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Publisher: Springer-Verlag (Total: 2352 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2352 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.118, CiteScore: 4)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.752, CiteScore: 3)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.866, CiteScore: 2)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.439, CiteScore: 0)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.53, CiteScore: 1)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.106, CiteScore: 0)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.359, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.675, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.284, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.587, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.769, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.24, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.305, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.312, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.588, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 7.066, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.452, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.379, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.27, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.208, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.607, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.576, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.638, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.822, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.376, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 7.589, CiteScore: 12)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.334, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.574, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.605, CiteScore: 1)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.147, CiteScore: 0)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.72, CiteScore: 2)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.005, CiteScore: 2)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.703, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.698, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59, SJR: 1.09, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.144, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 1.64, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.475, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.075, CiteScore: 3)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.673, CiteScore: 2)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 1)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.235, CiteScore: 0)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.39, CiteScore: 1)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.67, CiteScore: 2)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.276, CiteScore: 1)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.173, CiteScore: 3)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.663, CiteScore: 1)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.864, CiteScore: 6)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.227, CiteScore: 1)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 3)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 3)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 0)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.583, CiteScore: 1)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.095, CiteScore: 1)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.56, CiteScore: 1)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.234, CiteScore: 0)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.11, CiteScore: 3)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.569, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.951, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.329, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.772, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.46, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.181, CiteScore: 0)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.611, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.314, CiteScore: 0)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 0)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.135, CiteScore: 3)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.211, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.536, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.978, CiteScore: 3)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 1)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.177, CiteScore: 5)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.389, CiteScore: 3)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.097, CiteScore: 2)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.438, CiteScore: 0)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.429, CiteScore: 0)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.197, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.042, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.932, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.85, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.579, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.986, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.228, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.043, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.413, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.687, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.943, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.614, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.239, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.986, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.495, CiteScore: 1)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.834, CiteScore: 2)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.22, CiteScore: 3)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.424, CiteScore: 4)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.294, CiteScore: 1)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.602, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.571, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.21, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.49, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 0.58, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.422, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.733, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.488, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.6, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.886, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.461, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66, SJR: 1.182, CiteScore: 4)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.481, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.74, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.519, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.542, CiteScore: 1)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 0.656, CiteScore: 2)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 1)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.109, CiteScore: 3)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.052, CiteScore: 2)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.224, CiteScore: 0)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.725, CiteScore: 1)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63, SJR: 0.745, CiteScore: 2)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.909, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 3.93, CiteScore: 3)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 154, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.41, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.006, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.773, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.644, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.146, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.71, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.541, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.973, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.274, CiteScore: 3)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.946, CiteScore: 3)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal  
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.349, CiteScore: 1)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.2, CiteScore: 0)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.766, CiteScore: 1)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.355, CiteScore: 0)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.839, CiteScore: 2)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.131, CiteScore: 0)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.937, CiteScore: 2)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.833, CiteScore: 4)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.226, CiteScore: 0)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.504, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.185, CiteScore: 2)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.353, CiteScore: 1)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.187, CiteScore: 0)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.855, CiteScore: 1)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.378, CiteScore: 1)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.543, CiteScore: 1)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.548, CiteScore: 1)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.183, CiteScore: 0)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Astronomy and Astrophysics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 3.385, CiteScore: 5)

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Journal Cover
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.571
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 44  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1599-0291 - ISSN (Online) 0273-2289
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2352 journals]
  • Efficient Production of 2,6-Difluorobenzamide by Recombinant Escherichia
           coli Expressing the Aurantimonas manganoxydans Nitrile Hydratase
    • Authors: Zhengfei Yang; Xiaolin Pei; Gang Xu; Jianping Wu; Lirong Yang
      Pages: 439 - 448
      Abstract: 2,6-Difluorobenzamide is an important intermediate with many applications in pesticide industries. Through screening a library of recombinant nitrile hydratases, the nitrile hydratase from Aurantimonas manganoxydans ATCC BAA-1229 was selected for production of 2,6-difluorobenzamide from 2,6-difluorobenzonitrile. Key parameters of the biocatalytic process, including temperature, pH, substrate loading, and substrate feeding mode, were optimized. Finally, 314 g/L of 2,6-difluorobenzamide was produced in a simple batch process within 11 h without formation of any by-product in an economical non-buffer system and similar result was obtained when scaled up to 30 L. This study constitutes the first report of 2,6-difluorobenzamide significant production using a recombinant Escherichia coli-based biocatalyst.
      PubDate: 2019-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-018-2823-2
      Issue No: Vol. 187, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Removal of Fat Components in High TDS Leather Wastewater by
           Saline-Tolerant Lipase-Assisted Nanoporous-Activated Carbon
    • Authors: Maharaja Pounsamy; Swarnalatha Somasundaram; Saravanan Palanivel; Sekaran Ganesan
      Pages: 474 - 492
      Abstract: The present investigation was carried out for the degradation of fatty components in high TDS containing wastewater (soak liquor) discharged from leather industry, and the degradation was achieved by saline-tolerant lipase-immobilized functionalized nanoporous-activated carbon (STLNPAC). The lipase was extracted from the halophilic organism, Bacillus cereus. The optimum conditions for lipase production such as time, 60 h; temperature, 50 °C; pH, 10; and substrate concentration, 2.5% (w/v) were determined through response surface methodology (RSM). The functionalization of NPAC was done by ethylenediamine/glutaraldehyde covalent interaction technique followed by the immobilization of saline-tolerant lipase onto FNPAC. The functional properties of STLNPAC were analyzed through instrumentation techniques such as TGA-DSC, FT-IR, XRD, and SEM images. The lipid content of soak liquor was removed by > 99% at HRT of 60 min using STLNPAC-packed bed reactor. The efficiency was evaluated by using UV-visible and FT-IR spectroscopic analyses. The degradation of lipids was best obeyed by pseudo first-order rate kinetics, and the rate constant was found to be 1.6 × 10−3 min−1. The biodegradability index of soak liquor was increased from 0.322 to 0.426, highly favorable for the complete removal of organic components in subsequent operations.
      PubDate: 2019-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-018-2833-0
      Issue No: Vol. 187, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Rapid and Sensitive Detection of Staphylococcal Enterotoxin B by
           Recombinant Nanobody Using Phage Display Technology
    • Authors: Saeed Zanganeh; Hamideh Rouhani Nejad; Jalil Fallah Mehrabadi; Razieh Hosseini; Bahareh Shahi; Zahra Tavassoli; Asieh Aramvash
      Pages: 493 - 505
      Abstract: Staphylococcal enterotoxin B, from Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus), is one of the most potent bacterial superantigens with profound toxic effects on the immune system. It is associated with food poisoning, toxic shock, atopic dermatitis, asthma, and nasal polyps in humans. The current diagnostic methods for staphylococcal enterotoxin are mainly based on traditional monoclonal antibodies which hardly meet the requirements for clinical applications, and hybridoma clones lose their ability to secrete antibodies during time. The present study investigates the development of a novel, highly specific, low-cost, and sensitive nanobody capable of being used in immunoassays for Staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB) detection in suspicious foods. For this purpose, Camelus dromedarius was immunized against SEB toxin. After obtaining acceptable titration, a high-quality phage display nanobody library (4 × 1010 PFU/ml) was constructed. High-affinity SEB-specific nanobodies were retrieved from constructed libraries. After phage rescue and five round of biopanning, clone screening was performed by phage ELISA. Recombinant nanobodies which were expressed from C7 and C21 clone showed the highest affinity for SEB. The presence of high quality and pure nanobody band at ~ 15 kDa was confirmed by SDS-PAGE and western blotting. The affinity constant which was measured by ELISA was calculated to be around 10−9 M. The results suggest that the proposed detection method by nanobodies is an alternative diagnostic tool enabling a rapid, inexpensive, and specific detection of the SEB.
      PubDate: 2019-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-018-2762-y
      Issue No: Vol. 187, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Genome Sequencing and Analysis of Strains Bacillus sp. AKBS9 and
           Acinetobacter sp. AKBS16 for Biosurfactant Production and Bioremediation
    • Authors: Niti B. Jadeja; Prachiti Moharir; Atya Kapley
      Pages: 518 - 530
      Abstract: Microbial genomics facilitates the analysis of microbial attributes, which can be applied in bioremediation of pollutants and oil recovery process. The biosurfactants derived from microbes can replace the chemical surfactants, which are ecologically detrimental. The aim of this work was to study the genetic organization responsible for biodegradation of aromatics and biosurfactant production in potential microbes isolated from polluted soil. Bacterial isolates were tested for biosurfactant production, wherein Bacillus sp. AKBS9 and Acinetobacter sp. AKBS16 exhibited highest biosurfactant production potential. Whole genome sequencing and annotations revealed the occurrence of sfp and NPRS gene in the Bacillibactin biosynthetic gene cluster in AKBS9 strain and emulsan biosynthetic gene cluster in AKBS16 strain for biosurfactant production. Various aromatic compound ring cleaving oxygenases scavenging organic molecules could be annotated for strain AKBS16 using RAST annotations.
      PubDate: 2019-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-018-2828-x
      Issue No: Vol. 187, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Antioxidant Potential and Extracellular Auxin Production by White Rot
           Fungi
    • Authors: Priyanka Chandra; Daljit Singh Arora; Mamta Pal; Rakesh Kumar Sharma
      Pages: 531 - 539
      Abstract: Selective lignin degrading white rot fungi viz. Phanerochaete chrysosporium, Phlebia brevispora, and Phlebia floridensis were selected to evaluate antioxidant potential and auxin (indole acetic acid) production in complex and synthetic medium. Antioxidant potential of these fungi was tested against different free radicals including 2, 2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), nitric oxide, ferrous ion, and ferric ion along with total phenolic content. All the fungal strains produce phenolics ranging from 5.2 to 16.7 mg/ml and demonstrated various free radical and metal ion scavenging activity. Growth medium significantly affected all the activities. Almost similar antioxidant activity (~ 72% DPPH scavenging activity) was demonstrated by all the fungi in yeast extract glucose medium; however, the activity was lower in Czapek dox’s medium (from 60 to 45%). Indole acetic acid production was maximum in P. brevispora (31 μg/ml), which was closely followed by P. chrysosporium and P. floridensis. The extracts did not show any mutagenic or cytotoxic effect. Thus, these white rot fungi highlight their significance as a new source for the prompt production of extracellular antioxidants and auxin.
      PubDate: 2019-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-018-2842-z
      Issue No: Vol. 187, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Amino Acid Supplementations Enhance the Stress Resistance and Fermentation
           Performance of Lager Yeast During High Gravity Fermentation
    • Authors: Hongjie Lei; Li Feng; Fei Peng; Huaide Xu
      Pages: 540 - 555
      Abstract: The effects of different wort gravity or ethanol concentration in initial wort on the fermentation performance of lager yeast and assimilation of free amino acids (FAAs) were studied. Results showed that compared with high wort gravity (24°P), high ethanol concentration (10%, v/v) decreased yeast growth, cell viability, and wort fermentability significantly. The assimilation of FAAs was changed dramatically by high ethanol toxicity, and positive correlations between the assimilation amounts of 10 FAAs (Asp, Ser, Gly, Arg, Tyr, Val, Met, Lys, Ile, and Leu) and fermentation performance (cell viability, fermentability, and ethanol production) were identified, especially for Arg and Lys exhibiting extremely significant positive correlations. Furthermore, confirmatory testing was carried out by supplementing 24°P worts with 10 FAAs of 0.5, 1, and 2 times of their standard concentrations, respectively. Results exhibited that 10 FAA supplementations improved physiological characteristics and fermentation performance of lager yeast significantly, especially for 1 times FAA supplementation increasing wort fermentability and ethanol yield by 6 and 17%, respectively, and upregulated the expression level of HSP12 and increased more intracellular trehalose accumulation in yeast cells, indicating that stronger protective function was stimulated in yeast cells. Therefore, it was suggested that these 10 FAAs could regulate yeast cells to adapt to high gravity environmental stresses.
      PubDate: 2019-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-018-2840-1
      Issue No: Vol. 187, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Half Sandwich Rhodium(III) and Iridium(III) Complexes as Cytotoxic and
           Metallonuclease Agents
    • Authors: Pankajkumar A. Vekariya; Parag S. Karia; Bhupesh S. Bhatt; Mohan N. Patel
      Pages: 556 - 569
      Abstract: Half sandwich complexes of the type [(η5-C5Me5)M(L1–3)Cl]Cl.2H2O were synthesized using [{(η5-C5Me5)M(μ-Cl)Cl}2], where M = Rh(III)/Ir(III) and L1–3 = pyrimidine-based ligands. The complexes were characterized by spectral analysis. DNA interaction studies by absorption titration and hydrodynamic measurement and suggest intercalative mode of binding of complexes with CT-DNA. The molecular docking study also supports intercalation of the complexes between the stacks of nucleotide base pairs. The gel electrophoresis assay demonstrated the ability of the complexes to interact and cleave plasmid DNA. Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) of the complexes were investigated by the microdilution broth method. The cytotoxic properties of the metal complexes were evaluated using brine shrimp lethality bioassay.
      PubDate: 2019-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-018-2835-y
      Issue No: Vol. 187, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Enzymatic Degradation of Allergen Peptides from Bovine Casein by a
           Combination of Streptomyces Aminopeptidases
    • Authors: Kun Wan; Misugi Uraji; Shota Tokai; Tadashi Hatanaka
      Pages: 570 - 582
      Abstract: Cow’s milk is one of the most common allergenic foods. Cow’s milk allergy is mainly an IgE-mediated hypersensitivity reaction, and the major allergens from cow’s milk have been found to be caseins, β-lactoglobulin, and α-lactalbumin. Several peptides derived from bovine casein are known allergens in cow’s milk. To reduce their allergenicity, these proteins can be degraded by food-grade peptidases. We succeeded in detection of two peptides, VLPVPQK and FFVAPFPEVFGK, from bovine casein-derived allergen peptides by using an ion trap LC-MS apparatus. This study focuses on the synergistic effects of Streptomyces aminopeptidases belonging to the M1, M24, and M28 families on the degradation of the allergen peptides. From these results, we demonstrated that the combination of M1 and M24 aminopeptidases was the most effective for degrading the abovementioned allergenic peptides.
      PubDate: 2019-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-018-2839-7
      Issue No: Vol. 187, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Laccases from Marine Organisms and Their Applications in the
           Biodegradation of Toxic and Environmental Pollutants: a Review
    • Authors: Monnat Theerachat; David Guieysse; Sandrine Morel; Magali Remaud-Siméon; Warawut Chulalaksananukul
      Pages: 583 - 611
      Abstract: The discharge of industrial effluent creates environmental problems around the world and so necessitates the need for the economically expensive and sometimes technically problematic treatment of the wastewater. Laccases have enormous potential for the oxidative bioremediation of toxic xenobiotic compounds using only molecular oxygen as the sole cofactor for their reaction, and their application is regarded as environmentally friendly. Due to the low substrate specificity of laccases, they can oxidize a variety of substrates. Moreover, by using appropriate mediators, laccases can degrade a wide range of substrates, including those with structural complexity. Thus, laccases are an attractive alternative for wastewater treatment. Marine environments are rich in microorganisms that are exposed to extreme conditions, such as salinity, temperature, and pressure. Laccases from these microorganisms potentially have suitable properties that might be adaptive to bioremediation processes. This review provides the latest information on laccases from marine environments, their sources, biochemical properties, media composition for laccase production, and their applications in the bioremediation of industrial waste, especially focusing on dye decolorization.
      PubDate: 2019-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-018-2829-9
      Issue No: Vol. 187, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Detoxification of Hydrolysates of the Red Seaweed Gelidium amansii for
           Improved Bioethanol Production
    • Authors: Trung Hau Nguyen; In Yung Sunwoo; Gwi-Taek Jeong; Sung-Koo Kim
      Abstract: In this study, bioethanol was produced from the seaweed Gelidium amansii as biomass through separate hydrolysis and fermentation (SHF) processes. The SHF processes examined in this study include thermal acid hydrolysis pretreatment, enzymatic saccharification, detoxification, and fermentation. Thermal acid hydrolysis pretreatment was conducted using H2SO4, with a slurry content of 8–16% and treatment time of 15–75 min. The optimal conditions for thermal acid hydrolysis pretreatment were 12% (w/v) seaweed slurry content and 180 mM H2SO4 at 121 °C for 45 min, at which 26.1 g/L galactose and 6.8 g/L glucose were produced. A monosaccharide (mainly glucose) was also obtained from the enzymatic saccharification of thermal acid hydrolysate using 16 U/mL Celluclast 1.5 L enzyme at 45 °C for 36 h. Detoxification was performed using the adsorption method with activated carbon, the overliming method with Ca (OH)2, and the ion exchange method with polyethyleneimine. Among those detoxification methods, activated carbon showed the best performance for hydroxymethylfurfural removal. Ethanol fermentation was performed using 12% (w/v) seaweed hydrolysate with Saccharomyces cerevisiae adapted to galactose as well as various detoxification treatments.
      PubDate: 2019-02-14
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-019-02970-x
       
  • Purification and Physicochemical Characterization of a Novel Thermostable
           Xylanase Secreted by the Fungus Myceliophthora heterothallica F.2.1.4
    • Authors: Lorena Caixeta de Oliveira Simões; Ronivaldo Rodrigues da Silva; Carlos Eduardo de Oliveira Nascimento; Maurício Boscolo; Eleni Gomes; Roberto da Silva
      Abstract: Xylanases are enzymes that act in the depolymerization of xylan and that can be used in the food industry, the paper industry, and for bioenergy, among other uses. In this context, particular emphasis is devoted to xylooligosaccharides (XOS) that act as prebiotics, which, under the action of probiotic microorganisms, are capable of positively modifying the intestinal microbiota. In this sense, searching for microbial xylanases stands out as a sustainable strategy for the production of prebiotics. To date, there have been no reports in the literature regarding the purification of native xylanase from Myceliophthora heterothallica F.2.1.4. In this study, a xylanase from this fungus was purified and characterized. The xylanase, with 27 kDa, showed maximum activity at pH 4.5 and 65–70 °C. It maintained more than 80% of its residual activity when exposed to (i) temperatures between 30 and 60 °C for 1 h and (ii) pH 5–10 for 24 h at 4 and 25 °C. These high tolerances to different pH and different temperatures are important properties that add value to this enzyme. The hydrolysates of this enzyme on beechwood xylan, analyzed by HPAE-PAD, were mostly xylobiose (X2) and xylotriose (X3). Hydrolysates were also quantified, being retrieved from 234.2 mg xylooligosaccharides/g of hydrolyzed xylan for 12 h. According to the products obtained from the xylan hydrolysis and its tolerance properties of the enzyme, it has demonstrated potential for application production of xylooligosaccharides for use as prebiotics.
      PubDate: 2019-02-14
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-019-02973-8
       
  • A Novel Approach to Septal Perforation Repair: Septal Cartilage Cells
           Induce Chondrogenesis of hASCs In Vitro
    • Authors: Ayşe Sezim Şafak; Ezgi Avşar Abdik; Hüseyin Abdik; Pakize Neslihan Taşlı; Fikrettin Şahin
      Abstract: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of medium harvested from septal cartilage cells on chondrogenic differentiation of adipose stem cells (hASCs) and to compare/contrast its properties to those of a commonly used standard medium formulation in terms of induction and maintenance of chondrogenic hASCs. Differentiation was carried out under three different conditions: septal cartilage medium-SCM, chondrogenic differentiation medium-CM, and 50:50 mixture of CM/SCM. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) markers were determined by flow cytometry. The cytotoxic and apoptotic effects were determined by MTS and Annexin V assay, respectively. The differentiation status of the cells was confirmed by Alcian blue staining, and quantitative real-time flow cytometry showed that hASCs were positive for MSCs, negative for hematopoietic stem cells and endothelial cell surface markers. According to MTS analysis, the first condition was not toxic at any concentration tested. Annexin V assay revealed that the application of different concentrations of SCM did not result in any cell death. The Alcian blue and gene expression analyses showed that the cells in the SCM group underwent the highest cartilage cell formation. The observed increase in chondrogenesis may offer better treatment options for the cartilage defects seen in nasal septum perforation.
      PubDate: 2019-02-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-019-02964-9
       
  • Biological Modification of Montan Resin from Lignite by Bacillus
           benzoevorans
    • Authors: Huanhong Wang; Yi Qin; Baocai Li; Cheng Xiang; Weifeng Dai; Shiyun Jiao; Mi Zhang
      Abstract: The montan resin (MR) is a solid waste produced during the industrial process of refined montan wax from lignite, and usually disposed by landfill and incineration, which easily cause environmental pollution and resource waste. Based its physicochemical properties, our study attempted to modify MR by Bacillus benzoevorans to achieve ecological utilization of MR. As results, the weight loss rate of MR, expressed as modification degree, was found to increase with the increase of B. benzoevorans-incubated time. The apparent oil–water partition coefficient (Kow), used to evaluate the improvement on hydrophilicity of MR, significantly increased (P < 0.01) after modification. IR analysis showed the functional groups of –OH and C=O in modified MR were more than those in MR. Meanwhile, comparison of the chemical changes between MR and modified MR by relatively quantitative analysis of gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC-MS) revealed that the content of some chemical components in the latter decreased, and the newly appeared chemical components all had more oxygen-containing functional groups. The bioactivity of the modified MR in agricultural application was evaluated regarding germination and seedling growth of maize seed preliminarly. Compared with the original MR-treated group, the modified MR showed an obvious effect on promoting the growth and germination of maize.
      PubDate: 2019-02-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-019-02962-x
       
  • Preparation of an Electrically Conductive Graphene Oxide/Chitosan Scaffold
           for Cardiac Tissue Engineering
    • Authors: Lili Jiang; Daoyu Chen; Zhen Wang; Zhongmin Zhang; Yangliu Xia; Hongyu Xue; Yong Liu
      Abstract: Cardiac tissue engineering is of great importance for therapeutic and pharmaceutical applications. The scaffolds that can provide electrical conductivity and structural organization will be highly beneficial for cardiac tissue engineering. Here, we developed conductive scaffolds with electrical conductivity and porous structure composed of chitosan (CS) blending with graphene oxide (GO) for cardiac tissue engineering. Our results showed that the swelling, porosity, and conductive properties of GO/CS scaffolds could be modulated via adjusting the ratio of GO to CS. More importantly, GO/CS scaffolds had a swelling ratio ranging from 23.20 to 27.38 (1000%) and their conductivity (0.134 S/m) fell in the range of reported conductivities for native cardiac tissue. Furthermore, we assessed their biological activity by seeding heart H9C2 cells in GO/CS scaffolds. Our data showed that these GO/CS scaffolds exhibited good cell viability, promotion of cell attachment and intercellular network formation, and upregulation of the cardiac-specific gene and protein expression involved in muscle conduction of electrical signals (Connexin-43). Overall, it is concluded that the GO/CS scaffolds promote the properties of cardiac tissue constructs. Our findings provide a new strategy and insight in developing new scaffolds for cardiac tissue engineering.
      PubDate: 2019-02-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-019-02967-6
       
  • Mixture of Macromolecular Crowding Agents Has a Non-additive Effect on the
           Stability of Proteins
    • Authors: Sumra Shahid; Faizan Ahmad; Md. Imtaiyaz Hassan; Asimul Islam
      Abstract: The folding and unfolding of proteins inside a cell take place in the presence of macromolecules of various shapes and sizes. Such crowded conditions can significantly affect folding, stability, and biophysical properties of proteins. Thus, to logically mimic the intracellular environment, the thermodynamic stability of two different proteins (lysozyme and α-lactalbumin) was investigated in the presence of mixtures of three crowding agents (ficoll 70, dextran 70, and dextran 40) at different pH values. These crowders possess different shapes and sizes. It was observed that the stabilizing effect of mixtures of crowders is more than the sum effects of the individual crowder, i.e., the stabilizing effect is non-additive in nature. Moreover, dextran 40 (in the mixture) has been found to exhibit the greatest stabilization when compared with other crowders in the mixture. In other words, the small size of the crowder has been observed to be a dominant factor in stabilization of the proteins. Graphical
      PubDate: 2019-02-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-019-02972-9
       
  • Enzyme-Catalyzed Production of FAME by Hydroesterification of Soybean Oil
           Using the Novel Soluble Lipase NS 40116
    • Authors: Daniela V. Rosset; João H. C. Wancura; Gustavo A. Ugalde; J. Vladimir Oliveira; Marcus V. Tres; Raquel C. Kuhn; Sérgio L. Jahn
      Abstract: The performance of lipase NS 40116, a novel and promising soluble enzyme obtained from modified Thermomyces lanuginosus microorganism, was investigated in the production of biodiesel (fatty acid methyl esters—FAME) by hydroesterification. In order to investigate the potential of the biocatalyst in its soluble form, this work reports the effect of water content and enzyme load, as well as the recovery and reuse of the biocatalyst. A FAME yield of 94.30% after 12 h was achieved at 35 °C by combining 0.50 wt% of lipase, 15 wt% of water, and a methanol:oil molar ratio of 4.5:1. The analysis of the time course reaction suggests that the triacylglycerides (TAGs) are hydrolyzed by the enzyme in a first step, generating free fatty acids (FFAs), followed by the esterification of these FFAs into FAME. In relation to the reusability assays, the lipase kept approximately 90% of its catalytic activity after five cycles of reuse. In this context, the findings of this study demonstrate that lipase NS 40116 can efficiently catalyze hydroesterification reactions under mild conditions, arising as a competitive alternative for biodiesel synthesis.
      PubDate: 2019-02-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-019-02966-7
       
  • A Membrane-Bound Gluconate Dehydrogenase from 2-Keto- d -Gluconic Acid
           Industrial Producing Strain Pseudomonas plecoglossicida JUIM01:
           Purification, Characterization, and Gene Identification
    • Authors: Da-Ming Wang; Lei Sun; Wen-Jing Sun; Feng-Jie Cui; Jin-Song Gong; Xiao-Mei Zhang; Jin-Song Shi; Zheng-Hong Xu
      Abstract: The membrane-bound gluconate dehydrogenase (mGADH) is a critical enzyme for 2-keto-d-gluconic acid (2KGA) production in Pseudomonas plecoglossicida JUIM01. The purified native flavin adenine dinucleotide-dependent mGADH (FAD-mGADH) was consisted of a gamma subunit, a flavoprotein subunit, and a cytochrome c subunit with molecular mass of ~ 27, 65, and 47 kDa, respectively. The specific activity of FAD-mGADH was determined as 90.71 U/mg at optimum pH and temperature of 6.0 and 35 °C. The Km and Vmax values of calcium d-gluconate were 0.631 mM and 0.734 mM/min. The metal ions Mg2+ and Mn2+ showed slight positive effects on FAD-mGADH activity. On the other hand, a 3868-bp-length gad gene cluster was amplified and expressed in Escherichia coli BL21(DE3). The recombinant protein showed the same molecular weight and enzyme activity as the native FAD-mGADH, which confirmed it as a FAD-mGADH encoding gene. The flavoprotein subunit and the cytochrome c subunit containing a putative FAD-binding motif and three possible heme-binding motifs concluded from alignment results of mGADHs. This study characterized the native and recombinant FAD-mGADH and would provide the basis for further genetic modification of Pseudomonas plecoglossicida JUIM01 with the intention of 2KGA productivity improvement.
      PubDate: 2019-02-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-019-02951-0
       
  • Magneto-Priming Improved Nutraceutical Potential and Antimicrobial
           Activity of Momordica charantia L. Without Affecting Nutritive Value
    • Authors: Shazia Anwer Bukhari; Nabila Farah; Ghulam Mustafa; Saqib Mahmood; Syed Ali Raza Naqvi
      Abstract: The need for some economic strategies for increased growth and nutraceuticals of medicinal plants is well acknowledged now. It was hypothesized that external magnetic field treatment (MFT) of seeds affecting internal magnet of cells may affect growth and metabolism. In this study, seeds were subjected to pre-sowing magnetic field (50 mT at 5 mm for 5 s). At vegetative stage, the leaf growth, chlorophyll content, catalase (CAT), peroxidase (POD), amino acids, proteins, flavonoids, soluble sugars, total soluble phenolics, carotenoids, anthocyanins, phenolic profile (HPLC based), and antimicrobial activity of leaves (in terms of the minimum inhibitory concentration against Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa) were studied. Yield was evaluated for nutritive components in fruit (peel+pulp) and peel. MFT improved germination percentage, growth, leaf chlorophyll, antimicrobial activity, peel amino acids, phenolics, and POD with negligible effect on fruit nutritive value. Moreover, photosynthetic pigments and cinnamic acid exhibited direct correlation with antimicrobial potential against both pathogens. However, sinapic acid showed positive correlation against Staphylococcus aureus only. Cinnamic acid, coumaric acid, syringic acid, and quercetin were in direct correlation against Pseudomonas aeruginosa; it was directly correlated with total flavonoids too. In conclusion, magnetic field can be used to manipulate plant cell metabolism promising improvement of growth, antimicrobial activity, and phenolics of interest.
      PubDate: 2019-02-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-019-02955-w
       
  • Determination of Fucose Concentration in a Lectin-Based Displacement
           Microfluidic Assay
    • Authors: Per G. Erlandsson; Eva Åström; Peter Påhlsson; Nathaniel D. Robinson
      Abstract: We compare three different methods to quantify the monosaccharide fucose in solutions using the displacement of a large glycoprotein, lactoferrin. Two microfluidic analysis methods, namely fluorescence detection of (labeled) lactoferrin as it is displaced by unlabeled fucose and the displacement of (unlabeled) lactoferrin in SPR, provide fast responses and continuous data during the experiment, theoretically providing significant information regarding the interaction kinetics between the saccharide groups and binding sites. For comparison, we also performed a static displacement ELISA. The stationary binding site in all cases was immobilized S2-AAL, a monovalent polypeptide based on Aleuria aurantia lectin. Although all three assays showed a similar dynamic range, the microfluidic assays with fluorescent or SPR detection show an advantage in short analysis times. Furthermore, the microfluidic displacement assays provide a possibility to develop a one-step analytical platform.
      PubDate: 2019-02-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-018-02944-5
       
  • The Profile of Plasma Free Amino Acids in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus with
           Insulin Resistance: Association with Microalbuminuria and Macroalbuminuria
           
    • Authors: Tahia Saleem; Marwa Dahpy; Ghada Ezzat; Ghada Abdelrahman; Essam Abdel-Aziz; Rania Farghaly
      Abstract: Altered plasma levels of branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) and aromatic amino acids (AAAs) may predict the development of insulin resistance and other type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) associated comorbidities. To elucidate the role of plasma free amino acids (PFAAs) profile as a biomarker for early detection of diabetic kidney disease, quantitative measurement of PFAAs profile was determined for 90 T2DM subjects, 30 were free of nephropathy, 30 with microalbuminuria, 30 with macroalbuminuria, and in addition to 30 healthy controls. The plasma levels of valine, leucine, isoleucine, phenylalanine, citrulline, and total BCAAs were significantly increased in diabetic normoalbuminuria group when compared to controls. However, the total BCAAs level was significantly decreased in diabetic patients with micro and macroalbuminuria. Other amino acid plasma levels as tyrosine, arginine, ornithine, glycine, and the total AAAs level were significantly decreased in all diabetic subgroups compared to controls. Significant positive correlations between total BCAAs, valine, leucine, isoleucine, serum insulin, glucose, and HOMA-IR values in the diabetic normoalbuminuria group were found. The use of altered PFAAs profile as a prognostic factor in T2DM patients at risk for microalbuminuria or macroalbuminuria might reduce or prevent the incidence of end-stage diabetic renal disease.
      PubDate: 2019-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12010-019-02956-9
       
 
 
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