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Showing 1 - 200 of 2350 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access  
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal  
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Cancer Research     Open Access  
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 140)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  

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Journal Cover Annals of Nuclear Medicine
  [SJR: 0.68]   [H-I: 45]   [4 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1864-6433 - ISSN (Online) 0914-7187
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2350 journals]
  • Biochemical and pathologic factors affecting
           technetium-99m-methoxyisobutylisonitrile imaging results in patients with
           primary hyperparathyroidism
    • Authors: Aysenur Ozderya; Sule Temizkan; Aylin Ege Gul; Sule Ozugur; Kenan Cetin; Kadriye Aydin
      Pages: 250 - 255
      Abstract: Objective Technetium 99 m methoxyisobutylisonitrile (Tc-99m MIBI) scintigraphy represents the most commonly utilized imaging modality for the detection of the diseased gland in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT). In this study, we aimed to identify potential biological factors with an impact on MIBI sensitivity. Methods A total of 147 patients with surgically confirmed parathyroid adenomas were assessed retrospectively. Data including medical history, biochemical and hormonal measurements, cervical US, Tc-99m MIBI scans as well as pathology reports were retrieved and recorded. Results Of the 147 patients, there were a total of 77, 39, and 31 cases with a positive, negative, and suspicious parathyroid adenoma on Tc-99m MIBI scan, respectively. Serum calcium (Ca), parathyroid hormone (PTH) and 25 (OH) D levels were comparable among MIBI positive and negative patients [Ca: 11.5 ± 0.9 vs 11.3 ± 0.9 mg/dL (P = 0.42); PTH: 216 (146–347) vs 194 (140–317) pg/mL (P = 0.45); 25(OH)D: 8.4 (5.7–18.2) vs 10.0 (4.7–23.3) ng/mL (P = 0.64), respectively]. P-glycoprotein (P-gp) staining was negative in both groups. Also, pathological examination of tissue preparations revealed no difference in terms of the volume of the adenomas, incidence of cystic adenomas, cell-type dominance (oxyphilic cell), percent fat, and Ki-67 ratio in MIBI positive and negative groups. The rate of hyalinization was 13% in MIBI positive and 28% in MIBI negative subjects, the difference being statistically significant (P = 0.04). Conclusion Presence of hyalinization in parathyroid adenomas was found to be negatively correlated with MIBI scan results.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12149-018-1239-y
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 4 (2018)
  • Prognostic implications of 62 Cu-diacetyl-bis ( N 4
           -methylthiosemicarbazone) PET/CT in patients with glioma
    • Authors: Akira Toriihara; Makoto Ohtake; Kensuke Tateishi; Ayako Hino-Shishikura; Tomohiro Yoneyama; Yoshio Kitazume; Tomio Inoue; Nobutaka Kawahara; Ukihide Tateishi
      Pages: 264 - 271
      Abstract: Objective The potential of positron emission tomography/computed tomography using 62Cu-diacetyl-bis (N4-methylthiosemicarbazone) (62Cu-ATSM PET/CT), which was originally developed as a hypoxic tracer, to predict therapeutic resistance and prognosis has been reported in various cancers. Our purpose was to investigate prognostic value of 62Cu-ATSM PET/CT in patients with glioma, compared to PET/CT using 2-deoxy-2-[18F]fluoro-d-glucose (18F-FDG). Method 56 patients with glioma of World Health Organization grade 2–4 were enrolled. All participants had undergone both 62Cu-ATSM PET/CT and 18F-FDG PET/CT within mean 33.5 days prior to treatment. Maximum standardized uptake value and tumor/background ratio were calculated within areas of increased radiotracer uptake. The prognostic significance for progression-free survival and overall survival were assessed by log-rank test and Cox’s proportional hazards model. Results Disease progression and death were confirmed in 37 and 27 patients in follow-up periods, respectively. In univariate analysis, there was significant difference of both progression-free survival and overall survival in age, tumor grade, history of chemoradiotherapy, maximum standardized uptake value and tumor/background ratio calculated using 62Cu-ATSM PET/CT. Multivariate analysis revealed that maximum standardized uptake value calculated using 62Cu-ATSM PET/CT was an independent predictor of both progression-free survival and overall survival (p < 0.05). In a subgroup analysis including patients of grade 4 glioma, only the maximum standardized uptake values calculated using 62Cu-ATSM PET/CT showed significant difference of progression-free survival (p < 0.05). Conclusions 62Cu-ATSM PET/CT is a more promising imaging method to predict prognosis of patients with glioma compared to 18F-FDG PET/CT.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12149-018-1241-4
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 4 (2018)
  • Paradigm shift in theranostics of neuroendocrine tumors: conceptual
           horizons of nanotechnology in nuclear medicine
    • Authors: Geetanjali Arora; Gurupad Bandopadhyaya
      Pages: 151 - 164
      Abstract: We present a comprehensive review of Neuroendocrine Tumors (NET) and the current and developing imaging and therapeutic modalities for NET with emphasis on Nuclear Medicine modalities. Subsequently, nanotechnology and its emerging role in cancer management, especially NET, are discussed. The article is both educative and informative. The objective is to provide an insight into the developments made in nuclear medicine and nanotechnology towards management of NET, individually as well as combined together.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12149-018-1235-2
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 3 (2018)
  • Pilot study of serial FLT and FDG-PET/CT imaging to monitor response to
           neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy of esophageal adenocarcinoma: correlation
           with histopathologic response
    • Authors: Victor H. Gerbaudo; Joseph H. Killoran; Chun K. Kim; Jason L. Hornick; Jonathan A. Nowak; Peter C. Enzinger; Harvey J. Mamon
      Pages: 165 - 174
      Abstract: Objective The aim of this prospective pilot study was to investigate the potential of serial FLT-PET/CT compared to FDG-PET/CT to provide an early indication of esophageal cancer response to concurrent neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy. Methods Five patients with biopsy-proven esophageal adenocarcinomas underwent neoadjuvant chemoradiation (Tx) prior to minimally invasive esophagectomy. The presence of residual tumor was classified histologically using the Mandard et al. criteria, categorizing patients as pathologic responders and non-responders. Participants underwent PET/CT imaging 1 h after intravenous administration of FDG and of FLT on two separate days within 48 h of each other. Each patient underwent a total of 3 scan “pairs”: (1) pre-treatment, (2) during treatment, and (3) post-treatment. Image-based response to therapy was measured in terms of changes in SUVmax (ΔSUV) between pre- and post-therapeutic FLT- and FDG-PET scans. The PET imaging findings were correlated with the pathology results after surgery. Results All tumors were FDG and FLT avid at baseline. Lesion FLT uptake was lower than with FDG. Neoadjuvant chemoradiation resulted in a reduction of tumor uptake of both radiotracers in pathological responders (n = 3) and non-responders (n = 2). While the difference in the reduction in mean tumor FLT uptake during Tx between responders (ΔSUV = − 55%) and non-responders (ΔSUV = − 29%) was significant (P = 0.007), for FDG it was not, [responders had a mean ΔSUV = − 39 vs. − 31% for non-responders (P = 0.74)]. The difference in the reduction in tumor FLT uptake at the end of treatment between responders (ΔSUV = − 62%) and non-responders (ΔSUV = − 57%) was not significant (P = 0.54), while for FDG there was a trend toward significance [ΔSUV of responders = − 74 vs. − 52% in non-responders (P = 0.06)]. Conclusion The results of this prospective pilot study suggest that early changes in tumor FLT uptake may be better than FDG in predicting response of esophageal adenocarcinomas to neoadjuvant chemoradiation. These preliminary results support the need to corroborate the value of FLT-PET/CT in a larger cohort.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12149-018-1229-0
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 3 (2018)
  • Is 123 I-metaiodobenzylguanidine heart-to-mediastinum ratio dependent on
           age' From Japanese Society of Nuclear Medicine normal database
    • Authors: Kenichi Nakajima; Koichi Okuda; Shinro Matsuo; Hiroshi Wakabayashi; Seigo Kinuya
      Pages: 175 - 181
      Abstract: Background Heart-to-mediastinum ratios (HMRs) of 123I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) have usually been applied to prognostic evaluations of heart failure and Lewy body disease. However, whether these ratios depend on patient age has not yet been clarified using normal databases. Methods We analyzed 62 patients (average age 57 ± 19 years, male 45%) derived from a normal database of the Japanese Society of Nuclear Medicine working group. The HMR was calculated from early (15 min) and delayed (3–4 h) anterior planar 123I-MIBG images. All HMRs were standardized to medium-energy general purpose (MEGP) collimator equivalent conditions using conversion coefficients for the collimator types. Washout rates (WR) were also calculated, and we analyzed whether early and late HMR, and WR are associated with age. Results Before standardization of HMR to MEGP collimator conditions, HMR and age did not significantly correlate. However, late HMR significantly correlated with age after standardization: late HMR = − 0.0071 × age + 3.69 (r2 = 0.078, p = 0.028), indicating that a 14-year increase in age corresponded to a decrease in HMR of 0.1. Whereas the lower limit (2.5% quantile) of late HMR was 2.3 for all patients, it was 2.5 and 2.0 for those aged ≤ 63 and > 63 years, respectively. Early HMR tended to be lower in subjects with the higher age (p = 0.076), whereas WR was not affected by age. Conclusion While late HMR was slightly decreased in elderly patients, the lower limit of 2.2–2.3 can still be used to determine both early and late HMR.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12149-018-1231-6
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 3 (2018)
  • Automated segmentation and detection of increased uptake regions in bone
           scintigraphy using SPECT/CT images
    • Authors: Masakazu Tsujimoto; Atsushi Teramoto; Seiichiro Ota; Hiroshi Toyama; Hiroshi Fujita
      Pages: 182 - 190
      Abstract: Purpose To develop a method for automated detection of highly integrated sites in SPECT images using bone information obtained from CT images in bone scintigraphy. Methods Bone regions on CT images were first extracted, and bones were identified by segmenting multiple regions. Next, regions corresponding to the bone regions on SPECT images were extracted based on the bone regions on CT images. Subsequently, increased uptake regions were extracted from the SPECT image using thresholding and three-dimensional labeling. Last, the ratio of increased uptake regions to all bone regions was calculated and expressed as a quantitative index. To verify the efficacy of this method, a basic assessment was performed using phantom and clinical data. Results The results of this analytical method using phantoms created by changing the radioactive concentrations indicated that regions of increased uptake were detected regardless of the radioactive concentration. Assessments using clinical data indicated that detection sensitivity for increased uptake regions was 71% and that the correlation between manual measurements and automated measurements was significant (correlation coefficient 0.868). Conclusion These results suggested that automated detection of increased uptake regions on SPECT images using bone information obtained from CT images would be possible.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12149-018-1237-0
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 3 (2018)
  • The influence of elevated hormone levels on physiologic accumulation of 68
    • Authors: Masao Watanabe; Yuji Nakamoto; Sho Koyasu; Takayoshi Ishimori; Akihiro Yasoda; Kaori Togashi
      Pages: 191 - 196
      Abstract: Objective PET/CT imaging with 68Ga-1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-N,N′,N″,N‴-tetraacetic acid-D-Phe1-Tyr3-octreotide (DOTATOC) is useful in patients with neuroendocrine tumors (NETs). Functioning NETs by definition secrete abnormal levels of hormones, causing clinical symptoms. It is known that physiologic accumulation can be seen in some organs, but it remains unknown whether elevated hormone levels can affect the physiologic accumulation pattern of 68Ga-DOTATOC. We aimed to investigate the influence of higher hormone levels on physiologic accumulation of 68Ga-DOTATOC. Methods A total of 167 patients with known or suspected NET lesions were enrolled in this study. The numbers of patients with elevations of ACTH, gastrin, insulin, and no elevation were 10, 25, 7, and 125, respectively. We compared the maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) in various organs of each group. Results In the group with elevated ACTH levels, SUVmax in the pituitary gland, the uncinate process of the pancreas and adrenal glands was lower than those in the group with no elevation (5.7 ± 1.9 vs. 8.4 ± 3.1, P = 0.015; 4.7 ± 3.5 vs. 6.4 ± 2.8, P = 0.037; 10.8 ± 4.8 vs. 13.9 ± 4.7, P = 0.020, respectively). There were no differences in physiologic uptake of 68Ga-DOTATOC in the thyroid gland, the pancreatic body, the liver, the spleen, the bowel, or the kidney. Conclusions In NET patients with elevated ACTH levels, physiologic uptake of 68Ga-DOTATOC in the pituitary gland, the uncinate process of the pancreas and adrenal glands was significantly decreased. Other organs were unaffected.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12149-018-1233-4
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 3 (2018)
  • Relationship between collateral circulation and myocardial viability of 18
           F-FDG PET/CT subtended by chronic total occluded coronary arteries
    • Authors: Wei Dong; Jianan Li; Hongzhi Mi; Xiantao Song; Jian Jiao; Quan Li
      Pages: 197 - 205
      Abstract: Objective To analyze the relationship between the collateral flow of coronary chronic total occlusion (CTO) and myocardial viability detected by 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) imaging. Methods A prospective analysis of 104 patients diagnosed by coronary angiography. All patients underwent resting myocardial perfusion imaging and PET/CT within 1 week. The collateral circulation was graded with Rentrop classification as no or poor collateral circulation in 16 CTO vessels, moderate collateral circulation in 34 CTO vessels, and good collateral circulation in 69 CTO vessels. Myocardial viability was determined with myocardial perfusion imaging and PET. The patterns were interpreted as mismatch, match and normal perfusion and 18F-FDG uptake. Results There was no significant correlation between the severity and extent of perfusion defect, myocardial viability and collateral circulation grade. The myocardial viability was normal in mild and moderate hypokinetic regions and decreased in severe hypokinetic and akinesis–dyskinesis regions. The presence of collateral circulation was a sensitive (89%) but not a specific (31%) sign of myocardial viability. Conclusions In patients with CTO, collateral circulation does not seem to be an effective way for predicting myocardial viability. Further analysis of PET patterns of viable myocardium is needed to guide further revascularization and predict functional improvement and survival benefit.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12149-018-1234-3
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 3 (2018)
  • Manual on the proper use of lutetium-177-labeled somatostatin analogue
           (Lu-177-DOTA-TATE) injectable in radionuclide therapy (2nd ed.)
    • Authors: Makoto Hosono; Hideharu Ikebuchi; Yoshihide Nakamura; Nobutaka Nakamura; Takahiro Yamada; Sachiko Yanagida; Asami Kitaoka; Kiyotaka Kojima; Hiroyasu Sugano; Seigo Kinuya; Tomio Inoue; Jun Hatazawa
      Pages: 217 - 235
      Abstract: Here we present the guideline for the treatment of neuroendocrine tumors using Lu-177-DOTA-TATE on the basis of radiation safety aspects in Japan. This guideline was prepared by a study supported by Ministry of Health, Labour, and Welfare, and approved by Japanese Society of Nuclear Medicine. Lu-177-DOTA-TATE treatment in Japan should be carried out according to this guideline. Although this guideline is applied in Japan, the issues for radiation protection shown in this guideline are considered internationally useful as well. Only the original Japanese version is the formal document.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12149-018-1230-7
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 3 (2018)
  • Diagnostic performance of 18 F-FDG PET/CT and whole-body
           diffusion-weighted imaging with background body suppression (DWIBS) in
           detection of lymph node and bone metastases from pediatric neuroblastoma
    • Authors: Hiroaki Ishiguchi; Shinji Ito; Katsuhiko Kato; Yusuke Sakurai; Hisashi Kawai; Naotoshi Fujita; Shinji Abe; Atsushi Narita; Nobuhiro Nishio; Hideki Muramatsu; Yoshiyuki Takahashi; Shinji Naganawa
      Abstract: Objective Recent many studies have shown that whole body “diffusion-weighted imaging with background body signal suppression” (DWIBS) seems a beneficial tool having higher tumor detection sensitivity without ionizing radiation exposure for pediatric tumors. In this study, we evaluated the diagnostic performance of whole body DWIBS and 18F-FDG PET/CT for detecting lymph node and bone metastases in pediatric patients with neuroblastoma. Methods Subjects in this retrospective study comprised 13 consecutive pediatric patients with neuroblastoma (7 males, 6 females; mean age, 2.9 ± 2.0 years old) who underwent both 18F-FDG PET/CT and whole-body DWIBS. All patients were diagnosed as neuroblastoma on the basis of pathological findings. Eight regions of lymph nodes and 17 segments of skeletons in all patients were evaluated. The images of 123I-MIBG scintigraphy/SPECT-CT, bone scintigraphy/SPECT, and CT were used to confirm the presence of lymph node and bone metastases. Two radiologists trained in nuclear medicine evaluated independently the uptake of lesions in 18F-FDG PET/CT and the signal-intensity of lesions in whole-body DWIBS visually. Interobserver difference was overcome through discussion to reach a consensus. The sensitivities, specificities, and overall accuracies of 18F-FDG PET/CT and whole-body DWIBS were compared using McNemer’s test. Positive predictive values (PPVs) and negative predictive values (NPVs) of both modalities were compared using Fisher’s exact test. Results The total numbers of lymph node regions and bone segments which were confirmed to have metastasis in the total 13 patients were 19 and 75, respectively. The sensitivity, specificity, overall accuracy, PPV, and NPV of 18F-FDG PET/CT for detecting lymph node metastasis from pediatric neuroblastoma were 100, 98.7, 98.9, 95.0, and 100%, respectively, and those for detecting bone metastasis were 90.7, 73.1, 80.3, 70.1, and 91.9%, respectively. In contrast, the sensitivity, specificity, overall accuracy, PPV, and NPV of whole-body DWIBS for detecting bone metastasis from pediatric neuroblastoma were 94.7, 24.0, 53.0, 46.4 and 86.7%, respectively, whereas those for detecting lymph node metastasis were 94.7, 85.3, 87.2, 62.1, and 98.5%, respectively. The low specificity, overall accuracy, and PPV of whole-body DWIBS for detecting bone metastasis were due to a high incidence of false-positive findings (82/108, 75.9%). The specificity, overall accuracy, and PPV of whole-body DWIBS for detecting lymph node metastasis were also significantly lower than those of 18F-FDG PET/CT for detecting lymph node metastasis, although the difference between these 2 modalities was less than that for detecting bone metastasis. Conclusion The specificity, overall accuracy, and PPV of whole-body DWIBS are significantly lower than those of 18F-FDG PET/CT because of a high incidence of false-positive findings particularly for detecting bone metastasis, whereas whole-body DWIBS shows a similar level of sensitivities for detecting lymph node and bone metastases to those of 18F-FDG PET/CT. DWIBS should be carefully used for cancer staging in children because of its high incidence of false-positive findings in skeletons.
      PubDate: 2018-04-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s12149-018-1254-z
  • Quantitative evaluation of the tracer distribution in dopamine transporter
           SPECT for objective interpretation
    • Authors: Yu Iwabuchi; Tadaki Nakahara; Masashi Kameyama; Yoshitake Yamada; Masahiro Hashimoto; Yuji Ogata; Yohji Matsusaka; Mari Katagiri; Kazunari Itoh; Takashi Osada; Daisuke Ito; Hajime Tabuchi; Masahiro Jinzaki
      Abstract: Purpose Quantification of the tracer distribution would add objectivity to the visual assessments of dopamine transporter (DAT) single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) data. Our study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic utility of fractal dimension (FD) as a quantitative indicator of tracer distribution and compared with the conventional quantitative value: specific binding ratio (SBR). We also evaluated the utility of the combined index SBR/FD (SBR divided by FD). Materials and methods We conducted both clinical and phantom studies. In the clinical study, 150 patients including 110 patients with Parkinsonian syndrome (PS) and 40 without PS were enrolled. In the phantom study, we used a striatal phantom with the striatum chamber divided into two spaces, representing the caudate nucleus and putamen. The SBR, FD, and SBR/FD were calculated and compared between datasets for evaluating the diagnostic utility. Mann–Whitney test and receiver-operating characteristics (ROC) analysis were used for analysis. Results ROC analysis revealed that the FD value had high diagnostic performance [the areas under the curve (AUC) = 0.943] and the combined use of SBR and FD (SBR/FD) delivered better results than the SBR alone (AUC, 0.964 vs 0.899; p < 0.001). The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy, respectively, were 79.1, 85.0, and 80.7% with SBR, 84.5, 97.5, and 88.0% with FD, and 92.7, 87.5, and 91.3% with SBR/FD. Conclusion Our results confirmed that the FD value is a useful diagnostic index, which reflects the tracer distribution in DAT SPECT images. The combined use of SBR and FD was more useful than either used alone.
      PubDate: 2018-04-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s12149-018-1256-x
  • Comparison of 125 I- and 111 In-labeled peptide probes for in vivo
           detection of oxidized low-density lipoprotein in atherosclerotic plaques
    • Authors: Takashi Temma; Naoya Kondo; Keiko Yoda; Kantaro Nishigori; Satoru Onoe; Masashi Shiomi; Masahiro Ono; Hideo Saji
      Abstract: Objective Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (OxLDL) plays a pivotal role in atherosclerotic plaque destabilization, which suggests its potential as a nuclear medical imaging target. We previously developed radioiodinated 125I-AHP7, a peptide probe carrying a 7-residue sequence from the OxLDL-binding protein Asp-hemolysin, for specific OxLDL imaging. Although 125I-AHP7 recognized OxLDL, it had low stability. Thus, to improve stability, we designed radiolabeled 22-residue peptide probes, 125I-AHP22 and 111In-AHP22, which include the entire AHP7 sequence, and evaluated the stability, activity, and applications of these probes in vitro and in vivo. Methods Probes consisting of a 21-residue peptide derived from the Asp-hemolysin sequence and an N-terminal Cys or aminohexanoic acid for labeling with 125I-N-(3-iodophenyl)maleimide or 111In diethylene triamine pentaacetic acid were termed 125I-AHP22 and 111In-AHP22. An in vitro-binding inhibition assay with OxLDL was performed using 125I-AHP7 as a radiotracer. Radioactivity accumulation in the atherosclerotic aorta and plasma intact fraction was evaluated 30 min after intravenous administration of probes in myocardial infarction-prone Watanabe heritable hyperlipidemic (WHHLMI) rabbits. Results 125I-AHP22 and 111In-AHP22 were synthesized in ~ 360 and 60 min, respectively, with > 98% radiochemical purities after RP-HPLC purification. An in vitro-binding assay revealed similar or greater inhibition of OxLDL binding by both In-AHP22 and I-AHP22 compared to I-AHP7. The fraction of intact 125I-AHP22 and 111In-AHP22 in plasma was estimated to be approximately tenfold higher than that of 125I-AHP7. Both probes were rapidly cleared from the blood. 111In-AHP22 had a 2.3-fold higher accumulation in WHHLMI rabbit aortas compared to control rabbits, which was similar to 125I-AHP7. However, 125I-AHP22 accumulated to similar levels in aortas of WHHLMI and control rabbits due to high nonspecific accumulation in normal aortas that could be due to high lipophilicity. Conclusions 111In-AHP22, easily prepared within 1 h, showed moderate affinity for OxLDL, high stability in vivo, and high accumulation in atherosclerotic aortas. 111In-AHP22 could be a potential lead compound to develop future effective OxLDL imaging probes.
      PubDate: 2018-04-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s12149-018-1255-y
  • Improvement in the measurement error of the specific binding ratio in
           dopamine transporter SPECT imaging due to exclusion of the cerebrospinal
           fluid fraction using the threshold of voxel RI count
    • Authors: Sunao Mizumura; Kazuhiro Nishikawa; Akihiro Murata; Kosei Yoshimura; Nobutomo Ishii; Tadashi Kokubo; Miyako Morooka; Akiko Kajiyama; Atsuro Terahara
      Abstract: Objective In Japan, the Southampton method for dopamine transporter (DAT) SPECT is widely used to quantitatively evaluate striatal radioactivity. The specific binding ratio (SBR) is the ratio of specific to non-specific binding observed after placing pentagonal striatal voxels of interest (VOIs) as references. Although the method can reduce the partial volume effect, the SBR may fluctuate due to the presence of low-count areas of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), caused by brain atrophy, in the striatal VOIs. We examined the effect of the exclusion of low-count VOIs on SBR measurement. Methods We retrospectively reviewed DAT imaging of 36 patients with parkinsonian syndromes performed after injection of 123I-FP-CIT. SPECT data were reconstructed using three conditions. We defined the CSF area in each SPECT image after segmenting the brain tissues. A merged image of gray and white matter images was constructed from each patient’s magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to create an idealized brain image that excluded the CSF fraction (MRI-mask method). We calculated the SBR and asymmetric index (AI) in the MRI-mask method for each reconstruction condition. We then calculated the mean and standard deviation (SD) of voxel RI counts in the reference VOI without the striatal VOIs in each image, and determined the SBR by excluding the low-count pixels (threshold method) using five thresholds: mean-0.0SD, mean-0.5SD, mean-1.0SD, mean-1.5SD, and mean-2.0SD. We also calculated the AIs from the SBRs measured using the threshold method. We examined the correlation among the SBRs of the threshold method, between the uncorrected SBRs and the SBRs of the MRI-mask method, and between the uncorrected AIs and the AIs of the MRI-mask method. Results The intraclass correlation coefficient indicated an extremely high correlation among the SBRs and among the AIs of the MRI-mask and threshold methods at thresholds between mean-2.0D and mean-1.0SD, regardless of the reconstruction correction. The differences among the SBRs and the AIs of the two methods were smallest at thresholds between man-2.0SD and mean-1.0SD. Conclusion The SBR calculated using the threshold method was highly correlated with the MRI–SBR. These results suggest that the CSF correction of the threshold method is effective for the calculation of idealized SBR and AI values.
      PubDate: 2018-03-15
      DOI: 10.1007/s12149-018-1249-9
  • Comparison of choline influx from dynamic 18 F-Choline PET/CT and
           clinicopathological parameters in prostate cancer initial assessment
    • Authors: Xavier Palard-Novello; Anne-Lise Blin; David Bourhis; Etienne Garin; Pierre-Yves Salaün; Anne Devillers; Solène Querellou; Patrick Bourguet; Florence Le Jeune; Hervé Saint-Jalmes
      Abstract: Aim The aim of the study was to compare the kinetic analysis of 18F-labeled choline (FCH) uptake with static analysis and clinicopathological parameters in patients with newly diagnosed prostate cancer (PC). Materials and methods Sixty-one patients were included. PSA was performed few days before FCH PET/CT. Gleason scoring (GS) was collected from systematic sextant biopsies. FCH PET/CT consisted in a dual phase: early pelvic list-mode acquisition (from 0 to10 min post-injection) and late whole-body acquisition (60 min post-injection). PC volume of interest was drawn using an adaptative thresholding (40% of the maximal uptake) on the late acquisition and projected onto an early static frame of 10 min and each of the 20 reconstructed frames of 30 s. Kinetic analysis was performed using an imaging-derived plasma input function. Early kinetic parameter (K1 as influx) and static parameters (early SUVmean, late SUVmean, and retention index) were extracted and compared to clinicopathological parameters. Results K1 was significantly, but moderately correlated with early SUVmean (r = 0.57, p < 0.001) and late SUVmean (r = 0.43, p < 0.001). K1, early SUVmean, and late SUVmean were moderately correlated with PSA level (respectively, r = 0.36, p = 0.004; r = 0.67, p < 0.001; r = 0.51, p < 0.001). Concerning GS, K1 was higher for patients with GS ≥ 4 + 3 than for patients with GS < 4 + 3 (median value 0.409 vs 0.272 min− 1, p < 0.001). No significant difference was observed for static parameters. Conclusions FCH influx index K1 seems to be related to GS and could be a non-invasive tool to gain further information concerning tumor aggressiveness.
      PubDate: 2018-02-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s12149-018-1246-z
  • Role of PET/MRI in oral cavity and oropharyngeal cancers based on the 8th
           edition of the AJCC cancer staging system: a pictorial essay
    • Authors: Tetsuya Tsujikawa; Norihiko Narita; Masafumi Kanno; Tetsuji Takabayashi; Shigeharu Fujieda; Hidehiko Okazawa
      Abstract: The American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) released the 8th edition of the AJCC cancer staging manual in 2017 that includes significant modifications from the 7th edition in the sections on oral cavity cancer (OCC) and oropharyngeal cancer (OPC). These highlights comprise the incorporation of the depth of invasion and exclusion of extrinsic tongue muscle involvement in the T staging of OCC, the separation of OPC staging based on the high-risk human papilloma virus status, and the inclusion of extranodal extension in N staging. The recent introduction of integrated positron emission tomography and magnetic resonance imaging (PET/MRI) with 2-[18F]-fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose (18F-FDG) has demonstrated the advantages of simultaneous PET and MR imaging with higher soft-tissue contrast, multiplanar image acquisition, and functional imaging capability. This pictorial essay discusses the role of 18F-FDG PET/MRI in the diagnosis of OCC and OPC based on the new cancer staging system.
      PubDate: 2018-02-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s12149-018-1244-1
  • The feasibility of 18 F-FES and 18 F-FDG microPET/CT for early monitoring
           the effect of fulvestrant on sensitizing docetaxel by downregulating ERα
           in ERα+ breast cancer
    • Authors: Shuai Liu; Bingxin Gu; Jianping Zhang; Yongping Zhang; Xiaoping Xu; Huiyu Yuan; Yingjian Zhang; Zhongyi Yang
      Abstract: Objective Our study aimed to investigate the feasibility of PET/CT for monitoring the influence of fulvestrant on sensitizing docetaxel by downregulating ERα in ERα+ breast cancer. Methods Docetaxel-insensitive ERα+ breast cancer cells (DIS-ZR751) were established, identified and cultured. ERα expression, toxicity and viability of DIS-ZR751 were analyzed before and after treatment in vitro. DIS-ZR751-bearing nude mice were randomly divided into four groups according to different treatments: blank (DIS-ZR751), docetaxel (DIS-ZR751+DOC), fulvestrant (DIS-ZR751+FUL), and combination treatment (DIS-ZR751+DOC+FUL). 18F-FES and 18F-FDG microPECT/CT scans were performed before and 7, 14 days after treatment. Absolute %ID/gmax was calculated. Results ERα expression level and growth rate of DIS-ZR751 were higher than control group and decreased dramatically after docetaxel and fulvestrant combination treatment. 18F-FES and 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging in vivo revealed that ERα expression in DIS-ZR751 treated with fulvestrant, and tumor activity in DIS-ZR751 treated with combination drugs decreased as early as 7 days after treatment. Conclusions 18F-FES and 18F-FDG PET/CT were feasible for early monitoring the effect of fulvestrant on sensitizing docetaxel by downregulation of ERα in ERα+ breast cancer noninvasively.
      PubDate: 2018-02-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s12149-018-1245-0
  • 68 Ga-DOTATATE PET–CT imaging in carotid body paragangliomas
    • Authors: Duygu Has Şimşek; Yasemin Şanlı; Serkan Kuyumcu; Bora Başaran; Ayşe Mudun
      Abstract: Objective The aim of this study was to present our experience in the baseline evaluation of carotid body paragangliomas (CBP) with 68Ga-DOTATATE PET–CT. Methods Five patients (4F, 1M; age 24–73 years) with CBPs who underwent 68Ga-DOTATATE PET–CT scan before the treatment were evaluated retrospectively. PET–CT images were analyzed visually as well as semiquantitatively, with measurement of maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax). Results All patients had unilateral CBP lesion, showed intense 68Ga-DOTATATE uptake in PET–CT. Additionally, 68Ga-DOTATATE avid lesions were found in two patients. One of them had focal intense uptake in thyroid gland and frontal cerebrum. The other one had intense uptake in bone and adrenal mass. Four patients were operated for unilateral primary CBP. Last patient was treated with peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (177Lu-DOTATATE) for both metastatic pheochromocytoma and CBP. Conclusions 68Ga-DOTATATE PET–CT is a valuable imaging modality for staging of CBPs, detecting unknown lesions and changing the management of patients. It is also useful in demonstrating expression of SSTRs for PRRT opportunity.
      PubDate: 2018-02-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s12149-018-1242-3
  • 18 F-FPYBF-2, a new F-18 labelled amyloid imaging PET tracer:
           biodistribution and radiation dosimetry assessment of first-in-man 18
           F-FPYBF-2 PET imaging
    • Authors: Ryuichi Nishii; Tatsuya Higashi; Shinya Kagawa; Chio Okuyama; Yoshihiko Kishibe; Masaaki Takahashi; Tomoko Okina; Norio Suzuki; Hiroshi Hasegawa; Yasuhiro Nagahama; Koichi Ishizu; Naoya Oishi; Hiroyuki Kimura; Hiroyuki Watanabe; Masahiro Ono; Hideo Saji; Hiroshi Yamauchi
      Abstract: Objective Recently, a benzofuran derivative for the imaging of β-amyloid plaques, 5-(5-(2-(2-(2-18F-fluoroethoxy)ethoxy)ethoxy)benzofuran-2-yl)- N-methylpyridin-2-amine (18F-FPYBF-2) has been validated as a tracer for amyloid imaging and it was found that 18F-FPYBF-2 PET/CT is a useful and reliable diagnostic tool for the evaluation of AD (Higashi et al. Ann Nucl Med,, 2018). The aim of this study was to assess the biodistribution and radiation dosimetry of diagnostic dosages of 18F-FPYBF-2 in normal healthy volunteers as a first-in-man study. Methods Four normal healthy volunteers (male: 3, female: 1; mean age: 40 ± 17; age range 25–56) were included and underwent 18F-FPYBF-2 PET/CT study for the evaluation of radiation exposure and pharmacokinetics. A 10-min dynamic PET/CT scan of the body (chest and abdomen) was performed at 0–10 min and a 15-min whole-body static scan was performed six times after the injection of 18F-FPYBF-2. After reconstructing PET and CT image data, individual organ time–activity curves were estimated by fitting volume of interest data from the dynamic scan and whole-body scans. The OLINDA/EXM version 2.0 software was used to determine the whole-body effective doses. Results Dynamic PET imaging demonstrated that the hepatobiliary and renal systems were the principal pathways of clearance of 18F-FPYBF-2. High uptake in the liver and the gall bladder, the stomach, and the kidneys were demonstrated, followed by the intestines and the urinary bladder. The ED for the adult dosimetric model was estimated to be 8.48 ± 1.25 µSv/MBq. The higher absorbed doses were estimated for the liver (28.98 ± 12.49 and 36.21 ± 15.64 µGy/MBq), the brain (20.93 ± 4.56 and 23.05 ± 5.03µ Gy/MBq), the osteogenic cells (9.67 ± 1.67 and 10.29 ± 1.70 µGy/MBq), the small intestines (9.12 ± 2.61 and 11.12 ± 3.15 µGy/MBq), and the kidneys (7.81 ± 2.62 and 8.71 ± 2.90 µGy/MBq) for male and female, respectively. Conclusions The ED for the adult dosimetric model was similar to those of other agents used for amyloid PET imaging. The diagnostic dosage of 185–370 MBq of 18F-FPYBF-2 was considered to be acceptable for administration in patients as a diagnostic tool for the evaluation of AD.
      PubDate: 2018-02-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s12149-018-1240-5
  • Open letter to journal editors on: International Consensus Radiochemistry
           Nomenclature Guidelines
    • Authors: Heinz H. Coenen; Antony D. Gee; Michael Adam; Gunnar Antoni; Cathy S. Cutler; Yasuhisa Fujibayashi; Jae Min Jeong; Robert H. Mach; Thomas L. Mindt; Victor W. Pike; Albert D. Windhorst
      PubDate: 2018-02-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s12149-018-1238-z
  • 18 F-FPYBF-2, a new F-18-labelled amyloid imaging PET tracer: first
           experience in 61 volunteers and 55 patients with dementia
    • Authors: Tatsuya Higashi; Ryuichi Nishii; Shinya Kagawa; Yoshihiko Kishibe; Masaaki Takahashi; Tomoko Okina; Norio Suzuki; Hiroshi Hasegawa; Yasuhiro Nagahama; Koichi Ishizu; Naoya Oishi; Hiroyuki Kimura; Hiroyuki Watanabe; Masahiro Ono; Hideo Saji; Hiroshi Yamauchi
      Abstract: Objective Recently, we developed a benzofuran derivative for the imaging of β-amyloid plaques, 5-(5-(2-(2-(2-18F-fluoroethoxy)ethoxy)ethoxy)benzofuran-2-yl)-N-methylpyridin-2-amine (18F-FPYBF-2) (Ono et al., J Med Chem 54:2971–9, 2011). The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of 18F-FPYBF-2 as an amyloid imaging PET tracer in a first clinical study with healthy volunteers and patients with various dementia and in comparative dual tracer study using 11C-Pittsburgh Compound B (11C-PiB). Methods 61 healthy volunteers (age: 53.7 ± 13.1 years old; 19 male and 42 female; age range 24–79) and 55 patients with suspected dementia [Alzheimer’s Disease (AD); early AD: n = 19 and moderate stage AD: n = 8, other dementia: n = 9, mild cognitive impairment (MCI): n = 16, cognitively normal: n = 3] for first clinical study underwent static head PET/CT scan using 18 F − FPYBF-2 at 50–70 min after injection. 13 volunteers and 14 patients also underwent dynamic PET scan at 0–50 min at the same instant. 16 subjects (volunteers: n = 5, patients with dementia: n = 11) (age: 66.3 ± 14.2 years old; 10 males and 6 females) were evaluated for comparative study (50–70 min after injection) using 18F-FPYBF-2 and 11C-PiB on separate days, respectively. Quantitative analysis of mean cortical uptake was calculated using Mean Cortical Index of SUVR (standardized uptake value ratio) based on the established method for 11C-PiB analysis using cerebellar cortex as control. Results Studies with healthy volunteers showed that 18F-FPYBF-2 uptake was mainly observed in cerebral white matter and that average Mean Cortical Index at 50–70 min was low and stable (1.066 ± 0.069) basically independent from age or gender. In patients with AD, 18F-FPYBF-2 uptake was observed both in cerebral white and gray matter, and Mean Cortical Index was significantly higher (early AD: 1.288 ± 0.134, moderate AD: 1.342 ± 0.191) than those of volunteers and other dementia (1.018 ± 0.057). In comparative study, the results of 18F-FPYBF-2 PET/CT were comparable with those of 11C-PiB, and the Mean Cortical Index (18F-FPYBF-2: 1.173 ± 0.215; 11C-PiB: 1.435 ± 0.474) showed direct proportional relationship with each other (p < 0.0001). Conclusions Our first clinical study suggest that 18F-FPYBF-2 is a useful PET tracer for the evaluation of β-amyloid deposition and that quantitative analysis of Mean Cortical Index of SUVR is a reliable diagnostic tool for the diagnosis of AD.
      PubDate: 2018-01-31
      DOI: 10.1007/s12149-018-1236-1
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