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Publisher: Springer-Verlag   (Total: 2329 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2329 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal  
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Astronomy and Astrophysics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 4.511, h-index: 44)
Astronomy Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.58, h-index: 30)
Astronomy Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.473, h-index: 23)
Astrophysical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.469, h-index: 11)

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Journal Cover Antonie van Leeuwenhoek
  [SJR: 0.992]   [H-I: 87]   [5 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1572-9699 - ISSN (Online) 0003-6072
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2329 journals]
  • Reassessment of the taxonomic position of Burkholderia andropogonis and
           description of Robbsia andropogonis gen. nov., comb. nov.
    • Authors: Lucilene Lopes-Santos; Daniel Bedo Assumpção Castro; Mariana Ferreira-Tonin; Daniele Bussioli Alves Corrêa; Bevan Simon Weir; Duckchul Park; Laura Maria Mariscal Ottoboni; Júlio Rodrigues Neto; Suzete Aparecida Lanza Destéfano
      Pages: 727 - 736
      Abstract: Abstract The phylogenetic classification of the species Burkholderia andropogonis within the Burkholderia genus was reassessed using 16S rRNA gene phylogenetic analysis and multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA). Both phylogenetic trees revealed two main groups, named A and B, strongly supported by high bootstrap values (100%). Group A encompassed all of the Burkholderia species complex, whi.le Group B only comprised B. andropogonis species, with low percentage similarities with other species of the genus, from 92 to 95% for 16S rRNA gene sequences and 83% for conserved gene sequences. Average nucleotide identity (ANI), tetranucleotide signature frequency, and percentage of conserved proteins POCP analyses were also carried out, and in the three analyses B. andropogonis showed lower values when compared to the other Burkholderia species complex, near 71% for ANI, from 0.484 to 0.724 for tetranucleotide signature frequency, and around 50% for POCP, reinforcing the distance observed in the phylogenetic analyses. Our findings provide an important insight into the taxonomy of B. andropogonis. It is clear from the results that this bacterial species exhibits genotypic differences and represents a new genus described herein as Robbsia andropogonis gen. nov., comb. nov.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0842-6
      Issue No: Vol. 110, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Inediibacterium massiliense gen. nov., sp. nov., a new bacterial species
           isolated from the gut microbiota of a severely malnourished infant
    • Authors: Maryam Tidjani Alou; Jaishriram Rathored; Caroline Michelle; Gregory Dubourg; Claudia Andrieu; Nicholas Armstrong; Cheikh Sokhna; Aldiouma Diallo; Didier Raoult; Pierre-Edouard Fournier
      Pages: 737 - 750
      Abstract: Abstract A novel strain, Mt12T (=CSUR P1907 = DSM 100590), was isolated from the fecal sample of a 7-month-old girl from Senegal afflicted with severe acute malnutrition. This bacterium is a strictly anaerobic, spore-forming Gram-stain positive bacillus. The major cellular fatty acid was identified as tetradecanoic acid. Its 16S rRNA gene sequence exhibited 94.9% similarity with that of Crassaminicella profunda strain Ra1766HT, currently the closest species with a validly published name. The draft genome of strain Mt12T is 3,497,275-bp long with a 30.45% of G+C content. 3397 genes were predicted, including 3268 protein-coding genes and 129 RNAs, including eight 16S rRNAs. Genomic comparison with closely related species with an available genome showed a lower quantitative genomic content. The phylogenetic analysis alongside the dDDH values under 30% and phenotypic characteristics suggest that strain Mt12T represents a new genus within the family Clostridiaceae, for which the name Inediibacterium massiliense gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0843-5
      Issue No: Vol. 110, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Massilia chloroacetimidivorans sp. nov., a chloroacetamide
           herbicide-degrading bacterium isolated from soil
    • Authors: Hyosun Lee; Dong-Uk Kim; Sooyeon Park; Jung-Hoon Yoon; Jong-Ok Ka
      Pages: 751 - 758
      Abstract: Abstract A Gram-stain negative, rod-shaped, aerobic bacterial strain, designated TA-C7eT, was isolated from an agricultural soil obtained from Taean region, Korea. Phylogenetically, the strain was grouped with the genus Massilia and shared 95.33–97.97% 16S rRNA sequence similarity with the type strains of other species of the genus Massilia. The DNA–DNA hybridisation between TA-C7eT and Massilia haematophila KACC 13771T, Massilia suwonesis KACC 12635T, and Massilia yuzhufengensis KACC 16569T revealed a low level of relatedness (<40%). The low levels of DNA–DNA hybridisation values identified strain TA-C7eT as a novel species in the genus Massilia. The major fatty acids of the strain were C16:0 (37.3%) and summed feature 3 (C16:1 ω7c and/or C16:1 ω6c) (40.6%). Q-8 was identified as the only isoprenoid quinone. The polar lipids profile of the strain showed the presence of phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, diphosphatidylglycerol, an unidentified aminophospholipid and three unidentified lipids. The DNA G+C content of the strain was found to be 63.2 mol%. On the basis of the phenotypic, genotypic and chemotaxonomic characteristics, strain TA-C7eT represents a novel species in the genus Massilia, for which the name Massilia chloroacetimidivorans sp. nov. (=KACC 18674T = NBRC 112463T) is proposed.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0845-3
      Issue No: Vol. 110, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Isolation and characterisation of an enterocin P-producing Enterococcus
           lactis strain from a fresh shrimp ( Penaeus vannamei )
    • Authors: Olfa Ben Braïek; Hamdi Ghomrassi; Paola Cremonesi; Stefano Morandi; Yannick Fleury; Patrick Le Chevalier; Khaled Hani; Omrane Bel Hadj; Taoufik Ghrairi
      Pages: 771 - 786
      Abstract: Abstract Screening for lactic acid bacteria (LAB) from fresh shrimp samples (Penaeus vannamei) collected from retail seafood markets in the Tunisian’s coast, resulted in the isolation of an Enterococcus strain termed Q1. This strain was selected for its antagonistic activity against pathogenic bacteria such as Listeria monocytogenes, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Lactococcus garvieae and against fungi (Aspergillus niger and Fusarium equiseti). The Q1 strain was characterised using standard morphological and biochemical tests, growth assays at different temperatures, pH and salinity. 16S rRNA, rpoA and pheS gene sequencing, as well as the 16S-23S rRNA intergenic spacer analyses, were combined to identify strain Q1 as a strain of Enterococcus lactis. The bacteriocin produced by E. lactis Q1 is thermostable, active in the pH range from 4.0 to 9.0 and has a bactericidal mode of action. The enterocin P structural gene was detected by specific PCR in strain E. lactis Q1, which is in good agreement with SDS-PAGE data of the purified bacteriocin. A lack of significant antibiotic resistance genes and virulence determinants was confirmed by specific PCRs. This work provides the first description of an enterocin P producer E. lactis strain isolated from a fresh shrimp. Based on its safety properties (absence of haemolytic activity, virulence factors and antibiotic resistance genes), this strain has the potential to be used as a natural additive or adjunct protective culture in food biopreservation and/or probiotic culture.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0847-1
      Issue No: Vol. 110, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Actinomadura alkaliterrae sp. nov., isolated from an alkaline soil
    • Authors: Hilal Ay; Imen Nouioui; Maria del Carmen Montero-Calasanz; Lorena Carro; Hans-Peter Klenk; Michael Goodfellow; José M. Igual; Demet Çetin; Nevzat Şahin; Kamil Işık
      Pages: 787 - 794
      Abstract: Abstract A polyphasic study was undertaken to establish the taxonomic status of an Actinomadura strain isolated from the margin of a saline, alkaline lake in Central Anatolia, Turkey. Strain D310ATT was shown to have chemotaxonomic, cultural and morphological properties consistent with its classification in the genus Actinomadura such as hooked or irregular spiral spore chains, meso-diaminopimelic acid as the major cell wall diaminopimelic acid, and diphosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylinositol as major polar lipids. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain D310ATT is closely, albeit loosely, associated with Actinomadura darangshiensis DLS-70T with 97.2% sequence similarity, but was readily separated from the latter using diverse phenotypic properties. Consequently, the isolate is considered to represent a new species of Actinomadura for which the name Actinomadura alkaliterrae sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain D310ATT (=DSM 101185T = KCTC 39657T).
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0850-6
      Issue No: Vol. 110, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Lentzea chajnantorensis sp. nov., an actinobacterium from a very high
           altitude Cerro Chajnantor gravel soil in northern Chile
    • Authors: Hamidah Idris; Imen Nouioui; Juan A. Asenjo; Alan T. Bull; Michael Goodfellow
      Pages: 795 - 802
      Abstract: Abstract The taxonomic position of a filamentous actinobacterial strain, isolate H45T, recovered from a high altitude Atacama Desert gravel soil, was established using a polyphasic approach. The strain, which is known to produce novel dienes, has chemotaxonomic and morphological properties typical of the genus Lentzea and formed a distinct branch in the Lentzea 16S rRNA gene tree that is closely related to the type strain of Lentzea kentuckyensis. The two strains were distinguished using a combination of phenotypic properties and by a DNA:DNA relatedness value of 37.6 ± 4.0%. On the basis of these genotypic and phenotypic data it is proposed that isolate H45T (=NCIMB 4966T = NRRL B-65282T) be classified in the genus Lentzea as Lentzea chajnantorensis sp. nov.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0851-5
      Issue No: Vol. 110, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Geodermatophilus daqingensis sp. nov., isolated from
           petroleum-contaminated soil
    • Authors: Yang Wang; Liguo Zhang; Xiaofei Zhang; Jinying Huang; Yu Zhao; Yuanling Zhao; Jianxin Liu; Cui Huang; Jing Wang; Yingying Hu; Guoling Ren; Xiuhong Xu
      Pages: 803 - 809
      Abstract: Abstract A novel Gram-positive actinobacterium, designated WT-2-1T, was isolated from a sample of petroleum-contaminated soil collected in Daqing, Heilongjiang province, China and characterised using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. The optimal growth for strain WT-2-1T was found to be at 25–35 °C and at pH 6.0–9.0 and with 0–4% (w/v) NaCl, forming blackish green-coloured colonies. Chemotaxonomic and molecular characteristics of the isolate match those described for members of the genus Geodermatophilus. The peptidoglycan was found to contain meso-diaminopimelic acid; galactose, glucose and xylose were detected as diagnostic sugars. The main phospholipids were identified as diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylglycerol; MK-9(H4) was the dominant menaquinone present. The major cellular fatty acids were identified as iso-C16:0 and iso-C15:0. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that strain WT-2-1T is a member of the genus Geodermatophilus, with high sequence similarities to Geodermatophilus aquaeductus BMG801T (98.4%), Geodermatophilus saharensis CF5/5T (98.4%), Geodermatophilus bullaregiensis BMG841T (98.3%) and Geodermatophilus normandii CF5/3T (98.3%). Based on the phenotypic characteristics, phylogenetic data and DNA–DNA hybridization results, the isolate is concluded to represent a novel species of the genus Geodermatophilus, for which the name Geodermatophilus daqingensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is WT-2-1T (=CGMCC 4.7381T = DSM 104001T).
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0853-3
      Issue No: Vol. 110, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Deinococcus planocerae sp. nov., isolated from a marine flatworm
    • Authors: Huina Lin; Yong Wang; Jiaomei Huang; Qiliang Lai; Ying Xu
      Pages: 811 - 817
      Abstract: Abstract A Gram-positive, non-motile and coccoid strain, designated XY-FW106T, was isolated from a marine flatworm identified to be Planocera sp. The 16S rRNA gene sequence of this pink organism was consistent with membership of the genus Deinococcus, with high sequence similarity to Deinococcus aetherius ST0316T (94.7%). The optimum growth temperature range of the strain XY-FW106T was found to be 25–30 °C and optimum growth occurs at pH 7.2–7.4 without NaCl. The strain XY-FW106T was found to contain unidentified glycolipids, unidentified phosphoglycolipids, unidentified phospholipids and unidentified lipids, which differed from those of closely related species. Menaquinone MK-8 was identified as the major respiratory quinone and the predominant cellular fatty acids were found to be Summed Feature 3 (C16:1 ω7c/C16:1 ω6c), C16:0, iso-C15:0, and Summed Feature 8 (C18:1 ω7c/C18:1 ω6c). The DNA G+C content was determined to be 70.2 mol%. The biochemical and chemotaxonomic data together suggest that the strain represents a new species for which the name Deinococcus planocerae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is XY-FW106T (=MCCC 1K01499T=KCTC 33809T).
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0854-2
      Issue No: Vol. 110, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Two new species of the Fusarium fujikuroi species complex isolated from
           the natural environment
    • Authors: Tarek A. A. Moussa; Hassan S. Al-Zahrani; Naif M. S. Kadasa; Sarah A. Ahmed; G. Sybren de Hoog; Abdullah M. S. Al-Hatmi
      Pages: 819 - 832
      Abstract: Abstract Two new species in the Fusarium fujikuroi species complex (FFSC) are introduced. One of these, represented by strain CBS 454.97 was isolated from plant debris (Striga hermonthica) in the Sudan, while the second, represented by strains CBS 119850 and CBS 483.94, which originated from soil in Australia. Molecular analyses were performed including TEF1 spanning 576 bp region, 860 bp region of rPB2, and 500 bp BT2 region. Phylogenetic trees based on these regions showed that the two species are clearly distinct from all known taxa in the F. fujikuroi species complex. Based on phenotypic, physiological characters and molecular data, we introduce Fusarium sudanense and Fusarium terricola as novel species in the complex.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0855-1
      Issue No: Vol. 110, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Occurrence and virulence properties of Vibrio and Salinivibrio isolates
           from tropical lagoons of the southern Caribbean Sea
    • Authors: Milagro Fernández-Delgado; Paula Suárez; Sandra Giner; Virginia Sanz; Jessy Peña; Damarys Sánchez; M. Alexandra García-Amado
      Pages: 833 - 841
      Abstract: Abstract The Vibrionaceae are Gram-negative bacteria present in marine and estuarine environments worldwide, including several species known as important pathogens to humans and aquatic organisms. The aim of this research was to investigate the occurrence and virulence properties of Vibrio and Salinivibrio isolated from lagoons at Cuare Wildlife Refuge and Margarita Island in the southern Caribbean Sea. Water, plankton and oyster samples were collected during October 2011 and March 2012 and examined by specific PCR and culture methods. Vibrio genus DNA was detected in 95% of samples, while the intergenic spacer region (ISR) of Vibrio cholerae and the genes that code for the thermolabile direct haemolysin (tl) of Vibrio parahaemolyticus and the haemolysin/cytolysin (vvhA) of Vibrio vulnificus were absent or amplified in low proportions (23, 5, and 0%, respectively). Nine isolates from water and plankton were confirmed as Vibrio or Salinivibrio by phenotypic tests, 16S rRNA gene sequencing and phylogenetic analysis. All the isolates presented similar patterns of virulence factors, in which the genes ctxA (encoding for cholera toxin), tl and vvhA were lacking, whereas seven isolates displayed antibiotic resistance against ampicillin and cephalosporins. The 16S rRNA phylogenetic analysis showed the clustering of Vibrio isolates in three main clades: the plankton isolate from Cuare Wildlife Refuge formed a group with V. cholerae and Vibrio mimicus while the Margarita isolates clustered with sequences from the harveyi clade and Salinivibrio. This is the first time that Salinivibrio species are reported in tropical lagoons of the Caribbean Sea with antibiotic resistance.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0856-0
      Issue No: Vol. 110, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Bacillus zanthoxyli sp. nov., a novel nematicidal bacterium isolated from
           Chinese red pepper ( Zanthoxylum bungeanum Maxim) leaves in China
    • Abstract: Abstract A novel strain, 1433T, was isolated from leaves of Chinese red pepper (Huajiao, Zanthoxylum bungeanum Maxim) collected from Gansu province in northwestern China, and was characterised by a polyphasic approach. Cells of strain 1433T were observed to be Gram-stain positive, aerobic, asporogenous, rod shaped, motile and to have peritrichous flagella. The strain was observed to grow at a range of temperatures and pH, 4–45 °C (optimum 28–32 °C) and 6.0–10.0 (optimum pH 6.0–7.0), respectively. Growth was found to occur in the presence of 0–7% (w/v) NaCl [optimum 0–3% (w/v)]. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was determined to be 41.9 mol% and the cell wall peptidoglycan found to contain meso-diaminopimelic acid. The predominant menaquinone was identified as MK-7 and the major polar lipids as diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, an unidentified polar lipid and three unidentified phospholipids. The major cellular fatty acids were identified as iso-C15:0 (31.6%), anteiso-C15:0 (26.9%) and iso-C14:0 (17.1%). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain 1433T is a member of the genus Bacillus and is closely related to Bacillus aryabhattai DSM 21047T (99.4% sequence similarity) and Bacillus megaterium DSM 32T (99.2%). DNA–DNA relatedness of the novel strain 1433T with B. aryabhattai DSM 21047T and B. megaterium DSM 32T was 33.8 ± 2.8% and 28.9 ± 3.4%, respectively. On the basis of the polyphasic evidence presented, strain 1433T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Bacillus, for which we propose the name Bacillus zanthoxyli sp. nov. The type strain is 1433T (= CCTCC AB 2016326T = KCTC33730T).
      PubDate: 2017-05-26
       
  • Mining lipolytic enzymes in community DNA from high Andean soils using a
           targeted approach
    • Authors: Daniel Borda-Molina; José Salvador Montaña; María Mercedes Zambrano; Sandra Baena
      Abstract: Microbial enrichments cultures are a useful strategy to speed up the search for enzymes that can be employed in industrial processes. Lipases have gained special attention because they show unique properties such as: broad substrate specificity, enantio- and regio-selectivity and stability in organic solvents. A major goal is to identify novel lipolytic enzymes from microorganisms living in cold extreme environments such as high Andean soils, of relevance to our study being their capability be used in industrial processes. Paramo and glacier soils from the Nevados National Park in Colombia were sampled and microbial communities enriched through a fed-batch fermentation using olive oil as an inductor substrate. After 15 days of enrichment under aerobic conditions, total DNA was extracted. Subsequently, metagenomic libraries were constructed in the cosmid vector pWEB-TNC™. After functional screening, twenty and eighteen lipolytic clones were obtained from Paramo and Glacier soil enrichments, respectively. Based on lipid hydrolysis halo dimensions, the clone (Gla1) from a glacier enrichment was selected. A gene related to lipolytic activity was subcloned to evaluate enzyme properties. Phylogenetic analysis of the identified gene showed that the encoded lipase belongs to the family GDSL from a Ralstonia-like species. Interestingly, the secreted enzyme exhibited stability at high temperature and alkaline conditions, specifically the preferred conditions at 80 °C and pH 9.0. Thus, with the identification of an enzyme with non-expected properties, in this study is shown the potential of extreme cold environments to be explored for new catalytic molecules, using current molecular biology techniques, with applications in industrial processes, which demand stability under harsh conditions.
      PubDate: 2017-05-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0877-8
       
  • Description of Chryseobacterium timonianum sp. nov., isolated from a
           patient with pneumonia
    • Authors: Rita Abou Abdallah; Teresa Cimmino; Sophie Baron; Frédéric Cadoret; Caroline Michelle; Didier Raoult; Pierre-Edouard Fournier; Fadi Bittar
      Abstract: Abstract Using a polyphasic taxonomic strategy, an aerobic, Gram-negative, non-motile, yellow pigmented rod isolated from a sputum sample of a patient with pneumonia was characterised. This bacterial strain, designated G972T, could not be identified by our systematic MALDI-TOF screening on a MicroFlex. This led to the sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene, which shows 98.57% sequence identity with that of Chryseobacterium indologenes 16777T, the phylogenetic closely related type strain of a species with standing in nomenclature, which putatively classifies it as a new species. The major cell fatty acids were identified as 13-methyl-tetradecanoic acid (61%), 3-hydroxy-heptadecanoic acid (16%) and 15-methyl-11-hexadecenoic acid (11%). d-glucose, d-mannose, aesculin, d-maltose, d-trehalose, and gentibiose are the main carbon source. Digital DNA–DNA hybridization (dDDH) estimation and average nucleotide identity values (ANI) of the strain G972T against genomes of the type strains of related species ranged between 18.9 and 32.8% and between 71.46 and 83.61%, respectively, thus confirming again the new species status of the strain. Here, we describe the characteristics of this organism, complete genome sequence and annotation. The 5,390,132 bp size genome contains 4867 protein-coding genes, 89 RNAs (three genes are 5S rRNA, one gene is 16S rRNA, one gene is 23S rRNA and 84 tRNAs) with 35.51% GC content. Finally, on the basis of these polyphasic data, consisting of phenotypic and genomic analyses, we conclude that strain strain G972T (= DSM 103388T = CSUR P2233T) represents a novel species for which we propose the name Chryseobacterium timonianum. The 16S rRNA and genome sequences are available in GenBank database under accession numbers LT161886 and FJVD00000000.
      PubDate: 2017-05-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0885-8
       
  • Skermanella mucosa sp. nov., isolated from crude oil contaminated soil
    • Authors: Y. Subhash; Da-Eun Yoon; Sang-Seob Lee
      Abstract: Abstract A novel Gram-stain negative, small rod-shaped bacterium (strain 8-14-6T) was isolated from hydrocarbon contaminated desert soil collected from Kuwait. Strain 8-14-6T grew at 5–37 °C, pH 6.0–8.8 and 0–2% (w/v) of NaCl concentration. Casein, starch, Tween 20 and Tween 80 were hydrolyzed while urea, chitin, DNA and carboxymethyl-cellulose were not hydrolyzed by strain 8-14-6T. The major cellular fatty acids were identified as C18:1ω6c/C18:1ω7c, C16:0 and iso-C16:1I/C14:03-OH. Strain 8-14-6T produced diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylcholine, an unidentified phospholipids, two unidentified lipids and five unidentified amino lipids as polar lipids. Genomic G+C content was 73.5 mol %. 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons indicated that strain 8-14-6T represents a member of the genus Skermanella within family Rhodospirillaceae of the class Alphaproteobacteria. Strain 8-14-6T has a sequence similarity of 98.9% with Skermanella rosea M1T, 97.4% with Skermanella aerolata 5416T-32T, 96.9% with Skermanella stibiiresistens SB22T and <95.4% with the other two known species of the genus Skermanella. The DNA–DNA relatedness values between strain 8-14-6T and the type strains of the closely related species were clearly below the 70% threshold. From the combination of phenotypic and genotypic characteristics and distinct phylogenetic position, the strain is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Skermanella, for which the name Skermanella mucosa sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 8-14-6T (=KEMB 2255-438T =JCM 31590T).
      PubDate: 2017-05-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0878-7
       
  • Nocardia tengchongensis sp. nov., isolated from a soil sample
    • Authors: Shuai Li; Hong Ming; Yan-Yan Duan; Jian-Rong Huang; Zhuo-Li Zhao; Ling-Yu Zhang; Wei-Li Ji; Xiao-Lin Meng; Wen-Jun Li; Guo-Xing Nie
      Abstract: Abstract The taxonomic status was determined of two actinomycetes, designated CFH S0057T and CFH S0065, that were isolated from soil samples collected from an extinct volcano in Tengchong county, Yunnan province, south-west China. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strains CFH S0057T and CFH S0065 belong to the genus Nocardia and formed a single clade within this genus. The two isolates were able to grow at 4–45 °C, pH 5.0–7.0 and with a NaCl tolerance up to 5.0% (w/v). The whole-cell hydrolysates were rich in meso-diaminopimelic acid, galactose, arabinose and fructose. Mycolic acids were present. Strains CFH S0057T and CFH S0065 exhibited a menaquinone system with MK-8 (H4, ω cyclo), and the major polar lipids consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylinositol mannoside and one unidentified phospholipid. Major fatty acids were C16:0, Summed features 3, C18:1 ω9c and C18:0 10-methyl (TBSA). The genomic DNA G + C contents of strains CFH S0057T and CFH S0065 were 65.7 and 66.1 mol%, respectively. The combined genotypic, phenotypic and chemotaxonomic results indicated the isolates are considered to represent a novel species of the genus Nocardia, for which the name Nocardia tengchongensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CFH S0057T (= KCTC 29485T = JCM 30083T).
      PubDate: 2017-05-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0887-6
       
  • Diversity and plant growth promoting properties of rhizobia isolated from
           root nodules of Ononis arvensis
    • Authors: Sylwia Wdowiak-Wróbel; Monika Marek-Kozaczuk; Michał Kalita; Magdalena Karaś; Magdalena Wójcik; Wanda Małek
      Abstract: Abstract This is the first report describing isolates from root nodules of Ononis arvensis (field restharrow). The aim of this investigation was to describe the diversity, phylogeny, and plant growth promoting features of microsymbionts of O. arvensis, i.e., a legume plant growing in different places of the southern part of Poland. Twenty-nine bacterial isolates were characterized in terms of their phenotypic properties, genome fingerprinting, and comparative analysis of their 16S rRNA, nodC and acdS gene sequences. Based on the nodC and 16S rRNA gene phylogenies, the O. arvensis symbionts were grouped close to bacteria of the genera Rhizobium and Mesorhizobium, which formed monophyletic clusters. The acdS gene sequences of all the isolates tested exhibited the highest similarities to the corresponding gene sequences of genus Mesorhizobium strains. The presence of the acdS genes in the genomes of rhizobia specific for O. arvensis implies that these bacteria may promote the growth and development of their host plant in stress conditions. The isolated bacteria showed a high genomic diversity and, in the BOX-PCR reaction, all of them (except three) exhibited DNA fingerprints specific only for them. Our studies showed that restharrow isolates formed effective symbiotic interactions with their native host (O. arvensis) and Ononis spinosa but not with Trifolium repens and Medicago sativa belonging to the same tribe Trifolieae as Ononis species and not with Lotus corniculatus, representing the tribe Loteae.
      PubDate: 2017-05-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0883-x
       
  • Rhodococcus gannanensis sp. nov., a novel endophytic actinobacterium
           isolated from root of sunflower ( Helianthus annuus L.)
    • Authors: Jun Ma; Liguo Zhang; Guangjin Wang; Shuquan Zhang; Xiaofei Zhang; Yongbin Wang; Chuanqi Shi; Liang Si; Haibin Zhao; Fengqi Liu; Bixian Zhang; Xutang Huang
      Abstract: Abstract A novel Gram-positive, aerobic, non-motile strain, designated strain M1T, was isolated from sunflower root (Helianthus annuus L.) and characterised using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. The morphological and chemotaxonomic properties of the isolate were typical of those of members of the genus Rhodococcus. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that strain M1T belongs to the genus Rhodococcus and clustered with Rhodococcus canchipurensis MBRL 353T (99.1%, sequence similarity) and Rhodococcus pedocola UC12T (98.7%). However, the DNA–DNA hybridizations between strain M1T and R. canchipurensis MBRL 353T and R. pedocola UC12T were found to be 52.8 ± 0.7 and 41.8 ± 0.2%, respectively. The optimal growth temperature and pH for strain M1T was found to be at 28 °C and at pH 7.0. The peptidoglycan was found to contain meso-diaminopimelic acid; galactose, glucose and arabinose were detected as diagnostic sugars. The main polar lipids were identified as diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol and phosphatidylinositol mannoside; MK-8(H2) was found to be the dominant menaquinone. The major fatty acids were identified as C16:0, 10-methyl C18:0 and C18:1 ω9c. Mycolic acids were found to be present. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was determined to be 69.5 mol%. Based on a comparative analysis of phenotypic and genotypic characteristics, in combination with DNA–DNA hybridization results, the isolate is concluded to represent a novel species of the genus Rhodococcus, for which the name Rhodococcus gannanensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is M1T (=CGMCC 1.15992T = DSM 104003T).
      PubDate: 2017-05-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0884-9
       
  • Plipastatin and surfactin coproduction by Bacillus subtilis pB2-L and
           their effects on microorganisms
    • Authors: Ling Gao; Jinzhi Han; Hongxia Liu; Xiaoxu Qu; Zhaoxin Lu; Xiaomei Bie
      Abstract: Abstract To convert the lipopeptide non-producer strain Bacillus subtilis pB2 into a plipastatin and surfactin coproducer, a gene expression cassette composed of a constitutive promoter (P43), functional gene sfp, and pleiotropic regulatory gene degQ was integrated into the chromosomal amyE locus of strain B. subtilis pB2 by homologous recombination, which generated a plipastatin and surfactin co-producer. Thirteen plipastatins and fifteen surfactins were identified in lipopeptide extracts using analytical techniques, and their effects on microorganisms were described by microscopic, cytoskeleton analysis and flow-cytometry, respectively. Plipastatins isolated from the engineered strain pB2-L exhibited strong antifungal activity (MIC 16 μg ml−1) by disrupting the cell walls, membranes and cytoskeleton of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cucumerinum hyphae. Surfactins affected the cell membrane of Staphylococcus aureus (MIC 20 μg ml−1), resulting in nucleic acid leakage and ultimately, cell death. Based on the convenience of genetic manipulation in the engineering strain, this work could be useful for the rational design of lipopeptide synthetases via the recombination of gene fragments to generate arrays of peptide derivatives and thus expand the diversity of microbial-produced lipopeptides.
      PubDate: 2017-05-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0874-y
       
  • Altererythrobacter lauratis sp. nov. and Altererythrobacter palmitatis sp.
           nov., isolated from a Tibetan hot spring
    • Authors: Chang-Guo Yuan; Xing Chen; Zhao Jiang; Wei Chen; Lan Liu; Wen-Dong Xian; Mipeshwaree Devi Asem; Xiao-Yang Zhi; Wen-Jun Li
      Abstract: Abstract Two Gram-negative, moderately thermophilic, yellow-pigmented, rod-shaped and motile bacterial strains, designated YIM 75003T and YIM 75004T, were isolated from sediment samples collected from the Tagejia hot spring in Tibet, western China. The taxonomic affiliation of the two strains was investigated by a polyphasic approach. Pairwise comparison of the 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strains YIM 75003T and YIM 75004T are closely related to Altererythrobacter buctense M0322T (97.2 and 97.1% respectively), while sharing 99.9% sequence similarity against each other. Optimum growth of the two strains was observed at 37–45 °C, pH 8.0 and in the presence of 1–6% NaCl (w/v). Their predominant respiratory quinone was found to be ubiquinone 10. The major fatty acids in both the strains were identified as summed feature 8 (C18:1 ω6c and/or C18:1 ω7c) and summed feature 4 (C17:1 anteiso B and/or iso I). Their major polar lipid profiles were found to be diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol and sphingoglycolipid. The DNA G+C contents of strains YIM 75003T and YIM 75004T were determined to be 61.3 and 60.1 mol%, respectively. The DNA-DNA hybridization values between strains YIM 75003T and YIM 75004T, and between the two strains and their closely related phylogenetic neighbour A. buctense M0322T (=CGMCC 1.12871T) were less than 70%. Based on the morphological and physiological properties, phylogenetic analyses, chemotaxonomic characteristics and DNA–DNA relatedness values, the two strains can be distinguished from each other and from their phylogenetically closely related strain. Strains YIM 75003T and YIM 75004T are, therefore, considered to represent two novel species of the genus Altererythrobacter, for which the names Altererythrobacter lauratis sp. nov. (type strain YIM 75003T = KCTC 52606T = CCTCC AB2016268T) and Altererythrobacter palmitatis sp. nov. (type strain YIM 75004T = KCTC 52607T = CCTCC AB2016270T) are proposed.
      PubDate: 2017-05-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0882-y
       
  • Screening lactic acid bacteria strains with ability to bind di- n -butyl
           phthalate via Turbiscan technique
    • Authors: Zhao Lili; Zhao Hongfei; Sana Shoukat; Zhang Xiaochen; Zhang Bolin
      Abstract: Abstract Di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP) is a ubiquitous environmental contaminant that poses a risk to humans. Previous work indicates that the ability of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) to bind phthalic acid esters is strain-specific. As cell suspensions of LAB strains in aqueous solution are likely to be colloidal dispersions, this study provided a technique to efficiently screen LAB strains that bind DBP via Turbiscan, which has been widely used to measure the stability of emulsions or colloidal dispersions. Eleven LAB strains belonging to Lactobacillus plantarum, Lb. pentosus, Lb. paralimentarius, Lb. helveticus, Leuconostoc mesenteroides, Lb. acidophilus, Bifidobacterium lactis, and Bifidobacterium bifidum species were used in this study, and seven of them were selected to test in an earlier stage of exploring the process for finding a screening method; others were used for a validation test. It was observed that the various values of the 10 h Turbiscan Stability Index (TSI) of the cell suspension from each strain, at the equilibrium time of dispersed particles according to the peak thickness of cell-suspensions as measured by Turbiscan, had significant negative correlations with the DBP-binding percentage of LAB strains. Higher TSI values are correlated with lower binding of bacteria strains to DBP with a correlation coefficient of 0.8292. Cell surface hydrocarbons of LAB strains and their adherence were observed to correlate with DBP-binding percentages and may lead to the different states of aggregation or equilibrium of bacterial cell-suspensions, and the aggregation of bacterial cells resulted in fewer binding sites in the cell wall for DBP. Finally, four LAB strains were randomly selected to verify the feasibility of the method. In all, the findings demonstrate that TSI might be used as a tool to quickly screen strains that bind DBP. The present work could be extended to the removal of other toxic compounds, when screening of high-efficiency strains is required.
      PubDate: 2017-04-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0846-2
       
 
 
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