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Publisher: Springer-Verlag (Total: 2351 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2351 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.118, CiteScore: 4)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.752, CiteScore: 3)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.866, CiteScore: 2)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.439, CiteScore: 0)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.53, CiteScore: 1)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.106, CiteScore: 0)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.359, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.675, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.284, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.587, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.769, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.24, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.305, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.312, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.588, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 7.066, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.452, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.379, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.27, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.208, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.607, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.576, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.638, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.822, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.376, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 7.589, CiteScore: 12)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.334, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.574, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.605, CiteScore: 1)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.147, CiteScore: 0)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.72, CiteScore: 2)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.005, CiteScore: 2)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.703, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.698, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55, SJR: 1.09, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.144, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.64, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.475, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.075, CiteScore: 3)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.673, CiteScore: 2)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 1)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.235, CiteScore: 0)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.39, CiteScore: 1)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.67, CiteScore: 2)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.276, CiteScore: 1)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.173, CiteScore: 3)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.663, CiteScore: 1)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.864, CiteScore: 6)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.227, CiteScore: 1)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 3)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 3)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 0)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.583, CiteScore: 1)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.095, CiteScore: 1)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.56, CiteScore: 1)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.234, CiteScore: 0)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.11, CiteScore: 3)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.569, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.951, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.329, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.772, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.46, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.181, CiteScore: 0)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.611, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.314, CiteScore: 0)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 0)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.135, CiteScore: 3)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.211, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.536, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.978, CiteScore: 3)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 1)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.177, CiteScore: 5)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.389, CiteScore: 3)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.097, CiteScore: 2)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.438, CiteScore: 0)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.429, CiteScore: 0)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.197, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.042, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.932, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.85, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.579, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.986, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.228, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.043, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.413, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.687, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.943, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.614, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.239, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.986, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.495, CiteScore: 1)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.834, CiteScore: 2)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.22, CiteScore: 3)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.424, CiteScore: 4)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.294, CiteScore: 1)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.602, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 0.571, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.21, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Cancer Research     Open Access  
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.49, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 0.58, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.422, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.733, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.488, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.6, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.886, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.461, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65, SJR: 1.182, CiteScore: 4)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.481, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.74, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.519, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.542, CiteScore: 1)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.656, CiteScore: 2)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 1)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.109, CiteScore: 3)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.052, CiteScore: 2)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.224, CiteScore: 0)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.725, CiteScore: 1)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 0.745, CiteScore: 2)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.909, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 3.93, CiteScore: 3)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 144, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.41, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.006, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.773, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.644, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.146, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.71, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.541, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.973, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.274, CiteScore: 3)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.946, CiteScore: 3)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal  
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.349, CiteScore: 1)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.2, CiteScore: 0)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.766, CiteScore: 1)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.355, CiteScore: 0)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.839, CiteScore: 2)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.131, CiteScore: 0)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.937, CiteScore: 2)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.833, CiteScore: 4)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.226, CiteScore: 0)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.504, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.185, CiteScore: 2)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.353, CiteScore: 1)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.187, CiteScore: 0)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.855, CiteScore: 1)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.378, CiteScore: 1)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.543, CiteScore: 1)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.548, CiteScore: 1)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.183, CiteScore: 0)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  

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Journal Cover
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.571
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 43  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1599-0291 - ISSN (Online) 0273-2289
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2351 journals]
  • Improving of Anticancer Activity and Solubility of Cisplatin by
           Methylglycine and Methyl Amine Ligands Against Human Breast Adenocarcinoma
           Cell Line
    • Authors: Fatemeh Safa Shams Abyaneh; Mahboube Eslami Moghadam; Adeleh Divsalar; Davood Ajloo; Moyaed Hosaini Sadr
      Pages: 271 - 291
      Abstract: Methylglycine, also known sarcosine, is dramatically used in drug molecules and its metal complexes can interact to DNA and also do cleavage. Hence, to study the influence of methylglycine ligand on biological behavior of metal complexes, two water-soluble platinum (II) complexes with the formula cis-[Pt(NH3)2(CH3-gly)]NO3 and cis-[Pt(NH2-CH3)2(CH3-gly)]NO3 (where CH3-gly is methylglycine) have been synthesized and characterized by spectroscopic methods, molar conductivity measurements, and elemental analyzes. The anticancer activity of synthesized complexes was tested against human breast adenocarcinoma cell line of MCF7 using MTT assay and results showed excellent anticancer activity with Cc50 values of 126 and 292 μM after 24 h incubation time, for both complexes of cis-[Pt(NH3)2(CH3gly)]NO3 and cis-[Pt(NH2-CH3)2(CH3gly)]NO3, respectively. Also, the interaction between Pt(II) complexes with calf thymus DNA was extensively studied by means of absorption spectroscopy, fluorescence titration spectra displacement with ethidium bromide (EtBr), and circular dichroism studied in Tris-buffer. The obtained spectroscopic results revealed that two complexes can bind to highly polymerized calf thymus DNA cooperatively and denature at micromolar concentrations. The fluorescence data indicate that quenching effect for cis-[Pt(NH3)2(CH3gly)]NO3 (Ksv = 9.48 mM−1) was higher than that of cis-[Pt(NH2-CH3)2(CH3gly)]NO3 (Ksv = 1.98 mM−1). These results were also confirmed by circular dichrosim spectra. Consequently, docking data showed that cis-[Pt(NH3)2(CH3gly)]NO3 with more interaction energy binds on DNA via groove binding which is more compatible with experimental results. Graphical ᅟ Two anticancer Pt(II) complexes, cis-[Pt(NH3)2(CH3gly)]NO3 and cis-[Pt(NH2−CH3)2(CH3gly)]NO3, have been synthesized and interacted with calf thymus DNA. Improving solubility of these compounds reduce side effects and increase anticancer activity against human breast cell line. Modes of binding have been studied by electronic absorption, fluorescence, and CD measurements. Results show that both Pt(II) complexes can interact to DNA via groove binding.
      PubDate: 2018-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-018-2715-5
      Issue No: Vol. 186, No. 2 (2018)
  • Synthesis of Lactosucrose Using a Recombinant Levansucrase from Brenneria
    • Authors: Wei Xu; Qian Liu; Shuhuai Yu; Tao Zhang; Wanmeng Mu
      Pages: 292 - 305
      Abstract: Lactosucrose is a kind of trisaccharide that functions as a significant prebiotic in the maintenance of gastrointestinal homeostasis for human. In this study, a levansucrase from Brenneria goodwinii was further used for the lactosucrose production. The recombinant levansucrase showed efficiency in the lactosucrose production by transfructosylation from sucrose and lactose, and no other oligosaccharide or polysaccharide was detected in the reaction mixture. The transfructosylation product by this recombinant enzyme was structurally determined to be lactosucrose by FT-IR and NMR. The production condition was optimized as pH at 6.0, temperature at 35 °C, 5 U mL−1 enzyme, 180 g L−1 sucrose, and 180 g L−1 lactose. Under the optimal condition, the enzyme could approximately produce 100 g L−1 lactosucrose when the reaction reached equilibrium. The recombinant levansucrase could effectively and exclusively catalyze the formation of lactosucrose, which might expand the enzymatic choice for further preparation of lactosucrose.
      PubDate: 2018-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-018-2743-1
      Issue No: Vol. 186, No. 2 (2018)
  • A Chimeric Two-Component Regulatory System-Based Escherichia coli
           Biosensor Engineered to Detect Glutamate
    • Authors: Sambandam Ravikumar; Yokimiko David; Si Jae Park; Jong-il Choi
      Pages: 335 - 349
      Abstract: In this study, we constructed amino acid biosensors that can be used as a high-throughput system to screen microorganisms that produce glutamate. The biosensors are based on two-component regulatory systems (TCRSs) combined with green fluorescent protein (GFP) as a reporter. A chimeric DegS/EnvZ (DegSZ) TCRS was constructed by fusing the N-terminal domain of the sensor kinase DegS from Planococcus sp. PAMC21323 with the catalytic domain of the osmosensor EnvZ from Escherichia coli to control expression of gfp in response to glutamate. gfp was controlled by the ompC promoter through the activated response regulator OmpR-P. The chimeric TCRS-based biosensors showed a 4-fold increase in the fluorescent signal after adding glutamate. A linear correlation was observed between fluorescence intensity and exogenously added glutamate concentration. The chimeric TCRS-based biosensor was used to determine glutamate concentration at the single-cell level by fluorescence-activated cell sorting. Therefore, this biosensor can be used to isolate novel gene products and optimize pathways involved in amino acid production.
      PubDate: 2018-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-018-2746-y
      Issue No: Vol. 186, No. 2 (2018)
  • Cytotoxicity of Silica Nanoparticles with Transcaucasian Nose-Horned
           Viper, Vipera ammodytes transcaucasiana , Venom on U87MG and SHSY5Y
           Neuronal Cancer Cells
    • Authors: Çiğdem Çelen; Ceren Keçeciler; Mert Karış; Bayram Göçmen; Ozlem Yesil-Celiktas; Ayşe Nalbantsoy
      Pages: 350 - 357
      Abstract: Highly bioactive compounds of the snake venom make them particular sources for anticancer agent development. They contain very rich peptide-protein structures. Therefore, they are very susceptible to environmental conditions such as temperature, pH, and light. In this study, Vipera ammodytes transcaucasiana venom was encapsulated in PAMAM-G4 dendrimer by sol-gel method in order to prevent degradation of venom contents from the environmental conditions. For this purpose, nanoparticles were prepared by sol-gel methodology and SEM analyses were performed. U87MG and SHSY5Y neuronal cancer cell lines were treated with different concentrations of venom-containing nanoparticles and cytotoxicity was determined by MTT assay. IC50 values of nanoparticles with snake venom were calculated as 37.24 and 44.64 μg/ml for U87MG and SHSY5Y cells, respectively. The IC50 values of nanoparticles with snake venom were calculated as 10.07 and 7.9 μg/ml for U87MG and SHSY5Y cells, respectively. As a result, nanoparticles with V. a. transcaucasiana venom showed remarkably high cytotoxicity. Encapsulation efficiency of nanoparticles with 1 mg/ml snake venom was determined as %67 via BCA™ protein analysis. In conclusion, this method is found to be convenient and useful for encapsulating snake venom as well as being suitable for drug delivery systems.
      PubDate: 2018-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-018-2742-2
      Issue No: Vol. 186, No. 2 (2018)
  • Establishment of Aromatic Pairs at the Surface of Chondroitinase ABC I:
           the Effect on Activity and Stability
    • Authors: Mohammad Esmaeil Shahaboddin; Khosro Khajeh; Abolfazl Golestani
      Pages: 358 - 370
      Abstract: Removal of chondroitin sulfate glycosaminoglycan (GAG) chains with chondroitinase ABC I (chABC I) in CNS injury models promotes both saxon regeneration and plasticity. It has been suggested that direct interaction between an aromatic pair appears to contribute about − 1.3 kcal/mol to the stability of a folded protein, so introducing an aromatic pair by point mutation might increase the enzyme activity and thermal stability as in the case of mesophilic xylanase, although using this approach destabilized T4 lysozyme. In this study, we used site-directed mutagenesis to investigate the effect of new aromatic pairs on activity and stability of chABC I. We replaced Ile295, Ser581, and Gly730 adjacent to pre-existing aromatic residues with Tyr to obtain new aromatic pairs, i.e., Tyr295/His372, Tyr576/Tyr581, and Tyr623/Tyr730. Results showed that Km values of S581Y and G730Y variants decreased relative to wild-type enzyme while their catalytic efficiency (kcat/Km) increased but I295Y variant was inactive. Also, long-term and thermal stability of the active mutants was decreased. Fluorescence and circular dichroism studies showed that these mutations resulted in a more flexible enzyme structures: a finding which was confirmed by thermal and limited proteolytic studies. In conclusion, the activity of chABC I can be improved by introducing appropriate aromatic pairs at the enzyme surface. This approach did not provide any promising results regarding the enzyme stability.
      PubDate: 2018-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-018-2741-3
      Issue No: Vol. 186, No. 2 (2018)
  • The Effect of Pancreas Islet-Releasing Factors on the Direction of
           Embryonic Stem Cells Towards Pdx1 Expressing Cells
    • Authors: Hoveizi Elham; Hashemitabar Mahmoud
      Pages: 371 - 383
      Abstract: Diabetes mellitus, which is the result of autoimmune destruction of the insulin-producing β cells, occurs by loss of insulin-secreting capacity. The insufficient source of insulin-producing cells (IPCs) is the major obstacle for using transplantation as diabetes treatment method. The present study suggests a method to form islet-like clusters of IPCs derived from mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs). This protocol consists of several steps. Before starting this protocol, embryoid bodies (EBs) should be cultured in suspension in conditioned medium of isolated mouse pancreatic islet in combination with activing A to be induced. Then differentiated mESCs were replaced with dishes supplemented with basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF). Next, bFGF was withdrawn, and cyclopamine and noggin were added. Then the cells were treated with B27, nicotinamide, and islet-conditioned medium for maturation. mESCs, as the control group, were cultured without any treatment. An enhanced expression of pancreatic-specific genes was detected by qRT-PCR and immunofluorescence in the differentiated mESCs. The differentiated mESCsco express other markers of pancreatic islet cells as well as insulin. This method exhibited higher insulin generation and further improvement in IPCs protocol that may result in an unlimited source of ES cells suitable for transplantation. The results indicated that conditioned medium, just as critical components of the stem cell niche associated with other factors, had high potential to differentiate mESCs into IPCs.
      PubDate: 2018-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-018-2733-3
      Issue No: Vol. 186, No. 2 (2018)
  • Valorization of the Crude Glycerol for Propionic Acid Production Using an
           Anaerobic Fluidized Bed Reactor with Grounded Tires as Support Material
    • Authors: Talita Corrêa Nazareth; Aline Gomes de Oliveira Paranhos; Lucas Rodrigues Ramos; Edson Luiz Silva
      Pages: 400 - 413
      Abstract: This study evaluated the propionic acid (HPr) production from crude glycerol (CG) (5000 mg L−1) in an anaerobic fluidized bed reactor (AFBR). Grounded tire particles (2.8–3.35 mm) were used as support material for microbial adhesion. The reactor was operated with hydraulic retention times (HRT) varying from 8 to 0.5 h under mesophilic (30 °C) conditions. The HPr was the main metabolite produced, increasing in composition from 66.5 to 99.6% by decreasing the HRT from 8 to 0.5 h. Other metabolic products were 1,3-propanediol, with a maximum of 29.4% with an HRT of 6 h, ethanol, acetic, and butyric acids. The decrease in HRT from 8 to 0.5 h decreased the HPr yield, with a maximum of 0.48 ± 0.06 g HPr g COD−1 and an HRT of 6 h, and favored HPr productivity, with a maximum of 4.09 ± 1.24 g L−1 h−1 and HRT of 0.5 h. In the biogas, the H2 content increased from 12.5 to 81.2% by decreasing the HRT from 8 to 0.5 h. These results indicate the potential application of the AFBR for HPr production using an immobilized mixed culture.
      PubDate: 2018-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-018-2754-y
      Issue No: Vol. 186, No. 2 (2018)
  • Hydrothermal Carbonization of Microalgae ( Chlorococcum sp.) for Porous
           Carbons With High Cr(VI) Adsorption Performance
    • Authors: Yuanyuan Sun; Chang Liu; Yifan Zan; Gai Miao; Hao Wang; Lingzhao Kong
      Pages: 414 - 424
      Abstract: Porous carbon adsorbents were prepared from microalgae (Chlorococcum sp.) via directly hydrothermal carbonization coupled with KOH or NH3 activation for Cr(VI) adsorption. KOH-activated porous carbons exhibit high Cr(VI) adsorption capacities than those obtained via NH3 modification (370.37 > 95.70 mg/g). The superior Cr(VI) adsorption capacity is due to high surface areas (1784 m2/g) and pore volumes of porous carbon with mesoporous and macroporous structures. The Cr(VI) adsorption result was well fitted to the Langmuir model, showing that the removal of Cr(VI) was attributed to the monolayer adsorption of activity site on carbon surface.
      PubDate: 2018-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-018-2752-0
      Issue No: Vol. 186, No. 2 (2018)
  • Nanofibrous Tubular Membrane for Blood Hemodialysis
    • Authors: Farideh Mohammadi; Afsaneh Valipouri; Dariush Semnani; Fereshteh Alsahebfosoul
      Pages: 443 - 458
      Abstract: As the most important components of a hemodialysis device, nanofibrous membranes enjoy high interconnected porosity and specific surface area as well as excellect permeability. In this study, a tubular nanofibrous membrane of polysulfone nanofibers was produced via electrospinning method to remove urea and creatinine from urine and blood serums of dialysis patients. Nanofibrous membranes were electrospun at a concentration of 11.5 wt% of polysulfone (PS) and dimethylformamide (DMF)/tetrahydrofuran (THF) with a ratio of 70/30. The effects of the rotational speed of collectors, electrospinning duration, and inner diameter of the tubular nanofibrous membrane on the urea and creatinine removal efficiency of the tubular membrane were investigated through the hemodialysis simulation experiments. It was found that the tubular membrane with an inner diameter of 3 mm elecrospun at shorter duration with lower collecting speed had the highest urea and creatinine removal efficiency. The hemodialysis simulation experiment showed that the urea and creatinine removal efficiency of the tubular membrane with a diameter of 3 mm were 90.4 and 100%, respectively. Also, three patients’ blood serums were tested with the nanofibrous membrane. The results showed that the creatinine and urea removal rates were 93.2 and 90.3%, respectively.
      PubDate: 2018-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-018-2744-0
      Issue No: Vol. 186, No. 2 (2018)
  • Engineering Pichia pastoris for Efficient Production of a Novel
           Bifunctional Strongylocentrotus purpuratus Invertebrate-Type Lysozyme
    • Authors: Peng Huang; Jinlei Shi; Qingwen Sun; Xianping Dong; Ning Zhang
      Pages: 459 - 475
      Abstract: Lysozymes are known as ubiquitously distributed immune effectors with hydrolytic activity against peptidoglycan, the major bacterial cell wall polymer, to trigger cell lysis. In the present study, the full-length cDNA sequence of a novel sea urchin Strongylocentrotus purpuratus invertebrate-type lysozyme (sp-iLys) was synthesized according to the codon usage bias of Pichia pastoris and was cloned into a constitutive expression plasmid pPIC9K. The resulting plasmid, pPIC9K-sp-iLys, was integrated into the genome of P. pastoris strain GS115. The bioactive recombinant sp-iLys was successfully secreted into the culture broth by positive transformants. The highest lytic activity of 960 U/mL of culture supernatant was reached in fed-batch fermentation. Using chitin affinity chromatography and gel-filtration chromatography, recombinant sp-iLys was produced with a yield of 94.5 mg/L and purity of > 99%. Recombinant sp-iLys reached its peak lytic activity of 8560 U/mg at pH 6.0 and 30 °C and showed antimicrobial activities against Gram-negative bacteria (Vibrio vulnificus, Vibrio parahemolyticus, and Aeromonas hydrophila) and Gram-positive bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus subtilis). In addition, recombinant sp-iLys displayed isopeptidase activity which reached the peak at pH 7.5 and 37 °C with the presence of 0.05 M Na+. In conclusion, this report describes the heterologous expression of recombinant sp-iLys in P. pastoris on a preparative-scale, which possesses lytic activity and isopeptidase activity. This suggests that sp-iLys might play an important role in the innate immunity of S. purpuratus.
      PubDate: 2018-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-018-2753-z
      Issue No: Vol. 186, No. 2 (2018)
  • Arcopilus aureus , a Resveratrol-Producing Endophyte from Vitis vinifera
    • Authors: Vagish Dwibedi; Sanjai Saxena
      Pages: 476 - 495
      Abstract: Resveratrol is extensively being used as a therapeutic moiety, as well as a pharmacophore for development of new drugs due to its multifarious beneficial effects. The objective of the present study was to isolate and screen the resveratrol-producing endophytic fungi from different varieties of Vitis vinifera. A total of 53 endophytic fungi belonging to different fungal genera were isolated from the stem and leaf tissues of Vitis vinifera (merlot, wild, pinot noir, Shiraz, muscat) from different grape-producing locations of India. Only 29 endophytic fungal isolates exhibited a positive test for phenolics by phytochemical methods. The resveratrol obtained after ethyl acetate extraction was confirmed using standard molecule on thin layer chromatography (TLC) with a retention factor (Rf) of 0.69. The purified and standard resveratrol were visualized under UV light as a violet-colored spot. In HPLC analysis of the ethyl acetate extract of culture broth of 11 endophytic isolates, the highest resveratrol content was found in #12VVLPM (89.1 μg/ml) followed by #18VVLPM (37.3 μg/ml) and 193VVSTPM (25.2 μg/ml) exhibiting a retention time of 3.36 min which corresponded to the standard resveratrol. The resveratrol-producing isolates belong to seven genera viz. Aspergillus, Botryosphaeria, Penicillium, Fusarium, Alternaria, Arcopilus, and Lasiodiplodia, and using morphological and molecular methods, #12VVLPM was identified as Arcopilus aureus.
      PubDate: 2018-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-018-2755-x
      Issue No: Vol. 186, No. 2 (2018)
  • Efficient Biotransformation of Phytosterols to Dehydroepiandrosterone by
           Mycobacterium sp.
    • Authors: Pei Zhou; Ya-kun Fang; Hao-ke Yao; Hua Li; Gang Wang; Yu-peng Liu
      Pages: 496 - 506
      Abstract: In this study, a method for the efficient production of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) from phytosterols in a vegetable oil/aqueous two-phase system by Mycobacterium sp. was developed. After the 3-hydroxyl group of phytosterols was protected, they could be converted into DHEA with high yield and productivity by Mycobacterium sp. NRRL B-3683. In a shake flask biotransformation, 15.05 g l−1 of DHEA and a DHEA yield of 85.39% (mol mol−1) were attained after 7 days with an initial substrate concentration of 25 g l−1. When biotransformation was carried out in a 30-l stirred bioreactor with 25 g l−1 substrate, the DHEA concentration and yield was 16.33 g l−1 and 92.65% (mol mol−1) after 7 days, respectively. The results of this study suggest that inexpensive phytosterols could be utilized for the efficient production of DHEA.
      PubDate: 2018-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-018-2739-x
      Issue No: Vol. 186, No. 2 (2018)
  • Bio-guided Purification and Mass Spectrometry Characterisation Exploring
           the Lysozyme-like Protein from Enterococcus lactis Q1, an Unusual Marine
           Bacterial Strain
    • Authors: Olfa Ben Braïek; Slim Smaoui; Yannick Fleury; Stefano Morandi; Khaled Hani; Taoufik Ghrairi
      Abstract: Lactic acid bacteria produce various antibacterial peptides such as bacteriocins that are active against pathogenic and spoilage microorganisms. Very little attention has been paid to the production of lysozyme as an antimicrobial enzyme. The present work represents one of the few studies reporting lysozyme production by enterococci. Indeed, this study was first conducted to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of Enterococcus lactis Q1, an enterocin P-producing strain previously isolated from fresh shrimp (Penaeus vannamei), against multidrug-resistant clinical isolates. Results showed significant inhibitory activity (P < 0.05) towards diverse pathogens. The purification of the antimicrobial substances produced by Q1 strain leads to the isolation of two active fractions. The SDS-PAGE and mass spectrometry analyses of fraction number 2 (fraction 2) revealed the presence of a protein with molecular mass of 14.3 kDa. Additionally, the experimental results are consistent with mass spectra of industrial lysozyme (Fluka ref. 62970). The lysozyme produced by Enterococcus lactis Q1 strain was confirmed by a plate method against Micrococcus luteus ATCC 4698. Also, sensitivity of the Q1 strain to different concentrations of lysozyme was investigated. For the first time, this study shows that E. lactis Q1 produces lysozyme which could be an excellent candidate in food biopreservation or production of functional foods to promote health benefits.
      PubDate: 2018-10-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-018-2886-0
  • Physicochemical and Antimicrobial Properties of Oleoresin Capsicum
           Nanoemulsions Formulated with Lecithin and Sucrose Monopalmitate
    • Authors: Elif Akbas; U. Betul Soyler; Mecit Halil Oztop
      Abstract: Oleoresin capsicum (OC) is an extract of chili pepper containing the active agent capsaicin. In this study, OC-loaded nanoemulsions were prepared by microfluidization and stabilized with sucrose monopalmitate (SMP) and lecithin. The difference in size and distribution of droplets determined the nanoemulsion behavior mainly due to the interaction of emulsifiers between oil and aqueous phase. The hydrophilic interaction between SMP and aqueous phase and the hydrophobic interaction between lecithin and oil phase were monitored with NMR relaxometry. OC nanoemulsion fabricated with SMP showed the best transparency with smallest droplet size (around 34 nm) and stable with glycerol after 28 days at ambient storage. Lecithin containing nanoemulsions showed improved bioactivity as showing antioxidant (0.82 mg DPPH/L) and antimicrobial (3.40 log for Escherichia coli and 4.37 log for Staphylococcus aureus) activity. Finally, results have important implications to determine the appropriate formulation conditions for OC with food-grade surfactants to be used in pharmaceuticals and food industry.
      PubDate: 2018-10-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-018-2901-5
  • Inhibitors Compounds on Sugarcane Bagasse Saccharification: Effects of
           Pretreatment Methods and Alternatives to Decrease Inhibition
    • Authors: Rafaela I. S. Ladeira-Ázar; Túlio Morgan; Gabriela Piccolo Maitan-Alfenas; Valéria M. Guimarães
      Abstract: Considering bioethanol production, extensive research has been performed to decrease inhibitors produced during pretreatments, to diminish energy input, and to decrease costs. In this study, sugarcane bagasse was pretreated with NaOH, H2SO4, and water. The higher concentration of phenols, 3.3 g/L, was observed in biomass liquid fraction after alkaline pretreatment. Acid pretreatment was responsible to release considerable acetic acid concentration, 2.3 g/L, while water-based pretreatment was the only to release formic acid, 0.02 g/L. Furans derivatives were not detected in liquid fractions regardless of pretreatment. Furthermore, washing step removed most of the phenols from pretreated sugarcane bagasse. Saccharification of alkali-pretreated biomass plus polyethylene glycol (PEG) at 0.4% (w/v) enhanced 8 and 26% the glucose and the xylose release, respectively, while polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) also at 0.4% (w/v) increased the release by 10 and 31% of these sugars, respectively, even without washing and filtration steps. Moreover, these polymers cause above 50% activation of endoglucanase and xylanase activities which are crucial for biomass hydrolysis.
      PubDate: 2018-10-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-018-2900-6
  • One-Step Enzymatic Synthesis of 1-Tuliposide A Using Tuliposide-Converting
    • Authors: Taiji Nomura; Shinjiro Ogita; Yasuo Kato
      Abstract: 6-Tuliposides A (6-PosA) and B (6-PosB) are major secondary metabolites in tulip (Tulipa gesneriana), having an acyl group at the C-6 position of d-glucose. They serve as precursors of the antimicrobial α-methylene-γ-butyrolactones tulipalins A (PaA) and B (PaB). The conversions of 6-PosA/6-PosB to PaA/PaB are catalyzed by tuliposide-converting enzymes A and B (TCEA and TCEB), respectively. A minor Pos, 1-PosA, which has the acyl group at the C-1 position of d-glucose, has been identified in some wild tulip species, but availability of this compound is limited. Here, by using the TCEs, we established a facile enzymatic process for 1-PosA synthesis from the naturally occurring 1,6-diacyl-glucose type of Pos (PosD and PosF). We first discovered that TCEA and TCEB react preferentially with PosD and PosF, respectively, to form 1-PosA and the corresponding Pa derived from the 6-acyl group, demonstrating that the TCEs specifically acted on the 6-acyl group, but not the 1-acyl group, of the substrates. Using TCEB, 300 mg of PosF was completely converted to 1-PosA and PaB in 10 min at room temperature. Then, 160 mg of 1-PosA (75% molar yield) was purified by column chromatography. This one-step enzymatic process dramatically improves accessibility to 1-PosA.
      PubDate: 2018-10-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-018-2903-3
  • Citric Acid Production from Acorn Starch by Tannin Tolerance Mutant
           Aspergillus niger AA120
    • Authors: Ning Zhang; Jian-Chun Jiang; Jing Yang; Min Wei; Jian Zhao; Hao Xu; Jing-Cong Xie; Ya-Juan Tong; Long Yu
      Abstract: In this study, acorn starch was investigated as a new material for fermenting production of citric acid by using a tannin tolerance mutant strain Aspergillus niger AA120. The mutant A. niger AA120 was obtained by initially atmospheric pressure plasma at room temperature (ARTP) mutagenesis and then tannin gradient domestication. ARTP experiments showed that a “double-saddle” shape of survival rate curve was achieved, and a positive mutation rate of 63.6% was reached by setting the implantation time of mutagenesis to 100 s. In contrast to the original stain at the presence of 20.0 g/L tannin in the medium, the selected mutant A. niger AA120 exhibits an increase of biomass by 43.76% to 32.9 g/L, and citric acid production capacity by 20.34% to 130.8 g/L, with 8% (w/w) of inoculation quantity, an initial pH of 6.2 and shaking speed of 250 r/min. In this work, we present a referable method for the mutagenesis screening of the A. niger, and the application of acorn starch as a new raw material for the development of the citric acid industry.
      PubDate: 2018-10-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-018-2902-4
  • A Fiber Optic Biosensor Based on Hydrogel-Immobilized Enzyme Complex for
           Continuous Determination of Cholesterol and Glucose
    • Authors: Haitao Lin; Mengshi Li; Liyun Ding; Jun Huang
      Abstract: A multiparameter fiber optic biosensor for continuous determination of cholesterol and glucose was developed. This sensor was based on poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAAm)-immobilized glucose oxidase (GOx) complex (PIGC) and immobilized cholesterol oxidase (COD). The immobilized COD catalysis to the oxidation of cholesterol and PIGC catalysis to the oxidation of glucose could be performed at different temperatures. Therefore, the sensor could detect cholesterol and glucose continuously by changing temperature. The optimal detection conditions for glucose were achieved with pH 6.5, 30 °C, and 10 mg GOx (in 100-mg carrier), and those for cholesterol were achieved with pH 7.5, 33 °C, and 25 mg COD (in 250-mg carrier). The sensor has the cholesterol detection range of 20–250 mg/dL and the glucose detection range of 50–700 mg/dL. This biosensor has outstanding repeatability and selectivity, and the detection results of the practical samples are satisfactory.
      PubDate: 2018-10-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-018-2897-x
  • A Study of the Activity of Recombinant Mn-Superoxide Dismutase in the
           Presence of Gold and Silver Nanoparticles
    • Authors: Agnieszka Małgorzata Pudlarz; Katarzyna Ranoszek-Soliwoda; Ewa Czechowska; Emilia Tomaszewska; Grzegorz Celichowski; Jarosław Grobelny; Janusz Szemraj
      Abstract: Superoxide dismutase (SOD) is one of the best characterized enzyme maintaining the redox state in the cell. A bacterial expression system was used to produce human recombinant manganese SOD with a His-tag on the C-end of the protein for better purification. In addition, gold and silver nanoparticles were chemically synthesized in a variety of sizes, and then mixed with the enzyme for immobilization. Analysis by dynamic light scattering and scanning transmission electron microscopy revealed no aggregates or agglomerates of the obtained colloids. After immobilization of the protein on AuNPs and AgNPs, the conjugates were analyzed by SDS-PAGE. It was determined that SOD was adsorbed only on the gold nanoparticles. Enzyme activity was analyzed in colloids of the gold and silver nanoparticles bearing SOD. The presence of a nanoparticle did not affect enzyme activity; however, the amount of protein and size of the gold nanoparticle did influence the enzymatic activity of the conjugate. Our findings confirm that active recombinant human superoxide dismutase can be produced using a bacterial expression system, and that the enzyme can be immobilized on metal nanoparticles. The interaction between enzymes and metal nanoparticles requires further investigation.
      PubDate: 2018-10-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-018-2896-y
  • Investigation of Vipera Anatolica Venom Disintegrin via Intracellular
           Uptake with Radiolabeling Study and Cell-Based Electrochemical Biosensing
    • Authors: Ozge Er; Ece Eksin; Hale Melis Soylu; Bayram Göçmen; Ayşe Nalbantsoy; Fatma Yurt; Arzum Erdem
      Abstract: Snake venoms are a natural biological source that has potential therapeutic value with various protein compounds. Disintegrins originally were discovered as a family of proteins from snake venoms composed of cysteine rich low molecular weight polypeptides. Disintegrins exhibit specific binding and higher affinity toward integrin with potential inhibition of function. Trans-membrane receptors of the integrin family may involve in many pathological conditions such as inflammation and tumor progression with important processes related to invasion and migration. Since disintegrins have the ability to bind to integrins, they could be used for cancer detection and treatment, and in monitoring of therapy in select cancer types. The main purpose of the study is to investigate disintegrin containing Vipera anatolica (VAT) crude venom potential for radiolabeling and intracellular uptake as well as electrochemical biosensing assay against U87MG human brain glioblastoma cells. For this purpose, VAT crude venom containing U87MG cell-specific disintegrin was investigated in terms of radiolabeling and intracellular uptake as well as electrochemical biosensing assay in comparison with echistatin (ECT) disintegrin in cells. The interaction between VAT crude venom and ECT with HEK293 human non-tumorigenic embryonic kidney cells and glioblastoma U87MG cells was electrochemically investigated using pencil graphite electrodes (PGEs). The interaction of the VAT crude venom and ECT with HEK293 and U87MG cells was detected according to the changes in oxidation signals. Then, VAT crude venom and echistatin were labeled with 131I via iodogen method. Intracellular uptakes of radiolabeled molecules were investigated in U87MG cell line. 131I-VAT can be an agent for imaging of glioblastoma cancer. Further work will focus on the production of large quantities of pure VAT disintegrin with a biotechnological approach to improving imaging agent.
      PubDate: 2018-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-018-2872-6
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