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Publisher: Springer-Verlag   (Total: 2353 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2353 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal  
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Cancer Research     Open Access  
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 122)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  

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Journal Cover Applied Intelligence
  [SJR: 0.777]   [H-I: 43]   [12 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1573-7497 - ISSN (Online) 0924-669X
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2353 journals]
  • Online signature verification by spectrogram analysis
    • Authors: Orcan Alpar; Ondrej Krejcar
      Abstract: Abstract The concept of electronic signatures emerged decades ago, however they are still not prevalent due to lack of reliable infrastructure. Although the signatures are hard to perfectly imitate, it is simple with an image editing software to copy the original signature and paste on a document. On the other hand, technological developments of touchscreens may create a new era by utilizing simple interfaces which would be recording and validating the electronic signatures with biometric features. Therefore, in this paper, we propose a novel online signature analysis methodology for touchscreens that starts with signing an interface consisting of a signature silhouette. The frequency spectrum along the signing process is stealthily extracted and spectrograms are created by short-time Fourier transforms. Since the spectrograms are found as RGB images, providing valuable information about frequency vs time, grid histograms are formed by quantization for the real signature sample. Given the discrimination purposes, a fuzzified surface is designed for computing closeness of grid histograms.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10489-017-1009-x
       
  • An EM based probabilistic two-dimensional CCA with application to face
           recognition
    • Authors: Mehran Safayani; Seyed Hashem Ahmadi; Homayun Afrabandpey; Abdolreza Mirzaei
      Abstract: Abstract Recently, two-dimensional canonical correlation analysis (2DCCA) has been successfully applied for image feature extraction. The method instead of concatenating the columns of the images to the one-dimensional vectors, directly works with two-dimensional image matrices. Although 2DCCA works well in different recognition tasks, it lacks a probabilistic interpretation. In this paper, we present a probabilistic framework for 2DCCA called probabilistic 2DCCA (P2DCCA) and an iterative EM based algorithm for optimizing the parameters. Experimental results on synthetic and real data demonstrate superior performance in loading factor estimation for P2DCCA compared to 2DCCA. For real data, three subsets of AR face database and also the UMIST face database confirm the robustness of the proposed algorithm in face recognition tasks with different illumination conditions, facial expressions, poses and occlusions.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10489-017-1012-2
       
  • Two time-efficient gibbs sampling inference algorithms for biterm topic
           model
    • Authors: Xiaotang Zhou; Jihong Ouyang; Ximing Li
      Abstract: Abstract Biterm Topic Model (BTM) is an effective topic model proposed to handle short texts. However, its standard gibbs sampling inference method (StdBTM) costs much more time than that (StdLDA) of Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA). To solve this problem we propose two time-efficient gibbs sampling inference methods, SparseBTM and ESparseBTM, for BTM by making a tradeoff between space and time consumption in this paper. The idea of SparseBTM is to reduce the computation in StdBTM by both recycling intermediate results and utilizing the sparsity of count matrix \(\mathbf {N}^{\mathbf {T}}_{\mathbf {W}}\) . Theoretically, SparseBTM reduces the time complexity of StdBTM from O( B K) to O( B K w ) which scales linearly with the sparsity of count matrix \(\mathbf {N}^{\mathbf {T}}_{\mathbf {W}}\) (K w ) instead of the number of topics (K) (K w < K, K w is the average number of non-zero topics per word type in count matrix \(\mathbf {N}^{\mathbf {T}}_{\mathbf {W}}\) ). Experimental results have shown that in good conditions SparseBTM is approximately 18 times faster than StdBTM. Compared with SparseBTM, ESparseBTM is a more time-efficient gibbs sampling inference method proposed based on SparseBTM. The idea of ESparseBTM is to reduce more computation by recycling more intermediate results through rearranging biterm sequence. In theory, ESparseBTM reduces the time complexity of SparseBTM from O( B K w ) to O(R B K w ) (0 < R < 1, R is the ratio of the number of biterm types to the number of biterms). Experimental results have shown that the percentage of the time efficiency improved by ESparseBTM on SparseBTM is between 6.4% and 39.5% according to different datasets.
      PubDate: 2017-07-31
      DOI: 10.1007/s10489-017-1004-2
       
  • Challenging state-of-the-art move ordering with Adaptive Data Structures
    • Authors: Spencer Polk; B. John Oommen
      Abstract: Abstract The field of game playing is a particularly well-studied area within the context of AI, leading to the development of powerful techniques, such as the alpha-beta search, capable of achieving competitive game play against an intelligent opponent. It is well-known that tree pruning strategies, such as alpha-beta, benefit strongly from proper move ordering, i.e., by searching the best element first. A wide range of techniques have been developed over the years to achieve good move ordering, and improved tree pruning, in the field, in general and in particular, in the alpha-beta search, have been extensively studied. Inspired by the formerly unrelated field of Adaptive Data Structures (ADSs), we had previously introduced the History-ADS technique, which employs an adaptive list to achieve effective and dynamic move ordering, in a domain independent fashion. Our previous results confirmed that it performs well in a very wide range of cases, and in varied types of board games. However, our previous work did not compare the performance of the History-ADS heuristic to any established move ordering strategy. In an attempt to address this problem, we present here a comparison to two well-known, acclaimed strategies, which operate on a similar philosophy to the History-ADS, namely, the History Heuristic, and the Killer Moves technique. We also introduce, in this work, a mechanism by which these established move ordering strategies can be approximated, or directly implemented, in terms of ADSs. We confirm that, in a wide range of two-player and multi-player games, at various points in the game’s progression, the History-ADS performs at least as well as these strategies, and, in fact, outperforms them in the majority of cases.
      PubDate: 2017-07-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s10489-017-1006-0
       
  • Total utility of Z-number
    • Authors: Bingyi Kang; Yong Deng; Rehan Sadiq
      Abstract: Abstract Z-numbers, combined with “constraint” and “reliability”, has more power to express human knowledge. How to determine the ordering of Z-numbers and how to make a decision with Z-numbers are both meaningful and open issues. In this paper, a new notion of the total utility of Z-number is proposed to measure the total effects of a Z-number. The proposed total utility of Z-number can be used to determine the ordering of Z-numbers, and can also be simply applied in the application of multi-criteria decision making under uncertain environments. Two particular cases of Z-number (Gaussian and triangular), and some mathematical properties of the total utility of Z-number are discussed in this paper. Several applications and comparative analyses are shown to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed total utility of Z-number in the application of ordering Z-numbers and multi-criteria decision making.
      PubDate: 2017-07-26
      DOI: 10.1007/s10489-017-1001-5
       
  • Chaotic antlion algorithm for parameter optimization of support vector
           machine
    • Authors: Alaa Tharwat; Aboul Ella Hassanien
      Abstract: Abstract Support Vector Machine (SVM) is one of the well-known classifiers. SVM parameters such as kernel parameters and penalty parameter (C) significantly influence the classification accuracy. In this paper, a novel Chaotic Antlion Optimization (CALO) algorithm has been proposed to optimize the parameters of SVM classifier, so that the classification error can be reduced. To evaluate the proposed algorithm (CALO-SVM), the experiment adopted six standard datasets which are obtained from UCI machine learning data repository. For verification, the results of the CALO-SVM algorithm are compared with grid search, which is a conventional method of searching parameter values, standard Ant Lion Optimization (ALO) SVM, and three well-known optimization algorithms: Genetic Algorithm (GA), Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO), and Social Emotional Optimization Algorithm (SEOA). The experimental results proved that the proposed algorithm is capable of finding the optimal values of the SVM parameters and avoids the local optima problem. The results also demonstrated lower classification error rates compared with GA, PSO, and SEOA algorithms.
      PubDate: 2017-07-26
      DOI: 10.1007/s10489-017-0994-0
       
  • Bio-inspired metaheuristics: evolving and prioritizing software test data
    • Authors: Mukesh Mann; Pradeep Tomar; Om Prakash Sangwan
      Abstract: Abstract Software testing is both a time and resource-consuming activity in software development. The most difficult parts of software testing are the generation and prioritization of test data. Principally these two parts are performed manually. Hence introducing an automation approach will significantly reduce the total cost incurred in the software development lifecycle. A number of automatic test case generation (ATCG) and prioritization approaches have been explored. In this paper, we propose two approaches: (1) a pathspecific approach for ATCG using the following metaheuristic techniques: the genetic algorithm (GA), particle swarm optimization (PSO) and artificial bee colony optimization (ABC); and (2) a test case prioritization (TCP) approach using PSO. Based on our experimental findings, we conclude that ABC outperforms the GA and PSO-based approaches for ATC.G Moreover, the results for PSO on TCP arguments demonstrate biased applicability for both small and large test suites against random, reverse and unordered prioritization schemes. Therefore, we focus on conducting a comprehensive and exhaustive study of the application of metaheuristic algorithms in solving ATCG and TCP problems in software engineering.
      PubDate: 2017-07-26
      DOI: 10.1007/s10489-017-1003-3
       
  • Multi-objective service composition model based on cost-effective
           optimization
    • Authors: Ying Huo; Peng Qiu; Jiyou Zhai; Dajuan Fan; Huanfeng Peng
      Abstract: Abstract The widespread application of cloud computing results in the exuberant growth of services with the same functionality. Quality of service (QoS) is mostly applied to represent nonfunctional properties of services, and has become an important basis for service selection. The object of most existing optimization methods is to maximize the QoS, which restricts the diversity of users’ requirements. In this paper, instead of optimization for the single object, we take maximization of QoS and minimization of cost as two objects, and a novel multi-objective service composition model based on cost-effective optimization is designed according to the complicated QoS requirements of users. Furthermore, to solve this complex optimization problem, the Elite-guided Multi-objective Artificial Bee Colony (EMOABC) algorithm is proposed from the addition of fast nondominated sorting method, population selection strategy, elite-guided discrete solution generation strategy and multi-objective fitness calculation method into the original ABC algorithm. The experiments on two datasets demonstrate that EMOABC has an advantage both on the quality of solution and efficiency as compared to other algorithms. Therefore, the proposed method can be better applicable to the cloud services selection and composition.
      PubDate: 2017-07-22
      DOI: 10.1007/s10489-017-0996-y
       
  • A temporal modal defeasible logic for formalizing social commitments in
           dialogue and argumentation models
    • Authors: Asma Moubaiddin; Imad Salah; Nadim Obeid
      Abstract: Abstract In this paper, we extend a temporal defeasible logic with a modal operator Committed to formalize commitments that agents undertake as a consequence of communicative actions (speech acts) during dialogues. We represent commitments as modal sentences. The defeasible dual of the modal operator Committed is a modal operator called Exempted. The logical setting makes the social-commitment based semantics of speech acts verifiable and practical; it is possible to detect if, and when, a commitment is violated and/or complied with. One of the main advantages of the proposed system is that it allows for capturing the nonmonotonic behavior of the commitments induced by the relevant speech acts.
      PubDate: 2017-07-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s10489-017-0983-3
       
  • Answer set programming for non-stationary Markov decision processes
    • Authors: Leonardo A. Ferreira; Reinaldo A. C. Bianchi; Paulo E. Santos; Ramon Lopez de Mantaras
      Abstract: Abstract Non-stationary domains, where unforeseen changes happen, present a challenge for agents to find an optimal policy for a sequential decision making problem. This work investigates a solution to this problem that combines Markov Decision Processes (MDP) and Reinforcement Learning (RL) with Answer Set Programming (ASP) in a method we call ASP(RL). In this method, Answer Set Programming is used to find the possible trajectories of an MDP, from where Reinforcement Learning is applied to learn the optimal policy of the problem. Results show that ASP(RL) is capable of efficiently finding the optimal solution of an MDP representing non-stationary domains.
      PubDate: 2017-07-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s10489-017-0988-y
       
  • Ant colony algorithm for automotive safety integrity level allocation
    • Authors: Youcef Gheraibia; Khaoula Djafri; Habiba Krimou
      Abstract: Abstract ISO 26262, the new automotive functional safety standard, aims to foster the design and development of safe products by ensuring that the risks posed by hazardous components are reduced to a residual level. Therefore, the standard defines and uses the concept of Automotive Safety Integrity Levels (ASILs) that classify the strictness of safety requirements to be assigned to the failure modes of the system based on the hazard they may cause. ASIL allocation can be described as a hard optimization problem focused on finding the optimal ASIL allocation that maximizes the safety requirements and minimizes cost. However, finding this optimal allocation among a set of possible allocations can represent a difficult task in large systems that contain a large number of components, which subsequently increases the search space. In this paper, we introduce a novel approach that uses the nature-inspired meta-heuristic Ant Colony Optimization (ACO) algorithm to solve the ASIL allocation problem and makes use of strategies that reduce the solution space. The problem was formulated as a construction graph, which the ants use to construct possible ASIL allocations. The search space reduction is accelerated considerably by both the effective performance of the ACO and the convergence of the algorithm on the optimal solution. This approach has been evaluated by applying it to a hybrid braking system and a steer-by-wire system. The results show a significant improvement over genetic-based, penguins search-based and tabu search-based approaches.
      PubDate: 2017-07-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s10489-017-1000-6
       
  • Minimum positive influence dominating set and its application in influence
           maximization: a learning automata approach
    • Authors: Mohammad Mehdi Daliri Khomami; Alireza Rezvanian; Negin Bagherpour; Mohammad Reza Meybodi
      Abstract: Abstract In recent years, with the rapid development of online social networks, an enormous amount of information has been generated and diffused by human interactions through online social networks. The availability of information diffused by users of online social networks has facilitated the investigation of information diffusion and influence maximization. In this paper, we focus on the influence maximization problem in social networks, which refers to the identification of a small subset of target nodes for maximizing the spread of influence under a given diffusion model. We first propose a learning automaton-based algorithm for solving the minimum positive influence dominating set (MPIDS) problem, and then use the MPIDS for influence maximization in online social networks. We also prove that by proper choice of the parameters of the algorithm, the probability of finding the MPIDS can be made as close to unity as possible. Experimental simulations on real and synthetic networks confirm the superiority of the algorithm for finding the MPIDS Experimental results also show that finding initial target seeds for influence maximization using the MPIDS outperforms well-known existing algorithms.
      PubDate: 2017-07-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s10489-017-0987-z
       
  • Feature clustering based support vector machine recursive feature
           elimination for gene selection
    • Authors: Xiaojuan Huang; Li Zhang; Bangjun Wang; Fanzhang Li; Zhao Zhang
      Abstract: Abstract In a DNA microarray dataset, gene expression data often has a huge number of features(which are referred to as genes) versus a small size of samples. With the development of DNA microarray technology, the number of dimensions increases even faster than before, which could lead to the problem of the curse of dimensionality. To get good classification performance, it is necessary to preprocess the gene expression data. Support vector machine recursive feature elimination (SVM-RFE) is a classical method for gene selection. However, SVM-RFE suffers from high computational complexity. To remedy it, this paper enhances SVM-RFE for gene selection by incorporating feature clustering, called feature clustering SVM-RFE (FCSVM-RFE). The proposed method first performs gene selection roughly and then ranks the selected genes. First, a clustering algorithm is used to cluster genes into gene groups, in each which genes have similar expression profile. Then, a representative gene is found to represent a gene group. By doing so, we can obtain a representative gene set. Then, SVM-RFE is applied to rank these representative genes. FCSVM-RFE can reduce the computational complexity and the redundancy among genes. Experiments on seven public gene expression datasets show that FCSVM-RFE can achieve a better classification performance and lower computational complexity when compared with the state-the-art-of methods, such as SVM-RFE.
      PubDate: 2017-07-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s10489-017-0992-2
       
  • Multiobjective differential evolution using homeostasis based mutation for
           application in software cost estimation
    • Authors: Shailendra Pratap Singh; Anoj Kumar
      Abstract: Abstract The problem in software cost estimation revolves around accuracy. To improve the accuracy, heuristic/meta-heuristic algorithms have been known to yield better results when it is applied in the domain of software cost estimation. For the sake of accuracy in results, we are still modifying these algorithms. Here we have proposed a new meta-heuristic algorithm based on Differential Evolution (DE) by Homeostasis mutation operator. Software development requires high prediction and low Root Mean Squared Error (RMSE) and mean magnitude relative error(MMRE). The problem in software cost estimation relates to accurate prediction and minimization of RMSE and MMRE, which are used to solve multiobjective optimization. Many versions of DE were proposed, however multi-objective versions where the concept of Pareto optimality is used, are most popular. Pareto-Based Differential Evolution (PBDE) is one of them. Although the performance of this algorithm is very good, its convergence rate can be further improved by minimizing the time complexity of nondominated sorting, and by improving the diversity of solutions. This has been implemented by using efficient nondominated algorithm whose time complexity is better than the previous one and a new mutation scheme is implemented in DE which can provide more diversity among solutions. The proposed variant multiplies the Homeostasis value with one more vector, named the Homeostasis mutation vector, in the existing mutation vector to provide more bandwidth for selecting effective mutant solutions. The proposed approach provides more promising solutions to guide the evolution and helps DE escape the situation of stagnation. The performance of the proposed algorithm is evaluated on twelve benchmark test functions (bi-objective and tri-objective) on the Pareto-optimal front. The performance of the proposed algorithm is compared with other state-of-the-art algorithms on five multi-objective evolutionary algorithms (MOEAs). The result verifies that our proposed Homeostasis mutation strategy performs better than other state-of-the-art algorithms. Finally, application of MODE-HBM is applied to solve in terms of Pareto front, representing the trade-off between development RMSE, MMRE, and prediction for COCOMO model.
      PubDate: 2017-07-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s10489-017-0980-6
       
  • Indirect adaptive type-2 bionic fuzzy control
    • Authors: Faxiang Zhang; Jing Hua; Yimin Li
      Abstract: Abstract In this study, an indirect adaptive type-2 bionic fuzzy control method is proposed for a class of nonlinear systems. By regarding the niche of each species in an ecosystem as the antecedent, the fuzzy system with biological characteristics is constructed based on the niche “ecostate-ecorole” theory. In the actual system, we design a fuzzy control system using a type-2 bionic fuzzy system and provide both the adaptive law and constraint conditions of the system parameters. The stability of the closed-loop system is proved with all the state variables uniformly bounded in the Lyapunov sense. Additionally, the convergence of the bionic fuzzy control system is analyzed. Finally, the simulation results obtained for a permanent magnet direct current motor demonstrate the effectiveness and superiority of the designed method.
      PubDate: 2017-07-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s10489-017-0991-3
       
  • A social recommender system using item asymmetric correlation
    • Authors: Arghavan Moradi Dakhel; Hadi Tabatabaee Malazi; Mehregan Mahdavi
      Abstract: Abstract Recommender systems have been one of the most prominent information filtering techniques during the past decade. However, they suffer from two major problems, which degrade the accuracy of suggestions: data sparsity and cold start. The popularity of social networks shed light on a new generation of such systems, which is called social recommender system. These systems act promisingly in solving data sparsity and cold start issues. Given that social relationships are not available to every system, the implicit relationship between the items can be an adequate option to replace the constraints. In this paper, we explored the effect of combining the implicit relationships of the items and user-item matrix on the accuracy of recommendations. The new Item Asymmetric Correlation (IAC) method detects the implicit relationship between each pair of items by considering an asymmetric correlation among them. Two dataset types, the output of IAC and user-item matrix, are fused into a collaborative filtering recommender via Matrix Factorization (MF) technique. We apply the two mostly used mapping models in MF, Stochastic Gradient Descent and Alternating Least Square, to investigate their performances in the presence of sparse data. The experimental results of real datasets at four levels of sparsity demonstrate the better performance of our method comparing to the other commonly used approaches, especially in handling the sparse data.
      PubDate: 2017-07-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s10489-017-0973-5
       
  • δ -equality of intuitionistic fuzzy sets: a new proximity measure and
           applications in medical diagnosis
    • Authors: Roan Thi Ngan; Mumtaz Ali; Le Hoang Son
      Abstract: Abstract Intuitionistic fuzzy set is capable of handling uncertainty with counterpart falsities which exist in nature. Proximity measure is a convenient way to demonstrate impractical significance of values of memberships in the intuitionistic fuzzy set. However, the related works of Pappis (Fuzzy Sets Syst 39(1):111–115, 1991), Hong and Hwang (Fuzzy Sets Syst 66(3):383–386, 1994), Virant (2000) and Cai (IEEE Trans Fuzzy Syst 9(5):738–750, 2001) did not model the measure in the context of the intuitionistic fuzzy set but in the Zadeh’s fuzzy set instead. In this paper, we examine this problem and propose new notions of δ-equalities for the intuitionistic fuzzy set and δ-equalities for intuitionistic fuzzy relations. Two fuzzy sets are said to be δ-equal if they are equal to an extent of δ. The applications of δ-equalities are important to fuzzy statistics and fuzzy reasoning. Several characteristics of δ-equalities that were not discussed in the previous works are also investigated. We apply the δ-equalities to the application of medical diagnosis to investigate a patient’s diseases from symptoms. The idea is using δ-equalities for intuitionistic fuzzy relations to find groups of intuitionistic fuzzified set with certain equality or similar degrees then combining them. Numerical examples are given to illustrate validity of the proposed algorithm. Further, we conduct experiments on real medical datasets to check the efficiency and applicability on real-world problems. The results obtained are also better in comparison with 10 existing diagnosis methods namely De et al. (Fuzzy Sets Syst 117:209–213, 2001), Samuel and Balamurugan (Appl Math Sci 6(35):1741–1746, 2012), Szmidt and Kacprzyk (2004), Zhang et al. (Procedia Eng 29:4336–4342, 2012), Hung and Yang (Pattern Recogn Lett 25:1603–1611, 2004), Wang and Xin (Pattern Recogn Lett 26:2063–2069, 2005), Vlachos and Sergiadis (Pattern Recogn Lett 28(2):197–206, 2007), Zhang and Jiang (Inf Sci 178(6):4184–4191, 2008), Maheshwari and Srivastava (J Appl Anal Comput 6(3):772–789, 2016) and Support Vector Machine (SVM).
      PubDate: 2017-07-19
      DOI: 10.1007/s10489-017-0986-0
       
  • Hybrid cost and time path planning for multiple autonomous guided vehicles
    • Authors: Hamed Fazlollahtabar; Samaneh Hassanli
      Abstract: Abstract In this paper, simultaneous scheduling and routing problem for autonomous guided vehicles (AGVs) is investigated. At the beginning of the planning horizon list of orders is processed in the manufacturing system. The produced or semi-produced products are carried among stations using AGVs according to the process plan and the earliest delivery time rule. Thus, a network of stations and AGV paths is configured. The guide path is bi-direction and AGVs can only stop at the end of a node. Two kinds of collisions exist namely: AGVs move directly to a same node and AGVs are on a same path. Delay is defined as an order is carried after the earliest delivery time. Therefore, the problem is defined to consider some AGVs and material handling orders available and assign orders to AGVs so that collision free paths as cost attribute and minimal waiting time as time attribute, are obtained. Solving this problem leads to determine: the number of required AGVs for orders fulfillment assign orders to AGVs schedule delivery and material handling and route different AGVs. The problem is formulated as a network mathematical model and optimized using a modified network simplex algorithm. The proposed mathematical formulation is first adapted to a minimum cost flow (MCF) model and then optimized using a modified network simplex algorithm (NSA). Numerical illustrations verify and validate the proposed modelling and optimization. Also, comparative studies guarantee superiority of the proposed MCF-NSA solution approach.
      PubDate: 2017-07-19
      DOI: 10.1007/s10489-017-0997-x
       
  • An evolutionary non-linear ranking algorithm for ranking scientific
           collaborations
    • Authors: Fahimeh Ghasemian; Kamran Zamanifar; Nasser Ghasem-Aghaee
      Abstract: Abstract The social capital theory motivates some researchers to apply link-based ranking algorithms (e.g. PageRank) to compute the fitness level of a scholar for collaborating with other scholars on a set of skills. These algorithms are executed on the collaboration network of scholars and assign a score to each scholar based on the scores of his/her neighbors by solving a linear system in an iterative way. In this paper, we propose a new ranking algorithm by focusing on link-aggregation function and transition matrix. The evolution strategy technique is applied to find the best aggregation function and transition matrix for computing the score of a scholar in the collaboration network which is modeled by a hypergraph. Experiments conducted on two datasets gathered from ScivalExpert and VIVO show that the new non-linear ranking algorithm acts better than the other iterative ranking approaches for ranking scientific collaborations.
      PubDate: 2017-07-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s10489-017-0990-4
       
  • Improved monarch butterfly optimization for unconstrained global search
           and neural network training
    • Authors: Hossam Faris; Ibrahim Aljarah; Seyedali Mirjalili
      Abstract: Abstract This work is a seminal attempt to address the drawbacks of the recently proposed monarch butterfly optimization (MBO) algorithm. This algorithm suffers from premature convergence, which makes it less suitable for solving real-world problems. The position updating of MBO is modified to involve previous solutions in addition to the best solution obtained thus far. To prove the efficiency of the Improved MBO (IMBO), a set of 23 well-known test functions is employed. The statistical results show that IMBO benefits from high local optima avoidance and fast convergence speed which helps this algorithm to outperform basic MBO and another recent variant of this algorithm called greedy strategy and self-adaptive crossover operator MBO (GCMBO). The results of the proposed algorithm are compared with nine other approaches in the literature for verification. The comparative analysis shows that IMBO provides very competitive results and tends to outperform current algorithms. To demonstrate the applicability of IMBO at solving challenging practical problems, it is also employed to train neural networks as well. The IMBO-based trainer is tested on 15 popular classification datasets obtained from the University of California at Irvine (UCI) Machine Learning Repository. The results are compared to a variety of techniques in the literature including the original MBO and GCMBO. It is observed that IMBO improves the learning of neural networks significantly, proving the merits of this algorithm for solving challenging problems.
      PubDate: 2017-07-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s10489-017-0967-3
       
 
 
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