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Publisher: Springer-Verlag (Total: 2352 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2352 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.118, CiteScore: 4)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.752, CiteScore: 3)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.866, CiteScore: 2)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.439, CiteScore: 0)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.53, CiteScore: 1)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.106, CiteScore: 0)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.359, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.675, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.284, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.587, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.769, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.24, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.305, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.312, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.588, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 7.066, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.452, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.379, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.27, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.208, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.607, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.576, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.638, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.822, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.376, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 7.589, CiteScore: 12)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.334, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.574, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.605, CiteScore: 1)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.147, CiteScore: 0)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.72, CiteScore: 2)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.005, CiteScore: 2)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.703, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.698, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 1.09, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.144, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 1.64, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.475, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.075, CiteScore: 3)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.673, CiteScore: 2)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 1)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.235, CiteScore: 0)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.39, CiteScore: 1)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.67, CiteScore: 2)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.276, CiteScore: 1)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.173, CiteScore: 3)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.663, CiteScore: 1)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.864, CiteScore: 6)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.227, CiteScore: 1)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 3)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 3)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 0)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.583, CiteScore: 1)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.095, CiteScore: 1)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.56, CiteScore: 1)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.234, CiteScore: 0)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.11, CiteScore: 3)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.569, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.951, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.329, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.772, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.46, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.181, CiteScore: 0)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.611, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.314, CiteScore: 0)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 0)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.135, CiteScore: 3)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.211, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.536, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.978, CiteScore: 3)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 1)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.177, CiteScore: 5)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.389, CiteScore: 3)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.097, CiteScore: 2)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.438, CiteScore: 0)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.429, CiteScore: 0)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.197, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.042, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.932, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.85, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.579, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.986, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.228, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.043, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.413, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.687, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.943, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.614, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.239, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.986, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.495, CiteScore: 1)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.834, CiteScore: 2)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.22, CiteScore: 3)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.424, CiteScore: 4)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.294, CiteScore: 1)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.602, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.571, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.21, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.49, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 0.58, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.422, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.733, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.488, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.6, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.886, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.461, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66, SJR: 1.182, CiteScore: 4)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.481, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.74, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.519, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.542, CiteScore: 1)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 0.656, CiteScore: 2)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 1)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.109, CiteScore: 3)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.052, CiteScore: 2)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.224, CiteScore: 0)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.725, CiteScore: 1)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65, SJR: 0.745, CiteScore: 2)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.909, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 3.93, CiteScore: 3)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 153, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.41, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.006, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.773, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.644, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.146, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.71, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.541, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.973, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.274, CiteScore: 3)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.946, CiteScore: 3)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal  
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.349, CiteScore: 1)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.2, CiteScore: 0)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.766, CiteScore: 1)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.355, CiteScore: 0)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.839, CiteScore: 2)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.131, CiteScore: 0)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.937, CiteScore: 2)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.833, CiteScore: 4)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.226, CiteScore: 0)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.504, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.185, CiteScore: 2)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.353, CiteScore: 1)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.187, CiteScore: 0)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.855, CiteScore: 1)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.378, CiteScore: 1)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.543, CiteScore: 1)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.548, CiteScore: 1)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.183, CiteScore: 0)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Astronomy and Astrophysics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 3.385, CiteScore: 5)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Journal Prestige (SJR): 2.177
Citation Impact (citeScore): 5
Number of Followers: 3  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1573-7209 - ISSN (Online) 0969-6970
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2352 journals]
  • Platelets: the holy grail in cancer blood biomarker research'
    • Authors: Siamack Sabrkhany; Marijke J. E. Kuijpers; Arjan W. Griffioen; Mirjam G. A. oude Egbrink
      Pages: 1 - 2
      Abstract: We would like to promote the fact that platelets are increasingly emerging as a rich source of potential biomarkers for cancer. Blood platelets contain vast amounts of bioactive proteins, such as growth factors, chemokines, and cytokines. These proteins are either synthesized by the megakaryocytes that produce the platelets or are sequestered by the circulating platelets from the blood, in which case these proteins may originate from the tumor. Recent studies in patients have demonstrated that the presence of cancer influences multiple platelet characteristics (e.g., platelet count, volume, activation status, proteins, and RNA content). Interestingly, these changes happened already in early stages of the disease before metastasis had occurred. Additionally, exploiting these platelet alterations enabled discrimination of patients with early-stage cancer from healthy sex- and age-matched individuals. Therefore, we challenge clinicians and researchers to look beyond traditional fluid sources such as plasma or serum, and to take platelets and their content into account as they may become the holy grail in cancer blood biomarker research.
      PubDate: 2019-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10456-018-9651-4
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2019)
  • The therapeutic potential of targeting the endothelial-to-mesenchymal
    • Authors: Shirley Man; Gonzalo Sanchez Duffhues; Peter ten Dijke; David Baker
      Pages: 3 - 13
      Abstract: Endothelial cells (ECs) have been found to be capable of acquiring a mesenchymal phenotype through a process known as endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EndMT). First seen in the developing embryo, EndMT can be triggered postnatally under certain pathological conditions. During this process, ECs dedifferentiate into mesenchymal stem-like cells (MSCs) and subsequently give rise to cell types belonging to the mesoderm lineage. As EndMT contributes to a multitude of diseases, pharmacological modulation of the signaling pathways underlying EndMT may prove to be effective as a therapeutic treatment. Additionally, EndMT in ECs could also be exploited to acquire multipotent MSCs, which can be readily re-differentiated into various distinct cell types. In this review, we will consider current models of EndMT, how manipulation of this process might improve treatment of clinically important pathologies and how it could be harnessed to advance regenerative medicine and tissue engineering.
      PubDate: 2019-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10456-018-9639-0
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2019)
  • Angiogenesis in pancreatic cancer: current research status and clinical
    • Authors: Shuo Li; Hua-Xiang Xu; Chun-Tao Wu; Wen-Quan Wang; Wei Jin; He-Li Gao; Hao Li; Shi-Rong Zhang; Jin-Zhi Xu; Zi-Hao Qi; Quan-Xing Ni; Xian-Jun Yu; Liang Liu
      Pages: 15 - 36
      Abstract: Pancreatic cancer is one of the most lethal malignancies worldwide. Although the standard of care in pancreatic cancer has improved, prognoses for patients remain poor with a 5-year survival rate of < 5%. Angiogenesis, namely, the formation of new blood vessels from pre-existing vessels, is an important event in tumor growth and hematogenous metastasis. It is a dynamic and complex process involving multiple mechanisms and is regulated by various molecules. Inhibition of angiogenesis has been an established therapeutic strategy for many solid tumors. However, clinical outcomes are far from satisfying for pancreatic cancer patients receiving anti-angiogenic therapies. In this review, we summarize the current status of angiogenesis in pancreatic cancer research and explore the reasons for the poor efficacy of anti-angiogenic therapies, aiming to identify some potential therapeutic targets that may enhance the effectiveness of anti-angiogenic treatments.
      PubDate: 2019-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10456-018-9645-2
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2019)
  • Cellular self-assembly into 3D microtissues enhances the angiogenic
           activity and functional neovascularization capacity of human cardiopoietic
           stem cells
    • Authors: Petra Wolint; Annina Bopp; Anna Woloszyk; Yinghua Tian; Olivera Evrova; Monika Hilbe; Pietro Giovanoli; Maurizio Calcagni; Simon P. Hoerstrup; Johanna Buschmann; Maximilian Y. Emmert
      Pages: 37 - 52
      Abstract: While cell therapy has been proposed as next-generation therapy to treat the diseased heart, current strategies display only limited clinical efficacy. Besides the ongoing quest for the ideal cell type, in particular the very low retention rate of single-cell (SC) suspensions after delivery remains a major problem. To improve cellular retention, cellular self-assembly into 3D microtissues (MTs) prior to transplantation has emerged as an encouraging alternative. Importantly, 3D-MTs have also been reported to enhance the angiogenic activity and neovascularization potential of stem cells. Therefore, here using the chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) assay we comprehensively evaluate the impact of cell format (SCs versus 3D-MTs) on the angiogenic potential of human cardiopoietic stem cells, a promising second-generation cell type for cardiac repair. Biodegradable collagen scaffolds were seeded with human cardiopoietic stem cells, either as SCs or as 3D-MTs generated by using a modified hanging drop method. Thereafter, seeded scaffolds were placed on the CAM of living chicken embryos and analyzed for their perfusion capacity in vivo using magnetic resonance imaging assessment which was then linked to a longitudinal histomorphometric ex vivo analysis comprising blood vessel density and characteristics such as shape and size. Cellular self-assembly into 3D-MTs led to a significant increase of vessel density mainly driven by a higher number of neo-capillary formation. In contrast, SC-seeded scaffolds displayed a higher frequency of larger neo-vessels resulting in an overall 1.76-fold higher total vessel area (TVA). Importantly, despite that larger TVA in SC-seeded group, the mean perfusion capacity (MPC) was comparable between groups, therefore suggesting functional superiority together with an enhanced perfusion efficacy of the neo-vessels in 3D-MT-seeded scaffolds. This was further underlined by a 1.64-fold higher perfusion ratio when relating MPC to TVA. Our study shows that cellular self-assembly of human cardiopoietic stem cells into 3D-MTs substantially enhances their overall angiogenic potential and their functional neovascularization capacity. Hence, the concept of 3D-MTs may be considered to increase the therapeutic efficacy of future cell therapy concepts.
      PubDate: 2019-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10456-018-9635-4
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2019)
  • Inhibition of macrophage inflammatory protein-1β improves endothelial
           progenitor cell function and ischemia-induced angiogenesis in diabetes
    • Authors: Ting-Ting Chang; Liang-Yu Lin; Jaw-Wen Chen
      Pages: 53 - 65
      Abstract: Systemic inflammation might contribute to the impairment of neovasculogenesis and endothelial progenitor cell (EPC) function in clinical diabetes mellitus (DM). Macrophage inflammatory protein-1β (MIP-1β) is an inflammatory chemokine that may be up-regulated in clinical DM. Its role in diabetic vasculopathy was not clarified. This study aimed to investigate the role of MIP-1β in human EPCs and in neovasculogenesis in different diabetic animal models with hindlimb ischemia. EPCs chamber assay and in vitro tube formation assay were used to estimate the degree of EPC migration and tube formation abilities. Leprdb/JNarl mice, C57BL/6 mice fed a high-fat diet, and streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice were used as different diabetic animal models. Laser Doppler imaging and flow cytometry were used to evaluate the degree of neovasculogenesis and the circulating levels of EPCs, respectively. MIP-1β impaired human EPC function for angiogenesis in vitro. Plasma MIP-1β levels were up-regulated in type 2 DM patients. MIP-1β inhibition enhanced the function and the C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4 expression of EPCs from type 2 diabetic patients, and improved EPC homing for ischemia-induced neovasculogenesis in different types of diabetic animals. MIP-1β directly impaired human EPC function. Inhibition of MIP-1β improved in vitro EPC function, and enhanced in vivo EPC homing and ischemia-induced neovasculogenesis, suggesting the critical role of MIP-1β for vasculopathy in the presence of DM.
      PubDate: 2019-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10456-018-9636-3
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2019)
  • Angiogenic capacity in pre-eclampsia and uncomplicated pregnancy estimated
           by assay of angiogenic proteins and an in vitro
           vasculogenesis/angiogenesis test
    • Authors: Anita Virtanen; Outi Huttala; Kati Tihtonen; Tarja Toimela; Tuula Heinonen; Jukka Uotila
      Pages: 67 - 74
      Abstract: Objective The purpose of the study was to determine the angiogenic capacity of sera in early and late pregnancy and in umbilical blood serum after childbirth, and to define how angiogenic properties assessed in a functional in vitro test are related to individual angiogenic proteins in six women with pre-eclampsia and in six healthy pregnant controls. Methods Maternal first and third trimester serum samples, and umbilical blood samples after childbirth, were tested in an in vitro human adipose stromal cell—human umbilical vein endothelial cell (hASC-HUVEC) vasculogenesis/angiogenesis assay. The angiogenic properties of the samples were measured by quantifying tubule formation. Concentrations of total placental growth factor (PlGF), total vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 (sFlt-1) and soluble endoglin (sEng) were determined by immunoassay. Results First-trimester maternal sera of both groups had a stimulatory effect on angiogenesis in vitro and levels of angiogenic proteins did not differ between the groups. Third-trimester maternal sera in the pre-eclampsia group had an inhibitory effect on tubule formation, while those from normal pregnancies remained stimulatory. Compared with the first trimester there was a significant change in the concentrations of angiogenic proteins toward an anti-angiogenic state in pre-eclampsia. Umbilical blood serum exhibited strong anti-angiogenic effects without a significant difference between groups. Conclusions Third-trimester serum of pre-eclamptic patients is anti-angiogenic. This phenomenon is not yet present in the first trimester. Umbilical blood serum shows inhibitory effects on angiogenesis after normal as well as pre-eclamptic pregnancy.
      PubDate: 2019-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10456-018-9637-2
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2019)
  • CMTM4 regulates angiogenesis by promoting cell surface recycling of
           VE-cadherin to endothelial adherens junctions
    • Authors: Ihsan Chrifi; Laura Louzao-Martinez; Maarten M. Brandt; Christian G. M. van Dijk; Petra E. Bürgisser; Changbin Zhu; Johan M. Kros; Marianne C. Verhaar; Dirk J. Duncker; Caroline Cheng
      Pages: 75 - 93
      Abstract: Vascular endothelial (VE) cadherin is a key component of endothelial adherens junctions (AJs) and plays an important role in maintaining vascular integrity. Endocytosis of VE-cadherin regulates junctional strength and a decrease of surface VE-cadherin reduces vascular stability. However, disruption of AJs is also a requirement for vascular sprouting. Identifying novel regulators of endothelial endocytosis could enhance our understanding of angiogenesis. Here, we evaluated the angiogenic potential of (CKLF-like MARVEL transmembrane domain 4) CMTM4 and assessed in which molecular pathway CMTM4 is involved during angiogenesis. Using a 3D vascular assay composed of GFP-labeled HUVECs and dsRED-labeled pericytes, we demonstrated in vitro that siRNA-mediated CMTM4 silencing impairs vascular sprouting. In vivo, CMTM4 silencing by morpholino injection in zebrafish larvae inhibits intersomitic vessel growth. Intracellular staining revealed that CMTM4 colocalizes with Rab4+ and Rab7+ vesicles, both markers of the endocytic trafficking pathway. CMTM4 colocalizes with both membrane-bound and internalized VE-cadherin. Adenovirus-mediated CMTM4 overexpression enhances the endothelial endocytic pathway, in particular the rapid recycling pathway, shown by an increase in early endosomal antigen-1 positive (EEA1+), Rab4+, Rab11+ , and Rab7+ vesicles. CMTM4 overexpression enhances membrane-bound VE-cadherin internalization, whereas CMTM4 knockdown decreases internalization of VE-cadherin. CMTM4 overexpression promotes endothelial barrier function, shown by an increase in recovery of transendothelial electrical resistance (TEER) after thrombin stimulation. We have identified in this study a novel regulatory function for CMTM4 in angiogenesis. CMTM4 plays an important role in the turnover of membrane-bound VE-cadherin at AJs, mediating endothelial barrier function and controlling vascular sprouting.
      PubDate: 2019-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10456-018-9638-1
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2019)
  • Understanding the evolving phenotype of vascular complications in telomere
           biology disorders
    • Authors: Cecilia Higgs; the Clinical Care Consortium for Telomere-associated Ailments (CCCTAA); Yanick J. Crow; Denise M. Adams; Emmanuel Chang; Don Hayes; Utz Herbig; James N. Huang; Ryan Himes; Kunal Jajoo; F. Brad Johnson; Susan D. Reynolds; Yoshihiro Yonekawa; Mary Armanios; Farid Boulad; Courtney D. DiNardo; Carlo Dufour; Frederick D. Goldman; Shakila Khan; Christian Kratz; Kasiani C. Myers; Ganesh Raghu; Blanche P. Alter; Geraldine Aubert; Sonia Bhala; Edward W. Cowen; Yigal Dror; Mounif El-Youssef; Bruce Friedman; Neelam Giri; Lisa Helms Guba; Payal P. Khincha; Tiffany F. Lin; Hilary Longhurst; Lisa J. McReynolds; Adam Nelson; Tim Olson; Anne Pariser; Rosario Perona; Ghadir Sasa; Kristen Schratz; Douglas A. Simonetto; Danielle Townsley; Michael Walsh; Katherine Stevens; Suneet Agarwal; Alison A. Bertuch; Sharon A. Savage
      Pages: 95 - 102
      Abstract: Vascular complications such as bleeding due to gastrointestinal telangiectatic anomalies, pulmonary arteriovenous malformations, hepatopulmonary syndrome, and retinal vessel abnormalities are being reported in patients with telomere biology disorders (TBDs) more frequently than previously described. The international clinical care consortium of telomere-associated ailments and family support group Dyskeratosis Congenita Outreach, Inc. held a workshop on vascular abnormalities in the TBDs at the National Cancer Institute in October 2017. Clinicians and basic scientists reviewed current data on vascular complications, hypotheses for the underlying biology and developed new collaborations to address the etiology and clinical management of vascular complications in TBDs.
      PubDate: 2019-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10456-018-9640-7
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2019)
  • Leptin is a physiological regulator of skeletal muscle angiogenesis and is
           locally produced by PDGFRα and PDGFRβ expressing perivascular cells
    • Authors: Emmanuel Nwadozi; Andrew Ng; Anna Strömberg; Hsin-yi Liu; Karl Olsson; Thomas Gustafsson; Tara L. Haas
      Pages: 103 - 115
      Abstract: Skeletal muscle capillarity is characteristically reduced in mature leptin receptor-deficient (Leprdb) mice, which has been attributed to the capillary loss that occurs secondary to metabolic dysfunction. Despite wide recognition of leptin as a pro-angiogenic molecule, the contribution of this adipokine has largely been overlooked in peripheral tissues. Moreover, prior documentation of leptin production within skeletal muscle indicates a potential paracrine role in maintaining local tissue homeostasis. Thus, we hypothesized that leptin is a physiological local paracrine regulator of skeletal muscle angiogenesis and that its production may be modulated by nutrient availability. Leprdb mice exhibited impaired angiogenesis during normal developmental maturation of skeletal myocytes, corresponding with an inability to increase vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGFA) mRNA and protein levels between 4 and 13 weeks. In cultured murine and human skeletal myocytes, recombinant leptin increased VEGFA mRNA levels. Leptin mRNA was detectable in skeletal muscle, increasing with prolonged high-fat feeding in mice, and with adiposity in human subjects. Platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR)α− and PDGFRβ− expressing perivascular cell populations were identified as leptin producing within skeletal muscle of mice and humans. Furthermore, in response to 2 weeks of high-fat feeding, PDGFRβ+ but not PDGFRα+ cells increased leptin production. We conclude that leptin is a physiological regulator of the capillary network in skeletal muscle and stimulates VEGFA production by skeletal myocytes. PDGFRβ expressing perivascular cells exhibit the capacity to act as local “nutrient-sensors” that couple nutrient status to leptin production in skeletal muscle.
      PubDate: 2019-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10456-018-9641-6
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2019)
  • Activin receptor-like kinase 1 is associated with immune cell infiltration
           and regulates CLEC14A transcription in cancer
    • Authors: Matteo Bocci; Jonas Sjölund; Ewa Kurzejamska; David Lindgren; Nour-Al-Dain Marzouka; Michael Bartoschek; Mattias Höglund; Kristian Pietras
      Pages: 117 - 131
      Abstract: Cancer cells sustain their metabolic needs through nutrients and oxygen supplied by the bloodstream. The requirement for tumor angiogenesis has been therapeutically exploited in the clinical setting mainly by means of inhibition of the vascular endothelial growth factor family of ligands and receptors. Despite promising results in preclinical models, the benefits for patients proved to be limited. Inadequate efficacy similarly halted the development of agents impinging on the activity of the activin receptor-like kinase (ALK)1, a member of the transforming growth factor-β superfamily. Notwithstanding its characterization as an endothelial cell marker, the full spectrum of biological processes associated with ALK1 is essentially unexplored. Here, we present data revealing the genetic network associated with ACVRL1 (the gene encoding for ALK1) expression in human cancer tissues. Computational analysis unveiled a hitherto unknown role for ACVRL1 in relation to genes modulating the functionality of the immune cell compartment. Moreover, we generated a signature of 8 genes co-expressed with ACVRL1 across different tumor types and characterized the c-type lectin domain containing protein (CLEC)14A as a potential downstream target of ACVRL1. Considering the lack of reagents for ALK1 detection that has hampered the field to date, our work provides the opportunity to validate the 8-gene signature and CLEC14A as biomarkers for ALK1 activity. Ultimately, this may help revisit the clinical development of already existing ALK1-blocking compounds as precision medicines for cancer.
      PubDate: 2019-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10456-018-9642-5
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2019)
  • The calcium-binding type III repeats domain of thrombospondin-2 binds to
           fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2)
    • Authors: Marco Rusnati; Patrizia Borsotti; Elisabetta Moroni; Chiara Foglieni; Paola Chiodelli; Laura Carminati; Denise Pinessi; Douglas S. Annis; Giulia Paiardi; Antonella Bugatti; Alessandro Gori; Renato Longhi; Dorina Belotti; Deane F. Mosher; Giorgio Colombo; Giulia Taraboletti
      Pages: 133 - 144
      Abstract: Thrombospondin (TSP)-1 and TSP-2 share similar structures and functions, including a remarkable antiangiogenic activity. We have previously demonstrated that a mechanism of the antiangiogenic activity of TSP-1 is the interaction of its type III repeats domain with fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF2), affecting the growth factor bioavailability and angiogenic activity. Since the type III repeats domain is conserved in TSP-2, this study aimed at investigating whether also TSP-2 retained the ability to interact with FGF2. The FGF2 binding properties of TSP-1 and TSP-2 and their recombinant domains were analyzed by solid-phase binding and surface plasmon resonance assays. TSP-2 bound FGF2 with high affinity (Kd = 1.3 nM). TSP-2/FGF2 binding was inhibited by calcium and heparin. The FGF2-binding domain of TSP-2 was located in the type III repeats and the minimal interacting sequence was identified as the GVTDEKD peptide in repeat 3C, corresponding to KIPDDRD, the active sequence of TSP-1. A second putative FGF2 binding sequence was also identified in repeat 11C of both TSPs. Computational docking analysis predicted that both the TSP-2 and TSP-1-derived heptapeptides interacted with FGF2 with comparable binding properties. Accordingly, small molecules based on the TSP-1 active sequence blocked TSP-2/FGF2 interaction. Binding of TSP-2 to FGF2 impaired the growth factor ability to interact with its cellular receptors, since TSP-2-derived fragments prevented the binding of FGF2 to both heparin (used as a structural analog of heparan sulfate proteoglycans) and FGFR-1. These findings identify TSP-2 as a new FGF2 ligand that shares with TSP-1 the same molecular requirements for interaction with the growth factor and a comparable capacity to block FGF2 interaction with proangiogenic receptors. These features likely contribute to TSP-2 antiangiogenic and antineoplastic activity, providing the rationale for future therapeutic applications.
      PubDate: 2019-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10456-018-9644-3
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2019)
  • Pazopanib may reduce bleeding in hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia
    • Authors: Marie E. Faughnan; James R. Gossage; Murali M. Chakinala; S. Paul Oh; Raj Kasthuri; Christopher C. W. Hughes; Justin P. McWilliams; Joseph G. Parambil; Nicholas Vozoris; Jill Donaldson; Gitanjali Paul; Pamela Berry; Dennis L. Sprecher
      Pages: 145 - 155
      Abstract: Pazopanib (Votrient) is an orally administered tyrosine kinase inhibitor that blocks VEGF receptors potentially serving as anti-angiogenic treatment for hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT). We report a prospective, multi-center, open-label, dose-escalating study [50 mg, 100 mg, 200 mg, and 400 mg], designed as a proof-of-concept study to demonstrate efficacy of pazopanib on HHT-related bleeding, and to measure safety. Patients, recruited at 5 HHT Centers, required ≥ 2 Curacao criteria AND [anemia OR severe epistaxis with iron deficiency]. Co-primary outcomes, hemoglobin (Hgb) and epistaxis severity, were measured during and after treatment, and compared to baseline. Safety monitoring occurred every 1.5 weeks. Seven patients were treated with 50 mg pazopanib daily. Six/seven showed at least 50% decrease in epistaxis duration relative to baseline at some point during study; 3 showed at least 50% decrease in duration during Weeks 11 and 12. Six patients showed a decrease in ESS of > 0.71 (MID) relative to baseline at some point during study; 3/6 showed a sustained improvement. Four patients showed > 2 gm improvement in Hgb relative to baseline at one or more points during study. Health-related QOL scores improved on all SF-36 domains at Week 6 and/or Week 12, except general health (unchanged). There were 19 adverse events (AE) including one severe AE (elevated LFTs, withdrawn from dosing at 43 days); with no serious AE. In conclusion, we observed an improvement in Hgb and/or epistaxis in all treated patients. This occurred at a dose much lower than typically used for oncologic indications, with no serious AE. Further studies of pazopanib efficacy are warranted.
      PubDate: 2019-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10456-018-9646-1
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2019)
  • Perfused 3D angiogenic sprouting in a high-throughput in vitro platform
    • Authors: V. van Duinen; D. Zhu; C. Ramakers; A. J. van Zonneveld; P. Vulto; T. Hankemeier
      Pages: 157 - 165
      Abstract: Angiogenic sprouting, the growth of new blood vessels from pre-existing vessels, is orchestrated by cues from within the cellular microenvironment, such as biochemical gradients and perfusion. However, many of these cues are missing in current in vitro models of angiogenic sprouting. We here describe an in vitro platform that integrates both perfusion and the generation of stable biomolecular gradients and demonstrate its potential to study more physiologically relevant angiogenic sprouting and microvascular stabilization. The platform consists of an array of 40 individually addressable microfluidic units that enable the culture of perfused microvessels against a three-dimensional collagen-1 matrix. Upon the introduction of a gradient of pro-angiogenic factors, the endothelial cells differentiated into tip cells that invaded the matrix. Continuous exposure resulted in continuous migration and the formation of lumen by stalk cells. A combination of vascular endothelial growth factor-165 (VEGF-165), phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), and sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) was the most optimal cocktail to trigger robust, directional angiogenesis with S1P being crucial for guidance and repetitive sprout formation. Prolonged exposure forces the angiogenic sprouts to anastomose through the collagen to the other channel. This resulted in remodeling of the angiogenic sprouts within the collagen: angiogenic sprouts that anastomosed with the other perfusion channel remained stable, while those who did not retracted and degraded. Furthermore, perfusion with 150 kDa FITC-Dextran revealed that while the angiogenic sprouts were initially leaky, once they fully crossed the collagen lane they became leak tight. This demonstrates that once anastomosis occurred, the sprouts matured and suggests that perfusion can act as an important survival and stabilization factor for the angiogenic microvessels. The robustness of this platform in combination with the possibility to include a more physiological relevant three-dimensional microenvironment makes our platform uniquely suited to study angiogenesis in vitro.
      PubDate: 2019-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10456-018-9647-0
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2019)
  • Excess vascular endothelial growth factor-A disrupts pericyte recruitment
           during blood vessel formation
    • Authors: Jordan Darden; Laura Beth Payne; Huaning Zhao; John C. Chappell
      Pages: 167 - 183
      Abstract: Pericyte investment into new blood vessels is essential for vascular development such that mis-regulation within this phase of vessel formation can contribute to numerous pathologies including arteriovenous and cerebrovascular malformations. It is critical therefore to illuminate how angiogenic signaling pathways intersect to regulate pericyte migration and investment. Here, we disrupted vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A) signaling in ex vivo and in vitro models of sprouting angiogenesis, and found pericyte coverage to be compromised during VEGF-A perturbations. Pericytes had little to no expression of VEGF receptors, suggesting VEGF-A signaling defects affect endothelial cells directly but pericytes indirectly. Live imaging of ex vivo angiogenesis in mouse embryonic skin revealed limited pericyte migration during exposure to exogenous VEGF-A. During VEGF-A gain-of-function conditions, pericytes and endothelial cells displayed abnormal transcriptional changes within the platelet-derived growth factor-B (PDGF-B) and Notch pathways. To further test potential crosstalk between these pathways in pericytes, we stimulated embryonic pericytes with Notch ligands Delta-like 4 (Dll4) and Jagged-1 (Jag1) and found induction of Notch pathway activity but no changes in PDGF Receptor-β (Pdgfrβ) expression. In contrast, PDGFRβ protein levels decreased with mis-regulated VEGF-A activity, observed in the effects on full-length PDGFRβ and a truncated PDGFRβ isoform generated by proteolytic cleavage or potentially by mRNA splicing. Overall, these observations support a model in which, during the initial stages of vascular development, pericyte distribution and coverage are indirectly affected by endothelial cell VEGF-A signaling and the downstream regulation of PDGF-B-PDGFRβ dynamics, without substantial involvement of pericyte Notch signaling during these early stages.
      PubDate: 2019-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10456-018-9648-z
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2019)
  • Extracellular vesicles of multiple myeloma cells utilize the proteasome
           inhibitor mechanism to moderate endothelial angiogenesis
    • Authors: Moran Zarfati; Irit Avivi; Benjamin Brenner; Tami Katz; Anat Aharon
      Pages: 185 - 196
      Abstract: Bone marrow microenvironment is known to support angiogenesis, thus contributing to progression of multiple myeloma (MM). Bortezomib, a proteasome inhibitor (PI) widely used in MM treatment, has anti-angiogenic activity. Extracellular vesicles (EVs), shedding from cell surface, serve as mediators in cell-to-cell communication. We have hypothesized that MM cells (MMCs) treated with bortezomib generate EVs that could diminish angiogenesis, thus limiting MM progression. In the present study, EVs were obtained from MMCs (RPMI-8226), untreated (naïve) or pre-treated with bortezomib. EVs were outlined using NanoSight, FACS, protein arrays and proteasome activity assays. The impact of MMC-EVs on endothelial cell (EC) functions was assessed, employing XTT assay, Boyden chamber and Western blot. A high apoptosis level (annexin V binding 70.25 ± 16.37%) was observed in MMCs following exposure to bortezomib. Compared to naïve EVs, a large proportion of bortezomib-induced EVs (Bi-EVs) were bigger in size (> 300 nm), with higher levels of annexin V binding (p = 0.0043).They also differed in content, presenting with increased levels of pro-inflammatory proteins, reduced levels of pro-angiogenic growth factors (VEGFA, PDGF-BB, angiogenin), and displayed lower proteasome activity. Naïve EVs were found to promote EC migration and proliferation via ERK1/2 and JNK1/2/3 phosphorylation, whereas Bi-EVs inhibited these functions. Moreover, Bi-EVs appeared to reduce EC proteasome activity. EVs released from apoptotic MMCs following treatment with bortezomib can promote angiogenesis suppression by decreasing proliferation and migration of EC. These activities are found to be mediated by specific signal transduction pathways.
      PubDate: 2019-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10456-018-9649-y
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2019)
  • Staphylococcus aureus alpha toxin activates Notch in vascular cells
    • Authors: Sonia L. Hernandez; Mildred Nelson; Georgia R. Sampedro; Naina Bagrodia; Ann M. Defnet; Bianca Lec; Jared Emolo; Rebecca Kirschner; Lydia Wu; Henry Biermann; Stephanie Shen; Juliane Bubeck Wardenburg; Jessica J. Kandel
      Pages: 197 - 209
      Abstract: Staphylococcus aureus infection is one of the leading causes of morbidity in hospitalized patients in the United States, an effect compounded by increasing antibiotic resistance. The secreted agent hemolysin alpha toxin (Hla) requires the receptor A Disintegrin And Metalloproteinase domain-containing protein 10 (ADAM10) to mediate its toxic effects. We hypothesized that these effects are in part regulated by Notch signaling, for which ADAM10 activation is essential. Notch proteins function in developmental and pathological angiogenesis via the modulation of key pathways in endothelial and perivascular cells. Thus, we hypothesized that Hla would activate Notch in vascular cells. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells were treated with recombinant Hla (rHla), Hla-H35L (genetically inactivated Hla), or Hank’s solution (HBSS), and probed by different methods. Luciferase assays showed that Hla (0.01 µg/mL) increased Notch activation by 1.75 ± 0.5-fold as compared to HBSS controls (p < 0.05), whereas Hla-H35L had no effect. Immunocytochemistry and Western blotting confirmed these findings and revealed that ADAM10 and γ-secretase are required for Notch activation after inhibitor and siRNA assays. Retinal EC in mice engineered to express yellow fluorescent protein (YFP) upon Notch activation demonstrated significantly greater YFP intensity after Hla injection than controls. Aortic rings from Notch reporter mice embedded in matrix and incubated with rHla or Hla-H35L demonstrate increased Notch activation occurs at tip cells during sprouting. These mice also had higher skin YFP intensity and area of expression after subcutaneous inoculation of S. aureus expressing Hla than a strain lacking Hla in both EC and pericytes assessed by microscopy. Human liver displayed strikingly higher Notch expression in EC and pericytes during S. aureus infection by immunohistochemistry than tissues from uninfected patients. In sum, our results demonstrate that the S. aureus toxin Hla can potently activate Notch in vascular cells, an effect which may contribute to the pathobiology of infection with this microorganism.
      PubDate: 2019-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10456-018-9650-5
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2019)
  • A new prognostic model for survival in second line for metastatic renal
           cell carcinoma: development and external validation
    • Authors: Lisa Derosa; Mohamed Amine Bayar; Laurence Albiges; Gwénaël Le Teuff; Bernard Escudier
      Abstract: Background In patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC), the oncologic benefit of second-line treatment for high volume tumors or presence of more than five risk factors remain to be defined. Our aim was to develop and externally validate a new model most likely to correctly predict overall survival (OS) categories in second line. Method mRCC patients treated within clinical trials at Gustave Roussy Cancer Campus (GRCC) formed the discovery set. Patients from two phase III trials from Pfizer database (PFIZERDB), AXIS (NCT00678392), and INTORSECT (NCT00474786), formed the external validation set. New prognostic factors were analyzed using a multivariable Cox model with a backward selection procedure. Performance of the GRCC model and the prognostic classification scheme derived from it, measuring by R2, c-index, and calibration, was evaluated on the validation set and compared to MSKCC and IMDC models. Results Two hundred and twenty-one patients were included in the GRCC cohort and 855 patients in the PFIZERDB. Median OS was similar in the discovery and validation cohorts (16.8 [95% CI 12.9–21.7] and 15.3 [13.6–17.2] months, respectively). Backward selection procedure identified time from first to second-line treatment and tumor burden as new independent prognostic factors significantly associated to OS after adjusting for IMDC prognostic factors (HR 1.68 [1.23–2.31] and 1.43 [1.03–1.99], respectively). Dividing patients into four risk groups, based on the number of factors selected in GRCC model, median OS from the start of second line in the validation cohort was not reached (NE) [95% CI 24.9–NE] in the favorable risk group (n = 20), 21.8 months [18.6–28.2] in the intermediate-risk group (n = 367), 12.7 months [11.0–15.8] in the low poor-risk group (n = 347), and 5.5 months [4.7–6.4] in the high poor-risk group (n = 121). Finally, this model and its prognostic classification scheme provided the better fit, with higher R2 and higher c-index compared to other possible classification schemes. Conclusion A new prognostic model was developed and validated to estimate overall survival of patients with previously treated mRCC. This model is an easy-to-use tool that allows accurate estimation of patient survival to inform decision making and follow-up after first line for mRCC.
      PubDate: 2019-02-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s10456-019-09664-2
  • A ribosomal DNA-hosted microRNA regulates zebrafish embryonic angiogenesis
    • Authors: Yunwei Shi; Xuchu Duan; Guangmin Xu; Xiaoning Wang; Guanyun Wei; Shikui Dong; Gangcai Xie; Dong Liu
      Abstract: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are single-stranded small non-coding RNAs, generally 18–25 nucleotides in length, that act as repressors of gene expression. miRNAs are encoded by independent genes or processed from a variety of different RNA species. So far, there is no evidence showing that the ribosomal DNA-hosted microRNA is implicated in vertebrate development. Currently, we found a highly expressed small RNA hosted in ribosomal DNA was predicted as a novel miRNA, named miR-ntu1, in zebrafish endothelial cells by deep sequencing analysis. The miRNA was validated by custom-designed Taqman PCR, Northern Blot, and in silico analysis. Furthermore, we demonstrated that miR-ntu1 played a crucial role in zebrafish angiogenesis via modulation of Notch signaling. Our findings provide a notable case that a miRNA hosted in ribosomal DNA is involved in vertebrate development.
      PubDate: 2019-01-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s10456-019-09663-3
  • Anti-secretogranin III therapy of oxygen-induced retinopathy with optimal
    • Authors: Fen Tang; Michelle E. LeBlanc; Weiwen Wang; Dan Liang; Ping Chen; Tsung-Han Chou; Hong Tian; Wei Li
      Abstract: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) with pathological retinal neovascularization is the most common cause of blindness in children. ROP is currently treated with laser therapy or cryotherapy, both of which may adversely affect the peripheral vision with limited efficacy. Owing to the susceptibility of the developing retina and vasculatures to pharmacological intervention, there is currently no approved drug therapy for ROP in preterm infants. Secretogranin III (Scg3) was recently discovered as a highly disease-restricted angiogenic factor, and a Scg3-neutralizing monoclonal antibody (mAb) was reported with high efficacy to alleviate oxygen-induced retinopathy (OIR) in mice, a surrogate model of ROP. Herein we independently investigated the efficacy of anti-Scg3 mAb in OIR mice and characterized its safety in neonatal mice. We developed a new Scg3-neutralizing mAb recognizing a distinct epitope and independently established the therapeutic activity of anti-Scg3 therapy to alleviate OIR-induced pathological retinal neovascularization in mice. Importantly, anti-Scg3 mAb showed no detectable adverse effects on electroretinography and developing retinal vasculature. Furthermore, systemic anti-Scg3 mAb induced no renal tubular injury or abnormality in kidney vessel development and body weight gain of neonatal mice. In contrast, anti-vascular endothelial growth factor drug aflibercept showed significant side effects in neonatal mice. These results suggest that anti-Scg3 mAb may have the safety and efficacy profiles required for ROP therapy.
      PubDate: 2019-01-14
      DOI: 10.1007/s10456-019-09662-4
  • Angiogenic desmoplastic histopathological growth pattern as a prognostic
           marker of good outcome in patients with colorectal liver metastases
    • Authors: Boris Galjart; Pieter M. H. Nierop; Eric P. van der Stok; Robert R. J. Coebergh van den Braak; Diederik J. Höppener; Sofie Daelemans; Luc Y. Dirix; Cornelis Verhoef; Peter B. Vermeulen; Dirk J. Grünhagen
      Abstract: Background In patients with resectable colorectal liver metastases (CRLM), distinct histopathological growth patterns (HGPs) develop at the interface between the tumour and surrounding tissue. The desmoplastic (d) HGP is characterised by angiogenesis and a peripheral fibrotic rim, whereas non-angiogenic HGPs co-opt endogenous sinusoidal hepatic vasculature. Evidence from previous studies has suggested that patients with dHGP in their CRLM have improved prognosis as compared to patients with non-desmoplastic HGPs. However, these studies were relatively small and applied arbitrary cut-off values for the determination of the predominant HGP. We have now investigated the prognostic effect of dHGP in a large cohort of patients with CRLM resected either with or without neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Methods All consecutive patients undergoing a first partial hepatectomy for CRLM between 2000 and 2015 at a tertiary referral centre were considered for inclusion. HGPs were assessed in archival H&E stained slides according to recently published international consensus guidelines. The dHGP was defined as desmoplastic growth being present in 100% of the interface between the tumour and surrounding liver. Results In total, HGPs in CRLMs from 732 patients were assessed. In the chemo-naive patient cohort (n = 367), the dHGP was present in 19% (n = 68) and the non-dHGP was present in 81% (n = 299) of patients. This dHGP subgroup was independently associated with good overall survival (OS) (HR: 0.39, p < 0.001) and progression-free survival (PFS) (HR: 0.54, p = 0.001). All patients with any CRLM with a non-dHGP had significantly reduced OS compared to those patients with 100% dHGP, regardless of the proportion of non-dHGP (all p values ≤ 0.001). In the neoadjuvantly treated patient cohort (n = 365), more patients were found to express dHGP (n = 109, 30%) (adjusted odds ratio: 2.71, p < 0.001). On univariable analysis, dHGP was associated with better OS (HR 0.66, p = 0.009) and PFS (HR 0.67, p = 0.002). However, after correction for confounding by means of multivariable analysis no significant association of dHGP with OS (HR 0.92, p = 0.623) or PFS (HR 0.76, p = 0.065) was seen. Conclusions The current study demonstrates that the angiogenic dHGP in CRLM resected from chemo-naive patients acts as a strong, positive prognostic marker, unmatched by any other prognosticator. This observation warrants the evaluation of the clinical utility of HGPs in prospective clinical trials.
      PubDate: 2019-01-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s10456-019-09661-5
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