Publisher: Springer-Verlag (Total: 2626 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2626 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 1.118, CiteScore: 4)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.752, CiteScore: 3)
Abdominal Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.866, CiteScore: 2)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.439, CiteScore: 0)
aBIOTECH : An Intl. J. on Plant Biotechnology and Agricultural Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.53, CiteScore: 1)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.106, CiteScore: 0)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.359, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.675, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.284, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.587, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.769, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.24, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.305, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.312, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.588, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 7.066, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.452, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.379, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.27, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.208, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.607, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.576, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.638, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.822, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.376, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 7.589, CiteScore: 12)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.334, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.574, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.605, CiteScore: 1)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.147, CiteScore: 0)
Adaptive Human Behavior and Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.72, CiteScore: 2)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.005, CiteScore: 2)
Adolescent Research Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.703, CiteScore: 2)
Advanced Composites and Hybrid Materials     Hybrid Journal  
Advanced Fiber Materials     Full-text available via subscription  
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.698, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Astronautics Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57, SJR: 1.09, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.144, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.64, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.475, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Neurodevelopmental Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Operator Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.075, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Traditional Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Adversity and Resilience Science : J. of Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.673, CiteScore: 2)
Aerosol Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Aerospace Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aerotecnica Missili & Spazio : J. of Aerospace Science, Technologies & Systems     Hybrid Journal  
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
Affective Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 1)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.235, CiteScore: 0)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.39, CiteScore: 1)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.67, CiteScore: 2)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.276, CiteScore: 1)
Agriculture and Human Values     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.173, CiteScore: 3)
Agroforestry Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.663, CiteScore: 1)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Open Access   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.864, CiteScore: 6)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.227, CiteScore: 1)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 3)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 3)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 0)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.583, CiteScore: 1)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.095, CiteScore: 1)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.56, CiteScore: 1)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.234, CiteScore: 0)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.11, CiteScore: 3)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.569, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.951, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 1.329, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.772, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.46, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.181, CiteScore: 0)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.611, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.314, CiteScore: 0)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 0)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.135, CiteScore: 3)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.211, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.536, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.978, CiteScore: 3)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 1)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.177, CiteScore: 5)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.389, CiteScore: 3)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.097, CiteScore: 2)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.438, CiteScore: 0)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.429, CiteScore: 0)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.197, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.042, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.932, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.85, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.579, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.986, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Functional Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.228, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.043, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.413, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.687, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.943, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Annals of PDE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.614, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.239, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.986, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.495, CiteScore: 1)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.834, CiteScore: 2)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.22, CiteScore: 3)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.424, CiteScore: 4)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.294, CiteScore: 1)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.602, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 0.571, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.21, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.49, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 0.58, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.422, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.733, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.488, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.6, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.886, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.461, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 70, SJR: 1.182, CiteScore: 4)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.481, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.74, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.519, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.542, CiteScore: 1)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 0.656, CiteScore: 2)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 1)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.109, CiteScore: 3)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.052, CiteScore: 2)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.224, CiteScore: 0)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.725, CiteScore: 1)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 70, SJR: 0.745, CiteScore: 2)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.909, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 3.93, CiteScore: 3)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 185, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.41, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.006, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.773, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.644, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.146, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.71, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.541, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.973, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.274, CiteScore: 3)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.946, CiteScore: 3)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal  
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.349, CiteScore: 1)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, CiteScore: 0)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.766, CiteScore: 1)
arktos : The J. of Arctic Geosciences     Hybrid Journal  
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.355, CiteScore: 0)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.839, CiteScore: 2)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.131, CiteScore: 0)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.571
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 42  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0273-2289 - ISSN (Online) 1559-0291
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2626 journals]
  • Improved Performance of Microbial Fuel Cell by In Situ Methanogenesis
           Suppression While Treating Fish Market Wastewater
    • Abstract: The fish market wastewater, which is rich in ammonium concentration, was investigated to explore its ability of in situ suppression of methanogenesis in the anodic chamber of microbial fuel cell (MFC) while treating it and to ensure non-reoccurrence of methanogenic consortia in the anodic chamber during its long-term operations. A lower specific methanogenic activity (0.097g chemical oxygen demand (COD)CH4/g volatile suspended solids (VSS). day) with a higher power density (3.81 ± 0.19 W/m3) was exhibited by the MFC operated with raw fish market wastewater as compared to the MFC fed with synthetic wastewater (0.219g CODCH4/g VSS. day and 1.75 ± 0.09 W/m3, respectively). The enhanced electrochemical activity of anodic biofilm of MFC fed with raw fish market wastewater than the MFC fed with synthetic wastewater further advocated the enhanced electrogenic activity and suppression of methanogenesis, because of the presence of higher ammonium content in the feed. This, in response, reduced the internal resistance (55 Ω), enhanced the coulombic efficiency (21.9 ± 0.3%) and normalized the energy recovery (0.27 kWh/m3) from the MFC fed with fish market wastewater than the MFC fed with synthetic wastewater (92 Ω, 15.7 ± 0.3% and 0.13 kWh/m3, respectively). Thus, while treating the fish market wastewater in the anodic chamber of MFC, any costly and repetitive treatment procedures for anodic microorganisms are not required for suppression of methanogens to ensure higher activity of electrogenic bacteria for higher electricity harvesting.
      PubDate: 2020-07-10
  • Utility of Silane-Modified Magnesium-Based Magnetic Nanoparticles for
           Efficient Immobilization of Bacillus thermoamylovorans Lipase
    • Abstract: Enzymes and protein’s immobilization on magnetic nano supports is emerging as a promising candidate in the food, medical field, and areas of environmental studies. This work presents a study on purified Bacillus thermoamylovorans lipase (BTL) by utilizing tetraethoxysilane (TEOS)-modified magnesium nano ferrite (MgNF) of 20 nm size. Its structural and morphological studies were investigated by powder X-ray diffractometry, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, etc. Binding of BTL with MgNF was supported by using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Magnetic behavior was examined by the vibrational sample magnetometer and Mössbauer spectrometer graphs. The enzymatic activity of BTL before and after immobilization was studied at different temperatures and reaction time. As per the Lineweaver-Burk plot, immobilized lipase has more biological affinity for fatty acids in comparison to the free lipase, and Kmax values of immobilized and free BTL were computed as 6.6 and 7.5 mM respectively, with excellent reusability(> 50%) even till 13 consecutive assay runs. Graphical
      PubDate: 2020-07-08
  • Scale-Up of Duddingtonia flagrans Chlamydospores Production from
           Laboratory to Pilot-Scale Using a Solid-State Fermentation System
    • Abstract: The fungus Duddingtonia flagrans is a biological control tool to reduce infective larvae of gastrointestinal nematode in pastures. To create a commercially available bioproduct based on a nematophagous fungus, an efficient mass production process should be developed that is able to guarantee a good predatory capacity and satisfactory production rates. In this work, solid-state fermentation (SSF) parameters were investigated to produce D. flagrans at pilot-scale. The results showed that the relative humidity was a critical factor to increase productivity and to reduce fermentation time. The best production conditions using a tray bioreactor were a relative humidity in the room at 90% for 2 days, and inoculation by sprinkling. The fermentation process was composed of 7 days under submerged fermentation to produce the inoculum and 7 more days of SSF in a tray bioreactor. The productivity reached was 4.96 × 106 chlamydospores g−1 of dry substrate day−1, which is the highest productivity reported to date. The predatory capacity of the chlamydospores produced using this process was 91%. Also, a statistical control process analysis was applied, finding that the process presents stability in the biological activity, yield, and final moisture content of the substrate between batches. Finally, the operational expenses (OPEX) based on the use of the heating and humidification system were estimated, given a final cost of 0.20 USD g−1 of the fermented substrate.
      PubDate: 2020-07-08
  • Natural Communities of Microalgae and Cyanobacteria from Eutrophicated
           Waters as Potential Co-substrates for Small-scale Biogas Production
    • Abstract: The purpose of this study was to determine the biogas potential of biomass produced by microbiotic communities developed under natural conditions in freshwater systems such as ponds incorporated into agricultural landscapes. Natural communities of microalgae were collected from a small eutrophicated pond where dominant species were euglenoids (Lepocinclis species). Cyanobacterial communities dominated by Lyngbya species were taken from a domestic aquarium and cultivated under makeshift conditions. Experiments were done using dairy cow manure (DCM) for codigestion with natural communities of microalgae (MDM) and cyanobacteria (CDM) and conducted during 42 days in thermophilic regime. The total biogas yields were 421.40 and 383.34 mL/g volatile solids (VS), while the average methane contents were 63.97 and 64.06% for MDM and CDM, respectively. Our results indicate that the natural communities of microalgae and cyanobacteria used in this study possess the potential for biogas production, which is, in comparison with particular algal and cyanobacterial strains cultivated under strictly controlled cultivation conditions, more promising. Therefore, this study aims to motivate further investigations into the diverse natural communities of microalgae and cyanobacteria and pretreatments that are environmentally friendly and cost-effective and will eventually enhance small-scale biogas production on agricultural farms.
      PubDate: 2020-07-06
  • A Novel Glucose-Tolerant GH1 β-Glucosidase and Improvement of Its Glucose
           Tolerance Using Site-Directed Mutation
    • Abstract: A novel GH1 β-glucosidase gene (bgla) from marine bacterium was sequenced and expressed in Escherichia coli. After purification by Ni2+ affinity chromatography, the recombinant protein was characterized. The purified recombinant enzyme showed maximum activity at 40 °C, pH 7.5 and was stable between temperatures that range from 4 to 30 °C and over the pH range of 6–10. The enzyme displayed a high tolerance to glucose and maximum stimulation at the presence of 100 mM glucose. To improve glucose tolerance of the enzyme, a site-directed mutation (f171w) was introduced into β-glucosidase. The recombinant F171W showed a higher glucose tolerance than the wild type and maintained more than 40% residual activity at the presence of 4 M glucose. Additionally, the recombinant enzymes showed notable tolerance to ethanol. These properties suggest the enzymes may have potential applications for the fermentation of lignocellulosic sugars and the production of biofuels.
      PubDate: 2020-07-03
  • Confirmation of Induced Tolerance to Alternaria Blight Disease in Indian
           Mustard ( Brassica juncea L.)
    • Abstract: Indian mustard (Brassica juncea L.) is an important edible oilseed crop in India. Low productivity is the major concern which is adversely affected by biotic stresses. Alternaria blight (Alternaria brassicae) is one among major diseases that has no resistant cultivar until now. Keeping in view, an experiment was conducted for isolation of Alternaria blight–tolerant mutants in Indian mustard using gamma radiation and EMS mutagens during four consecutive years in Rabi (winter season). Furthermore, the morphologically and economically superior mutants of Brassica juncea were screened artificially at cotyledonary and adult stage against Alternaria blight. Tolerance to Alternaria blight is observed in DRMR-M-163 (11.7%), DRMR-M-158 (13.1%), DRMR-M-174 (13.8%) and DRMR-M-177 (18.6%) with minimum conidia in infected cotyledons. Mutant DRMR-M-178 (19.8%) had the highest radical scavenging activity, while DRMR-M-162 (104.9 mg/g AAE), DRMR-M-169 (96.9) and DRMR-M-161 (96.9) had higher antioxidant capacity that appears to act as defence to pathogen. DRMR-M-168 (8.4%), DRMR-M-173 (8.3), DRMR-M-171 (7.9), DRMR-M-165 (7.4), DRMR-M-175 (7.2) and DRMR-M-172 (6.9) had higher phenol content which may be responsive for resistance, although DRMR-M-161 (192.7 mg/g), DRMR-M-163 (187.7 mg/g), DRMR-M-164 (132.7 mg/g), DRMR-M-167 (149.3 mg/g), DRMR-M-173 (196.0 mg/g) and DRMR-M-178 (192.7 mg/g) mutants are found to contain low levels of total soluble sugar compared with susceptible Rohini (379.3). Based on biochemical parameter’s similarity, mutants are grouped in 4 major clusters. Cluster 4 contained significantly different mutant DRMR-M-172. Relative expression of mitogen-activated protein kinase 3 (MAPK3) gene was found highest in DRMR-M-177, DRMR-M-174, DRMR-M-175, DRMR-M-178, DRMR-M-170, DRMR-M-176, DRMR-M-172 and DRMR-M-173 which resulted the better response to AB stress. Based on biochemical analysis, realtime PCR and cluster analysis, DRMR-M-172 mutant appears more tolerant to Alternaria. DRMR-M-178, DRMR-M-167 and DRMR-M-177 mutants seem tolerant and could be utilized for further breeding programme.
      PubDate: 2020-07-02
  • Selective Enrichment of Clostridium Spp. by Nutrition Control from Sihe
           Coal Geological Microbial Communities
    • Abstract: In the coal biogasification, butyric acid is an important intermediate product. The enrichment of butyric acid-producing bacteria in coal geological methanogens is critical to confirm this assertion. Therefore, to study a method for enrichment of butyric acid-producing bacteria and to explore characteristic factors for evaluating the enrichment effect would be the basis for further strain isolation and metabolomics research. In this study, the nutrition control method was used for the butyric acid-producing bacteria enrichment from concentrated bacteria solution in Sihe coal seam. The characteristic factors’ changes in gas production, gas composition, butyric acid concentration, and pH were observed and analyzed in the experiment. High-throughput sequencing was used as a verification method to validate the medium and genera enrichment effect that can be used for the butyric acid-producing bacteria. Through experimental research and analysis, it was identified that the glucose-sucrose-maltose medium was the beneficial medium to the enrichment of butyric acid-producing bacteria, and the high-throughput sequencing determined that the enriched genera were Clostridium spp. Glucose-sucrose-maltose medium experimental data confirmed that the decrease of CO2 and H2 daily yield, the increase of butyric acid concentration, and the decrease of pH value had a significant positive correlation with the enrichment of Clostridium spp.
      PubDate: 2020-07-02
  • Anaerobic Sequencing Batch Reactors Co-digesting Whey and Glycerin as a
           Possible Solution for Small and Mid-size Dairy Industries: Environmental
           Compliance and Methane Production
    • Abstract: A significant part of whey generated in Brazil is from small and mid-size dairy companies. Cheese whey has great potential for methane production through anaerobic biological processes but presents instabilities due to its high biodegradability. To study an alternative for the destination of this residue, the aim of this work was to investigate methane from the co-digestion of whey with glycerin and its environmental compliance at 55 °C in an anaerobic sequencing batch biofilm reactor. The best performance indicators were obtained with an influent composed of 88% cheese whey and 12% glycerin (by volume), fed-batch mode and organic loading rate of 19.3 kgCOD m−3 day−1 at 55 °C. This operational condition allowed us to achieve a methane productivity of 203 molCH4 m−3 day−1, a methane yield close to theoretical value, and to remove 68% of all organic matter in the influent. A kinetic metabolic model was fitted to the experimental data, which indicated methanogenesis with preference for the acetoclastic route. Finally, the energy production (approximately 197 MWh month−1) from an industrial scale reactor and its volume (three reactors of 152 m3) were assessed for a mid-size dairy industry, which could save up to US$ 22,000.00 per month in oil demand.
      PubDate: 2020-07-02
  • Biochemical Characterization of a Lipolytic Enzyme From Aspergillus oryzae
           That Hydrolyzes Triacylglycerol and Sterol Esters
    • Abstract: A novel lipolytic enzyme-encoding gene, lipO745, from Aspergillus oryzae RIB40 was cloned and expressed in Pichia pastoris. Purified recombinant LipO745 (rLipO745) had a molecular mass of approximately 60 kDa on sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. rLipO745 exhibited maximum activity at 40 °C and pH 7.0 and was stable at temperatures ≤ 40 °C. The substrate specificity of purified rLipO745 was analyzed using α-naphthyl esters as artificial substrates and various triacylglycerol and sterol esters as natural substrates. From among a panel of α-naphthyl esters (C2–C16), α-naphthyl butyrate (C4), with an activity of 269 ± 3.3 units/mg protein, was the optimal substrate for hydrolysis by the purified recombinant protein. The Km and kcat values of rLiO745 for the C4 substrate were 0.073 ± 0.0012 mM and 608 ± 108 s−1, respectively. The purified recombinant enzyme had considerable hydrolytic activity toward tributyrin, tripalmitin, and triolein, indicating lipase activity, and toward cholesteryl acetate, butyrate, palmitate, and oleate, indicating sterol esterase activity. Transesterification activities between tributyrin and cholesterol or between tributyrin and campesterol were also determined.
      PubDate: 2020-07-02
  • Construction of an Efficient Nicotinate Dehydrogenase Expression System in
           Comamonas testosteroni CNB-2 with Multi-level N-Terminal Engineering
    • Abstract: Nicotinate dehydrogenase (NDHase) is a membrane protein with three subunits (ndhS, ndhL, and ndhM), which is difficult to express in a functional form using common hosts such as Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis, or Pichia pastoris. Comamonas testosteroni is a suitable microbial chassis for expressing multi-subunit membrane proteins. However, the expression of NDHase in C. testosteroni is extremely low. We have developed a systematic approach to create an efficient protein expression system in C. testosteroni CNB-2 using multi-level N-terminal engineering. We selected a strong promoter for the Mmp1 system that enables control of transcriptional strength in unconventional bacteria. This enhanced the expression of a green fluorescent reporter protein threefold. Following modification of the N-terminal Shine–Dalgarno sequence and rearrangement of amino acid sequence in the starting area of the gene encoding NDHase, enzyme activity increased from 90.6 to 165 U/L. These optimized N-terminal Shine–Dalgarno and amino acid sequences were used to enhance the expression of ndhL subunit and improve the balance expression of three subunits of NDHase, resulting in enzyme activity of 192 U/L that far surpasses the previously reported level. These results highlight a promising strategy for the development of other heterologous expression systems for challenging proteins using unconventional bacteria.
      PubDate: 2020-07-02
  • Characterization of an L-Arabinose Isomerase from Bacillus velezensis and
           Its Application for L-Ribulose and L-Ribose Biosynthesis
    • Abstract: L-Ribulose and L-ribose are two high-value unnatural sugars that can be biosynthesized by sugar isomerases. In this paper, an L-arabinose isomerase (BvAI) from Bacillus velezensis CICC 24777 was cloned and overexpressed in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3) strain. The maximum activity of recombinant BvAI was observed at 45 °C and pH 8.0, in the presence of 1.0 mM Mn2+. Approximately 207.2 g/L L-ribulose was obtained from 300 g/L L-arabinose in 1.5 h by E. coli harboring BvAI. In addition, approximately 74.25 g/L L-ribose was produced from 300 g/L L-arabinose in 7 h by E. coli co-expressing BvAI and L-RI from Actinotalea fermentans ATCC 43279 (AfRI). This study provides a feasible approach for producing L-ribose from L-arabinose using a co-expression system harboring L-Al and L-RI.
      PubDate: 2020-07-02
  • Development of a Strategy to Improve the Stability of Culture Environment
           for Docosahexaenoic Acid Fermentation by Schizochytrium sp.
    • Abstract: A stable culture environment is the key for optimal growth and metabolic activity of microorganisms, especially in marine species, and intermittent feeding during DHA production using Schizochytrium sp. generates an unstable culture environment. To investigate the effect of unstable culture environment on the cells’ physiological status and DHA synthesis, fermentations with different feeding strategies were performed on the lab scale. The intermittent feeding strategy caused fluctuations of substrate concentration and osmotic pressure, which had a negative effect on cell division and product synthesis. The physiological status and metabolic level of Schizochytrium sp. were relatively stable under a continuous feeding strategy with a relatively stable substrate concentration of 20–25 g/L, which was beneficial for the efficient transformation of substrate, leading to an improvement of DHA productivity. This strategy was further applied to pilot scale, whereby the DHA content, DHA productivity, convert ratio of glucose to lipid and DHA reached 55.02%, 320.17 mg/(L·h), 24.35%, and 13.40%, respectively. This study therefore provides an efficient strategy for ensuring a stable culture environment for the production of DHA and similar metabolites. Graphical
      PubDate: 2020-07-01
  • Increased P3HB Accumulation Capacity of Methylorubrum sp. in Response to
           Discontinuous Methanol Addition
    • Abstract: An alternative for non-biodegradable oil-based plastics has been the focus of many researchers throughout the years. Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) are potential substitutes due to their biodegradable characteristic and diversity of monomers that allow different biopolymer compositions and physical–chemical properties suitable for a variety of applications. The most well-known biopolymer from this class, poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (P3HB), is already produced industrially, but its final price cannot compete with the oil-based plastics. As a low-volume high-value bioproduct, P3HB must be produced through a cheap and abundant feedstock, with high productivity and a feasible purity process in order to become an economically attractive bioproduct. In this scenario, we report a methylotrophic strain isolated from an estuarine contaminated site identified as Methylorubrum sp. highly tolerant to methanol and with great accumulation capacity of 60% (CDW) in 48 h through a simple strategy of batch fermentation with discontinuous methanol addition that could help lower P3HB’s processing costs and final price.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01
  • Response of Isovalerate-Degrading Methanogenic Microbial Community to
    • Abstract: Isovalerate is one of the key intermediates during anaerobic digestion treating protein-containing waste/wastewater. Investigating the effect of different kinds of inhibitors on isovalerate-degrading microbial community is necessary to develop measures for improving the effectiveness of the treatment plants. In the present study, dynamic changes in the isovalerate-degrading microbial community in presence of inhibitors (ammonium, sulfide, mixed ammonium and sulfide, and chlortetracycline (CTC)) were investigated using high-throughput sequencing of 16S rRNA gene. Our observations showed that the isovalerate-degrading microbial community responded differently to different inhibitors and that the isovalerate degradation and gas production were strongly repressed by each inhibitor. We found that sulfide inhibited both isovalerate oxidation followed by methanogenesis, while ammonium, mixed ammonium and sulfide, and CTC mainly inhibited isovalerate oxidation. Genera classified into Proteobacteria and Chloroflexi were less sensitive to inhibitors. The two dominant genera, which are potential syntrophic isovalerate oxidizers, exhibited different responses to inhibitors that the unclassified_Peptococcaceae_3 was more sensitive to inhibitors than the unclassified_Syntrophaceae. Upon comparison to acetoclastic methanogen Methanosaeta, hydrogenotrophic methanogens Methanoculleus and Methanobacterium were less sensitive to inhibitors.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01
  • Enhancement of Gluconobacter oxydans Resistance to Lignocellulosic-Derived
           Inhibitors in Xylonic Acid Production by Overexpressing Thioredoxin
    • Abstract: Efficient utilization of lignocellulose is an economically relevant practice for improving the financial prospects of biorefineries. Lignocellulose contains significant levels of xylose that can be converted into valuable xylonic acid. However, some inhibitors of bioconversion processes are produced after pretreatment. Xylonic acid production in bacteria, such as Gluconobacter oxydans, is hindered by poor bacterial tolerance to contaminants. Therefore, in order to enhance bacterial resistance to inhibitors, a recombinant strain of G. oxydans was created by the introduction of the thioredoxin gene. Thioredoxin is a key protein responsible for maintaining cellular redox potential and is critical to the conversion of xylose to xylonate. Overexpression of thioredoxin was confirmed at the enzymatic level, while the recombinant strain showed increased catalytic activity when inhibitors, such as formic acid or p-hydroxybenzaldehyde (PHBA), were added to the synthetic xylose medium (17% and 7% improvement in xylonic acid yield, respectively). To probe the molecular mechanism behind the recombinant strain response to inhibitors, the expression levels of various genes were analyzed by qRT-PCR, which revealed five differentially expressed genes (DEGs) upon exposure to formic acid or PHBA.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01
  • Update and Revalidation of Ghose’s Cellulase Assay Methodology
    • Abstract: New studies on cellulolytic enzymes aiming to improve biofuels production lead to a concern over the assaying methods commonly applied to measure their activity. One of the most used methods is Ghose’s cellulase and endoglucanase assay, developed by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry in 1987. Carrying out this method demands high volumes of reagents and generation of high amounts of chemical residues. This work aimed to adapt Ghose’s methodology to reduce its application cost and residue generation and validate the adjustments. To do so, International and Brazilian laws were applied to validate methodologies. Method’s modifications were successfully validated according to all institutions and were considered linear, accurate, precise, and reproducible. It was possible to reduce the volume of reagents and residues in 12 times. Considering the routine work of most laboratories, it is a great reduction on material costs and residue treatment, which reflects in sustainability and environmental impacts.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01
  • Improvement of the Thermostability and Activity of Pullulanase from
           Anoxybacillus sp. WB42
    • Abstract: Pullulanase is a commonly used starch-debranching enzyme with broad application in food, chemical and pharmaceutical industries. Since the starch-debranching process requires a high temperature, a thermostable pullulanase is desirable. In this study, based on the strategy of surficial residue replacement and disulfide bond introduction, a mutant pullulanase (PulAC) derived from the pullulanase (PulA) of Anoxybacillus sp. WB42 with higher thermostability and activity was isolated. The surficial residue Lys419 from the wild-type PulA was replaced by arginine, and two disulfide bonds were introduced between Thr245 and Ala326 and Trp651 and Val707. The specific activity and kcat/Km value of the PulAC reached 98.20 U/mg and 12.22 mL/mg/s respectively, 1.5 times greater than that of wild-type PulA. The optimum temperature of the mutant PulAC was 65 °C. The PulAC retained more than 85% activity after incubation at 65 °C for 30 min, which is much higher than the activity maintained by wild-type PulA. Due to its high optimum temperature, thermostability, and specific activity, the mutant PulAC reported here could play an important role in improving hydrolytic efficiency in the starch-debranching process.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01
  • A Halotolerant Endo-1,4-β-Xylanase from Aspergillus clavatus with
           Potential Application for Agroindustrial Residues Saccharification
    • Abstract: The use of non-potable water (such as seawater) is an attractive alternative for water intensive processes such as biomass pretreatment and saccharification steps in the production of biochemicals and biofuels. Identification and application of halotolerant enzymes compatible with high-salt conditions may reduce the energy needed for non-potable water treatment and decrease waste treatment costs. Here we present the biochemical properties of a halotolerant endo-1,4-β-xylanase produced by Aspergillus clavatus in submerged fermentation, using paper sludge (XPS) and sugarcane bagasse (XSCB), and its potential application in the hydrolysis of agroindustrial residues. The peptide mass fingerprint and amino acid sequencing of the XPS and XSCB enzymes showed primary structure similarities with an endo-1,4-β-xylanase from Aspergillus clavatus (XYNA_ASPCL). Both enzyme preparations presented good thermal stability at 50 °C and were stable over a wide range of pH and Vmax up to 2450 U/mg for XPS. XPS and XSCB were almost fully stable even after 24 h of incubation in the presence of up to 3 M NaCl, and their activity were not affected by 500 mM NaCl. Both enzyme preparations were capable of hydrolyzing paper sludge and sugarcane bagasse to release reducing sugars. These characteristics make this xylanase attractive to be used in the hydrolysis of biomass, particularly with brackish water or seawater.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01
  • Novel Point Mutations in Mitochondrial MT-CO2 Gene May Be Risk Factors for
           Coronary Artery Disease
    • Abstract: A wide range of genetic and environmental interactions are involved in the development of coronary artery disease (CAD). Considerable evidence suggests that mitochondrial DNA mutations are associated with heart failure. In this work, we examined the possible mutations in hotspot mitochondrial genes and their association with Iranian patients with coronary artery disease. In this case-control study, nucleotide variations were investigated in 109 patients with coronary atherosclerosis and 105 control subjects with no family history of cardiovascular disease. The molecular analysis of related mitochondrial genes was performed by polymerase chain reaction sequencing. Our results showed 25 nucleotide variations (10 missense mutations, 9 synonymous polymorphisms, and 6 variants in tRNA genes) that for the first time were presented in coronary artery disease. Our results suggest that novel heteroplasmic m.8231 C>A mutation is involved in CAD (p = 0.007). These nucleotide variations suggest the role of mitochondrial mutations as a predisposing factor which in combination with environmental risk factors may affect the pathogenesis of coronary atherosclerosis. So, further investigation is needed for a better understanding of the pathogenesis and predisposing effects of these variations on the disease.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01
  • SNHG3 Functions as miRNA Sponge to Promote Breast Cancer Cells Growth
           Through the Metabolic Reprogramming
    • Abstract: Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) are important ingredient in tumor microenvironment. The dynamic interplay between CAFs and cancer cells plays essential roles during tumor development and progression. However, the mechanisms of intercellular communication between CAFs and cancer cells remain largely unknown. We characterized exosomes secreted from breast cancer patient-derived CAFs by transmission electron microscopy. The expression of SNHG3, miR-330-5p, and PKM (Pyruvate Kinase M1/M2) was examined by real-time QPCR and immunoblot. The function of SNHG3 on the growth and metabolism of tumor cells was used by CCK8 and mitochondrial oxygen consumption assays. The binding between SNHG3, miR-330-5p, and PKM was examined by dual luciferase reporter assays. Orthotopical xenograft of breast tumor experiments was performed to determine the function of SNHG3 in vivo. We demonstrated that exosomes secreted from CAFs reprogram the metabolic pathways after tumor cells uptake the exosomes. CAF-secreted exosomal lncRNA SNHG3 served as a molecular sponge for miR-330-5p in breast cancer cells. Moreover, PKM could be targeted by miR-330-5p and was controlled by SNHG3 in breast cancer cells. Mechanistically, SNHG3 knockdown in CAF-secreted exosomes suppressed glycolysis metabolism and cell proliferation by the increase of miR-330-5p and decrease of PKM expression in tumor cells. SNHG3 functions as a miR-330-5p sponge to positively regulate PKM expression, inhibit mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation, increase glycolysis carboxylation, and enhance breast tumor cell proliferation. Overall, SNHG3 could play a major role in the development and progression of breast cancer and support the therapeutic potential of targeting communication between cancer cells and tumor microenvironment.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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