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Showing 1 - 200 of 2329 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal  
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Astronomy and Astrophysics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 4.511, h-index: 44)
Astronomy Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.58, h-index: 30)
Astronomy Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.473, h-index: 23)
Astrophysical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.469, h-index: 11)

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Journal Cover Annals of Surgical Oncology
  [SJR: 1.902]   [H-I: 127]   [11 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1534-4681 - ISSN (Online) 1068-9265
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2329 journals]
  • Contralateral Lobe Volume Brings Us One Step Closer to the Prediction of
           Hypothyroidism Following Partial Thyroid Resection
    • Authors: Lindsay E. Kuo; Douglas L. Fraker; Rachel R. Kelz
      Pages: 1454 - 1455
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1245/s10434-017-5784-8
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 6 (2017)
  • Portal Vein Embolization: Tailoring, Optimizing, and Quantifying an
           Invaluable Procedure in Hepatic Surgery
    • Authors: Jean-Nicolas Vauthey; Takashi Mizuno
      Pages: 1456 - 1458
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1245/s10434-017-5801-y
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 6 (2017)
  • External Validation of a Survival Nomogram for Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
           Using the National Cancer Database
    • Authors: Katelyn A. Young; Enobong Efiong; James T. Dove; Joseph A. Blansfield; Marie A. Hunsinger; Jeffrey L. Wild; Mohsen M. Shabahang; Matthew A. Facktor
      Pages: 1459 - 1464
      Abstract: ABSTRACT Purpose Survival nomograms offer individualized predictions using a more diverse set of factors than traditional staging measures, including the American Joint Committee on Cancer Tumor Node Metastasis (AJCC TNM) Staging System. A nomogram predicting overall survival (OS) for resected, non-metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has been previously derived from Asian patients. The present study aims to determine the nomogram’s predictive capability in the US using the National Cancer Database (NCDB). Methods This was a retrospective review of adults with resected, non-metastatic NSCLC entered into the NCDB between 2004 and 2012. Concordance indices and calibration plots analyzed discrimination and calibration, respectively. Multivariate analysis was also used. Results A total of 57,313 patients were included in this study. The predominant histologies were adenocarcinoma (48.2%) and squamous cell carcinoma (31.3%), and patients were diagnosed with stage I-A (38.3%), stage I-B (22.7%), stage II-A (14.2%), stage II-B (11.5%), and stage III-A (13.3%). Median OS was 74 months. 1-, 3- and 5-year OS rates were 89.8% [95% confidence interval (CI) 89.5–90.0%], 71.1% (95% CI 70.7–71.6%), and 55.7% (95% CI 54.7–56.6%), respectively. The nomogram’s concordance index (C-index) was 0.804 (95% CI 0.792–0.817). AJCC TNM staging demonstrated higher discrimination (C-index 0.833, 95% CI 0.821–0.840). Conclusions The nomogram’s individualized estimates accurately predicted survival in this patient collective, demonstrating higher discrimination in this population than in the developer’s cohorts. However, the generalized survival estimates provided by traditional staging demonstrated superior predictive capability; therefore, AJCC TNM staging should remain the gold standard for the prognostication of resected NSCLC in the US.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1245/s10434-017-5795-5
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 6 (2017)
  • Clinical and Psychosocial Outcomes of Vascularized Lymph Node Transfer for
           the Treatment of Upper Extremity Lymphedema After Breast Cancer Therapy
    • Authors: Andrew Gratzon; Jerette Schultz; Kristine Secrest; Kenneth Lee; Jeffrey Feiner; Richard D. Klein
      Pages: 1475 - 1481
      Abstract: ABSTARCT Background Secondary lymphedema following breast cancer therapy remains a major problem. Vascularized lymph node transfer (VLNT) is a surgical treatment for lymphedema that has shown promising results, but limited studies in the United States have investigated outcomes for single-stage VLNT to the axilla. The goal of this prospective, ongoing study was to investigate the clinical, psychosocial, and functional outcomes of patients who underwent VLNT for the treatment of upper extremity lymphedema after breast cancer therapy. Study Design VLNT to the axilla were performed on patients with upper extremity lymphedema after breast cancer therapy. Patients were evaluated preoperatively and postoperatively at 1-, 3-, 6-, 9-, and 12-month intervals by circumferential measurements, pain/heaviness scales, and the LYMQOL questionnaire. Results Fifty patients met the study criteria. Preliminary results showed a decrease in arm volumes by 34.57 % at 1 month, 52.03 % at 3 months, 42.34 % at 6 months, 65.23 % at 9 months, and 58.68 % at 12 months. Pain and heaviness consistently decreased over time to 0.38 and 1.67 respectively at 12 months. Overall quality of life scores steadily improved from 5.72 preoperatively to 7.79 at 12 months. There was a significant decrease in the number of infections of the affected arm postoperatively and a decreased need for physiotherapy. Complications occurred in 17 patients and consisted mainly of minor wound complications. Conclusions VLNT continues to demonstrate its value as a safe and effective treatment option for lymphedema after breast cancer therapy. Significant reductions in volume are accompanied by a decrease in symptoms and improvement in quality of life.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1245/s10434-016-5614-4
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 6 (2017)
  • Do Calcifications Seen on Mammography After Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy for
           Breast Cancer Always Need to Be Excised'
    • Authors: Yara Feliciano; Anita Mamtani; Monica Morrow; Michelle M. Stempel; Sujata Patil; Maxine S. Jochelson
      Pages: 1492 - 1498
      Abstract: Background This study aimed to determine the relationship between mammographic calcifications and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) tumoral enhancement before and after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) and to assess the impact of these findings on surgical management. Methods This Institutional Review Board-approved, Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)-compliant retrospective study involved breast cancer patients who underwent NAC between 2009 and 2015. The study cohort comprised 90 patients with pre- and posttreatment MRI and mammograms demonstrating calcifications within the tumor bed either at presentation or after treatment. The data gathered included pre- and post-NAC imaging findings and post-NAC histopathology, particularly findings associated with calcifications. Comparisons were made using Fisher’s exact test, with p values lower than 0.05 considered significant. Results Complete resolution of MRI enhancement occurred for 44% of the patients, and a pathologic complete response (pCR) was achieved for 32% of the patients. No statistically significant correlation between changes in mammographic calcifications and MRI enhancement was found (p = 0.12). Resolution of enhancement was strongly correlated with pCR (p < 0.0001). The majority of the patients with pCR demonstrated complete resolution of enhancement (79%, 23/29). No statistically significant relationship was found between changes in calcifications and rates of pCR (p = 0.06). A pCR was achieved most frequently for patients with resolution of enhancement and new, increasing, or unchanged calcifications (p < 0.0001). Conclusions Although calcifications seen on post-NAC mammography may be associated with benign disease, loss of MRI enhancement does not predict the absence of residual tumor with sufficient accuracy to leave calcifications in place. Complete excision of tumor bed calcifications remains standard practice and a substantial limitation to NAC use for downstaging patients to be eligible for breast conservation treatment.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1245/s10434-016-5741-y
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 6 (2017)
  • Long-Term Satisfaction and Body Image After Contralateral Prophylactic
    • Authors: Chelsea Anderson; Jessica Y. Islam; M. Elizabeth Hodgson; Susan A. Sabatino; Juan L. Rodriguez; Clara N. Lee; Dale P. Sandler; Hazel B. Nichols
      Pages: 1499 - 1506
      Abstract: Background Contralateral prophylactic mastectomy (CPM) rates have been increasing in the US, and although high levels of satisfaction with CPM have been reported, few studies have evaluated the long-term effects on body image, comparing CPM with breast-conserving surgery (BCS) and unilateral mastectomy (UM). Methods We analyzed responses from a survey of women with both a personal and family history of breast cancer who were enrolled in the Sister Study (n = 1176). Among women who underwent mastectomy, we examined satisfaction with the mastectomy decision, as well as variation in the use of reconstruction and experience of complications. Five survey items, evaluated individually and as a summed total score, were used to compare body image across surgery types (BCS, UM without reconstruction, CPM without reconstruction, UM with reconstruction, and CPM with reconstruction). Results Participants were, on average, 3.6 years post-diagnosis at the time of survey (standard deviation 1.7). The majority of women (97% of CPM, 89% of UM) were satisfied with their mastectomy decision. Reconstruction was more common after CPM than after UM (70 vs. 47%), as were complications (28 vs. 19%). Body image scores were significantly worse among women who underwent CPM than among women who underwent BCS, with the lowest scores among women who underwent CPM without reconstruction. Conclusions In our sample, most women were highly satisfied with their mastectomy decision, including those who elected to undergo CPM. However, body image was lower among those who underwent CPM than among those who underwent BCS. Our findings may inform decisions among women considering various courses of surgical treatment.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1245/s10434-016-5753-7
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 6 (2017)
  • Cavity Shaving Reduces Involved Margins and Reinterventions Without
           Increasing Costs in Breast-Conserving Surgery: A Propensity Score-Matched
    • Authors: Fabio Corsi; Luca Sorrentino; Matteo Bonzini; Daniela Bossi; Marta Truffi; Rosella Amadori; Manuela Nebuloni; Barbara Brillat; Serena Mazzucchelli
      Pages: 1516 - 1524
      Abstract: Background Currently, reinterventions for involved margins after breast-conserving surgery remain common. The aim of this study was to assess the capability of the cavity shave margins (CSM) technique to reduce positive margin rates and reoperations compared with simple lumpectomy (SL). The impact of CSM on the various biological portraits of breast cancer and costs were also investigated. Methods A retrospective review of 976 consecutive patients from a single center was performed; 164 patients underwent SL and 812 received CSM. All patients were treated with an oncoplastic approach. and involved margins and reoperations were compared for each group. To avoid selection bias, propensity score-matched analysis was performed before applying a logistic regression model. Main outcomes were reanalyzed for each biological portrait, and surgery and hospitalization costs for SL and CSM were compared. Results Clear margins were found in 98.3% of patients in the CSM group versus 74.4% of patients in the SL group (p < 0.001). The reoperation rate was 18.9% in the SL group and 1.9% in the CSM group (p < 0.001). After propensity score-matched logistic regression, odds ratio (OR) for positive final margin status was 6.2 (95% confidence interval [CI] 2.85–13.46; p < 0.001) without CSM, while OR for reintervention was 5.46 (95% CI 2.21–13.46; p < 0.001). CSM significantly reduced positive margins and reexcisions for Luminal A, Luminal B, and triple-negative breast cancers (p < 0.001, p < 0.001, and p = 0.0137, respectively). SL had higher global costs compared with CSM: €193,630.6 versus €177,830 for 100 treated patients (p = 0.009). Conclusions CSM reduces reexcisions, mainly in luminal breast cancers, without increasing costs.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1245/s10434-017-5774-x
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 6 (2017)
  • Effect of Thyroid Remnant Volume on the Risk of Hypothyroidism After
           Hemithyroidectomy: A Prospective Study
    • Authors: Brian Hung-Hin Lang; Carlos K. H. Wong; Kai Pun Wong; Kelvin Ka-Wan Chu; Tony W. H. Shek
      Pages: 1525 - 1532
      Abstract: Background Hypothyroidism is a common sequel after a hemithyroidectomy. Although various risk factors leading to hypothyroidism have been reported, the effect of the contralateral lobe’s volume has been understudied. This study aimed to examine the association between the preoperative contralateral lobe’s volume and the risk of postoperative hypothyroidism. Methods During a 2-year period, 150 eligible patients undergoing a hemithyroidectomy were evaluated. The volume of the contralateral nonexcised lobe was estimated preoperatively by independent assessors on ultrasonography using the following formula: width (in cm) × depth (in cm) × length (in cm) × (π/6), adjusted for the body surface area (BSA). Postoperative hypothyroidism was defined as serum thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) exceeding 4.78 mIU/L. Any significant characteristics in the univariate analysis were entered into the multivariate analysis to determine independent factors. Results After a mean follow-up period of 53.5 ± 9.4 months, 44 patients (29.3 %) experienced postoperative hypothyroidism, and 10 of these patients required thyroxine replacement. Hypothyroidism was associated with a higher preoperative TSH level (p < 0.001), a smaller BSA-adjusted volume (p < 0.001), fewer ipsilateral nodules (p = 0.037), and the presence of thyroiditis (p = 0.050). After adjustment for thyroiditis, preoperative TSH (p < 0.001), number of ipsilateral nodules (p = 0.048), and BSA-adjusted volume (p < 0.001) were independent factors for hypothyroidism. Patients with a BSA-adjusted volume smaller than 3.2 ml had a threefold greater hypothyroidism risk than those with a BSA-adjusted volume of 3.2 ml or more (p < 0.001). Conclusions A significant inverse association between the preoperative contralateral lobe’s volume and hypothyroidism risk was observed after hemithyroidectomy. Together with a higher preoperative TSH level and fewer ipsilateral nodules, a smaller BSA-adjusted volume measured by preoperative ultrasonography independently predicted hypothyroidism.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1245/s10434-016-5743-9
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 6 (2017)
  • Surgical Treatment of Malignant Pheochromocytoma and Paraganglioma:
           Retrospective Case Series
    • Authors: Veljko Strajina; Benzon M. Dy; David R. Farley; Melanie L. Richards; Travis J. McKenzie; Keith C. Bible; Florencia G. Que; David M. Nagorney; William F. Young; Geoffrey B. Thompson
      Pages: 1546 - 1550
      Abstract: Introduction Pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma (PPGL) are rare neoplasms; about 10% are malignant. Literature regarding possible benefit from resection is extremely limited. Methods A 20 year review of all patients undergoing surgery for malignant PPGL at the Mayo Clinic Rochester Campus between 1994 and June 2014 was performed. Results We identified 34 patients undergoing surgery for malignant PPGL. Median follow up was 6 and 5 years survival was 90% (median 11 years). Complete resection (R0) was achieved in 14 patients (41%). Median disease-free survival was 4.6 years for patients with R0 resection (up to 12 years). Only eight patients (23%) were disease-free on last follow up. Elevated preoperative fractionated metanephrines or catecholamines were documented in 23 patients (68%); these normalized in 13 of 23 patients (56%) postoperatively—with symptom relief in 15 of 18 preoperatively symptomatic patients (79%). Among 23 patients with hormone-producing tumors, significant reduction in number of antihypertensive medications was also noted postoperatively; 11 patients have remained off all antihypertensives, 6 required 1 medication, 1 required 2, while 5 required full blockade with phenoxybenzamine and a beta-adrenergic blocker. Conclusion Surgery plays a significant role in the management of selected malignant PPGL. Resection can be effective in normalizing or significantly reducing levels of catecholamines and metanephrines, and can improve hormone-related symptoms and hypertension. Surgical resection, either complete or incomplete, is associated with durable survival despite a high rate of tumor recurrence.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1245/s10434-016-5739-5
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 6 (2017)
  • Defining a New Tumor Dimension in Staging of Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma
    • Authors: Ping Wang; Yong Wang; Chundi Miao; Xing Yu; Haichao Yan; Qiuping Xie; Jaiswal Sanjay; Qunzi Zhao
      Pages: 1551 - 1556
      Abstract: Background Cervical lymph node metastasis is a vital factor associated with local recurrence in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). Tumor size is used in the staging of PTC because it represents the tumor load. This study compared two methods of tumor size assessment to predict tumor behavior in the relationship between size and cervical node involvement for patients with PTC. Methods The study enrolled 1084 patients who underwent initial thyroid surgery and had a pathologic diagnosis of PTC between 2012 and 2014 at The Second Affiliated Hospital Zhejiang University School of Medicine. Cervical lymph node metastasis (LNM) risk was analyzed according to the clinicopathologic features. For each patient with multifocal disease, two tumor size estimates were used: (1) the dominant focus size and (2) the aggregate size, calculated as the sum of the maximal diameters of all tumor foci. Results Of the 1084 patients, 294 (27.1%) had multifocal cancer lesions, and 49% of these patients had cervical LNM, compared with 38.1% who had unifocal disease (P = 0.001). The use of aggregate dimension significantly increased the tumor size and reclassified significant numbers of multifocal PTCs to a more advanced T stage. This aggregate dimension took account of all tumor foci and predicted LNM risk at a proportion identical with that for size-matched, unifocal tumors. Conclusion Multifocality together with aggregate tumor size is a more accurate predictor of node status and, by inference, tumor behavior in the relationship between tumor size and cervical node involvement.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1245/s10434-017-5764-z
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 6 (2017)
  • Surveillance Imaging Patterns and Outcomes Following Radiation Therapy and
           Radical Resection for Localized Extremity and Trunk Soft Tissue Sarcoma
    • Authors: Sagar A. Patel; Trevor J. Royce; Constance M. Barysauskas; Katherine A. Thornton; Chandrajit P. Raut; Elizabeth H. Baldini
      Pages: 1588 - 1595
      Abstract: Background Optimal surveillance imaging (SI) regimens following radiation therapy (RT) and radical resection for localized soft tissue sarcoma (STS) are unknown and practice patterns vary. Methods Between 2006 and 2014, 94 patients with localized STS of the extremity/trunk treated with preoperative RT and radical resection were identified. Timing of local recurrence (LR), distant recurrence (DR), and SI were evaluated. The Kaplan–Meier method was used to determine recurrence-free and overall survival (OS), and the method of recurrence detection (SI or due to signs/symptoms) was determined. Results Median tumor size was 7.5 cm, and 92% were intermediate/high grade. After a median follow-up of 60 months for surviving patients, 30 patients (32%) recurred, including 5 LRs and 26 DRs. The median time to LR and DR was 36.2 months (range 14.4–65.7) and 10.4 months (range 5.2–76.9), respectively, and the 5-year local recurrence-free survival (RFS), distant RFS, and OS was 95, 71, and 76%, respectively. Local SI was performed for 90% of patients, mostly by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI; 91%). Of the five LRs, two were detected by SI and three had signs/symptoms preceding imaging. All patients underwent distant SI. Of the 26 DRs, 23 (88%) were in the lung. SI detected 22 (85%) DRs, and only 4 of 26 had signs/symptoms prompting imaging. Conclusion Given excellent local control with RT and radical resection for intermediate/high-grade STS of the extremity/trunk, SI of the primary site should be reserved for select patients at high risk of LR. Conversely, due to frequent occurrence of asymptomatic DR in the lungs, periodic lung SI is appropriate. Routine abdominopelvic SI may not be indicated for most histologies.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1245/s10434-016-5755-5
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 6 (2017)
  • The Prognostic Impact of Unplanned Excisions in a Cohort of 728 Soft
           Tissue Sarcoma Patients: A Multicentre Study
    • Authors: Maria Anna Smolle; Per-Ulf Tunn; Elisabeth Goldenitsch; Florian Posch; Joanna Szkandera; Marko Bergovec; Bernadette Liegl-Atzwanger; Andreas Leithner
      Pages: 1596 - 1605
      Abstract: Background Unplanned excisions (UE) of soft tissue sarcomas (STS) carry a high risk for local recurrence (LR) due to marginal/intralesional resections. However, there are reports about improved prognosis for UE patients who have re-resection compared with patients who undergo planned surgery. The present multicentre study was designed to define characteristics of UE patients and to investigate the impact of UE on subsequent therapy and patient outcomes. Methods A total of 728 STS patients (376 males, 352 females; mean age: 58 years) who underwent definite surgery at one of three tumour centres were retrospectively included. Time-to-event analyses were calculated with log-rank and Gray’s tests, excluding patients with primary metastasis (n = 59). A propensity-score (PS) of being in the UE group was estimated, based on differences at baseline between the UE group and non-UE group. An inverse-probability-of-UE weight (IPUEW) was generated and time-to-event analyses calculated after IPUEW weighting. Results Before referral, 38.6% of patients (n = 281) had undergone UE. Unplanned excision patients were younger (p = 0.036), rather male (p = 0.05), and had smaller (p < 0.005), superficially located tumours (p < 0.005). Plastic reconstructions (p < 0.005) and adjuvant radiotherapy (p = 0.041) more often were needed at re-resection. In univariable analysis, re-resected patients had improved overall survival (OS; p = 0.027) and lower risk of distant metastasis (DM; p = 0.002) than primarily resected patients, whereas risk of LR was similar (p = 0.359). After weighting for the IPUEW, however, differences in terms of OS (p = 0.459) and risk of DM (p = 0.405) disappeared. Conclusions The present study does not support prior findings of improved outcome for UE patients. Unplanned excisions have a major impact on subsequent therapy, yet they do not seem to affect negatively the long-term oncology outcome.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1245/s10434-017-5776-8
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 6 (2017)
  • Three-Dimensional Laparoscopic Anatomical Segment 8 Liver Resection with
           Glissonian Approach
    • Authors: Jae Yool Jang; Ho-Seong Han; Yoo Seok Yoon; Jai Young Cho; YoungRok Choi; Woohyung Lee; Hong Kyung Shin; Han Lim Choi
      Pages: 1606 - 1609
      Abstract: Background Anatomical liver resection has been reported to have oncologic benefit over nonanatomical resection in surgery for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Basic concept of anatomical resection is preventing tumor spread through the portal or venous flow. Few cases have been reported for laparoscopic anatomical segment 8 resection because of its technical difficulties. This video shows operative techniques for laparoscopic anatomical resection of segment 8, exposing middle and right hepatic vein and inferior vena cava using three-dimensional video. Methods A 61-year-old male was diagnosed to be a hepatitis B virus carrier 6 years ago. A 6.6-cm-sized HCC lesion was detected at segment 8 by computed tomography scan. We have used a high-definition, three-dimensional laparoscope with a deflectable tip (Olympus Medical Systems Corp., Japan), a trocar inserted in the right seventh intercostal space to obtain the optimal field of view on the superior-posterior portion of the liver. Using the Glissonian pedicle approach, we isolated and clamped the branch to the segment 8 to confirm the anatomical border of the segment 8. Segmentectomy was completed exposing the middle and right hepatic vein and inferior vena cava. Results Operation took 420 min. Estimated blood loss was 600 mL, and no red blood cell was transfused. Final pathology was an HCC with 0.3-cm safety margin. The patient discharged on the sixth day after operation with normal liver function test results. There was no operation-related complication from the operation day to the first outpatient visit day. Conclusions Laparoscopic anatomical resection of segment 8 is feasible.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1245/s10434-017-5778-6
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 6 (2017)
  • Variation in Delayed Time to Adjuvant Chemotherapy and Disease-Specific
           Survival in Stage III Colon Cancer Patients
    • Authors: Adan Z. Becerra; Christopher T. Aquina; Supriya G. Mohile; Mohamedtaki A. Tejani; Maria J. Schymura; Francis P. Boscoe; Zhaomin Xu; Carla F. Justiniano; Courtney I. Boodry; Alex A. Swanger; Katia Noyes; John R. Monson; Fergal J. Fleming
      Pages: 1610 - 1617
      Abstract: Background There is a paucity of literature quantifying the extent to which time to adjuvant chemotherapy for stage III colon cancer patients varies between individual surgeons, medical oncologists, and hospitals. Methods A retrospective cohort study was conducted by merging the New York State Cancer Registry with the Statewide Planning & Research Cooperative System and Medicare claims to identify stage III colon cancer patients from 2004 to 2009 who underwent resection and received adjuvant chemotherapy. Multilevel logistic regression models characterized variation in delayed time to adjuvant chemotherapy (>8 weeks vs. ≤8 weeks). Multilevel competing-risks Cox proportional hazards models assessed the effect of delayed time to adjuvant chemotherapy on disease-specific survival. Results The proportion of delayed time to adjuvant chemotherapy was 36 % in 1133 patients treated by 516 surgeons and 351 medical oncologists at 163 hospitals. After controlling for case-mix, the majority of the clustering variation (72 %) in delayed time to adjuvant chemotherapy is attributed to differences between medical oncologists. Risk-adjusted surgeon-specific, medical oncologist-specific, and hospital-specific probabilities of delayed time to adjuvant chemotherapy ranged from 30 to 38, 17 to 59, and 27 to 43 %, respectively. Delayed time to adjuvant chemotherapy was associated with disease-specific survival (hazard ratio [HR] 1.24, 95 % confidence interval [CI] 1.07–1.45). Conclusions These findings suggest there is substantial variation in time to adjuvant chemotherapy among stage III colon cancer patients. Reasons for delays may be due to system factors that influence individual providers to make varying decisions on the time of initiation. Future research should identify what these factors may be and how to address them to promote better delivery of care.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1245/s10434-016-5622-4
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 6 (2017)
  • Risk-Stratification Model Based on Lymph Node Metastasis After Noncurative
           Endoscopic Resection for Early Gastric Cancer
    • Authors: Da Hyun Jung; Cheal Wung Huh; Jie-Hyun Kim; Jung Hwa Hong; Jun Chul Park; Yong Chan Lee; Young Hoon Youn; Hyojin Park; Seung Ho Choi; Sung Hoon Noh
      Pages: 1643 - 1649
      Abstract: Background Patients with early gastric cancer (EGC) who have undergone noncurative endoscopic resection (ER) generally require additional surgery due to the possibility of lymph node metastasis (LNM). This study aimed to develop a reliable risk-stratification system to predict LNM after noncurative ER for EGC. Methods A total of 2368 patients had a diagnosis of EGC and underwent ER. The study analyzed 321 patients who underwent additive gastrectomy and lymph node dissection after noncurative ER. Independent risk factors for LNM were identified and used to develop a risk-stratification system to estimate the relative risk of LNM. Results Of the 321 patients, 23 (7.2%) had LNM. A logistic regression analysis showed that female sex, lymphovascular invasion (LVI), and a positive vertical margin were significantly associated with LNM. The authors established a risk-stratification system using sex, LVI, and positive vertical margin (area under the receiver-operating characteristic [AUROC] curve, 0.811). The high-risk LNM group (score, ≥ 2 points) showed a significantly higher risk of LNM than the low-risk LNM group (score, <2 points) (14.0 vs 1.2%). No LNM was found in patients with a risk score of zero. After internal and external validation, the AUROC curve for predicting LNM was 0.788 and 0.842, respectively. Conclusions The risk-stratification system developed in this study will facilitate identification of patients who should undergo LN dissection after noncurative ER. Although additive surgery should be performed after noncurative ER for patients with a high risk of LNM, a close follow-up visit could be considered for low-risk patients with multiple comorbidities or high operative risks.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1245/s10434-017-5791-9
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 6 (2017)
  • Pharmacodynamics of Oxaliplatin-Derived Platinum Compounds During
           Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy (HIPEC): An Emerging Aspect
           Supporting the Rational Design of Treatment Protocols
    • Authors: Markus W. Löffler; Heiko Schuster; Anne Zeck; Nicolas Quilitz; Jürgen Weinreich; Alexander Tolios; Sebastian P. Haen; Philipp Horvath; Stefan Löb; Hans-Georg Rammensee; Ingmar Königsrainer; Alfred Königsrainer; Stefan Beckert
      Pages: 1650 - 1657
      Abstract: Background Hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) is used to treat peritoneal surface malignancies with application of cytostatic drugs such as oxaliplatin (OX) after cytoreductive surgery. Despite its increased use, evidence for optimal drug dosage, and notably duration of HIPEC, is scarce. Methods In this study, OX distribution was comprehensively assessed in nine patients during HIPEC (300 mg OX/m2 body surface area in Physioneal solution for 30 min). Oxaliplatin and its derivatives were measured in peritoneal perfusates over time by liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (LC-MS), and the resulting total platinum concentration in tissue was analyzed by atomic absorption spectrometry. Additionally, a novel impedance-based real-time cytotoxicity assay was used to evaluate the bioactivity of perfusates ex vivo. Results Compared with amounts of OX expected in peritoneal perfusates by calculation, only 10–15% of the parent drug could be detected by LC-MS during HIPEC. Notably, the study additionally detected platinum compounds consistent with OX transformation, accounting for a further fraction of the applied drug. The cytotoxic properties of perfusates remained unchanged during HIPEC, with only a slight but significant attenuation evidenced after 30 min. Conclusions The bioactivity of peritoneal perfusates ex vivo is a useful parameter for evaluating the actual cytotoxic potential of OX and its derivatives used in HIPEC over time, overcoming important limitations and disadvantages associated with respective drug monitoring only. Ex vivo cytotoxicity assays may be a promising tool to aid guiding future standardization and harmonization of HIPEC protocols based on drug-mediated effects.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1245/s10434-017-5790-x
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 6 (2017)
  • Lymph Node Ratio Predicts Recurrence and Survival for Patients with
           Resectable Stage 4 Hypopharyngeal Cancer
    • Authors: Wu-Chia Lo; Chen-Tu Wu; Cheng-Ping Wang; Tsung-Lin Yang; Pei-Jen Lou; Jeng-Yuh Ko; Yih-Leong Chang
      Pages: 1707 - 1713
      Abstract: Background This study aimed to investigate the clinicopathologic prognostic predictors of stage 4 hypopharyngeal cancer and to extend the traditional tumor-node-metastasis classification system to advance its predictive ability. Methods The study enrolled 120 patients with pathologically stage 4 hypopharyngeal cancer treated with pharyngolaryngectomy and neck dissection between 2001 and 2007. Results The study showed a 5-year overall survival (OS) of 44.6%, a disease-specific survival (DSS) of 51.6%, and a disease-free survival (DFS) of 48% for all the patients. In the multivariate analysis, a lymph node (LN) ratio of 0.113 or higher was a significant poor prognostic factor for OS (hazard ratio [HR] 1.89; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.17–3.05; p = 0.009), DSS (HR 2.17; 95% CI 1.29–3.64; p = 0.003), and DFS (HR, 2.24; 95% CI 1.12–4.52; p = 0.024) in stage 4 hypopharyngeal cancer. In addition, pretreatment neutrophil–lymphocyte ratio, lymphovascular invasion, and margin status also were predictors of survival outcomes. Furthermore, the study found that disease recurrence differed significantly between the patients with a LN ratio of 0.113 or higher (68.2%) and those with a LN ratio lower than 0.113 (39.5%) (p = 0.002). Conclusions A LN ratio of 0.113 or higher is a strong predictor of disease recurrence and survival for patients with stage 4 hypopharyngeal cancer.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1245/s10434-017-5770-1
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 6 (2017)
  • Five-Year Actual Overall Survival in Resected Pancreatic Cancer: A
           Contemporary Single-Institution Experience from a Multidisciplinary
    • Authors: Vincent J. Picozzi; Stephen Y. Oh; Alicia Edwards; Margaret T. Mandelson; Russell Dorer; Flavio G. Rocha; Adnan Alseidi; Thomas Biehl; L. William Traverso; William S. Helton; Richard A. Kozarek
      Pages: 1722 - 1730
      Abstract: Background Successful surgical resection combined with effective perioperative therapy is essential for maximizing long-term survival for pancreatic adenocarcinoma. Patients and Methods All patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma who underwent curative resection at our institution from January 2003 to May 2010 were reviewed. Demographic and clinical details were retrospectively collected from medical records and cancer registry data. Results Overall, 176 patients were included in the analysis (148 with de novo resectable disease and 28 with borderline resectable disease at presentation). Among 106 patients who received all perioperative therapy at our institution, 94% received neoadjuvant and/or adjuvant treatment in addition to resection. Actual all-cause 5-year overall survival (OS) for all 176 patients was 30.7%, with a median OS of 33.9 months [95% confidence interval (CI) 28.1–39.6 months]. For patients who received all perioperative therapy at our institution, actual all-cause 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) was 32.1%, with a median DFS of 28.8 months (95% CI 20.1–43.6 months). Of these patients, 67/106 (63%) recurred: 8 (8%) locoregional only; 52 (49%) systemic only; and 7 (7%) combined recurrence. No difference in survival rates or recurrence patterns was seen between resectable and borderline resectable patients. In multivariate analysis, tumor differentiation (poor vs. non-poor) and lymph node ratio >20% produced a useful clinical model. Conclusion The actual OS rates for resected pancreatic cancer shown in this study are reflective of those currently achievable at a tertiary medical center dedicated to this patient population. In considering these results, both frequency and type of adjuvant/neoadjuvant therapy administered in the context of the clinical experience/management techniques of providers administering these treatments will be discussed.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1245/s10434-016-5716-z
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 6 (2017)
  • Type of Resection (Whipple vs. Distal) Does Not Affect the National
           Failure to Provide Post-resection Adjuvant Chemotherapy in Localized
           Pancreatic Cancer
    • Authors: John R. Bergquist; Tommy Ivanics; Christopher R. Shubert; Elizabeth B. Habermann; Rory L. Smoot; Michael L. Kendrick; David M. Nagorney; Michael B. Farnell; Mark J. Truty
      Pages: 1731 - 1738
      Abstract: Introduction Adjuvant chemotherapy improves survival after curative intent resection for localized pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PDAC). Given the differences in perioperative morbidity, we hypothesized that patients undergoing distal partial pancreatectomy (DPP) would receive adjuvant therapy more often those undergoing pancreatoduodenectomy (PD). Methods The National Cancer Data Base (2004–2012) identified patients with localized PDAC undergoing DPP and PD, excluding neoadjuvant cases, and factors associated with receipt of adjuvant therapy were identified. Overall survival (OS) was analyzed using multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression. Results Overall, 13,501 patients were included (DPP, n = 1933; PD, n = 11,568). Prognostic characteristics were similar, except DPP patients had fewer N1 lesions, less often positive margins, more minimally invasive resections, and shorter hospital stay. The proportion of patients not receiving adjuvant chemotherapy was equivalent (DPP 33.7%, PD 32.0%; p = 0.148). The type of procedure was not independently associated with adjuvant chemotherapy (hazard ratio 0.96, 95% confidence interval 0.90–1.02; p = 0.150), and patients receiving adjuvant chemotherapy had improved unadjusted and adjusted OS compared with surgery alone. The type of resection did not predict adjusted mortality (p = 0.870). Conclusion Receipt of adjuvant chemotherapy did not vary by type of resection but improved survival independent of procedure performed. Factors other than type of resection appear to be driving the nationwide rates of post-resection adjuvant chemotherapy in localized PDAC.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1245/s10434-016-5762-6
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 6 (2017)
  • Effectiveness of Repeat 18F-Fluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission
           Tomography Computerized Tomography (PET-CT) Scan in Identifying Interval
           Metastases for Patients with Esophageal Cancer
    • Authors: Emmanuel Gabriel; Raed Alnaji; William Du; Kristopher Attwood; Moshim Kukar; Steven Hochwald
      Pages: 1739 - 1746
      Abstract: Introduction An 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography-computerized tomography (PET-CT) scan is performed after neoadjuvant chemoradiation (nCRT) to restage esophageal cancer. The purpose of this study was to determine the ability of PET-CT to accurately identify interval metastatic disease following nCRT. Methods This was a single-institution retrospective review (January 2005–February 2012) of patients with esophageal cancer treated with nCRT who underwent pre- and post-nCRT PET-CT. Results A total of 283 patients were treated with nCRT, of whom 258 (91.2%) had both a pre- and post-nCRT PET-CT. On the post-nCRT PET-CT, 64 patients (24.8%) had interval findings concerning for metastatic disease. Of these patients, only 10 (15.6%) had true-positive findings of metastatic disease (six biopsy proven). The sites of interval metastases included bone (4), liver (3), peritoneum (1), mediastinal lymph nodes (1), and cervical lymph nodes (1). The positive predictive value of post-nCRT PET-CT for interval metastases was 15.6% (10/64), and the yield for detecting metastases since the pre-nCRT PET-CT was 3.9% (10/258). The work-up of the 54 patients (20.9% of the initial starting group) with false-positive post-nCRT findings included biopsy (24.6%) and immediate additional imaging (45.2%). A total of 208 patients proceeded with surgery: 163 (78.4%) had no new findings on post-nCRT PET-CT, and 45 (21.6%) had new false-positive findings. False-positive sites mainly included the lung (15) and liver (14). Conclusions The yield of post-nCRT PET-CT for the detection of new metastatic disease was 3.9%. Post-nCRT PET-CT often leads to a high proportion of false positives and subsequent investigational work-up.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1245/s10434-016-5754-6
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 6 (2017)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
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