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Showing 1 - 200 of 2341 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal  
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Astronomy and Astrophysics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 4.511, h-index: 44)
Astronomy Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.58, h-index: 30)
Astronomy Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.473, h-index: 23)
Astrophysical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.469, h-index: 11)

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Journal Cover Annales Henri Poincaré
  [SJR: 1.377]   [H-I: 32]   [3 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1424-0637 - ISSN (Online) 1424-0661
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2341 journals]
  • The Rest Mass of an Asymptotically Anti-de Sitter Spacetime
    • Authors: Po-Ning Chen; Pei-Ken Hung; Mu-Tao Wang; Shing-Tung Yau
      Pages: 1493 - 1518
      Abstract: Abstract We study the space of Killing fields on the four dimensional AdS spacetime \(AdS^{3,1}\) . Two subsets \({\mathcal {S}}\) and \({\mathcal {O}}\) are identified: \({\mathcal {S}}\) (the spinor Killing fields) is constructed from imaginary Killing spinors, and \({\mathcal {O}}\) (the observer Killing fields) consists of all hypersurface orthogonal, future timelike unit Killing fields. When the cosmology constant vanishes, or in the Minkowski spacetime case, these two subsets have the same convex hull in the space of Killing fields. In presence of the cosmology constant, the convex hull of \( {\mathcal {O}}\) is properly contained in that of \({\mathcal {S}}\) . This leads to two different notions of energy for an asymptotically AdS spacetime, the spinor energy and the observer energy. Chruściel et al. (J High Energy Phys 2006(11):084, 2006) proved the positivity of the spinor energy and derived important consequences among the related conserved quantities. We show that the positivity of the observer energy follows from the positivity of the spinor energy. A new notion called the “rest mass” of an asymptotically AdS spacetime is then defined by minimizing the observer energy and is shown to be evaluated in terms of the adjoint representation of the Lie algebra of Killing fields. It is proved that the rest mass has the desirable rigidity property that characterizes the AdS spacetime.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00023-017-0555-4
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 5 (2017)
  • Perturbations of the Asymptotic Region of the Schwarzschild–de
           Sitter Spacetime
    • Authors: Edgar Gasperín; Juan A. Valiente Kroon
      Pages: 1519 - 1591
      Abstract: Abstract The conformal structure of the Schwarzschild–de Sitter spacetime is analysed using the extended conformal Einstein field equations. To this end, initial data for an asymptotic initial value problem for the Schwarzschild–de Sitter spacetime are obtained. This initial data allow to understand the singular behaviour of the conformal structure at the asymptotic points where the horizons of the Schwarzschild–de Sitter spacetime meet the conformal boundary. Using the insights gained from the analysis of the Schwarzschild–de Sitter spacetime in a conformal Gaussian gauge, we consider nonlinear perturbations close to the Schwarzschild–de Sitter spacetime in the asymptotic region. We show that small enough perturbations of asymptotic initial data for the Schwarzschild–de Sitter spacetime give rise to a solution to the Einstein field equations which exists to the future and has an asymptotic structure similar to that of the Schwarzschild–de Sitter spacetime.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00023-016-0544-z
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 5 (2017)
  • The Trapping Effect on Degenerate Horizons
    • Authors: Yannis Angelopoulos; Stefanos Aretakis; Dejan Gajic
      Pages: 1593 - 1633
      Abstract: Abstract We show that degenerate horizons exhibit a new trapping effect. Specifically, we obtain a non-degenerate Morawetz estimate for the wave equation in the domain of outer communications of extremal Reissner–Nordström up to and including the future event horizon. We show that such an estimate requires (1) a higher degree of regularity for the initial data, reminiscent of the regularity loss in the high-frequency trapping estimates on the photon sphere, and (2) the vanishing of an explicit quantity that depends on the restriction of the initial data on the horizon. The latter condition demonstrates that degenerate horizons exhibit a new \(L^{2}\) concentration phenomenon (namely, a global trapping effect, in the sense that this effect is not due to individual underlying null geodesics as in the case of the photon sphere). We moreover uncover a new stable higher-order trapping effect; we show that higher-order estimates do not hold regardless of the degree of regularity and the support of the initial data. We connect our findings to the spectrum of the stability operator in the theory of marginally outer trapped surfaces. Our methods and results play a crucial role in our upcoming works on linear and nonlinear wave equations on extremal black hole backgrounds.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00023-016-0545-y
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 5 (2017)
  • On the Splitting Problem for Lorentzian Manifolds with an $${\mathbb
           {R}}$$ R -Action with Causal Orbits
    • Authors: Ivan P. Costa e Silva; José Luis Flores
      Pages: 1635 - 1670
      Abstract: Abstract We study the interplay between the global causal and geometric structures of a spacetime (M, g) and the features of a given smooth \({\mathbb {R}}\) -action \(\rho \) on M whose orbits are all causal curves, building on classic results about Lie group actions on manifolds described by Palais (Ann Math 73:295–323, 1961). Although the dynamics of such an action can be very hard to describe in general, simple restrictions on the causal structure of (M, g) can simplify this dynamics dramatically. In the first part of this paper, we prove that \(\rho \) is free and proper (so that M splits topologically) provided that (M, g) is strongly causal and \(\rho \) does not have what we call weakly ancestral pairs, a notion which admits a natural interpretation in terms of “cosmic censorship.” Accordingly, such condition holds automatically if (M, g) is globally hyperbolic. We also prove that M splits topologically if (M, g) is strongly causal and \(\rho \) is the flow of a complete conformal Killing null vector field. In the second part, we investigate the class of Brinkmann spacetimes, which can be regarded as null analogues of stationary spacetimes in which \(\rho \) is the flow of a complete parallel null vector field. Inspired by the geometric characterization of stationary spacetimes in terms of standard stationary ones (Javaloyes and Sánchez in Class Quantum Gravity 25:168001, 2008), we obtain an analogous geometric characterization of when a Brinkmann spacetime is isometric to a standard Brinkmann spacetime. This result naturally leads us to discuss a conjectural null analogue for Ricci-flat four-dimensional Brinkmann spacetimes of a celebrated rigidity theorem by Anderson (Ann Henri Poincaré 1:977–994, 2000) and highlight its relation with a long-standing conjecture by Ehlers and Kundt (Gravitation: an introduction to current research. Wiley, New York, pp 49–101, 1962).
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00023-017-0551-8
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 5 (2017)
  • The Fermionic Signature Operator and Hadamard States in the Presence of a
           Plane Electromagnetic Wave
    • Authors: Felix Finster; Moritz Reintjes
      Pages: 1671 - 1701
      Abstract: Abstract We give a nonperturbative construction of a distinguished state for the quantized Dirac field in Minkowski space in the presence of a time-dependent external field of the form of a plane electromagnetic wave. By explicit computation of the fermionic signature operator, it is shown that the Dirac operator has the strong mass oscillation property. We prove that the resulting fermionic projector state is a Hadamard state.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00023-017-0557-2
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 5 (2017)
  • Relating Mass to Angular Momentum and Charge in Five-Dimensional Minimal
    • Authors: Aghil Alaee; Marcus Khuri; Hari Kunduri
      Pages: 1703 - 1753
      Abstract: Abstract We prove a mass-angular momentum-charge inequality for a broad class of maximal, asymptotically flat, bi-axisymmetric initial data within the context of five-dimensional minimal supergravity. We further show that the charged Myers–Perry black hole initial data are the unique minimizers. Also, we establish a rigidity statement for the relevant BPS bound, and give a variational characterization of BMPV black holes.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00023-016-0542-1
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 5 (2017)
  • Dynamical Crossing of an Infinitely Degenerate Critical Point
    • Authors: Sven Bachmann; Martin Fraas; Gian Michele Graf
      Pages: 1755 - 1776
      Abstract: Abstract We study the evolution of a driven harmonic oscillator with a time-dependent frequency \(\omega _t \propto t \) . At time \(t=0\) , the Hamiltonian undergoes a point of infinite spectral degeneracy. If the system is initialized in the instantaneous vacuum in the distant past, then the asymptotic future state is a squeezed state, whose parameters are explicitly determined. We show that the squeezing is independent on the sweeping rate. This manifests the failure of the adiabatic approximation at points, where infinitely many eigenvalues collide. We extend our analysis to the situation, where the gap at \(t=0\) remains finite. We also discuss the natural geometry of the manifold of squeezed states. We show that it is realized by the Poincaré disk model viewed as a Kähler manifold.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00023-016-0539-9
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 5 (2017)
  • Monotonicity of the Quantum Relative Entropy Under Positive Maps
    • Authors: Alexander Müller-Hermes; David Reeb
      Pages: 1777 - 1788
      Abstract: Abstract We prove that the quantum relative entropy decreases monotonically under the application of any positive trace-preserving linear map, for underlying separable Hilbert spaces. This answers in the affirmative a natural question that has been open for a long time, as monotonicity had previously only been shown to hold under additional assumptions, such as complete positivity or Schwarz-positivity of the adjoint map. The first step in our proof is to show monotonicity of the sandwiched Renyi divergences under positive trace-preserving maps, extending a proof of the data processing inequality by Beigi (J Math Phys 54:122202, 2013) that is based on complex interpolation techniques. Our result calls into question several measures of non-Markovianity that have been proposed, as these would assess all positive trace-preserving time evolutions as Markovian.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00023-017-0550-9
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 5 (2017)
  • Derivation of Ray Optics Equations in Photonic Crystals via a
           Semiclassical Limit
    • Authors: Giuseppe De Nittis; Max Lein
      Pages: 1789 - 1831
      Abstract: Abstract In this work, we present a novel approach to the ray optics limit: we rewrite the dynamical Maxwell equations in Schrödinger form and prove Egorov-type theorems, a robust semiclassical technique. We implement this scheme for periodic light conductors, photonic crystals, thereby making the quantum-light analogy between semiclassics for the Bloch electron and ray optics in photonic crystals rigorous. One major conceptual difference between the two theories, though, is that electromagnetic fields are real, and hence, we need to add one step in the derivation to reduce it to a single-band problem. Our main results, Theorem 3.7 and Corollary 3.9, give a ray optics limit for quadratic observables and, among others, apply to local averages of energy density, the Poynting vector and the Maxwell stress tensor. Ours is the first rigorous derivation of ray optics equations which include all subleading-order terms, some of which are also new to the physics literature. The ray optics limit we prove applies to photonic crystals of any topological class.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00023-017-0552-7
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 5 (2017)
  • The K -Theoretic Bulk–Edge Correspondence for Topological Insulators
    • Authors: Chris Bourne; Johannes Kellendonk; Adam Rennie
      Pages: 1833 - 1866
      Abstract: Abstract We study the application of Kasparov theory to topological insulator systems and the bulk–edge correspondence. We consider observable algebras as modelled by crossed products, where bulk and edge systems may be linked by a short exact sequence. We construct unbounded Kasparov modules encoding the dynamics of the crossed product. We then link bulk and edge Kasparov modules using the Kasparov product. Because of the anti-linear symmetries that occur in topological insulator models, real \(C^*\) -algebras and KKO-theory must be used.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00023-016-0541-2
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 5 (2017)
  • On the $$C^*$$ C ∗ -Algebraic Approach to Topological Phases for
    • Authors: Johannes Kellendonk
      Abstract: Abstract The notion of a topological phase of an insulator is based on the concept of homotopy between Hamiltonians. It therefore depends on the choice of a topological space to which the Hamiltonians belong. We advocate that this space should be the \(C^*\) -algebra of observables. We relate the symmetries of insulators to graded real structures on the observable algebra and classify the topological phases using van Daele’s formulation of K-theory. This is related but not identical to Thiang’s recent approach to classify topological phases by K-groups in Karoubi’s formulation.
      PubDate: 2017-04-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s00023-017-0583-0
  • Characterization of the Metal–Insulator Transport Transition for the
           Two-Particle Anderson Model
    • Authors: Abel Klein; Son T. Nguyen; Constanza Rojas-Molina
      Abstract: Abstract We extend to the two-particle Anderson model the characterization of the metal–insulator transport transition obtained in the one-particle setting by Germinet and Klein. We show that, for any fixed number of particles, the slow spreading of wave packets in time implies the initial estimate of a modified version of the bootstrap multiscale analysis. In this new version, operators are restricted to boxes defined with respect to the pseudo-distance in which we have the slow spreading. At the bottom of the spectrum, within the regime of one-particle dynamical localization, we show that this modified multiscale analysis yields dynamical localization for the two-particle Anderson model, allowing us to obtain a characterization of the metal–insulator transport transition for the two-particle Anderson model at the bottom of the spectrum.
      PubDate: 2017-04-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s00023-017-0578-x
  • Strings in Singular Space-Times and Their Universal Gauge Theory
    • Authors: Athanasios Chatzistavrakidis; Andreas Deser; Larisa Jonke; Thomas Strobl
      Abstract: Abstract We study the propagation of bosonic strings in singular target space-times. For describing this, we assume this target space to be the quotient of a smooth manifold M by a singular foliation \({{\mathcal {F}}}\) on it. Using the technical tool of a gauge theory, we propose a smooth functional for this scenario, such that the propagation is assured to lie in the singular target on-shell, i.e., only after taking into account the gauge-invariant content of the theory. One of the main new aspects of our approach is that we do not limit \({{\mathcal {F}}}\) to be generated by a group action. We will show that, whenever it exists, the above gauging is effectuated by a single geometrical and universal gauge theory, whose target space is the generalized tangent bundle \(TM\oplus T^*M\) .
      PubDate: 2017-04-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s00023-017-0580-3
  • Small Cocycles, Fine Torus Fibrations, and a $$\varvec{\mathbb {Z}^{2}}$$
           Z 2 Subshift with Neither
    • Authors: Alex Clark; Lorenzo Sadun
      Abstract: Abstract Following an earlier similar conjecture of Kellendonk and Putnam, Giordano, Putnam, and Skau conjectured that all minimal, free \(\mathbb {Z}^d\) actions on Cantor sets admit “small cocycles.” These represent classes in \(H^1\) that are mapped to small vectors in \(\mathbb {R}^d\) by the Ruelle–Sullivan (RS) map. We show that there exist \(\mathbb {Z}^2\) actions where no such small cocycles exist, and where the image of \(H^1\) under RS is \(\mathbb {Z}^2\) . Our methods involve tiling spaces and shape deformations, and along the way we prove a relation between the image of RS and the set of “virtual eigenvalues,” i.e., elements of \(\mathbb {R}^d\) that become topological eigenvalues of the tiling flow after an arbitrarily small change in the shapes and sizes of the tiles.
      PubDate: 2017-04-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s00023-017-0579-9
  • Anderson Localization for Periodically Driven Systems
    • Authors: Raphael Ducatez; François Huveneers
      Abstract: Abstract We study the persistence of localization for a strongly disordered tight-binding Anderson model on the lattice \({\mathbb Z}^d\) , periodically driven on each site. Under two different sets of conditions on the driving, we show that Anderson localization survives if the driving frequency is higher than some threshold value. We discuss the implication of our results for recent development in condensed matter physics, we compare them with the predictions issuing from adiabatic theory, and we comment on the connection with Mott’s law, derived within the linear response formalism.
      PubDate: 2017-04-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s00023-017-0574-1
  • Nagaoka’s Theorem in the Holstein–Hubbard Model
    • Authors: Tadahiro Miyao
      Abstract: Abstract Nagaoka’s theorem on ferromagnetism in the Hubbard model is extended to the Holstein–Hubbard model. This shows that Nagaoka’s ferromagnetism is stable even if the electron–phonon interaction is taken into account. We also prove that Nagaoka’s ferromagnetism is stable under the influence of the quantized radiation field.
      PubDate: 2017-04-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s00023-017-0584-z
  • Decay of Correlations in 2D Quantum Systems with Continuous Symmetry
    • Authors: Costanza Benassi; Jürg Fröhlich; Daniel Ueltschi
      Abstract: Abstract We study a large class of models of two-dimensional quantum lattice systems with continuous symmetries, and we prove a general McBryan–Spencer–Koma–Tasaki theorem concerning algebraic decay of correlations. We present applications of our main result to the Heisenberg, Hubbard, and t-J models, and to certain models of random loops.
      PubDate: 2017-04-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s00023-017-0571-4
  • Density of States for Random Band Matrices in Two Dimensions
    • Authors: Margherita Disertori; Mareike Lager
      Abstract: Abstract We consider a two-dimensional random band matrix ensemble, in the limit of infinite volume and fixed but large band width W. For this model, we rigorously prove smoothness of the averaged density of states. We also prove that the resulting expression coincides with Wigner’s semicircle law with a precision \(W^{-2+\delta },\) where \(\delta \rightarrow 0\) when \(W\rightarrow \infty .\) The proof uses the supersymmetric approach and extends results by Disertori et al. (Commun Math Phys 232(1):83–124, 2002) from three to two dimensions.
      PubDate: 2017-04-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s00023-017-0572-3
  • Inequalities Between Size, Mass, Angular Momentum, and Charge for
           Axisymmetric Bodies and the Formation of Trapped Surfaces
    • Authors: Marcus Khuri; Naqing Xie
      Abstract: Abstract We establish inequalities relating the size of a material body to its mass, angular momentum, and charge, within the context of axisymmetric initial data sets for the Einstein equations. These inequalities hold in general without the assumption of the maximal condition and use a notion of size which is easily computable. Moreover, these results give rise to black hole existence criteria which are meaningful even in the time-symmetric case, and also include certain boundary effects.
      PubDate: 2017-04-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s00023-017-0582-1
  • Painlevé 2 Equation with Arbitrary Monodromy Parameter, Topological
           Recursion and Determinantal Formulas
    • Authors: Kohei Iwaki; Olivier Marchal
      Abstract: Abstract The goal of this article is to prove that the determinantal formulas of the Painlevé 2 system identify with the correlation functions computed from the topological recursion on their spectral curve for an arbitrary nonzero monodromy parameter. The result is established for a WKB expansion of two different Lax pairs associated with the Painlevé 2 system, namely the Jimbo–Miwa Lax pair and the Harnad–Tracy–Widom Lax pair, where a small parameter \(\hbar \) is introduced by a proper rescaling. The proof is based on showing that these systems satisfy the topological type property introduced in Bergère et al. (Ann Henri Poincaré 16:2713, 2015), Bergère and Eynard (arxiv:0901.3273, 2009). In the process, we explain why the insertion operator method traditionally used to prove the topological type property is currently incomplete and we propose new methods to bypass the issue. Our work generalizes similar results obtained from random matrix theory in the special case of vanishing monodromies (Borot and Eynard in arXiv:1011.1418, 2010; arXiv:1012.2752, 2010). Explicit computations up to \(g=3\) are provided along the paper as an illustration of the results. Eventually, taking the time parameter t to infinity we observe that the symplectic invariants \(F^{(g)}\) of the Jimbo–Miwa and Harnad–Tracy–Widom spectral curves converge to the Euler characteristic of moduli space of genus g Riemann surfaces.
      PubDate: 2017-04-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s00023-017-0576-z
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