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Publisher: Sabinet Online Ltd   (Total: 190 journals)

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ACCORD Occasional Paper     Full-text available via subscription   (3 followers)
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Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (8 followers)
Acta Criminologica     Full-text available via subscription   (1 follower)
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Acta Patristica et Byzantina     Full-text available via subscription   (7 followers)
Africa Insight     Full-text available via subscription   (5 followers)
Africa Institute Occasional Paper     Full-text available via subscription   (2 followers)
Africa Journal of Nursing and Midwifery     Full-text available via subscription   (5 followers)
AfricaGrowth Agenda     Full-text available via subscription   (1 follower)
African Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (4 followers)
African Finance Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (11 followers)
African Human Rights Law Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (16 followers)
African Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance     Full-text available via subscription   (3 followers)
African Journal of Farm Child and Youth Development     Full-text available via subscription   (3 followers)
African Journal of Herpetology     Full-text available via subscription   (1 follower)
African Journal of Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (4 followers)
African Journal of Research in Mathematics, Science and Technology Education     Full-text available via subscription   (6 followers)
African Markets Overview     Full-text available via subscription   (2 followers)
African Plant Protection     Full-text available via subscription   (3 followers)
African Safety Promotion     Full-text available via subscription   (1 follower)
Africanus     Full-text available via subscription   (3 followers)
Agriprobe     Full-text available via subscription  
Akroterion     Full-text available via subscription   (3 followers)
Annual Survey of South African Law     Full-text available via subscription   (3 followers)
Arms Control : Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (1 follower)
Ars Nova     Full-text available via subscription   (1 follower)
Article 40     Full-text available via subscription   (2 followers)
BER : Architects and Quantity Surveyors' Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (4 followers)
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BER : Economic Prospects : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (2 followers)
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BER : Wholesale Sector Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (1 follower)
Building Women     Full-text available via subscription  
Bulletin of Statistics     Full-text available via subscription   (3 followers)
Cabo     Full-text available via subscription  
Cardiovascular Journal of Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (1 follower)
Child Abuse Research in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (2 followers)
Civil Engineering = Siviele Ingenieurswese     Full-text available via subscription   (4 followers)
Clean Air Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (2 followers)
CME : Your SA Journal of CPD     Full-text available via subscription   (1 follower)
Codicillus     Full-text available via subscription  
Commonwealth Youth and Development     Full-text available via subscription   (3 followers)
Communicare : Journal for Communication Sciences in Southern Africa = Communicare : Tydskrif vir Kommunikasiewetenskappe in Suider-Afrika     Full-text available via subscription   (3 followers)
Conflict Trends     Full-text available via subscription   (1 follower)
Conspectus : The Journal of the South African Theological Seminary     Full-text available via subscription  
Crime Research in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (1 follower)
Current Allergy & Clinical Immunology     Full-text available via subscription   (4 followers)
Dairy Mail Africa : Publication for the Dairy Industry in Africa     Full-text available via subscription  
De Arte     Full-text available via subscription   (2 followers)
Die Kerkblad     Full-text available via subscription  
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English in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (2 followers)
Enterprise Risk     Full-text available via subscription   (2 followers)
Ergonomics SA : Journal of the Ergonomics Society of South Africa     Full-text available via subscription  
ESR Review : Economic and Social Rights in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (4 followers)
French Studies in Southern Africa     Full-text available via subscription  
Fundamina : A Journal of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (3 followers)
Gender and Behaviour     Full-text available via subscription   (8 followers)
HR Highway     Full-text available via subscription   (2 followers)
IFE Psychologia : An International Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (1 follower)
Image & Text : a Journal for Design     Full-text available via subscription   (7 followers)
IMFO : Official Journal of the Institute of Municipal Finance Officers     Full-text available via subscription   (2 followers)
IMIESA     Full-text available via subscription  
Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (2 followers)
Indo-Pacific Journal of Phenomenology     Open Access  
Injury and Safety Monitor     Full-text available via subscription   (1 follower)
Institute for Security Studies Papers     Full-text available via subscription   (4 followers)
Interim : Interdisciplinary Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (3 followers)
International SportMed Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (14 followers)
Investment Analysts Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (3 followers)
Journal for Christian Scholarship = Tydskrif vir Christelike Wetenskap     Full-text available via subscription   (6 followers)
Journal for Contemporary History     Full-text available via subscription   (10 followers)
Journal for Estate Planning Law     Full-text available via subscription   (1 follower)
Journal for Islamic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (7 followers)
Journal for Juridical Science     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal for Language Teaching = Tydskrif vir Taalonderrig     Full-text available via subscription   (3 followers)
Journal for New Generation Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (2 followers)
Journal for Semitics     Full-text available via subscription   (4 followers)
Journal of African Elections     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Contemporary Management     Full-text available via subscription   (1 follower)
Journal of Marketing     Full-text available via subscription   (13 followers)
Journal of Public Administration     Full-text available via subscription   (17 followers)
Juta's Business Law     Full-text available via subscription   (1 follower)

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African Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance    [5 followers]  Follow    
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
     ISSN (Print) 1117-4315
     Published by Sabinet Online Ltd Homepage  [190 journals]
  • Experiences and perceptions of students with disabilities concerning
           factors influencing participation in recreational sports at a University
           in the Western Cape Province, South Africa
    • Abstract: Author: Wright, S.A. Titus, S. Vol 19 Issue 4_2 Publication: 2013 Page: 1146-1157 Abstract: South African universities share a common purpose to make sport and recreation accessible to students at higher education institutions, including students with disabilities. Therefore, integrating students with disabilities into the daily activities of any university institution is important as it may be beneficial for them to participate in recreational activities on campus. This study focuses on the experiences and perceptions of students with disabilities regarding recreational sport whilst at university. A qualitative methodological framework was employed. A sample of five students with disabilities was purposefully selected and face-to-face interviews as well as follow-up telephonic interviews were arranged. A list of cue questions guided the interview to ensure it flowed logically. Interviews were tape recorded (with written consent from participants) and transcribed verbatim. The data from the interviews were analysed using thematic data analysis. Physical, social and managerial constraints are not the only forms of inaccessibility, experience and perceptions, also play a role towards recreational sport participation for students with disabilities. The findings of this study indicated that the benefits of active participation lead to increased cognitive awareness and expression of internal motivation to pursue recreational sport on campus. The findings also denote that being coerced into sports and skill level leading to intimidation are factors that inhibit the pursuit for active leisure participation. This study lends itself to a fresh understanding of how to better cater for recreational sporting needs of university students with disabilities.
      PubDate: 2013-12-04T17:55:11Z
       
  • Why keep on paddling? Evidence from a South African canoe marathon
    • Abstract: Author: Kruger, Martinette Saayman, Melville Vol 19 Issue 4_2 Publication: 2013 Page: 1158-1173 Abstract: Despite the growth and potential future market for water-based recreation activities such as canoeing, to date research on the sport and its participants is sparse. Little is known about who canoeists are and why they choose canoeing as an outdoor activity, particularly in light of the burgeoning popularity of eco- and nature-based tourism. This study therefore profiled participants in the Dusi Canoe Marathon according to their motives for participating. A total of 250 self-administered questionnaires were distributed at the KwaZulu-Natal Canoe Club in Pietermaritzburg on the day of registration (13 February 2013), of which 220 were returned completed (an 88% return rate) and included in the analysis. A factor analysis indicated that the canoeists' main motives for paddling were enjoyment and adventure followed by intrinsic achievement. Based on these motives, the cluster analysis revealed three distinct segments, labelled Recreational, Intermediate and Serious canoeists. The results further confirm that several factors contribute to the differences between canoeists over and above their socio-demographic and behavioural characteristics: the setting of the event, whether river, lake or ocean, the level of fitness required and the duration of the activity. It corroborates the argument that motives for participating differ according to the sporting event, and supports the view that marketers and sports event organizers should not treat participants as a homogeneous group. These findings will assist sports event organizers in making informed and cost-effective marketing and product development decisions.
      PubDate: 2013-12-04T17:55:11Z
       
  • Injuries among female Rwandan soccer players : return-to-play decisions
    • Abstract: Author: Phillips, J.S. Niyonsenga, J.D. Vol 19 Issue 4_2 Publication: 2013 Page: 1135-1145 Abstract: Soccer or football is regarded as an increasingly popular sport for women. Several studies highlighted the increased injury rate proportionally to its increased participation. Researchers are of the opinion that some injuries might not be regarded as serious by either the player or the coach thus leading to premature return to sport after initial injury. Return-to-play decisions within a team environment are a difficult and complex one and few studies have examined how coaches view return-to-play decision. A cross-sectional study design using qualitative methods was used to explore coaches' perspectives on the return-to-sport following an injury sustained by female soccer players in Rwanda. Interviews were conducted with the head coaches of the 12 female soccer clubs registered in the Rwandan first division for the 2010/2011 season. The interview yielded four main themes: decision making regarding return to play; length of time off play; perception of coaches regarding assistance of injured players; and the existence of programmes for returning players. The study shows that the return-to-play is a totally automatic decision, made either by the coach or the player with little evidence of collaborative decision-making. In addition the increased pressure on key players and the premature return-to-play might influence not only the individual's performance but also the teams.
      PubDate: 2013-12-04T17:55:11Z
       
  • Expectations and experiences of customers in formal full service
           restaurants in Port Elizabeth
    • Abstract: Author: Mhlanga, Osward Moolman, H.J. Hattingh, Z. Vol 19 Issue 4_2 Publication: 2013 Page: 1111-1122 Abstract: The purpose of this study was to determine customers' expectations and experiences in formal full service restaurants in Port Elizabeth, South Africa. The aims were to: (a) assess customers' expectations and experiences, (b) establish the significance of difference between experienced and expected service quality, and (c) identify the number of dimensions for expectations and experiences scales of the DINESERV model. The empirical research was conducted using primary data. The questionnaire was based on Stevens, Knutson and Patton (1995:58) and Andaleeb and Conway's (2006:7) research. In order to meet the surveys' goals, descriptive and bivariate statistical analyses were conducted. The empirical results show that on a 5 point Likert scale, customers' expectations scores ranged between 3.42 and 4.85, whilst experiences scores ranged between 2.96 and 4.39. The most important expectations items were; 'value for money', 'taste of food' and 'staff greeting customers' whilst the lowest expectations items were "pleasant odours" and "spatial layout and functionality". The highest experience items were; 'taste of food', 'taste of beverages' and 'value for money' whilst the lowest experience items were 'pleasant odours', 'spatial layout and functionality', 'management presence' and 'overall quality of ambience'. The DINESERV gap was -0.47, which indicates that overall customers' experiences fell below customers' expectations. Restaurateurs should improve customers' experiences to reduce the DINESERV gap. The results of this study could help restaurateurs to identify areas of improvement and increase customer satisfaction.
      PubDate: 2013-12-04T17:55:11Z
       
  • Activity-based market segmentation of visitors to thermal spring resorts
           in the Western Cape Province, South Africa : assessing the potential for
           health tourism development
    • Abstract: Author: Boekstein, M.S. Spencer, J.P. Vol 19 Issue 4_2 Publication: 2013 Page: 1100-1110 Abstract: There are eight thermal spring resorts in the Western Cape. Only one of these resorts has a focus on health and wellness, with the others functioning primarily as family leisure resorts. Considering apparent domestic and international preferences, it would seem that a potentially valuable natural resource, that is, mineral-rich thermal spring water, is not being optimally utilized as a tourist attraction in the Western Cape. This research set out to assess the potential for health tourism development of thermal springs in the Western Cape. A questionnaire-based survey was undertaken, involving 383 respondents at six resorts, and activity-based market segmentation was carried out using k-means cluster analysis. A four-segment typology of current visitors, based on activity preferences, was compiled. It was found that the main divisions between visitors are, firstly, between 'active' visitors who generally desire and make use of facilities and organised entertainment, and 'passive' visitors, who make little to no use of facilities and organised entertainment; and secondly, between visitors who choose activities mainly for themselves, and those who choose activities for both themselves and their children. One of the four segments appears to show particular interest in both medical and wellness health tourism activities. However, most visitors, through their choice of activities, are able to gain considerable health benefits from their stays at thermal spring resorts, but they do so in different ways, and this is reflected in various combinations of active and passive activities.
      PubDate: 2013-12-04T17:55:11Z
       
  • Illogical it may seem : do team attachment, match outcomes and superior
           performance of opposing teams shape superstitious behaviours among sport
           fans?
    • Abstract: Author: Dhurup, M. Vol 19 Issue 4_2 Publication: 2013 Page: 1123-1134 Abstract: Sport fans acknowledge that through centuries there is the belief and interplay that superstition will add that extra touch of luck to game outcomes. Superstitions play an integral part in the psyche of sport fans in modern sports. The study examines whether team attachment, match outcomes and superior performance of opposing teams influence superstitious behaviours among team sport fans. In addition, the study sought to determine gender differences in the engagement of superstitious behaviours. The study is located within a quantitative research paradigm. Data were collected from 162 undergraduate and post graduate students from the Vaal University of Technology using an adapted superstitious questionnaire. Results indicate that superstitious behaviours seem to have no boundaries as male and female fans equally engage in superstitious behaviours. The correlations analyses suggest that there is a concurrence between team attachment and superstitious behaviours especially when playing against a superior opposition team. The regression results reveal that match outcomes, superior performance of opposing teams and team attachment augment fans propensity to engage in superstitious behaviours. The study lends credence to fans likelihood to engage in superstitious conventions, albeit illogical, in instances of high task difficulty and uncertainty and, when the outcome is of importance and difficult to predict.
      PubDate: 2013-12-04T17:55:11Z
       
  • Are university students living in a world of fantasy? Fantasy football
           motives among students at a South African university of technology
    • Abstract: Author: Dlodlo, N. Dhurup, M. Vol 19 Issue 4_2 Publication: 2013 Page: 1068-1085 Abstract: The online sport phenomenon and fantasy sport, in particular, has gained unprecedented popularity in many countries, including South Africa. The primary purpose of the study was to identify the motives behind fantasy football consumption among university students. The secondary objective of this study was to establish the existence of any gender-based differences in the identified motives. A quantitative research approach was applied using a survey method. A self-administered questionnaire was distributed to a sample of 193 respondents. Through factor analysis, a five-factor structure was developed, namely eustress, achievement, aesthetics, enjoyment and ease of use, comprising 20 items. Adequate internal reliability of the scale was established at a Cronbach alpha value above 0.70 on all five factors. The correlations analyses suggest that there is a concurrence among the five motives and fantasy football participation. In addition, independent sample t-tests were applied and statistically significant (p < 0.05) gender-based differences were noted on only three dimensions; eustress, achievement/reward and enjoyment. These findings present novel implications and further lend credence to the existence of heterogenous beliefs regarding the views of males and females when participating in fantasy football on various websites. Therefore, upon understanding the reasons why young players participate in fantasy sports, sport businesses can specifically cater to the needs of a desired target market by aligning the fantasy sport website positioning strategy to the needs of the users. In this way, such enactment may contribute towards enhancing the usability and intrigue associated with the uptake of fantasy football in South Africa.
      PubDate: 2013-12-04T17:55:10Z
       
  • Research report on South African university mental skills norms for six
           sports
    • Abstract: Author: Kruger, Ankebe Edwards, David J. Edwards, Stephen D. Vol 19 Issue 4_2 Publication: 2013 Page: 1060-1067 Abstract: The Bull's Mental Skills Questionnaire, developed in the United Kingdom, is being more extensively used across various South African sport and exercise settings. It comprises seven mental skill subscales: imagery, mental preparation (goal-setting), self-confidence, anxiety and worry management, concentration, relaxation and motivation. Individual subscale scores are calculated and combined into a total score. Previous research has recommended establishment of local sport code norms. The aim of this study was to establish preliminary South African university norms for rugby, cricket, soccer, athletics, hockey and netball. The sample consisted of 121 university students from a South African institution. Norms are presented in means and standard deviations. Sports code norms are compared. Norms are compared with previous studies using similar samples. Recommendations for future research with the scale are made.
      PubDate: 2013-12-04T17:55:10Z
       
  • Perceived stress and coping skills of university student-athletes and the
           relationship with life satisfaction
    • Abstract: Author: Surujlal, J. Van Zyl, Y. Nolan, V.T. Vol 19 Issue 4_2 Publication: 2013 Page: 1047-1059 Abstract: Student-athletes are expected to cope with their studies and participation in sport simultaneously as well as to satisfy the expectations of coaches, teammates, friends, and family. Once student-athletes perceive a situation as stressful and struggle to cope with the anticipation thereof, their satisfaction with life will be negatively influenced. This study was conducted to determine the relationship between perceived stress and coping skills with satisfaction with life of university students-athletes. A purposive sample of 500 first, second and third year as well as post graduate university student-athletes competing at university, national, provincial and regional level were drawn. A questionnaire including the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-10), the Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS), and the Athletic Coping Skills Inventory-28 (ACSI-28) were administered to the sample. Descriptive statistics, bivariate correlation analysis, and multiple linear regression analysis were used to report the results of the study. The results indicated that student-athletes were moderately satisfied with their life and perceived their stress as slightly higher than average. A negative significant relationship was found between perceived stress and satisfaction with life, as well as between perceived stress and five coping skills subscales (coping with adversity, goal setting/mental preparation, freedom from worry, confidence and achievement motivation, coachability). A positive significant relationship was found between satisfaction with life and the five coping skills subscales. This study concluded that student-athletes perceived stress level and two coping skills (freedom from worry and goal setting/mental preparation) were important and contribute significantly to their life satisfaction.
      PubDate: 2013-12-04T17:55:10Z
       
  • Somatotypes of Andibila children aged 7 to 14 years in Oju, Nigeria
    • Abstract: Author: Goon, D.T. Amusa, L.O. Shaw, B.S. Shaw, I. Akusu, S.W. Vol 19 Issue 4_2 Publication: 2013 Page: 1037-1046 Abstract: Somatotype varies among individuals and populations. However, the somatotypes of Andibila children in Oju, Nigeria residing on a mountainous region have not been evaluated. This type of research is rare in tribal communities, especially in Nigeria. This cross-sectional study described the variations of body physique in Andibila children. The sample consisted of 120 Andibila children (76 boys and 44 girls) aged 7-14 years. Stature, body mass, four skinfold sites, two breadths and two girths were measured according to the International Society for the Advancement of Kinanthropometry (ISAK). The mean somatoype was 1.20-2.41-2.58 for the males and 1.36-2.16-2.67 for the females. Although females were more endomorphic, less mesomorphic and more ectomorphic than males, the difference was statistically non-significant. Endomorphy component shows no significant sex difference at all the age groups. However, boys were more mesomorphic than girls at all ages. Girls were significantly more ectomorphic at ages 7-10, while boys exhibited higher ectomorphic rating than girls at ages 11-14 years. There was no sexual dimorphism observed in the somatotype components and somatotypes increases with age among the Andibila children studied. Further studies are needed to assess the stability or otherwise of these ST components.
      PubDate: 2013-12-04T17:55:10Z
       
  • Sexual risk behaviours among rural learners at Mdutshane Senior Secondary
           School, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa
    • Abstract: Author: Tugli, A.K. Mokonoto, M. Morwe, K.G. Vol 19 Issue 4_2 Publication: 2013 Page: 1025-1036 Abstract: The purpose of this study was to determine and describe the prevalence of risky behaviours among the learners in a rural secondary school in the Eastern Cape Province. A cross-sectional sample of 150 learners in grades 10-12 with mean age of 18.8±1.73 years was undertaken. Data were collected using a self-administered questionnaire which was designed to collect demographic information and risky behaviour practices. The study found that overwhelming proportion (86%) of the participants were sexually active; and of these, 3.23% reported having their sexual debut at age 10. The results also reveal that 46.1% reported contracting sexually transmitted infections (STIs) which was far higher than the 2002 national average prevalence of 7.4%. In addition, only about 1 in 4 (24%) participants discussed sexual issues with their parents/guardians. Reproductive health promotion programmes should be intensified in schools especially among rural learners with strong parents and community involvement.
      PubDate: 2013-12-04T17:55:10Z
       
  • Screening for total and abdominal obesity among University of Venda
           students
    • Abstract: Author: Ter Goon, Daniel Libalela, Murendeni Amusa, Lateef O. Muluvhu, Takalani C. Vol 19 Issue 4_2 Publication: 2013 Page: 1014-1024 Abstract: The importance of total body fat and distribution has been stressed as a major risk factor for both adults and children. There is paucity of information concerning total and abdominal obesity among university students in South Africa. The purpose of this study was to screen for total and abdominal obesity among university of Venda health sciences students, using the proxy measures of body mass index (BMI) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR). A stratified random sample of 389 (199 males and 199 females) university students aged 19-24 years, participated in the study. Height, weight, waist and hip circumferences were measured using standard techniques. Body mass index was calculated by dividing body mass by stature in meters squared. The WHO criteria were used to determine BMI categories, while WHtR was calculated by dividing waist circumference (in cm) by stature (in cm). A WHtR ≤ 0.50 was used to determine abdominal obesity. The mean age, BMI and WHtR of the participants were 20.8±2.1, 23.8±4.6 and 0.54±0.1, respectively. Overall, 7.5%, 21.4% and 11.1% of the students were underweight, overweight and obese, respectively. The percentage of students who were overweight was higher in females (11.7%) than males (9.7%), whereas obesity occurred more among the males (6.2%) compared with the females (4.9%). Underweight was 4.4% and 3.1% for females and males, respectively. A total of 102 students (19.2%) had central obesity as determined by WHtR. The proportion of males with a WHtR ≥ 0.5 was 59 (11.1%), while females were 43 (8.1%), with the males having statistically significant (p=0.001) WHtR compared to females. The prevalence of total and abdominal obesity is high among the University of Venda students; which is worrisome, given the health consequences of excessive body fat. Intervention measures should be instituted to address the rising trend of overweight and obesity in the students.
      PubDate: 2013-12-04T17:55:10Z
       
  • Leisure-time physical activity and some psychological parameters among
           some executive employees in selected African countries
    • Abstract: Author: Thendo, Thangavhuelelo Monyeki, M. Andries Strydom, Gert L. Amusa, Lateef O. Temane, Michael Q. Vol 19 Issue 4_2 Publication: 2013 Page: 999-1013 Abstract: Participation in leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) is vital to ensure adequate physical work capacity for the demands of daily living and job performance. Due to work demand, most top and middle level (executive) managerial employees become physically inactive and experience psychological and other health problems which may lead to hypokinetic diseases and even premature death. The purpose of this study was twofold: to determine leisure-time physical activity and psychological well-being of executive employees; and to determine the relationship between leisure-time physical activity and psychological well-being of executive employees in selected African countries. A cross-sectional study design was carried out on a group of 156 (mean age; 41.22±10.17 years) available executive employees from selected African countries. Participants were grouped according to ages (≤35 years; 36-46 years and ≥ 45 years). Standardized questionnaires were used to collect the data. Subsequently, total scores were calculated for all variables. Out of 156 participants in the study, 42.9% occupied top level management and 57.1% middle level management positions. Age groups analysis indicated that, 31% and 68.6% in the less than 35 years age group were in the top and the middle levels management positions respectively. In the age group 36 to 46 years, 47% occupied the top level management position and 52.8% occupied the middle level management position. With regard to LTPA, top level managers (71.6%) scored low LTPA compared to the middle level managers (62.9%). In addition, both the top and middle level managers reported bad emotional (49.3%; 56.2%) and happiness indexes (41.8%; 37.1%) respectively. Though not significant, LTPA was positively associated with psychological well-being parameters amongst top level managers. The study concluded that both top and middle levels managers exhibited low LTPA, and with no participation in high physical activity among top level managers. In addition, more middle level managers reported bad emotional stage than the top level managers, while the top level managers were less happy than the middle level managers. It is recommended that urgent strategic intervention programmes for leisure-time physical activity and psychological wellness are needed to promote physical health and well-being of the executive employees.
      PubDate: 2013-12-04T17:55:10Z
       
  • A public health approach to increase physical activity and health
           education : the Biokinetic Humanitarian Project
    • Abstract: Author: Noorbhai, M.H. Vol 19 Issue 4_2 Publication: 2013 Page: 993-998 Abstract: Physical activity has comprehensive benefits promoting well-being, health and improving quality of life. Unfortunately, physical inactivity is the fourth leading cause of deaths due to NCDs worldwide which contribute to over three million preventable deaths. Currently, more emphasis is placed on lifestyle convenience through the use of technology while there is less emphasis placed on the meaningfulness and importance of physical activity and health. Due to the epidemic, it is noteworthy that there are distinct differences between both the modern and early eras regarding health and lifestyle. Behaviours and determinants attributed to physical activity regarding these lifestyles include age, gender, ethnicity, the environment, fitness levels, nutrition and health status respectively. Previous research has stipulated that public health interventions should focus on the management and positive outcomes of such determinants. Interventions advocating both physical activity participation and exercise education are needed across all domains, locally and internationally. It is vital to have intervention strategies that target individuals so that they are able to adjust to the environment they're in. Among these interventions is the Biokinetic Humanitarian Project (BHP) which aims to provide exercise testing, exercise prescription and health education in underprivileged communities, sport and university settings, primary health care and other settings in need. The BHP intervention hopes to inculcate the meaningfulness and disseminate physical activity and health education to individuals. It is imperative that the spotlight in physical activity research is drawn towards future interventions, where NCDs and health status around the world will improve and potentially be alleviated.
      PubDate: 2013-12-04T17:55:10Z
       
  • Physical activity, health and well-being - a strategic objective of the
           National Sport and Recreation Plan (NSRP) of South Africa
    • Abstract: Author: Strydom, Gert L. Vol 19 Issue 4_2 Publication: 2013 Page: 980-992 Abstract: In the National Sport and Recreation Plan (NSRP) of the Republic of South Africa, approved by Cabinet in 2012, the first strategic objective stated as follows: "To improve the health and well-being of the nation by providing mass participation opportunities through active recreation". The aim of this objective is to get the South African population more physically active in order to improve their health and well-being. The purpose of this paper was to highlight the South African situation regarding physical activity, health and well-being as well as the challenge of non-communicable disease. For this purpose, scientific evidence was gathered from peer reviewed journals, books and internet sources. The health and well-being of mankind since ancient times was addressed in many documents and charters. The salutogenic association between physical activity and health was pointed out by health professionals in ancient times and later substantiated by evidence-based research by modern scientists. Notwithstanding the fact that research indicated physical inactivity as a major risk factor for non-communicable diseases (NCD), the hypokinetic lifestyle of people around the globe remains a health concern. According to the World Economic Forum, 63% of all deaths in 2008 could be attributed to NCD, with about 50% of those that had died as a result of NCD, being in the prime of their productive years. It is also proved that the low- and middle-income countries are disproportionately affected, with 80% of all deaths due to NCD. In South Africa, the condition of hypokinesis is also alarming. Results indicated that in 2006, 74.6% of individuals over all ethnic groups do not participate in physical activity, the most inactive groups being the Coloured (84.8%), followed by the Asian (75.6%), black (75.0%) and white (74.6%) groups. When the age pyramid for the South Africa population is analysed with projections to the year 2050, the large portion of elderly people becomes evident. The fastest growing segment of the population will be the age group 80 + years, which will grow at an estimated rate of 77% and 79% for the male and female groups respectively. This significant number of elderly people may lead to major escalation in health care cost, which may cripple the health care budget. In conclusion therefore it is clear that physical inactivity poses a major health risk to the South African population, and with the projected increase in the older age category, that is more prone to various health risks, this scenario asks for timely intervention at various levels, starting from childhood to the elderly.
      PubDate: 2013-12-04T17:55:10Z
       
  • Editorial
    • Abstract: Vol 19 Issue 4_2 Publication: 2013 Page: i-ii Abstract: The need for adequate and sustainable physical activity in the 21st Century cannot be over-emphasised. The non-communicable disease (obesity, overweight, hypertension, diabetes, etc) have re-emerged and are increasing, the once-forgotten communicable diseases (TB, cholera, typhoid, etc) are fighting their ways back into communities (particularly in the developing nations), malaria problems are on the increase as mosquitoes have now developed resistance to drugs.
      PubDate: 2013-12-04T17:55:10Z
       
  • Black Generation Y students' attitudes towards the demarketing of tobacco
           and alcohol consumption
    • Abstract: Author: Roets, C.R.Q. Bevan-Dye, A.L. Viljoen, W.P. Vol 19 Issue 4_2 Publication: 2013 Page: 961-979 Abstract: This article reports on a study undertaken to determine Black Generation Y students' attitudes towards the demarketing of tobacco and consequent attitudes towards the demarketing of alcohol consumption in South Africa. As governments around the world, including South Africa, seek to tackle growing health care costs, so unhealthy consumption behaviours are increasingly coming under the spotlight. Tobacco smoking and, more recently excessive alcohol consumption, are two of such consumption behaviours that have received particular attention in recent years, with different demarketing strategies being implemented in an effort to dissuade the consumption thereof. While the effectiveness of these demarketing strategies may be measured directly by looking at changes in demand levels, little is known concerning consumer attitudes towards these strategies, even though an essential prerequisite for achieving their beneficial effects may depend on consumers having a positive attitude towards these strategies. A self-administered questionnaire was distributed to a sample of 400 Black Generation Y students registered at two South African higher education institutions situated in the Gauteng province. The captured data were analysed using z-tests, Pearson's Product-Moment Correlation and regression analysis. The findings indicate that Black Generation Y students have a statistically significant positive attitude towards both the demarketing of tobacco and alcohol consumption, and their attitudes towards the demarketing of tobacco serve as an important predictor to their attitudes towards the more recently proposed demarketing of alcohol consumption in South Africa.
      PubDate: 2013-12-04T17:55:10Z
       
  • The potential for eco-tourism in the Gishwati Forest Reserve : an
           alternative use of the forest for economic upliftment of local communities
           
    • Abstract: Author: Nsabimana, E. Spencer, J.P. Vol 19 Issue 4_2 Publication: 2013 Page: 1086-1099 Abstract: This study was conducted in late 2010 for the Gishwati Area Conservation Programme (GACP), a conservation agency that was tasked to restore and conserve the Forest, since 2007. The agency thought that eco-tourism in the Forest would be a good practice for reducing poverty in poor communities and boost eco-conservation efforts. The study proposed a number of tourism products, including a guided four to five hour hike in the Forest, and several community-based activities. The aim of the study was to establish the potential of eco-tourism in the Gishwati Forest reserve as an alternative use of the Forest for local communities. The study had three main objectives: establishing whether people were likely to visit Gishwati; determining how much they would be willing to pay for the products, and indicating which factors were important criteria for visits to the Gishwati Forest. A literature study preceded a structured questionnaire which was developed and distributed to 230 conveniently selected respondents at various target locations, including Kigali City, Gisenyi Town and Ruhengeri Town, because large number of tourists frequented these towns. The 201 usable responses were analysed using the SPSS 11.5 programme, which indicated that the majority of respondents were willing to pay for a guided Forest hike, that a high percentage of revenue should be returned to local communities, and that they should assist in conserving the natural areas. The report was accepted by the GACP but not fully implemented.
      PubDate: 2013-12-04T17:55:10Z
       
 
 
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