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Publisher: Springer-Verlag (Total: 2348 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2348 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.118, CiteScore: 4)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.752, CiteScore: 3)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.866, CiteScore: 2)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.439, CiteScore: 0)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.53, CiteScore: 1)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.106, CiteScore: 0)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.359, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.675, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.284, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.587, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.769, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.24, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.305, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.312, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.588, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 7.066, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.452, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.379, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.27, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.208, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.607, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.576, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.638, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.822, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.376, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 7.589, CiteScore: 12)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.334, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.574, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.605, CiteScore: 1)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.147, CiteScore: 0)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.72, CiteScore: 2)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.005, CiteScore: 2)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.703, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.698, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.09, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.144, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.64, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.475, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.075, CiteScore: 3)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.673, CiteScore: 2)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 1)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.235, CiteScore: 0)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.39, CiteScore: 1)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.67, CiteScore: 2)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.276, CiteScore: 1)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.173, CiteScore: 3)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.663, CiteScore: 1)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.864, CiteScore: 6)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.227, CiteScore: 1)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 3)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 3)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 0)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.583, CiteScore: 1)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.095, CiteScore: 1)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.56, CiteScore: 1)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.234, CiteScore: 0)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.11, CiteScore: 3)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.569, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.951, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.329, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.772, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.46, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.181, CiteScore: 0)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.611, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.314, CiteScore: 0)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 0)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.135, CiteScore: 3)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.211, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.536, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.978, CiteScore: 3)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 1)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.177, CiteScore: 5)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.389, CiteScore: 3)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.097, CiteScore: 2)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.438, CiteScore: 0)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.429, CiteScore: 0)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.197, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.042, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.932, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.85, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.579, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.986, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.228, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.043, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.413, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.687, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.943, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.614, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.239, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.986, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.495, CiteScore: 1)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.834, CiteScore: 2)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.22, CiteScore: 3)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.424, CiteScore: 4)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.294, CiteScore: 1)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.602, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 0.571, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.21, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Cancer Research     Open Access  
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.49, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 0.58, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.422, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.733, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.488, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.6, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.886, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.461, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64, SJR: 1.182, CiteScore: 4)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.481, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.74, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.519, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.542, CiteScore: 1)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.656, CiteScore: 2)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 1)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.109, CiteScore: 3)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.052, CiteScore: 2)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.224, CiteScore: 0)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.725, CiteScore: 1)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 0.745, CiteScore: 2)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.909, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 3.93, CiteScore: 3)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 142, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.41, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.006, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.773, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.644, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.146, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.71, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.541, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.973, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.274, CiteScore: 3)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.946, CiteScore: 3)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal  
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.349, CiteScore: 1)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.2, CiteScore: 0)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.766, CiteScore: 1)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.355, CiteScore: 0)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.839, CiteScore: 2)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.131, CiteScore: 0)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.937, CiteScore: 2)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.833, CiteScore: 4)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.226, CiteScore: 0)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.504, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.185, CiteScore: 2)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.353, CiteScore: 1)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.187, CiteScore: 0)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.855, CiteScore: 1)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.378, CiteScore: 1)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.543, CiteScore: 1)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.548, CiteScore: 1)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.183, CiteScore: 0)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  

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Journal Cover
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.978
Citation Impact (citeScore): 3
Number of Followers: 32  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1618-2650 - ISSN (Online) 1618-2642
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2348 journals]
  • Food safety analysis
    • Authors: Steven J. Lehotay
      Pages: 5329 - 5330
      PubDate: 2018-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00216-018-1129-0
      Issue No: Vol. 410, No. 22 (2018)
       
  • Ultra turrax® tube drive for the extraction of pesticides from egg
           and milk samples
    • Authors: Julia Sturm; Peter Wienhold; Thomas Frenzel; Karl Speer
      Pages: 5431 - 5438
      Abstract: The Ultra turrax® tube drive, already successfully applied for the extraction of plant materials, has also proved to be suitable for the analysis of pesticides in eggs and milk. In comparison to the matrix solid-phase dispersion (MSPD), the extraction is less time-consuming at excellent extraction efficiency. Further advantages are the flexibility of the extraction conditions with respect to the pH value and water activity. So, even strongly acidic pesticides such as phenoxy carboxylic acids can be extracted. Eighty-nine GC-amenable and 75 LC-amenable pesticides, which had been detected successfully in whole chicken eggs following MSPD extraction and further processing according to Hildmann et al., could also be analyzed with the modified method. In addition, the analysis spectrum could be expanded by 4 GC- and 37 LC-amenable substances. Of the 208 pesticides tested, 205 substances could be detected in whole chicken eggs. Similar excellent results were achieved for the milk matrix. Furthermore, the modified extraction method allows a determination of the fat content from the same analysis approach.
      PubDate: 2018-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00216-018-1254-9
      Issue No: Vol. 410, No. 22 (2018)
       
  • Serogroup-level resolution of the “Super-7” Shiga toxin-producing
           Escherichia coli using nanopore single-molecule DNA sequencing
    • Authors: Adam Peritz; George C. Paoli; Chin-Yi Chen; Andrew G. Gehring
      Pages: 5439 - 5444
      Abstract: DNA sequencing and other DNA-based methods are now broadly used for detection and identification of bacterial foodborne pathogens. For the identification of foodborne bacterial pathogens, taxonomic assignments must be made to the species or even subspecies level. Long-read DNA sequencing provides finer taxonomic resolution than short-read sequencing. Here, we demonstrate the potential of long-read shotgun sequencing obtained from the Oxford Nanopore Technologies (ONT) MinION single-molecule sequencer, in combination with the Basic Local Alignment Search Tool (BLAST) with custom sequence databases, for foodborne pathogen identification. A library of mixed DNA from strains of the “Super-7” Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) serogroups (O26, O45, O103, O111, O121, O145, and O157[:H7]) was sequenced using the ONT MinION resulting in 44,245 long-read sequences. The ONT MinION sequences were compared to a custom database composed of the E. coli O-antigen gene clusters. A vast majority of the sequence reads were from outside of the O-antigen cluster and did not align to any sequences in the O-antigen database. However, 58 sequences (0.13% of the total sequence reads) did align to a specific Super-7 O-antigen gene cluster, with each O-antigen cluster aligning to at least four sequence reads. BLAST analysis against a custom whole-genome database revealed that 5096 (11.5%) of the MinION sequence reads aligned to one and only one sequence in the database, of which 99.6% aligned to a sequence from a “Super-7” STEC. These results demonstrate the ability of the method to resolve STEC to the serogroup level and the potential general utility of the MinION for the detection and typing of foodborne pathogens.
      PubDate: 2018-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00216-018-0877-1
      Issue No: Vol. 410, No. 22 (2018)
       
  • Compensation for matrix effects in GC analysis of pesticides by using
           cucumber extract
    • Authors: Hyeyoung Kwon; Michelangelo Anastassiades; Daniela Dörk; Su-Myoung Hong; Byeong-Chul Moon
      Pages: 5481 - 5489
      Abstract: Matrix effects (MEs) can adversely affect quantification in pesticide residue analysis using GC. Analyte protectants (APs) can effectively interact with and mask active sites in the GC system, and are added individually or in combination to sample extracts and calibration solutions to minimize errors related to MEs. Unfortunately, APs cannot sufficiently compensate for MEs in all cases. Plant extracts, containing a broad range of natural compounds with AP properties, can also be used for this purpose. In this study, the applicability of cucumber extract as a natural AP mixture was investigated both alone and in combination with traditional APs. Extracts of two selected difficult matrices (onion and garlic) were prepared according to the citrate-buffered QuEChERS (quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged, and safe) procedure. ME values of 40 representative GC-amenable pesticides were compared when calibrating against standards in pure solvent and in cucumber extract, with and without the addition of APs. Using a GC system with a contaminated inlet liner, the use of a cucumber-based calibration solution decreased MEs remarkably. The combination of APs with cucumber raw extract further decreased MEs, resulting in more than 85% of the tested pesticides showing ≤ 10% ME in onion and ≤ 20% ME in garlic. These results demonstrate that the preparation of calibration standards based on cucumber extracts (with or without the addition of APs) is a very useful and practical approach to compensate for MEs in pesticide residue analysis using QuEChERS and GC-MS/MS. The use of various internal standards is furthermore critically discussed.
      PubDate: 2018-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00216-018-1197-1
      Issue No: Vol. 410, No. 22 (2018)
       
  • Method development and validation for total haloxyfop analysis in infant
           formulas and related ingredient matrices using liquid
           chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry
    • Authors: Urairat Koesukwiwat; Lukas Vaclavik; Katerina Mastovska
      Pages: 5521 - 5528
      Abstract: According to the European Commission directive 2006/141/EC, haloxyfop residue levels should not exceed 0.003 mg/kg in ready-to-feed infant formula, and the residue definition includes sum of haloxyfop, its esters, salts, and conjugates expressed as haloxyfop. A simple method for total haloxyfop analysis in infant formula and related ingredient matrices was developed and validated using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). The sample preparation consisted of an alkaline hydrolysis with methanolic sodium hydroxide to release haloxyfop (parent acid) from its bound forms prior to the extraction with acetonitrile. A mixture of magnesium sulfate (MgSO4) and sodium chloride (NaCl) (4:1, w/w) was added to the extract to induce phase separation and force the analyte into the upper acetonitrile-methanol layer and then a 1-mL aliquot was subsequently cleaned up by dispersive solid phase extraction with 150 mg of MgSO4 and 50 mg of octadecyl (C18) sorbent. The analytical procedure was developed and carefully optimized to enable low-level, total haloxyfop analysis in a variety of challenging matrices, including infant formulas and their important high-carbohydrate, high-protein, high-fat, and emulsifier ingredients. The final method was validated in two different laboratories by fortifying samples with haloxyfop and haloxyfop-methyl, which was used as a model compound simulating bound forms of the analyte. Mean recoveries of haloxyfop across all fortification levels and evaluated matrices ranged between 92.2 and 114% with repeatability, within-lab reproducibility, and reproducibility RSDs ≤ 14%. Based on the validation results, this method was capable to convert the haloxyfop ester into the parent acid in a wide range of sample types and to reliably identify and quantify total haloxyfop at the target 0.003 mg/kg level in infant formulas (both powdered and ready-to-feed liquid forms). Graphical abstract LC-MS/MS-based workflow for the determination of the total haloxyfop in infant formula and related ingredients
      PubDate: 2018-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00216-018-1085-8
      Issue No: Vol. 410, No. 22 (2018)
       
  • Multiclass screening of >200 pharmaceutical and other residues in
           aquatic foods by ultrahigh-performance liquid
           chromatography–quadrupole-Orbitrap mass spectrometry
    • Authors: Cong Kong; Yang Wang; Yuanfei Huang; Huijuan Yu
      Pages: 5545 - 5553
      Abstract: A quick screening method of more than 200 pharmaceutical and other residues in aquatic foods based on ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography–quadrupole-Orbitrap mass spectrometry (UHPLC-Q/Orbitrap MS) was established. In this method, after the addition of 200 μL of 1 M EDTA-Na2, 2 g of each sample homogenate was extracted successively with 10 mL of acetonitrile and 10 mL of ethyl acetate. The extracts were combined, dried under nitrogen flow, and redissolved in 0.1% formic acid in acetonitrile/water (4:6, v/v) for analysis. The prepared samples were analyzed by UHPLC- Q/Orbitrap MS system in Full MS/ddMS2 (full-scan data-dependent MS/MS) mode. Compound identification was performed through comparison of the sample data with the database for standard chemicals, including the retention time, precursor ion, product ions, and isotope pattern for all 206 compounds. Five different aquatic food matrices (carp, shrimp, crab, eel, and mussel) spiked with the analytes at 1, 10, and 50 ng/g were evaluated to assess recoveries, precision, matrix effects, stability, and detection limits using the method. UHPLC analyses required 25 min, and 178–200 analytes met identification criteria at 50 ng/g depending on the matrix. Furthermore, practical application of this method for real samples displayed strong screening capability. Graphical abstract A quick screening method of >200 pharmaceutical and other residues in aquatic foods based on ultrahighperformance liquid chromatography–quadrupole-Orbitrap mass spectrometer was established. Fivedifferent aquatic food matrices, including carp, shrimp, crab, eel and mussel, were studied to evaluatescreen limit at 1, 10 and 50 μg·kg-1 level. Results suggest the high reliability, high time-efficiency and goodsimplicity of the method.
      PubDate: 2018-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00216-018-1124-5
      Issue No: Vol. 410, No. 22 (2018)
       
  • Simultaneous determination of amantadine and rimantadine in feed by liquid
           chromatography-Qtrap mass spectrometry with information-dependent
           acquisition
    • Authors: Qi Jia; Dan Li; Xinlu Wang; Shuming Yang; Yongzhong Qian; Jing Qiu
      Pages: 5555 - 5565
      Abstract: A sensitive method for simultaneous determination of amantadine and rimantadine in feed was developed using an ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-triple quadrupole linear ion trap mass spectrometry (UHPLC-Qtrap-MS) in the multiple reaction monitoring information-dependent acquisition-enhanced product ion (MRM-IDA-EPI) mode, and employing the mixed cation exchange (MCX) solid-phase extraction column as sample cleanup and amantadine-d15 and rimantadine-d4 as internal standards, respectively. Compared to traditional MRM mode, for the targeted drugs in feed simultaneously both the secondary mass spectra and MRM information can be obtained using UHPLC-Qtrap-MS with MRM-IDA-EPI mode, and thus more accurate qualitative confirmation results achieved even at lower concentration of 0.2 μg/L in acceptable purity fit values. After optimization of sample preparation, good linearities (R > 0.9994) were obtained over the concentration range from 1 to 200 μg/L for amantadine and rimantadine. The precision was validated by intra-day and inter-day, and the relative standard deviations were all within 9.61%. Mean recoveries ranged from 76.1 to 112% at spiked concentrations of 0.5–100 μg/kg in three types of feed samples, including formula feed and complex concentrated feed for pigs and premix feed for chicken. The limits of detection (LODs) and quantification (LOQs) were 0.2 and 0.5 μg/kg for both drugs, respectively. The application in real feed samples further proved the accuracy and reliability of the developed method. This method provides an important tool to detect illegal uses of amantadine and rimantadine in feed. Graphical abstract Simultaneous quantitation and qualitative confirmation of amantadine and rimantadine in feed by MRM-IDA-EPI
      PubDate: 2018-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00216-018-1022-x
      Issue No: Vol. 410, No. 22 (2018)
       
  • Inter-laboratory validation of an inexpensive streamlined method to
           measure inorganic arsenic in rice grain
    • Authors: Rufus L. Chaney; Carrie E. Green; Steven J. Lehotay
      Pages: 5703 - 5710
      Abstract: With the establishment by CODEX of a 200 ng/g limit of inorganic arsenic (iAs) in polished rice grain, more analyses of iAs will be necessary to ensure compliance in regulatory and trade applications, to assess quality control in commercial rice production, and to conduct research involving iAs in rice crops. Although analytical methods using high-performance liquid chromatography-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (HPLC-ICP-MS) have been demonstrated for full speciation of As, this expensive and time-consuming approach is excessive when regulations are based only on iAs. We report a streamlined sample preparation and analysis of iAs in powdered rice based on heated extraction with 0.28 M HNO3 followed by hydride generation (HG) under control of acidity and other simple conditions. Analysis of iAs is then conducted using flow-injection HG and inexpensive ICP-atomic emission spectroscopy (AES) or other detection means. A key innovation compared with previous methods was to increase the acidity of the reagent solution with 4 M HCl (prior to reduction of As5+ to As3+), which minimized interferences from dimethylarsinic acid. An inter-laboratory method validation was conducted among 12 laboratories worldwide in the analysis of six shared blind duplicates and a NIST Standard Reference Material involving different types of rice and iAs levels. Also, four laboratories used the standard HPLC-ICP-MS method to analyze the samples. The results between the methods were not significantly different, and the Horwitz ratio averaged 0.52 for the new method, which meets official method validation criteria. Thus, the simpler, more versatile, and less expensive method may be used by laboratories for several purposes to accurately determine iAs in rice grain. Graphical abstract Comparison of iAs results from new and FDA methods
      PubDate: 2018-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00216-018-1075-x
      Issue No: Vol. 410, No. 22 (2018)
       
  • Correction to: Highly sensitive detection of M.SssI DNA methyltransferase
           activity using a personal glucose meter
    • Abstract: We should like to call your attention to the fact that Si Ying Png’s name was misspelled in the original publication: it should be Si Ying Png.
      PubDate: 2018-09-01
       
  • Correction to: Monitoring dynamic release of intracellular hydrogen
           peroxide through a microelectrode based enzymatic biosensor
    • Abstract: The authors would like to call the reader’s attention to the fact that unfortunately Alberto Pasquarelli’s and Kay-Eberhard Gottschalk’s affiliations were wrong in the original publication.
      PubDate: 2018-09-01
       
  • Feasibility study of a candidate reference material for ions in PM 2.5 :
           does commutability matter also for inorganic matrices'
    • Abstract: Abstract The existing Air Quality Directive 2008/50/EC establishes within the European Union (EU) member states limit values for fine air particulate matter (PM2.5) including the possibility to discount natural sources of pollution when assessing compliance with the legislation. In proving this, EU member states shall determine, amongst others, the rural background concentration of some anions (Cl−, NO3− and SO42−) and cations (Na+, NH4+, K+, Ca2+ and Mg2+). To deliver reliable data and to comply with the data quality objectives of the legislation, environmental control laboratories should use certified reference materials (CRMs) to validate or verify the performance of their analytical methods. Since no CRMs for anions and cations in PM2.5 are presently available, we present the commutability issues encountered during the first attempt to develop such a material. We demonstrate that a dust, collected in a road tunnel and previously used for the production of two CRMs of a PM10-like material, does not behave as an authentic fine particulate matter collected according to EN12341:2014 when measured by an established method proposed by the European Committee for Standardization (CEN/TR 16269:2011). The water-soluble fractions of SO42−, NH4+, K+, Ca2+ and Mg2+ in a PM2.5-like candidate CRM produced from that road tunnel dust are only fully extracted after 3 h of sonication and not after 30 min, as stated in the method. Moreover, we found that the particle size of the test material influenced the extraction yield of K+, Ca2+ and Mg2+, suggesting that these ionic species were incorporated in the core of the particles and inaccessible to the extraction procedure. These particular features make the material unsuitable for the measurements of ions with the CEN method. The difference in the extraction time can be seen as a commutability issue and the candidate CRM should be considered as not commutable with routine samples. This demonstrates that commutability studies should not only be considered for clinical CRMs, but also for inorganic CRMs when they are intended to be used to quantify operationally defined analytes.
      PubDate: 2018-09-01
       
  • An electrochemical biosensor for the detection of Pb 2+ based on
           G-quadruplex DNA and gold nanoparticles
    • Abstract: We present a novel simple strategy for the detection of Pb2+ based on G-quadruplex DNA and gold nanoparticles. First, gold nanoparticles were chemically adsorbed onto the surface of a thiol-modified gold electrode. Subsequently, the substrate DNA1 was adsorbed onto the surfaces of the gold nanoparticles via thiol–gold bonds, so that the complementary guanine-rich DNA2 could be hybridized to the gold electrode in sequence. [Ru(NH3)6]3+ (RuHex), which can be electrostatically adsorbed onto the anionic phosphate of DNA, served as an electrochemical probe. The presence of Pb2+ can induce DNA2 to form a stable G-quadruplex and fall off the gold electrode. The amount of RuHex remaining on the electrode surface was determined by electrochemical chronocoulometry (CC). The prepared biosensor showed high sensitivity for Pb2+ with a linear range with respect to ln(cPb2+) from 0.01 to 200 nM and a low detection limit of 0.0042 nM under optimal conditions. Because of the high selectivity of the Pb2+-specific DNA2, the designed biosensor also showed low false-positive signal rates with other metal ions in real-world examples. Therefore, this strategy has the potential for practical application in environmental monitoring. Graphical abstract ᅟ
      PubDate: 2018-09-01
       
  • Determination of the β-glycosylate fraction of contaminants of emerging
           
    • Abstract: Abstract The uptake of a large variety of contaminants of emerging concern (CECs) by crops has already been reported, and the occurrence of phase II metabolites or conjugates has only been detected in plant cell cultures. However, the extent of their formation under cropping conditions is largely unknown. In this study, an analytical strategy to assess the conjugation of 11 CECs in lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) irrigated with different concentrations (0, 0.05, 0.5, 5, and 50 μg L−1) of CECs was developed. The methodology involved enzymatic digestion with β-glucosidase to obtain the total fraction (free form + conjugates) of CECs. The conjugation fraction was then obtained based on the difference. The highest extent of conjugation (i.e., 27 to 83%) was found with the most hydrophobic compounds, such as bisphenol A, carbamazepine, methyl paraben, and triclosan. So, the CEC conjugate fraction cannot be neglected in the estimate of human daily intake.
      PubDate: 2018-09-01
       
  • Preparation and evaluation of surface-bonded phenylglycine zwitterionic
           stationary phase
    • Abstract: Abstract 4-Hydroxy-d-phenylglycine was modified with methacrylic anhydride and then immobilized on silica through thiol-initiated surface polymerization; the prepared material was applied as stationary phase for HPLC. The obtained stationary phase was characterized by elemental analysis, infrared spectroscopy, and thermogravimetric analysis. The chromatographic performance of the packed column was evaluated in reversed-phase liquid chromatograph (RPLC) and hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatograph (HILIC) mode; this column has shown excellent selectivity to both the hydrophobic and hydrophilic solutes. The selectivity towards polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons relative to that towards alkylbenzenes exhibited by the prepared column was higher than the corresponding selectivity exhibited by commercial C18 column, which could be explained by electronic π-π interaction between phenylglycine and electron-rich aromatic rings. On the other hand, the prepared column has also shown better selectivity for polar compounds, which was based on the multiple interaction and retention mechanisms. It was also used to separate sulfonamides and organic acid compared with a commercial C18 and HILIC column; the results show its great chromatographic performance with distinctive selectivity. All the results indicated the prepared column had potential application in a wide range.
      PubDate: 2018-09-01
       
  • Stepwise frontal affinity chromatography model for drug and protein
           interaction
    • Abstract: Frontal affinity chromatography is an efficient technique that combines affinity interaction and high-performance liquid chromatography, and frontal analysis has been used in studying the interaction between drugs and proteins. Based on frontal analysis, stepwise frontal analysis has been established. The present study aimed to use the Lineweaver–Burk plot in stepwise frontal analysis by taking the weighted average of time data. Commercial human serum albumin (HSA) and alpha-1-acid glycoprotein (AGP) columns were used as an affinity column. Warfarin and digitoxin were chosen as model drugs for the HSA column, whereas verapamil and tamsulosin were selected as model drugs for the AGP column. The time data obtained by frontal analysis and stepwise frontal analysis were compared, and the results revealed good correlation (r2 = 0.9946–0.9998). Frontal analysis and stepwise frontal analysis were also used to analyze the equilibrium dissociation constants (Kd) of model drugs on the HSA and AGP columns. The Kd values were compared with literature values, which revealed the same order of magnitude. These results illustrate that conversion of the time data is reasonable and feasible. The Lineweaver–Burk plot can be used in the stepwise frontal analysis model to study the characteristics of the interaction between drugs and proteins. Graphical abstract ᅟ
      PubDate: 2018-09-01
       
  • On determining the power of digital PCR experiments
    • Abstract: Abstract The experimental design that will be carried out to evaluate a nucleic acid quantification hypothesis determines the cost and feasibility of digital polymerase chain reaction (digital PCR) studies. Experiment design involves the calculation of the number of technical measurement replicates and the determination of the characteristics of those replicates, and this in accordance with the capabilities of the available digital PCR platform. Available digital PCR power analyses suffer from one or more of the following limitations: narrow scope, unrealistic assumptions, no sufficient detail for replication, lack of source code and user-friendly software. Here, we discuss the nature of six parameters that affect the statistical power, i.e., desired effect size, total number of partitions, fraction of positive partitions, number of replicate measurements, between-replicate variance, and significance level. We also show to what extent these parameters affect power, and argue that careful design of experiments is needed to achieve the desired power. A web tool, dPowerCalcR, that allows interactive calculation of statistical power and optimization of the experimental design is available.
      PubDate: 2018-09-01
       
  • A many probes-one spot hybridization oligonucleotide microarray
    • Abstract: A variant of the hybridization oligonucleotide microarray, utilizing the principle of many probes-one spot (MPOS-microarrays), is proposed. A case study based on Orthopoxviruses (Variola, Monkeypox, and Ectromelia viruses) demonstrates a considerable increase in the fluorescence signal (up to 100-fold) when several oligonucleotide probes are printed to one spot. Moreover, the specificity of detection also increases (almost 1000-fold), allowing the use of probes that individually lack such high specificity. The optimal probes have a Tm of 32–37 °C and length of 13–15 bases. We suggest that the high specificity and sensitivity of the MPOS-microarray is a result of cooperativity of DNA binding with all probes immobilized in the spot. This variant of DNA detection can be useful for designing biosensors, tools for point-of-care (POC) diagnostics, microbial ecology, analysis of clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR), and others. Graphical abstract ᅟ
      PubDate: 2018-09-01
       
  • Modulating receptor-ligand binding in biorecognition by setting surface
           wettability
    • Abstract: Modulation of support wettability used for microarray format biosensing has led to an improvement of results. Hydrophobicity of glass chips was set by derivatizing with single vinyl organosilanes of different chain length and silane mixtures. Thiol-ene photochemical linking has been used as effective chemistry for covalent anchoring of thiolated probes. Lowest unspecific binding and highest signal intensity and SNR were obtained with large hydrocarbon chain (C22) silanes or a shorter one (C10) containing fluorine atoms. SNR resulting values are improved, reaching levels higher than 1500 in some cases, when using vinyl silanes modified with 1% C10 alkyl fluorinated one, because mild hydrophobicity was achieved (water contact angle ca. 110°) for all silanes, including the short C2 and C3, thus giving rise to smaller and better defined array spots. In addition, unspecific binding of reagents and targets was totally withdrawn. Hence, good-performing surfaces for biosensing applications can be built using appropriate organosilane reagent selection, including fluorinated ones. Graphical abstract ᅟ
      PubDate: 2018-09-01
       
  • Rapid and sensitive SERS detection of the cytokine tumor necrosis factor
           alpha (tnf-α) in a magnetic bead pull-down assay with purified and highly
           Raman-active gold nanoparticle clusters
    • Abstract: Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) is a cytokine with significance in early diagnosis of cardiovascular diseases, obesity and insulin resistance. We demonstrate the proof of concept for a rapid and sensitive detection of TNF-α using a magnetic bead pull-down assay in combination with surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS). The use of purified and highly SERS-active small clusters of gold nanoparticles (AuNP) provides the high sensitivity of the assay with a limit of detection of ca. 1 pg/mL. Continuous density gradient centrifugation was employed for separating the very bright silica-encapsulated AuNP dimers and trimers from the significantly weaker AuNP monomers. Negative control experiments with other cytokines (IL-6, IL-8) and bovine serum albumin (BSA) confirm the high specificity of the assay, but indicate also space for future improvements by further reducing non-specific binding between proteins and the SERS nanotags. The multiplexing potential of this SERS-based detection scheme is exemplarily demonstrated by using a set of three spectrally distinct and highly SERS-active AuNP clusters with unique spectral barcodes. Graphical abstract ᅟ
      PubDate: 2018-09-01
       
  • Preparation of gold nanoparticles supported on graphene oxide with
           flagella as the template for nonenzymatic hydrogen peroxide sensing
    • Abstract: Gold nanoparticles supported on graphene oxide with flagella as the template were developed as an electrochemical sensor for the detection of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) in serum. The flagella–Au nanoparticles composite and graphene oxide were dropped onto a glassy carbon electrode (GCE) to form a new H2O2 electrochemical sensor. The structure morphology of the prepared sensor was characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and the electrocatalytic performance towards H2O2 reduction was evaluated by cyclic voltammetry (CV) and amperometric methods. The response current of the sensor showed a good linear relationship with the concentration of H2O2 in the range of 10–1000 μM (R2 = 0.9916). The minimum detection limit of 1 μM was obtained (S/N = 3). Finally, the sensor was applied to the detection of H2O2 in serum, and the recoveries were satisfactory. As the sensor is sensitive, fast, and easy to make, it is expected to be used for rapid detection of H2O2. Graphical abstract ᅟ
      PubDate: 2018-09-01
       
 
 
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