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Publisher: Springer-Verlag   (Total: 2335 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2335 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal  
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Astronomy and Astrophysics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 4.511, h-index: 44)
Astronomy Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.58, h-index: 30)
Astronomy Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.473, h-index: 23)
Astrophysical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.469, h-index: 11)
Astrophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.243, h-index: 11)

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Journal Cover Apidologie
  [SJR: 1.14]   [H-I: 57]   [4 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0044-8435 - ISSN (Online) 1297-9678
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2335 journals]
  • Bigger and sweeter passion fruits: effect of pollinator enhancement on
           fruit production and quality
    • Authors: Camila N. JUNQUEIRA; Solange C. AUGUSTO
      Pages: 131 - 140
      Abstract: Brazil stands out as the world’s largest producer of yellow passion fruit, a species of economic interest which, due to its self-incompatibility, depends on pollinators for fruit formation. The main pollinators of passion fruit are large solitary bees of the genus Xylocopa, commonly known as carpenter bees, which are potential candidates for management. Passion fruit crops exhibit a low density of pollinators and, consequently, a reduction in production. To improve management techniques of X. frontalis and X. grisescens, the general aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of pollinator enhancement on pollination services in passion fruit crop areas. Our results demonstrated that pollinator enhancement was an efficient way to minimize pollination deficit in passion fruit crops, as it promoted the production of a bigger and sweeter fruits. Data obtained in our study are essential to consolidate management techniques for carpenter bees in passion fruit crops.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-016-0458-2
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 2 (2017)
  • A scientific note on Nosema bombi infection intensity among different
           castes within a Bombus auricomus nest
    • Authors: Chia-Ching Chu; Sydney A. Cameron
      Pages: 141 - 143
      Abstract: ᅟ ᅟ
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-016-0457-3
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 2 (2017)
  • Honeybee worker larvae perceive queen pheromones in their food
    • Authors: Michal Woyciechowski; Karolina Kuszewska; Jędrzej Pitorak; Justyna Kierat
      Pages: 144 - 149
      Abstract: Honeybee workers develop from fertilised eggs, but those reared in a queenless colony develop into ‘rebel’ workers, which are more queen-like than typical workers. Rebels develop after an old queen leaves with a swarm and before a new queen hatches. We hypothesised that larval food lacking queen mandibular pheromones trigger the rebel phenotype. Larvae reared under queenright or queenless conditions were additionally fed with water or a drop of macerated queen mandibular glands. After following development of the bees and subjecting them to dissection, we found that those reared with a queen or fed the macerated glands under queenless conditions developed into typical workers. Only those workers reared without a queen and without macerated glands added to their food developed into rebels; these rebels had more ovarioles, smaller hypopharyngeal glands, and larger mandibular and Dufour’s glands than did typical workers. This is the first evidence that larval perception of the presence or absence of queen pheromones causes an alternative development strategy.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-016-0459-1
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 2 (2017)
  • Differential susceptibility to the tracheal mite Acarapis woodi between
           Apis cerana and Apis mellifera
    • Authors: Yoshiko Sakamoto; Taro Maeda; Mikio Yoshiyama; Jeffery S. Pettis
      Pages: 150 - 158
      Abstract: In Japanese honey bees Apis cerana japonica, infestations of the tracheal mite Acarapis woodi have spread rapidly over the mainland of Japan, causing damage and the collapse of colonies. Meanwhile, infestations by mites in Apis mellifera have hardly been observed in Japan. In this study, we assessed and compared the susceptibility of the two species, A. cerana and A. mellifera, using an inoculation assay. We found that migrating female mites entered the tracheae of more newly emerged bees in both species but more frequently in A. cerana than in A. mellifera. Hence, the higher susceptibility in A. cerana is proposed as a factor causing the explosive epidemic of tracheal mites in only A. cerana in Japan. Moreover, we compared grooming behaviors between the two bee species using an observation assay as a preliminary experiment, although the bees were not exposed to the presence of tracheal mites. From these observations, the frequency of autogrooming (self-grooming) on the thorax in A. cerana was lower than that in A. mellifera. The difference in susceptibility to the mite between these two species may be due to the difference in grooming behavior frequency.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-016-0460-8
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 2 (2017)
  • Water activity of the bee fungal pathogen Ascosphaera apis in relation to
           colony conditions
    • Authors: Jay A. Yoder; Blake W. Nelson; Leighanne R. Main; Andre L. Lorenz; Andrew J. Jajack; Katherine A. Aronstein
      Pages: 159 - 167
      Abstract: We report factors that are limiting for Ascosphaera apis growth: water activity (aw) and temperature. Features of A. apis were a high water activity, 0.85–0.90 aw at 25/30 °C and 0.90–0.95 aw at 35 °C. A minimum water activity of 0.95 aw was required to produce spores. None of these characteristics changed from cycling or descending/ascending between low and high water activity media. Growth rates varied between isolates. This new study provides the biological data for monitoring and early prediction of disease outbreaks. Beekeepers should note that A. apis has a high water activity for spore production. Healthy bees that keep the internal brood area hot and dry can critically limit incidence of infection and transmission via spores.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-016-0461-7
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 2 (2017)
  • Temporal niche overlap and distinct bee ability to collect floral
           resources on three species of Brazilian Malpighiaceae
    • Authors: Gudryan Jackson Barônio; Helena Maura Torezan-Silingardi
      Pages: 168 - 180
      Abstract: Spatial and temporal limited resource and niche overlap studies have been widely used to explain resource-sharing in community ecology. Furthermore, morphological and behavioral differences among species are relevant to predict how they may share niche availabilities. We evaluated temporal niche overlap and the ability of visitors to collect floral resources on three Malpighiaceae species in the Brazilian savannah. We hypothesized: (I) an overlap between the temporal niches due the similarities between their floral resources requirements and the temporal limitation of flowering; and (II) a differential ability of bee species in resource harvesting. The 31 floral visitor species exhibited a higher niche overlap than expected by chance, confirming our first hypothesis. Furthermore, according to our second hypothesis, we observed that floral visitors showed a different efficiency in resource collection, depending on bee size and behavior. We believe that this may be a proxy of pollination efficiency. Our discussion is based on the distinct specialization of oil-collecting abilities and the specific requirements of each bee tribe.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-016-0462-6
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 2 (2017)
  • Nesting biology and potential distribution of an oil-collecting Centridine
           Bee from South America
    • Authors: Danny Velez; Felipe Vivallo; Daniel Paiva Silva
      Pages: 181 - 193
      Abstract: Despite their relevance for the maintenance of terrestrial ecosystems, important aspects such as the biology and distribution range remain unknown for most species of bees that occur in the Neotropical region. This makes the monitoring of pollinators and the establishment of conservation policies difficult. In this paper, we provide information on the nesting biology and natural enemies of Centris merrillae. Additionally, we provide a potential distribution model based on previously unknown occurrence records that increase the distribution range of this species through northern South America and the Caribbean. The production of such biological and biogeographic information is important to support future field surveys.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-016-0463-5
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 2 (2017)
  • Introduction of Aethina tumida (Coleoptera: Nitidulidae) in the regions of
           Calabria and Sicily (southern Italy)
    • Authors: Anna Granato; Bianca Zecchin; Chiara Baratto; Véronique Duquesne; Enrico Negrisolo; Marie-Pierre Chauzat; Magali Ribière-Chabert; Giovanni Cattoli; Franco Mutinelli
      Pages: 194 - 203
      Abstract: Aethina tumida (small hive beetle, SHB) was first detected in September 2014 in Calabria region, southern Italy, and in a single apiary in Sicily in November 2014. In September 2015, SHB was again recorded in Calabria, and in 2016, only sentinel honey bee nucleus colonies were found to be infested. Its phylogenetic relationship and possible origin were investigated comparing the cox1 sequences with the corresponding region available in the GenBank database. The neighbour-joining method revealed that the first Italian specimen belonged to a group also containing an African specimen from Cameroon. The Italian specimens differ from the SHBs spread worldwide and are split into two different groups: group B1 includes the AfricCam3 sequence and the first SHB identified in Calabria; group B2 includes specimens from Calabria and the only one from Sicily which share identical cox1 sequences. SHB in Italy appears to have been introduced from Africa and includes independent or contemporary incursions in the two concerned regions. The most likely scenario is that SHB was introduced into Calabria followed by man-mediated migration to Sicily.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-016-0465-3
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 2 (2017)
  • Newly emerged workers of the stingless bee Scaptotrigona aff. depilis
           prefer stored pollen to fresh pollen
    • Authors: Ayrton Vollet-Neto; Camila Maia-Silva; Cristiano Menezes; Vera Lucia Imperatriz-Fonseca
      Pages: 204 - 210
      Abstract: Like in honey bees, the pollen collected and stored by stingless bees usually undergoes a fermentation process characterized by increase in moisture, lactic acid, and proliferation of microorganisms. We tested whether 2-day-old Scaptotrigona aff. depilis workers were more attracted to and consumed fermented pollen from old pollen pots (>7 days) or fresh pollen collected from the corbicula of foragers. In each bioassay, we offered both types of pollen to 40 inexperienced workers of one colony for 24 min, and repeated the procedure in ten different colonies. In all cases, there were more bees feeding on the fermented pollen, which was 2.2 times more consumed than the fresh pollen. Our results suggested that fermented pollen attracted more bees potentially due to innate preference of young bees, higher levels of attractant substances present in fermented pollen, or due to associative learning reminiscent from larvae feeding habits.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-016-0464-4
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 2 (2017)
  • Sperm parameters of honeybee drones exposed to imidacloprid
    • Authors: Andrzej Ciereszko; Jerzy Wilde; Grzegorz J. Dietrich; Maciej Siuda; Beata Bąk; Sylwia Judycka; Halina Karol
      Pages: 211 - 222
      Abstract: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of chronical exposure of honeybee drones to environmental (5 ppb) and non-environmental concentration (200 ppb) of imidacloprid (IMD) on sperm concentration, motility, viability, and mitochondrial membrane potential measured in semen obtained from 180 drones originating from 18 colonies. The results demonstrate that IMD exposure did not affect sperm concentration; however, there were significant differences in concentration within colonies. IMD exposure was associated with reductions in sperm motility, which also varied within colonies. Statistically significant interactions between IMD exposure and colony were found for active mitochondria and sperm viability. Our results strongly suggest that neonicotinoids can negatively affect honeybee drone sperm quality. It is important to emphasize that IMD actions can be strongly modulated according to the colony.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-016-0466-2
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 2 (2017)
  • Bumblebee sonication behavior changes with plant species and environmental
    • Authors: Callin M. Switzer; Stacey A. Combes
      Pages: 223 - 233
      Abstract: Bumblebees collect pollen from some plants by grasping flowers and vibrating their flight muscles—a behavior termed buzz pollination, or sonication. The extent to which bees can and do alter their sonication has been scarcely documented. We show that bumblebees are capable of changing their vibration frequency. In two field studies, we found that relative humidity, date, and bee size are associated with sonication frequency and/or duration. We found that the frequency and duration of sonications differed on different plants. In a greenhouse study, we found that individual bumblebees change their sonication frequency and duration when collecting pollen from flowers of three different Solanum plants. This suggests that bees may change their sonication behavior to optimize pollen release from different types of flowers.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-016-0467-1
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 2 (2017)
  • Worker size in honeybees and its relationship with season and foraging
    • Authors: Romain Sauthier; Robbie I’Anson Price; Christoph Grüter
      Pages: 234 - 246
      Abstract: Workers in many eusocial insect species show considerable size variation within a colony. Honeybees (Apis mellifera) vary little in size compared to other eusocial bee species, but there is evidence for a link between worker size and behaviour. In this study, we investigated how size variation and the average size of honeybee foragers change during a foraging season. We also tested the influence of colony weight and swarming on worker size. Finally, by analysing waggle dances, we tested if forager size is linked to foraging distance, between and within colonies. We found that the size of foragers significantly increases over the foraging season. Swarming did not appear to affect worker size, but colony size was overall positively linked to wing length and leg width. However, we did not find a relationship between foraging distance and forager size. We discuss how the constant size of brood cells and an efficient communication between foragers could lead to a narrower size range.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-016-0468-0
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 2 (2017)
  • Distributional analysis of Melipona stingless bees (Apidae: Meliponini) in
           Central America and Mexico: setting baseline information for their
    • Authors: Carmen L. Yurrita; Miguel A. Ortega-Huerta; Ricardo Ayala
      Pages: 247 - 258
      Abstract: Melipona stingless bee species of Central America and Mexico are important ecologically, culturally, and economically as pollinators and as a source of food and medicine. Despite their importance, however, information on their distribution patterns is limited. We propose potential distribution models for 11 Melipona species in the region. Our main findings support previous data which suggest a revision of the taxonomic status of some species (e.g., M. yucatanica), and set a baseline on the conservation status of other species, challenging previous reports (e.g., M. beecheii). Our models show that 20 % or less of the areas of predicted presence are under protection, with large proportions corresponding to low-intensity cropland, offering conservation alternatives in disturbed landscapes. This information will assist further studies on potential conservation strategies, and will aid in analyzing and formulating hypotheses regarding the biogeography of these species.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-016-0469-z
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 2 (2017)
  • Scientific note on Apis koschevnikovi chewing petals of an orchid flower (
           Dipodium species O’Byrne KIP1272 ) in Borneo
    • Authors: Gudrun Koeniger; Nikolaus Koeniger; Peter O’Byrne; Anthony Lamb; Mananya Phiancharoen; Herbert Lim; Samuel Tihoi; Steven Bosuang
      Pages: 259 - 261
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-016-0470-6
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 2 (2017)
  • Hide and seek: is the solitary bee Monoeca haemorrhoidalis trying to
           escape from its cleptoparasite Protosiris gigas (Hymenoptera, Apidae:
           Tapinotaspidini; Osirini)?
    • Authors: Léo Correia da Rocha-Filho; Gabriel A. R. Melo
      Pages: 262 - 270
      Abstract: Cleptoparasites play a key ecological role by reducing their host populations. In order to study the phenological patterns of the natural enemies of the bee Monoeca haemorrhoidalis (Smith), four emergence traps were installed in two nest aggregations during the activity period of this solitary bee species. Four species of natural enemies were sampled in the emergence traps: Tetraolytta gerardi (Pic), Tetraonyx distincticollis Pic (Meloidae), Protosiris gigas Melo (Apidae), and Pseudomethoca spixi (Diller) (Mutillidae). Monoeca haemorrhoidalis showed emergence patterns characterized by bimodal curves with two distinct peaks throughout its activity period in both years. Individuals of P. gigas started to emerge during the first peak of its host, but the emergence curve of this cleptoparasite was followed by a decline in abundance of M. haemorrhoidalis specimens in both years. The abrupt decline in the emergence period of M. haemorrhoidalis could be a temporal strategy against the attack of P. gigas since the activity period of this cuckoo bee occurred during the lowest number of emergent host individuals.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-016-0472-4
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 2 (2017)
  • A scientific note on the association of black fungus beetles ( Alphitobius
           laevigatus , Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) with Eastern honey bee colonies (
           Apis cerana )
    • Authors: Jakkrawut Maitip; Xuan Zhang; Ken Tan; Pham Hong Thai; Maxim V. Nabozhenko; Alexander G. Kirejtshuk; Panuwan Chantawannakul; Peter Neumann
      Pages: 271 - 273
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-016-0471-5
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 2 (2017)
  • Risk assessment for large African hive beetles ( Oplostomus spp.)—a
    • Authors: Benjamin P. OLDROYD; Michael H. ALLSOPP
      Abstract: We review the biology of two species of large African hive beetle Oplostomus haroldi and Oplostomus fuligineus (Coleoptera, Scarabideae, Cetoniinae). We argue that they have the potential to become invasive and highly damaging to beekeeping worldwide. We provide descriptions of all life stages that should aid in the identification of the beetles. Adult beetles prey on bee brood, whereas larvae and pupae live in dung. Up to 700 beetles have been reported in individual colonies in Kenya.
      PubDate: 2017-02-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-017-0493-7
  • Hygienic behavior in Melipona quadrifasciata anthidioides (Apidae,
    • Authors: Jossimara Neiva de Jesus; Emerson Dechechi Chambó; Geni da Silva Sodré; Newton Tavares Escocard de Oliveira; Carlos Alfredo Lopes de Carvalho
      Abstract: Hygienic behavior in stingless bees is a trait of workers that confers colony-level resistance against some brood diseases. Workers of hygienic colonies detect, uncap and remove dead or diseased brood from the nest cells. We examined the hygienic behavior in stingless bees (Melipona quadrifasciata anthidioides) from freeze-killed brood assay using liquid nitrogen. Responses were measured at 14 times (3, 6, 12, 24, 48, 72, 96, 120, 144, 168, 192, 216, 240 and 264 h after freeze-killing of the brood). Workers were estimated to remove on average 65% of larvae and 34% of dead pupae within 48 h of freezing. Workers removed dead brood rapidly after uncapping the cells. Strong colonies showed a greater removal of dead pupae, while the size of the population did not influence the removal of dead larvae. These findings report for the first time the hygienic behavior in M. q. anthidioides and confirm that workers have more difficulty removing pupae compared with larvae from the combs.
      PubDate: 2017-02-15
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-017-0495-5
  • Mitochondrial DNA variation of Apis mellifera iberiensis : further
           insights from a large-scale study using sequence data of the tRNA leu
           -cox2 intergenic region
    • Authors: Julio Chávez-Galarza; Lionel Garnery; Dora Henriques; Cátia J. Neves; Wahida Loucif-Ayad; J . Spencer Jonhston; M . Alice Pinto
      Abstract: A large-scale survey of the Iberian honey bee (Apis mellifera iberiensis) diversity patterns, using sequence data of the tRNAleu-cox2 mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) region, demonstrates that earlier studies based on the DraI test missed significant components of genetic variation. Based on results from this survey, existing haplotype names were revised and updated following a nomenclature system established earlier and extended herein for the intergenic region. A more complete picture of the complex diversity patterns of IHBs is revealed that includes 164 novel haplotypes, 113 belonging to lineage A and 51 to lineage M and within lineage A and 69 novel haplotypes that belong to sub-lineage AI, 13 to AII, and 31 to AIII. Within lineage M, two novel haplotypes show a striking architecture with features of lineages A and M, which based on sequence comparisons and relationships among haplotypes are seemingly ancestral. These data expand our knowledge of the complex architecture of the tRNAleu-cox2 intergenic region in Apis mellifera and re-emphasizes the importance of Iberia as a source of honey bee mtDNA diversity.
      PubDate: 2017-02-15
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-017-0498-2
  • The primitively social behavior of Euglossa cordata (Hymenoptera, Apidae,
           Euglossini): a view from the perspective of kin selection theory and
           models of reproductive skew
    • Authors: Gabriele Antico Freiria; Carlos Alberto Garófalo; Marco Antonio Del Lama
      Abstract: The present study investigated the level of reproductive skew during the reactivation processes of 11 nests of Euglossa cordata. Behavioral observations associated with kinship analysis between offspring and females involved in these processes were carried out. Different types of associations between females occurred in these reactivations: between mothers and daughters, sisters, cousins, and unrelated females. Behavioral observations and Mendelian segregation analysis at 12 microsatellite loci attributed all the offspring to the dominant female of each nest. The results revealed a full reproductive skew at the different processes of reactivation, irrespective of the type of association between females. Thus, our data indicate that reproductive skew was not associated with genetic relatedness in E. cordata.
      PubDate: 2017-02-15
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-017-0496-4
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