for Journals by Title or ISSN
for Articles by Keywords

Publisher: Springer-Verlag (Total: 2573 journals)

 A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z  

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last   [Sort by number of followers]   [Restore default list]

Showing 1 - 200 of 2573 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.118, CiteScore: 4)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.752, CiteScore: 3)
Abdominal Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.866, CiteScore: 2)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.439, CiteScore: 0)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.53, CiteScore: 1)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.106, CiteScore: 0)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.359, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.675, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.284, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.587, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.769, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.24, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.305, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.312, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.588, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 7.066, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.452, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.379, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.27, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.208, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.607, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.576, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.638, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.822, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.376, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 7.589, CiteScore: 12)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.334, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.574, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.605, CiteScore: 1)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.147, CiteScore: 0)
Adaptive Human Behavior and Physiology     Hybrid Journal  
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.72, CiteScore: 2)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.005, CiteScore: 2)
Adolescent Research Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.703, CiteScore: 2)
Advanced Composites and Hybrid Materials     Hybrid Journal  
Advanced Fiber Materials     Full-text available via subscription  
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.698, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Astronautics Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 1.09, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.144, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.64, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.475, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Neurodevelopmental Disorders     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.075, CiteScore: 3)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.673, CiteScore: 2)
Aerosol Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Aerospace Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aerotecnica Missili & Spazio : J. of Aerospace Science, Technologies & Systems     Hybrid Journal  
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 1)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.235, CiteScore: 0)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.39, CiteScore: 1)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.67, CiteScore: 2)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.276, CiteScore: 1)
Agriculture and Human Values     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.173, CiteScore: 3)
Agroforestry Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.663, CiteScore: 1)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.864, CiteScore: 6)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.227, CiteScore: 1)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 3)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 3)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 0)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.583, CiteScore: 1)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.095, CiteScore: 1)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.56, CiteScore: 1)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.234, CiteScore: 0)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.11, CiteScore: 3)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.569, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.951, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.329, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.772, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.46, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.181, CiteScore: 0)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.611, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.314, CiteScore: 0)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 0)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.135, CiteScore: 3)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.211, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.536, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.978, CiteScore: 3)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 1)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.177, CiteScore: 5)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.389, CiteScore: 3)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.097, CiteScore: 2)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.438, CiteScore: 0)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.429, CiteScore: 0)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.197, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.042, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.932, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.85, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.579, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.986, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.228, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.043, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.413, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.687, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.943, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of PDE     Hybrid Journal  
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.614, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.239, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.986, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.495, CiteScore: 1)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.834, CiteScore: 2)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.22, CiteScore: 3)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.424, CiteScore: 4)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.294, CiteScore: 1)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.602, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.571, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.21, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.49, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 0.58, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.422, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.733, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.488, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.6, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.886, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.461, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68, SJR: 1.182, CiteScore: 4)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.481, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.74, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.519, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.542, CiteScore: 1)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.656, CiteScore: 2)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 1)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.109, CiteScore: 3)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.052, CiteScore: 2)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.224, CiteScore: 0)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.725, CiteScore: 1)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68, SJR: 0.745, CiteScore: 2)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.909, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 3.93, CiteScore: 3)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 171, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.41, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.006, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.773, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.644, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.146, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.71, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.541, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.973, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.274, CiteScore: 3)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.946, CiteScore: 3)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal  
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.349, CiteScore: 1)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, CiteScore: 0)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.766, CiteScore: 1)
arktos : The J. of Arctic Geosciences     Hybrid Journal  
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.355, CiteScore: 0)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.839, CiteScore: 2)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.131, CiteScore: 0)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.937, CiteScore: 2)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.833, CiteScore: 4)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.226, CiteScore: 0)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.504, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.185, CiteScore: 2)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last   [Sort by number of followers]   [Restore default list]

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.74
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 26  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0946-2171 - ISSN (Online) 1432-0649
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2573 journals]
  • An approach of stand-off measuring hardness of tungsten heavy alloys using
    • Abstract: Abstract Surface hardness and microstructural properties are important parameters of plasma-facing material and play a key role in long pulse operation of fusion reactor. Nowadays, nuclear reactors are facing the problem of change in physical properties especially surface hardness due to dominant extreme conditions. Consequently, it is important to monitor these changes. Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) has a potential diagnostic ability to monitor in situ surface hardness and their correlation with plasma wall interaction. In this work, the hardness of different tungsten heavy alloy grades is measured by stand-off approach using LIBS. The difference in hardness was attributed to grain size, crystal size, dislocations density and energy band gap (Eg) of materials. These microstructural and electronic structure properties have direct impact on electron temperature in laser-ablated plasma. Plasma electron temperature has been determined using Boltzmann plot method in the range from 1.76 ± 0.01 to 1.90 ± 0.02 eV, while electron density has been derived using Stark broadening spectral profile of (W-I) 429.47 nm line. The obtained direct relation between the ionic to atomic species of (WII/WI) and the material hardness are associated to increase in the value of plasma electron temperature (Te). The energy band gap of these tungsten heavy alloy targets has been observed from 3.24 to 3.59 eV as hardness increases from 314 ± 2.2 to 354 ± 1.1. The results showed that the energy band gap of these targets increases with hardness and have direct relation with plasma electron temperature. Ablation efficiency was also measured as a function of laser irradiance from crater depth analysis. The results showed that average ablation rate is decreased from soft to hard material.
      PubDate: 2019-11-30
  • Correction to: LIGHTAWE—case studies of LIGHT spreAd in poWder
           materials: a montE carlo simulation tool for research and educational
    • Abstract: In this paper, the LIGHTAWE Monte Carlo simulation tool is introduced and presented. LIGHTAWE has been developed to provide case studies of light spread in powder materials for both research and educational purposes. The algorithms of LIGHTAWE are based on Mie scattering theory and Henyey–Greenstein distribution. LIGHTAWE simulates the light ray interactions and encounters the overall optical diffusion, transmission and reflection (amount and distribution) of granular structured layers. Two main options are included: (a) fixed light point sources within the layer (concerning optical diffusion for any structure of spherical particles embedded within a surrounding medium) and (b) light distribution of 62 specific powder phosphor materials under X-ray penetration. The above options make LIGHTAWE an available and useful tool for a variety of scientific fields and applications. The capability to alter a set of parameters and perform a countless number of probable and comparable simulations, can insight and further enlighten the research of light spread performance. Based on the Monte Carlo methodology, LIGHTAWE can overcome cumbersome analytical modelling, and can take advantage of computer science to perform experiments that would be otherwise impossible (i.e., the capability to design, evaluate and optimize “virtual” experimental set-ups of “zero cost” or with “low risk” actions) enhancing curiosity-driven future research. The manuscript demonstrates the physics, the treatment and the capabilities of LIGHTAWE as well as the corresponding advantages, disadvantages, benefits and limitations. Finally, a simulation example is presented in the Appendix section.
      PubDate: 2019-11-28
  • Nearly perfect and broadband optical absorption by TMDCs in
           cover/TMDC/spacer/Au/substrate multilayers
    • Abstract: Abstract Two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) with direct bandgap and high optical absorption have opened a new horizon in photonics and optoelectronics. Increasing their absorption could greatly benefit their application, a subject still under debate. Thus, this study was focused on the plasmonic effect mediated by a thin gold layer and the role of individual spacer and cover layers or their combination in structures that include TMDC monolayers, namely, cover/TMDC/spacer/Au/substrate multilayers. The optical properties of these structures were investigated via the transfer matrix method in the visible wavelength region, revealing absorption values up to 99%. Such structures could be applied in the design of efficient optical absorbers for high-performance photovoltaic devices.
      PubDate: 2019-11-27
  • Pulse compression in graphene-clad microfiber as a saturable absorber in
           mode-locked fiber lasers: modeling and analysis
    • Abstract: Abstract In this paper, the outstanding influence of self-phase modulation (SPM) induced by thermal nonlinear refractive index (TNRI) in graphene-clad microfiber on laser pulse width, during the mode-locking process, is demonstrated for the first time. To meet the requirements, analytical relations for effective absorption coefficient of graphene-clad microfiber (GCM), thermal nonlinear refractive index and self-phase-modulation parameter are presented. Improvement on pulse compression process by optimizing the GCM parameters such as microfiber diameter and graphene length is studied by the aid of Haus master equation.
      PubDate: 2019-11-26
  • Fiber laser-driven gas plasma-based generation of THz radiation with 50-mW
           average power
    • Abstract: Abstract We present on THz generation in the two-color gas plasma scheme driven by a high-power, ultrafast fiber laser system. The applied scheme is a promising approach for scaling the THz average power but it has been limited so far by the driving lasers to repetition rates up to 1 kHz. Here, we demonstrate recent results of THz generation operating at a two orders of magnitude higher repetition rate. This results in a unprecedented THz average power of 50 mW. The development of compact, table-top THz sources with high repetition rate and high field strength is crucial for studying nonlinear responses of materials, particle acceleration or faster data acquisition in imaging and spectroscopy.
      PubDate: 2019-11-26
  • Enhancement characteristics of laser-induced plasma confined by
           hemispherical cavities in different materials
    • Abstract: Abstract A hemispherical cavity can be used to improve the sensitivity of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy by increasing the emission spectra of the plasma. In this work, laser-induced plasma plume images were obtained with and without confinement. The results have confirmed that the reason for the signal enhancement caused by the hemispherical cavity was the reflected shockwave “compressing” effect. The dependence of spectral signal enhancement on the material property of the cavities was investigated. Four cavities in different materials, which include K-resin, aluminum alloy, photosensitive resin and nylon, were used to confine the plasma. It has shown that the material physical properties of the cavities influence the enhancement effect. We found that the main influencing factor was surface roughness of the material. Smoother cavity surfaces induced stronger enhancement effects due to the larger specular reflection component of the reflected shockwave and the more intense subsequent interaction between the plasma and shockwave. The spectral intensities of the characteristic lines approximately doubled with surface roughness values changing from 0.2 to 16.1.
      PubDate: 2019-11-21
  • Effect of Mg doping concentration of electron blocking layer on the
           performance of GaN-based laser diodes
    • Abstract: Abstract Performance of InGaN-based laser diodes (LDs) with different Mg concentrations of electron blocking layer (EBL) is investigated by simulation and experimental methods. It is found from the simulation results that the threshold current decreases and slope efficiency increases, when the Mg concentration of EBL increases from 2 × 1018 to 6 × 1019 cm−3; it is attributed to the suppression of the leakage of electrons and the enhancement of the injection of holes due to the variation of potential barrier for them as the increase of Mg concentration of EBL. These simulation results agree well with the experimental ones, when the Mg concentration of EBL is lower than 7.5 × 1018 cm−3. However, it deteriorates when the Mg concentration increases to 1.2 × 1019 cm−3. It may be due to the increase of the absorption loss of LDs.
      PubDate: 2019-11-20
  • Design of single-polarization single-mode photonic crystal fiber filter
           with four small holes near the core based on second-order and third-order
           surface plasmon polariton modes
    • Abstract: Abstract A single-mode single-polarization photonic crystal fiber (SMSP-PCF) filter at the wavelengths of 1.125 and 1.31 μm based on surface plasmon resonance is proposed and studied by the finite element method. Numerical results indicate that compared with the filter with the same size of holes near the core, the filter with four small holes near the core makes its extinction ratio (ER) at the wavelengths of 1.125 and 1.31 μm twice as large. That is, when the fiber length is 500 μm, the ER at 1.125 μm increases from 33.43 to 58.62 dB, and the ER at 1.31 μm increases from 129.41 to 244.85 dB. Furthermore, the designed SMSP-PCF filter also has a good structural tolerance. The proposed optical fiber filter has excellent performance of compact structure, high ER and good structural tolerance, and can be used in an integrated communication transmission system.
      PubDate: 2019-11-20
  • Study on long-wave infrared ZnGeP 2 subsequent optical parametric
           amplifiers with different types of phase matching of ZnGeP 2 crystals
    • Abstract: Abstract Pumped by a 100 W Q-switched Ho:YAG laser at 2090.7 nm with pulse repetition frequency of 10 kHz, four types of high-power long-wave infrared ZnGeP2 (ZGP) subsequent optical parametric amplifier (OPA) based on optical parametric oscillator (OPO) with different types of phase matching (PM) of ZGP crystals were demonstrated. For the results of 8.2 µm output characteristics at the full incident pump power, Type-II PM ZGP OPO with Type-II PM ZGP OPA had the best M2 of 1.8 and lowest average output power of 9.2 W with the narrowest linewidth of 77 nm, while Type-I PM ZGP OPO with Type-I PM ZGP OPA had the worst M2 of 2.2 and the widest linewidth of 122 nm, and Type-II PM ZGP OPO with Type-I PM ZGP OPA had the highest average output power of 12.6 W, corresponding to overall optical conversion efficiency of 12.6% from Ho to long-wave infrared laser system.
      PubDate: 2019-11-19
  • Robust design of diffractive optical elements for forming flat-top beams
           with extended depth of focus
    • Abstract: Abstract Robust designs of single-diffractive optical elements (DOEs) on forming flat-top beams with extended depth of focus for different wavelengths and beam sizes are presented. The design process includes spatial Fourier filtering that results in a smooth DOE phase profile, for converting a Gaussian incident beam with arbitrary phase distribution (random/spherical) into a flat-top beam with extended depth of focus. We show that the depth of focus increases with the decrease in wavelength as well as with the increase in beam waist. We also determined the errors caused by decentering and tilting of the DOEs.
      PubDate: 2019-11-16
  • Anisotropy of bovine nasal cartilage measured by Fourier transform
           infrared imaging
    • Abstract: Abstract Fourier transform infrared imaging (FTIRI) can be used to obtain the composition and structure information of sample. Here, FTIRI combined with spectral polarization analysis method was applied to investigate the fine anisotropy of bovine nasal cartilage (BNC). The upper BNC tissue was sliced into a three-dimensional (3D) block with three planes (XY, YZ, and XZ) parallel to horizontal section, forward section, and lateral section, respectively. The anisotropy of collagen fiber in BNC was represented by the absorbance of amide II (1590–1500 cm−1) at different polarization directions. It was found that collagen fiber showed little anisotropy in plane XY, XZ, and along the direction Z in plane YZ. It was more important that collagen fiber showed strong anisotropy along direction Y in plane YZ (transverse axis) of BNC, possibly including arched or wavy fiber orientation even a mixture of both in nasal septum top end. Two anisotropic deflections ranging from 600 to 930 μm and from 2680 to 2980 μm were quantitatively calculated. This study is of important significance for further understanding the physiological structure of nasal septum and provides remarkable experimental support for being a good transplant material in cartilage reshaping studies.
      PubDate: 2019-11-16
  • A Faraday laser operating on Cs 852 nm transition
    • Abstract: Abstract We demonstrate a Faraday laser at Cs-D2 resonance line 852 nm using a Cs Faraday optical filter as frequency-selecting element. In contrast to typical diode laser with high stability of the emission frequency by additional control systems, our Faraday laser offers stable output frequency exactly set by the peak transmission frequency of the Cs 852 nm Faraday optical filter. The system works stably over a range of laser diode (LD) current from 60 to 130 mA and the LD temperature from 14 to 35 \(^{\circ }\)C, as well as the 48-h wavelength fluctuation range of no more than ± 2 p.m. A most probable linewidth of 17 kHz with Lorentz fitting is obtained by beating between two identical laser systems. The wavelength of our system is stabilized within transmission frequency region of 852 nm Faraday optical filter, and the peak of the transmission is corresponding to Cs atomic Doppler broadened line at the cell temperature of 41 \(^{\circ }\)C and the magnetic field of 330 G, making it suitable for laser-pumped Cs gas-cell and atomic beam frequency standard, etc. Moreover, this scheme is firstly used on Cs atom, opening new doors in research of Faraday laser and its applications.
      PubDate: 2019-11-14
  • Study of spatial thermal distribution of gold nanourchins in saline by
           combined transverse probe beam deflection and beam wavefront sensor:
           biomedical implications
    • Abstract: Abstract Combined probe beam deflection (PBD) and wavefront sensor (WFS) technique are used to investigate the thermal distribution of gold nanourchins (GNU) in physiological saline (PS) using a low-power continuous NIR diode laser. Three different samples were prepared for the experiment: (S1) 0.5 mg/mL GNU only, (S2) 0.5 mL PS and 0.3 mL GNU, and (S3) 0.5 mL PS and 0.1 mL GNU. The laser transmission initially increases linearly as S3 > S2 > S1, but reaches a plateau and remains constant. The probe beam response in an adjective statistics process exhibited a stochastic behaviour at different positions and constant power in x- and y-directions. The beam view profiles showed a non-uniform intensity distribution and the addition of PS dramatically caused a blue shift indicating its cooling effect, S1 (20) warmer > S1(10) medium > S2 (20) cooler. S1 (10), S1 (20), and S2 (20) correspond to the samples irradiated with the laser power (mW) shown in the bracket. The peak-to-valley (PV) and root-mean-square (RMS) values demonstrated a non-linear intensity distribution during the scanning process. The greater PV values in deeper positions may well due to agglomeration, hence the sedimentation process. The Zernike coefficients with high absolute values represent the aberrations that cause the greatest distortion of the wavefront and found in the order of S2(20) > S1(10) > S1(20). This is consistent with PV wavefront slope and spatial period aberration relation. The opto-thermal coefficients were obtained as S2 (− 7.86 × 10−4) > S3: 0.5 mL PS and 0.1 ml GNU (− 6.3 × 10−4), respectively.
      PubDate: 2019-11-13
  • Highly efficient and reproducible evanescent Raman converters based on a
           silica nanofiber immersed in a liquid
    • Abstract: Abstract We present highly efficient and reproducible Raman converters built with a silica nanofiber immersed in ethanol. The converters are pumped at 532 nm in the sub-nanosecond regime and the first Stokes order photons are generated in the evanescent field probing the liquid at 630 nm. Two standard fibers (SMF28 and 460HP) are tested and compared. The Raman conversion operating range limited by the damage threshold is optimized, leading to an external Raman conversion efficiency up to 60% with a nanofiber radius of 300 nm and a length of 8 cm. The extracted Stokes energy is 0.29 μJ, which is three times higher than the previous result. We give guidelines for the design of other efficient evanescent Raman converters, opening the way for a new family of all-fibered compact Raman sources.
      PubDate: 2019-11-11
  • OH radical measurements in combustion environments using wavelength
           modulation spectroscopy and dual-frequency comb spectroscopy near 1491 nm
    • Abstract: Abstract Hydroxyl radical (OH) is a key intermediate reactive species during combustion processes relevant to power production, transportation, and manufacturing. We demonstrate an OH sensor based on in situ laser absorption spectroscopy for deployment in industrial conditions. The sensor relies on telecommunications-fiber-coupled, tunable-diode-laser absorption spectroscopy of an OH transition near 1491 nm. By employing wavelength modulation spectroscopy, the sensor is capable of in situ, quantitative detection of OH down to mole fraction values of 10−5 over a 75-cm pathlength. To increase the accuracy of the OH sensor, we perform the first dual-comb spectroscopy measurement above a flame and use the results to create an absorption database of water vapor transitions from 1489.2 to 1492.5 nm at temperatures up to 2165 K. The database is included in the analysis procedure for the tunable diode laser sensor to account for the water vapor absorption that overlaps with the OH absorption. The utility of the laser sensor is demonstrated by characterizing the concentration of OH radical above a catalytic combustor under different operating conditions.
      PubDate: 2019-11-09
  • Athermalization of a self-assembled rolled-up TiO 2 microtube ring
           resonator through incorporation of a positive thermo-optic coefficient
           material in planar bilayers
    • Abstract: Abstract For the first time, this paper theoretically and experimentally investigates the thermal stability of optical filters based on self-assembled TiO2 rolled-up microtube ring resonators (RUMRs) by incorporating positive thermo-optic coefficient (TOC) materials (e.g., SiO2 and/or Si3N4). The influence of the TOC, refractive index, and thickness of the positive TOC materials on the filtering performance of the TiO2 RUMR is theoretically studied. The results illustrate that an increase in temperature leads to a blueshift in the resonant wavelength of the RUMR-based optical filter, which changes at a rate of − 33.3 pm/K owing to the negative TOC of TiO2 (− 4.9 ± 0.5 × 10−5/K). By increasing the thickness of SiO2 or Si3N4 as a positive TOC material together with TiO2, the temperature-induced resonant shifts of TiO2/SiO2 and/or TiO2/Si3N4 RUMRs are theoretically obtained. The TIRS varies between − 40 pm/K (− 22 pm/K) and about 30 pm/K (22 pm/K) for TiO2/SiO2 (TiO2/Si3N4) RUMRs. It is shown that thermal stability occurs when the thickness of the SiO2 (Si3N4) layer is ~ 16 nm (12 nm). At the end of this study, as a proof of concept, an experiment is demonstrated by fabricating an RUMR based on TiO2/SiO2 on the flat silicon wafer. The experimental results show that the athermalization of the system is experimentally achieved by selecting the appricated thickness ratio of TiO2/SiO2. This novel approach for athermalization of the resonators opens up interesting perspectives on the implementation of vertical and multi-routing coupling between photonic and optoelectronic layers and more specifically in a three-integration fashion.
      PubDate: 2019-11-09
  • Ultrafast modification of oxide glass surface hardness
    • Abstract: Abstract Application of femtosecond lasers is widely utilized in micromachining transparent materials. We have successfully altered the surface hardness of various commercial silicate glasses using a high-intensity femtosecond pulse laser. The femtosecond laser generates pulse energy of 500 nJ with a central wavelength of 800 nm. Using a peak power of 2.2 W and a repetition rate of 5.1 MHz, we observed an 18–20% increase surface hardness in glasses with low-modifier content and 16.6% decrease in glasses with high-modifier content. All laser exposed glasses show no detectable induced-crystallization or surface ablation. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy results of our samples confirmed that the laser irradiation had no detectable effect on surface chemistry. X-ray reflectometry data showed the change in hardness was attributed to a thin layer with modified density. Experimental results suggest the strengthening mechanism derives from local structural transformation of interatomic bond distances and angles.
      PubDate: 2019-11-06
  • Comparative analysis of nonlinear optical properties of single-layer
           graphene and few-layer graphene nanosheets
    • Abstract: Abstract Nonlinear absorption of suspensions of graphene nanosheets with the number of layers from one to three was studied using the Z-scan method with femtosecond excitation at 1030 nm wavelength. A large modulation depth and lower saturation intensity of the suspensions as compared with nonlinear absorption of single-layer graphene were shown. Dynamics of photoexcited carriers for different duration of excitation pulse was considered. The values of the absorption cross section and the density of photoexcited carriers in single-layer graphene were estimated. The presence of two-photon absorption (TPA) in suspensions of graphene nanosheets and the absence of noticeable TPA in single-layer graphene were shown.
      PubDate: 2019-11-05
  • Novel approach to passivation of InAs/GaSb type II superlattice
    • Abstract: Abstract The innovative two-step passivation by octadecanethiol (ODT) self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) and the following silicon dioxide (SiO2) deposition was used for the type-II InAs/GaSb superlattice photodetector. To understand the mechanism of passivation, the (100) GaSb surface covered with the ODT and, for comparison, with the biphenyl thiol (BPT), was characterized by the atomic force microscopy, Raman spectroscopy and contact angle analysis. The results of the study indicated the presence of the homogeneous both the ODT and the BPT monolayers; however, the ODT SAMs were more stable. Therefore, the ODT-based wet treatment was used in the two-step passivation resulting in a reduction of the dark current by one order of magnitude for passivated detector compared with an unpassivated device.
      PubDate: 2019-11-05
  • An original LIBS system based on TEA CO 2 laser as a tool for
           determination of glass surface hardness
    • Abstract: Abstract This study was carried out to examine the applicability of original laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) setup for determination of the surface hardness of lead glass as a function of its chemical composition. For this purpose, a set of five lead glass samples with different amount of ZrO2 was prepared. The LIBS measurements were carried out using TEA CO2 laser in the air at atmospheric pressure and without sample preparation. A ratio of the intensity between the Zr(II) 355.66 nm and Zr(I) 360.12 nm emission lines has been used to examine the hardness of the material. In addition, the surface hardness of glass samples was determined by Vickers’s indentation tests. Obtained results indicate a linear relationship of the measurements of hardness in glass samples between the LIBS and Vickers method. To show that LIBS based on TEA CO2 laser is an almost nondestructive technique, profilometric surface analysis was used. The proposed LIBS system is suitable not only for a spectrochemical analysis but also as an easy to use and cost-effective way to measure the surface hardness for all types and shapes of glass samples which are in some cases difficult to examine by standard Vicker’s method.
      PubDate: 2019-11-03
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
Home (Search)
Subjects A-Z
Publishers A-Z
Your IP address:
About JournalTOCs
News (blog, publications)
JournalTOCs on Twitter   JournalTOCs on Facebook

JournalTOCs © 2009-