Field Actions Science Reports
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Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 1867-8521
Published by Revues.org [399 journals]
- Aportaciones de artículos : Electrificación rural y periurbana
descentralizada en los países emergentes y en vías de desarrollo -
Abstract: La Iniciativa FACTS (Field ACTion Science) y la FERDI (Fundación para los Estudios e Investigaciones sobre Desarrollo Internacional) tienen el gusto de abrir el plazo de aportación de artículos, a propuesta conjunta, para la publicación que se incluirá en un número especial de la revista FACTS Reports sobre el acceso a la electricidad. Este número especial tiene como objeto hacer un análisis de la situación de lo que se ha podido hacer desde hace unos quince años en el campo de la electrificación rural o periurbana descentralizada en los países emergentes y en vías de desarrollo, y tener información de las experiencias realizadas, independientemente de que hayan funcionado o no. Este llamamiento va dirigido a todas las partes que trabajan en temas de desarrollo, así como a investigadores o a todos aquellos observadores - personas físicas o instituciones, públicas o privadas -, que deseen enriquecer este análisis de situación y valorar experiencias de electrificación que han resultad...
- Appel à articles : Électrification rurale et péri-urbaine
décentralisée dans les pays émergents et en développement - Numéro
Abstract: L'Initiative FACTS (Field ACTion Science) et la FERDI (Fondation pour les Etudes et Recherches sur le Développement International) ont le plaisir d'annoncer un appel à propositions conjoint pour la publication à paraître d’un numéro spécial de la revue FACTS Reports sur l’accès à l’électricité. Ce numéro spécial a pour but de faire un état des lieux de ce qui a pu être fait depuis une quinzaine d’années dans le domaine de l’électrification rurale ou péri-urbaine décentralisée dans les pays émergents et en développement, et d’avoir un retour d’expérience sur ce qui a fonctionné ou pas. Cet appel s’adresse aux acteurs du développement, mais aussi aux chercheurs ou tous observateurs – personnes physiques ou institutions, publiques ou privées -, qui souhaitent enrichir cet état des lieux et valoriser des expériences d’électrification qui ont montré leur efficacité. Notre cible concerne des projets en faveur de l'accès des pauvres à l'électricité, avec un accent particulier sur les énergies...
- Call for proposals on Rural and decentralised peri-urban electrification
in emerging and developing countries -Special Issue
Abstract: FACTS Initiative (Field Action Science) and FERDI (Foundation for studies and research on international development) have the pleasure of announcing a joint call for proposals for the forthcoming publication of a special issue of the journal FACTS Reports on access to electricity. This special issue is intended to present an inventory of what has been done over the last fifteen years in the field of rural or decentralised peri-urban electrification in emerging and developing countries, and obtain feedback on what works and what does not. This call is addressed to the players of development, but also to researchers or observers - public or private persons or institutions - wishing to add to this inventory and showcase electrification experiences that have proven to be effective. Our target relates to projects promoting access for the poor to electricity, with special emphasis on renewable energies, whether these projects concern the installation of new facilities or their management and...
- "Agua con azúcar y un chin de sal": Implications of Self-Care Practices
and Health Perceptions of Hypertension in the Dominican Republic
Authors: Charlene Chang, Sarah Green
Abstract: PURPOSE: Hypertension is a highly prevalent cardiovascular risk factor that has become increasingly important in global health.1,2 Understanding the social, political, and economic production of distress and disease has been identified as an important areas to inform responses to health disparities.3 While effective chronic disease management could lead to a considerable decrease in morbidity and mortality related to hypertension, poor treatment adherence remains a significant barrier to effective hypertension management in the Dominican Republic and in the U.S. Using Kleinman's Explanatory Model of Illness (1978)4, this pilot study explores: 1) Dominican health beliefs, perceptions, and self-care practices related to la presión; 2) the individual strategies that contribute to the management of la presión; 3) the personal and social meaning of la presión. METHODS: A post explanatory mixed methods approach was used to collect qualitative and quantitative data. Using non-probability pu...
- Assessment on the Use of the Suinn-Lew Asian Self Identity Acculturation
Scale in Health Studies of Asian Immigrant Populations
Authors: Loretta Hsueh, Luz M. Garcini, Anne Q. Zhou, Vanessa L. Malcarne, Elizabeth A. Klonoff
Abstract: The most widely used measure of acculturation among Asians populations is the Suinn-Lew Asian Self-Identity Acculturation Scale (SL-ASIA). Purpose: This systematic review aims to: (a) describe population characteristics and methodology used in health studies assessing acculturation, as measured by the SL-ASIA; (b) evaluate the use of the SL-ASIA in the included studies; (c) summarize associations between acculturation, as measured by the SL-ASIA, and health outcomes; and (d) provide recommendations for future research. Methods: An electronic search was conducted using PsycINFO and MEDLINE. Studies using the SL-ASIA in the context of mental or physical health outcomes in Asian adult populations were included, for a total of 14 studies. Results: Most studies were conducted with Chinese, Korean, and Vietnamese immigrants, with the majority being foreign-born. All studies used cross-sectional designs with convenience sampling. More than half used a modified version of the scale, and les...
- Impact of Gender on Separation-Reunification Experiences of Latino
Authors: Naomi A. Schapiro, Susan M. Kools, Sandra J. Weiss, Claire D. Brindis
Abstract: Many Latino immigrants who enter the US in late childhood or adolescence are reunifying with parents after lengthy separations, and yet there is limited research on this process from their point of view. This article discusses the impact of gender relations on family re-engagement and immigrant adaptation of young men and young women. Young people were interviewed as part of a grounded theory study exploring the process of family separation and reunification for Latino immigrant adolescents who have been separated from their parents for at least four years during immigration. Focus groups, individual interviews and participant observation were used to gather data from 20 Mexican and Central American immigrant adolescents, 12 young men and 8 young women. Participants reported a range of personal and family beliefs about gender roles and their impact on separation and reunification, Young men reported greater exposure to violence, generally had less access to health care, and reported...
- Special Issue Migration and Health
Authors: Shannon Gleeson, David Lopez-Carr
Abstract: In an era of an increasingly diverse national population, researchers have had to turn to expanded models of public health promotion. In 2009, the University of California established the UC Global Health Institute with three Centers of Expertise. The Center of Expertise on Migration and Health (COEMH) formed with the multidisciplinary mission of to better understand coupled migration and health issues. This special issue represents the work of four scholars who participated in the 2013 COEMH Summer Institute. The articles that follow offer multivalent perspectives on the field of immigrant health. These authors provide nuanced ways to operationalize health, they complicate our understanding of the factors and systems that shape health outcomes, and utilize a range of disciplinary and methodological approaches to examine these complex relationships. Beyond Physical Disease – Towards a More Complex Understanding of Immigrant Health Public health research has relied on a range of appro...
- Predictors of Routine Medical Care Use among Mexican
Immigrants/Mexican-Americans Varying in Legal Status
Authors: Luz M. Garcini, Guadalupe X. Ayala, Marisa Molina, Elena Quintanar, Christopher Johansen, Richard Hector
Abstract: Background: Immigration has been the focus of intense political debate, with a recurrent theme being the use of public services, including healthcare. Although Latinos are the largest and fastest growing ethnic group in the United States (U.S.), evidence suggests they underutilize healthcare, with Mexican Immigrants and Mexican Americans (MI-MA) living on the U.S.-Mexico border exhibiting the greatest disparities. Objective: This study explored the association of predisposing, enabling and need characteristics, including legal status, with the use of routine medical care (RMC) among 387 MI-MA living on the California-Mexico border. Methods: This cross-sectional study used data collected in 2009 for the San Diego Prevention Research Center (SDPRC) community survey; data analyses were completed in Summer 2012. This study involved multistage sampling and recruitment of Latino adults in 200 census blocks near the California-Mexico border to complete an interview and height and weight me...
- Fighting malnutrition in Madagascar: from NGO to social enterprise
Authors: Emmanuel Chéret, Antoine Desjonquères
Abstract: In Madagascar, more than 50% of children under 5 years of age suffer from chronic malnutrition. The physical and cognitive consequences are irreversible after 24 months. GRET’s Nutrimad program addresses this problem by distributing an enriched flour product—“Koba Aina”—for children between 6 and 24 months. In order to reach the poorest households, it is sold very cheaply via an innovative sales network, the Hotelin-Jazakely (restaurants for babies), set up in the most deprived districts. In parallel, nutritional education campaigns are aimed at the mothers, who are often misinformed about the nutritional needs of their children. The level of maturity attained by the program is such that GRET now plans to continue with it over the long term. A privately-owned company, Nutri’zaza, is due to be created shortly to pursue Nutrimad’s activities, helping the project to achieve the economic viability that it currently lacks. By embedding Nutri’zaza’s work in a social enterprise, GRET hopes...
- Prakti Design: the challenge of clean combustion for the poor
Authors: Jérôme Bossuet, Mouhsine Serrar
Abstract: Three billion people rely on open fire or polluting and non-efficient biomass stoves for cooking and heating. These households, mostly women and young children, are exposed to harmful indoor air pollution. This is the fourth mortality cause in the world, and second cause of death in developing countries, below aids but above well-known ailments such as malaria or tuberculosis. The use of these stoves impacts also the environment with unsustainable forestry and biomass exploitation and the livelihoods. In Haiti, 97% of the island is deforested and over 70% of the population depends on biomass (charcoal and firewood) for cooking. Prakti Design, a clean stove developer, aims at addressing this social issue with an integrated strategy from design to manufacturing and distribution of highly efficient and affordable biomass cookstoves, with a reduction from 40 to 80% of fuel consumption and 60 to 100% decrease of emissions (carbon monoxide and particulate matters). Using state-of-art stove...