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Showing 1 - 200 of 2341 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal  
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Astronomy and Astrophysics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 4.511, h-index: 44)
Astronomy Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.58, h-index: 30)
Astronomy Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.473, h-index: 23)
Astrophysical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.469, h-index: 11)

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Journal Cover Annals of Surgical Oncology
  [SJR: 1.902]   [H-I: 127]   [11 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1534-4681 - ISSN (Online) 1068-9265
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2341 journals]
  • American Joint Committee on Cancer: Endocrine Surgery
    • Authors: Nancy D. Perrier
      Pages: 1151 - 1152
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      DOI: 10.1245/s10434-016-5750-x
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 5 (2017)
  • Percutaneous Peritoneal Lavage for the Rapid Staging of Gastric and
           Pancreatic Cancer
    • Authors: Linda M. Pak; Daniel G. Coit; Anne A. Eaton; Peter J. Allen; Michael I. D’Angelica; Ronald P. DeMatteo; William R. Jarnagin; Vivian E. Strong; T. Peter Kingham
      Pages: 1174 - 1179
      Abstract: Background Positive peritoneal cytology is classified as M1 disease in gastric and pancreatic cancer. While peritoneal cytology is typically obtained by laparoscopic peritoneal lavage, this study sought to examine the feasibility and safety of performing this percutaneously, with monitored anesthesia care and in combination with other diagnostic procedures to condense and expedite the staging process. Methods Patients with gastric or pancreatic cancer scheduled for laparoscopy with peritoneal lavage were prospectively enrolled to undergo intraoperative percutaneous peritoneal lavage prior to laparoscopic peritoneal lavage. Saline was infused through a percutaneously-inserted catheter and fluid was collected for peritoneal cytology. Three-quadrant washings collected during laparoscopy were also sent for peritoneal cytology. The primary outcome was to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of percutaneous peritoneal lavage for detecting positive peritoneal cytology compared with the gold standard of laparoscopic peritoneal lavage, while the secondary outcome was to determine safety. Results Percutaneous peritoneal lavage was successfully performed in 70 of 76 patients (92%). Ten of 48 gastric cancer patients (21%) and three of 22 pancreatic cancer patients (14%) had positive percutaneous and laparoscopic peritoneal cytology. Two additional gastric cancer patients had positive laparoscopic peritoneal cytology only. Sensitivity and specificity of percutaneous peritoneal lavage compared with laparoscopic peritoneal lavage were 87% and 100%, respectively. No complications occurred with percutaneous peritoneal lavage. Conclusions Percutaneous peritoneal lavage is a safe and effective minimally invasive alternative to laparoscopic peritoneal lavage for the diagnosis of metastatic gastric and pancreatic cancer. It is possible this can be utilized in an outpatient setting, such as during endoscopy, to allow for earlier diagnosis of M1 disease and decreased time to appropriate treatment.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      DOI: 10.1245/s10434-016-5757-3
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 5 (2017)
  • Poor Outcomes of Gastric Cancer Surgery After Admission Through the
           Emergency Department
    • Authors: Ian Solsky; Patricia Friedmann; Peter Muscarella; Haejin In
      Pages: 1180 - 1187
      Abstract: Background Outcomes after nonelective surgery for gastric cancer (GC) are poorly defined. Our objective was to compare outcomes of patients undergoing nonelective GC surgery after admission through the emergency department (EDSx) with patients receiving elective surgery or surgery after planned admission (non-EDSx) nationally. Methods The Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) database was used to examine patients undergoing GC surgery between 2008 and 2012. Demographics and outcomes were compared between EDSx and non-EDSx. Multivariable logistic regression was used to examine predictors of discharge to home. Results Of 9279 patients, 1143 (12%) underwent EDSx. They were more likely to be female (42 vs. 35%), nonwhite (56 vs. 33%), aged ≥75 years (40 vs. 26%), in the lowest quartile for household income (31 vs. 25%), have one or more comorbidities (87 vs. 70%), treated at a nonteaching hospital (46 vs. 25%), and have a concomitant diagnosis of obstruction, perforation, or bleeding (30 vs. 6%). They had longer total length of stay (LOS; 16 vs. 9 days), longer median postoperative stays (10 vs. 9 days), higher in-hospital mortality (8 vs. 3%), and were less likely to be discharged home (63 vs. 82%). EDSx was more expensive ($125,300 vs. $83,604). EDSx was associated with a lower likelihood of discharge to home (odds ratio 0.52, 95% CI 0.43–0.62). Conclusions Nationally, 12% of GC surgeries are performed after emergency department admission, which occurs more frequently in vulnerable populations and results in worse outcomes. Understanding factors leading to increased EDSx and developing strategies to decrease EDSx may improve GC surgery outcomes.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      DOI: 10.1245/s10434-016-5696-z
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 5 (2017)
  • Preoperative Chemotherapy and Survival for Large Anorectal
           Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors: A National Analysis of 333 Cases
    • Authors: Alexander T. Hawkins; Katerina O. Wells; Devi Mukkai Krishnamurty; Steven R. Hunt; Matthew G. Mutch; Sean C. Glasgow; Paul E. Wise; Matthew L. Silviera
      Pages: 1195 - 1201
      Abstract: Purpose Anorectal gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are exceedingly rare, and management remains controversial in regard to local resection (LR) and preoperative chemotherapy. Methods The National Cancer Data Base was queried from 1998 to 2012 for cases of GIST resection in the rectum or anus. Patient demographics, type of surgery (LR vs. radical excision [RE]), short-term outcomes, and overall survival (OS) were analyzed. Preoperative chemotherapy was recorded following the US FDA approval of imatinib in 2002. Results Overall, 333 patients with resection of anorectal GISTs were included. Mean age at presentation was 62.3 years (range 22–90), and median tumor size was 4.0 cm (interquartile range 2.2–7.0). Five-year OS for all patients was 77.6%. In a multivariable survival analysis, only age and tumor size >5 cm (hazard ratio 2.48, 95% confidence interval 1.50–4.01; p = 0.004) were associated with increased mortality. One hundred and sixty-three (49.0%) patients underwent LR, compared with 158 (47.4%) who underwent RE. For tumors smaller than 5 cm, no difference in 5-year survival by surgical approach was observed (LR 82.3% vs. RE 82.6%; p = 0.71). Fifty-nine patients (17.7%) received preoperative chemotherapy; for patients undergoing RE with tumors >5 cm, there was decreased mortality in the group who received preoperative chemotherapy (5-year OS with chemotherapy 79.2% vs. no chemotherapy 51.2%; p = 0.03). Conclusions Size is the most important determinant in survival following resection. Local excision is common, with resection split between LR and RE. For smaller tumors, LR may be adequate therapy. Preoperative chemotherapy may result in improved survival for large tumors treated with radical resection, but the data are imperfect.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      DOI: 10.1245/s10434-016-5706-1
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 5 (2017)
  • Cancer Registries: Can We Improve the Quality of Thyroid Cancer Data'
    • Authors: Colleen M. Kiernan; Martin A. Whiteside; Carmen C. Solorzano
      Pages: 1202 - 1207
      Abstract: Background Cancer registries are used to report cancer care trends and outcomes. Information from these data sets is utilized to craft practice guidelines and management recommendations. Limited knowledge is available regarding the quality of the data contained within registries. We sought to determine the accuracy of a single variable, ‘surgery of the primary site’, in the Tennessee Cancer Registry (TCR). Methods A retrospective review of the TCR thyroid database was performed. Hospital facilities were classified as either Commission on Cancer (CoC) or non-CoC accredited. Certified Tumor Registrars at the TCR reviewed the abstracted text and/or telephoned the reporting facility staff to confirm the definitive thyroid procedure. Results A total of 921 thyroid cancer cases, diagnosed/treated at TN facilities during 2004–2011, were coded with thyroid lobectomy (TL). Overall, 369 (40 %) were incorrectly coded, of which 247(67 %) were changed to total thyroidectomy. The majority of cases (80 %) were reported by CoC facilities. When compared by facility type, 42 % of records submitted from CoC facilities contained incorrect codes for the variable ‘surgery of the primary site’ TL compared with 34 % of records submitted by non-CoC facilities (p = 0.047). Conclusion In this study of the TCR, 40 % of records contained inaccurate coding of the variable ‘surgery of the primary site’. Upon validation, 27 % of all records were changed from TL to total thyroidectomy. The rate of incorrect coding was higher in CoC reporting facilities than in non-CoC facilities. Using text-to-code re-abstraction audits and facility contact these discrepancies can be validated and corrected to improve data quality.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      DOI: 10.1245/s10434-016-5612-6
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 5 (2017)
  • Resection of Pheochromocytoma Improves Diabetes Mellitus in the Majority
           of Patients
    • Authors: Toni Beninato; Wouter P. Kluijfhout; Frederick Thurston Drake; James Lim; Julie S. Kwon; Maggie Xiong; Wen T. Shen; Jessica E. Gosnell; Chienying Liu; Insoo Suh; Quan-Yang Duh
      Pages: 1208 - 1213
      Abstract: Background Catecholamine excess in patients with pheochromocytoma often results in impaired glucose tolerance, leading to diabetes mellitus. Little data are available on the long-term effect of surgery on diabetes. Objective The primary aim of this study was to determine the likelihood of diabetes cure after surgery, while secondary objectives were to determine risk factors for development of diabetes preoperatively and persistence of diabetes postoperatively. Methods All patients undergoing surgery for pheochromocytoma from 1996 to 2015 were retrospectively reviewed to identify those with a preoperative diagnosis of diabetes. Demographic and diabetes-specific data were collected. Median follow-up was 52.1 months. Results Overall, 153 patients underwent surgery. Diabetes was seen in 36 (23.4%) patients. Eight patients met the exclusion criteria and were removed from the final analysis, while 22 (78.6%) patients had complete resolution of diabetes. Four patients remained on medication with improved control. Overall, 93.0% of patients had improvement of their diabetes; two patients did not improve. Patients with large, symptomatic tumors were more likely to develop preoperative diabetes, and diabetes was more likely to persist in patients who had an elevated body mass index (BMI). Conclusions Diabetes was found concurrently with pheochromocytoma in 23% of patients, more often in those with large, symptomatic tumors. The majority of patients had long-term resolution of diabetes after successful resection; however, some patients may continue to require treatment of diabetes after operation, especially those with a higher BMI.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      DOI: 10.1245/s10434-016-5701-6
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 5 (2017)
  • Breast-Conserving Surgery Alone for Ductal Carcinoma In Situ: Factors
           Associated with Increased Risk of Local Recurrence
    • Authors: Alessandra Mele; Pritesh Mehta; Priscilla J. Slanetz; Alexander Brook; Abram Recht; Ranjna Sharma
      Pages: 1221 - 1226
      Abstract: ABSTRACT Purpose This retrospective study was aimed at identifying clinicopathologic characteristics associated with an increased risk for ipsilateral local recurrence (LR) in patients with ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) treated with wide local excision (WLE) alone without radiotherapy (RT). Methods All patients with DCIS treated with WLE alone at the Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA, between the years 2000 and 2010 were identified. We collected data on demographics, parity, personal or family history of breast cancer, exogenous hormone use, tobacco use, comorbidities, genetic mutation carrier status, imaging interval, and tumor-specific characteristics. Results Overall, 222 patients were included in the study. Median follow-up time was 8 years. LR occurred in 9% of patients, with a recurrence rate of 11.3 per 1000 person-years. The risk of recurrence was lower for patients with nuclear grade (NG) I tumors than for patients with NG II or NG III tumors (3, 8.5, and 19%, respectively; p = 0.01). The median margin width was 1 mm in patients experiencing LR versus 1.8 mm in patients without LR (p = 0.3). Patients who had used exogenous hormones, or patients with a history of tobacco use, had higher rates of LR than those who did not, although the difference did not reach statistical significance. Conclusions Our data indicate that higher NG, narrower margin width, use of exogenous hormones, and smoking history may be associated with an increased risk of LR. The evaluation of these factors may be helpful when considering whether or not to use adjuvant RT for patients with DCIS.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      DOI: 10.1245/s10434-016-5711-4
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 5 (2017)
  • Reliability of the Ki67-Labelling Index in Core Needle Biopsies of Luminal
           Breast Cancers is Unaffected by Biopsy Volume
    • Authors: C. M. Focke; T. Decker; P. J. van Diest
      Pages: 1251 - 1257
      Abstract: Background Assessing prognostic and predictive factors like the Ki67 labelling index (Ki67-LI) in breast cancer core needle biopsies (CNB) may be hampered by undersampling. Our aim was to arrive at a representative assessment of Ki67-LI in CNB of luminal breast cancers by defining optimal cutoffs and establishing the minimum CNB volume needed for highest concordance of Ki67-LI between CNB and subsequent surgical excision biopsy (SEB). Methods We assessed the Ki67-LI in CNB and subsequent SEB of 170 luminal breast cancers according to two counting methods recommended by the International Ki67 in Breast Cancer Working Group and applied the cutoffs to distinguish low and high proliferation given by the St Gallen 2013 and 2015 consensus, respectively. We then compared CNB volume characteristics for cases with concordant and discordant Ki67-LI between CNB versus SEB. Results Highest concordance (75%, κ = 0.44) between CNB and SEB was achieved using the method that assesses the average tumor Ki67-LI and a cutoff of 20%. No significant differences were found between cases with concordant and discordant Ki67-LI in CNB versus SEB for number of biopsy cores, total core length, tumor tissue length, or total CNB or tumor tissue area size in the CNB for two various cutoffs. Conclusions A concordance of 75% between CNB and SEB can be achieved for the Ki67-LI using a method assessing average Ki67-LI at the threshold of 20%. Increasing CNB volume did not result in improved agreement rates, indicating that reliability of Ki67 levels in CNB of luminal breast cancers is unaffected by CNB volume.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      DOI: 10.1245/s10434-016-5730-1
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 5 (2017)
  • Optimal Sequencing of Postmastectomy Radiotherapy and Two Stages of
           Prosthetic Reconstruction: A Meta-analysis
    • Authors: Kyeong-Tae Lee; Goo-Hyun Mun
      Pages: 1262 - 1268
      Abstract: Background Despite an expanding role of adjuvant radiotherapy and the popularity of two-stage prosthesis-based reconstruction in the treatment of breast cancer, there is no consensus on the proper timing of postmastectomy radiotherapy (PMRT) in relation to the two stages of the reconstruction procedure. The present meta-analysis investigated the optimum timing of PMRT by comparing the outcomes of the following two sequences: radiation on tissue expander followed by the exchange, and radiation on the permanent implant after the exchange. Methods The Medline, Ovid, and Google Scholar databases were searched to identify relevant studies presenting complication rates of the two sequencings. The relative risks of the adverse outcomes between the groups were calculated. Results A total of eight studies were analyzed, representing 899 cases. There were no prospective randomized controlled trials, and all but one were retrospective cohorts in nature. The risks for reconstruction failure and major complication requiring reoperation tended to be higher in the group with PMRT to tissue expanders compared to that with PMRT to implants; however, the differences were not significant. The group with PMRT to tissue expanders had a significantly lower risk of severe capsular contracture (relative risk, 0.44; P < 0.001). Conclusions Delivering PMRT to tissue expanders can reduce the risk of severe capsular contracture compared to delivering to implants. No significant differences in the risks of other complications, including reconstruction failure between the two sequencings, were detected; however, as a result of low level of evidence and insufficient sample sizes, further studies are needed to support evidence-based decision making.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      DOI: 10.1245/s10434-017-5819-1
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 5 (2017)
  • Adjuvant Chemotherapy Improves Overall Survival of Rectal Cancer Patients
           Treated with Neoadjuvant Chemoradiotherapy Regardless of Pathologic Nodal
    • Authors: Audrey S. Kulaylat; Christopher S. Hollenbeak; David B. Stewart
      Pages: 1281 - 1288
      Abstract: Background After neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy for rectal cancer, the interpretation of surgical pathology poses difficulties in deciding the need for adjuvant chemotherapy (AC). The aim of this study was to determine whether there is a survival benefit to providing AC in patients with node-negative disease on surgical pathology. Methods Patients with clinical stage II and III rectal adenocarcinoma who received neoadjuvant chemoradiation and definitive surgical resection from 2006 to 2012 were identified in the National Cancer Data Base. Patients were stratified by both receipt of AC and nodal status on surgical pathology. Propensity score matching was used to form two cohorts (AC vs. no AC) with otherwise balanced characteristics. Overall survival was compared by Kaplan–Meier analysis, and multivariable survival analysis was performed by a Weibull model. Results After propensity score matching, 4172 patients who received adjuvant therapy (2645 node negative and 1527 node positive) and 4172 patients who did not receive adjuvant therapy (3063 node negative and 1109 node positive) were identified. Among patients with either node-negative or node-positive disease, the use of AC was associated with a significant improvement in overall survival. These results were also observed after using a multivariable survival model to control for clinical stage as well as patient- and facility-related characteristics. Conclusions In both patients with node-negative and node-positive disease on surgical pathology, the use of AC is associated with a survival benefit. In the absence of contraindications, AC should continue to be routinely recommended to patients after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy for locally advanced rectal cancers.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      DOI: 10.1245/s10434-016-5681-6
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 5 (2017)
  • The Pretreatment Systemic Inflammatory Response is an Important
           Determinant of Poor Pathologic Response for Patients Undergoing
           Neoadjuvant Therapy for Rectal Cancer
    • Authors: Stephan B. Dreyer; Arfon G. M. T. Powell; Stephen T. McSorley; Ashita Waterston; James J. Going; Joanne Edwards; Donald C. McMillan; Paul G. Horgan
      Pages: 1295 - 1303
      Abstract: Background Not all patients respond equally to neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT), with subsequent effects on survival. The systemic inflammatory response has been shown to predict long-term outcomes in colorectal cancer. The current study examined the association between systemic inflammation and nCRT in patients with rectal cancer. Methods Between 1999 and 2010, patients who underwent nCRT were identified. Serum measurements of hemoglobin, C-reactive protein, albumin, modified Glasgow prognostic score (mGPS), and differential white cell counts were obtained before and after nCRT. The Rödel scoring system measured pathologic tumor regression, and magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography determined radiologic staging. Results The study included 79 patients. Of these patients, 37% were radiologically downstaged, and 44% were categorized as showing a good pathologic response (Rödel scores 3 and 4). As a validated measure of the systemic inflammatory response, mGPS (P = 0.022) was associated with a poor pathologic response to nCRT. A radiologic response was associated with a good pathologic response to treatment (P = 0.003). A binary logistic regression model identified mGPS (odds ratio [OR] 0.27; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.07–0.96; P = 0.043) and radiologic response (OR 0.43; 95% CI 0.18–0.99; P = 0.048) as strong independent predictors of a pathologic response to treatment. Conclusion The current study showed that a systemic inflammatory response before nCRT is associated with a poor pathologic response. Further study in a prospective controlled trial setting is warranted.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      DOI: 10.1245/s10434-016-5684-3
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 5 (2017)
  • Prognostic Value of Sterilized Lymph Nodes After Preoperative
           Chemoradiotherapy for Patients with ypN0 Rectal Cancer
    • Authors: Karina Vychnevskaia; Frederic Dumont; Julie Agostini; Catherine Julié; Peggy Dartigues; Thierry Lazure; Valérie Boige; Diane Goéré; Antoine Brouquet; Christophe Penna; Frédérique Peschaud; Stéphane Benoist
      Pages: 1304 - 1311
      Abstract: Background Patients with ypN0 rectal cancer who have received preoperative chemoradiotherapy can be divided into those who initially were node negative and those whose positive nodes have been sterilized by preoperative therapy. The long-term prognosis for ypN0 patients with sterilized lymph nodes (LNS) is unknown. This study aimed to assess the prognostic value of LNS after preoperative chemoradiotherapy for patients with ypN0 rectal cancer. Methods From January 2007 to March 2014, 206 patients with ypN0 tumors of the mid or lower rectum treated by chemoradiotherapy and radical surgery were enrolled in the study. Of these 206 patients, 49 had ypN0 tumors with LNS (LNS+ group), and 157 had ypN0 tumors without LNS (LNS− group). The patients in both groups were comparable in terms of tumor characteristics, type of chemoradiotherapy, type of surgery, R0 resection rate, and postoperative complication rate. Results The mean follow-up period was 40.5 ± 27 months. The 1- and 3-year OS rates in the LNS+ group were respectively 100 and 95.5% versus 99.4 and 91.6% in the LNS− group (P = 0.549). The 1- and 3-year DFS rates in the LNS+ group were respectively 100 and 94.2% versus 94.7 and 87.1% in the LNS− group (P = 0.117). The multivariate analysis showed that the presence of LNS did not affect OS (P = 0.918) or DFS (P = 0.209). Conclusions The prognosis is excellent for patients with ypN0 rectal cancer who have LNS after preoperative chemoradiotherapy. The presence of LNS in ypN0 rectal cancer patients after chemoradiotherapy should not be considered a factor for a poor prognosis.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      DOI: 10.1245/s10434-016-5736-8
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 5 (2017)
  • Outcome After Sentinel Lymph Node Dissection in Vulvar Cancer: A Subgroup
           Analysis of the AGO-CaRE-1 Study
    • Authors: Rüdiger Klapdor; Peter Hillemanns; Linn Wölber; Julia Jückstock; Felix Hilpert; Nikolaus de Gregorio; Severine Iborra; Jalid Sehouli; Anika Habermann; Sophie Teresa Fürst; Hans Georg Strauß; Klaus Baumann; Falk Thiel; Alexander Mustea; Werner Meier; Philipp Harter; Pauline Wimberger; Lars Hanker; Barbara Schmalfeldt; Ulrich Canzler; Tanja Fehm; Alexander Luyten; Martin Hellriegel; Jens Kosse; Christoph Heiss; Peer Hantschmann; Peter Mallmann; Berno Tanner; Jacobus Pfisterer; Barbara Richter; Martin Jäger; Sven Mahner
      Pages: 1314 - 1321
      Abstract: Purpose Analyzing the large patient cohort of the multicenter AGO-CaRE-1 study, we compared isolated sentinel lymph node dissection (SLND) with radical lymph node dissection (LND) of the groin in relation to recurrence rates and survival. Methods The AGO-CaRE-1 study retrospectively collected data on treatment patterns and follow-up of vulvar cancer patients [International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage ≥1B] treated at 29 gynecologic cancer centers between 1998 and 2008. This subgroup analysis evaluated the influence of SLND alone on progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). Results In 487 (63.1%) of 772 included patients with tumors smaller than 4 cm, an LND was performed and no metastatic lymph nodes were detected (LN0). Another 69/772 (8.9%) women underwent SLND alone, showing a negative SLN (SLN0). Tumors in the LN0 group were larger and showed a deeper invasion (LN0 vs. SLN0 tumor diameter: 20.0 vs. 13.0 mm, p < 0.001; depth of invasion: 4.0 vs. 3.0 mm, p = 0.002). After a median follow-up of 33 months (0–156), no significant differences in relation to isolated groin recurrence rates (SLN0 3.0% vs. LN0 3.4%, p = 0.845) were detected. Similarly, univariate 3-year PFS analysis showed no significant differences between both groups (SLN0 82.7% vs. LN0 77.6%, p = 0.230). A multivariate Cox regression analysis, including tumor diameter, depth of invasion, age, grading, and lymphovascular space invasion was performed: PFS [hazard ratio (HR) 0.970, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.517–1.821] and OS (HR 0.695, 95% CI 0.261–1.849) did not differ significantly between both cohorts. Conclusion This subgroup analysis of the large AGO-CaRE-1 study showed similar results for groin LND and SLND alone with regard to recurrence rates and survival in node-negative patients with tumors <4 cm.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      DOI: 10.1245/s10434-016-5687-0
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 5 (2017)
  • Levonorgestrel-Releasing Intrauterine Systems Versus Oral Cyclic
           Medroxyprogesterone Acetate in Endometrial Hyperplasia Therapy: A
    • Authors: Jin-Sung Yuk; Jae Yen Song; Jung Hun Lee; Won I. Park; Hyeong Sik Ahn; Hyun Jung Kim
      Pages: 1322 - 1329
      Abstract: Background This study aimed to compare the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) with oral cyclic medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) in endometrial hyperplasia therapy using randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Methods The study searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, CENTRAL, and other databases. All regression outcomes were calculated for dichotomous outcomes in terms of relative risk (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) using a Mantel–Haenszel random effects model. Results The search found 543 articles but selected 342 articles after the removal of duplicates. A meta-analysis found five RCTs (377 patients). The study did not analyze RR for total outcome because of high heterogeneity (I 2 = 87%). In a subgroup analysis of studies with non-obese women, the LNG-IUS treatment appeared to have a higher regression rate than oral MPA (RR 1.41; 95% CI 1.23–1.62; 4 trials, 265 patients; I 2 = 0%). In a subgroup analysis of studies with obese women, LNG-IUS appeared to have a regression rate similar to that of oral MPA (RR 1.03; 95% CI 0.94–1.13; 1 trial, 60 patients). In a subgroup analysis according to histology in the non-obese group, the LNG-IUS treatment appeared to have a higher regression rate than oral cyclic MPA in a meta-analysis of women with non-atypical endometrial hyperplasia (RR 1.36; 95% CI 1.07–1.73; 2 trials, 92 patients; I 2 = 6%) and mixed endometrial hyperplasia (atypical and non-atypical) (RR 1.44; 95% CI 1.21–1.71; 2 trials, 173 patients; I 2 = 0%). Conclusions The LNG-IUS treatment has a higher regression rate than cyclic MPA in non-atypical endometrial hyperplasia and mixed endometrial hyperplasia therapy for non-obese women but has a similar regression rate, albeit limited, for obese women.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      DOI: 10.1245/s10434-016-5699-9
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 5 (2017)
  • Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy Increases R0 Cytoreduction Rate But Does Not
           Improve Final Outcome in Advanced Epithelial Ovarian Cancer
    • Authors: Heriberto Medina-Franco; Rubén Cortés-González; Fernando Lambreton-Hinojosa; Adrián Fimbres-Morales; Juan-Carlos Vargas-Siordia
      Pages: 1330 - 1335
      Abstract: Background Most epithelial ovarian cancers present in advanced stages. Traditional management is maximum cytoreductive effort followed by platinum–taxane-based chemotherapy. We hypothesized that providing all chemotherapy before surgery will increase the R0 cytoreductive rate and improve prognosis. Methods Patients with advanced epithelial ovarian carcinoma [International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stages IIIC and IV without parenchymal metastasis] were included in a comparative study. Group A underwent cytoreductive surgery followed by six cycles of chemotherapy, and group B completed six cycles of preoperative systemic therapy followed by cytoreduction. Demographic, clinical, surgical and pathologic variables were recorded and analyzed. Main outcome end points were progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). Complete cytoreduction (R0) was defined as absence of macroscopic disease. Kaplan–Meier curves were constructed for survival analysis and univariate and multivariate analysis was performed. Significance was considered at p < 0.05. Results One hundred five patients were included: 42 in group A and 63 in group B. Mean patient age was 56 years (range 32–85 years). There were no significant differences between groups regarding demographic, clinical, surgical or pathologic variables. Surgical morbidity was low and not different between groups and there was no surgical mortality. R0 cytoreduction was obtained in 35.5 versus 64.5% in groups A and B, respectively. Median PFS and OS for the entire cohort were 16.17 and 38 months, respectively. Median PFS were 14.71 and 17.52 months for groups A and B, respectively (p = NS), and OS were 33.59 and 56.4 months for groups A and B, respectively (p = 0.08). Factors significantly associated with decreased survival on multivariate analysis were non-R0 resection (p < 0.001), anemia (Hb < 12 g/dL; p = 0.004) and comorbidities (Charlson score > 2; p = 0.007). Conclusions In spite of nearly doubling the rate of complete cytoreduction and reduce severe surgical complications, preoperative chemotherapy does not improve long-term outcome in advanced epithelial ovarian carcinoma.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      DOI: 10.1245/s10434-016-5704-3
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 5 (2017)
  • Treatment Preferences for Routine Lymphadenectomy Versus No
           Lymphadenectomy in Early-Stage Endometrial Cancer
    • Authors: Jung-Yun Lee; Kyunghoon Kim; Yun Shin Lee; Hyo Young Kim; Eun Ji Nam; Sunghoon Kim; Sang Wun Kim; Jae Weon Kim; Young Tae Kim
      Pages: 1336 - 1342
      Abstract: Background Debate on the value of lymphadenectomy continues in endometrial cancer. The aim of this study was to investigate patient and clinician preferences for routine lymphadenectomy versus no lymphadenectomy in the surgical management of endometrial cancer. Methods A discrete choice experiment and trade-off question were designed and distributed to 103 endometrial cancer patients and 90 gynecologic oncologists. Participant preferences were quantified with regression analysis using scenarios based on three attributes: 5-year progression-free survival and the rates of acute and chronic complication. A trade-off technique varying the risk of recurrence for no lymphadenectomy was used to quantify any additional risk of recurrence that these participants would accept to receive no lymphadenectomy instead of routine lymphadenectomy. Results On the basis of discrete choice experiment, the recurrence rate and lymphedema risk had a statistically significant impact on respondents’ preference. The trade-off question showed that the median additional accepted risk of having no lymphadenectomy was 2.8% for gynecologic oncologists (0.5–14%) and 3.0% for patients (0.5–10%), but this difference was not significant (p = 0.620). Patients who were younger or had a higher education level or no history of delivery or shorter duration since diagnosis were prepared to accept higher additional risks of having no lymphadenectomy. Conclusions Our results show that the majority of endometrial cancer patients and clinicians will accept a small amount of recurrence risk to reduce the incidence of lymphedema. Regarding preference heterogeneity among patients, our results show that it is important for surgeons to take a patient-tailored approach when discussing surgical management.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      DOI: 10.1245/s10434-016-5729-7
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 5 (2017)
  • Actual 10-Year Survivors After Resection of Hepatocellular Carcinoma
    • Authors: Jian Zheng; Deborah Kuk; Mithat Gönen; Vinod P. Balachandran; T. Peter Kingham; Peter J. Allen; Michael I. D’Angelica; William R. Jarnagin; Ronald P. DeMatteo
      Pages: 1358 - 1366
      Abstract: Background Resection of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) offers a chance of cure, but recurrence is common and survival is often limited. The clinical and pathological characteristics of long-term survivors have not been well studied. Methods We retrospectively reviewed 212 patients who underwent partial hepatectomy for HCC with curative intent from 1992 to 2006. Fifty patients who survived beyond 10 years were compared with 109 patients who died of recurrence within 10 years. Results Multivariate analysis showed that tumors <5 cm (odds ratio [OR] 2.3, p = 0.04), solitary tumors (OR 3.2, p = 0.01), and absence of vascular invasion (OR 2.3, p = 0.04) were independently associated with actual 10-year survival. However, more than 20% of long-term survivors also possessed established poor prognostic factors, including α-fetoprotein >1000 ng/mL, unfavorable serum inflammatory indices, tumor size >10 cm, microvascular invasion, poor tumor differentiation, cirrhosis, and metabolic syndrome. None of the 10-year survivors had an R1 resection. While 77% of the short-term survivors developed recurrence within 2 years, 42% of the 10-year survivors developed recurrence during their decade of follow-up, although most of the recurrences among 10-year survivors were intrahepatic and amenable to further treatment. Among patients who survived beyond 10 years, 42% remained alive without recurrence. Conclusions In this largest Western series of actual 10-year survivors after HCC resection, almost one in four patients survived over a decade, even though nearly half of this subset had developed recurrence. While many well-known variables were associated with a poor outcome, only a positive microscopic margin precluded long-term survival.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      DOI: 10.1245/s10434-016-5713-2
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 5 (2017)
  • Extranodal Spread is Associated with Recurrence and Poor Survival in Stage
           III Cutaneous Melanoma Patients
    • Authors: Thomas R. Crookes; Richard A. Scolyer; Serigne Lo; Martin Drummond; Andrew J. Spillane
      Pages: 1378 - 1385
      Abstract: Background Inconsistent data suggests extranodal spread (ENS) is an adverse prognostic factor in Stage III melanoma patients but it remains contentious. By rigorously matching cohorts, this study sought to clarify associations with recurrence and survival. Methods Melanoma patients with lymph node metastases (AJCC Stage III), with or without ENS, sub-classified on the basis of known (MKP) or unknown primary (MUP), were identified from a single institution prospective database. Of 725 ENS patients identified, 567 were able to be precisely matched 1:1 with a non-ENS cohort. Clinicopathologic factors were analyzed for associations with outcome. Results There were 481 MKP and 86 MUP patients in each cohort. ENS, compared to non-ENS, was an independent predictor of worse melanoma specific survival (MSS) (HR = 1.71, 95% CI = 1.39–2.11, P < 0.0001) with median MSS 56.4 versus 175.2 months, P < 0.001; worse disease free survival (DFS) (HR = 1.16, 95%CI = 1.00–1.34, P = 0.044) with median DFS 15.6 versus 21.5 months, P = 0.009; and worse post-recurrence survival (PRS) (HR = 1.66, 95%CI = 1.37–2.02, P < 0.0001) with median PRS 20.1 versus 51.1 months, P < 0.001. ENS was also associated with reduced time to distant recurrence (Distant Disease Free Survival [DDFS]) (HR = 2.00, 95% CI = 1.24–3.24, P = 0.0047), however median time to distant recurrence not reached within the study time period. Conclusions ENS represents a significant independent predictor of worse MSS, DFS, PRS and DDFS in Stage III melanoma patients. ENS should be considered in the stratification of patients in adjuvant therapy trials.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      DOI: 10.1245/s10434-016-5723-0
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 5 (2017)
  • Surgical Resection of Cerebral Metastases Leads to Faster Resolution of
           Peritumoral Edema than Stereotactic Radiosurgery: A Volumetric Analysis
    • Authors: Nir Shimony; Ben Shofty; Carmit Ben Harosh; Razi Sitt; Zvi Ram; Rachel Grossman
      Pages: 1392 - 1398
      Abstract: Background Surgical resection and stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) are well-established treatment options for selected patients with oligo-brain metastases (BMs). The dynamics of edema resolution with each treatment method have not been well characterized. Methods Of 389 patients treated for BMs between 2012 and 2014, this study retrospectively identified 107 patients (150 metastases) who underwent either surgery or SRS as a single treatment method for BMs. The two groups of patients were matched for clinical parameters. Volumetric assessments of the tumor and associated edema were performed before treatment and then 2–3 months after treatment. Results In this study, 76 surgical cases were compared with 74 cases treated with SRS. The volume of the tumor and surrounding edema was significantly greater in the surgery group than in the SRS group. However, resolution of edema was significantly more rapid in the surgical group (p < 0.0001), accompanied by faster weaning from steroids. After a matching process based on the propensity of a patient to receive SRS, a subgroup cohort was analyzed (mean maximal diameter: 21 mm in the surgical group vs 20.8 mm in the SRS group; p = 0.9). At diagnosis, edema volume, but not tumor volume, was significantly greater in the surgical group. The resolution of edema 2–3 months after treatment was better in the surgical group than in the SRS group (89.6% vs 71.1% of baseline, respectively; p = 0.09), although this difference did not reach the level of significance. Conclusions Resolution of tumor-associated edema in BMs suitable for either surgery or SRS was significantly faster after surgical resection than after SRS. Accordingly, when both treatment options are suitable, surgery appears to induce faster resolution of the edema.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      DOI: 10.1245/s10434-016-5709-y
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 5 (2017)
  • Analysis of Predictors of Resection and Survival in Locally Advanced Stage
           III Pancreatic Cancer: Does the Nature of Chemotherapy Regimen Influence
    • Authors: Filip Bednar; Mazen S. Zenati; Jennifer Steve; Sharon Winters; Lee M. Ocuin; Nathan Bahary; Melissa E. Hogg; Herbert J. Zeh; Amer H. Zureikat
      Pages: 1406 - 1413
      Abstract: Background Locally advanced unresectable pancreatic cancer (LAPC) historically portends a poor prognosis. FOLFIRINOX and gemcitabine/nab-paclitaxel have proven effective in the metastatic setting. We sought to evaluate the outcomes of these regimens compared with older regimens in LAPC. Methods A retrospective, single institutional review of all consecutive LAPC treated with “new” (FOLFIRINOX and/or gemcitabine/nab-paclitaxel) and “old” (gemcitabine or 5-FU) chemotherapy from 2010 to 2014 was performed. Univariate and multivariate predictors of resection and survival were determined. Results A total of 92 patients (new chemotherapy = 61, old chemotherapy = 31) were analyzed, of which 19 (21%) underwent eventual resection (median overall survival [OS] = 32 vs. 14.3 months for unresected patients, P = 0.0002). For the overall cohort, resection (hazard ratio [HR] 0.261, P = 0.014), radiation therapy (HR 0.458, P = 0.004), number of lines of chemotherapy (HR 0.486, P = 0.012), and new chemotherapy (HR 0.593 vs. old regimens, P = 0.065) were independent predictors of OS on multivariate analyses (MVA). On MVA, predictors of eventual resection were head and neck tumors (OR 0.307, P = 0.033) or SMA involvement (OR 0.285, P = 0.023). In nonresected patients (73), MVA showed treatment with new chemotherapy (HR 0.452, P = 0.006), radiation (HR 0.459, P = 0.006), and number of lines of CT (HR 0.705, P = 0.013) to be predictors of survival. Conclusions In LAPC, use of FOLFIRNOX and/or gemcitabine/nab-paclitaxel is associated with improved survival compared with older chemotherapy regimens, regardless of eventual resection. Tumor location and relationship to certain vasculature are important determinants of resection in this cohort.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      DOI: 10.1245/s10434-016-5707-0
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 5 (2017)
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