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Publisher: Sabinet Online Ltd   (Total: 185 journals)

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ACCORD Occasional Paper     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
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Africa Insight     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
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Africa J. of Nursing and Midwifery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.128, h-index: 3)
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African Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 18)
African Finance J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
African J. for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
African J. of Farm Child and Youth Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
African J. of Herpetology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.51, h-index: 9)
African J. of Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 1)
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African Markets Overview     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
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Building Women     Full-text available via subscription  
Bulletin of Statistics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Cabo     Full-text available via subscription  
Cardiovascular J. of Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.3, h-index: 19)
Child Abuse Research in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Civil Engineering = Siviele Ingenieurswese     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Clean Air J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
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Commonwealth Youth and Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
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Conflict Trends     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Conspectus : The J. of the South African Theological Seminary     Full-text available via subscription  
Crime Research in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Current Allergy & Clinical Immunology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.126, h-index: 4)
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Ergonomics SA : J. of the Ergonomics Society of South Africa     Full-text available via subscription  
ESR Review : Economic and Social Rights in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
French Studies in Southern Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Fundamina : A J. of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Gender and Behaviour     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
HR Highway     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
IFE Psychologia : An Intl. J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Image & Text : a J. for Design     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
IMFO : Official J. of the Institute of Municipal Finance Officers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
IMIESA     Full-text available via subscription  
Indilinga African J. of Indigenous Knowledge Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Injury and Safety Monitor     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
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J. of African Elections     Full-text available via subscription  
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J. of Public Administration     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Juta's Business Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Kleio     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Learning and Teaching Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)

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Journal Cover   African Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance
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   ISSN (Print) 1117-4315
   Published by Sabinet Online Ltd Homepage  [185 journals]
  • African traditional healers' perception and diagnosis of mental illness
    • Abstract: Author: Madzhie, M. Mashamba, T.M. Takalani, F.J. Vol 20 Publication: 2014 Page: 319-328 Abstract: The study describes the traditional healers' perceptions of mental illness in Thulamela Municipality. The study was explorative and descriptive in nature. Data were obtained from semi structured interviews, wherein six participants were interviewed and analyzed by content analysis. The findings of this study showed that traditional healers perceive mental illnesses as behaviors that are unusual to a given society. The study indicated the following symptoms of mental illness according to traditional healers: seeing things and talking alone. The study also reveals different diagnosis strategies that are used by traditional healers as well as the treatments used to treat mental illness. It was concluded that positive relationship with other people in the community is importance in the prevention of mental illness.
      PubDate: 2015-04-13T11:09:23Z
       
  • Perceptions of teenagers about substance abuse at Muyexe village, Mopani
           district of Limpopo Province, South Africa
    • Abstract: Author: Lebese, R.T. Ramakuela, N.J. Maputle, M.S. Vol 20 Publication: 2014 Page: 329-347 Abstract: Substance abuse is a problem in South Africa and it has negative effects on the wellbeing of teenagers as it interferes with their development. Substance abuse produces both psychological, physical effects and it has a very bad impact on the total health of teenagers. This study explored the perceptions of teenagers' about substance abuse in Muyexe Village of Limpopo Province. A qualitative, exploratory, descriptive and contextual research design was used in this study. The population for this study consisted of all teenagers residing in Muyexe Village aged between 13 to 19 years. The sample was saturated at 15 teenagers who were made up of 8 males and 7 females which was purposefully selected. Data were collected through individual in-depth interview and analysed using eight steps as described by Tech's open coding. Four themes emerged from the raw data which are: perceptions about the types of substances that are abused by teenagers; perceived factors contributing to substance abuse by teenagers; psychosocial effect of substance abuse on teenagers; strategies to combat substance abuse amongst teenagers. The study recommends that educational, recreational facilities. It also recommends that teenagers should be actively involved and encouraged to participate in developmental programs and campaigns within the village. In addition, this study recommends a strong effort by all stakeholders in addressing the substance abuse problem amongst teenagers. It is concluded that teenagers perceive substance abuse as having negative effect to their lives.
      PubDate: 2015-04-13T11:09:23Z
       
  • Patterns of substance abuse among high school students
    • Abstract: Author: Mudhovozi, P. Maunganidze, L. Maseko, M. Ngwenya, F. Netshikweta, L.M. Vol 20 Publication: 2014 Page: 348-358 Abstract: Adolescent substance use is a major challenge facing the world today that has proliferated into a global health problem of epidemic proportions. The study sought to examine the patterns of substance use among adolescents in Gweru City. Using an analytical relational survey design, a questionnaire was administered to 372 high school students (age range = aged 14 to 20 years) selected using stratified random sampling. Data analysis involved descriptive statistics (frequencies and percentages). Substance use was moderated by school location and gender. The frequency of substance use varies with substances, with alcohol being the most commonly used substance. A higher proportion of the adolescents had first contact with substances below the age of 10 at home and with peers. Future studies should be conducted with larger samples to increase the generalisability of the findings.
      PubDate: 2015-04-13T11:09:23Z
       
  • Constraints faced by University of Venda students in sport and recreation
           participation
    • Abstract: Author: Mugwedi, N.P. Mulibana, P.K. Vol 20 Publication: 2014 Page: 359-369 Abstract: The study investigated constraints faced by University of Venda students in sport and recreation participation. A cross sectional study was conducted with 400 registered full-time students randomly sampled from different faculties within the University of Venda. Self-administered close-ended questionnaires validated using a hierarchical model of understanding leisure constraints guided the data collection process. Descriptive statistics (frequency and percentages) were used to analyse data. The major findings indicated that intrapersonal and structural constraints were ranked highest based on the response rate (percentages). Even though interpersonal constraints were ranked low, they do have less influence on student participation in sport and recreation. The study concludes that intrapersonal and structural constraints are dominant in sport and recreation participation among University of Venda students. It recommends strategies to overcome the constraints in sport and recreation participation at the University.
      PubDate: 2015-04-13T11:09:23Z
       
  • Medical practitioners' perceptions of psychologists as professional health
           care partners : a case of Harare city in Zimbabwe
    • Abstract: Author: Mugadza, S. Maunganidze, L. Mudhovozi, P. Vol 20 Publication: 2014 Page: 370-377 Abstract: Mutual collaboration between medical practitioners and psychologists could facilitate the provision of comprehensive patient care both in the private and public health systems. This newer approach, popularly known as the bio-psychological approach to patient care, is a call for health practitioners to focus on the biological, psychological and social needs of patients. The study investigated the medical practitioners' perceptions of psychologists as professional health care partners. A descriptive study was conducted. Stratified random sampling was employed to select practitioners from the different areas of specialisation. A modified version of Qwabe's (2009) questionnaire was adopted. The medical health practitioners believed that their patients benefited from psychological support and had collaborated with psychologists. However, some participants felt that psychologists had not added value to their understanding of human illness. Future research should explore the views of psychologists on collaboration with medical health practitioners.
      PubDate: 2015-04-13T11:09:23Z
       
  • Perceptions of primary health care workers in providing care to mental
           health care users in Vhembe district, Limpopo Province, South Africa
    • Abstract: Author: Shilubane, H.N. Khoza, L.B. Vol 20 Publication: 2014 Page: 378-387 Abstract: Most clinics at the Vhembe District of Limpopo Province are still staffed by primary health care workers who do not have psychiatric nursing as a qualification, and are expected to attend to all patients, including the mental health care users. The purpose of the study was to explore and describe the perceptions of primary health care workers in providing care to mental health care users. A qualitative, descriptive and exploratory design was used. The population of the study included all primary health care workers at Vhembe District, Limpopo Province, South Africa. A purposive sampling was used to obtain a sample of six clinics and 45 primary health care workers from 16 clinics at Mutale sub-district. Focus groups interviews were used. Data analysis was done using Tesch's open coding method. Lack of capacity and skills of primary health care workers to handle mental health care users, inadequate opportunities to provide mental health education, socio-cultural and political influences were found to influence the provision of care to mental health care users.
      PubDate: 2015-04-13T11:09:23Z
       
  • Screening for components of metabolic syndrome among corporate executives
           in Gauteng Province, South Africa
    • Abstract: Author: Muluvhu, Takalani C. Mukoma, Gudani Amusa, Lateef O. Goon, D.T. Delport, Maretha Vol 20 Publication: 2014 Page: 388-399 Abstract: Metabolic syndrome is an alarming epidemiological problem in the South African context. Many corporate executive employees are facing this problem due to several causes one of which is sedentary life. This study measured the predictors of metabolic syndrome of 374 (126 males and 248 females) corporate executives in the Gauteng province, South Africa. Anthropometric measurement (Stature and body mass), clinical measurement (blood pressure, total blood cholesterol and glucose levels was determined after a fasting period of ten hours using capillary blood sample obtained using finger prick) and 3 minutes step test for physical fitness were assessed. Purposive sampling method was used to select participants. Descriptive statistics (mean, standard deviations), Inferential and Chi-square were employed for data analysis. The statistical significance was set at p ≤ 0.05 and the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20 was also used. The results show that screening of obesity was higher in females (29.03 %) compared to males (27.77 %), whereas more males (45.23 %) scored higher in the overweight category than the females (32.66 %) and high blood pressure among men (7.9%) high than in females(6.4%). In addition, 15.32 % of females had high cholesterol compared to 15.07 % of their male counterpart. Results also demonstrate that 4.8 % of females had high glucose compared to 3.1 % of males. However, males demonstrated poor levels of physical activity (18.1%) compared to females (14.9%) thus showing that females were more physically active than males. This study indicates that participants are at risk for metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular disease.
      PubDate: 2015-04-13T11:09:23Z
       
  • Body composition of children with disabilities in Tshilizni and Fulufhelo
           special schools, Vhembe District, South Africa
    • Abstract: Author: Rasifudi, A.D. Goon, D.T. Makhabane, N. Matshovhana, K. Vol 20 Publication: 2014 Page: 400-411 Abstract: This study assessed the body mass index (BMI) and body fat percent of the children with disabilities in Tshilizni and Fulufhelo Special Schools, Vhembe District, South Africa. This was a cross-sectional study involving 199 children with disabilities at Tshilizni and Fulufhelo Special Schools aged 7-17 years. Measurements included stature, body mass and skinfolds (triceps and subscapular). BMI was calculated and body fat percent derived using Slaughter's equation. The mean age of the participants was 12.2 ± 2.6 years. There was no significant differences in stature (p = 0.205) between boys and girls, body mass. Girls had significantly higher values for skinfolds (triceps and subscapular) compared to their male counterparts (p = 0.000, p = ≤ 0.05). Girls had significantly higher mean values for BMI, percentage body fat, fat mass and Σ2SKF compared to boys (p = 0.000). Underweight occurred in 5% and 2% of boys and girls, respectively. The prevalence of underweight, overweight and obesity in the children was 3.5%, 10.6% and 5.0%, respectively. Among the boys, the prevalence of underweight, overweight and obesity were 5.0%, 4.0% and 2.0%, respectively. Corresponding figures for the girls were 2.0%, 17.0% and 8.0%, respectively. There is relatively high prevalence of obesity and overweight among children with disabilities in Tshilizni Special School; and the body fat in the normal range. This stresses the need to objectively assess the level of adiposity in children using objective measures. Notwithstanding, this indirect indicator of adiposity used in this present study among children with disabilities provides a baseline data concerning body weight disorders in a non-researched special population of children in the setting.
      PubDate: 2015-04-13T11:09:23Z
       
  • The impact of social network sites on the social health of University of
           Venda students, South Africa
    • Abstract: Author: Farhangpour, P. Matendawafa, A.W. Vol 20 Publication: 2014 Page: 412-425 Abstract: An exploratory, descriptive research was conducted among 50 randomly selected male and female students at University of Venda, a rural university in South Africa. The aim of the study was to investigate students' use of social network sites (SNS) and their effect on the social health and well-being of students. The results showed that majority of students (89%) used SNS mainly to chat with friends and update accounts. Facebook and WhatsApp were the most subscribed SNS on the campus. The use of SNS have made impact on the social health of students: 74% maintained that SNS changed their lives, allowing them to speedily communicate with friends and find new friends (68%); on the other hand 63% thought that SNS caused social isolation and 64% of them preferred chatting to friends rather than meeting with them. About 88% experienced conflicts with their partners due to SNS use and over 87% felt peer pressure-effect. The research findings point to students' frequent use of SNS sites and exposure to a variety of social development opportunities that can promote social health on one hand, and negative effects such as isolation, anxiety, and interpersonal conflicts that can compromise their social well-being on the other. Moreover, the study findings indicated alteration in social interaction patterns and possible change in the meaning of friendship and friendship circles. Based on these findings, and considering the vast and excessive use of SNS by students, more research on this topic is recommended. It is also suggested that an intervention programme is introduced in undergraduate curriculum to make students aware of the pros and cons of SNS and teach them strategies that optimise their social health benefits and guard them against possible harms.
      PubDate: 2015-04-13T11:09:23Z
       
  • A mental health promotion approach : the experiences of teachers in rural
           dysfunctional schools in Limpopo Province, South Africa
    • Abstract: Author: Kutame, A.P. Maluleke, M. Netshandama, V.O. Ramakuela, N.J. Vol 20 Publication: 2014 Page: 426-434 Abstract: In another study by the same researchers, a mental health promotion programme was implemented to teachers with the aim of improving and sustaining the quality of teaching and learning in dysfunctional rural schools. They recommended that a study be conducted to explore the effectiveness of mental health promotion approach in creating and sustaining the quality of teaching and learning in rural dysfunctional schools. The purpose of the study was to explore and describe the experiences of teachers on mental health promotion approach of creating a sustainable quality teaching and learning environment in rural schools. A qualitative design using essays was conducted with the participants consisting of teachers who were purposively selected. Teachers were requested to write essays narrating their experiences on the mental health promotion programme. Data were analysed using the open coding method. Results showed that through mental health promotion approach majority of teachers have benefitted to such extend that their self-worth and mental health have improved, and they have generally acquired skills to improve their quality of life and in a position to improve the quality of teaching and learning. The study concluded that if these teachers' teaching skills are improved, their mental health will be promoted. A mental healthy teacher can be motivated to improve and sustain the quality of teaching and learning at the schools. It is recommended that a study be conducted to explore the impact mental health on teaching and learning.
      PubDate: 2015-04-13T11:09:23Z
       
  • Anthropometric and physical activity profiles of University of Venda
           students, South Africa
    • Abstract: Author: Mohlala, M. Ramalivhana, F.W. Vol 20 Publication: 2014 Page: 435-445 Abstract: Obesity has become a problem of epidemic proportions, with nearly two thirds of adults being either overweight or obese. Physical activity appears crucial in the prevention of weight gain and successful maintenance of weight loss, and in fostering of cardiovascular health. This study assessed the body composition and physical activity level among University of Venda students. Anthropometric measurements included body mass, stature, triceps, subscapular, chest, suprailiac, thigh, arm, waist, hip, calf, humerus and femur]. Physical activity level was measured using a standardized questionnaire. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. The results revealed that males were overweight (23.30%) as compared to their female counterparts (21.70%). However, the females were obese (23.30%) compared to the males (6.70%). The study demonstrated that 34.3% had a low physical activity level, 61.7% were moderately active and 4% were highly active. The study concludes that obesity and physical inactivity were prevalent among the University of Venda students. This is disturbing, given the health consequences resulting from obesity and lack of physical activity. Strategies such as behaviour modifications and physical activity should be put in place address the pandemic.
      PubDate: 2015-04-13T11:09:23Z
       
  • Coping with stress : parents caring for children with special health needs
    • Abstract: Author: Radzilani-Makatu, M. Vol 20 Publication: 2014 Page: 446-458 Abstract: Parenting a child with special health care needs is a stressful situation that demands constructive coping strategies. The study explored the coping strategies that parents of children with special health care needs adopt in dealing with their child's condition. The study adopted qualitative exploratory design. Non-probability purposive and snowball sampling methods were adopted to recruit ten participants. Data were collected by means of unstructured face-to-face interviews and analysed through thematic content analysis. The study found that both parents are affected by the presence of the child with special health care needs and as a result they adopt similar, different or collaborative coping strategies that are either negative or positive in nature. It is concluded that even though having a child with special health care needs has an impact on fathers, mothers suffer most as primary carers who strive to keep the balance between caring for that child and normal children in the family. The study recommends that both parents should consider sharing responsibilities in support and caring for the child so to lessen the burden of caring for the children in the family.
      PubDate: 2015-04-13T11:09:23Z
       
  • Knowledge of clinical nurse practitioners regarding notification of
           notifiable diseases at Greater Tzaneen municipality in Mopani district,
           South Africa
    • Abstract: Author: Lowane, M.P. Mamabolo, R.L. Mashau, N.S. Vol 20 Publication: 2014 Page: 459-468 Abstract: Under-reporting of notifiable infectious diseases, remain a major problem amongst health care professionals globally. Several studies found that lack of knowledge of health care professionals are contributing factors to under-reporting of notifiable infectious diseases. South Africa has a routine notification system of reporting notifiable infectious diseases which is stipulated in the Government Act no 61 of 2003 and regulations regarding the reporting of specific diseases to the local, provincial and national health departments. However, under-reporting of notifiable diseases remains high in the country. This study was aimed at assessing the knowledge of clinical nurse practitioners regarding notification of infectious diseases. A quantitative, cross sectional, descriptive design was used to assess the knowledge of clinical nurse practitioners regarding infectious diseases notification at greater Tzaneen Municipality of Limpopo Province. The sample included all clinical nurse practitioners operating under Greater Tzaneen Municipality because of their small population. A total of 145 clinical nurse practitioners were included in the study, thus constituting 70% response rate. The mean age of the respondents was 43.23 ± 9.16. The mean age of males was 41.04 ± 6.59 and that of females was 43.6 5 ± 9.53. The results revealed that clinical nurse practitioners lack knowledge regarding notification of notifiable diseases. The study, therefore, recommends that the employer provide clinical nurse practitioner with training and should actively promote the importance of notifiable diseases reporting to their clinicians.
      PubDate: 2015-04-13T11:09:23Z
       
  • Perceptions regarding occupational injuries by employees at Letaba
           hospital in Mopani district, South Africa
    • Abstract: Author: Malatjie, S. Radzilani-Makatu, M. Vol 20 Publication: 2014 Page: 469-480 Abstract: The study explored the perceptions of employees regarding occupational injuries at Letaba Hospital in Mopani District of South Africa. The qualitative exploratory design was conducted with thirty-five purposively selected participants. Five tape recorded focus group discussions were conducted. Data were analysed using Tesch's eight steps of data analysis. The participants experienced occupational injuries such as burns, falling from ladders and needle pricks due to negligence in the use of Personal Protective Equipments. The findings revealed that even though the participants knew about occupational injuries, some blamed others, jealous and witchcraft as causes of injuries. Negative perceptions and experiences of the employees toward the use of Personal Protective Equipment were still a challenge to some participants. The study concluded that employees with negative perceptions and experiences regarding occupational injuries put low preventive effort and become exposed to injuries as a result of ignorance. The study recommended that in order to prevent occupational injuries, strategies be put in place to ensure that employees value what they are taught and associate occupational health and safety practices with the benefits they bring.
      PubDate: 2015-04-13T11:09:23Z
       
  • Effect of employees' working conditions in the burnt brick manufacturing
           industries in the Vhembe District of Limpopo Province, South Africa
    • Abstract: Author: Mukwevho, M.H. Zikhali, P.T.S. Radzilani-Makatu, M. Vol 20 Publication: 2014 Page: 481-490 Abstract: In recent years, burnt bricks have become the most important building materials used in South Africa. The manufacturing of burnt bricks in rural areas especially in South Africa fulfills the growing demands of urbanisation and a rapidly increasing population. Hence, the primary aim of this study was to examine and describe how working conditions in the burnt brick kiln industry affect worker's health in the Vhembe district of the Limpopo Province, South Africa. A mixed method research design was used in a cross-sectional study. A sample of 200 respondents was drawn from the population of 580 that included all brick kiln workers employed as moulders, clay preparation and blending, firemen, pallet packers, health and safety workers, shop-stewards and supervisory staff. Data were collected through questionnaire and semi-structured interviews. The findings confirm that the burnt brick kiln sector, especially in rural areas, is a threat to the physical health and safety of the workers. Many workers reported that they experience neck, upper back, shoulder and hand pain, as well as breathing difficulties or chest pains. The surveyed companies had an average monthly sickness-related absenteeism of twenty six percent (26%). Significant interactions were found for the combinations of physical working conditions and hazardous exposure to work environment risk factors (p
      PubDate: 2015-04-13T11:09:23Z
       
  • Evaluation of the conceptual model for effective TB control in rural
           hospitals in Vhembe district, South Africa
    • Abstract: Author: Tshitangano, T.G. Maputle, M.S. Mangena-Netshikweta, L.M. Vol 20 Publication: 2014 Page: 155-164 : This paper reports the evaluation of a conceptual model, which was developed to enhance health care workers' adoption of effective measures of tuberculosis control in hospitals of Vhembe district, South Africa. The evaluation used Fawcett's six criteria namely, comprehensiveness of content, logical congruence, level of abstraction, conceptual clarity, clinical utility, and perspectives of culture were used. Four categories of participants including the doctoral thesis promoters, peer-reviewers of a journal where the model was published, the external examiners as well as the doctoral thesis defence panel attested that the content of the developed conceptual model is comprehensive, logically congruent at an acceptable level of abstraction, conceptually clear and clinically utilizable within cultural perspectives. It is therefore recommended that the conceptual model be adopted for use operationally to enhance health care workers' adoption of effective measures of tuberculosis control. In addition, the model should be adopted for use as a conceptual framework for research studies.
      PubDate: 2015-04-13T11:09:22Z
       
  • The existence of health services delay in TB diagnosis and treatment at
           rural hospitals in Vhembe district, South Africa
    • Abstract: Author: Tshitangano, T.G. Maputle, S.M. Mangena-Netshikweta, L.M. Vol 20 Publication: 2014 Page: 165-175 Abstract: In 2012, the high global tuberculosis mortality of 1.4 million was associated with delayed tuberculosis diagnosis and treatments. This study, which was conducted at seven rural hospitals of Vhembe district aimed to investigate the existence of delayed tuberculosis diagnosis and treatments. A combination of both qualitative and quantitative approaches using cross-sectional descriptive design was adopted. Quantitative data was collected though document study, where a total of fifty eight randomly selected files were studied, whereas qualitative data was collected through focus group discussions where 57 purposively selected health care workers were studied. Quantitative data was analyzed by means of excel spread sheet to determine the average time intervals. Qualitative data collected during focus group discussions were analyzed using the open coding based on Tech's criteria described by Creswell. The study discovered an average of 43 hours delay in tuberculosis diagnosis and 45 hours delay in the initiation of appropriate tuberculosis treatments. This delay was accompanied by more than 24 hours delay in sputum acid fast bacilli collection. It was then concluded that considerable delay in tuberculosis diagnosis and treatment exists in rural hospitals of Vhembe district. Thus, the implementation of "on the spot sputum collection and 24 hours sputum turnaround time" was recommended to reduce tuberculosis these delays.
      PubDate: 2015-04-13T11:09:22Z
       
  • Perception of social workers on the effects of caring for HIV positive
           children, orphans and the elderly people in Vhembe district, Limpopo
           Province, South Africa
    • Abstract: Author: Singo, V.J. Maluleke, T.X. Lebese, R.T. Nemathaga, L.H. Vol 20 Publication: 2014 Page: 176-186 Abstract: The study explored the views of social workers on the effects of caring for HIV positive children and orphans on the elderly people. The main objective was to describe the views of social workers on the effects of HIV/AIDS on the elderly people in the Vhembe District, Limpopo Province. A qualitative approach which is, explorative and descriptive was followed. The population comprised all social workers in the Thulamela Municipality employed by the Department of Health and Social Development. Purposive sampling of eight participants was selected from three social work sub-offices. In-depth individual interviews were used to collect data, which was analysed using Tesch's eight steps. Four themes emerged namely, effects of caring for HIV children and orphans on the elderly, coping strategies used by elderly people, challenges faced by elderly people and services rendered to the elderly. The elderly affected by HIV/AIDS suffer both psychologically and physically when caring for children infected or affected by HIV/AIDS. Insufficient financial and human resources result in stress and poor coping skills.
      PubDate: 2015-04-13T11:09:22Z
       
  • Challenges faced by HIV positive parents regarding status disclosure to
           their children in Thulamela municipality, Vhembe District, South Africa
    • Abstract: Author: Ramakulukusha, T. Akinsola, H.A. Mashau, N.S. Vol 20 Publication: 2014 Page: 187-195 Abstract: The choice of disclosure or to conceal one's status remains that of the infected person. Both disclosure and concealment might result in disadvantages, such as social isolation, diminished access to health and social services and diminished sense of personal control. The purpose of this study was to describe and explore the challenges faced by HIV positive parents regarding status-disclosure to their children.The study adopted a qualitative design and the population included HIV positive parents attending a support group at Phiphidi clinic. Non-probability sampling method was used to purposively select participants for the study. The open coding method was used during data analysis, following the eight steps identified by Tesch. The themes and sub themes have emerged from data analysis. The results revealed that most parents were concerned about their children's reaction to the news and they anticipated that their children would reject and blame them for their illness. The results also showed that parents who disclosed their HIV status to their children weighed the positive outcomes of disclosure against the negative ones before disclosing to their children. The study recommended that disclosure counseling should be an entry point at the health care facilities.
      PubDate: 2015-04-13T11:09:22Z
       
  • Social and professional support of tuberculosis patients on treatment at
           health services in Vhembe district, Limpopo Province, South Africa
    • Abstract: Author: Tshivhase, L. Mangena-Netshikweta, L.M. Ramakuela, N.J. Vol 20 Publication: 2014 Page: 196-205 Abstract: Tuberculosis (TB) is a global health concern, with an estimated 8.9 million new cases worldwide in 2004 and two million deaths each year. Tuberculosis remains a global health threat despite availability of treatment for over 50 years. The study explored the social and professional support to Tuberculosis patients whilst on TB treatment at health services of Vhembe district in Limpopo Province, South Africa. An explorative descriptive research design, using qualitative methodology was adopted. The population consisted of all TB patients on TB treatment from their 3rd month of treatment. Purposive sampling was used to select five clinics and eleven participants for the study. A semi-structured interview was conducted to explore the experiences of TB patients in relation to their treatment. Tesch's eight steps of data analysis were used to analyse data. Measures to ensure trustworthiness and ethical issues were ensured. The results of the study revealed that TB patients experienced challenges when taking TB treatments. They lacked social support by some family members, colleagues', employers and health professionals and lack social grant leading to poor social support. Recommendations of this study included education of the social and professional support of TB patients whilst on treatment.
      PubDate: 2015-04-13T11:09:22Z
       
  • Socio-cultural factors and knowledge of tuberculosis related to late
           presentation at antenatal care among pregnant mothers in Limpopo Province,
           South Africa
    • Abstract: Author: Mulondo, S.A. Khoza, L.B. M.S. Maputle Maputle, S. Vol 20 Publication: 2014 Page: 206-223 Abstract: Tuberculosis is the most prevalent disease for women during their childbearing age 15-44 years. Despite the implementation of Basic Antenatal Care (BANC) world-wide, mothers still present late at Antenatal Care (ANC) facility. Using descriptive research design, this study described the socio-cultural factors and knowledge about TB associated with late presentation at ANC among pregnant mothers. A representative sample of pregnant and breast feeding mothers diagnosed with Tuberculosis were selected from ten hospitals in Limpopo Province. Data were analysed using Tech's method. The findings revealed that TB stigma, link of Tuberculosis with HIV, poverty, poor support, use of THs/TBAs, religion and limited knowledge were associated with late presentation at antenatal care. There is a need for urgent health education campaign to convince the general population that TB is curable.
      PubDate: 2015-04-13T11:09:22Z
       
  • Socio-economic challenges experienced by voluntary home-based caregivers
           in rural settings of Limpopo Province, South Africa
    • Abstract: Author: Mashau, N.S. Netshandama, V.O. Mudau, M.J. Vol 20 Publication: 2014 Page: 224-234 Abstract: Community home-based care programmes in South Africa are managed by voluntary homebased caregivers. However, various studies have shown that home-based care programmes in South Africa and other developing countries operate within economically deprived conditions. The purpose of the study was to explore the socio-economic challenges experienced by voluntary home-based caregivers in rural settings of Limpopo Province. A qualitative research approach which was exploratory and descriptive in nature was used. Purposive sampling was used to select 48 participants. Data were collected through focus groups discussions and analysed using Tesch's open-coding method. The results showed that voluntary home-based caregivers experienced socio-economic challenges resulting from many factors such as insufficient stipend, impact of poverty and lack of money for transport. The study recommended capacity building of voluntary home-based caregivers through active participation of community stakeholders. The study showed that voluntary home-based caregivers were also experiencing economic challenges as their patients.
      PubDate: 2015-04-13T11:09:22Z
       
  • Traditional healers' perception of HIV/AIDS and its treatment in Thulamela
           municipality
    • Abstract: Author: Madzhie, M. Ramuhashi, A.G. Nkwinika, G. Mashamba, T. Vol 20 Publication: 2014 Page: 235-243 Abstract: The study sought to explain traditional healer's perception of HIV/AIDS and its treatment. A qualitative approach was followed using purposive sampling to select participants. Semi-structured interviews were used to collect data which was analysed using thematic content analysis. Findings showed that, traditional healers perceive HIV/AIDS as any other illness, such as sexually transmitted infections (STI). Causes of HIV/AIDS according to traditional healers includes: The Ancestors and God as causal agents of HIV/AIDS, witches and sorcerers as causal agents of HIV/AIDS and breaches of taboos as the cause of HIV/AIDS. Transmission includes: sexual intercourse, mother-to-child transmission, transmission through contaminated blood and the use of unsterilized instruments and the treatment includes herbal remedies.
      PubDate: 2015-04-13T11:09:22Z
       
  • Challenges experienced by pregnant women living with HIV/AIDS in rural
           Vhembe District of Limpopo Province, South Africa
    • Abstract: Author: Malindi, F.C. Lebese, R.T. Ramakuela, N.J. Vol 20 Publication: 2014 Page: 244-254 Abstract: Pregnant women living with HIV/AIDS experience insufficient support from their spouse/life partner, family members and the society at large. They also lack financial support as most of them are unemployed and depending on their children's grants, maintenance from former husband and support from their husbands who are not full time employees. The study explored challenges experienced by pregnant women who are living with HIV/AIDS at the Vhembe District of Limpopo Province and to determine the level of support needed. The study was qualitative, explorative, descriptive, phenomenological, and contextual in nature. The population comprised all pregnant women living with HIV/AIDS at the Vhembe District of Limpopo Province. Purposive sampling method was used to select 12 participants for the study. Data were collected through in-depth individual interviews, guided by in-depth individual unstructured questions. Tesch's eight steps of qualitative data analysis were used. Measures to ensure trustworthiness and ethical issues were observed. The results of the study revealed that pregnant women who are living with HIV/AIDS were experiencing lack of physical, emotional and financial support, and acceptance by the society. In view of the enormous challenges that pregnant women living with HIV/AIDS face in their everyday life, they need to receive support financially, emotionally and physically.
      PubDate: 2015-04-13T11:09:22Z
       
  • Challenges experienced by professional nurses caring for patients
           diagnosed with AIDS-related illnesses at the hospital, Tshwane district,
           Gauteng province, South Africa
    • Abstract: Author: Ndou, N.D. Maputle, M.S. Lebese, R.T. Khoza, L.B. Vol 20 Publication: 2014 Page: 255-265 Abstract: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) related illnesses, Tshwane district in Gauteng province, South Africa. This study employed qualitative, descriptive, explorative and contextual designs. The study included all professional nurses allocated in the units where patients diagnosed with AIDS related illnesses are cared. The researcher Data were collected after obtaining the ethical clearance from Tshwane University's Health and Safety Research Ethics committee. Informed consent from the participants was obtained without coercion. In-depth individual interviews were conducted using semi-structured interview guide. Data were analysed by means of using Tesch's open coding method. The findings of this study revealed that professional nurses experience physical and psychological challenges whilst caring for patients diagnosed with AIDS related illnesses. The research findings also revealed the causal-effect relationship between the challenges identified. The Department of health was seen to be reluctant to respond the professional nurses challenges, hence stress and burnout. The challenges had a negative impact on the professional nurses' performance physically and psychologically. The researcher therefore recommended that research on challenges experienced by professional nurses be conducted in all the provinces of South Africa in order to influence the DOH to address them.
      PubDate: 2015-04-13T11:09:22Z
       
  • Attitudes of youths towards condom use at Botlokwa village Limpopo
           Province, South Africa
    • Abstract: Author: Mudau, I.P. Nemathaga, L.H. Risenga, R.P. Vol 20 Publication: 2014 Page: 266-272 Abstract: The main purpose of this study was to investigate the attitudes of teenagers towards condom use. The study was conducted at Botlokwa village, Capricorn district of Limpopo Province. The study was conceptualized on the Health belief model (HBM). A quantitative, cross sectional approach was adopted using a descriptive design. A non-probability purposive sampling was used to handpick 80 respondents which included youths between the ages 14 to 19 years and data collection was done using a self-administered questionnaire. The major inferences drawn from this study included non-availability of condoms which led youths not to use condoms during sexual intercourse. A positive attitude towards condom use was observed among the youth respondents. The feedback from the youths is an indication that inadequate knowledge on the effectiveness of female condoms led to non-use of condoms. Non-availability of condoms and coerced sex also contribute to non-use of condoms.
      PubDate: 2015-04-13T11:09:22Z
       
  • Effective support model for professional nurses caring for HIV patients
           with AIDS related illnesses in Tshwane district of Gauteng Province, South
           Africa
    • Abstract: Author: Ndou, N.D. Maputle, M.S. Khoza, L.B. Lebese, R.T. Vol 20 Publication: 2014 Page: 273-283 Abstract: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) pandemic constitutes serious challenges to the development and social progress in Southern Africa. Professional nurses providing care to patients diagnosed with AIDS related illnesses are identified as a risk group in terms of contracting Human Immune Virus (HIV). They experienced challenges whilst carrying out their basic tasks to AIDS patients in promoting, preventing and maintenance of health. The main purpose of the study was to develop a model for supporting professional nurses caring for patients with AIDS related illnesses at an academic hospital, Tshwane district of Gauteng province. Qualitative method was employed to explore the challenges and support experienced by professional nurses when caring for patients who are admitted at the hospital with AIDS related illnesses. The population consisted of all professional nurses working at the hospital caring for patients diagnosed with AIDS related illnesses. A non-probability sampling method was used to determine the sample of the study. In-depth individual interviews were conducted using semi-structured interview guide. The major concept "effective support" was identified through concept analysis, followed by model development for supporting professional nurses. A model was developed based on Neuman's system model and the findings from the study. Dickoff, James and Wiedenbach's (1968) survey list were employed to describe the structure of the model.
      PubDate: 2015-04-13T11:09:22Z
       
  • Experiences of employees living with HIV/AIDS regarding support in
           workplaces in Vhembe district of Limpopo province, South Africa
    • Abstract: Author: Nemabaka, N. Ramathuba, D.U. Risenga, R.P. Vol 20 Publication: 2014 Page: 284-293 Abstract: The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and the Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) collectively termed HIV/AIDS, remains the most challenging infectious disease faced by public health systems in recent times as it poses a great burden to people's socioeconomic standards and health. The study explored and described the experience of employees living with HIV/AIDS regarding the support they receive in their various workplaces. The study design was qualitative, descriptive, explorative and contextual. Non-probability purposive sampling method was used. Data were collected using interviews and analysed using an open-coding method. Findings revealed that the participant employees received some form of support from managers and experienced negative attitudes and discrimination from co-workers after disclosure of their HIV-positive status. These experiences precipitated emotional pain and a sense of insecurity among participants. The study recommended the adoption of best practices in workplaces, promotion of HIV/AIDS education, prevention, counselling, designing HIV/AIDS policies and making the workplace positive and accepting.
      PubDate: 2015-04-13T11:09:22Z
       
  • Food insecurity among HIV sero-positive patients in Vhembe District,
           Limpopo province, South Africa
    • Abstract: Author: Tshililo, A.R. Mangena-Netshikweta, M.L. Z.N. Salim Vol 20 Publication: 2014 Page: 294-303 Abstract: Due to the uncertainties of job availabilities among rural communities, poverty stricken families find it hard to supply enough food to their family members. Food insecurity refers to limited or uncertain availability of nutritionally adequate, safe foods or the inability to acquire personally acceptable foods in socially acceptable ways. The purpose of this study was to explore food insecurity among HI Sero-positive patients in rural Vhembe district of Limpopo Province. A qualitative, exploratory, descriptive and contextual design was used. A non-probability, purposive sampling method was used to select eight family members who care for HI seropositive patients at home. Permission to conduct a study was obtained from University of Venda Higher Degrees Committee, University of Venda Health, Safety Research Ethics Committee and the Provincial Department of Health. Informed consent also obtained from participants. In-depth interviews were conducted with eight family members. Data were analyzed according to Tesch's open-coding method. This study revealed that debilitating nature of patient, condition, altered socio-economic status and insufficient knowledge about the importance of nutrition in human health are the determinants of food insecurity amongst HIV Seropositive patients. The study concluded that food insecurity is challenge among HI seropositive patients and thus hinders their recovery.
      PubDate: 2015-04-13T11:09:22Z
       
  • Competence of lay counsellors in HIV voluntary counselling and testing at
           Mopani District of Limpopo Province, South Africa : an observational study
           
    • Abstract: Author: Ramalepe, M.J. Khoza, L.B. Maputle, M.S. Vol 20 Publication: 2014 Page: 304-314 Abstract: Competent lay counsellors contribute to the scaling up of Voluntary Counselling and Testing uptake services and to the achievement of Millennium goal number 6. The purpose of the study was to assess the competence of the lay counsellors related to Voluntary Counselling and Testing in the health facilities of Mopani district, namely: Greater Tzaneen, Greater Letaba and BaPhalaborwa municipalities. Quantitative research design was used. The population consisted of thirty three (33) lay counsellors who were implementing Voluntary Counselling and Testing. Data was collected using a structured check list. Data were analysed quantitatively using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 21.0 to obtain frequency distribution and percentages. The results revealed that more than 50% of the lay counsellors were competent in using verbal and non-verbal communication to establish a therapeutic and supportive environment for clients. Less competent skills were demonstrated on information sharing on HIV issues. Recommendations included, in-service training, formal supervision and sensitization of health managers to the importance and logistical requirements of counselling.
      PubDate: 2015-04-13T11:09:22Z
       
  • Nurse educators and first year student nurses' perceptions of poor
           interaction in the classroom environment
    • Abstract: Author: Khoza, L.B. Mathevula, F. Vol 20 Publication: 2014 Page: 19-30 Abstract: Poor interactions in the classroom are sources of stress between nurse educators and first-year student nurses. During the first encounter in the classroom, students are fully dependent on their educator. However, the support that they need might be lacking owing to poor relationships or flawed interaction. The purpose of this study was to determine the nurse educators and first year student nurses' perceptions of poor interaction in the classroom environment. The study attempted to answer the following specific question: What do nurse educators and student nurse neophytes regard as examples of poor interaction in the classroom setting? The accessible population in this study were all first-year student nurse registered with the University of Venda for the Baccalaureus Curationis and nurse educators responsible for teaching first-year student nurses in this programme. The study used stratified random sampling to obtain two groups of student participants. Forty first-year student nurses were divided into homogenous subsets of 15 males and 25 females. A random sampling was conducted to select 10 males and 15 females. The sampling of nurse educators was purposive. Focus groups were used to interview students and individuals, using in-depth interviews to gather data from nurse educators. The study revealed that both nurse educators and student nurse neophytes concur that negative interaction inhibited student learning and contributed to negative outcomes in classroom settings. Nurse educators should provide stimulating, safe and well-managed learning environments, in order for students to advance academically.
      PubDate: 2015-04-13T11:09:21Z
       
  • Challenges faced by learners with albinism in active recreation activities
           at Tshilidzini Special School, Thohoyandou, South Africa
    • Abstract: Author: Matshovhana, K. Mulibana, P.K. Vol 20 Publication: 2014 Page: 1-9 Abstract: People with albinism in black African communities appear to be facing challenges that result in a range of social, psychological and physical problems, which affect their participation in active recreation activities. The study examined the challenges faced by learners with albinism in active recreation activities at Tshilidzini Special School. A purposive sampling technique was used to select 28 participants. Quantitative research approach was used to collect data. The results indicated that hot weather conditions severely affect the participants' skin while participating in active recreation activities. Participation in recreation activities has lots of impact on the health of learners with albinism. Problems concerning vision were found to be a major aspect of the physical challenges faced by learners with albinism while engaging in active recreation activities. As people with albinism have little melanin pigment, their skin is extremely sensitive to sunburn. This poses a great challenge to learners with albinism while participating in recreation activities in sunny weather conditions, where learners with albinism use sunscreen to protect their skin against the sun while participating in sports and recreation activities. The findings have implications for designing and implementing physical recreation activities for learners with albinism.
      PubDate: 2015-04-13T11:09:21Z
       
  • Socio-economic backgrounds of learners attending violence-prone rural
           secondary schools in Vhembe district, South Africa
    • Abstract: Author: Tugli, A.K. Tshitangano, T.G. Ramathuba, D.U. Akinsola, H.A. Amosu, A.M. Mabunda, J. Mashau, N.S. Anyanwu, F.C. Khoza, L.B. Oni, H.T Vol 20 Publication: 2014 Page: 40-50 Abstract: This study investigated the socio-economic backgrounds of learners attending 10 rural secondary schools plagued with violent student behaviours in the Vhembe district of South Africa. A quantitative cross-sectional descriptive survey design was adopted. Self-administered questionnaires were used to collect data from 334 randomly selected learners aged between 14 and 25 years. All the 10 secondary schools in rural Vhumbedzi educational circuit in the Vhembe district of the Limpopo province were involved. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics. Whilst 180 (53.9%) of the participants were females, the majority (n=223; 66.8%) were in the 15-20 age group. The results showed that most of the participants live in poor households without access to portable water and modern source of energy for cooking and heating. Of the participants, about 50 (35%) males and 80 (46%) females reported living with both biological parents (mother and father) while attending school. Since poverty can be linked to violence, the study recommends that the government poverty alleviation programme must target individual homes of learners afflicted with poverty.
      PubDate: 2015-04-13T11:09:21Z
       
  • Healthy eating knowledge and its consequences among rural secondary school
           learners in Vhembe district, South Africa
    • Abstract: Author: Tshitangano, T.G. Tugli, A.K. Ramathuba, D.U. Khoza, L.B. Akinsola, H.A. Tshililo, A.R. Maputle, M.S. Ramakuela, N.J. Anyanwu, C.F. Netshikweta, M.L. Mashau, N.S. Mabunda, J. Vol 20 Publication: 2014 Page: 31-39 Abstract: This study assessed knowledge of healthy eating and its consequences among rural secondary school learners. The study adopted a quantitative approach using a descriptive survey design. Data were collected from 321 randomly selected learners aged 14 - 18 years using a self-administered questionnaire. Permission was obtained from all relevant authorities. Parents/learners' informed consent was obtained. The majority (88%; n= 289) of learners did not know the basic nutrients found in food as compared to only 12% (n=32) who knew. Similarly, the majority (88% n= 289) of learners did not know food items that supply people with the basic nutrients as compared to only 12% (n=32) who knew. The conclusion was that rural secondary school learners in Vhembe district possessed inadequate knowledge of healthy eating. As a consequence, learners chose to buy and eat non-nutritious food items during school breaks. Education about healthy eating habits should be intensified in rural schools of Vhembe district.
      PubDate: 2015-04-13T11:09:21Z
       
  • Transition from pre-tertiary to tertiary educational institution :
           perceived challenges by students with disabilities at a rural university
           in the Limpopo Province, South Africa
    • Abstract: Author: Tugli, A.K. Vol 20 Publication: 2014 Page: 10-18 Abstract: Though transition from pre-tertiary to tertiary institutions needs to bring new aspirations and a sense of change in many areas of life’s experiences for students with disabilities, it can also bring about many un-anticipated challenges. This study assessed the perception of students with disabilities concerning challenges associated with their transition from pre-tertiary to tertiary educational institution. A descriptive design was employed in which questionnaires were administered to 67 students with disabilities (mean age = 26.58±4.69 years) at the University of Venda. Descriptive data analysis indicated that many challenges exist in the host institution that hinder the smooth transition of students with disabilities beyond the pre-tertiary level. To many students with disabilities, transition seemed to be a culture shock leaving them unwelcomed in the new learning environment. It is, therefore, recommended that tertiary institutions provide a wide range of support to students with disabilities in special needs areas such as: admission, teaching methodology, learning programmes, learner support materials and equipment.
      PubDate: 2015-04-13T11:09:21Z
       
  • Perceptions of women regarding physical activity during pregnancy and
           post-natal period at rural village in Vhembe district of Limpopo Province,
           South Africa
    • Abstract: Author: Maputle, M.S. Lebese, R.T. Khoza, L.B. Vol 20 Publication: 2014 Page: 51-63 Abstract: Childbirth exercises are part of parenthood preparation which do not only focus on the physical fitness of expecting and post delivered mothers, but also on maintaining fetal wellbeing, as well as preventing future gynaecological and orthopaedic problems. The purpose of this study was to assess the perceptions of women regarding physical activity during childbirth period at a rural village in Vhembe district. A quantitative cross-sectional descriptive research design was used for this study. The study population consisted of 100 participants. The probability, simple random sampling was used to sample 59 women pregnant from 2nd trimester and 41 post delivered mothers from 0-6 months to participate in the study. Data were collected by administering structured questionnaires which included questions on the biographic information, knowledge on the type, benefits, complications and practising of antenatal and postnatal exercises. Participants had variable perceptions on knowledge regarding the types, benefit, complications and performance of exercises. Physical activity during pregnancy has being found to be beneficial to both mother and her unborn baby. The promotion of safe effective physical activity should be emphasised when delivering health education during antenatal care at Primary Health Care.
      PubDate: 2015-04-13T11:09:21Z
       
  • Child support grant and increase of teenage pregnancy in rural
           dysfunctional secondary schools
    • Abstract: Author: Mbulaheni, V.M. Kutame, A.P. Francis, J. Maluleke, M. Vol 20 Publication: 2014 Page: 64-74 Abstract: There are speculations that teenage pregnancy in rural secondary schools is increasing due to the provision of child support grant. Reports from schools on the number of pregnancies suggest that they are increasing and are a cause for concern for school authorities. The aim of this study was to investigate if child support grant promotes teenage pregnancy in rural secondary schools in Vhembe District of Limpopo Province. Quantitative research design was adopted in this study. Questionnaires were distributed to students of both sexes regardless of whether they receive child support grant. Permission to conduct the study in schools was granted before data was collected. A simple random sampling procedure was used to select learners from the selected secondary schools. Data analysis was done using a computer loaded with the Statistical Package of Social Science programme. The results revealed that the child support grant promotes teenage pregnancies in rural secondary schools. Teenage girls engage in unprotected sex in order to fall pregnant because they want child support grant. Some teenage girls admire their peers who are getting child support grant and engage in unprotected sex hoping to get pregnant. It is recommended that further research on measures to reduce teenage pregnancies resulting from urge to get child support grant be conducted.
      PubDate: 2015-04-13T11:09:21Z
       
  • Knowledge and beliefs about termination of pregnancy among teenagers in
           Vhembe district of Limpopo Province, South Africa
    • Abstract: Author: Netshisaulu, K.G. Netshikweta, M.L. Nemathaga, L.H. Tshitangano, T.G. Vol 20 Publication: 2014 Page: 75-82 Abstract: The purpose of this study was to determine knowledge and beliefs on termination of pregnancies among teenagers in Vhembe district of Limpopo province. A quantitative, exploratory, descriptive approach was used. The respondents were selected by convenience sampling from all teenagers who terminated their pregnancies at a reproductive health unit of a selected community hospital, during data collection. The sample consisted of 208 pregnant teenagers aged 19 years and younger. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data, which was analysed by computing frequencies and percentages using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences. The study revealed that teenagers' lack of knowledge regarding reproductive health and sexual issues was significantly associated with the belief that termination of pregnancy could be used as a contraceptive method. Therefore, teenagers' reproductive health was put at risk. Poor and ineffective communication between parents and their teenagers, contributed to teenagers' lack of knowledge which led to early engagement in unprotected sex resulting in unwanted pregnancies which ended in termination. The study therefore recommends that children should receive reproductive health education from as early as 9-10 years, at home and from schools. Therefore, parents should be equipped with knowledge and skills to enable them to adequately communicate with their children about sexuality.
      PubDate: 2015-04-13T11:09:21Z
       
  • Violence against women in Limpopo Province, South Africa : women's health
           issues
    • Abstract: Author: Shilubane, H.N. Khoza, L.B. Vol 20 Publication: 2014 Page: 83-93 Abstract: Violence against women is present in every country, cutting across boundaries of culture, class, education, income, ethnicity and age. Literature and media report that women suffer socioeconomic and psychological trauma from their male partners. Males who are or have been in positions of trust, intimacy and power usually perpetrate violence in the domestic sphere. They can be husbands, boyfriends, fathers, stepfathers or other relatives. In most cases violence is violence perpetrated by men against women. The purpose of this study was to explore and describe the psychological, social and economic impact of violence on women in Limpopo Province, South Africa. A qualitative study design was used to explore the impact of violence on women through in-depth individual interviews. A purposive sampling was used to obtain 12 women who were living with a male partner; and residing in Limpopo province. Ethical approval was obtained from the University of Venda and permission from the Department of Health and Social Development, Limpopo Province. Participation in this study was voluntary. The findings revealed that women's health is affected psychologically; economically and socially by violence.Prevention of violence is critical to those that seek to change cultural norms and laws that encourage violence against women. The public, particularly men should be educated about the adverse effects of violence.
      PubDate: 2015-04-13T11:09:21Z
       
  • Menopause and sexuality of older women in the rural villages of Vhembe
           district, Limpopo province, South Africa
    • Abstract: Author: Ramakuela, N.J. Khoza, L.B. Akinsola, A.H. Tshitangano, T.G. Tugli, A. Vol 20 Publication: 2014 Page: 94-105 Abstract: All over the world, women regard menopause as an important aspect of their lives. Menopause represents a passage from the reproductive to the post-reproductive life stages. Menopause is the description of the psychological and physical events in women where menstruation ceases to occur. It is also an aspect of human aging and signals the end point of the menstrual journey in a woman and loss of reproductive functioning. The study intended to explore menopause and sexuality of older women in rural villages of Vhembe District Limpopo Province, South Africa. The study was a qualitative and explorative, using phenomelogical approach. Purposive sampling was used to select the four villages and participants for the focus groups. Sample size was determined by data saturation. Data were collected through focus group interviews and one central question guided the discussions. Tesch's eight steps of qualitative data analysis were used. Measures to ensure trustworthiness and ethical issues were observed. The findings were that at the women's gatherings, churches and community as part of culture, topics such as menstruation and sex formed part of the teaching and were emphasised while menopause and sex were taboo, not mentioned anywhere and were not given a priority amongst the villagers. Recommendations were that menopausal issues should be emphasised and receive priority at the community resources like women's conferences, women's day celebrations, women's clubs, churches and health care facilities so that when women reach menopause at midlife, they will be aware and able to effectively cope with menopause and sexuality.
      PubDate: 2015-04-13T11:09:21Z
       
  • Cultural practices on sexual health communication among rural women in
           Limpopo Province, South Africa
    • Abstract: Author: Ramathuba, D.U. Tugli, A.K. Mashau, N.S. Vol 20 Publication: 2014 Page: 106-118 Abstract: There is increasing evidence that gender inequality is fueling the HIV/AIDS epidemic in South Africa. Social norms and cultural values set within patriarchal systems heighten women's vulnerabilities as they encourage silence around issues of sex and sexuality depriving them of the ability to say no to risky sexual practices. The study explored and described the cultural practices influencing communication relating to sexual health among rural women in Thulamela B municipality in Vhembe district of Limpopo Province. A qualitative, explorative, descriptive and contextual research approach was used. A purposive convenience sampling method was used to select twenty five participants, who participated in focus group discussions. Data gathered from participants were analysed using Tesch's eight steps of open coding techniques. The results indicated that many women fail to communicate their sexual needs in sexual relations. In addition, the nature of their sexual relationship with their partners affect their sexual decision making; and above all, emotional and financial dependence presented significant obstacles to sexual communication. This study recommended that educational and outreach efforts should focus on motivating change in mindset, by encouraging response to the socio-cultural factors that apply to men and women regarding the dynamics in sexual communication.
      PubDate: 2015-04-13T11:09:21Z
       
  • Perceptions of Tshivenda-speaking adolescents regarding parental support
           during their pregnancy
    • Abstract: Author: Radzilani-Makatu, M. Vol 20 Publication: 2014 Page: 119-129 Abstract: The study explored the perceptions of Tshivenda-speaking adolescents regarding the support they received from their parents during their pregnancy. Exploratory design to access in-depth data regarding the phenomenon under investigation was adopted. Seven (7) adolescents who were already mothers by the time of interviews were purposively sampled. Data were collected through unstructured face-to-face interviews and analysed interpretive phenomenological. The themes that emerged from the data were personal need for their parents, financial support, social support, emotional support, and medical support. The study concluded that economic background plays a role in the value that adolescents attach to parental support and even though parents show positive support towards adolescent pregnancy, such support is mostly accompanied by emotions such as anger, embarrassment, and fear of the unknown. The study recommended that parents should support their adolescent pregnant children in order to reduce the stress that is associated with pregnancy.
      PubDate: 2015-04-13T11:09:21Z
       
  • Social factors contributing to teenage pregnancy at Makhado municipality,
           Limpopo province, South Africa
    • Abstract: Author: Miriri, T.M. Ramathuba, D.U. Mangena-Netshikweta, M.L. Vol 20 Publication: 2014 Page: 130-141 Abstract: Teenage pregnancy continues to be a social problem. Its continued rise has an adverse impact on the teenager, their families, taxpayers and society as a whole. The study explored and described social factors contributing to high rate of teenage pregnancy among teenagers residing at Makhado Municipality, South Africa. A quantitative descriptive research approach was used. Simple random sampling was used to include seventy pregnant teenagers and teenage mothers who satisfied the inclusion criteria. Data were collected through structured self-administered questionnaires. Descriptive statistical data analysis was used. Ethical considerations were ensured. Findings revealed that teenagers were falling pregnant at an early age (47%) of the respondents were between the ages of 14-16 years. Findings further reveled that as many as (41%) of the respondents never used contraceptives, engaged in risky sexual practices and sexuality information was limited. Recommendations suggested pregnancy prevention strategies on making reproductive health services accessible to teenagers, male involvement and adult-teenager communication programs as well as parents' involvement in sex education of their girl children.
      PubDate: 2015-04-13T11:09:21Z
       
  • Caring for terminally ill HIV infected adolescents : the case of parental
           support in Vhembe district HIV/AIDS care programme
    • Abstract: Author: Mangena-Netshikweta, M.L. Tshitangano, T.G. Mudhovozi, P. Tshililo, A.R. Vol 20 Publication: 2014 Page: 142-154 Abstract: The purpose of this study was to explore and describe the needs required for caring, support and challenges faced by the parents responsible for caring their HIV/AIDS infected adolescents. Exploratory and descriptive design was applied to purposively sample parents who were caring for their terminally ill HIV infected adolescents. A sample of 36 parents aged 40-70 years participated in six focus group discussions steered by an interview guide. Findings showed aspects that were detrimental and affecting the productivity and coping capacities of the parents caring for HIV/AIDS infected adolescents. Poor inadequate counselling and debriefings, lack of motivation and incentives was also revealed among the findings as well as inadequate monitoring visits by Primary Health Care (PHC) nurses to the affected families, lack of support groups to facilitate information sharing and encouraging one another. It was concluded by recommending that counselling and debriefings as well as the establishment of support groups which will afford the parents an opportunity to discuss and brainstorm the care giving challenges that impede their coping processes. With these findings, the researchers hoped this should be a platform of advocacy to make positive changes. Strategies to motivate the parents is a necessity, and provision of adequate care packages such as gloves, disposable napkins, and food parcels to be made available to parents from the social services.
      PubDate: 2015-04-13T11:09:21Z
       
  • Editorial
    • Abstract: Vol 20 Publication: 2014 Page: i-iii Abstract: The year 2015 is the deadline for the achievement of Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The University of Venda, School of Health Sciences hosted a conference on the 1 - 4 July 2014 whose theme was "Towards achievement of MDGs". To contribute towards the achievement of MDGs, the manuscripts in this Supplement of AJPHERD focused on addressing three of the MDGs. These are: achieving primary education, its impact on health care, maternal health and reproductive health issues, combating HIV & AIDS, TB and other diseases and critical Primary Health Care issues.
      PubDate: 2015-04-13T11:09:20Z
       
 
 
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