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Showing 1 - 200 of 2352 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal  
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Cancer Research     Open Access  
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 129)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  

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Journal Cover Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology
  [SJR: 0.267]   [H-I: 26]   [17 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1608-3024 - ISSN (Online) 0003-6838
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2352 journals]
  • Alternative enzymes as a special strategy for the adaptation of
           procaryotic organisms (Review)
    • Authors: E. P. Ryzhkova
      Pages: 481 - 493
      Abstract: Abstract The literature data on prokaryotic adaptation to changes in environmental conditions that lead to a change in the metabolism and, at the same time, are also exhibited in the preservation of many biochemical reactions of the central metabolism due to the functioning of alternative enzymes are summarized. Unlike isozymes, the alternative enzymes have different active sites and are encoded by different genes but catalyze the same key biochemical reaction of the central metabolism. Biochemical inconstancy and the immutability of a biochemical reaction in prokaryotes should be taken into account in metabolic engineering aimed at optimization of gene expression.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s0003683817050131
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 5 (2017)
  • Bacterial toxin–antitoxin systems: Properties, functional significance,
           and possibility of use (Review)
    • Authors: K. M. Klimina; E. U. Poluektova; V. N. Danilenko
      Pages: 494 - 505
      Abstract: Abstract Toxin–antitoxin systems are genetic modules usually consisting of two genes encoding a stable toxin and labile antidote (antitoxin). These systems are localized on plasmids, phages, and chromosomes and are widespread in bacteria and archaea. The review summarizes recent data regarding the classifications of toxin–antitoxin systems, their mechanisms of action and toxin targets, as well as their functional significance for bacterial cells and possibility of use.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s0003683817050076
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 5 (2017)
  • Heterogeneous biocatalyst for nitrile and amide transformation based on
           cells of nitrile-hydrolyzing bacteria and multiwalled carbon nanotubes
    • Authors: Yu. G. Maksimova; S. M. Nikulin; B. M. Osovetskii; V. A. Demakov
      Pages: 506 - 512
      Abstract: Abstract A heterogeneous biocatalyst for the biotransformation of nitriles and amides of carboxylic acids in the form of cells of nitrile-hydrolyzing bacteria immobilized on the carrier, was created based on multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs). It was shown that bacterial cells form aggregates in contact with powderformed purified or unpurified MWCNTs. The amount of both gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria binding with unpurified MWCNTs was significantly higher than with purified. The nitrile hydratase and amidase activity of bacterial aggregates of purified MWCNTs was preserved to a greater extent as compared to that of unpurified MWCNTs and cells adhered to the surface of the carbonized pyrosealing material with MWCNTs. Both gram-positive Rhodococcus ruber gt1 and gram-negative Alcaligenes faecalis 2 remained viable when cultured in the presence of purified or unpurified MWCNTs. The obtained heterogeneous biocatalyst can be easily separated from the medium by filtration and can be used repeatedly.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s0003683817050118
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 5 (2017)
  • Efficient expression of epidermal growth factor in Chlamydomonas
           reinhardtii CC400
    • Authors: Y. -P. Huang; F. Huang; C. Wang
      Pages: 513 - 517
      Abstract: Abstract The application of the green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii as a bioreactor is not adequate because of the difficulties caused by efficiency expressing foreign genes. To improve this efficiency a plasmid containing the epidermal growth factor (EGF) gene and a bleomycin resistance gene (ble) was constructed. We amplified the EGF gene according to the codon usage of C. reinhardtii. The vector carrying 2 expression cassettes for EGF gene and ble gene was constructed by adding rbc promoter and rbc terminator. Transformants, selected on Tris-acetate-phosphate medium containing 15 mg/L bleomycin, were screened by PCR and confirmed by Southern blotting, which showed that 3 transgenic C. reinhardtii cells contained only one copy of EGF gene integrated in different 3 sites of C. reinhardtii CC400 genome. Then EGF protein content of 3 transformants was determined by EGF precoated ELISA, indicating that EGF gene was first expressed, although at a low level, in algal cells. The presented study, as an example for expressing heterologous gene in green alga, provided feasibility to improve the efficiency of transformation of C. reinhardtii.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s0003683817050052
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 5 (2017)
  • Influence of glutamate dehydrogenase activity on L-proline synthesis
    • Authors: S. K. Keleshyan; Zh. V. Karapetyan; A. Kh. Chakhalyan; N. A. Hovhannisyan; G. Ye. Avetisova; M. B. Chitchyan; G. G. Oganezova; M. A. Melkumyan; N. S. Avetisyan; L. H. Melkonyan
      Pages: 518 - 523
      Abstract: Abstract The influence of glutamate dehydrogenase activity on the production of L-proline in the producer strain Brevibacterium flavum AP111 was studied. Transformants of the Brevibacterium flavum strain AP111 were obtained with the use of a recombinant plasmid previously constructed by us, pVOG10. It includes the encoding sequence of the gdh gene, which is responsible for the synthesis of glutamate dehydrogenase. The production of L-proline in transformants was shown to have increased by more than 40%. The results can serve as the basis for the use of this approach to improve strains producing other amino acids of the glutamine family.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s0003683817050064
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 5 (2017)
  • Characterization of a novel thermo-stable lipase from endophyte
           Pseudomonas putida in Pistacia chinensis Bunge
    • Authors: C. Song; Z. Liu; Q. Xie; H. Wang; Y. Huang; Y. Ruan; D. Chen
      Pages: 524 - 532
      Abstract: Abstract A novel lipolytic enzyme-producing endophytic strain PC2 was successfully isolated from the seeds of an ideal bioenergy plant Pistacia chinensis Bunge. Based on the analysis of morphology and 16S rRNA sequence, bacterial strain PC2 was identified as a subspecies of Pseudomonas putida, therefore named as P. putida PC2. Whole-genome sequencing showed PC2 contained a 1224-nucleotide lipase gene (named lip-PC2) predicted to encode a 407-amino-acid protein. Purified lipases from both the original PC2 strain and heterologously expressed Escherichia coli were nearly 50 kD with specific activity of 9.48 U/mL. LIP-PC2 displayed the maximal activity at 50°C or pH 8.0, and maintained above 80% relative activity in the range of from 40 to 60°C or pH in the range of from 6.0 to 8.0, indicating thermostable and alkaline properties. Enzyme activity was enhanced by Mg2+, Na+ and Mn2+, but strongly inhibited by Cu2+, Zn2+ Co2+, EDTA as well as organic solvents and surfactants. Additionally, the analysis of amino acid sequence and structure indicated that LIP-PC2 was a novel member belonging to family I.3 of bacterial lipolytic enzymes and its catalytic triad was consisted of Ser-200, Asp-342 and His-374.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s0003683817050143
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 5 (2017)
  • Degradation of perfluorooctanyl sulfonate by strain Pseudomonas
           plecoglossicida 2.4-D
    • Authors: S. P. Chetverikov; D. A. Sharipov; T. Yu. Korshunova; O. N. Loginov
      Pages: 533 - 538
      Abstract: Abstract A bacterial strain has been isolated from soil contaminated by waste from petrochemical production. Based on its cultural-morphological, physiological-biochemical properties and an analysis of the nucleotide sequence of the 16S rRNA gene and phylogenetic analysis data, the strain was defined as Pseudomonas plecoglossicida 2.4-D. The unique ability of this bacterium to use perfluorooctanyl sulfonate (PFOS) as the only source of carbon and energy is shown. When cultivated in a liquid medium, the strain completely utilizes this substance in 6 days. It is proved that P. plecoglossicida 2.4-D transforms PFOS to perfluoroheptanoic (perfluoroenanthic) acid, while free fluorine ions are released into the medium. Upon introduction into the soil, the strain was capable of PFOS degradation by 75%. The strain P. plecoglossicida 2.4-D is recommended for environmental protection. It can be used in the development of biotechnologies for the transformation (utilization) of fluoroorganic compounds.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s0003683817050027
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 5 (2017)
  • The production of biomass and phycobiliprotein pigments in filamentous
           cyanobacteria: the impact of light and carbon sources
    • Authors: D. Kovač; O. Babić; I. Milovanović; A. Mišan; J. Simeunović
      Pages: 539 - 545
      Abstract: Abstract Cyanobacteria are recognized as producers of bioactive substances and phycobiliproteins, whose medicinal and functional food properties have led to increased interest in recent years. In the present study, the biomass production and phycobiliprotein content in cyanobacterial strains belonging to Anabaena, Nostoc and Spirulina genera were investigated under the conditions of continuous illumination and mixotrophic nutrition. The results showed that biomass production was strongly stimulated by continuous light in Spirulina strains (4.5-fold), and by organic carbon sources in N2-fixing strains (2.1–2.8-fold). The strategy of cells to accumulate primarily blue pigment phycocyanin and bluish green allophycocyanin was revealed under tested conditions. Furthermore, in the case of Spirulina S1 grown with glycerol, the culture medium became dense and changed its colour to pink, which may indicate the release of compounds including pigment(s) outside the cell, the phenomenon that seem to be rare among cyanobacteria. Moreover, under continuous light, in this strain the highest biomass level of 4.0 mg/mL was achieved, wherein phycocyanin and allophycocyanin content was increased 12- and 16-fold, respectively, which indicates the high potential of this strain for further investigation.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s000368381705009x
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 5 (2017)
  • Modulation of growth media influences aggregation and biofilm formation
           between Azotobacter chroococcum and Trichoderma viride
    • Authors: K. Velmourougane; R. Prasanna; A. K. Saxena; Shashi Bala Singh; Gautam Chawla; R. Kaushik; B. Ramakrishnan; L. Nain
      Pages: 546 - 556
      Abstract: Abstract The effect of growth media manipulation on the in vitro biofilm forming ability of Azotobacter chroococcum MTCC 25045 and Trichoderma viride ITCC 2211, both as individual cultures and co-culture was evaluated for 16 days. Growth curves (Bioscreen C lab system) and type of microbial population (planktonic and biofilm) helped to validate the aggregation and biofilm data. Modulation of combinations of routine growth media—Jensen’s broth (J) and potato dextrose broth (P) by changing their ratios (100, 75: 25, 50: 50, and 25: 75) was undertaken. In individual bacterial or fungal inoculation, the growth media–J25: P75 and P100 caused significantly (p < 0.01) higher growth, aggregation, and biofilm formation. In co-culture, J25: P75 medium showed enhanced planktonic as well as biofilm population, aggregation, and biofilm formation followed by J50: P50 and J75: P25 media. This is a first report on interrelationships among growth, aggregation and biofilm formation in relation to medium optimization for fungal-bacterial biofilm development.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s0003683817050179
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 5 (2017)
  • Prospects for the use of new basidiomycete strains for the direct
           conversion of lignocellulose into ethanol
    • Authors: E. Yu. Kozhevnikova; D. A. Petrova; A. A. Novikov; A. V. Shnyreva; A. V. Barkov; V. A. Vinokurov
      Pages: 557 - 561
      Abstract: Abstract Sixty-six isolates of basidiomycete fungi were screened for the ability to synthesize cellulase. The effect of temperature on cellulase activity was studied for eight basidiomycete strains as perspective producers of ethanol. The temperature optima of enzyme activity ranged between 26 and 32°C. Direct conversion of Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, microcrystalline cellulose and rye straw were studied for seven basidiomycetes strains: Fomitopsis pinicola MT-5.09, F. pinicola MT-5.21, Piptoporus betulinus MT-30.04, Fomes fomentarius MT-4.05, F. fomentarius MT-4.23, Trametes hirsuta MT-24.24, Flammulina velutipes MT-3.03 Maximum ethanol production from Na-carboxymethyl cellulose (1.3 g/dm3) was achieved by strain F. velutipes MT-3.03. Strain F. fomentarius MT-4.05 more effectively converted rye straw to ethanol with yield of 1.1 g/dm3.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s0003683817050106
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 5 (2017)
  • Activities of hydrolases and their protein inhibitors in wheat leaves
           treated with salicylic and jasmonic acids and infected with Septoria
           nodorum strains differing in aggressiveness
    • Authors: L. G. Yarullina; A. R. Ahatova; R. I. Kasimova
      Pages: 562 - 567
      Abstract: Abstract The effect of infection with fungus Septoria nodorum strains differing in aggressiveness on the activity of hydrolytic enzymes (amylases and proteinases) and their protein inhibitors in the leaves of Triticum aestivum L. pretreated with salicylic and jasmonic acids was studied. It was shown that aggressive Septoria nodorum strains accelerated development, caused intensive necrotic reaction on the wheat leaves, increased the production of amylases and proteinases, and decreased the activity of their protein inhibitors. Salicylic and jasmonic acids altered the activity of the “hydrolase-inhibitor” complex, which indicated the possibility of regulation of the activity (content) of this group of compounds via exogenous effects, including the treatment of plants with inducers of resistance of various natures.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s0003683817050180
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 5 (2017)
  • Cycloheximide-induced phenolic burst in roots of Pisum sativum L.
    • Authors: I. A. Tarchevsky; M. V. Ageeva; N. V. Petrova; A. N. Akulov; A. M. Egorova
      Pages: 568 - 572
      Abstract: Abstract Chromatography and histochemical analysis of soluble phenolic compounds demonstrated their higher content in the roots of cycloheximide-treated pea plants. These substances accumulated together with lignin in the endodermis and xylem cells of conducting bundles. This finding confirms the antipathogenic cycloheximide effect based on the previous results of proteome analysis.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s0003683817050155
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 5 (2017)
  • The Participation of calcium ions and reactive oxygen species in the
           induction of antioxidant enzymes and heat resistance in plant cells by
           hydrogen sulfide donor
    • Authors: Yu. E. Kolupaev; E. N. Firsova; T. O. Yastreb; A. A. Lugovaya
      Pages: 573 - 579
      Abstract: Abstract The effect of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) donor sodium hydrosulfide (NaHS) on the heat resistance of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) coleoptile cells, the formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), and the activity of the antioxidant enzymes in them was investigated. The treatment of coleoptiles with 100 µM NaHS caused transient enhancement of the generation of the superoxide anion radical (O2 •) and an increased hydrogen peroxide content. The activities of antioxidant enzymes—superoxide dismutase, catalase, and guaiacol peroxidase— and coleoptile resistance to damaging heat was later found to have increased. The biochemical and physiological effects of the hydrogen sulfide donor described above were inhibited by the treatment of wheat coleoptiles with the hydrogen peroxide scavenger dimethylthiourea, the NADPH oxidase inhibitor imidazole, the extracellular calcium chelator EGTA, and the phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C inhibitor neomycin. A conclusion was made on the role of ROS generation, which is dependent on the activity of NADPH oxidase and calcium homeostasis, in the transduction of the H2S signal, which induces antioxidant enzymes and the development of plant cell heat resistance.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s0003683817050088
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 5 (2017)
  • Survival and biodegradation activity of Gordonia polyisoprenivorans 135:
           Basics of a biosensor receptor
    • Authors: E. V. Emelyanova; N. E. Souzina; V. N. Polivtseva; A. N. Reshetilov; I. P. Solyanikova
      Pages: 580 - 586
      Abstract: Abstract The effects of stress factors (drying, low temperature, and long-term storage) on the survival of the actinobacteria Gordonia polyisoprenivorans 135, which is used as a biosensor receptor to detect sodium benzoate in water solutions, were studied, as well as the effects of these factors on the biodegradation of aromatic compounds. The cells remained viable after starvation and subsequent long-term storage in suspension. Immobilization of G. polyisoprenivorans 135 cells prevented the loss of the viability when they were dried prior to storage. The immobilized cells, which were used as a biosensor receptor element, were active in relation to benzoate for more than 9 months. Storage of the receptor at 4°C for four months led to a sensor response to 10–4 and 10–3 M benzoate at a level of 69 and 79% of the maximum, respectively, while the response was 58 and 51% (70 pA/s and 140 pAs), respectively, after 9 months of storage. These results suggest that actinobacterial cells can survive an adverse environment and can be used to create highly stable and sensitive bioreceptors.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s0003683817050039
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 5 (2017)
  • The adjuvant effect of selenium nanoparticles, Triton X-114 detergent
           micelles, and lecithin liposomes for Escherichia coli antigens
    • Authors: K. P. Gabalov; M. V. Rumina; T. N. Tarasenko; O. S. Vidyagina; A. A. Volkov; S. A. Staroverov; O. I. Guliy
      Pages: 587 - 593
      Abstract: Abstract We studied the adjuvant properties of micelles from nonionogenic detergents, liposome, and selenium nanoparticles containing extracellular and intracellular vaccine antigens of a weakly virulent α-hemolytic Escherichia coli B-5 strain used for the immunization of experimental animals. Triton X-100 was used as a nonionogenic detergent for micelle preparation. The liposomes were obtained on the basis of lecithin from a chicken egg and E. coli B-5 membrane lipids. Native lipoproteins of E. coli B-5 cells and peptides for the proteolytic hydrolysis of toxin-containing culture liquid were used as antigens for micelles and liposomes. The obtained data suggested that micelles, liposomes, and selenium nanoparticles can be used for immunization with cellular and extracellular E. coli antigens.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s0003683817050040
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 5 (2017)
  • Immunochromatographic assay of T-2 toxin using labeled anti-species
    • Authors: A. E. Urusov; A. V. Petrakova; A. V. Bartosh; M. K. Gubaydullina; A. V. Zherdev; B. B. Dzantiev
      Pages: 594 - 599
      Abstract: Abstract A new scheme of immunochromatographic assay was developed for the highly sensitive detection of low-molecular-weight analytes. This scheme includes the following two steps: the formation of complexes of free specific antibodies with an antigen and their detection by anti-species antibodies conjugated to gold nanoparticles as the label. This scheme was tested with mycotoxin T-2 toxin in maize extracts. The use of specific antibodies and a label as two individual components made it possible to independently vary their concentrations with a simultaneous decrease in the detection limit and an increase in the color intensity. The assay did not require additional reagents and manipulations. The instrumental and visual detection limits of the designed test system were 0.1 and 5.0 ng/mL, respectively (2 and 90 ng per gram of analytes), which are two orders of magnitude lower compared to conventional immunochromatography using the same reagents.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s0003683817050167
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 5 (2017)
  • Determination of volatile organic compounds by solid-phase microextraction
    • Authors: T. A. Misharina; M. B. Terenina; N. I. Krikunova
      Pages: 600 - 609
      Abstract: Abstract The parameters of the process of isolation, concentration, and gas chromatographic analysis of volatile organic compounds by solid-phase microextraction were optimized. With different amounts of a mixture of essential oils, the conditions of reproducibility of their determination were established based on the absolute values of the squares of chromatographic peaks obtained by capillary gas chromatography. It was found that the efficiency of the extraction of volatile compounds from gas phase by sorption on mixed polymer (consisting of polydimethylsiloxane and divinylbenzene) was significantly influenced by the structure of their molecules, while the sorption time and their content in the liquid phase influenced the significance of determination.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s000368381705012x
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 5 (2017)
  • Usage of strain-producers of adhesin RapA1 from Rhizobium leguminosarum
           for the creation of binary biofertilizers
    • Authors: L. R. Khakimova; A. M. Lavina; Z. R. Vershinina; A. Kh. Baymiev
      Pages: 453 - 457
      Abstract: Abstract Binary biofertilizers consisting of a rhizobial strain specific to the plant Rhizobium leguminosarum and a strain-producer of the RapA1 adhesin protein, which enhances the adhesion of rhizobacteria to the plant roots, have been designed. A system consisting of highly productive bacteria strains and additional strains that enhance the action of the main component have been obtained.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s0003683817040081
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 4 (2017)
  • Dehydrogenase and electrochemical activity of Escherichia coli extracts
    • Authors: M. V. Dmitrieva; E. V. Zolotukhina; E. V. Gerasimova; A. A. Terent’ev; Yu. A. Dobrovol’skii
      Pages: 458 - 463
      Abstract: Abstract The dehydrogenase activity of Escherichia coli BB cell extracts was studied at different growth stages in the presence of different substrates and triphenyl tetrazolium chloride as an electron acceptor. It was shown that the highest degree of reduction of triphenyl tetrazolium chloride was observed during exponential growth of the bacteria when potassium isocitrate was used as a substrate. It was found that extracts of the bacteria during the exponential phase of growth on an inert glassy carbon electrode in a three-electrode liquid electrochemical cell manifested electrochemical activity in the presence of potassium citrate and methylene blue or potassium hexacyanoferrate(III) as redox mediators.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s0003683817040032
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 4 (2017)
  • Application of magnetite nanoparticles for the development of highly
           sensitive immunochromatographic test systems for mycotoxin detection
    • Authors: A. V. Petrakova; A. E. Urusov; A. V. Zherdev; L. Liu; C. Xu; B. B. Dzantiev
      Pages: 470 - 475
      Abstract: Abstract Highly sensitive immunochromatographic test systems were developed for the detection of zearalenone (ZEA) and T-2 toxin (T2T) using magnetite nanoparticles (MNPs) for the labeling. In order to detect an analyte with high sensitivity, the competitive reaction was performed with free specific antibodies, while immune complexes were detected by the reaction with label-conjugated anti-species antibodies. The conditions for the synthesis of magnetite nanoparticles conjugated to anti-species antibodies were optimized. The concentrations of specific reagents that provided the highly sensitive detection of T-2 toxin and zearalenone were found. The instrumental detection limit for the determination of T-2 toxin and zearalenone in baby food samples (oat flakes) was 0.1 and 0.05 ng/mL (2.0 and 1.0 ng/g), respectively. The assay time was 15 min. The results of the present study confirm the possibility of the practical use of magnetite nanoparticles for immunochromatographic assay labeling.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s0003683817040111
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 4 (2017)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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