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Showing 1 - 200 of 2352 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal  
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Cancer Research     Open Access  
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 131)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  

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Journal Cover Antonie van Leeuwenhoek
  [SJR: 0.992]   [H-I: 87]   [5 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1572-9699 - ISSN (Online) 0003-6072
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2352 journals]
  • Genetic recombinational events in prokaryotes and their viruses: insight
           into the study of evolution and biodiversity
    • Authors: Jean-Pierre Gratia
      Pages: 1493 - 1514
      Abstract: The exact meaning of sexual reproduction and the precise evolutionary period at which recombination first took place remains the subject of intense debates. Despite some unity in biochemical organisation of genetic recombination, a plethora of mechanisms are found to exist in microbes and their viruses. Some routes used by viruses bypass barriers to genetic heterology and provide bacteria with genes conferring a selective advantage, and some contribute to genome enlargement. The present review aims at highlighting the diversity of such mechanisms with a particular focus on spontaneous zygogenesis (or Z-mating). The latter mode of genetic recombination, which was recently discovered in Escherichia coli, resembles gamete fusion in eukaryotes in that it involves complete genetic mixing. Vertical and horizontal evolution through mutations and homo- or heterospecific Z-mating can be monitored to some extent, providing a mean to interrogate the mechanisms of evolution in a way similar to introgression and symbiogenesis. The question arises as to whether Z-mating might represent a remainder of what happened in the very first organisms appearing on earth, as well as recombination events among viruses.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0916-5
      Issue No: Vol. 110, No. 12 (2017)
  • A gyrB oligonucleotide microarray for the specific detection of pathogenic
           Legionella and three Legionella pneumophila subsp.
    • Authors: Daoyi Xi; Yan Dou; Wei Ren; Shuang Yang; Lu Feng; Boyang Cao; Lei Wang
      Pages: 1515 - 1525
      Abstract: Among the 50 species and 70 serogroups of Legionella identified, Legionella pneumophila, comprising three subsp. (subsp. pneumophila, subsp. fraseri, and subsp. pasculleii), is recognized as the major cause of epidemic legionellosis. Rapid and reliable assays to identify pathogenic Legionella spp., and the three L. pneumophila subsp. in particular, are in great demand. In this study, we analyzed the gyrB genes of eleven Legionella spp. and subsp., comprising L. anisa, L. bozemanii, L. dumoffii, L. feeleii, L. gormanii, L. longbeachae, L. micdadei, L. waltersii, L. pneumophila subsp. pneumophila, L. pneumophila subsp. fraseri, and L. pneumophila subsp. pasculleii. We developed a rapid oligonucleotide microarray detection technique to identify accurately these common pathogenic Legionella spp. and L. pneumophila subsp. To detect multiple Legionella species with high specificity, 31 reproducible probes were designed in the array. Sixty-one strains were analyzed in total, including 37 target pathogens and 24 non-target bacterial species used to validate the microarray. The sensitivity of the detection was 1.0 ng using genomic DNA of three Legionella spp., L. anisa, L. dumoffii, and L. waltersii, or 13 CFU/100 mL using the cultured L. pneumophila subsp. pneumophila. Eight isolated strains were tested using the microarray with 100% accuracy. The data indicated that the technique is an efficient method to diagnose and detect Legionella spp. and subsp. in basic microbiology, clinical diagnosis, epidemiological surveillance, and food safety applications. In addition, a phylogenetic study based on the gyrB gene revealed the genetic relationship among the different Legionella spp. and subsp.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0903-x
      Issue No: Vol. 110, No. 12 (2017)
  • A simple and efficient method for successful gene silencing of HspA1 in
           Trametes hirsuta AH28-2
    • Authors: Jingjing Wang; Yanyan Chen; Yanqun Dong; Wei Fang; Zemin Fang; Yazhong Xiao
      Pages: 1527 - 1535
      Abstract: Trametes sp. are among the most extensively studied basidiomycetes due to their importance in biotechnology. However, they are difficult to genetically modify. For instance, the low incidence of homologous integration hampers gene inactivation. To overcome this, we here constructed two post-transcriptional gene-silencing vectors that contain an antisense and a RNA interference mediating hairpin sequence, respectively. These vectors were used to knock down transcription of the heat shock protein 70 family gene HspA1. The two vectors were transformed into Trametes hirsuta AH28-2 by using a PEG/CaCl2 mediated transformation method. Based on Southern blot analysis, target sequences were integrated into the genome as multi-copies. Transcription analysis revealed that the antisense and hairpin sequences reduced the transcript number of HspA1 when compared to the wild type strain. Moreover, the antisense sequence resulted in a higher gene silencing efficiency when compared to the RNA interference vector. Together, antisense methodology provides a simple method for gene silencing in Trametes sp.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0904-9
      Issue No: Vol. 110, No. 12 (2017)
  • Two new Leptographium spp. reveal an emerging complex of
           hardwood-infecting species in the Ophiostomatales
    • Authors: Robert Jankowiak; Beata Strzałka; Piotr Bilański; Riikka Linnakoski; Truls Aas; Halvor Solheim; Małgorzata Groszek; Z. Wilhelm de Beer
      Pages: 1537 - 1553
      Abstract: Species of Leptographium are generally characterized by mononematous conidiophores and are commonly associated with bark beetles and weevils. These species are responsible for sapstain and in some cases serious diseases on a range of primarily coniferous trees. In comparison with coniferous trees, the occurrence of Leptographium species on hardwood trees has been poorly studied in Europe. During a survey of ophiostomatoid fungi on various tree species in Norway and Poland, three unusual species, which fit the broader morphological description of Leptographium spp., were found in association with Scolytus ratzeburgi, Dryocoetes alni and Trypodendron domesticum on a variety of hardwoods, and from wounds on Tilia cordata. Phylogenetic analyses of sequence data for three gene regions (ITS2-LSU, β-tubulin, and TEF1-α) showed that these Leptographium species are phylogenetically closely related to each other and form a well-supported lineage that included Grosmannia grandifoliae and Leptographium pruni. The first species could be distinguished from the other Leptographium species based on conidiophores arising from spiral hyphae, chlamydospore-like structures and a hyalorhinocladiella-like synanamorph in culture. The second species differs from the previous one by having distinctly shorter conidiophores and smaller conidia. This species also produces a well-developed sporothrix-like synanamorph with denticulate conidiogenous cells. Based on these unusual morphological characteristics and distinct DNA sequences, these fungi were recognised as new taxa for which the names Leptographium trypodendri sp. nov. and L. betulae sp. nov. are provided. The third group of isolates belonged to Grosmannia grandifoliae, representing the first report of this species outside of the USA. The newly defined G. grandifoliae complex is the first species complex in Leptographium s.l. consisting of only hardwood-infecting species.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0905-8
      Issue No: Vol. 110, No. 12 (2017)
  • Selection and validation of reference genes for RT-qPCR indicates that
           juice of sugarcane varieties modulate the expression of C metabolism genes
           in the endophytic diazotrophic Herbaspirillum rubrisubalbicans strain
    • Authors: Valéria Polese; Cleiton de Paula Soares; Paula Renata Alves da Silva; Jean Luiz Simões-Araújo; José Ivo Baldani; Marcia Soares Vidal
      Pages: 1555 - 1568
      Abstract: Quantitative reverse transcription PCR (RT-qPCR) is an important tool for evaluating gene expression. However, this technique requires that specific internal normalizing genes be identified for different experimental conditions. To date, no internal normalizing genes are available for validation of data analyses for Herbaspirillum rubrisubalbicans strain HCC103, an endophyte that is part of the sugarcane consortium inoculant. This work seeks to identify and evaluate suitable reference genes for gene expression studies in HCC103 grown until middle log phase in sugarcane juice obtained from four sugarcane varieties or media with three different carbon sources. The mRNA levels of five candidate genes (rpoA, gyrA, dnaG, recA and gmK) and seven target genes involved in carbon metabolism (acnA, fbp, galE, suhB, wcaA, ORF_0127.0101 and _0127.0123) were quantified by RT-qPCR. Analysis of expression stability of these genes was carried out using geNorm and Normfinder software. The results indicated that the HCC103 dnaG and gyrA genes are the most stable and showed adequate relative expression level changes among the different sugarcane juices. The highest expression level was seen for ORF_0127.0101, which encodes a sugar transporter, in juice from sugarcane variety RB867515 and glucose as the carbon source. The suhB gene, encoding SuhB inositol monophosphatase, had a higher relative expression level on 0.5% glucose, 100% sugarcane juice from variety RB867515 and 0.5% aconitate. Together the results suggest that dnaG and gyrA genes are suitable as reference genes for RT-qPCR analysis of strain HCC103 and that juice from different sugarcane varieties modulates the expression of key genes involved in carbon metabolism.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0906-7
      Issue No: Vol. 110, No. 12 (2017)
  • Partial structure and immunological properties of lipopolysaccharide from
           marine-derived Pseudomonas stutzeri KMM 226
    • Authors: Maxim S. Kokoulin; Ekaterina V. Sokolova; Yuriy N. Elkin; Lyudmila A. Romanenko; Valery V. Mikhailov; Nadezhda A. Komandrova
      Pages: 1569 - 1580
      Abstract: The partial structure and immunology of the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of Pseudomonas stutzeri KMM 226, a bacterium isolated from a seawater sample collected at a depth of 2000 m, was characterised. The O-polysaccharide was built up of disaccharide repeating units constituted by l-Rhap and d-GlcpNAc: →2)-α-l-Rhap-(1→3)-α-d-GlcpNAc-(1→. The structural analysis of the lipid A showed a mixture of different species. The major species were hexa-acylated and penta-acylated lipids A, bearing the 12:0(3-OH) in amide linkage and 10:0(3-OH) in ester linkage, while the secondary fatty acids were present only as 12:0. The presence of 12:0(2-OH) was not detected. The immunology experiments demonstrated that P. stutzeri KMM 226 LPS displayed a low ability to induce TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8 and IL-10 cytokine production and acted as an antagonist of hexa-acylated Escherichia coli LPS in human blood in vitro.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0907-6
      Issue No: Vol. 110, No. 12 (2017)
  • Idiomarina andamanensis sp. nov., an alkalitolerant bacterium isolated
           from Andaman Sea water
    • Authors: Sherin Zachariah; Subrata K. Das
      Pages: 1581 - 1592
      Abstract: Two closely related aerobic, Gram-negative rod shaped bacteria (strain W5T and W3) were isolated from Andaman Sea. Heterotrophic growth on marine agar was observed at 15–45 °C and pH 6–10. Strain W5T showed maximum 16S rRNA sequence similarity of 99.58% with Idiomarina marina JCM 15083T. DNA fingerprinting analysis by ERIC-REP PCR, PFGE and MLSA revealed differences in banding patterns, also DNA–DNA hybridization values were well below 70% confirming W5T to be a new species. DNA G+C content was 46.7 mol%. Major fatty acids were iso-C15:0, iso-C17:0, iso-C17:1 ω9c, iso-C13:0 3OH, iso-C11:0 3OH and C16:0. Polar lipids included phosphatidylglycerol (PG) and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) diphosphatidylglycerol (DPG) phospholipid (PL) two aminolipids (AL) and two unidentified lipids (L1-2). Q-8 is the predominant ubiquinone. On the basis of polyphasic taxonomic study, strain W5T is considered to be representative of a new species of the genus Idiomarina, for which the name Idiomarina andamanensis sp. nov. is being proposed. The type strain W5T (= LMG 29773T = JCM 31645T) was isolated from Andaman Sea.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0908-5
      Issue No: Vol. 110, No. 12 (2017)
  • The diversity and antibiotic properties of actinobacteria associated with
           endemic deepwater amphipods of Lake Baikal
    • Authors: Eugenii S. Protasov; Denis V. Axenov-Gribanov; Yuriy V. Rebets; Irina V. Voytsekhovskaya; Bogdan T. Tokovenko; Zhanna M. Shatilina; Andriy N. Luzhetskyy; Maxim A. Timofeyev
      Pages: 1593 - 1611
      Abstract: The emergence of pathogenic bacteria resistant to antibiotics increases the need for discovery of new effective antimicrobials. Unique habitats such as marine deposits, wetlands and caves or unexplored biological communities are promising sources for the isolation of actinobacteria, which are among the major antibiotic producers. The present study aimed at examining cultivated actinobacteria strains associated with endemic Lake Baikal deepwater amphipods and estimating their antibiotic activity. We isolated 42 actinobacterial strains from crustaceans belonging to Ommatogammarus albinus and Ommatogammarus flavus. To our knowledge, this is the first report describing the isolation and initial characterization of representatives of Micromonospora and Pseudonocardia genera from Baikal deepwater invertebrates. Also, as expected, representatives of the genus Streptomyces were the dominant group among the isolated species. Some correlations could be observed between the number of actinobacterial isolates, the depth of sampling and the source of the strains. Nevertheless, >70% of isolated strains demonstrated antifungal activity. The dereplication analysis of extract of one of the isolated strains resulted in annotation of several known compounds that can help to explain the observed biological activities. The characteristics of ecological niche and lifestyle of deepwater amphipods suggests that the observed associations between crustaceans and isolated actinobacteria are not random and might represent long-term symbiotic interactions.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0910-y
      Issue No: Vol. 110, No. 12 (2017)
  • Nitrogen assimilation in denitrifier Bacillus azotoformans LMG 9581 T
    • Authors: Yihua Sun; Paul De Vos; Anne Willems
      Pages: 1613 - 1626
      Abstract: Until recently, it has not been generally known that some bacteria can contain the gene inventory for both denitrification and dissimilatory nitrate (NO3 −)/nitrite (NO2 −) reduction to ammonium (NH4 +) (DNRA). Detailed studies of these microorganisms could shed light on the differentiating environmental drivers of both processes without interference of organism-specific variation. Genome analysis of Bacillus azotoformans LMG 9581T shows a remarkable redundancy of dissimilatory nitrogen reduction, with multiple copies of each denitrification gene as well as DNRA genes nrfAH, but a reduced capacity for nitrogen assimilation, with no nas operon nor amtB gene. Here, we explored nitrogen assimilation in detail using growth experiments in media with different organic and inorganic nitrogen sources at different concentrations. Monitoring of growth, NO3 − NO2 −, NH4 + concentration and N2O production revealed that B. azotoformans LMG 9581T could not grow with NH4 + as sole nitrogen source and confirmed the hypothesis of reduced nitrogen assimilation pathways. However, NH4 + could be assimilated and contributed up to 50% of biomass if yeast extract was also provided. NH4 + also had a significant but concentration-dependent influence on growth rate. The mechanisms behind these observations remain to be resolved but hypotheses for this deficiency in nitrogen assimilation are discussed. In addition, in all growth conditions tested a denitrification phenotype was observed, with all supplied NO3 − converted to nitrous oxide (N2O).
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0911-x
      Issue No: Vol. 110, No. 12 (2017)
  • The N-terminal and central domain of colicin A enables phage lysin to lyse
           Escherichia coli extracellularly
    • Authors: Guangmou Yan; Jianfang Liu; Qiang Ma; Rining Zhu; Zhimin Guo; Chencheng Gao; Shuang Wang; Ling Yu; Jingmin Gu; Dongliang Hu; Wenyu Han; Rui Du; Junling Yang; Liancheng Lei
      Pages: 1627 - 1635
      Abstract: Multidrug-resistant Escherichia coli has seriously threatened antibiotic resources and international public health. Bacteriophage lysin preparations have been widely considered as valid agents for solving multidrug resistances. Many lysins have been derived to treat diseases caused by Gram-positive bacteria, but only a few lysin preparations have been found that successively treat diseases caused by Gram-negative bacteria. The outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria effectively blocks the interactions between peptidoglycan in the periplasmic space and bacteriophage lysins, which therefore hampers the antimicrobial effects of bacteriophage lysins. In this study, a new fusion protein (Colicin-Lysep3) was constructed by fusing the translocation and receptor binding domains of colicin A with an E. coli phage lysin, which endows Colicin-Lysep3 bactericidal activity against E. coli from outside of Gram-negative bacteria. These results show that Colicin-Lysep3 could lyse the E. coli broadly in vitro and significantly reduce the number of E. coli in an intestinal infection mouse model. Overall, our findings first demonstrated that a colicin A fragment could enable a bacteriophage lysin to lyse E. coli from the outside, promoting the application of phage lysin preparations in control of Gram-negative bacteria.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0912-9
      Issue No: Vol. 110, No. 12 (2017)
  • Talaromyces sayulitensis, Acidiella bohemica and Penicillium citrinum in
           Brazilian oil shale by-products
    • Authors: Kelly C. G. P. de Goes; Josué J. da Silva; Gisele M. Lovato; Beatriz T. Iamanaka; Fernanda P. Massi; Diva S. Andrade
      Pages: 1637 - 1646
      Abstract: Fine shale particles and retorted shale are waste products generated during the oil shale retorting process. These by-products are small fragments of mined shale rock, are high in silicon and also contain organic matter, micronutrients, hydrocarbons and other elements. The aims of this study were to isolate and to evaluate fungal diversity present in fine shale particles and retorted shale samples collected at the Schist Industrialization Business Unit (Six)—Petrobras in São Mateus do Sul, State of Paraná, Brazil. Combining morphology and internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequence, a total of seven fungal genera were identified, including Acidiella, Aspergillus, Cladosporium, Ochroconis, Penicillium, Talaromyces and Trichoderma. Acidiella was the most predominant genus found in the samples of fine shale particles, which are a highly acidic substrate (pH 2.4–3.6), while Talaromyces was the main genus in retorted shale (pH 5.20–6.20). Talaromyces sayulitensis was the species most frequently found in retorted shale, and Acidiella bohemica in fine shale particles. The presence of T. sayulitensis, T. diversus and T. stolli in oil shale is described herein for the first time. In conclusion, we have described for the first time a snapshot of the diversity of filamentous fungi colonizing solid oil shale by-products from the Irati Formation in Brazil.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0913-8
      Issue No: Vol. 110, No. 12 (2017)
  • Polyamine-binding protein PotD2 is required for stress tolerance and
           virulence in Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae
    • Authors: Zhuang Zhu; Qin Zhao; Yu Zhao; Fei Zhang; Xintian Wen; Xiaobo Huang; Yiping Wen; Rui Wu; Qigui Yan; Yong Huang; Xiaoping Ma; Xinfeng Han; Sanjie Cao
      Pages: 1647 - 1657
      Abstract: Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae is the cause of porcine contagious pleuropneumonia, which is one of the most important respiratory diseases in swine and causes huge economic losses in the swine industry. PotD, a polyamine-binding protein, has been well characterised in many pathogens of humans and animals. In this study, a ΔpotD2 mutant of A. pleuropneumoniae strain MS71 (serovar 1) was constructed successfully by homologous recombination. Growth curves of different strains showed that the growth of the ΔpotD2 mutant was affected greatly in the logarithmic phase compared with that of parental strain. In vitro stress assays revealed that the viability of ΔpotD2 mutant strain was significantly impaired under multiple environmental stresses, including high temperature, oxidation and hyperosmosis. Additionally, the ΔpotD2 mutant caused significantly decreased mortality in a mouse model. Taken together, the findings in this study suggest an important role of PotD2 in the growth, stress tolerance and virulence of A. pleuropneumoniae.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0914-7
      Issue No: Vol. 110, No. 12 (2017)
  • Sphingomonas montana sp. nov., isolated from a soil sample from the
           Tanggula Mountain in the Qinghai Tibetan Plateau
    • Authors: Pooja Manandhar; Gengxin Zhang; Arun Lama; Fei Liu; Yilun Hu
      Pages: 1659 - 1668
      Abstract: An orange pigmented, Gram-staining negative, aerobic, motile, rod-shaped bacterium isolated from a soil from the Tanggula Mountain, China was studied using a polyphasic approach. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity, strain W16RDT was found to be closely related to Sphingomonas prati DSM 103336T (99%), Sphingomonas fennica DSM 13665T (97.21%), followed by Sphingomonas laterariae DSM 25432T (96.44%), Sphingomonas haloaromaticamans CGMCC 1.10206 T (96.36%) and Sphingomonas formosensis DSM 24164T (96.06%). The strain was found to be catalase and oxidase positive and was found to grow optimally at temperatures of 20–25 °C, pH 8 and tolerated NaCl concentration up to 1% (w/v). The major fatty acids identified were summed feature eight comprising C18:1 ω 7c and/or C18:1 ω 6c (39.2%), summed feature three comprising of C16:1 ω7c and/or C16:1 ω6c (36.7%) and C16:0 (7.0%). The polar lipids detected were phosphatidylcholine, sphingoglycolipid, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidyldimethylethanolamine, phosphatidylmonomethylethanolamine, and three unidentified lipids. The strain possessed ubiquinone-10 (Q-10) as the predominant respiratory quinone. Along with other distinguishing characteristics, we also describe the draft genome of strain W16RDT. The final assembled draft genome sequence is 3,722,743 bp with 3390 coding and 48 RNA (45 tRNA and 3 rRNA) genes. The DNA G+C content of the genomic DNA was determined to be 67%. The DNA–DNA relatedness value between the strain W16RDT and its closest phylogenetic relatives S. prati DSM 103336T, S. fennica DSM 13665T, S. laterariae DSM 25432T, and S. haloaromaticamans CGMCC 1.10206T were 52.17, 47.60, 20.93 and 17.09% respectively. The strain W16RDT could be distinguished genotypically and phenotypically from the recognized species belonging to the genus Sphingomonas and thus represents a novel species, for which the name Sphingomonas montana sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is W16RDT (=CGMCC 1.15646T = DSM 103337T).
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0915-6
      Issue No: Vol. 110, No. 12 (2017)
  • Selection for novel, acid-tolerant Desulfovibrio spp. from a closed
           Transbaikal mine site in a temporal pH-gradient bioreactor
    • Authors: Dmitry V. Antsiferov; Tatiana S. Fyodorova; Anastasia A. Kovalyova; Anastasia Lukina; Yulia A. Frank; Marat R. Avakyan; David Banks; Olli H. Tuovinen; Olga V. Karnachuk
      Pages: 1669 - 1679
      Abstract: Almost all the known isolates of acidophilic or acid-tolerant sulphate-reducing bacteria (SRB) belong to the spore-forming genus Desulfosporosinus in the Firmicutes. The objective of this study was to isolate acidophilic/acid-tolerant members of the genus Desulfovibrio belonging to deltaproteobacterial SRB. The sample material originated from microbial mat biomass submerged in mine water and was enriched for sulphate reducers by cultivation in anaerobic medium with lactate as an electron donor. A stirred tank bioreactor with the same medium composition was inoculated with the sulphidogenic enrichment. The bioreactor was operated with a temporal pH gradient, changing daily, from an initial pH of 7.3 to a final pH of 3.7. Among the bacteria in the bioreactor culture, Desulfovibrio was the only SRB group retrieved from the bioreactor consortium as observed by 16S rRNA-targeted denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis. Moderately acidophilic/acid-tolerant isolates belonged to Desulfovibrio aerotolerans-Desulfovibrio carbinophilus-Desulfovibrio magneticus and Desulfovibrio idahonensis-Desulfovibrio mexicanus clades within the genus Desulfovibrio. A moderately acidophilic strain, Desulfovibrio sp. VK (pH optimum 5.7) and acid-tolerant Desulfovibrio sp. ED (pH optimum 6.6) dominated in the bioreactor consortium at different time points and were isolated in pure culture.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0917-4
      Issue No: Vol. 110, No. 12 (2017)
  • Thauera phenolivorans sp. nov., a phenol degrading bacterium isolated from
           activated sludge
    • Authors: Yajie Yin; Yanan Wang; Wei Tang; Liyan Song
      Pages: 1681 - 1690
      Abstract: A Gram-stain negative, short rod-shaped and non-motile bacterial strain ZV1CT capable of degrading phenol was isolated from a wastewater treatment system of Huafu mustard tuber salinity preservation factory in Chongqing, China. Aerobic growth was observed at 20–42 °C (optimum, 30 °C) and at pH 5–10 (optimum, pH 8). Cells tolerated NaCl concentrations of 0–2% (w/v) (optimum, 0%). The major respiratory quinone is ubiquinone Q-8 and the major cellular fatty acids are C16:1 ω7c /C16:1 ω6c and C16:0. The 16S rRNA gene sequence of stain ZV1CT is phylogenetically related to the 16S rRNA genes of the type strains of Thauera species (similarity: 96.6–97.7%). The genome of strain ZV1CT was sequenced and the size of the genome is 3.68 Mb. The genomic DNA G+C content is 68.2 mol %. Strain ZV1CT exhibited whole-genome average nucleotide identity values of 82.3, 81.5 and 80.9% with respect to Thauera phenylacetica B4PT, Thauera aminoaromatica S2T and Thauera selenatis AXT, respectively. Accordingly, the genome-to-genome distances between strain ZV1CT and the type strains ranged from 21.5 to 31.3%. Based on the results of this study, it is proposed that strain ZV1CT represents a novel species of the genus Thauera, for which the name Thauera phenolivorans is proposed. The type strain is ZV1CT (=CGMCC 1.15497 = NCBR 112379).
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0918-3
      Issue No: Vol. 110, No. 12 (2017)
  • Biofilm formation and antibiotic susceptibility in dispersed cells versus
           planktonic cells from clinical, industry and environmental origins
    • Authors: Mercedes Berlanga; Laura Gomez-Perez; Ricardo Guerrero
      Pages: 1691 - 1704
      Abstract: We examined the cell-surface physicochemical properties, the biofilm formation capability and the antibiotic susceptibility in dispersed cells (from an artificial biofilm of alginate beads) and compared with their planktonic (free-swimming) counterparts. The strains used were from different origins, such as clinical (Acinetobacter baumannii AB4), cosmetic industry (Klebsiella oxytoca EU213, Pseudomonas aeruginosa EU190), and environmental (Halomonas venusta MAT28). In general, dispersed cells adhered better to surfaces (measured as the “biofilm index”) and had a greater hydrophobicity [measured as the microbial affinity to solvents (MATS)] than planktonic cells. The susceptibility to two antibiotics (ciprofloxacin and tetracycline) of dispersed cells was higher compared with that of their planktonic counterparts (tested by the “bactericidal index”). Dispersed and planktonic cells exhibited differences in cell permeability, especially in efflux pump activity, which could be related to the differences observed in susceptibility to antibiotics. At 1 h of biofilm formation in microtiter plates, dispersed cells treated with therapeutic concentration of ciprofloxacin yielded a lower biofilm index than the control dispersed cells without ciprofloxacin. With respect to the planktonic cells, the biofilm index was similar with and without the ciprofloxacin treatment. In both cases there were a reduction of the number of bacteria measured as viable count of the supernatant. The lower biofilm formation in dispersed cells with ciprofloxacin treatment may be due to a significant increase of biofilm disruption with respect to the biofilm from planktonic cells. From a clinical point of view, biofilms formed on medical devices such as catheters, cells that can be related to an infection were the dispersed cells. Our results showed that early treatment with ciprofloxacin of dispersed cells could diminishe bacterial dispersion and facilitate the partial elimination of the new biofilm formed.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0919-2
      Issue No: Vol. 110, No. 12 (2017)
  • Actinoalloteichus fjordicus sp. nov. isolated from marine sponges:
           phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and genomic characterisation
    • Authors: Imen Nouioui; Christian Rückert; Joost Willemse; Gilles P. van Wezel; Hans-Peter Klenk; Tobias Busche; Jörn Kalinowski; Harald Bredholt; Sergey B. Zotchev
      Pages: 1705 - 1717
      Abstract: Two actinobacterial strains, ADI 127-17T and GBA 129-24, isolated from marine sponges Antho dichotoma and Geodia barretti, respectively, collected at the Trondheim fjord in Norway, were the subjects of a polyphasic study. According to their 16S rRNA gene sequences, the new isolates were preliminarily classified as belonging to the genus Actinoalloteichus. Both strains formed a distinct branch, closely related to the type strains of Actinoalloteichus hoggarensis and Actinoalloteichus hymeniacidonis, within the evolutionary radiation of the genus Actinoalloteichus in the 16S rRNA gene-based phylogenetic tree. Isolates ADI 127-17T and GBA 129-24 exhibited morphological, chemotaxonomic and genotypic features distinguishable from their close phylogenetic neighbours. Digital DNA: DNA hybridization and ANI values between strains ADI 127-17T and GBA 129-24 were 97.6 and 99.7%, respectively, whereas the corresponding values between both tested strains and type strains of their closely related phylogenetic neighbours, A. hoggarensis and A. hymeniacidonis, were well below the threshold for delineation of prokaryotic species. Therefore, strains ADI 127-17T (= DSM 46855T) and GBA 129-24 (= DSM 46856) are concluded to represent a novel species of the genus Actinoalloteichus for which the name of Actinoalloteichus fjordicus sp. nov. (type strain ADI 127-17T = DSM 46855T = CECT 9355T) is proposed. The complete genome sequences of the new strains were obtained and compared to that of A. hymeniacidonis DSM 45092T and A. hoggarensis DSM 45943T to unravel unique genome features and biosynthetic potential of the new isolates.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0920-9
      Issue No: Vol. 110, No. 12 (2017)
  • Saccharopolyspora hattusasensis sp. nov., isolated from soil
    • Authors: Aysel Veyisoglu; Hayrettin Saygin; Demet Tatar; Kadriye Inan Bektas; Nevzat Sahin
      Pages: 1719 - 1727
      Abstract: A Saccharopolyspora strain, designated CR3506T, isolated from a soil sample collected from Sungurlu, Corum, Turkey, was examinated using a polyphasic approach. Phylogenetic analysis based on an almost-complete 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that the strain is closely related to the type strains of Saccharopolyspora spinosa NRRL 18395T (99.1%), Saccharopolyspora phatthalungensis NRRL B-24798T (98.4%) and Saccharopolyspora shandongensis 88T (98.1%); low levels of DNA–DNA relatedness were found between the isolate and S. spinosa and S. phatthalungensis (<50%). Strain CR3506T was found to have chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic properties consistent with its classification in the genus Saccharopolyspora. The strain contained meso-diaminopimelic acid as the diagnostic diamino acid. Whole-cell hydrolysates contained arabinose and galactose. The polar lipids were identified as phosphatidylmethylethanolamine, phosphatidylethanolamine, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylinositol. The predominant menaquinones (>10%) were MK-9(H4) and MK-8(H4). Major fatty acids were (>10%) iso-C16:0, C15:03OH, C18:0 and iso-C15:0. Further, the morphological, physiological and biochemical characteristics of strain CR3506T are distinct from S. spinosa and other species of the genus Saccharopolyspora with which this strain has high 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity (98.0–98.5%). Strain CR3506T has antimicrobial activity against Bacillus subtilis NRRL B-209, Citrobacter freundi NRRL B-2643 and Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 29213. Consequently, it is proposed that strain CR3506T represents a novel Saccharopolyspora species for which the name Saccharopolyspora hattusasensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CR3506T (=KCTC 29104T = DSM 45715T).
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0921-8
      Issue No: Vol. 110, No. 12 (2017)
  • Host-dependent symbiotic efficiency of Rhizobium leguminosarum bv.
           trifolii strains isolated from nodules of Trifolium rubens
    • Authors: Monika Marek-Kozaczuk; Sylwia Wdowiak-Wróbel; Michał Kalita; Mykhaylo Chernetskyy; Kamil Deryło; Marek Tchórzewski; Anna Skorupska
      Pages: 1729 - 1744
      Abstract: Trifolium rubens L., commonly known as the red feather clover, is capable of symbiotic interactions with rhizobia. Up to now, no specific symbionts of T. rubens and their symbiotic compatibility with Trifolium spp. have been described. We characterized the genomic diversity of T. rubens symbionts by analyses of plasmid profiles and BOX–PCR. The phylogeny of T. rubens isolates was inferred based on the nucleotide sequences of 16S rRNA and two core genes (atpD, recA). The nodC phylogeny allowed classification of rhizobia nodulating T. rubens as Rhizobium leguminosarum symbiovar trifolii (Rlt). The symbiotic efficiency of the Rlt isolates was determined on four clover species: T. rubens, T. pratense, T. repens and T. resupinatum. We determined that Rlt strains formed mostly inefficient symbiosis with their native host plant T. rubens and weakly effective (sub-optimal) symbiosis with T. repens and T. pratense. The same Rlt strains were fully compatible in the symbiosis with T. resupinatum. T. rubens did not exhibit strict selectivity in regard to the symbionts and rhizobia closely related to Rhizobium grahamii, Rhizobium galegae and Agrobacterium radiobacter, which did not nodulate Trifolium spp., were found amongst T. rubens nodule isolates.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0922-7
      Issue No: Vol. 110, No. 12 (2017)
  • Metatranscriptomics reveals the hydrolytic potential of peat-inhabiting
    • Authors: Anastasia A. Ivanova; Carl-Eric Wegner; Yongkyu Kim; Werner Liesack; Svetlana N. Dedysh
      Abstract: Members of the phylum Planctomycetes are common inhabitants of northern Sphagnum-dominated wetlands. Evidence is accumulating that, in these environments, some planctomycetes may be involved in degrading polymeric organic matter. The experimental data, however, remain scarce due to the low number of characterized representatives of this phylum. In a previous study, we used metatranscriptomics to assess the activity response of peat-inhabiting microorganisms to biopolymers abundantly present in native peat. The community responses to cellulose, xylan, pectin, and chitin availability were analysed relative to unamended controls. Here, we re-analysed these metatranscriptomes and retrieved a total of 1,602,783 rRNA and 35,522 mRNA sequences affiliated with the Planctomycetes. Each of the four polymers induced specific planctomycete responses. These were most pronounced on chitin. The two groups with increased 16S rRNA transcript pools were Gemmata- and Phycisphaera-like planctomycetes. Among uncultivated members of the Planctomycetaceae, two increased transcript pools were detected in pectin-amended samples and belonged to Pirellula-like bacteria. The analysis of taxonomically assigned mRNA reads confirmed the specific response of Gemmata-related planctomycetes to chitin amendment suggesting the presence of chitinolytic capabilities in these bacteria.
      PubDate: 2017-11-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0973-9
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