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Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2259-4728
Published by Revues.org [400 journals]
- 6.1. Fields of Dreams and Messages
Authors: Yann Descamps, Daniel Durbin
Abstract: Politics on the Field and on the Air? From the use of the Olympics as a tool for propaganda—from Hitler’s Germany to Putin’s Russia—to the recent resurging political activism of African-American athletes and Donald Trump’s ties with football star Tom Brady, the links between politics and sports have been well documented and widely studied. Sports have become a global phenomenon that goes beyond mere entertainment. It deals with moral values, social issues, and it can be a force for change as well as an instrument to control the masses. While sports have significant political implications, as the Olympics have shown throughout their modern history, this political dimension of the sports spectacle does not only play out on the sports stage itself, but takes on another stance on the sports stages recreated by the media. Indeed, sports are not merely shown, they are represented. As John Fiske would argue, there is a difference between the “real” sporting event and “its mediated representa...
- 7.1.Documentary and entertainment
Authors: David Lipson, Zarachy Baqué
Abstract: The purpose of this special issue of InMedia is to further the understanding of the documentary by linking it to the notion of entertainment, which has so far been underexplored in the expanding field of documentary studies. Our aim is thus to study the strategies and forms used by documentary filmmakers when they willingly choose to inject entertainment into their film. The documentary, as a distinct film form, has often been associated with what Bill Nichols termed the “discourses of sobriety” and scholarly works on the subject have emphasized the serious political or social nature of the documentary, with a special focus on the rhetoric and politics of documentaries. Starting in the second half of the 20th century, “hard news” found in the news media was distinctly separate from the “soft news” in the entertainment media. In that respect, the documentary film form, whether for cinema or for TV, was principally meant to inform its audiences about topics they were not aware of. The...
- Serious Games? Four ideas that should be considered when it comes to
introducing games into the classroom
Authors: Eric Sanchez
Abstract: Digital games represent now an economic sector with a more important turnover than the trade of books or music. Nowadays, playing is not a childhood activity anymore. Many adults are playing anytime and everywhere with a great diversity of devices such as computers, game consoles, digital tablets or smartphones. This high interest in games is not limited to frivolous activities as is attested by the development of an economic sector dedicated to games specifically designed for serious purposes, such as marketing or advertisement. Serious games are now used by companies to advertise for their products, by organizations to communicate about their activities and scientists to make research. Games are now considered to be a powerful new media which can be used for different serious purposes. However, our aim is to argue that, despite the majority of research works devoted to the game itself, the focused should be shift to the play, to the situation settled with the game. Education is al...
- Elisabeth Staksrud, Children in the Online World. Risk, Regulation, Rights
Authors: Éric Bruillard
Abstract: This book relies upon several years of research and reviews (notably the European project Kids Online). It explores the relationships between the protection of children, risks and rights of information, political and legislative frameworks, the role of NGOs and companies, and restriction… It is a quite informed and well-articulated piece of research, explaining very important issues with a clear discourse. The author’s comprehensive argument focuses mainly on five major topics which might be summarized as follows: regulation laws concerning online risks (i.e. the deregulation of traditional prohibiting institutions into counselling and advisory boards), Beck’s theory of individualization, the new social role of children, the perception of online risk and finally the tension which exists online today between citizen and consumer, and the potential implications for children’s rights. One can observe new approaches adopted by European institutions concerning children and online risks. A...
- François Brunet (ed.), L’Amérique des images. Histoire et culture
visuelles des Etats-Unis
Authors: Vanina Géré
Abstract: To paraphrase Pop artist Roy Lichtenstein in a famous 1966 interview, the American landscape is a landscape of signs. No wonder then that Lichtenstein devoted his entire career to making work that pointed out that all of American life had become an endless series of images. Add to that the United States’ position as (still) economic and military superpower, which makes its history and current events inevitable news items on a global scale, as well as the equally super-powerful machine that is the American culture industry – and it is no wonder either that images are what America first and foremost conjures up. Image, or picture? As we are reminded in L’Amérique des images, the relationship between the ‘visual’ image and the ‘material’ picture situated within a circuit of production, distribution, circulation and reception, informs mental representations – while in turn, the latter impacts socioeconomic exchange. L’Amérique des images, however, is not so much a history of representati...
- Priscilla L. Walton and Bruce Tucker, American Culture Transformed.
Authors: Vincent Souladié
Abstract: Published just months after the 10th anniversary of the 9/11 attacks, Priscilla L. Walton and Bruce Tucker’s American Culture Transformed, by pertaining to both media and gender studies, strives to contribute a complementary and original point of view to the debates about the post-9/11 years. For Tucker and Walton, that historical cycle coincided with the George W. Bush presidency, “an era that was so often shrouded in secrecy that is was closed to critical inquiry” (xv). Barack Obama’s election in 2008 was to mark a break in History that allows for the authors’ retrospective point of view of that decade. The main aim of Tucker and Walton’s book is to show how, after 9/11, critical discourses tended to exploit some social facts and read them through a unilateral and reductionist meaning. Thus, the collective thinking of that period of American History would be defined by its obscuration of complexity. The principal chapters of the book examine in detail four sociocultural topics, us...
- Film and Television Policies in English-speaking Countries
Authors: Samuel Bréan
Abstract: This one-day conference was organised by CinEcoSA (Cinéma, Économie & Sociétés Anglophones - Cinema, Economy in English-Speaking Countries), a research group which brings together academics working on the cinema and television industries of English-speaking countries. It is part of a new series of events on “Film & TV Policy” (2013-2014); the first such series organised by this research group was “Film Marketing” (2010-2011). This conference was itself the second installment in the cycle, after a panel called “Film Policies, Turning Points in Film History” at the 2013 NECS (European Network for Cinema and Media Studies) International Conference in Prague. The conference was divided into four panels: a general panel on “Film Policy Issues” followed by two more specific case studies (Australia, the United Kingdom) and a workshop (Scotland). In the opening panel, Daniel Peltzman (Université de Franche-Comté) looked into the effects that the 2009 Film and Television Tax Credit program ...
- ‘It’s All About Performance’, An Interview with Dubbing Director
Authors: Nathalie Régnier, Anaïs Le Fèvre-Berthelot
Abstract: Dubbing was adopted progressively by Hollywood for the French market in the 1930s, after three years of trials and errors. In an article about Hollywood and the French market in the 1930s, Martine Danan explains that between 1929 and 1932, Hollywood was threatened by the arrival of sound as it introduced issues of cultural distinctions. To export its products, Hollywood used various strategies that sometimes coexisted: subtitling, international sound versions, multiple language versions (MLV), original productions and dubbing. In 1929 The Jazz Singer (Alan Crosland, 1927) was screened in Paris with subtitles but the initial curiosity for sound films was not enough to convince French viewers to watch subsequent films with subtitles. It quickly appeared that subtitling would not satisfy mass audiences. Other strategies were tested. International sound versions consisted in keeping the original version while translating only the major lines or adding intertitles to explain the plot. Su...
- “It’s Not Necessary but It’s Nice”? Reflections on the Role of
Media Produced by and for Lifestyle Migrants
Authors: Inês David
Abstract: This paper explores an under-researched case in the media and minorities field: initiatives concerning relatively privileged populations. After outlining the findings of a self-produced mapping of minority radio initiatives in Portugal, the paper explores the role of a local station founded by, and largely catering to, self-designated “expatriates” residing in the country’s touristic southern region of the Algarve. In dialogue with literature on minority media, it problematizes the issues of inclusion and exclusion, voice, transnational connectivity and cultural reproduction that are central to mediated self-representation in migratory contexts. It argues that media pertaining to relatively privileged populations should be included in the field of minority media. Drawing on an ethnographic approach it further discusses the specificities of a station catering to a population for whom integration is not always a goal provided international relocation is driven by the search of amenitie...
- The Role of Sexual Orientation and Gender in the Appreciation of Lesbian
Authors: Maria T. Soto-Sanfiel, Rosa María Palencia Villa, Adriana Ibiti
Abstract: We explore the effect of manifest sexual orientation and gender on the appreciation of lesbian narratives using a mixed-methods approach. Appreciation is a psychological response to narratives that prompts a profound perception of meaning or a motivation to create reflections or thoughts among audiences. We conducted a quantitative study that offered magnitudes of the effects of consumption, and a qualitative study to find explanations for them. Results from both studies were interpreted in a complementary, concurrent fashion. The investigation shows that sexual orientation affects magnitudes of appreciation while gender does not. Homosexuals appreciate these narratives more than heterosexuals. The study also revealed the key role played by personal relevance in the appreciation of these narratives. Our investigation provides further proof of the complementariness of both methods and the appropriateness of their combined use.