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Publisher: Springer-Verlag (Total: 2351 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2351 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.118, CiteScore: 4)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.752, CiteScore: 3)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.866, CiteScore: 2)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.439, CiteScore: 0)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.53, CiteScore: 1)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.106, CiteScore: 0)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.359, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.675, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.284, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.587, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.769, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.24, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.305, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.312, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.588, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 7.066, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.452, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.379, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.27, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.208, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.607, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.576, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.638, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.822, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.376, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 7.589, CiteScore: 12)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.334, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.574, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.605, CiteScore: 1)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.147, CiteScore: 0)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.72, CiteScore: 2)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.005, CiteScore: 2)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.703, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.698, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55, SJR: 1.09, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.144, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.64, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.475, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.075, CiteScore: 3)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.673, CiteScore: 2)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 1)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.235, CiteScore: 0)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.39, CiteScore: 1)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.67, CiteScore: 2)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.276, CiteScore: 1)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.173, CiteScore: 3)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.663, CiteScore: 1)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.864, CiteScore: 6)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.227, CiteScore: 1)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 3)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 3)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 0)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.583, CiteScore: 1)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.095, CiteScore: 1)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.56, CiteScore: 1)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.234, CiteScore: 0)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.11, CiteScore: 3)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.569, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.951, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.329, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.772, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.46, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.181, CiteScore: 0)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.611, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.314, CiteScore: 0)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 0)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.135, CiteScore: 3)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.211, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.536, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.978, CiteScore: 3)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 1)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.177, CiteScore: 5)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.389, CiteScore: 3)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.097, CiteScore: 2)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.438, CiteScore: 0)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.429, CiteScore: 0)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.197, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.042, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.932, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.85, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.579, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.986, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.228, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.043, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.413, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.687, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.943, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.614, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.239, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.986, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.495, CiteScore: 1)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.834, CiteScore: 2)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.22, CiteScore: 3)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.424, CiteScore: 4)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.294, CiteScore: 1)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.602, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 0.571, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.21, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Cancer Research     Open Access  
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.49, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 0.58, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.422, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.733, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.488, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.6, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.886, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.461, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65, SJR: 1.182, CiteScore: 4)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.481, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.74, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.519, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.542, CiteScore: 1)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.656, CiteScore: 2)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 1)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.109, CiteScore: 3)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.052, CiteScore: 2)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.224, CiteScore: 0)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.725, CiteScore: 1)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 0.745, CiteScore: 2)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.909, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 3.93, CiteScore: 3)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 143, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.41, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.006, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.773, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.644, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.146, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.71, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.541, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.973, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.274, CiteScore: 3)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.946, CiteScore: 3)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal  
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.349, CiteScore: 1)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.2, CiteScore: 0)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.766, CiteScore: 1)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.355, CiteScore: 0)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.839, CiteScore: 2)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.131, CiteScore: 0)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.937, CiteScore: 2)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.833, CiteScore: 4)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.226, CiteScore: 0)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.504, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.185, CiteScore: 2)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.353, CiteScore: 1)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.187, CiteScore: 0)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.855, CiteScore: 1)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.378, CiteScore: 1)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.543, CiteScore: 1)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.548, CiteScore: 1)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.183, CiteScore: 0)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  

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Journal Cover
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.978
Citation Impact (citeScore): 3
Number of Followers: 31  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1618-2650 - ISSN (Online) 1618-2642
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2351 journals]
  • Be unafraid … to try something new or challenging
    • Authors: Adam T. Woolley
      Pages: 6973 - 6974
      PubDate: 2018-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00216-018-1357-3
      Issue No: Vol. 410, No. 27 (2018)
       
  • Yiyang Dong (Ed.): Direct analysis in real time mass spectrometry:
           principles and practices of DART-MS
    • Authors: Jürgen H. Gross
      Pages: 6975 - 6976
      PubDate: 2018-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00216-018-1221-5
      Issue No: Vol. 410, No. 27 (2018)
       
  • An assessment of retention behavior for gold nanorods in asymmetrical flow
           field-flow fractionation
    • Authors: Hind El Hadri; Julien Gigault; Jiaojie Tan; Vincent A. Hackley
      Pages: 6977 - 6984
      Abstract: Applications of asymmetrical flow field-flow fractionation (AF4) continue to expand rapidly in the fields of nanotechnology and biotechnology. In particular, AF4 has proven valuable for the separation and analysis of particles, biomolecular species (e.g., proteins, bacteria) and polymers (natural and synthetic), ranging in size from a few nanometers to several micrometers. The separation of non-spheroidal structures (e.g., rods, tubes, etc.) with primary dimensions in the nanometer regime, is a particularly challenging application deserving of greater study and consideration. The goal of the present study was to advance current understanding of the mechanism of separation of rod-like nano-objects in the AF4 channel. To achieve this, we have systematically investigated a series of commercially available cetyltrimethylammonium bromide stabilized gold nanorods (AuNRs), with aspect ratios from 1.7 to 10. Results show clearly that the retention time is principally dependent on the translational diffusion coefficient of the AuNRs. Equations used to calculate translational and rotational diffusion coefficients (cylinder and prolate ellipsoid models) yield similarly good fits to experimental data. Well characterized gold nanorods (length and diameter by transmission electron microscopy) can be used as calibrants for AF4 measurements allowing one to determine the aspect ratio of nanorod samples based on their retention times. Graphical abstract ᅟ
      PubDate: 2018-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00216-018-1325-y
      Issue No: Vol. 410, No. 27 (2018)
       
  • A critical analysis of L-asparaginase activity quantification
           methods—colorimetric methods versus high-performance liquid
           chromatography
    • Authors: Agnes Magri; Matheus F. Soler; André M. Lopes; Eduardo M. Cilli; Patrick S. Barber; Adalberto Pessoa; Jorge F. B. Pereira
      Pages: 6985 - 6990
      Abstract: L-asparaginase or ASNase (L-asparagine aminohydrolase, E.C.3.5.1.1) is an enzyme clinically accepted as an antitumor agent to treat acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and lymphosarcoma through the depletion of L-asparagine (L-Asn) resulting in cytotoxicity to leukemic cells. ASNase is also important in the food industry, preventing acrylamide formation in processed foods. Several quantification techniques have been developed and used for the measurement of the ASNase activity, but standard pharmaceutical quality control methods were hardly reported, and in general, no official quality control guidelines were defined. To overcome this lack of information and to demonstrate the advantages and limitations, this work properly compares the traditional colorimetric methods (Nessler; L-aspartic acid β-hydroxamate (AHA); and indooxine) and the high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method. A comparison of the methods using pure ASNase shows that the colorimetric methods both overestimate (Nessler) and underestimate (AHA and indooxine) the ASNase activity when compared to the values obtained with HPLC, considered the most precise method as this method monitors both substrate consumption and product formation, allowing for overall mass-balance. Correlation and critical analysis of each method relative to the HPLC method were carried out, resulting in a demonstration that it is crucial to select a proper method for the quantification of ASNase activity, allowing bioequivalence studies and individualized monitoring of different ASNase preparations. Graphical abstract ᅟ
      PubDate: 2018-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00216-018-1326-x
      Issue No: Vol. 410, No. 27 (2018)
       
  • A sample-in-digital-answer-out system for rapid detection and quantitation
           of infectious pathogens in bodily fluids
    • Authors: Haowen Yang; Zhu Chen; Xiaobao Cao; Zhiyang Li; Stavros Stavrakis; Jaebum Choo; Andrew J. deMello; Philip D. Howes; Nongyue He
      Pages: 7019 - 7030
      Abstract: A variety of automated sample-in-answer-out systems for in vitro molecular diagnostics have been presented and even commercialized. Although efficient in operation, they are incapable of quantifying targets, since quantitation based on analog analytical methods (via standard curve analysis) is complex, expensive, and challenging. To address this issue, herein, we describe an integrated sample-in-digital-answer-out (SIDAO) diagnostic system incorporating DNA extraction and digital recombinase polymerase amplification, which enables rapid and quantitative nucleic acid analysis from bodily fluids within a disposable cartridge. Inside the cartridge, reagents are pre-stored in sterilized tubes, with an automated pipetting module allowing facile liquid transfer. For digital analysis, we fabricate a simple, single-layer polydimethylsiloxane microfluidic device and develop a novel and simple sample compartmentalization strategy. Sample solution is partitioned into an array of 40,044 fL-volume microwells by sealing the microfluidic device through the application of mechanical pressure. The entire analysis is performed in a portable, fully automated instrument. We evaluate the quantitative capabilities of the system by analyzing Mycobacterium tuberculosis genomic DNA from both spiked saliva and serum samples, and demonstrate excellent analytical accuracy and specificity. This SIDAO system provides a promising diagnostic platform for quantitative nucleic acid testing at the point-of-care. Graphical abstract ᅟ
      PubDate: 2018-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00216-018-1335-9
      Issue No: Vol. 410, No. 27 (2018)
       
  • 13 C quantification in heterogeneous multiphase natural samples by CMP-NMR
           using stepped decoupling
    • Authors: Paris Ning; Ronald Soong; Wolfgang Bermel; Daniel Lane; Myrna J. Simpson; André J. Simpson
      Pages: 7055 - 7065
      Abstract: Many natural and environmental samples contain combinations of liquids, gels, and solids, yet quantification in the intact state and across multiple phases is highly challenging. Comprehensive multiphase nuclear magnetic resonance (CMP-NMR) combines all the capabilities of high-resolution magic angle spinning (HR-MAS), with the addition of full solids power handling, permitting all phases (i.e., mixtures of liquids, gels, and solids) to be studied and differentiated in intact samples without pre-treatment or extraction. Here, quantification in CMP-NMR is considered. As 1H NMR is considerably broadened in the solid-state, quantification is easier to achieve through 13C which can be observed easily in all the phases. Accurate 13C quantification requires effective 1H decoupling for all the phases, but each phase requires different decoupling conditions. To satisfy these conditions, a pulse sequence termed stepped decoupling is introduced. This sequence can be used to study all components under ideal decoupling conditions resulting in high-resolution spectra without truncation artifacts and provides accurate integrals of components in all phases. The approach is demonstrated on standards and then applied to natural samples including broccoli, soil, and Arabidopsis. The approach permits accurate quantification of chemical categories (for example total carbohydrates) as well as individual species (for example glucose). Further, as the samples are studied intact, volatile species such as methanol and ethylene which are normally hard to detect in plants can be easily quantified in Arabidopsis. Graphical abstract ᅟ
      PubDate: 2018-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00216-018-1306-1
      Issue No: Vol. 410, No. 27 (2018)
       
  • Measuring the bioactivity of anti-IL-6/anti-IL-6R therapeutic antibodies:
           presentation of a robust reporter gene assay
    • Authors: Chuanfei Yu; Junxia Cao; Lan Wang; Yalan Yang; Yongbo Ni; Junzhi Wang
      Pages: 7067 - 7075
      Abstract: IL-6 has an important role in the pathogenesis of autoimmunity and chronic inflammation. Several mAbs that target IL-6 or the IL-6 receptor (IL-6R) have been established and approved for the treatment of various diseases such as multicentric Castleman's disease and rheumatoid arthritis. Quality control of therapeutic antibodies requires accurate determination of bioactivity. However, current cell-based anti-proliferation assays are tedious, time consuming, and result in high variation. We therefore developed a reporter gene assay (RGA) based on an IL-6-dependent DS-1 cell line that stably expressed the reporter luciferase controlled by the serum-induced element (SIE) response element, which was a key element located downstream of the IL-6 signaling pathway. The RGA method demonstrated good performance characteristics after careful optimization, including high specificity, stability, accuracy, precision, and robustness. It also had superior precision and sensitivity. The assay is simple compared with the traditional anti-proliferation assay. This novel RGA based on the IL-6-IL-6R-STAT3 pathway can be useful, in conjunction with the anti-proliferation bioassay, to determine the bioactivity of anti-IL-6/anti-IL-6R therapeutic mAbs. Graphical abstract The mechanism sketch of the reporter gene assay for the bioactivity determination of anti-IL-6/anti-IL-6Rα mAbs
      PubDate: 2018-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00216-018-1307-0
      Issue No: Vol. 410, No. 27 (2018)
       
  • Matrix solid-phase dispersion coupled with gas chromatography–tandem
           mass spectrometry for simultaneous determination of 13 organophosphate
           esters in vegetables
    • Authors: Qing Luo; Shiyu Wang; Yue Shan; Li-na Sun; Hui Wang
      Pages: 7077 - 7084
      Abstract: In this study, matrix solid-phase dispersion coupled with gas chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry (GC–MS/MS) was developed for the analysis of 23 organophosphate esters (OPEs) in vegetables. Under the optimal conditions, 0.5 g vegetables was dispersed with use of 2 g Florisil, 2 g anhydrous sodium sulfate, and 0.1 g graphitized carbon black, and it was transferred to an empty solid-phase extraction cartridge. The analytes were eluted with 15 mL n-hexane/acetone (1:1, v/v) and analyzed by GC–MS/MS. The method detection limits and quantitation limits ranged from 0.05 to 0.33 ng/g and from 0.16 to 1.10 ng/g, respectively. The recoveries ranged from 65.1% to 109.1%, and the relative standard deviations were less than 15%. The analysis of eight kinds of vegetables shows that the vegetables had been contaminated by OPEs; the concentrations of the sum of the OPEs ranged from 5.89 to 26.8 ng/g. The proposed method is applicable to analyze OPEs in vegetables. Graphical abstract ᅟ
      PubDate: 2018-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00216-018-1308-z
      Issue No: Vol. 410, No. 27 (2018)
       
  • A fluorescent material for the detection of chlortetracycline based on
           molecularly imprinted silica–graphitic carbon nitride composite
    • Authors: Shengnan Xu; Jie Ding; Ligang Chen
      Pages: 7103 - 7112
      Abstract: A new fluorescent probe based on graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) combined with molecularly imprinted silica was successfully fabricated and used to selectively recognize chlortetracycline (CTC). The g-C3N4 used in this study has the characteristics of low toxicity and high chemical stability. This synthetic composite was characterized by transmission electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, UV spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, and fluorescence spectroscopy. The material was used to detect CTC by the fluorescence quenching technique. The fluorescence quenching was due to g-C3N4 and the benzene ring of CTC through π–π electron donor–acceptor interaction and electrostatic force. Hydrogen bonds formed between CTC and 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane during the polymerization process. Eventually, a considerable amount of selective recognition holes were formed in the composite material and could specifically recognize the template molecule CTC. In addition, the probe strategy was successfully applied to milk analysis, and the recoveries ranged from 90.1% to 95.7%, with relative standard deviations of 1.8–2.8%; the detection limit for CTC was 8 ng mL-1. The results indicate that this method combined the sensitivity of fluorescence detection with the excellent selectivity of a molecularly imprinted polymer. The new material can be widely used in the detection of dairy products. Graphical abstract Schematic of synthesis of the MIP-capped g-C3N4 by sol-gel reaction
      PubDate: 2018-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00216-018-1310-5
      Issue No: Vol. 410, No. 27 (2018)
       
  • Imaging of growth factors on a human tooth root canal by surface-enhanced
           Raman spectroscopy
    • Authors: Václav Ranc; Radovan Žižka; Zuzana Chaloupková; Juraj Ševčík; Radek Zbořil
      Pages: 7113 - 7120
      Abstract: Endodontic treatment of immature permanent teeth with necrotic pulp poses several clinical challenges and is one of the most demanding interventions in endodontics. Recently, with new discoveries in the field of tissue engineering, novel treatment protocols have been established. The most promising treatment modality is revascularization, whose integral part is the exposure of collagen matrix and embedded growth factors. However, optimization of the treatment protocol requires a development of analytical procedures able to analyze growth factors directly on the sample surface. In this work, method based on surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) was developed to investigate the influence of the time of the medical treatment using EDTA on exposure and accessibility of the growth factors, namely TGF-ß1, BMP-2, and bFGF on the dentine surface. The nanotags, which consist of magnetic Fe3O4@Ag nanocomposite covalently functionalized by tagged antibodies (anti-TGF-ß1-Cy3, anti-BMP-2-Cy5, and anti-bFGF-Cy7), were employed as a SERS substrate. Each antibody was coupled with a unique label allowing us to perform a parallel analysis of all three growth factors within one analytical run. Developed methodology presents an interesting alternative to a fluorescence microscopy and in contrary allows evaluating a chemical composition and thus minimizing possible false-positive results. Graphical abstract
      PubDate: 2018-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00216-018-1311-4
      Issue No: Vol. 410, No. 27 (2018)
       
  • Characterization and mapping of secondary metabolites of Streptomyces sp.
           from caatinga by desorption electrospray ionization mass spectrometry
           (DESI–MS)
    • Authors: Júlia Pereira Rodrigues; Shamina Saiyara Prova; Luiz Alberto Beraldo Moraes; Demian Rocha Ifa
      Pages: 7135 - 7144
      Abstract: The discovery of new secondary metabolites is a challenge to biotechnologists due to the emergence of superbugs and drug resistance. Knowledge about biodiversity and the discovery of new microorganisms have become major objectives; thus, new habitats like extreme ecosystems have become places of interest to research. In this context, caatinga is an unexplored biome. The ecosystem caatinga is a rich habitat for thermophilic microbes. Its high temperature and dry climate cause selective microbes to flourish and become established. Actinobacteria (Caat 1-54 genus Streptomyces sp.) isolated from the soil of caatinga was investigated to characterize and map its secondary metabolites by desorption electrospray ionization mass spectrometry imaging (DESI–MSI). With this technique, the production of bioactive metabolites was detected and associated with the different morphological differentiation stages within a typical Streptomyces sp. life cycle. High-resolution mass spectrometry, tandem mass spectrometry, UV–Vis profiling and NMR analysis were also performed to characterize the metabolite ions detected by DESI–MS. A novel compound, which is presumed to be an analogue of the antifungal agent lienomycin, along with the antimicrobial compound lysolipin I were identified in this study to be produced by the bacterium. The potency of these bioactive compounds was further studied by disc diffusion assays and their minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) against Bacillus and Penicillium were determined. These bioactive metabolites could be useful to the pharmaceutical industry as candidate compounds, especially given growing concern about increasing resistance to available drugs with the emergence of superbugs. Consequently, the unexplored habitat caatinga affords new possibilities for novel bioactive compound discovery. Graphical ᅟ
      PubDate: 2018-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00216-018-1315-0
      Issue No: Vol. 410, No. 27 (2018)
       
  • Ultrathin ZIF-67 nanosheets as a colorimetric biosensing platform for
           peroxidase-like catalysis
    • Authors: Shujuan Wang; Dongpo Xu; Lan Ma; Jingxuan Qiu; Xiang Wang; Qingli Dong; Qi Zhang; Jing Pan; Qing Liu
      Pages: 7145 - 7152
      Abstract: In this work, we report a zeolitic imidazolate framework (ZIF-67) which could catalyze 3,3′,5,5′-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) to produce a yellow chromogenic reaction. ZIF-67 showed high peroxidase-like activity compared with copper-based metal−organic framework nanoparticles (Cu-MOF), zinc-based metal−organic framework nanoparticles (ZIF-8), and horseradish peroxidase (HPR). We discovered for the first time that the cobalt-based metal−organic framework nanoparticles possess intrinsic peroxidase-like activity without H2O2, which can be employed to quantitatively monitor the H2O2. Graphical abstract ᅟ
      PubDate: 2018-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00216-018-1317-y
      Issue No: Vol. 410, No. 27 (2018)
       
  • High-throughput liquid chromatography differential mobility spectrometry
           mass spectrometry for bioanalysis: determination of reduced and oxidized
           form of glutathione in human blood
    • Authors: Sophie Bravo-Veyrat; Gérard Hopfgartner
      Pages: 7153 - 7161
      Abstract: Currently, the measure of the oxidative stress, from oxidized and reduced glutathione (GSSG and GSH respectively), for large cohorts of samples, is generally limited to spectrometric methods. In this study, a high-throughput assay for GSH after derivatization with N-ethylmaleimide and GSSG in blood sample was developed with an analysis time of 1.5 min. The method combines protein precipitation and a short LC (10-mm length) column where compounds were trapped in front-flush mode and eluted in back-flush mode. This setup is combined with modifier-assisted differential ion mobility spectrometry (DMS, SelexIon) and detection is performed in the selected reaction monitoring mode using positive electrospray ionization. In DMS, various modifiers were investigated including N2, methanol, toluene, ethanol, acetonitrile, and isopropanol to improve assay selectivity. Using EtOH as modifier, the limit of quantification (LOQ) was found to be 0.4 μM for GSSG and 3.2 μM for GS-N-ethylmaleimide (NEM) using a blood volume of 60 μL. The method is linear over a wide dynamic concentration range of 0.4 to 400 μM for GSSG and from 3.2 to 3200 μM for GS-NEM. The inter-assay precision of QC samples were ≤ 6.7%, with accuracy values between 98.3 and 103%. The method was further cross-validated with a LC Hypercarb-DMS-MS/MS method by the analysis of human blood samples. The bias between both assays ranged from − 0.3 to 0.2%. Graphical abstract ᅟ
      PubDate: 2018-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00216-018-1318-x
      Issue No: Vol. 410, No. 27 (2018)
       
  • Capillary-based chemiluminescence immunoassay for C-reactive protein with
           portable imaging device
    • Authors: Haiying Shen; Rizwanullah Khan; Xiaoqian Wang; Zulan Li; Feng Qu
      Pages: 7177 - 7183
      Abstract: A capillary-based chemiluminescence immunoassay system using a charge-coupled device (CCD) camera as detector was established in this paper. The fused quartz capillary was easily activated in one step for immobilizing capture antibody, and the chemiluminescence immunoassay was carried out in the capillary in double-antibody sandwich format. Chemiluminescence signals were recorded by the portable imaging device which was installed with the CCD camera and the results were analyzed through gray intensity. The total cost time, which included not only the time for test but also the time for the preparation of experimental materials, was only 2 h. The immunoassay was performed without any complicated or expensive instruments. The consumption of the sample was only 0.8 μL in one test, which was significantly less than other methods. In this work, C-reactive protein (CRP), as a target, was quantitatively detected from 0.3 to 160.0 μg mL−1 with high specificity and low sample volume. The reproducibility and accuracy were tested in clinic human serum samples and shown good results. Thus, this rapid, easy preparation and using, portable immunoassay system indicated its usefulness as a novel technology platform. Graphical abstract ᅟ
      PubDate: 2018-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00216-018-1321-2
      Issue No: Vol. 410, No. 27 (2018)
       
  • A hierarchically porous composite monolith polypyrrole/octadecyl
           silica/graphene oxide/chitosan cryogel sorbent for the extraction and
           pre-concentration of carbamate pesticides in fruit juices
    • Authors: Pattamaporn Klongklaew; Thamolwan Naksena; Proespichaya Kanatharana; Opas Bunkoed
      Pages: 7185 - 7193
      Abstract: A hierarchically porous structured composite monolith sorbent of polypyrrole-coated graphene oxide and octadecyl silica incorporated in chitosan cryogel (PPY/GOx/C18/chitosan) was synthesized and used as solid-phase extraction sorbent for the determination of carbamate pesticides. Various factors affecting the characteristics of the adsorbents (chemistry of the sorbent, polymerization time, concentrations of graphene oxide and octadecyl silica) and the extraction efficiency using the prepared sorbents, such as sample loading, desorption conditions, sample volume, sample flow rate, sample pH, and ionic strength, were investigated and optimized. Under the optimal conditions of sorbent preparation and extraction, the developed composite monolith sorbent provided wide linear responses from 1.0 to 500 μg L−1 for carbofuran and diethofencarb, from 0.5 to 500 μg L−1 for carbaryl, and from 2.0 to 500 μg L−1 for isoprocarb. The limits of detection using HPLC-UV at 203, 220, and 208 nm were in the range of 0.5–2.0 μg L−1. When the composite monolith sorbent was applied for the pre-concentration and determination of carbamate in fruit juices, good recoveries (84.1–99.5%) were achieved. The developed sorbents were porous and exhibited low back pressure enabling their use at high flow rates during sample loading. Extraction and clean-up were highly efficient, and the good physical and chemical stability of the sorbent enables reuse up to 13 times. Graphical abstract ᅟ
      PubDate: 2018-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00216-018-1323-0
      Issue No: Vol. 410, No. 27 (2018)
       
  • Rapid and quantitative analysis of impurities in silicon powders by glow
           discharge mass spectrometry
    • Authors: Jianying Zhang; Tao Zhou; Yichuan Tang; Yanjie Cui; Dan Song
      Pages: 7195 - 7201
      Abstract: High-purity silicon power was doped with standard solutions containing 15 elements, and a high-purity indium tablet was prepared by the melting of indium pellets. An In–Si tablet, which is mechanically stable and thus suitable as a calibration sample, was prepared by our pressing the doped silicon power on the high-purity indium tablet. The matrix effect was studied by our investigating the variations of measured mass fractions (standard relative sensitivity factor, StdRSF, calibration) of doped impurities in the In–Si tablet, which provides a series of matrixes with different mass ratios of In to Si. For all the elements, the relative standard deviations of the measured mass fractions of impurities were less than 30%. The RSFs of the glow discharge mass spectrometer (Element GD) were obtained, and the results showed that three RSFs derived from the In–Si tablet with low, intermediate and high mass ratios of In to Si, respectively, agreed with the mean RSF within an uncertainty interval of 30%. The measurement of Fe and Al matrix certified reference materials further demonstrated that the RSFs generated from a matrix can be used for the calibration of another matrix, and the uncertainty was within 30%. Finally, another doped silicon powder was measured with the glow discharge mass spectrometer, which was calibrated by the mean RSFs from the In–Si tablet, and the analytical results obtained by glow discharge mass spectrometry are in good agreement with the analytical results obtained by high-resolution inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Graphical abstract ᅟ
      PubDate: 2018-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00216-018-1324-z
      Issue No: Vol. 410, No. 27 (2018)
       
  • Sensitive determination of aldehyde metabolites in exhaled breath
           condensate using capillary electrophoresis with laser-induced fluorescence
           detection
    • Authors: Tingting Wang; Dan Luo; Zheyan Chen; Yining Qu; Xiuhua Ma; Jiannong Ye; Qingcui Chu; Dongping Huang
      Pages: 7203 - 7210
      Abstract: A novel capillary electrophoresis with laser-induced fluorescence detection method has been developed for the analysis of aldehyde metabolism biomarkers for oxidative stress in exhaled breath condensate (EBC), and fluorescein 5-thiosemicarbazide was used as a derivatization reagent. In a simple capillary zone electrophoresis mode, ten low molecular weight aldehydes (LMWAs) could be well separated within 30 min. The reaction efficiency was doubled by increasing sample solution pH and magnetic stirring, and the LODs of this method reached 0.16–3.4 nM (S/N = 3). Acceptable recoveries (82.1–115%) were obtained for EBC samples, and the RSD data were within 7.9%. This developed method has been applied for the analyses of EBC samples and evaluation of the correlation between smoking and the contents of aldehyde metabolites in EBC. Due to no need of buffer additives and sample preconcentration, this proposed method may provide an appealing alternative for the trace analyses of LMWAs in noninvasive biofluids. Graphical abstract ᅟ
      PubDate: 2018-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00216-018-1327-9
      Issue No: Vol. 410, No. 27 (2018)
       
  • Critical assessment of different methods for quantitative measurement of
           metallodrug-protein associations
    • Authors: Luis Galvez; Sarah Theiner; Márkó Grabarics; Christian R. Kowol; Bernhard K. Keppler; Stephan Hann; Gunda Koellensperger
      Pages: 7211 - 7220
      Abstract: Quantitative screening for potential drug–protein binding is an essential step in developing novel metal-based anticancer drugs. ICP–MS approaches are at the core of this task; however, many applications lack in the capability of large-scale high-throughput screenings and proper validation. In this work, we critically discuss the analytical figures of merit and the potential method-based quantitative differences applying four different ICP–MS strategies to ex vivo drug–serum incubations. Two candidate drugs, more specifically, two Pt(IV) complexes with known differences of binding affinity towards serum proteins were selected. The study integrated centrifugal ultrafiltration followed by flow injection analysis, turbulent flow chromatography (TFC), and size exclusion chromatography (SEC), all combined with inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP–MS). As a novelty, for the first time, UHPLC SEC-ICP–MS was implemented to enable rapid protein separation to be performed within a few minutes at > 90% column recovery for protein adducts and small molecules. Graphical abstract Quantitative screening for potential drug–protein binding is an essential step in developingnovel metal-based anticancer drugs
      PubDate: 2018-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00216-018-1328-8
      Issue No: Vol. 410, No. 27 (2018)
       
  • Multi-contrast diffraction enhanced computed laminography at Beijing
           Synchrotron Radiation Facility
    • Authors: Jian Fu; Xianhong Shi; Qingxi Yuan; Wanxia Huang; Wei Guo; Peng Peng
      Pages: 7221 - 7228
      Abstract: Synchrotron radiation X-ray computed tomography (CT) enables nondestructive visualization of 3D morphological and chemical changes inside a sample and has become a powerful analysis tool to monitor reactive parts and their chemical states. However, synchrotron radiation CT imaging of specimens with lateral extensions much larger than the acceptance window of detectors is rather problematic due to strong absorption of X-rays in the lateral directions. On the other hand, X-ray computed laminography (CL) permits 3D imaging of flat samples while X-ray diffraction enhanced imaging (DEI) can provide high-quality results with different imaging contrasts such as absorption, phase and dark-field for samples with weak absorptions. Combining CL and DEI together, we have developed a multi-contrast DEI-CL system at the 4W1A beamline of the Beijing Synchrotron Radiation Facility for this kind of sample. Here we reported its design, implementation, and preliminary experimental results of carbon fiber reinforced polymer laminates with three kinds of imaging contrasts. The results have demonstrated the validity of this DEI-CL system. It will be helpful to push the applications of the state-of-the-art synchrotron radiation methods and instruments towards cutting-edge research. Graphical abstract ᅟ
      PubDate: 2018-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00216-018-1329-7
      Issue No: Vol. 410, No. 27 (2018)
       
  • Rapid monitoring of plant growth regulators in bean sprouts via automated
           on-line polymeric monolith solid-phase extraction coupled with liquid
           chromatography tandem mass spectrometry
    • Authors: Qixun Nian; Lianfeng Ai; Dongmei Li; Xuelei Chen; Lei Zhang; Manman Wang; Xuesheng Wang
      Pages: 7239 - 7247
      Abstract: An automated on-line solid-phase extraction (SPE) following liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry was established for the fast determination of plant growth regulator residues in soybean sprout and mung bean sprout. The crude extracted specimens were directly purified on a poly (2-(dimethylamino) ethyl methacrylate-co-ethylene dimethacrylate) monolithic column which was well-defined as the on-line SPE adsorbent. Under the optimized conditions, the developed method gave the linear range of 0.3–50 ng/mL for gibberellin and 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, 0.2–50 ng/mL for 4-chlorophenoxyacetic acid, and 0.5–50 ng/mL for 1-naphthaleneacetic acid (r ≥ 0.998). The detection limits (S/N = 3) ranged from 1.0 to 2.5 μg/kg and the recoveries for spiked soybean sprout samples were in the range of 75.0–93.3%. Besides, the total time for one analysis was 16 min. The reusability of the monolith was up to 600 extractions. The proposed process facilitated fully automated SPE and accurate determination in one step with rapidity, simplicity, and reliability. Graphical abstract ᅟ
      PubDate: 2018-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00216-018-1334-x
      Issue No: Vol. 410, No. 27 (2018)
       
 
 
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