of Employee Restiveness Predictive Scale (ERPS) using faculty members of tertiary institutions in Nigeria. Imo State University (IMSU), Federal Polytechnic, Oko, and Institute of Management and Technology (IMT), Enugu, were used at various stages of the study. Relevant literatures and trade press articles reviewed generated 25 initial items which were evaluated using Delphi technique, and 21 items crystallized out. These 21 items were consequently factor-analyzed using varimax rotation. While the factor analysis revealed 6 factors, the Scree plot indicated a one-factor solution. The KMO and the Bartlett's Tests were subsequently conducted resulting in confirmation of the instrument as one-dimensional (KMO = 0.44; Bartlett's Test = 748.04). Eighteen items finally emerged from the factor analysis. The instrument proved robust to measure restive behaviour among faculty members in tertiary education system used in this study.
      PubDate: 2016-02-01T13:39:59Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Self-concept and intimacy :
           influence on elderly's sexual behaviour in Ile-Ife
    • Authors: Ekundayo; Opeyemi O., Oyinlola, Funmi F., Sunmola, Adebayo K.
      Abstract: This study examined the influence of self-concept and intimacy on the sexual behaviour of middle and older adults. The study was a cross sectional survey that collected data from middle and older adults in Ife Central Local Government Area using a multi-stage sampling technique. The sample consisted of 375 adults. Three instruments namely: Sexual Behaviour Scale, Sexual Intimacy Scale, and Tennesse Self-Concept Scale, were used to collect data from the respondents. The results showed that self concept had a significant influence on the sexual behaviour of middle and older adults (r=0.24, p
      PubDate: 2016-02-01T13:39:58Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Language and madness : very
           germane areas of collaboration among linguists and psychiatrists
    • Authors: Akinbode; Oluwole
      Abstract: Language use and communication among psychiatric patients and their caretakers are a very interesting and extra-ordinary research interest in linguistics. It requires a great knowledge of psycholinguistics, neurolinguistics, pragmatics and psychoanalysis, Madness, inevitably, involves language. It has been observed by many psychologists and psychiatrists that the ability to speak coherently enough to respond appropriately to, and help create, recognizable social contexts helps to defuse human beings sense of full humanness. Also, radical deviation from normal speech interaction can cause interlocutors to judge one not only insane but less than completely human. The research methods used to gather data for this study was observation and interviewing. It was gathered that the use of language and communication are strongly connected with sanity or insanity. Sanity or insanity could be determined by how reasonable an utterance made by an interactant is, in a speech context. It was recommended that psychiatrists should collaborate regularly with linguists especially during diagnosis and treatment of psychiatric patients.
      PubDate: 2016-02-01T13:39:58Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Editorial
    • Authors: Olowu; A.A.
      Abstract: In this Volume 23 Number 1, 2015, we have published twenty five manuscripts that touched on all areas of applied psychology. The papers will enhance the knowledge and practice of our readers. We are grateful for your unflinching support to this journal.
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:56Z
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2015)
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: The efficiency of the
           implementation of the physical education curriculum in Nairobi county and
           Nyeri county preschools, Kenya
    • Authors: Kahiga; Ruth M., Gatumu, Jane C., Rintaugu, Elijah G.
      Abstract: This paper is based on a cross-sectional survey on the efficiency of the implementation of the Physical Education (PE) curriculum in Nairobi County and Nyeri County preschools in Kenya. The paper focuses on the PE teaching policy, PE learning facilities and equipments, and the teachers' efficiency in preschool PE curriculum implementation. Nairobi and Nyeri Counties were purposively sampled to provide a geographical comparison. The survey involved 99 preschools selected using stratified random and simple random sampling. The respondents included 60 head teachers, 99 teachers, 60 parents and 4 DICECE officers who were selected using stratified and simple random sampling. Data was collected using questionnaires, interviews, observation schedules, resource checklists and documentary analysis. The data was analysed using content analysis and descriptive statistics such as; frequency and percentages. It was found out that the implementation of the preschool PE curriculum was not efficiently done since PE lessons were used to teach other activity areas and teachers mostly supervised children playing instead of giving instructions. PE learning facilities were found to be fairly adequate. PE equipment and materials were found to be inadequate and this was mostly attributed to lack of funds. The teachers were found to be professionally trained thus competent to implement the PE curriculum though professional development programmes such as seminars and workshops were lacking. Recommendations made were that PE should be taught like all other activity areas and the Ministry of Education inspectorate unit should ensure that this is adhered to in all preschools. Provision of adequate PE learning facilities and equipment should be a requirement for all preschools. All preschool stakeholders should be sensitized on the importance of PE and seminars and workshops should be held regularly for the preschool teachers.
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:55Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Topographic anterograde and
           retrograde memory for spatial behaviour effects of haloperidol treatments
           in Long Evan rats
    • Authors: Ucheagwu; Valentine, Jesse, Ossai
      Abstract: The present study was on the effects of haloperidol injection on anterograde and retrograde topographic memories for spatial behaviours in Long Evan rats. Twelve Long Evan albino rats weighing 0.5 - 0.8 kg (6 males, 6 females) were used for the study. Complex Maze Box of 14 unit T Alley from the Royal Institute of Psychologists, Nigeria were used for spatial learning trials while Haloperidol injection treatment from AGILA SPECLTS Company was used. The subjects were divided into 2 groups: retrograde and anterograde groups. The Mann Whitney U test and Wilcoxon Rank sum statistics were used for data analysis. The findings showed significant differences between retrograde group: before injection and after injection on time spent to run the maze. Similarly significant difference was seen between the retrograde group (before injection) and anterograde group at P
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:55Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Development and validation of
           prison Inmates Self-Harm Urges Scale (IS-HUS) : a psychometric study
    • Authors: Ineme; Mfon E., Osinowo, Helen O.
      Abstract: The rate of self-harm among prison inmates tends to be on the increase globally, often resulting in ultimate self-harm (suicide)if not checked. Such behaviours are often premeditated and may have been nursed as urges in the mind for some time. This study aimed at developing a psychological instrument that would help detect such urges before their full manifestation. Focus group discussions (FGD) were held with 32 purposively selected inmates and open-ended questions administered to 97 randomly selected inmates from Agodi prison. In-depth interview (IDIs) were conducted with 4 purposively selected prison staff. Initial items were validated by 2 clinical psychologists, 1 social psychologist, and 1 sociologist. Themes emerged from their responses which aided the development of the initial 23 items; these items were further scrutinized by 2 clinical psychologists and then administered to 120 inmates randomly selected from Agodi prison. Their responses were analyzed using SPSS version 20.0, giving rise to a valid and reliable 19-item scale - IS-HUS with three sub-scales. Sub-scale 1 measures physical self-harm urges, sub-scale 2 measures verbal self-harm urges, sub-scale 3 measures transferred self-harms. The scale was translated to Yoruba language and retranslated to English language.
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:54Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Achievement goals and
           performance in English and Mathematics of senior secondary schools
           students in Borno State, Nigeria
    • Authors: Musa; Alice K.J., Hartley, Peter
      Abstract: The study investigated the relationships between achievement goals and measures of academic performance in English and Mathematics of senior secondary school students in Borno State, Nigeria. The objectives of the study were to determine the relationships between achievement goals and performances in English and Mathematics, and the contribution of each goal type to the variance of academic performance in English and Mathematics. Eight hundred and twenty-seven (827) students randomly selected from 18 senior boarding secondary schools in Borno State responded to "A hierarchical Model of Approach and Avoidance Achievement Motivation" scale as measure of achievement goals and English and Mathematics tests as measured of academic performance. Hierarchical multiple regression was used to analyse the data. The results reveal significant relationships: among the goals, between learning and performance-avoidance goals with English and overall academic performance; but non with mathematics. Learning goals and performance-approach goals account for the variance in academic performance differently.
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:54Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Formation of national identity
           among children in southern Nigeria and the analysis of their attitude of
           in-group/out-group : an experimental study
    • Authors: Asekun; Wakil A.
      Abstract: The paper examined the dynamics of socializing southern Nigerian children amidst prevailing ethno-religious conflicts claiming lives and properties in the northern Nigeria; the consequences of the realities on in-group attitude and out-group attitude of the children were analysed. The study adopted an experimental design and was conducted in a classroom among 55 primary school pupils in Lagos, Southern Nigeria. Results suggested that Southern Nigerian children hold favourable attitudes towards their in-group, but showed unfavourable attitudes towards their fellow children in northern Nigeria (out-group), essentially, due to the prevailing crises in the area; consequently, they expressed a negative national identity. The implication of these findings on the quest for a cohesive national life in Nigeria and other African countries was discussed.
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:53Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Development and
           standardization of Military Stress Inventory (MSI)
    • Authors: Osa-Afiana; Damian D.
      Abstract: Over the years, the Nigerian Military has participated in many peace keeping operations throughout the world. In each of these cases, the men of the Armed Forces who participated in these operations were never evaluated or screened both before and after the operations to determine their psychological state with regard to their stress levels. The impact of stress on military personnel is a known fact. In view of the highly stressful nature of military operations, this study is to develop an instrument that could screen those soldiers who might be proned to stress before operation and also to evaluate the stress levels of those who have returned after military operations. In the Development and Standardisation of Military Stress Inventory (MSI) an item pool created from a list of situations related to military operation and profession was used to obtain 36 item inventory which was administered to 600 participants made up 150 Army, 150 Navy, 150 Air Force personnel and 150 Civilians (not working in any military setting). A total mean score for MSI of 89.30 with a standard deviation of 24.13 was obtained. The mean score and standard deviation for military personnel was 88.71 and 22.08 respectively. Analyzing data with Cronbach alpha, Guttman's split-half and Pearson Product Moment statistics, the reliability coefficients, both coefficient alpha and split-half range in the 80's. The concurrent validity of MSI is satisfactory with .64. The results were discussed in terms of how the development of MSI met the objective of the study. The values of MSI in detecting stress in military personnel were highlighted.
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:52Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Mobility and gender aspects of
           hospital trips of the urban elderly in Ilesa, Nigeria
    • Authors: Olawole; Moses O.
      Abstract: Accessibility to health care facilities is one characteristic that have the potential to impact the health and well-being of the elderly. Using data from a multistage sample survey of 378 elderly, this study examines intra-urban mobility and gender differences in hospital trips of elderly in the city of Ilesa, South-western, Nigeria. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics, Chi-square and ANOVA. The analysis reveals similarity in gender trip rates to hospitals - 63.14% of elderly men and 66.29% of elderly women of the samples visited hospitals for medical treatment during the period under study. Overall, occasional trips frequency accounts for 96.71% of the trips to hospitals. The findings show significant gender differences in trip frequencies, travel distance and mode choices of the elderly. The research results reinforce the importance of intra-urban and gender variations in travel characteristics of the elderly to hospitals.
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:52Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Rethinking gender equity,
           democratic governance and Millennium Development Goals in Nigeria
    • Authors: Kolawole; Taiwo O., Abubakar, Muhammed B., Owonibi, Elizabeth, Zaggi, Hilary
      Abstract: This paper examine the possibility of attaining the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) without gender equity in Nigeria as a society bearing in mind that most of the MDGs are women centered or put differently, they affects mostly the women than the men counterparts. The paper concluded that women are badly treated in Nigeria, it then become extremely difficult to attain the MDGs without putting a total end to undue evil treatment of women in Nigeria. It must be emphasized that while it is important to meet short-term practical of needs of women (a process and usually time consuming and epileptics), it is only when significant proportion of women hold public offices and are given opportunities to initiate, mould and execute public policy and legislation, can they begin to effectively address the other problems faced by women.
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:51Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Knowledge, attitude and
           barriers towards children immunization among women in selected rural
           primary health centres
    • Authors: Adekeye; Olujide A., Chenube, Olufunke O., Ahmadu, Fred, Adekeye, Bosede T.
      Abstract: This study explored the knowledge, attitude and barriers to children immunization among women in four selected Rural Primary Health Centres. Immunization coverage rates in Nigeria have remained very poor especially in rural communities despite a plethora of programs and strategies. A survey research questionnaire made up of three trajectories (Attitude, knowledge and barriers to childhood immunization) was used in this study (n= 79, mean= 33 +/-6.9years). This study made use of descriptive and inferential statistic. The SPSS software was used to analyze the data. The study indicates that about 80% of the respondents are aware that immunization services are available at primary healthcare centres, but less than half are aware that immunization against polio is meant for children who are 5 years and below. For barriers, about 53% reported they have no confidence in the quality and safety of vaccines being used while 62% reported that health workers are not sufficiently trained. For attitude, most agreed that immunization make children grow healthy (66%). In this study, knowledge of immunization was a better predictor of barriers to immunization (β = 0.633; t = 2.108; p < 0.05). Mothers could be motivated to have their children immunized by doubling efforts at enlightening them and by reiterating the benefits of child immunization to pregnant women during ante-natal clinics. Good healthcare facilities and improve personnel services will encourage more uptakes of immunization services.
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:50Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Performance appraisal
           knowledge : an implication on workplace commitment in a selected
           commercial bank in Lagos, Nigeria
    • Authors: Arogundade; Odunayo T., Olasunkanmi-Alimi, Temitope H., Arogundade, Ayodeji B.
      Abstract: Performance appraisal is a central component of any performance management system that serves as a tool for measuring and achieving performance expectation. This study therefore explored the impact of performance appraisal knowledge on employees' commitment to their workplace. Data for this study were obtained from a sample of 275 bankers in a selected commercial bank in Lagos Nigeria using a battery of psychological tests, namely: Organizational Commitment Scale (OCS) and Performance Appraisal Scale (PAS). The data collected were analyzed by Spearman correlation, linear regression and independent t-test analyses with aim of testing the three hypotheses proposed in this study at 0.05 level of significant. The findings revealed that a significant positive relationship exists between performance appraisal knowledge and organizational commitment (r = 0.18; P < 0.05), performance appraisal knowledge accounted for 3% variation in organizational commitment and finally there exist a significant difference between participants with good performance appraisal knowledge and their counterparts with poor performance appraisal knowledge in their report of organizational commitment. Based on these findings, the study recommended that management should enhance employees' awareness of performance appraisal system in their organizations so as to improve their workplace commitment.
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:50Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Perceived impact of terrorism
           on Nigerian youths and society
    • Authors: Akinsola; Esther F., Ojo, Adebusola
      Abstract: Terrorism is a hydra-headed global phenomenon but it has recently become a recurring menace in Nigeria, unleashing trauma, fear and psychological disorientation on individuals and the Nigerian society. Currently the news of any terrorist attack sends shock waves through the spines of Nigerians followed by apathy. The terrorists' strategies draw the attention of the local populace, the government, and the world to their cause. Such strategies which include acts of violence and wanton destruction of lives and properties, abduction and sexual violence are accompanied by traumatic effects on the victims, the general populace and Nigerian youths in particular. This study assessed the impact of persistent terrorist attacks on the individuals and the society. In doing this a Terrorism conceptualization and impact questionnaire was developed, factor-analysed and administered to 531 youths and older adults with age ranging between 15 and 75years. In the sample 307 are youths (15-24yrs) while 224 are older adults (25-75), with 279 males and 252 females. After the factor analysis of the questionnaire items 20 out of the 34 items in the questionnaire assessed the impact of terrorist attacks on Nigerian youths and adults. The impact factors assessed are social impact, psychological impact divided into psychological distress and helplessness, intervention impact and cognitive impact. Results obtained indicated that older adults experience higher levels of psychological distress and helplessness than the youths. Older adults also demonstrated higher level of intervention initiation than the youths. However there were no significant differences in the cognitive and social impact of terrorism between the youths and the older adults studied. The results were discussed within the existing literature on effect of terrorist activities on people in general and Nigerians in particular. It was concluded that further research is needed in which the items for social, cognitive and intervention impact will be increased to boost the validity of the research results.
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:49Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Counselling intervention in
           the provision of psycho-social support for widows : empirical evidence
           from Nigeria
    • Authors: Adebowale; Titilola A.
      Abstract: Everyone needs adjustment to get along or survive ones social and physical environment. The widows in this part of the world need it more than anyone due to the hardship culture has placed on them. The study examined the psychological and social support being rendered to the widows for adjustment. One hundred and twenty widows were randomly selected within the randomly selected local government areas in Ibadan. Psychosocial Support for Widows Adjustment Questionnaire (PSSWAQ), self-structured, with the validity α=0.74 was administered on 120 widows in six local government areas of Oyo state. Two hypotheses were postulated and tested at 0.05 level of significance, Data were analyzed using Pearson Product Moment Correlation and t-test. The study revealed that there is a relationship between psychosocial support given widows and adjustment to life. Secondly, the age of the widows did not affect their adjustment with psychosocial support. It was found that psychosocial support can modify the behaviour of the widows when faced with social and environmental challenges. It was also found that the age of the widows does not affect the support they receive from the populace. Therefore, government, family members, co-workers, business associate and non-governmental organizations should rally round widows in helping them to get out of their fears, have the ability to adjust, remove stigmatization and reduce the rate in which their children indulge in crime.
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:48Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Role of waste management in
           wealth creation in Nigeria - evidences from Lagos state waste management
           authority (LAWMA)
    • Authors: Akinbola; Olufemi A., Ojo, Olugbenga A., Hakeem, Adeniyi A.
      Abstract: The concept of entrepreneurship as it relates to waste to wealth by private sector participation (PSP) franchise is considered to have assisted the government create jobs and new businesses for many in contemporary economies, This study essentially try to access whether PSP franchise operators aid in the creation of jobs and how waste recycling affects the creation of small or large business ventures in Lagos State. The data required for this study was gotten through the instrument of questionnaire from the Lagos state waste management authority (LAWMA) franchise operators. One hundred and forty five (145) questionnaires were administered out of which one hundred and twelve (112) were returned for analysis. Two hypotheses were formulated from the structure of research questions. Regression analysis was used to test the hypotheses through the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS 18.0). The result showed that PSP franchise operations have significant influence on the creation of jobs (R2 = 0.132, at P < 0.05) and that waste recycling affects the creation of small or large business ventures in Lagos State (R2 = 0.550, at P < 0.05). The study therefore recommends among others that Waste management authorities should endeavour to provide franchising opportunities to entrepreneurs to create more jobs for the populace and that waste recycling should be regulated and controlled efficiently to encourage more individuals to participate in the processes as this would help to create business for entrepreneurs.
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:48Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Alcohol consumption, peer
           influence and secondary school students' attitudes towards school in
           Katsit, Kaduna State, Nigeria
    • Authors: Anyio; Bahago T.
      Abstract: This study investigated the influences of Alcohol Consumption peer influence and secondary school students attitudes towards school in some selected secondary schools in Katsit, Kafanchan, Kaduna State. The study adopted a correlational research design and the population of this study was 200 senior students from four (4) secondary school out of 18 Government Secondary Schools in Katsit, Kafanchan. The students were selected using simple random sampling technique. Spearman's Rank Order Correlation was used to test the Hypotheses. The instrument used for Data Collection was Rutgers Alcohol Problem Index (RAPI), Feeling About School Instrument (FASI) and Peer Pressure Inventory (PPI). The findings reveals that there is no significant relationship between peer group influence and students attitudes towards school (P=.178=.100) and there was a positive significant relationship between Alcohol Consumption and students attitudes towards school (P=.001; rho=.339). Based on their findings, it was recommend that parents, school administrators, ministry of education who are partners and stakeholders in the education of children mostly adolescents school be involved more in the affairs of the schools.
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:47Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Cognitive therapy,
           psychosocial variables and immune system functioning of persons with
           HIV/AIDS
    • Authors: Anyaegbunam; Emenike N.
      Abstract: This study examined the effect of cognitive therapy on psychosocial variables (stigma consciousness and social support) and immune system functioning of People Living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). One hundred and eighty-seven PLWHA (85 men & 102 women) took part in this study. Stigma consciousness questionnaire and provision of social relation scale were used to collect information from the participants. Immune system functioning was measured using CD4 counts. Repeated measures ANOVA revealed that there were significant main effects of cognitive therapy on stigma consciousness and social support. Similarly, significant main effect was found of cognitive therapy on immune system functioning. Stigma consciousness, social support and immune system functioning of PLWHA varied with application of cognitive therapy. The outcome provides framework for understanding the link among psychosocial variables, immune system functioning and cognitive therapy, and has practical application to HIV/AIDS management.
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:46Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Educational gender-equality
           and women empowerment as determinants of national transformation :
           implication for curriculum development
    • Authors: Ajasa; Folorunso A., Salako, Adebayo A.
      Abstract: This study examined educational gender equality and women empowerment on National Transformation. The study adopted a correlational research design; three hundred (300) educated women were purposely selected in Oyo State. Two research instruments were used to pilot the study. The instrument are Educational Gender Equality Questionnaire (EGEQ) (r = 0.78) and Women Empowerment Questionnaire (WEQ) (r = 0.82) multiple regression were used for data analysis. The study raised two research questions viz: what is the relative effect of gender inequality and women empowerment and their joint contributions on national development. The results showed that the independent variables have significant influence on National Transformation. It was recommended that; gender issues should be a National concern; also the curriculum developers should take cognizance of both boys and girls during curriculum planning. Lastly education should be a right to all citizens.
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:46Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Enhancing friendship-making
           ability of peer rejected adolescents through social skills training
    • Authors: Ikporukpo; A.B.
      Abstract: The study assesses the effectiveness of social skills training (SST) in enhancing friendship-making ability of peer-rejected adolescents in Ibadan, Nigeria. A 2x2 pretest-posttest, control group true experimental design was utilized. Eighty four (84) peer-rejected students from two secondary schools in Ibadan, Oyo state whose ages ranged from 11 to 17 years with a mean of 13 were randomly assigned to the treatment and control groups. The treatment group was exposed to eight-week training in SST while participants in the control group received placebo training. The participants responded to a validated Peer Attachment Inventory at both pre and post intervention sessions. The results indicated that the intervention group performed significantly better than the control group and also social skills training predicted friendship making ability among the female and the male participants. The researcher recommends social skills training to be introduced in the schools programme.
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:45Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Forensic index and substance
           abuse among psychiatric patients
    • Authors: Abiama; Emmanuel E., Ifeagwazi, Chuka M., Chukwuorji, JohnBosco C.
      Abstract: Although forensic index and substance use are crucial issues in clinical work among mentally ill patients, studies emanating from psychiatric facilities in nonwestern cultures have been relatively scarce. This paper examines this issue in a tertiary health institution. Participants were 259 mentally ill patients (124 inpatients and 135 out-patients) drawn from University of Uyo Teaching Hospital, Uyo (UUTH) in Nigeria. Using a mixed method design, data were derived from a self-report questionnaire adapted from World Health Organization guidelines for substance use surveys, hospital folders and interviews. 169 (65.26%) patients used psychoactive substances while 90 (34.74%) not substance users. Reasons identified for drug use by the patients were to enhance performance (16%), ignorance of the risks involved (12.4%), due to the availability of substances (11.8%), because they are cheap (10.7%), and because many other patients use it (10.7%). Alcohol (14.20%) and cannabis (14.20%) were the most frequently used substances. Of the 169 drug users, 96.44% were brought by family members for treatment while others were brought by Nigerian Drug Law Enforcement Agency for rehabilitation (1.77%) and Court/Federal Road Safety Corps (.59%) for psychiatric rehabilitation. Thirty (17.8%) of the 169 patients with drug-related problems engaged in drug-related crimes but only 4 (13.3%) were reported and only 1 (3.3%) was prosecuted and punished. Intervention programmes in mental health facilities should include strategies for helping patients cope with drug use problems and proper attention should be paid to rehabilitation so as to wean such patients off substance misuse.
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:44Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Patients satisfaction with
           nursing care in a maternity unit in South-Western Nigeria : relationship
           with self esteem
    • Authors: Eegunranti; Adekunle B., Akinsulore, Adesanmi, Ibigbami, Olanrewaju I., Olowookere, Samuel A., Ibigbami, Adebukola
      Abstract: The purpose of health care institution is to satisfy the health care needs of their patients. Measuring patient satisfaction has improved services provided by health care institutions. Among factors that influence patient satisfaction, self-esteem of the clients has not received much attention in research. The aim of this study was to assess patient satisfaction with nursing care in a maternity unit and its relationship with self-esteem. A descriptive cross-sectional study in which 100 women were interviewed at the immunization clinic of the Wesley Guild Hospital within six weeks post-delivery was used. Respondents completed socio-demographic questionnaire, the modified La Monica-Oberst Patient Satisfaction Scale (LAOPSS) and the Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale. The mean age of respondents was 29.9 years while mean satisfaction score was 97.98 (SD-15.3; Range-79) with mean self-esteem being 30.15 (SD-6.59; Range-38). Factors associated with higher levels of patient satisfaction were having tertiary education, having 1-3 children, being employed, higher income, higher levels of self-esteem and longer duration of hospital stay. Predictors of patient satisfaction were self-esteem and duration of hospital stay. Self-esteem of women has a strong influence on their satisfaction with nursing care in maternity units. Measures towards enhancing their understanding of the care given to them and promoting their self-esteem are strong components of improving their satisfaction with nursing care.
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:44Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Age at first birth and social
           dimensions of under-5 child mortality in Yoruba society : the case of Osun
           State, Nigeria
    • Authors: Oyefara; John L.
      Abstract: Central to Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) is the reduction of under-five mortality by two-third between 1990 and 2015. At the end of MDGs, child mortality is still very high in Nigeria. This necessitates the urgent needs to have clear understanding about the dynamics of child mortality in different societies of the country. This paper examines the nexus between maternal age at first birth and level of childhood mortality most especially within the socio-economic structure of Yoruba society in Nigeria. The understanding of this relationship is of direct relevance to governments and non-State actors working on child health with the aim to achieve the stated MDGs goal and its associated targets. To achieve the objective of the study, quantitative data were generated from 1,000 women in one of the six Yoruba speaking States in Nigeria: Osun State. A multistage random sampling technique was adopted to select the respondents, while percentages, means, standard deviation, Pearson chi square, t-test, analysis of variance and post hoc test of homogeneous were adopted to analyze generated data. Findings of the study show significant relationships between maternal age at first birth and childhood mortality level within the socio-demographic characteristics of women (such as place of residence, current age, occupational status, educational level, marital status, form of marriage and number of children ever born). Specifically, women who had their first birth below age 20 years exhibit significant higher number of childhood mortality in comparison with women who had their first birth by age 20 years and above at P
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:43Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Locus of control, death
           anxiety and length of service of electricity workers in Nigeria
    • Authors: Aboh; James U., Nwankwo, Barnabas E., Agu, Solomon A., Chikwendu, Chimezie E., Obi, Tobias C.
      Abstract: This study investigated the relationship between locus of control and death anxiety among staff of an electricity company (Power Holding Company of Nigeria, Plc). Enugu. The participants were 80 workers drawn from Power Holding Company of Nigeria, Plc Okpara Avenue, Enugu 40 long serving staff, 40 short serving staff. Rotter (1966) locus control and Templer (1970) death anxiety questionnaires were used to collect the responses for the study. Correlation research design and Pearson Product-Moment Correlation Coefficient Statistics was used with age ranging from 22-53 years. The findings indicated, that there was a statistically significant relationship between internal locus of control and death anxiety among short serving staff of Power Holding Company Nigeria, (r= 0.84, 38, P
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:42Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Career prospects of youths and
           tourism participation in selected host communities in Ekiti State, Nigeria
           
    • Authors: Bakare; Oyebisi K.
      Abstract: The study examined career prospects of youths and tourism participation in selected host communities in Ekiti State, Nigeria. Three communities (Ikogosi-Ekiti, Ikere-Ekiti, and Ipole-Iloro-Ekiti) were purposively selected for the study considering their possession of idyllic tourist resources of national and international reputes, Ikogosi warm-spring, Olosunta festival, and Arinta waterfalls respectively. The population for the study comprised the inhabitants of the three communities. Purposive sampling technique was employed to select 120 youths from each community summing to 360 respondents. Data were collected using interview guided questions. The mean age of the respondents was 19.3 years. The results showed that high percentage (70.8%) of the respondents falls between 16 and 25 years. A high percentage (75.6%) of the respondents had no exposure (never lived elsewhere). Majority (66.7%) earned their living (self upkeep) from tourism business in the locality. The findings revealed that there was a significant relationship between career prospects of youths and age (X2=32.168; p
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:42Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Passengers' variables as
           predictors of risky driving behaviour of intercity commercial bus driver
           in Osun State
    • Authors: Olonade; Zaccheaus O.
      Abstract: The study examined the influence of passengers' attitude, age, and gender on the risky driving behaviour of intercity commercial bus drivers in Osun state. This was with a view to assessing the roles played by the passengers in the overall service delivery of commercial bus drivers. Primary data were used in the study. It involved systematic observation and the use of questionnaire. Participatory observation was conducted, and questionnaire administered on passengers of commercial buses travelling in and out of Ile-Ife, Ilesa, and Osogbo. A multi-stage sampling procedure was used. A total of 283 passengers were used for the study. The data collected were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Results showed that the attitude of passengers have no significant influence on the driving behaviour of intercity commercial bus drivers. However, gender had a significant influence on the risky driving behaviour of intercity commercial bus drivers [F(1,282)=5.27,P
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:41Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Entrepreneurial intention and
           entrepreneurial abilities
    • Authors: Jayeoba; Foluso I.
      Abstract: The study examined entrepreneurial intention of 668 undergraduates from two South West Nigerian Universities. The participants who indicated intention to 'start their own business' differ in entrepreneurial abilities by a higher mean score (x = 126.70) on Entrepreneurial Ability Scale (EAS) compared with those who indicated 'seek employment' (x = 121.42) and those who are not sure of their post-graduation activities (x = 123.56). One-way analysis of variance shows that no significant difference exist between 'seek employment' and those who are not sure about their future choice between 'seek employment' and 'start own business'. The study is an important indication of the role of and correlation between ability and intentions. It will be of practical benefit to conduct a follow-up/longitudinal study on future work preferences of the undergraduates who score high in entrepreneurial abilities scale as well as those who has entrepreneurial intention.
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:40Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Paternal influences and
           adolescents' sexual risky behaviours
    • Authors: Oladeji; D.
      Abstract: The study established the influence of paternal roles on adolescents' sexual risky behaviour. A total of two hundred (200) married men drawn from Ibadan metropolis constituted the sample for the study. Their ages ranged from 30 years to 49 years with a mean age of 36.5 years and standard deviation of 8.21. The two instruments used were author-constructed interview guide inventories with 0.62 and 0.67 reliability coefficient respectively. The data obtained were analyzed using multiple regression, correlation and chi-square statistics. The results obtained from the study indicated that, a combination of the six independent variables significantly predicted the dependent variable F=(7,192) =21.193; R= .786, R2 = .617, Adj. R2= .586; P
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:39Z
       
 
 
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