Publisher: Springer-Verlag (Total: 2626 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2626 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 1.118, CiteScore: 4)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.752, CiteScore: 3)
Abdominal Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.866, CiteScore: 2)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.439, CiteScore: 0)
aBIOTECH : An Intl. J. on Plant Biotechnology and Agricultural Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.53, CiteScore: 1)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.106, CiteScore: 0)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.359, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.675, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.284, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.587, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.769, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.24, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.305, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.312, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.588, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 7.066, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.452, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.379, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.27, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.208, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.607, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.576, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.638, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.822, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.376, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 7.589, CiteScore: 12)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.334, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.574, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.605, CiteScore: 1)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.147, CiteScore: 0)
Adaptive Human Behavior and Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.72, CiteScore: 2)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.005, CiteScore: 2)
Adolescent Research Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.703, CiteScore: 2)
Advanced Composites and Hybrid Materials     Hybrid Journal  
Advanced Fiber Materials     Full-text available via subscription  
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.698, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Astronautics Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57, SJR: 1.09, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.144, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.64, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.475, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Neurodevelopmental Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Operator Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.075, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Traditional Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Adversity and Resilience Science : J. of Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.673, CiteScore: 2)
Aerosol Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Aerospace Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aerotecnica Missili & Spazio : J. of Aerospace Science, Technologies & Systems     Hybrid Journal  
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
Affective Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 1)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.235, CiteScore: 0)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.39, CiteScore: 1)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.67, CiteScore: 2)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.276, CiteScore: 1)
Agriculture and Human Values     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.173, CiteScore: 3)
Agroforestry Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.663, CiteScore: 1)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Open Access   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.864, CiteScore: 6)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.227, CiteScore: 1)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 3)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 3)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 0)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.583, CiteScore: 1)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.095, CiteScore: 1)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.56, CiteScore: 1)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.234, CiteScore: 0)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.11, CiteScore: 3)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.569, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.951, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 1.329, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.772, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.46, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.181, CiteScore: 0)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.611, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.314, CiteScore: 0)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 0)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.135, CiteScore: 3)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.211, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.536, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.978, CiteScore: 3)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 1)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.177, CiteScore: 5)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.389, CiteScore: 3)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.097, CiteScore: 2)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.438, CiteScore: 0)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.429, CiteScore: 0)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.197, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.042, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.932, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.85, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.579, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.986, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Functional Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.228, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.043, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.413, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.687, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.943, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Annals of PDE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.614, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.239, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.986, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.495, CiteScore: 1)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.834, CiteScore: 2)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.22, CiteScore: 3)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.424, CiteScore: 4)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.294, CiteScore: 1)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.602, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 0.571, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.21, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.49, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 0.58, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.422, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.733, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.488, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.6, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.886, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.461, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 71, SJR: 1.182, CiteScore: 4)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.481, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.74, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.519, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.542, CiteScore: 1)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 0.656, CiteScore: 2)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 1)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.109, CiteScore: 3)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.052, CiteScore: 2)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.224, CiteScore: 0)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.725, CiteScore: 1)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 70, SJR: 0.745, CiteScore: 2)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.909, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 3.93, CiteScore: 3)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 182, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.41, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.006, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.773, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.644, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.146, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.71, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.541, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.973, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.274, CiteScore: 3)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.946, CiteScore: 3)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal  
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.349, CiteScore: 1)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, CiteScore: 0)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.766, CiteScore: 1)
arktos : The J. of Arctic Geosciences     Hybrid Journal  
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.355, CiteScore: 0)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.839, CiteScore: 2)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.131, CiteScore: 0)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Aerospace Systems
Number of Followers: 1  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 2523-3947 - ISSN (Online) 2523-3955
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2626 journals]
  • Acceleration control of a multi-rotor UAV towards achieving microgravity
    • Abstract: Abstract In this paper, we present control and parameter estimation strategies with theoretical guarantees to turn a hex-rotor unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) into a microgravity enabling platform. We make the UAV to maintain a constant acceleration equal to free-fall acceleration for it and any payload on-board to experience microgravity. Towards this, we derive a feedback linearisation-based acceleration control law exploiting the differential flatness property of our system. The proposed control law requires the estimates of the system parameters. Therefore, ancillary to this control law, we propose a parameter estimation scheme and prove that the proposed control law along with the parameter estimation scheme ensures convergence of acceleration to the desired value under certain conditions. We also characterize these conditions that guarantee convergence. The flight tests that we have performed employing the proposed control and parameter estimation schemes gave microgravity levels of the order of \(10^{-3}g\) for 1.6 s. To our knowledge, our hex-rotor UAV is the first multi-rotor UAV to achieve microgravity, and the first UAV—fixed-wing or rotary—to attain and maintain such levels of microgravity.
      PubDate: 2019-10-09
  • Effect of nucleation and icing evolution on run-back freezing of
           supercooled water droplet
    • Abstract: Abstract Supercooled large droplet (SLD), which can cause run-back ridged ice, will affect the aerodynamic performance of aircraft and poses a serious threat to aircraft safety. However, there is little knowledge about the abnormal run-back icing mechanism, which is vital for the development of aircraft anti-icing technologies. The flow and freezing of supercooled droplet impinging on inclined surface can help us better understand the run-back icing of SLD, especially the coupling of water flow and phase change in the freezing process. This paper experimentally investigates the freezing behavior of supercooled water droplet impinging on inclined surface. By observing the processes of water flow, ice formation and growth with a high-speed camera, the overflow distance and the freezing time are recorded with different temperatures. Different from previous discoveries that droplet freezes as the form of two smaller droplets on an inclined surface, we found two new frozen morphologies under the condition of short nucleation time: ellipse and slender strip, when the supercooling is high and low, respectively. The overflow distance and freezing time will increase with the decrease of ice growth rate, when supercooling decreases. And the freezing time will increase dramatically when the supercooling is low enough. Finally, the mechanism of run-back freezing of droplet based on the nucleation and icing evolution is discussed. Droplet impact on the inclined surface will result in large overflow distance when it nucleates after its retraction stage.
      PubDate: 2019-10-09
  • Increasing relative angular velocity for air combat in zero gravity
    • Abstract: Abstract Angular velocity plays a critical role in determining the outcome of a close-range aerial engagement between two identical fighter aircraft pitching at full deflection. In a zero gravity environment, a pursuer may exploit its ability to roll to increase its relative angular velocity against a pitching opponent. In this paper, we present a repeatable maneuver for an unmanned fighter aircraft that increases its relative angular velocity. Additionally, we provide maneuvers for aligning an aircraft’s trajectory with a desired target trajectory.
      PubDate: 2019-08-30
  • Application of mathematical modeling for certification of superjet-100
    • Abstract: Abstract The manuscript discusses issues related to the use of mathematical modeling to substantiate the reliability and safety of the Superjet-100 aircraft during the emergency landing. The problem of the passenger airplane airframe dynamic deformation in the landing with partially removed and released the landing gear under given initial conditions of touching the runway of the airfield. Confirmation of the adequacy and reliability of modeling and the accuracy of numerical results are considered.
      PubDate: 2019-08-07
  • A review on kinematic analysis and dynamic stable control of space
           flexible manipulators
    • Abstract: Abstract A review on state of the art of kinematic analysis and dynamic stable control of space flexible manipulators (SFMs) is presented. Specially, SFM as a significant assembled part of autonomous space robotics (ASRs) play an important role in precision-positioning and accurateness-controlling for space engineering application since this lightweight structure possesses a high-efficient payload-to-arm weight ratio. Further, the existing studies of kinematic analysis and dynamic stable control of SFMs are critically examined to ascertain the trends of research and to identify unsolved problems through comparing with different methods. Motivated by the current research results of the two aspects, some suggestions for future research are given concisely in our published literature: (1) a fast eliminate solution algorithm of forward kinematics is presented. (2) Two observer-based control methods are suggested after dynamic modeling of SFMs. (3) How to choose a suitable closed-loop strategy to describe system dynamic features is discussed in a comparison study of the two proposed observer-based control methods.
      PubDate: 2019-08-01
  • A two-step strategy to fuse the height measurements of quadrotors:
           theoretical analysis and experimental verifications
    • Abstract: Abstract For low-cost unmanned aerial vehicles, it is practically important to estimate flight height using the measurements from low-cost accelerometer and barometer sensors. In this paper, we propose a simple two-step strategy to fuse the measurements from the two sensors. In the first step, two different filters, moving average filter and Kalman filter, are adopted to pre-process the measurements from accelerometer and barometer, respectively. In the second step, a properly designed complementary filter is employed for high-precision height estimation. Several experimental comparison results on a small-size quadrotor demonstrate the effectiveness of the strategy. The strategy is further combined with a simple height controller to yield a height feedback-control scheme. The closed-loop experimental results show that 8-cm and 20-cm control accuracies are achieved for 5-m- and 10-m-height tracking tasks, respectively.
      PubDate: 2019-08-01
  • OPD analysis and prediction in aero-optics based on dictionary learning
    • Abstract: Abstract When aircraft flying at a high speed, the density and reflective index of atmosphere around it become uneven. Thus images or videos observed from the observation window on the aircraft are usually blur or quivering, which is called the aero-optical effect. To recover the images from poor quality, it is necessary to learn about the wavefront distortion of the light, described as optical path difference (OPD). Among the existing methods, the method of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation followed by ray tracing is very time consuming, and the method of real-time OPD measurement with OPD sensor has a certain lag for OPD with high frequency. In this paper, a reconstructible dimension reduction method based on dictionary learning is employed to map the high-dimensional OPD data into a low-dimensional space, and the OPD data are calculated when rays travel across the supersonic shear layer. All the parameters of training and test datasets remain the same except the convective Mach numbers (Mc number). According to the dimension reduction results of training sets, we find that OPD is obviously periodic and its distribution characteristics have a strong correlation with Mc number. By fitting the OPD data in the low-dimensional space, every point on the fitting curve can be reconstructed to the original high-dimensional space, which works as prediction. Compared with the truthful data, the average similarity coefficient of the prediction for the test datasets is up to 83%, which means that the prediction result is credible.
      PubDate: 2019-08-01
  • Research on safety modeling and analysis in information fusion system
    • Abstract: Abstract Avionics system integration is a prominent trend in research and development of civil airplane. It can improve task effectiveness, function efficiency, and resource utilization of system. Information fusion, which includes function information fusion, processing information fusion, and sensor input fusion, is a core process of avionics system integration. Some researches about the impact of information fusion on system safety are done in avionics system which is shown as follows: (1) the concept of Mishap Dilution, Mishap Implication and Mishap Confusion (MD–MI–MC) is first defined in function information fusion of avionics system. (2) The model of multi-source MD–MI–MC is established based on hazard theory. (3) The function fusion of Automatic-Dependent Surveillance–Broadcast (ADS–B) and Traffic Collision Avoidance System (TCAS) is used as a typical example to analyze fusion system during the aircraft climbing or landing state. In this paper, the concept and model of multi-source MD–MI–MC are proposed for safety analysis of integrated avionics system. A fusion model with a variable sampling Variational Bayesian–Interacting Multiple Model (VSVB–IMM) algorithm is used to analyze. At last, a set of theory system and evaluation standards including the positive and negative earning analyses are built based on the presented MD–MI–MC theory and mechanism of integrated avionics.
      PubDate: 2019-08-01
  • Architecture options estimate for the near-medium-haul aircraft control
           system by the reliability, mass and power consumption criteria
    • Abstract: Abstract Current trends in increasing fuel efficiency and improving aircrafts flight characteristics place engineers before task of reducing the weight of onboard systems and decreasing power consumption with preserving required degree of reliability. In part of aircraft control system, the main stream is the actuators usage with power supply. In this article, three architecture options of the power part of the aircraft control system with different electrification levels are considered. The considered options of the power part of the control system are estimated by three criteria: reliability, mass, power consumption. The selected criteria allow for the preliminary conclusion about the prospects one or another aircraft control system architecture.
      PubDate: 2019-08-01
  • Transition control of the Blasius boundary layer using passivity
    • Abstract: Abstract The control problem for linearised three-dimensional perturbations about a nominal laminar boundary layer over a flat plate (the Blasius profile) is considered. With a view to preventing the laminar to turbulent transition, appropriate inputs, outputs, and feedback controllers are synthesised that can be used to stabilise the system. The linearised Navier–Stokes equations are reduced to the Orr–Sommerfeld and Squire equations with wall-normal velocity actuation entering through the boundary conditions on the wall. An analysis of the work-energy balance is used to identify an appropriate sensor output that leads to a passive system for certain values of the streamwise and spanwise wavenumbers. Even when the system is unstable, it is demonstrated that strictly positive real feedback can stabilise this system using the special output.
      PubDate: 2019-08-01
  • Atmospheric turbulence detection by PCA approach
    • Abstract: Abstract By detecting the severe meteorological situations on flight route, airborne weather radar (WXR) can ensure the safety of the aircraft and on-board personnel. Among these critical weather conditions, atmospheric turbulence is one of the main factors that affect flight safety. Atmospheric turbulence detection method that the current WXR adopts mainly is the pulse pair processing (PPP) method, which estimates Doppler spectrum width of weather target echo and compares it with a threshold to determine whether this weather target is turbulence or not. PPP method is simple and easy to implement, but the performance of this method under the condition of low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) is poor. In this paper, we propose a new turbulence detection method based on the principal component analysis (PCA) approach. This new method uses PCA approach to preprocess the weather target echo and divides it into two parts: the principal component part as signal and the rest part as noise, so as to realize the de-noising function of PCA approach, and it is then combined with PPP method to estimate the spectrum width. Due to the good de-noising performance of PCA approach, this new method improves the detection performance of traditional PPP method especially under the condition of low SNR.
      PubDate: 2019-08-01
  • Numerical investigation on aircraft wing stiffener composite material
    • Abstract: Abstract The reduction of the aircraft weight is a great challenge for constructors, allowing them to cut down on fuel consumption and to increase the load carrying. This can be achieved by improving the properties of materials of aircraft parts. One of the most massive parts is the wing itself. In fact, according to a recent review of Aircraft Wing Mass Estimation Methods made by Dababneha and Kipouros (Aerosp Sci Technol,, 2017) an aircraft wing could reach 8811 kg (Megson in Aircraft structure for engineering students, 3rd edn. Arnold, London, (1999) for an Airbus A320-200 and even 39,914 kg (Anderson in Fundamentals of aerodynamic, 3rd edn. McGraw-Hill, Boston, 1999) for a Boeing 747-100 since it is a long-range aircraft. Thus, it seems very interesting to act upon the material choice of wing components but without harming structure stiffness. In fact, composite integration has a direct impact on the stress and the weight of the wing which matters a lot in the conception of an aircraft wing. Such a complex problem requires indeed a multidisciplinary approach based on aerodynamics and structural analysis of both composite material and aluminum alloy. Solving this problem could be of great interest for both industrialists and researchers since it would lighten the path towards full composite wing integration. In this work, we propose a double-approach numerical method to study the effect of different composite materials integrated into aircraft wing skin stiffeners. By this way, this investigation aims to show the improvement given by composite materials to the structure and the achieved mass reduction after cautious integration, taking into consideration the stiffness of structure after load application. It also gives a method based on the best yield on weight ratio to compare the different possibilities of integrations to choose the most relevant material, its stacking and fibers orientations. For that, we relied on both analytical calculation and finite element analysis. A Matlab code was developed to determine structure response to loading such as longitudinal and shear stress and to estimate the global structure’s weight for different materials. We started by working on a wing made from the aluminum alloy AA2024 and then we integrated various composite materials like Glass fiber, S-glass/epoxy, and hm graphite/epoxy. Also, an investigation of the variability of stacking sequences and plies orientations was undertaken. As a result, we obtained a clear assessment of the potential of each material. We finally created, inspired by the Airbus technical data, an accurate finite-element model of an aircraft’s wing that served to study the structural resistance with Abaqus. Coherent results for the selected composite material and for its ply’s stacking and orientation were found.
      PubDate: 2019-06-04
  • Error characteristics analysis and calibration testing for MEMS IMU
    • Abstract: Abstract Microelectromechanical systems’ (MEMS) inertial measurement unit (IMU) is widely used in many scenarios for its small size, low weight, and low-power consumptions. However, it possesses relatively low positioning accuracy compared with other high-grade IMUs, as errors accumulate quickly over time. This paper mainly focuses on the error characteristics of the gyro part of MEMS IMU by analyzing different kinds of error parameters. As there is no published standard for MEMS gyro error characterization, three dominant error parameters are selected and investigated, namely, scale factor, in-run bias stability, and angular random walk. In addition, Allan variance analysis is deployed as an important part of the scheme with relative results presented in this paper. Not only is theoretical analysis presented, but experimental verification is also carried out correspondingly with an ADIS16490 MEMS IMU. By comparison, we find that the results of in-run bias stability exceed the given features by up to ten times, while the rest of the results agree quite well with the given features. Possible reasons for the exceeding part are given. Calibration testing results not only provide concrete characterization for MEMS gyro errors, but also enhance the importance of overall calibration of MEMS IMU before use.
      PubDate: 2019-06-04
  • Phased microphone array for sound source localization with deep learning
    • Abstract: Abstract To phased microphone array for sound source localization, algorithm with both high computational efficiency and high precision is a persistent pursuit until now. In this paper, convolutional neural network (CNN) a kind of deep learning is preliminarily applied as a new algorithm. The input of CNN is only cross-spectral matrix, while the output of CNN is source distribution. With regard to computing speed in applications, CNN once trained is as fast as conventional beamforming, and is significantly faster than the most famous deconvolution algorithm DAMAS. With regard to measurement accuracy in applications, at high frequency, CNN can reconstruct the sound localizations with up to 100% test accuracy, although sidelobes may appear in some situations. In addition, CNN has a spatial resolution nearly as that of DAMAS and better than that of the conventional beamforming. CNN test accuracy decreases with frequency decreasing; however, in most incorrect samples, CNN results are not far away from the correct results. This exciting result means that CNN perfectly finds source distribution directly from cross-spectral matrix without given propagation function and microphone positions in advance, and thus, CNN deserves to be further explored as a new algorithm.
      PubDate: 2019-05-14
  • Reynolds number influence on the backpressure-induced shock–boundary
           layer interaction in an asymmetric supersonic expansion flow
    • Abstract: Abstract In the present study, asymmetric supersonic expansion flow produced by an annular conical supersonic nozzle has been studied under static conditions. To understand the details of Reynolds number influence on the backpressure-induced shock–boundary layer interaction, a computational program has been carried out. Particular attention has been paid to the shock physics and characteristics of shock–shock and shock–boundary layer interaction change in the flow field when applied to engines operating in different ambient pressure environments. The identification of this Reynolds number correlated flow behavior changes is important for low supersonic expansion flow in engines, as it is directly attributed to the limits of off-design capability on launcher performance. The obtained results show that Reynolds number has significant influence on flow pattern at low pressure ratio, PR, conditions. When PR grows from 2.00 to 2.10, the most prominent phenomenon is that the separation point on the upper wall keeps moving downstream while the one on the lower wall keeps still. This special flow pattern results in a gradual transition from a Mach reflection to the regular reflection. However, for results at higher pressure ratios than 2.57, the comparison between the predicted shock patterns at the three ambient conditions shows a close one for these higher PR regimes. This suggests that the Reynolds number effect is going to weaken at a higher Mach number flow regime when the flow Reynolds number increases with an increase of the pressure ratio as well as the expansion flow Mach number.
      PubDate: 2019-04-17
  • Modeling hybrid polymer–nanometal lightweight structures
    • Abstract: Abstract Increasing the environmental sustainability of aviation is a key design goal for commercial aircraft for the foreseeable future. From the perspective of structural engineering, this is accomplished through reducing the mass of aircraft components and structures. Advanced manufacturing techniques offer new avenues for design, enabling more complex structures which can have highly tailored properties. One advanced manufacturing concept is the use of 3D printed polymer preforms that are coated with nanocrystalline metal through electrodeposition. This enables the use of high-performance materials in virtually any geometry. To exploit this manufacturing approach, it is incumbent to have well-established mechanical models of the behavior of such hybrid structures. In particular, hybrid polymer–nanometal structures tend to fail due to compressive instabilities. This paper describes a model of local shell buckling, a typical compressive instability, as it applies to hybrid polymer–nanometal structures. The analysis depends upon the Southwell stress function model for radially loaded solids of rotation, and couples this with the Timoshenko analysis of local shell buckling. This combination is applicable to a range of practical configurations for truss-like hybrid structures.
      PubDate: 2019-02-05
  • A numerical study of the dynamic properties of Miura folded metamaterials
    • Abstract: Abstract In this paper, we investigated the dynamic properties of origami structures composed of Miura unit cells with rigid facets and elastic hinges under three types of excitations: harmonic force, harmonic displacement and impact. Under the simple harmonic force or displacement excitations, different crease stiffness affects the vibration responses of Miura folded metamaterials. The single degree-of-freedom (DOF) models have one resonant peak, after which the vibration amplitude at the response end is lower than that of the excitation end. Increasing the crease stiffness can increase the resonant frequency. The multi-DOF model exhibits multiple resonant peaks under harmonic excitations, where the lowest resonant frequency has the highest peak. Increasing the number of layers can reduce the resonant frequency. When the multi-DOF model is subjected to impact load, the magnitude of the impact wave decays quickly after the impact and finally reaches a steady state with a low average strain magnitude. When the crease stiffness is increased, the propagation of the impact wave becomes faster, whereas the maximum strain magnitude becomes smaller. Introducing different damping coefficient to the crease has no influence on the propagation speed of the impact waves, but can accelerate the decay in the magnitude of the impact wave.
      PubDate: 2019-01-17
  • Effect of elastic properties dependence of the stress state in composite
    • Abstract: Abstract Buckling problem is quite important for the engineering practice, mostly in cases of lightweight structures. The use of composites reduces the weight of the structure but gives problems in choice of reliable methods to model buckling and postbuckling behavior of details, especially if they contain thin-walled components. One of the problems is the choice of correct elastic properties of composite material for analysis. Elastic characteristics of composite material depend on the type of loading and uniaxial tension/compression test results in some cases demonstrate an essential difference. The buckling analysis usually assumes compression of the structure and the choice of elastic constants obtained in compression tests leads to more accurate results, but does not guarantee a good correlation with experiments in case of postbuckling analysis due to ignoring some regions with tension stress state. A possible way of material stress-state sensitivity consideration is usage of material models that take into account stiffness susceptibility to different types of loading. Further development of nonlinear elastic model in problems related to buckling and postbuckling analysis for composite materials up to failure is the introduction of material progressive degradation model to consider material properties reduction due to damage in conjunction with nonlinear elasticity.
      PubDate: 2018-12-06
  • Modeling of manufacturing of thermoplastic composites and residual stress
    • Abstract: Abstract The paper describes a model for simulation of residual stresses and process-induced cracks in thermoplastic fibre-reinforced composites. The main aspect of the research is the modeling of phase transitions in thermoplastic matrix, taking into account changes in the matrix mechanical properties and shrinkage. An experimental comparison of modeling results for all mechanical characteristics at all stages of material phase transformation is provided. Equations for modeling of all key processes related to temperature cycle of a thermoplastic matrix solidification are provided together with corresponding material constants, using polyetheretherketone (PEEK) as an example. Approach to modeling of process-induced defects in thermoplastic matrix in dependence of crystallinity degree and different temperature conditions is proposed.
      PubDate: 2018-12-01
  • Structural design and optimization of a morphing wing trailing edge flap
    • Abstract: Abstract This paper presents the structural design and optimization process of a morphing wing trailing edge (TE) flap. The flap consists of flexible upper and lower skins and various connections that constrains the relative motion between the upper and lower skins, and is actuated by an eccentric beam to which several discs of variable radii and setting angles with respect to the beam is rigidly attached. The focus of this work is to find the optimal parameters for the eccentric beam and the connections so that the upper and lower skins bend to the desired shapes and their deformation process is continuous. To achieve this goal, a computer design tool that makes synthetic use of MATLAB, Python and ABAQUS is developed. Specifically, the shape of the eccentric beam, the number, locations, shapes and orientations of the discs, and the number and locations of the connections are calculated according to the target shapes of the morphing flap in MATLAB. These parameters are passed to a Python script that automatically generates the finite element (FE) model of the morphing TE flap assembly for ABAQUS. The FE model is then simulated in ABAQUS and the needed results are extracted by the Python script and passed back to the main MATLAB code, in which a particle swarm optimization is used to find the set of parameters that lead to the optimal bent shape of the upper and lower skins. The results showed that the proposed design process is robust and able to achieve the desired morphed continuously shape of the TE flap.
      PubDate: 2018-12-01
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762

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