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Publisher: Springer-Verlag (Total: 2350 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2350 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access  
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal  
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Cancer Research     Open Access  
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 140)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  

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Journal Cover Annals of Forest Science
  [SJR: 0.929]   [H-I: 57]   [7 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1286-4560 - ISSN (Online) 1297-966X
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2350 journals]
  • A dataset of leaf inclination angles for temperate and boreal broadleaf
           woody species
    • Authors: Francesco Chianucci; Jan Pisek; Kairi Raabe; Luca Marchino; Carlotta Ferrara; Piermaria Corona
      PubDate: 2018-04-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s13595-018-0730-x
      Issue No: Vol. 75, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Consistent set of additive biomass functions for eight tree species in
           Germany fit by nonlinear seemingly unrelated regression
    • Authors: Christian Vonderach; Gerald Kändler; Carsten F. Dormann
      Abstract: Key message Biomass functions are relevant for an easy and quick estimation of tree biomass. Nevertheless, additive biomass functions for different species and different components have not been published for the area of Germany, yet. Now, we present a set of additive biomass functions for estimating component and total mass for eight species and up to nine components. Context Biomass functions are relevant for an easy and quick estimation of tree biomass, e.g. for carbon budget calculation. Component-specific functions offer even more detail and can be used to answer questions about, e.g., biomass allocation to different components, (nutrient) element stock and flows or the amount and re-distribution of harvested biomass and its consequences. Aims Since there exists no published additive biomass functions in the context of Germany, we aimed at providing such equations for different species and different components using a comprehensive data set from different sources. Methods We collected several data sets for eight relevant tree species (Norway spruce, n = 1150 trees; Silver fir, n = 31; Douglas fir, n = 161; Scots pine, n = 460; European beech, n = 918; Oak, n = 313; Sycamore, n = 28 and European ash, n = 37) in Germany and adjacent countries, homogenised the component information, imputed missing values and applied nonlinear seemingly unrelated regression to eight (for deciduous trees species) respectively nine (for conifereous species) components simultaneously. Results The collected data set contains trees from 7 cm diameter in breast height to around 80 cm. From this broad data basis, we established two sets of additive biomass functions: a simple model using the predictors diameter in breast height and tree height as well as a more elaborate model using up to six predictors. Conclusion Finally, we can present additive models for the eight relevant tree species in Germany. Models for Silver fir, European ash and Sycamore are rather limited in their model range due to their input data; the other models are based on a broad range of predictors and are considered to be broadly applicable.
      PubDate: 2018-04-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s13595-018-0728-4
      Issue No: Vol. 75, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • GIS Coop: networks of silvicultural trials for supporting forest
           management under changing environment
    • Authors: Ingrid Seynave; Alain Bailly; Philippe Balandier; Jean-Daniel Bontemps; Priscilla Cailly; Thomas Cordonnier; Christine Deleuze; Jean-François Dhôte; Christian Ginisty; François Lebourgeois; Dominique Merzeau; Eric Paillassa; Sandrine Perret; Claudine Richter; Céline Meredieu
      Abstract: Key message The diversity of forest management systems and the contrasted competition level treatments applied make the experimental networks of the GIS Coop, a nationwide testing program in the field of emerging forestry topics within the framework of the ongoing global changes. Context To understand the dynamics of forest management systems and build adapted growth models for new forestry practices, long-term experiment networks remain more crucial than ever. Aims Two principles are at the basis of the experimental design of the networks of the Scientific Interest Group Cooperative for data on forest tree and stand growth (GIS Coop): contrasted and extreme silvicultural treatments in diverse pedoclimatic contexts. Methods Various forest management systems are under study: regular and even-aged stands of Douglas fir, sessile and pedunculate oaks, Maritime and Laricio pines, mixed stands of sessile oak, European silver fir, and Douglas fir combined with other species. Highly contrasted stand density regimes, from open growth to self-thinning, are formalized quantitatively. Results One hundred and eighty-five sites representing a total of 1206 plots have been set up in the last 20 years, where trees are measured regularly (every 3 to 10 years). The major outputs of these networks for research and management are the calibration/validation of growth and yield models and the drawing up of forest management guides. Conclusion The GIS Coop adapts its networks so that they can contribute to develop growth models that explicitly integrate pedoclimatic factors and thus also contribute to research on the sustainability of ecosystems under environmental and socio-economic changes.
      PubDate: 2018-04-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s13595-018-0692-z
      Issue No: Vol. 75, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Plastic response of four maritime pine ( Pinus pinaster Aiton) families to
           controlled soil water deficit
    • Authors: Muriel Feinard-Duranceau; Alexane Berthier; Cécile Vincent-Barbaroux; Sara Marin; Francisco-José Lario; Philippe Rozenberg
      Abstract: Key message Separating the internal (ontogenetic) and external (environmental) components of maritime pine development during controlled soil water deficit helps to highlight the plastic response. The adjusted measurements reveal significant differences between families for their plastic response for several physiology and growth traits. Context Soil water deficit is and will be a growing problem in some regions. Pinus pinaster Ait. is a species of commercial interest and is recognized as a drought-avoiding species. It is thus of interest to evaluate the adaptation potential of P. pinaster to soil water deficit. Aims This paper aims to estimate the plastic response to the variation of water availability at the family level (half-sibs). Methods Two-year-old P. pinaster cuttings from four families were submitted during 6 weeks to two contrasting watering regimes. The experiment started in April 2011 shortly after sprouting. The photosynthesis and stomatal conductance to water vapor were measured on 1-year-old needles. Intrinsic water-use efficiency was calculated as the ratio of photosynthesis to stomatal conductance. Radial growth, length of terminal shoot, and total height were also measured. The ontogenetic component of tree development was estimated on the well-watered trees for all the traits. Then, this development effect was eliminated from the data collected on the trees submitted to the soil water deficit in order to keep only the effect of this soil water deficit. Results After 6 weeks of reduced watering, the value of all adjusted traits decreased. An average plastic response to the variation of water availability was found to be significant and variable at the family level for the six adjusted variables. Conclusion These results suggest that there is genetic variation of phenotypic plasticity to drought in P. pinaster for several traits, including stomatal conductance, which appears to be a promising variable for future selection for resistance to drought.
      PubDate: 2018-04-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s13595-018-0719-5
      Issue No: Vol. 75, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • The relative importance of soil properties and regional climate as drivers
           of productivity in southern Patagonia’s Nothofagus antarctica forests
    • Authors: Héctor A. Bahamonde; Guillermo Martínez Pastur; María V. Lencinas; Rosina Soler; Yamina M. Rosas; Brenton Ladd; Sandra Duarte Guardia; Pablo L. Peri
      Abstract: Key message Soil texture and temperature-related variables were the variables that most contributed to Nothofagus antarctica forest height in southern Patagonia. This information may be useful for improving forest management, for instance related to the establishment of silvopastoral systems or selection of suitable sites for forest reforestation in southern Patagonia. Context Changes in forest productivity result from a combination of climate, topography, and soil properties. Aims The relative importance of edaphic and climatic variables as drivers of productivity in Nothofagus antarctica forests of southern Patagonia, Argentina, was evaluated. Methods A total of 48 mature stands of N. antarctica were selected. For each study site, we measured the height of three mature dominant trees, as an indicator of productivity. Seven soil, five spatial, and 19 climatic features were determined and related to forest productivity. Through partial least squares regression analyses, we obtained a model that was an effective predictor of height of mature dominant trees in the regional data set presented here. Results The four variables that most contributed to the predictive power of the model were altitude, temperature annual range, soil texture, and temperature seasonality. Conclusion The information gathered in this study suggested that the incidence of the soil and temperature-related variables on the height of dominant trees, at the regionally evaluated scale, was higher than the effect of water-related variables.
      PubDate: 2018-03-30
      DOI: 10.1007/s13595-018-0725-7
      Issue No: Vol. 75, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Climate, tree masting and spatial behaviour in wild boar ( Sus scrofa L.):
           insight from a long-term study
    • Authors: Francesco Bisi; Roberta Chirichella; Francesco Chianucci; Jost Von Hardenberg; Andrea Cutini; Adriano Martinoli; Marco Apollonio
      Abstract: Key message Climate factors affect seed biomass production which in turn influences autumn wild boar spatial behaviour. Adaptive management strategies require an understanding of both masting and its influence on the behaviour of pulsed resource consumers like wild boar. Context Pulsed resources ecosystem could be strongly affected by climate. Disantangling the role of climate on mast seeding allow to understand a seed consumer spatial behaviour to design proper wildlife and forest management strategies. Aims We investigated the relationship between mast seeding and climatic variables and we evaluated the influence of mast seeding on wild boar home range dynamics. Methods We analysed mast seeding as seed biomass production of three broadleaf tree species (Fagus sylvatica L., Quercus cerris L., Castanea sativa Mill.) in the northern Apennines. Next, we explored which climatic variables affected tree masting patterns and finally we tested the effect of both climate and seed biomass production on wild boar home range size. Results Seed biomass production is partially regulated by climate; high precipitation in spring of the current year positively affects seed biomass production while summer precipitation of previous year has an opposite effect. Wild boar home range size is negatively correlated to seed biomass production, and the climate only partially contributes to determine wild boar spatial behaviour. Conclusion Climate factors influence mast seeding, and the negative correlation between wild boar home range and mast seeding should be taken into account for designing integrated, proactive hunting management.
      PubDate: 2018-03-30
      DOI: 10.1007/s13595-018-0726-6
      Issue No: Vol. 75, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • A simple model for shrub-strata-fuel dynamics in Quercus coccifera L.
           communities
    • Authors: François Pimont; Jean-Luc Dupuy; Eric Rigolot
      Abstract: Key message We model the dynamics of fuel characteristics in shrub strata dominated by Quercus coccifera L. with data gathered in available literature. The model expresses the variability of this important fire-prone fuel type thanks to yield classes, and it can be used to investigate management scenarios. The approach could easily be applied to other shrub communities. Context Characterizing fuel is a basic requirement for fire hazard assessment. Quercus coccifera L. is present in several Mediterranean fire-prone communities, and its fuel characteristics have been studied over various Mediterranean countries, but no general model describes its dynamics. Aims Herein, we present such a general model, initially developed for operational purposes at the French Forest Service. Methods We review available literature and fit statistical relationships to predict the dynamics of fuel height and biomass, by size categories of fine fuel elements. Results The model estimates fuel characteristics from shrub-strata age, overstorey cover, and yield class with a reasonable degree of accuracy considering the heterogeneity of the datasets. It shows that bulk density is highly sensitive to overstorey, and in a lesser extent to strata age, which could lead to significant bias when assessing fuel properties from general allometries. The model is integrated in the FuelManager software, which is devoted to fuel modeling for physics-based-fire-behavior models. Conclusion This simple approach enables to provide a fuel model for the Quercus coccifera L. shrub strata in the Mediterranean basin. It is more general than the existing relationships available for local data. This approach could be generalized to other fire-prone communities.
      PubDate: 2018-03-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s13595-018-0713-y
      Issue No: Vol. 75, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Rapid and economical protocols for genomic and metagenomic DNA extraction
           from oak ( Quercus brantii Lindl .)
    • Authors: Elahe Ahmadi; Mojegan Kowsari; Davoud Azadfar; Gholamreza Salehi Jouzani
      Abstract: Key message Two new efficient, fast and low-cost metagenomic DNA extraction methods were developed for different Persian oak tissues (leaf, stem, root, and rhizospheric) and soil samples. Context The new “omics” studies on the genus Quercus are of importance to help finding efficient strategies for overcoming environmental challenges, and to do this, presence of efficient DNA extraction protocols for different Quercus species are very critical. Aims The objective of the present study was to develop new efficient methods for extraction of metagenomic DNA (mDNA) from of Persian oak (Quercus brantii Lindl.) tissues. Methods The efficiency of two newly developed mDNA extraction methods, including indirect SDS-based (ISB or concentrate method) and one spin column-based method (SCB) were compared to that of two classical direct methods, including CTAB-based and SDS-based methods, and two commercial mDNA extraction kits. Results The maximum average yield of mDNA for all samples (leaf, stem, root, bulk, and rhizospheric soils) was obtained by SCB (258 ng/μl) and ISB (189 ng/μl) methods, respectively. Successful PCR amplification for 16SrRNA and ITS sequence was consistently observed for ISB, SCB, and kit-extracted mDNAs, which confirmed the high purity of mDNA extracted by these methods. The new methods showed more than 96% quantitative PCR efficiency, and partial restriction digestion and metagenomic library construction confirmed the high efficiency of the newly developed methods. Conclusion It could be concluded that two new protocols enhanced efficiency (yield, purity, and cost) of mDNA extraction from different tissues of Persian oak.
      PubDate: 2018-03-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s13595-018-0705-y
      Issue No: Vol. 75, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Meteorological data series from Swiss long-term forest ecosystem research
           plots since 1997
    • Authors: Martine Rebetez; Georg von Arx; Arthur Gessler; Elisabeth Graf Pannatier; John L. Innes; Peter Jakob; Markéta Jetel; Marlen Kube; Magdalena Nötzli; Marcus Schaub; Maria Schmitt; Flurin Sutter; Anne Thimonier; Peter Waldner; Matthias Haeni
      PubDate: 2018-03-19
      DOI: 10.1007/s13595-018-0709-7
      Issue No: Vol. 75, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Modeling diameter distributions in radiata pine plantations in Spain with
           existing countrywide LiDAR data
    • Authors: Manuel Arias-Rodil; Ulises Diéguez-Aranda; Juan Gabriel Álvarez-González; César Pérez-Cruzado; Fernando Castedo-Dorado; Eduardo González-Ferreiro
      Abstract: Key message We evaluated the use of low-density airborne laser scanning data to estimate diameter distributions in radiata pine plantations. The moment-based parameter recovery method was used to estimate the diameter distributions, considering LiDAR metrics as explanatory variables. The fitted models explained more than 77% of the observed variability. This approach can be replicated every 6 years (temporal cover planned for countrywide LiDAR flights in Spain). Context The estimation of stand diameter distribution is informative for forest managers in terms of stand structure, forest growth model inputs, and economic timber value. In this sense, airborne LiDAR may represent an adequate source of information. Aims The objective was to evaluate the use of low-density Spanish countrywide LiDAR data for estimating diameter distributions in Pinus radiata D. Don stands in NW Spain. Methods The empirical distributions were obtained from 25 sample plots. We applied the moment-based parameter recovery method in combination with the Weibull function to estimate the diameter distributions, considering LiDAR metrics as explanatory variables. We evaluated the results by using the Kolmogorov–Smirnov (KS) test and a classification tree and random forest (RF) to relate the KS test result for each plot to stand-level variables. Results The models used to estimate average (dm) and quadratic (dg) mean diameters from LiDAR metrics, required for recovery of the Weibull parameters, explained a high percentage of the observed variance (77 and 80%, respectively), with RMSE values of 3.626 and 3.422 cm for the same variables. However, the proportion of plots accepted by the KS was low. This poor performance may be due to the strictness of the KS test and/or by the characteristics of the LiDAR flight. Conclusion The results justify the assessment of this approach over different species and forest types in regional or countrywide surveys.
      PubDate: 2018-03-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s13595-018-0712-z
      Issue No: Vol. 75, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Comparison of teak wood properties according to forest management: short
           versus long rotation
    • Authors: Dwi Erikan Rizanti; Wayan Darmawan; Béatrice George; André Merlin; Stéphane Dumarcay; Hubert Chapuis; Christine Gérardin; Eric Gelhaye; Phila Raharivelomanana; Rita Kartika Sari; Wasrin Syafii; Rozi Mohamed; Philippe Gerardin
      Abstract: Key message Teak ( Tectona grandis L.f.) is one of the most important tropical hardwood tree species, which is widely planted in Indonesia. Wood properties are strongly influenced by forest management conditioning further utilization of wood. Context In Indonesia, teak wood has been supplied from the state forests (Perhutani) for long rotation teak and from community teak plantations for short rotation teak. Short rotation teak has been harvested at 7–10 years and long rotation teak at 40–60 years. Aims This paper discusses the characterization of technical properties of short and long rotation teak wood based on the chemical, anatomical, physical, and mechanical properties. Methods The properties of short rotation and long rotation teak woods were characterized by measuring their density, extractive contents, chemical composition, swelling, wettability, water sorption isotherm, decay resistance, anatomical properties, bending strength (modulus of rupture (MOR), modulus of elasticity (MOE)), and hardness. Results The results indicate that short rotation teak was not particularly different in swelling, MOE and MOR, and Brinell hardness compared to long rotation teak, although it was less dense and less durable due to lower heartwood and extractive contents. Therefore, careful attention should be given to the use of short rotation teak in some wood-processing technologies. Conclusion Lower wood density and durability of the short rotation compared to the long rotation teak will restrict its utilization to some extent for both indoor and outdoor applications. Fast-growing teak from community cannot be used as usual heartwood teak from Perhutani because of the very low proportion of useful heartwood in the stem.
      PubDate: 2018-03-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s13595-018-0716-8
      Issue No: Vol. 75, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Shade trees and tree pruning alter throughfall and microclimate in cocoa (
           Theobroma cacao L.) production systems
    • Authors: Wiebke Niether; Laura Armengot; Christian Andres; Monika Schneider; Gerhard Gerold
      Abstract: Key message Shade trees in agroforestry systems protect the understory cocoa from climate extremes. Shade tree pruning manages microclimatic conditions in favor of cocoa production while tree diversity is maintained. Adaptation of pruning has to consider seasonal changes in temperature and precipitation to protect the understory cocoa. Context Structural characteristics of tree stands such as species diversity, tree density, and stratification can affect throughfall and microclimate. Pruning changes the canopy and may therefore modulate internal conditions. Aims The aim of this study is to assess the environmental growing conditions of cocoa trees. Methods We monitored canopy openness and the impact of stand structure on throughfall and microclimate in three cocoa production systems (monoculture, agroforestry, and successional agroforestry) and a natural regrowth in a long-term trial in Bolivia from 2013 to 2015. We further focused on the effect of annual shade tree and cocoa pruning on these variables to evaluate the potential impact of this activity. Results Agroforestry systems buffered extreme climate events like temperature fluctuations compared to monocultures but reduced light and throughfall drastically. Spatial variability of throughfall and transmitted light were low under a high and closed shade tree canopy. Shade tree pruning resulted in higher canopy openness, light transmittance, and throughfall, while the buffer function of the agroforestry systems concerning temperature and humidity fluctuations was reduced. Conclusion Differences between cocoa production systems regarding throughfall and microclimate were overlain by pruning activities. Cocoa agroforestry systems are temporal dynamic systems. Pruning timing and intensity is pivotal for balancing light and water availability under seasonally varying environmental conditions to conserve micro-environments for cocoa production with less exposure to unfavorable climate.
      PubDate: 2018-03-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s13595-018-0723-9
      Issue No: Vol. 75, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • The dynamics of carbon accumulation in Eucalyptus and Acacia plantations
           in the Pearl River delta region
    • Authors: Hui Zhang; HuaBo Duan; MingWei Song; DongSheng Guan
      Abstract: Key message Plantation type and age strongly influence the quantity of carbon stored in forest ecosystems. The marked increase in total ecosystem carbon stock achieved over time by the Eucalyptus and Acacia plantations has confirmed that the afforestation of degraded soils can contribute positively to carbon sequestration. Context Reforestation has been widely conducted to restore and protect the eroded red soil in south China in recent decades. The question as to whether the content of soil organic carbon (SOC) can be boosted by establishing plantations of fast-growing tree species remains unresolved. Aims We addressed whether the afforestation of degraded soils can contribute positively to carbon sequestration, and whether the accumulation of SOC is more effective under a nitrogen fixing species such as Acacia than under Eucalyptus. Methods Here, a study was undertaken to measure the quantity of total ecosystem carbon (TEC) accumulated by plantations of both Eucalyptus and Acacia spp. in the Pearl River Delta region of southern China. Results The quantity of TEC increased significantly with stand age in both plantation types (P < 0.05). The largest single component of TEC was SOC, with stand age having a considerable effect on both SOC and overall biomass. The accumulation of SOC in the top 100 cm of the soil profile was higher under Acacia than under Eucalyptus (P < 0.05). Conclusion In terms of carbon sequestration, the afforestation of Eucalyptus and Acacia represent an effective forest management practice. The accumulation of SOC is more effective under Acacia than under Eucalyptus.
      PubDate: 2018-03-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s13595-018-0717-7
      Issue No: Vol. 75, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Inference on forest attributes and ecological diversity of trees outside
           forest by a two-phase inventory
    • Authors: Marco Marchetti; Vittorio Garfì; Caterina Pisani; Sara Franceschi; Marzia Marcheselli; Piermaria Corona; Nicola Puletti; Matteo Vizzarri; Marco di Cristofaro; Marco Ottaviano; Lorenzo Fattorini
      Abstract: Key message Trees outside forests (TOF) have crucial ecological and social-economic roles in rural and urban contexts around the world. We demonstrate that a large-scale estimation strategy, based on a two-phase inventory approach, effectively supports the assessment of TOF’s diversity and related climate change mitigation potential. Context Although trees outside forest (TOF) affect the ecological quality and contribute to increase the social and economic developments at various scales, lack of data and difficulties to harmonize the known information currently limit their integration into national and global forest inventories. Aims This study aims to develop and test a large-scale estimation framework to assess ecological diversity and above-ground carbon stock of TOF. Methods This study adopts a two-phase inventory approach. Results In the surveyed territory (Molise region, Central Italy), all the attributes considered (tree abundance, basal area, wood volume, above-ground carbon stock) are concentrated in a few dominant species. Furthermore, carbon stock in TOF above-ground biomass is non-negligible (on average: 28.6 t ha−1). Compared with the low field sampling effort (0.08% out of 52,796 TOF elements), resulting uncertainty of the estimators are more than satisfactory, especially those regarding the diversity index estimators (relative standard errors < 10%). Conclusion The proposed approach can be suitably applied on vast territories to support landscape planning and maximize ecosystem services balance from TOF.
      PubDate: 2018-03-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s13595-018-0718-6
      Issue No: Vol. 75, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Factors determining enzyme activities in soils under Pinus halepensis and
           Pinus sylvestris plantations in Spain: a basis for establishing
           sustainable forest management strategies
    • Authors: Teresa Bueis; María Belén Turrión; Felipe Bravo; Valentín Pando; Adele Muscolo
      Abstract: Key message Water availability and soil pH seem to be major constraints for enzyme activities in calcareous soils under Pinus halepensis and acidic soils under Pinus sylvestris plantations respectively. Proposals for improving enzyme activities may include the promotion of broadleaf species to increase soil pH and the modulation of stand density or the implementation of soil preparation techniques to facilitate water infiltration. Context Soil enzymes play a key role in nutrient turnover in forest ecosystems, as they are responsible for the transformation of organic matter into available nutrients for plants. Enzyme activities are commonly influenced by temperature, humidity, nutrient availability, pH, and organic matter content. Aims To assess the differences between enzyme activities in calcareous soils below Pinus halepensis and acidic soils below Pinus sylvestris plantations in Spain and to trace those differences back to edapho-climatic parameters to answer the questions: Which environmental factors drive enzyme activities in these soils' How can forest management improve them' Methods The differences in climatic, soil physical, chemical, and biochemical parameters and the correlations between these parameters and enzyme activities in soils were assessed. Results Low pH and high level of phenols in acidic soils under Pinus sylvestris and water deficit in calcareous soils under Pinus halepensis plantations appeared to be the most limiting factors for enzyme activities. Conclusion Options such as the promotion of native broadleaf species in the Pinus sylvestris stands and the modulation of Pinus halepensis stand density or the implementation of soil preparation techniques may improve enzyme activities and, therefore, nutrient availability.
      PubDate: 2018-03-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s13595-018-0720-z
      Issue No: Vol. 75, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Compatibility of regeneration silviculture and wild ungulates in a
           Mediterranean pine forest: implications for tree recruitment and woody
           plant diversity
    • Authors: Mario Velamazán; Alfonso San Miguel; Rafael Escribano; Ramón Perea
      Abstract: Key message Small-scale forest interventions (< 0.75 ha) promoted advanced regeneration and woody plant beta-diversity without increasing ungulate habitat use and detrimental browsing damage. Rubbing damage by ungulates was higher in the treated areas and no effect was found on woody plant alpha-diversity. Context Adapted silviculture is needed to promote forest persistence and plant diversity in the current context of wild ungulate overabundance. Aims This study examines the ungulate effects on tree recruitment and woody plant diversity after silviculture treatments (small-scale regeneration fellings on Pinus species). Methods We compared tree recruitment, browsing/rubbing damage, and woody plant diversity on 17 pairs of control/treated areas in an ungulate-dominated Pinus halepensis forest. Results Recruitment levels were significantly higher in the treated areas as compared to intact (control) plots only for large saplings and juveniles (> 130-cm high). Ungulates did not use the treated areas more often than the control plots but caused significantly greater rubbing damage in the treated areas. Silvicultural treatments did not have a significant effect on alpha woody plant diversity but did promote beta-diversity, with a 49.7% woody species turnover. We did not find any clear patterns indicating that the treated areas suffered heavier browsing damage across all woody plant species. Conclusion This study highlights that small-scale forest interventions (< 0.75 ha) are small enough to avoid greater habitat use and browsing damage by ungulates but sufficiently large to promote advanced regeneration (large saplings and juveniles), with the additional benefit of increasing woody plant heterogeneity and structural diversity.
      PubDate: 2018-03-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s13595-018-0715-9
      Issue No: Vol. 75, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Effect of peanut shells amendment on soil properties and growth of
           seedlings of Senegalia senegal (L.) Britton, Vachellia seyal (Delile) P.
           Hurter, and Prosopis juliflora (Swartz) DC in salt-affected soils
    • Authors: Dioumacor Fall; Niokhor Bakhoum; Fatoumata Fall; Fatou Diouf; Cheikh Ndiaye; Mathieu N. Faye; Valérie Hocher; Diégane Diouf
      Abstract: Key message The soil amendment with peanut shells (4, 6 or 8 t ha −1 ) improves soil properties and growth of Senegalia senegal (L.) Britton , Vachellia seyal ( Delile) P . Hurter and Prosopis juliflora (Swartz) DC seedlings on salty soils (86, 171, 257 mM NaCl). Context Salinization causes the degradation of biological, chemical, and physical properties of soils. Salty soils reclamation can be achieved with organic amendments and afforestation with salt tolerant species. Aims The aim of the study was to assess in greenhouse conditions the effect of peanut shells on soil chemical characteristics and growth of multipurpose leguminous trees Senegalia senegal, Vachellia seyal, and Prosopis juliflora under salt-affected soils. Methods Seedlings were individually cultivated in plastic bags containing a mixture of non-saline and non-sterile soil and crushed peanut shells. Four doses of peanut shells (0, 4, 6, and 8 t ha−1) of 73-33 variety were tested. Salt stress was gradually applied after 1 month of cultivation at a rate of 43 mM NaCl per day until concentrations of 0, 86, 171, and 257 mM were reached. Seedlings growth, physiological responses, and soil characteristics were evaluated after 3 months of stress. Results Peanut shells application improved soil chemical properties (carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus contents, pH, total microbial activity, and cation-exchange capacity) and reduced soil salinity. They also increased height, collar diameter, shoots and root biomass, chlorophyll, and proline contents of seedlings. Conclusion The organic amendment with peanut shells improves soil fertility and tree growth under saline conditions.
      PubDate: 2018-03-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s13595-018-0714-x
      Issue No: Vol. 75, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Remote estimation of canopy leaf area index and chlorophyll content in
           Moso bamboo ( Phyllostachys edulis (Carrière) J. Houz.) forest using
           MODIS reflectance data
    • Authors: Xiaojun Xu; Huaqiang Du; Guomo Zhou; Fangjie Mao; Xuejian Li; Dien Zhu; Yangguang Li; Lu Cui
      Abstract: Key message We estimated the leaf area index (LAI) and canopy chlorophyll content (CC) of Moso bamboo forest by using statistical models based on MODIS data and field measurements. Results showed that the statistical model driven by MODIS data has the potential to accurately estimate LAI and CC, while the structure of the calibration models varied between on- and off-years because of the different leaf change and bamboo shoot production characteristics between these types of years. Context LAI and CC (gram per square meter of ground area) are important parameters for determining carbon exchange between Moso bamboo forest (Phyllostachys edulis (Carrière) J. Houz.) and the atmosphere. Aims This study evaluated the ability of a statistical model driven by MODIS data to accurately estimate the LAI and CC in Moso bamboo forest, and differences in the LAI and CC between on-years (years with great shoot production) and off-years (years with less shoot production) were analyzed. Methods The LAI and CC measurements were collected in Anji County, Zhejiang Province, China. Indicators of LAI and CC were calculated from MODIS data. Then, a regression analysis was used to build relationships between the LAI and CC and various indicators on the basis of leaf change and bamboo shoot production characteristics of Moso bamboo forest. Results LAI and CC were accurately estimated by using the regression analysis driven by MODIS-derived indicators with a relative root mean squared error (RMSEr) of 9.04 and 13.1%, respectively. The structure of the calibration models varied between on- and off-years. Long-term time series analysis from 2000 to 2015 showed that LAI and CC differed largely between on- and off-years. Conclusion This study demonstrates that LAI and CC of Moso bamboo forest can be estimated accurately by using a statistical model driven by MODIS-derived indicators, but attention should be paid to differences in the calibration models between on- and off-years.
      PubDate: 2018-03-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s13595-018-0721-y
      Issue No: Vol. 75, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Dynamics of diameter and height increment of Norway spruce and Scots pine
           in southern Finland
    • Authors: Harri Mäkinen; Tuula Jyske; Pekka Nöjd
      Abstract: Key message Onset and cessation of radial and height increment of Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.) and Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) in southern Finland were independent phenomena. They both contributed to the increment period duration, which was a more crucial factor defining the magnitude of annual radial and height increment. Context Phenology of diameter and height increment is a critical component of growth, also contributing to damage and survival of trees. Aims We quantified annual variation in intra-annual tracheid production and height increment of Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.) and Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.). Methods The number of tracheids and the day of the year for the onset and cessation of tracheid production were monitored from microcores collected repeatedly during growing seasons 2001–2012 in southern Finland. Weekly height increment was also measured in an adjacent sapling stand in 2008–2012. Results The first tracheids in pine were found around mid-May and in spruce a week later. The cessation of the tracheid production occurred during the last week of August for both tree species. Increment onset and cessation were independent phenomena, both contributing to the magnitude of tracheid production via increment period duration, which appeared to be a more crucial factor defining the number of tracheids. Duration of the height increment period was also related to shoot length but the connection was less tight than the link between the duration of tracheid production and the number of tracheids. A thermal threshold around 100 d.d. (degree days) was found for the onset of radial increment. No single environmental factor triggered the cessation of tracheid production, but in some years, soil water availability appeared to play a role. Conclusion The results indicate that extending growing seasons due to the climatic warming may increase growth in the Finnish forests.
      PubDate: 2018-03-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s13595-018-0710-1
      Issue No: Vol. 75, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Hydraulic traits and tree-ring width in Larix sibirica Ledeb. as affected
           
    • Authors: Elmira Khansaritoreh; Bernhard Schuldt; Choimaa Dulamsuren
      Abstract: Key message Wood-anatomical traits determining the hydraulic architecture of Larix sibirica in the drought-limited Mongolian forest steppe at the southern fringe of the boreal forest respond to summer drought, but only weakly to variations in microclimate that depend on forest stand size. Context Siberian larch (L. sibirica Ledeb.) is limited by summer drought and shows increasing mortality rates in the Mongolian forest steppe. The climate sensitivity of stemwood formation increases with decreasing forest stand size. The trees’ hydraulic architecture is crucial for drought resistance and thus the capability to deal with climate warming. Aims We studied whether hydraulic traits were influenced by temporal or forest size-dependent variations in water availability and were related to tree-ring width. Methods Hydraulic traits (tracheid diameter, tracheid density, potential sapwood area-specific hydraulic conductivity) of earlywood were studied in stemwood series of 30 years (1985–2014) and were related to climate data. Tree-ring width was measured for the same period. Trees were selected in stands of four different size classes with increasing drought exposure with decreasing stand size. Results Tracheid diameters and hydraulic conductivity decreased with decreasing late summer precipitation of the previous year and were positively correlated with tree-ring width. Forest stand size had only weak effects on hydraulic traits, despite known effects on stemwood increment. Conclusion Decreasing tracheid diameters and thus hydraulic conductivity are a drought acclimation of L. sibirica in the Mongolian forest steppe. These acclimations occur as a response to drought periods but are little site-dependent with respect to stand size.
      PubDate: 2018-03-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s13595-018-0701-2
      Issue No: Vol. 75, No. 1 (2018)
       
 
 
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