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Publisher: Sabinet Online Ltd   (Total: 223 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 223 Journals sorted alphabetically
ACCORD Occasional Paper     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Acta Academica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.123, h-index: 3)
Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.14, h-index: 1)
Acta Criminologica     Full-text available via subscription  
Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa     Full-text available via subscription  
Acta Juridica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Acta Patristica et Byzantina     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
AFFRIKA J. of Politics, Economics and Society     Full-text available via subscription  
Africa Conflict Monitor     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Africa Insight     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Africa Institute Occasional Paper     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Africa J. of Nursing and Midwifery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.128, h-index: 3)
AfricaGrowth Agenda     Full-text available via subscription  
African Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 18)
African Finance J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
African J. for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
African J. of Business and Economic Research     Full-text available via subscription  
African J. of Democracy and Governance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
African J. of Farm Child and Youth Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
African J. of Herpetology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.51, h-index: 9)
African J. of Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 1)
African J. of Research in Mathematics, Science and Technology Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
African J. of Rhetoric     Full-text available via subscription  
African J. of Wildlife Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
African Markets Overview     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
African Plant Protection     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
African Renaissance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
African Safety Promotion     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
African Yearbook of Rhetoric     Full-text available via subscription  
Africanus     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Agriprobe     Full-text available via subscription  
Akroterion     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of the Ditsong National Museum of Natural History     Full-text available via subscription  
Annual Survey of South African Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Arms Control : Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Ars Nova     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Article 40     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Architects and Quantity Surveyors' Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
BER : Building and Construction : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
BER : Building Contractors' Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
BER : Building Sub-Contractors' Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Capital Goods Industries Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Consumer Confidence Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
BER : Consumer Goods Industries Survey     Full-text available via subscription  
BER : Economic Prospects : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription  
BER : Economic Prospects : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Intermediate Goods Industries Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Manufacturing Survey : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Motor Trade Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Retail Sector Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Retail Survey : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Building and Construction : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Manufacturing : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Retail : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Trends : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Wholesale Sector Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Building Women     Full-text available via subscription  
Bulletin of Statistics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Business Tax and Company Law Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Cabo     Full-text available via subscription  
Cardiovascular J. of Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.3, h-index: 19)
Child Abuse Research in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Civil Engineering = Siviele Ingenieurswese     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Clean Air J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Clean Air J. = Tydskrif vir Skoon Lug     Full-text available via subscription  
Climate Summary of South Africa     Full-text available via subscription  
CME : Your SA J. of CPD     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Codicillus     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Commonwealth Youth and Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Communicare : J. for Communication Sciences in Southern Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Comparative and Intl. Law J. of Southern Africa     Full-text available via subscription  
Conflict Trends     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Conspectus : The J. of the South African Theological Seminary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Crime Research in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Current Allergy & Clinical Immunology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.126, h-index: 4)
Dairy Mail Africa : Publication for the Dairy Industry in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
De Arte     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
De Rebus     Full-text available via subscription  
Die Kerkblad     Full-text available via subscription  
Educare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Emergency Services SA     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
English in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Enterprise Risk     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ergonomics SA : J. of the Ergonomics Society of South Africa     Full-text available via subscription  
ESR Review : Economic and Social Rights in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Evidence Based Summaries in Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
FarmBiz     Full-text available via subscription  
Farmer’s Weekly     Full-text available via subscription  
Farmlink Africa     Full-text available via subscription  
Food Manufacturing Africa     Full-text available via subscription  
French Studies in Southern Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Fundamina : A J. of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Gender and Behaviour     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Gender Questions     Full-text available via subscription  
Ghanaian J. of Economics     Full-text available via subscription  
HR Future     Full-text available via subscription  
HR Highway     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
IFE Psychologia : An Intl. J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Image & Text : a J. for Design     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
IMFO : Official J. of the Institute of Municipal Finance Officers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
IMIESA     Full-text available via subscription  
Indilinga African J. of Indigenous Knowledge Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Injury and Safety Monitor     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Inside Mining     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Institute for Security Studies Papers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Interim : Interdisciplinary J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. for Religious Freedom     Full-text available via subscription  
Intl. SportMed J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.182, h-index: 8)
Investment Analysts J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.223, h-index: 4)
J. for Christian Scholarship = Tydskrif vir Christelike Wetenskap     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
J. for Contemporary History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
J. for Estate Planning Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
J. for Islamic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
J. for Juridical Science     Full-text available via subscription  
J. for Language Teaching = Tydskrif vir Taalonderrig     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
J. for New Generation Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
J. for Semitics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
J. of African Elections     Full-text available via subscription  
J. of African Foreign Affairs     Full-text available via subscription  
J. of African Union Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
J. of Contemporary Management     Full-text available via subscription  
J. of Gender, Information and Development in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
J. of Marketing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
J. of Minimum Intervention in Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription  
J. of Public Administration     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
J. of Somali Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
J. of Strategic Studies : A J. of the Southern Bureau of Strategic Studies Trust     Full-text available via subscription  
Juta's Business Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Kleio     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Learning and Teaching Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Litnet Akademies : 'n Joernaal vir die Geesteswetenskappe, Natuurwetenskappe, Regte en Godsdienswetenskappe     Full-text available via subscription  
Local Government Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
M&J Retail     Full-text available via subscription  
Malawi Law J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Management Dynamics : J. of the Southern African Institute for Management Scientists     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Management Today     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Medical Technology SA     Full-text available via subscription  
Meditari : Research J. of the School of Accounting Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Missionalia : Southern African J. of Mission Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.115, h-index: 3)
MNASSA : Monthly Notes of the Astronomical Society of South Africa     Full-text available via subscription  
Monographs of the Transvaal Museum     Full-text available via subscription  
Musicus     Full-text available via subscription  
Nafu Farmer     Full-text available via subscription  
Neotestamentica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.124, h-index: 1)
New Coin Poetry     Full-text available via subscription  
New Voices in Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Obiter     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Obstetrics and Gynaecology Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.111, h-index: 2)
Occupational Health Southern Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Old Testament Essays     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Personal Finance Newsletter     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Perspectives in Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.242, h-index: 10)
Politeia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Practical Theology in South Africa = Praktiese Teologie in Suid-Afrika     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Professional Accountant     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Professional Nursing Today     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Progressio     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Psycho-analytic Psychotherapy in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Quest     Full-text available via subscription  
ReSource     Full-text available via subscription  
Retail and Marketing Review     Full-text available via subscription  
Rostrum : Newsletter of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
SA Horseman     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
SA Irrigation = SA Besproeiing     Full-text available via subscription  
SA Mercantile Law J. = SA Tydskrif vir Handelsreg     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
SABI Magazine - Tydskrif     Full-text available via subscription  
Scriptura     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Scrutiny2     Full-text available via subscription  
Servamus Community-based Safety and Security Magazine     Full-text available via subscription  
Shakespeare in Southern Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Slavic Almanac : The South African J. for Slavic, Central and Eastern European Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
South Africa Rural Development Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
South African Actuarial J.     Full-text available via subscription  
South African Computer J.     Full-text available via subscription  
South African Food Review     Full-text available via subscription  
South African Gastroenterology Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.101, h-index: 1)
South African Health Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
South African Human Rights Yearbook     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
South African J. for Research in Sport, Physical Education and Recreation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.123, h-index: 3)
South African J. of African Languages     Full-text available via subscription  
South African J. of Art History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
South African J. of Business Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.16, h-index: 5)
South African J. of Chemical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
South African J. of Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.177, h-index: 13)
South African J. of Criminal Justice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
South African J. of Cultural History     Full-text available via subscription  
South African J. of Diabetes and Vascular Disease     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
South African J. of Economic History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
South African J. of Education     Open Access   (SJR: 0.376, h-index: 9)
South African J. of Higher Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
South African J. of Labour Relations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
South African J. of Sports Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
South African J. of Wildlife Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.389, h-index: 21)
South African J. on Human Rights     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.166, h-index: 5)
South African Law J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
South African Music Studies : SAMUS     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
South African Ophthalmology J.     Full-text available via subscription  
South African Pharmaceutical and Cosmetic Review     Full-text available via subscription  
South African Psychiatry Review     Full-text available via subscription  
South African Radiographer     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)

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Journal Cover IFE Psychologia : An International Journal
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   ISSN (Print) 1117-1421
   Published by Sabinet Online Ltd Homepage  [223 journals]
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Juvenile delinquency and
           justice in Lagos state, Nigeria : a sociological appraisal
    • Authors: Oyafunke-Omoniyi; Comfort O.
      Abstract: Juvenile Delinquency refers to the antisocial and criminal behaviour involving individuals below the age of 18. Juvenile Delinquency has consistently been a problem in the world, Nigeria inclusive. In Nigeria, juvenile offenders are treated differently from adults, although this has not always been the case. This paper discussed the emergence of the Child's Right act in Nigeria in 2003 which was designed to ameliorate the plight of children and young persons who found themselves on the justice corridor. This paper analysed the major content of the CRA as it relates to Juvenile delinquency, from arrest to committal procedures. This paper revealed that the important first step of legislative reform has been successfully achieved and some machinery has also been put in place at the Federal level and in a few States of Federation (Lagos State in particular), to adequately implement and restore the dignity of young offenders to become good ambassadors of the society. The paper therefore concluded that there is likely to be gaps between the laws on the books and the law in practice in juvenile justice system. There is need for government to set up Monitoring and evaluation apparatus to ensure compliance to the law.
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T14:27:40Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Editorial
    • Authors: Olowu; A.A.
      Abstract: Psychology is our only business and only trade. In this edition of our journal, Ife PsychologIA Volume 22 Number 1, 2014 we have brought fresh challenges to students with different interests and concerns, current thinking and research to present, we elucidate past standards and try to exceed. We hope you enjoy the great mix and results.
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T14:23:34Z
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2016)
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: What he wants is not what she
           wants : using VIE theory to test manager and worker motivation in Ghanaian
           SMEs
    • Authors: Puplampu; Bill Buenar, Adomako, Samuel
      Abstract: The objective of this study was to explore differences in motivation of employees in Ghanaian SMEs using Vroom's VIE theory. Responses were received from 150 managers and workers in 14 SMEs. To test the hypotheses of differences between managers and workers on the various scales, the independent samples t-test was used. The study found statistically significant differences between the valence scores for the managers and workers. No differences were found between managers and workers in terms of expectancy, instrumentality and motivation in general. The results suggest that managers and workers have differences in value of anticipated outcomes. Identifying these differences and motivating managers and workers accordingly could lead to higher productivity and increasing profitability of SMEs.
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T14:23:34Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Influence of psychological
           factors on self and perceived stigma and the efficacy of cognitive
           behaviour therapy in symptoms reduction among mentally ill patients
    • Authors: Okhakhume; Aide Sylvester
      Abstract: Majority of people who might benefit from mental health care either opt not to pursue it or do not fully adhere to treatment regimes once begun. They choose not to pursue mental health services because they do not want to be labeled a "mental patient" or suffer the prejudice and discrimination that the label entails. This study was conducted to investigate the influence of self esteem, locus of control and self efficacy on self and perceived stigma among mentally ill patients. Also, to examined the efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) in symptoms reduction. The first stage of the study as a cross sectional study which adopted ex-post-facto design. The sample size is one hundred and thirty (130 patients) with mean age of forty (16-65) and the standard deviations .456. For the intervention stage, the researcher adopted quasi-experimental design with ten (10) participants. The instrument for data collection was Rosenberg self-esteem scale, Perceived self-efficacy scale, Craig locus of control scale, Self stigma scale and perception of stigmatization scale. The result indicated that self esteem has a significant effect on self-stigma (t=5.35, df=118, p<.001). Also, there was significant effect of self-efficacy on patients self-stigma (t=2.80, df=118, p<.001). In addition, there was a significant interactive effect of self-efficacy and locus of control on perceived stigma (F(1,116)=9.54, p<.001). The study was able to establish the efficacy of Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) in improvement of self-esteem (t=-8.67, df=18, p<.001), self efficacy (t=-9.16, df=18, p=<.001) and reduction of self stigmatization (t=8.24, df=18, p<.001). It is thereby concluded that self-esteem and self-efficacy significantly influence self-stigma. Also, there similarly, CBT also led to the reduction in self stigmatization among the patients. It is therefore recommended that certain psychological factors have been implicated in the level at which mental patients will perceive or stigmatize themselves. In addition, Cognitive behavioral therapy should be employed among mental health practitioner as a intervention package for reduction of self stigma among mentally ill patients.
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T14:23:33Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Exploring the attenuating
           influence of organisational communication and restorative strategy on
           subjective job insecurity in merged banks
    • Authors: Okurame; David E., Osuzoka, Awele A.
      Abstract: Although, theoretical arguments about the attenuating influence of positive organisational communication and restorative strategy on subjective job insecurity have been made in the literature, no research has investigated this possibility in the Nigerian banking sector where triggers of job insecurity such as mergers, acquisitions, layoffs and downsizing are an increasing phenomenon. This study examines the attenuating influence of organisational communication and restorative strategy on reported job insecurity and tested their interaction with relevant demographic variables. Data were obtained from 215 employees in three merged banks located in a major Nigerian city using a questionnaire. Results indicated that employees who perceived higher levels of positive organizational communication and restorative strategy practices reported significantly lower levels of job insecurity compared to employees who perceived lower levels of organisational communication and restorative strategy. Contrary to hypothesis, there was no significant interaction effect of organisational communication, restorative strategy and age. Having or not having a mentor affected the attenuating influence of organisational communication and restorative strategy on job insecurity. Practical implications of findings for intervention in the banking sector are discussed.
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T14:23:32Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Public perception of street
           children in Ibadan, Nigeria
    • Authors: Ogunkan; D.V., Adeboyejo, A.T.
      Abstract: Across the urban areas of Nigeria, there are many children working and or living on the street. While their predicament is visible and obvious, the societal perception can help reverse or perpetuate their situations. Drawing on recorded interview with residents, parents and professionals, this study examines the public perception of street children in Ibadan, Nigeria. The content analysis of data shows that urban residents' perception of street children is shrouded in negativity. It was also revealed that the problem of street children persists largely as a result of parents' perception of children as useful "helping hands" or as "mini adults" who are capable of supplementing family income. The professional perceptions of street children have been useful in understanding the persistency of child streetism in our society. As a measure to help reverse the negativities attached to the phenomenon of street children, the study enlighten the general public to change their negative perception of these children and see them as victims of institutional, parental and societal failures. The parents are also advised to behave to their responsibilities and protect their children's right to education, association and health.
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T14:23:31Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Training evaluation : process,
           benefits, and issues
    • Authors: Shenge; Nyitor A.
      Abstract: Training is an organized approach to positively impacting individuals' knowledge, skills, and attitudes in order to improve individual, team, and organizational effectiveness. Training gives organizations access to resources that will allow them to compete successfully in a changing environment, and to plan for and accomplish set goals. Effective training helps corrects employee and organizational deficiencies. However, poor, inappropriate, or inadequate training can be a source of frustration for everyone involved. Training typically posses a number of challenges and every training process brings with it a number of questions that managers must answer. Therefore there is need for organizations and managers to understand, plan for, and critically evaluate training. Based on the aforementioned needs, this paper examines processes, benefits, and issues in training evaluation. Among the issues discussed in the paper are the meaning of training evaluation and why training evaluation is necessary; measuring training's effectiveness and impact; Kirkpatrick's four levels of evaluation; and issues with training evaluation. The paper concludes that effective training evaluation is necessary for successful management of training programs and organizational growth and development. Therefore properly evaluating training requires managers to think through the purposes of the training, the purposes of the evaluation, the audiences for the results of the evaluation, the points or spans of points at which measurements will be taken, the time perspective to be employed, and the overall framework to be utilized.
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T14:23:29Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Assessment of developmental
           capacities of Nigerian infants and children using Denver Prescreening
           Developmental Questionnaire (DPDQ)
    • Authors: Akinsola; Esther F.
      Abstract: The Denver Pre-screening Developmental Questionnaire (DPDQ) was adapted and used to establish trends in developmental capacities of Nigerian infants and children. 1153 Infants and Children, consisting of 613 males and 540 females, randomly selected, and presumed to be normal served as participants. Their ages ranged between 2 and 72 months. The participants were sampled from Lagos Island, Lagos Mainland, Lagos West and Lagos East, all within Lagos city. The questionnaire administered covered four developmental function areas namely: gross motor, fine motor adaptive, personal social and language. Results obtained revealed sequential developmental capacities of the children studied and thereby make the DPDQ adaptable as a developmental screening device for Nigerian children.
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T14:23:29Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Psychological factors as
           predictors of adult learning in selected study centres in Ibadan
           Metropolis, Oyo State
    • Authors: Nkiruka; Ezeokoli Rita
      Abstract: This study discussed some psychological factors that affect adult learning in selected study centers in Ibadan Metropolis Oyo state. Survey research design was adopted for the study. Convenience sampling technique was used to select sixty four (64) adult participants (22 males and 42 females), from the three study centers organized by the Department of Adult Education, University of Ibadan. A questionnaire titled Adult Psychological Scale (APS), (r=0.89) was used for the study. Two hypotheses were tested. The result of the first hypothesis showed that the joint effect of Memory, Concentration, ability to Absorb/Recall, and Judgment) on Adult Learning was significant (F (4, 59) = 16.352; R = .725, R2 = .526, Adj. R2 = .494; P < .05. The second hypothesis showed that the individual effect of each of these variables on adult learning was also significant Memory (β = .277, P <.05), Concentration (β = .252, P <.05), ability to Absorb/Recall (β = .315, P <.05) and Judgment (β = .198, P <.05). In conclusion, the study showed that understanding the psychological factors that affect adult learning is important for success in teaching the adult learners. The adult educator should therefore try to understand the psychological characteristics of adult learners so as to help them benefit from adult learning experience.
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T14:23:27Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Insight into illness in a
           sample of Nigerian patients with schizophrenia : sociodemographic and
           clinical correlates
    • Authors: Aloba; Olutayo O., Mapayi, Boladale M., Adesanmi, Akinsulore O.
      Abstract: Majority of studies evaluating insight in schizophrenia conducted in western countries have shown diverse associations between insight and various sociodemographic and clinical factors. The objectives of this study were to assess insight in a sample of Nigerian patients with schizophrenia. Seventy patients diagnosed with schizophrenia were recruited into the study from the mental health units of the Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital Complex. Participants completed a semi-sociodemographic and illness-related questionnaire, the Insight Scale for Psychosis (ISP). The psychopathological symptoms were assessed with the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale. Analysis was done with the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) software, version 16 (SPSS for Windows, 2007). The number of relapses and hospitalizations correlated with the "ability to re-label experiences" and "insight in need for treatment items" of the ISP. All the three items of the Insight Scale for Psychosis negatively correlated with the PANSS positive, PANSS negative and PANSS general. Some of the illness-related factors and PANSS subscales were observed to have predicted the three items of the Insight Scale for Psychosis. More studies are needed in our environment to identify other factors that influence insight in patients with severe mental disorders.
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T14:23:27Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Migrant-remittances and
           socioeconomic development in rural south-eastern Nigeria : the case of
           Isiekenesi community, Imo State
    • Authors: Nwokocha; Ezebunwa E., Ajaegbu, Okechukwu
      Abstract: In spite of the increasing volume of remittances from international migrants, there has been little effort to analyze its development impact in rural Nigeria. This study therefore examined the socio-economic implications of migrant-remittances in Isiekenesi ranked among communities in South-eastern Nigeria with very high number of emigrants. Data collection involved administration of 402 copies of questionnaires, 17 In-depth Interviews and 6 Focus Group Discussions. Factors that led to increase in remittances included reduction in transfer charges, pressing economic problems at home, quest for investment in social amenities and government propelled enabling environment, among others. Insecurity, lack of trust in relatives to effectively manage remittances, and immigration status of the migrant at place of destination were major factors that hindered inflow of remittances. Findings also revealed that remittances had accounted for notable social and physical development of the community; and that apart from financial remittances, the people had benefitted from cultural diffusion and adaptation. The study recommends the removal of remaining bottlenecks such as high remittance-charges, limited number of remitting agencies, and unnecessary delays in the process to serve as incentives for increase in both volume and frequency.
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T14:23:26Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Human capital selection
           practices and performance of unionised organisations in the food, beverage
           and tobacco industries in Lagos State, Nigeria
    • Authors: Chidi; Odogwu Christopher
      Abstract: The objective of the study is to investigate the effect of selection practices on performance of unionised organisations in the Food, Beverage and Tobacco Industry in Lagos State. The adopted research design is the survey method. The organisations in the Food, Beverage and Tobacco Industry in Lagos State constitute the population of the study. The target respondents for the survey were the executive management and senior employees in charge of human resource management functions. The proportional stratified sampling method was used to select equal sample of thirty (30) from each of the organisations surveyed. A total of four hundred and twenty (420) research subjects were drawn from fourteen respondent companies. However, 284 copies of questionnaire were properly completed and used for data analysis. This represents 68 per cent response rate. Validity estimate is 0.90 while the Cronbach's Alpha is 0.81 being the reliability coefficient of the instrument. The hypothesis for the study was tested using the Pearson Product Moment Correlation, Regression Model and Chi-square test of goodness-of-fit at 5 per cent level of significance. The result of hypothesis test shows that selection practices exhibited positive and significant relationship with all measures of performance. Rate of sales (r = 0.272; p< 0.01); innovativeness (r = 0.261; p< 0.01); growth in employees (r = 0.232; p< 0.01); performance stability (r = 0.235; p< 0.01; operational efficiency (r = 0.227; p< 0.01); public image (r = 0.146; p< 0.05); staff morale (r = 0.201; p< 0.01); adaptability (r = 0.183; p< 0.01); market share (r = 0.143; p< 0.05); and profitability (r = 0.174; p< 0.01). The Chi-square test of goodness-of-fit also confirmed that selection practices affect performance of unionised organisations (x2 = 130.19, df =2, p< 0.01). The regression model also confirmed the same result. From the foregoing, it is recommended that organisations should put in place policies to guide the conduct of selection practices in order to achieve optimal performance. Government policies on preferential quota system and Federal Character Principle with respect to selection in some public sector organisations need to be re-examined with a view to improving performance of such organisations. Thus, for organisations in the Food, Beverage and Tobacco industry to achieve quantum leap in their performance indices, the selection function must be properly and professionally practised to yield the required results.
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T14:23:24Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Traditional practices and
           belief systems as factors influencing access and enrolment of children
           with intellectual disability in special schools in Ghana
    • Authors: Yekple; Yao E.
      Abstract: There is heightened concern about the need to provide equal access to education for children with disabilities globally due to the well known marginalization and exclusion over the years. There is also evidence showing that Ghana is making frantic efforts to provide effective special education services for children with disabilities. However, despite this positive development, there are innumerable challenges facing the education of children with intellectual disability in Ghana. This study therefore, explored both teachers and parental opinions on the influence of traditional practices and belief systems in the education of children with intellectual disability. One hundred and eighteen (118) participants comprising 59 male and 46 female trained special educators, 10 parents, 1 male and 2 female staff in assessment were involved. Questionnaire and semistructured interviews guides were used to collect data. The chi-square test and descriptive statistical methods were used to analyze data. The results revealed that negative traditional practices and belief systems exist and influenced the acceptance and enrollment of children with intellectual disability in education in Ghana. The concluding pinpoints the needs for government and the chieftaincy ministry to give greater attention to the education of the public on the effects of the embedded traditional practices that affect the educational rights for children with intellectual disability.
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T14:23:23Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Organizational justice,
           perceived inequality and job redesign as predictors of intent to quit
           among bankers in Nigeria
    • Authors: Aramide; Olufemi K., Aderibigbe, John K.
      Abstract: This study explored organizational justice, perceived inequality and job redesign as predictors of intent to quit among some bankers in Nigeria. Ex-post facto research design and purposive sampling technique were adopted. 258 male and female staff of Access Bank PLC participated in the study. Four hypotheses were tested in the study. It was found that management staff (x =17.73) significantly scored higher on turnover intention than non-management staff (x = 15.36), t (256) =-3.239; p <.05. There was also a significant joint influence of work inequality, procedural justice, interactional justice and job redesign on turnover intention (R2 =.008; F (4,253) =7.17; P<.01). However, only procedural justice independently influenced turnover intention while others did not. Similarly, there was a significant joint influence of marital status, job category and educational background on turnover intention (R2 =.155; F (3,254) =16.67; P<.01). However, only marital status independently influenced turnover intention while others did not. Lastly, results showed that female staff (x =15.74) did not significantly score higher on turnover intention than the male staff (x = 15.57), t (252) =-.338; p >.05. Hence, conclusions and recommendations were made as follows; that organizational, psychological and demographic factors are jointly responsible for turnover intention among employees; that human resource managers and employers of labour should actively control for all factors that could cause employees to be dissatisfied. Thus, future studies on turnover intention should investigate the influence of other personality, demographic and organizational factors on employee turnover intention.
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T14:23:22Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: The psychological implications
           of bereavement on some selected widows and widowers in Oyo Town, Nigeria
    • Authors: Adesina; Olusola Joseph
      Abstract: This study examined the psychological implications of Bereavement on some selected Widows and Widowers in Oyo Town, Nigeria. The descriptive survey design was used while 100 sample was selected using simple random sampling technique out of the target population. The self designed Questionnaire (2WPIQ) was used to collect the data from the sample. The questionnaire has two sections. Section A contained the biographical data while Section B has 20 items rated in four Likert tail. The Reliability Co-efficient was 0.62 while the data collected was analyzed using the student's t-test statistical analysis. Three Hypotheses were drawn and tested at 0.05 level of significance using 98 degree of freedom. The three hypotheses were significant while a mean difference were noticed among the variables. H01 revealed that there is a significant difference in the psychological implications of Bereaved widows and widowers. H02 showed that there is a significant difference in the psychological implications of Bereaved Christians and Muslims and H03 also indicated that there is a significant difference in the psychological implications of the young and aged couples on Bereavement in Oyo Town. In conclusion, it was found that bereavement is associated with various experiences which needed to be monitored by psychological experts.
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T14:23:21Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: The influence of students'
           experience in the past academic success on convergent thinking
    • Authors: Joshua; Joel Matiku
      Abstract: This was a bivariate analysis that explored the influence of students' experience in past academic success on convergent thinking in Dodoma, Tanzania. A total of 444 students, 217 males and 227 females were exposed to the Assessment of Convergent Thinking Test Using Insight Problems (ACTT) adopted from the Insight Problems tasks (Dow & Mayer, 2004). Their performances on the ACCT were then studied against their experience in the past academic success traced from the school records. An analysis using Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient indicated that there were moderate to strong positive correlations between students' past academic success and their performance on convergent thinking. While school location (being in rural or urban district) had no significant influence on the relationship between past academic success and convergent thinking, that relationship was influenced by the type of school based on ownership criterion. Practical and theoretical implications of the findings are discussed on the basis of the Vygotsky's theory of cognitive development.
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T14:23:21Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Predicting the effect of
           emotional intelligence, self-efficacy, job interest, life satisfaction and
           pay incentives as correlates of effective community policing in
           South-West, Nigeria
    • Authors: Abiola; Diekola O., Salako, Adebayo A.
      Abstract: This study was carried out to predict the effect of emotional intelligence, self-efficacy, job interest, life satisfaction and pay incentives as correlates of effective community policing in South West Nigeria. The participants were three hundred police officers (300) which were randomly selected from South West Nigeria. Emotional intelligence, self-efficacy and life satisfaction scale were adapted while pay incentives and job interest were adopted by the researchers. Multiple Regression Analysis and ANOVA were used to analyse research questions. Finding revealed significant influence of the independent variables on the dependent variable. This buttresses the finding of why policemen and public are still at loggerheads thereby leading to lack of cooperation and ineffective policing in Nigeria. The findings have implications on the public, government, policy makers and authority of the Nigerian police.
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T14:23:20Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Free speech attitudes of
           Nigerian university students at National Universities Games Association
           Event in Benin, Edo State, Nigeria
    • Authors: Shenge; Nyitor A.
      Abstract: This research adopted a descriptive survey design with the use of self-reported instruments to generate data and responses from the research participants. The setting of the study was the main campus of the University of Benin, Edo State, Nigeria where the 23rd edition of the Nigerian Universities Games (NUGA) took place in 2011. The independent variables of the research were socio-economic status, political orientation, age, and gender. The dependent variable was desire for freedom of speech or free speech attitudes (FSA) and this was measured in line with each of the respondent's score on a 20-item, 3-point Likert questionnaire which measured Freedom of Speech. One hundred and fifteen (115) Nigerian athletes consisting of 70 males and 45 females and aged between 18 and 38 were involved in the study. Males constituted 60.87% while females accounted for 39.1%. Their mean age was 23.57 (SD = 5.34). Due to the fast pace of activities and time pressure at the venue of the games, it was not easy to get hold of athletes to participate in the study; hence the accidental sampling method was used. Thirty four of the respondents reported being liberal in political orientation, 36 reported being moderate, and 45 reported being conservative in political orientation. Political orientation was assessed by Peterson (2007)'s political orientation scale. Participants were of different socioeconomic backgrounds. In relation to the variables studied, four hypotheses were tested using simple Pearson correlation, independent t-test, and one-way ANOVA. Results showed that age positively correlated with FSA significantly while political orientation significantly influenced FSA. Results also showed that gender and socio-economic status did not significantly influence FSA. Discussion centered on the way and manner that FSA and factors influencing it can be studied, understood and put to productive use. Specifically, age and political orientation identified as very important factors influencing FSA. It was concluded that age and political orientation are important variables in shaping FSA and a better understanding of them will partly lay a good foundation for citizens' contribution to democratic growth and good governance.
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T14:23:19Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Socio-psychological factors as
           determinants of reproductive health behaviour among couples in Nigeria
    • Authors: Oladeji D.
      Abstract: The study established the influence of socio-psychological factors on the reproductive health behavior among couples in Ibadan, Nigeria. A total of three hundred men and women were randomly selected from five different professions in Ibadan constituted the sample for the study. The two instruments used were author-constructed questionnaires with 0.71 and 0.69 reliability co-efficient, respectively. The data obtained were analyzed using multiple regression analysis. The results indicated that significant relationships existed between extramarital sexual partners (B=0.0075; t= 4.985 p. < 0.05), family size (B= 0.0066; t= 3.851 p. <0.05), prenatal care (B= 0.236; t= 3.038, p. <0.05), contraceptive use (B= 0.0271; t= 2.712, p. <0.05) and breastfeeding (B= 0.50; t= 2.680, p<0.05) and reproductive behavior but not with birth spacing practices. The results also indicated that a combination of the independent variables significantly predicted reproductive behavior and relationship (F- ratio= 10.212 p. <0.05). The result therefore, indicates the need for those in the helping professions to design intervention programmers for couples on reproductive health behavior.
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T14:23:18Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Post-traumatic stress disorder
           and psychological well-being among University of Maiduguri students
    • Authors: Onyencho; V.C., Omeiza, B., Wakil, M.A.
      Abstract: Boko Haram insurgents in north east Nigeria made many people seek psychiatric treatment because of psychological complications including PTSD. This cross-sectional study used a judgemental (non-probability) sampling technique, to examine post-traumatic stress disorder and psychological well-being among university of Maiduguri students. Two hundred and forty-six (141 (57.3%) males and 105 (42.7%) students with mean (x) age of 22.97 years and SD (± 4.48) participated in the study. The results showed a prevalence of 17.8% for PTSD and psychological well-being had a significant relationship with PTSD (r = .638, df = 245, P =.000). Similarly, marital status (x2 = .000, P = .000), history of sexual abuse (x2 = .003, P = .010) and family history of mental illness (x2 = .000, P = .000) correlated significantly with PTSD. Governments, NGOs and Health Care Providers (HCP) must help provide social support for these people, assist in the treatment (psychosocial interventions/drugs) and prevention of PTSD.
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T14:23:17Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: An empirical description of
           
    • Authors: Idakwoji; Salami Pious, Paul, Salisu Ojonemi
      Abstract: This study examined political thuggery and democratization process in Kogi State from 2003-2010. The introductory part this paper examined the ethics and tenets of democratic governance and politics which revolve around mass participation and free choice of representatives by the people. Political ethics is concerned with organizing and controlling the distribution of public goods in the society and regulation of social relations to produce peace, justice and harmony among people of a given State. Both primary and secondary sources of data collection method were explored with the administration of 1,600 questionnaires out which 1500 were returned and analyzed. The package used for data analysis was the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). This package made it easier to list the frequencies of different responses and calculate the mean, percentage and standard deviation. The decision rule adopted in this study was such that a response with a mean score of 3.0 and above was taken to have positive effect while any response with a mean score below 3.0 was taken as having negative effect and inconsequential. The paper identified the fact that the political attitude and behaviour of the operators of democracy in Kogi State failed to conform to democratic ethics and tenets. It recommended among others that politicians and all political office seekers should desist from the usage of thugs to win election so as to enable the political process remain democratic and that the National Assembly should enact a law prohibiting thuggery in Nigeria. Such law should make thuggery a treasonable offence.
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T14:23:17Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Flexible work hour and tenure
           impacts on time-based work interference with family
    • Authors: Okonkwo; Ejike
      Abstract: This study investigated the impacts of flexible work hour and tenure on time-based work interference with family. The study comprised a Cross-sectional Survey of 118 female nurses between the ages of 27 to 59 years (M=40.35) at University of Nigerian Teaching Hospital and Orthopedic Hospital Enugu using Multi-stage sampling. Eight (8)-item Time-based Work Interference with Family Scale drawn from Okonkwo (2011) 32-item Work-family Conflict Scale was administered. 2x2 Analysis of Variance F-test revealed a significant influence of flexible work hour on time-based work interference with family F (1,117) = 19.96, p < .05 while tenure had no influence, F(1,117) = 0.07, p >. 05. These results were discussed in the light of Conservation of Resources Theory. It was concluded that flexible work hour has implications for time-based work interference with family among this segment of women.
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T14:23:15Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Developing the entrepreneurial
           orientation of owner-managers of small and medium enterprises in Nigeria
    • Authors: Alarape; Aderemi A.
      Abstract: Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in Nigeria have not been able to adequately carry out their traditional and conventional roles as the foundation of indigenous and overall economic development as the case with countries in Europe, America and Asia despite supports by governmental and nongovernmental institutions. This is not unconnected to dearth of information on the compositions and potentialities of the entrepreneurial posture of Nigerian SMEs that made designing appropriate interventions relatively difficult. Therefore, this paper primarily provided information on the entrepreneurial orientations (EO) of Nigerian SMEs and how they can be developed and harnessed for SMEs development. Hence, it examined the levels, patterns, strengths and weaknesses in the entrepreneurial orientation of SMEs in Southwestern Nigeria. Multi-stage sampling techniques were adopted in data collection, the data were collected through questionnaire administered on 279 SMEs in Lagos state and Ibadan area of Oyo State, Southwestern Nigeria. The data collected were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The result showed that the SMEs were moderate entrepreneurial oriented and at best, the SMEs are more risk-taker than proactive and least innovative. The paper suggested ways of improving the entrepreneurial orientation and observed that it is a task for all primary stakeholders (government, organised private sector, and multilateral institutions) providing assistance to SMEs in Nigeria.
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T14:23:15Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: The relationship between
           emotional intelligence, test anxiety, stress, academic success and
           attitudes of high school students towards electrochemistry
    • Authors: Opateye; Johnson Ayodele
      Abstract: The study investigated relationship between emotional intelligence, test anxiety, stress, academic success and attitudes towards electrochemistry of chemistry students in high schools. This study employed correlational research design. Stratified sampling technique was used to select six hundred Senior secondary school three chemistry students from 24 secondary school in Lagos state. Two instruments were used to collect data from the participants. One was Students' Emotional Intelligence, Stress and Test Anxiety Questionnaire (SEISTAQ) with reliability coefficients of 0.76, 0.83 and 0.71 respectively using Cronbach Alpha. Electrochemistry Achievement test contained multiple choice items with options A to D and the reliability coefficient was 0.79 using Kuder-Richardson-20 formula. The data collected were analysed using descriptive statistics to answer the research questions while Pearson product moment correlation was utilised to test hypotheses at o.05 level of significance. The results revealed that moderate emotional intelligent, low stressed and test anxious chemistry students had highest academic success in electrochemistry. Low emotional intelligent, highly stressed and high test anxious chemistry students had most favourable attitudes to electrochemistry. It was also discovered that low significant positive relationship existed between emotional intelligent and academic success and also for stress and academic success but the low insignificant relationship between test anxiety and academic success in electrochemistry. Low significant negative relationship existed between emotional intelligent and chemistry students' to electrochemistry and also between stress and attitude to electrochemistry meanwhile low positive and insignificant positive relationship existed between test anxiety and attitude to electrochemistry. It is therefore recommended that chemistry students in high schools should be intimated on how emotional intelligent, test anxiety and levels students' stress could affect their academic success and attitude towards electrochemistry. Teachers should also discover the emotional intelligent, test anxiety and stress levels so as to reduce these psychological effects on chemistry students' academic performance and learning attitudes towards electrochemistry.
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T14:23:14Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Gender based violence : a
           Nigeria experience
    • Authors: Asagba; Rachel Bolaji
      Abstract: The paper has examined the prevalence of Gender Based Violence (GBV) in Nigeria. It was discovered that violence against women is a common phenomenon in society and that the majority of the Nigerian people do not consider it a problem or crime. The paper recommended aggressive education and training that cuts across every strata of the society. Furthermore, it insisted that a collective measure that comprises all stakeholders such as the local, state and federal government as well as all the international agencies are required for the effective eradication of Gender based Violence in Nigeria.
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T14:23:13Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Forgiveness and personality in
           a Chinese cultural context
    • Authors: Fu; Hong, Watkins, David, Hui, Eadaoin K.P.
      Abstract: This research tested the hypotheses that forgiveness in collectivist China is influenced by the salience of the interdependent self and other-oriented personality factors rather than the salience of the independent self or individually oriented personality factors as in the Western literature. The relationships between forgiveness and some emic personality variables including Ren Qing (relationship orientation), Inner Peace of Mind, Interpersonal Harmony, Saving Self's Face, Saving Other's Face, Anxiety, and Independent / Interdependent Conceptions of Self were investigated with a sample of 316 college students from the People's Republic of China. Examination of correlates between measures of those scales and the Chinese-Mullet Forgiveness Questionnaire showed that, as predicted, forgiveness was strongly related with Interpersonal Harmony, Saving Other's Face, Relationship Orientation, and the salience of the Interdependent Self, but no significant relationships were found with other personality correlates.
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T14:13:26Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Impact of core values on
           motivating future employees : an empirical investigation of university
           undergraduates
    • Authors: Iyoha; F.O., Adejumo, G.O., Adeniji A.
      Abstract: This paper examines the roles that core values can play in helping to moderate extrinsic and intrinsic motivating factors in future employees. Using a sample of students of the Departments of Accounting, Business and Economics from a private University in Nigeria, the results show a significant difference in the level of extrinsic motivation among the students but no significant difference was observed in the intrinsic motivating factors. Furthermore, accounting students were found to be more motivated extrinsically and intrinsically. These results are not consistent with prior research evidence but are ascribed to the paradigm shift in the curriculum of the private University with special emphasis on the teaching of a set of core values. Finally, this study identifies the implications of the new evidence on recruitment and retention policies of organization.
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T14:13:26Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Critical success factors of
           suggestions systems
    • Authors: Marx; Andrew E.
      Abstract: This paper aims to identify the critical success factors of suggestion systems. In doing so, it could be used as a guideline in starting up a suggestion system or to contribute to a more successful existing system. A literature study approach is followed to establish which factors contribute to the success and failure of various suggestion systems. It was found that fourteen factors seem to contribute to the success of any suggestion system. Although all the factors are not equally important, they all contribute to the success of the system. All employees have ideas regardless of whether or not the environment is conducive but the employee will only submits it if the environment is seen as supportive. That means that the organisation that wishes to have a successful suggestion system must be creative and innovative. . Practical implications are that a suggestion system can be a very powerful management tool. Employees are an excellent source of ideas but there should be a supportive culture that encourages ideas. The system must be well organised and take into account all the critical factors that might have an influence. It is important to start off well when launching a new system. It is more difficult to revive an old one. The value of the paper firstly, shows the importance of creativity and innovation within the organisation's own culture and the framework of a formal suggestion system. Secondly, it emphasizes the importance of the development of ideas. It also identifies the hurdles and difficulties that hampered the development of ideas and the transition there of into suggestions.
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T14:13:25Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Factors determining the
           innovative ability of manufacturing small and medium enterprises in
           Nigeria
    • Authors: Abereijo; I.O., Adegbite, S.A., Ilori, M.O., Irefin, I.A., Aderemi, H.A.
      Abstract: This study examined the relationship between innovative ability of manufacturing small and medium enterprises (SMEs) and some determinants of innovation in Nigeria. The study was based on a sample survey consisting of 100 SMEs in the manufacturing sector in the cities of Lagos and Ibadan, southwestern part of Nigeria. Using structured questionnaires, the data were collected from the owner-managers of the SMEs. The findings indicate that there was a significant relationship between innovative ability and the determinants relating to entrepreneur's characteristics. These determinants were entrepreneur commitment to innovation, and seeking and gathering support for innovation within the organisation. These determinants were able to explain 57% of the variance in the innovative ability of respondents. The result of the study shows that one of the critical factors to innovative ability among the manufacturing SMEs will be a positive disposition of the entrepreneur to build an enduring environment, particularly within the organization, that will help to nurture and sustain innovation.
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T14:13:24Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: A qualitative assessment of
           factors precipitating intergroup conflicts in Nigerian universities.
    • Authors: Osezua; Ehiyamen M., Osezua, Oghoadena C.
      Abstract: The environmental and social political context of a university may have direct import on factors that can create conflict situations among the various groups that make up the university; academic, non academic and university administration. Consequently this paper takes a critical assessment of six universities (private, state and federal universities) selected in the Western part of Nigeria in order to assess the factors that have led to intergroup conflicts between these groups using university ownership as a critical variable of analysis. A total of 58 in-depth interviews were conducted with representatives and stakeholders of the various groups (academic, non-academic and the university administration) who were purposively selected from six universities selected on the basis of ownership. The findings of this study revealed that there are basically similar causes of intergroup conflicts identified by the three groups on the basis of ownership. Hence, the academic, and non-academic staff had similar views with regards to causes of intergroup conflicts. The disclosed contrary to the notion generally held that private universities are relatively less fraught with intergroup conflicts, the paper conluded that information obtained from these private universities on the factors precipitating intergruop conflicts among these groups was given with utmost caution and (especially by the university administration) since there was a dire need to project the universities positively for utmost economic gains.
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T14:13:23Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: A study of entrepreneurial
           orientation of small-scale enterprise operators in Nigeria
    • Authors: Adegbite; S.A., Ilori, M.O., Irefin, I.A., Abereijo, I.O., Aderem, H.A.
      Abstract: Entrepreneurship has become an important issue for policy in most developing countries. At one level, enterprise creation is recognized as important for employment, growth and enhancing sustainable human development. At another level, there is concern to encourage existing business enterprises to become more entrepreneurial as a means of enhancing international competitiveness. Entrepreneurial Orientation (EO) which is reflected in recurring organizational behaviour such as innovativeness, pro-activeness and risk-taking of entrepreneurs is particularly important for the growth of small-scale enterprises. . The research study explores the extent to which entrepreneurial orientation factors were demonstrated by small scale enterprise operators. The study was carried out in Oyo State of Nigeria. The focus of the study was a purposely selected sample of 60 owner-managed small-scale enterprises engaged in manufacturing activities. The questionnaire was the main instrument of the study and it contains a set of structured questions to measure the entrepreneurial orientation of the respondents by using the 5 Point Likert Scale anchored by Never, Rarely, Sometimes, Usually and Always. Data were analyzed with the aid of Standard Package for Social Scientists (SPSS) using descriptive method of analysis. . The outcome of the study on the three entrepreneurial orientation factors shows a very great disparity from the personality traits expected of a good entrepreneur. The study concludes that aversion to risk taking, lack of innovation and proactiveness by the respondents, which are critical factors necessary for the growth of small enterprises, is very low among the respondents. Therefore, there is an urgent need to evolve a comprehensive training package for entrepreneurs in Nigeria to develop and sharpen their entrepreneurial orientation so as to enhance their competitiveness particularly in this age of globalization and market driven economy.
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T14:13:21Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Impact of employee
           family-friendly supportiveness on work performance of employees in
           organizations.
    • Authors: Evbuoma; Idowu kikelomo
      Abstract: The Study investigated impact of Employee Family - friendly supportiveness on work performance of Employees in organizations.860 participants drawn from services, manufacturing and distributive organizations made up sample for the study. Instruments used to collect data from the study included the Family-friendly Support Inventory (FFSI) and Work Performance Rating Scale1 and 2 (WPRS 1 and WPRS 2) One way ANOVA was used to analyze data at 0.05 level of significance. Findings revealed that there is no significant difference between the work performance of single and married workers who benefited from family-friendly support services (F(1,842) = .01, p>.05). Findings further revealed that there is no significant difference between work performance of married workers having long or short years working experience who benefited from FFSS (F(1,796) = 3.4; p>.05).
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T14:13:21Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Psychosocial factors
           influencing attitudes towards internet piracy among Nigerian University
           students
    • Authors: Ilevbare; Femi M.
      Abstract: The study investigated psychosocial factors influencing attitude towards internet piracy among Nigerian University students. The ex-post factor research design was adopted. In all a total of two hundred and fifty participants were drawn through accidental sampling technique for this study. Their age ranged between 19-48 years. . Three hypothesis were generated and subsequently tested using appropriated statistical tools. The outcome of the tested hypothesis revealed that sex difference was not found to significantly influence attitude towards internet piracy (t(2,248) = - 3.47, P<.05). Similarly, self-esteem was not found to significantly influence attitude towards internet piracy (t(2,248) = 0.40, P >.05). In the same view, consumers ethnic group was not found to significantly influence attitude towards Internet piracy (F(3,246) = .404, P> .05). . Reasons were given why the outcome of this present study negates the outcome of previous study with emphasis on the socio-political situation in Nigeria. Based on this outcome, conclusions were drawn and recommendations were made.
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T14:13:20Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Enhancing national unity
           through family-life education : implications for sustainable peace in the
           Niger-Delta region of Nigeria.
    • Authors: Oyebamiji; M.A., Adekola, G.
      Abstract: The Family is the most basic social unit in today's society. Despite it's small size, it plays important roles in stabilizing and enhancing the growth of the adult members of the society and provide a context for the growth and development of the children. The changing nature of the role of the family, in recent time, demands for a re-equipping the family with new knowledge capable of repositioning it for the task of peace maintenance and national unity. This paper therefore examines the potentiality of family life education as a useful tool in the repositioning of the family for it's new roles in the society. In doing this, the authors explore the concept of family life education, it's aims and its capability of inculcating in the family, the needed knowledge and skills required to perform the role of bringing about and sustaining peace in the society with special focus on volatile society like the Niger-Delta Region. The paper concluded that there is urgent need for government and non-governmental organizations to redirect their focus and energy to the family through family life education. It is therefore suggested that the Federal Government of Nigeria should establish a national center for family life education for the re-engineering of the family.
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T14:13:19Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: The fear of growing old :
           lessons from Nigeria
    • Authors: Iruonagbe; Tunde Charles
      Abstract: Today, in most developed countries, issues relating to aging and the elderly have continued to command the attention of policy makers. This unfortunately cannot be said for most African Nations like Nigeria which have to grapple with such crucial problems as inflation rates, unemployment, hunger, poverty, insecurity etc. Yet, the population of the elderly is increasing just as the level of hopelessness and misery has gotten to its peak. One can therefore only imagine the consequences of the massive increase in the elderly population, especially as they steadily retire from the labour force. This therefore calls for adequate social resources and programmes to help ameliorate the sufferings of the elderly and provide adequate care for them. With unfavourable policies and programmes of government in different sectors of the economy, most workers are made to retire prematurely from service and consequently age quickly due to the level of neglect experienced by Pensioners who hardly receive their gratuity and pension before they are dead. This has created a lot of destitute amongst the very old in society. Government has not been able to do much with regards to processes of resettlement and rehabilitation of the elderly, especially since most families due to high levels of poverty cannot do much for their old ones. Based on these problems, this paper sets out to examine the fear of growing old and how people should prepare for old age and what the future holds for the aged in Nigeria, most especially the role of the government, private organisations and the families concerned.
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T14:13:19Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Psychotherapy for peace and
           conflict resolution
    • Authors: Olowu; A.A., Ilesanmi, Oluwatoyin Olatundun
      Abstract: Psychotherapy is any form of psychological treatment for behavioural or emotional problems. Peace and Conflict resolution are current and relevant issues in contemporary societies. This paper attempts to present psychotherapeutic techniques for dealing with hostility, resentment, manipulation, sexual harassment, non-performing co-workers and conflicting job assignments. The need for evolving further psychotherapies for lasting peace and conflict resolution is suggested. A thirty-seven minute film facilitates the training.
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T14:13:18Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: The role of locus of control
           and feedback on performance of primary school students
    • Authors: Ndom; R.J.E., Elegbeleye, A.O., Sunmonu, F.O.
      Abstract: This study examined Students' Locus of Control and Teacher Feedback using a 2x3 factorial to measure the performance of thirty-six (36) primary school students utilizing the two locus of control types and three levels of teacher feedback: no feedback, attributional feedback, and progressive feedback. No significant difference was found between the performances of students with the two types of locus of control (t=0.352, P>0.05). Also, no significant difference was found between the students who received attributional feedback and those who did not receive feedback (t=0.38, P>0.05). There was, however, a significant difference in the performance between the students who received progressive feedback and those who did not receive feedback (t=2.09, P<0.05). No significant interaction between the two variables (locus of control and feedback) was obtained (f=0.20, P>0.05). The results obtained from this study suggest that providing progressive feedback might enhance the performance of students. There is need for further studies on the interaction between locus of control and performance enhancement techniques through the use of feedback. Notwithstanding, progressive feedback can be applied to produce improvement in performance.
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T14:13:17Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: The study of the effects of
           cognitive restructuring therapy on cigarette smoking behaviour of
           undergraduate students
    • Authors: Shobola; Adeola Ayodeji
      Abstract: This paper is an extract from a larger study. The study investigated the relative effectiveness of Cognitive Restructuring (C.R) therapy in the reduction of cigarette smoking behaviour of undergraduate students from South West of Nigeria. . The research followed a pre test post test control group design. sixty volunteer undergraduate males and females of Obafemi Awolowo University Ile-Ife were the participants in the study. An adapted version of Donald and Judith (1986) and Akinyele (1991) Sources of Satisfaction of Cigarette Smoking Inventory (SSCSI) and self constructed Attitude Towards Cigarette Smoking Inventory (ATCSI) were used to determine their behavior and attitudes toward cigarette smoking. While African based twelve (12) illogical statements were constructed and used as cognitive restructuring therapy in the reduction of cigarette smoking behavior of the participants. The experimental group (30 participants) was exposed to C.R therapy for four weeks of eight group sessions of 45 minutes (using self constructed 10 illogical and logical statements) while no treatment was accorded the control group. The data was subjected to t-test analysis, with hypothesis tested at 0.05 level of significance. The results indicated that subjects exposed to C.R therapy reduced the frequency of cigarette smoking (pre-test X = 9.27, SD = 2.01, df = 58; post-test X = .167, SD = .379, df =58), with the difference between the mean values being significant (t= 24.5, df = 58, p> 0.05). . The results further indicated that C.R was effective in changing the attitude of smokers toward cigarette smoking (t = 4.37; df = 58, p> 0.05). It was therefore concluded that Cognitive Restructuring therapy was effective in the reduction of cigarette smoking of university students.
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T14:13:16Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Evaluation of training
           programme in organization
    • Authors: Patwardhan; Vanita
      Abstract: In the present study, a Three Dimensional Model for Training Evaluation is presented. It consists of Pre Training Factors, Inputs and Post Training Factors. A case of a factory following this model holding training in Team Working is discussed. The training programme was developed on the basis of the assessment of training needs. The programme was executed for 125 operators in seven batches during nine months. They completed schooling and a technical course. Effect of the training on participants' job performance and in the factory at large also is checked along the model - pre-training factors, inputs and post training factors. Two questionnaires for participants, observations, feedback and interviews of the superiors were used as instruments for evaluation. Evaluation suggested positive effect of the training programme. It can be stated that the Three Dimensional Model for Training Evaluation is applicable for training in other set ups also, such as, educational, medical, social work, etc. and about any training topic.
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T14:13:15Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Impact of mentoring on
           perceived adequacy of extrinsic organisational reward
    • Authors: Okurame; David E.
      Abstract: This study examined the impact of informal mentoring on perceived adequacy of extrinsic organizational rewards such as pay, promotion and fringe benefit. Data were obtained from 161 employees through a survey of a public health organisation in south-western Nigeria. Hierarchical regression analysis revealed that informal mentoring resulted in a significant change in R2 for pay (∆R2 = .055, P < .01), promotions (∆R2 = .081, P < .001) and fringe benefits (∆R2 = .262, P < .001). Practically, findings imply that contentment with pay, promotions and fringe benefits can be enhanced through mentoring. This underscores the importance of mentoring and the need for an intervention to foster it. The study provides an African perspective on mentoring and is expected to spur further research in the Nigerian work setting. It is recommended that future research should consider other relevant covariates and utilize objective measures.
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T14:13:14Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Menstrual disorder among young
           female workers and its implication on job performance (case study of
           Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria)
    • Authors: Liasu; Ayotunde, Orji, E.O., Lawani, Ajibike
      Abstract: A study conducted among 233 clusterly selected young female workers in Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife,, Osun State, Southwest Nigeria investigated the prevalence of menstrual disorderliness and its implication on their psychosocial relationship and job performances. . Data was collected through a self-administered, structured questionnaire. A study population with mean age of 38.8 years and 14.8 years as mean age of first menstrual period revealed that 44.2% and 28.2% of the over 74% married total respondents experienced dysmenorrhoea and menorrhagia respectively. The study showed that the risk of menstrual disorderliness depend on the associated symptom (headache, backache, vomiting, leg pain, pelvic pain and dizziness) with varying degrees between 20% and 55% as reported by the workers. . The incidence of dysmenorrhoea was significantly common among women whose menses were associated with headache, vomiting, pelvic pain and leg pain (p<0.01) while excess menstrual bleeding was frequent among those that feel dizzy during menses (p<0.01), those that menses were associated with nausea and pelvic pain (p<0.05). Psychosocially, the study showed that a woman with excess menstrual bleeding was significantly more than 7 times likely to be cut-off of her normal social lives and activities than those who never reported any excess bleeding during menstruation. The likelihood of normal official or unofficial daily activities been disrupted if menstrual discomfort ever called for attention was significantly 5 times higher than in a woman whose menstrual period never called for attention (p<0.05). The study concluded that great number of university workers suffered menstrual disorder and discomfort with impact on their health status, productivity rate, quality of life and social integration and interactions.
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T14:13:14Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: A review of the book titled
           "Who are We?", Dultz Ron : book review
    • Authors: Ilesanmi; Oluwatoyin Olatundun
      Abstract: Can you think, feel, hope, dream, strategize and plan to make the world a more humane place in which to live? Then, Who Are We by Ron Dultz (2007) is a must read for you. The book focuses on the theory of need-based psychology, mental health and the psychological essence of Human Nature. The book explores ways in which environment affects mental well being. It is an intriguing and interesting piece in content and delivery as well as an exciting portrait of human nature. The book is made up of an introduction and twelve chapters with varying discuss on the issue of self as the mental and emotional aspects of living one's life.
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T14:13:13Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Student perception of
           salesperson performance in an organisation : an attributional approach
    • Authors: Akinyele; Samuel Taiwo
      Abstract: This study examined how students expect salesperson ability vs. salesperson effort to impact evaluations of salesperson performance. Students reviewed information about either a performance attributed to the salesperson's ability or a performance attributed to the salesperson's effort. The information had purportedly been prepared by the salesperson's supervisor and indicated the level of performance as high or low. Students were asked how they thought the salesperson's supervisor might respond to the performance in terms of rewards (e.g., promotion, pay increases) for high performers and corrective measures (e.g., termination, counseling) for low performers. The results of the study indicated that students expect supervisors to react more punitively toward salespeople with low performances attributed to effort than toward salespeople with low performances attributed to ability. Conversely, students expected nonpunitive (e.g., counseling) actions to be used significantly more for correcting salespeople who performed poorly due to low ability. In contrast, students expected supervisors to grant the "highest" rewards (e.g., promotion) to salespeople with high performances attributed to ability rather than effort. Implications for managers are discussed.
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T14:09:56Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: The social - psychological
           consequences of HIV / AIDS stigmatization on social relations in Nigeria
    • Authors: Egharevba; Matthew Etinosa
      Abstract: As HIV / AIDS continues to ravage sub-Sahara Africa, questions about the Social-Psychological effects of the pandemic affecting social relationship and networks have become pronounced. People's behavioural response to the disease and relationship with victims is often shaped by their beliefs, values and social expectations about appropriate behavioural dispositions. Despite the increasing knowledge and awareness that people have concerning HIV / AIDS and its mode of transmission, discrepancies still exist regarding the attitudinal and behavioural responses of members of the society to HIV / AIDS victims. This paper seek to examine the socio-cultural and psychological dynamics underlying this attitudinal disposition and the consequences it has on the quality of life of victims and their responses to the infection. The paper concludes that the increased stigmatization and discrimination surrounding HIV / AIDS infection is exacerbated by its being the object of intense moral scrutiny which must be redressed by pragmatic legislations.
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T14:09:55Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Comparative effects of
           "DO IT" creativity and Emotional Mastery techniques in fostering
           emotional intelligence among adolescents with physical impairments in Oyo
           State, Nigeria
    • Authors: Olawale; Sunday G.
      Abstract: This study investigated the comparative effects of "DO IT" creativity and Emotional Mastery techniques in fostering emotional intelligence among adolescents with physical impairments in Oyo State, Nigeria. There were ninety participants randomly selected from three special institutions in the state, namely: Cheshire High School, Ibadan; Rehabilitation Centre for the Disabled, Moniya, Ibadan, and; Federal College of Education (Special), Oyo. A 3 x 3 experimental design was used for this study. The age range of the participants was between 13 - 21 with a mean age of 18.5 years. The self Concept Scale (Section A) of the Adolescent Personal Data Inventory(APDI) was used to classify the participants into self concept categories (low, moderate and high). The criterion measure was Emotional Intelligence test. One major hypothesis, with a sub- hypothesis, was tested in the study at 0.05 level of significance . The results showed that the Emotional Intelligence test scores of treated participants significantly improved over their counterparts in the control group. It was also found that participants in the "DO IT" group benefited more from the treatment programme than those in the Emotional Mastery group. Based or this, suggestions were advanced towards making persons with physical impairments emotionally intelligence
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T14:09:55Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Children's unintentional
           injury in cultural context
    • Authors: Pfeffer; Karen
      Abstract: This paper considers the cultural context of children's unintentional injuries using Super and Harkness' developmental niche theory as a theoretical framework. Examples are drawn from a review of research in Nigeria and Britain. The 'developmental niche' comprises three major subsystems that function together and interact with each other. These are (1) the physical and social setting in which the child lives, (2) the psychology of the caretakers and (3) customs of child-care. Risk and protective factors in the physical and social setting are discussed in relation to family characteristics, family income and the physical environment of the home. Caretaker psychology is discussed with examples of parental beliefs about children's responsibilities, capabilities and risks, as well as attributions of responsibility for injury. Customs of child-care in Nigeria and Britain are discussed in relation to domestic and pedestrian injury. Age and sex differences in injury rates in Nigeria and Britain are discussed in relation to the adaptation of the developmental niche for children as they develop and the limitations to such adaptations. It is concluded that the development niche theory provides a useful framework for studying and explaining children's unintentional injuries in cultural context.
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T14:09:54Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: "Distance education in
           Ghana and the place of counselling : issues, initiatives, implications for
           the Counsellor"
    • Authors: Nyanko-Sampson; Eric
      Abstract: The quest for knowledge especially at the tertiary level in the world today has led to an increase in the numbers that apply to the various institutions of higher learning. This quest, not matched by corresponding infrastructural development in these institutions of higher learning, and empolyers' lukewarm attitude in releasing employees for full time study programmes even though they prefer working with employees who have upgraded their knowledge, have made the need for distance education as very important as relevant. Distance education has evolved over the years, and has been run on different models and themes. Distance education involves learning apart (physically separated) from a teacher by means of communications through print, mechanical, or electronic devices. It indicates a distance between learner and teacher which is not merely geographic but educational and psychological as well. Various initiatives in distance education have been undertaken in Europe, Africa and specifically in Ghana. Designing appropriate counselling programmes will help distance education students to bring out better results by proper utilization of their potentialities and realize the aim of education.
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T14:09:53Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Meseron therapy : an African
           approach to psychological treatment
    • Authors: Awaritefe; A., Ofovwe, C.E.
      Abstract: Meseron therapy is a psychological treatment approach of African origin that consists of a direct and holistic counter-attack on undesirable conditions. It derives from an African custom of rejecting the negative while accepting the positive circumstances of life. Based on the philosophy of "I can", and the concept of man as a striving creature, it seeks to "mobilze" the patient / client to re-assess his "perceptive capacity" as well as his "appraisal mechanism' and then positively and jointly employ his "operating facilities": thoughts, words and actions. The Meseron view of the nature of man is that man is a striving creature whose ultimate goal is ennoblement. For the purpose of striving he is endowed with appropriate psychological instruments, which develop in given socio- cultural and physical environments. With these aids, man can alter himself and environment and so over come.
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T14:09:52Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Perception on the relationship
           between poverty and emotional adjustment of street children
    • Authors: Nwoke; Mary Basil
      Abstract: Perception on the relationship, between Poverty and Emotional adjustment of Street children was investigated. One hundred adults, fifty males and fifty females; one hundred and thirty Psychology students, sixty five males and sixty -five females participated in generating items for the questionnaire. Then three hundred Staff of the University of Nigeria, 150 academic and 150 non-academic, 75 males and 75 females respectively; three hundred students of the Faculty of the Social Sciences; 150 males and 150 females, participated in the study. The findings showed that some factors pushed the growing individuals into the life in the Street and among these, poverty is prominent. Also it was discovered that in the contemporary society, people of different developmental stages are found in the streets' not only children as a result economic crunch and poor living conditions.
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T14:09:52Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Evaluating the management
           styles of intergroup conflicts in the ivory towers : a comparative
           analysis of selected Southwestern universities in Nigeria.
    • Authors: Osezua; Ehiyamen M., Osezua, Oghoadena C.
      Abstract: This study examined intergroup conflicts in selected universities in Southwestern Nigeria. This was with a view to evaluate management strategies adopted by university administration in resolving intergroup conflicts using ownership of institution as a critical variable in exploring these management styles. The study utilized primary and secondary data. Six universities consisting of two each of federal, state and private were purposively selected for the study, namely: Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Lagos State University, Ojoo, University of Ado-Ekiti,Ekiti, Babcock University, Ilisan-Remo and Covenant University, Ota. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used for the analysis of quantitative data, while content analysis technique was used for the qualitative data. Regarding their use of intergroup conflict management style, there was no significant difference across universities in their use of structural strategy (F=0.25, P>0.05). There was however variation among them in their use of communication strategy (F-12.79, P<0.05), process strategy (F = 37.56, P<0.05) and formal dispute style (F=8.96, P <0.05). The study showed that State universities adopted more than others, the, process and communication strategies, while the private Universities employed the use of structural strategy. The Federal Universities were more disposed to the use of formal dispute strategy. The study concluded in the selected universities, strategies engaged by university administrators differed significantly across universities based on the form of ownership.
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T14:09:51Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Impact of government poverty
           alleviation programmes on the socio- economic status of youths in Ibadan
           Metropolis, Nigeria
    • Authors: Adekola; G., Olajide, O.E.
      Abstract: Positive transformation of the socio-economic life of the citizenry is one of the major challenges of developing nations of the world. One of the causes of this problem is low level of investment in income generating ventures. In Nigeria, various economic empowerment programmes have been adopted to improve the socioeconomic conditions of the people. Despite these programmes, poverty still exists among Nigerians especially the youth. This study therefore examines the impact of government poverty alleviation programmes on the youth. The population of the study comprised of all youths who have benefited from government poverty alleviation programmes. The Random Sampling Technique was used to select a sample of two hundred from the population. A structured questionnaire was the main instrument used for data collection. The data collected were analysed with the chi-square statistics. The findings revealed that a significant relationship exist between government poverty alleviation programmes and socio-economic status of youths in Nigeria. It is therefore concluded that access to poverty alleviation programmes improve income level of the youths and promote economic independence. This study then suggested that government should broaden the scope of its poverty alleviation programmes to accommodate more beneficiaries.
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T14:09:50Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Effectiveness of Six Thinking
           Hats Training in improving the psychological well being of prison inmates
           in Ilorin Central Prison
    • Authors: Esere; Mary Ogechi
      Abstract: This study investigated the effectiveness of Six Thinking Hats Training in improving the psychological well- being of prisoners. The study consisted of 24 convicted prisoners whose ages ranged from 19- 60 years with a mean of 22.50 years. A 2x2 experimental group design was adopted, and subjects were randomly assigned to the treatment and control groups. A validated instrument titled "Psychological Well-being Scale" was administered to the two groups before and after the experimental programme. The programme was packaged into 8 weekly workshop sessions. Analysis of Covariance was used to test the hypothesis at 0.05 level of significance. Results showed that the treatment package (Six Thinking Hats Training) was effective in improving the psychological well-being of the prisoners, their age notwithstanding. Based on this finding, it was recommended that prisoners should always seek counsleling to enable them face the daunting challenges of incarceration and that Counsellors in Nigeria should diversify their services to non-school settings like the prisons.
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T14:09:49Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Restructuring the Nigerian
           State for sustainable development : the value challenge
    • Authors: Egharevba; Matthew Etinosa
      Abstract: This paper seek to argue that the underlie maxim behind any reform in any given social structure is to provide a sound collective framework that will lead to improvements in the social welfare of the aggregate people in the society. Thus, the role of the state as constituting the engine of growth and development of the country in this regard cannot be overemphasized. States like social system is an entity made up of interconnected and interrelated parts, be it political, economic, cultural, family, educational etc, in which each part affect the other in some way and the system as a whole. It therefore follows that if the state must survive and be an active catalyst in driving development, its various parts must have some degree of fit or compatibility on the basis of value consensus, where every members of society agree on certain definable ethos of individual liberty, freedom, discipline, probity, accountability etc enshrined in the various parts of the social structure of the society to shape and guide our collective behaviours, attitude and motivation. The paper further emphasizes that development that is sustainable can only arise when there is a revolutionary change in the institutions of society and economy that brings about change in attitudes and behaviours of the state in promoting and protecting the public good and not one bent on regulating the status-quo. The paper finally concludes on the premise that for development to thrive, a nation must be driven by a philosophy of internalized, pragmatic collective values that is highly supportive of hard-work and enterprise and a developmental state that is manned by a highly skilled technocratic bureaucracy and a close cooperation between major economic groupings such as agriculture, business and labour, and not values that reflect goals and aspirations formulated by the governing class for society at large.
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T14:09:49Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Academic qualification and
           school type differentials in Nigerian higher institutions' secretaries
           performance in automated offices
    • Authors: Agbatogun; Alaba O.
      Abstract: This study x-rayed the academic qualifications and school type differentials in higher institutions' secretaries' performance and productivity in automated office. The study was based on two Nigerian polytechnic and three Nigerian universities. 335 respondents served as the sample for the study. The Higher Institutions Secretary's Productivity Assessment Form with cronbach coefficient alpha of 0.81 was used in the collection of data that was analysed with Analysis of Variance at 0.05 significant level. Academic qualifications of Nigerian higher institutions' secretaries and school type were found to have significant impact on their performance. It was however suggested that Nigerian higher institutions' secretaries should be encouraged to acquire higher degrees. Secretaries' skills should be improved through seminars workshops and in-service training, while Nigerian higher institutions (polytechnic and universities) should be equally equipped. And that state government owned higher institutions should be made to enjoy financial reinforcement from the federal government.
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T14:09:48Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Assessing the influence of
           stress, work and age on coping behaviour pattern of selected
           breast-feeding mothers in Ekpoma, Edo State, Nigeria.
    • Authors: Idialu; Anthony Ehon
      Abstract: This study investigated the influence of stress, age and work on the coping behaviour of breast-feeding mothers. A total of three hundred breast-feeding mothers with age ranged between 17-40 years, mean age 23.6 years and SD 11.2 were randomly selected from five different maternity clinics in Ekpoma metropolis and its environs. Two major psychological instruments, Breast-Feeding Associated Distress scale (BFDS) and Coping Behaviour Inventory (CBI) designed by the researcher were administered on the respondents. Results show that breast-feeding mothers with low distress coped better than mothers with high distress F =49.3, (P>.05). Old nursing mothers coped less than younger mothers, F =4.17, (P<.05). Working mothers coped better than non-working mothers, F =5.43, (P<.05). There was no interaction effect between stress, age and work on coping among breast-feeding mothers (P>. 05). The implication of the study is that there is need to reduce stress associated with breast-feeding. Also mothers should be encouraged, educated and properly enlightened to breastfeed their babies adequately, on demand, effectively and regularly to improve maternal and child health.
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T14:09:47Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: "Life, death and life :
           is it a cyclic process or an endless argument."
    • Authors: Kachhawa; P.S., Meena, G.S.
      Abstract: In the present article, we are trying to put some light on the mystery of our world labeled as "reincarnation". In this effort we discus the meaning of reincarnation and trying to understand the religious importance and belief of it. A combination of previous and current researches, which are based on true cases of that type among all over the world, is, to marched special evidences to prove it. Though many people still don't believe on the concept of reincarnation. In conclusion, it's a matter of individual's belief and disbelief about the particular concept. Which one can agree or disagree on one's own thinking
      PubDate: 2016-05-13T14:09:47Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Editorial
    • Authors: Olowu; A.A.
      Abstract: In this Volume 23 Number 1, 2015, we have published twenty five manuscripts that touched on all areas of applied psychology. The papers will enhance the knowledge and practice of our readers. We are grateful for your unflinching support to this journal.
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:56Z
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2015)
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: The efficiency of the
           implementation of the physical education curriculum in Nairobi county and
           Nyeri county preschools, Kenya
    • Authors: Kahiga; Ruth M., Gatumu, Jane C., Rintaugu, Elijah G.
      Abstract: This paper is based on a cross-sectional survey on the efficiency of the implementation of the Physical Education (PE) curriculum in Nairobi County and Nyeri County preschools in Kenya. The paper focuses on the PE teaching policy, PE learning facilities and equipments, and the teachers' efficiency in preschool PE curriculum implementation. Nairobi and Nyeri Counties were purposively sampled to provide a geographical comparison. The survey involved 99 preschools selected using stratified random and simple random sampling. The respondents included 60 head teachers, 99 teachers, 60 parents and 4 DICECE officers who were selected using stratified and simple random sampling. Data was collected using questionnaires, interviews, observation schedules, resource checklists and documentary analysis. The data was analysed using content analysis and descriptive statistics such as; frequency and percentages. It was found out that the implementation of the preschool PE curriculum was not efficiently done since PE lessons were used to teach other activity areas and teachers mostly supervised children playing instead of giving instructions. PE learning facilities were found to be fairly adequate. PE equipment and materials were found to be inadequate and this was mostly attributed to lack of funds. The teachers were found to be professionally trained thus competent to implement the PE curriculum though professional development programmes such as seminars and workshops were lacking. Recommendations made were that PE should be taught like all other activity areas and the Ministry of Education inspectorate unit should ensure that this is adhered to in all preschools. Provision of adequate PE learning facilities and equipment should be a requirement for all preschools. All preschool stakeholders should be sensitized on the importance of PE and seminars and workshops should be held regularly for the preschool teachers.
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:55Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Topographic anterograde and
           retrograde memory for spatial behaviour effects of haloperidol treatments
           in Long Evan rats
    • Authors: Ucheagwu; Valentine, Jesse, Ossai
      Abstract: The present study was on the effects of haloperidol injection on anterograde and retrograde topographic memories for spatial behaviours in Long Evan rats. Twelve Long Evan albino rats weighing 0.5 - 0.8 kg (6 males, 6 females) were used for the study. Complex Maze Box of 14 unit T Alley from the Royal Institute of Psychologists, Nigeria were used for spatial learning trials while Haloperidol injection treatment from AGILA SPECLTS Company was used. The subjects were divided into 2 groups: retrograde and anterograde groups. The Mann Whitney U test and Wilcoxon Rank sum statistics were used for data analysis. The findings showed significant differences between retrograde group: before injection and after injection on time spent to run the maze. Similarly significant difference was seen between the retrograde group (before injection) and anterograde group at P
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:55Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Development and validation of
           prison Inmates Self-Harm Urges Scale (IS-HUS) : a psychometric study
    • Authors: Ineme; Mfon E., Osinowo, Helen O.
      Abstract: The rate of self-harm among prison inmates tends to be on the increase globally, often resulting in ultimate self-harm (suicide)if not checked. Such behaviours are often premeditated and may have been nursed as urges in the mind for some time. This study aimed at developing a psychological instrument that would help detect such urges before their full manifestation. Focus group discussions (FGD) were held with 32 purposively selected inmates and open-ended questions administered to 97 randomly selected inmates from Agodi prison. In-depth interview (IDIs) were conducted with 4 purposively selected prison staff. Initial items were validated by 2 clinical psychologists, 1 social psychologist, and 1 sociologist. Themes emerged from their responses which aided the development of the initial 23 items; these items were further scrutinized by 2 clinical psychologists and then administered to 120 inmates randomly selected from Agodi prison. Their responses were analyzed using SPSS version 20.0, giving rise to a valid and reliable 19-item scale - IS-HUS with three sub-scales. Sub-scale 1 measures physical self-harm urges, sub-scale 2 measures verbal self-harm urges, sub-scale 3 measures transferred self-harms. The scale was translated to Yoruba language and retranslated to English language.
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:54Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Achievement goals and
           performance in English and Mathematics of senior secondary schools
           students in Borno State, Nigeria
    • Authors: Musa; Alice K.J., Hartley, Peter
      Abstract: The study investigated the relationships between achievement goals and measures of academic performance in English and Mathematics of senior secondary school students in Borno State, Nigeria. The objectives of the study were to determine the relationships between achievement goals and performances in English and Mathematics, and the contribution of each goal type to the variance of academic performance in English and Mathematics. Eight hundred and twenty-seven (827) students randomly selected from 18 senior boarding secondary schools in Borno State responded to "A hierarchical Model of Approach and Avoidance Achievement Motivation" scale as measure of achievement goals and English and Mathematics tests as measured of academic performance. Hierarchical multiple regression was used to analyse the data. The results reveal significant relationships: among the goals, between learning and performance-avoidance goals with English and overall academic performance; but non with mathematics. Learning goals and performance-approach goals account for the variance in academic performance differently.
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:54Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Formation of national identity
           among children in southern Nigeria and the analysis of their attitude of
           in-group/out-group : an experimental study
    • Authors: Asekun; Wakil A.
      Abstract: The paper examined the dynamics of socializing southern Nigerian children amidst prevailing ethno-religious conflicts claiming lives and properties in the northern Nigeria; the consequences of the realities on in-group attitude and out-group attitude of the children were analysed. The study adopted an experimental design and was conducted in a classroom among 55 primary school pupils in Lagos, Southern Nigeria. Results suggested that Southern Nigerian children hold favourable attitudes towards their in-group, but showed unfavourable attitudes towards their fellow children in northern Nigeria (out-group), essentially, due to the prevailing crises in the area; consequently, they expressed a negative national identity. The implication of these findings on the quest for a cohesive national life in Nigeria and other African countries was discussed.
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:53Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Development and
           standardization of Military Stress Inventory (MSI)
    • Authors: Osa-Afiana; Damian D.
      Abstract: Over the years, the Nigerian Military has participated in many peace keeping operations throughout the world. In each of these cases, the men of the Armed Forces who participated in these operations were never evaluated or screened both before and after the operations to determine their psychological state with regard to their stress levels. The impact of stress on military personnel is a known fact. In view of the highly stressful nature of military operations, this study is to develop an instrument that could screen those soldiers who might be proned to stress before operation and also to evaluate the stress levels of those who have returned after military operations. In the Development and Standardisation of Military Stress Inventory (MSI) an item pool created from a list of situations related to military operation and profession was used to obtain 36 item inventory which was administered to 600 participants made up 150 Army, 150 Navy, 150 Air Force personnel and 150 Civilians (not working in any military setting). A total mean score for MSI of 89.30 with a standard deviation of 24.13 was obtained. The mean score and standard deviation for military personnel was 88.71 and 22.08 respectively. Analyzing data with Cronbach alpha, Guttman's split-half and Pearson Product Moment statistics, the reliability coefficients, both coefficient alpha and split-half range in the 80's. The concurrent validity of MSI is satisfactory with .64. The results were discussed in terms of how the development of MSI met the objective of the study. The values of MSI in detecting stress in military personnel were highlighted.
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:52Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Mobility and gender aspects of
           hospital trips of the urban elderly in Ilesa, Nigeria
    • Authors: Olawole; Moses O.
      Abstract: Accessibility to health care facilities is one characteristic that have the potential to impact the health and well-being of the elderly. Using data from a multistage sample survey of 378 elderly, this study examines intra-urban mobility and gender differences in hospital trips of elderly in the city of Ilesa, South-western, Nigeria. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics, Chi-square and ANOVA. The analysis reveals similarity in gender trip rates to hospitals - 63.14% of elderly men and 66.29% of elderly women of the samples visited hospitals for medical treatment during the period under study. Overall, occasional trips frequency accounts for 96.71% of the trips to hospitals. The findings show significant gender differences in trip frequencies, travel distance and mode choices of the elderly. The research results reinforce the importance of intra-urban and gender variations in travel characteristics of the elderly to hospitals.
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:52Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Rethinking gender equity,
           democratic governance and Millennium Development Goals in Nigeria
    • Authors: Kolawole; Taiwo O., Abubakar, Muhammed B., Owonibi, Elizabeth, Zaggi, Hilary
      Abstract: This paper examine the possibility of attaining the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) without gender equity in Nigeria as a society bearing in mind that most of the MDGs are women centered or put differently, they affects mostly the women than the men counterparts. The paper concluded that women are badly treated in Nigeria, it then become extremely difficult to attain the MDGs without putting a total end to undue evil treatment of women in Nigeria. It must be emphasized that while it is important to meet short-term practical of needs of women (a process and usually time consuming and epileptics), it is only when significant proportion of women hold public offices and are given opportunities to initiate, mould and execute public policy and legislation, can they begin to effectively address the other problems faced by women.
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:51Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Knowledge, attitude and
           barriers towards children immunization among women in selected rural
           primary health centres
    • Authors: Adekeye; Olujide A., Chenube, Olufunke O., Ahmadu, Fred, Adekeye, Bosede T.
      Abstract: This study explored the knowledge, attitude and barriers to children immunization among women in four selected Rural Primary Health Centres. Immunization coverage rates in Nigeria have remained very poor especially in rural communities despite a plethora of programs and strategies. A survey research questionnaire made up of three trajectories (Attitude, knowledge and barriers to childhood immunization) was used in this study (n= 79, mean= 33 +/-6.9years). This study made use of descriptive and inferential statistic. The SPSS software was used to analyze the data. The study indicates that about 80% of the respondents are aware that immunization services are available at primary healthcare centres, but less than half are aware that immunization against polio is meant for children who are 5 years and below. For barriers, about 53% reported they have no confidence in the quality and safety of vaccines being used while 62% reported that health workers are not sufficiently trained. For attitude, most agreed that immunization make children grow healthy (66%). In this study, knowledge of immunization was a better predictor of barriers to immunization (β = 0.633; t = 2.108; p < 0.05). Mothers could be motivated to have their children immunized by doubling efforts at enlightening them and by reiterating the benefits of child immunization to pregnant women during ante-natal clinics. Good healthcare facilities and improve personnel services will encourage more uptakes of immunization services.
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:50Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Performance appraisal
           knowledge : an implication on workplace commitment in a selected
           commercial bank in Lagos, Nigeria
    • Authors: Arogundade; Odunayo T., Olasunkanmi-Alimi, Temitope H., Arogundade, Ayodeji B.
      Abstract: Performance appraisal is a central component of any performance management system that serves as a tool for measuring and achieving performance expectation. This study therefore explored the impact of performance appraisal knowledge on employees' commitment to their workplace. Data for this study were obtained from a sample of 275 bankers in a selected commercial bank in Lagos Nigeria using a battery of psychological tests, namely: Organizational Commitment Scale (OCS) and Performance Appraisal Scale (PAS). The data collected were analyzed by Spearman correlation, linear regression and independent t-test analyses with aim of testing the three hypotheses proposed in this study at 0.05 level of significant. The findings revealed that a significant positive relationship exists between performance appraisal knowledge and organizational commitment (r = 0.18; P < 0.05), performance appraisal knowledge accounted for 3% variation in organizational commitment and finally there exist a significant difference between participants with good performance appraisal knowledge and their counterparts with poor performance appraisal knowledge in their report of organizational commitment. Based on these findings, the study recommended that management should enhance employees' awareness of performance appraisal system in their organizations so as to improve their workplace commitment.
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:50Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Perceived impact of terrorism
           on Nigerian youths and society
    • Authors: Akinsola; Esther F., Ojo, Adebusola
      Abstract: Terrorism is a hydra-headed global phenomenon but it has recently become a recurring menace in Nigeria, unleashing trauma, fear and psychological disorientation on individuals and the Nigerian society. Currently the news of any terrorist attack sends shock waves through the spines of Nigerians followed by apathy. The terrorists' strategies draw the attention of the local populace, the government, and the world to their cause. Such strategies which include acts of violence and wanton destruction of lives and properties, abduction and sexual violence are accompanied by traumatic effects on the victims, the general populace and Nigerian youths in particular. This study assessed the impact of persistent terrorist attacks on the individuals and the society. In doing this a Terrorism conceptualization and impact questionnaire was developed, factor-analysed and administered to 531 youths and older adults with age ranging between 15 and 75years. In the sample 307 are youths (15-24yrs) while 224 are older adults (25-75), with 279 males and 252 females. After the factor analysis of the questionnaire items 20 out of the 34 items in the questionnaire assessed the impact of terrorist attacks on Nigerian youths and adults. The impact factors assessed are social impact, psychological impact divided into psychological distress and helplessness, intervention impact and cognitive impact. Results obtained indicated that older adults experience higher levels of psychological distress and helplessness than the youths. Older adults also demonstrated higher level of intervention initiation than the youths. However there were no significant differences in the cognitive and social impact of terrorism between the youths and the older adults studied. The results were discussed within the existing literature on effect of terrorist activities on people in general and Nigerians in particular. It was concluded that further research is needed in which the items for social, cognitive and intervention impact will be increased to boost the validity of the research results.
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:49Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Counselling intervention in
           the provision of psycho-social support for widows : empirical evidence
           from Nigeria
    • Authors: Adebowale; Titilola A.
      Abstract: Everyone needs adjustment to get along or survive ones social and physical environment. The widows in this part of the world need it more than anyone due to the hardship culture has placed on them. The study examined the psychological and social support being rendered to the widows for adjustment. One hundred and twenty widows were randomly selected within the randomly selected local government areas in Ibadan. Psychosocial Support for Widows Adjustment Questionnaire (PSSWAQ), self-structured, with the validity α=0.74 was administered on 120 widows in six local government areas of Oyo state. Two hypotheses were postulated and tested at 0.05 level of significance, Data were analyzed using Pearson Product Moment Correlation and t-test. The study revealed that there is a relationship between psychosocial support given widows and adjustment to life. Secondly, the age of the widows did not affect their adjustment with psychosocial support. It was found that psychosocial support can modify the behaviour of the widows when faced with social and environmental challenges. It was also found that the age of the widows does not affect the support they receive from the populace. Therefore, government, family members, co-workers, business associate and non-governmental organizations should rally round widows in helping them to get out of their fears, have the ability to adjust, remove stigmatization and reduce the rate in which their children indulge in crime.
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:48Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Role of waste management in
           wealth creation in Nigeria - evidences from Lagos state waste management
           authority (LAWMA)
    • Authors: Akinbola; Olufemi A., Ojo, Olugbenga A., Hakeem, Adeniyi A.
      Abstract: The concept of entrepreneurship as it relates to waste to wealth by private sector participation (PSP) franchise is considered to have assisted the government create jobs and new businesses for many in contemporary economies, This study essentially try to access whether PSP franchise operators aid in the creation of jobs and how waste recycling affects the creation of small or large business ventures in Lagos State. The data required for this study was gotten through the instrument of questionnaire from the Lagos state waste management authority (LAWMA) franchise operators. One hundred and forty five (145) questionnaires were administered out of which one hundred and twelve (112) were returned for analysis. Two hypotheses were formulated from the structure of research questions. Regression analysis was used to test the hypotheses through the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS 18.0). The result showed that PSP franchise operations have significant influence on the creation of jobs (R2 = 0.132, at P < 0.05) and that waste recycling affects the creation of small or large business ventures in Lagos State (R2 = 0.550, at P < 0.05). The study therefore recommends among others that Waste management authorities should endeavour to provide franchising opportunities to entrepreneurs to create more jobs for the populace and that waste recycling should be regulated and controlled efficiently to encourage more individuals to participate in the processes as this would help to create business for entrepreneurs.
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:48Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Alcohol consumption, peer
           influence and secondary school students' attitudes towards school in
           Katsit, Kaduna State, Nigeria
    • Authors: Anyio; Bahago T.
      Abstract: This study investigated the influences of Alcohol Consumption peer influence and secondary school students attitudes towards school in some selected secondary schools in Katsit, Kafanchan, Kaduna State. The study adopted a correlational research design and the population of this study was 200 senior students from four (4) secondary school out of 18 Government Secondary Schools in Katsit, Kafanchan. The students were selected using simple random sampling technique. Spearman's Rank Order Correlation was used to test the Hypotheses. The instrument used for Data Collection was Rutgers Alcohol Problem Index (RAPI), Feeling About School Instrument (FASI) and Peer Pressure Inventory (PPI). The findings reveals that there is no significant relationship between peer group influence and students attitudes towards school (P=.178=.100) and there was a positive significant relationship between Alcohol Consumption and students attitudes towards school (P=.001; rho=.339). Based on their findings, it was recommend that parents, school administrators, ministry of education who are partners and stakeholders in the education of children mostly adolescents school be involved more in the affairs of the schools.
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:47Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Cognitive therapy,
           psychosocial variables and immune system functioning of persons with
           HIV/AIDS
    • Authors: Anyaegbunam; Emenike N.
      Abstract: This study examined the effect of cognitive therapy on psychosocial variables (stigma consciousness and social support) and immune system functioning of People Living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). One hundred and eighty-seven PLWHA (85 men & 102 women) took part in this study. Stigma consciousness questionnaire and provision of social relation scale were used to collect information from the participants. Immune system functioning was measured using CD4 counts. Repeated measures ANOVA revealed that there were significant main effects of cognitive therapy on stigma consciousness and social support. Similarly, significant main effect was found of cognitive therapy on immune system functioning. Stigma consciousness, social support and immune system functioning of PLWHA varied with application of cognitive therapy. The outcome provides framework for understanding the link among psychosocial variables, immune system functioning and cognitive therapy, and has practical application to HIV/AIDS management.
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:46Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Educational gender-equality
           and women empowerment as determinants of national transformation :
           implication for curriculum development
    • Authors: Ajasa; Folorunso A., Salako, Adebayo A.
      Abstract: This study examined educational gender equality and women empowerment on National Transformation. The study adopted a correlational research design; three hundred (300) educated women were purposely selected in Oyo State. Two research instruments were used to pilot the study. The instrument are Educational Gender Equality Questionnaire (EGEQ) (r = 0.78) and Women Empowerment Questionnaire (WEQ) (r = 0.82) multiple regression were used for data analysis. The study raised two research questions viz: what is the relative effect of gender inequality and women empowerment and their joint contributions on national development. The results showed that the independent variables have significant influence on National Transformation. It was recommended that; gender issues should be a National concern; also the curriculum developers should take cognizance of both boys and girls during curriculum planning. Lastly education should be a right to all citizens.
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:46Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Enhancing friendship-making
           ability of peer rejected adolescents through social skills training
    • Authors: Ikporukpo; A.B.
      Abstract: The study assesses the effectiveness of social skills training (SST) in enhancing friendship-making ability of peer-rejected adolescents in Ibadan, Nigeria. A 2x2 pretest-posttest, control group true experimental design was utilized. Eighty four (84) peer-rejected students from two secondary schools in Ibadan, Oyo state whose ages ranged from 11 to 17 years with a mean of 13 were randomly assigned to the treatment and control groups. The treatment group was exposed to eight-week training in SST while participants in the control group received placebo training. The participants responded to a validated Peer Attachment Inventory at both pre and post intervention sessions. The results indicated that the intervention group performed significantly better than the control group and also social skills training predicted friendship making ability among the female and the male participants. The researcher recommends social skills training to be introduced in the schools programme.
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:45Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Forensic index and substance
           abuse among psychiatric patients
    • Authors: Abiama; Emmanuel E., Ifeagwazi, Chuka M., Chukwuorji, JohnBosco C.
      Abstract: Although forensic index and substance use are crucial issues in clinical work among mentally ill patients, studies emanating from psychiatric facilities in nonwestern cultures have been relatively scarce. This paper examines this issue in a tertiary health institution. Participants were 259 mentally ill patients (124 inpatients and 135 out-patients) drawn from University of Uyo Teaching Hospital, Uyo (UUTH) in Nigeria. Using a mixed method design, data were derived from a self-report questionnaire adapted from World Health Organization guidelines for substance use surveys, hospital folders and interviews. 169 (65.26%) patients used psychoactive substances while 90 (34.74%) not substance users. Reasons identified for drug use by the patients were to enhance performance (16%), ignorance of the risks involved (12.4%), due to the availability of substances (11.8%), because they are cheap (10.7%), and because many other patients use it (10.7%). Alcohol (14.20%) and cannabis (14.20%) were the most frequently used substances. Of the 169 drug users, 96.44% were brought by family members for treatment while others were brought by Nigerian Drug Law Enforcement Agency for rehabilitation (1.77%) and Court/Federal Road Safety Corps (.59%) for psychiatric rehabilitation. Thirty (17.8%) of the 169 patients with drug-related problems engaged in drug-related crimes but only 4 (13.3%) were reported and only 1 (3.3%) was prosecuted and punished. Intervention programmes in mental health facilities should include strategies for helping patients cope with drug use problems and proper attention should be paid to rehabilitation so as to wean such patients off substance misuse.
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:44Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Patients satisfaction with
           nursing care in a maternity unit in South-Western Nigeria : relationship
           with self esteem
    • Authors: Eegunranti; Adekunle B., Akinsulore, Adesanmi, Ibigbami, Olanrewaju I., Olowookere, Samuel A., Ibigbami, Adebukola
      Abstract: The purpose of health care institution is to satisfy the health care needs of their patients. Measuring patient satisfaction has improved services provided by health care institutions. Among factors that influence patient satisfaction, self-esteem of the clients has not received much attention in research. The aim of this study was to assess patient satisfaction with nursing care in a maternity unit and its relationship with self-esteem. A descriptive cross-sectional study in which 100 women were interviewed at the immunization clinic of the Wesley Guild Hospital within six weeks post-delivery was used. Respondents completed socio-demographic questionnaire, the modified La Monica-Oberst Patient Satisfaction Scale (LAOPSS) and the Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale. The mean age of respondents was 29.9 years while mean satisfaction score was 97.98 (SD-15.3; Range-79) with mean self-esteem being 30.15 (SD-6.59; Range-38). Factors associated with higher levels of patient satisfaction were having tertiary education, having 1-3 children, being employed, higher income, higher levels of self-esteem and longer duration of hospital stay. Predictors of patient satisfaction were self-esteem and duration of hospital stay. Self-esteem of women has a strong influence on their satisfaction with nursing care in maternity units. Measures towards enhancing their understanding of the care given to them and promoting their self-esteem are strong components of improving their satisfaction with nursing care.
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:44Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Age at first birth and social
           dimensions of under-5 child mortality in Yoruba society : the case of Osun
           State, Nigeria
    • Authors: Oyefara; John L.
      Abstract: Central to Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) is the reduction of under-five mortality by two-third between 1990 and 2015. At the end of MDGs, child mortality is still very high in Nigeria. This necessitates the urgent needs to have clear understanding about the dynamics of child mortality in different societies of the country. This paper examines the nexus between maternal age at first birth and level of childhood mortality most especially within the socio-economic structure of Yoruba society in Nigeria. The understanding of this relationship is of direct relevance to governments and non-State actors working on child health with the aim to achieve the stated MDGs goal and its associated targets. To achieve the objective of the study, quantitative data were generated from 1,000 women in one of the six Yoruba speaking States in Nigeria: Osun State. A multistage random sampling technique was adopted to select the respondents, while percentages, means, standard deviation, Pearson chi square, t-test, analysis of variance and post hoc test of homogeneous were adopted to analyze generated data. Findings of the study show significant relationships between maternal age at first birth and childhood mortality level within the socio-demographic characteristics of women (such as place of residence, current age, occupational status, educational level, marital status, form of marriage and number of children ever born). Specifically, women who had their first birth below age 20 years exhibit significant higher number of childhood mortality in comparison with women who had their first birth by age 20 years and above at P
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:43Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Locus of control, death
           anxiety and length of service of electricity workers in Nigeria
    • Authors: Aboh; James U., Nwankwo, Barnabas E., Agu, Solomon A., Chikwendu, Chimezie E., Obi, Tobias C.
      Abstract: This study investigated the relationship between locus of control and death anxiety among staff of an electricity company (Power Holding Company of Nigeria, Plc). Enugu. The participants were 80 workers drawn from Power Holding Company of Nigeria, Plc Okpara Avenue, Enugu 40 long serving staff, 40 short serving staff. Rotter (1966) locus control and Templer (1970) death anxiety questionnaires were used to collect the responses for the study. Correlation research design and Pearson Product-Moment Correlation Coefficient Statistics was used with age ranging from 22-53 years. The findings indicated, that there was a statistically significant relationship between internal locus of control and death anxiety among short serving staff of Power Holding Company Nigeria, (r= 0.84, 38, P
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:42Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Career prospects of youths and
           tourism participation in selected host communities in Ekiti State, Nigeria
           
    • Authors: Bakare; Oyebisi K.
      Abstract: The study examined career prospects of youths and tourism participation in selected host communities in Ekiti State, Nigeria. Three communities (Ikogosi-Ekiti, Ikere-Ekiti, and Ipole-Iloro-Ekiti) were purposively selected for the study considering their possession of idyllic tourist resources of national and international reputes, Ikogosi warm-spring, Olosunta festival, and Arinta waterfalls respectively. The population for the study comprised the inhabitants of the three communities. Purposive sampling technique was employed to select 120 youths from each community summing to 360 respondents. Data were collected using interview guided questions. The mean age of the respondents was 19.3 years. The results showed that high percentage (70.8%) of the respondents falls between 16 and 25 years. A high percentage (75.6%) of the respondents had no exposure (never lived elsewhere). Majority (66.7%) earned their living (self upkeep) from tourism business in the locality. The findings revealed that there was a significant relationship between career prospects of youths and age (X2=32.168; p
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:42Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Passengers' variables as
           predictors of risky driving behaviour of intercity commercial bus driver
           in Osun State
    • Authors: Olonade; Zaccheaus O.
      Abstract: The study examined the influence of passengers' attitude, age, and gender on the risky driving behaviour of intercity commercial bus drivers in Osun state. This was with a view to assessing the roles played by the passengers in the overall service delivery of commercial bus drivers. Primary data were used in the study. It involved systematic observation and the use of questionnaire. Participatory observation was conducted, and questionnaire administered on passengers of commercial buses travelling in and out of Ile-Ife, Ilesa, and Osogbo. A multi-stage sampling procedure was used. A total of 283 passengers were used for the study. The data collected were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Results showed that the attitude of passengers have no significant influence on the driving behaviour of intercity commercial bus drivers. However, gender had a significant influence on the risky driving behaviour of intercity commercial bus drivers [F(1,282)=5.27,P
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:41Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Entrepreneurial intention and
           entrepreneurial abilities
    • Authors: Jayeoba; Foluso I.
      Abstract: The study examined entrepreneurial intention of 668 undergraduates from two South West Nigerian Universities. The participants who indicated intention to 'start their own business' differ in entrepreneurial abilities by a higher mean score (x = 126.70) on Entrepreneurial Ability Scale (EAS) compared with those who indicated 'seek employment' (x = 121.42) and those who are not sure of their post-graduation activities (x = 123.56). One-way analysis of variance shows that no significant difference exist between 'seek employment' and those who are not sure about their future choice between 'seek employment' and 'start own business'. The study is an important indication of the role of and correlation between ability and intentions. It will be of practical benefit to conduct a follow-up/longitudinal study on future work preferences of the undergraduates who score high in entrepreneurial abilities scale as well as those who has entrepreneurial intention.
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:40Z
       
  • IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal: Paternal influences and
           adolescents' sexual risky behaviours
    • Authors: Oladeji D.
      Abstract: The study established the influence of paternal roles on adolescents' sexual risky behaviour. A total of two hundred (200) married men drawn from Ibadan metropolis constituted the sample for the study. Their ages ranged from 30 years to 49 years with a mean age of 36.5 years and standard deviation of 8.21. The two instruments used were author-constructed interview guide inventories with 0.62 and 0.67 reliability coefficient respectively. The data obtained were analyzed using multiple regression, correlation and chi-square statistics. The results obtained from the study indicated that, a combination of the six independent variables significantly predicted the dependent variable F=(7,192) =21.193; R= .786, R2 = .617, Adj. R2= .586; P
      PubDate: 2015-04-08T09:39:39Z
       
 
 
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