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Publisher: Sabinet Online Ltd   (Total: 188 journals)

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Showing 1 - 188 of 188 Journals sorted alphabetically
ACCORD Occasional Paper     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Academica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.13, h-index: 4)
Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 2)
Acta Criminologica     Full-text available via subscription  
Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa     Full-text available via subscription  
AFFRIKA J. of Politics, Economics and Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Africa Conflict Monitor     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Africa Insight     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Africa Institute Occasional Paper     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Africa J. of Nursing and Midwifery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.128, h-index: 4)
AfricaGrowth Agenda     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
African Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 21)
African Finance J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.168, h-index: 2)
African J. for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
African J. of Business and Economic Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
African J. of Democracy and Governance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
African J. of Herpetology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.327, h-index: 10)
African J. of Research in Mathematics, Science and Technology Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
African J. of Rhetoric     Full-text available via subscription  
African J. of Wildlife Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
African Plant Protection     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Renaissance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
African Safety Promotion     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
African Yearbook of Rhetoric     Full-text available via subscription  
Africanus     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Agriprobe     Open Access  
Akroterion     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of the Ditsong National Museum of Natural History     Full-text available via subscription  
Annual Survey of South African Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Ars Nova     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Article 40     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BER : Architects and Quantity Surveyors' Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
BER : Building and Construction : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
BER : Building Contractors' Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
BER : Building Sub-Contractors' Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Capital Goods Industries Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Consumer Confidence Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
BER : Consumer Goods Industries Survey     Full-text available via subscription  
BER : Economic Prospects : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription  
BER : Economic Prospects : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Intermediate Goods Industries Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Manufacturing Survey : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Motor Trade Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Retail Sector Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Retail Survey : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Building and Construction : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Manufacturing : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Retail : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Trends : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Wholesale Sector Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Building Women     Full-text available via subscription  
Bulletin of Statistics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Business Tax and Company Law Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Cabo     Full-text available via subscription  
Cardiovascular J. of Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.414, h-index: 22)
Child Abuse Research in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Civil Engineering = Siviele Ingenieurswese     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Clean Air J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Clean Air J. = Tydskrif vir Skoon Lug     Full-text available via subscription  
Climate Summary of South Africa     Full-text available via subscription  
Commonwealth Youth and Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Communicare : J. for Communication Sciences in Southern Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Comparative and Intl. Law J. of Southern Africa     Full-text available via subscription  
Conflict Trends     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Conspectus : The J. of the South African Theological Seminary     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Current Allergy & Clinical Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.127, h-index: 6)
De Arte     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
De Rebus     Full-text available via subscription  
Die Kerkblad     Full-text available via subscription  
Educare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Emergency Services SA     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
English in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ergonomics SA : J. of the Ergonomics Society of South Africa     Full-text available via subscription  
ESR Review : Economic and Social Rights in South Africa     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Evidence Based Summaries in Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
FarmBiz     Full-text available via subscription  
Farmer’s Weekly     Full-text available via subscription  
Farmlink Africa     Full-text available via subscription  
Food Manufacturing Africa     Full-text available via subscription  
French Studies in Southern Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Fundamina : A J. of Legal History     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Gender and Behaviour     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Gender Questions     Full-text available via subscription  
Ghanaian J. of Economics     Full-text available via subscription  
HR Future     Full-text available via subscription  
IFE Psychologia : An Intl. J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Image & Text : a J. for Design     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
IMFO : Official J. of the Institute of Municipal Finance Officers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
IMIESA     Full-text available via subscription  
Indilinga African J. of Indigenous Knowledge Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Inside Mining     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Institute for Security Studies Papers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Interim : Interdisciplinary J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. for Religious Freedom     Full-text available via subscription  
J. for Christian Scholarship = Tydskrif vir Christelike Wetenskap     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
J. for Contemporary History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
J. for Islamic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
J. for Juridical Science     Full-text available via subscription  
J. for Language Teaching = Tydskrif vir Taalonderrig     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
J. for New Generation Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. for Semitics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
J. of African Elections     Full-text available via subscription  
J. of African Foreign Affairs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
J. of African Union Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
J. of Contemporary Management     Full-text available via subscription  
J. of Gender, Information and Development in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
J. of Minimum Intervention in Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription  
J. of Public Administration     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
J. of Somali Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
J. of Strategic Studies : A J. of the Southern Bureau of Strategic Studies Trust     Full-text available via subscription  
Kleio     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Learning and Teaching Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Litnet Akademies : 'n Joernaal vir die Geesteswetenskappe, Natuurwetenskappe, Regte en Godsdienswetenskappe     Open Access  
Malawi Law J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Management Dynamics : J. of the Southern African Institute for Management Scientists     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Medical Technology SA     Full-text available via subscription  
Meditari : Research J. of the School of Accounting Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Missionalia : Southern African J. of Mission Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.153, h-index: 5)
MNASSA : Monthly Notes of the Astronomical Society of South Africa     Full-text available via subscription  
Monographs of the Transvaal Museum     Full-text available via subscription  
Musicus     Full-text available via subscription  
Neotestamentica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.212, h-index: 6)
New Coin Poetry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
New Voices in Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Obiter     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Obstetrics and Gynaecology Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.106, h-index: 2)
Occupational Health Southern Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Old Testament Essays     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Personal Finance Newsletter     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Perspectives in Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.228, h-index: 13)
Politeia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Professional Accountant     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Professional Nursing Today     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Progressio     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Psycho-analytic Psychotherapy in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Quest     Open Access  
ReSource     Full-text available via subscription  
Retail and Marketing Review     Full-text available via subscription  
Rostrum : Newsletter of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
SA Irrigation = SA Besproeiing     Full-text available via subscription  
SA Mercantile Law J. = SA Tydskrif vir Handelsreg     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
SABI Magazine - Tydskrif     Full-text available via subscription  
Scriptura : Intl. J. of Bible, Religion and Theology in Southern Africa     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Scrutiny2     Full-text available via subscription  
Servamus Community-based Safety and Security Magazine     Full-text available via subscription  
Shakespeare in Southern Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
South African Actuarial J.     Full-text available via subscription  
South African Computer J.     Full-text available via subscription  
South African Food Review     Full-text available via subscription  
South African Gastroenterology Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 1)
South African Health Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
South African J. for Research in Sport, Physical Education and Recreation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.186, h-index: 7)
South African J. of Art History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
South African J. of Business Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.194, h-index: 8)
South African J. of Chemical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
South African J. of Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.193, h-index: 14)
South African J. of Criminal Justice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
South African J. of Cultural History     Full-text available via subscription  
South African J. of Diabetes and Vascular Disease     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
South African J. of Economic History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
South African J. of Education     Open Access   (SJR: 0.335, h-index: 14)
South African J. of Higher Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
South African J. of Labour Relations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
South African J. of Sports Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
South African J. of Wildlife Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.583, h-index: 24)
South African J. on Human Rights     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 7)
South African Music Studies : SAMUS     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
South African Ophthalmology J.     Full-text available via subscription  
South African Pharmaceutical and Cosmetic Review     Full-text available via subscription  
South African Radiographer     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Southern African Business Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Southern African Forestry J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Southern African Humanities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.409, h-index: 11)
Southern African J. of Accountability and Auditing Research     Full-text available via subscription  
Southern African Review of Education with Education with Production     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Stilet : Tydskrif van die Afrikaanse Letterkundevereniging     Full-text available via subscription  
Studies in Economics and Econometrics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 6)
Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif vir Natuurwetenskap en Tegnologie     Open Access  
Tax Breaks Newsletter     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
TAXtalk     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
TD : The J. for Transdisciplinary Research in Southern Africa     Full-text available via subscription  
The Dairy Mail     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Transport World Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Unisa Latin American Report     Full-text available via subscription  
Veld & Flora     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Water & Sanitation Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Without Prejudice     Full-text available via subscription  
Word and Action = Woord en Daad     Full-text available via subscription  

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Journal Cover African Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance
  [5 followers]  Follow
    
   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
   ISSN (Print) 1117-4315
   Published by Sabinet Online Ltd Homepage  [188 journals]
  • Without a tail, it is not a cat : writing an acceptable abstract
    • Authors: S. Tichapondwa Modesto
      Abstract: The enthusiasm to write research-based articles for the annual International Journal of Open and Distance Learning is high among budding researchers. Editorial experience has, however, shown two critical gaps addressed in this study, namely rejection of above 90% of abstracts by the Chief Editor, and the increasing unwillingness by interested authors to submit abstracts for fear of the abstracts being rejected. The study aimed at assessing shortcomings in the sample of 30 abstracts reviewed in the past three years. The research was conducted around the construct of 'an abstract' as explained by research scholars. Content analysis of the 30 abstracts was the preferred method, used in conjunction with a pre-determined quality evaluation criteria instrument. Data analysis involved numerical measurement and interpretation of the presence or absence of quality criteria in a given abstract. Some of the findings were vaguely cast problem statements, and a visible absence of some of the elements expected in an abstract. This led to a number of conclusions, including one about lack of awareness by writers regarding how to write an acceptable abstract. One recommendation was that the Editor of the Journal should give written guidance to budding writers on how to write an abstract.
      PubDate: 2015-06-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • The intersection of HIV and AIDS risk behaviours and gender-based violence
           among youths in Botswana
    • Authors: E. Seloilwe; G. Thupayagale-Tshweneagae
      Abstract: This study evaluates gender-based violence and its intersection with HIV and AIDS. The study is based on a larger investigation that examined the HIV prevalence patterns among youth in Botswana. The study used a qualitative exploratory design underpinned by these methods: focus group discussions as well as in-depth interviews, using semi-structured interview guides with open ended questions. It covered specific topics pertaining to intimate partner violence. The areas covered by the interview guides included but were not limited to: impact of HIV and AIDS in the districts, common risks and protective behaviours among the youth, sexual relationships and family and church involvement in HIV and AIDS issues. The study triangulated data sources to validate and enrich data collected from youth by including and getting views of service providers on these issues. Different accounts of violence between partners were narrated by participants in all the three districts. The data also indicated that men always had an upper hand when it comes to sexual matters, and if a woman decides otherwise, it may lead to conflict. Passion killings were mentioned as being unprecedented and a new phenomenon. Violence seems to occur as a result of the male partner feeling exploited or used by the female partner in a relationship. The study is concluded by examining how violence can contribute to HIV and AIDS among the youth and suggests ways to mitigate this situation.
      PubDate: 2015-06-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Views of HIV positive pregnant women on accessibility of the Prevention of
           Mother-to-Child Transmission programme in North West Province, South
           Africa
    • Authors: Debbie Seoka Kgomotso Habedi
      Abstract: Many governments, including the South African government, have made health care services accessible to their citizens. However, studies have revealed that most services are inadequate and inaccessible for all in rural areas. The purpose of this study was to explore and describe the views of the HIV positive pregnant women on accessibility of the prevention of mother-to-child transmission programme (PMTCT) in the North West Province of South Africa. Ten HIV positive pregnant women selected by purposeful sampling were recruited for the study. Semi-structured interviews were used to collect data. Tesch's approach was used to analyse the data. The findings of the study showed that most of the HIV positive pregnant women do not access the prevention of mother-to-child transmission programme due to distance and shortage of health care workers. The study recommends the need to develop strategies that would enhance accessibility to such services in the rural communities.
      PubDate: 2015-06-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Nigerian university students' practices for preventing sexually
           transmitted diseases
    • Authors: C. Umar; Z.Z. Nkosi N. Ndou
      Abstract: Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) remain an important public health challenge among Nigerian students. Abuja University is located in a region of high STDs prevalence. However, it is not clear what students do to minimize their risk of contracting STDs. The purpose of the study was to explore sexual practices that prevent STDs among Abuja University students and also to identify factors which influence the adoption of such preventive sexual practices. A qualitative study, based on an exploratory and descriptive design, using in-depth interviews with 23 informants, examined practices students adopt to prevent STDs, including factors influencing them. Thematic data analysis was performed. The level of awareness of STDs was high. Common preventive sexual practices included abstinence, use of condoms, mutual masturbation and douching. Fear of STDs and pregnancy, parental influences, religious inclinations and respect for cultural values influenced students' sexual practices. Programmes that improve students' knowledge about STDs and those that enable parents to acquire knowledge and skills to positively influence their children's attitudes to sex may effectively reduce risk behaviours and promote preventive practices among students.
      PubDate: 2015-06-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Factors influencing the health of men in polygynous relationship
    • Authors: T. Makua
      Abstract: The research was conducted to explore factors that influence the health experiences of men in polygynous relationships.A descriptive and interpretive phenomenological research methodology was used to gather data through personal in-depth interviews. This led to an understanding of the phenomena within the naturalistic context of occurrence - the natural social and cultural context.The findings of this study revealed that the health of participants in polygynous relationships is influenced by religion and culture. The participants believe that the church guides them as far as their health at home is concerned, and that traditional healers have answers to their health concerns.There is a general myth that a polygynous relationship is riddled with ill-health. There is a strong need to promote culture and religion among this group of the population so as to meet their health needs. The need to maintain their cultural practices was palpable throughout the narrations of their health-seeking behaviours.
      PubDate: 2015-06-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Dilemma for choosing exclusive replacement feeding for HIV positive
           
    • Authors: L.M. Modiba
      Abstract: The burden of the Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) epidemic is greatest in poor resource settings. In particular 22.5 million of the 33.2 million individuals infected with HIV globally live in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). South Africa as well is having a large number of mothers with this burden of HIV infection. Infant feeding in communities with a high prevalence of HIV/AIDS has a potential challenge for mothers who must ultimately decide how to feed their infants within the context that constrain their choices. The purpose of this study was to determine challenges of HIV-positive mothers on exclusive replacement feeding. A qualitative, exploratory, descriptive and contextual study was undertaken to examine the experiences of HIV positive mothers on the exclusive formula feeding. Fifteen interviews women agreed to participate but only 12 women were interviewed using semi-structured interviews based on data saturation. Interviews were transcribed verbatim and analysed by means of content analysis and coding. Five themes emerged from this study, namely: Mothers knowledge of recommended feeding practices; fear of disclosure due to stigma; limited support; social isolation and mother's strategies. The shame associated with HIV is a major obstacle to its prevention, and the stigma that surrounds people is compounded by discrimination against women, leading to women avoiding testing and treatment services for fear of abandonment and other repercussions from husbands, families, and communities and health providers.
      PubDate: 2015-06-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Contemporary health, culture and sexuality issues in HIV/AIDS and chronic
           diseases : editorial
    • Abstract: In human beings, the achievement and maintenance of good health is underpinned by the availability of sustainable supportive social, cultural, economic and environmental conditions. The spread of HIV reached pandemic levels within a short period of time and this catapulted the challenge to the top of the international health agenda and as such this became one of the most public health issues for a long time. This communicable disease transformed the social, medical, ethical and political landscape and enforced a paradigm shift in approach to public health. Numerous programmes championed by the World Health Organisation (WHO) and involving Not-for-profit organisations and governments have been implemented with varying degrees of success. Recently, chronic diseases and conditions such as type 2 diabetes, heart disease, stroke, cancer, obesity, and arthritis either existing alone or co-morbid with HIV have emerged as public health issues of concern. These chronic diseases are not only common and costly but are also preventable. Some foundations of health are now at an all-time risk with previous gains at the risk of nullification by these emergent challenges.
      PubDate: 2015-06-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Community-based tourism research in academic journals : a numerical
           analysis
    • Authors: O. Mtapuri; A. Giampiccoli C. Spershott
      Abstract: This article examines the growth of Community-Based Tourism within the broader discipline of tourism. New topics in the field have emerged such as responsible tourism, pro-poor tourism, sports tourism and moral impacts of tourism. This phenomenon also reflects the multidisciplinarity of tourism. In this article, using the Title, and Keywords (TAK) for instances in which the words (Community-based Tourism, Community Tourism and Community-Based Eco-Tourism) to subsume community-Based Tourism (CBT), a search was made in various databases and found that CBT as a sub-specialty of tourism started to emerge in the late 1970s and early 1980s. The number of articles published specifically on CBT has been growing phenomenally. The major contribution of this article is that we now know the evolution of CBT and we also now know its trajectory of growth which has been upward. While the number of articles on CBT is growing, there is no journal dedicated solely to CBT.
      PubDate: 2015-06-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Community-based tourism : origins and present trends
    • Authors: A. Giampiccoli
      Abstract: Understanding the origins of Community Based Tourism helps in mapping its possible trajectories. Past and current trends are important to unlock the possibilities in the future. This paper posits that with a better understanding of the original conceptualization, practices and roles of CBT, possibilities will abound to understand contemporary CBT matters. It argues that since its origins to current times, the CBT approach has endured a significant mismatch from the original aims and strategies of CBT in terms of practical approaches and outcomes. The hallmarks of a genuine CBT project include local control (rather than mere involvement), decision making at all the stages of the project's life cycle, equitable sharing of the collective benefits, within the context of a holistic, bottom-up approach to community development. Instead CBT projects have been distancing themselves to different degree from genuine CBT projects.
      PubDate: 2015-06-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Optimal training loads for the hang clean and squat jump in Under-21 rugby
           union players
    • Authors: N. De Villiers; R.E. Venter
      Abstract: The purpose of this study was to determine and compare the optimal loads that would produce peak power output (PPO) in the hang clean and squat jump. Under-21 male rugby players (n = 59) from two rugby academies performed a maximal-strength test in the hang clean and squat, followed by a power test in the hang clean and squat jump with loads ranging from 30 to 90% of maximal strength (1RM). Pre-season and in-season testing was conducted. PPO for the hang clean was achieved at 90% 1RM during pre-season and at 80% 1RM during in-season. PPO forthe squat jump was achieved in a range from 60- 90% 1RM during pre-season and 50-90% 1RM during in-season. Optimal load for power production was 90% 1RM for the hang clean and 60-90% for the squat jump. Improvement in strength levels affected both peak-power production and the optimal load in both exercises. Results indicated that the more experienced the player was in strength training, the lower the percentage load that produced PPO. Load prescriptions would depend on the strength levels and training status of the players and should be monitored throughout the training year.
      PubDate: 2015-06-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Is the game of touch rugby safe for female adolescents?
    • Authors: K.L. Vijam; C. De Koning, S. Dawson T.J. Ellapen
      Abstract: The game of touch rugby is considered safe, yielding minimal acute musculoskeletal injuries. This study profiled the prevalence of acute touch rugby musculoskeletal injury among female adolescent non-elite, recreational players over a 6 month period (February-July 2014). Data were collected from 76 high school players participating, in the A League in the Upper High Way Area of KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa, via voluntary parental informed consent and player assent. Players completed a self-report questionnaire probing the nature and mechanism of acute musculoskeletal injuries. Probability was set at p≤0.05. Forty-nine players sustained acute musculoskeletal injuries with the ankle (33.3%) and knee (28.8%) being most prevalent (p
      PubDate: 2015-06-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • The psychology of the heart : implications for health, physical activity
           and sport
    • Authors: S.D. Edwards
      Abstract: Over the centuries, the heart has been recognized as a centre for spiritual, intellectual and emotional life in diverse cultures. This paper introduces a psychology of the heart with specific reference to the time honoured, transcultural applications of a local, African, Zulu, breath based, heart focussed, psychotherapeutic workshop codenamed SHISO. Discussion focusses on implications for health, physical activity and sport of psychophysiological resonance, coherence and heart rate variability feedback applications involving respiration and facilitation of positive emotion.
      PubDate: 2015-06-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Practitioners' perceptions of sport and exercise psychology in South
           Africa and the United Kingdom
    • Authors: D.J. Edwards; J.B. Barker
      Abstract: With the rationale to promote the national and international discipline, praxis and value of Sport and Exercise Psychology (S&EP) as well as make a contribution to the limited amount of comparison research, this study focused on comparative perceptions of relevant, knowledgeable S&EP stakeholders in South Africa (SA) and the United Kingdom (UK), to the extent to which they represent the discipline in economically developed and developing contexts respectively. It was considered that comparative research on these two countries would be instructive. A purposive sample of 12 practitioners (six SA and six UK) completed an online survey with participants from this sample further purposely selected for focus groups and individual interviews. Data was analysed using thematic content analysis. Three main findings emerged. First, although SA has no formalised professional training and registration, the discipline and praxis is advancing with much potential for further structural development and contribution. Second, in comparison, UK professional training and regulatory council registration, has evolved and diversified the field. Third, with their relative similarities and differences, SA and UK can learn much from one another, in terms of the contribution which S&EP can make. Further relevant international academic and professional collaboration should considerably advance the contributions of S&EP at local, national and international level.
      PubDate: 2015-06-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Bull's Mental Skills Questionnaire validation in an Afrikaans speaking
           population
    • Authors: A. Kruger; D.J. Edwards S.D. Edwards
      Abstract: The purpose of this research was to validate the Bull's Mental Skills Questionnaire in an Afrikaans speaking population. An Afrikaans version of the scale was developed through a rigorous translation and back translation procedure. The scale was administered to a convenience sample of 674 first to third year, Human Movement Science students (337 males and 324 females), with a mean age of 19.58±1.62. Exploratory Principle Component Factor Analysis, using Rotation Method: Promax with Kaiser Normalization, yielded a satisfactory six factor solution, virtually identical to six of the seven factors of the English version. Cronbach alpha reliability indices for the respective subscales were as follows: Concentration ability (.83), Anxiety and worry management (.81), Relaxation ability (.74), Imagery ability (.61), Motivation (.75) and Mental preparation (.57). It is recommended that this shortened six subscale version be used in mental skills research and praxis in Afrikaans speaking populations.
      PubDate: 2015-06-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • A cross-over from Sport Psychology to the Psychology of Music : an
           intervention study on undergraduate music students
    • Authors: Barend J.M. Steyn; Margaretha H. Steyn, David J.F. Maree Clorinda Panebianco-Warrens
      Abstract: The primary aim of this research was to evaluate whether the cross-over from Sport Psychology to the Psychology of Music in terms of the knowledge base, intervention Psychological Skills Training (PST) protocols and psychometric measurements was meaningful. A second aim was to ascertain whether the psychological skills levels and mindfulness levels per se have improved amongst the undergraduate students. Extensive research on psychological benefits of PST in sport has been conducted in Sport Psychology, with unambiguously positive results. Mindfulness training, and specifically the mindfulness-acceptance-commitment (MAC) approach have been applied in sport and as in the case of PST, it has not yet been fully utilized in the context of music. This specific combination of PST and the MAC approach were tested on undergraduate music students in a seven-week intervention program. A quasi-experimental design was implemented in this research. Voluntary participation was adopted to ensure that the participants were fully engaged in and committed to this study. A convenience sample of 36 undergraduate music students from the Department of Music at the University of Pretoria was selected. The experimental group consisted of 21 students, and the remaining 15 students composed of the control group. Within the experimental group significant improvements in performance anxiety, psychological skills and mindfulness indicated that the cross-over from the performance-evaluative context of sport to music was meaningful and partially successful.
      PubDate: 2015-06-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • The gap between the management and success of elite middle and long
           distance runners in Kenya
    • Authors: Lewis R. Kanyiba; Andanje Mwisukha Vincent O. Onywera
      Abstract: Kenya has been very successful at middle and long distance races in international competitions for the last five decades. However, Kenyan world record beaters have denounced the motherland flag by switching nationality, sought training in alien bases under foreign managers, been living under deplorable conditions after athletic career, or they have been the victim of neglect-induced death at a prime career age. There is extensive research available on the success of Kenyan athletes, but no study to the knowledge of the researchers has linked the management of Kenyan athletes to that success. As a foundation for further research, the current exploratory study was designed to determine whether elite athletes, their coaches, and administrative officials (Athletics Kenya [AK] officials) differed on the effectiveness of the sampled managerial practices (personnel, equipment/facilities, motivation, patriotism, team selection, and training programs) in facilitating the success of Kenyan elite runners. The study further details the effect of nationality change and the role of foreign managers towards the success of Kenyans in distance running. The study took place in Nairobi, Kenya. The sample comprised 185 elite athletes, 49 coaches, and 34 AK officials. The Chi-square (χ2) test for independence (α = .05.) analysis was used to determine a consistent and predictable relationship between the variables. The pairwise comparisons showed that athletes differed significantly with coaches and AK officials on the sampled managerial practices while coaches did not differ significantly with AK officials. Suggestions for further research are given.
      PubDate: 2015-06-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Purchasing preferences for sports shoes : an investigation of University
           students in Botswana
    • Authors: D. Akpata; V. Thebe, M. Mogano S. Kwelegano
      Abstract: The purpose of this study was to find out factors that influence University students' purchasing preferences for sports shoes. Several factors from literature such as comfort, advertising, brand, price, style and quality have been identified as influencing university students to purchase sports shoes. A sample (N=120) of University of Botswana sport marketing students participated in the study. The Lyons and Jackson Athletic Shoe Survey questionnaire was modified and used to gather responses from the participants. The responses of the participants were rated on a Likert scale representing strongly agree to strongly disagree on a scale of 1 - 5. Data was analysed descriptively by the use of means, frequencies and percentages for the students' demographics and purchasing preferences. The independent t-test was used to determine if significant differences exists between the purchasing preferences mean scores of males and females at a selected probability level. The results indicated that quality is the most influential factor in purchasing sports shoes by university students. The results of T-test showed no significant differences between males and females on their preferences which signified similar purchasing behaviour. The study is useful in providing further information to shoe marketers on University students' purchasing preferences in order to develop better marketing strategies.
      PubDate: 2015-06-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Sitting time and associated factors in older adults in South Africa
    • Authors: K. Peltzer; K. Peltzer N. Phaswana-Mafuya
      Abstract: The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of sitting time and to explore relationships with socio-demographic, BMI, well-being, and health risk behaviour variables among older South Africans, This analysis is based on data from a national population-based cross-sectional study conducted in 2008, the Study of Global Ageing and Adults Health (SAGE), with a probability sample of 3840 aged 50 years and older South Africans. The primary outcome was sitting time. The exposures assessed included: socio-demographic characteristics, health variables, physical activity, anthropometric and blood pressure measurements. Results indicate that the mean reported sitting time was 195 minutes/day (SD=143), and the median sitting time was 180.00 minutes/day. In multivariate logistic regression older age, activity limitation, and low quality of life were associated with high sitting time. In addition, in bivariate analysis poorer cognitive functioning was associated with high sitting time. The results may help to identify older adults that should be targeted in interventions aiming at reducing sitting time.
      PubDate: 2015-06-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • The relationship between parenting styles and childhood trauma : a study
           of street children in Limpopo Province, South Africa
    • Authors: M.P. Maepa; E.S. Idemudia M.E. Ofonedu
      Abstract: Childhood adversity increases the risk for psychopathology and psychiatric disorders in individuals and is one of the reasons for high numbers of street children seen in South African towns. This study aims to compare parenting styles and history of childhood trauma between street children and non-street children and to assess the relationship between parenting styles and childhood trauma among the street children. Using a cross-sectional design involving a snowball method, the study sampled a total of 300 street children. Concurrently, 300 non-street children were sampled using simple randomisation. Results obtained from a questionnaire with three sections was used (section A: demographic information, section B: parenting styles, section C: childhood trauma) revealed significant differences regarding parental warmth (t(598) = 14.02, p < .000), parental supervision (t(598) = 20.92, p < .000) and childhood trauma (t(598) = -27.24, p
      PubDate: 2015-06-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • High rate of teenage pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections in Fort
           Beaufort, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa
    • Authors: T.R. Nika; J.E. Bereda-Thakhati D.T. Goon
      Abstract: There is increased in teenage pregnancy despite the presence of dual protection practice and health care awareness programmes related to health and sexuality education in South Africa. The present study explores the underlying causes of high teenage pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases rates, including HIV and AIDS in Fort Beaufort. The sample comprised of 70 conveniently selected pregnant teenagers aged 15-19 years. Data were collected through self-administered questionnaire. About 56.9% participants knew nothing about family planning, 27.5% perceived family planning as prevention of pregnancy, and regard injection as a method of family planning, while 11% described family planning as planning for future babies. Those who knew about family planning mentioned friends, clinics, schools, family and neighbours as the source of information about family planning. Concerning condom use, majority (96.1%) heard about condoms, 66.7% once used the condoms and 72.5% were knowledgeable about condom use and 27.5% did not know how to use the condoms. About 34% knew that condoms protect against pregnancy and STIs, pregnancy (20.0%), STIs (37.1%) and 9% did not know anything about condoms. Regarding knowledge about STIs, 47% knew that one gets STIs through sex with an infected partner, though infectious, can be treated, 45% had no knowledge about STIs, 7.8% knew that one gets STIs when he/she sleeps with a partner without using condoms. Only 3.0% admitted having been treated for STIs. Teenagers are not well informed about family planning methods. Those who used condoms are not consistent and had limited knowledge about their use. The teenagers had knowledge about HIV and AIDS as well as STIs, but they did not use condoms during sexual intercourse which indicate negligence. There is need to reinforce health education on family planning and counseling to clients for better choices of methods including dual protection in order to prevent pregnancy and STIs, including HIV and AIDS.
      PubDate: 2015-06-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Mechanisms of coexistence of factor VII hyperactivity with dyslipidaemia,
           diabetes mellitus, obesity and its role in the development of myocardial
           infarction : a review
    • Authors: M.M. Moraba; M.S. Mabusela, F. Mashinya, S.A. Dikotope S.S.R. Choma
      Abstract: Myocardial infarction (MI) is one of the terminal complications of the cardiovascular disease, with high global mortality rate, accounting for 7.3 million deaths worldwide. It has a wide range of risk factors, including metabolic disorders and, presumably, factor VII (FVII) hyperactivity. However, the causal link of FVII hyperactivity with MI in the presence of metabolic disorders is still an area of uncertainty. The review investigated the mechanisms of coexistence of FVII hyperactivity with dyslipidaemia, diabetes mellitus, obesity and its role in the development of MI. Original articles were targeted. Various words combination was used to search for articles of relevance. Science Direct, Google Scholar, PubMed, NIH Public Access, Medline, PMC and Medscape were sites (techniques) used to search for the articles and related papers. A total of 140 papers and articles were retrieved and 102 of them were found suitable for literature review for the topic in question. Literature reported controversial results regarding association of FVII hyperactivity with MI. Some researchers found FVII hyperactivity to be an independent risk factor and predictor of myocardial infarction (MI), while some did not agree. Methods of different sensitivities; associated risk factors of MI; the stage of MI at which FVII activity was estimated; the presence of FVII mutated gene (353 Arg-Gln) and different interpretations of results were the sources of the discrepancy. Factor VII hyperactivity does not develop without other atherogenic risk factors. Dyslipidaemia, DM and obesity were found to induce FVII hyperactivity. Hyperglycaemia, insulin resistance, high levels of FFAs and leptin constitute the underlying mechanisms for coexistence of FVII hyperactivity and metabolic disorders. Factor VII hyperactivity does not cause development of MI de novo. In conclusion, factor VII hyperactivity plays a secondary role in the development of MI. It is induced by other risk factors associated with it. Metabolic disorders are the most confounding risk factors that FVII hyperactivity is often associated with in MI. Improvement of metabolic parameters decreases the levels of FVII activity, the risk for development of MI and controls its severity.
      PubDate: 2015-06-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Risky sexual behaviour of university students : perceptions and the effect
           of a sex education tool
    • Authors: K.M. Born; L. Wolvaardt E. Mcintosh
      Abstract: The increasing HIV incidence amongst people aged 15-24 years and the reported gaps in sex-education received at school and reported risky sexual behaviour in South Africa justifies the importance of this study. This study examines the risky sexual behaviour and perceptions among first-year students enrolled at Monash South Africa in South Africa. This four-phased mixed methods pilot study explored whether a sex-education intervention tool positively influenced risky sexual behaviour. Phase 1 used self-administered questionnaires to obtain quantitative and qualitative baseline data. In Phase 2 a sex-education intervention tool was designed to address identified gaps. In Phase 3 a prospective cohort of 12 mixed-gender students participated in the sex-education intervention sessions and was followed up a month later (Phase 4) to evaluate the effectiveness of the tool. Phase 1 participants (139) were between 18- 21 years. The level of sex-education knowledge amongst the participants was low and of a poor quality; this could be a result of poor preparation at school. The results suggest the necessity of sex-education programmes for university students considering the low proportion of students entering university with basic sex education. Of the 139 participants, 27 were identified with risky sexual behaviour and considered for an intervention. The intervention participants felt more able to be responsible for their behaviour after the intervention. The participants reported that the sex-education intervention tool influenced their risky sexual behaviour positively. This pilot intervention study can be adopted by universities interested in engaging their students about their sexual health and augmenting school-level interventions.
      PubDate: 2015-06-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Social workers' perspectives on the experiences and challenges of women
           living with HIV
    • Authors: S.Z. Tayo; M.D.M. Makofane
      Abstract: Women living with HIV (WLHIV) face a myriad of challenges which have an adverse influence on their multiple roles. Hence, the psychosocial support provided to HIV infected women by social workers is important to enhance the women's social functioning. A qualitative research study was undertaken applying the explorative, descriptive and contextual strategy to explore and describe the experiences of social workers who witnessed the plight of women living with HIV in the Pietermaritzburg region of Kwa-Zulu Natal. Non-probability purposive and snowball sampling techniques were employed to select a sample of thirteen participants who met the set criteria. Face-to-face semi-structured interviews buttressed with open-ended questions were conducted with the participants. Digitally recorded data were transcribed and analysed applying Tesch's eight steps. Data verification was guided by Guba's model. Two themes emerged from data analysis, coupled with various issues. Women living with HIV grapple with issues related to fear of disclosure, stigma and discrimination while the ineffective delivery of social work services is attributed to lack of human resources, requisite knowledge and skills - these inhibit appropriate interventions to address women's fear of disclosure and unfavourable working conditions. The paper concludes with suggestions for social work education, practice and further research.
      PubDate: 2015-06-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Nurses' perceptions on factors contributing to job dissatisfaction in a
           public psychiatric hospital in North West Province, South Africa
    • Authors: J. Molefe; L.A. Sehularo
      Abstract: Job dissatisfaction among nurses is a serious global concern. However, it seems that the numbers of studies on job dissatisfaction among nurses are limited. This study therefore seeks to explore and describe the nurses' perceptions on the factors contributing to job dissatisfaction in order to make recommendations aimed at increasing nurses' satisfaction level in a public psychiatric hospital in North West Province. Exploratory-descriptive qualitative design was followed. Purposive sampling techniques was utilised to select study participants. Sample size was determined by data saturation which was reached after ten unstructured individual interviews. Data were analysed following Tesch's method of qualitative data analysis. The results indicated three major themes of the factors contributing to job dissatisfaction among nurses, that is, social, financial and organisational factors. From these results, it can be concluded that more nursing research is still needed on this topic.
      PubDate: 2015-06-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • An evaluation of Orphans and Vulnerable Children (OVC) Programme in
           Thulamela Municipality, Limpopo Province, South Africa
    • Authors: Tshimangadzo D. Sikhwari
      Abstract: Large numbers of children are growing up without adult protection, nutritional support, or financial support because of the AIDS epidemic. Most of the children are forced to act as caregivers and providers in their families. Without adequate support, these children are at risk of being affected by malnutrition and some form of sexual exploitation. The Orphans and Vulnerable Children (OVC) programme was developed from the home-based care programme to provide children under the age of 18 years with support in core service areas such as HIV prevention education, access to anti-retroviral treatment and psychological care. The aim of this study was to evaluate the extent to which the services of the OVC programme are reaching the intended target groups, namely orphans and vulnerable children. The study employed a qualitative programme evaluation design to assess the implementation of the OVC programme. The researcher used convenience sampling to select 14 staff members serving in the OVC programme. A random sample of 30 children was selected from 6 wards in Thulamela Municipality, South Africa. The study used individual interviews to capture the views of staff members, whereas focus group interviews were used to collect data from the children. The data from both individual and focus group interviews were analysed through content analysis. This process entails exploring the general sense of data and identifying patterns that emerge as themes. The study found that the objectives of the OVC programme were achieved, even though the degrees of achievement differed. The services were to a large extent delivered to the target groups. However, it was found that the OVC programme does not have sufficient capacity and resources. The evaluation has shown that service delivery does not depend entirely on the availability of resources, but on the sacrifices and dedication of staff as well.
      PubDate: 2015-06-01T00:00:00Z
       
 
 
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