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Publisher: Springer-Verlag (Total: 2352 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2352 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.118, CiteScore: 4)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.752, CiteScore: 3)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.866, CiteScore: 2)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.439, CiteScore: 0)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.53, CiteScore: 1)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.106, CiteScore: 0)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.359, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.675, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.284, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.587, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.769, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.24, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.305, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.312, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.588, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 7.066, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.452, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.379, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.27, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.208, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.607, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.576, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.638, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.822, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.376, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 7.589, CiteScore: 12)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.334, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.574, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.605, CiteScore: 1)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.147, CiteScore: 0)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.72, CiteScore: 2)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.005, CiteScore: 2)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.703, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.698, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 1.09, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.144, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 1.64, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.475, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.075, CiteScore: 3)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.673, CiteScore: 2)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 1)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.235, CiteScore: 0)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.39, CiteScore: 1)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.67, CiteScore: 2)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.276, CiteScore: 1)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.173, CiteScore: 3)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.663, CiteScore: 1)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.864, CiteScore: 6)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.227, CiteScore: 1)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 3)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 3)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 0)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.583, CiteScore: 1)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.095, CiteScore: 1)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.56, CiteScore: 1)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.234, CiteScore: 0)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.11, CiteScore: 3)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.569, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.951, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.329, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.772, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.46, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.181, CiteScore: 0)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.611, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.314, CiteScore: 0)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 0)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.135, CiteScore: 3)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.211, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.536, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.978, CiteScore: 3)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 1)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.177, CiteScore: 5)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.389, CiteScore: 3)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.097, CiteScore: 2)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.438, CiteScore: 0)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.429, CiteScore: 0)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.197, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.042, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.932, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.85, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.579, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.986, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.228, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.043, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.413, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.687, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.943, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.614, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.239, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.986, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.495, CiteScore: 1)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.834, CiteScore: 2)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.22, CiteScore: 3)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.424, CiteScore: 4)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.294, CiteScore: 1)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.602, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.571, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.21, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.49, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 0.58, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.422, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.733, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.488, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.6, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.886, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.461, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67, SJR: 1.182, CiteScore: 4)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.481, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.74, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.519, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.542, CiteScore: 1)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 0.656, CiteScore: 2)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 1)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.109, CiteScore: 3)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.052, CiteScore: 2)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.224, CiteScore: 0)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.725, CiteScore: 1)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63, SJR: 0.745, CiteScore: 2)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.909, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 3.93, CiteScore: 3)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 149, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.41, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.006, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.773, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.644, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.146, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.71, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.541, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.973, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.274, CiteScore: 3)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.946, CiteScore: 3)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal  
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.349, CiteScore: 1)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.2, CiteScore: 0)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.766, CiteScore: 1)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.355, CiteScore: 0)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.839, CiteScore: 2)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.131, CiteScore: 0)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.937, CiteScore: 2)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.833, CiteScore: 4)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.226, CiteScore: 0)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.504, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.185, CiteScore: 2)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.353, CiteScore: 1)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.187, CiteScore: 0)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.855, CiteScore: 1)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.378, CiteScore: 1)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.543, CiteScore: 1)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.548, CiteScore: 1)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.183, CiteScore: 0)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Astronomy and Astrophysics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 3.385, CiteScore: 5)

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Journal Cover
Annals of Biomedical Engineering
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.042
Citation Impact (citeScore): 3
Number of Followers: 17  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1573-9686 - ISSN (Online) 0090-6964
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2352 journals]
  • In Vitro Models for Studying Transport Across Epithelial Tissue Barriers
    • Authors: Navein Arumugasaamy; Javier Navarro; J. Kent Leach; Peter C. W. Kim; John P. Fisher
      Pages: 1 - 21
      Abstract: Epithelial barriers are the body’s natural defense system to regulating passage from one domain to another. In our efforts to understand what can and cannot cross these barriers, models have emerged as a reductionist approach to rigorously study and investigate this question. In particular, in vitro tissue models have become prominent as there is an increased exploration of understanding biological molecular transport. Herein, we introduce the pertinent physiology, then discuss recent studies and approaches for building models of five epithelial tissues: skin, the gastrointestinal tract, the lungs, the blood–brain barrier, and the placenta. In particular, we evaluated literature from the past 5 years utilizing a tissue model to evaluate molecular transport. We then compare physiology of these tissues and discuss similarities in approaches, across tissues, to validate these models. We conclude with a summary of the approaches of growing interest across multiple tissues and an outlook on future steps to improve these models.
      PubDate: 2019-01-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10439-018-02124-w
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • Applications of Wireless Power Transfer in Medicine: State-of-the-Art
           Reviews
    • Authors: Julian Moore; Sharon Castellanos; Sheng Xu; Bradford Wood; Hongliang Ren; Zion Tsz Ho Tse
      Pages: 22 - 38
      Abstract: Magnetic resonance within the field of wireless power transfer has seen an increase in popularity over the past decades. This rise can be attributed to the technological advances of electronics and the increased efficiency of popular battery technologies. The same principles of electromagnetic theory can be applied to the medical field. Several medical devices intended for use inside the body use batteries and electrical circuits that could be powered wirelessly. Other medical devices limit the mobility or make patients uncomfortable while in use. The fundamental theory of electromagnetics can improve the field by solving some of these problems. This survey paper summarizes the recent uses and discoveries of wireless power in the medical field. A comprehensive search for papers was conducted using engineering search engines and included papers from related conferences. During the initial search, 247 papers were found then non-relevant papers were eliminated to leave only suitable material. Seventeen relevant journal papers and/or conference papers were found, then separated into defined categories: Implants, Pumps, Ultrasound Imaging, and Gastrointestinal (GI) Endoscopy. The approach and methods for each paper were analyzed and compared yielding a comprehensive review of these state of the art technologies.
      PubDate: 2019-01-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10439-018-02142-8
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • Pentagalloyl Glucose and Its Functional Role in Vascular Health:
           Biomechanics and Drug-Delivery Characteristics
    • Authors: Sourav S. Patnaik; Dan T. Simionescu; Craig J. Goergen; Kenneth Hoyt; Shashank Sirsi; Ender A. Finol
      Pages: 39 - 59
      Abstract: Pentagalloyl glucose (PGG) is an elastin-stabilizing polyphenolic compound that has significant biomedical benefits, such as being a free radical sink, an anti-inflammatory agent, anti-diabetic agent, enzymatic resistant properties, etc. This review article focuses on the important benefits of PGG on vascular health, including its role in tissue mechanics, the different modes of pharmacological administration (e.g., oral, intravenous and endovascular route, intraperitoneal route, subcutaneous route, and nanoparticle based delivery and microbubble-based delivery), and its potential therapeutic role in vascular diseases such as abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). In particular, the use of PGG for AAA suppression and prevention has been demonstrated to be effective only in the calcium chloride rat AAA model. Therefore, in this critical review we address the challenges that lie ahead for the clinical translation of PGG as an AAA growth suppressor.
      PubDate: 2019-01-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10439-018-02145-5
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • A Non-Invasive Material Characterization Framework for Bioprosthetic Heart
           Valves
    • Authors: Mostafa Abbasi; Mohammed S. Barakat; Danny Dvir; Ali N. Azadani
      Pages: 97 - 112
      Abstract: Computational modeling and simulation has become more common in design and development of bioprosthetic heart valves. To have a reliable computational model, considering accurate mechanical properties of biological soft tissue is one of the most important steps. The goal of this study was to present a non-invasive material characterization framework to determine mechanical propertied of soft tissue employed in bioprosthetic heart valves. Using integrated experimental methods (i.e., digital image correlation measurements and hemodynamic testing in a pulse duplicator system) and numerical methods (i.e., finite element modeling and optimization), three-dimensional anisotropic mechanical properties of leaflets used in two commercially available transcatheter aortic valves (i.e., Edwards SAPIEN 3 and Medtronic CoreValve) were characterized and compared to that of a commonly used and well-examined surgical bioprosthesis (i.e., Carpentier-Edwards PERIMOUNT Magna aortic heart valve). The results of the simulations showed that the highest stress value during one cardiac cycle was at the peak of systole in the three bioprostheses. In addition, in the diastole, the peak of maximum in-plane principal stress was 0.98, 0.96, and 2.95 MPa for the PERIMOUNT Magna, CoreValve, and SAPIEN 3, respectively. Considering leaflet stress distributions, there might be a difference in the long-term durability of different TAV models.
      PubDate: 2019-01-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10439-018-02129-5
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • Novel Polymeric Valve for Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement
           Applications: In Vitro Hemodynamic Study
    • Authors: Oren M. Rotman; Brandon Kovarovic; Wei-Che Chiu; Matteo Bianchi; Gil Marom; Marvin J. Slepian; Danny Bluestein
      Pages: 113 - 125
      Abstract: Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is a minimally-invasive approach for treating severe aortic stenosis. All clinically-used TAVR valves to date utilize chemically-fixed xenograft as the leaflet material. Inherent limitation of the tissue (e.g., calcific degeneration) motivates the search for alternative leaflet material. Here we introduce a novel polymeric TAVR valve that was designed to address the limitations of tissue-valves. In this study, we experimentally evaluated the hemodynamic performance of the valve and compared its performance to clinically-used valves: a gold standard surgical tissue valve, and a TAVR valve. Our comparative testing protocols included: (i) baseline hydrodynamics (ISO:5840-3), (ii) complementary patient-specific hydrodynamics in a dedicated system, and (iii) thrombogenicity. The patient-specific testing system facilitated comparing TAVR valves performance under more realistic conditions. Baseline hydrodynamics results at CO 4–7 L/min showed superior effective orifice area (EOA) for the polymer valve, most-notably as compared to the reference TAVR valve. Regurgitation fraction was higher in the polymeric valve, but within the ISO minimum requirements. Thrombogenicity trends followed the EOA results with the polymeric valve being the least thrombogenic, and clinical TAVR being the most. Hemodynamic-wise, the results strongly indicate that our polymeric TAVR valve can outperform tissue valves.
      PubDate: 2019-01-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10439-018-02119-7
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • Design Method Using Statistical Models for Miniature Left Ventricular
           Assist Device Hydraulics
    • Authors: P. Alex Smith; Yaxin Wang; Shelby A. Bieritz; Luiz C. Sampaio; William E. Cohn; Ralph W. Metcalfe; O. H. Frazier
      Pages: 126 - 137
      Abstract: Left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) are increasingly used to treat heart failure patients. These devices’ impeller blades and diffuser vanes must be designed for hydraulic performance and hemocompatibility. The traditional design method, applying mean-line theory, is not applicable to the design of small-scale pumps such as miniature LVADs. Furthermore, iterative experimental testing to determine how each geometric variable affects hydraulic performance is time and labor intensive. In this study, we tested a design method wherein empirical hydraulic results are used to establish a statistical model to predict pump hydraulic performance. This method was used to design an intra-atrial blood pump. Five geometric variables were chosen, and each was assigned two values to define the variable space. The experimental results were then analyzed with both correlation analysis and linear regression modeling. To validate the linear regression models, 2 test pumps were designed: mean value of each geometric variable within the boundaries, and random value of each geometric variable within the boundaries. The statistical model accurately predicted the hydraulic performance of both pump designs within the boundary space. This method could be expanded to include more geometric variables and broader boundary conditions, thus accelerating the design process for miniature LVADs.
      PubDate: 2019-01-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10439-018-02140-w
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • Biomechanical Analysis of Porcine Cartilage Elasticity
    • Authors: Alexa W. Hudnut; Nicholas A. Trasolini; George F. Rick Hatch; Andrea M. Armani
      Pages: 202 - 212
      Abstract: Grafting of tissue-engineered cartilage to joints with osteoarthritis has the potential to supersede arthroplasty as the standard of care. However, in order to support the development of functional tissue engineering methods, the subfailure biomechanics of the individual cartilage types that comprise joints must be determined. Current methods for analyzing tissues are based on imaging and are therefore unable to profile the strain dependence of mechanical behaviors within different cartilage types. Recently, an analysis technique based on Optical Fiber Polarimetric Elastography (OFPE) has overcome these challenges. OFPE has been used to characterize the different mechanical behaviors of a range of unprocessed biomaterials and tissues. In the present work, this technique is used to characterize the biomechanics of both articular cartilage and meniscal fibrocartilage within a porcine knee. OFPE testing of the tissue is conducted over a range of physiological loading and unloading values. These results demonstrate the distinctive mechanics of each cartilage type. Due to their different locations within the knee, each cartilage type exhibits distinctly unique biomechanical behavior. Based on the results of OFPE, we correlate the specific buckling, delamination, and bridging events to maxima and minima along the loading and unloading curves. This provides unprecedented detail with regard to the subfailure biomechanics. This information is integral to the design of the next generation of tissue-engineered constructs. Therefore, OFPE will be used across multiple disciplines to rapidly determine the mechanical behavior of tissue-engineered constructs to support functional tissue engineering efforts.
      PubDate: 2019-01-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10439-018-02133-9
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • sEMG Based Gait Phase Recognition for Children with Spastic Cerebral Palsy
    • Authors: Peng-na Wei; Rongfu Xie; Rongnian Tang; Chuang Li; Janis Kim; Ming Wu
      Pages: 223 - 230
      Abstract: The goal of this study was to examine the optimal strategies for the recognition of gait phase based on surface electromyogram (sEMG) of leg muscles while children with cerebral palsy (CP) walked on a treadmill. Ten children with CP were recruited to participate in this study. sEMG from eight leg muscles and leg position signals were recorded while subjects walked on a treadmill. The position signals of left and right legs were used to develop a five gait sub-phases classifier, i.e., mid stance, terminal stance, pre-swing, mid swing, and terminal swing. Seven feature sets of sEMG signals were tested in recognizing the five gait sub-phases of children with CP. Results from this study indicated that the recognition performance of mean absolute value and zero crossing was better than that with other feature sets when using support vector machine (average classification accuracy was 89.40%). Further, we found that the performance of gait phase recognition is relatively better in pre-swing than other sub-phases, and the performance of gait phase recognition is relatively poorer in mid-swing than other sub-phases. Results from this study may be used to develop an intention-driven robotic gait training system/paradigm for assisting walking in children with CP through robotic training.
      PubDate: 2019-01-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10439-018-02126-8
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • A Novel Microfluidic Platform for Biomechano-Stimulations on a Chip
    • Authors: Lia Prevedello; Federica Michielin; Manuel Balcon; Enrico Savio; Piero Pavan; Nicola Elvassore
      Pages: 231 - 242
      Abstract: Mechanical stress has been proven to be an important factor interfering with many biological functions through mechano-sensitive elements within the cells. Despite the current interest in mechano-transduction, the development of suitable experimental tools is still characterized by the strife to design a compact device that allows high-magnification real-time imaging of the stretched cells, thus enabling to follow the dynamics of cellular response to mechanical stimulations. Here we present a microfluidic multi-layered chip that allows mechanical deformation of adherent cells maintaining a fixed focal plane, while allowing independent control of the soluble microenvironment. The device was optimized with the aid of FEM simulation and fully characterized in terms of mechanical deformation. Different cell lines were exposed to tunable mechanical strain, which results in continuous area deformation up to 20%. Thanks to the coupling of chemical glass etching, 2-dimensional deformation of a thin elastomeric membrane and microfluidic cell culture, the developed device allows a unique combination of cell mechanical stimulation, in line imaging and accurate control of cell culture microenvironment.
      PubDate: 2019-01-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10439-018-02121-z
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • Anisotropy of the Passive and Active Rat Vagina Under Biaxial Loading
    • Authors: Alyssa Huntington; Emanuele Rizzuto; Steven Abramowitch; Zaccaria Del Prete; Raffaella De Vita
      Pages: 272 - 281
      Abstract: Pelvic organ prolapse, the descent of the pelvic organs from their normal anatomical position, is a common condition among women that is associated with mechanical alterations of the vaginal wall. In order to characterize the complex mechanical behavior of the vagina, we performed planar biaxial tests of vaginal specimens in both the passive (relaxed) and active (contracted) states. Specimens were isolated from virgin, female Long-Evans rats (n = 16) and simultaneously stretched along the longitudinal direction (LD) and circumferential direction (CD) of the vagina. Tissue contraction was induced by electric field stimulation (EFS) at incrementally increasing values of stretch and, subsequently, by KCl. On average, the vagina was stiffer in the CD than in the LD (p < 0.001). The mean maximum EFS-induced active stress was significantly higher in the CD than in the LD (p < 0.01). On the contrary, the mean KCl-induced active stress was lower in the CD than in the LD (p < 0.01). When comparing the mean maximum EFS-induced active stress to the mean KCl-induced active stress, no differences were found in the CD (p = 0.366) but, in the LD, the mean active stress was much higher in response to the KCl stimulation (p < 0.001). Collectively, these results suggest that the anisotropic behavior of the vaginal tissue is determined not only by collagen and smooth muscle fiber organization but also by the innervation.
      PubDate: 2019-01-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10439-018-02117-9
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • Algorithmic Complexity of EEG for Prognosis of Neurodegeneration in
           Idiopathic Rapid Eye Movement Behavior Disorder (RBD)
    • Authors: Giulio Ruffini; David Ibañez; Eleni Kroupi; Jean-François Gagnon; Jacques Montplaisir; Ronald B. Postuma; Marta Castellano; Aureli Soria-Frisch
      Pages: 282 - 296
      Abstract: Idiopathic rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (RBD) is a serious risk factor for neurodegenerative processes such as Parkinson’s disease (PD). We investigate the use of EEG algorithmic complexity derived metrics for its prognosis. We analyzed resting state EEG data collected from 114 idiopathic RBD patients and 83 healthy controls in a longitudinal study forming a cohort in which several RBD patients developed PD or dementia with Lewy bodies. Multichannel data from ~ 3 min recordings was converted to spectrograms and their algorithmic complexity estimated using Lempel–Ziv–Welch compression. Complexity measures and entropy rate displayed statistically significant differences between groups. Results are compared to those using the ratio of slow to fast frequency power, which they are seen to complement by displaying increased sensitivity even when using a few EEG channels. Poor prognosis in RBD appears to be associated with decreased complexity of EEG spectrograms stemming in part from frequency power imbalances and cross-frequency amplitude algorithmic coupling. Algorithmic complexity metrics provide a robust, powerful and complementary way to quantify the dynamics of EEG signals in RBD with links to emerging theories of brain function stemming from algorithmic information theory.
      PubDate: 2019-01-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10439-018-02112-0
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • Lower Limb Posture Affects the Mechanism of Injury in Under-Body Blast
    • Authors: Grigoris Grigoriadis; Diagarajen Carpanen; Claire E. Webster; Arul Ramasamy; Nicolas Newell; Spyros D. Masouros
      Pages: 306 - 316
      Abstract: Over 80% of wounded Service Members sustain at least one extremity injury. The ‘deck-slap’ foot, a product of the vehicle’s floor rising rapidly when attacked by a mine to injure the limb, has been a signature injury in recent conflicts. Given the frequency and severity of these combat-related extremity injuries, they require the greatest utilisation of resources for treatment, and have caused the greatest number of disabled soldiers during recent conflicts. Most research efforts focus on occupants seated with both tibia-to-femur and tibia-to-foot angles set at 90°; it is unknown whether results obtained from these tests are applicable when alternative seated postures are adopted. To investigate this, lower limbs from anthropometric testing devices (ATDs) and post mortem human subjects (PMHSs) were loaded in three different seated postures using an under-body blast injury simulator. Using metrics that are commonly used for assessing injury, such as the axial force and the revised tibia index, the lower limb of ATDs were found to be insensitive to posture variations while the injuries sustained by the PMHS lower limbs differed in type and severity between postures. This suggests that the mechanism of injury depends on the posture and that this cannot be captured by the current injury criteria. Therefore, great care should be taken when interpreting and extrapolating results, especially in vehicle qualification tests, when postures other than the 90°–90° are of interest.
      PubDate: 2019-01-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10439-018-02138-4
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • Correction to: Decision Tree Based Classification of Abdominal Aortic
           Aneurysms Using Geometry Quantification Measures
    • Authors: Shalin A. Parikh; Raymond Gomez; Mirunalini Thirugnanasambandam; Sathyajeeth S. Chauhan; Victor De Oliveira; Satish C. Muluk; Mark K. Eskandari; Ender A. Finol
      Pages: 332 - 332
      Abstract: This erratum is to correct the variable name on the left hand side of Eq. (2). The correct variable name is “Diameter” rather than the stated “Area.”
      PubDate: 2019-01-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10439-018-02131-x
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • Correction to: Trunk Reaction Time and Kinematic Changes Following Slip
           Perturbations in Subjects with Recurrent Low Back Pain
    • Authors: Paul S. Sung; Pamela Danial
      Pages: 333 - 333
      Abstract: This erratum is to correct the force plate device presented in the Methods section, subsection “Data Collection.” A pressure mat, rather than a force plate was used with the ActiveStep® treadmill to measure ground reaction forces. The third sentence of the second paragraph should read as: “The pressure mat (GAITRite, Sparta, NJ) was installed, and a computer-controlled triggering mechanism would release the movable belt on the platform.” Additionally, the first sentence of the third paragraph in the same section should read as: “The flexion angle was measured at heel strike of the first step only, and flexion angle at toe-off was measured at first step only (represented in degrees) by the IMU sensor and the pressure mat.”
      PubDate: 2019-01-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10439-018-02163-3
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • Automated Gait Analysis Detects Improvements after Intracellular σ
           Peptide Administration in a Rat Hemisection Model of Spinal Cord Injury
    • Authors: Trevor R. Ham; Mahmoud Farrag; Andrew M. Soltisz; Emily H. Lakes; Kyle D. Allen; Nic D. Leipzig
      Abstract: A promising treatment strategy for spinal cord injury (SCI) is to reduce inhibition from chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans (CSPGs). For example, administering intracellular σ peptide (ISP) can improve the ability of axons to cross inhibitory CSPGs and improve function in rodent models of SCI. To translate such treatments into the clinic, we need robust and sensitive methods for studying rodent models. In this study, we applied a newly developed suite of quantitative gait analysis tools: gait analysis instrumentation and technology optimized for rodents (GAITOR), which consists of an arena and open-source software (AGATHA: automated gait analysis through hues and areas). We showed that GAITOR can be used to detect subtle functional improvements (measured by hindlimb duty factor imbalance) in rats following ISP administration in a T10 hemisection injury model. We demonstrated that SCI-specific parameters (right paw placement accuracy and phase dispersion) can be easily added to GAITOR to track recovery. We confirmed the gait observations via retrograde tracer uptake. We concluded that GAITOR is a powerful tool for measuring recovery after moderate/mild SCI, and could be used to replace expensive/inflexible commercially-available gait analysis techniques.
      PubDate: 2019-01-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s10439-019-02198-0
       
  • Experimental Study of Thrust Force and Torque for Drilling Cortical Bone
    • Authors: Jianbo Sui; Naohiko Sugita
      Abstract: Excessive drilling forces can result in drill breakage, bone breakthrough, and thermal necrosis during bone drilling process. However, the effect of drilling process parameters, drill geometry parameters, and bone material type on drilling forces have not been fully investigated. Three designs of experiments are introduced separately to study single factor’s effect on drilling forces, identify significant geometry parameters and possible interactions for drilling forces, and formulate direct relationship between drilling forces and process parameters. The results show that thrust force and torque are increased with feed rate, drill diameter or web thickness. The effect of spindle speed, point angle, helix angle, and chisel edge angle on drilling forces is complex. The results also show that the drilling forces are affected by bone type significantly, which are highest for bovine cortical bone, and lowest for Sawbones 3401. The levels of significance of geometry parameters are identified and different for thrust force and torque, which can assist new surgical drill development. Quadratic regression equations obtained by response surface methodology can predict thrust force and torque accurately in a wide range of process parameters, which can be used to control drilling conditions for robot assisted surgeries to realize safe drilling.
      PubDate: 2019-01-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s10439-018-02196-8
       
  • Limb Collapse or Instability' Assessment on Cause of Falls
    • Authors: Shuaijie Wang; Xuan Liu; Yi-Chung Pai
      Abstract: What causes an older adult to fall' Could the same factor lead to a recurring fall' The purposes of this study sought to address these questions by developing a causal-based assessment method for detection of the initial biomechanical cause of fall, and investigating the causation of 97 falls (out of 195 community dwelling older adults who participated in this study) based on this method. The unrecoverable limb collapse, or unrecoverable instability, along with its point of no return was defined, and the assessment method was established. Both the novel and the second slips of 97 participants who experienced laboratory induced slip related falls were assessed. The results showed that these older adults had more limb collapse (59.8%) initiated falls than instability (40.2%; and 32.0% of which from anteroposterior instability while only 8.2% from mediolateral instability) initiated falls. Interestingly, the majority (86.4%) of those 22 repeated fallers fell twice because of the same cause. These findings shed light on the vulnerability and the causation of recurring falls, which is one of the most challenging healthcare issues that an active but aging population is facing.
      PubDate: 2019-01-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s10439-018-02195-9
       
  • The Resistivity of Human Brain Tumours In Vivo
    • Authors: J. Latikka; H. Eskola
      Abstract: The histological structure of tumour tissues differs from healthy brain tissues. It can therefore be assumed that there are differences also in the electrical characteristics of these tissues. The electrical characteristics of the tissues define how electric current is distributed within volume conductors, such as the human body or head. Incorrect values affect, for example, the accuracy of impedance tomography or EEG source localisation. However, no controlled experimental data for human in vivo brain tumour resistivity values have been reported thus far. We have developed a controlled method for detecting the electrical resistivities of living brain tissue and investigated different types of brain tumours. The measurements were taken during brain surgeries conducted to remove the tumours. For analysis purposes, the tumours were divided into the following categories: meningiomas, low-grade gliomas, high-grade gliomas (glioblastomas) and other tumours or lesions. The averages of the measured resistivity values were 530 Ω-cm for meningiomas, 160 Ω-cm for low-grade gliomas, and 498 Ω-cm for high-grade gliomas. The differences in high- and low-grade glioma values and meningioma and low-grade glioma values were statistically highly significant. The tumour values were also compared to surrounding healthy brain tissues, and the difference ranged from 40 to 330%. The results suggest that certain tumour types have different electronic properties and that the resistivity values could be used to distinguish tumour tissue from surrounding healthy tissue and to identify and classify certain brain tumour types.
      PubDate: 2019-01-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s10439-018-02189-7
       
  • Data-Augmented Modeling of Intracranial Pressure
    • Authors: Jian-Xun Wang; Xiao Hu; Shawn C. Shadden
      Abstract: Precise management of patients with cerebral diseases often requires intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring, which is highly invasive and requires a specialized ICU setting. The ability to noninvasively estimate ICP is highly compelling as an alternative to, or screening for, invasive ICP measurement. Most existing approaches for noninvasive ICP estimation aim to build a regression function that maps noninvasive measurements to an ICP estimate using statistical learning techniques. These data-based approaches have met limited success, likely because the amount of training data needed is onerous for this complex applications. In this work, we discuss an alternative strategy that aims to better utilize noninvasive measurement data by leveraging mechanistic understanding of physiology. Specifically, we developed a Bayesian framework that combines a multiscale model of intracranial physiology with noninvasive measurements of cerebral blood flow using transcranial Doppler. Virtual experiments with synthetic data are conducted to verify and analyze the proposed framework. A preliminary clinical application study on two patients is also performed in which we demonstrate the ability of this method to improve ICP prediction.
      PubDate: 2019-01-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s10439-018-02191-z
       
  • Elucidation of Endothelial Cell Hemostatic Regulation with
           Integrin-Targeting Hydrogels
    • Authors: Allison Post; Sevinj Isgandarova; Margarita Martinez-Moczygemba; Mariah Hahn; Brooke Russell; Magnus Hook; Elizabeth Cosgriff-Hernandez
      Abstract: Despite advances in the development of materials for cardiovascular devices, current strategies generally lack the thromboresistance of the native endothelium both in terms of efficacy and longevity. To harness this innate hemostatic regulation and improve long-term hemocompatibility, biohybrid devices are designed to promote endothelialization. Much of the research effort to date has focused on the use of extracellular matrix (ECM)-mimics and coatings to promote endothelial cell adhesion and migration with less attention given to the effect of the supported ECM binding events on hemostatic regulation. In this study, we developed integrin-targeted hydrogels to investigate the individual and combined effects of integrin binding events supported by many ECM-based coatings (α1β1, α2β1, α5β1, αvβ3). Targeted endothelial cell integrin interactions were first confirmed with antibody blocking studies and then correlated with gene expression of hemostatic regulators and a functional assay of platelet attachment and activation. Surfaces that targeted integrins α1β1 and α2β1 resulted in an endothelial cell layer that exhibited a thromboresistant phenotype with an associated reduction in platelet attachment and activation. It is anticipated that identification of specific integrins that promote endothelial cell adhesion as well as thromboresistance will enable the design of cardiovascular materials with improved long-term hemocompatibility.
      PubDate: 2019-01-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s10439-018-02194-w
       
 
 
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