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Diabetologia Notes de lecture     Hybrid Journal  
Diabetology Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.273, h-index: 5)
Dialectical Anthropology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.314, h-index: 9)
Die Weltwirtschaft     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Differential Equations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.364, h-index: 15)
Differential Equations and Dynamical Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.63, h-index: 7)
Digestive Diseases and Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.19, h-index: 89)
Directieve therapie     Hybrid Journal  
Discrete & Computational Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.269, h-index: 40)
Discrete Event Dynamic Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.42, h-index: 32)
Distributed and Parallel Databases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.766, h-index: 30)
Distributed Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.41, h-index: 31)
DNP - Der Neurologe und Psychiater     Full-text available via subscription  
Documenta Ophthalmologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 40)
Doklady Biochemistry and Biophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 10)
Doklady Biological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.248, h-index: 10)
Doklady Botanical Sciences     Hybrid Journal  
Doklady Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.272, h-index: 12)
Doklady Earth Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.48, h-index: 17)
Doklady Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.345, h-index: 13)
Doklady Physical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.299, h-index: 12)
Doklady Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 17)
Douleur et Analg├ęsie     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.113, h-index: 6)
Drug Delivery and Translational Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.607, h-index: 8)
Drug Safety - Case Reports     Open Access  
Drugs : Real World Outcomes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Dynamic Games and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.481, h-index: 5)
Dysphagia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 247, SJR: 0.822, h-index: 52)
e & i Elektrotechnik und Informationstechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.279, h-index: 9)
e-Neuroforum     Hybrid Journal  
Early Childhood Education J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.466, h-index: 16)
Earth Science Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.282, h-index: 7)
Earth, Moon, and Planets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.303, h-index: 29)
Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Vibration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.482, h-index: 21)
Earthquake Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.418, h-index: 9)
East Asia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 9)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.362, h-index: 27)
EcoHealth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.88, h-index: 26)
Ecological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.847, h-index: 43)
Economia e Politica Industriale     Hybrid Journal  
Economia Politica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.375, h-index: 6)
Economic Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.527, h-index: 44)
Economic Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Economic Change and Restructuring     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.264, h-index: 9)
Economic Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 2.557, h-index: 34)
Economic Theory Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Economics of Governance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.408, h-index: 14)
Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.909, h-index: 93)
Ecotoxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.333, h-index: 56)
Education and Information Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 239, SJR: 0.366, h-index: 16)
Educational Assessment, Evaluation and Accountability     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.374, h-index: 15)
Educational Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 2.776, h-index: 61)
Educational Research for Policy and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.273, h-index: 9)
Educational Studies in Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.825, h-index: 32)
Educational Technology Research and Development     Partially Free   (Followers: 221, SJR: 1.785, h-index: 52)
Electrical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.336, h-index: 18)
Electrocatalysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.883, h-index: 10)
Electronic Commerce Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.582, h-index: 16)
Electronic Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.411, h-index: 8)
Electronic Materials Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.407, h-index: 15)
Elemente der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Emergency Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.678, h-index: 25)
Emission Control Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal  
Empirica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 16)
Empirical Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.489, h-index: 31)
Empirical Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.285, h-index: 39)
Employee Responsibilities and Rights J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 15)
Endocrine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.878, h-index: 57)
Endocrine Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.638, h-index: 31)
Energy Efficiency     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.732, h-index: 14)
Energy Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.176, h-index: 7)
Engineering With Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.433, h-index: 30)
Entomological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.144, h-index: 5)
Environment Systems & Decisions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Environment, Development and Sustainability     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 29)
Environmental and Ecological Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.458, h-index: 32)
Environmental and Resource Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.632, h-index: 54)
Environmental Biology of Fishes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.725, h-index: 58)
Environmental Chemistry Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.741, h-index: 28)
Environmental Earth Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.724, h-index: 63)
Environmental Economics and Policy Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 4)
Environmental Evidence     Open Access  
Environmental Fluid Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.437, h-index: 24)
Environmental Geochemistry and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.013, h-index: 36)
Environmental Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.522, h-index: 19)
Environmental Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.942, h-index: 66)
Environmental Modeling & Assessment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.533, h-index: 31)
Environmental Monitoring and Assessment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.685, h-index: 52)
Environmental Science and Pollution Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.885, h-index: 46)
Epidemiologic Perspectives & Innovations     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.4, h-index: 17)
Epileptic Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.608, h-index: 38)
EPJ A - Hadrons and Nuclei     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.287, h-index: 63)
EPJ B - Condensed Matter and Complex Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.731, h-index: 89)
EPJ direct     Hybrid Journal  
EPJ E - Soft Matter and Biological Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.641, h-index: 62)
EPMA J.     Open Access   (SJR: 0.284, h-index: 6)
ERA-Forum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.128, h-index: 3)
Erkenntnis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.621, h-index: 16)
Erwerbs-Obstbau     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.206, h-index: 9)

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Journal Cover   European Surgery
  [SJR: 0.166]   [H-I: 13]   [7 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1682-4016 - ISSN (Online) 1682-8631
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2302 journals]
  • Surgical intervention does not affect short-term plasma citrulline levels
           in infants: implications for citrulline as a marker of postoperative
           intestinal complications
    • Abstract: Summary Background and aims Detection of intestinal ischemia is often delayed causing extensive complications. Serum citrulline is an important parameter for bowel integrity and functionality; however, no data is available on its response on postoperative intestinal impairment in children. The aim of this study was to evaluate the native effects of intestinal surgery on the postoperative citrulline course in children. Material and methods In two groups, of each five children under the age of 2, undergoing either intestinal surgery (IS) or non-intestinal surgery (NIS), we monitored unspecific intestinal impairment parameters (lactate, C-reactive protein (CRP), leukocytes) and citrulline prior to surgery and on the 3rd postoperative day. Results In both groups the postoperative course was uneventful, including unproblematic transition to a normal diet and regular stool. Postoperatively, CRP levels were slightly increased (IS p > 0.05; NIS p < 0.05) while leukocytes and lactate levels did not show any significant changes. The citrulline levels remained constant in the perioperative period. Conclusions This data suggests that IS does not affect perioperative citrulline levels in children under the age of 2 years with uneventful postoperative course. Changes in citrulline following surgery might be a sign of intestinal impairment and therefore further investigations are necessary on this field.
      PubDate: 2015-04-15
  • Thymoma with extensive ossification in a young woman
    • Abstract: Summary Background Osseous metaplasia is an extremely rare histological variation of thymus tumors. Despite intratumoral calcifications are described ossification is exceptional. Case report A 27-year-old woman with no relevant medical history was referred to our department for the treatment of a full-calcified anterior mediastinal tumor. It was detected on a spinal X-ray performed for chronic back pain and confirmed by a chest X-ray. On the computed tomography, a bulky anterior mediastinal tumor containing heterogeneous calcification was confirmed. The patient underwent a posterolateral thoracotomy. Intraoperatively there was a large hard stony mass in the anterior mediastinum extending to the right hemi thorax. Complete excision of the mass including thymectomy was done. The patient underwent uneventful recovery. Histopathology reported a thymoma type B1 with osseous metaplasia according to the World Health Organization classification and Masaoka I stage according to intraoperative findings. Results To our knowledge it is the third case published in all literature of a thymus tumor with complete osseous metaplasia in an adult and the first case that tumor is almost entirely ossified. Conclusion The mechanism of osseous metaplasia is unknown. Several theories have been given. Certain cell mediators would stimulate and influence connective tissue to be replaced by heterotopic bone. Further cases of osseous metaplasia will be necessary to figure out pathogenesis, prognosis and treatments outcomes of these particular types of thymomas.
      PubDate: 2015-04-10
  • Light frames the shadow: surgical teaching and education in 2015
    • PubDate: 2015-04-10
  • From colon-sparing techniques to pelvic ileal pouch: history and evolution
           of surgery for ulcerative colitis
    • Abstract: Summary Background Since the first decription of ulcerative colitis(UC) by Sir Wilkins from the London Guy’s Hospital in 1859, medical and surgical management have gradually evolved. Aims of this review are to describe the milestones and pioneers of surgery for UC, taking the readers on a journey through the steps that led to the development of restorative proctocolectomy with ileal pelvic pouch. Methods This is an historical, narrative review. We reviewed scientific literature and historical archives, seeking for documentation of surgery of UC. Information were integrated with our personal experience, taking into accout patients’ perspective. Results Different surgical approaches have been attempted over time, grounding on different concepts. As long as pathophysiology of UC has become clearer, surgeons have profoundly modified their attitudes toward this disease. Early approaches aimed at preserving organs, with “damage-control” surgery. Advances in knowledge and surgical skills led surgeons to demolitive treatments, which proved to be very effective, but with poor quality of life in most patients, especially in young, due to permanent stoma—even if continent ileostomy ameliorated patient satisfaction. On the other hand, straight ileoanal anastomosis, despite preserving trans-anal defaecation, resulted in inacceptably high bowel frequency. Restorative proctocolectomy was the turning point. By combining the concepts of disease removal, continence, and physiological evacuation, it has become the surgical treatment of choice in most UC patients. Conclusion Choice and timing of treatment of UC need to be individualized. Besides surgical knowledge and techniques, the patient’s perspective must be examined closely. Restorative proctocolectomy is the mainstay.
      PubDate: 2015-04-10
  • Functional and clinical outcomes of hand-assisted laparoscopic colorectal
           surgery: a single-institution experience in 255 patients
    • Abstract: Summary Background Hand-assisted laparoscopic colectomy is an alternative technique to laparoscopy: it is technically easier, learning curve and operative time is shorter. We aimed to describe the characteristics of patients admitted due to colorectal cancer for hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery (HALS), intra- and postoperative clinical and functional outcomes. Methods A prospectively maintained database was used to identify all patients who underwent HALS for colorectal cancer at the National Cancer Institute from April 2006 to November 1 2014. Data are presented as frequency (proportion) or median (interquartile range). Results A total of 255 HALS colorectal resections were performed. The mean HALS time was 105 min (50–270). The conversion rate was 1.96 % (5/255). The average number of lymph nodes harvested was 15 (2–54). The average time to first flatus was 1.92 days (1.5–4.5), to tolerance of solid food was 2.85 (1.4–3.4), and to first bowel movements was 3.64 (2.6–4.3). The median length of hospital stay was 6.8 days (3–31). Postoperative complication rate was 9.8 %. Three patients (1.17 %) demanded explorative laparotomy. Postoperative mortality rate was 0.39 % (one patient). There was 3.2 % of local recurrence in the colon and 5.8 % in the rectum and no port site metastasis during 36.3 (1–108) months of surveillance. The 3-year survival rates were 100 % for stage I, 97 % for stage II, 84 % for stage III, and 50 % for stage IV colorectal cancer. Conclusions Hand-assisted laparoscopic colorectal resection preserves nearly all the benefits of laparoscopic colectomy reported in the literature. With experience, it is associated with improved clinical outcomes.
      PubDate: 2015-04-09
  • Is epidural anaesthesia mandatory in fast-track surgery for elective
           colorectal resections?
    • Abstract: Summary Background Epidural anaesthesia is considered as a basic element of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS). In regard of the expenditure and the possible complications, the authors established a modified protocol without epidural analgesia. Methods In this prospective single-centre study, 64 consecutive patients undergoing elective colorectal surgery were treated according to the concept of ERAS, replacing epidural analgesia with infiltration of the incision lines. Results Adequate pain control was possible in 52 (81 %) patients; 55 (86 %) did not need any antiemetic drugs, 41 (64 %) tolerated solid food on the first postoperative day and 51 (80 %) had first bowel movement until day 2. Discharge was possible on day 4.3, overall complication rate was 19 % and 30-day mortality was 3 %. Conclusions ERAS in elective colon surgery is feasible using local infiltration of the incision line resulting in comparable outcome in regard of pain control, intestinal paralysis and complications.
      PubDate: 2015-04-03
  • Amount and influence of perioperative fluid administration on outcome in
           routine elective colorectal surgery according to an ERAS protocol
    • Abstract: Summary Background Restrictive perioperative fluid management is an essential element of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS), but the exact definition of quality and quantity of administered fluid is missing. In this retrospective analysis, we analysed the amount and effect of fluid administration in routine surgical practice following the recommendation of ERAS. Methods A total of 192 consecutive patients, 72 (38 %) female, with a median (range) age of 64 (19–93) years and a median (range) body mass index of 25 (14–39) kg/m2 were analysed. Patients were divided by the median intraoperative fluid administration of 0.15 ml/kg/min. Results Median (range) volume of fluid administration was 2500 (300–5000) ml cristalloids and 100 (0–3000) ml colloids. Total complication and anastomotic leakage rate was 19 and 3 % in group A with less fluid administration and 25 % (p = 0.23) and 6 % in group B (p = 0.26), respectively. Conclusion Amount of intraoperative fluid administration was within the range of ERAS trials, and complication rate was comparable. Less fluid administration showed a non-significant decrease in the overall complication and anastomotic leakage rate.
      PubDate: 2015-03-18
  • Fast-track Ivor Lewis esophageal resection
    • Abstract: Summary Background Esophagectomy for primary esophageal cancer is a high-risk procedure. The main reason for hospital mortality is respiratory morbidity. A fast recovery protocol has been introduced to enhance recovery and to reduce postoperative morbidity. Methods Patients who underwent minimally invasive, hybrid, or open abdominothoracic esophagectomy and intrathoracic esophagogastrostomy between June 2006 and October 2009 were perioperatively managed according to a multistep recovery protocol. Patients with colon interposition, jejunum interposition, Roux-en-Y reconstruction, or chest or supradiaphragmatic anastomosis were excluded from the respective fast-track protocol. Association between several circumstances and protocol dropout was evaluated. Results Overall, 90 consecutive patients (median age, 64.3 years; 17 female) were intended to be treated according to the fast recovery protocol. Major morbidity was 21.1 %, respiratory morbidity was 11.1 %, and hospital mortality was 3.3 %. Protocol failure occurred in 36.7 %, and readmission rate was 2.2 %. Factors associated with failure were pre-existing combined comorbidities (i.e., ASA 3), blood transfusions, thoracoscopic creation of the esophagogastrostomy, and postoperative major complications. Conclusions The fast-track goal was reached in almost two-thirds of patients undergoing Ivor Lewis resection. Multimodal measures reduce pulmonary complication and pneumonia rate without increasing surgical morbidity.
      PubDate: 2015-03-13
  • Effect of perioperative epidural anesthesia in elective laparoscopic
           colorectal resections
    • Abstract: Summary Background The role of general anesthesia combined with epidural anesthesia in laparoscopic colorectal surgery is still controversial. In this retrospective study of 84 consecutive patients, the rate of successfully placed epidural catheter and its effect on perioperative pain and outcome are analyzed. Methods A total of 84 patients, 36 (43 %) female, with a median (range) age of 64 (19–82) years and a median (range) body mass index of 25 (15–37) kg/m2, were operated; 12 (14 %) procedures were performed via single-incision laparoscopic technique. Results The rate of successfully placed epidural anesthesia was 27 % (23), and less postoperative pain (p = 0.04) and need for opioids (p = 0.00) were observed on the day of surgery and first postoperative day. No effect was observed on bowel function, tolerance of solid food, or hospital stay. Conclusions In daily surgical laparoscopic practice, the rate of epidural anesthesia is low. Less pain and less need for opioids, but no effect on bowel function or hospital stay, could be demonstrated.
      PubDate: 2015-03-13
  • Compliance with and fulfillment of a fast-track protocol in daily surgical
           practice in a university hospital
    • Abstract: Summary Background The aim of this retrospective study was to analyze the fulfillment of different fast-track elements in daily surgical practice. Methods One hundred and forty-nine consecutive patients (69 female, 46 %) with a median(range) age of 68(33–93), were analyzed. Results In 46 % of patients no oral bowel preparation was performed. Successful placement of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) was reached in 94(63 %) patients. Nasogastric tube was removed in 97 %, a drain was placed in 94(63 %) patients. The urine catheter was removed in 43 % until postoperative day (POD) 3. No intravenous medication was recorded in 25(16 %) patients on POD1. In 47(32 %) patients deviation from the postoperative fast-track protocol was observed. Hospital mortality was 0.7 % and rehospitalization rate was 5 %(n = 7). Conclusion In summary, this study shows that the extension of the enhanced recovery of surgery (ERAS) protocol in a large department with a great number of staff involved is challenging and needs permanent supervision. Bowel preparation and epidural anesthesia were the elements with worse compliance.
      PubDate: 2015-03-13
  • Is fast track rehabilitation already standard in gastrointestinal
    • PubDate: 2015-03-04
  • Evolution of a surgical service for adrenal pathology and impact of
           surgical intervention on resistant hypertension
    • Abstract: Summary Background An insight into the impact of adrenalectomy on the management of hypertension is helpful in counselling patients when deciding on surgical intervention. Methods We prospectively studied the outcome after surgical intervention for proven functional adrenal adenomas, particularly in regard to post-operative requirement of antihypertensive medications. All patients were prospectively logged onto a comprehensive database, which allowed subsequent long-term follow-up. Account was taken of morbidity encountered. Results A total of 77 patients (78 adrenal glands) underwent adrenal surgery between 1995 and 2013. In all, 44 patients (44/77) had proven functional adenomas, phaeochromocytoma (15/44, 34 %), Conn’s (25/44, 56 %), Cushing’s 4 (4/44, 10 %). A minimum follow-up of 12 months revealed all patients to have a reduction in their disease-specific medication with 75 % Cushing’s, 72 % Conn’s and 60 % phaeochromocytoma patients medicine free. Conclusions Despite the potential for functioning adenomas to produce irreversible change, the intervention of adrenalectomy appears to be beneficial in the vast majority of patients with at least half independent of antihypertensive medication. A reduction in morbidity was demonstrated as experience increased.
      PubDate: 2015-02-28
  • For the beauty of our globe
    • PubDate: 2015-02-27
  • Minimally invasive surgery for benign esophageal disorders: first 200
    • Abstract: Summary Background To evaluate the method of introduction, feasibility, and early results of a laparoscopic surgery for benign foregut disorders in a single high volume center. Methods A retrospective clinical study included consecutively laparoscopically operated patients due to benign foregut disorders. The study was conducted at the Department of Esophagogastric Surgery, First Surgical University Hospital, School of Medicine, University of Belgrade from March 2010 until July 2014. Complete preoperative diagnostics data, details of surgical procedures, and follow-up results are included. Results Overall, 200 consecutive patients were enrolled in the study. GERD and achalasia were the most common indications for laparoscopic surgery, with 81 and 72 patients respectively. Due to giant hiatal hernia, 37 patients were operated on, while the rest were less common indications. There were no conversions to open procedures. In three patients, pneumothorax resulted from intraoperative pleural lesion. One mucosal perforation occurred in an achalasia patient. One reoperation was conducted due to excessive port site bleeding. Short term follow-up results are highly satisfactory, and are presented in detail for every patient group. Conclusion Introduction of laparoscopy in a foregut surgery high volume center for the treatment of benign foregut disorders can be obtained with low incidence of complications, and satisfactory short term functional results.
      PubDate: 2015-02-13
  • Differences in quality of surgery for advanced gastric cancer between
    • Abstract: Summary Background Gastric cancer is one of the most common diseases in Japan, and surgery for gastric cancer is conducted in many general hospitals. However, there has been little investigation of the differences between institutions in terms of postoperative results in gastric cancer patients. This study aimed to compare the quality of treatment for gastric cancer between university hospital and general hospital. Methods We previously performed a multicenter trial in patients with stage II or III gastric cancer who underwent curative surgery followed by adjuvant S-1 chemotherapy. We selected 39 patients with similar backgrounds from this cohort: 16 from the Tottori University Hospital and 23 from a general hospital (Tottori Prefectural Central Hospital). Quality of surgery, postoperative patient nutrition and immunity, relapse-free survival, and overall survival were compared between the two groups. Results Operation time was significantly longer, but postoperative hospital stay was significantly shorter in the university group. Postoperative neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio and prognostic nutritional index improved significantly in the university group but remained unchanged in the general-hospital group. Relapse-free survival and overall survival both were better in the university group compared with the general-hospital group, although the difference in relapse-free survival was not significant. Conclusions Surgery and follow-up for advanced gastric cancer should be conducted by trained surgeons and gastric cancer specialists.
      PubDate: 2015-02-06
  • From Ockham’s razor to Hickam’s dictum and
           back—Saint’s theory and the insights in herniosis
    • Abstract: Summary Introduction The goal of this review article is to present the relationship between the theory of herniosis and Saint’s triad through the two philosophical stand points frequently encountered in diagnostic medicine, Ockham’s razor and Hickam’s dictum. The Saint’s triad was recognized when association between hiatal hernia, colonic diverticular disease, and gallstones have been proven to appear more often than just by pure chance alone. Methodology A systematic review of the literature was performed using MEDLINE (PubMed search), EMBASE, and the Cochrane databases, and it included papers published from 1948 until 2014. Results The data obtained by search are presented to analyze the theory of herniosis. Connective tissue disorder is being recognized as a cornerstone beneath the Saint’s triad, and the facts backing up this stand point are now systematically displayed to readers. Special emphasis is given on review of current literature reports on origin of hiatal hernia and its influence on everyday surgical perceptive. Conclusion Saint’s triad, once the most cited example of Hickam’s dictum is now being put to trial with the theory of herniosis, proving a sharper edge to Ockham razor stand point. It is upon the reader, from the arguments given, to choose which principle will prevail, in further thinking about this particular problem.
      PubDate: 2015-01-21
  • Giant paratracheal ancient schwannoma in 57-year-old male patient: case
    • Abstract: Summary Background A 57-year-old male patient who presented with a massive paratracheal tumor was admitted for tumor extirpation. The presented tumor was exposed by a growth spurt in approximately 6 months’ time. This manifested in tracheoesophageal compression symptoms (tracheal deviation on roentgenography, significant dyspnea, and dysphagia). Surgical extirpation was recommended as a treatment of choice. Method After positioning patient with rotated head on the contralateral side, a longitudinal incision was made on the anterior border of the sternocleidomastoid muscle extending from the clavicular head to the retromandibular area. The tumor was carefully dissected from structures present in the carotid sheath and fully extirpated in one piece from its bed, which extended proximally to the collar bone and cranially to the angle of the mandible. A histological examination of the extirpated tumor was performed. Results After the paratracheal tumor was extirpated, an instant relief from the tracheoesophageal compression symptom was described by the patient. Final diagnosis was determined by a histological examination as an ancient schwannoma. Conclusion Currently, the only available treatment for this type of tumor is surgical extirpation. Histological examination is the only method that can establish final diagnosis.
      PubDate: 2014-12-04
  • In memoriam Prof. Georg Kretschmer
    • PubDate: 2014-12-02
  • The times they are a-changing’
    • PubDate: 2014-11-21
  • Female choice for surgical specialties: development in Germany, Austria,
           and Switzerland over the past decade
    • Abstract: Summary Background The number of female medical graduates and women in academic medicine is steadily increasing, contrary to the number of women in surgery and surgical subspecialties. This study is aimed at revealing the development of women in surgical and nonsurgical specialties in three different European countries. Methods The German registry of physicians, Austrian registry of physicians, and registry of the Swiss Medical Association were searched for the total number of female and male physicians. Data were retrieved from 2000 to 2010. Results In the year 2000, the number of women practicing general surgery (Germany: n = 1922, 11.3 %; Austria: n = 107, 9.0 %; Switzerland: n = 46, 5.0 %), pediatric surgery (n = 67, 22.6 %; n = 8, 25.8 %; n = 11, 21.2 %), plastic and reconstructive surgery (n = 48, 18.4 %; n = 18, 18.8 %; n = 22, 20.0 %), or vascular surgery (n = 83, 10.0 %; n = 8, 5.0 %; n = 2, 5.7 %) was significantly lower compared with specialties known to be more appealing to women like anesthesiology (Germany: n = 6000, 40.5 %; Austria: n = 675, 42.1 %; Switzerland: n = 274, 34.3 %), dermatology (n = 2082, 45.0 %; n = 204, 40.8 %; n = 107, 37.3 %), or pediatrics (n = 5520, 49.3 %; n = 399, 42.8 %; n = 313, 36.1 %). Comparing numbers from 2000 to 2010, all specialties except for anesthesiology in Germany and vascular surgery in Switzerland demonstrated increasing numbers of female physicians. Although the absolute number of female general surgeons in Switzerland tripled over the past decade, the absolute percentage still remains low (12.2 %; + 7.1 %). Conclusions Women are not as attracted to surgical specialties compared with nonsurgical ones. Further efforts will be needed to meet future demands.
      PubDate: 2014-10-10
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