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Publisher: Sabinet Online Ltd   (Total: 190 journals)

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ACCORD Occasional Paper     Full-text available via subscription   (3 followers)
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Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (8 followers)
Acta Criminologica     Full-text available via subscription   (1 follower)
Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa     Full-text available via subscription  
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Acta Patristica et Byzantina     Full-text available via subscription   (7 followers)
Africa Insight     Full-text available via subscription   (5 followers)
Africa Institute Occasional Paper     Full-text available via subscription   (2 followers)
Africa Journal of Nursing and Midwifery     Full-text available via subscription   (5 followers)
AfricaGrowth Agenda     Full-text available via subscription   (1 follower)
African Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (4 followers)
African Finance Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (11 followers)
African Human Rights Law Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (16 followers)
African Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance     Full-text available via subscription   (3 followers)
African Journal of Farm Child and Youth Development     Full-text available via subscription   (3 followers)
African Journal of Herpetology     Full-text available via subscription   (1 follower)
African Journal of Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (4 followers)
African Journal of Research in Mathematics, Science and Technology Education     Full-text available via subscription   (6 followers)
African Markets Overview     Full-text available via subscription   (2 followers)
African Plant Protection     Full-text available via subscription   (3 followers)
African Safety Promotion     Full-text available via subscription   (1 follower)
Africanus     Full-text available via subscription   (3 followers)
Agriprobe     Full-text available via subscription  
Akroterion     Full-text available via subscription   (3 followers)
Annual Survey of South African Law     Full-text available via subscription   (3 followers)
Arms Control : Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (1 follower)
Ars Nova     Full-text available via subscription   (1 follower)
Article 40     Full-text available via subscription   (2 followers)
BER : Architects and Quantity Surveyors' Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (4 followers)
BER : Building and Construction : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (8 followers)
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BER : Economic Prospects : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (2 followers)
BER : Economic Prospects : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (2 followers)
BER : Intermediate Goods Industries Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (1 follower)
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BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Building and Construction : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (4 followers)
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BER : Wholesale Sector Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (1 follower)
Building Women     Full-text available via subscription  
Bulletin of Statistics     Full-text available via subscription   (3 followers)
Cabo     Full-text available via subscription  
Cardiovascular Journal of Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (1 follower)
Child Abuse Research in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (2 followers)
Civil Engineering = Siviele Ingenieurswese     Full-text available via subscription   (4 followers)
Clean Air Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (2 followers)
CME : Your SA Journal of CPD     Full-text available via subscription   (1 follower)
Codicillus     Full-text available via subscription  
Commonwealth Youth and Development     Full-text available via subscription   (3 followers)
Communicare : Journal for Communication Sciences in Southern Africa = Communicare : Tydskrif vir Kommunikasiewetenskappe in Suider-Afrika     Full-text available via subscription   (3 followers)
Conflict Trends     Full-text available via subscription   (1 follower)
Conspectus : The Journal of the South African Theological Seminary     Full-text available via subscription  
Crime Research in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (1 follower)
Current Allergy & Clinical Immunology     Full-text available via subscription   (4 followers)
Dairy Mail Africa : Publication for the Dairy Industry in Africa     Full-text available via subscription  
De Arte     Full-text available via subscription   (2 followers)
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English in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (2 followers)
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Ergonomics SA : Journal of the Ergonomics Society of South Africa     Full-text available via subscription  
ESR Review : Economic and Social Rights in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (4 followers)
French Studies in Southern Africa     Full-text available via subscription  
Fundamina : A Journal of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (3 followers)
Gender and Behaviour     Full-text available via subscription   (8 followers)
HR Highway     Full-text available via subscription   (2 followers)
IFE Psychologia : An International Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (1 follower)
Image & Text : a Journal for Design     Full-text available via subscription   (7 followers)
IMFO : Official Journal of the Institute of Municipal Finance Officers     Full-text available via subscription   (2 followers)
IMIESA     Full-text available via subscription  
Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (2 followers)
Indo-Pacific Journal of Phenomenology     Open Access  
Injury and Safety Monitor     Full-text available via subscription   (1 follower)
Institute for Security Studies Papers     Full-text available via subscription   (4 followers)
Interim : Interdisciplinary Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (3 followers)
International SportMed Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (14 followers)
Investment Analysts Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (3 followers)
Journal for Christian Scholarship = Tydskrif vir Christelike Wetenskap     Full-text available via subscription   (6 followers)
Journal for Contemporary History     Full-text available via subscription   (10 followers)
Journal for Estate Planning Law     Full-text available via subscription   (1 follower)
Journal for Islamic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (7 followers)
Journal for Juridical Science     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal for Language Teaching = Tydskrif vir Taalonderrig     Full-text available via subscription   (3 followers)
Journal for New Generation Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (2 followers)
Journal for Semitics     Full-text available via subscription   (4 followers)
Journal of African Elections     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Contemporary Management     Full-text available via subscription   (1 follower)
Journal of Marketing     Full-text available via subscription   (13 followers)
Journal of Public Administration     Full-text available via subscription   (17 followers)
Juta's Business Law     Full-text available via subscription   (1 follower)

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IFE Psychologia : An International Journal    [3 followers]  Follow    
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     ISSN (Print) 1117-1421
     Published by Sabinet Online Ltd Homepage  [190 journals]
  • Perceived effect of re-injury anxiety on team sport performance among
           amateur athletes in Ibadan
    • Abstract: Author: Ogu, David Chimeremueze Adegbesan, Olufemi Adegbola Vol 21 Issue 2 Publication: 2013 Page: 258-263 : The study examined the perceived effect of Re-injury anxiety on team Sports Performance among Amateurs athletes in Ibadan. Fourty (40) male and female Amateur athletes drawn from a variety of sports such as Basketball, N=(13) volleyball, N=(7). Badminton, N=(6) soccer, N=(10) and table-tennis, N=(4) in Ibadan were used for the study respectively. Standardised instruments of Re-injury anxiety inventory (RIAI) (α = .79) and potency measure scale (PMS) (α = .89) with mean Age for both male = (27.41 years (SD = 4.4) and female athletes = 28.46 years (SD = 3.7) was used to test on the effect of perceived re-injury anxiety at P<0.01 alpha level. The results showed that Re-injury anxiety and rehabilitation Re-injury anxiety and re-entry into competition were significant (α = .856; P<0.05) and (α = 0.47; P<0.5) respectively. These variables were perceived as having effect on team performance. Nonetheless, correlation matrix showing the relationships between sport performance and rehabilitation and re-entry into competition of Amateur athletes revealed a significant correlation between sports performance (.856, P<0.1) and rehabilitation, but none between sport performance and Re-entry into competition (-.216, P>.05) respectively.
      PubDate: 2013-09-10T07:44:55Z
       
  • Role of gender, emotional empathy, interpersonal attraction on moral
           judgement
    • Abstract: Author: Nwankwo, Barnabas E. Vol 21 Issue 2 Publication: 2013 Page: 264-276 : This study investigated the role of emotional empathy, interpersonal attraction and gender on moral judgement among secondary school teachers in Ozubulu, in Ekwusigo local government area in Anambra state. Three hypotheses were formulated to answer the research question of whether there is any role played by emotional empathy, interpersonal attraction and gender on moral judgement among secondary school teacher at Ozubulu. The hierarchical multiple linear regression was used to analyse the hypotheses. The study found that gender was not significantly associated with moral judgement. Emotional empathy was significantly associated positively to moral judgement and Interpersonal attraction was also positively associated with moral judgement. Recommendations were made based on the implications of the study and suggestions for future researches.
      PubDate: 2013-09-10T07:44:55Z
       
  • Experience of childhood violence and help-seeking behaviour of students
           exposed to dating violence at the Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife
    • Abstract: Author: Boladale, Mapayi Adesanmi, Akinsulore Olutayo, Aloba Vol 21 Issue 2 Publication: 2013 Page: 277-289 : Dating violence is a common occurrence with estimate of prevalence ranging from 28-96% (Johnson-Reids and Bimes 1999). The aim of the present study is to evaluate the prevalence of dating violence, experience of childhood violence and help seeking behaviour of university students exposed to dating violence in Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife. The study utilized a cross sectional survey design with a total of 400 students selected using a multistage, stratified, systematic sampling technique completed the Socio-demographic Data Schedule and the Conflict Tactic Scale. Univariate analysis was used to determine the prevalence of dating violence, exposure to childhood physical and sexual abuse and help seeking behavior and these were expressed in percentages. Association at bivariate level was assessed using chi-square. A p value of <0.05 was considered statistically significant in all cases. The age of the respondents ranged between 18 and 35 years (M=21.44, SD =2.99) with a median age of 21 years. In roughly one third (32.3%) of the cases, sexual intercourse was a part of the relationship. The prevalence of dating violence in the previous twelve months was 34%. One in three of the respondents (30.1%) had witnessed physical violence in their home of origin while about one in ten (13.3%) had history of childhood sexual abuse. One hundred and thirteen respondents (93%) did not report their experience of violence to anyone and only one respondent reported to the police. Of the respondents who experienced dating violence, more had witnessed physical violence in their homes of origin and the difference was statistically significant (x2 =6.80, df =1, p= < 0.01). Also, of those who experienced violence in their relationships, more had a history of sexual abuse in childhood (x2 =3.53, df =1, p= < 0.06). Sexual intercourse being a part of the relationship was associated with a statistically significant increase (x2 =22.29, df =1, p= < 0.001) in violence. The magnitude of dating violence found in this study is slightly higher, though comparable to those found in other countries of the world. Students in relationships where violence takes place rarely told anyone and when they did, they were likely to be friends and colleagues rather than parents or authority figures, most did not make use of the legal support systems and this may have implications for effective intervention strategies in our environment.
      PubDate: 2013-09-10T07:44:55Z
       
  • Effects of the basic training programme on intra-personal coping and
           communication skills of the personnel of Nigeria Security and Civil
           Defence Corps Benue State Command
    • Abstract: Author: Igbo, Happiness Ihuoma Ikpa, Innocent Vol 21 Issue 2 Publication: 2013 Page: 290-295 : This study investigated the effect of Basic Training Programme on Intra-personal coping and communication skills of the Nigeria Security and Civil Defence Corps personnel, Benue State Command. Three hypotheses guided the study. 238 out of the 650 personnel in the Benue Command formed the sample. A self structured questionnaire "Impact of Basic Training Programme on Intra-personal Coping and Communication Skills Questionnaire (IBTICSQ)" was used to elicit information from the respondents. Data was analyzed using frequencies, percentages t-Test and chi-square statistics. The results indicated Basic Training Programme has significant effect on intra-personal coping skills (x2 =145.36, df 1, P<.0005) and communication (x2 =142.25, df 1, P<.0005). The study also established that there was significant gender difference ( t=3.007, df = 236, P<.003) on the Impact of Basic Training Programme on intra-personal coping and communication skills of NSCDC personnel. It was recommended that the command should be encouraged to establish counselling units in all their area commands which will be manned by professional counsellors among others.
      PubDate: 2013-09-10T07:44:55Z
       
  • Adjustment and psychological well-being of school-going adolescent flood
           victims in Bayelsa State, Nigeria
    • Abstract: Author: Torubeli, Victor Ayebami Vol 21 Issue 2 Publication: 2013 Page: 296-300 : Unprecedented flood ravaged about eighty percent of Bayelsa State in October, 2012 rendering many homeless. This study sought to investigate the relationship between adjustment and psychological well-being of school-going adolescent flood victims. Quantitative and qualitative research methods were combined to triangulate the study to gain a better insight of the study. Two hundred school-going adolescent flood victims were purposively sampled from various camps that were made available by the State Government. Their ages ranged between 12 and 20. Chi-square was used to analyse the quantitative data while content analysis and verbatim report was used to corroborate the quantitative analysis. The finding revealed that adjustment and psychological well-being have a significant relationship. Based on the finding, the public was encouraged to sustain the tempo of encouragement to the flood victims for sustainable adjustment and psychological well-being.
      PubDate: 2013-09-10T07:44:55Z
       
  • Correlational analysis of work-family conflict bi-directionality
    • Abstract: Author: Okonkwo, Ejike Vol 21 Issue 2 Publication: 2013 Page: 301-308 : This study investigated the correlation between the bidirectional aspects (work interference with family and family interference with work) of work-family conflict among mothers in the human service profession. Participants comprised 304 female teachers between the ages of 26 to 54 years (M=40.37, SD = 4.09) drawn from 24 state government secondary schools in Enugu metropolis using criterion sampling method. Okonkwo (2011) 32-item Work-Family Conflict Scale with two subscales measuring work interference with family and family interference with work was administered. Correlational design was used. Correlational analysis using Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient revealed that work interference with family related slightly positively with family interference with work, r (302) = 0.37, p<.05. The result was discussed in the light of Spillover Theory. Considering the result, it was concluded that if work interference with family correlated positively with family interference with work then these bidirectional dimensions of work-family conflict should be considered both distinct and related constructs.
      PubDate: 2013-09-10T07:44:55Z
       
  • Attitude of Tiv people of Benue State Nigeria towards mental illness
    • Abstract: Author: Ihaji, Elvis O. Awopetu, Ronke Grace Aku, Monica M. Vol 21 Issue 2 Publication: 2013 Page: 309-314 : The research work examined the attitude of Tiv people of Benue State of Nigeria towards mental illness. A 21-Item developed questionnaire measuring demographic variables and attitude towards mental illness was used to collect the data. A total of 569 participants took part in the study from Tiv speaking local government areas of Benue state; out of this three hundred and six (53.78 %) were males and two hundred and thirty (40.42%) were females. Three hypotheses were tested using t-test for independent group. Results showed that there was a significant difference between youth and the elderly on their attitude towards mental illness (t (df = 566) = 2.05, P<.01). Also, there was a significant difference between male and female Tiv people on their attitude towards mental illness (t (df = 564) = 5.65; P<.01). Furthermore, there was a significant difference between the attitude of Tiv people in rural area and urban areas of Benue State (t (df = 565) = 3.70; P<.01). It was recommended that more awareness should be created and people should be sensitized about mental illness and see it as curable and manageable from scientific point of view.
      PubDate: 2013-09-10T07:44:55Z
       
  • Impact of culture on adjustment to bereavement in Benue and Nasarawa
           States of Nigeria : counseling implications
    • Abstract: Author: Agbe, N.N. Akume, G.T. Kohol, B. Vol 21 Issue 2 Publication: 2013 Page: 315-320 : This study examines the impact of culture on adjustment to bereavement in Benue and Nasarawa states of Nigeria and counselling implications. Three research questions and three hypotheses were postulated. The 'Bereavement and Adjustment inventory (BAI)' was developed to elicit information from two thousand, three hundred respondents The chi-square statistics was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The study discovered that cultural practices of Remarriage to next of kin, deprivation of property inheritance to a particular gender and non-involvement of children in decisions affecting them have significant negative impact on social, economic and psychological adjustment to bereavement with the following results. Culture and social adjustment x2=31339, df=6 P< 0.05. Culture and economic adjustment x2=21155 with df 6, P<0.05 and culture and psychological adjustment x2= 88471 df 6 P<0.05 level of significance. Based on these findings, the researchers recommend amendment of the customary laws which are not relevant in the 21st century. It also advocates for community counseling centres to be established in both urban and rural areas to make bereavement counseling available to all and sundry.
      PubDate: 2013-09-10T07:44:55Z
       
  • Locating challenges in achieving MDG 2 in Ghana : stakeholder involvement
           in management in special schools as an exemplar
    • Abstract: Author: Aidoo, Dora Baaba Vol 21 Issue 2 Publication: 2013 Page: 321-330 : This article explores relevant literature to locate the placement of the management of education for children with hearing impairment in the implementation of MDG 2 through SMC and stakeholder relationships. A qualitative approach employing grounded theory within a case-study was adopted for the study. Data obtained were analysed thematically and discussed. Findings indicate that in the provision of education for children with hearing impairment, avenues for stakeholder relationships were available. However, the lack of an SEN policy and negative societal attitudes mean that special schools experienced challenges in implementing MDG2. Implications of the findings for management practice and the need to close the inclusion gap for people with disabilities in the implementation of the MDGs are discussed.
      PubDate: 2013-09-10T07:44:55Z
       
  • Information-seeking behaviour and sources of information for people living
           with HIV-AIDS : case study of a military hospital
    • Abstract: Author: Soremekun, Rebecca Shonowo, Jadesola Vol 21 Issue 2 Publication: 2013 Page: 331-339 : People with chronic illness like the Human Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV) often seek information to understand their diagnosis, decide on treatments and predict their prognosis. The fear of discrimination and stigmatization prevents people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) from easily seeking information. Factors affecting information seeking include demography, age, "cultural" behaviors, educational background and accessibility. This study determined the information-seeking behavior of a random representative sample of HIV positive patients attending the Nigerian Navy Reference Hospital, Ojo and the hospital's support group, where consultations are of short duration. Data were collected through structured questionnaire distributed at the HIV clinic and support group meetings as well as through in-depth interview within the support-group. Most respondents were aged between 20-49 years. Television/radio and support-group are the first two preferred information media (73% and 69% respectively). 20% sought information through HIV-AIDS campaign and 11% from traditional healers. Female patients sought information more than the male patients and 65% of the female respondents sought information from support-groups. Patients with no formal education (39%) consulted the traditional healers, while those with secondary school and higher qualifications use the support-group (92%). The internet was a preferred source among those with higher education but was rated lowest overall. It was found that education, age and gender influenced information-seeking by military personnel living with HIV-AIDs.
      PubDate: 2013-09-10T07:44:55Z
       
  • Socio-economic status, locality and patterns of adolescents' self-esteem
           among Nigerian sample
    • Abstract: Author: Amazue, Lawrence O. Uzuegbu, Charity N. Vol 21 Issue 2 Publication: 2013 Page: 340-347 : This study looked at the influence of socio-economic status, and locality on the patterns of adolescents' self-esteem among a Nigeria sample. Three hundred (300) secondary school students randomly drawn from both urban and rural areas of Enugu in Enugu State participated in the study. Their age ranged between 14 years and 17 years with a mean age of 15.5 years. Patterns of adolescents' self-esteem were assessed with Hudson's index of self-esteem (ISE). In addition, students' socio-economic statuses were determined from their demographic information bordering on their parents' educational level, job statuses, family income and social status. A 2-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to analyze the data. Results revealed that socio-economic status and locality significantly influenced adolescents' patterns of self-esteem. It was suggested that serious efforts should be made by teachers, parents and governmental agencies as well in instituting enhancement programmes from early childhood through adolescent development stages. This has become necessary given the negative implications of low self-esteem on the adolescents, family relations and the society in general.
      PubDate: 2013-09-10T07:44:55Z
       
  • Influence of reflective and impulsive cognitive styles on students
           achievement in mathematics among senior secondary school students
    • Abstract: Author: Umaru, Yunusa Vol 21 Issue 2 Publication: 2013 Page: 123-127 : This is an ex-post factor design. .This study investigated the influence of reflective and impulsive cognitive styles on students' achievement in Mathematics. The study was guided by four research questions, two null hypotheses that were tested at 0.05 levels of significant. The population consisted of all the 40 senior secondary school in Bida Local Government Area of Niger State. three hundred (i.e 150 reflective and 150 impulsive) students, drawn from the Senior Secondary Schools, using multi-stase and Purposive Sampling Technique, constituted the sample of the study instruments for data collection included the students Cognitive Styles Questionnaire (SCSQ) and Mathematics Achievement Test (MAT). Data collected were analyzed using mean (X), standard deviation (SD) and t-test. The finding of the study shows that reflective students achieved significantly higher than their impulsive counterpart in Mathematics Achievement. It was also not consistent across gender levels. Recommendation among which include, teachers should use reflective strategies in integrating with students in the classroom, especially in mathematics. And other science related disciplines were made.
      PubDate: 2013-09-10T07:44:54Z
       
  • A perspective on motivating children art activity
    • Abstract: Author: Awogbade, Mabel Oluremi Vol 21 Issue 2 Publication: 2013 Page: 128-132 : Teaching art at early age nurtures inventiveness as it engages children in a process that aids in the development of cooperation, self-esteem and self-discipline. Art helps children understand other subjects much more clearly: from mathematics and science, to language art and geography. It has been proven that early exposure to art promotes activity in the brain Hodge (2011). However, children lose interest in Art because of lack of motivation, non-conducive environment, poor instructional style, and lack of qualified art teachers amongst others. Douglas and Schwartz (1987) suggest that both participation and accomplishment in art activity are aided by opportunities for talking in relevant ways about art. That motivation will be stimulated when the art teacher uses a carefully structured, inductive and in-depth approach to teaching; provides opportunities for discussions which attract attention to the complexity of art, and thereby arouse curiosity; and helps children to identify the criteria by which they can evaluate themselves as they work, and thereby serve as a stimulus for accomplishment. This paper therefore focuses on how motivation can improve the state of art in Nigeria as it relates to children's interest in studying art beyond primary and secondary school levels.
      PubDate: 2013-09-10T07:44:54Z
       
  • Balancing work-related stress and family interaction : a banking
           perspective
    • Abstract: Author: Bedu-Addo, Paul Kobina Annan Vol 21 Issue 2 Publication: 2013 Page: 133-140 : The study investigated the influence of work-related stress on family interaction of bankers in the Kumasi Metropolis. A structured questionnaire with an internal consistency of r=0.91 (test-retest reliability - two week interval) was used to collect data from 155 bankers, comprising 96 men and 59 women, using stratified proportional sampling. Linear multiple regression and one-way ANOVA were employed in testing all hypotheses. The study revealed that the effect of work stress on family interactions of bankers does not depend on gender. The study further revealed that in terms of the effect of work stress on family interactions of bankers, age was not a significant factor. The study also indicated that the effect of work stress on family interactions of bankers does not depend on work status i.e. whether a banker was a management staff or a non-management staff. Finally, implications and suggestions for future research are provided.
      PubDate: 2013-09-10T07:44:54Z
       
  • Tutors' participation in guidance and counselling programmes in Colleges
           of Education in northern Ghana
    • Abstract: Author: Nyarko-Sampson, Eric Vol 21 Issue 2 Publication: 2013 Page: 141-149 : Since the teacher is the key and most important professional in the school setting, his support and participation are crucial to any programme that involves students. Thus, his roles in guidance and counselling programmes are enormous. The study examined tutors' participation in guidance and counselling programmes in Colleges of Education in northern Ghana. The descriptive research design was adopted for this study. Four research questions were set whilst the simple random sampling technique was employed in selecting three Colleges of Education and 99 tutors from the 3 northern regions of Ghana. A 40-item researcher-made questionnaire, content validated and with a reliability coefficient of 0.80, was used to obtain data. Percentages and frequencies were used to analyze the data. The findings revealed, among other things, that tutors should have an appreciable level of training in guidance and counselling since it is a specialized service, and also tutors' participation in guidance and counselling programmes did not cover some critical areas. Among factors that militate against tutors' participation in guidance and counselling programmes was that students preferred seeing college guidance coordinators to tutors. On the basis of the findings of the study, conclusions were drawn and recommendations made.
      PubDate: 2013-09-10T07:44:54Z
       
  • The effect of personal characteristics and other status related factors on
           employee commitment to work in the manufacturing industry in Nigeria
    • Abstract: Author: Olukayode, Longe Vol 21 Issue 2 Publication: 2013 Page: 150-159 : The study aimed to investigate the predicting effect of personal characteristics and status related factors on employee commitment to work. This was with a view to establishing the relevance of the individual personal attributes of employees in the accomplishment of the corporate goals in the manufacturing industry. A sample of four hundred and seventy two employees was randomly selected as participants from two manufacturing organisations in the same industry for the study. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Six factors (age, gender, marital status, educational background, organisational tenure and job status) were investigated. The results indicated that five of the factors could have predictive effect on employee commitment to work. However, employee commitment was not significantly affected by the factor of gender. The study concluded that socio-demographic variables were essential guides for achieving organisational productivity and for making judgment about an individual employee commitment to work in the manufacturing environment.
      PubDate: 2013-09-10T07:44:54Z
       
  • The impact of recreation therapy intervention on festive stress
    • Abstract: Author: Busari, A.O. Vol 21 Issue 2 Publication: 2013 Page: 160-169 : This study investigated the effectiveness of recreation therapy intervention in the reduction of festive stress among some selected civil servants, teachers inclusive in Oyo State, Nigeria. The study adopted pre-post experimental design. The participants of the study were 150 subjects pre-selected using Festive Mood Stress Scale (FMSS). The age range of participants was between 55 and 62 years. The data analysis utilized for processing of the raw score was Analysis of Co-Variance (ANCOVA). The results of the study indicated that recreation therapy intervention on was effective in the reduction of festive stress. Other strategies for reducing stress during festive season were also suggested.
      PubDate: 2013-09-10T07:44:54Z
       
  • Predictors of the mental health of orphans and vulnerable children in
           Nigeria
    • Abstract: Author: Elegbeleye, A.O. Vol 21 Issue 2 Publication: 2013 Page: 170-180 : An individual's ability to work productively, attain self-actualization, and make useful contribution to his or her community is a function of his or her mental health. Poor mental health has the capacity to interfere with an individual's ability to function adequately across all areas of life. It has however been shown that the consequences of poor mental health in childhood extend into adulthood, which clearly indicates that a healthy mental development in childhood is of utmost importance. Children who are victims of circumstances stand the risk of being exposed to experiences that could negatively affect their mental health thereby robbing them of the opportunity of a healthy mental development in childhood and a healthy mental status in adulthood. This paper therefore looked at the mental health of orphans and vulnerable children (OVC), the factors that can predict their mental health, and what to be done to improve their experiences, which can in turn, improve their mental health.
      PubDate: 2013-09-10T07:44:54Z
       
  • Library 2.0 : perception, knowledge and reception among information
           professionals at Covenant University Library
    • Abstract: Author: Esse, Ugwunwa Chinyere Vol 21 Issue 2 Publication: 2013 Page: 181-189 : The research was done to examine the perception, knowledge and reception attitude of Information professionals at Covenant University Library. The nature of Lib 2.0 was briefly explained. The research paper also captured problem factors that hinder successful implementation of Library 2.0. The results show that a high level of awareness of Library 2.0 applications among information professionals. Blogs, RSS, IM and other Web 2.0 tools and services can assist Information professionals in their efforts to present information and better connect with their clients, especially the younger generations of Internet users. Though the librarians hold positive perceptions on library 2.0 applications, and indicated willingness to learn more on the utilization of 2.0 tools, they highlighted several impediments in implementing Library 2.0.
      PubDate: 2013-09-10T07:44:54Z
       
  • Effects of HIV/AIDS and the Millennium Development Goals on the
           psychosocial and economic well-being of people for sustainable development
           in Ibadan metropolis
    • Abstract: Author: Etadon, F.I. Adegoke, T.G. Vol 21 Issue 2 Publication: 2013 Page: 190-202 : The study examined the effects of HIV/AIDS and the millennium development goals on the psychosocial and economic well-being of people for sustainable development in Ibadan metropolis. The study adopted descriptive survey, using a sample of 300 female and male adults from selected households in five local government areas of Ibadan metropolis. The two instruments used were authored-constructed questionnaires by adapting relevant scales to measure the studied variables. Data were analyzed using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) statistical methods. Results obtained from this study showed that there were significant effects of poverty (f=49.8, df=1/299, p<0.05); education (f=103, df=1/299, p=<0.005); HIV/AIDS (f=78.8, df=1/299, p<0.05) and child mortality and maternal health (f=4.9, df=1/299, p<0.05). Based on these findings, it was recommended that education should be adequately enhanced in the attainment of the millennium development goal and sustainable development.
      PubDate: 2013-09-10T07:44:54Z
       
  • The association between social network, socio-demographic variables and
           cognitive functions of a Nigerian sample of elderly people
    • Abstract: Author: Ejechi, Eucharia O. Vol 21 Issue 2 Publication: 2013 Page: 203-209 : The association between socio-demographic factors (age, gender, education, income, bridge employment, residential area and social network) and cognitive function in a sample of elderly people aged 65-75 years was investigated in a Nigerian setting. The data was obtained from 640 respondents with structured questionnaire containing scales for measuring social network (children, extended family, friends, neighbours and participation in clubs/societies), a six-item cognitive function screener and self-rated memory. Cross tabulation and chi square analyses revealed significant associations (P=0.000-0.021) between all the socio-demographic factors tested except gender. This indicated that high social network, good education, favourable income and living in an environment with good security and devoid of noise, promotes cognitive function. This report substantiates findings on cognitive function from other parts of the world in related researches concerning old people thereby suggesting that modulation of the ageing process is identical across the world, cultural influence notwithstanding.
      PubDate: 2013-09-10T07:44:54Z
       
  • The effect of corporal punishment and math anxiety on math performance
           among junior high school students in Ghana
    • Abstract: Author: Nyarko, Kingsley Kwarteng, Abigail Baah Akakpo, Gameli Martin Boateng, Rita Adjekum, Nkansah Vol 21 Issue 2 Publication: 2013 Page: 210-219 : The study investigates the effect of corporal punishment and math anxiety on math performance at the Virgo Preparatory School in Adabraka, Ghana. Thirty four (34) participants were pre-tested and post-tested using the Mathematics Anxiety Scale for elementary school students. Analysis of the results shows that there is no difference in math performance between students who receive corporal punishment and those who are reinforced as well as those who receive neither reinforcement nor corporal punishment. Finally, no significant negative correlation was found between math anxiety and math performance; however, females were found to be more anxious of maths than males. The implications of the findings are discussed.
      PubDate: 2013-09-10T07:44:54Z
       
  • Collective bargaining and conflict resolution in Nigeria's public sector
    • Abstract: Author: Ibietan, Jide Vol 21 Issue 2 Publication: 2013 Page: 220-231 : The general objective of this paper is to identify the link between collective bargaining and labour conflict resolution in Nigeria's public sector. Other objectives are to examine the nature of collective bargaining and conflict resolution mechanisms; and to ascertain the effectiveness of collective bargaining in solving the problems arising from labour conflicts in the public sector. It should be noted that industrial peace and working harmony are essential to the realisation of the goals and objectives of public sector organisations in Nigeria. The paper comprises: abstract; introduction; conceptual framework/literature review; discussion of findings; conclusion and recommendations. The paper observed that even though the history of collective bargaining in Nigeria is traceable to the public sector, the machinery has performed relatively poorly due to the uniqueness and employment practices of government as an employer of labour and its regulatory role. Predicated on the Dunlop/Flanders' industrial relations model and the survey research method as utilised in this study, it was also found that there is limited appreciation of the role of collective bargaining, and this hampers its efficacy in labour conflict resolution in Nigeria's public sector. This results from the narrow view of collective bargaining in approach and practice by managers of industrial relations in the public sector. The recommendations suggested can adequately invigorate the use of collective bargaining in labour conflict resolution in the public sector.
      PubDate: 2013-09-10T07:44:54Z
       
  • The legislature and constituency representation in the fourth republic of
           Nigeria's democratic governance
    • Abstract: Author: Oni, Samuel Vol 21 Issue 2 Publication: 2013 Page: 232-241 : Citizens' representation embodied in the legislature is a central component and an indispensable principle of democratic governance. This is because the legislature is the primary mechanism of popular sovereignty that provides for the representation in governance, of the diverse interests in a multicultural and subnational society. Legislative institution in Nigeria however, has been viewed as underdeveloped and inexperienced, emanating from the prolonged dictatorial and authoritarian rule by the military which while it lasted, either outrightly proscribed the legislature or completely subordinated it to the executive arm of government. The return to civil rule or constitutional government from military dictatorship in 1999 is essentially the return of the legislature. Disturbingly, twelve years after the commencement of democratization in Nigeria, legislative politics in the country is yet to show clear evidences of citizens' representation in governance. Findings revealed that the Nigeria's national parliament though have recorded improvement in terms of legislation and oversight roles, offers a slim ray of hope in championing constituents' interests due to certain sociopolitical and economic forces that continue to undermine the country's legislative efficiency.
      PubDate: 2013-09-10T07:44:54Z
       
  • Socio-economic status difference in English language comprehension
           achievement of pupils with intellectual disability
    • Abstract: Author: Eni-Olorunda, Tolu Adediran, O.A. Vol 21 Issue 2 Publication: 2013 Page: 242-249 : The study examined achievement in English Language comprehension of pupils with intellectual disability. The study adopted a pretest, post-test, control group, quasi-experimental design. Ten pupils each were purposively selected from three special schools. They were assigned to two experimental groups (audio-taped and individualized instruction groups) and control. Three instruments were used: Slosson's Intelligence Test (α = 0.86), Socio-Economic Status Scale (α = 0.86), English Language Comprehension Achievement Test (α = 0.79). Three hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) and Duncan post hoc. The experimental groups were significantly higher in their comprehension score that in the control group (F(3,26) = 37.14; p< 0.05). It further showed that each of the three possible pairs of instructional groups was significantly different from one another. The individualized group had the highest performance score (x =28.50) followed by audio-taped group (x = 23.12) and the control group (x = 13.98). There was no significant main effect of socio-economic status in comprehension achievement of people with intellectual disability. However, the mean score of pupils from low socio-economic status (x = 22.62) was better than those from high (x = 22.14) and medium socio-economic status (x = 20.83). There was no significant interaction effect of treatment and socio-economic status on English Language comprehension of pupils with intellectual disability. F(3,26) = .969; p > 0.05). Pupils, special teachers, curriculum planners and future researchers would find the two strategies useful in the enhancement of English language comprehension of pupils with intellectual disability.
      PubDate: 2013-09-10T07:44:54Z
       
  • The moderating effect of home setting and religion affiliation on the
           effectiveness of contingency management and cognitive self instruction on
           bullying behaviour of secondary students in Nigeria
    • Abstract: Author: Adeoye, Ayodele O. Vol 21 Issue 2 Publication: 2013 Page: 250-257 : Bullying constitutes a significant threat to the mental, social and physical wellbeing of school children. As an old phenomenon and worldwide problem, it has defied several efforts to curb it. This study examined the effects of contingency management and cognitive self-instruction on bullying behaviour among secondary school students in Ogun state, Nigeria. The population for the study consisted of bullies in public secondary schools in Ogun state. Stratified random sampling technique was used to select three schools and purposive sampling was used to select the participants. The study adopted a3x2x2 pre-test and post test experimental research design consisting of two treatment groups and one control group. Adolescent Peer Relation Inventory (APRI) was the instrument used for data collection and a total number of one hundred and fourteen students participated. Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) was used to analyse the three hypotheses formulated at the 0.05 level of significance. Results revealed a significant effect of cognitive self-instruction, contingency management and control on bullying behaviour (F2, 101 = 6.444: p<0.05). Also religion affliation (F(1,101) = .121; p > 0.05) and age (F(1,101) = 2.081; p > 0.05) individually did not affect bullying behaviour. Based on these findings, it was recommended that psychologists, counsellors, parents, teachers and social workers should use these treatment packages in controlling bullying behaviour among secondary schools students. Also the government should sponsor seminars/workshops for school counsellors and educational psychologists on how to use cognitive self-instruction and contingency management techniques in controlling bullying behaviour.
      PubDate: 2013-09-10T07:44:54Z
       
  • The influence of psychosocial factors on helping behaviour of Benue State
           University undergraduates
    • Abstract: Author: Ucho, Aondoaver Ogwuche, Chinelo Helen Anhange, Samuel Terzungwe Vol 21 Issue 2 Publication: 2013 Page: 91-99 : This study explored the influence of psychosocial factors on helping behaviour among 301(196 male and 105 female) undergraduates of Benue State University, Makurdi, Nigeria. The ages of the participants ranged from 17 to 40 years with mean age of 23.67 years. Cross sectional design was used for the study. The regression analysis indicated that agreeableness positively influenced helping behaviour (β= .20, p<.05). Neuroticism negatively influenced helping behaviour (β=--.23, p<.05). Gender was also negatively associated with helping behaviour (β = -.16, p < .05). The results showed that age, extraversion, conscientiousness and openness were not significant factors in helping behaviour. These results showed that both psychological and social factors are critical in helping behaviour of university students.
      PubDate: 2013-09-10T07:44:53Z
       
  • Age and peer influence on substance abuse among undergraduates
    • Abstract: Author: Adewuyi, Temitayo Deborah O. Akinsola, Esther Foluke Vol 21 Issue 2 Publication: 2013 Page: 83-90 : This is a survey research study which investigated ager and peer influence on substance abuse among undergraduates in Lagos State University, Ojo, Lagos, Nigeria. 513 undergraduates were purposively selected for the study. The researchers designed the instrument, Age and Peer Influence on Substance Abuse Inventory (APISAI) used in collecting data from the respondents. The data collected were analysed using percentages, Pearson Product Moment Correlation Co-efficient Formula and regression statistical analysis. One of the two formulated hypotheses was accepted by the results of the finding at 0.05 level of significant. The researchers suggested that all fresh and stain students in the University should be exposed to Self Concept Assertiveness Training (SCAT) and Substance Abuse Rehabilitation Programme (SARP).
      PubDate: 2013-09-10T07:44:53Z
       
  • Job satisfaction, organizational stress and employee performance : a study
           of NAPIMS
    • Abstract: Author: Ajayi, Mofoluwake P. Abimbola, Oluremi H. Vol 21 Issue 2 Publication: 2013 Page: 75-82 : This study focused on examining job satisfaction, organizational stress, and its effect on employee performance. The study attempts to examine the problems of the employer - employee relationship, the issue of feedback to the employees about their performances, promotions, conducive working environments, pay commensurate to their work and going on training programmes when necessary. The main aim was to examine the effect of job satisfaction and organizational stress on employees' performance. This study adopted the survey sampling method carried out in the National Petroleum Investment Management Services (NAPIMS), Ikoyi, Lagos State using 225 employees which were randomly selected from total a staff of 511. The findings revealed that there is a relationship between job satisfaction and employee performance; also there was a negative relationship which states that as organizational stress increases employee performance decreases; furthermore from the findings, as organizational stress increases job satisfaction decreases. Based on these findings recommendations were made that organizations should find ways of improving the level of job satisfaction of employees by giving them training, promotion; and also giving the employees' time to relax like going on vacation so as to be refreshed and highly productive.
      PubDate: 2013-09-10T07:44:53Z
       
  • Job satisfaction and emotional intelligence as predictors of
           organizational commitment of secondary school teachers
    • Abstract: Author: Akomolafe, Moyosola Jude Olatomide, Onijuni Olufemi Vol 21 Issue 2 Publication: 2013 Page: 65-74 : This study examined the relationships of job satisfaction and emotional intelligence to organizational commitment of secondary school teachers in Ekiti State, Nigeria. A total of 210 teachers randomly selected from eleven secondary schools in Ekiti State participated in the study. Job satisfaction, emotional intelligence and organizational commitment scales were administered to the teachers. Data collected were analysed using Multiple Regression Analysis. Results of the study revealed that job satisfaction and emotional intelligence significantly predicted organizational commitment of secondary school teachers. The implications of the findings for recruitment, counselling and training of teachers were discussed. It was recommended that job satisfaction and emotional intelligence of teachers should be enhanced to improve their organizational commitment.
      PubDate: 2013-09-10T07:44:53Z
       
  • Why the knowledge argument is wrong
    • Abstract: Author: Gbenga, Fasiku Vol 21 Issue 2 Publication: 2013 Page: 57-64 : This paper examines the knowledge argument as one of the dualists' arguments that support the view that properties of mental states are separable from the properties of the central nervous system. The knowledge argument is used to establish that there are epistemic gaps that separate the two kinds of properties. Physicalism affirms that there is no separation. This paper argues to challenge the veracity of the knowledge argument. It affirms the physicalists' claim that phenomenal truths do not entail different ontological commitments from the one ascertained by physical truths.
      PubDate: 2013-09-10T07:44:53Z
       
  • Quality of work life and workers wellbeing : the industrial social workers
           approach
    • Abstract: Author: Ajala, E.M. Vol 21 Issue 2 Publication: 2013 Page: 46-56 : The aim of this study is to look at quality of work life (QWL) and workers well-being through an industrial social workers approach. 264 employees randomly selected from confectionary organizations participated in this study. Five variables to measure QWL: (job satisfaction (JS), capacity development (CD), work and non-work life balance (WLB), emotional supervisory support (ESS), organizational support (OS), were used to measure health and wellbeing of employees in the workplace. The test indicated the joint effect of the independent variables contributed significantly to the wellbeing of employees (F5, 245=49.039, p<0.05). Using the multiple linear regression, each of the five independent variables are significantly related to workers wellbeing in the following descending order: job satisfaction (t=7.271, β=.375), capacity development (t=6.26, β=.269), work and non-work life balance (t=4.108, β=.214), organizational support (t=3.986, β=.201) and emotional supervisory support (t=2.655, β=.136). It was recommended that a proper understanding of the construct of QWL and the dynamic nature will enable human resource practitioners and industrial social workers take proactive steps in integrating relevant strategies, policies, training programs, procedures and coping strategies to improve the quality of work life of employees so as to guarantee their wellbeing.
      PubDate: 2013-09-10T07:44:53Z
       
  • Development and validation of Nigerian Army commanding officers' job
           specification index
    • Abstract: Author: Ijide, W.O.V. Vol 21 Issue 2 Publication: 2013 Page: 35-45 : One of the challenges which the modern organisation continues to face is how to match employees with jobs in an effective and efficient manner. In order to differentiate jobs on the basis of job required worker characteristics, organisational psychologists have over the years used job analysis as a means of developing job specification index. However, despite the importance of JSI to the enhancement of organisational performance, little attention has been paid to its application in the military setting in Nigeria. The research adopted an ex-post-facto design based on a qualitative and quantitative analysis of data. Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) and In-Depth Interviews (IDIs) were conducted with commanding officers. The FGDs were conducted with officers purposively drawn from a population of incumbent commanding officers in the Nigerian Army (NA) as at the time of the study. The IDIs, were conducted using officers who had served their tenure as commanding officers. The FGDs and IDIs were followed by a questionnaire survey. Respondents comprised 98 officers with a mean age of 47 years (SD = 3.49). The respondents were drawn from the rank of Major to Colonel who were commanding officers. These comprised 96 Lieutenant Colonels and Colonels (95.6%) and 2 Majors (4.4%) who were in acting capacity during the period. Data depicting the COs job specification were generated through FGDs and IDI guides. Subsequently, psychological scales measuring the COs' job specification were developed and standardised among 98 respondents. Validation of the job specification index was carried out using item analysis and inter-item correlation while the Data was analysed using factor analysis (Extraction method = Principal Component Analysis; Rotation method = Varimax with Kaiser Normalisation). The item analysis results indicated that there were 23 core items that explained the job specification index of commanding officers, with correlation coefficient ranging between 0.37 and 0.71. Factor analysis result showed that job specification index loaded significantly on three factors with Eigen values of 16.6, 2.9, and 1.3, depicting specific knowledge, skills, and abilities respectively. The job specification index constituted psychological constructs, which had implications for appointment, training and performance evaluation of COs in the Nigerian Army hence recommended for adoption in the Service.
      PubDate: 2013-09-10T07:44:53Z
       
  • Assessment of personality characteristics of Lagos "area boys"
    • Abstract: Author: Umeh, Charles S. Vol 21 Issue 2 Publication: 2013 Page: 27-34 : The study assessed the personality characteristics of area boys in order to determine if there are personality traits that are dominant among them. The participants were 110 area boys aged between 13 years and 41 years (x = 24.57, SD = 6.18) and 110 non area boys aged between 15 years and 35 years (x = 24.85, SD = 5.21) who were purposively selected. The Big Five Inventory (BFI), Psychopathic deviate scale (Pds) and Interpersonal Dependency Inventory (IDI) were administered to the participants. The result showed that the area boys differed significantly from the non area boys in the measures of psychopathic deviate, interpersonal dependency and assertion of autonomy (P< .05, df = 218, t = 1.96). The results were discussed in the light of personality and situational influences in the exhibition of behaviors.
      PubDate: 2013-09-10T07:44:53Z
       
  • Sexual behaviour practices of secondary school adolescents in Ibadan
           metropolis, South West Nigeria
    • Abstract: Author: Adegoke, Adekunle Anthony Vol 21 Issue 2 Publication: 2013 Page: 12-26 : This study examined the sexual behaviour practices of 1902 senior secondary school adolescents within age 12-20 years. It also assessed the influence of age, sex and parent education status on different aspects of their sexual behaviours. Results obtained revealed that seventy-four percent of the sampled adolescents had engaged in at least one form of sexual behaviour. Majority of the adolescents had their first sexual intercourse between age 12-18, with mean age of 13.7 years for boys and 14.3 years for girls. About twenty-one percent reported being sexually active, having engaged in sexual intercourse in the last one month prior to the conduct of the study. On the influence of age, sex and parent educational status, older adolescents were found to be significantly involved in sexual behaviours more than the younger adolescents. Male adolescents exhibited significantly more sexual behaviours than female counterpart, and adolescents from parent with low educational status were more sexually experienced and active than other adolescents from parents with higher educational status.
      PubDate: 2013-09-10T07:44:53Z
       
  • Co-morbidity of alcohol and psychiatric problems : impaired moral-ethical
           self as sources of irrational beliefs among custodial patients
    • Abstract: Author: Ottu, I.F.A. Afolabi, Aroyewun B. Ekore, John O. Osinowo, Helen Vol 21 Issue 2 Publication: 2013 Page: 1-11 : Alcohol and drug problems are pervasive throughout the world and constitute major disruptive conditions to people's social and family lives. This study examined the comorbidity of substance use and psychiatric problems among patients in a psychiatric setting. The central hypotheses in this study are that substance abuse impairs one's moral-ethical self which in turn leads to a cicious circle of behaviours, especially the generation of irrational beliefs: Confirming the hypothesis that the emergence of a psychiatric condition through alcohol and drugs is a product of irrational thoughts and beliefs, the study established a significant negative correlation between moral-ethical self and irrational beliefs (r = -.335; p <.05). It was also confirmed through Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) that there is a significant main effect of impaired moral-ethical self on generation of irrational beliefs. (F{1,42} = 6.10; <.05). Main effect of unimpaired moral-ethical self was not significant. Also, a t-test for independent samples show a statistically significant difference between high moral-ethical patients and low moral-ethical patients (t = -.199, df (44), p<.05). Participants with low moral-ethical self relapse more into bouts of irrational beliefs than a comparative group. The results were discussed in relation to past findings and health policy to reduce substance related psychiatric problems among people.
      PubDate: 2013-09-10T07:44:53Z
       
  • Editorial
    • Abstract: Author: Olowu, A.A. Vol 21 Issue 2 Publication: 2013 Page: i : The compilation of each new edition of our journals brings fresh challenges: scholars with different interest and concerns, current thinking and research to present and elucidate, past standards to try to exceed. This is more so in a competitive world where one must excel always. We have enjoyed grappling with these challenges again in the production of this Volume 21 Number 2, 2013 of our senior journal, IFE PsychologIA.
      PubDate: 2013-09-10T07:44:53Z
      Issue No: Vol. 21 (2013)
       
  • Counselling administration as a panacea for advancing and sustaining
           educational ideals in the 21st century
    • Abstract: Author: Umar, Talatu Ibrahim Vol 21 Issue 2 Publication: 2013 Page: 100-105 : The moribund and deteriorating quality of education which has continued unabated impinges heavy traumatic effects on Nigerian citizens and the nation as a whole. Despites efforts of all stakeholders including dossiers of research findings by researchers and scholars the resolution seems farther than expected. The near total absence of counselling in the educational system has yet to receive attention as the missing link between efforts and success. As the 21st century unveils the need to advance and sustain educational ideals becomes paramount. This paper work proposes the establishment of a counselling championed human resource unit in our educational system. Basically, the foundation of its full implementation is hinged upon a well-organized and developed counselling programme in schools. This position is an attempt to explore the possibilities of introducing an utilizing a well design human resource development department (HRD) to facilitate students success in our Nigerian Educational system.
      PubDate: 2013-09-10T07:44:53Z
       
  • Indigenous cultural practices as precursors to social work education in
           Nigeria
    • Abstract: Author: Olaleye, Yemisi Lydia Vol 21 Issue 2 Publication: 2013 Page: 106-112 : This paper examines indigenous cultural practices as precursors to social work education in Nigeria. Charitable service, mutual care and concern for needy kinsmen are not new in the age-long tradition of communal care. There are also the traditional mechanisms of mutual aid and community education through the observance of cultural norms, which inhibit socially undesirable behaviour, facilitate acceptable social behaviour and promote self-help. The advent of Christian missionaries set in motion the establishment of a number of social service institutions. Indigenous knowledge, particularly in the Nigerian context, has long been ignored and maligned by outsiders. Educational frameworks in indigenous communities are fundamentally based on the trans-generational transmission of culture and knowledge, which are carefully regulated by elders and transmitted through a variety of forms of communication. One striking revelation of this paper is that indigenous technology and knowledge cannot be easily wiped away because they are deeply rooted in people's culture. This paper concludes that African governments and international development agencies should recognize that local-level knowledge and organizations provide the foundation for participatory approaches to development that are both cost-effective and sustainable. The paper recommends that governments establish a global network of regional and national indigenous knowledge resource centres that document the historical and contemporary indigenous knowledge of numerous ethnic groups.
      PubDate: 2013-09-10T07:44:53Z
       
  • Internal migration of young persons and street trading activities in urban
           areas of Nigeria
    • Abstract: Author: Amoo, Emmanuel O. Wuraola, Adetoro Adebanke, Oluwole-Isaac Vol 21 Issue 2 Publication: 2013 Page: 113-122 : The study examined internal migration and urban employment among the youth in street trading activities in Nigeria through structured face-to-face interviews in randomly selected Central-Business-Districts in three major cities across three geopolitical zones in Nigeria. Data were analyzed using univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis. The result indicated that migrant youths with lower education are 0.723 and 0.623 times less likely to experience a change in welfare status compared to those with tertiary education. The study concludes that youth migration and street trading are escape routes from poverty and survival strategy that could inform employment policy in Nigeria.
      PubDate: 2013-09-10T07:44:53Z
       
 
 
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