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Publisher: Springer-Verlag (Total: 2352 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2352 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal  
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Cancer Research     Open Access  
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 128)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  

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Journal Cover Amino Acids
  [SJR: 1.362]   [H-I: 83]   [8 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1438-2199 - ISSN (Online) 0939-4451
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2352 journals]
  • A new non-radioactive deoxyhypusine synthase assay adaptable to high
           throughput screening
    • Authors: Myung Hee Park; Ajeet Mandal; Swati Mandal; Edith C. Wolff
      Pages: 1793 - 1804
      Abstract: Abstract Deoxyhypusine synthase (DHS) catalyzes the post-translational modification of eukaryotic translation factor 5A (eIF5A) by the polyamine, spermidine, that converts one specific lysine residue to deoxyhypusine [N ε -4-aminobutyl(lysine)], which is subsequently hydroxylated to hypusine [N ε -4-amino-2-hydroxybutyl(lysine)]. Hypusine synthesis represents the most critical function of polyamine. As eIF5A has been implicated in various human diseases, identification of specific inhibitors of hypusine modification is of vital importance. DHS catalyzes a complex reaction that occurs in two stages, first, the NAD-dependent cleavage of spermidine to form an enzyme-butylimine intermediate and enzyme-bound NADH, and second, the transfer of the butylimine moiety from the enzyme intermediate to the eIF5A precursor and subsequent reduction of the eIF5A-butylimine intermediate by enzyme-bound NADH to form deoxyhypusine [N ε -4-aminobutyl(lysine)]. Our data demonstrate that there is a measurable release of enzyme-bound NADH in the absence of eIF5A precursor and that the DHS activity can be determined by coupling the first phase reaction with the NADH-Glo assay in which the generation of luminescence is dependent on NADH derived from the DHS partial reaction. The conventional DHS assay that measures the incorporation of radioactivity from [1,8-3H]spermidine into the eIF5A precursor in the complete reaction cannot be readily adapted for high throughput screening (HTS). In contrast, the non-radioactive DHS/NADH-Glo coupled assay is highly specific, sensitive and reproducible and could be configured for HTS of small molecule libraries for the identification of new inhibitors of DHS. Furthermore, the coupled assay provides new insights into the dynamics of the DHS reaction especially regarding the fate of NADH.
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00726-017-2477-3
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 11 (2017)
       
  • Expression of cationic amino acid transporters in pig skeletal muscles
           during postnatal development
    • Authors: Aiko Ishida; Akane Ashihara; Kazuki Nakashima; Masaya Katsumata
      Pages: 1805 - 1814
      Abstract: Abstract The cationic amino acid transporter (CAT) protein family transports lysine and arginine in cellular amino acid pools. We hypothesized that CAT expression changes in pig skeletal muscles during rapid pig postnatal development. We aimed to investigate the tissue distribution and changes in the ontogenic expression of CATs in pig skeletal muscles during postnatal development. Six piglets at 1, 12, 26, 45, and 75 days old were selected from six litters, and their longissimus dorsi (LD), biceps femoris (BF), and rhomboideus (RH) muscles, and their stomach, duodenum, jejunum, ileum, colon, liver, kidney, heart, and cerebrum were collected. CAT-1 was expressed in all the 12 tissues investigated. CAT-2 (CAT-2A isoform) expression was highest in the skeletal muscle and liver and lowest in the jejunum, ileum, kidney, and heart. CAT-3 was expressed mainly in the colon and detected in the jejunum, ileum, and cerebrum. The CAT-1 expression was higher in the skeletal muscle of day 1 pigs than in that of older pigs (P < 0.05). The CAT-2 mRNA level was lowest at day 1, but increased with postnatal development (P < 0.05). There was no significant change in CAT-1 expression among the LD, BF, and RH during postnatal development (P > 0.05); however, there was a change in CAT-2 expression. The CAT-2 expression was highest in the LD of 12-, 26-, 45-, and 75-day-old pigs, followed by the BF and RH (P < 0.05). These results suggest that CAT-1 and CAT-2 play different roles in pig skeletal muscles during postnatal development.
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00726-017-2478-2
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 11 (2017)
       
  • Structural consequences of mutations associated with idiopathic
           restrictive cardiomyopathy
    • Authors: Svetlana Tarnovskaya; Artem Kiselev; Anna Kostareva; Dmitrij Frishman
      Pages: 1815 - 1829
      Abstract: Abstract Idiopathic restrictive cardiomyopathy (RCM, MIM# 115210) is the least common type of cardiomyopathies, often of genetic origin. Recently we described a spectrum of variants—classified as pathogenic, likely pathogenic and variants of unknown significance—in 24 patients suffering from idiopathic RCM. Pathogenic variants, detected in half of the RCM cases, were found in sarcomeric and cytoskeletal genes that have a predominant role in the development of RCM. Here we have analyzed the structural consequences of these missense variants and predicted their effect on the function of three large groups of domains: intrinsically disordered regions (IDRs), fibronectin-type III (FnIII) domains, and immunoglobulin-like (Ig) domains. Our findings indicate that pathogenic mutations are likely to disrupt interdomain interfaces, interfere with protein interactions, and affect protein stability, potentially destabilizing the multi-domain architecture of myofibrils and leading to myocardial stiffness in patients with idiopathic RCM.
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00726-017-2480-8
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 11 (2017)
       
  • Synthesis and biological evaluation of novel aliphatic acid-conjugated
           antimicrobial peptides as potential agents with anti-tumor, multidrug
           resistance-reversing activity and enhanced stability
    • Authors: Bo Zhang; Haitao Gu; Wei Shi; Huilan Li; Guanglan Ma; Xiaolian Chen; Hai Qian; Haiyan Lin; Wenlong Huang; Liang Ge
      Pages: 1831 - 1841
      Abstract: Abstract Compared with traditional anti-tumor drugs, antimicrobial peptides as novel anti-tumor agents have prominent advantages of higher specificity and circumvention of multi-drug resistance. BP100 is a multifunctional membrane-active peptide with high antimicrobial activity. Taking BP100 as a lead peptide, we designed and synthesized a series of aliphatic chain-conjugated peptides through solid-phase synthesis. Biological evaluation revealed that these peptides exhibited better anti-cancer activity than BP100. Further investigations revealed that these peptides could disrupt the cell membrane and trigger the cytochrome C release into cytoplasm, which ultimately resulted in apoptosis. Meanwhile, these peptides also exhibited effective anti-tumor activity against multidrug resistant cells and had multidrug resistance-reversing effect. Additionally, conjugation of aliphatic acid to those peptides could enhance their stability in plasma. In conclusion, aliphatic acid-modified peptides might be promising anti-tumor agents for cancer therapy.
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00726-017-2482-6
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 11 (2017)
       
  • Asymmetric dimethylarginine and symmetric dimethylarginine prospectively
           relates to carotid wall thickening in black men: the SABPA study
    • Authors: Catharina M. C. Mels; A. E. Schutte; H. W. Huisman; W. Smith; R. Kruger; J. M. van Rooyen; E. Schwedhelm; D. Atzler; R. H. Böger; N. T. Malan; L. Malan
      Pages: 1843 - 1853
      Abstract: Abstract The relationship of both asymmetric (ADMA) and symmetric (SDMA) dimethylarginine with carotid wall thickness is inconclusive especially among black populations. We aimed to compare carotid intima media thickness (cIMT) and dimethylarginine levels in 75 black and 91 white men at baseline and after a 3-year follow-up, and to investigate associations of percentage change in cIMT with percentage change in dimethylarginine levels (ADMA and SDMA). Plasma levels of ADMA and SDMA were determined with a liquid chromatography mass spectrometry method and B-mode ultrasonography was used to determine the cIMT at baseline and follow-up. In black men, mean cIMT (p = 0.79) and ADMA levels (p = 0.67) remained the same, but SDMA levels were lower (p < 0.001) when comparing baseline and follow-up. In white men, cIMT increased (p < 0.001), but both mean ADMA and SDMA levels decreased (p < 0.001) over time. In black men, percentage change in cIMT was positively associated with percentage change in ADMA (R 2 = 0.49; β = 0.46; p < 0.001) and percentage change in SDMA (R 2 = 0.46; β = 0.41; p < 0.001). These associations were absent in the white men. Despite lower mean SDMA and similar ADMA and cIMT in black men, percentage change in cIMT was independently associated with percentage change in ADMA and percentage change in SDMA. These results suggest an important role for ADMA and SDMA lowering strategies to delay carotid wall thickening, especially in black populations prone to the development of cardiovascular disease.
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00726-017-2483-5
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 11 (2017)
       
  • A possible mechanism of inhibition of U87MG and SH-SY5Y cancer cell
           proliferation by diallyl trisulfide and other aspects of its activity
    • Authors: Halina Jurkowska; Maria Wróbel; Marta Kaczor-Kamińska; Ewa Jasek-Gajda
      Pages: 1855 - 1866
      Abstract: Abstract The study was conducted to elucidate the mechanism of antiproliferative and antioxidative action of diallyl trisulfide (DATS), a garlic-derived organosulfur compound. Changes in the l-cysteine desulfuration, and the levels of cystathionine and non-protein thiols in DATS-treated human glioblastoma (U87MG) and neuroblastoma (SH-SY5Y) cells were investigated. The inhibition of proliferation of the investigated cells by DATS was correlated with an increase in the inactivated form of Bcl-2. In U87MG cells, an increased level of sulfane sulfur and an increased activity of 3-mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase (MPST) and rhodanese, the enzymes involved in sulfane sulfur generation and transfer, suggest that DATS can function as a donor of sulfane sulfur atom, transferred by sulfurtransferases, to sulfhydryl groups of cysteine residues of Bcl-2 and in this way lower the level of active form of Bcl-2 by S-sulfuration. Diallyl trisulfide antioxidative effects result from an increased level of cystathionine, a precursor of cysteine, and an increased glutathione level. MPST and rhodanese, the level of which is increased in the presence of DATS, can serve as antioxidant proteins.
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00726-017-2484-4
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 11 (2017)
       
  • Targeting cancer-specific glycans by cyclic peptide lectinomimics
    • Authors: Maria C. Rodriguez; Austin B. Yongye; Mihael Cudic; Karina Martinez Mayorga; Enbo Liu; Barbara M. Mueller; Jon Ainsley; Tatyana Karabencheva-Christova; Christo Z. Christov; Mare Cudic; Predrag Cudic
      Pages: 1867 - 1883
      Abstract: Abstract The transformation from normal to malignant phenotype in human cancers is associated with aberrant cell-surface glycosylation. Thus, targeting glycosylation changes in cancer is likely to provide not only better insight into the roles of carbohydrates in biological systems, but also facilitate the development of new molecular probes for bioanalytical and biomedical applications. In the reported study, we have synthesized lectinomimics based on odorranalectin 1; the smallest lectin-like cyclic peptide isolated from the frog Odorrana grahami skin, and assessed the ability of these peptides to bind specific carbohydrates on molecular and cellular levels. In addition, we have shown that the disulfide bond found in 1 can be replaced with a lactam bridge. However, the orientation of the lactam bridge, peptides 2 and 3, influenced cyclic peptide‘s conformation and thus these peptides’ ability to bind carbohydrates. Naturally occurring 1 and its analog 3 that adopt similar conformation in water bind preferentially l-fucose, and to a lesser degree d-galactose and N-acetyl-d-galactosamine, typically found within the mucin O-glycan core structures. In cell-based assays, peptides 1 and 3 showed a similar binding profile to Aleuria aurantia lectin and these two peptides inhibited the migration of metastatic breast cancer cell lines in a Transwell assay. Altogether, the reported data demonstrate the feasibility of designing lectinomimics based on cyclic peptides.
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00726-017-2485-3
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 11 (2017)
       
  • Identification and characterization of novel broad-spectrum amino acid
           racemases from Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis
    • Authors: Tetsuya Miyamoto; Masumi Katane; Yasuaki Saitoh; Masae Sekine; Hiroshi Homma
      Pages: 1885 - 1894
      Abstract: Abstract The peptidoglycan layer of the bacterial cell wall typically contains d-alanine (d-Ala) and d-glutamic acid (d-Glu), and also various non-canonical d-amino acids that have been linked to peptidoglycan remodeling, inhibition of biofilm formation, and triggering of biofilm disassembly. Bacteria produce d-amino acids when adapting to environmental changes as a common survival strategy. In our previous study, we detected non-canonical d-amino acids in Escherichia coli grown in minimal medium. However, the biosynthetic pathways of non-canonical d-amino acids remain poorly understood. In the present study, we identified amino acid racemases in E. coli MG1655 (YgeA) and Bacillus subtilis (RacX) that produce non-canonical d-amino acids other than d-Ala and d-Glu. We characterized their enzymatic properties, and both displayed broad substrate specificity but low catalytic activity. YgeA preferentially catalyzes the racemization of homoserine, while RacX preferentially racemizes arginine, lysine, and ornithine. RacX is dimeric, and appears not to require pyridoxal 5′-phosphate (PLP) as a coenzyme as is the case with YgeA. To our knowledge, this is the first report on PLP-independent amino acid racemases possessing broad substrate specificity in E. coli and B. subtilis.
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00726-017-2486-2
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 11 (2017)
       
  • Stabilization of Angiotensin-(1–7) by key substitution with a cyclic
           non-natural amino acid
    • Authors: Anita Wester; Marc Devocelle; E. Ann Tallant; Mark C. Chappell; Patricia E. Gallagher; Francesca Paradisi
      Pages: 1733 - 1742
      Abstract: Abstract Angiotensin-(1–7) [Ang-(1–7)], a heptapeptide hormone of the renin–angiotensin–aldosterone system, is a promising candidate as a treatment for cancer that reflects its anti-proliferative and anti-angiogenic properties. However, the peptide’s therapeutic potential is limited by the short half-life and low bioavailability resulting from rapid enzymatic metabolism by peptidases including angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) and dipeptidyl peptidase 3 (DPP 3). We report the facile assembly of three novel Ang-(1–7) analogues by solid-phase peptide synthesis which incorporates the cyclic non-natural δ-amino acid ACCA. The analogues containing the ACCA substitution at the site of ACE cleavage exhibit complete resistance to human ACE, while substitution at the DDP 3 cleavage site provided stability against DPP 3 hydrolysis. Furthermore, the analogues retain the anti-proliferative properties of Ang-(1–7) against the 4T1 and HT-1080 cancer cell lines. These results suggest that ACCA-substituted Ang-(1–7) analogues which show resistance against proteolytic degradation by peptidases known to hydrolyze the native heptapeptide may be novel therapeutics in the treatment of cancer.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00726-017-2471-9
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 10 (2017)
       
  • Retro analog concept: comparative study on physico-chemical and biological
           properties of selected antimicrobial peptides
    • Authors: Damian Neubauer; Maciej Jaśkiewicz; Dorian Migoń; Marta Bauer; Karol Sikora; Emilia Sikorska; Elżbieta Kamysz; Wojciech Kamysz
      Pages: 1755 - 1771
      Abstract: Abstract Increasing drug resistance of common pathogens urgently needs discovery of new effective molecules. Antimicrobial peptides are believed to be one of the possible solutions of this problem. One of the approaches for improvement of biological properties is reversion of the sequence (retro analog concept). This research is based on investigation of antimicrobial activity against Gram-positive, Gram-negative bacteria, and fungi, hemolysis of erythrocytes, interpretation of the circular dichroism spectra, measurement of counter-ion content, and assessment of the peptide hydrophobicity and self-assembly using reversed-phase chromatography. The experiments were conducted using the following peptides: aurein 1.2, CAMEL, citropin 1.1, omiganan, pexiganan, temporin A, and their retro analogs. Among the compounds studied, only retro omiganan showed an enhanced antimicrobial and a slightly increased hemolytic activity as compared to parent molecule. Moreover, retro pexiganan exhibited high activity towards Klebsiella pneumoniae, whereas pexiganan was in general more or equally active against the rest of tested microorganisms. Furthermore, the determined activity was closely related to the peptide hydrophobicity. In general, the reduced hemolytic activity correlates with lower antimicrobial activity. The tendency to self-association and helicity fraction in SDS seems to be correlated. The normalized RP-HPLC—temperature profiles of citropin 1.1 and aurein 1.2, revealed an enhanced tendency to self-association than that of their retro analogs.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00726-017-2473-7
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 10 (2017)
       
  • Purification of angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory peptides
           from casein hydrolysate by IMAC-Ni 2+
    • Authors: Shanguang Wu; Xuezhen Feng; Yuan Lu; Yuting Lu; Saisai Liu; Yuhong Tian
      Pages: 1787 - 1791
      Abstract: Abstract Casein proteins were hydrolyzed by papain to identify inhibitory peptides of angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE). The hydrolysate was fractionized by immobilized metal affinity chromatography (IMAC-Ni2+). The fraction with high ACE inhibitory activity was enriched and further chromatographed on a reverse-phase column to yield four fractions. Among the fractions, the L4 fraction exhibited the highest ACE inhibitory activity and was identified by sequence analysis as Trp-Tyr-Leu-His-Tyr-Ala (WYLHYA), with IC50 value of 16.22 ± 0.83 µM in vitro. This peptide was expected to be applied as an ingredient for preventing hypertension and IMAC-Ni2+ may provide a simple method for purification of ACE inhibitory peptides.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00726-017-2475-5
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 10 (2017)
       
  • Long photoperiod affects the maize transition from vegetative to
           reproductive stages: a proteomic comparison between photoperiod-sensitive
           inbred line and its recurrent parent
    • Authors: Lei Tian; Shunxi Wang; Xiaoheng Song; Jun Zhang; Ping Liu; Zan Chen; Yanhui Chen; Liuji Wu
      Abstract: Abstract Maize (Zea mays L.) is a typical short-day plant that is produced as an important food product and industrial material. The photoperiod is one of the most important evolutionary mechanisms enabling the adaptation of plant developmental phases to changes in climate conditions. There are differences in the photoperiod sensitivity of maize inbred lines from tropical to temperate regions. In this study, to identify the maize proteins responsive to a long photoperiod (LP), the photoperiod-insensitive inbred line HZ4 and its near-isogenic line H496, which is sensitive to LP conditions, were analyzed under long-day conditions using isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation. We identified 5259 proteins in maize leaves exposed to the LP condition between the vegetative and reproductive stages. These proteins included 579 and 576 differentially accumulated proteins in H496 and HZ4 leaves, respectively. The differentially accumulated proteins (e.g., membrane, defense, and energy- and ribosome-related proteins) exhibited the opposite trends in HZ4 and H496 plants during the transition from the vegetative stage to the reproductive stage. These results suggest that the photoperiod-associated fragment in H496 plants considerably influences various proteins to respond to the photoperiod sensitivity. Overall, our data provide new insights into the effects of long-day treatments on the maize proteome, and may be useful for the development of new germplasm.
      PubDate: 2017-10-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s00726-017-2501-7
       
  • Correction to: 4-Chloro-3-nitro- N -butylbenzenesulfonamide acts on K V
           3.1 channels by an open-channel blocker mechanism
    • Authors: Carlos Alberto Zanutto Bassetto Junior; Wamberto Antonio Varanda; Eduardo René Pérez González
      Abstract: Unfortunately, grey trace on Figure 2c was missing in the original publication of the article.
      PubDate: 2017-10-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s00726-017-2504-4
       
  • Studies on the constituents of Helleborus purpurascens : analysis and
           biological activity of the aqueous and organic extracts
    • Authors: M. Heiko Franz; Roxana Birzoi; Catalin-Vasile Maftei; Elena Maftei; Gerhard Kelter; Heinz-Herbert Fiebig; Ion Neda
      Abstract: Abstract In Southeast Europe, the ethnomedicinal use of Helleborus species has a very long tradition. Cardiac steroids (Hellebrin), cysteine-rich proteins (Hellethionins) and several steroidal saponins have been identified in these plants. Aim of the present work was to investigate the amino acid composition of native extracts from the root and rootstock of Helleborus purpurascens. The amino acids have been identified by the GC–MS technique on the previously derivatised (Phenomenex Faast Kit) extract samples by comparison with the mass spectra and retention-time of the standards. A remarkable finding was a relatively intensive peak attributed to the non-proteinogenic Pipecolic acid (Pic). A cyclisation of the derivatised glutamine was observed during the GC measurement and a mechanistic pathway is described. Samples of the extract and of some isolated fractions have also been tested on; altogether 12 cancer cell lines aimed to identify further potentially cytostatic components which should be less toxic than Hellebrin. The finding of one Hellebrin-free fraction (IC50 = 0.007 mg/L) with higher cytotoxicity than Hellebrin (IC50 = 0.008 mg/L) is remarkable.
      PubDate: 2017-10-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s00726-017-2502-6
       
  • Hyperhomocysteinemia and cardiovascular disease in animal model
    • Authors: Md. Abul Kalam Azad; Pan Huang; Gang Liu; Wenkai Ren; Tsegay Teklebrh; Wenxin Yan; Xihong Zhou; Yulong Yin
      Abstract: Abstract Hyperhomocysteinemia is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease and is associated with primary causes of mortality and morbidity throughout the world. Several studies have been carried out to evaluate the effects of a diet inducing cystathionine-β-synthase, methyltetrafolate, folic acid, and vitamin B supplemented with methionine on the homocysteine metabolism and in lowering the plasma total homocysteine levels. A large number of molecular and biomedical studies in numerous animals, such as mice, rabbits, and pigs, have sought to elevate the plasma total homocysteine levels and to identify a disease model for human hyperhomocysteinemia. However, a specific animal model is not suitable for hyperhomocysteinemia in terms of all aspects of cardiovascular disease. In this review article, the experimental progress of animal models with plasma total homocysteine levels is examined to identify a feasible animal model of hyperhomocysteinemia for different aspects.
      PubDate: 2017-10-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s00726-017-2503-5
       
  • Mass spectrometry-based metabolomics to identify taurine-modified
           metabolites in heart
    • Authors: Takashi Ito; Koei Okazaki; Daisuke Nakajima; Daisuke Shibata; Shigeru Murakami; Stephen Schaffer
      Abstract: Abstract Taurine is an abundant beta-amino acid found in high concentration in mammalian tissues. Taurine possesses many beneficial functions in mammalian cells. There are also a variety of taurine-conjugated products formed between taurine and bile acids, fatty acids, chloramine, mitochondrial tRNA, etc., and some of these have been identified as functional compounds. In the present study, we identified taurine-conjugated metabolites using LC–MS-based metabolome analysis of heart extracts prepared from hearts of wild-type and taurine transporter-knockout (TauTKO) mice, the latter being severely taurine deficient. Comparison analysis of metabolites identified taurine-containing dipeptides, including glutamyltaurine, aspartyltaurine, isoleucyltaurine, and leucyltaurine, which are present in wild-type but not TauTKO hearts. Acyltaurines (taurine-conjugated fatty acids) and taurine-conjugated bile acids were also detected, with levels unchanged in the TauTKO heart in comparison to the wild-type heart. These results demonstrate that taurine exists not only in the standard free form within the heart, but also in multiple conjugated forms, whose functions in the heart remain to be discovered.
      PubDate: 2017-10-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s00726-017-2498-y
       
  • Synthetic green fluorescent protein chromophore analogues with a positive
           charge at the phenyl-like group
    • Authors: Zhao-Yi Zhang; Robert Sung; Kuangsen Sung
      Abstract: Abstract Synthetic green fluorescent protein (GFP) chromophore analogues with a positive charge at the phenyl-like group have the highly electrophilic amidine carbon, smaller LUMO–HOMO energy gap, red-shifted electronic absorptions and fluorescent emissions, and accelerated E-Z thermoisomerization rates. They are water-labile and their hydrolysis results in ring-opening of the imidazolinone moiety with a half life around 25–37 h in D2O at 25 °C.
      PubDate: 2017-10-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s00726-017-2500-8
       
  • Pig models on intestinal development and therapeutics
    • Authors: Lanmei Yin; Huansheng Yang; Jianzhong Li; Yali Li; Xueqing Ding; Guoyao Wu; Yulong Yin
      Abstract: Abstract The gastrointestinal tract plays a vital role in nutrient supply, digestion, and absorption, and has a crucial impact on the entire organism. Much attention is being paid to utilize animal models to study the pathogenesis of gastrointestinal diseases in response to intestinal development and health. The piglet has a body size similar to that of the human and is an omnivorous animal with comparable anatomy, nutritional requirements, and digestive and associated inflammatory processes, and displays similarities to the human intestinal microbial ecosystem, which make piglets more appropriate as an animal model for human than other non-primate animals. Therefore, the objective of this review is to summarize key attributes of the piglet model with which to study human intestinal development and intestinal health through probing into the etiology of several gastrointestinal diseases, thus providing a theoretical and hopefully practical, basis for further studies on mammalian nutrition, health, and disease, and therapeutics. Given the comparable nutritional requirements and strikingly similar brain developmental patterns between young piglets and humans, the piglet has been used as an important translational model for studying neurodevelopmental outcomes influenced by pediatric nutrition. Because of similarities in anatomy and physiology between pigs and mankind, more emphasises are put on how to use the piglet model for human organ transplantation research.
      PubDate: 2017-10-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s00726-017-2497-z
       
  • mTORC1 signaling-associated protein synthesis in porcine mammary glands
           was regulated by the local available methionine depending on methionine
           sources
    • Authors: Yalin Zhang; Peng Wang; Sen Lin; Yves Mercier; Huajun Yin; Yumo Song; Xiaoling Zhang; Lianqiang Che; Yan Lin; Shengyu Xu; Bin Feng; De Wu; Zhengfeng Fang
      Abstract: Abstract Mechanistic target of rapamycin complex1 (mTORC1) activation and protein synthesis varied with methionine sources; however, the related mechanisms are largely unknown. Porcine mammary epithelial cells (PMEC) and mammary tissue slices (MTS) were used to test whether methionine precursors differ in providing the available methionine and thus differ in mTORC1 signaling-associated protein synthesis. PMEC with methionine deprivation for 8 h and MTS from lactating sows were cultured for 24 and 2 h, respectively, with treatment media without methionine (negative control, NC) or supplemented with 0.6 mM (for PMEC) and 0.1 mM (for MTS) of l-methionine (l-MET), d-methionine (d-MET), dl-2-hydroxy-4-(methylthio) butyric acid (HMTBA), or keto-methyl(thio)butanoic acid (KMB). The measurements included: phosphorylation of mTORC1 signaling, fractional protein synthesis rate (FSR), amino acids (AA) profile, and enzyme activities. Compared with the NC treatment, activated mTORC1 signaling as manifested by higher (P < 0.05) protein abundance of phosphorylated-S6 Kinase 1 (P-S6K1) and phosphorylated-4E-binding Protein 1 (P-4E-BP1) in PMEC and MTS, and increased protein synthesis as indicated by higher (P < 0.05) FSR in MTS occurred in l-MET and HMTBA treatments rather than in d-MET treatment. Compared with the NC treatment, methionine concentration and ratio of methionine to lysine in MTS increased (P < 0.05) in l-MET and HMTBA treatments but not in d-MET treatment, and activities of enzymes responsible for conversion of d-MET and HMTBA to keto-methionine in mammary tissues were about 10 and 50%, respectively, of that in liver. Taken together, mTORC1 signaling-associated protein synthesis in porcine mammary glands was regulated by the local available methionine depending on methionine sources.
      PubDate: 2017-10-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s00726-017-2496-0
       
  • 4-Chloro-3-nitro- N -butylbenzenesulfonamide acts on K V 3.1 channels by
           an open-channel blocker mechanism
    • Authors: Carlos Alberto Zanutto Bassetto Junior; Wamberto Antonio Varanda; Eduardo René Pérez González
      Abstract: Abstract The effects of 4-chloro-3-nitro-N-butylbenzenesulfonamide (SMD2) on KV3.1 channels, heterologous expressed in L-929 cells, were studied with the whole cell patch-clamp technique. SMD2 blocks KV3.1 in a reversible and use-dependent manner, with IC50 around 10 µM, and a Hill coefficient around 2. Although the conductance vs. voltage relationship in control condition can be described by a single Boltzmann function, two terms are necessary to describe the data in the presence of SMD2. The activation and deactivation time constants are weakly voltage dependent both for control and in the presence of SMD2. SMD2 does not change the channel selectivity and tail currents show a typical crossover phenomenon. The time course of inactivation has a fast and a slow component, and SMD2 significantly decreased their values. Steady-state inactivation is best described by a Boltzmann equation with V 1/2 (the voltage where the probability to find the channels in the inactivated state is 50%) and K (slope factor) equals to −22.9 ± 1.5 mV and 5.3 ± 0.9 mV for control, and −30.3 ± 1.3 mV and 6 ± 0.8 mV for SMD2, respectively. The action of SMD2 is enhanced by high frequency stimulation, and by the time the channel stays open. Taken together, our results suggest that SMD2 blocks the open conformation of KV3.1. From a pharmacological and therapeutic point of view, N-alkylsulfonamides may constitute a new class of pharmacological modulators of KV3.1.
      PubDate: 2017-09-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s00726-017-2488-0
       
 
 
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