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Publisher: Springer-Verlag   (Total: 2335 journals)

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Showing 1201 - 1400 of 2335 Journals sorted alphabetically
J. of Communications Technology and Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 14)
J. of Community Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.699, h-index: 8)
J. of Community Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.676, h-index: 39)
J. of Comparative Physiology A: Neuroethology, Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.98, h-index: 63)
J. of Comparative Physiology B : Biochemical, Systemic, and Environmental Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.981, h-index: 50)
J. of Compassionate Health Care     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Computational Analysis and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.284, h-index: 16)
J. of Computational Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.457, h-index: 17)
J. of Computational Neuroscience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.419, h-index: 54)
J. of Computer and Systems Sciences Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.252, h-index: 11)
J. of Computer Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.342, h-index: 26)
J. of Computer Virology and Hacking Techniques     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
J. of Computer-Aided Molecular Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.951, h-index: 70)
J. of Computers in Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
J. of Computing in Higher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.725, h-index: 16)
J. of Consumer Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.44, h-index: 23)
J. of Contemporary Mathematical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.115, h-index: 4)
J. of Contemporary Physics (Armenian Academy of Sciences)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.174, h-index: 4)
J. of Contemporary Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.441, h-index: 16)
J. of Control Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 13)
J. of Control, Automation and Electrical Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.168, h-index: 8)
J. of Crop Science and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
J. of Cross-Cultural Gerontology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.412, h-index: 23)
J. of Cryptographic Engineering     Partially Free   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.757, h-index: 6)
J. of Cryptology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.598, h-index: 49)
J. of Cultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.445, h-index: 24)
J. of Database Marketing & Customer Strategy Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 5)
J. of Derivatives & Hedge Funds     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.207, h-index: 3)
J. of Developmental and Physical Disabilities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.615, h-index: 23)
J. of Digital Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 29)
J. of Direct Data and Digital Marketing Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.296, h-index: 3)
J. of Dynamical and Control Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.556, h-index: 22)
J. of Dynamics and Differential Equations     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 1.33, h-index: 29)
J. of Earth Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.299, h-index: 11)
J. of Earth System Science     Open Access   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.466, h-index: 27)
J. of East Asian Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.669, h-index: 15)
J. of Echocardiography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.136, h-index: 3)
J. of Economic Growth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 5.251, h-index: 54)
J. of Economic Interaction and Coordination     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.231, h-index: 11)
J. of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.463, h-index: 20)
J. of Economics and Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.238, h-index: 15)
J. of Educational Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.694, h-index: 14)
J. of Elasticity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 38)
J. of Electroceramics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.566, h-index: 49)
J. of Electronic Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.752, h-index: 68)
J. of Electronic Testing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.241, h-index: 24)
J. of Electronics (China)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.127, h-index: 7)
J. of Elementary Science Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
J. of Engineering Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.707, h-index: 32)
J. of Engineering Physics and Thermophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.132, h-index: 8)
J. of Engineering Research     Open Access  
J. of Engineering Thermophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 7)
J. of Environmental Studies and Sciences     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
J. of Ethology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.484, h-index: 21)
J. of Evolution Equations     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 1.312, h-index: 22)
J. of Evolutionary Biochemistry and Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.127, h-index: 9)
J. of Evolutionary Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.878, h-index: 42)
J. of Experimental and Theoretical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.565, h-index: 34)
J. of Experimental Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 1.587, h-index: 22)
J. of Failure Analysis and Prevention     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.256, h-index: 12)
J. of Family and Economic Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.532, h-index: 27)
J. of Family Violence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.552, h-index: 45)
J. of Financial Services Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.241, h-index: 6)
J. of Financial Services Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.196, h-index: 29)
J. of Fixed Point Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.467, h-index: 10)
J. of Fluorescence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 47)
J. of Food Measurement and Characterization     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.104, h-index: 1)
J. of Food Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.839, h-index: 21)
J. of Forest Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.578, h-index: 22)
J. of Forestry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.271, h-index: 10)
J. of Fourier Analysis and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.248, h-index: 36)
J. of Friction and Wear     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 6)
J. of Fusion Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.389, h-index: 16)
J. of Gambling Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 50)
J. of Gastroenterology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.724, h-index: 73)
J. of Gastrointestinal Cancer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 36)
J. of Gastrointestinal Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.632, h-index: 87)
J. of General Internal Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.379, h-index: 115)
J. of General Plant Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.357, h-index: 17)
J. of Genetic Counseling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 32)
J. of Genetics     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.42, h-index: 24)
J. of Geodesy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 4.049, h-index: 48)
J. of Geographical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.58, h-index: 14)
J. of Geographical Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.839, h-index: 32)
J. of Geometric Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 1.496, h-index: 23)
J. of Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.349, h-index: 13)
J. of Global Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.919, h-index: 51)
J. of Global Policy and Governance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
J. of Grid Computing     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.727, h-index: 32)
J. of Hand and Microsurgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Happiness Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.785, h-index: 30)
J. of Hematopathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.194, h-index: 11)
J. of Heuristics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.718, h-index: 43)
J. of High Energy Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.027, h-index: 139)
J. of Homotopy and Related Structures     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 1)
J. of Housing and the Built Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 21)
J. of Huazhong University of Science and Technology [Medical Sciences]     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.317, h-index: 15)
J. of Ichthyology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 7)
J. of Immigrant and Minority Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.573, h-index: 29)
J. of Inclusion Phenomena and Macrocyclic Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.459, h-index: 41)
J. of Indian Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.179, h-index: 7)
J. of Indian Prosthodontic Society     Open Access   (SJR: 0.165, h-index: 5)
J. of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.064, h-index: 68)
J. of Industry, Competition and Trade     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.411, h-index: 11)
J. of Infection and Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.65, h-index: 39)
J. of Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 1.659, h-index: 43)
J. of Information Technology Teaching Cases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
J. of Infrared, Millimeter and Terahertz Waves     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.902, h-index: 31)
J. of Inherited Metabolic Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 66)
J. of Inorganic and Organometallic Polymers and Materials     Partially Free   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.316, h-index: 27)
J. of Insect Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.537, h-index: 36)
J. of Insect Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.775, h-index: 36)
J. of Intelligent and Robotic Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.501, h-index: 36)
J. of Intelligent Information Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.427, h-index: 39)
J. of Intelligent Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.095, h-index: 44)
J. of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 1.073, h-index: 38)
J. of Intl. Business Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 4.835, h-index: 108)
J. of Intl. Entrepreneurship     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.489, h-index: 16)
J. of Intl. Migration and Integration / Revue de l integration et de la migration internationale     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.385, h-index: 9)
J. of Intl. Relations and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.35, h-index: 15)
J. of Labor Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.228, h-index: 21)
J. of Logic, Language and Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.63, h-index: 20)
J. of Low Temperature Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.773, h-index: 48)
J. of Machinery Manufacture and Reliability     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.194, h-index: 4)
J. of Mammalian Evolution     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.845, h-index: 32)
J. of Mammary Gland Biology and Neoplasia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 3.22, h-index: 73)
J. of Management and Governance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.383, h-index: 26)
J. of Management Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.134, h-index: 4)
J. of Marine Science and Application     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.343, h-index: 8)
J. of Marine Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.317, h-index: 22)
J. of Maritime Archaeology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 5)
J. of Market-Focused Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
J. of Marketing Analytics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
J. of Material Cycles and Waste Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.392, h-index: 16)
J. of Materials Engineering and Performance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.666, h-index: 31)
J. of Materials Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 101)
J. of Materials Science : Materials in Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.697, h-index: 48)
J. of Materials Science : Materials in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.926, h-index: 77)
J. of Mathematical Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.183, h-index: 61)
J. of Mathematical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.407, h-index: 41)
J. of Mathematical Fluid Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.709, h-index: 17)
J. of Mathematical Imaging and Vision     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.25, h-index: 44)
J. of Mathematical Modelling and Algorithms     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 19)
J. of Mathematical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.32, h-index: 20)
J. of Mathematics Teacher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.042, h-index: 14)
J. of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
J. of Mechanical Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.589, h-index: 20)
J. of Medical and Biological Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.434, h-index: 13)
J. of Medical Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 13)
J. of Medical Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.604, h-index: 32)
J. of Medical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.765, h-index: 21)
J. of Medical Ultrasonics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.209, h-index: 11)
J. of Medicine and the Person     Hybrid Journal  
J. of Membrane Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.971, h-index: 75)
J. of Micro-Bio Robotics     Hybrid Journal  
J. of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.641, h-index: 35)
J. of Mining Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.296, h-index: 11)
J. of Molecular Evolution     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.07, h-index: 99)
J. of Molecular Histology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.791, h-index: 43)
J. of Molecular Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 2.452, h-index: 100)
J. of Molecular Modeling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.55, h-index: 42)
J. of Molecular Neuroscience     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.242, h-index: 61)
J. of Mountain Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 11)
J. of Muscle Research and Cell Motility     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 1.052, h-index: 51)
J. of Nanoparticle Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 66)
J. of Natural Medicines     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.586, h-index: 22)
J. of Near-Death Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
J. of Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 48)
J. of Network and Systems Management     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.331, h-index: 23)
J. of Neural Transmission     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.302, h-index: 77)
J. of Neuro-Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.342, h-index: 80)
J. of Neuroimmune Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.239, h-index: 36)
J. of Neurology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.406, h-index: 91)
J. of NeuroVirology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.367, h-index: 63)
J. of Nondestructive Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.452, h-index: 22)
J. of Nonlinear Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.772, h-index: 36)
J. of Nonverbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 38)
J. of Nuclear Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 1.456, h-index: 60)
J. of Nutrition, Health and Aging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.886, h-index: 50)
J. of Obstetrics and Gynecology of India     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.174, h-index: 3)
J. of Occupational Rehabilitation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.166, h-index: 43)
J. of Ocean Engineering and Marine Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Ocean University of China (English Edition)     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.144, h-index: 8)
J. of Oceanography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.031, h-index: 46)
J. of Ocular Biology, Diseases, and Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.228, h-index: 8)
J. of Optical and Fiber Communications Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.831, h-index: 2)
J. of Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
J. of Optimization Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.928, h-index: 55)
J. of Ornithology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
J. of Orofacial Orthopedics / Fortschritte der Kieferorthop√§die     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.667, h-index: 27)
J. of Orthopaedic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.684, h-index: 42)
J. of Paleolimnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.284, h-index: 58)
J. of Parasitic Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.272, h-index: 5)
J. of Pediatric Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal  
J. of Pest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.002, h-index: 21)
J. of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Pharmaceutical Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.617, h-index: 14)
J. of Pharmaceutical Investigation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.16, h-index: 2)
J. of Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.567, h-index: 41)
J. of Phase Equilibria and Diffusion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.367, h-index: 31)

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Journal Cover European Journal of Plastic Surgery
  [SJR: 0.171]   [H-I: 14]   [6 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1435-0130 - ISSN (Online) 0930-343X
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2335 journals]
  • Blood supply to the second metatarsophalangeal joint—anatomical
           injection study and clinical correlation for free vascularised joint
    • Abstract: Background Reconstruction of the injured/arthritic metacarpophalangeal joint remains challenging. Free vascularised joint transfer (VJT) using the second metatarsophalangeal joint (MTPJ) remains the gold standard, with an oblique osteotomy is usually performed to correct the natural hyperextended MTPJ during transfer. Surprisingly, few descriptions of the MTPJ arterial supply exist, despite reports of avascular necrosis of the MTP head following VJT. This study provides an up-to-date investigation of the second MTPJ blood supply. Methods The anterior and posterior tibial arteries in three cadaveric feet were injected with an Indian ink-latex mass. The second toe was dissected in its entirety. A modified Spalteholz technique was then used to demonstrate the extraosseus and intraosseus blood supply of the metatarsal head. Results Irrespective of arterial dominance within the first web space, the MT head was observed to receive a constant branch from the first dorsal metatarsal artery (FDMA) at a mean distance of 2.1 cm from the MTPJ. Variable articular branches were also observed to branch from the first/second plantar metatarsal arteries. Conclusions This is the first formal injection study to identify the presence of a constant articular branch from the FDMA. During VJT dissection, better knowledge of the blood supply allows planning of osteotomy without compromising blood supply to the MT head. Level of Evidence: Not ratable.
      PubDate: 2016-06-24
  • Wrap technique to cover exposed Achilles tendon with the soleus muscle
    • Abstract: Abstract Numerous etiologies may lead to loss of Achilles tendon coverage. Currently, multiple coverage options are available to the reconstructive surgeon; however, described techniques may not meet every patient’s need. In this case report, we describe the use of a simple technique, utilizing the soleus to cover exposed Achilles by folding the muscle circumferentially around the tendon. The technique described is a local option, creates minimum morbidity, does not require microsurgical skills, and can be performed quickly. Level of Evidence: Level V, therapeutic study.
      PubDate: 2016-06-15
  • Negative pressure wound therapy induces early wound healing by increased
           and accelerated expression of vascular endothelial growth factor receptors
    • Abstract: Background Negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) is commonly used to accelerate wound healing, especially following thoracic surgery; however, the mechanism remains elusive. Given the important role of vasculogenesis in wound healing, we evaluated whether NPWT might accelerate vasculogenesis in the wound area. Toward this end, we investigated the temporal expression of vascular endothelial growth factor receptors (VEGFRs) in an NPWT-wound healing rabbit model. Methods Rabbits were divided into an NPWT group and a non-NPWT control group, and tissue samples were collected around wounds made in the skin of each rabbit at five time points: 0, 7, 14, 21, and 28 days after wound creation. Cryopreserved samples were then immunostained and subject to image analysis to evaluate the temporal changes in VEGFR1, VEGFR2, and VEGFR3 expression in the wound-healing process. Results Results of histological analysis of the temporal changes in VEGFR expression throughout the healing process showed that compared to the control group, VEGFR2 and VEGFR3 were abundantly and rapidly expressed in the NPWT group, and were expressed earlier than VEGFR1. Conclusions NPWT promotes the expression of VEGFR2 and VEGFR3, which provides insight into the mechanism by which NPWT accelerates wound healing. Level of Evidence: Not ratable.
      PubDate: 2016-06-13
  • Median poststernotomy dehiscence reconstruction—a new classification
           for selection of the best procedure
    • PubDate: 2016-06-07
  • The fully rotated tensor fasciae latae perforator propeller flap in
           reconstruction of trochanteric pressure sores
    • Abstract: Abstract Reconstruction of trochanteric pressure sores continues to challenge reconstructive surgeons because recurrence is not uncommon and patients typically have undergone previous surgery. We herein report on the use of a large adipocutaneous TFLPP rotated for 180° facilitating reconstruction of a recurring trochanteric decubital ulcer in a 37-year-old male morbidly obese patient with diabetes mellitus. The postoperative period showed no adverse events, and no recurrence was observed to date. The TFLPP is a valuable option because skin grafts are usually not needed for donor-site closure, the muscle is spared, and minimal donor-site morbidity as well as a less bulky appearance is observed. Level of evidence: Level V, therapeutic study.
      PubDate: 2016-06-06
  • An original technique for the correction of congenital inverted conchal
           bowl deformity in an adult
    • Abstract: Abstract Common congenital deformities of the ear include varying degrees of prominent ears and of microtia. Inverted conchal bowl is a very rare congenital deformity. In this condition, the anterior concavity of the concha is replaced by convexity, resulting in an abnormal appearance, as well as functional problems in the of use earpiece devices. This condition has been reported only once in a series of four paediatric cases, wherein a cartilage scoring technique, suitable for pliable cartilage in that age group, is described. No cases have been reported in an adult. We describe a simple and effective technique of managing this rare deformity in an adult, for the first time. The principle of the technique is the use an autologous cartilage graft. Level of Evidence: Level V, therapeutic study.
      PubDate: 2016-06-06
  • Human fetal wound healing: a review of molecular and cellular aspects
    • Abstract: Abstract The physiological answer to after birth skin lesions is scarring, which compromises the function and the aesthetics of the injured area. However, fetuses in early gestation (24 weeks or less) respond to this damage with skin regeneration. To explain this difference, several factors are considered, such as increased production of collagen III in fetal fibroblasts and increased presence of this collagen in the skins of these fetuses. Increased hyaluronic acid in fetal matrix correlates with greater capacity for migration of fibroblasts in scarless repair. The fact that myofibroblasts in the wound appear only after the fetal stage of pregnancy which forms scars can also be correlated. Additionally, there is an increase in the amount of adhesion molecules in repair without scarring, which would multiply cell adhesion and migration. Lower levels of bTGF1 in fetal wound are correlated with reduced amounts of collagen I and may be the result of higher relative expression of bTGF3, which downregulates bTGF1. Amniotic fluid itself might be a stimulating factor to human skin’s fibroblasts proliferation through cytokines such as bFGF and PDGF. A hypoxic environment in the fetal wound, associated with increased presence of Dot cells in blood, is also observed, and both facts can be related to a difference in the repair of the skin. Distinct gene expression guides those different responses and may also help to elucidate fetal skin regeneration. When the mechanisms responsible for the absence of scars in wounded fetuses are enlightened, it will be a significant mark in the studies of wound cicatrization and its therapeutic applications shall be extremely valuable. Level of evidence: Not ratable.
      PubDate: 2016-06-02
  • The facial artery musculomucosal flap in the reconstruction of the
           cocaine-induced hard palate fistula
    • Abstract: Abstract The versatility of the facial artery musculomucosal (FAMM) flap has been employed in the reconstruction of a number of defects in the head and neck region. Closure of the cocaine-induced palatal fistula is complex, in particular because of the poor quality local tissue. To date, the FAMM flap has yet to be reported in this situation. We describe our experience with one such case, detailing our rationale for choosing the FAMM flap, intra-operative technique, and recommendations for other surgeons with similar cases. Level of Evidence: Level V, therapeutic study.
      PubDate: 2016-06-01
  • Ten years of acute hand trauma: is day case surgery still working' A
           review of 726 patients
    • Abstract: Background Day surgery units (DSUs) have streamlined the treatment of hand trauma. This study describes how the establishment of the Birmingham Hand DSU has improved the service over a 10-year period. Methods Data was collected on patients requiring surgery for acute hand trauma for a period of 1 month at four separate time points: (1) prior to establishment of DSU, (2) 1 month following DSU opening, (3) 1 year following DSU opening and (4) 8 years following DSU opening. The number and types of operation performed, day case rates, and bed occupancy rates were analysed. Statistical analysis was performed using Fisher’s exact test. Results The volume of hand trauma has increased over time (77 cases/month-2002; 109-2003; 90-2004; av. 150-2011). Sharp lacerations and crush injuries remain the most common. The percentage of patients admitted has fallen (84.4% 2002; 64.2% 2003; 46.7% 2004; 33.6% 2011 p = 0.0003) whilst the day case rate has increased (13.0% 2002; 33.9% 2003; 51.1% 2004; 67.5% 2011 p = 0.004). Bed occupancy rate per patient has fallen (2.64 days-2002; 2.08-2003; 1.34-2004; 1.21-2011). Conclusions Despite an increased caseload, increased utilisation of the DSU has led to reduced patient waiting times and bed occupancy rates whilst increasing patient satisfaction and reducing costs. Level of Evidence: Level III, risk/prognostic study.
      PubDate: 2016-06-01
  • Sequelae of radiotherapy-induced coronary artery disease in breast
    • PubDate: 2016-06-01
  • Multiple perforator preserving SGAP flap for the reconstruction of sacral
    • Abstract: Background Many surgical methods have been used to repair sacral sores, including primary closure, skin grafting, local random, and muscle flaps. After the description of the gluteal perforator-based flap, the perforator-based fasciocutaneous flap became popular in lumbosacral tissue defect reconstruction. Methods Multiple perforatory preserving superior gluteal artery perforator (SGAP) flap was performed in eight patients with lumbosacral soft tissue defects from May 2014 to April 2015. Five men and three women received the operation. The causes of defects were pilonidal sinus defect in five patients and pressure ulcer in three patients. All patients were mobile and did not have any systematic diseases. Results The average age of the patients was 45 years. The follow-up period was 2 to 12 months (mean, 6 months). The size of the flap ranged from 8 × 10 to 10 × 16 cm. All flaps healed completely without any vascular problem. Only one patient suffered from dehiscence. The average operative time was 160 min (range 120–200 min). Patients were immediately allowed to lie on the operated area (but no longer than 1 h at a time for the first 48 h). They were allowed to gradually sit after 72 h. The mean time for removal of suction drains was 8 days (5–14) while mean duration of hospital stay was 7.5 days (3–14 days). Conclusions It was seen that multiple perforatory preserving SGAP flap is a safe and reliable flap. No vascular complications was seen in postoperative period. Preserving multiple perforators in SGAP flap is time-consuming and increases the necessary time for flap harvest which is the main drawback of our technique. Level of Evidence: Level IV, therapeutic study
      PubDate: 2016-06-01
  • A new use for an old instrument: Laborde tracheal dilator for endonasal
    • PubDate: 2016-06-01
  • Bilateral transposition flaps for vaginal atresia reconstruction
    • Abstract: Abstract Vaginal atresia is often detected due to pain or a mass in the lower abdominal region caused by retention of menstrual blood or secretions in the uterine tube, uterus, and vagina. We encountered a patient with vaginal atresia who presented due to menstrual molimina. She had undergone fenestration of vaginal orifice, but developed atresia again. Therefore, she was referred to our department and underwent vaginal orifice plasty with local flaps. A transposition flap was elevated lateral to each of the labia majora. After opening the closed vaginal orifice, the flaps were transposed to the mucosal defects. After the operation, the vaginal orifice did not develop re-stenosis and showed good distensibility. There was also no problem regarding menstrual blood discharge. This surgical procedure using local flaps may be useful since it is minimally invasive, can readily enlarge the vaginal orifice, and does not require additional postoperative treatments for the prevention of re-stenosis. Level of Evidence: Level V, therapeutic study.
      PubDate: 2016-06-01
  • Aesthetic rhinoplasty as the final step of nasal reconstruction with a
           forehead flap
    • Abstract: Background The reconstruction of nasal defects represents a difficult challenge for a plastic surgeon as it can be actually difficult to obtain good aesthetic and functional results. Reconstruction needs the use of several complex flaps, including the forehead flap. However, the use of the forehead flap does not give always the optimal aesthetic result. In our opinion, rhinoplasty can optimize the aesthetic outcome and can be used as the last step in nasal reconstruction. Methods From the patients admitted to our department, resulting in full thickness nasal defects and reconstructed using the forehead flap, ten were selected to perform rhinoplasty after passing the inclusion criteria. Results In the patients where rhinoplasty was performed we obtained aesthetic and functional improvement. The patients referred better acceptance of the residual surgical stigmata and improvement of social acceptance. Conclusions Optimizing the aesthetic appearance of the nose, making it look better than before surgery, is fundamental to improve patient’s life quality and better acceptance of the demolition or trauma. Level of Evidence: Level V, therapeutic study.
      PubDate: 2016-06-01
  • Systemic exposure to monoethylglycinexylidide in extensive tumescent
    • Abstract: Background Plastic surgery patients frequently request extensive liposuction on approximately 30 % of the total body surface area, which indicates that the total dose of lidocaine used might exceed the recommended level. Our previous study demonstrated that the risk of toxicity is low because the peak lidocaine level is below the toxic threshold (3 μg/mL). However, monoethylglycinexylidide (MEGX), the active metabolite of lidocaine, has not been measured in extensive liposuction operations. Methods Ten female patients who requested extensive liposuction were enrolled in this study. The targeted areas were divided into two segments and treated in turn for one session. Serum levels of lidocaine and MEGX were taken every 4 h during the first 24 h after the second infiltration. Results The peak lidocaine levels (1.94 ± 0.4 μg/mL) were observed after 12–20 h (16.8 ± 2.53 h), whereas the peak MEGX levels (0.67 ± 0.12 μg/mL) were observed after 16–20 h (17.6 ± 2.07 h). The peak concentrations of lidocaine plus MEGX (2.58 ± 0.47 μg/mL) were observed after 17.2 ± 2.4 h. Conclusions This study demonstrated that the risk of MEGX toxicity was as low as that of lidocaine toxicity in extensive liposuction operations. Level of Evidence: Level IV, risk / prognostic study.
      PubDate: 2016-06-01
  • Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) pathways in autologous breast
           reconstruction: a systematic review
    • Abstract: Abstract Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) pathways aim to achieve earlier recovery and reduced hospital length-of-stay (LOS) by providing multi-modal perioperative care. The tenets of ERAS pathways include pre-operative optimisation, prevention of surgical complications, reduction of physiological stress response to surgery and rehabilitation to normal function. To date, ERAS protocols have gained broad acceptance by many surgical specialities. Contemporary literature has identified decreased LOS, improved quality of care and reduced healthcare expenditures. We aimed to systematically review the current literature and assess the current state of ERAS in autologous breast reconstruction. A systematic review of MEDLINE, EMBASE, ScienceDirect, Cochrane Libraries and Web of Science databases in October 2015 was performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-analysis (PRISMA) statement. Articles pertaining to the use of ERAS in plastic and reconstructive surgery were included for analysis. Review articles, conference proceedings and correspondence were excluded from the assessment. Five hundred fifty-seven articles were identified, of which three suitable articles were included for assessment. Of these, one series outlined the learning curve associated with ERAS pathways and two series were comparative in nature. Meta-analytical analysis was not possible do to insufficient data and heterogeneity in outcome measures. In two of these comparative series, there was no statistical difference in rates of systemic infective (OR 0.91, 95 % CI 0.29 to 2.80, p = 0.86), total flap loss (OR 1.09, 95 % CI 0.37 to 3.19, p = 0.87), partial flap loss (OR 1.64, 95 % CI 0.66 to 4.10, p = 0.29) or wound infection (OR 1.38, 95 % CI 0.78 to 2.34, p = 0.29). LOS was significantly reduced in the ERAS group in both comparative studies from 7.4 to 6.2 days (p < 0.001) and 6.6 to 3.9 days (p < 0.001), respectively. ERAS pathways in breast reconstruction appear to consistently reduce LOS. From the available literature there were no significant detrimental effects on patient care following the implementation of ERAS pathways. Further research is required to definitively determine safety in the assessed cohort and to determine reductions in healthcare-related expenditures. Level of evidence: Not ratable
      PubDate: 2016-06-01
  • Improving the reliability of the Keystone flap
    • PubDate: 2016-06-01
  • Management of androgenetic alopecia: a comparative clinical study between
           plasma rich in growth factors and topical minoxidil
    • Abstract: Background Androgenetic alopecia (AGA) is a common hair disorder. Finasteride and minoxidil have been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of AGA. However, some side effects have been related to the intake of these drugs. Recently, plasma rich in growth factors has emerged as a safe alternative for the management of pattern hair loss. The purposes of the present study are to evaluate and compare the efficacy and safety of plasma rich in growth factors (PRGFs) versus topical minoxidil treatment in AGA-affected patients. Methods Following a retrospective case control design, 379 patients treated with either PRGF or minoxidil were included in this study. Diagnostic trichograms at baseline and 4 months after treatment were performed with the aim of analyzing the anagen/telogen hair change improvement. Results PRGF-treated patients showed higher anagen hair increase improvement compared to minoxidil-treated ones (6.9 ± 0.4 and 4.6 ± 0.5 %, respectively) (p < 0.05). Telogen hair decrease improvement was also higher in PRGF group (5.7 ± 0.3 and 2.6 ± 0.5 %, respectively) (p < 0.05). Global photographs showed an overall volume and quality hair improvement for both treatments. No adverse effects were reported. Conclusions This retrospective study shows that PRGF is a safe and effective treatment for AGA and evidences that PRGF exerts improved anagen/telogen results than topical minoxidil. Level of evidence: Level IV, therapeutic study.
      PubDate: 2016-06-01
  • Banking a fillet flap to aid in reconstruction following a hindquarter
    • Abstract: Abstract A hindquarter amputation and hemipelvectomy for recurrent malignancy presents a reconstructive challenge to the plastic surgeon. Tumour resection leaves a considerable defect, with exposure of bone, neurovascular structures, pelvic and abdominal organs. A free lower leg fillet flap is a recognised method of providing soft tissue coverage, but ischaemic time is often lengthy as described in the literature. We present a unique method of providing soft tissue coverage using a free lower leg fillet flap, and minimising ischaemic time by banking the flap on the ulnar artery during the hindquarter amputation and tumour resection. Level of Evidence: Level V, therapeutic study.
      PubDate: 2016-06-01
  • Cryotreatment of keloids: a single Italian institution experience
    • Abstract: Background Keloids are pathologic scars that can cause significant aesthetic disfiguration and symptoms. There are no specific causing factors, and a common consensus on their management has not been reached. This study provides an evaluation of the efficacy of cryotherapy and cryosurgery in their treatment. Methods Patients with keloids who were hospitalized at the Plastic Surgery Unit, University of Turin, were submitted to cryotreatment. A significant sample of 153 patients with 192 lesions, treated between 2009 and 2013, was considered for the purpose of this study. The protocols chosen were outpatient cryotherapy sessions and cryosurgery (surgical shaving combined with cryotherapy). Reductions of the scar volume and thickness, together with the reduction of clinical symptoms, were assessed. Results On average, the follow-up was 12–72 months. In 83 % of patients who received outpatient cryotherapy, there was a diminishment of 75–82 % in the size of the lesions, with an average of 5–10 applications needed. In 94 % of those submitted to cryosurgery, one session was enough to achieve an almost complete smoothing (reduction in lesions sizes higher than 80 %). However, 13 % of the patients submitted to cryosurgery also needed sessions of outpatient cryotherapy to achieve effective results. For both approaches, the main adverse effects included dyschromia with healthy skin and dystrophic scars. No recurrence was observed. Conclusions Our experience confirms the cryotreatment among first-line monotherapies against keloids, in terms of therapeutic effectiveness, safeness, costs, and ease of application. A careful selection of the protocol treatment on the base of the lesion characteristics (age and the morphology) and a good compliance of patients are necessary to reach optimal results. Level of Evidence: Level IV, therapeutic study.
      PubDate: 2016-06-01
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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