for Journals by Title or ISSN
for Articles by Keywords
help

Publisher: Sabinet Online Ltd   (Total: 185 journals)

 A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z  

        1 2 | Last

ACCORD Occasional Paper     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Acta Academica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.123, h-index: 3)
Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.14, h-index: 1)
Acta Criminologica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa     Full-text available via subscription  
Acta Juridica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Acta Patristica et Byzantina     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Africa Insight     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Africa Institute Occasional Paper     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Africa J. of Nursing and Midwifery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.128, h-index: 3)
AfricaGrowth Agenda     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
African Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 18)
African Finance J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
African J. for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
African J. of Farm Child and Youth Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
African J. of Herpetology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.51, h-index: 9)
African J. of Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 1)
African J. of Research in Mathematics, Science and Technology Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
African Markets Overview     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
African Plant Protection     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
African Safety Promotion     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Africanus     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Agriprobe     Full-text available via subscription  
Akroterion     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annual Survey of South African Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Arms Control : Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Ars Nova     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Article 40     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Architects and Quantity Surveyors' Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
BER : Building and Construction : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
BER : Building Contractors' Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
BER : Building Sub-Contractors' Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Capital Goods Industries Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Consumer Confidence Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
BER : Consumer Goods Industries Survey     Full-text available via subscription  
BER : Economic Prospects : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Economic Prospects : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Intermediate Goods Industries Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Manufacturing Survey : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Motor Trade Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Retail Sector Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Retail Survey : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Building and Construction : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Manufacturing : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Retail : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Trends : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Wholesale Sector Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Building Women     Full-text available via subscription  
Bulletin of Statistics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Cabo     Full-text available via subscription  
Cardiovascular J. of Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.3, h-index: 19)
Child Abuse Research in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Civil Engineering = Siviele Ingenieurswese     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Clean Air J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
CME : Your SA J. of CPD     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Codicillus     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Commonwealth Youth and Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Communicare : J. for Communication Sciences in Southern Africa = Communicare : Tydskrif vir Kommunikasiewetenskappe in Suider-Afrika     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Conflict Trends     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Conspectus : The J. of the South African Theological Seminary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Crime Research in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Current Allergy & Clinical Immunology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.126, h-index: 4)
Dairy Mail Africa : Publication for the Dairy Industry in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
De Arte     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Die Kerkblad     Full-text available via subscription  
Educare     Full-text available via subscription  
Emergency Services SA     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
English in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Enterprise Risk     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ergonomics SA : J. of the Ergonomics Society of South Africa     Full-text available via subscription  
ESR Review : Economic and Social Rights in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
French Studies in Southern Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Fundamina : A J. of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Gender and Behaviour     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
HR Highway     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
IFE Psychologia : An Intl. J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Image & Text : a J. for Design     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
IMFO : Official J. of the Institute of Municipal Finance Officers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
IMIESA     Full-text available via subscription  
Indilinga African J. of Indigenous Knowledge Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Injury and Safety Monitor     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Institute for Security Studies Papers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Interim : Interdisciplinary J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Intl. SportMed J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.182, h-index: 8)
Investment Analysts J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.223, h-index: 4)
J. for Christian Scholarship = Tydskrif vir Christelike Wetenskap     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
J. for Contemporary History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
J. for Estate Planning Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
J. for Islamic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
J. for Juridical Science     Full-text available via subscription  
J. for Language Teaching = Tydskrif vir Taalonderrig     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
J. for New Generation Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
J. for Semitics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
J. of African Elections     Full-text available via subscription  
J. of Contemporary Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
J. of Marketing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
J. of Public Administration     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Juta's Business Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Kleio     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Learning and Teaching Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)

        1 2 | Last

Journal Cover   African Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance
  [5 followers]  Follow
    
   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
   ISSN (Print) 1117-4315
   Published by Sabinet Online Ltd Homepage  [185 journals]
  • Community-based tourism : origins and present trends
    • Abstract: Author: Giampiccoli, A. Vol 21 Issue 2 Publication: 2015 Page: 675-687 Abstract: Understanding the origins of Community Based Tourism helps in mapping its possible trajectories. Past and current trends are important to unlock the possibilities in the future. This paper posits that with a better understanding of the original conceptualization, practices and roles of CBT, possibilities will abound to understand contemporary CBT matters. It argues that since its origins to current times, the CBT approach has endured a significant mismatch from the original aims and strategies of CBT in terms of practical approaches and outcomes. The hallmarks of a genuine CBT project include local control (rather than mere involvement), decision making at all the stages of the project's life cycle, equitable sharing of the collective benefits, within the context of a holistic, bottom-up approach to community development. Instead CBT projects have been distancing themselves to different degree from genuine CBT projects.
      PubDate: 2015-07-03T08:12:08Z
       
  • Community-based tourism research in academic journals : a numerical
           analysis
    • Abstract: Author: Mtapuri, O. Giampiccoli, A. Spershott, C. Vol 21 Issue 2 Publication: 2015 Page: 688-705 Abstract: This article examines the growth of Community-Based Tourism within the broader discipline of tourism. New topics in the field have emerged such as responsible tourism, pro-poor tourism, sports tourism and moral impacts of tourism. This phenomenon also reflects the multidisciplinarity of tourism. In this article, using the Title, Abstract and Keywords (TAK) for instances in which the words (Community-based Tourism, Community Tourism and Community-Based Eco-Tourism) to subsume community-Based Tourism (CBT), a search was made in various databases and found that CBT as a sub-specialty of tourism started to emerge in the late 1970s and early 1980s. The number of articles published specifically on CBT has been growing phenomenally. The major contribution of this article is that we now know the evolution of CBT and we also now know its trajectory of growth which has been upward. While the number of articles on CBT is growing, there is no journal dedicated solely to CBT.
      PubDate: 2015-07-03T08:12:08Z
       
  • Optimal training loads for the hang clean and squat jump in Under-21 rugby
           union players
    • Abstract: Author: De Villiers, N. Venter, R.E. Vol 21 Issue 2 Publication: 2015 Page: 665-674 Abstract: The purpose of this study was to determine and compare the optimal loads that would produce peak power output (PPO) in the hang clean and squat jump. Under-21 male rugby players (n = 59) from two rugby academies performed a maximal-strength test in the hang clean and squat, followed by a power test in the hang clean and squat jump with loads ranging from 30 to 90% of maximal strength (1RM). Pre-season and in-season testing was conducted. PPO for the hang clean was achieved at 90% 1RM during pre-season and at 80% 1RM during in-season. PPO forthe squat jump was achieved in a range from 60- 90% 1RM during pre-season and 50-90% 1RM during in-season. Optimal load for power production was 90% 1RM for the hang clean and 60-90% for the squat jump. Improvement in strength levels affected both peak-power production and the optimal load in both exercises. Results indicated that the more experienced the player was in strength training, the lower the percentage load that produced PPO. Load prescriptions would depend on the strength levels and training status of the players and should be monitored throughout the training year.
      PubDate: 2015-07-03T08:12:08Z
       
  • Nurses' perceptions on factors contributing to job dissatisfaction in a
           public psychiatric hospital in North West Province, South Africa
    • Abstract: Author: Molefe, J. Sehularo, L.A. Vol 21 Issue 2 Publication: 2015 Page: 472-482 Abstract: Job dissatisfaction among nurses is a serious global concern. However, it seems that the numbers of studies on job dissatisfaction among nurses are limited. This study therefore seeks to explore and describe the nurses' perceptions on the factors contributing to job dissatisfaction in order to make recommendations aimed at increasing nurses' satisfaction level in a public psychiatric hospital in North West Province. Exploratory-descriptive qualitative design was followed. Purposive sampling techniques was utilised to select study participants. Sample size was determined by data saturation which was reached after ten unstructured individual interviews. Data were analysed following Tesch's method of qualitative data analysis. The results indicated three major themes of the factors contributing to job dissatisfaction among nurses, that is, social, financial and organisational factors. From these results, it can be concluded that more nursing research is still needed on this topic.
      PubDate: 2015-07-03T08:12:07Z
       
  • Practitioners' perceptions of sport and exercise psychology in South
           Africa and the United Kingdom
    • Abstract: Author: Edwards, D.J. Barker, J.B. Vol 21 Issue 2 Publication: 2015 Page: 619-637 Abstract: With the rationale to promote the national and international discipline, praxis and value of Sport and Exercise Psychology (S&EP) as well as make a contribution to the limited amount of comparison research, this study focused on comparative perceptions of relevant, knowledgeable S&EP stakeholders in South Africa (SA) and the United Kingdom (UK), to the extent to which they represent the discipline in economically developed and developing contexts respectively. It was considered that comparative research on these two countries would be instructive. A purposive sample of 12 practitioners (six SA and six UK) completed an online survey with participants from this sample further purposely selected for focus groups and individual interviews. Data was analysed using thematic content analysis. Three main findings emerged. First, although SA has no formalised professional training and registration, the discipline and praxis is advancing with much potential for further structural development and contribution. Second, in comparison, UK professional training and regulatory council registration, has evolved and diversified the field. Third, with their relative similarities and differences, SA and UK can learn much from one another, in terms of the contribution which S&EP can make. Further relevant international academic and professional collaboration should considerably advance the contributions of S&EP at local, national and international level.
      PubDate: 2015-07-03T08:12:07Z
       
  • Mechanisms of coexistence of factor VII hyperactivity with dyslipidaemia,
           diabetes mellitus, obesity and its role in the development of myocardial
           infarction : a review
    • Abstract: Author: Moraba, M.M. Mabusela, M.S. Mashinya, F. Dikotope, S.A. Choma, S.S.R. Vol 21 Issue 2 Publication: 2015 Page: 519-538 Abstract: Myocardial infarction (MI) is one of the terminal complications of the cardiovascular disease, with high global mortality rate, accounting for 7.3 million deaths worldwide. It has a wide range of risk factors, including metabolic disorders and, presumably, factor VII (FVII) hyperactivity. However, the causal link of FVII hyperactivity with MI in the presence of metabolic disorders is still an area of uncertainty. The review investigated the mechanisms of coexistence of FVII hyperactivity with dyslipidaemia, diabetes mellitus, obesity and its role in the development of MI. Original articles were targeted. Various words combination was used to search for articles of relevance. Science Direct, Google Scholar, PubMed, NIH Public Access, Medline, PMC and Medscape were sites (techniques) used to search for the articles and related papers. A total of 140 papers and articles were retrieved and 102 of them were found suitable for literature review for the topic in question. Literature reported controversial results regarding association of FVII hyperactivity with MI. Some researchers found FVII hyperactivity to be an independent risk factor and predictor of myocardial infarction (MI), while some did not agree. Methods of different sensitivities; associated risk factors of MI; the stage of MI at which FVII activity was estimated; the presence of FVII mutated gene (353 Arg-Gln) and different interpretations of results were the sources of the discrepancy. Factor VII hyperactivity does not develop without other atherogenic risk factors. Dyslipidaemia, DM and obesity were found to induce FVII hyperactivity. Hyperglycaemia, insulin resistance, high levels of FFAs and leptin constitute the underlying mechanisms for coexistence of FVII hyperactivity and metabolic disorders. Factor VII hyperactivity does not cause development of MI de novo. In conclusion, factor VII hyperactivity plays a secondary role in the development of MI. It is induced by other risk factors associated with it. Metabolic disorders are the most confounding risk factors that FVII hyperactivity is often associated with in MI. Improvement of metabolic parameters decreases the levels of FVII activity, the risk for development of MI and controls its severity.
      PubDate: 2015-07-03T08:12:07Z
       
  • Risky sexual behaviour of university students : perceptions and the effect
           of a sex education tool
    • Abstract: Author: Born, K.M. Wolvaardt, L. Mcintosh, E. Vol 21 Issue 2 Publication: 2015 Page: 502-518 Abstract: The increasing HIV incidence amongst people aged 15-24 years and the reported gaps in sex-education received at school and reported risky sexual behaviour in South Africa justifies the importance of this study. This study examines the risky sexual behaviour and perceptions among first-year students enrolled at Monash South Africa in South Africa. This four-phased mixed methods pilot study explored whether a sex-education intervention tool positively influenced risky sexual behaviour. Phase 1 used self-administered questionnaires to obtain quantitative and qualitative baseline data. In Phase 2 a sex-education intervention tool was designed to address identified gaps. In Phase 3 a prospective cohort of 12 mixed-gender students participated in the sex-education intervention sessions and was followed up a month later (Phase 4) to evaluate the effectiveness of the tool. Phase 1 participants (139) were between 18- 21 years. The level of sex-education knowledge amongst the participants was low and of a poor quality; this could be a result of poor preparation at school. The results suggest the necessity of sex-education programmes for university students considering the low proportion of students entering university with basic sex education. Of the 139 participants, 27 were identified with risky sexual behaviour and considered for an intervention. The intervention participants felt more able to be responsible for their behaviour after the intervention. The participants reported that the sex-education intervention tool influenced their risky sexual behaviour positively. This pilot intervention study can be adopted by universities interested in engaging their students about their sexual health and augmenting school-level interventions.
      PubDate: 2015-07-03T08:12:07Z
       
  • The psychology of the heart : implications for health, physical activity
           and sport
    • Abstract: Author: Edwards, S.D. Vol 21 Issue 2 Publication: 2015 Page: 638-655 Abstract: Over the centuries, the heart has been recognized as a centre for spiritual, intellectual and emotional life in diverse cultures. This paper introduces a psychology of the heart with specific reference to the time honoured, transcultural applications of a local, African, Zulu, breath based, heart focussed, psychotherapeutic workshop codenamed SHISO. Discussion focusses on implications for health, physical activity and sport of psychophysiological resonance, coherence and heart rate variability feedback applications involving respiration and facilitation of positive emotion.
      PubDate: 2015-07-03T08:12:07Z
       
  • Is the game of touch rugby safe for female adolescents?
    • Abstract: Author: Vijam, K.L. De Koning, C. Dawson, S. Ellapen, T.J. Vol 21 Issue 2 Publication: 2015 Page: 656-664 Abstract: The game of touch rugby is considered safe, yielding minimal acute musculoskeletal injuries. This study profiled the prevalence of acute touch rugby musculoskeletal injury among female adolescent non-elite, recreational players over a 6 month period (February-July 2014). Data were collected from 76 high school players participating, in the A League in the Upper High Way Area of KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa, via voluntary parental informed consent and player assent. Players completed a self-report questionnaire probing the nature and mechanism of acute musculoskeletal injuries. Probability was set at p≤0.05. Forty-nine players sustained acute musculoskeletal injuries with the ankle (33.3%) and knee (28.8%) being most prevalent (p
      PubDate: 2015-07-03T08:12:07Z
       
  • Bull's Mental Skills Questionnaire validation in an Afrikaans speaking
           population
    • Abstract: Author: Kruger, A. Edwards, D.J. Edwards, S.D. Vol 21 Issue 2 Publication: 2015 Page: 612-618 Abstract: The purpose of this research was to validate the Bull's Mental Skills Questionnaire in an Afrikaans speaking population. An Afrikaans version of the scale was developed through a rigorous translation and back translation procedure. The scale was administered to a convenience sample of 674 first to third year, Human Movement Science students (337 males and 324 females), with a mean age of 19.58±1.62. Exploratory Principle Component Factor Analysis, using Rotation Method: Promax with Kaiser Normalization, yielded a satisfactory six factor solution, virtually identical to six of the seven factors of the English version. Cronbach alpha reliability indices for the respective subscales were as follows: Concentration ability (.83), Anxiety and worry management (.81), Relaxation ability (.74), Imagery ability (.61), Motivation (.75) and Mental preparation (.57). It is recommended that this shortened six subscale version be used in mental skills research and praxis in Afrikaans speaking populations.
      PubDate: 2015-07-03T08:12:07Z
       
  • A cross-over from Sport Psychology to the Psychology of Music : an
           intervention study on undergraduate music students
    • Abstract: Author: Steyn, Barend J.M. Steyn, Margaretha H. Maree, David J.F. Panebianco-Warrens, Clorinda Vol 21 Issue 2 Publication: 2015 Page: 596-611 Abstract: The primary aim of this research was to evaluate whether the cross-over from Sport Psychology to the Psychology of Music in terms of the knowledge base, intervention Psychological Skills Training (PST) protocols and psychometric measurements was meaningful. A second aim was to ascertain whether the psychological skills levels and mindfulness levels per se have improved amongst the undergraduate students. Extensive research on psychological benefits of PST in sport has been conducted in Sport Psychology, with unambiguously positive results. Mindfulness training, and specifically the mindfulness-acceptance-commitment (MAC) approach have been applied in sport and as in the case of PST, it has not yet been fully utilized in the context of music. This specific combination of PST and the MAC approach were tested on undergraduate music students in a seven-week intervention program. A quasi-experimental design was implemented in this research. Voluntary participation was adopted to ensure that the participants were fully engaged in and committed to this study. A convenience sample of 36 undergraduate music students from the Department of Music at the University of Pretoria was selected. The experimental group consisted of 21 students, and the remaining 15 students composed of the control group. Within the experimental group significant improvements in performance anxiety, psychological skills and mindfulness indicated that the cross-over from the performance-evaluative context of sport to music was meaningful and partially successful.
      PubDate: 2015-07-03T08:12:07Z
       
  • The gap between the management and success of elite middle and long
           distance runners in Kenya
    • Abstract: Author: Kanyiba, Lewis R. Mwisukha, Andanje Onywera, Vincent O. Vol 21 Issue 2 Publication: 2015 Page: 586-595 Abstract: Kenya has been very successful at middle and long distance races in international competitions for the last five decades. However, Kenyan world record beaters have denounced the motherland flag by switching nationality, sought training in alien bases under foreign managers, been living under deplorable conditions after athletic career, or they have been the victim of neglect-induced death at a prime career age. There is extensive research available on the success of Kenyan athletes, but no study to the knowledge of the researchers has linked the management of Kenyan athletes to that success. As a foundation for further research, the current exploratory study was designed to determine whether elite athletes, their coaches, and administrative officials (Athletics Kenya [AK] officials) differed on the effectiveness of the sampled managerial practices (personnel, equipment/facilities, motivation, patriotism, team selection, and training programs) in facilitating the success of Kenyan elite runners. The study further details the effect of nationality change and the role of foreign managers towards the success of Kenyans in distance running. The study took place in Nairobi, Kenya. The sample comprised 185 elite athletes, 49 coaches, and 34 AK officials. The Chi-square (χ2) test for independence (α = .05.) analysis was used to determine a consistent and predictable relationship between the variables. The pairwise comparisons showed that athletes differed significantly with coaches and AK officials on the sampled managerial practices while coaches did not differ significantly with AK officials. Suggestions for further research are given.
      PubDate: 2015-07-03T08:12:07Z
       
  • Purchasing preferences for sports shoes : an investigation of University
           students in Botswana
    • Abstract: Author: Akpata, D. Thebe, V. Mogano, M. Kwelegano, S. Vol 21 Issue 2 Publication: 2015 Page: 574-585 Abstract: The purpose of this study was to find out factors that influence University students' purchasing preferences for sports shoes. Several factors from literature such as comfort, advertising, brand, price, style and quality have been identified as influencing university students to purchase sports shoes. A sample (N=120) of University of Botswana sport marketing students participated in the study. The Lyons and Jackson Athletic Shoe Survey questionnaire was modified and used to gather responses from the participants. The responses of the participants were rated on a Likert scale representing strongly agree to strongly disagree on a scale of 1 - 5. Data was analysed descriptively by the use of means, frequencies and percentages for the students' demographics and purchasing preferences. The independent t-test was used to determine if significant differences exists between the purchasing preferences mean scores of males and females at a selected probability level. The results indicated that quality is the most influential factor in purchasing sports shoes by university students. The results of T-test showed no significant differences between males and females on their preferences which signified similar purchasing behaviour. The study is useful in providing further information to shoe marketers on University students' purchasing preferences in order to develop better marketing strategies.
      PubDate: 2015-07-03T08:12:07Z
       
  • Sitting time and associated factors in older adults in South Africa
    • Abstract: Author: Peltzer, K. Phaswana-Mafuya, N. Vol 21 Issue 2 Publication: 2015 Page: 566-573 Abstract: The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of sitting time and to explore relationships with socio-demographic, BMI, well-being, and health risk behaviour variables among older South Africans, This analysis is based on data from a national population-based cross-sectional study conducted in 2008, the Study of Global Ageing and Adults Health (SAGE), with a probability sample of 3840 aged 50 years and older South Africans. The primary outcome was sitting time. The exposures assessed included: socio-demographic characteristics, health variables, physical activity, anthropometric and blood pressure measurements. Results indicate that the mean reported sitting time was 195 minutes/day (SD=143), and the median sitting time was 180.00 minutes/day. In multivariate logistic regression older age, activity limitation, and low quality of life were associated with high sitting time. In addition, in bivariate analysis poorer cognitive functioning was associated with high sitting time. The results may help to identify older adults that should be targeted in interventions aiming at reducing sitting time.
      PubDate: 2015-07-03T08:12:07Z
       
  • The relationship between Parenting styles and childhood trauma : a study
           of street children in Limpopo Province, South Africa
    • Abstract: Author: Maepa, M.P. Idemudia, E.S. Ofonedu, M.E. Vol 21 Issue 2 Publication: 2015 Page: 552-565 Abstract: Childhood adversity increases the risk for psychopathology and psychiatric disorders in individuals and is one of the reasons for high numbers of street children seen in South African towns. This study aims to compare parenting styles and history of childhood trauma between street children and non-street children and to assess the relationship between parenting styles and childhood trauma among the street children. Using a cross-sectional design involving a snowball method, the study sampled a total of 300 street children. Concurrently, 300 non-street children were sampled using simple randomisation. Results obtained from a questionnaire with three sections was used (section A: demographic information, section B: parenting styles, section C: childhood trauma) revealed significant differences regarding parental warmth (t(598) = 14.02, p < .000), parental supervision (t(598) = 20.92, p < .000) and childhood trauma (t(598) = -27.24, p
      PubDate: 2015-07-03T08:12:07Z
       
  • High rate of teenage pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections in Fort
           Beaufort, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa
    • Abstract: Author: Nika, T.R. Bereda-Thakhati, J.E. Goon, D.T. Vol 21 Issue 2 Publication: 2015 Page: 539-551 Abstract: There is increased in teenage pregnancy despite the presence of dual protection practice and health care awareness programmes related to health and sexuality education in South Africa. The present study explores the underlying causes of high teenage pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases rates, including HIV and AIDS in Fort Beaufort. The sample comprised of 70 conveniently selected pregnant teenagers aged 15-19 years. Data were collected through self-administered questionnaire. About 56.9% participants knew nothing about family planning, 27.5% perceived family planning as prevention of pregnancy, and regard injection as a method of family planning, while 11% described family planning as planning for future babies. Those who knew about family planning mentioned friends, clinics, schools, family and neighbours as the source of information about family planning. Concerning condom use, majority (96.1%) heard about condoms, 66.7% once used the condoms and 72.5% were knowledgeable about condom use and 27.5% did not know how to use the condoms. About 34% knew that condoms protect against pregnancy and STIs, pregnancy (20.0%), STIs (37.1%) and 9% did not know anything about condoms. Regarding knowledge about STIs, 47% knew that one gets STIs through sex with an infected partner, though infectious, can be treated, 45% had no knowledge about STIs, 7.8% knew that one gets STIs when he/she sleeps with a partner without using condoms. Only 3.0% admitted having been treated for STIs. Teenagers are not well informed about family planning methods. Those who used condoms are not consistent and had limited knowledge about their use. The teenagers had knowledge about HIV and AIDS as well as STIs, but they did not use condoms during sexual intercourse which indicate negligence. There is need to reinforce health education on family planning and counseling to clients for better choices of methods including dual protection in order to prevent pregnancy and STIs, including HIV and AIDS.
      PubDate: 2015-07-03T08:12:07Z
       
  • Social workers' perspectives on the experiences and challenges of women
           living with HIV
    • Abstract: Author: Tayo, S.Z. Makofane, M.D.M. Vol 21 Issue 2 Publication: 2015 Page: 483-492 Abstract: Women living with HIV (WLHIV) face a myriad of challenges which have an adverse influence on their multiple roles. Hence, the psychosocial support provided to HIV infected women by social workers is important to enhance the women's social functioning. A qualitative research study was undertaken applying the explorative, descriptive and contextual strategy to explore and describe the experiences of social workers who witnessed the plight of women living with HIV in the Pietermaritzburg region of Kwa-Zulu Natal. Non-probability purposive and snowball sampling techniques were employed to select a sample of thirteen participants who met the set criteria. Face-to-face semi-structured interviews buttressed with open-ended questions were conducted with the participants. Digitally recorded data were transcribed and analysed applying Tesch's eight steps. Data verification was guided by Guba's model. Two themes emerged from data analysis, coupled with various issues. Women living with HIV grapple with issues related to fear of disclosure, stigma and discrimination while the ineffective delivery of social work services is attributed to lack of human resources, requisite knowledge and skills - these inhibit appropriate interventions to address women's fear of disclosure and unfavourable working conditions. The paper concludes with suggestions for social work education, practice and further research.
      PubDate: 2015-07-03T08:12:07Z
       
  • An evaluation of Orphans and Vulnerable Children (OVC) Programme in
           Thulamela Municipality, Limpopo Province, South Africa
    • Abstract: Author: Sikhwari, Tshimangadzo D. Vol 21 Issue 2 Publication: 2015 Page: 461-471 Abstract: Large numbers of children are growing up without adult protection, nutritional support, or financial support because of the AIDS epidemic. Most of the children are forced to act as caregivers and providers in their families. Without adequate support, these children are at risk of being affected by malnutrition and some form of sexual exploitation. The Orphans and Vulnerable Children (OVC) programme was developed from the home-based care programme to provide children under the age of 18 years with support in core service areas such as HIV prevention education, access to anti-retroviral treatment and psychological care. The aim of this study was to evaluate the extent to which the services of the OVC programme are reaching the intended target groups, namely orphans and vulnerable children. The study employed a qualitative programme evaluation design to assess the implementation of the OVC programme. The researcher used convenience sampling to select 14 staff members serving in the OVC programme. A random sample of 30 children was selected from 6 wards in Thulamela Municipality, South Africa. The study used individual interviews to capture the views of staff members, whereas focus group interviews were used to collect data from the children. The data from both individual and focus group interviews were analysed through content analysis. This process entails exploring the general sense of data and identifying patterns that emerge as themes. The study found that the objectives of the OVC programme were achieved, even though the degrees of achievement differed. The services were to a large extent delivered to the target groups. However, it was found that the OVC programme does not have sufficient capacity and resources. The evaluation has shown that service delivery does not depend entirely on the availability of resources, but on the sacrifices and dedication of staff as well.
      PubDate: 2015-07-03T08:12:06Z
       
 
 
JournalTOCs
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Email: journaltocs@hw.ac.uk
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
 
About JournalTOCs
API
Help
News (blog, publications)
JournalTOCs on Twitter   JournalTOCs on Facebook

JournalTOCs © 2009-2015