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Showing 1 - 200 of 2329 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal  
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Astronomy and Astrophysics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 4.511, h-index: 44)
Astronomy Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.58, h-index: 30)
Astronomy Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.473, h-index: 23)
Astrophysical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.469, h-index: 11)

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Journal Cover Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
  [SJR: 1.096]   [H-I: 123]   [28 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1618-2650 - ISSN (Online) 1618-2642
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2329 journals]
  • A simple in situ preconcentration method for the simultaneous
           determination of major and minor alkali and alkaline-earth metals in
           natural waters using iminodiacetate-grafted fiber
    • Authors: Fyodor S. Kot; Kunio Fujiwara; Malik Kochva
      Pages: 3917 - 3922
      Abstract: A simple and effective procedure was developed for the simultaneous in situ preconcentration of major and minor alkali and alkaline-earth metals (Li, Na, K, Rb, Mg, Ca, Sr, and Ba) from natural waters with iminodiacetate-grafted fiber (IDA-fiber), using soil water extracts as an example. The method was verified on mixed standard solutions of the metals at concentrations and ionic strengths reported for regular soil solutions. When complemented with routine microfiltration procedures, the method could distinguish between the dissolved in hydrated ion form and bound fractions of these metals, presumably colloidal and firmly complexed. The method was tested on water extracts from heavy clayey Vertisol and light red sandy-loam soils. The results showed that most of the Rb, Mg, Ca, Sr, and Ba of the 0.45-μm filtrate were bound to unreactive water-mobile compounds, whereas K and Na were determined predominantly in dissolved/reactive forms. The preliminary charged IDA-fiber can be used to preconcentrate the metals in situ from soil water and other types of natural waters with subsequent determination in a stationary laboratory, thus avoiding the critical step of storage and transportation of the unstable water samples. Graphical abstract A bundle of preliminary charged iminodiacetate-grafted fiber placed in a water-sample during in-field preconcentration procedure.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00216-017-0335-5
      Issue No: Vol. 409, No. 16 (2017)
  • Atmospheric pressure MALDI for the noninvasive characterization of
           carbonaceous ink from Renaissance documents
    • Authors: Giuseppe Grasso; Marzia Calcagno; Alessandro Rapisarda; Roberta D’Agata; Giuseppe Spoto
      Pages: 3943 - 3950
      Abstract: The analytical methods that are usually applied to determine the compositions of inks from ancient manuscripts usually focus on inorganic components, as in the case of iron gall ink. In this work, we describe the use of atmospheric pressure/matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization–mass spectrometry (AP/MALDI-MS) as a spatially resolved analytical technique for the study of the organic carbonaceous components of inks used in handwritten parts of ancient books for the first time. Large polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (L-PAH) were identified in situ in the ink of XVII century handwritten documents. We prove that it is possible to apply MALDI-MS as a suitable microdestructive diagnostic tool for analyzing samples in air at atmospheric pressure, thus simplifying investigations of the organic components of artistic and archaeological objects. The interpretation of the experimental MS results was supported by independent Raman spectroscopic investigations. Graphical abstract Atmospheric pressure/MALDI mass spectrometry detects in situ polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the carbonaceous ink of XVII century manuscripts
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00216-017-0341-7
      Issue No: Vol. 409, No. 16 (2017)
  • A rapid and low-cost estimation of bacteria counts in solution using
           fluorescence spectroscopy
    • Authors: Rachel Guo; Cushla McGoverin; Simon Swift; Frederique Vanholsbeeck
      Pages: 3959 - 3967
      Abstract: The fluorescence spectrum of bacterially bound acridine orange (AO) was investigated to evaluate its use for the rapid enumeration of bacteria. Escherichia coli ATCC 25922 samples were stained with 2 × 10−2, 2 × 10−3 or 2 × 10−4% w/v AO, followed by 3, 2 or 0 washing cycles, respectively, and fluorescence spectra were recorded using a fibre-based spectroscopic system. Independent component analysis was used to analyse the spectral datasets for each staining method. Bacterial concentration order of magnitude classification models were calculated using independent component weights. The relationship between fluorescence intensity of bound AO and bacterial concentration was not linear. However, the spectral signals collected for AO stain concentration-bacterial concentration pairs were reproducible and unique enough to enable classification of samples. When above 105 CFU ml−1, it was possible to rapidly determine what the order of magnitude of bacterial concentration of a sample was using a combination of two of the sample preparation methods. A relatively inexpensive (around US$10 per test) rapid method (within 25 min of sampling) for enumeration of bacteria by order of magnitude will reduce the time and cost of microbiological tests requiring gross concentration information. Graphical Fluorescence spectra of bacterially bound acridine orange (AO) were used for the rapid enumeration of bacteria. Order of magnitude bacterial concentration classification models were calculated using independent components analysis of these fluorescence spectra. When above 105 CFU ml−1, it was possible to rapidly determine the order of magnitude of bacterial concentration of a sample using a combination of two sample preparation methods
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00216-017-0347-1
      Issue No: Vol. 409, No. 16 (2017)
  • Direct fluorescence anisotropy assay for cocaine using
           tetramethylrhodamine-labeled aptamer
    • Authors: Yingxiong Liu; Qiang Zhao
      Pages: 3993 - 4000
      Abstract: Development of simple, sensitive, and rapid method for cocaine detection is important in medicine and drug abuse monitoring. Taking advantage of fluorescence anisotropy and aptamer, this study reports a direct fluorescence anisotropy (FA) assay for cocaine by employing an aptamer probe with tetramethylrhodamine (TMR) labeled on a specific position. The binding of cocaine and the aptamer causes a structure change of the TMR-labeled aptamer, leading to changes of the interaction between labeled TMR and adjacent G bases in aptamer sequence, so FA of TMR varies with increasing of cocaine. After screening different labeling positions of the aptamer, including thymine (T) bases and terminals of the aptamer, we obtained a favorable aptamer probe with TMR labeled on the 25th base T in the sequence, which exhibited sensitive and significant FA-decreasing responses upon cocaine. Under optimized assay conditions, this TMR-labeled aptamer allowed for direct FA detection of cocaine as low as 5 μM. The maximum FA change reached about 0.086. This FA method also enabled the detection of cocaine spiked in diluted serum and urine samples, showing potential for applications. Graphical The binding of cocaine to the TMR-labeled aptamer causes conformation change and alteration of the intramolecular interaction between TMR and bases of aptamer, leading to variance of fluorescence anisotropy (FA) of TMR, so direct FA analyis of cocaine is achieved
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00216-017-0349-z
      Issue No: Vol. 409, No. 16 (2017)
  • Highly sensitive and selective determination of hydrogen sulfide by
           resonance light scattering technique based on silver nanoparticles
    • Authors: Yangfang Kuang; Shu Chen; Yunfei Long
      Pages: 4001 - 4008
      Abstract: We have developed a green approach to prepare DNA-templated silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) from the direct reaction between Ag+ and ascorbic acid in the presence of DNA and sodium hydroxide. The Ag-NPs showed strong resonance light scattering (RLS) intensity property. Then, the interaction between hydrogen sulfide (H2S) and Ag-NPs was studied by measuring their RLS spectra. The results showed that there is a strong interaction between Ag-NPs and H2S, which resulted in a decrease in the size of Ag-NPs and a decrease in the RLS intensity of the Ag-NPs solution at the wavelength of 467 nm. The results demonstrated that the RLS technique offers a sensitive and simple tool for investigating the interaction between Ag-NPs and H2S, which can be applied to detect H2S with high sensitivity and selectivity without complex readout equipment. The linear range for H2S determination was found to be the range from 5.0 × 10−9 to 1.0 × 10−7 mol L−1, and the detection limit (3σ/k) was 2.8 × 10−9 mol L−1. Moreover, the proposed method was applied for the determination of H2S in natural water samples with satisfactory results. Graphical abstract The application of Ag-NPs in H2S detection
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00216-017-0343-5
      Issue No: Vol. 409, No. 16 (2017)
  • Microwave-assisted deglycosylation for rapid and sensitive analysis of
           N-glycans via glycosylamine derivatization
    • Authors: Yike Wu; Chang Wang; Jing Luo; Yanyan Liu; Liang Zhang; Yun Xia; Xiaojun Feng; Bi-Feng Liu; Yawei Lin; Xin Liu
      Pages: 4027 - 4036
      Abstract: A rapid and sensitive N-glycan profiling strategy for MALDI-MS incorporating the use of deglycosylation with microwave assistance and the co-derivatization of glycosylamine labeling with tris(2,4,6-trimethoxyphenyl)phosphonium acetic acid N-hydroxysuccinimide ester (TMPP-Ac-OSu) and methylamidation has been developed in this work. Notably, highly efficient release and tagging of N-glycans from ribonuclease B was achieved in less than 90 min, providing up to 35-fold enhancement of MALDI-MS sensitivity with comparison to underivatized N-glycans. After further validation with other two standard glycoproteins (ovalbumin and bovine fetuin), the proposed strategy was applied to human serum for preliminary pathological analysis of N-glycans between healthy and lung cancer individuals. As a result, significant differences (T test p value <0.01) of 6 glycan structures were determined from 54 detected N-glycan structures with only 50 nL of loading amount and further confirmed through PCA and ROC (AUC) analyses between two sample sets. Subsequently, the trend of each lung cancer stage and controls in expression of the selected glycans was implemented with T test and box-plots. Accordingly, these structures can be used as potential lung cancer glycan-based biomarkers and for further definition of cancer progression highlighting the ability of proposed method to rapidly and efficiently analyze N-glycome present in human serum. Graphical abstract MALDI-TOF MS analysis of N-glycans by microwave-assisted deglycosylation and glycosylamine derivatization
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00216-017-0346-2
      Issue No: Vol. 409, No. 16 (2017)
  • Electrochemical simulation of biotransformation reactions of citrinin and
           dihydroergocristine compared to UV irradiation and Fenton-like reaction
    • Authors: Julia Keller; Hajo Haase; Matthias Koch
      Pages: 4037 - 4045
      Abstract: Mycotoxins occur widely in foodstuffs and cause a variety of mold-related health risks to humans and animals. Elucidation of the metabolic fate of mycotoxins and the growing number of newly discovered mycotoxins have enhanced the demand for fast and reliable simulation methods. The viability of electrochemistry coupled with mass spectrometry (EC/ESI-MS), Fenton-like oxidation, and UV irradiation for the simulation of oxidative phase I metabolism of the mycotoxins citrinin (CIT) and dihydroergocristine (DHEC) was investigated. The specific reaction products are compared with metabolites produced by human and rat liver microsomes in vitro. Depending on the applied potential between 0 and 2000 mV vs. Pd/H2 by using a flow-through cell, CIT and DHEC are oxidized to various products. Besides dehydrogenation and dealkylation reactions, several hydroxylated DHEC and CIT species are produced by EC and Fenton-like reaction, separated and analyzed by LC-MS/MS and ESI-HRMS. Compared to reaction products from performed microsomal incubations, several mono- and dihydroxylated DHEC species were found to be similar to the reaction products of EC, Fenton-like reaction, and UV-induced oxidation. Consequentially, nonmicrosomal efficient and economic simulation techniques can be useful in early-stage metabolic studies, even if one-to-one simulation is not always feasible.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00216-017-0350-6
      Issue No: Vol. 409, No. 16 (2017)
  • In-situ hydrothermal synthesis of titanium dioxide nanorods on titanium
           wire for solid-phase microextraction of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
    • Authors: Yu Tian; Juanjuan Feng; Yanan Bu; Xiuqin Wang; Chuannan Luo; Min Sun
      Pages: 4071 - 4078
      Abstract: Titanium dioxide nanorods were prepared on the surface of titanium wire by hydrothermal synthesis for use as a solid-phase microextraction (SPME) fiber. The morphology of the SPME coating was observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Employed in conjunction with gas chromatography (GC), the fiber was investigated with five polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and three terphenyls in direct-immersion extraction mode. Various parameters were optimized, such as the extraction time, the stirring rate, the extraction temperature, the ionic strength of the sample solution, and the desorption time. Under the optimized conditions, the SPME-GC analytical method achieved a low detection limit (0.003 μg L−1) and wide linear ranges (0.01–100 μg L−1 and 0.01–200 μg L−1) along with good correlation coefficients (0.9892–0.9962). The established method was also used to analyze rainwater and an aqueous solution of coal ash. The results indicated that this fiber could be applied in real-world environmental monitoring. The proposed fiber also exhibited excellent durability. Graphical The schematic diagram of experimental process.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00216-017-0353-3
      Issue No: Vol. 409, No. 16 (2017)
  • Homogenous assay for protein detection based on proximity DNA
           hybridization and isothermal circular strand displacement amplification
    • Authors: Manjun Zhang; Ruimin Li; Liansheng Ling
      Pages: 4079 - 4085
      Abstract: This work proposed a homogenous fluorescence assay for proteins, based on the target-triggered proximity DNA hybridization in combination with strand displacement amplification (SDA). It benefited from target-triggered proximity DNA hybridization to specifically recognize the target and SDA making recycling signal amplification. The system included a molecular beacon (MB), an extended probe (EP), and an assistant probe (AP), which were not self-assembly in the absence of target proteins, due to the short length of the designed complementary sequence among MB, EP, and AP. Upon addition of the target proteins, EP and AP are bound to the target proteins, which induced the occurrence of proximity hybridization between MB, EP, and AP and followed by strand displacement amplification. Through the primer extension, a tripartite complex of probes and target was displaced and recycled to hybridize with another MB, and the more opened MB enabled the detection signal to amplify. Under optimum conditions, it was used for the detection of streptavidin and thrombin. Fluorescence intensity was proportional to the concentration of streptavidin and thrombin in the range of 0.2–30 and 0.2–35 nmol/L, respectively. Furthermore, this fluorescent method has a good selectivity, in which the fluorescence intensity of thrombin was ~37-fold or even larger than that of the other proteins at the same concentration. It is a new and simple method for SDA-involved target protein detection and possesses a great potential for other protein detection in the future. Graphical abstract A homogenous assay for protein detection is based on proximity DNA hybridization and strand displacement amplification reaction.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00216-017-0356-0
      Issue No: Vol. 409, No. 16 (2017)
  • Nanofluids and chemical highly retentive hydrogels for controlled and
    • Authors: Rodorico Giorgi; Michele Baglioni; Piero Baglioni
      Pages: 3707 - 3712
      Abstract: One of the main problems connected to the conservation of street art is the selective removal of overlying undesired graffiti, i.e., drawings and tags. Unfortunately, selective and controlled removal of graffiti and overpaintings from street art is almost unachievable using traditional methodologies. Recently, the use of nanofluids confined in highly retentive pHEMA/PVP semi-interpenetrated polymer networks was proposed. Here, we report on the selective removal of acrylic overpaintings from a layer of acrylic paint on mortar mockups in laboratory tests. The results of the cleaning tests were characterized by visual and photographic observation, optical microscopy, and FT-IR microreflectance investigation. It was shown that this methodology represents a major advancement with respect to the use of nonconfined neat solvents.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00216-017-0357-z
      Issue No: Vol. 409, No. 15 (2017)
  • Implementation of data-dependent isotopologue fragmentation in 13 C-based
           metabolic flux analysis
    • Authors: Teresa Mairinger; Stephan Hann
      Pages: 3713 - 3718
      Abstract: A novel analytical approach based on liquid chromatography coupled to quadrupole time of flight mass spectrometry, employing data-dependent triggering for analysis of isotopologue and tandem mass isotopomer fractions of metabolites of the primary carbon metabolism was developed. The implemented QTOFMS method employs automated MS/MS triggering of higher abundant, biologically relevant isotopologues for generating positional information of the respective metabolite. Using this advanced isotopologue selective fragmentation approach enables the generation of significant tandem mass isotopomer data within a short cycle time without compromising sensitivity. Due to a lack of suitable reference material certified for isotopologue ratios, a Pichia pastoris cell extract with a defined 13C distribution as well as a cell extract from a 13C-based metabolic flux experiment were employed for proof of concept. Moreover, a method inter-comparison with an already established GC-CI-(Q)TOFMS approach was conducted. Both methods showed good agreement on isotopologue and tandem mass isotopomer distributions for the two different cell extracts. Graphical abstract Schematic overview of data-dependent isotopologue fragmentation for acquisition of isotopologue and tandem mass isotopomer fractions
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00216-017-0339-1
      Issue No: Vol. 409, No. 15 (2017)
  • Characterization of IgG glycosylation in rheumatoid arthritis patients by
           MALDI-TOF-MS n and capillary electrophoresis
    • Authors: Chuncui Huang; Yaming Liu; Hongmei Wu; Dehui Sun; Yan Li
      Pages: 3731 - 3739
      Abstract: An analytical method based on the combination of multistage mass spectrometry (MSn) and capillary electrophoresis (CE) was developed for the analysis of immunoglobulin G (IgG) glycosylation in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. It has been recently suggested that IgG glycosylation defect may be involved in RA immunopathogenesis. Complete characterization of glycans, including both qualitative and quantitative analysis, requires a combination of different techniques, and accurate, robust, sensitive, and high-throughput methodologies are important for analysis of clinical samples. In the present study, N-glycosylation of IgG in RA patients and in healthy people was characterized through identification of the released glycans using multistage matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MSn), and quantitation by CE. Assignment of the IgG N-glycan structures was made through branching pattern analysis by MSn with high-throughput. Further accurate quantitation indicated that galactosylation and sialylation of IgG N-glycans in RA cases were significantly lower than in healthy subjects. The results indicate that CE coupled with MSn can identify abnormal glycosylation of IgG in RA patients compared with healthy people, and that the present work is useful for RA mechanism studies and RA diagnosis. Graphical Qualitative and quantitative analysis of IgG glycosylation in rheumatoid arthritis patients by MALDI-TOF-MSn and capillary electrophoresis
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00216-017-0302-1
      Issue No: Vol. 409, No. 15 (2017)
  • Molecularly imprinted polymer prepared with polyhedral oligomeric
           silsesquioxane through reversible addition–fragmentation chain transfer
    • Authors: Shu-Ping Gao; Xue Zhang; Li-Shun Zhang; Yan-Ping Huang; Zhao-Sheng Liu
      Pages: 3741 - 3748
      Abstract: Polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS) was utilized to prepare imprinted polymer through reversible addition–fragmentation chain transfer polymerization (RAFT) successfully. The imprinted polymer was made with a mixture of RAFT agent, 4-vinylpyridine (4-VP), POSS monomer [PSS-(1-propylmethacrylate)-heptaisobutyl substituted, MA 0702], and ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (EDMA), with ketoprofen (KET) as template. The influence of polymerization variables, the amount of RAFT agent and POSS monomer, the ratio of KET to 4-VP, and the ratio of 4-VP to EDMA, were investigated on the retention factor and imprinting effect. The greatest imprinting factor of the RAFT agent-based POSS MIP was 15.2, about 1.5 times higher than the RAFT agent-free agent POSS MIP. The permeability, surface morphology, as well as pore size distribution of POSS MIP monoliths made with RAFT agent and without RAFT agent were also studied. The optimal MIP was applied to solid phase extraction for KET from commercial tablets. The mean recoveries of KET for RAFT-based POSS MIP was 85.2% with a relative standard deviation of 2.6%.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00216-017-0315-9
      Issue No: Vol. 409, No. 15 (2017)
  • Simple and cost-effective liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry method
           to measure dabrafenib quantitatively and six metabolites
           semi-quantitatively in human plasma
    • Authors: Svante Vikingsson; Jan-Olof Dahlberg; Johan Hansson; Veronica Höiom; Henrik Gréen
      Pages: 3749 - 3756
      Abstract: Dabrafenib is an inhibitor of BRAF V600E used for treating metastatic melanoma but a majority of patients experience adverse effects. Methods to measure the levels of dabrafenib and major metabolites during treatment are needed to allow development of individualized dosing strategies to reduce the burden of such adverse events. In this study, an LC-MS/MS method capable of measuring dabrafenib quantitatively and six metabolites semi-quantitatively is presented. The method is fully validated with regard to dabrafenib in human plasma in the range 5–5000 ng/mL. The analytes were separated on a C18 column after protein precipitation and detected in positive electrospray ionization mode using a Xevo TQ triple quadrupole mass spectrometer. As no commercial reference standards are available, the calibration curve of dabrafenib was used for semi-quantification of dabrafenib metabolites. Compared to earlier methods the presented method represents a simpler and more cost-effective approach suitable for clinical studies. Graphical abstract Combined multi reaction monitoring transitions of dabrafenib and metabolites in a typical case sample.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00216-017-0316-8
      Issue No: Vol. 409, No. 15 (2017)
  • Simultaneous determination of multiclass pesticide residues in human
           plasma using a mini QuEChERS method
    • Authors: Anshuman Srivastava; Satyajeet Rai; Ashish Kumar Sonker; Kajal Karsauliya; Chandra Prabha Pandey; Sheelendra Pratap Singh
      Pages: 3757 - 3765
      Abstract: Blood is one of the most assessable matrices for the determination of pesticide residue exposure in humans. Effective sample preparation/cleanup of biological samples is very important in the development of a sensitive, reproducible, and robust method. In the present study, a simple, cost-effective, and rapid gas chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry method has been developed and validated for simultaneous analysis of 31 multiclass (organophosphates, organochlorines, and synthetic pyrethroids) pesticide residues in human plasma by means of a mini QuEChERS (quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged, and safe) method. We have adopted a modified version of the QuEChERS method, which is primarily used for pesticide residue analysis in food commodities. The QuEChERS method was optimized by use of different extraction solvents and different amounts and combinations of salts and sorbents (primary–secondary amines and C18) for the dispersive solid-phase extraction step. The results show that a combination of ethyl acetate with 2% acetic acid, magnesium sulfate (0.4 g), and solid-phase extraction for sample cleanup with primary–secondary amines (50 mg) per 1-mL volume of plasma is the most suitable for generating acceptable results with high recoveries for all multiclass pesticides from human plasma. The mean recovery ranged from 74% to 109% for all the analytes. The limit of quantification and limit of detection of the method ranged from 0.12 to 13.53 ng mL-1 and from 0.04 to 4.10 ng mL-1 respectively. The intraday precision and the interday precision of the method were 6% or less and 11% or less respectively. This method would be useful for the analysis of a wide range of pesticides of interest in a small volume of clinical and/or forensic samples to support biomonitoring and toxicological applications. Graphical Pesticide residues analysis in human plasma using mini QuEChERS method
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00216-017-0317-7
      Issue No: Vol. 409, No. 15 (2017)
  • DNA nanopore functionalized with aptamer and cell-penetrating peptide for
           tumor cell recognition
    • Authors: Xi-Lin Guo; Dan-Dan Yuan; Ting Song; Xue-Mei Li
      Pages: 3789 - 3797
      Abstract: In the present work, DNA nanopore was composed of a bundle of six DNA duplexes folded from six DNA strands and functionalized with Ramos cell aptamer and cell-penetrating peptide (CPP). Herein, we present a unique dually conjugated molecule with an aptamer and cell-penetrating peptide for targeting and recognition of Ramos cells. The aptamer sequence was specific bound to Ramos cell, at the meanwhile the nanopore assembly was taken onto the surface of cell membrane and then got into the cells with the help of CPP. Specific targeting and increased intracellular uptake of nanostructures by Ramos cells were aimed. The intracellular uptake of the structure was determined using confocal microscopy. This study is the first to describe the recognition of tumor cells with functional DNA nanopores, establishing the foundation for the tumor cell detection with low cytotoxic agents. Graphical abstract DNA nanopore was composed of a bundle of six DNA duplexes folded from six DNA strands and functionalized with Ramos cell aptamer and cell-penetrating peptide. The dually conjugated molecule was found to show both improved cellular uptake and effective Ramos cell targeting.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00216-017-0321-y
      Issue No: Vol. 409, No. 15 (2017)
  • Elemental quantitation of carbon via production of polyatomic anions in
           gas chromatography-plasma assisted reaction chemical ionization mass
    • Authors: Peter J. Haferl; Kunyu Zheng; Haopeng Wang; Kaveh Jorabchi
      Pages: 3843 - 3851
      Abstract: Elemental mass spectrometry offers quantitation and isotopic analysis without the need for compound-specific standards. We have recently introduced plasma assisted reaction chemical ionization (PARCI) as an efficient elemental ionization method for halogens. Here, we report a new ionization chemistry in PARCI for facile quantitation of elemental carbon in gas chromatography eluates. We demonstrate that in-plasma reactions of organic compounds followed by afterglow ionization lead to formation of polyatomic anions (CN−, OCN−, and CO3 −), among which CN− offers the best analytical sensitivity with a detection limit of ~25 pg (21 pg/s) carbon on column. Using a mixture of pesticides with wide variations in structures and heteroatom content, we demonstrate that CN− ion response is quantitatively correlated with the carbon concentration over two orders of magnitude (r 2 = 0.985). We show that the novel GC-PARCI-MS method provides recoveries within 80–120% using a single standard for all analytes, highlighting the strength of elemental quantitation. Further, the ability of GC-PARCI-MS to identify 13C-tagged molecules without a priori knowledge of chemical formulas of analytes is demonstrated. Graphical abstract ᅟ
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00216-017-0328-4
      Issue No: Vol. 409, No. 15 (2017)
  • A novel detection method of human serum albumin based on CuInZnS quantum
           dots-Co 2+ sensing system
    • Authors: Wenying Gui; Xueqian Chen; Qiang Ma
      Pages: 3871 - 3876
      Abstract: We developed a novel “turn off-on” sensor for human serum albumin (HSA) detection based on CuInZnS quantum dots (CIZS QDs). The photoluminescence (PL) of QDs can be “turned off” by Co(II) first. Because of the strong binding ability of HSA with Co2+, Co2+ can be removed from CIZS QDs with the addition of HSA. As a result, the PL of CIZS QDs probe can be “turned on” with an increased concentration of HSA over a wide range. The analyte HSA concentration had a proportional linear relationship with the recovered PL intensity of CIZS QDs. The detection limit for HSA was 4.5 × 10–8 mol L–1. The results indicated that the CIZS QDs- Co2+-BSA sensing system possessed higher sensitivity and better practicability for HSA detection.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00216-017-0332-8
      Issue No: Vol. 409, No. 15 (2017)
  • Video approach to chemiluminescence detection using a low-cost
           complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS)-based camera: determination
           of paracetamol in pharmaceutical formulations
    • Authors: Luis Lahuerta-Zamora; Ana M. Mellado-Romero
      Pages: 3891 - 3898
      Abstract: A new system for continuous flow chemiluminescence detection, based on the use of a simple and low-priced lens-free digital camera (with complementary metal oxide semiconductor technology) as a detector, is proposed for the quantitative determination of paracetamol in commercial pharmaceutical formulations. Through the camera software, AVI video files of the chemiluminescence emission are captured and then, using friendly ImageJ public domain software (from National Institutes for Health), properly processed in order to extract the analytical information. The calibration graph was found to be linear over the range 0.01–0.10 mg L−1 and over the range 1.0–100.0 mg L−1 of paracetamol, the limit of detection being 10 μg L−1. No significative interferences were found. Paracetamol was determined in three different pharmaceutical formulations: Termalgin®, Efferalgan® and Gelocatil®. The obtained results compared well with those declared on the formulation label and with those obtained through the official analytical method of British Pharmacopoeia. Graphical abstract Abbreviated scheme of the new chemiluminescence detection system proposed in this paper
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00216-017-0334-6
      Issue No: Vol. 409, No. 15 (2017)
  • Letter to the Editor regarding “Analysis of recombinant human
           follicle-stimulating hormone by mass spectrometric approaches”
    • Authors: Clemens Grünwald-Gruber; Friedrich Altmann
      Pages: 3899 - 3900
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00216-017-0337-3
      Issue No: Vol. 409, No. 15 (2017)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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