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Publisher: Springer-Verlag   (Total: 2335 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2335 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal  
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Astronomy and Astrophysics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 4.511, h-index: 44)
Astronomy Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.58, h-index: 30)
Astronomy Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.473, h-index: 23)
Astrophysical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.469, h-index: 11)
Astrophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.243, h-index: 11)

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Journal Cover Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
  [SJR: 0.575]   [H-I: 80]   [45 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1599-0291 - ISSN (Online) 0273-2289
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2335 journals]
  • WNT1 Gene from WNT Signaling Pathway Is a Direct Target of miR-122 in
           Hepatocellular Carcinoma
    • Authors: Zeinab Ahsani; Samira Mohammadi-Yeganeh; Vahid Kia; Hamzeh Karimkhanloo; Nosratollah Zarghami; Mahdi Paryan
      Pages: 884 - 897
      Abstract: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is an invasive form of hepatic cancer arising from the accumulation of multiple genetic alterations. In this study, the causal role of disturbed canonical Wnt/β-catenin pathway was approved, and some of HCC-driven important gene candidates were determined. MicroRNAs (miRNAs), small non-coding RNAs, are the key regulators of important cancer genes, and their participation in tumorigenesis has been shown. By reviewing literature, WNT1 gene with functional significance was selected to approve miRNAs as new subjects for targeted therapy. For proper and fast miRNA detection and also confirmation of the role of bioinformatics in obtaining practical data, we benefited from different bioinformatics tools such as TargetScan, miRanda, and DIANA. In order to use an HCC model, we used HepG2 cell line. Luciferase assay was applied to assess the ability of the selected miRNAs in targeting WNT1 3′-UTR. To overexpress the selected miRNA in HepG2 cell line, viral construct was prepared. Quantitative real-time PCR was performed to evaluate selected miRNA and target gene expression levels. miR-122 was selected according to data concerning various bioinformatics tools. miR-122 was downregulated and WNT1 gene expression was upregulated in HepG2 cell line. After viral construct transduction, miR-122 expression was elevated and WNT1 expression was notably declined. Finally, we introduced WNT1 gene as one of the important genes in HCC, and also, we showed that miR-122 can regulate WNT1 gene expression. Moreover, our study determines the potential of bioinformatics analyses in providing accurate and reliable data for miRNA: messenger RNA (mRNA) prediction.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-016-2256-8
      Issue No: Vol. 181, No. 3 (2017)
  • Trehalose-6-Phosphate as a Potential Lead Candidate for the Development of
           Tps1 Inhibitors: Insights from the Trehalose Biosynthesis Pathway in
           Diverse Yeast Species
    • Authors: Rayne S. S. Magalhães; Karina C. De Lima; Diego S. G. de Almeida; Joelma F. De Mesquita; Elis C. A. Eleutherio
      Pages: 914 - 924
      Abstract: In some pathogens, trehalose biosynthesis is induced in response to stress as a protection mechanism. This pathway is an attractive target for antimicrobials as neither the enzymes, Tps1, and Tps2, nor is trehalose present in humans. Accumulation of T6P in Candida albicans, achieved by deletion of TPS2, resulted in strong reduction of fungal virulence. In this work, the effect of T6P on Tps1 activity was evaluated. Saccharomyces cerevisiae, C. albicans, and Candida tropicalis were used as experimental models. As expected, a heat stress induced both trehalose accumulation and increased Tps1 activity. However, the addition of 125 μM T6P to extracts obtained from stressed cells totally abolished or reduced in 50 and 60 % the induction of Tps1 activity in S. cerevisiae, C. tropicalis, and C. albicans, respectively. According to our results, T6P is an uncompetitive inhibitor of S. cerevisiae Tps1. This kind of inhibitor is able to decrease the rate of reaction to zero at increased concentrations. Based on the similarities found in sequence and function between Tps1 of S. cerevisiae and some pathogens and on the inhibitory effect of T6P on Tps1 activity observed in vitro, novel drugs can be developed for the treatment of infectious diseases caused by organisms whose infectivity and survival on the host depend on trehalose.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-016-2258-6
      Issue No: Vol. 181, No. 3 (2017)
  • Estrogenic Receptor-Functionalized Magnetite Nanoparticles for Rapid
           Separation of Phytoestrogens in Plant Extracts
    • Authors: Pimchanok Busayapongchai; Sineenat Siri
      Pages: 925 - 938
      Abstract: With growing interests of phytoestrogens, many natural phytochemicals extracted from diverse plant species have been explored for their estrogenic-like activities and potential applications. In this work, a simple and rapid separation of phytoestrogenic compounds from crude plant extracts was purposed using magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) of Fe3O4 immobilized with the ligand-binding domain (LBD) of estrogen receptor alpha (ERα). The recombinant LBD-ERα peptide of 40 kDa was produced and subsequently covalently linked to MNPs. One milligram of the LBD-ERα-immobilized MNPs demonstrated a specific binding to the standard 17β-estradiol (E2) of 3.37 nmol and 91.3–100 % of the bound E2 were subsequently recovered. LBD-ERα-immobilized MNPs could separate phytoestrogens of 4.6 nmol E2-equivalent activity from a 1-mg crude extract of Asparagus racemosus. The produced MNPs showed no separation yield when were applied to the negative controls, the crude extract of radish (Raphanus sativus), and the standard progesterone (P4). Thin-layer chromatography demonstrated a single phytochemical band of the separated phytoestrogens, which exhibited the activity to promote MCF-7 cell proliferation at 4.7 folds greater than the crude A. racemosus extract. The results of this work demonstrated a simple method to specifically separate phytoestrogens from crude plant extracts via the LBD-ERα-immobilized MNPs.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-016-2259-5
      Issue No: Vol. 181, No. 3 (2017)
  • Recovery of Phenolic Acid and Enzyme Production from Corn Silage
           Biologically Treated by Trametes versicolor
    • Authors: Ana Bucić-Kojić; Gordana Šelo; Bruno Zelić; Mirela Planinić; Marina Tišma
      Pages: 948 - 960
      Abstract: Corn silage is used as high-energy forage for dairy cows and more recently for biogas production in a process of anaerobic co-digestion with cow manure. In this work, fresh corn silage after the harvest was used as a substrate in solid-state fermentations with T. versicolor with the aim of phenolic acid recovery and enzyme (laccase and manganese peroxidase) production. During 20 days of fermentation, 10.4-, 3.4-, 3.0-, and 1.8-fold increments in extraction yield of syringic acid, vanillic acid, p-hydroxybenzoic acid, and caffeic acid, respectively, were reached when compared to biologically untreated corn silage. Maximal laccase activity was gained on the 4th day of fermentation (V.A. = 180.2 U/dm3), and manganese peroxidase activity was obtained after the 3rd day of fermentation (V.A. = 30.1 U/dm3). The addition of copper(II) sulfate as inducer during solid state fermentation resulted in 8.5- and 7-fold enhancement of laccase and manganese peroxidase activities, respectively. Furthermore, the influence of pH and temperature on enzyme activities was investigated. Maximal activity of laccase was obtained at T = 50 °C and pH = 3.0, while manganese peroxidase is active at temperature range T = 45–70 °C with the maximal activity at pH = 4.5.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-016-2261-y
      Issue No: Vol. 181, No. 3 (2017)
  • Cloning, Expression, and Biochemical Characterization of a Novel Acidic
           GH16 β-Agarase, AgaJ11, from Gayadomonas joobiniege G7
    • Authors: Subin Jung; Byeong-Chul Jeong; Soon-Kwang Hong; Chang-Ro Lee
      Pages: 961 - 971
      Abstract: A novel β-agarase AgaJ11 belonging to the glycoside hydrolase (GH) 16 family was identified from an agar-degrading bacterium Gayadomonas joobiniege G7. AgaJ11 was composed of 317 amino acids (35 kDa), including a 26-amino acid signal peptide, and had the highest similarity (44 % identity) to a putative β-agarase from an agarolytic marine bacterium Agarivorans albus MKT 106. The agarase activity of purified AgaJ11 was confirmed by zymogram analysis. The optimum pH and temperature for AgaJ11 activity were determined to be 4.5 and 40 °C, respectively. Notably, AgaJ11 is an acidic β-agarase that was active only at a narrow pH range from 4 to 5, and less than 30 % of its enzymatic activity was retained at other pH conditions. The K m and V max of AgaJ11 for agarose were 21.42 mg/ml and 25 U/mg, respectively. AgaJ11 did not require metal ions for its activity, but severe inhibition by several metal ions was observed. Thin layer chromatography and agarose-liquefying analyses revealed that AgaJ11 is an endo-type β-agarase that hydrolyzes agarose into neoagarohexaose, neoagarotetraose, and neoagarobiose. Therefore, this study shows that AgaJ11 from G. joobiniege G7 is a novel GH16 β-agarase with an acidic enzymatic feature that may be useful for industrial applications.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-016-2262-x
      Issue No: Vol. 181, No. 3 (2017)
  • Developing Novel Antimicrobial and Antiviral Textile Products
    • Authors: Zeynep Ustaoglu Iyigundogdu; Okan Demir; Ayla Burcin Asutay; Fikrettin Sahin
      Pages: 1155 - 1166
      Abstract: In conjunction with an increasing public awareness of infectious diseases, the textile industry and scientists are developing hygienic fabrics by the addition of various antimicrobial and antiviral compounds. In the current study, sodium pentaborate pentahydrate and triclosan are applied to cotton fabrics in order to gain antimicrobial and antiviral properties for the first time. The antimicrobial activity of textiles treated with 3 % sodium pentaborate pentahydrate, 0.03 % triclosan, and 7 % Glucapon has been investigated against a broad range of microorganisms including bacteria, yeast, and fungi. Moreover, modified cotton fabrics were tested against adenovirus type 5 and poliovirus type 1. According to the test results, the modified textile goods attained very good antimicrobial and antiviral properties. Thus, the results of the present study clearly suggest that sodium pentaborate pentahydrate and triclosan solution-treated textiles can be considered in the development of antimicrobial and antiviral textile finishes.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-016-2275-5
      Issue No: Vol. 181, No. 3 (2017)
  • The Role of the Pyruvate Acetyl-CoA Switch in the Production of
           1,3-Propanediol by Klebsiella pneumoniae
    • Authors: Jidong Zhou; Dexin Wang; Chenghong Wang; Jinjie Gu; Chul Ho Kim; Jiping Shi; Biao Jiang; Min Wang; Jian Hao
      Pages: 1199 - 1210
      Abstract: Pyruvate dehydrogenase-complex (AcoABCD) and pyruvate formate-lyase (PFL) are two pathways responsible for synthesis of acetyl-CoA from pyruvate (pyruvate acetyl-CoA switch). The two pathways were individually deleted in Klebsiella pneumoniae, and the role of the pyruvate acetyl-CoA switch in 1,3-propanediol production was investigated. Fermentation results showed that the two pathways were both active in the wild-type strain. Acetyl-CoA formation between the two pathways was equal in the wild-type strain. The pflB mutant produced high level of lactic acid, and deletion of ldhA eliminated lactic acid synthesis. The conversion ratio of glycerol to 1,3-propanediol in the pflB-ldhA mutant reached 0.541 g/g, which was 9.4 % higher than that of the wild-type strain. However, the productivity of 1,3-propanediol was decreased in the pflB-ldhA mutant. In contrast, the productivity of 1,3-propanediol was increased by 19 % in the acoABCD mutant, with the disadvantage of lower substrate conversion ratio. Regulating the pyruvate acetyl-CoA switch presents a novel way to improve the conversion ratio or productivity of 1,3-propanediol produced by K. pneumoniae.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-016-2278-2
      Issue No: Vol. 181, No. 3 (2017)
  • Erratum to: Synthesis of Cholesterol-Conjugated Magnetic Nanoparticles for
           Purification of Human Paraoxonase 1
    • Authors: Zahoor Qadir Samra; Sadaf Shabir; Zainab Rahmat; Mariam Zaman; Aqsa Nazir; Nadia Dar; Muhammad Amin Athar
      Pages: 1240 - 1240
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-016-2268-4
      Issue No: Vol. 181, No. 3 (2017)
  • Purification, Kinetic, and Thermodynamic Characteristics of an
           Exo-polygalacturonase from Penicillium notatum with Industrial Perspective
    • Authors: Faiza Amin; Haq Nawaz Bhatti; Muhammad Bilal; Muhammad Asgher
      Abstract: An extracellular exo-polygalacturonase (exo-PG) produced by Penicillium notatum was purified (3.07-folds) by ammonium sulfate fractionation, ion exchange, and gel filtration chromatography. Two distinct isoforms of the enzyme, namely exo-PGI and exo-PGII, were identified during column purification with molecular weights of 85 and 20 kDa, respectively, on sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). The enzyme displayed its optimum activity at pH 6.0 and 50 °C and was found to be stable in the slightly acidic pH (ranging from 4.5 to 6.0). Michaelis-Menten parameters, i.e., K m (app) and V max for pectin hydrolysis, were calculated to be 16.6 mg/mL and 20 μmol/mL/min, respectively. The enzyme followed biphasic deactivation kinetics. Phase I of the exo-PGI showed half-lives of 6.83 and 2.39 min at 55 and 80 °C, respectively, whereas phase II of the enzyme exhibited a half-life of 63.57 and 22.72 min at 55 and 80 °C, respectively. The activation energy for denaturation was 51.66 and 44.06 kJ/mol for phase I and phase II of the exo-PGI, respectively. The enzyme activity was considerably enhanced by Mn2+, whereas exposure to a hydrophobic environment (urea and sodium azide solution) drastically suppressed the enzyme activity. Results suggest that exo-PGI might be considered as a potential candidate for various applications, particularly in the food and textile industries.
      PubDate: 2017-03-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-017-2455-y
  • Sponge-Associated Bacteria Produce Non-cytotoxic Melanin Which Protects
           Animal Cells from Photo-Toxicity
    • Authors: Vijitha Vijayan; Chekidhenkuzhiyil Jasmin; Abdulaziz Anas; Sreelakshmi Parakkaparambil Kuttan; Saradavey Vinothkumar; Parameswaran Perunninakulath Subrayan; Shanta Nair
      Abstract: Melanin is a photo-protective polymer found in many organisms. Our research shows that the bacteria associated with darkly pigmented sponges (Haliclona pigmentifera, Sigmadocia pumila, Fasciospongia cavernosa, Spongia officinalis, and Callyspongia diffusa) secrete non-cytotoxic melanin, with antioxidant activity that protects animal cells from photo-toxicity. Out of 156 bacterial strains screened, 22 produced melanin and these melanin-producing bacteria (MPB) were identified as Vibrio spp., Providencia sp., Bacillus sp., Shewanella sp., Staphylococcus sp., Planococcus sp., Salinococcus sp., and Glutamicibacter sp. Maximum melanin production was exhibited by Vibrio alginolyticus Marine Microbial Reference Facility (MMRF) 534 (50 mg ml−1), followed by two isolates of Vibrio harveyi MMRF 535 (40 mg ml−1) and MMRF 546 (30 mg ml−1). Using pathway inhibition assay and FT-IR spectral analysis, we identified the melanin secreted into the culture medium of MPB as 1,8-dihydroxynaphthalene-melanin. The bacterial melanin was non-cytotoxic to mouse fibroblast L929 cells and brine shrimps up to a concentration of 200 and 500 ppm, respectively. Bacterial melanin showed antioxidant activity at very low concentration (IC50—9.0 ppm) and at 50 ppm, melanin protected L929 cells from UV-induced intracellular reactive oxygen stress. Our study proposes sponge-associated bacteria as a potential source of non-cytotoxic melanin with antioxidant potentials.
      PubDate: 2017-03-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-017-2453-0
  • “Neuronal-Like Differentiation of Murine Mesenchymal Stem Cell Line:
           Stimulation by Juglans regia L. Oil”
    • Authors: Varsha Singh; Mingma Sherpa
      Abstract: Mesenchymal stem cells have been extensively used for cell-based therapies especially in neuronal diseases. Studies still continue to delineate mechanisms involved in differentiating mesenchymal stem cells into neuronal cells under experimental conditions as they have low mortality rate and hence, the number of cells available for experiments is much more limited. Culturing and differentiating of neuronal cell is more challenging as they do not undergo cell division thus, bringing them to differentiate proves to be a difficult task. Here, the aim of this study is to investigate whether Juglans regia L. (walnut oil) differentiates multipotent, C3H10T1/2 cells, a murine mesenchymal stem cell line, into neuronal cells. A simple treatment protocol induced C3H10T1/2 cells to exhibit a neuronal phenotype. With this optimal differentiation protocol, almost all cells exhibited neuronal morphology. The cell bodies extended long processes. C3H10T1/2 cells were plated and treated with walnut oil post 24 h of plating. The treatment was given (with walnut oil treated cultures with or without control cultures) at different concentrations. The cultured cells were then stained with cresyl violet acetate solution which was used to stain the Nissl substance in the cytoplasm of the induced neuronal culture. The results indicated that the C3H10T1/2 cells differentiated into neuronal-like cells with long outgrowths of axon-like structures able to take up the cresyl violet acetate stain indicating their preliminary differentiation into neuronal-like morphology with walnut oil treatment. Treating the mesenchymal stem cells can in future establish a cultured mesenchymal stem cell line as neuronal differentiating cell line model.
      PubDate: 2017-03-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-017-2452-1
  • Immobilization of Recombinant Glucose Isomerase for Efficient Production
           of High Fructose Corn Syrup
    • Authors: Li-Qun Jin; Qi Xu; Zhi-Qiang Liu; Dong-Xu Jia; Cheng-Jun Liao; De-Shui Chen; Yu-Guo Zheng
      Abstract: Glucose isomerase is the important enzyme for the production of high fructose corn syrup (HFCS). One-step production of HFCS containing more than 55% fructose (HFCS-55) is receiving much attention for its industrial applications. In this work, the Escherichia coli harboring glucose isomerase mutant TEGI-W139F/V186T was immobilized for efficient production of HFCS-55. The immobilization conditions were optimized, and the maximum enzyme activity recovery of 92% was obtained. The immobilized glucose isomerase showed higher pH, temperature, and operational stabilities with a K m value of 272 mM and maximum reaction rate of 23.8 mM min−1. The fructose concentration still retained above 55% after the immobilized glucose isomerase was reused for 10 cycles, and more than 85% of its initial activity was reserved even after 15 recycles of usage at temperature of 90 °C. The results highlighted the immobilized glucose isomerase as a potential biocatalyst for HFCS-55 production.
      PubDate: 2017-03-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-017-2445-0
  • Technetium-99m-Labeled Sulfadiazine: a Targeting Radiopharmaceutical for
           Scintigraphic Imaging of Infectious Foci Due To Escherichia coli in Mouse
           and Rabbit Models
    • Authors: Muhammad Tauqeer Ahmed; Syed Ali Raza Naqvi; Rashid Rasheed; Ameer Fawad Zahoor; Muhammad Usman; Zaib Hussain
      Abstract: Bacterial infection is one of the vital reasons of morbidity and mortality, especially in developing countries. It appears silently without bothering the geological borders and imposes a grave threat to humanity. Nuclear medicine technique has an important role in helping early diagnosis of deep-seated infections. The aim of this study was to develop a new radiopharmaceutical 99mTc-labeling sulfadiazine as an infection imaging agent. Radiolabeling of sulfadiazine with technetium-99m (99mTc) was carried out using stannous tartrate as a reducing agent in the presence of gentistic acid at pH = 5. The quality control tests revealed ~98% labeling efficiency. Paper chromatographic (PC) and instant thin-layer chromatographic (ITLC) techniques were used to analyze radiochemical yield. Biodistribution and infection specificity of the radiotracer were performed with Escherichia coli (E. coli) infection-induced rats. Scintigraphy and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) study was performed in E. coli-infected rabbits. Scintigraphy indicated E. coli infection targeting potential of 99mTc-SDZ, while biodistribution study showed minimal uptake of 99mTc-SDZ in non-targeted tissues. The uptake in the kidneys was found 2.56 ± 0.06, 2.09 ± 0.10, and 1.68 ± 0.09% at 30 min, 1 h, and 4 h, respectively. The infected muscle (target) to non-infected muscle (non-target) ratio (T/NT) was found 4.49 ± 0.04, 6.78 ± 0.07, and 5.59 ± 0.08 at 30 min, 1 h, and 4 h, respectively.
      PubDate: 2017-03-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-017-2451-2
  • Biosorption of Cu 2+ and Ni 2+ Ions from Synthetic Waters
    • Authors: Sayiter Yıldız; Mehmet Çekim; Turgay Dere
      Abstract: In this study, biosorption of Cu2+ and Ni2+ ions to tobacco stalks was investigated under different operational conditions. The effects of the initial pH, ion concentrations, temperature, and duration of contact and adsorbent dosage were determined in the batch experiments. Chemical oxygen demand (COD) analyses were also performed to identify the possible negative effects of the sorbent throughout biosorption process. The sorption capacities of this sorbent were predicted by use of the equilibrium and kinetic models. Within the scope of kinetic study, it was observed that biosorption fitted to second-order pseudo kinetic rate expression. The highest R 2 value in isotherm studies was obtained from Freundlich isotherm (R 2 = 0.9940–0.9929) for the inlet concentration. FTIR, SEM, and EDX analyses were performed to investigate the surface characteristics and chemical structure of the biosorbent. Under optimum conditions, qe value for Cu2+ was determined as 7.18 mg/g and removal efficiency was 86.24%; qe value for Ni2+ was determined as 6.45 mg/g and removal efficient was 77.4%. Sorbent recovery process was also performed within the scope of this study with 0.1 M H2SO4, 0.1 M HCl, and distilled water. A significant decrease was observed in efficiency when the recovered sorbent was reused.
      PubDate: 2017-03-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-017-2448-x
  • Characterization of Polyhydroxyalkanoate Produced by Bacillus megaterium
           VB89 Isolated from Nisargruna Biogas Plant
    • Authors: Vishakha Baikar; Ashwini Rane; Rajendra Deopurkar
      Abstract: Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) are naturally occurring biodegradable polymers that can curb the extensive use of polypropylene based plastics. In contrast to chemically synthesized polypropylene plastics, PHAs are biodegradable and thus environmentally safe. PHAs have attracted much attention as biocompatible and biodegradable thermoplastics. The present study involves isolation of bacteria from different environments capable of synthesizing PHAs. The bacterium producing highest yield of PHA (0.672 ± 0.041 g/L) was identified as Bacillus megaterium VB89 by biochemical and molecular techniques such as 16S rDNA sequence analysis. Strain VB89 produced polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) as revealed by FTIR and NMR. This PHB had an average molecular weight of 2.89 × 105 Da and a polydispersity index of 2.37. Thermal properties of the PHB included a glass transition temperature of 13.97 °C, a melting temperature of 181.74 °C, and a decomposition temperature of 234 °C. All these properties indicated that VB89 produced PHB of high purity and good thermal stability.
      PubDate: 2017-03-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-017-2441-4
  • Designing of a Recombinant Agip Bacmid Construct with Infectious
           Properties Against Black Cutworm Agrotis ipsilon Larvae
    • Authors: Naglaa A. Abdallah; Wael El-Menofy; Abdelhadi Abdallah Abdelhadi
      Abstract: In this study, Agrotis ipsilon nucleopolyhedrovirus bacmid has been constructed as an infectious bacmid in an attempt to allow genome recombination and generation of virus mutants. Since the FseI, a unique restriction site, is located in a viral coding region (ORF_119), PCR was performed to partially amplify the ORF_119 fragment containing the FseI site to facilitate the bacmid construction in a proper way without interrupting the ORF expression. Construction with repeated fragments at the end of the cloned viral was carried out in an attempt to facilitate circulation during infection in insect cells. The amplified gp_119 fragment was cloned into the BAC_Bsu361 plasmid derived from the AcMNPV Bac-to-Bac® system. Recombinant plasmid was used to subclone the Agrotis ipsilon nucleopolyhedrovirus (AgipNPV)-linearized genome using the FseI unique site. The Agip bacmid DNA extracted from Escherichia coli was used to transfect A. ipsilon third instar larvae by injection into the hemolymph. The produced occlusion bodies were purified from infected larvae and used to feed healthy larvae for amplifying the virus, and infectivity was recorded. Using bacmid technology will facilitate manipulation of the AgipNPV genome and help in determining the genetic factors involved in virus virulence and biology.
      PubDate: 2017-03-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-017-2446-z
  • Characterization of Non-Infectious Virus-Like Particle Surrogates for
           Viral Clearance Applications
    • Authors: Sarah Johnson; Kurt A. Brorson; Douglas D. Frey; Arun K. Dhar; David A. Cetlin
      Abstract: Viral clearance is a critical aspect of biopharmaceutical manufacturing process validation. To determine the viral clearance efficacy of downstream chromatography and filtration steps, live viral “spiking” studies are conducted with model mammalian viruses such as minute virus of mice (MVM). However, due to biosafety considerations, spiking studies are costly and typically conducted in specialized facilities. In this work, we introduce the concept of utilizing a non-infectious MVM virus-like particle (MVM-VLP) as an economical surrogate for live MVM during process development and characterization. Through transmission electron microscopy, size exclusion chromatography with multi-angle light scattering, chromatofocusing, and a novel solute surface hydrophobicity assay, we examined and compared the size, surface charge, and hydrophobic properties of MVM and MVM-VLP. The results revealed that MVM and MVM-VLP exhibited nearly identical physicochemical properties, indicating the potential utility of MVM-VLP as an accurate and economical surrogate to live MVM during chromatography and filtration process development and characterization studies.
      PubDate: 2017-03-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-017-2447-y
  • Evaluation of Magnetonanoparticles Conjugated with New Angiogenesis
           Peptides in Intracranial Glioma Tumors by MRI
    • Authors: Erica Aparecida de Oliveira; Jelena Lazovic; Lea Guo; Horacio Soto; Bluma Linkowski Faintuch; Massoud Akhtari; Whitney Pope
      Abstract: Angiogenesis plays a critical role in progression of malignant gliomas. The development of glioma-specific labeling molecules that can aid detection and visualization of angiogenesis can help surgical planning and improve treatment outcome. The aim of this study was to evaluate if two peptides (GX1 and RGD-GX1) linked to angiogenesis can be used as an MR-imaging markers of angiogenesis. MR imaging was performed in U87 glioblastoma-bearing NOD-SCID mice at different time points between 15 and 120 min post-injection to visualize particle distribution. GX1 and RGD-GX1 exhibited the highest accumulation in U87 glioblastoma at 120 min post i.v. administration. GX1-conjugated agents lead to higher decrease in transverse relaxation time (T 2) (i.e., stronger contrast enhancement) than RGD-GX1-conjugated agents in U87 glioblastoma tumor model. In addition, we tested if U87-IDH1R132 mutated cell line had different pattern of GX1 or RGD-GX1 particle accumulation. Responses in U87-IDH1WT followed a similar pattern with GX1 contrast agents; however, lower contrast enhancement was observed with RGD-GX1 agents. The specific binding of these peptides to human glioblastoma xenograft in the brain was confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging. The contrast enhancement following injection of magnetonanoparticles conjugated to GX1 peptide matched well with CD31 staining and iron staining.
      PubDate: 2017-03-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-017-2443-2
  • Comparative Analysis of Oxidative Stress During Aging of Kluyveromyces
           marxianus in Synthetic and Whey Media
    • Authors: Priyanka Saini; Arun Beniwal; Shilpa Vij
      Abstract: During the aging of yeast culture, Kluyveromyces marxianus undergoes a number of changes in physiology and these changes play a significant role during fermentation. Aged stationary phase cells were found to contain more reactive oxygen species. Additionally, the level of oxidant is counteracted by the antioxidant defense system of the cells. Comparison of 3-day-old culture of K. marxianus with 45-day stationary phase culture represents an increased level of ROS inside the cells. Moreover, a decrease in glutathione content was observed over the set of the incubation period. The increased level of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase also revealed that there is oxidative stress during the long period incubation of the stationary phase cells of K. marxianus. The actual phenomenon of aging in dairy yeast K. marxianus is a complex process, but the present study signifies that role of antioxidant defense system during aging in stationary phase cells of K. marxianus.
      PubDate: 2017-03-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-017-2449-9
  • Enhancing Menaquinone-7 Production by Bacillus natto R127 Through the
           Nutritional Factors and Surfactant
    • Authors: Xue-chao Hu; Wei-ming Liu; Miao-miao Luo; Lu-jing Ren; Xiao-jun Ji; He Huang
      Abstract: Bacillus natto is commonly used in industrial production of menaquinone-7, an important vitamin which plays a crucial role for blood clotting and may contribute to prevention of cardiovascular disease and osteoporosis. This study determined the optimal combination of key nutrients and established an effective use of surfactant in a coupling medium to enhance the yield of extracellular MK-7. MK-7 yield of 31.18 mg/L was achieved under optimal conditions containing 53.6 g/L glycerol, 100 g/L soy peptone, and 10 g/L K2HPO4. A maximal yield of 40.96 mg/L MK-7 and a secretion ratio of 61.1% were obtained when 20 g/L soybean oil was supplemented at the logarithmic phase. The non-ionic surfactant span 20 was the second most promising surfactant in improving product yield, whereas addition of 2 g/L betaine exerted a minimal effect on secretion ratio of MK-7 at 19.1%. The results collectively showed that the supplementation of surfactants was an effective strategy to regulate cytomembrane permeability. Graphical abstract ᅟ
      PubDate: 2017-03-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-017-2423-6
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