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Publisher: Springer-Verlag   (Total: 2329 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2329 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal  
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Astronomy and Astrophysics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 4.511, h-index: 44)
Astronomy Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.58, h-index: 30)
Astronomy Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.473, h-index: 23)
Astrophysical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.469, h-index: 11)

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Journal Cover Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing
  [SJR: 0.21]   [H-I: 37]   [5 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1573-1979 - ISSN (Online) 0925-1030
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2329 journals]
  • A MOS translinear cell-based configurable block for current-mode analog
           signal processing
    • Authors: Mohammad Moradinezhad Maryan; Seyed Javad Azhari
      Pages: 1 - 13
      Abstract: This paper, proposes a low-voltage/power, high-speed configurable analog block (CAB) for current-mode nonlinear computation. A novel MOS translinear cell (MTC), two local switch networks and PMOS-NMOS arrays are the basic building blocks of the proposed CAB. This MTC consists of two overlapped translinear loops using the MOS transistors operating in weak inversion region. The proposed CAB is capable to implement such current-mode analog computational processors as one- and four-quadrant multipliers, one- and two-quadrant dividers, squarer, full-wave rectifier (absolute-value), RMS to DC converter and much other. Post-layout plus Monte Carlo simulations of the proposed design with 0.18 µm (level-49 parameters) TSMC technology is performed that prove its superiority over some other advanced works and robustness against process, voltage and temperature variations. This superb feature plus many others, mostly, are due to the precise multilateral analysis and optimal compensate of mismatches and second order effects of the proposed circuit that led to proper selection of devices sizes and deliberate arrangement of the layout.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10470-017-0959-6
      Issue No: Vol. 92, No. 1 (2017)
  • Generation of square and triangular wave with independently controllable
           frequency and amplitude using OTAs only and its application in PWM
    • Authors: Rajeev Kumar Ranjan; Kaushik Mazumdar; Ratnadeep Pal; Satish Chandra
      Pages: 15 - 27
      Abstract: This paper presents a self-generating square/triangular wave generator using only the CMOS Operational Transconductance Amplifiers (OTAs) and a grounded capacitor. The output frequency and amplitude of the proposed circuit can be independently and electronically adjusted. The proposed circuit validates its advantage by consuming less amount of power, which is about 71.3 µW. The theoretical aspects are authentically showcased using the PSPICE simulation results. The performance of the proposed circuit is also verified through pre layout and post layout simulation results using the 90 nm GPDK CMOS parameters. A prototype of this circuit has been made using commercially available IC CA3080 for experimental verification. Experimentation also gives the similar output as per the theoretical proposition. The designed circuit is also made applicable to perform pulse width modulation (PWM).
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10470-017-0971-x
      Issue No: Vol. 92, No. 1 (2017)
  • A high linearity current-controlled CMOS relaxation oscillator with
           frequency self-calibration technique
    • Authors: Yangyang Lu; Jing Zhu; Yunwu Zhang; Weifeng Sun; Kuo Yu; Jian Chen
      Pages: 29 - 37
      Abstract: A complementary metal oxide semiconductor relaxation oscillator adopting a new frequency self-calibration technique (FSCT) to improve the linearity is proposed in this paper. The FSCT can detect the peak voltage of the timing capacitor when start-up and change the reference voltage adaptively. Then, the non-linearity of the oscillator caused by the delay of the control circuit and the offset voltage of the comparator can be reduced obviously. The proposed relaxation oscillator with typical frequency of 5 MHz is implemented in 0.5 μm Silicon-On-Insulator Bipolar-CMOS-DMOS process. Measured results show that <0.79% non-linearity in the current–frequency transfer function from 0.1 to 10 MHz without trimming.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10470-017-0973-8
      Issue No: Vol. 92, No. 1 (2017)
  • A novel pulse swallow based frequency divider circuit for a phase-locked
    • Authors: Manas Kumar Hati; Tarun K. Bhattacharyya
      Pages: 55 - 69
      Abstract: A new and unique frequency divider circuit has been proposed for this work. In this paper, we have implemented a \(\varDelta \varSigma\) fractional-N PLL using a proposed pulse swallow based frequency divider and a programmable prescaler divider circuit. Advantages of the proposed pulse swallow based frequency divider circuit have been illustrated and its usefulness are described in details. This novel pulse swallow based frequency divider technique does not include any reset or reload signal for the swallow counter as it is normally triggered by the SR latch output signal in conventional pulse swallow based frequency divider circuit. Insertion of a variable delay element at the output of the program counter can be eliminated which is normally used to settle the problem of arrival of the falling edge of the swallow counter pulse. In addition, preset enable signal can be generated without any frequency dependent delay generation block and in few cases without selection of any frequency dependent RC network block. The residual phase noise output of the divider at 1 MHz offset frequency is \(-174.5\)  dBc/Hz for a carrier signal frequency of 4.7 GHz and power consumption is 9 mW from a 1.2 V power supply. The design of the fractional-N PLL has been carried out in 130 nm standard CMOS process. There is no zero division in the proposed frequency divider’s swallow counter for any counting state due to the novel mathematical calculating algorithm for the pulse swallow divider circuit.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10470-017-0979-2
      Issue No: Vol. 92, No. 1 (2017)
  • Highly stable analog front-end design for NFC smart card
    • Authors: Trio Adiono; Amy Hamidah Salman; Yusuf Purna Yudhanto; Nur Ahmadi; Suksmandhira Harimurti
      Pages: 71 - 79
      Abstract: In order to increase user experience in using near field communication smartcard, analog front-end (AFE) module is required to provide a sufficient and a well-regulated voltage regardless the distance between the card and the reader. A highly stable AFE design for energy harvesting purpose is introduced in this paper. The design consists of antenna, rectifier, voltage limiter, bandgap reference, and low-dropout (LDO) voltage regulator circuit. The antenna is designed to resonate at 13.56 MHz as regulated by ISO/IEC 14443-2. In order to simplify the implementation using 0.18 μm CMOS process, a full-wave rectifier circuit is built of all low-threshold-voltage diode-connected PMOS transistors. To protect the system from undesired excessive input voltages, a voltage limiter circuit is included in the module. Moreover, control and maintain a stable supply voltage for the whole system, a robust LDO voltage regulator and bandgap circuits are specially designed for this purpose. The LDO is able to provide a stable 1.8 V of supply voltage with a sub-1% ripple factor even under a low input current as low as 20 mA.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10470-017-0978-3
      Issue No: Vol. 92, No. 1 (2017)
  • Dual-time resolution time-based transceiver for low-power serial
    • Authors: Mostafa Rashdan
      Pages: 81 - 89
      Abstract: A dual-time resolution differential-time signaling (DTR-DTS) architecture is proposed in this paper. The number of transmitted bits per symbol in a time-based serial link can be increased by using dual-time resolution pulse-position modulation at the transmitter side instead of using the conventional pulse-position modulation without significantly affecting the transmitted signal bandwidth. Using the proposed architecture, the receiver design is simplified by using time-to-digital converter (TDC) circuits with less number of bits compared to the differential-time signaling (DTS) architecture for the same link rate. The design details are presented in this paper. A simulated 8-bit 12 Gb/s DR-DTS link has been designed in 65 nm mixed signal CMOS process using Cadence tools. Four TDC circuits, 2-bits each, have been used to recover the 8-bits from the received signal. The simulated DTR-DTS link consumes 3.6 mW without the driver circuit.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10470-017-0977-4
      Issue No: Vol. 92, No. 1 (2017)
  • Asymmetrically CPW-fed ladder-shaped fractal antenna for UWB applications
    • Authors: Sarthak Singhal; Amit Kumar Singh
      Pages: 91 - 101
      Abstract: A compact asymmetrically CPW-fed ladder- shaped UWB fractal antenna is presented. An impedance bandwidth of 4.56–13.1 GHz is achieved by using four iterations of H-shaped radiating element, modified feed line, asymmetrical feeding and slot loaded ground plane. Omnidirectional radiation patterns are achieved in H-plane at all frequency points in the operating frequency band. The bidirectional nature of E-plane patterns at lower frequencies is observed to be shifted to directional nature at higher frequencies. The designed antenna structure has an average gain of 2.84 dB with a constant group delay. The designed antenna structure is analyzed for three different substrate materials i.e. CNT, Ni0.2Co0.2Zn0.6Fe2O4 and FR-4 epoxy. A good agreement is achieved between the simulated and measured results. This antenna structure has advantages of wider bandwidth and smaller dimensions over already reported ones.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10470-017-0976-5
      Issue No: Vol. 92, No. 1 (2017)
  • RF transceiver and transmission line behavioral modeling in VHDL-AMS for
           wired RFNoC
    • Authors: Lounis Zerioul; Myriam Ariaudo; Emmanuelle Bourdel
      Pages: 103 - 114
      Abstract: Despite the exceptional progress of MPSoC architectures, on chip communication networks remain a lock for the evolution of their performances due to the power consumption and the delay in data carrying. In this context, the wired radio frequency (RF) network on chip (RFNoC) has emerged. In this paper, we developed a library of RF component models in VHDL-AMS for time domain simulation. This library includes mainly the transmission line (TL) and the RF transceiver components such as the low noise amplifier (LNA), the mixer and the local oscillator (LO). The models consider the conventional parameters describing their performances including the non-linearities, the noise and the bandwidth of the LNA and the mixer. Leakages between ports are also considered for the mixer. The LO model considers the traditional parameters, more importantly its phase noise. The originality of the TL model is the modeling of the skin effect on a wide frequency range for time domain simulations. All the models are validated. Global simulations are performed to demonstrate the interest to accurately model the components of the RFNoC. The developed library is used here for wired RFNoC, however it can be used for all other wired and wireless RF communication system.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10470-017-0975-6
      Issue No: Vol. 92, No. 1 (2017)
  • A programmable 40 Gb/s SST driver with high-frequency signal-boost
           capability in 28 nm CMOS
    • Authors: Khaldoon Abugharbieh; Karam Gharbieh
      Pages: 115 - 129
      Abstract: A programmable high-speed source-series-terminated driver with signal boost capability is presented. The driver uses only one main input data tap and is divided into main units and auxiliary units. A passive high pass filter is utilized to detect data transitions and control the inputs of the auxiliary units to enable a programmable amplitude boost for the output signal. The corner frequency of the high pass filter is adjusted depending on the data rate. Further, the amount of the high frequency signal boost can be adjusted depending on the loss of the channel. HSPICE simulations are used to demonstrate the performance of the driver at 10, 20 and 40 Gbps data rates. At 40 Gbps, the driver is capable of equalizing a PRBS9 data pattern signal through a channel that has a loss of 9 dB. At worst case conditions and 40 Gbps date rate, the driver achieves a differential eye-opening amplitude of 201 mVppd and an eye-opening of 0.952 UI. The driver is designed using 28 nm CMOS process and uses a nominal 1 V supply voltage. It consumes a maximum of 12 mW of at-speed power.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10470-017-0967-6
      Issue No: Vol. 92, No. 1 (2017)
  • FVF LDO regulator with dual dynamic-load composite gain stage
    • Authors: Chengpeng Li; Pak Kwong Chan
      Pages: 131 - 140
      Abstract: A low-voltage output-capacitorless low-dropout regulator using dual dynamic-load composite gain stage for flipped voltage follower topology is presented. It also incorporates a delay discharge circuit which aims to reduce the long discharge time arising from the large capacitive load, thus achieving the overshoot time reduction and sustaining fast transient characteristic when driving low-power digital system with internal heavy capacitive load requirement. The regulator can support a minimum of 0.75 V input voltage with 0.5 V output voltage. It consumes 49.4 µA whilst maintaining the stability for a capacitance load range from 470 pF to 10 nF. For a current load transient from 0 to 10 mA with 200 ps edge time, the settling time is 0.38 µs for the load capacitance of 3 nF. The obtained transient figure-of-merit is 0.42 mV. This transient metric outperforms the representative prior-art reported works.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10470-017-0972-9
      Issue No: Vol. 92, No. 1 (2017)
  • An ultra-low power CMOS DC–DC buck converter with double-chain
           digital PWM technique
    • Authors: Sandeep Kumar; Jinwong Choi; Hanjung Song
      Pages: 141 - 149
      Abstract: In present-day integrated digital circuits are become attractive choice for the DC–DC buck converters. This paper proposes a novel approach of CMOS DC–DC buck converter with double-chain digital pulse width modulation (PWM) for ultra-low power applications. The proposed digital PWM architecture consists of double delay lines which is to reduce power consumption and improves ripple voltage with the resolution. An algorithm is proposed that describes the operation of digital PWM. The double chain digital PWM is implemented and analyzed in cadence platform using commercial 180 nm TSMC design kit. The promising results reveals that the power consumption is reduces up to 1.16 µW with occupies less area under the operating frequency of 100 kHz. The DC–DC buck converter with proposed PWM achieves peak efficiency of 92.6% including a load current range of 4–10 mA. This proposed digital PWM method demonstrates its ability to minimize the ripple voltage by 49% and enables to DC–DC converter for compose in a compact chip area as compared to conventional converters. Measured and Simulated power efficiency are made good agreement with each other.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10470-017-0983-6
      Issue No: Vol. 92, No. 1 (2017)
  • A low power sub-BGR with multi-curvature self-compensation
    • Authors: Junchao Mu; Lianxi Liu
      Pages: 151 - 158
      Abstract: This paper proposes a low power sub bandgap reference (sub-BGR) with a novel multi-curvature self-compensation. The proposed circuit generates a curvature-compensation-less reference voltage (VREF_NC), which is compared with the emitter–base voltage of a PNP transistor to generate a pair of complementary curvature currents. The curvature currents are used to compensate the temperature coefficient (TC) of the voltage VREF_NC itself, resulting in a low-power and low-TC sub-BGR. The proposed circuit is implemented in a standard 65 nm complementary metal oxide semiconductor process. Simulation and measured results show the total power consumption is about 230 nW at the minimum supply voltage of 1.0 V. The power supply rejection ratio at low frequency is less than −66 dB. After trimming, the average TC of 23 ppm/°C in the temperature range of −45 to 125 °C and the accuracy of ± 0.15% (σ/µ) can be achieved.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10470-017-0963-x
      Issue No: Vol. 92, No. 1 (2017)
  • Design of 0.5 V voltage-combiner based OTA with 60 dB gain
           250 kHz UGB in CMOS
    • Authors: Antaryami Panigrahi; Abhipsa Parhi
      Pages: 159 - 165
      Abstract: A gain enhancement technique for a pseudo differential OTA based on voltage combiner, suitable for sub-1 V supply is presented in this letter. The proposed technique uses a G m boosted voltage combiner. Unlike the typical voltage combiner which has an approximated gain of \(2\,\frac{{\text{V}}}{{\text{V}}}\) , this voltage combiner can produce gain more than \(5\,\frac{{\text{V}}}{{\text{V}}}\) . So it help us achieve nearly 60 dB DC gain with 250 kHz UGB for the pseudo differential OTA at a capacitive load of 10 pF. Power dissipation is very low i.e. 716 nW at supply of 0.5 V. So as to facilitate maximum swing at 0.5 V supply and lower the power consumption, MOS transistors are biased in weak/moderate inversion. The OTA is designed in standard 45 nm CMOS process. Phase margin of is more than \(55^{\circ }\) for a typical load of 10 pF. The input referred noise is \(150\,\upmu {\text{V}}{/}\sqrt{{\text{Hz}}}\) at 10 Hz and slew rate \(0.02\,{\text{V}}{/}\upmu{\text{s}}\) for 10 pF load.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10470-017-0965-8
      Issue No: Vol. 92, No. 1 (2017)
  • New CMOS realization of high performance Voltage Differencing Inverting
           Buffered Amplifier and its filter application
    • Authors: Shweta Kumari; Maneesha Gupta
      Pages: 167 - 178
      Abstract: This paper describes a high performance voltage differencing inverting buffered amplifier (VDIBA). The transconductance of the proposed circuit is enhanced by using positive feedback technique with only two extra transistors used in active load. Moreover, the bandwidth of proposed circuit is enhanced by using resistive compensation technique. The performance of proposed VDIBA is demonstrated by detailed frequency analysis. Furthermore, it is shown that the transconductance can be enhanced up to 4.61 mS at biasing current of 300 µA. In addition, a third order low pass filter is given as an application example to confirm the high performance of the proposed VDIBA. The proposed low pass filter operates at natural pole frequency of 15 MHz. The proposed VDIBA and its filter application are implemented using TSMC 90 nm CMOS technology in Cadence virtuoso schematic composer at ±0.6 V supply voltage.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10470-017-0968-5
      Issue No: Vol. 92, No. 1 (2017)
  • Design and implementation of a 94 GHz CMOS down-conversion mixer with
           integrated miniature planar baluns for image radar sensors
    • Authors: Yo-Sheng Lin; Kai-Siang Lan; Chien-Chin Wang; Guo-Hao Li
      Pages: 353 - 365
      Abstract: Abstract A 94 GHz down-conversion mixer for image radar sensors using standard 90 nm CMOS technology is reported. The down-conversion mixer comprises a double-balanced Gilbert cell with peaking inductors between RF transconductance stage and LO switching transistors for conversion gain (CG) enhancement and noise figure suppression, a miniature planar balun for converting the single RF input signals to differential signals, another miniature planar balun for converting the single LO input signals to differential signals, and an IF amplifier. The mixer consumes 22.5 mW and achieves excellent RF-port input reflection coefficient of −10 to −35.9 dB for frequencies of 87.6–104.4 GHz, and LO-port input reflection coefficient of −10 to −31.9 dB for frequencies of 88.2–110 GHz. In addition, the mixer achieves CG of 4.9–7.9 dB for frequencies of 81.8–105.8 GHz (the corresponding 3-dB CG bandwidth is 24 GHz) and LO–RF isolation of 37.7–47.5 dB for frequencies of 80–110 GHz, one of the best CG and LO–RF isolation results ever reported for a down-conversion mixer with operation frequency around 94 GHz. Furthermore, the mixer achieves an excellent input third-order intercept point of −3 dBm at 94 GHz. These results demonstrate the proposed down-conversion mixer architecture is promising for 94 GHz image radar sensors.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10470-017-0966-7
      Issue No: Vol. 91, No. 3 (2017)
  • Improved double noise coupling ΔΣ analog-to-digital converter
    • Authors: Youngho Jung; Gabor C. Temes
      Pages: 399 - 402
      Abstract: Abstract In Jung et al. (Electron Lett 48(10):557–558, 1), a double noise coupling scheme was proposed for ΔΣ analog-to-digital converters (ADCs) to achieve wideband and high accuracy performance combined with low power consumption. In this paper, an improved version of double noise coupling ΔΣ ADC is presented. The improved architecture reduces the power consumption significantly, by reducing the output swing of the second integrator in the modulator. Also, the improved double noise coupling ΔΣ ADC relaxes the feedback timing of the modulator using a triple sampling technique (Kanazawa et al. in IEEE Custom Integrated Circuit Conference, 2). Thus, there is no need to have high-speed comparator and DEM circuitry even for high-speed applications. By using both techniques, the performance of the double noise coupling ΔΣ ADC can be improved significantly.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10470-017-0955-x
      Issue No: Vol. 91, No. 3 (2017)
  • A highly linear wideband 0.3-to-2.7 GHz variable-gain amplifier
    • Authors: Vahid Asgari; Leonid Belostotski
      Pages: 473 - 478
      Abstract: Abstract A design of a differential variable-gain amplifier (VGA) with high IP3 (third-order intercept point) is discussed. To improve IP3, the third-order intermodulation products, which are generated by both an intrinsic third-order nonlinearity and a second-order interaction of a transistor, are minimized by using a nonlinear conductance. Unlike prior methods, the proposed method enables the achievement of both constant and broadband IP3 for various VGA gain settings. A design example with virtual but realistic BSIM4 transistor models is discussed to verify the analysis. The resultant amplifier example was designed and simulated in a 28-nm FDSOI CMOS technology. The amplifier achieved more than 15 dBm input-referred IP3 across a 2.4-GHz bandwidth from 0.3-to-2.7 GHz with a variable gain of 0-to-8.5 dB while consuming 3.3 mA from a 1.5-V supply.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10470-017-0948-9
      Issue No: Vol. 91, No. 3 (2017)
  • New two-CFOA-based floating immittance simulators
    • Authors: Muhammad Taher Abuelma’atti; Sagar Kumar Dhar; Zainulabideen Jamal Khalifa
      Pages: 479 - 489
      Abstract: Abstract This paper presents new topologies for emulating floating immittance functions using three to five passive elements and only two current-feedback operational-amplifiers (CFOAs). The feasibility of using only two CFOAs and two passive components is explored. The proposed topologies can emulate lossy positive and negative inductances and capacitance-, inductance-, resistance-multipliers, and frequency dependent negative and positive conductances. The functionality of the proposed circuits was experimentally verified using the commercially available AD844 CFOA. The experimental results are in excellent agreement with theoretical calculations.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10470-017-0956-9
      Issue No: Vol. 91, No. 3 (2017)
  • LC-VCOs using spiral inductors with single- and dual-layer patterned
           floating shields: a comparative study
    • Authors: Chee Cheow Lim; Harikrishnan Ramiah; Jun Yin; Pui-In Mak; Rui P. Martins
      Pages: 497 - 502
      Abstract: Abstract This letter studies and compares class-B VCOs using spiral inductors with the proposed dual-layer patterned floating shield (DL-PFS) and conventional single-layer patterned floating shield (SL-PFS). The proposed DL-PFS technique utilizes two lowest metal layers to effectively reduce the capacitive induced current to the substrate in an on-chip spiral inductor, thereby boosts its Q-factor by 40% when compared with the conventional SL-PFS approach. We fabricated, as a proof of concept, the class-B LC-VCOs using the DL-PFS and SL-PFS in 0.13 µm CMOS. Operating at 10 GHz, the VCO with the DL-PFS inductor measures a 3.6 dB phase noise (PN) improvement at the same power consumption of 2.12 mW. Specifically, the VCO with DL-PFS inductor is tunable from 9.3-to-10.1 GHz and measured PN at 10 GHz is −132.5 dBc/Hz at 10 MHz offset while consuming 2.12 mW at the lowest 0.6 V supply. The achieved figure-of-merit (187.4 dBc/Hz@1 MHz offset) compares favorably with the recent state-of-the-art.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10470-017-0958-7
      Issue No: Vol. 91, No. 3 (2017)
  • A self-duty-cycled 7.2–8.5 GHz IR-UWB receiver for low power and low
           data rate applications
    • Authors: Nicolas Dehaese; Inès Ben Amor; Ndiogou Tall; Jean Gaubert; Rémy Vauché; Sylvain Bourdel
      Abstract: Abstract A self-duty-cycled non-coherent impulse radio-ultra wideband receiver targeted at low-power and low-data-rate applications is presented. The receiver is implemented in a 130 nm CMOS technology and works in the 7.2–8.5 GHz UWB band, which covers the IEEE 802.15.4a and 802.15.6 mandatories high-band channels. The receiver architecture is based on a non-coherent RF front-end (high gain LNA and pulse detector) followed by a synchronizer block (clock and data recovery or CDR function and window generation block), which enables to shut down the power-hungry LNA between pulses to strongly reduce the receiver power consumption. The main functions of the receiver, i.e. the RF front-end and the CDR block, were measured stand-alone. A maximum gain of 40 dB at 7.2 GHz is measured for the LNA. The RF front-end achieves a very low turn-on time (<1 ns) and an average sensitivity of −92 dBm for a 10−3 BER at a 1 Mbps data rate. A root-mean-square (RMS) jitter of 7.9 ns is measured for the CDR for a power consumption of 54 µW. Simulation results of the fully integrated self-duty-cycled 7.2–8.5 GHz IR-UWB receiver (that includes the measured main functions) confirm the expected performances. The synchronizer block consumes only 125 µW and the power consumption of the whole receiver is 1.8 mW for a 3% power duty-cycle (on-window of 30 ns).
      PubDate: 2017-05-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s10470-017-0985-4
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Heriot-Watt University
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