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Showing 1201 - 1400 of 2335 Journals sorted alphabetically
J. of Community Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.921, h-index: 44)
J. of Comparative Physiology A: Neuroethology, Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.087, h-index: 74)
J. of Comparative Physiology B : Biochemical, Systemic, and Environmental Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.126, h-index: 59)
J. of Compassionate Health Care     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Computational Analysis and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.291, h-index: 19)
J. of Computational Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 20)
J. of Computational Neuroscience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.068, h-index: 60)
J. of Computer and Systems Sciences Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.27, h-index: 13)
J. of Computer Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.437, h-index: 31)
J. of Computer Virology and Hacking Techniques     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.151, h-index: 2)
J. of Computer-Aided Molecular Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.995, h-index: 78)
J. of Computers in Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
J. of Computing in Higher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.363, h-index: 21)
J. of Consumer Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.704, h-index: 30)
J. of Contemporary Mathematical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.237, h-index: 5)
J. of Contemporary Physics (Armenian Academy of Sciences)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.197, h-index: 6)
J. of Contemporary Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 23)
J. of Control Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.359, h-index: 19)
J. of Control, Automation and Electrical Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 9)
J. of Crop Science and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
J. of Cross-Cultural Gerontology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.631, h-index: 29)
J. of Cryptographic Engineering     Partially Free   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.989, h-index: 11)
J. of Cryptology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.443, h-index: 55)
J. of Cultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.539, h-index: 29)
J. of Database Marketing & Customer Strategy Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.149, h-index: 8)
J. of Derivatives & Hedge Funds     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.114, h-index: 5)
J. of Developmental and Physical Disabilities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.574, h-index: 29)
J. of Digital Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.578, h-index: 35)
J. of Direct Data and Digital Marketing Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.154, h-index: 6)
J. of Dynamical and Control Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.4, h-index: 26)
J. of Dynamics and Differential Equations     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 1.418, h-index: 31)
J. of Earth Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.483, h-index: 16)
J. of Earth System Science     Open Access   (Followers: 43, SJR: 0.448, h-index: 32)
J. of East Asian Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.537, h-index: 20)
J. of Echocardiography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.22, h-index: 3)
J. of Economic Growth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 3.273, h-index: 63)
J. of Economic Interaction and Coordination     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.263, h-index: 12)
J. of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.418, h-index: 23)
J. of Economics and Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.272, h-index: 19)
J. of Educational Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.961, h-index: 21)
J. of Elasticity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.851, h-index: 45)
J. of Electroceramics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.577, h-index: 57)
J. of Electronic Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.609, h-index: 75)
J. of Electronic Testing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.372, h-index: 27)
J. of Electronics (China)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.112, h-index: 9)
J. of Elementary Science Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
J. of Engineering Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.347, h-index: 37)
J. of Engineering Physics and Thermophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 11)
J. of Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 5)
J. of Engineering Thermophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.763, h-index: 9)
J. of Environmental Studies and Sciences     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
J. of Ethology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.609, h-index: 25)
J. of Evolution Equations     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.826, h-index: 26)
J. of Evolutionary Biochemistry and Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.145, h-index: 11)
J. of Evolutionary Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 52)
J. of Experimental and Theoretical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.458, h-index: 39)
J. of Experimental Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 1.445, h-index: 28)
J. of Failure Analysis and Prevention     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.261, h-index: 15)
J. of Family and Economic Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.396, h-index: 32)
J. of Family Violence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 0.639, h-index: 56)
J. of Financial Services Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.273, h-index: 10)
J. of Financial Services Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.572, h-index: 36)
J. of Fixed Point Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.644, h-index: 13)
J. of Fluorescence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 56)
J. of Food Measurement and Characterization     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.307, h-index: 4)
J. of Food Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.441, h-index: 29)
J. of Forest Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.495, h-index: 27)
J. of Forestry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.304, h-index: 14)
J. of Fourier Analysis and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.18, h-index: 42)
J. of Friction and Wear     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.373, h-index: 7)
J. of Fusion Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 19)
J. of Gambling Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.171, h-index: 57)
J. of Gastroenterology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.651, h-index: 88)
J. of Gastrointestinal Cancer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.304, h-index: 39)
J. of Gastrointestinal Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.64, h-index: 99)
J. of General Internal Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.804, h-index: 134)
J. of General Plant Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.554, h-index: 22)
J. of Genetic Counseling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.902, h-index: 39)
J. of Genetics     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.458, h-index: 28)
J. of Geodesy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 2.173, h-index: 56)
J. of Geographical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.8, h-index: 23)
J. of Geographical Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.822, h-index: 39)
J. of Geometric Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 1.491, h-index: 27)
J. of Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.272, h-index: 15)
J. of Global Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 60)
J. of Global Policy and Governance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
J. of Grid Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.414, h-index: 37)
J. of Hand and Microsurgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Happiness Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.881, h-index: 39)
J. of Hematopathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 13)
J. of Heuristics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.308, h-index: 50)
J. of High Energy Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.052, h-index: 153)
J. of Homotopy and Related Structures     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.232, h-index: 2)
J. of Housing and the Built Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.648, h-index: 28)
J. of Huazhong University of Science and Technology [Medical Sciences]     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.344, h-index: 19)
J. of Ichthyology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.304, h-index: 10)
J. of Immigrant and Minority Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.759, h-index: 37)
J. of Inclusion Phenomena and Macrocyclic Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.331, h-index: 46)
J. of Indian Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.127, h-index: 12)
J. of Indian Prosthodontic Society     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.164, h-index: 7)
J. of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.966, h-index: 80)
J. of Industry, Competition and Trade     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.327, h-index: 15)
J. of Infection and Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.673, h-index: 46)
J. of Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 1.474, h-index: 55)
J. of Information Technology Teaching Cases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
J. of Infrared, Millimeter and Terahertz Waves     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.25, h-index: 36)
J. of Inherited Metabolic Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.389, h-index: 77)
J. of Inorganic and Organometallic Polymers and Materials     Partially Free   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.338, h-index: 33)
J. of Insect Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.569, h-index: 39)
J. of Insect Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.872, h-index: 43)
J. of Intelligent and Robotic Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.629, h-index: 43)
J. of Intelligent Information Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.691, h-index: 43)
J. of Intelligent Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 54)
J. of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.93, h-index: 43)
J. of Intl. Business Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 4.208, h-index: 130)
J. of Intl. Entrepreneurship     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.549, h-index: 23)
J. of Intl. Migration and Integration / Revue de l integration et de la migration internationale     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.308, h-index: 13)
J. of Intl. Relations and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.793, h-index: 22)
J. of Labor Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.394, h-index: 27)
J. of Logic, Language and Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
J. of Low Temperature Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.531, h-index: 52)
J. of Machinery Manufacture and Reliability     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.203, h-index: 7)
J. of Mammalian Evolution     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.134, h-index: 37)
J. of Mammary Gland Biology and Neoplasia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.252, h-index: 83)
J. of Management and Governance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.805, h-index: 33)
J. of Management Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.605, h-index: 6)
J. of Marine Science and Application     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.439, h-index: 11)
J. of Marine Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.235, h-index: 19)
J. of Maritime Archaeology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.228, h-index: 8)
J. of Market-Focused Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
J. of Marketing Analytics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
J. of Material Cycles and Waste Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.449, h-index: 22)
J. of Materials Engineering and Performance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.544, h-index: 40)
J. of Materials Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.836, h-index: 123)
J. of Materials Science : Materials in Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
J. of Materials Science : Materials in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
J. of Mathematical Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.011, h-index: 71)
J. of Mathematical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.497, h-index: 45)
J. of Mathematical Fluid Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.22, h-index: 22)
J. of Mathematical Imaging and Vision     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.901, h-index: 53)
J. of Mathematical Modelling and Algorithms     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.414, h-index: 23)
J. of Mathematical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.272, h-index: 23)
J. of Mathematics Teacher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.062, h-index: 20)
J. of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
J. of Mechanical Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.589, h-index: 26)
J. of Medical and Biological Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 18)
J. of Medical Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.299, h-index: 18)
J. of Medical Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.717, h-index: 44)
J. of Medical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.874, h-index: 28)
J. of Medical Ultrasonics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
J. of Medicine and the Person     Hybrid Journal  
J. of Membrane Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.738, h-index: 82)
J. of Micro-Bio Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.28, h-index: 3)
J. of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.741, h-index: 43)
J. of Mining Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.317, h-index: 16)
J. of Molecular Evolution     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.952, h-index: 108)
J. of Molecular Histology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.755, h-index: 48)
J. of Molecular Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 2.165, h-index: 113)
J. of Molecular Modeling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.466, h-index: 50)
J. of Molecular Neuroscience     Partially Free   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.988, h-index: 69)
J. of Mountain Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.418, h-index: 15)
J. of Muscle Research and Cell Motility     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 55)
J. of Nanoparticle Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.583, h-index: 84)
J. of Natural Medicines     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.602, h-index: 28)
J. of Near-Death Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
J. of Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.689, h-index: 55)
J. of Network and Systems Management     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.466, h-index: 26)
J. of Neural Transmission     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.034, h-index: 86)
J. of Neuro-Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.274, h-index: 90)
J. of Neuroimmune Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.662, h-index: 45)
J. of Neurology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.429, h-index: 105)
J. of NeuroVirology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.979, h-index: 69)
J. of Nondestructive Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.863, h-index: 27)
J. of Nonlinear Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.887, h-index: 42)
J. of Nonverbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 47)
J. of Nuclear Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 1.024, h-index: 68)
J. of Nutrition, Health and Aging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.919, h-index: 60)
J. of Obstetrics and Gynecology of India     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 6)
J. of Occupational Rehabilitation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.811, h-index: 51)
J. of Ocean Engineering and Marine Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Ocean University of China (English Edition)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.237, h-index: 11)
J. of Oceanography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.796, h-index: 52)
J. of Ocular Biology, Diseases, and Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.183, h-index: 11)
J. of Optical and Fiber Communications Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
J. of Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 8)
J. of Optimization Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 65)
J. of Ornithology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
J. of Orofacial Orthopedics / Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.574, h-index: 33)
J. of Orthopaedic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.708, h-index: 48)
J. of Paleolimnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.984, h-index: 64)
J. of Parasitic Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.298, h-index: 9)
J. of Pediatric Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
J. of Pest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.341, h-index: 28)
J. of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Pharmaceutical Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 17)
J. of Pharmaceutical Investigation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.331, h-index: 6)
J. of Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.708, h-index: 46)
J. of Phase Equilibria and Diffusion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.433, h-index: 36)
J. of Philosophical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.704, h-index: 26)
J. of Physiology and Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.87, h-index: 33)

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Journal Cover European Journal of Plastic Surgery
  [SJR: 0.203]   [H-I: 16]   [7 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1435-0130 - ISSN (Online) 0930-343X
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2335 journals]
  • Erratum to: Acknowledgment to reviewers—2016
    • Authors: Horacio F. Mayer
      PubDate: 2017-03-15
      DOI: 10.1007/s00238-017-1299-6
  • The effect of caudal extension graft on nostril in rhinoplasty
    • Authors: Ali Razfar; Shabnam Hajialipour; Azadeh Kheradmand; Amir Arvin Sazgar
      Abstract: Background Caudal extension graft technique is a versatile technique in rhinoplasty providing good tip support and maintaining tip projection. In this study, we evaluated the clinical outcomes of this technique and performed anthropometric analysis of nostril shape from the basal view. Methods Thirty-two patients undergoing caudal extension graft technique were identified from December 2011 to July 2016. Patients with a minimum of 12 month follow-up were included. Quantitative analysis was performed on standard pre- and postoperative photos. Results Nasal tip protrusion and columellar width were increased significantly (p value < 0.001), while apex angle was decreased significantly (p value <0.001). Caudal extension graft placement resulted in a non-significant decrease in nostril size on the side of graft placement. There was no significant change in columellar length or nostril width. Conclusions Caudal extension graft technique is a versatile and reliable technique for addressing poor tip support and setting tip projection. Disadvantages of caudal extension graft include asymmetric nostrils and over projection in cases where projection reduction is needed. We showed that while there is a significant increase in columellar width, there is no significant increase in nostril asymmetry. Level of Evidence: Level IV, risk/prognostic study.
      PubDate: 2017-03-14
      DOI: 10.1007/s00238-017-1298-7
  • Acellular bovine pericardium in implant-based breast reconstruction: A
           systematic review of the literature
    • Authors: Uppara Mallikarjuna; Minahil Mujahid; Richard Pilkington; M Shaheer; Pervaz Mujahid
      Abstract: Background The use of bovine acellular pericardium as a pectoral extender is a relatively newer biologic in prosthetic breast reconstruction. Fewer studies with smaller sample sizes have been conducted on the outcome and complications of its use lacking comprehensive data. We therefore reviewed the published literature and conducted a systematic review to summarise both aesthetic benefits and reported complications. Methods A literature search of electronic databases (Medline/PubMed and Embase) between January 2010 and July 2016 was conducted. The search terms breast reconstruction, Veritas®, bovine pericardial patch, bovine pericardium and acellular collagen matrix were used. Inclusion criteria were restricted to articles containing data on bovine pericardial collagen matrix used in breast reconstruction either immediate or delayed. Graph Pad Prism statistical software was used for summarising and depicting results. Results Data from 87 patients included in five articles which met the inclusion criteria were collated. In total, 135 procedures were performed using Veritas®. Sixty-six patients’ procedures were immediate reconstruction, 57 procedures were delayed reconstruction, and seven patients lack the details of the type of reconstruction. Complications were reported for 80 patients seroma was noticed in 12 patients (15%); skin necrosis was noticed in 5 patients (6.25%); infection was noticed in 6 patients (7.5%); and haematoma was noticed in 3 patients (3.75%). No patient presented with a capsular contracture. In total, 9 patients have received radiotherapy. Conclusion Use of acellular bovine pericardium is safe according to the results published in the literature so far. Randomised controlled study comparing acellular dermal matrix with acellular bovine pericardium using a similar group of patients with minimal or no inter surgeon variance are warranted to compare and contrast outcomes. Level of Evidence: Not ratable
      PubDate: 2017-03-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s00238-017-1284-0
  • Effects of montelukast on tendon healing in a murine model
    • Authors: Kaan Gideroğlu; Hüsamettin Çakıcı; Onur Hapa; Kutay E. Özturan; Ergun Bozdağ; Fahri Yılmaz; İbrahim Sağlam
      Abstract: Background Tendon injury induces a local inflammatory response characterized by the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of montelukast sodium on the healing of tendons through histological and biomechanical evaluations. Methods Forty-eight female Wistar albino rats were randomly assigned to an experimental group that received montelukast sodium (n = 24) and a control group (n = 24) that did not. Tendon injury was created in the Achilles tendon. The experimental group was injected intraperitoneally (IP) with 1 ml of 1 mg/kg montelukast sodium solution once a day prior to the surgery and during the experimental research. The control group was injected with saline solution. Two weeks later, eight rats in each group underwent a histological evaluation. In the fourth week, eight rats underwent a histological evaluation and the other eight rats went through a biomechanical evaluation. Results Based on the histological evaluation in the second week, it was observed that the severity of the inflammation was less in the experimental group that received montelukast sodium (p < 0.05). In terms of the formation of collagen, no significant difference was observed between the groups in the second and fourth weeks. Tendon breaking loads were 33.2 ± 10.95 and 38.8 ± 10.90 N for the montelukast group and the control group, respectively. However, the difference between the groups was found to be statistically insignificant (p > 0.05). Conclusions There was no negative effect on the healing of tendons due to injection of montelukast sodium. In addition, observing less inflammation in the experimental group in the earlier phase suggests that montelukast sodium may help in preventing tendon adhesion after reconstructive treatment. Level of Evidence: Not ratable.
      PubDate: 2017-03-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s00238-017-1283-1
  • Predictive value of biochemical and tissue modifications for wound healing
           in post-bariatric patients
    • Authors: Marco D’Ettorre; Damiano Tambasco; Geltrude Mingrone; Roberto Bracaglia
      Abstract: Background Bariatric surgery, despite its beneficial effects, is responsible for highly frequent wound healing complications, as it has already been demonstrated in post-biliopancreatic diversion (BPD) patients. The aim of this study was to analyze results and wound healing process in a population submitted to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), a procedure involving both a malabsorptive and restrictive approach. Methods Thirteen non-smokers and non-diabetic patients submitted to laparoscopic RYGB underwent abdominoplasty. Biochemical parameters before and after bariatric surgery were evaluated. The content of total protein and hydroxyproline (revealing collagen amount) was assessed in multiple biopsies before and after RYGB. Skin samples were subjected to macroscopic and histological evaluation, where elastic fibers content was put into evidence by a specific stain (Wigert–Van Gieson). Results Most of the biochemical parameters analyzed showed a mild reduction after weight loss surgery. Neither tissue proteins nor hydroxyproline were significantly reduced after RYGB. Macroscopically, equal thickness of the two adipose tissue layers (areolar and lamellar) was observed in addition to normal consistency and compactness. Histological evaluation revealed fibroblast augmentation, hypertrophic adipocytes, and augmented dimension. Results were then compared with those previously obtained in post-BPD population. Conclusion Despite that further elaborations are needed, RYGB, compared to BPD, seems to be associated with minor modifications of tissues and biochemical and tissue parameter values, possibly leading to a lower wound complication rate. Level of Evidence: Level IV, prognostic study
      PubDate: 2017-03-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s00238-017-1290-2
  • Microsurgical reconstruction in mandible osteoradionecrosis: a clinical
           experience from Portugal
    • Authors: Cristina Pinto; João Coelho; Tiago Guedes; Carolina Andresen; Diana Santos; João Matos Martins; Nuno Gomes; Horácio Zenha; Horácio Costa
      Abstract: Background Osteoradionecrosis (ORN) is one of the most feared complications of head and neck cancer radiotherapy. The most common location for facial ORN is the mandible. Optimal clinical management is still under debate, insofar as a clear definition of its pathological process is yet to be obtained. Osseous surgical debridement is mandatory in advanced stages, but the reconstructive technique has to be specifically tailored to ORN characteristics. Methods Data from patients with ORN treated in our institution from 2000 to 2014 was reviewed. Twenty-one patients were included. We retrospectively analyzed risk factors, severity of bone lesions, extension of bone resection, reconstructive option, and complications. A control group without ORN was used for comparison. Results In this study, radical excision and reconstruction with free flaps was the treatment of choice for moderate and severe ORN. We found a statistically significant higher rate of salvage procedures in ORN patients when compared with the control non-ORN cohort (p < 0.05). Sixty percent of the patients with ORN achieved stable coverage; 83.3% of the patients had evidence of bone union in imaging exams, and 75% recovered oral feeding capability. There was a tendency towards healing problems in ORN patients, but it did not reach statistical significance. Conclusion Although there was a higher rate of surgical complications in ORN patients when compared to the control group, microsurgical approach leads to good morphofunctional results in moderate to severe ORN. Level of Evidence: Level IV, therapeutic study.
      PubDate: 2017-03-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s00238-017-1286-y
  • Hemi-facial reconstruction following extensive crush avulsion injury of
           the face
    • Authors: Gopal Malhotra; Rahul K. Patil; Komma Venkata Nageshwara Reddy; Ahmed Osama Abdul Hameed; Mahil Cherian
      Abstract: Abstract Post-traumatic facial defects need to be treated sensitively, as the emotional repercussions and possible deformity can have lasting effects on the patient’s psychological well-being. Thus, the management of posttraumatic facial injuries requires meticulous planning and adherence to both aesthetic and reconstructive principles. We describe the case of a 29-year-old male who underwent multistage reconstruction following extensive facial injuries. The clinical challenges presented by this rare case and steps of the reconstruction procedure are presented. Sequential flaps that were placed during the restoration survived, and the patient had no lasting donor site morbidity. Post-surgery, the patient’s self-confidence was dramatically improved, as were his interactions with his family and friends. Careful planning and staged microvascular procedures were important in the management of this patient with severe injuries. The patient was rehabilitated and able to live a near-normal life, without the need for synthetic implants or lifelong immune suppression. Level of Evidence: Level V, therapeutic study.
      PubDate: 2017-03-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s00238-017-1291-1
  • Management of recalcitrant hemi-facial spasm with upper eyelid gold weight
    • Authors: Henry Beem; Darryl Dunn; Matthew Peters; Kieran Rowe
      Abstract: Abstract Hemi-facial spasm (HFS) has a presentation of variable severity but is consistently troublesome for the affected individual who can suffer significant social embarrassment from the persistent and unpredictable facial twitching. Here, we present a case of a 62-year-old male with a 17-year history of left hemi-facial spasm secondary to compression of the facial nerve at the root exit zone by an ectatic ipsilateral posterior inferior cerebellar artery. His HFS failed neurosurgical intervention, and medical therapies were found to be ineffective or poorly tolerated. His HFS was noted to be exacerbated on forced eye closure and subsequently it was observed that he was compensating with incomplete eye closure on the affected side. Surgical placement of an upper lid gold weight has significantly diminished the severity and frequency of his HFS symptoms and obviated the need for an orbicularis oculi myectomy. Level of Evidence: Level V, therapeutic study.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00238-017-1294-y
  • The pineapple technique for excision of large plexiform neurofibromas
    • Authors: Michele Maruccia; Giuseppe Di Taranto; Fabio Nicoli; Pedro Ciudad; Giuseppe Giudice; Bruno Carlesimo; Hung-chi Chen
      Abstract: Abstract Plexiform neurofibromas (PNF) occur in up to 30% of patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). To date, management of this tumors remains medically challenging. Surgical approach represents the only viable treatment option of progressive growing plexiform neurofibromas but surgical complications may be relatively common. Intraoperative tumor bleeding was found to occur as one of the most frequent complications. We report the case of a 28-year-old male patient presented with a large back-pack shaped plexiform neurofibroma. The tumor was successfully excised using the pineapple technique, with minimal intraoperative blood loss. To our opinion, this is the first reported case of excision of a plexiform neurofibroma combined with multi-layered hemostatic suture technique. This novel application proves the efficacy and the potential of the technique, extending its feasibility to the excision of any type of vascular tumor or extensive cancerous masses. Level of Evidence: Level V, therapeutic study
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00238-017-1292-0
  • Computed tomography angiography (CTA) assisted preoperative planning and
           volume calculation of deep inferior epigastric artery perforator (DIEP)
           flap for breast reconstruction
    • Authors: Galia Ronen; Arye Blachar; Aryeh Abelow; Eyal Gur; Yoav Barnea
      Abstract: Background The use of the deep inferior epigastric artery perforator (DIEP) flap has gained popularity as a technique for autologous breast reconstruction. This surgery entails finely dissecting the perforators of the deep inferior epigastric artery passing through the rectus abdominis muscle, while deciding which of the perforators will best supply the flap. Computed tomography angiography (CTA) has emerged as the imaging modality of choice for preoperative evaluation. This study evaluates the accuracy of CTA in identifying perforator anatomy and flap volume calculation, as well as its impact on the patient’s outcome. Methods A prospective study was conducted. Thirty-two consecutive patients that underwent CT angiography prior to unilateral DIEP flap reconstruction surgery were included in the study. The control group was composed of 32 patients, who were operated on by the same surgical team, using the same surgical technique, prior to the initiation of the CTA study. The imaging provided by CTA was correlated with actual intra-operative findings. Operative time, the duration of hospital stay, and postoperative complications were assessed. The volume of the flap as calculated by CT was compared to the flap’s actual weight after harvest. Results CTA identified 285 perforators; of these, 278 were found intra-operatively. There was no statistically significant difference between the data provided by the CT and intra-operative findings. The use of CTA was associated with decreased operating time (unilateral, 424 versus 546 min, p < 0.0001) and significantly decreased hospitalization (unilateral, 7.6 versus 11.6 days, p = 0.0002). There was good correlation between the volume of the flap as calculated by CT and the flap’s measured weight after harvest (1117 cm3 versus 1181 g, r = 0.774). Conclusions CTA is an accurate tool in planning and calculating flap volume of DIEP flap and is associated with improved outcomes. Level of Evidence: Level III, diagnostic study.
      PubDate: 2017-02-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s00238-017-1295-x
  • The tubed pedicle flap centennial: its concept, origin, rise and fall
    • Authors: Klaas W. Marck; Roman Palyvoda; Andrew Bamji; Jan J. van Wingerden
      Abstract: Abstract Part of the conceptual thinking that characterizes reconstructive surgery is to consider the way tissue is transferred: locally pedicled, pedicled from a distance, or free. In 1917, now 100 years ago, the concept of the distant tubed pedicle skin flap was published. The tubed flap has raised a debate about priority in the past. This historical review elucidates this debate and identifies Filatov from Odessa, Ukraine, as the originator of the procedure. Ganzer in Germany published a little later, independently from Filatov, about tubing, while Gillies in England, not knowing the work of either, started to use pedicled flaps at the end of 1917, which primeur was contested by his colleague Aymard. Tubing a pedicle was the final refinement of the distantly pedicled flap. The high volume of facial wounds during the First World War gave army surgeons like Ganzer and Gillies the opportunity to gain experience with all kinds of tubed pedicled flaps. This resulted in a real impetus of reconstructive surgery in the interbellum. This made the tubed pedicle flap the main reconstructive method for large skin defects until the 1970s of the last century, when pedicled myocutaneous flaps and free flap surgery were introduced. There is still a modest place for tubed pedicled flaps in reconstructive surgery. Tubed groin flaps are still useful to cover hand defects and tubed deltopectoral flaps are still used for facial reconstruction in hospitals in less-privileged countries where free flap surgery is not feasible. Level of Evidence: Not ratable.
      PubDate: 2017-02-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s00238-017-1289-8
  • Reverse dorsal metacarpal flaps for reconstruction of proximal phalanx
           defects following skin tumor excision: A case series
    • Authors: Adem Özkan
      Abstract: Background Reverse dorsal metacarpal flaps (RDMFs) are widely used to cover significant skin and soft tissues defects of the finger.However, there is a current lack of information regarding the use of RDMFs in the reconstruction of phalanx defects following skin tumor excision. Methods From October 2012 to April 2016, medical records of all patients who underwent reconstruction of proximal phalanx defects with RDMF were retrospectively reviewed. Patient age and gender, tumor type, tumor location, donor site coverage, flap dimensions, range of motion of the metacarpophalangeal joint, and postoperative complications were evaluated. Results Seven patients underwent closure of skin defects of the proximal phalanx with RDMF. All flaps survived completely without complication. Flap size ranged from 1.5 × 2 to 3 × 3.5 cm. Good coverage was obtained in all cases. Skin paddle was taken from the dorsal aspect of the second, third, and fourth intermetacarpal area. All patients had full range of movement of the reconstructed and donor digits when followed at 6 months after surgery. Conclusions The RDMF is a flap which is safe, easy to apply in the context of soft tissue coverage procedures, and does not result in the loss of finger functions. It also confers excellent aesthetic skin suitability and does not require debulking procedures. Level of Evidence: Level V, therapeutic study.
      PubDate: 2017-02-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s00238-017-1282-2
  • Long term follow-up on prepectoral ADM-assisted breast reconstruction:
           evidences after 4 years
    • Authors: Giorgio Berna; Simon J. Cawthorn
      Abstract: Abstract Prepectoral implant-based breast reconstruction is on the rise because of the advantages related to preservation of the pectoralis major muscle. Indeed, this reconstructive procedure improves the aesthetic outcomes and the postoperative recovery time, avoiding the risk of breast animation and deformity. On the other hand, the subcutaneous implant positioning has higher risk of capsular contracture and for this reason, the subpectoral breast reconstruction has been preferred for many years; but the introduction of a pre-shaped acellular dermal matrix (ADM) which allows a complete implant coverage led to the onset of the new prepectoral technique, solving the problem of a stiff periprosthetic capsule formation. In fact, the use of ADMs in breast reconstruction has been shown to decrease the capsular contracture formation. Nevertheless, no long-term outcomes have been reported with the use of a pre-shaped ADM for prepectoral breast reconstruction. The authors present the first ten patients who had a prepectoral ADM-assisted breast reconstruction showing no evidences of capsular contracture after a median follow-up of 4 years. Level of Evidence: Level V, therapeutic study.
      PubDate: 2017-02-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s00238-017-1285-z
  • Successful treatment of postburn flexion contracture in fingers of early
           childhood with dynamic splint therapy after operation: long-term follow-up
    • Authors: Masao Fujiwara; Takahiro Suzuki; Hidekazu Fukamizu; Yoshiki Tokura
      Abstract: Background Infants or early childhood individuals are prone to be burned on the palm and fingers, since they tend to extend their hands to the heat source. Wounds with more than 3-week-prolonged ulcers frequently result in flexion contracture. Despite successful surgery, the outcome might be unsatisfactory because of postoperative contracture. This study aims to investigate the effectiveness of our dynamic splint therapy following operation of postburn flexion contracture of fingers in infants or early childhood. Methods Ten patients with postburn flexion contractures were enrolled in this study. After epithelialization of wounds had been completed, surgery was planned. Contracture was released by scar incision, and full-thickness skin was grafted. Postoperatively, the finger joints were fixed at the extended position with the Kirschner wires for 3 weeks. After the fixation was released, Capener-type dynamic splints were worn for 2 years. The functional outcome was assessed by measurement of total active motion (TAM). The aesthetic outcome was assessed using Vancouver scar scale (VSS). Results The mean postoperative follow-up period was 49.6 months (range 31–81 months). In all cases, contractures were released, and all skin grafts were completely taken. None developed late contracture. The mean postoperative TAM of the fingers (259.6 ± 2.54) was significantly higher than the preoperative one (148.0 ± 51.5). The mean postoperative VSS (1.40 ± 1.14) was significantly lower than the preoperative one (5.53 ± 0.50). Conclusions Our treatment protocol provided the excellent functional result and improved the aesthetic appearance. Level of Evidence: Level IV, therapeutic study.
      PubDate: 2017-02-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s00238-017-1288-9
  • Contralateral sensitive cross flap for reconstruction of a burned breast
    • Authors: Alessio Caggiati; Stefania Tenna; Fabio Santanelli di Pompeo; Rosaria Laporta
      Abstract: Abstract Several different approaches for reconstruction have been already described taking into account size and shape of the native breast, location and type of cancer, whether adjuvant radiation and/or chemotherapy is needed, patient’s demographic information, and surgeon’s preferences and experience. We report a case of reconstruction in burn patient using a breast sensitive perforator flap from the contralateral side. Thanks to the volume excess, the left side was large enough to reconstruct the affected side. A supero-medial pedicled reduction mammaplasty was performed on the left breast, and the excess inferior-part was elevated laterally and caudally off the pectoralis major. The flap was supplied by two perforators from the internal mammary vessels, and it was transposed to the right side after resection of the burned breast tissue. The right nipple-areola complex was left buried under the flap. After 2 months, the flap pedicle was deepithelialized, debulked, and passed through inframammary fold. The nipple-areola complex was released as a pedicled flap and sutured to the flap tissue approximately at the same level of the contralateral from the sternal notch. Preoperative sensitivity assessment demonstrated worst sensation of the right breast compared to the uninjured side. At 6 months, postoperatively, the patient could localize pressure and sensibility tested by the use of cotton wool and a pinprick test was quite normal. A clear improvement was observed in cutaneous pressure sensation thresholds over the time. At 12 months, she could recognize cotton wool and a pinprick. No changes were observed in the nipple-areola complex sensibility. Level of Evidence: Level V, therapeutic study.
      PubDate: 2017-02-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s00238-017-1287-x
  • Platelet biology and the rationale of PRP therapy in chronic wounds
    • Authors: Domantas Rainys; Gediminas Samulėnas; Mantas Kievišas; Eglė Samulėnienė; Loreta Pilipaitytė; Rytis Rimdeika
      Abstract: Abstract For the past four decades, platelets have been thought to function only in hemostatic processes. With reference to recent research, today, it is known that platelets also play important roles in tissue regeneration and immunological processes. The keystone of the use of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) for the treatment of chronic wounds lays in the molecular composition of thrombocytes, which are rich in growth factors and other biologically active substances. PRP forms a matrix for cells and thus promotes wound healing processes. Harvesting PRP is relatively uncomplicated, minimally invasive, and potentially available for each patient. In this review, we provide an overview of the biology of the thrombocyte to better understand the effects of PRP. Additionally, we reviewed published studies, analyzing the effectiveness of PRP for the treatment of chronic wounds. Level of evidence: Not ratable.
      PubDate: 2017-02-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s00238-017-1279-x
  • Scarring of the C8-T1 roots with partial avulsion in situ in total
           obstetric brachial plexus palsy
    • Authors: Mohammad M. Al-Qattan; Amel A. F. El-Sayed
      Abstract: Background Primary exploration of the brachial plexus in infants with obstetric palsy may reveal scarring of the lower roots with evidence of partial avulsion-in-situ. As we have been treating this lesion by neurolysis only, we aimed to investigate the recovery of hand function following such approach. Methods A series of 14 cases of total obstetric palsy with with evidence of partial avulsion-in-situ of the lower roots were included. All lesions were treated by neurolysis only (with no neurotization of the lower roots). Management of the injured upper roots was done by neurotization. Recovery was assessed as per our motor grading system. Results After a minimum follow-up of 4 years, hand functional recovery was considered good in 7 patients and excellent in the remaining 7 patients. Conclusions We highlight the scarring of lower roots with evidence of partial avulsion-in situ in obstetric palsy. We also document that neurolysis is an acceptable approach to such lesions. Level of Evidence: Level IV, therapeutic study.
      PubDate: 2017-02-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s00238-017-1281-3
  • De-epithelialized dorsal digital turnover flap for coverage of volar
           digital lesions: a modified technique
    • Authors: Jefferson Braga Silva; Renato Matta Ramos; Pedro Salomão Piccinini
      Abstract: Abstract Volar digital injuries represent a challenge to hand surgeons. Anatomical studies demonstrate the existence of dorsal digital branches of the ulnar and radial arteries at predictable and regular distances from the PIP joint, bilaterally. Moreover, as there are also small veins that accompany the arterial branches, we designed a novel de-epithelialized dorsal finger turnover flap, which can be performed on the ulnar and radial sides of fingers where it is important to maintain the paratenon to support the dorsal skin flap. A 21-year-old female presented with traumatic injury to the middle phalanx of the third finger associated with loss of substance and damage to the flexor tendons in zone II. The dorsal part of the finger was used to provide coverage for a volar injury. There was no scar retraction or functional limitation of the reconstructed finger. This novel, de-epithelialized dorsal finger turnover flap can be safely used for coverage of volar finger lesions, due to a reliable and well-described arterial supply, with no skin necrosis of the donor site, post-surgical infection, or scarring complications. Level of Evidence: Level V, therapeutic study.
      PubDate: 2017-02-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s00238-017-1280-4
  • Tuberous breast correction by using a single-stage “star-like”
           incision: an innovative technique
    • Abstract: Background Tuberous breast deformity is a congenital anomaly affecting young women. Several surgical techniques have been developed, but in many cases, they have not led to the expected results or have led to significant complications. The purpose of our study is to evaluate the efficacy of treating tuberous breast deformity with an innovative “star-like” incision technique. Methods Between 2009 and 2013, 25 patients with a tuberous breast deformity underwent surgery at our department. All patients were managed with a star-like incision of the gland and the placement of a subfascial silicone gel implant in a single-stage surgical procedure. An areolar reduction was also performed. Results Our results, with a maximum follow-up of 4 years, were satisfying. There were no surgical or later complications. The new breasts had a natural shape, correct symmetry, a normal-sized areola, reduced evidence of the “double-bubble" deformity, good mammary projection, and resolved ptosis. Conclusion Advantages of the star-like incision technique include lower breast pole restructuring in the volume, length, and shape, suitable breast implant coverage, and proper correction of areola size and herniation. The technique is safe and achieves satisfactory, long-lasting results. Level of Evidence: Level IV, descriptive study
      PubDate: 2017-02-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s00238-017-1278-y
  • Acknowledgment to reviewers—2016
    • PubDate: 2017-01-14
      DOI: 10.1007/s00238-017-1274-2
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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