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Publisher: Springer-Verlag (Total: 2573 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2573 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.118, CiteScore: 4)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.752, CiteScore: 3)
Abdominal Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.866, CiteScore: 2)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.439, CiteScore: 0)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.53, CiteScore: 1)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.106, CiteScore: 0)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.359, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.675, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.284, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.587, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.769, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.24, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.305, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.312, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.588, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 7.066, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.452, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.379, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.27, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.208, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.607, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.576, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.638, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.822, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.376, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 7.589, CiteScore: 12)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.334, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.574, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.605, CiteScore: 1)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.147, CiteScore: 0)
Adaptive Human Behavior and Physiology     Hybrid Journal  
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.72, CiteScore: 2)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.005, CiteScore: 2)
Adolescent Research Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.703, CiteScore: 2)
Advanced Composites and Hybrid Materials     Hybrid Journal  
Advanced Fiber Materials     Full-text available via subscription  
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.698, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Astronautics Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 1.09, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.144, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.64, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.475, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Neurodevelopmental Disorders     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.075, CiteScore: 3)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.673, CiteScore: 2)
Aerosol Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Aerospace Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aerotecnica Missili & Spazio : J. of Aerospace Science, Technologies & Systems     Hybrid Journal  
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 1)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.235, CiteScore: 0)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.39, CiteScore: 1)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.67, CiteScore: 2)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.276, CiteScore: 1)
Agriculture and Human Values     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.173, CiteScore: 3)
Agroforestry Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.663, CiteScore: 1)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.864, CiteScore: 6)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.227, CiteScore: 1)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 3)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 3)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 0)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.583, CiteScore: 1)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.095, CiteScore: 1)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.56, CiteScore: 1)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.234, CiteScore: 0)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.11, CiteScore: 3)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.569, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.951, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.329, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.772, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.46, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.181, CiteScore: 0)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.611, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.314, CiteScore: 0)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 0)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.135, CiteScore: 3)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.211, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.536, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.978, CiteScore: 3)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 1)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.177, CiteScore: 5)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.389, CiteScore: 3)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.097, CiteScore: 2)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.438, CiteScore: 0)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.429, CiteScore: 0)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.197, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.042, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.932, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.85, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.579, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.986, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.228, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.043, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.413, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.687, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.943, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of PDE     Hybrid Journal  
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.614, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.239, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.986, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.495, CiteScore: 1)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.834, CiteScore: 2)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.22, CiteScore: 3)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.424, CiteScore: 4)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.294, CiteScore: 1)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.602, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.571, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.21, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.49, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 0.58, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.422, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.733, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.488, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.6, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.886, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.461, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68, SJR: 1.182, CiteScore: 4)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.481, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.74, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.519, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.542, CiteScore: 1)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.656, CiteScore: 2)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 1)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.109, CiteScore: 3)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.052, CiteScore: 2)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.224, CiteScore: 0)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.725, CiteScore: 1)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68, SJR: 0.745, CiteScore: 2)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.909, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 3.93, CiteScore: 3)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 172, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.41, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.006, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.773, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.644, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.146, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.71, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.541, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.973, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.274, CiteScore: 3)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.946, CiteScore: 3)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal  
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.349, CiteScore: 1)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, CiteScore: 0)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.766, CiteScore: 1)
arktos : The J. of Arctic Geosciences     Hybrid Journal  
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.355, CiteScore: 0)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.839, CiteScore: 2)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.131, CiteScore: 0)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.937, CiteScore: 2)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.833, CiteScore: 4)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.226, CiteScore: 0)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.504, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.185, CiteScore: 2)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.571
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 44  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0273-2289 - ISSN (Online) 1559-0291
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2573 journals]
  • Drug Delivery of Amphotericin B through Core-Shell Composite Based on
           PLGA/Ag/Fe 3 O 4 : In Vitro Test
    • Abstract: Abstract This research aimed at developing and designing a slow and targeted delivery of Amphotericin B (AmB) antibiotic by placing three types of shells containing different ratios of biodegradable and biocompatible polymers poly (D, L-lactide)-co-(glycolide) (PLGA), polyethylene glycol (PEG), and polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP) on core-shell structures including silver nanoparticles that were activated with magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs). Emulsion solvent evaporation technique was employed to synthesize three types of shells: (i) (PVP-PEG) (100:20, w/w), (ii) (PLGA-PEG) (100:20, w/w), and (iii) (PLGA-PEG) (50:10, w/w) introduced as D1, D2, and D3 respectively. The in vitro release of AmB was examined in aqueous medium phosphate buffer saline (PBS) in pH~ 7.2. Several spectroscopy methods characterized the structure and properties of the nanoparticles. In vitro antifungal activity of pure AmB and D1, D2, and D3 was studied against Candida albicans (C. albicans). The results explained that frequency of drug released from D2 at the first 10 h was (18%) that was compared with D1 (30%) and D3 (24%) at the same time. D2 had more efficient and longer targeted controlled release. The findings showed that D2 can be used as an effective carrier for in vitro targeted controlled release and D2 and D3 had powerful activity against C. albicans.
      PubDate: 2019-12-04
  • Carnosic Acid Content Increased by Silver Nanoparticle Treatment in
           Rosemary ( Rosmarinus officinalis L.)
    • Abstract: Abstract Biosynthesis of carnosic acid (CA), one of the most industrially valuable medicinal compounds present in rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) leaves, is affected by various plant stressors. In this study, effects of silver nanoparticle (AgNP) treatment on the secondary metabolism and CA production of rosemary plants were investigated. AgNP of 0, 25, 50, 100, and 200 ppm were utilized on hydroponically grown plants using foliar spray. Efficient absorbance and translocation of AgNPs to the plant roots were confirmed by XRF (X-ray fluorescence) analysis. The fluctuations of important antioxidant compounds such as CA content, phenolics, flavonoids, and acid ascorbic were analyzed and their correlations evaluated. Results revealed that application of 200 ppm AgNPs for 12 days increased CA level more than 11%, as compared to the control plants. Furthermore, significant positive correlations were observed between total flavonoids and CA content under AgNP treatment, suggesting that AgNP acted as an elicitor and triggered the enhancement of CA accumulation effectively. These data suggest that concentration-dependent AgNP may be used to boost antioxidant activity and phytochemical contents of other medicinal plants.
      PubDate: 2019-12-04
  • Carbon-Phosphorus Lyase—the State of the Art
    • Abstract: Abstract Organophosphonates are molecules that contain a very chemically stable carbon-phosphorus (C-P) bond. Microorganisms can utilize phosphonates as potential source of crucial elements for their growth, as developed several pathways to metabolize these compounds. One among these pathways is catalyzed by C-P lyase complex, which has a broad substrate specifity; therefore, it has a wide application in degradation of herbicides deposited in the environment, such as glyphosate. This multi-enzyme system accurately recognized in Escherichia coli and genetic studies have demonstrated that it is encoded by phn operon containing 14 genes (phnC-phnP). The phn operon is a member of the Pho regulon induced by phosphate starvation. Ability to degradation of phosphonates is also found in other microorganisms, especially soil and marine bacteria, that have homologous genes to those in E. coli. Despite the existence of differences in structure and composition of phn gene cluster, each of these strains contains phnGHIJKLM genes necessary in the C-P bond cleavage mechanism. The review provides a detailed description and summary of achievements on the C-P lyase enzymatic pathway over the last 50 years.
      PubDate: 2019-12-02
  • Discovery and Expression of Thermostable LPMOs from Thermophilic Fungi for
           Producing Efficient Lignocellulolytic Enzyme Cocktails
    • Abstract: Abstract In this study, two novel thermostable lytic polysaccharide monooxygenases (LPMOs) were cloned from thermophilic fungus Scytalidium thermophilum (PMO9D_SCYTH) and Malbranchea cinnamomea (PMO9D_MALCI) and expressed in the methylotrophic yeast Pichia pastoris X33. The purified PMO9D_SCYTH was active at 60 °C (t1/2 = 60.58 h, pH 7.0), whereas, PMO9D_MALCI was optimally active at 50 °C (t1/2 = 144 h, pH 7.0). The respective catalytic efficiency (kcat/Km) of PMO9D_SCYTH and PMO9D_MALCI determined against avicel in presence of H2O2 was (6.58 × 10-3 and 1.79 × 10-3 mg-1 ml min-1) and carboxy-methylcellulose (CMC) (1.52 × 10-1 and 2.62 × 10-2 mg-1 ml min-1). The HRMS analysis of products obtained after hydrolysis of avicel and CMC showed the presence of both C1 and C4 oxidized oligosaccharides, in addition to phylogenetic tree constructed with other characterized type 1 and 3 LPMOs demonstrated that both LPMOs belongs to type-3 family of AA9s. The release of sugars during saccharification of acid/alkali pretreated sugarcane bagasse and rice straw was enhanced upon replacing one part of commercial enzyme Cellic CTec2 with these LPMOs.
      PubDate: 2019-12-02
  • Highly Efficient Extraction of Ferulic Acid from Cereal Brans by a New
           Type A Feruloyl Esterase from Eupenicillium parvum in Combination with
           Dilute Phosphoric Acid Pretreatment
    • Abstract: Abstract Feruloyl esterase (FAE) is a critical enzyme in bio-extraction of ferulic acid (FA) from plant cell wall. A new FAE (EpFAE1) encoding gene was isolated from Eupenicillium parvum and heterologously expressed in Pichia pastoris cells. Based on phylogenetic tree analysis, the protein EpFAE1 belongs to type A of the seventh FAE subfamily. Using methyl ferulate as substrate, the optimum temperature and pH for the catalytic activity of EpFAE1 were 50 °C and 5.5, respectively. The enzyme exhibited high stability at 50 °C, in a wide pH range (3.0–11.0), or in the presence of 2 M of NaCl. Together with the endo-xylanase EpXYN1, EpFAE1 released 72.32% and 4.00% of the alkali-extractable FA from de-starched wheat bran (DSWB) or de-starched corn bran (DSCB), respectively. Meanwhile, the substrates were pretreated with 1.75% (for DSWB) or 1.0% (for DSCB) of phosphoric acid (PA) at 90 °C for 12 h, followed by enzymatic hydrolysis of the soluble and insoluble fractions. The release efficiencies of FA were up to 84.64% for DSWB and 66.73% for DSCB. Combined dilute PA pretreatment with enzymatic hydrolysis is a low-cost and highly efficient method for the extraction of FA from cereal brans.
      PubDate: 2019-12-02
  • Nitrate Metabolism Decreases the Steroidal Alcohol Byproduct Compared with
           Ammonium in Biotransformation of Phytosterol to Androstenedione by
           Mycobacterium neoaurum
    • Abstract: Abstract In biotransformation of phytosterol to 4-androstene-3,17-dione (AD) by Mycobacterium, the steroidal alcohol (such as 22-hydroxy-23,24-bisnorchol-4-ene-3-one, HBC) was a main byproduct. To weaken the accumulation of this byproduct in sterol biotransformation, ammonium was substituted by nitrate as nitrogen resource. The nitrate was utilized by Mycobacterium and led to metabolic flux shift towards AD production. The ratio of AD/HBC increased maximally from 2.1 to 5.5 and AD production increased correspondently. In the meanwhile, the nitrate metabolism resulted in the decreased intracellular redox level (NADH/NAD+) maximally by 59.5% and a slight descent tendency with the increase of the nitrate concentrations. It indicated that the nitrate utilization effectively decreased the steroidal alcohol production by regulating intracellular redox level in sterol biotransformation. These results gave an insight into the mechanism of the steroidal alcohol formation in sterol biodegradation and provided a simple strategy to regulate the metabolic distribution.
      PubDate: 2019-12-02
  • Correction to: Two Novel Acetylesterases from Pantoea dispersa :
           Recombinant Expression, Purification, and Characterization
    • Abstract: The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake. Under Materials and Methods heading, Bacterial Strains sub-heading, the correct name of the used strain is “FEI4 65” and not “FzEI4 65.”
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
  • Augmenting Fremyella diplosiphon Cellular Lipid Content and Unsaturated
           Fatty Acid Methyl Esters Via Sterol Desaturase Gene Overexpression
    • Abstract: Abstract Cyanobacteria have immense prospective as a platform for renewable energy; however, a major barrier in achieving optimal productivity is the low lipid yield. Fremyella diplosiphon, a model cyanobacterium, is an ideal biofuel agent due to its desirable fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs). To enhance lipid content, we overexpressed the sterol desaturase (SD) gene in F. diplosiphon B481 wild type by genetic transformation. This effort resulted in a transformant (B481-SD) with a 64-fold increase in the SD gene at the mRNA transcript level, with no loss in growth and pigmentation. The transformant was persistently grown for over 32 generations indicating long-term stability and vitality. We observed 27.3% and 23% increases in total lipid content and unsaturated FAMEs respectively in B481-SD transesterified lipids with methyl octadecadienoate as the most abundant unsaturated component. In addition, we detected an 81% increase in FAME composition in the transformant compared with the wild type. Theoretical physical and chemical properties confirmed a FAME profile with very high cetane number (65.972–67.494) and oxidative stability (50.493–18.66 h) in the engineered strain. Results of the study offer a promising approach to augment F. diplosiphon total lipid content and unsaturated FAMEs, thus paving the way to enhance biofuel capacity of the organism.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
  • Characteristics of White-rot Fungus Phlebia brevispora TMIC33929 and Its
           Growth-Promoting Bacterium Enterobacter sp. TN3W-14 in the Decolorization
           of Dye-Contaminated Water
    • Abstract: Abstract The dye decolorization potential of the white-rot fungus Phlebia brevispora TMIC33929 when grown alone or in coculture with its growth-promoting bacterium Enterobacter sp. TN3W-14 was evaluated in low nitrogen liquid medium at different pHs. Axenic fungus removed a similar amount of Congo red and crystal violet at pH 4.5 and 7.0, respectively. The bacterium alone achieved only slightly better decolorization of crystal violet than the fungus at pH 9.0. Compared with axenic fungus, cocultures provided no increased crystal violet removal but achieved higher removal of crystal violet in mixed dye at all pHs, and the best-mixed dye decolorization at pH 9.0. Unlike bacterial growth on dyes, growth of fungal mycelia was not inhibited by the dyes at all pH but the cocultures gave comparably higher mycelial growth.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
  • Exploration of the Tolerance Ability of a Cell-Free Biosynthesis System to
           Toxic Substances
    • Abstract: Abstract Cell-free synthetic biology has become a robust technology platform for synthesizing proteins and chemicals in recent years. Cell-free synthetic biology system activates biological machinery without the use of living cells, which opens new opportunities for the addition or synthesis of toxic substances at high concentrations in biological systems. Although it is generally accepted that an in vitro cell-free synthesis system has a high tolerance ability to toxic substances, there is a lack of relevant data to support this view. To explore particular tolerance ability, a range of different surfactants, lipids, materials, biofuels, and chemical drugs were selected for testing their effects in Escherichia coli–based cell-free protein synthesis system. The results showed the limit concentrations of different toxic substances. Moreover, the results demonstrated that the tolerance ability of a cell-free system is much higher than that of a cell system. This study further provides a rationale for the synthesis of toxic biopharmaceuticals, biochemicals, and biofuels by using cell-free systems.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
  • Crude Oil Biodegradation by Newly Isolated Bacterial Strains and Their
           Consortium Under Soil Microcosm Experiment
    • Abstract: Abstract Bioremediation has been attracting researchers’ attention to develop as a technique to remove the pollution of crude oil in the environment. However, more or stronger novel strains capable of crude oil removal are still required. In this study, the potential of five newly isolated bacterial strains for crude oil abatement was evaluated in the liquid medium and contaminated soil individually and as a mixed consortium. Raoultella ornithinolytica strain PS exhibited the highest ability and degraded up to 83.5% of crude oil. Whereas Bacillus subtilis strain BJ11 degraded 81.1%, Acinetobacter lwoffii strain BJ10 degraded 75.8%, Acinetobacter pittii strain BJ6 degraded 74.9%, and Serratia marcescens strain PL degraded only 70.0% of crude oil in the liquid media. The consortium comprising the above five strains degraded more than 94.0% of crude oil after 10 days of incubation in the liquid medium. The consortium degraded more than 65.0% of crude oil after 40 days incubation even in the contaminated soil. The five crude oil degrading strains, especially their consortium, exhibited a high capability to break down a wide range of compounds in crude oil including straight-chain alkanes, branched alkanes, and aromatic hydrocarbons. These strains, especially as consortia, have good potential of application in the remediation of crude oil–contaminated environments.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
  • Purification and Characterization of Cellulase from Obligate Halophilic
           Aspergillus flavus (TISTR 3637) and Its Prospects for Bioethanol
    • Abstract: Abstract A cellulase from the extreme obligate halophilic fungus, Aspergillus flavus, isolated from a man-made solar saltern in Phetchaburi, Thailand, was purified by ammonium sulfate precipitation and using Sephadex G-100 gel filtration column chromatography. The cellulase was found to be approximately 55 kDa by SDS-PAGE. Using CMC as a substrate, the specific activity of the cellulase was 62.9 units (U) mg−1 with Vmax and Km values of 37.87 mol min−1 mg−1 and 3.02 mg mL−1, respectively. Characterization of the enzyme revealed it to be an extremozyme, having an optimum activity at pH 10, 60 °C, and 200 g L−1 of NaCl. The enzyme activity was not significantly altered by the addition of divalent metal cations at 2 mM and neither did ß-mercaptoethanol, while EDTA was found strongly inhibiting the cellulase. Compared with commercial cellulase, the purified cellulase from A. flavus was more active in the extremity of conditions, especially at pH 10, 60 °C, and 150 g L−1 NaCl, whereas the commercial cellulase had a very low activity.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
  • Economic Method for Extraction/Purification of a Burkholderia cepacia
           Lipase with Potential Biotechnology Application
    • Abstract: Abstract In order to recover biomolecules, a single downstream processing step is carried out. In this sense, an aqueous two-phase system (ATPS) containing polyethylene glycol (PEG) and potassium phosphate salts is used. Intending the purification of Burkholderia cepacia (Bc) lipase, the effects of the molecular masses of 1500 (PEG 1500), 4000 (PEG 4000), and 6000 (PEG 6000), pH (6, 7, and 8) and distinct tie line lengths are perfomed. Although this is reasonable reported in literature, a study covering an economical production aspect considering the Bc is scarce. This characterizes a novelty proposed in this investigation. Lipase is recovered in a polymer phase at lower pH value. PEG 1500/phosphate salt ATPS at pH 6 is considered a good method with ~ 98% of the extraction efficiency. Another contribution of this proposed investigation concerns to a biotechnological material synthesis, which is applied in several advanced and revolutionize engineering practices. Additionally, an economic analysis of the proposed method indicates a minimal sale price (~ US$410/L) inducing to a future and potential commercial application.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
  • Cloning, Characterization, and Functional Expression of a Thermostable
           Type B Feruloyl Esterase from Thermophilic Thielavia Terrestris
    • Abstract: Abstract Feruloyl esterases (FAEs) have great potential applications in paper and breeding industry. A new thermo-stable feruloyl esterase gene, TtfaeB was identified from the thermophilic fungus Thielavia terrestris h408. Deduced protein sequence shares the identity of 67% with FAEB from Neurospora crassa. The expression vector pPIC9K-TtfaeB was successfully constructed and electro-transformed into GS115 strain of Pichia pastoris. One transformant with high feruloyl esterase yield was obtained through plate screening and named TtFAEB1. Sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) analysis of fermentation supernatant from transformant TtFAEB1 showed a distinct protein band appearing at the position of about 35-kDa, indicating that TtfaeB gene has been successfully expressed in P. pastoris. The recombinant TtFAEB was purified by affinity chromatography and the specific activity of purified TtFAEB was 6.06 ± 0.72 U/mg. The optimal temperature and pH for purified recombinant TtFAEB was 60 °C and 7.0, respectively. TtFAEB was thermostable, retaining 96.89 and 84.16% of the maximum activity after being treated for 1 h at 50 °C and 60 °C, respectively. Additionally, the enzyme was stable in the pH range 4.5–8.0. The homology model of TtFAEB showed that it consists of a single domain adopting a typical α/β-hydrolase fold and contains a catalytic triad formed by Ser117, Asp201, and His260. TtFAEB in association with xylanase from Trichoderma reesei could release 77.1% of FA from destarched wheat bran. The present results indicated that the recombinant TtFAEB with excellent enzymatic properties is a promising candidate for potential applications in biomass deconstruction and biorefinery.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
  • Engineering d -Lactate Dehydrogenase from Pediococcus acidilactici for
           Improved Activity on 2-Hydroxy Acids with Bulky C 3 Functional Group
    • Abstract: Abstract Engineering d-lactic acid dehydrogenases for higher activity on various 2-oxo acids is important for the synthesis of 2-hydroxy acids that can be utilized in a wide range of industrial fields including the production of biopolymers, pharmaceuticals, and cosmetic compounds. Although there are many d-lactate dehydrogenases (d-LDH) available from a diverse range of sources, there is a lack of biocatalysts with high activities for 2-oxo acids with large functional group at C3. In this study, the d-LDH from Pediococcus acidilactici was rationally designed and further engineered by controlling the intermolecular interactions between substrates and the surrounding residues via analysis of the active site structure of d-LDH. As a result, Y51L mutant with the catalytic efficiency on phenylpyruvate of 2200 s−1 mM−1 and Y51F mutant on 2-oxobutryate and 3-methyl-2-oxobutyrate of 37.2 and 23.2 s−1 mM−1 were found, which were 138-, 8.5-, and 26-fold increases than the wild type on the substrates, respectively. Structural analysis revealed that the distance and the nature of the interactions between the side chain of residue 51 and the substrate C3 substituent group significantly affected the kinetic parameters. Bioconversion of phenyllactate as a practical example of production of the 2-hydroxy acids was investigated, and the Y51F mutant presented the highest productivity in in vitro conversion of D-PLA.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
  • Real-Time and Online Monitoring of Glucose Contents by Using Molecular
           Imprinted Polymer-Based IDEs Sensor
    • Abstract: Abstract A highly sensitive, selective, reversible, and reusable glucose sensor is developed by using molecularly imprinted polymer-based artificial receptors onto interdigital transducer. Sensor receptors were synthesized through bulk imprinting technology by using styrene as monomer, ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (EGDMA) as cross-linker, and AIBN as free radical initiator. Topography of the synthesized receptors was investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Fabricated sensor showed concentration-dependent linear and reversible response with lower limit of detection of 30 ppb and upper limit of detection ~ 500 ppm. Furthermore, newly fabricated sensor is highly selective towards its analyte of interest in the presence of other competing agents, and the regeneration of sensor response has been assessed with the percentage error of less than 2% under the period of 1 year at room temperature and pressure conditions. The reported sensor may have potential technological applications in the field of medical diagnostics, food, and pharmaceutical industry.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
  • Cloning, Purification, and Characterization of Recombinant Thermostable
           β-Xylanase Tnap_0700 from Thermotoga naphthophila
    • Abstract: Abstract The gene of a β-xylanase (Tnap_0700) was cloned from a hyperthermophilic Thermotoga naphthophila strain ATCC BAA-489 and expressed in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3) via pET-21a (+) as an expression vector. The growth steps were upgraded for highest β-xylanase expression via several factors, for example, IPTG concentration, time of induction, pH, and temperature. The pH and temperature optima for the extreme expression of β-xylanase were 7.0 pH and 37 °C, correspondingly. Recombinant enzyme purified by heat treatment process, then later by immobilized metal ion affinity chromatography. Molecular mass of the purified β-xylanase was 38 kDa observed by sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). The enzyme was stable at room temperature for 30 days. It exhibited high stability over wide series of temperature 50–90 °C and pH 4.0–9.0 upon the addition of 1 mM Ca+2 and reduced in the existence of Cu+2 and EDTA. The addition of about 10–30% different organic solvents have no considerable effect on enzyme. However, SDSF and urea acting as an inhibitor leads to decrease in the enzyme activity. The β-xylanase enzyme was active to hydrolyze xylan from beechwood forming xylose. Thermostable β-xylanase causes the breakdown of complex carbohydrates into monosaccharide components. This thermostable β-xylanase revealed remarkable properties, which make it an encouraging candidate for various industrial applications especially in the alteration of renewable biomaterials into ethanol production, and biofuels from lignocellulosics has acknowledged much devotion subsequently in the last decade.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
  • Target Discovery of Novel α- l -Rhamnosidases from Human Fecal Metagenome
           and Application for Biotransformation of Natural Flavonoid Glycosides
    • Abstract: Abstract As a green and powerful tool, biocatalysis has emerged as a perfect alternative to traditional chemistry. The bottleneck during process development is discovery of novel enzymes with desired properties and independent intellectual property. Herein, we have successfully bioprospected three novel bacterial α-l-rhamnosidases from human fecal metagenome using a combinatorial strategy by high-throughput de novo sequencing combined with in silico searching for catalytic key motifs. All three novel α-l-rhamnosidases shared low sequence identities with reported (< 35%) and putative ones (< 57%) from public database. All three novel α-l-rhamnosidases were over-expressed as soluble form in Escherichia coli with high-level production. Furthermore, all three novel α-l-rhamnosidases hydrolyzed the synthetic substrate p-nitrophenyl α-l-rhamnopyranoside and natural flavonoid glycosides rutin and naringin with some excellent properties, such as high activity in acidic pH, high activity at low or high temperature, and good tolerance for alcohols and DMSO. Our findings would provide a convenient route for target discovery of the promising biocatalysts from the metagenomes for biotransformation and biosynthesis.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
  • Effects of the Organic Loading Rate on Polyhydroxyalkanoate Production
           from Sugarcane Stillage by Mixed Microbial Cultures
    • Abstract: Abstract Stillage is an abundant wastewater from the sugarcane ethanol industry. It is rich in fermentable substrates and presents low-nutrient content, constituting a promising substrate for polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) production by mixed microbial cultures (MMC). This work assessed the enrichment of a PHA-accumulating MMC from acidified sugarcane stillage in a sequencing batch reactor under increasing organic loading rates (OLR) and no external nutrient supplementation. The OLR was increased from 1.0 to 7.1 kg COD m−3 day−1 in four steps. A PHA-producing MMC with high storage response was selected in all experimental conditions. The volumetric biomass productivity and the maximal PHA storage capacity increased continuously with the OLR, reaching 0.061 g VSS L−1 h−1 and 0.49 g PHA g VSS−1, respectively. The highest observed PHA storage yield (0.60 g CODPHA g COD.t−1) and specific PHA storage rate (0.169 g CODPHA g of CODX h−1) were obtained for the OLR of 4.5 kg COD m−3 day−1. The PHA produced was a co-polymer of 3-hydroxybutyrate (86–77%mol) and 3-hydroxyvalerate (14–23%mol). The performance of the biomass enrichment was comparable to those attained with other agro-industrial wastewaters, indicating the potential of acidified sugarcane stillage as a feedstock for MMC PHA production.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
  • An Efficient Approach for Two Distal Point Site-Directed Mutagenesis from
           Randomly Ligated PCR Products
    • Abstract: Abstract Site-directed mutagenesis is one of the most important tools in molecular biology. The majority of the mutagenesis methods have been developed to mutate one region of target DNA in each cycle of mutagenesis, while in some cases there is a need to mutate several distal points. We used a new method to simultaneously mutate two distal points in the target DNA. Different regions of the target DNA were amplified in three separate PCR reactions. The PCR products were back-to-back and together they made the complete length of the template DNA. Mutations were introduced to PCR products by middle mutagenic primers. PCR products were mixed and ligated with random blunt ligation, and then the desired mutated DNA fragments were selected in two steps by flanking restriction enzyme digestion and size selection. Selected fragments were amplified in another PCR reaction using flanking primers and finally cloned into the plasmid vector. This mutagenesis process is simple, there is no need to use modified primers and long or difficult PCR reactions.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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