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Showing 1 - 200 of 2573 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.118, CiteScore: 4)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.752, CiteScore: 3)
Abdominal Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.866, CiteScore: 2)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.439, CiteScore: 0)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.53, CiteScore: 1)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.106, CiteScore: 0)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.359, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.675, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.284, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.587, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.769, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.24, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.305, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.312, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.588, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 7.066, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.452, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.379, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.27, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.208, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.607, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.576, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.638, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.822, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.376, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 7.589, CiteScore: 12)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.334, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.574, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.605, CiteScore: 1)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.147, CiteScore: 0)
Adaptive Human Behavior and Physiology     Hybrid Journal  
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.72, CiteScore: 2)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.005, CiteScore: 2)
Adolescent Research Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.703, CiteScore: 2)
Advanced Composites and Hybrid Materials     Hybrid Journal  
Advanced Fiber Materials     Full-text available via subscription  
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.698, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Astronautics Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 1.09, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.144, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.64, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.475, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Neurodevelopmental Disorders     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.075, CiteScore: 3)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.673, CiteScore: 2)
Aerosol Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Aerospace Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aerotecnica Missili & Spazio : J. of Aerospace Science, Technologies & Systems     Hybrid Journal  
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 1)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.235, CiteScore: 0)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.39, CiteScore: 1)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.67, CiteScore: 2)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.276, CiteScore: 1)
Agriculture and Human Values     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.173, CiteScore: 3)
Agroforestry Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.663, CiteScore: 1)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.864, CiteScore: 6)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.227, CiteScore: 1)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 3)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 3)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 0)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.583, CiteScore: 1)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.095, CiteScore: 1)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.56, CiteScore: 1)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.234, CiteScore: 0)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.11, CiteScore: 3)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.569, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.951, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.329, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.772, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.46, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.181, CiteScore: 0)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.611, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.314, CiteScore: 0)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 0)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.135, CiteScore: 3)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.211, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.536, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.978, CiteScore: 3)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 1)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.177, CiteScore: 5)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.389, CiteScore: 3)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.097, CiteScore: 2)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.438, CiteScore: 0)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.429, CiteScore: 0)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.197, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.042, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.932, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.85, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.579, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.986, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.228, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.043, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.413, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.687, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.943, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of PDE     Hybrid Journal  
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.614, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.239, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.986, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.495, CiteScore: 1)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.834, CiteScore: 2)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.22, CiteScore: 3)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.424, CiteScore: 4)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.294, CiteScore: 1)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.602, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.571, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.21, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.49, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 0.58, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.422, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.733, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.488, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.6, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.886, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.461, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68, SJR: 1.182, CiteScore: 4)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.481, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.74, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.519, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.542, CiteScore: 1)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.656, CiteScore: 2)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 1)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.109, CiteScore: 3)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.052, CiteScore: 2)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.224, CiteScore: 0)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.725, CiteScore: 1)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68, SJR: 0.745, CiteScore: 2)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.909, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 3.93, CiteScore: 3)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 172, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.41, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.006, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.773, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.644, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.146, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.71, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.541, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.973, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.274, CiteScore: 3)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.946, CiteScore: 3)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal  
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.349, CiteScore: 1)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, CiteScore: 0)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.766, CiteScore: 1)
arktos : The J. of Arctic Geosciences     Hybrid Journal  
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.355, CiteScore: 0)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.839, CiteScore: 2)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.131, CiteScore: 0)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.937, CiteScore: 2)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.833, CiteScore: 4)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.226, CiteScore: 0)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.504, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.185, CiteScore: 2)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Annals of Nuclear Medicine
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.687
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 5  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1864-6433 - ISSN (Online) 0914-7187
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2573 journals]
  • The evaluation of left ventricular dyssynchrony in hypertensive patients
           with a preserved systolic function undergoing gated SPECT myocardial
           perfusion imaging
    • Abstract: Background Hypertension as a known risk factor for cardiovascular diseases can result in left ventricular dyssynchrony (LVD) leading to uncoordinated contraction. The aim of our study was to evaluate whether systolic mechanical dyssynchrony measured by phase analysis of gated single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) imaging occurs in hypertensive patients with a low risk for coronary artery disease and a normal ejection fraction and its possible relationships with severity of hypertension and the influence of antihypertensive treatments. Methods A total of 466 patients (328 females and 138 males, with a mean age of 59.62 ± 10.27 years) who had a low risk factor for coronary artery disease, a normal perfusion study and, a normal ejection fraction were included of which 408 was hypertensive and 58 normotensive. Phase analysis parameters (derived using QGS software) were compared in patients with and without hypertension. Using different statistical methods, relationship between derived phase analysis indices (PSD, PHB) for LVD and amount of blood pressure and antihypertensive drugs consumption were evaluated. Results The prevalence of LVD in patients with hypertension was 63.2% (n = 258), while it was 6.9% in the normotensive group. The mean values of PSD and PHB were higher in hypertensive patients than normotensive ones (12.55 vs. 5.8 and 39.24 vs. 21.12), respectively, so that, statistically significant differences were found between the patients with and without hypertension (p < 0.001). Furthermore, there was a clear relationship between the severity of hypertension and the degree of LVD: by increasing 1 mmHg in systolic and diastolic blood pressure, PSD and PHB increase by (0.034, 0.108 and 0.035, 0.0311), respectively. The statistical results showed that the frequency of LVD in controlled hypertensive patients taking antihypertensive drugs was 55.2%, which significantly lower compared to the patient suffering from hypertension without taking any hypertensive drug (81.35%, p < 0.001). Conclusion Our study findings are in favor of using phase analysis-gated SPECT imaging as a routine way for detection of LVD—known indicator of progression toward systolic dysfunction in the future—in hypertensive patients with a low risk for coronary artery diseases and a normal cardiac systolic function.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
  • Total metabolic tumor volume by 18F-FDG PET/CT for the prediction of
           outcome in patients with non-small cell lung cancer
    • Abstract: Objective Metabolic tumor volume (MTV) and total lesion glycolysis (TLG) are imaging parameters derived from 18F-FDG PET/CT that have been proposed for risk stratification of cancer patients. The aim of our study was to test whether these whole-body volumetric imaging parameters may predict outcome in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods Sixty-five patients (45 men, 20 women; mean age ± SD, 65 ± 12 years), with histologically proven NSCLC who had undergone 18F-FDG PET/CT scan before any therapy, were included in the study. Imaging parameters including SUVmax, SUVmean, total MTV (MTVTOT) and whole-body TLG (TLGWB) were determined. Univariate and multivariate analyses of clinical and imaging variables were performed using Cox proportional hazards regression. Survival analysis was performed using Kaplan–Meier method and log-rank tests. Results A total of 298 lesions were analyzed including 65 primary tumors, 114 metastatic lymph nodes and 119 distant metastases. MTVTOT and TLGWB could be determined in 276 lesions. Mean value of MTVTOT was 81.83 ml ± 14.63 ml (SE) whereas mean value of TLGWB was 459.88 g ± 77.02 g (SE). Univariate analysis showed that, among the variables tested, primary tumor diameter (p = 0.0470), MTV of primary tumor (p = 0.0299), stage (p < 0.0001), treatment (p < 0.0001), MTVTOT (p = 0.0003) and TLGWB (p = 0.0002) predicted progression-free survival in NSCLC patients, while age (p = 0.0550), MTV of primary tumor (p = 0.0375), stage (p < 0.0001), treatment (p < 0.0001), MTVTOT (p = 0.0001) and TLGWB (p = 0.0008) predicted overall survival. At multivariate analysis age, TLGWB and stage were retained in the model for prediction of progression-free survival (p < 0.0001), while age, MTVTOT and stage were retained in the model for prediction of overall survival (p < 0.0001). Survival analysis showed that patients with TLGWB ≤ 54.7 g had a significantly prolonged progression-free survival as compared to patients with TLGWB > 54.7 g (p < 0.0001). Moreover, overall survival was significantly better in patients showing a MTVTOT ≤ 9.5 ml as compared to those having MTVTOT > 9.5 ml (p < 0.0001). Similar results were obtained in a subgroup of 43 patients with advanced disease (stages III and IV). Conclusions Whole-body PET-based volumetric imaging parameters are able to predict outcome in NSCLC patients.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
  • Correction of head movement by frame-to-frame image realignment for
           receptor imaging in positron emission tomography studies with [ 11
           C]raclopride and [ 11 C]FLB 457
    • Abstract: Objective Positron emission tomography (PET) scans of imaging receptors require 60–90-min dynamic acquisition for quantitative analysis. Head movement is often observed during scanning, which hampers the reliable estimation of quantitative parameters. This study evaluated image-based motion correction by frame-to-frame realignment for PET studies with [11C]raclopride and [11C]FLB 457 acquired by an Eminence SET-3000GCT/X and investigated the effect of this correction on the quantitative outcomes. Methods First, an optimal method for estimating motion parameters was evaluated by computer simulation. Simulated emission sinograms were reconstructed to the PET images with or without attenuation correction using a µ-map of the transmission scan. Six motion parameters were estimated frame-by-frame by registering each frame of the PET images to several types of reference images and the reliability of registration was compared. Next, in [11C]raclopride and [11C]FLB 457 studies in normal volunteers, six motion parameters for each frame were estimated by the registration method determined from the simulation results. Head movement was corrected by realigning the PET images reconstructed with a motion-included µ-map in which a mismatch between the transmission and emission scans was corrected. After this correction, time-activity curves (TAC) for the striatum or cerebral cortex were obtained and the binding potentials of the receptors (BPND) were estimated using the simplified reference tissue model. Results In the simulations, the motion parameters could be reliably estimated by registering each frame of the non-attenuation-corrected PET images to their early-phase frame. The motion parameters in the human studies were also obtained using the same method. After correction, a discontinuity of TACs in the striatum and cerebral cortex was remarkably improved and the BPND values in these regions increased. Compared to the motion-corrected PET images reconstructed using the measured µ-map, the images reconstructed using the motion-included µ-map did not result in a remarkable improvement of BPND in the striatum of [11C]raclopride studies, while the BPND in the cerebral cortex changed in some [11C]FLB 457 studies in which large head movement was observed. Conclusions In PET receptor imaging, head movement during dynamic scans can be corrected by frame-to-frame realignment. This method is easily applicable to clinical studies and provides reliable TACs and BPND.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
  • PSMA SPECT/CT with 99m Tc-MIP-1404 in biochemical recurrence of prostate
           cancer: predictive factors and efficacy for the detection of PSMA-positive
           lesions at low and very-low PSA levels
    • Abstract: Background The in vivo expression of the prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) can be investigated using the SPECT-suitable tracer 99mTc-MIP-1404. We investigated the performance of 99mTc-MIP-1404 PSMA SPECT/CT in the detection of PSMA-positive tumor lesions in patients suffering from biochemical recurrence of prostate cancer presenting with serum levels of the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) below 1 ng/mL. Methods We retrospectively analyzed 99mTc-MIP-1404-SPECT/CT scans of 50 patients (25 with low PSA levels between > 0.5 and 1 ng/mL and 25 with very low PSA levels between 0.2 and 0.5 ng/mL) that had undergone whole-body planar scintigraphy and SPECT/CT of the thorax, abdomen and pelvis 3–4 h p.i. of 691 ± 72 MBq 99mTc-MIP-1404. All datasets were evaluated for the presence and location of PSMA-positive tumor lesions, in which maximal standardized uptake values (SUVmax) were also measured. Based on the results of the quantitative evaluation as well as on biochemical and histological parameters, predictive factors for a positive 99mTc-MIP-1404 scan result were determined. The influence of 99mTc-MIP-1404 PSMA SPECT/CT on further therapy planning was assessed, based on the decision-making of the interdisciplinary tumor board. Results Pathological 99mTc-MIP-1404 uptake was detected in a total of 25 patients (50%). In the very low PSA subgroup, detection rates of PSMA-positive lesions suggestive of tumor recurrence were 44%, in the low-PSA subgroup 56%. Gleason scores ≥ 8 and the presence of antiandrogen deprivation therapy were further significant predictors of pathological 99mTc-MIP-1404 uptake. This was paralleled by significantly higher lesional SUVmax patients with PSA levels > 0.5 ng/mL and Gleason scores ≥ 8 compared to those without these two features. Changes in therapeutic strategy following MIP-1404 imaging were recommended by the interdisciplinary tumor board in 25/50 of patients. Conclusion 99mTc-MIP-1404 PSMA-SPECT/CT demonstrated a high performance in detecting PSMA-positive lesions suggestive of tumor recurrence in patients with biochemical recurrence of prostate cancer and low and very low serum PSA levels. Results from MIP-1404 PSMA SPECT/CT have therapeutic impact in one-half of the patients examined by this technology.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
  • Association between carotid 18 F-NaF and 18 F-FDG uptake on PET/CT with
           ischemic vascular brain disease on MRI in patients with carotid artery
    • Abstract: Objective Atherosclerosis is a dynamic and complex process characterized by the formation and progression of plaque mediated by various pathophysiologic steps including inflammation and calcification. The present study aimed to evaluate the association between carotid 18F-sodium fluoride (NaF) and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake with the severity of ischemic vascular brain disease on MRI in patients with carotid artery disease. Methods A total of 28 patients who were scheduled to undergo clinically indicated carotid endarterectomy or stenting for carotid artery disease were examined with 18F-NaF and 18F-FDG PET/CT and brain MRI. The PET/CT images were evaluated by qualitative and semiquantitative analyses. The maximum standardized uptake value (SUV) for the plaque and the average of mean SUV within the lumen of both internal jugular veins was calculated, and the target-to-blood pool ratio (TBR) was determined. The ischemic vascular brain disease on MRI was graded separately in the bilateral hemisphere as 0, 1, 2, and 3, with 0 being absent and 3 being the most severe. Results In two patients, only a unilateral carotid artery was analyzed because of previous indwelling stent. 18F-NaF focal uptake was observed in 50 carotid arteries. 18F-FDG focal uptake was observed in 47 carotid arteries. The mean (± SD) 18F-NaF TBR (2.93 ± 0.89) was significantly higher than the mean (± SD) 18F-FDG TBR (2.41 ± 0.84) (p < 0.001). The mean (± SD) values of 18F-NaF TBR were 2.63 ± 0.76 in grade 1, 2.90 ± 0.91 in grade 2, and 3.81 ± 0.60 in grade 3. Significant differences in 18F-NaF TBR were observed between grades 1 and 3 (p < 0.001) and grades 2 and 3 (p = 0.02). The mean (± SD) values of 18F-FDG TBR were 2.35 ± 0.77 in grade 1, 2.23 ± 0.48 in grade 2, and 2.87 ± 1.32 in grade 3. No significant differences in 18F-FDG TBR were noted between any of the ischemic vascular brain disease grades. Conclusions These preliminary results suggest that carotid 18F-NaF uptake in patients with carotid artery disease may be associated with the severity of the ischemic vascular brain disease observed on MRI.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
  • Potential prognostic implications of myocardial thallium-201 and
           iodine-123-beta-methylpentadecanoic acid dual scintigraphy in patients
           with Anderson–Fabry disease
    • Abstract: Objectives Information on the relationship between myocardial damage assessed by myocardial scintigraphy and prognosis in patients with Anderson–Fabry disease (AFD) is lacking. We therefore aimed to investigate the prognostic impacts of myocardial thallium-201 (201Tl) and iodine-123 beta-methyl 15-para-iodophenyl 3(R, S)-methylpentadecanoic acid (123I-BMIPP) dual scintigraphy in patients with AFD. Methods Eighteen consecutive patients with AFD underwent resting myocardial 201Tl/123I-BMIPP dual scintigraphy. Total defect scores (TDS) on both images were calculated visually according to the 17-segment model using a 5-point scoring system. The mismatch score (MS) was calculated as ‘TDS on 123I-BMIPP—TDS on 201Tl’. Results Six major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) were recorded during a mean follow-up of 6.7 ± 4.2 years (three heart failure requiring hospitalization and three cardiac deaths). Left ventricular mass index, left atrial diameter, brain natriuretic peptide, TDS on 123I-BMIPP, and MS were all significantly greater in patients with MACEs compared with those without. Kaplan–Meier analysis indicated that high TDS on 123I-BMIPP and high MS were associated with poor event-free survival. Conclusion TDS on 123I-BMIPP was a better prognostic determinant in patients with AFD than TDS on 201Tl. Myocardial 201Tl/123I-BMIPP dual scintigraphy may thus be a useful noninvasive modality for evaluating prognosis in patients with AFD.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
  • Comparisons of 131 I-rituximab treatment responses in patients with
           aggressive lymphoma and indolent lymphoma
    • Abstract: Objective We evaluated the changes in treatment response over time after single 131I-rituximab radioimmunotherapy (RIT) according to non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) types. Methods Fifteen aggressive and 21 indolent lymphoma cases undergoing RIT were evaluated. All patients underwent 18F-FDG-PET-CT before and 5 days, 1, and 3 months after RIT. The maximum standardized uptake value (SUV) and the sum of the products of the longest perpendicular diameters of tumours (SPD) were evaluated. Treatment responses were evaluated 1 and 3 months after RIT Results In aggressive lymphoma, SUV decreased at 5 days after RIT but increased after that. SPD decreased at 1 month but significantly increased at 3 months. Complete response (CR), partial response (PR), stable disease (SD), and progressive disease (PD) at 1 month after RIT were changed to PD at 3 months after RIT. In indolent lymphoma, the SUV decreased continuously until 1 month after RIT. The SPD significantly decreased at 1 month and tended to further decrease to 3 months. CR, PR, SD, and PD at 1 month after RIT were achieved in 0, 8, 13, and 0 cases, respectively. Among the 13 SD cases, one changed to CR, three changed to PR, and nine had not changed at 3 months after RIT. Conclusions The treatment response to single RIT differed depending on NHL type. These findings suggest a need to establish an optimal treatment regimen based on NHL aggressiveness.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
  • Evaluation of PSMA expression changes on PET/CT before and after
           initiation of novel antiandrogen drugs (enzalutamide or abiraterone) in
           metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer patients
    • Abstract: Objective To investigate the association between Prostate-Specific Membrane Antigen (PSMA) expression changes on positron emission tomography–computed tomography (PET/CT) and the response to treatment following the start of enzalutamide or abiraterone in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) patients. Methods All consecutive 68Ga-PSMA-11 PET/CT scans routinely performed at our institution during more than 4 years were retrospectively screened for inclusion. We included mCRPC patients with a baseline PSMA PET/CT performed less than 2 months before the start of either enzalutamide or abiraterone, and a follow-up PSMA PET/CT performed no more than a year after, while still under those novel antiandrogen drugs (NAD). The associated clinical records were reviewed. Patients were considered treatment responders if they presented decreasing PSA levels > 50% or a radiological response based on RECIST 1.1 criteria. PSMA expression changes on the follow-up PET/CT were assessed using per-patient dominant response criteria to classify patients as PSMA-responders (complete disappearance of pathologic PSMA uptake, or a decreased uptake of the majority of lesions) or PSMA-non-responders (new PSMA-expressing lesions, increased uptake of the majority of lesions, or stable PSMA expression of the disease). Descriptive statistics and measures of associations (two-sided Fisher’s exact test and Phi coefficient) were calculated. Results A total of 11 and 15 patients were included in the enzalutamide and abiraterone groups. Median follow-up was 110 (IQR 76–124) and 87 (IQR 71–242) days, respectively. All treatment responders (3 enzalutamide and 4 abiraterone) were considered PSMA-responders, and all treatment non-responders (8 enzalutamide, 11 abiraterone) were considered PSMA-non-responders. PSMA PET response was thus perfectly associated with conventional response criteria (p = 0.006, Phi = 1 for enzalutamide; p = 0.001, Phi = 1 for abiraterone). In our cohort, no PSMA expression flare phenomenon was detected on follow-up PET/CT scans at a median follow-up of 3 months. However, an early and short-lived flare cannot be excluded. Conclusions This retrospective study suggests that, after a median follow-up of 3 months under enzalutamide or abiraterone, PSMA expression changes on PET/CT are strongly associated with response to treatment. Prospective studies are needed to better understand PSMA expression dynamics following the start of enzalutamide and abiraterone, along with the role of PSMA PET/CT in response assessment.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
  • 18 F-Fluciclovine ( 18 F-FACBC) PET/CT or PET/MRI in gliomas/glioblastomas
    • Abstract: Abstract 18F-fluciclovine (18F-FACBC) is a radiotracer already studied for prostate cancer, and its potential role in brain tumors (such as glioma) is not yet well investigated despite promising results. The aim of this review is to evaluate the possible diagnostic role of 18F-FACBC PET/CT or PET/MRI in patients with gliomas and glioblastomas. A comprehensive literature search of the PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, Embase, and Cochrane library databases was conducted to find the relevant published articles about the diagnostic performance of FACBC PET/CT or PET/MRI in patients affected by glioma and/or glioblastoma. Seven papers were included in the systematic review. From the analyses of the selected studies, the following main findings were obtained: glioma and glioblastoma are FACBC-avid tumors with a detection rate of about 100%; FACBC PET has high-diagnostic accuracy in defining tumor extent, volumes, and satellite lesions better than MR; compared to methionine, FACBC has similar accuracy but better tumor-to-background contrast; FACBC uptake may help to discriminate between low-grade and high-grade glioma. Radiolabelled fluciclovine (18F-FACBC) imaging seems to be useful in analyzing glioma/glioblastoma. Further studies enrolling a wider population are needed to clarify the real clinical and diagnostic role of 18F-FACBC in this setting and its possible position in the diagnostic flowchart.
      PubDate: 2019-11-26
  • Prognostic utility of FDG PET/CT in advanced ovarian, fallopian and
           primary peritoneal high-grade serous cancer patients before and after
           neoadjuvant chemotherapy
    • Abstract: Objectives In patients with advanced ovarian, fallopian and primary peritoneal carcinoma, complete interval debulking surgery (IDS) is often performed after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) to achieve long progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). We aimed to investigate the utility of 2-deoxy-2-[F-18]fluoro-d-glucose (FDG) PET/CT in patients with these malignancies who underwent complete IDS. Methods Between 2009 and 2017, twenty-two patients underwent FDG PET/CT scans before and after NAC. The highest SUVmax/peak (standardized uptake value), metabolic tumor volume (MTV) and total lesion glycolysis (TLG) for whole lesions were defined as target SUVmax/peak, tMTV and tTLG, respectively. We also calculated these reduction rates during NAC. These parameters were compared between the groups with platinum-free interval (PFI) > 12 months (n = 10) and those with PFI ≤ 12 months (n = 12). The PFS and OS were evaluated using these quantitative parameters, and in terms of the presence of visually detectable residual lesions after NAC. Results The target SUVmax/peak before NAC, the reduction rates in the target SUVmax, tMTV and tTLG were significantly higher in the group with PFI > 12 months than the shorter PFI group (p < 0.05). Especially in PFS, the higher reduction rates in the target SUVmax/peak, tMTV, and tTLG had an excellent prognostic stratification (p < 0.05) and the FDG visually negative group after NAC had a significantly better prognosis than the other group (p < 0.01). Conclusions The reduction rate of FDG PET-based quantitative values and visual analysis after NAC demonstrated prognostic potential, especially in PFS.
      PubDate: 2019-11-25
  • Comparison of dedicated breast positron emission tomography and whole-body
           positron emission tomography/computed tomography images: a common phantom
    • Abstract: Objective High-resolution dedicated breast positron emission tomography (dbPET) can visualize breast cancer more clearly than whole-body PET/computed tomography (CT). In Japan, the combined use of dbPET and whole-body PET/CT is necessary in indications for health insurance. Although several clinical studies have compared both devices, a physical evaluation by the phantom test has not been reported. The aim of this study was to compare the ability of ring-shaped dbPET and whole-body PET/CT using a common phantom with reference to the Japanese guideline for the oncology 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-PET/CT data acquisition protocol. Methods A cylindrical breast phantom with four spheres of different diameters (16, 10, 7.5, and 5 mm) filled an FDG solution at sphere-to-background radioactivity ratios (SBRs) of 2:1, 4:1, and 8:1 was prepared. Images were then acquired by whole-body PET/CT and subsequently by dbPET. The reconstructed images were visually evaluated and the coefficient of variation and uniformity of the background (CVbackground and SDΔSUVmean), percentages of contrast and background variability (%QH,5mm and %N5mm), and their ratio (%QH,5mm/N5mm), and relative recovery coefficient were compared with the standards defined in the protocol for whole-body PET/CT. Results The parameters were calculated at an SBR of 8:1, which was the only SBR in which a 5-mm sphere was visible on both devices. The standards were defined as < 10% for CVbackground, ≤ 0.025 for SDΔSUVmean, < 5.6% for %N5mm, > 2.8 for %QH,5mm/N5mm, and > 0.38 for the relative recovery coefficient of the smallest sphere (10 mm in diameter) in the protocol for whole-body PET/CT (the %QH,5mm was not determined for that protocol); the respective values were 6.14%, 0.024, 4.55%, 3.66, and 0.33 for dbPET and 2.21%, 0.021, 3.11%, 1.72, and 0.18 for PET/CT. The QH,5mm was 16.67% for dbPET and 5.34% for PET/CT. The human images also showed higher lesion-to-background contrast on dbPET than on PET/CT despite the noisier background observed with dbPET. Conclusion The common phantom study showed that the background was noisier and that the contrast was much higher in the dbPET image than in the PET/CT image. The acquisition protocol and standards for dbPET will need to be different from those used for whole-body PET/CT.
      PubDate: 2019-11-25
  • Quantification evaluation of 99m Tc-MDP concentration in the lumbar spine
           with SPECT/CT: compare with bone mineral density
    • Abstract: Background Despite recent technological advances allowing for quantitative single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), quantitative SPECT has not been widely used in the clinical practice of osteoporosis. The aim of this study is to evaluate the feasibility of quantitative bone SPECT/CT for measuring lumbar standard uptake value (SUV) in patients with different bone-mineral density (BMD), and investigate the correlation between SUV measured with 99mTc-methylene diphosphonate (MDP) SPECT/CT and BMD assessment by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Methods A retrospective analysis of 62 cases 99mTc-MDP whole-body bone imaging and local lumbar SPECT/CT tomography were performed. According to the results of dual-energy X-ray bone density examination, they were divided into normal group, osteopenic group, and osteoporosis group. The raw SPECT data were reconstructed using flash3D which includes attenuation correction, scatter compensation, and collimator resolution recovery, SPECT images from this algorithm were calibrated for SUV analysis. Comparing difference of lumbar SUV in different BMD subjects, and investigating the correlation between lumbar SUV and BMD. Data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA and Pearson regression analysis using SPSS 17.0 software. Results The maximum SUV (SUVmax) and mean SUV (SUVmean) of L1–L4 vertebral in 62 subjects were 7.39 ± 1.84 and 4.90 ± 1.27, respectively. The average BMD was 0.85 ± 0.15 (g/cm2), and the average CT value was 145.88 ± 53.99 (HU). The SUVmax, SUVmean, BMD, and CT values of the lumbar spine were statistically significantly different among the three groups (F = 24.089, 30.501, 94.847, 30.241, all p < 0.001), and the osteopenic group was significantly lower than the normal group (all p < 0.001), the osteoporosis group was significantly lower than the normal group and the osteopenic group (all p < 0.001). Lumbar SUVmax, SUVmean, and BMD were significantly negatively correlated with age (r = − 0.328 to − 0.442, all p < 0.05), and positively correlated with body weight and CT value (r = 0.299–0.737, all p < 0.05), but no significant correlation with height (r = 0.006–0.175, all p > 0.05). Lumbar SUVmax and SUVmean increased significantly with the increase of BMD (r = 0.638, 0.632, p < 0.001). Conclusion The SUV of lumbar spine in 99mTc-MDP bone SPECT/CT was significantly different among subjects with different BMD, and the SUV was positively correlated with BMD. These findings justify that quantitative bone SPECT/CT is an applicable tool for clinical quantification of bone metabolism in osteoporosis patients.
      PubDate: 2019-11-25
  • An appreciation from the out-going editor-in-chief
    • PubDate: 2019-11-22
  • Evaluation of PiB visual interpretation with CSF Aβ and longitudinal
           SUVR in J-ADNI study
    • Abstract: Objective The objectives of the present study were to investigate (1) whether trinary visual interpretation of amyloid positron emission tomography (PET) imaging (negative/equivocal/positive) reflects quantitative amyloid measurements and the time course of 11C-Pittsburgh compound B (PiB) amyloid accumulation, and (2) whether visually equivocal scans represent an early stage of the Alzheimer’s disease (AD) continuum in terms of an intermediate state of quantitative amyloid measurements and the changes in amyloid accumulation over time. Methods From the National Bioscience Database Center Human Database of the Japanese Alzheimer’s Disease Neuroimaging Initiative, we selected 133 individuals for this study including 33 with Alzheimer’s disease dementia (ADD), 52 with late mild cognitive impairment (LMCI), and 48 cognitively normal (CN) subjects who underwent clinical assessment, PiB PET, and structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with 2 or 3-years of follow-up. Sixty-eight of the 133 individuals underwent cerebrospinal fluid amyloid-β1-42 (CSF-Ab42) analysis at baseline. The standard uptake value ratio (SUVR) of PiB PET was calculated with a method using MRI at each visit. The cross-sectional values, longitudinal changes in SUVR, and baseline CSF-Ab42 were compared among groups, which were categorized based on trinary visual reads of amyloid PET (negative/equivocal/positive). Results From the trinary visual interpretation of the PiB PET images, 55 subjects were negative, 8 were equivocal, and 70 were positive. Negative interpretation was most frequent in the CN group (70.8/10.4/18.8%: negative/equivocal/positive), and positive was most frequent in the LMCI group (34.6/1.9/63.5%) and in the ADD group (9.1/6.1/84.8%). The baseline SUVRs were 1.08 ± 0.06 in the negative group, 1.23 ± 0.15 in the equivocal group, and 1.86 ± 0.31 in the positive group (F = 174.9, p < 0.001). The baseline CSF-Ab42 level was 463 ± 112 pg/mL in the negative group, 383 ± 125 pg/mL in the equivocal group, and 264 ± 69 pg/mL in the positive group (F = 37, p < 0.001). Over the 3-year follow-up, annual changes in SUVR were − 0.00 ± 0.02 in the negative group, 0.02 ± 0.02 in the equivocal group, and 0.04 ± 0.07 in the positive group (F = 8.4, p < 0.001). Conclusions Trinary visual interpretation (negative/equivocal/positive) of amyloid PET imaging reflects quantitative amyloid measurements evaluated with PET and the CSF amyloid test as well as the amyloid accumulation over time evaluated with PET over 3 years. Subjects in the early stage of the AD continuum could be identified with an equivocal scan, because they showed intermediate quantitative amyloid PET, CSF measurements, and the amyloid accumulation over time.
      PubDate: 2019-11-20
  • From the respective expert viewpoints of the ANM specialty editors
    • Abstract: Abstract Although it may not be well known, the Annals of Nuclear Medicine (ANM) Editorial Committee includes one specialty editor of nuclear medicine physics, one of nuclear medicine technology, one of molecular imaging, and two of radiopharmacology. In addition, a statistics editor and a language editor are also on the committee. Manuscripts submitted to ANM can be peer-reviewed by such specialty editors similar to those submitted to highly ranked journals, which is a great pride and joy to us. To offer our readers a condensed global view on the high-quality research work in the field of nuclear medicine, we have published a mini-review article every year under the joint authorship of the ANM associate editors since 2016. This is our fourth serial review article written by the ANM specialty editors from their respective expert viewpoints.
      PubDate: 2019-11-19
  • Automatic delineation algorithm of reference region for amyloid imaging
           based on kinetics
    • Abstract: Objective This study aims to develop an algorithm named AutoRef to delineate a reference region for quantitative PET amyloid imaging. Methods AutoRef sets the reference region automatically using a distinguishing feature in the kinetics of reference region. This is reflected in the shapes of the tissue time activity curve. A statistical shape recognition algorithm of the gaussian mixture model is applied with considering spatial and temporal information on a reference region. We evaluate the BPND with manually set reference region and AutoRef using 86 cases (43 positive cases, 10 equivocal cases, and 33 negative cases) of dynamically scanned 11C-Pittsburgh Compound-B. Results From the Bland–Altman plot, the difference between two BPND is 0.099 ± 0.21 as standard deviation, and no significant systematic error is observed between the BPND with AutoRef and with manual definition of a reference region. Although a proportional error is detected, it is smaller than the 95% limits of agreement. Therefore, the proportional error is negligibly small. Conclusions AutoRef presents the same performance as the manual definition of the reference region. Further, since AutoRef is more algorithmic than the ordinary manual definition of the reference region, there are few operator-oriented uncertainties in AutoRef. We thus conclude that AutoRef can be applied as an automatic delineating algorithm for the reference region in amyloid imaging.
      PubDate: 2019-11-15
  • The prognostic role of FDG PET/CT before combined radio-chemotherapy in
           anal cancer patients
    • Abstract: Objective We assessed the prognostic value of several FDG PET/CT parameters, measured within the primary tumor and the involved lymph nodes, before definitive radio-chemotherapy (RCT) in anal cancer patients. Methods Anal cancer patients with positive baseline FDG PET/CT who underwent definitive RCT from May 2011 to February 2018 were retrospectively assessed. Primary tumour (T)-SUVmax, T-SUVpeak, T-SUVmean, T-MTV, T-TLG, whole-body (WB) MTV, and WB-TLG were measured. Kaplan–Meier curves, Cox-regression analysis, and logistic regression machine-learning technique were used to test for associations between clinical data, metabolic parameters, and outcomes as overall survival (OS), disease-specific survival (DSS), metastatic-free survival (MFS), disease-free survival (DFS), local relapse-free survival (LRFS), and colostomy-free survival (CFS). Results Fifty-nine patients were included in the study. Median follow-up was 28 months. Higher pre-treatment WB-MTV, T-TLG, and WB-TLG were associated with worse OS (p = 0.025, 0.021, and 0.02, respectively). PET parameters resulted also statistically significant for DSS, DFS, and CFS (p = 0.032, 0.043, 9 × 10−4 for WB-TLG). Cox analysis showed that PET parameters are significant predictors of OS, DSS, DFS, CFS, and LRFS. On multivariate analysis, age, stage, T-SUVpeak, WB-MTV, and T-TLG resulted significantly related to OS. A further stratification for patients with advanced stage (cT3-4 any N or any cT, N + ) showed that MTV and TLG, measured within the primary tumor and the involved nodes, are significantly higher in patients with a worse prognosis. In this subgroup, cut-off values of T- and WB-TLG as well as T- and WB-MTV showed a statistically significant correlation with clinical outcomes. Conclusions Pre-treatment metabolic parameters measured within the primary tumor and the involved nodes may represent additional new biomarkers for estimating prognosis in anal cancer patients, especially in advanced stage patients.
      PubDate: 2019-11-14
  • The results of 394 consecutive cases of knee joint radiation synovectomy
           (radiosynoviorthesis) using 90 Y
    • Abstract: Objective The aim of this study was to assess the treatment results of 90Y radiation synovectomy for chronic exudative synovitis of knee joints. Methods The retrospective data consist of 394 consecutive knee radiation synovectomies performed using 6 mCi (222 MBq) of 90Y. The assessment included 3-point custom pain and joint mobility scale, evaluation of joint’s circumference, binary joint’s temperature evaluation, patellar ballottement test, indications for puncture and its volume in applicable cases. 21 cases had to be forfeited due to missing data regarding follow-up. Results The final analysis of 373 treatment procedures performed in 253 patients yielded following results—at 6 months after treatment, 80.9% of the patients reported at least partial pain relief (including 33.3% with complete pain relief), which increased to 86.7% at one year. The pain intensity decreased over time, however, the outcomes were worse in older patients. The probability of pain recurrence was 15% at 6 months, and 28% at one year. It was highest in post-traumatic synovitis, and lowest in pigmented villonodular synovitis. The circumference of the treated knee joints decreased over the course of follow-up, however, the decrease was significantly lower in older patients. The fraction of patients with full knee joint mobility increased from 34.6 to 40.6% at 6 months and 49.2% at one year. The percentage of patients that required articular puncture decreased from 62.8% at baseline to about 35.6% at 6 months, and 32.8% at one year. Positive patellar ballottement was found in 68.5% before treatment and remained at about 40–50% during the course of follow-up. The increased temperature of the joint was reported in 51.2% at baseline and decreased to 33% at 6 months and 28.3% at one year. Conclusions (1) Radiation synovectomy is a safe and effective method of treatment in patients with exudative synovitis, however, the pain recurrence rate is significantly higher in post-traumatic exudative synovitis compared to pigmented villonodular, undifferentiated, and rheumatoid arthritis. (2) Our results suggest that older patients have worse treatment results with radiation synovectomy compared to younger patients.
      PubDate: 2019-11-12
  • Quantitative bone scan imaging using BSI and BUV: an approach to evaluate
           ARONJ early
    • Abstract: Objective The usefulness of bone scan index (BSI), a quantitative metric of the area of uptake in computer-aided diagnosis in bone scintigraphy, has been reported for the diagnosis of anti-resorptive-agent-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (ARONJ). The aim of this study is to validate the diagnostic ability of BSI for the early detection of ARONJ. In addition, the Bone uptake value (BUV), another quantitative index obtained from bone scintigraphy that indicates the degree of radioisotope (RI) accumulation, was used to improve the diagnostic ability for early detection of ARONJ. Methods A total of 34 patients (11 with ARONJ, 23 without ARONJ) who were administered anti-resorptive-agents for bone metastasis and had incidentally consulted a dental surgeon within 3 months after regular whole-body bone scintigraphy were retrospectively included in the study. The bone scintigraphy data were subjected to semiquantitative analysis of uptake in the jaw using BONENAVI (FUJIFILM Toyama Chemical, Co. Ltd., Tokyo, Japan; EXINI Diagnostics AB, Lund, Sweden) and BUV software (Technical Society for Quantitative Bone Scintigraphy and Fujifilm Toyama Chemical Co., Ltd. Tokyo, Japan). The ROI was set semi-automatically on mandibular hotspots, and the regional BSI was termed BSIJ. Planar anterior and posterior images were then sent to BUV software, with the ROI set manually as for BSI, and the regional BUV was termed BUVJ. Results Mean BSIJ values for the ARONJ positive and ARONJ negative groups were 0.17 ± 0.83 and 0.03 ± 0.50%, respectively. Mean BUVJ values for the ARONJ positive and ARONJ negative groups were 0.47 ± 0.17 and 0.19 ± 0.11, respectively. BSIJ × BUVJ values for the ARONJ positive versus ARONJ negative groups were 0.088 ± 0.067 vs. 0.007 ± 0.010. The AUC for BSIJ, BUVJ and BSIJ × BUVJ was 0.949, 0.951 and 0.988, respectively. Conclusion The BSI metric of a CAD system for bone scintigraphy was useful for the early detection of ARONJ. Accuracy was improved with the additional use of BUVJ data. We recommend that SPECT imaging be performed when bone scintigraphy reveals focal or diffuse uptake in the mandible with high BSIJ and BUVJ.
      PubDate: 2019-11-08
  • 4′-[methyl- 11 C]-thiothymidine as a proliferation imaging tracer for
           detection of colorectal cancer: comparison with 18 F-FDG
    • Abstract: Objective The novel radiotracer, 4′-[methyl-11C]-thiothymidine (11C-4DST), was developed based on the DNA incorporation method as a cell proliferation marker. This study investigated the feasibility of 11C-4DST positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) for detection of colorectal cancer, as compared with 2-deoxy-2-18F-fluoro-d-glucose (18F-FDG) PET/CT, and to correlate the two radiotracers with proliferative activity. Methods A total of 18 patients with newly diagnosed colorectal cancer underwent both 11C-4DST and 18F-FDG PET/CT. Tumor lesions were identified as areas of focally increased uptake, exceeding that of adjacent normal tissue. For semiquantitative analysis, the maximal standardized uptake value (SUVmax) was calculated. Proliferative activity as quantified by the Ki-67 index was estimated in tumor specimens. Results In all 18 patients, colorectal cancers were detected by both 11C-4DST and 18F-FDG PET/CT. The median (± SD) SUVmax for 11C-4DST (6.02 ± 2.55) was significantly lower than that for 18F-FDG (13.91 ± 7.62) (P < 0.001). 11C-4DST SUVmax and 18F-FDG SUVmax showed a significant correlation (r = 0.69, P = 0.002). 11C-4DST SUVmax and Ki-67 index were weakly correlated (r = 0.50, P = 0.04). 18F-FDG SUVmax and Ki-67 index were not significantly correlated (r = 0.44, P = 0.06). Conclusions Despite a significantly lower uptake of 11C-4DST than that of 18F-FDG, detection of colorectal cancer was also feasible with 11C-4DST PET/CT. 11C-4DST PET/CT might have a role in the noninvasive assessment of proliferation in colorectal cancer.
      PubDate: 2019-11-01
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
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