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Publisher: Springer-Verlag   (Total: 2355 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2355 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal  
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal  
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Cancer Research     Open Access  
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 118)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  

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Journal Cover Antonie van Leeuwenhoek
  [SJR: 0.992]   [H-I: 87]   [5 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1572-9699 - ISSN (Online) 0003-6072
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2355 journals]
  • Pseudomonas sesami sp. nov., a plant growth-promoting Gammaproteobacteria
           isolated from the rhizosphere of Sesamum indicum L.
    • Authors: Munusamy Madhaiyan; Selvaraj Poonguzhali; Venkatakrishnan Sivaraj Saravanan; Kumaran Selvapravin; Veeramuthu Duraipandiyan; Naif Abdullah Al-Dhabi
      Pages: 843 - 852
      Abstract: A novel Gram-stain negative, aerobic, motile, rod-shaped bacterium was isolated from Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) rhizosphere soil. Based on the 16S rRNA gene similarity value (99.4–98.6%) obtained with phylogenetically closely related strains and through analyses of their house keeping genes (atpD, infB and rpoB), the strain SI-P133T was delineated among the species of the genus Pseudomonas and was subjected to polyphasic taxonomic analysis. It was a chemoorganotroph which grew at wide range of temperature (4–45 °C), pH (5.5–9.5) and NaCl concentrations (0–7% (w/v). DNA–DNA hybridization values with closely related type strains DSM 9751T, DSM 19095T, DSM 21509T, ICMP 9151T and DSM 6929T ranged from 23.1 to 44.2%. The most abundant fatty acids were C16:0, C10:0 3-OH, summed feature 3 (comprising C16:1 ω7c and/or C16:1 ω6c), C17:0 cyclo and C12:0 3-OH. The major isoprenoid quinone system was ubiquinone 9 (Q-9) and the G+C content was 61.3 mol%. The major polar lipids of the strain SI-P133T were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylethanolamine. With regard to prospective use in agriculture, plant growth-promoting properties of the strain were tested and plant growth-promotion was demonstrated under in vitro conditions. Based on the various polyphasic taxonomic traits analysed, the strain SI-P-133T was novel and placed within the genus Pseudomonas. Hence we propose a novel species named Pseudomonas sesami sp. nov., for which the type strain is SI-P133T (=NCIMB 14519T = KCTC 22518T).
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0859-x
      Issue No: Vol. 110, No. 7 (2017)
  • An endophytic fungus, Gibberella moniliformis from Lawsonia inermis L.
           produces lawsone, an orange-red pigment
    • Authors: Hatnagar Sarang; Pijakala Rajani; Madhugiri Mallaiah Vasanthakumari; Patel Mohana Kumara; Ramamoorthy Siva; Gudasalamani Ravikanth; R. Uma Shaanker
      Pages: 853 - 862
      Abstract: Lawsone (2-hydroxy-1, 4-napthoquinone), also known as hennotannic acid, is an orange red dye used as a popular skin and hair colorant. The dye is produced in the leaves of Lawsonia inermis L, often referred to as the “henna” tree. In this study, we report the production of lawsone by an endophytic fungus, Gibberella moniliformis isolated from the leaf tissues of Lawsonia inermis. The fungus produced the orange-red dye in potato dextrose agar and broth, independent of the host tissue. Presence of lawsone was confirmed spectrometrically using HPLC and ESI–MS/MS analysis. The fragmentation pattern of lawsone was identical to both standard lawsone and that extracted from plant tissue. This is a first report of lawsone being produced by an endophytic fungus, independent of the host tissue. The study opens up interesting questions on the possible biosynthetic pathway through which lawsone is produced by the fungus.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0858-y
      Issue No: Vol. 110, No. 7 (2017)
  • Hospital microbial surface colonization revealed during monitoring of
           Klebsiella spp., Pseudomonas aeruginosa , and non-tuberculous mycobacteria
    • Authors: Pedro Geadas Farias; Fernando Gama; Diogo Reis; Susana Alarico; Nuno Empadinhas; José Carlos Martins; Ana Figueiredo de Almeida; Paula Vasconcelos Morais
      Pages: 863 - 876
      Abstract: Hospital environmental conditions, human occupancy, and the characteristics of the equipment influence the survival of microbial communities and raise a concern with regard to nosocomial infections. The objective of the present work was to use the monitoring of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella spp. and non-tuberculous mycobacteria as a strategy to improve knowledge on microbial colonization of non-critical equipment and surfaces, in a tertiary hospital from Central Portugal. A 3-month microbiological survey was performed in a district teaching hospital. A total of 173 samples were obtained from the wards Hematology, Urology, Medicine, and Renal Transplants, and 102 presumptive strains recovered. Per sampling, Pseudomonas Isolation agar showed 42.8 to 73.3% of presumptive P. aeruginosa colonies and MacConkey agar recovered mostly Staphylococcus. Most of the colonies recovered in Middlebrook 7H10-PANTA belonged to the genus Methylobacterium. Taps and WC shower curtains carry high bacterial species diversity. The Redundancy Analysis grouped the samples in those mostly handled by patients, and those mostly handled by healthcare staff or of mixed use. This study shows that the preferential users of the space and equipment seem to be important contributors to the microbial community. The most recovered genus was Methylobacterium, known as colonizer of the water distribution system therefore, it is possible that the water points and biofilms in taps also contribute as dispersion hotspots.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0857-z
      Issue No: Vol. 110, No. 7 (2017)
  • Novel 16S rDNA primers revealed the diversity and habitats-related
           community structure of sphingomonads in 10 different niches
    • Authors: Yili Huang; Hao Feng; Hang Lu; Yanhua Zeng
      Pages: 877 - 889
      Abstract: It is believed that sphingomonads are ubiquitously distributed in environments. However detailed information about their community structure and their co-relationship with environmental parameters remain unclear. In this study, novel sphingomonads-specific primers based on the 16S rRNA gene were designed to investigate the distribution of sphingomonads in 10 different niches. Both in silico and in-practice tests on pure cultures and environmental samples showed that Sph384f/Sph701r was an efficient primer set. Illumina MiSeq sequencing revealed that community structures of sphingomonads were significantly different among the 10 samples, although 12 sphingomonad genera were present in all samples. Based on RDA analysis and Monte Carlo permutation test, sphingomonad community structure was significantly correlated with limnetic and marine habitat types. Among these niches, the genus Sphingomicrobium showed strong positive correlation with marine habitats, whereas genera Sphingobium, Novosphingobium, Sphingopyxis, and Sphingorhabdus showed strong positive correlation with limnetic habitats. Our study provided direct evidence that sphingomonads are ubiquitously distributed in environments, and revealed for the first time that their community structure can be correlated with habitats.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0860-4
      Issue No: Vol. 110, No. 7 (2017)
  • Arachis hypogaea L. produces mimic and inhibitory quorum sensing like
    • Authors: F. Nievas; L. Vilchez; W. Giordano; P. Bogino
      Pages: 891 - 902
      Abstract: A wide variety of plant–associated soil bacteria (rhizobacteria) communicate with each other by quorum sensing (QS). Plants are able to detect and produce mimics and inhibitor molecules of the QS bacterial communicative process. Arachis hypogaea L. (peanut) establishes a nitrogen-fixing symbiosis with rhizobia belonging to the genus Bradyrhizobium. These bacteria use a QS mechanism dependent on the synthesis of N-acyl homoserine lactones (AHLs). Given the relevance that plant–rhizobacteria interactions have at the ecological level, this work addresses the involvement of peanut in taking part in the QS mechanism. By using biosensor bacterial strains capable of detecting AHLs, a series of standard and original bioassays were performed in order to determine both (i) the production of QS-like molecules in vegetal materials and (ii) the expression of the QS mechanism throughout plant–bacteria interaction. Mimic QS-like molecules (mQS) linked to AHLs with long acyl chains (lac-AHL), and inhibitor QS-like molecules (iQS) linked to AHLs with short acyl chains (sac-AHL) were detected in seed and root exudates. The results revealed that synthesis of specific signaling molecules by the plant (such as mQS and iQS) probably modulates the function and composition of the bacterial community established in its rhizosphere. Novel bioassays of QS detection during peanut–Bradyrhizobium interaction showed an intense production of QS signals in the contact zone between root and bacteria. It is demonstrated that root exudates stimulate the root colonization and synthesis of lac-AHL by Bradyrhizobium strains in the plant rhizosphere, which leads to the early stages of the development of beneficial plant–bacteria interactions.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0862-2
      Issue No: Vol. 110, No. 7 (2017)
  • Diversity of culturable fungi inhabiting petroleum-contaminated soils in
           Southern Iran
    • Authors: Elham Mohammadian; Mahdi Arzanlou; Asadollah Babai-Ahari
      Pages: 903 - 923
      Abstract: The present study was aimed at characterising species diversity of fungi inhabiting petroleum-contaminated soils of oil fields in a southern region of Iran. Two different techniques were used for fungal isolation including enrichment on atmospheres of phenolic hydrocarbons and crude oil as substrate. Phylogenetic analysis of the internal transcribed spacer of ribosomal DNA was used for taxonomic identification with additional information from the β-tubulin gene for selected taxa. Overall, 183 strains from 14 genera and five orders were obtained: Pleosporales (Alternaria, Curvularia, Stemphylium, Ulocladium), Chaetothyriales (Exophiala), Eurotiales (Aspergillus), Hypocreales (Acremonium, Emericellopsis, Sarocladium, Stachybotrys, Fusarium, Trichoderma, Beauveria), and Capnodiales (Cladosporium). The most frequently isolated strains belonged to the genera Alternaria, Exophiala and Aspergillus. The crude oil substrate was the most successful isolation method, and among the four hydrocarbon enrichments, toluene substrate yielded the highest number of strains. Enrichment on xylene and benzene also yielded herpotrichiellaceous and other filamentous fungi.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0863-1
      Issue No: Vol. 110, No. 7 (2017)
  • Functional and phylogenetic diversity of cultivable rhizobacterial
           endophytes of sorghum [ Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench]
    • Authors: Venkadasamy Govindasamy; Susheel Kumar Raina; Priya George; Mahesh Kumar; Jagadish Rane; Paramjit Singh Minhas; Kanuparthy Pandu Ranga Vittal
      Pages: 925 - 943
      Abstract: A diverse group of bacteria colonize the exo- and endo-rhizospheres of sorghum and play a critical role in its tolerance to drought and other abiotic stresses. Two hundred and eighty endophytic bacteria were isolated from the surface-sterilized roots of four sorghum cultivars that were grown on three soil types at three different phenological stages of growth. The isolates were subjected to in vitro screening for their plant growth promoting traits. Out of 280 isolates, 70 could produce Indole 3-Acetic Acid (IAA), 28 showed N-fixation, 28 could solubilize phosphate, 24 had ACC deaminase activity and 13 isolates were able to produce siderophores. Functional diversity grouping of the isolates indicated one isolate having five PGP traits and two isolates having four PGP traits; two and 29 isolates having three and two PGP traits, respectively. Among the thirty-four isolates that possessed multiple PGP traits, 19 and 17 isolates were able to produce significant quantities of IAA in the presence and absence of l-tryptophan, an inducer. Eight isolates possessed high levels of ACC deaminase activity. PCR–RFLP of the 16Sr RNA gene revealed a distinct clustering and considerable genetic diversity among these functionally characterized isolates. The 16S rRNA gene based identification of the isolates of single and multiple PGP traits revealed phylogenetic dominance of Firmicutes; Acinetobacter, Bacillus, Enterobacter, Geobacillus, Lysinibacillus, Microbacterium, Ochrobactrum, Paenibacillus and Pseudomonas were the major genera present in the endo-rhizosphere of sorghum. Results of this study are constructive in selection of effective rhizobacterial endophytes or consortia for drought stress alleviation in sorghum.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0864-0
      Issue No: Vol. 110, No. 7 (2017)
  • Microbial communities associated with the anthropogenic, highly alkaline
           environment of a saline soda lime, Poland
    • Authors: Agnieszka Kalwasińska; Tamás Felföldi; Attila Szabó; Edyta Deja-Sikora; Przemysław Kosobucki; Maciej Walczak
      Pages: 945 - 962
      Abstract: Soda lime is a by-product of the Solvay soda process for the production of sodium carbonate from limestone and sodium chloride. Due to a high salt concentration and alkaline pH, the lime is considered as a potential habitat of haloalkaliphilic and haloalkalitolerant microbial communities. This artificial and unique environment is nutrient-poor and devoid of vegetation, due in part to semi-arid, saline and alkaline conditions. Samples taken from the surface layer of the lime and from the depth of 2 m (both having pH ~11 and ECe up to 423 dS m−1) were investigated using culture-based (culturing on alkaline medium) and culture-independent microbiological approaches (microscopic analyses and pyrosequencing). A surprisingly diverse bacterial community was discovered in this highly saline, alkaline and nutrient-poor environment, with the bacterial phyla Proteobacteria (representing 52.8% of the total bacterial community) and Firmicutes (16.6%) showing dominance. Compared to the surface layer, higher bacterial abundance and diversity values were detected in the deep zone, where more stable environmental conditions may occur. The surface layer was dominated by members of the genera Phenylobacterium, Chelativorans and Skermanella, while in the interior layer the genus Fictibacillus was dominant. The culturable aerobic, haloalkaliphilic bacteria strains isolated in this study belonged mostly to the genus Bacillus and were closely related to the species Bacillus pseudofirmus, B. cereus, B. plakortidis, B. thuringensis and B. pumilus.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0866-y
      Issue No: Vol. 110, No. 7 (2017)
  • Characterization of Marinovum faecis sp. nov., an alphaproteobacterium
           isolated from marine sediment
    • Authors: Jaewoo Yoon; So Young Kim; Songhee Park; Hyukjae Choi
      Pages: 963 - 969
      Abstract: A Gram-negative, strictly aerobic, chemoheterotrophic, beige-pigmented, ovoid bacterium, designated YP194T, was isolated from marine sediment in the Republic of Korea. A phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence indicated that the novel marine strain belongs to the family Rhodobacteraceae of the class Alphaproteobacteria, with high sequence similarity (98.4%) to Marinovum algicola FF3T. The DNA–DNA relatedness values between strains YP194T and M. algicola FF3T were 34.1 ± 2.7%. The DNA G+C content of strain YP194T was 63.1 mol%. Ubiquinone 10 (Q-10) was the sole respiratory quinone. The predominant cellular fatty acid was C18:1 ω7c (77.6%). Strain YP194T produced phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylcholine, an unidentified aminolipid, an unidentified phospholipid and two unidentified lipids as polar lipids. From the combination of genotypic and phenotypic characteristics and the distinct phylogenetic position, the strain is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Marinovum for which the name Marinovum faecis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of M. faecis sp. nov. is YP194T (= KCCM 90263T = NBRC 111905T).
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0867-x
      Issue No: Vol. 110, No. 7 (2017)
  • A simple scaled down system to mimic the industrial production of first
           generation fuel ethanol in Brazil
    • Authors: Vijayendran Raghavendran; Thalita Peixoto Basso; Juliana Bueno da Silva; Luiz Carlos Basso; Andreas Karoly Gombert
      Pages: 971 - 983
      Abstract: Although first-generation fuel ethanol is produced in Brazil from sugarcane-based raw materials with high efficiency, there is still little knowledge about the microbiology, the biochemistry and the molecular mechanisms prevalent in the non-aseptic fermentation environment. Learning-by-doing has hitherto been the strategy to improve the process so far, with further improvements requiring breakthrough technologies. Performing experiments at an industrial scale are often expensive, complicated to set up and difficult to reproduce. Thus, developing an appropriate scaled down system for this process has become a necessity. In this paper, we present the design and demonstration of a simple and effective laboratory-scale system mimicking the industrial process used for first generation (1G) fuel ethanol production in the Brazilian sugarcane mills. We benchmarked this system via the superior phenotype of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae PE-2 strain, compared to other strains from the same species: S288c, baker’s yeast, and CEN.PK113-7D. We trust that such a system can be easily implemented in different laboratories worldwide, and will allow a better understanding of the S. cerevisiae strains that can persist and dominate in this industrial, non-aseptic and peculiar environment.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0868-9
      Issue No: Vol. 110, No. 7 (2017)
  • Description of Hyphopichia buzzinii f.a., sp. nov. and Hyphopichia
           homilentoma comb. nov., the teleomorph of Candida homilentoma
    • Authors: Lucas R. Ribeiro; Ana R. O. Santos; Marizeth Groenewald; Maudy Th. H. Smith; Carla A. Lara; Aristóteles Góes-Neto; Noémie Jacques; Cécile Grondin; Serge Casaregola; Marc-André Lachance; Carlos A. Rosa
      Pages: 985 - 994
      Abstract: During studies of the yeast diversity associated with rotting wood in Brazil and fruits, plants and insects in French Guiana, three strains of a new species were isolated. Analysis of the sequences of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS)-5.8S and D1/D2 domains of the large subunit of the rRNA gene showed that this species belongs to the genus Hyphopichia and its closest relative is Candida homilentoma. These species differ by 44 nucleotide substitutions in D1/D2 sequences. A new species Hyphopichia buzzinii f. a., sp. nov., is proposed to accommodate these isolates. The type strain of Hyphopichia buzzinii sp. nov. is CLIB 1739T (=CBS 14300T = UFMG-CM-Y6121T; MycoBank number is MB 815609). In addition, we isolated 11 strains of C. homilentoma from rotting wood, leaf surfaces, and water bodies in Brazil, and these strains when crossed among one another and with the type strain (CBS 6312T) of this species, produced hat-shaped ascospores typical of the genus Hyphopichia. We describe the teleomorph of C. homilentoma as a new combination, Hyphopichia homilentoma comb. nov. (type strain CBS 6312T; MycoBank number is MB 820009). We also propose to transfer the other six Candida species of the Hyphopichia clade to this genus as new combinations. Hyphopichia homilentoma produced ethanol and xylitol from d-xylose whereas H. buzzinii was only able to convert this pentose to xylitol.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0870-2
      Issue No: Vol. 110, No. 7 (2017)
  • Selection and validation of reference genes for RT-qPCR indicates that
           juice of sugarcane varieties modulate the expression of C metabolism genes
           in the endophytic diazotrophic Herbaspirillum rubrisubalbicans strain
    • Authors: Valéria Polese; Cleiton de Paula Soares; Paula Renata Alves da Silva; Jean Luiz Simões-Araújo; José Ivo Baldani; Marcia Soares Vidal
      Abstract: Quantitative reverse transcription PCR (RT-qPCR) is an important tool for evaluating gene expression. However, this technique requires that specific internal normalizing genes be identified for different experimental conditions. To date, no internal normalizing genes are available for validation of data analyses for Herbaspirillum rubrisubalbicans strain HCC103, an endophyte that is part of the sugarcane consortium inoculant. This work seeks to identify and evaluate suitable reference genes for gene expression studies in HCC103 grown until middle log phase in sugarcane juice obtained from four sugarcane varieties or media with three different carbon sources. The mRNA levels of five candidate genes (rpoA, gyrA, dnaG, recA and gmK) and seven target genes involved in carbon metabolism (acnA, fbp, galE, suhB, wcaA, ORF_0127.0101 and _0127.0123) were quantified by RT-qPCR. Analysis of expression stability of these genes was carried out using geNorm and Normfinder software. The results indicated that the HCC103 dnaG and gyrA genes are the most stable and showed adequate relative expression level changes among the different sugarcane juices. The highest expression level was seen for ORF_0127.0101, which encodes a sugar transporter, in juice from sugarcane variety RB867515 and glucose as the carbon source. The suhB gene, encoding SuhB inositol monophosphatase, had a higher relative expression level on 0.5% glucose, 100% sugarcane juice from variety RB867515 and 0.5% aconitate. Together the results suggest that dnaG and gyrA genes are suitable as reference genes for RT-qPCR analysis of strain HCC103 and that juice from different sugarcane varieties modulates the expression of key genes involved in carbon metabolism.
      PubDate: 2017-07-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0906-7
  • A gyrB oligonucleotide microarray for the specific detection of pathogenic
           Legionella and three Legionella pneumophila subsp.
    • Authors: Daoyi Xi; Yan Dou; Wei Ren; Shuang Yang; Lu Feng; Boyang Cao; Lei Wang
      Abstract: Among the 50 species and 70 serogroups of Legionella identified, Legionella pneumophila, comprising three subsp. (subsp. pneumophila, subsp. fraseri, and subsp. pasculleii), is recognized as the major cause of epidemic legionellosis. Rapid and reliable assays to identify pathogenic Legionella spp., and the three L. pneumophila subsp. in particular, are in great demand. In this study, we analyzed the gyrB genes of eleven Legionella spp. and subsp., comprising L. anisa, L. bozemanii, L. dumoffii, L. feeleii, L. gormanii, L. longbeachae, L. micdadei, L. waltersii, L. pneumophila subsp. pneumophila, L. pneumophila subsp. fraseri, and L. pneumophila subsp. pasculleii. We developed a rapid oligonucleotide microarray detection technique to identify accurately these common pathogenic Legionella spp. and L. pneumophila subsp. To detect multiple Legionella species with high specificity, 31 reproducible probes were designed in the array. Sixty-one strains were analyzed in total, including 37 target pathogens and 24 non-target bacterial species used to validate the microarray. The sensitivity of the detection was 1.0 ng using genomic DNA of three Legionella spp., L. anisa, L. dumoffii, and L. waltersii, or 13 CFU/100 mL using the cultured L. pneumophila subsp. pneumophila. Eight isolated strains were tested using the microarray with 100% accuracy. The data indicated that the technique is an efficient method to diagnose and detect Legionella spp. and subsp. in basic microbiology, clinical diagnosis, epidemiological surveillance, and food safety applications. In addition, a phylogenetic study based on the gyrB gene revealed the genetic relationship among the different Legionella spp. and subsp.
      PubDate: 2017-07-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0903-x
  • Two new Leptographium spp. reveal an emerging complex of
           hardwood-infecting species in the Ophiostomatales
    • Authors: Robert Jankowiak; Beata Strzałka; Piotr Bilański; Riikka Linnakoski; Truls Aas; Halvor Solheim; Małgorzata Groszek; Z. Wilhelm de Beer
      Abstract: Species of Leptographium are generally characterized by mononematous conidiophores and are commonly associated with bark beetles and weevils. These species are responsible for sapstain and in some cases serious diseases on a range of primarily coniferous trees. In comparison with coniferous trees, the occurrence of Leptographium species on hardwood trees has been poorly studied in Europe. During a survey of ophiostomatoid fungi on various tree species in Norway and Poland, three unusual species, which fit the broader morphological description of Leptographium spp., were found in association with Scolytus ratzeburgi, Dryocoetes alni and Trypodendron domesticum on a variety of hardwoods, and from wounds on Tilia cordata. Phylogenetic analyses of sequence data for three gene regions (ITS2-LSU, β-tubulin, and TEF1-α) showed that these Leptographium species are phylogenetically closely related to each other and form a well-supported lineage that included Grosmannia grandifoliae and Leptographium pruni. The first species could be distinguished from the other Leptographium species based on conidiophores arising from spiral hyphae, chlamydospore-like structures and a hyalorhinocladiella-like synanamorph in culture. The second species differs from the previous one by having distinctly shorter conidiophores and smaller conidia. This species also produces a well-developed sporothrix-like synanamorph with denticulate conidiogenous cells. Based on these unusual morphological characteristics and distinct DNA sequences, these fungi were recognised as new taxa for which the names Leptographium trypodendri sp. nov. and L. betulae sp. nov. are provided. The third group of isolates belonged to Grosmannia grandifoliae, representing the first report of this species outside of the USA. The newly defined G. grandifoliae complex is the first species complex in Leptographium s.l. consisting of only hardwood-infecting species.
      PubDate: 2017-07-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0905-8
  • A simple and efficient method for successful gene silencing of HspA1 in
           Trametes hirsuta AH28-2
    • Authors: Jingjing Wang; Yanyan Chen; Yanqun Dong; Wei Fang; Zemin Fang; Yazhong Xiao
      Abstract: Trametes sp. are among the most extensively studied basidiomycetes due to their importance in biotechnology. However, they are difficult to genetically modify. For instance, the low incidence of homologous integration hampers gene inactivation. To overcome this, we here constructed two post-transcriptional gene-silencing vectors that contain an antisense and a RNA interference mediating hairpin sequence, respectively. These vectors were used to knock down transcription of the heat shock protein 70 family gene HspA1. The two vectors were transformed into Trametes hirsuta AH28-2 by using a PEG/CaCl2 mediated transformation method. Based on Southern blot analysis, target sequences were integrated into the genome as multi-copies. Transcription analysis revealed that the antisense and hairpin sequences reduced the transcript number of HspA1 when compared to the wild type strain. Moreover, the antisense sequence resulted in a higher gene silencing efficiency when compared to the RNA interference vector. Together, antisense methodology provides a simple method for gene silencing in Trametes sp.
      PubDate: 2017-07-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0904-9
  • Partial structure and immunological properties of lipopolysaccharide from
           marine-derived Pseudomonas stutzeri KMM 226
    • Authors: Maxim S. Kokoulin; Ekaterina V. Sokolova; Yuriy N. Elkin; Lyudmila A. Romanenko; Valery V. Mikhailov; Nadezhda A. Komandrova
      Abstract: The partial structure and immunology of the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of Pseudomonas stutzeri KMM 226, a bacterium isolated from a seawater sample collected at a depth of 2000 m, was characterised. The O-polysaccharide was built up of disaccharide repeating units constituted by l-Rhap and d-GlcpNAc: →2)-α-l-Rhap-(1→3)-α-d-GlcpNAc-(1→. The structural analysis of the lipid A showed a mixture of different species. The major species were hexa-acylated and penta-acylated lipids A, bearing the 12:0(3-OH) in amide linkage and 10:0(3-OH) in ester linkage, while the secondary fatty acids were present only as 12:0. The presence of 12:0(2-OH) was not detected. The immunology experiments demonstrated that P. stutzeri KMM 226 LPS displayed a low ability to induce TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8 and IL-10 cytokine production and acted as an antagonist of hexa-acylated Escherichia coli LPS in human blood in vitro.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0907-6
  • Devosia nitraria sp. nov., a novel species isolated from the roots of
           Nitraria sibirica in China
    • Authors: Lin Xu; Yong Zhang; Nicholas Read; Shuangjiang Liu; Ville-Petri Friman
      Abstract: An aerobic, Gram-stain negative, short rod-shaped and motile strain, 36-5-1T, was isolated from the roots of Nitraria sibirica in Zhangye city, Gansu province, north-west of China. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence and two housekeeping genes (glnA and atpD) indicated that the strain represents a novel species closely related to the Devosia, Rhizobium and Devosia genera with 98.3, 96.2 and 91.1% similarities, respectively. The strain 36-5-1T contained Q-10 as the predominant ubiquinone and 16:0 (36.8%) as the major fatty acid; a large amount of unidentified glycolipid, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol and a small amount of unidentified polar lipids were present as polar lipids. In addition, the G+C content of the genomic DNA was 61.7 mol% and the DNA–DNA hybridization with type strains Devosia geojensis BD-c194T and Devosia pacifica NH131T 44.1 ± 1.1 and 40.2 ± 1.7, respectively. Based on chemotaxonomic data and molecular properties, strain 36-5-1T represents a novel species within the genus Devosia, for which the name Devosia nitraria sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 36-5-1T (=CGMCC1.15704T=NBRC112416T).
      PubDate: 2017-06-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0901-z
  • Rethinking cell-cycle-dependent gene expression in Schizosaccharomyces
    • Authors: Stephen Cooper
      Abstract: Three studies of gene expression during the division cycle of Schizosaccharomyces pombe led to the proposal that a large number of genes are expressed at particular times during the S. pombe cell cycle. Yet only a small fraction of genes proposed to be expressed in a cell-cycle-dependent manner are reproducible in all three published studies. In addition to reproducibility problems, questions about expression amplitudes, cell-cycle timing of expression, synchronization artifacts, and the problem with methods for synchronizing cells must be considered. These problems and complications prompt the idea that caution should be used before accepting the conclusion that there are a large number of genes expressed in a cell-cycle-dependent manner in S. pombe.
      PubDate: 2017-06-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0902-y
  • Glutamine: a major player in nitrogen catabolite repression in the yeast
           Dekkera bruxellensis
    • Authors: Danielli Batista Bezerra Cajueiro; Denise Castro Parente; Fernanda Cristina Bezerra Leite; Marcos Antonio de Morais Junior; Will de Barros Pita
      Abstract: In the present work we studied the expression of genes from nitrogen central metabolism in the yeast Dekkera bruxellensis and under regulation by the Nitrogen Catabolite Repression mechanism (NCR). These analyses could shed some light on the biological mechanisms involved in the adaptation and survival of this yeast in the sugarcane fermentation process for ethanol production. Nitrogen sources (N-sources) in the form of ammonium, nitrate, glutamate or glutamine were investigated with or without the addition of methionine sulfoximine, which inhibits the activity of the enzyme glutamine synthetase and releases cells from NCR. The results showed that glutamine might act as an intracellular sensor for nitrogen availability in D. bruxellensis, by activating NCR. Gene expression analyses indicated the existence of two different GATA-dependent NCR pathways, identified as glutamine-dependent and glutamine-independent mechanisms. Moreover, nitrate is sensed as a non-preferential N-source and releases NCR to its higher level. After grouping genes according to their regulation pattern, we showed that genes for ammonium assimilation represent a regulon with almost constitutive expression, while permease encoding genes are mostly affected by the nitrogen sensor mechanism. On the other hand, nitrate assimilation genes constitute a regulon that is primarily subjected to induction by nitrate and, to a lesser extent, to a repressive mechanism by preferential N-sources. This observation explains our previous reports showing that nitrate is co-consumed with ammonium, a trait that enables D. bruxellensis cells to scavenge limiting N-sources in the industrial substrate and, therefore, to compete with Saccharomyces cerevisiae in this environment
      PubDate: 2017-06-19
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0888-5
  • Emended description of the family Chromatiaceae, phylogenetic analyses of
           the genera Alishewanella, Rheinheimera and Arsukibacterium, transfer of
           Rheinheimera longhuensis LH2-2 T to the genus Alishewanella and
           description of Alishewanella alkalitolerans sp. nov. from Lonar Lake,
    • Authors: Shivaji Sisinthy; Dwaipayan Chakraborty; Harikrishna Adicherla; Sathyanarayana Reddy Gundlapally
      Abstract: Phylogenetic analyses were performed for members of the family Chromatiaceae, signature nucleotides deduced and the genus Alishewanella transferred to Chromatiaceae. Phylogenetic analyses were executed for the genera Alishewanella, Arsukibacterium and Rheinheimera and the genus Rheinheimera is proposed to be split, with the creation of the Pararheinheimera gen. nov. Furthermore, the species Rheinheimera longhuensis, is transferred to the genus Alishewanella as Alishewanella longhuensis comb. nov. Besides, the genera Alishewanella and Rheinheimera are also emended. Strain LNK-7.1T was isolated from a water sample from the Lonar Lake, India. Cells were Gram-negative, motile rods, positive for catalase, oxidase, phosphatase, contained C16:0, C17:1ω8c, summed feature3 (C16:1ω6c and/or C16:1ω7c) and summed feature 8 (C18:1ω7c) as major fatty acids, PE and PG as the major lipids and Q-8 as the sole respiratory quinone. Phylogenetic analyses using NJ, ME, ML and Maximum parsimony, based on 16S rRNA gene sequences, identified Alishewanella tabrizica RCRI4T as the closely related species of strain LNK-7.1T with a 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of 98.13%. The DNA–DNA similarity between LNK-7.1T and the closely related species (A. tabrizica) was only 12.0% and, therefore, strain LNK-7.1T was identified as a novel species of the genus Alishewanella with the proposed name Alishewanella alkalitolerans sp. nov. In addition phenotypic characteristics confirmed the species status to strain LNK-7.1T. The type strain of A. alkalitolerans is LNK-7.1T (LMG 29592T = KCTC 52279T), isolated from a water sample collected from the Lonar lake, India.
      PubDate: 2017-06-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0896-5
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