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Publisher: Sabinet Online Ltd   (Total: 189 journals)

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ACCORD Occasional Paper     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
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Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
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Africa Insight     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Africa Institute Occasional Paper     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Africa J. of Nursing and Midwifery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.115, h-index: 3)
AfricaGrowth Agenda     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
African Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.425, h-index: 17)
African Finance J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
African Human Rights Law J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
African J. for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
African J. of Farm Child and Youth Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
African J. of Herpetology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.552, h-index: 8)
African J. of Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.105, h-index: 0)
African J. of Research in Mathematics, Science and Technology Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
African Markets Overview     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
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Annual Survey of South African Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
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Building Women     Full-text available via subscription  
Bulletin of Statistics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Cabo     Full-text available via subscription  
Cardiovascular J. of Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Child Abuse Research in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Civil Engineering = Siviele Ingenieurswese     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Clean Air J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
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Commonwealth Youth and Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
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Conflict Trends     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Conspectus : The J. of the South African Theological Seminary     Full-text available via subscription  
Crime Research in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Current Allergy & Clinical Immunology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.106, h-index: 3)
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Ergonomics SA : J. of the Ergonomics Society of South Africa     Full-text available via subscription  
ESR Review : Economic and Social Rights in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
French Studies in Southern Africa     Full-text available via subscription  
Fundamina : A J. of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Gender and Behaviour     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
HR Highway     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
IFE Psychologia : An Intl. J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Image & Text : a J. for Design     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
IMFO : Official J. of the Institute of Municipal Finance Officers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
IMIESA     Full-text available via subscription  
Indilinga African J. of Indigenous Knowledge Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Indo-Pacific J. of Phenomenology     Open Access  
Injury and Safety Monitor     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
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J. of African Elections     Full-text available via subscription  
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J. of Marketing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
J. of Public Administration     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Juta's Business Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)

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African Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance
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     ISSN (Print) 1117-4315
     Published by Sabinet Online Ltd Homepage  [189 journals]
  • Experiences of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex students
           regarding sports participation in a South African rural based university :
           health
    • Abstract: Author: Mavhandu-Mudzusi, Azwihangwisi Helen Vol 20 Issue 2.2 Publication: 2014 Page: 710-720 Abstract: Though participating in sports has many health benefits which contribute to the improvement of quality of life for the individuals, the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Intersex (LGBTI) students are unable to enjoy those benefits due to fear of stigma and discrimination which they experience during sport activities. The purpose of this study was to explore and describe the experiences of LGBTI students regarding sports participation in a South African rural-based university. A qualitative exploratory descriptive study was conducted. The participants included 20 LGBTI students who were purposively recruited through purposive and snow-balling techniques. Data were collected through in-depth individual interviews and field notes. An inductive thematic approach was followed to analyse data. The findings indicated that LGBTI students are forced to behave as heterosexuals, excluded from participating in sports tournament, alienated from participating in sports by fellow students. They are unfairly labelled and called by derogatory names based on participation in specific sporting code. Stigma and discrimination experienced by LGBTI students regarding sport participation is negatively affecting their quality of life. The programmes for social behaviour change focusing on advocacy, education and support is recommended to ensure equal access of all qualifying students to university activities including sport and recreation without discrimination, and ensuring the adherence to Human rights of LGBTI students in a rural based university.
      PubDate: 2014-07-09T10:11:52Z
       
  • The use of mobile phone technology as an assistive tool for emotional
           support of adolescents orphaned by aids in South Africa : health
    • Abstract: Author: Thupayagale-Tshweneagae, Gloria Nkosi, Zethu Moleki, Mary Human, Sarie Vol 20 Issue 2.2 Publication: 2014 Page: 698-709 Abstract: The majority of adolescents in developing countries own and use cell phones. Given the number of adolescents orphaned by HIV and AIDS in South Africa, use of mobile phones to monitor their progress, and provide emotional support seems a feasible and cost effective option to provide support. The purpose of the study was to solicit caregivers' views on the use of mobile phone technology as an assistive tool in providing emotional support to adolescents. Three focus group interviews were conducted among caregivers working in an AIDS Awareness Centre which is visited regularly by adolescents orphaned by AIDS. Contrasting views on the use of mobile technology as an assistive tool in providing emotional support were raised by the caregivers. Two major themes emerged: Doubts about the efficacy of using mobile phones for counselling and providing emotional support were expressed based on the fact that there will be a lack of direct physical interaction and communication. The second theme, in direct contrast with the first theme illustrated that the majority of caregivers acknowledged the potential and positive application in supporting adolescents. If appropriately applied, mobile phone technology could be helpful as a supportive tool for adolescents in a primary health care context.
      PubDate: 2014-07-09T10:11:52Z
       
  • Implementation of sunshine sports in secondary schools in Tianjin, China :
           barriers and prospects : physical education
    • Abstract: Author: Tian, Haili Toriola, Abel L. Wang, Jian Vol 20 Issue 2.2 Publication: 2014 Page: 755-764 Abstract: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the implementation of sunshine sports in secondary schools of Tianjin, China. A total of 450 physical education (PE) teachers in 34 secondary schools drawn from six districts in Tianjin participated in the study. A standardized questionnaire was used to obtain information regarding time allocation, extracurricular activities, teacher qualifications and facilities. The results showed that in 64.71% of the secondary schools the time allocation for physical activity fell short of the recommended 60 minutes per day for moderate to vigorous physical activity. However, when the number of weekly PE classes was calculated across the schools, the results showed that 67.65% of the secondary schools in Tianjin met the official requirement for teaching sunshine sports, except during examination period in which 80% of PE classes were substituted by other 'academic' lessons. A total of 75 teachers (60%) were not qualified to teach PE and 62% of the secondary schools had inadequate PE facilities and equipment. It was concluded that most secondary schools in Tianjin did not meet the minimum guidelines on sunshine sports recommended by the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party. Deficiencies in physical activity time allocation, insufficient qualified PE teachers and inadequacies in facilities and equipment are considered significant barriers to providing opportunities for developing sunshine sports in the PE curriculum. It is therefore imperative that attention should be given to development of sunshine sports in Tianjin schools. Long-term strategies for developing sunshine sports to enhance high quality PE in prominent secondary schools are recommended.
      PubDate: 2014-07-09T10:11:52Z
       
  • Comparative study of physical activity patterns among school children in
           Kenya and Canada : results from the ISCOLE Project : physical education
    • Abstract: Author: Muthuri, Stella K. Wachira, Lucy-Joy M. Onywera, Vincent O. Tremblay, Mark S. Vol 20 Issue 2.2 Publication: 2014 Page: 765-779 Abstract: Examination of the timing and patterns of daily activity are crucial in understanding when children accumulate the highest levels of physical activity. The objectives of this study were to examine moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) patterns accrued by time of day among Kenyan children, and compare activity patterns in Kenya to those of Canadian children. Physical activity and body weights of participating children were measured by accelerometry and anthropometry, while supplementary self-report data were captured by questionnaires. Data were collected as part of a larger International Study of Childhood Obesity, Lifestyle and Environment (ISCOLE) in Nairobi for ISCOLE-Kenya and in the Ottawa Region for ISCOLE-Canada. A total of 555 Kenyan and 541 Canadian children 9 to 11 years were included in the analyses. In Kenya, boys, under/healthy weight, and children attending public (lower socioeconomic status (SES)) schools were found to have significantly higher MVPA levels compared to girls, overweight/obese, and children attending private (higher SES) schools respectively. MVPA on weekdays was higher than on weekend-days. Activity profiles among Kenyan and Canadian children were very similar; however, Kenyan children had significantly higher MVPA and lower sedentary time on weekend-days. MVPA patterns among urban Kenyan children were largely similar to those of urban Canadian children when assessed by sex, BMI category, and weekday/weekend days. However, in the Kenyan sample, unlike in many higher income countries, lower SES was associated with higher MVPA.
      PubDate: 2014-07-09T10:11:52Z
       
  • Comparing club level rugby coaches and players' perceptions of coaching
           effectiveness : sport psychology
    • Abstract: Author: Broodryk, R. Van Den Berg, P.H. Kruger, A. Ellis, S.M. Vol 20 Issue 2.2 Publication: 2014 Page: 780-792 Abstract: The objective of this study was to compare players' and coaches' perceptions on coaching effectiveness. A total of 155 participants from the Puk Rugby institute (PRI) were available for this study (players, n = 142; coaches, n =13) (age: 18-55 years). Coaches completed the Coaching efficacy scale (CES) and players completed the adapted CES. The CES consists of 24 items measuring four constructs namely motivation, game strategy, technique and character building. Each item was rated on a 10 point Likert scale ranging from 0 (not at all effective) to 9 (extremely effective). High Cronbach alpha values were established for all four constructs on this specific population. Mixed models results indicated a statistical significant difference (p ≤ 0.05) on all four constructs measured when the perceptions of coaches and players were compared. A statistical significant difference exists between the coaches and players' perception regarding the respective coaches' total coaching effectiveness. In view of the inconsistent pattern found between the coaches and players perceptions on coaching effectiveness, coaches and clubs need to be more aware of the impact that players' perceptions have regarding the outcome of coaching effectiveness.
      PubDate: 2014-07-09T10:11:52Z
       
  • A qualitative study on attrition of student nurses in Kwazulu-Natal
           College of Nursing : principals' perspectives : health
    • Abstract: Author: Masango, T.E. Vol 20 Issue 2.2 Publication: 2014 Page: 721-731 Abstract: The purpose of the study to explore reasons behind high students' attrition rates in the four-year comprehensive diploma course at a college of nursing in KZN Province and measures to address them. The research design was qualitative, exploratory and contextual. A purposive sampling was used and ten (10) principals of nursing college sub-campuses consented to be part of the study. Semi-structured telephonic interview method was used to collect data from participants. These were recorded and transcribed verbatim by the researcher. Findings show that attrition was mainly confined to the first year of study (25%) and to a lesser degree to the fourth year (3%).Causes of attrition were synthesized into five themes: academic failure, ill heath, substance abuse, absenteeism and challenges of clinical placement. Evidence appears to demonstrate that personal commitment and good support seem to be essential for students to remain in the programme. Recruitment and selection methods need to change so as to attract students capable of rising to the demands of today's' complex health care system.
      PubDate: 2014-07-09T10:11:52Z
       
  • Sport coaching officials and their stressors : work overload, role
           ambiguity, role conflict and the influence on job satisfaction of sport
           coaching officials in Gauteng province, South Africa : sport coaching
    • Abstract: Author: Dhurup, M. Dubihlela, D. Vol 20 Issue 2.2 Publication: 2014 Page: 732-744 Abstract: Sport officials' concerns over job stressors have become common due to the adverse effect on health. The study sought to examine the associations of work overload, role ambiguity and role conflict, as well as their predictive influence on job satisfaction of sport coaches in Gauteng, South Africa. Data were collected from a sample of 203 sport coaches by means of a structured questionnaire. Correlations and regression analysis were used to test the nature of the relationships among the examined job stressors and their predictive effect on job satisfaction. The results of the correlation and regression analysis show that role ambiguity and role conflict negatively impacts on the job satisfaction of sport coaches. Of particular importance in the study is that work overload does not seem to lead to job dissatisfaction. The study recommends that sporting organisations should be aware of the role stressors and provide support to sport coaching officials in the execution of their coaching duties. Furthermore, sport coaching officials with specific skills should be employed in the relevant field with clear job clarity. A clear understanding of these three job stressors could conceivably help in stimulating development and efficiency of the sports coaches in South Africa.
      PubDate: 2014-07-09T10:11:52Z
       
  • The challenges of teaching physical education : juxtaposing the
           experiences of physical education teachers in Kenya and Victoria
           (Australia) : physical education
    • Abstract: Author: Wanyama, Michael Nalianya Quay, John Vol 20 Issue 2.2 Publication: 2014 Page: 745-754 Abstract: This qualitative study compares the experiences of Kenyan and Victorian secondary school Physical Education teachers with the aim of discovering what they can learn from each other. Through in-depth interviews with four experienced PE teachers; two each from Kenya and Victoria, and using phenomenological research methods, the study sought to gain an understanding of the teachers' experiences in relation to curriculum, pedagogy and administration of PE programmes in their secondary schools. From these experiences the study identified the challenges faced by teachers in both Kenya and Victoria. There is a lot that PE teachers can learn from each other in matters concerning curriculum time allocation, class sizes, teachers' professional affiliation, examination and assessment, school sport, and use of technology, among others. Knowledge and understanding of these experiences may be of great help not only to teachers but also to education officials, curriculum planners and school boards.
      PubDate: 2014-07-09T10:11:52Z
       
  • The experiences of postnatal patients regarding postnatal care in Mopani
           District, Limpopo Province, South Africa : health
    • Abstract: Author: Ngunyulu, R.N. Vol 20 Issue 2.2 Publication: 2014 Page: 685-697 Abstract: This paper describes the experiences of postnatal patients regarding postnatal care, with the intention of making recommendations to improve the quality of care during the postnatal period. The participants receive care from midwives for the first six hours after delivery and are discharged home. On discharge, the participants receive health advice from midwives on how to take care of themselves and newborn infants at home during the postnatal period. At home they receive care and advice from traditional birth attendants. Different pieces of advice confuse the participants because they interfere with decision-making skills. A qualitative, exploratory, descriptive and contextual research method was used in this study. A semi-structured interview guide was also used to conduct focus group interviews. Data were collected until saturation was reached during the second focus group interview. Participants revealed the following challenges: lack of openness and transparency between the midwives and the traditional birth attendants; exclusion of participants' relatives when giving health advice on discharge; conflicting postnatal care advice; lack of postnatal care supervision and follow up; postnatal patients under direct care of traditional birth attendants only; and feeling of insecurity by the participants. The participants suggested that there should be incorporation of indigenous postnatal care practices into the midwifery healthcare system in order to enhance teamwork between the midwives and the traditional birth attendants. Follow up should be conducted by the midwives to ensure safety, support, supervision and continuity of care to the participants during the postnatal period.
      PubDate: 2014-07-09T10:11:51Z
       
  • Assessment of adverse reactions to latex gloves use among nurses at
           Mankweng Hospital, Limpopo Province, South Africa : health
    • Abstract: Author: Phosa, R.G. Dambisya, Y.M. Mpolokeng, M.B.L. Vol 20 Issue 2.2 Publication: 2014 Page: 672-684 Abstract: Adverse reaction to latex is a common problem among nurses and other health care workers. The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of adverse reactions to latex amongst nurses at Mankweng Hospital. A cross sectional study was carried out amongst 235 nurses at Mankweng Hospital using a self-administered questionnaire to collect information about history of allergic reaction, family history, signs and symptoms of adverse reactions after using latex gloves. Among 155 nurses who responded to the questionnaire (66% response rate), 41 (26%) had a family history of allergic reactions, with asthma as the commonest allergic condition reported. Fifty four respondents (n= 54, 35%) reported having had signs and symptoms of adverse reaction after using latex gloves. The most common features associated with adverse reaction to latex gloves were sneezing (n=32, 21%), itching nose (n=24, 16%), itching eyes (n=21, 14%), runny nose (n=18, 12%), cough (n=16, 11%), skin redness (n=13, 9%), hives (n=12, 8%), scratchy throat (n=9, 6%), light headedness (n=10, 7%) and swelling and rash in area(s) of contact (n=11, 7%). There was significant association between family history and occurrence of adverse reaction to latex gloves (p=0.029). Accordingly, this study concludes that adverse reaction to latex gloves is prevalent among nurses at Mankweng Hospital, and poses the potential for harmful effects to nurses. These effects may vary in severity from skin problems to anaphylactic shock. It is therefore important to educate nurses about the prevalence, presentation and prevention of adverse reaction to latex.
      PubDate: 2014-07-09T10:11:51Z
       
  • Factors infuencing the use of voluntary counselling and testing by
           university students : health
    • Abstract: Author: Mbengo, F. Ndou, N.D. Mavundla, T.R. Vol 20 Issue 2.2 Publication: 2014 Page: 655-671 Abstract: The study explored the factors influencing the use of voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) by university students. This was done by undertaking an exploratory and descriptive qualitative study. Data were collected using focus group discussions (FGDs) and field notes. Thematic analysis was done. The study revealed several factors and challenges regarding the uptake of VCT services by university students. Among the factors are: knowing one's HIV status, illness, pregnancy, blood donation, getting a reward, influence of significant others, media, awareness campaigns, compulsion, getting a job, curiosity, being positive role model, and the attitude of the health care provider. And among the challenges these include: HIV/AIDS-related stigma and discrimination, fear, low perception of risk to HIV infection, lack of student friendly VCT services, shortage of resources, inaccessibility of VCT services, long waiting period for test results, negative perceptions about VCT, pre-test counselling and ignorance.
      PubDate: 2014-07-09T10:11:51Z
       
  • Does an anteriorly tilted pelvis adversely influence the elderly's ability
           to sit to stand' : health
    • Abstract: Author: De Koning, C. Miller, M. Tucker, C. Ellapen, T.J. Vol 20 Issue 2.2 Publication: 2014 Page: 646-654 Abstract: Anecdotal reports suggest that the elderly who have anteriorly tilted pelvis experience difficulty to successful complete the sit to stand movement (STSM). The purpose of this study was to determine whether anteriorly tilted pelvis negatively impacts on the elderly’s functional ability to complete the STSM. One hundred and four geriatric members (85 females; 19 males) residing at TAFTA with an average age of 73.97±7.1 years (range 66-80 years) participated in a controlled, observational cross sectional study investigating the electromyography (EMG) force couple relationship of biceps femoris and rectus femoris involved in the STSM. Participants completed a self-report questionnaire (incidence of chronic musculoskeletal injuries, anatomical site of injury, intensity of the pain and their weekly physical activity); Thomas test (hip flexor contracture), EMG activity were recorded during the transition from sit to stand and a postural analysis. The postural analyses identified the presence of kyphosis and anteriorly tilted pelvis in the sagittal plane. 68% of the participants had anteriorly tilted pelvis (ATP) (p
      PubDate: 2014-07-09T10:11:51Z
       
  • Childhood overweight and social correlates among school-going adolescents
           in Dominica and Jamaica : health
    • Abstract: Author: Pengpid, Supa Peltzer, Karl Vol 20 Issue 2.2 Publication: 2014 Page: 636-645 Abstract: The purpose of this study was to investigate overweight and obesity and social correlates among school children in Dominica and Jamaica. The total sample included 3265 adolescents aged primarily 13 to 16 years from nationally representative samples from two Caribbean countries. Bivariate and multivariable analyses were conducted to assess the relationship between behavioural variables, psychosocial factors and overweight or obesity. Body Mass Index (BMI) was based on self-reported height and weight. Results indicate a prevalence of overweight or obesity of 21.8%, 26.3% among girls and 21.6% among boys, respectively. In multivariate analysis, female gender and not feeling hungry were found to be associated with overweight or obesity. Overweight status was not found to be associated with the physical activity and dietary behaviour. High prevalence rates of overweight or obesity were found. Physical activity, dietary and social programmes could be used to prevent overweight and obesity among adolescents in this region.
      PubDate: 2014-07-09T10:11:51Z
       
  • Injury profiles in junior rugby academy players : sport science and
           medicine
    • Abstract: Author: Ras, J. Puckree, T. Vol 20 Issue 2.2 Publication: 2014 Page: 626-635 Abstract: This study determined the profile of injuries in junior Rugby Academy players in Durban. Retrospective and prospective surveys allowed the determination of injury profiles pre-season and in-season. A sample of first year rugby players (n=102) was selected to participate in the study. The data were analysed using descriptive statistics. The majority of participants were 18 years old (71.4%), and White (71.4%). Injury was prevalent in 43% of players with the majority of players reporting 'no' injury (56%) pre-season. Injury was sustained by 83% of players during the season. The majority of injured players (41.6%) reported 'one' or 'more than one' (41.6%) injuries. Number of injuries reported post-season (n=117) was three times higher than injuries pre-season. The body part most injured during the 2012 season was the knee (25%). Players lost 8-28 days of rugby (37%) due to injuries during the season. Injury prevalence was 1.18 per player compared to injury incidence of 1.52 per player. The injury rate was 5.95 injuries per 1000 match playing hours in season. Risk factors for injury during the 2012 season included the scrum-half (14.8%) playing position, and lack of protective equipment (69%) used during play. Significantly more players sustained injuries during the in-season of play. Lower limb injuries were more prevalent with knee injuries most commonly reported.
      PubDate: 2014-07-09T10:11:51Z
       
  • Editorial
    • Abstract: Vol 20 Issue 2.2 Publication: 2014 Page: i Abstract: "The profile of female athlete triad in elite Kenyan endurance athletes and non-athletes"; that is the lead article in issue two number two of AJPHERD Volume 20. This article is timely considering the fact that increasing number of girls and women in Kenya are taking up competitive running to support their families and meet other economic needs.
      PubDate: 2014-07-09T10:11:51Z
      Issue No: Vol. 20. (2014)
       
  • Profile of the female athlete triad among elite Kenyan endurance athletes
           and non-athletes : sport science and medicine
    • Abstract: Author: Goodwin, Y. Monyeki, M.A. Boit, M.K. De Ridder, J.H. Toriola, A.L. Mwangi, F.M. Wachira, J.L. Mwihaki, M.G. Vol 20 Issue 2.2 Publication: 2014 Page: 610-625 Abstract: Women participating in endurance sports are at risk of presenting with low energy availability (EA), menstrual dysfunction (MD), and low bone mineral density (BMD), collectively termed the female athlete triad (FAT or TRIAD). Therefore, the purpose of the study was to determine the profile of the TRIAD among elite Kenyan female athletes and among non-athletes. There were 39 participants (athletes: 25, non-athletes:14) who provided the data for this study. Exercise energy expenditure (EEE) was deducted from energy intake (EI), and the remnant energy normalized to fat free mass (FFM) to determine energy availability (EA). Weight of all food and liquid consumed during three consecutive days determined EI. EEE was determined after isolating and deducting energy expended in exercise or physical activity above lifestyle from the total energy expenditure output as measured by Actigraph GT3X+. Dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) determined both FFM and BMD. Menstrual function was determined from a daily temperature-menstrual log kept by each participant for nine continuous months. Low EA (
      PubDate: 2014-07-09T10:11:51Z
       
 
 
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