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Showing 1 - 200 of 2352 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal  
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Cancer Research     Open Access  
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 130)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  

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Journal Cover Apidologie
  [SJR: 1.14]   [H-I: 57]   [4 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0044-8435 - ISSN (Online) 1297-9678
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2352 journals]
  • RNA-Seq reveals that mitochondrial genes and long non-coding RNAs may play
           important roles in the bivoltine generations of the non-social Neotropical
           bee Tetrapedia diversipes
    • Authors: Natalia S. Araujo; Priscila Karla F. Santos; Maria Cristina Arias
      Pages: 3 - 12
      Abstract: In animals, voltinism is a result of evolutionary adaptations to environmental conditions. These evolutionary adaptations may profoundly affect the population structure and social organization level. To study the bivoltinism of the solitary bee Tetrapedia diversipes, we performed comparative transcriptomics analyses of foundresses and larvae from the two reproductive generations (G1 and G2) produced per year by this bee. Most of the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were found between foundresses: 52 DEGs between adults, but only one between the larvae. Among the DEGs in foundresses, 46 were higher expressed in G1 and most of them (38) have no functional annotation defined in the database. Interestingly, mitochondrial genes and long non-coding RNAs were the only type of identified transcripts in the set of upregulated genes. These results highlight the importance of developing studies on non-model species and suggest that maternal genes may be of importance for determining larval diapause in T. diversipes.
      PubDate: 2018-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-017-0542-2
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 1 (2018)
  • Behavioral and genetic mechanisms of social evolution: insights from
           incipiently and facultatively social bees
    • Authors: Wyatt A. Shell; Sandra M. Rehan
      Pages: 13 - 30
      Abstract: Facultatively social species exhibit behavioral plasticity in response to changes in ecological conditions and social environment, and thus provide a natural experiment to compare solitary and social behaviors in a single genome. Such species can therefore provide empirical insights into the evolution of eusociality. The small carpenter bees (genus Ceratina) and sweat bees (Halictidae) are of special interest because they exhibit rich behavioral plasticity. Species range from solitary to eusocial, and both groups benefit from detailed behavioral research and well-established phylogenies. As such, small carpenter and sweat bees are poised to further comparative sociogenomic studies which emphasize the necessity of a molecular phylogeny for understanding the evolution of molecular architecture underlying social phenotypes and organizational complexity. Here, we review behavioral, transcriptomic and genomic data in bees across the social spectrum, highlighting the importance of simple societies and facultatively social taxa to examine the genetic basis of cooperative traits and social evolution.
      PubDate: 2018-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-017-0527-1
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 1 (2018)
  • Erratum to: Behavioral and genetic mechanisms of social evolution:
           insights from incipiently and facultatively social bees
    • Authors: Wyatt A. Shell; Sandra M. Rehan
      Pages: 31 - 31
      Abstract: The above mentioned article, written by Wyatt A. Shell and Sandra M. Rehan, was originally published electronically on the publisher’s internet portal (currently SpringerLink) on 24 July 2017 without open access.
      PubDate: 2018-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-017-0544-0
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 1 (2018)
  • The ontogenetic saga of a social brain
    • Authors: Angel Roberto Barchuk; Gabriele David dos Santos; Ricardo Dias Caneschi; Delcio Eustaquio de Paula Junior; Lívia Maria Rosatto Moda
      Pages: 32 - 48
      Abstract: Queen and worker honeybees differ in a number of life-history traits, including the size of certain brain regions, such as the mushroom bodies (MBs), which are larger in workers. However, during the larval period, the differential feeding offered to queens promotes faster brain development. As a result, members of this caste have larger brains than workers. This developmental process is accompanied by the higher expression of several neurogenic genes. Nonetheless, a caste-specific shift in relative brain growth occurs during the next developmental stage. The suggested molecular underpinnings of this phenomenon are variations in hormonal environments, which may mediate higher cell death rates in the queen’s brain than in the workers’. The brain development of this highly eusocial bee is thus a paradoxical case that may represent an evolutionary by-product of the reproductive division of labour in species with female size diphenism.
      PubDate: 2018-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-017-0540-4
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 1 (2018)
  • The ovary and its genes—developmental processes underlying the
           establishment and function of a highly divergent reproductive system in
           the female castes of the honey bee, Apis mellifera
    • Authors: Klaus Hartfelder; Gustavo Jacomini Tiberio; Denyse Cavalcante Lago; Rodrigo Pires Dallacqua; Marcia Maria Gentile Bitondi
      Pages: 49 - 70
      Abstract: The strong dimorphism in ovary phenotype seen between honey bee queens and workers represents the anatomical fixation of reproductive division of labor. We review the developmental processes by which the divergent ovary phenotypes become established, mainly focusing on the massive programmed cell death (PCD) that destroys most of the ovariole primordia in the worker ovary during larval development. Ovary-specific transcriptome analyses revealed a set of differentially expressed genes associated with PCD, including two long noncoding RNAs. PCD also plays a major role regulating ovarian activity in adult honey bee workers, and a major effect candidate gene mediating this process is Anarchy, previously identified through classical genetics in a rebel worker strain. Finally, we ask how the strong ovary phenotype dimorphism in the genus Apis may have evolved, and we discuss this by contrasting honey bees with the equally eusocial stingless bees. Through a comparison of their mating systems (polyandry versus monandry), as well as comparative data on female and male gonad structure across several families of bees, we propose the hypothesis that the exceptional gonad structure in Apis queens and drones evolved via shared developmental pathways. Furthermore, we suggest that selection on massive sperm production in Apis drones may have been a driving force leading to this exaggerated gonad morphology.
      PubDate: 2018-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-017-0548-9
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 1 (2018)
  • Scientific note: molecular detection of pathogens in unhealthy colonies of
           Apis mellifera jemenitica
    • Authors: Nizar Haddad; Moath Al-Gharaibeh; Abdullah Nasher; Eman Anaswah; Yaseen Alammari; Lisa Horth
      Pages: 84 - 88
      PubDate: 2018-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-017-0530-6
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 1 (2018)
  • A molecular epidemiological study of black queen cell virus in honeybees (
           Apis mellifera ) of Turkey: the first genetic characterization and
           phylogenetic analysis of field viruses
    • Authors: Dilek MUZ; Mustafa Necati MUZ
      Pages: 89 - 100
      Abstract: Black queen cell virus (BQCV) is one of the most common honeybee pathogens causing queen brood deaths. The 63 apiaries were sampled between 2007 and 2013 from four different ecogeographic regions in Turkey to estimate BQCV molecular structural characteristics. The BQCV positivity was 47.6%. The 25 local Black queen cell viruses (TrBQCVs) were molecularly characterized and investigated for their genetic relationship with previous records. The identity of the helicase gene among the TrBQCVs was 92–98%, whereas the similarity ranged from 37 to 85% in comparison with the intercontinental records. The identity of the partial capsid gene among the TrBQCVs was 91–100%, and the similarity rate varied from 86 to 97, 88–96, 90–97 and 89–99% in comparison with the Asian, African, American and European counterparts, respectively. The four nonsynonymous substitutions on the partial capsid protein suggest a predicted genotype that is specific among TrBQCVs.
      PubDate: 2018-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-017-0531-5
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 1 (2018)
  • Contribution of honeybees to soybean yield
    • Authors: Diego Cesar Blettler; Guillermina Andrea FAGÚNDEZ; Octavio Pedro CAVIGLIA
      Pages: 101 - 111
      Abstract: Despite the economic importance of soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.], knowledge on the contribution of entomological pollination on seed yield is scarce. This study estimates the production of soybean resulting from pollination by honeybees (Apis mellifera L.) in two consecutive growing seasons in Paraná (Argentina). Experiments had two treatments: excluded flower-visiting insects (EV) and non-excluded flower-visiting insects (NEV). The abundance of honeybees was similar in both years, although soybean production differed significantly (P < 0.05) between years. The NEV treatment out-yielded (P < 0.001) the EV treatment by 18% (5224 vs. 4415 kg ha−1) in year 1, which was associated with an increase in the seeds per unit area but not with individual seed weight. In contrast, seed yield (on average 3830 kg ha−1) and seeds per unit area did not differ between treatments in year 2. Individual seed weight was 3–5% (P < 0.05) higher in EV than in NEV in both years. The mechanisms involved in the seed yield increase could be related with pollen sterility in relegated flowers in secondary racemes or in distal locations of primary racemes under favorable conditions, as recorded in year 1. Thus, the action of honeybees carrying pollen from fertile flowers to relegated flowers may have increased the pod and seed set in treatment NEV in year 1.
      PubDate: 2018-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-017-0532-4
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 1 (2018)
  • From field to food—will pesticide-contaminated pollen diet lead to a
           contamination of royal jelly'
    • Authors: Franziska Böhme; Gabriela Bischoff; Claus P. W. Zebitz; Peter Rosenkranz; Klaus Wallner
      Pages: 112 - 119
      Abstract: The contamination of bee products, e.g., bee bread, by pesticides is an increasing problem of beekeeping in rural areas. Bee bread is used by nurse bees to produce larval food. However, the fate of pesticides originating from the pollen during this process is unknown. Over the entire period of queen rearing, adult honeybees in queenless mini-hives were fed with a pollen-honey diet containing a cocktail of 13 commonly used pesticides in high concentrations (34–920 μg/kg). Royal jelly (RJ) harvested from queen cells was subjected to a multi-residue analysis. Seven substances were rediscovered in traces (76.5% of all detections are below 1 μg/kg) with at most 0.016% of the original pesticide concentrations of the fed diet. Considering this extraordinary low contamination of RJ, it seems unlikely that pesticides, if used according to the approved application instructions, would impair the development and health of honeybee queens. Possible reasons for the low residue levels in RJ are discussed.
      PubDate: 2018-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-017-0533-3
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 1 (2018)
  • Patrolling and scent-marking behavior in Japanese bumblebee Bombus ardens
           ardens males: alternative mating tactic'
    • Authors: Ken-ichi Harano; Ryohei Kubo; Masato Ono
      Pages: 120 - 130
      Abstract: Previous reports note that males of the Japanese bumblebee Bombus ardens ardens perform nest surveillance to mate with new queens. Here, we report that males of this species also perform patrolling and scent-marking for mating. We observed that many B. ardens ardens males fly together from May to June in circular paths through a wooded area in Tokyo, Japan. The flight activity is bimodal with peaks in the morning and late afternoon. When tethered new queens were presented at a focal point, males approached, touched, or grabbed them but ignored them at a foraging site. Males performed scent-marking on tree leaves only in the early morning (05:30 to 07:30), and compounds from the labial gland of B. ardens ardens males were detected on a scent-marked leaf. Based on these findings and previous reports, we conclude that males of this species have at least two mating tactics or strategies: nest surveillance and patrolling.
      PubDate: 2018-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-017-0534-2
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 1 (2018)
  • Nosema ceranae disease of the honey bee ( Apis mellifera )
    • Authors: Mike Goblirsch
      Pages: 131 - 150
      Abstract: The presence of honey bees in our landscapes has long invoked images of vitality, diligence, and cooperation. Unfortunately, the current state of bee health paints a rather different picture. The survival of honey bees, as well as the livelihoods of those who benefit from their labor, is under threat from several detractors to bee health. Exposure to pesticides, poor forage, mite parasites, and pathogens has resulted in high annual death of colonies in the USA, Europe, and other parts of the world. Among the suspects thought to contribute to bee decline, the fungal pathogen, Nosema ceranae, is found at high prevalence in both healthy and declining colonies. Since N. ceranae is thought to be a recent parasite of Apis mellifera, much remains unknown about its pathology at the individual and colony levels, as well as how infection may interact and synergize with other stressors. A review of research conducted on N. ceranae infection is provided. Attention is given to observations on detection of infection, cytopathology, viability and infectivity of spores, and caste-specific effects to survival, development, physiology, and behavior. Research findings showing effects from interactions with pesticides and viruses are also provided. Comparisons are drawn between N. ceranae and what is known about a similar, long-recognized pathogen of A. mellifera, Nosema apis. When possible, suggestions for future research that could broaden understanding of N. ceranae and ultimately improve honey bee health are offered to link observations on individual bee pathology with pathology observed at the colony level.
      PubDate: 2018-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-017-0535-1
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 1 (2018)
  • Varroa- specific hygienic behavior of Apis mellifera scutellata in Kenya
    • Authors: Sammy Kiprotich Cheruiyot; H. Michael G. Lattorff; Ruth Kahuthia-Gathu; Jenard Patrick Mbugi; Elliud Muli
      Abstract: Varroa-specific hygienic behavior is a hereditary trait of honey bee (Apis mellifera), which supports resistance to Varroa destructor. This study investigated the response of Apis mellifera scutellata to Varroa-infested worker brood cells in Kenya, East Africa. Uncapping, removal of the brood, and disappearance of the introduced mite were recorded in a total of 690 cells into which live mites were introduced. We recorded a high proportion of untouched cells in controls (median, 80%) compared to manipulated cells in which mites had been introduced (median, 12.5%) with a significant difference (GLMM, p < 0.001). Mites were removed and cells were recapped in about 26% of the artificially infested brood cells. When ten, eight, and five mites were singly introduced in closely neighboring brood cells, hygienic bees were more responsive in the high mite density regime of eight and ten mites, an indication of a possibility that chemicals play a role in identification of Varroa-infested brood cells.
      PubDate: 2018-03-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-018-0570-6
  • Scientific note on interrupted sexual behavior to virgin queens and
           expression of male courtship-related gene fruitless in a gynandromorph of
           bumblebee, Bombus ignitus
    • Authors: Koshiro Matsuo; Ryohei Kubo; Tetsuhiko Sasaki; Masato Ono; Atsushi Ugajin
      Abstract: Gynandromorphy, which is characterized by the coexistence of male and female tissues in a single individual, is known in insects. Gynandromorphs exhibit diverse levels of defects in sexual behavior. The distribution pattern of both sexes within the nervous systems could be responsible for these differences in behavioral traits; however, most studies have mainly focused on the unique external morphological traits of gynandromorphs, and little attention has been paid to the evaluation of nervous systems, at least in Hymenoptera. In this study, we evaluated a gynandromorphic individual of bumblebee (Bombus ignitus) with a bilaterally dimorphic head and thorax (left side, male; right side, female) and a uniformly masculine gaster. The gynandromorph exhibited abnormal sexual behavior; it normally approached and touched virgin queens but rarely made subsequent copulation attempt. Dissection of the gaster indicated that it possessed a set of male reproductive organs. We analyzed the encephalic and antennal expression patterns of the fruitless (fru) gene, which shows sex-specific alternative splicing conserved in various insect orders and has been thought to act as the master regulator of sexual behavior in male nervous systems. The gynandromorph showed left-side-biased expression of male-type fru transcripts. We discuss a possible mechanism for the observed unusual interruption of sexual behavior of the gynandromorph by reference to the fru expression pattern and our recent findings on the sexually dimorphic response to female-derived pheromones.
      PubDate: 2018-03-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-018-0568-0
  • Temporal changes in genetic variability in three bumblebee species from
           Rio Grande do Sul, South Brazil
    • Authors: Kevin Maebe; Laura Golsteyn; Patrícia Nunes-Silva; Betina Blochtein; Guy Smagghe
      Abstract: In order to protect biodiversity, conservation genetics are of great importance. Until now, a few population genetic studies of Neotropical bumblebees are available but studies of temporal stability in genetic diversity are lacking. Here, genetic variability of three South Brazilian species Bombus bellicosus, B. pauloensis, and B. morio was investigated over time. Hereto, museum collection specimens of 1946 until 2012, from eight locations in Rio Grande do Sul, were genotyped at 16 microsatellite loci. During an additional sampling in the foraging season of 2015, no bumblebees could be collected possibly due to the super El Niño of 2015–2016. Our results on the collection specimens demonstrated a significantly higher genetic diversity in B. morio than in B. pauloensis. Genetic variability in B. pauloensis gradually and significantly decreased over time from 1946 until 2012; while in B. morio, genetic variability remained stable until the last time period (2010–2012). For B. bellicosus, not enough data was available. Although the studied populations became more vulnerable over time, for the conservation of Neotropical bumblebees, still more information is needed and could include more frequent monitoring of bumblebees. Adding B. bellicosus to the Brazilian list of threatened species is suggested.
      PubDate: 2018-03-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-018-0567-1
  • Evaluating the persistence of fluorescent and protein powders on adult
           blue orchard bees, Osmia lignaria (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae), for
           mark-capture studies
    • Authors: Natalie K. Boyle; Scott A. Machtley; James R. Hagler; Theresa L. Pitts-Singer
      Abstract: The managed, solitary bee, Osmia lignaria Say, is an efficient pollinator of orchard crops. One limitation to their commercial success is high dispersal of populations away from orchards, resulting in low establishment in provided nest cavities even when optimal pollination is achieved. While exact causes for dispersal are unknown, many existing theories remain untested due to complications with evaluating O. lignaria establishment in field settings. We describe relatively simple and reliable methods for passively marking O. lignaria with egg albumin and casein powdered proteins combined with orange fluorescent powder as they emerge from cocoons. Marked adults were examined microscopically at 0, 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, and 18 days after emergence for the fluorescent powder followed by an anti-albumin and anti-casein enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay to detect the protein powders. The orange powder and egg albumin were highly persistent on adults throughout the 18-day study, suggesting the utility of these markers for studying dispersal and retention of O. lignaria in the field.
      PubDate: 2018-02-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-018-0564-4
  • Predictive modelling of honey bee foraging activity using local weather
    • Authors: Dominic Clarke; Daniel Robert
      Abstract: We investigated the connection between foraging activity of honey bees (Apis mellifera) and local weather conditions. We measured bee egress rate along with temperature, solar radiation, atmospheric pressure, humidity, rainfall, wind direction and speed. Data was collected from two hives, over the periods June–September 2013 (hive 1) and July–September 2014 (hive 2). We fitted an ordinary-least-squares generalised linear model to the data, using weather to predict bee egress rate. We found that 78% of the observed variation in bee activity was explained by variation in temperature and solar radiation. We discuss the potential application of this approach for continuous, remote monitoring of honey bee colonies with possible implications for early detection and prevention of hive abandonment disorders.
      PubDate: 2018-02-22
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-018-0565-3
  • Morphological and functional characterization of honey bee, Apis mellifera
           , hemocyte cell communities
    • Authors: Rodney T. Richardson; Megan N. Ballinger; Feng Qian; John W. Christman; Reed M. Johnson
      Abstract: Among invertebrates, cellular innate immunity is critical for wound healing and defense against parasites and pathogens. While the study of cellular immunity has received much attention in model insects, the study of hemocytes, including immune cells, in honey bees has received little attention. Much of our understanding of honey bee hemocytes is derived from a limited set of methodologies, predominately utilizing bright-field microscopy, which makes broad conclusions about honey bee cellular immunity difficult to infer. We build upon existing methodologies using differential cell staining, in vitro phagocytosis assays, and an analysis of respiratory burst activity as measured through reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. Further, we characterize the morphological diversity and functional capacity of honey bee hemocytes in both adult workers and young queen bees as well as the ontogeny of the hemocyte population across larval and adult stages of the worker caste. Our findings suggest that granulocytes are the major phagocytic cells in honey bees and that circulating larval granulocytes undergo mitotic cell division. Additionally, we demonstrate that ROS production in larval hemocytes can be stimulated with the protein kinase C activator, phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate. This indicates the presence of a functional protein kinase C-dependent phagocyte oxidase system, though further experimentation is needed to confirm phagocyte oxidase as the source of ROS. Overall, this work expands our knowledge of honey bee hemocytes and provides additional methodological tools for studying immune mechanisms in insects.
      PubDate: 2018-02-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-018-0566-2
  • Wax gland size according to worker age in Friesella schrottkyi
    • Authors: Cíntia Eleonora Lopes Justino; Fernando Barbosa Noll; Sidnei Mateus; Johan Billen
      Abstract: Wax production is one of the stingless bee activities that is related with nest building. We studied wax gland size in workers of the stingless bee Friesella schrottkyi at nine different ages: 0, 4, 5, 8, 10, 13, 14, 15, and 20 days. In the large majority of workers, we observed a conspicuous epithelium in abdominal tergites III, IV, and V. Our results clearly show a link between worker age and wax production in F. schrottkyi. The epithelial thickness reaches its maximum after 13 days, followed by a drastic decline in workers of 15 days old. We observed an unexpected pattern in a minority of workers, however, which showed a decline in epithelial thickness right after emergence. Even though temporal polyethism is well known in Meliponini, some individuals may not perform all the activities inside the colony; therefore, the workers with the unexpected pattern may correspond to those individuals.
      PubDate: 2018-01-31
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-018-0561-7
  • Molecular signatures of phenotypic and behavioral plasticity in bees
    • Authors: Klaus Hartfelder
      PubDate: 2018-01-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-017-0560-0
  • Circadian clock genes are differentially modulated during the daily cycles
           and chronological age in the social honeybee ( Apis mellifera )
    • Authors: Fabiano C. P. Abreu; Flávia C. P. Freitas; Zilá L. P. Simões
      Abstract: The circadian clock is an advantageous adaptive system that enables organisms to predict and anticipate the daily environmental changes. The circadian rhythms are generated molecularly through the expression of clock genes, based on autoregulatory feedback loops. Honeybees are an excellent model to investigate how the circadian rhythms are modulated accordingly to the social context, behavioral plasticity, and task-related activities. Here, we show how the clock genes behave during the daily cycles in adult worker heads of Apis mellifera. Our results point to the clock genes period and cryptochrome as essential regulators of the circadian rhythms associated to the behavioral maturation in this social insect. We also identified putative miRNA-target and protein-protein interactions involving honeybee clock genes, indicating regulatory networks behind the adjustment of the molecular clock.
      PubDate: 2018-01-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-017-0558-7
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